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PRASHANT MAVANI
MSc. in Management, University of Surrey (UK)

P Senior Faculty: StudyIQ


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Special Topic: Urban
• New Delhi and Mumbai were in shambles last week.

• Annual feature during monsoon.

• Urban India cannot cope with even a recurring weather phenomenon.

• In Delhi, people have been tragically electrocuted by live wires and in


Mumbai – home to India’s richest municipal body – potholes have cost
lives.

• Census data: 31% of population

• Urban India provides the lion’s share of India’s economy


• Despite being the main source of economic activity and perhaps
population, urban India is low in policy makers’ priorities.

• This translates into big governance deficiencies where even stepping


out during the monsoon can become dangerous.

• The common thread across the metros and smaller cities is the
fragmentation in authority and a stubborn refusal on part of state
governments to devolve power to officials directly elected by urban
residents.

• Unlike some of the better run cities in the world like London, a mayor
in India is almost helpless.

• In most states, the chief minister wields more power than a mayor
which means a city rarely gets the level of attention it deserves.
• The most important reform is to make the mayor directly accountable
to voters.

• This can happen only if the spirit behind the 74th amendment to the
Constitution, which recognised urban local bodies as the third tier of
government, is honoured – because mayors need more financial
autonomy and should be able to reform administration through
specialised cadre.

• To illustrate, garbage disposal is a complicated process which requires


expertise, resources and leadership.

• When cities fail at this essential task, it cascades into public health
problems and large scale inundation.

• Similarly, urban planning can no longer be left to unaccountable


generalists as evidenced by Mumbai’s woes traceable to choking the
Mithi river.
•-
Finance Ministry
• India today took over as head of the Asia Pacific region of the World
Customs Organisation (WCO).

• Minister of State for Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla was the Chief Guest of
the event organised in New Delhi this morning to mark India's
assumption as Vice Chair for a period of two years.

• The Minister said, India is proud to represent the region.

• Terming it as a huge responsibility, he said, the nation is thankful to


WCO for showing faith.

• Mr Shukla assured that India will work firmly to represent the region in
the WCO.
• Speaking on the occasion, Secretary General of WCO Kuniyo
Mikuriya said, the role of Vice Chairmanship is very important.
He expressed gratitude towards India for its initiative to take
over as Vice Chair.

• Delegates from 33 countries of Asia-Pacific Region and customs


officers from different ports in India are participating in the
day-long event which include Heads of Customs from Japan and
Fiji, and senior officials from Korea, Singapore and China.

• WCO represents 182 customs administrations across the world


that collectively process approximately 98 per cent of world
trade.
• The WCO has divided its membership into six
regions whereby each region is represented by an
elected vice-chairperson to the WCO Council.

• Being the Vice-Chair of Asia Pacific Region of WCO


will enable India to take on leadership role.

• India has a wealth of experience in promoting


security and facilitation of cross border trade.
EAM
• External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj called on King of Bahrain
Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa and met the country's Prime Minister Khalifa
bin Salman Al-Khalifa to discuss ways to further strengthen the
bilateral ties.

• Ms Swaraj, who arrived in Manama on Saturday on a two-day visit, also


co-chaired the second joint commission meeting with her counterpart
Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed Al Khalifa.

• Ministry of External Affairs Spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said in a


tweet that Ms Swaraj had a warm exchange of views on furthering
cooperation in science & technology, renewable energy and other
areas when she called on His Majesty the King of Bahrain Hamad bin
Isa Al-Khalifa.
•-
• On the meeting between Mrs Swaraj and Crown Prince Salman bin
Hamad Al Khalifa at Gudaibiya Palace in Manama, he said discussion
focused on upgrading the partnership across sectors, specially in trade
and investment, defence, renewable energy, IT, health and education.

• Mrs Swaraj began her engagements in Manama yesterday by meeting her


counterpart and a close friend of India, Foreign Minister Shaikh Khalid.
The two leaders co-chaired 2nd India-Bahrain High Joint Commission. The
first meeting of the High Joint Commission (HJC) was held in New Delhi
in February 2015.

• Khalid praised the contribution of the Indian community settled in


Bahrain towards the economic development of the Gulf Kingdom. Swaraj
later called on Prime minister Khalifa bin Salman and held discussions on
consolidating the "valuable" bilateral relationship.
• During the visit, she also gifted a box of books called 'Bharat ek Priychay'
to the National Library in Manama.

• Swaraj later left for India after concluding her "successful" visit to
Bahrain, Kumar tweeted.

• India & Bahrain underlined close bilateral ties, deep-rooted in shared


history and cultural affinities, sustained and nourished through growing
economic linkages, multi-faceted cooperation and close people-to-
people contacts, he said.

• The Indian community of about 3.5 to 4 lakh people forms nearly one-
fourth of Bahrain's population. India is Bahrain's fifth largest trading
partner.
BrahMos
• India's indigeneously developed surface-to-surace supersonic cruise
missile BrahMos was successfully test-fired this morning from the
Chandipur Test Range off the Odisha coast.

• The test was conducted at 10:18 AM in order to increase the longevity of


the missile's life. The missile, developed with the help of Russia, has a
290-km target efficiency, which is going to be extended upto 400
kilometres.

• The previous test firing of the missile was conducted on 21st May when it
was launched from a mobile launcher under life extension program.

• BrahMos is the first Indian missile whose life has been extended from 10
to 15 years.
Answers-
1. According to Supreme Court’s latest ruling, the
minimum tenure for Directors General of Police
(DGPs) should be how many years?
A) 3 years
B) 8 years
C) 5 years
D) 2 years
2. The Asia Pacific Trade Agreement came into effect on
which date?
A) May 6, 2015
B) July 1, 2018
C) April 5, 2016
D) June 10, 2017
Questions-
1. The Higher Education Financing Agency has been tasked
with mobilising how much capital for Revitalizing
Infrastructure and Systems in Education by 2022?
A) 100000 crore
B) 60000 crore
C) 10000 crore
D) 50000 crore
2. Which country has issued a decree transferring some
powers to President?
A) Lebonon
B) Ireland
C) Turkey
D) Israel
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