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January September 2010

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January September 2010

Copyright©2010 by Human Rights Center of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI) All

Copyright©2010 by Human Rights Center of the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI)

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.

A publication of the Human Rights Center of the National Council of Resistance of Iran

Correspondance address: B.P. 18, 95430 Auvers-sur-Oise, France.

Email: HRcentre.ncri@gmail.com

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January September 2010

Introduction

This year‘s events brought about unprecedented instability for the mullahs‘ regime in Iran. The Iranian people‘s rejection of the regime in its entirety while demanding a democratic government, the clerical regime‘s total isolation while losing its friends in the West in its duel with the international community to acquire the nuclear bomb as well as the major blows it received strategically in export of terrorism to neighboring countries and the region as a whole, joined hands to create a deep division within the Iranian regime. To survive, the mullahs stepped up suppression and committed systematic violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms, further deteriorating the already appalling situation in Iran. These attempts went even beyond Iran‘s boundaries, moving into the neighboring Iraq to crack down on opponents protected by the Fourth Geneva Convention.

The sham presidential elections in Iran on the one hand revealed the weakness of the religious-military regime and on the other, the Iranian people‘s peaceful demand for change. The bloody suppression of the peaceful protest of millions shocked the world. To deal with the ―threat‖ of being overthrown, the illegitimate regime strongly rebuked even by credible Islamic authorities in Iran and abroad resorted to brutal beatings and widespread arrests, torture and rape to break its opponents and stage show trials even for officials of the rival faction that lost in the elections. All this was attempted to terrorize the society. Khamenei personally intervened and threatened those who dare to stage further protests. Ahmadinejad also described the disenchanted populace as dirt and dust that must be annihilated.

Last year, with 402 publicly-announced executions and the execution of nine minors, the Tehran regime set the world record in executions (relative to the country‘s population). This year, only in the first nine months of the year, 425 people were executed, including 13 political prisoners. Reports were disclosed in August that more than 300 prisoners were secretly hanged in Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad. The prisoners were mostly all denied lawyers and were taken to the gallows without their own knowledge and that of their families. In an inhumane act and a clear breach of human rights, the Iranian regime executed two political prisoners, arrested and jailed before the elections for 'crimes' they supposedly committed after the elections. These prisoners were 20-year-old Arash Rahmanipour, and Mohammad-Reza Ali Zamani. This is while dozens of post election prisoners have also been charged with 'moharebeh' (enmity with God) punishable by death in the Islamic Republic. Several family members of Ashraf residents and PMOI supporters are among these death row political prisoners.

The Tehran mullahs resorted to bloody crackdown on those participating in the post-elections protests killing hundreds who were mostly buried without acquiring their identities or informing their families. Families of those missing have been inquiring for months about the fate of their loved ones from the judicial authorities and prisons without receiving any answer. Some have received the lifeless bodies of their children only after pledging to hold only small, private funeral ceremonies. They also pledged not to speak out against the murderers of their children (i.e. Ahmadinejad‘s illegitimate dictatorship) or write the reason of death on the tombstone. They were even forced to pay the price of the bullets used to kill their own children. This was the case for the families of Farzad Jashni, Saeid Abbassi, Ashkan Sohrabi, Bahman Jenabi, Iman Hashemi, Parisa Kolli, Mostafa Kia-Rostami, Fahimeh Salahshoor, Arman Estakhripour, Meisam Ebadi (17), Massoud Hashem- zadeh, Hossein Tufan-pour, Abbas Disnad, Ramin Ramezani, Yaqoub Bervaieh, Shelir Khezari … and Neda Aqa Soltan, the young woman shot to death by a Bassij agent in a peaceful protest in Tehran on June 20, 2009. Neda became the symbol of Iranian people‘s demand for democracy as the world witnessed in her death, the innocence of the people of Iran. Such arbitrary killings also included children as young as 10 and 12.

Torture was widely used to pressure prisoners and even officials of the rival faction to take part in television show trials. Many young Iranians lost their lives under torture. They included Kianush Assa, Sohrab Erabi, Mohssen Rouholamini, Ramin Qahremani, Amir Javadifar and Taraneh Moussavi, the young girl whose charred body was found in the outskirts of Tehran after numerous counts of dastardly rape.

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January September 2010

Although rape of young women has been used in Iranian prisons as a routine method of torture sanctioned three decades ago in a fatwa by Khomeini, the founder of this medieval regime, this time, young boys were also exposed to this type of torture to terrorize the general public. The measure backfired, however, since Khamenei, the mullahs‘ supreme leader, no longer enjoys his previous influence and is recognized as the first person responsible for all these crimes. This is why he ordered closure of Kahrizak Detention Center – publicly referred to as the ―Death Camp‖ – in an obvious retreat. The regime has so far refrained from persecution and introduction of the perpetrators of these atrocious crimes, including Brig. Gen. Ahmad Reza Radan, the head of Tehran‘s Police, who openly ordered torture of detainees. He said, ―We enjoy absolute freedom in dealing with you, so much that we can cut you into pieces and bury you in the desert. Your cries will reach nowhere and if you don‘t die here, you should shrink to the size of a mouse to be able to pass through these bars and go to Evin (Prison)…‖ Torture and rape are routinely practiced in all official and secret prisons and detention centers. Living eyewitnesses and their families have been threatened to death if they dare to reveal these crimes.

Women are systematically terrorized, repressed, and deprived of humane activities. The mullahs‘ brutality however has failed to rein in the Iranian women‘s demand for a democratic and equal life and they are present at the forefront of all democratic protests.

In addition to university students who are systematically summoned, deprived from education and imprisoned, monitored by hidden cameras, and their freedom of speech violated in the student press, this year, the university faculty and professors have also been badly suppressed and targeted. Dr. Mohammad Maleki, 76, the first post-revolution President of Tehran University, who suffers from a severe case of prostate cancer, was arrested while resting at home and subsequently taken to Evin Prison in solitary confinement deprived from any medication attention since August 22. Plain clothes agents of the Ministry of Intelligence, Revolutionary Guards and Bassij, in coordination with the State Security Force, attacked student dormitories in the post-election crackdowns, killing several students. At least eight students were murdered in Tehran University, alone. Hundreds of students have been summoned and detained, tortured and deprived from education. Those professors, who dared to defend the rights of students and demand freedom, were deprived from employment (i.e. fired) and subsequently imprisoned. Today, in an open contravention of international laws, suppressive agents have been organized inside universities under the banner of security, disciplinary and Bassij forces. Intelligence agents with plain clothes also enjoy freedom of action on campus and are deployed outside by the State Security Force.

Discrimination against religious and national minorities has also aggravated. Azeri, Kurd, Arab, Baluch and other activists have been repressed and executed en mass. Ordinary citizens have neither been spared. More than 20 teachers in Baluchistan have been arrested and jailed. Kurdish citizens, including a 16-year-old boy by the name of Arman Resalat as well as dozens of inhabitants of border villages, have been arbitrarily killed. Christians and Bahais have been detained and persecuted. They have been threatened with death and execution on the charge of being renegades. This type of persecution is no longer limited to religious minorities, Sunni and Sufi Shiites, but it also includes religious Shiite authorities who oppose Khamenei‘s medieval regime.

Journalists and the press are censored and repressed. Reporters without borders describe Iran as the largest prison for reporters and one of the major enemies of the Internet. This round, however, the practice expanded to foreign journalists who were brutalized, jailed, and expelled from Iran. The internet services are in the control of the Revolutionary Guards Corps and ―internet criminals‖ are charged with ―waging war on God‖ and sentenced to death. Reporters have also been forced to confess in show trials that they spied for foreign countries.

Today, a large number of persons have been imprisoned, harassed, and sentenced to long prison terms only for being related to members of political groups, specially the People‘s Mojahedin of Iran (PMOI), on fabricated charges. They are deprived of their most basic rights including the right to have family and lawyer‘s visits and receive medical treatment. They include the Yazerlu, Banazadeh, Hajiluyi, Tarlani, Nabavi, Dokmehchi, Ziayi, Mo‘ezzi and Naderi families among others. The present collection aims to show a picture although inadequate -- of the pervasive crimes committed against the oppressed people of Iran and seek help to restitute their trampled rights. These crimes against humanity need to be

addressed by the UN Security Council and its perpetrators -- the Tehran leaders -- appropriately brought to justice in international tribunals.

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January September 2010

Contents

Introduction

7

Contents

11

Charts

13

Facts

Systematic violation of the right to life

19

Execution

21

Arbitrary killing

39

Deaths in custody

48

Death sentence

52

Stoning and stoning sentences

79

Inhumane treatment and cruel punishments

89

Arbitrary arrests

145

Political arrests

147

Social arrests

173

Prison

175

Prison condition

177

Prison sentence

219

Basic freedom and right abused

245

Right to education

278

Right to employment

285

Suppression of religious and ethnic minorities

289

Suppressive maneuvers

305

Violence against women

319

Appendices

343

List of executions Jan. Sep. 2010 List of arbitrary killings June 2009 Sep. 2010 List of martyrs of uprising (June 2009 Sep. 2010) List of political prisoners Sep. 2010 List of post election arrestees (June 2009 Sep. 2010)

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January September 2010

Charts 13
Charts
13

January September 2010

Systematic violations of the right to life Execution Arbitrary killing Deaths in custody Death sentence
Systematic violations of the right
to life
Execution
Arbitrary killing
Deaths in custody
Death sentence

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January September 2010

Systematic violations of the right to life

Execution, arbitrary killing, deaths in custody, and death sentence

Execution

January

Iran hangs men: state agency Iran hanged on Monday three men convicted of raping 12 women and murdering seven of them in a town south of Tehran, the official IRNA news agency reported. The men, identified by their first names as brothers Alireza and Amir and Afghan citizen Dolat-Khan, were hanged in a prison in Varamin, a small town 30 kilometres south of Tehran, IRNA and other media said. (AFP - Jan 4, 2010) Last words of executed prisoners in Varamin Yesterday morning, three people were hanged with the presence of judicial officials in the Khorin Prison in Varamin. There were charged with rape. Alireza (who was hanged along with his brother and an Afghan national) told our reporter in his last moments that his crime is robbery and kidnapping and that he has not killed anybody. The two brothers were pleading that they should be given another chance to try to get amnesty from the families of their victims even while the noose was around their necks. (Jaam-e-Jam Online state-run website Jan. 5, 2010) 36 MP's call for execution of dissidents within five days Thirty-six members of Majlis (Iranian parliament) drafted an urgent plan to reduce the time for the execution of enemies of God from 20 days to five days. These MP's submitted a plan to Majlis which calls for those charged with 'enmity with God' by court to be executed within five days. (Radio BBC Jan. 5, 2010) Iran hangs Kurd political prisoner in Khoy On Wednesday January 6, political prisoner Fasih Yasamani was hanged in Khoy Prison at exactly 4 am. This Kurd man who was from a village in Khoy and had been jailed since 2007 was executed unexpectedly without the usual legal procedures. Despite this issue, officials refrain from handing over his body to his family. He was charged with membership in a Kurd opposition group but there were no documents proving his membership in his dossier expect confessions that Mr. Yasamani said were taken from him under torture. This Kurd man was 28 years old when he was executed and after Ehsan Fatahian is the second political prisoner who was executed in Iran's Kurdish regions in the past months. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 6, 2010) Iran hangs six men: state television Six men convicted of drug trafficking were hanged on Saturday in a prison in the central city of Isfahan, Iranian state-run television reported. The unidentified men were part of a drug trafficking gang who used Revolutionary Guards uniforms and forged orders for their drug smuggling operations, said the report on the television's website. (AFP - Jan 9, 2010) Man executed is secret, wife to be stoned to death Mohammad Mostafayi, a lawyer, said that his client Rahim Mohammadeif was executed without his knowledge or the knowledge of his family and Kobra Babayi (his wife) will also be stoned to death in the near future. 'This young man and his wife were sentenced to execution and stoning last year in a court in Tabriz with the verdict of the five judges of the second branch of the Court of Review. Their sentences were ready to be carried out after it was confirmed by two judges in the 27 th branch of the Supreme Court. This sentence was carried out yesterday in the prison for Rahim, the male offender in the case, and Kobra Babayi is to be stoned to death in the near future in accordance to her sentence', Mostafayi said. (ILNA state-run news agency Jan. 20, 2010) Iran hangs young man in Baluchistan A 26-year-old year old man named Allah Nazar Shahli Bar was hanged in Khash Prison in the morning. According to reports, there are rumors that he was executed on charges of murder. But it not clear if the person who was murdered was an ordinary person or a person affiliated with the government. (Association of Baluchistan Human Rights Activists Jan. 20, 2010) Iran hangs prisoner in Ardabil

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

According to reports from Iran, a person was hanged in Ardabil Prison. According to the Public Affairs and Communications Department of Ardabil's Judiciary, a person who clashed with the husband of his sister's wife in a disagreement over irrigation in a village in this province and killed him was hanged in this prison after his retribution sentence was passed. The name of the hanged man was not specified in this report. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 22, 2010) Sunni Baluch activist hanged in Zahedan Officials of the Islamic Republic in Sistan and Baluchistan hanged a Sunni Baluch man yesterday in Zahedan. This 35 year old man was arrested four years ago on charges of setting a bomb and was hanged yesterday after being sentenced to moharebeh (enmity with God). Rahmat Zehi Shahnavazi was a cultural and religious activist in this city and was arrested outside his home after an explosion in Zahedan. He was sentenced to death two years ago without ever confessing to setting the bomb. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 24, 2010) Iran hangs man in public: report Iran publicly hanged on Wednesday a man convicted of murdering a top judiciary official in the central city of Isfahan, Fars news agency reported. The man identified as Jamshid Hadian, 59, was executed in front of Isfahan court house for shooting to death last year the deputy prosecutor of the city, the report said. (AFP - Jan 27, 2010) Iran hangs first two post-election 'rioters' Iran on Thursday hanged two men convicted of being Mohareb (enemies of God), in the first executions of dissidents since protests over the disputed presidential poll in June, news reports said. 'Mohammad Reza Ali Zamani and Arash Rahmani Pour, whose cases were confirmed by a Tehran appeals court, were hanged on Thursday morning,' ISNA news agency said, quoting a statement from the Tehran prosecutor's office. The pair were also charged with plotting to topple the Islamic regime, the agency added. Tehran prosecutor Abbas Jafari Dolatabadi confirmed the hanging to state-run television. The two men hanged 'belonged to the monarchist group Tondar (the Kingdom Assembly of Iran). During their trials they confessed to obtaining explosives and planning to assassinate officials,' he said.

'They objected to the preliminary sentencing, but the appeals court upheld the verdict and they were hanged today,' Dolatabadi added. They were the first reported hangings of people tried after the wave of protest that broke out following the re-election last June 12 of hardline President Mahmoud Ahamdinejad to a second four-year term. Amnesty International condemned what it termed the 'shocking' executions. 'These shocking executions show that the Iranian authorities will stop at nothing to stamp out the peaceful protests that persist since the election,' it said in a statement. 'These men were first unfairly convicted and now they have been unjustly killed. It is not even clear they had links to this group as their 'confessions' appear to have been made under duress'.

It feared that 'these executions are just the beginning of a wave of executions of those tried on similar vaguely worded charges'. Zamani was among scores of people arrested in the mass demonstrations after the election, but Rahmani Pour's lawyer, Nasrin Sotoudeh, denied her client had anything to do with the post-poll riots. 'He was arrested in Farvardin (the Iranian month covering March-April) before the election and charged with cooperation with the Kingdom Assembly,' Sotoudeh told AFP. Sotoudeh said she had been prevented from representing Rahmani Pour at what she called his 'show trial' in July, and added that many of the charges related to when he was a minor. 'He confessed because of threats against his family,' she said, adding that she was shocked at the news of the executions because both she and her client's family had been waiting for word from the appeals court.

and her client's family had been waiting for word from the appeals court. Arash Rahmanipour Mohammad-Reza

Arash Rahmanipour

and her client's family had been waiting for word from the appeals court. Arash Rahmanipour Mohammad-Reza

Mohammad-Reza Ali Zamani

The prosecutor's office said nine other detained protesters have been condemned to death after facing charges of being Mohareb, trying to topple the regime and belonging to the outlawed main opposition group, the People's Mujahedeen, and the Kingdom Assembly. (AFP - Jan 28, 2010) Rahmanipour confessed under duress lawyer Nasrin Sotoudeh, Arash Rahmanipour's lawyer: I was not allowed to attend the trials for Arash Rahmanipour in the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court and even in one session which was a show trial and my client was shown on television they banned me from coming and I was threatened with arrest when I objected… In that same court session in which I was banned from, they asked Arash's father to persuade him to do what the agents wanted him to and when his father resisted, they threatened him on the spot that they would arrest him and take him to prison. You have to consider that before this when Arash was arrested, his pregnant sister was also arrested with him and two months after his sister was released, she lost her baby because of the pressure she was subjected to… (BBC TV (Farsi service) Jan. 18, 2010) Orumieh official: bodies of executed protester should be publicly paraded on the streets The representative of the leader (Khamenei) in Western Azarbaijan province, Gholamreza Hassani, referred to the execution of two seditionists and monarchists and the (death sentence) for 11 others and said in his Friday Prayer sermon in Orumieh, "The bodies of those who were executed should be brought out on the streets in public view in Tehran". "The tongue that says 'Iranian republic' instead of Islamic republic should be cut out…" (IRNA state- run news agency Jan. 29, 2010) Iran hangs two other prisoners The head of the criminal court announced that those (2 men) convicted in the Lavasan case were hanged at noon in Evin Prison. "These people who had committed adultery were sentenced to death in Azar (the Iranian month equal to November/December) by the 72 nd branch of the criminal court and this sentence was upheld by the 31 st branch of the Supreme Court this month and was carried out", Jafarzadeh said. "This sentence was carried out in the prison yard today", he added. (Fars state-run News Agency Jan. 30, 2010)

February

Iran executed man in Zahedan Haj Daadollah Morad Zehi who was arrested in June by security forces in Baluchistan was executed on Saturday February 20 in Zahedan. Morad Zehi was handed over to the Intelligence Agency after his arrest. He was tortured in prison and despite presented evidence showing his innocence, his execution sentence was carried out. Morad Zehi is the uncle of Khodayar Rahmat Zehi who was executed two weeks ago with a sentence from the Revolutionary Court. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Feb. 21, 2010)

38 people executed in Ahwaz in 11 months The deputy prosecutor of the Revolutionary Court in Ahwaz said that 38 death sentences were carried out in the year 1388 (March 2009 to March 2010), as well as a number of sentences for the amputation of legs or arms. "From the beginning of this (Persian) year, 38 death sentences and four amputation sentences have been carried out by the Implementation Branch of Retribution Sentences in this court", he said. (Mehr News Agency Feb. 20, 2010) Iran hangs three drug traffickers: report Iran has hanged three convicted drug traffickers, one in the eastern city of Zahedan and the others in the central city of Isfahan, Kayhan newspaper reported on Monday. It said two men were hanged on Saturday in a prison in Isfahan, while the other was executed on Sunday in a Zahedan prison. (AFP - Feb 22, 2010) Cleric says only way to stop protests is to repeat 1988 massacre of political prisoners Hojatalol Islam Hamid Rohani said that the measures taken in 1988 should be repeated in these seditions. In an interview with a student publication he referred to the executions in 1988 and said, "The events of 1988 were that the Monageqhin (PMOI members) who were in prison repented in a tactical fashion. Imam (Khomeini) said that those who do not repent (have to die) and have to be trialed and punished and those executions ended those seditions. I think that in the recent seditions, if such a decisive, serious and revolutionary measure is not taken, this problem will continue. (Aftab Website Feb. 24, 2010)

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serious and revolutionary measure is not taken, this problem will continue. (Aftab Website – Feb. 24,
January – September 2010
January – September 2010

Iran hangs eight people Iran has hanged five men convicted of drug trafficking and three found guilty of murdering policemen, reports said on Saturday. Five armed drug traffickers were hanged inside a prison in the southern city of Kerman, Iran's ISNA news agency reported without elaborating when the executions were carried out. In a separate report, the official IRNA news agency said that three men convicted of killing several policemen were hanged in the eastern city of Birjand. The three were put to death in front of the families of the slain policemen, the news agency said, without specifying whether the executions were carried out inside a prison or in a public place. (AFP - Feb 27, 2010)

March

Iran hanged prisoner last week in Gohardasht Prison

Mehdi Ismaili, a prisoner in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj was executed last week.

A prisoner in Gohardasht Prison who was jailed on charges of murder at 19 was executed.

Mehdi Ismaili, 26, had been jailed for 7 years in this prison before his death sentence was carried out last week. (Human

Rights Activists in Iran March 7, 2010) Iran hangs two men: report Iran has hanged two convicted drug traffickers in the western city of Khorramabad, the official IRNA news agency reported on Monday. The report identified them only as Gh. B. and H. R and added the two were hanged early this week -- the Iranian week begins on Saturday. No other details were given. (AFP - March 8, 2010) Iran hangs two people in Qom The head of the Qom Revolutionary Court Mahmoud Talebi said, "From the beginning of the current (Iranian) year, 10 death sentences have been carried out for drug smugglers in Qom and this shows our serious confrontation with smugglers". "The latest hangings were in the morning when two drug smugglers were hanged". "Hamid Kh. and Zeinolabedin Q. were two people who were executed today on charges of smuggling various kinds of drugs", he added. (Asre Iran state-run website March 10, 2010) Iran hangs man in public; two others to be hanged in coming days

On Wednesday March 10, a man was publicly hanged in the Ramezan Center in Ahwaz. The ILNA state-run news agency said that the execution sentence of this drug smuggler identified only as S.M was carried out in the evening. According to this report, another person will be hanged in public on charges of moharebeh (enmity with God) on Saturday March 13 in the Salman Farsi intersection and another man will be hanged in public on charges of smuggling drugs on Sunday March 14 in the Mashali Center in Ahwaz. (Human Rights Activists in Iran March 12, 2010) Iran executions send a chilling message Interview with Philip Alston, UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions Recent developments in Iran have prompted fears that the Iranian authorities are once more using executions as a tool

to try and quell political unrest, intimidate the population and send a signal that dissent will not be tolerated.

There was a noticeable surge in the rate of executions at the time of mass protests over last year's disputed Presidential elections. Although many of the executions were for criminal offences committed before the unrest, they sent a chilling message to those involved in protests. One hundred and twelve people were put to death in the eight weeks between the June election and the re-inauguration

of President Mahmoud Ahamdinejad in early August- almost a third of the total for the entire year.

In 2009 as a whole at least 388 people were put to death in Iran - the largest number recorded by Amnesty International in recent years. Figures collated by various human rights organizations, including Amnesty International, suggest the annual number of executions has almost quadrupled since President Mahmoud Ahamdinejad was first elected five years ago. Many of those executed did not receive fair trials. 'The continuing surge in executions at a time when Iran has experienced the most widespread popular unrest since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, combined with numerous statements by officials threatening protestors with execution, indicates that the Iranian authorities are again using the death penalty to try and cow the OPPOSITION and silence dissent,' said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International‘s Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa… An increasing number of people have been charged with 'moharebeh', a vaguely-defined offence. According to Philip Alston, the UN's Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, it is 'imposed for a wide range of crimes, often fairly ill-defined and generally having some sort of political nature'….

There was also a rise in the number of executions of juvenile offenders - people sentenced to death for crimes committed when they were under the age of 18. Iran is one of only a handful of countries to continue such executions, in clear violation of international law. According to UN Special Rapporteur Philip Alston 'No state really tries to defend it as a matter of principle - it's clearly outlawed. And yet Iran continues to not only charge juveniles, but to execute them in significant numbers'…. Hundreds, probably thousands, of individuals are currently on death row in Iran. Sometimes their ordeal can last for years. Amnesty International spoke to one prisoner who spent years on death row before his sentence was eventually commuted. In a telephone interview from jail he said:

'Have you ever experienced receiving a death sentence? Have your partner, parents, brother, sister and relatives been told that tonight a close relative of yours is going to be executed? Can you understand the horror and shock of hearing such news? But me, two of my close relatives and our families have been going through this - not for a night or two or few nights, but for a period of over two thousand nights (Amnesty International March 29, 2010)

thousand nights (Amnesty International – March 29, 2010) April Human rights groups charge Ahamdinejad regime has

April

Human rights groups charge Ahamdinejad regime has used death penalty excessively The first time Siamak, a private sector employee who participated in Iran‘s post-election protests, witnessed a killing was last June, one day after Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei warned demonstrators he was escalating the government‘s repression of street protests. Siamak was out on the streets of downtown Tehran where groups of protesters seeking to link up with each other pelted the security forces with stones. Then, gunshots rang out. 'The first bullet hit an iron door and made a huge sound, the other got a guy near me on his arm, and the third one hit a middle-aged man in the chest and dropped him to the ground,‖ Siamak recollected as he sipped tea in an Istanbul cafe. He fled the country after several of his friends were arrested in Tehran in February. "No one moved for three or four seconds," Siamak said, remembering the shocked silence that temporarily blanketed police and protesters. ―We didn‘t even run"… Human rights campaigners are calling these and other incidents ―murder‖ and they are charging that Iran's rate of state executions is much too high. Iran refuses to allow independent human rights monitors to visit the country. "It‘s murder, even under Iranian law,‖ said Renee Redman, the executive director of the Iran Human Rights Documentation Center (IHRDC) which recently published a report on post-election abuses. ―They‘re breaking their own laws, using excessive force against largely peaceful demonstrators"… Total executions in the Persian year, which started on March 21, 2009, passed 440 according to the Mojahedeen-e Khalq (MKO) organization, a Paris-based opposition group whose tally is based on executions reported by state-run media… "The true number for executions is much higher as this does not cover the secret executions and the ones not reported by the media or people killed in streets by suppressive forces,‖ said Shahin Gobadi, a spokesman for MKO. ―In the past, the clerical regime has executed many political prisoners as ordinary criminals and drug traffickers". Since Ahamdinejad‘s controversial June re-election, beatings, shootings, mock executions, torture and rape have been increasingly documented both inside the Islamic Republic‘s jails and in public. "We‘re seeing the regime use executions as a threat by making them very visible, said IHRDC‘s Redman, who pointed out that although no one has been executed yet for participating in demonstrations, the regime‘s heightened executions of what it describes as ―drug smugglers‖ is suspicious. "Even if the victims were all convicted of drug trafficking, that is not serious enough a crime under international law to warrant the death penalty"… "These are men who will speak out when they are released,‖ said an exiled Iranian prison supervisor who requested anonymity for discussing the advice he would offer interrogators questioning dissidents in jails operated by Iran‘s SaVaMa security organization. ―So they must either be struck in such a way that it won‘t show, or they must not leave the prison alive". The Islamic Republic cracked down on the protests by arresting an estimated 5,000 people, several hundreds of whom were subjected to televised trials and issued with sentences ranging from internal exile to capital punishment. Human rights monitors doubt that all the estimated 200 people executed since the summer elections were guilty of the crimes of which they were convicted, such as drug-smuggling or seeking to overthrow the Islamic Republic.

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

Iran has continued to defy the international community‘s condemnation of its human rights abuses record, most recently before the Human Rights Council in Geneva (The Global Post April 4, 2010)

Iran hangs five people: report Iran has hanged five people convicted of drug trafficking, Mehr news agency reported on Saturday. None of the people sent to the gallows on Saturday at a prison in the northeastern city of Mashhad were identified in the report (AFP - April 10, 2010)

Mashhad were identified in the report (AFP - April 10, 2010) Iran hangs 3 men in

Iran hangs 3 men in Taibad Prison Three people were hanged in Taibad Prison. According to reports, these people were executed on charges of smuggling drugs. Quds state-run daily published these executions today but did not mention the names of these people or the exact date of the hangings. According to unconfirmed reports, these hangings took place on Thursday April 8. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 11, 2010) Iran hangs three men: report Iran has hanged three men convicted of drug trafficking in a prison in the central city of Isfahan, Fars news agency reported on Monday. The report identified the men sent to gallows on Sunday as Morteza 40, Qader 32, and Gholam Reza, 38. (AFP - April 12, 2010) Iran publicly hangs two people in southern Iran Last week, two people were hanged in the cities of Behbehan and Shadgan in a public execution in the province of Khuzestan in southern Iran. These death sentences were carried out on April 8, 2010 in the Ghadir Square in Behbahan and Shahrdari Square in Shadgan. The Khuzestan Judiciary had announced their charges as drug smuggling but unofficial reports say that they were executed for political and security reasons. According to human rights sources, the public execution in Behbahan was unsuccessful and the prisoner was later executed in prison. This report says the bystanders on the scene protested the execution and security forces shot in the air to disperse the crowds. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 13, 2010) 45 bodies of secretly executed Afghan prisoners returned to Afghanistan The execution of a group of Afghan prisoners in Iran has been met with a serious reaction from members of the Afghanistan parliament. According to this report, a number of Afghanistan MPs have said in parliament that in the past 3 days, the bodies of 45 executed Afghan prisoners in Iran were returned to Afghanistan via the Islam Qal'eh border region… Despite this, the Afghanistan Ministry of Foreign Affairs claims that only three Afghan prisoners were executed in Iran. The disclosure of the hanging of 45 Afghans has led Fada Hossein Maleki, the Afghan Foreign Affairs Minister, to summon the Iranian Ambassador in Kabul for explanations. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 13, 2010) Iran hangs one man, amputates limbs of another: report Iran has publicly hanged a man and amputated the limbs of another for armed robbery in the southern town of Mahshahr, the government newspaper Iran reported on Wednesday. The two along with a third man had resorted to hijacking trucks and stealing their shipments, the report said. The man executed on Tuesday in a public square in Mahshahr was identified only by his first name, Adnan. 'The amputation of a hand and leg of the other member of the group was carried out in prison,' Mahshahr prosecutor Reza Abolhasani told the paper without giving further details. (AFP - April 14, 2010) Iran hangs three men Babolsar Three people were hanged in the morning in the province of Mazandaran. According to this report, they were A.A, 24 years old from Babolsar, M.V, 25 from Qaemshahr and 30 year old A.T from Fereidoun Kenar. According to the state-run Fars Daily, they were charged with rape and immoral conduct. They were hanged in public in the Imam Ali Square in Babolsar. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 14, 2010) Iran hangs five men in Kerman Prison Iran has hanged four convicted drug traffickers and a rapist in a prison in the southern city of Kerman, the ISNA news agency reported on Monday. The report identified the executed drug traffickers only as Mehdi N., Feizollah B., Nazar B., Alam H. They were convicted for trafficking hundreds of kilos (pounds) of narcotics. Another man, Hossein S., was also hanged after being convicted of rape, the report added.

ISNA did not give the date of the latest hangings, which bring to at least 47 the number of people executed in Iran so far this year, according to an AFP count based on news reports. (AFP - April 19, 2010) Afghanistan: Iran executed 6 Afghans recently The Afghanistan government has announced that six of its nationals were recently executed in Iran. According to this report, the Afghanistan National Security Council said that the bodies of four of these people were transferred to Afghanistan on April 5 and April 16 via the Islam Qal'eh border region. According to reports, they were hanged on charges of drug trafficking. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 19, 2010) Iran hangs two men: report Iran has hanged two convicted rapists in a prison in the central city of Isfahan, the governmental Iran newspaper reported Tuesday. The report identified the executed men as Ahmad and Soleiman and added that they were sent to the gallows on Monday. (AFP - April 20, 2010) Three people hanged, another man lashed in public In the past week, three people were hanged in Mashhad and Dezful while the flogging sentence of another person was carried out in public by the Department of Justice. Quds state-run daily said today that the execution of two people in Mashhad prison was carried out on charges of rape in two separate cases. Their names were not mentioned in this report. The Khuzestan Justice Department also announced yesterday that last Tuesday (April 20, 2010) a person by the name of Rahman R. was hanged in Dezful Prison on charges of intentional beating and murder of Davoud T. In a statement, the Khuzestan Justice Department also said that a person identified a Reza S. was lashed in public for immoral conduct in the Homafaran Intersection in Masjed Soleiman on April 20. The number of lashes was not specified. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 27, 2010) Iran hangs so called drug smuggler in Ardabil Prison A person was hanged this week in Ardabil Prison. According to the Fars state-run daily, he was charged with smuggling and possessing drugs. His name and age were not mentioned in this report. According to the Iran Human Rights Website, in 2009, at least one third of all executions in Iran were carried out on charges of drug smuggling. But in most cases, names of the hanged prisoners were not announced and their charges have not been confirmed by independent sources. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 30, 2010)

May

Iran hangs six people: report Iran hanged on Saturday six convicted drug traffickers in a prison in Karaj, west of Tehran, the official IRNA news agency reported. The report identified the men as Arsalan Asadi, Mohammad Ali Fakhri, Abbas Geravand, Rahman Biabani, Saeed Mikaili and Parviz Taghizadeh. (AFP - May 8, 2010)

25
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January – September 2010

Iran hangs 5 political prisoners including female political prisoner The Revolutionary Court in Tehran announced that five elements of anti-revolutionary grouplets were hanged on Sunday morning in Evin Prison. According to the Revolutionary Court, the executed prisoners were Farzad Kamangar, Ali Heidarian, Farhad Vakili, Shirin Alamhouli and Mehdi Islamian. (IRNA state-run News Agency May 9, 2010) Lawyer of executed teacher says he was not informed of client‟s execution Farzad Kamangar, Ali Heidarian, Farhad Vakili, Shirin Alamhouli and Mehdi Islamian were hanged in the morning on Sunday May 9, 2010. According to reports, Khalil Bahramian, Kamangar‘s lawyer said a few minutes after this news was published that ‗he had no information on the execution of these people‖. He said he would go to the Prosecutor‘s Office to see if the news was accurate. Farzad Kamangar was a Kurd teacher who was arrested in 2006. He was severely tortured during his incarceration and published his plight in a letter. He was sentenced to death in 2007. On February 4, 2010 he wrote a letter to the head of the Judiciary requesting a retrial. Mehdi Islamian was arrested on May 4, 2009 and was kept in a solitary cell for six months. His brother, Mohsen Islamian, was also executed. Shirin Alamhouli was arrested in May 2008 in Tehran and sentenced to death. Ali Heidarian who was also executed today has been detained since 2006. Many people believe that the legal procedure of their trials were ‗unfair‘. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters – May 9, 2010) Amnesty International calls on Iran to end secrecy surrounding execution of Afghans Amnesty International is urging the Iranian authorities to reveal how many Afghan nationals it is holding on death row amid reports 45 Afghans may have been executed in Iran in recent weeks. More than 4,000 Afghans are thought to be in Iranian jails. The number of those facing the death penalty may be as high as 3,000, mostly for drug-related offence. According to Afghan news reports, Afghan MP Gul Ahmad Amini said on 12 April that 45 people had been executed in the preceding days and their bodies sent back to Afghanistan. Iranian officials deny such numbers of executions and are refusing to confirm how many Afghans are at risk of execution. ―These numbers are truly disturbing,‖ said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International‘s Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director. ―Iran must immediately put a stop to these executions and reveal how many Afghans it has executed. ―We are also calling on the authorities to come clean on exactly how many Afghan nationals they are holding in Iranian jails. At the moment, nobody knows for certain how many have been arrested, what crimes they have been convicted of or what their fate is likely to be. This secrecy can only increase the risk of miscarriages of justice. ―We‘re particularly worried by the fact that so many of the Afghans in Iranian prisons have been convicted of drug- related offences and may therefore be sentenced to death‖. An estimated one million Afghan refugees are living in Iran after fleeing more than three decades of conflict in Afghanistan. In recent years, hundreds of thousands of other Afghans have entered the country as irregular migrants. Concern for Afghan prisoners grew in March following the visit of a group of Afghan MPs to Iran, which has one of the highest rates of executions in the world. Following the visit, Afghan MP Taj Mohammed Mojahed said officials from the Iranian Supreme Court had told them that 5, 630 Afghans were in prison with more than 3,000 sentenced to death. An Iranian prison official later confirmed that over 4,000 Afghan nationals are being held in Iranian jails. He admitted it was possible that the figure of 3,000 Afghans on death row was accurate since the majority of the prisoners were convicted of drugs-related charges. In Iran, trafficking in more than specified amounts of various illegal drugs carries a mandatory death sentence. Amnesty International recognizes that Iran faces serious social, security and economic problems relating to drug-trafficking, but believes that heavy reliance on the use of the death penalty to combat drug-trafficking is misguided, ineffectual and an affront to human rights. ―Sadly, these numbers only illustrate the extent to which the Iranian authorities misguidedly resort to the death penalty. Our concerns are compounded by the serious shortcomings of the Iranian criminal justice system and discrimination against Afghans in Iran,‖ said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui.

UN human rights experts have concluded that the death penalty for drug-related offences fails to meet the condition of 'most serious crime', under which the death penalty may be imposed. In addition, the UN has repeatedly urged member states to be transparent regarding the application of the death penalty. Amnesty International has for decades documented shortcomings in the administration of justice in Iran and fair guarantees are routinely flouted. Detainees are frequently held incommunicado for prolonged periods - which puts them at higher risk of torture and other ill-treatment - are often denied access to a lawyer and forced to ―confess‖ under duress. (Amnesty International May 9, 2010) Iran Executes Five Activists, Sending Message to Critics The Iranian government hanged five Kurdish activists, including a woman, on Sunday morning in the Evin prison in Tehran in what appeared to be an effort to intimidate protesters from marking the anniversary of last year‘s huge anti- government rallies after the June 12 election… Although the authorities announced that the five people executed Sunday had been found guilty of carrying out fatal bomb attacks, the executions were widely seen as intended to discourage people from rallying against the government on June 12. That will be the first anniversary of the re-election of President Mahmoud Ahamdinejad , which many people believe was rigged. Human rights activists have expressed alarm at the executions and worry that more might be planned because those on Sunday, in February and in late 2009 were carried out hastily and without having been endorsed by Iran‘s Supreme Court. ―The executions show that this government resorts to any kind of terror and violence to put down any challenge to its authority,‖ said Hadi Ghaemi, the director of the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran , which is based in New York. ―This could lay the ground for the execution of postelection protesters‖… The four men were identified as Ali Heidarian, Farhad Vakili, Mehdi Islamian and Farzad Kamangar; the woman was identified as Shirin Elmholi… All denied the charges in public letters posted on Web sites and said they were tortured to force them to confess. Mr. Kamangar was assured in recent weeks that his death sentence had been suspended, his lawyer, Kahlil Bahramian, said. {The judiciary is acting politically and has been taken over by the intelligence, security and military apparatus,‖ he said. In addition to many arrests, lengthy jail terms and executions for activists, the authorities have waged a campaign on state-run television with millions of viewers to project an image of authority.

A recent television series called ―Black Wisdom‖ shows the police‘s capability to monitor e-mail messages and other

contents of people‘s computers.

―It is really scary to see how far they can penetrate into people‘s lives,‖ said a viewer in Tehran, who spoke on condition

of anonymity because he feared retribution for his comments. ―They clearly want to intimidate Internet users and their

families‖. (The New York Times - May 9, 2010) EDITORIAL: Iran hangs a little fish

A year ago, The Washington Times helped bring the world's attention to the plight of Farzad Kamangar, a Kurdish school- teacher wrongly accused of being a terrorist by the Islamic regime in Tehran. He spent almost four years of physical and mental torture in Iran's prison system. Mr. Kamangar's suffering ceased Sunday at the end of a hangman's noose. He was 34 years old. Mr. Kamangar was killed along with four other 'moharebs' or 'enemies of God,' whom the regime said were 'convicted of carrying out terrorist acts.' Three of the cases were still undergoing mandatory review when

out terrorist acts.' Three of the cases were still undergoing mandatory review when Farzad Kamangar with

Farzad Kamangar with students

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

the executions were rushed through. Phone connections to Tehran's infamous Evin Prison were cut over the weekend while the executions were prepared and carried out. The regime did not notify the families or defense attorneys of the condemned in advance, as required by law - they learned of the execution from a press release. For a regime that claims to be the instrument of God, it behaved more like a criminal cabal with something to hide. Mr. Kamangar's crime was being a Kurd. He taught at an elementary school in the northwestern Iranian city of Kamyaran, where he was a member of the Kurdistan Teachers Union and wrote for various underground human rights publications. He secretly taught his Kurdish students their banned language and told stories about their culture and history. He was arrested in July 2006 and subjected to beatings, whippings, electric shocks, malnourishment, sleep deprivation, and solitary confinement in cold, squalid cells. His cries of torment were drowned out by loud tapes playing passages from the Koran. Mr. Kamangar was given a five-minute trial in February 2008. His lawyer, Khalil Bahramian, told The Washington Times by phone from Iran last year that there was 'absolutely no evidence against Farzad that connects him to a terrorist group

or activity.' Farzad, he said, 'is a teacher, a poet, a journalist, a human rights activist and a special person.' And no such evidence was presented to the court, or was needed for it to make its perfunctory, predetermined ruling. In his final letter from prison, Mr. Kamangar related the Iranian story 'The Little Black Fish,' written in 1967 by the dissident teacher Samad Behrangi, which tells the story of a little fish who defies the rules of his community to embark on a journey to discover the sea. Through many adventures, the little black fish finds freedom, but also an untimely death. 'Is it possible to be a teacher and not show the path to the sea to the little fish of the country?' he wrote. 'Is it possible to carry the heavy burden of being a teacher and be responsible for spreading the seeds of knowledge and still be silent? Is it possible to see the lumps in the throats of the students and witness their thin and malnourished faces and

I cannot imagine witnessing the pain and poverty of the people of this land and fail to give our hearts to

the river and the sea, to the roar and the flood‘. Mr. Kamangar wrote, 'The Little Fish calmly swam in the sea and thought: Facing death is not hard for me, nor do I regret it‘. (The Washington Times - May 11, 2010) Amnesty condemns Iran hanging of militants Amnesty International on Tuesday condemned Iran's execution of five militants, saying they had not received fair trials and that some of them had been tortured. ‗We condemn these executions which were carried out without any prior warning. Despite the serious accusations against them, the five were denied fair trials. Three of the defendants were tortured and two forced to confess' under duress,' Malcolm Smart, director for the Middle East and North Africa, said in a statement. ‗They were then executed in violation of Iranian law, which requires the authorities to notify prisoners' lawyers in advance before carrying out executions,' Smart added. On Sunday, Iran executed the five after convicting them of bombing government offices and a gas pipeline to Turkey. The five included a Kurdish woman, Shirin Alamhouli, and four others identified as Farzad Kamangar, Ali Heidarian, Farhad Vakili and Mehdi Eslamian… Smart said 'these latest executions appear to be a blatant attempt to intimidate members of the Kurdish minority and other critics and opponents of the government in the runup' to the June 12 anniversary of last year's disputed presidential election,' Smart said. (AFP May 11, 2010) Iran hangs two people in Isfahan Two men identified as Morteza and Azizollah were hanged in the Isfahan Central Prison. According to the Isfahan Justice Department, the two men were charged with drug trafficking in separate cases. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 18, 2010) Iran hangs man in Isfahan: report Iran has hanged a man convicted of murdering a woman over a debt and then burning her body, the Fars news agency reported Friday. The report datelined from the central province of Isfahan said that the man it identified only as Mohammad had been found guilty of killing the woman it identified as Shokat over a debt of 4,700 dollars. (AFP - May 21, 2010) Iran hanged two men in public in Khuzestan A person convicted of trafficking narcotics was hanged in public on May 18 in Mahshahr in the town Ahwaz. State run media did not disclose his identity and the head of public relations at the Khuzestan Judiciary only said that the death sentence of ―an experienced drug smuggler was carried out in the Kout Abdollah region in Ahwaz‖. The Khuzestan Judiciary also announced the May 4 execution of a person convicted of intentional murder in Dezful. According to this report, Rahman R. was arrested on charges of intentionally beating to death Davoud T and had confessed to the murder in court. He was sentenced to retribution.

keep quiet?

This sentence was carried out in Dezful Prison after it was upheld by the Supreme Court. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 20, 2010) Iran hangs political prisoner in Zahedan Abdolhamid Rigi, the brother of Abdolmalek Rigi (the head of the Jundollah Group) was hanged on Monday morning

in the Central Zahedan Prison.

He was sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Court and the sentence was implemented after it was upheld by the Supreme Court. (Tabnak state-run Website May 24, 2010) Man hanged in public in Ahwaz On the evening of May 21, a person was hanged in public by the judicial system. This hanging was carried out in Koot Abdollah Road across the Abadan Terminal. The Revolutionary Court in Ahwaz announced that he was convicted of trafficking narcotics. The sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 23, 2010) Iran hangs another man in Ahwaz

A man convicted of drug trafficking was also hanged on Sunday in a prison in the western city of Ahvaz, the ISNA news

agency reported. The man identified only as S.R. had been arrested with 675 grams (about 1.5 pounds) of heroin. (AFP - May 24, 2010) Iran hangs 5 prisoners, including woman, in Rasht Prison According to reports, five prisoners including one woman were hanged in Rasht Prison on Monday.

On Monday, May 24, at about 5 am, five prisoners were hanged behind the infirmary in Rasht Prison. Their identities have not been disclosed. Even though they were hanged a few days ago, the Judiciary and state-run media have not announced these hangings. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran May 26, 2010) Iran hangs prisoners in Zahedan

A person identified as Jamshid Mir was hanged by the judicial system in the Central Zahedan Prison on May 25. He was

charged with rape. Jamshid Mir was from Zahedan and was arrested in March 2010 and sentenced to death. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 26, 2010) Iran official says it will not stop executions The Secretary of Human Rights Staff of Iran, Larijani, said in a visit with the Australian Ambassador that ‗we do not endorse the issue of completely eradicating the death sentence‘. In a visit with the Norwegian Ambassador he said, ―Human rights is not a western concept and the west cannot claim such a thing‖. ―Human rights pertains to various cultures and civilizations and all civilizations and cultures have their own specific human rights values‖, he stressed. (ISNA state-run News Agency May 26, 2010) (Note: Human rights is a universal concept and the ‘Iranian culture’ does not endorse torture, rape in prisons, executions, amputations and thousands of other forms of human rights violations carried out under the Iranian regime.) Iran executes Afghan in Isfahan An Afghan national was hanged in the Isfahan Prison On Saturday May 29. Noor-Jamal S., 26, was sentenced to death on charges of having possession of narcotics. His sentence was upheld by the Prosecutor General on October 24, 2009 and was carried out at dawn. (Iran Human Rights Website May 29, 2010) Iran hangs 4 people in Yazd Prison Four prisoners were hanged in the Yazd Central Prison in central Iran last Wednesday (May 26). According to reports, they were convicted of trafficking narcotics by the second branch of the General and Revolutionary Court and were taken to solitary cells on May 25 in this prison to await their execution. They were hanged the next morning. The belongings and property of these prisoners, who were awaiting amnesty, had been seized by the Judiciary. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 31, 2010) Iran hangs two others in Khorasan Two prisoners in the Shirvan Prison in Northern Khorasan were hanged. According to the state-run Iskanews Website, they were charged with trafficking 5 kilos and 949 grams of the narcotic ‗crystal‘. They were arrested in Northern Khorasan and sentenced to death in the Shirvan Revolutionary Court. Their names and ages were not specified in this report. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 31, 2010)

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January – September 2010

June

Iran hangs 13 prisoners in mass execution Thirteen prisoners in Qezel Hesar Prison in Karaj were hanged in the morning. Yesterday 26 death row prisoners who were convicted of possessing narcotics were taken to the quarantine section of prison for execution and it was announced that they would soon be executed. Mohammad Mostafi, a lawyer, said that most of the convicts had requested amnesty which was refused by the Amnesty Commission even while some of them did not have any previous criminal records. The death sentence for many of them was issued by Judge Hosseini, the head of the first Branch of the Revolutionary Court. The names of these prisoners have not been announced. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters June 7,

2010)

Iran executes man in Mianeh The head of the Anti Narcotics Police Department in Eastern Azarbaijan said, ―In line with carrying out the law and justice in the town of Mianeh in Eastern Azarbaijan, a man with a history of producing and dealing narcotics was hanged with the presence of authorities‖.

―The case of Jalil B. son of Khoda Karam, 36, was seen to by the Judiciary and after legal procedures, his death sentence was issued by the judge on his case‖, Mohammad Rasti said. (Fars News Agency – June 5, 2010) Iran hangs man in Isfahan

A prisoner in the Central Isfahan Prison was hanged today on charges of carrying and possessing narcotics.

According to reports, a man who was sentenced to death by the fourth branch of the Isfahan Public Court for the possession of narcotics for personal use was hanged in Isfahan Prison after his sentence was upheld by the Prosecutor General on June 21, 2009. He had requested amnesty twice from the Amnesty Commission in the Judiciary but his request was refused both times. Last week, an Afghan national was hanged in this prison. (Human Rights Activists in Iran June 7, 2010) The UN must try Iran's 1988 murderers The mass murderers of 1988 now hold power in Tehran. The world must make them face justice. This weekend marks the first anniversary of the death of democracy in Iran - the rigged election which the Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei declared lost by reform candidate Mir Hossein Mousavi. Afterwards protesters were shot dead in the street and taken for torture to Tehran's notorious Evin prison; several have

been hanged as mohareb - enemies of God. This intolerance of dissent should have come as no surprise: this is the same regime that got away with the murder of thousands of political prisoners - and has never been called to account.

It happened in the summer of 1988, after the war with Iraq ended in a bitter truce. Iran's prisons were full of students

sentenced for protesting against Ayatollah Khomeini in the early 1980s - Marxists and leftists of all varieties and supporters of the Mujahedin-e Khalq Organisation - a guerrilla sunni-Marxist movement. They had been sorted by prison officials into groups of those who remained 'steadfast' in their political beliefs or who were apostates. The regime decided they should be eradicated so they would not trouble the postwar government, and Khomeini issued a secret fatwa authorising their execution. Revolutionary guards descended on the prisons and a 'death committee' (an Islamic judge, a revolutionary prosecutor and an intelligence ministry official) took a minute or so to identify each prisoner, declare them mohareb and direct them to the gallows erected in the prison auditorium, where they were hanged six at a time. Later their bodies were doused in disinfectant and transported in meat trucks to mass graves. Their belongings were returned in plastic bags to their families three months later, but the regime still refuses to reveal the location of the graves and continues to forbid relatives from gathering at one site which has been identified in a Tehran cemetery. Comparisons between atrocities are invidious, but this involved almost as many casualties as Srebrenica and was a cold- blooded killing by the state of prisoners after the war had ended. It bears some comparison to the death marches of allied prisoners at the end of the second world war - the Japanese generals responsible were sentenced to death at the Tokyo trials. So who was responsible for the Iranian prison slaughter? Ayatollah Khomeini is dead. But the three leading figures of his regime are still very much alive, and available to be put on trial in an international court. The then president, Ali Khamenei, is now Iran's Supreme Leader - the man who endorsed last year's rigged election. Ali Rafsanjani, still a powerful political player, was then the commander of the Revolutionary Guard, who were ordered to carry out the killings. Then there is the man who in 1988 was Iran's prime minister - Mir Hussein Mousavi, today's reform movement leader… Most of the judges and officials who implemented the fatwa are still in high office in Tehran - under a supreme leader who, when asked about killing prisoners replied: 'Do you think we should have given them sweets?' There is still time for the UN security council to enforce international law by setting up a court to try the perpetrators of the prison massacres.

This may be a better way to deal with a theocracy whose behaviour in 1988 provides the best reason for concern over its future behaviour with nuclear weapons. (The Guardian June 7, 2010) Iran hangs five people: report Iran has hanged four men convicted of rape and another man found guilty of drug trafficking in Tehran, government newspaper Iran reported on Wednesday. The men hanged on Tuesday were identified as Mehdi, 33, convicted of raping at least two teenage boys, an unnamed 21-year-old man who had raped a retarded 22-year-old woman two years ago, and two other unnamed men who had broken into a house late at night and raped a woman. The drug trafficker who was also hanged on Tuesday was identified as Masoud, 33, convicted of smuggling eight kilogrammes (17 pounds) of heroin, the report said. (AFP - June 9, 2010) Iran hangs man in public On Wednesday June 9, a man was hanged in public in the town of Sarab in Eastern Azarbaijan.

He was charged with murder with a Kalashnikov assault rife and sentenced to death. His sentence was carried out yesterday in the Chamran Square near Tabriz. (IRNA state-run news agency June 11, 2010) Iran hangs man in public in Sarab The head of the state security in Sarab said, ―A person (Mehdi H.) who shot and killed his landlord and injured three of his family members in the town of Sarab was hanged in public‖… ―He was hanged in the Chamran Square in this town‖. (Fars state-run News Agency June 14, 2010) Iran executes man in Zahedan The retribution sentence of a man was carried out in the morning in Zahedan Prison. According to the Public Relations Department of the Sistan & Baluchestan Prosecutor‘s Office, the Public and Revolutionary Court in Zahedan announced that Akbar H. was sentenced to retribution (death) on charges of intentional murder and rape. According to this report, the sentence was carried out in the morning in Zahedan Prison after it was upheld by sources

in the Supreme Court. (Fars state-run news agency June 25, 2010)

Iran hangs head of rebel group

The Tehran Prosecutor announced that Abdolmalek Rigi, the leader of the political-military group Jondollah was executed.

The 27 year old founder and leader of this group was arrested after years of carrying out activities (against the Iranian regime) in March. He was sentenced to death by hanging in a speedy process after numerous charges including enmity with God by armed fighting by a branch of the Revolutionary Court headed by Judge Tohidi and was hanged in Evin Prison this morning. Rigi spent his incarceration in an unknown location and his family‘s attempts to visit him or choose a lawyer for him were without result. (Human Rights Activists in Iran June 20, 2010) Man hanged in Iran: report

A man convicted of rape has been hanged in Iran's southeastern city of Zahedan, the government daily Iran reported on

Sunday.

The 48-year-old, the sixth rapist reportedly hanged in Iran this month, was identified only by his first name Jamshid. He was executed for raping a woman in April, the paper reported without saying when the hanging took place.

It said he was an electrician who had called at the woman's house to undertake a repair job and then raped her and

filmed the act after threatening his victim with a knife. Earlier on Sunday Iran said it had also hanged top Sunni rebel ring leader Abdolmalek Rigi in Evin prison in the capital

(AFP - June 20, 2010) Head of Iran Judiciary: those who stand against the Islamic Republic will be executed According to the Public Relations of the Judiciary, Sadeq Amoli Larijani (the head of the Judiciary) advised ‗those who wrongly think they are standing against the people and Islamic system of Iran‘ to turn back from the wrong path and not to clash with their own people because their fate will not be better than Rigi‘s fate. (Abdolmalek Rigi, the leader of the Jondollah Group was executed on June 20, 2010 by the Iranian regime). (Iran state-run Daily June 26, 2010)

the Jondollah Group was executed on June 20, 2010 by the Iranian regime). (Iran state-run Daily

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January – September 2010

July

Iran issues 20 death sentences and executes 8 people in unknown timespan

The head of the Judiciary‘s Popular Staff for Social Prevention and Security in Kurdistan said, ―Up to now, the death sentence for 20 people has been issued in the province on charges of narcotic trafficking and the sentence for eight of them has been carried out. ―The Kurdistan Judiciary uses the most extreme punishment which has been stipulated in the law in the case of narcotics criminals‖, Hasan Babayi added. (Ravanews state-run website July 1, 2010) (Note: The date for the execution of these prisoners was not mentioned in this report.) Iran hangs two men in Zahedan

http://www.farsnews.net/newstext.php?nn=8904130184

Two people were hanged in the morning in the Zahedan Central Prison. According to the Public Relations of the Sistan and Baluchistan Judiciary, in line with the issued sentences by the Revolutionary Court, convicts Amanollah Purian, son of Malang and Eunice Rahmani, son of Reies were hanged in the morning in the Central Zahedan Prison. According to this report, they were both sentenced to death on charges of ‗waging war with God‘ and ‗being corrupt on earth‘… (Fars News Agency – July 4, 2010) Iran hangs mother and son in Orumieh Prison

http://www.hra-news6.info/1389-01-28-00-30-11/2558-1.html

A man and woman were hanged in Orumieh Central Prison on the morning of July 5 on charges of trafficking narcotics.

The executed man was identified as Mostafa Rahimi who was hanged along with his mother. Their charges were announced by judicial sources and cannot by confirmed by the Human Rights Activists in Iran. This mother and son were suddenly executed without prior notice. Also on July 5, five other prisoners in this prison were transferred to solitary cells for execution. Three of these prisoners are Feisal Saedi, Karam Azizi and Omid Norani. According to judicial officials, they have been sentenced to death on charges of trafficking narcotics. (Human Rights Activists in Iran July 5, 2010) Iran hangs four people: report

Iran on Tuesday hanged four men in prison in the central city of Isfahan after they were convicted of drug trafficking, the ISNA news agency reported, quoting a statement from the judiciary. The report said the men, whose appeals were turned down twice, were found guilty of possessing and carrying opium and other drugs. (AFP - July 6, 2010) Iran executes 5 men in Orumieh Prison

Five people were hanged in the Central Orumieh Prison yard on the morning of July 15. They were identified as Feisal Saedi, Karam Azizi, Omid Nourani, Abdolrahman Randi and Ali Sareban. Judicial sources announced that they were drug traffickers but independent sources have not confirmed these charges. (Mukarian News Agency, Human Rights Activists in Iran July 16, 2010) Iran hangs person in Shirvan

According to the Fars News Agency from Bojnourd and as stated by the Public Relations of the North Khorasan Judiciary, the Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor of Shirvan announced that the death sentence for a narcotics trafficker was carried out in this town. ―This person was arrested and sentenced to death on charges of possessing and carrying 989 grams of crystal‖, Reza Rashid said. ―The sentence was carried out after it was confirmed by the Attorney General and after his request for amnesty was refused by the Judiciary‘s Amnesty Commission‖, he stipulated. (Fars state-run News Agency July 18, 2010) Iran executes three men in Kerman

Three narcotics traffickers were hanged in the Kerman Prison. According to the issued sentences by the Revolutionary Court in Kerman, Abbas Y. was convicted of carrying and

possessing 5 kilos and 720 grams of crack (type of very addictive chemically made narcotics), Rohollah B. was convicted

of carrying and possessing 440 grams of heroin and Mohammad Naiem Sh. was convicted of selling 275 kilos of opium.

They were all sentenced to death for these charges. (ISNA state-run news agency July 19, 2010)

Man hanged in public in Ahwaz

The death sentence of a drug trafficker was carried out today in public in Ahwaz. The death sentence for A. Sh. a drug trafficker in the Mashali Akhar Asphalt neighborhood was carried out in the morning. It has been some that death sentences are carried out in public in Khuzestan and this issue has had a great affect in the decrease of the province‘s crime rate. (Asre Iran state-run website, Fars state-run news agency July 19, 2010) Iran hangs man in Ahwaz The death sentence of a drug trafficker was carried out in the morning in Karoun Prison in Ahwaz. According to the Khuzestan Public Relations Office of the Judiciary, the death sentence for S.H who was sentenced to death by the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court on charges of buying, selling, carrying and possessing 990 grams of heroin was carried out in Karoun Prison. (Fars state-run news agency July 21, 2010) Iran hangs three men in Ahwaz

The death sentences of three prisoners in the Karoun Prison in Ahwaz were carried out yesterday morning in this prison. According to reports, on July 26, 2010, the death sentences of three people in the Karoun Prison were carried out on charges of trafficking narcotics. These men were charged with carrying and possessing drugs and were sentenced to death by the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court. The Attorney General had upheld their sentences. (Human Rights Activists in Iran July 27, 2010) 2 men hanged in Isfahan Prison

Two narcotics traffickers were hanged in the morning in the Central Isfahan Prison. According to the Isfahan Judiciary Public Relations Office, the first convict was 32 year old Behnam J. who had a criminal record and had been sentenced to death by the first branch of the Isfahan Revolutionary Court on charges of buying, carrying and possessing one kilo and 645 grams of heroin. This sentence was confirmed by the Attorney General. The second convict was Shahram A. who was also sentenced to death which was upheld by the Supreme Court. These two prisoners‘, whose requests for amnesty were refused twice, were hanged in the morning after legal procedures. (Fars state-run News Agency July 31, 2010)

August

Iran executes prisoner after 11 years of jail

Reza Mohajer, a prisoner in Rajayi Shahr (Gohardasht) Prison was hanged on the morning of August 2. According to reports, this prisoner was transferred to a solitary cell yesterday in cellblock 6 and was hanged on Monday morning. According to reports, he had been waiting for the death sentence for 11 years and had been taken to the gallows three times before this but his hanging was cancelled at the last minute. He was sentenced to death on charges of murder. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Aug. 2, 2010) Iran hangs three people in Khuzestan

Three prisoners were hanged on Saturday morning on July 31 on charges of trafficking narcotics. According to reports, two of these people were convicted in a joint case in Dezful while the other person was hanged in the town of Behbahan. The Khuzestan Prosecutor announced that the sentence for the two prisoners in Dezful was carried out in Dezful Prison. Their sentence was issued by the Dezful Revolutionary Court and carried out after being upheld by the Attorney General. The person hanged in Behbahan was sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Court in Mahshahr which was then confirmed by the Supreme Court. Notably, these sentences have not been confirmed by an independent source. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Aug. 3,

2010)

Iran hangs man in Behbahan A man identified only by his initials as S.D was hanged in Behbahan on charges of buying narcotics.

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January – September 2010

According to the official Khuzestan Prosecutor‘s website, on Saturday July 31, a person identified as S.D was hanged in the Behbahan Prison on charges of buying one kilogram of heroin and keeping 650 grams of heroin. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Aug. 5, 2010) Iran hangs five others in Ahwaz The death sentence for five narcotics traffickers was carried out at noon in Ahwaz. According to the Public Relactions Office of the Khuzestan Public Prosecutor‘s Office, the death sentence for five narcotics traffickers was carried out in the Karoun Prison in Ahwaz and the convicts were hanged. According to this report, M.M, M.J and Y.S were sentenced to death by the first branch of the Ahwaz Revolutionary Court while S.A and A.R were sentenced to death by the first branch of the Revolutionary Court in Izih. These sentences were carried out after they were upheld by the Attorney General. (Fars state-run News Agency Aug. 7, 2010) Former political prisoner discloses dozens of secret executions in Mashhad

Written by Ahmad Qabel [Khamenei critic who was arrested on December 21, 2009 in post election events and was later released] In the time that I was detained in the Vakil Abad Prison [in Mashhad] in cellblock 1/6 for three months, according to conclusive figures which I heard from prison officials and cellblock employees, more than 50 people were transferred to cellblock 1/6 and were then executed. But only in one instance when 31 people were executed, the Intelligence Agency and Khorasan Judiciary informed the Khorasan [state-run] daily that 5 international narcotics traffickers were executed. (I read this in the Khorasan daily) Those in this cellblock know that when the decision for execution

in this cellblock know that when the decision for execution is made, free movement is limited

is made, free movement is limited in the cellblock and death row prisoners are transferred to the suits escorted by guards and after a few hours, in the morning or at night, everything goes back to normal. This means that those who were on death row were hanged and those who carried out the sentences have been relieved of a hard and upsetting job and our cellmates have been saved from limitations! I had heard the appalling figures of execution in the past months and years before that from those who were in prison

for a longer time which proves the real figures in only these three months compared to the officially announced figures. These executions have been carried out based on sentences for narcotics, retribution [murder], rape and … If from the viewpoint of the government, these [executions] are completely fair and defendable, why are they carried out in secret? And if it is not defendable, why is it even being carried out? Ahmad Qabel August 8, 2010 Fariman (Jaras Website Aug. 9, 2010) Iran hangs three people in public in Lorestan Despite internal opposition and international protests, the Iranian regime still continues to issue and carry out death sentence. This is while many believe that the number of executions is higher than the figures officially announced by the government. According to reports, three people were hanged in public today in the town of Aznay in Lorestan. (PJAK TV Website Aug. 11, 2010) More than 70 prisoners, including minors, executed in Mashhad in matter of days There are reports that in the past few days, more than 70 prisoners in Mashhad Prison were suddenly executed. According to reports from Mashhad, some of these people were arrested on drug related charges and were not sentenced to death and some of them were even sentenced to pay a fine. But suddenly a judicial order was issued for their execution. It is still not clear why this order was issued but there are speculations that this has been carried out upon orders of security and intelligence institutions. Before this in a similar case in this city in the beginning of the reign of the 9 th government (Ahmadinejad government) when a top security agent was linked to drug trafficking gangs, more than 60 people who were related to this case were suddenly executed. A number of them were relatives of security forces. According to reports, a number of the recently arrested prisoners were under 18 years old or arrested as minors. (Nedaye Sabze Azadi Website Aug. 14, 2010) Report on mass executions in Mashhad

According to information from a prisoner of conscience in the Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad, 64 people were executed on August 11 or 12, 2010 (in one day) in this prison. Most of them were charged with trafficking narcotics and similar crimes. Thirty others will be executed in the next two days. (Iran Press News Aug. 15, 2010) Iran hangs three drug traffickers: report Iran has hanged three men, including an Afghan, convicted of drug trafficking in the central city of Isfahan, a newspaper reported on Monday. The Iranian men, identified as Akbar Z., 33, and Hamid Reza H., 28, and the Afghan Shah S., 38, were hanged on Sunday in a prison in Isfahan, hardline newspaper Kayhan said. (AFP - Aug 23, 2010) Reliable Source Reports Of Group Executions Inside Mashad‟s Vakil Abad Prison An informed source told the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran that over the past few months, the Iranian judicial authorities have ordered the hanging of over one hundred individuals inside Mashad‘s Vakil Abad Prison. According to this source, most of those executed were sentenced based on drug-related charges and the executions continue. ―Last Wednesday 68, people were hung and over the coming weeks the executions will continue,‖ said the source. The source stated that the number of individuals on death row inside Vakil Abad Prison‘s Wards 101, 102, 103, and 104 as well as the Quarantine Ward is ―in the hundreds.‖ The Campaign refrains from publishing the reported statistics pending confirmation from other sources. The Campaign asks the Iranian judicial authorities to be accountable regarding news about the weekly group executions of drug-related convicts and to provide exact statistics about events taking place inside Mashad‘s Vakil Abad Prison. Sadegh Larijani recently wrote a letter to Iran‘s Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, asking him for directions about what to do with the convicts, the source told the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran. In order to verify the accuracy of the reports about the executions of drug-related criminals in Mashad, we asked Ahmad Ghabel, a theological researcher and a student of the late Ayatollah Hossein Ali Montazeri. Ghabel was arrested immediately after Mr. Montazeri‘s death on 20 December 2009, and served 170 days in prison before he was released on bail. The Campaign asked Mr. Ghabel whether he was aware of similar executions during his imprisonment at Vakil Abad Prison. ―I never saw any of these prisoners up close. I never tried to see outside my cell through the door or the window, but I heard the news. Soldiers are people just like you and me and they transfer news. I learned through news I received during fresh air breaks that 50 people were executed during the 170 days I was there,‖ said Ahmad Ghabel. He told the Campaign that though he doesn‘t have direct information about the executions of individuals under the age of 18, he does remember hearing the prison guards talking about two youths under 18 among those executed. ―Inside our ward, Ward 6/1, in addition to cells where prisoners would serve their long prison terms, there were also suites where those on the death row would be brought a few hours before the execution. The situation would change so drastically, everyone would know a death-row inmate was inside the ward. All doors would close and if this was during the times when prisoners could make telephone calls, the lines would be disconnected. Even other prison authorities could not move about at this time, because Ward 6/1 was directly managed by the prison Intelligence Unit,‖ added the theological researcher. ―I have not conducted my own research on this, and I have been following the media news about it. Unfortunately, I have no access to my ex-cellmates, either. All I know is that the families of those executed read the number [of those executed] on the forms when they came to take the bodies. I think it is fair to say that these facts are undeniable. Prison guards and other prisoners are also members of the society and people like to talk about events like this, spreading the news. Especially as events like this are not unprecedented in our country,‖ said Ahmad Ghabel about news of 70 executions over the past few days. The Campaign asked Ahmad Ghabel whether it is conceivable for such a large number of prisoners to have death sentences. ―It is quite customary to have people with death sentences remain in prison for a long time,‖ Ghabel replied. ―People convicted of murder get the death penalty, but their families are given time to seek the forgiveness of the victims‘ families and to attempt swapping the death penalty with diya [blood money]. Also, there are people who are sentenced to death because of carrying illegal arms, but they also have a prison sentence which they must serve prior to the execution. As we speak, there are hundreds of people inside prisons who received their death sentences several years ago. Even inside Ward 1/6 where I was serving, there was an individual who had been in prison for 13 years for illegally carrying. He had a death sentence, too. Another case is another suspect I was handcuffed to one time when returning from the

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

court. His charge was possession of 70 kilograms of crystal meth and while serving a long prison term, he had also received a death sentence,‖ he added. The source who provided the Campaign with detailed information about the group executions of Vakil Abad Prison said that the death row convicts are held inside Ward 6 of the prison which is under the oversight of the prison‘s Intelligence Unit. Each month there are two sets of executions and in each set between 30 to 40 individuals are hung at once. ―For example, between September 2009 and May 2010, almost 150 people were executed, but there was only one public announcement about the executions of five people on 3 April 2010. But on that date 35 people were executed, eight of whom were women,‖ said the source. Other information received by the Campaign indicates that the frequency of mass executions has increased from twice per month to four during the recent month. Sources say total number of people executed is between 60 and 70. ―There are hundreds of people on the death row inside Mashad‘s Vakil Abad Prison,‖ another source said. According to the said source, on the days when group executions are to take place, Vakil Abad Prison‘s telephone lines are cut off. Ward 6/1 does not have public telephones and prisoners are only allowed short telephone calls once or twice per week. The International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran expresses its deep concern about the ambiguous conditions and statistics of executions offered by various sources and their discrepancies with the numbers announced by officials. The Campaign demands accountability and clear information about the group executions inside Vakil Abad Prison and other prisons in the country (International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran Aug. 24, 2010)

Campaign for Human Rights in Iran – Aug. 24, 2010) Human rights activist in Mashhad says

Human rights activist in Mashhad says 300 people were secretly executed in prison

A

human rights activist said in an interview with the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran that hundreds

of

prisoners have been hanged in secret mass executions in Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad without the knowledge of

their families or lawyers. According to this activist, there are 2,100 death row prisoners in this prison who are waiting to

be executed in speedy, secret, mass executions.

After reports on the mass executions of prisoners in Vakil Abad Prison yesterday, a human rights activist said that in the past few weeks he has talked to the families of those who were executed and has obtained information on these executions in Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad. According to this human rights activist who asked not to be named for security reasons, in the past few months at least 300 prisoners who were mostly convicted of selling narcotics were executed in Vakil Abad prison and hundreds more are awaiting execution. According to this activist, most of those who were executed or are on death row have been charged

in drug related cases and a small number have been sentenced to retribution (for murder).

―In Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad, there are more than 2,100 convicts on death row and most of them are kept in various halls in cellblock 5 in this prison. Mass executions are carried out secretly in groups of 30 to 70 in cellblock 6.1 in this prison‖, the activist said. ―These executions are reportedly carried out under the order and with the official announcement of Iran‘s Attorney General Mohsen Ejeyi. In light of the pressure by human rights institutions, these executions are being carried out in secret in the prisons of towns (outside of Tehran)‖, the source added.

This source also stressed that the prisoners and their families had absolutely no knowledge of the executions from before and said, ―Even the prisoners did not know that their sentence was going to be carried out and only a few hours before the executions, they would be transferred from the cell under various excuses and would then be executed shortly after that without the knowledge of their families or lawyers… For example on April 8, 2010, 35 prisoners were secretly executed but official sources only announced the execution of 5 prisoners. In most cases, these mass secret executions are not reported in the official media‖. This human rights activist also said that at least 150 prisoners were secretly executed in the last 6 months of the Persian year of 1388 (from late September 2009 to late March 2010). ―In the last month, the numbers of executions have more than doubled and for example in the past couple of weeks between 60 to 70 people were secretly executed every Wednesday or Thursday‖. ―Last Wednesday on August 18, 67 people were executed in cellblock 6.1 in Vakil Abad Prison and three weeks before that 70 others were executed in a mass execution‖. ―The number of death row prisoners who are kept only in cellblock 5 in Vakil Abad are as follows:

Hall 101, Cellblock 5 about 800 people Hall 102, Cellblock 5 more than 600 people Hall 103, Cellblock 5 more than 100 people Hall 104, Cellblock 5 - more than 100 people‖ He also said that this week and the weeks to come hundreds of prisoners are to be executed.

―These mass executions will be carried out regularly every Wednesday in the month of Ramadan in cellblock 6.1 which is run by the Intelligence Unit of the Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad‖, this activist said. (International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran Aug. 25, 2010) Silent executions continue in Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad They bring those who are to be executed in groups of 70 to the visiting hall of Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad and an hour before sunset, they are hanged in a mass execution with nooses sent from Tehran. Those who are to be executed do not know until moments before their execution why they have been summoned to the Prison Office and only when all the prison phones go dead an hour before sunset do other prisoners realize that it is time for the executions. This is the horrific state of Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad in the past few months. A human rights activist in Mashhad described what he had heard from soldiers in prison saying that in the past weeks at least 60 to 70 people were taken to the gallows every week without their own knowledge or that of their families; prisoners that did not have lawyers and did not receive fair trials. It seems that the heads of Mashhad‘s Revolutionary Court had the order, according to a directive issued by Mohsen Ejeyi, to send all drug related death row prisoners to the gallows in a speedy and ceaseless manner. The death sentences are mostly issued by the four judges of Mashhad‘s Revolutionary Court – Kavousi, Kaboli, Soltani and Yasayi and have been promptly carried out. The haste in carrying out the executions is to the extent that prisoners realize their fate moments before their execution. According to a prison guard, only a few moments after a prisoner met with his wife, the prison guard took him to the hall where sentences are carried out while the prisoner and his wife did not know anything about his execution. The numbers of hangings in Vakil Abad Prison have reached 500 according to reports from cellmates and the few families who are willing to talk. The lack of communications, fear among the families and even prisoner employees has made the task of getting reports on the fate of prisoners very hard. But according to reports in the past 5 months, a number of prisoners have been executed every week in an alternate fashion and the families only realized that the number of executions are very high after collecting the corpses of their loved ones (from prison). Prison officials intimidate these families who are mostly from poor classes and prevent them from spreading the news. They also had to pay 7 thousand tomans for the noose (their loved ones were hanged with). Most of the prisoners did not have lawyers and because lawyers charge between 10 to 15 million tomans to appeal the death sentence, most families cannot afford lawyers. The hangings of Vakil Abad was not limited to only Iranians and in a number of instances Afghan nationals and in one instance a Nigerian was also executed. They have all been charged with narcotics trafficking but according to the human rights activist in Mashhad, the death sentence was given to light crimes which prisoners usually receive prison terms for. There are reports that the Mashhad public prosecutor's office has said that Mohsen Ejeyi, the Prosecutor General of Iran, intends to commemorate Khalkhali by executing narcotics traffickers. In the beginning of the 80‘s, Ayatollah Sadeq Khalkhali sent many drug addicts and small time narcotics traffickers to the gallows in a speedy plan to eliminate narcotics in Iran. It is said that Khalkhali believed that if a death sentence was wrongly given to a prisoner, that prisoner would go to heaven after his execution. (Jaras Website Aug. 30, 2010)

September

Mashhad Political prisoner: more than 500 prisoners secretly executed since last year

After reports of secret executions in Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad were published, a political prisoner in Mashhad Prison has also disclosed these executions in a letter:

―The tragedy going on in Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad is too atrocious to describe. Section 5 in Vakil Abad Prison is the most mysterious and secret section in this prison and when international inspectors come for inspection, blankets are lined in front of the door and it is introduced as a blanket storage room and only a few people are aware of what actually goes on in there. Section 5 has four cellblocks including:

Cellblock 101: more than 500 death row prisoners who have been convicted of dealing narcotics Cellblock 102: about 300 prisoners sentenced to retribution and 250 prisoners with other crimes Cellblock 103: about 600 prisoners between 18 to 25 year of age with charges such as robbery, adultery, and selling narcotics Cellblock 104: about 600 prisoners over 25 year with charges such as robbery, narcotics and adultery

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

In cellblocks 102, 103 and 104 there are about 200 death row prisoners who have been transferred from cellblock 101 with the approval of the Prison Protection Unit. Cellblock 101 is the most sensitive in Vakil Abad Prison. Severe security measures have been carried out in this cellblock. Unlike other cellblocks, 101 has a two layered iron door and it is impossible to see inside of the cellblock from outside. People rarely use this door and all movements are approved by the Protection Unit. Prisoners in this cellblock are only allowed to call the phone numbers that have been pre-approved by the Protection Unit and are only allowed calls every other day for five minutes. Their death sentences are not announced to them, their lawyers or their family in a written form and they are only verbally informed in the Revolutionary Court or by an agent in prison that they have been given the death sentence. None of them know when they will be executed and until their death sentence is carried out they all have to count themselves dead. This means that before their execution, they are executed in their minds many times. In the time between July 2009 and April 2010 close to 250 people were executed in Vakil Abad prison. Sixty eight prisoners were hanged in august 2009, 40 in November 2009, 30 in January 2010, about 20 in February 2010 and in April 2010 more than 50 prisoners were hanged. This number excludes women who have been hanged in each incident from the women‘s cellblock. There are no exact numbers on how many female prisoners and those who have been brought for execution from towns near Mashhad especially Torbate Heidarieh and Fariman were executed. In August 2010, in four counts of group hangings about 70 people were hanged in each incident. In August 4, 2010, 70 prisoners and on August 18, 67 people were hanged. On the two days of July 28 and August 10, 60 to 70 prisoners were hanged but the exact numbers are still unknown‖. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters – Sep. 9, 2010)

Iran hangs person in Shirvan: report Iran has hanged a convicted drug trafficker in the northeastern city of Shirvan, the Fars news agency reported on Thursday. The report did not identify the person sent to gallows, neither did it say when the execution was carried out. (AFP - Sept 15, 2010) Iran hangs prisoners after 173 lashes

A 25 year old man was hanged yesterday in the Khoran Prison yard in Varamin after receiving 173 lashes. According to state-run TV, Seyed Reza Hosseini, the Varamin Prosecutor said, ―This 25 year old man was sentenced to two deaths, paying a blood money and 173 lashes on charges of kidnapping, intentionally injuring someone, intentional sabotage and using obscene language‖. This sentence was upheld in the Supreme Court. Hosseini also said that the convicted man was lashed 173 times before his execution. (Human Rights Activists in Iran, Fars state-run News Agency Sep. 17, 2010) Iran hangs three men: report Iran hanged on Monday two men convicted of drug trafficking and another found guilty of murder, in a prison in the southwestern city of Ahvaz, Fars news agency reported. The men were only identified in the report by their initials as A. Gh., S.F., Gh. J. (AFP - Sept 20, 2010) Iran hangs three in Yazd: report Iran has hanged three men who were found guilty of drug trafficking, in a prison in the central city of Yazd, ISNA news agency reported on Tuesday. The report did not say when the executions were carried out. (AFP - Sept 21, 2010) Prisoner executed in Zahedan Prison

On Sunday, September 19, a man was executed in Zahedan Prison on charges of murder. According to the official website of the Sistan and Baluchistan Judiciary, on the dawn of September 19, a prisoner identified as Keshvar Gorgi was hanged in Zahedan Prison. According to this report, he was sentenced to death after being convicted of murdering a 6 year old girl named Narjis. This charge has not been confirmed by any independent sources. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Sep. 21, 2010) Iran executes 2 in Kerman and Isfahan

According to reports from Iran, two people were hanged in Kerman and Isfahan.

The state-run Kayhan daily wrote today that a person was executed in the town of Aran & Bidgol in Isfahan. According to this report, this person (name unknown) was convicted of carrying and possessing narcotics. According to another report in the official website of the Kerman Judiciary, Majid Sh. who was arrested in 2007 and was sentenced to death by the Kerman Penal Court was executed after his sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court and the head of the judiciary. (Iran Human Rights Sep. 22, 2010) Iran hangs 3 prisoners in Isfahan Central Prison

According to reports, the death sentence of three prisoners in the Central Isfahan Prison in Dastgerd was carried out. On Tuesday, September 21, three prisoners from cellblock 3 in this prison who have been awaiting their death sentence for years were executed. These prisoners were Alireza Baqeri, Mohsen Goudarzi and Rasoul Mir Safa. They were all under 30 years old and were sentenced to death on narcotics charges. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Sep. 23, 2010) Iran hangs man: report Iran has hanged a man convicted of rape in a prison in the southern city of Kerman, the ISNA news agency reported on Friday. The report identified the man sent to the gallows as Majid D., without saying when the execution took place or providing further information. (AFP - Sept 24, 2010)

Iran hangs minor offender in secret

On July 10, Iran secretly executed a young man who had committed a crime at the age of 15. The execution of this young man, Mohammad, was not announced from before by the judiciary. Mohammad was swiftly executed without the knowledge of his family in the Morordasht Prison in Shiraz. This sentence was issued by the Fars Penal Court and upheld by the 33 rd branch of the Supreme Court. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Sep. 25, 2010) Iran hangs two men in Orumieh prison

Two prisoners in the Central Orumieh Prison were executed in the past three days on charges of carrying and possessing narcotics. According to reports, Yahya Zare from Orumieh was executed on Tuesday morning in this prison on charges of carrying and possessing narcotics. Another prisoner identified as Saber Amir Hosseini from Sanandaj was also hanged in this prison on those charges today. State-run media did not report their executions. Judicial officials secretly execute hundreds of prisoners every year without officially announcing their executions. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Sep. 30, 2010)

Arbitrary killing January

Eyewitness: security force pickup truck ran over protester and changed gears to run over him again Daryoush (who witnessed a security force car run over a person): This incident took place around the Ministry of Commerce which is about 100 meters away from Valiasr Square and we were there… When the pickup truck came close, it made a sudden stop and went in the sidewalk. It was going in reverse when I saw another car coming… The second pickup truck came with high speed and the people who had no idea that the car would want to do this were running away while holding out their hands from the back towards the car. These trucks which had metal nets tied to the front of them were coming at the people and the only thing I could do was shout, 'watch out people', but I saw with my own eyes that one person was ran over and was under the wheels of the car. I saw with my own eyes that a person was under the wheels of the car and when the truck went into reverse, it passed over the person's chest and I saw the hands and feet of the person shaking under the wheels of the car.

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

These trucks had come exactly with the intention of running over people because when the pickup truck went into reverse, it changed gears and ran over the person again. (Radio Farda Jan. 3, 2010) Regime forces kill Kurd man in Turkey-Iran border Another Kurd man was killed in the Turkey-Iran border after security forces opened fire on him. On January 1, security forces opened fire on a Kurd man identified as Khaled Ahmadi in the Albak region and killed him. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 5, 2010) Six people dead, two severely injured after security forces open fire on travelling family At least eight people were killed or injured after security forces opened fire on ordinary citizens in Iranshahr. On January 7, security forces stationed on the Darzadeh Shahr Street in the town of Iranshahr in Sistan and Baluchistan opened fire on a passing car for unknown reasons. This action led to the death of the driver identified as Moradbakhsh Kadkhodayi. Four other people were killed after Moradbakhsh's car crashed into another car which caught fire. The security forces that had opened fire left the scene without helping the fire victims. The wife and two children of Mr. Kadkhodayi who were travelling with him were severely injured in this incident. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 8, 2010) Security forces open fire on two men in Sardasht; one man dies from injuries Two tradesmen in the Nalas region in Sardasht were shot at by security forces. On Saturday January 15, security forces opened fire on a number of passing cars under the pretext that they were carrying smuggled goods. Two brothers identified as Mostafa and Qader Alizadeh were severely injured as a result. Mostafa Alizadeh died on the way to the hospital due to his injuries. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 9, 2010) Security forces kill and injure several Kurd men At least four Kurd men in West Iran were either killed or injured by security forces. According to this report, on January 4, in the Baleh Soor region in Aland, a Kurd man identified as Mohsen (last name not known) died instantly after security forces opened fire on him. On the same day in the Haj Omran border region, another Kurd man identified as Samku (last name unknown) was shot by security forces. He was severely injured as a result. On January 5 in the Mir Omar border region in Khoy, security forces opened fire on a number of Kurd residents of this area killing Jafar Babazadeh and Ibrahim (last name not known). (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 10, 2010) Security forces shoot and kill 18-year-old in border region

A young man was killed by security forces in the border area while eight other border residents were shot and wounded by security forces and then arrested. Khaled Ahmadi, an 18-year-old man from the Marikhani Village in Suma who intended to cross the border was shot by security forces and died instantly. At the same time in this region, 8 other men were shot at by security forces. Most of them wounded when they were violently arrested. Despite their families' pursuit of their cases, they are still detained. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 12, 2010) Regime forces murder brother of Kurd political prisoner in Tehran According to reports from the Campaign in Defense of Political and Civil Rights Prisoners, Kamal Oliayi, the brother of Kurd political prisoner Arsalan Oliayi, was suspiciously killed in Tehran. Kamal Oliayi, 32, was working in Tehran. He was killed about 15 days ago and his body was buried by security forces in the Behesht Zahra Cemetery in Tehran. His family was informed yesterday that their son was killed. Kamal was the brother of Arsalan Oliayi who was sentenced to death last year. His death sentence was lowered to 16 years of prison a while back. (Campaign in Defense of Political and Civil Rights Prisoners- Jan. 11, 2010) Iran hands over body of slain protester to family after two weeks

Mostafa Karim Beigi, 27, was shot in the forehead on Ashura (December 27) near Nufel Lushato Street in Tehran. After two weeks of having absolutely no information about their son and thinking that he was arrested in Ashura, they identified his body and picture on January 11 in the Kahrizak coroner's office. In the time before his body was identified, his family received threatening phone calls from his cell phone which added to their concerns. After his family identified his body, security agents refrained from handing over his body and said only if his funeral is held outside of Tehran will they hand over the body. His family was forced to accept this condition despite the fact that they lived in the Amirieh neighborhood in Tehran.

His family was forced to accept this condition despite the fact that they lived in the

On the January 12, Mostafa's family were suddenly informed that only his father, mother and sister can attend his funeral and Mostafa Karmi Beigi was buried in the afternoon. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Jan. 17, 2010)

February

Iran shoots and kills 5 Afghan laborers in cold blood Gunmen on a motorcycle killed two associates of the Afghan president's brother Tuesday while the government accused Iranian border guards of killing five Afghans in the west… Meanwhile, Afghanistan's Foreign Ministry condemned the killings of five Afghan laborers who were allegedly shot to death by Iranian border guards while trying to enter the neighboring country without proper documents. The Iranian guards opened fire at the men as they were crossing into Iran from the southwestern province of Nimroz early Friday, according to the provincial governor, Ghulam Dastagir Azad. Nimroz lies on a major trafficking route for Afghanistan's huge opium trade. He said two other Afghan laborers were wounded and have been returned to Afghan border police, along with the bodies of four of the men killed. He said he expected the other body to be returned soon. (AP Feb. 2, 2010) Jailed man commits suicide because of torture and abuse According to reports, a young prisoner in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj committed suicide and died after being subjected to pressure and the inhumane conditions of prison. Hamid-Reza Asadi who had been transferred to hall 12 in section 4 of this prison five days ago had protested his condition on several occasions by going to the Head and Deputy Head of prison, Mahmoud Moghnian and Ali Mohammadi, but was met with threats and profane language every time and was sent back to his cell. This young prisoner committed suicide after finding himself in a dead end of pressure and threats. His cellmates informed the head of the section when they realized he had committed suicide but he was taken to the infirmary after a few hours and died because of not receiving medical attention on time. Most prisoners in Hall 12 known as the Youth Hall are between 16 and 22 years old. They were attacked several times in the past few days and about 25 prisoners were injured and taken to the infirmary after being clubbed. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Feb. 7, 2010) Women killed by regime forces in Tehran The wife of Iran's main opposition leader Mir Hossein Mousavi was attacked by government militia Thursday, according to a report on his official Facebook page… Opposition protesters accused security forces of using live ammunition, knives and teargas against them, as well as paint- filled balls that would identify those opposed to the regime later. More mobile phone footage from the protests posted on Facebook showed an Iranian protester apparently being viciously beaten by a militia man in full armor. Unconfirmed reports on Twitter suggested a woman was killed in opposition protests in Tehran, as Iranian dissidents claimed two female protesters were 'severely beaten' by police. (The New York Post - Feb. 11, 2010) Identity of another slain Ashura protester The identity of another Ashura protester in Tehran was determined. Mehdi Farhadi Rad (Balayi) killed by plainclothes agents and security forces on Ashura (December 27, 2010), was the son of a well-known religious family in Shahre-Rey. Regime forces took his family to the Behesht Zahra Cemetery on Ashura evening to show them the body of their son who was being buried. Mehdi was killed with two bullets, one in the chest and one in the head. His family was forced to pledge that they would not hold any kind of ceremony for him. The family's friends and neighbors put up a gravestone with the name of this slain protester to mark his grave but government forces pulled out the gravestone a few days later. (Jaras Website Feb. 15, 2010) Iran shoots and kills two border tradesmen On the evening of February 15, armed forces of the Islamic Republic stationed in Baneh under the command of major Purian ambushed a group of border tradesmen in Kandeh Sour and Champarvay in Baneh and targeted them with bullets and grenades.

41

January – September 2010
January – September 2010

Two of these tradesmen identified as Gharib, son of Ibrahim and Najamoddin, son of Ali from the Kaneh Sour village were killed while Yasin, son of Abdollah, Ibrahim, son of Sayid and five others who are still not yet identified were severely injured. Border tradesmen in Kurdistan have turned to this dangerous occupation because of the lack of job opportunities in this region and only to make a living for their families. (Iran Press News Website Feb. 16, 2010) Iran kills four other people in border region Two Iranian Kurds and two Iraqi Kurds were killed on Monday in the 'Cham Parave' border regions by border security forces. This measure which is carried out under the guise of 'fighting smuggled goods' systematically kills dozens of Kurds every month. This time it led to the death of four people from Baneh. Along with the two Kurd Iranians identified as Gharif and Najamoddin, two Iraqi nationals were also killed while several villagers were injured and taken to hospital. Officials have refrained from handing over the bodies of the slain Kurds until this moment. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Feb. 17, 2010) Iran brutally murders Azeri poet and activist The body of Majid Amiri, an Azeri poet and an employee of the Eastern Azerbaijan Bureau of Calculations who was killed suspiciously on January 27 was found in his home garage. According to those close to him, this Azeri employee was summoned and threatened to death for his serious pursuit of the management corruption of top officials in the province. The heads of this bureau had banished Amiri to Yazd for some time (because of his activities). After his body was taken to the coroner's, intelligence agents forced his family to bury his body without a detailed autopsy. These agents threatened and banned his family from pursuing the real cause of his death. According to those close to this Azeri poet, the signs of beatings and dried blood were on his body and his tongue had been cut out. (Savalan Sassi Website Feb. 20, 2010) Dozens killed and injured by security forces in bus chase According to reports from Abadan, security forces ordered a Volvo bus to stop in a terminal but the bus ran away with full speed. Security forces shot several warning shots in the air … The police then chased the bus into the Forodgah Square and the bus driver slammed into parked cars next to the square and caught fire. The fire spread to other cars in the square and dozens of people in the scene were killed and injured. There have been no reports on the number of those killed and injured. (Fars state-run News Agency Feb. 25, 2010) Iran kills another Kurd man in border region On Saturday February 20, a number of Kurd citizens in the 'Nosoud' border region in Paveh were shot by security forces and a Kurd citizen was killed. According to reports, Reza Khalidi was severely injured after being shot and passed away yesterday on February 27 in the Imam Reza Hospital in Kermanshah because of his wounds. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Feb. 28, 2010)

March

Iran shoots and kills Kurd tradesman

A Kurd citizen identified as Karvan Azizi was shot and killed by security forces in the border region of Siran Band in the

town of Baneh. On Sunday March 8, security forces opened fire on a number of border tradesmen who were reportedly carrying smuggled fabric and clothes which led to the death of Karvan Azizi. Another Kurd man, whose identity is not known, was also severely wounded. (Human Rights Activists in Iran March

9, 2010)

Protester killed in Bukan

Urgent News: According to reports, a protester was killed in Bukan in Iran. (Al-Arabieh TV March 16, 2010) Iran shoots and kills another Kurd man

A Kurd resident of the Shandareh Village in Sardasht located in the Western Azarbaijan Province identified as Ribvar

Nosrati (Shandareyi) was killed after an SSF agent opened fire on him. Nostrati was suspected of carrying smuggled goods and was targeted and killed near a village in Baneh. He died instantly. Nosrati was married and had children. (Human Rights Activists in Iran March 27, 2010)

April

Iran kills Kurd tradesman in Sardasht

On Sunday April 4, 2010, a tradesman identified as Osman Yusefi, 41, from the Bijveh Village was killed by security forces. The people of Sardasht held widespread protests outside the governor's office in this city after this killing. Security forces opened fire on the protesters. There is still no news on the fatalities. (Iran Press News Website April 4, 2010) Two other Kurd border tradesmen killed by Iran Kurdistan news sources reported in the past few weeks that another man identified as Ribvar, son of Maref was killed after armed forced of the Islamic Republic shot him in the Pitush area in Kurdistan's Sardasht. The weekly report of the Kurdistan Human Rights Activists also reported that a tradesman from Sanandaj named Sirvan Abolmohammadi was shot by security forces in the Mahabad Sanandaj road on February 2, 2010. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 5, 2010) Border security forces shoot and kill young Kurd man A young man identified as Khebat Ahmadi was shot and killed today by security forces in the Marivan border region. (Iran Press News Website April 15, 2010) Iran kills two tradesmen in border region On Thursday April 15, security forces in Marivan shot and killed two citizens identified as Khebat from the Roz Ave Village in Sarv Abad and Kiomars from Sanandaj. According to reports, Kiomars sustained severe injuries from the shooting and died after being caught up in a river on the border. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 19, 2010) Dissident student killed suspiciously in Iranshahr University Keivan Goudarzi who was a math major at Iranshahr University in Sistan & Baluchistan, was suspiciously killed today. He was from Kermanshah. The body of this student was found next to the transmission tower behind the university kitchen. He was active in Mir Hossein Moussavi's election staff and the reason behind his death is still not clear. University officials have tried to introduce him as a worker who died from electrocution.

According to reports, his face was severely damaged. (Kordaneh Website April 20, 2010) Security forces shoot and kill Kurd man in Marivan According to reports from Kurdistan, Kamran Faraji, son of Hassanali, was killed after being directly targeted by security forces in the Khanoum Sheikhan Base in the border town of Marivan. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters April 25, 2010) Security forces shoot and kill 1 man, severely injure 2 children in border region One person was killed and two others were severely injured after security forces opened fire on them on the Turkey -Iran border. Ashraf Bargin, 22 was killed while Valkan Bargin, 17, and Najib, 13, were severely injured after security forces opened fire on them in the border region of the town of Khoy. (Iran Press News Website April 28, 2010)

May

Prisoner dies in Gohardasht Prison for not receiving treatment

Mehdi Futohi, a prisoner who had injuries from a chemical gas attack in the Iran-Iraq war died yesterday in Gohardasht Prison after not receiving treatment on time. He died of lung failure in cellblock 3 because prison officials did not take him the prison infirmary on time. This prisoner had served more than 8 years in prison. He took his last breath while other prisoners were desperately trying to get help from prison officials to save his life. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 6, 2010) Identity of woman run-over by state security forces on Ashura The identity of another person killed on Ashura was disclosed. Shabnam Sohrabi, 34, was run- over by a state security force car on Ashura (December 27, 2009). Shabnam‘s middle aged mother had been silent about her daughter‘s death out of fear. Eye witnesses say that a state security force car that was going at a fast speed collided with Shabnam and after going over her body a few times, crushed her under its wheels. Her body was handed over to her family after 20 days and her family buried her body in section 86 of the Behesht Zahra Cemetery under severe security measures. ―Police had surrounded section 86 while we were burying the body and I was called several times and told that I had no right to say anything about the Shabnam‘s death. That is why I stayed

anything about the Shabnam‘s death. That is why I stayed silent‖, her mother said. (Where is
anything about the Shabnam‘s death. That is why I stayed silent‖, her mother said. (Where is

silent‖, her mother said. (Where is my Vote Website – May 13, 2010)

43

January – September 2010
January – September 2010

Iran shoots and kills Kurd citizen in Baneh

A Kurd man from Baneh identified as Khadar Abdollahi was shot and killed by a security agent.

Abdollahi was married and had several children. He was suspected of carrying smuggled goods and was shot in the Baneh border region. He died after being taken to the hospital. (Mukarian News Agency May 24, 2010)

June

Security forces murder young man in Sari Security forces in the city of Sari in northern Iran murdered a young man after brutally beating him. A resident of this city said, ―This news has spread in Sari and the government is not handing his body to his family for fear of protests and they have probably buried the body themselves‖. (Iran News Agency – June 2, 2010) Iran shoots and kills two young Kurd tradesmen Two young Kurds were killed in the ongoing pressure of regime forces against Kurd tradesmen. According to reports from eastern Kurdistan, on June 11 in the Valeh Sour Alia Village, security forces opened fire on two Kurd tradesmen killing Samad Hassanpour, 20 and Jamil Rashidi, 18. (Norouz TV June 23, 2010) Iran shoots and kills 14 year-old Kurd boy

A 14-year-old boy was fatally shot by security forces in Kurdistan.

On June 25, Friday night security forces in the Doli Darmanavi region in Sardasht opened fire on a group of traders. Zaniar Ibrahimi, 14, from the Faqih Khadrian Village was fatally shot as a result.

Last Wednesday night, another group of traders were ambushed by security forces in Marivan and two traders identified

as Yadollah Berazi, 24, and Suran Amini were severely wounded. (Kurdish Perspective June 26, 2010)

Iran murders student dissident refuge in Malaysia

Saleh Torabi Zadeh, a student refuge in Kuala Lumpur Malaysia was murdered by elements of the Iranian regime on June 16, 2010. The day before this incident, a number of regime elements entered his home and severely beat him for his opposition to the regime. Saleh was to meet with his friends before this and after a few hours his worried friends went to his home only to find him near death. Saleh was immediately taken to the hospital but hospital officials said that he would not be admitted to the hospital because his parents were not present. Saleh died before his parents reached Kuala Lumpur. (Roshangari Website June 29, 2010)

July

Grief stricken father of slain 16-year-old boy: a Bassiji murdered my son

Meisam Ebadi, was the first victim of post election events who was fatally shot on June 13, 2009. His father said that his teenage son‘s murderer was a Bassij member (paramilitary forces of the Iranian regime) who was initially arrested and it was determined that the bullet was shot from his gun. This Bassij member was later released and it was announced that he was not the murderer. According to his father, Meisam was going to help a girl who was being beaten by Bassij forces and died after he was shot in the stomach. Asghar Ebadi, the father of this 16 year old boy says that he wants the murderer of his son to be introduced but no one answers his demands. (Rooz Online Website July 3, 2010)

Iran suppresses peaceful strikers in Tehran Bazaar; 68-year-old merchant stabbed There are reports from the Tehran that there is a security atmosphere and tension in the Bazaar. Mostly all businesses have closed in protest to the lack of agreement with the tax office about the tax policy of 1388 (2009)… Other reports say that plainclothes agents with the backing of units of the State Security Forces attacked the fabric shops and damaged the

property of the merchants. There are also unconfirmed reports that in today‘s clashes, Haj Azizollah Kashani, a well

known figure in the fabric business in the Tehran Bazaar was wounded after he was stabbed by plainclothes agents and was taken to hospital. (VOA TV Persian service July 7, 2010) 68-year-old Tehran Bazaar merchant dies in hospital after being stabbed by regime forces

A 68-year-old Bazaar merchant was killed in the afternoon in the Bazaar.

Azizollah Kashahni, a fabric merchant who was stabbed by Bassij forces died in the hospital today. (Iran Press News July 7, 2010) Story of student who was arrested and killed under torture in Kahrizak Death Camp last year

News – July 7, 2010) Story of student who was arrested and killed under torture in
A new picture shows slain student Amir Javadi Far is a gathering in Azadi Square

A new picture shows slain student Amir Javadi Far is a gathering in Azadi Square which was probably taken on June 15, 2009 when one million protesters marched in Tehran. Amir Javadi Far was an industrial management student at the International Qazvin University, a musician, and actor. He was severely beaten by plainclothes agents on July 9, 2009 in the Zhandarmeri intersection in the Amir Abad region and was then taken to police station 147 in Tehran. He was in critical condition in the police station because of the beatings and at 9 pm he was taken to the Firouzgar Hospital. The next day on July 10, he was transferred to the Kahrizak Detention Center from the hospital. In Kahrizak, they struck him with boots in the head and chest and one of his eyes ruptured and his suffered internal bleeding in

his lungs. After severe torture, he suffered convulsions and a heart attack while being transferred to Evin Prion on July

14.

Ten days later, his family was notified and was told to collect his body. On July 27, his bloody injured body was buried in section 211, row 42, grave number 10 in Behesht Zahra Cemetery in Tehran. (Jaras Website July 8, 2010) Bassji forces rape and murder woman under excuse of countering „improper veiling‟

Three members of the paramilitary Bassij forces abducted a young woman in Tabriz by misusing their Bassij ID cards and fatally shot her after beating and raping her. They threw her body outside of the city… After a young woman identified as Elnaz B, 26, disappeared in Tabriz, her family informed all institutions about her disappearance. Her body was returned to her family from the coroners after a one week search. The coroner confirmed that she was raped, beaten and then shot with a gun. Security forces announced that her body was found near the Imamieh Cemetery in Tabriz. After her family filed a complaint, security forces arrested three Tabriz citizens who were active members of the Bassij. The main culprit confessed to all the above mentioned facts in the Intelligence Department. He said that he entered the girl‘s car in the Valisasr region in Tabriz for ‗promoting virtue‘ and to give her a notice for ‗improper veiling‘ as stated in the ‗Chastity and Veiling‘ Plan carried out by the security forces and the Bassij. He then threatened her at gun point and after two of his other friends got in the car, forced her into an area outside of town and raped

her. He then killed her after shooting three bullets in her chest. Currently, the main suspect in this case is in the hands of the Revolutionary Guards Corps because of the sensitivity of this case. His membership in the paramilitary Bassij forces, the fact that he carried a gun, has top RGC officials in his family, used his (Bassij) ID card and (carried out this act) under the ‗Chastity and Veil‘ Plan have added to the sensitivity of this case. (Human Rights Activists in Iran July 11, 2010) Security forces fatally shoot Kurd border tradesman

On Saturday July 11, a Kurd citizen was killed after being directly targeted by security forces in the western border area of Iran. According to reports, security forces in the Paye Vah border region in Marivan opened fire on a number of people in this region under the excuse of countering smugglers which led to one death. There is no information on the identity of this person. Security Forces systematically kill people residing in the western border region of Iran every year under the pretext of preventing the entrance of smuggled goods. (Human Rights Activists in Iran July 13, 2010)

August

45

the pretext of preventing the entrance of smuggled goods. (Human Rights Activists in Iran – July
January – September 2010
January – September 2010

Security forces kill 3 border tradesmen, injure 8 others

Border tradesmen in the Kani Rash Village were targeted yesterday by Revolutionary Guards Forces. According to Kurdish sources, two local merchants were killed while eight others were severely wounded. An eyewitness said that the bodies of the two dead merchants are still left out in a mine field and security forces do not let anyone remove the bodies from the area. According to other reports, another border merchant identified as Shamsoddin Jalibaqu was shot and killed in the Salmas region on July 29. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Aug. 1, 2010) Security forces fatally shoot young Baluch man in Zahedan According to reports, agents of Police Station 19 in Zahedan opened fire on an automobile killing the driver. The driver was identified as Khoda Nazar Narouyi and was carrying fuel from Zahedan as a way of providing money for his family. In light of the fact that Baluch residents are deprived of various jobs because of their religion and ethnicity, carrying fuel from various areas to the border region is one of the ways many of them have chosen to make a living. To cover up this fact, state run media in many cases report that the reason for their death is car accidents. (Baluchistan Human Rights Activists Association Aug. 15, 2010) Brother of slain student says he did not commit suicide

Brother of slain student says he did not commit suicide http://www.hra-news6.info/2/00/3563-1.html The brother of

The brother of Mohammad-Javad Parandakh broke his silence after one year on the eve of the anniversary of his brother‘s death and announced that Mohammad-Javad did not commit suicide and that his family‘s suit against agents of the Ministry of Intelligence and the judge presiding over his case has so far been without result. Mohammad-Javad Parandakh was a chemical engineering student at the Isfahan Industrial University who was summoned to the Isfahan Intelligence Agency after students in this university protested election results. His body was found two days after he went to the Intelligence Agency. (Rooz Online Website Aug. 24,

2010)

Another innocent border tradesman fatally shot by security forces; more than 900 tradesmen murdered by security forces last year

Security forces in the Hassan Salaran Base in Saqez shot and killed 20 year old Mohammad Khoda Rahmi and severely injured Anvar Khoda Rahmi after they opened fire on their automobile. Anvar Khoda Rahmi was taken to this town‘s general hospital. According to reports from the Saqez Information Center, security forces claimed that they opened fire on these two citizens because they were carrying smuggled goods in their automobile. This is while villagers from several villages have announced that they are willing to testify in court that these two men were not smugglers and were going to Saqez from their village for automobile maintenance. Last year, more than 900 border tradesmen and carriers were shot and killed by security forces. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Aug. 31, 2010)

(Committee of Human Rights Reporters – Aug. 31, 2010) September Security forces murder teenager in Qeshm

September

Security forces murder teenager in Qeshm Island Security forces fatally shot a Sunni teenager in the head in the Island of Qeshm on September 7. According to reports, Sadeq Dolayizadeh, from the Dolab Village in Qeshm went out today to the ocean for fishing. He was arrested by security forces and was shot in the head on the shore in front of bystanders. This teenager who was in the 9 th grade was forced to work to provide for his family and went out fishing everyday. He was arrested by security forces in the sea and was then led to the shore. After seeing this scene, a number of eyewitnesses attempted to get close to Dolayizadeh to save his life but were shot at by security forces. These agents initially beat Sadeq and then shot him in the head. Two of the agents fled from the scene after seeing the angry crowd but one of the agents was captured by the people and after being beaten,

the body of the teenager and the agent were both handed over to the Qeshm Intelligence Agency. The father of the Dolayizadeh family has been suffering from an illness for years and the only breadwinner of the family was young Sadeq. Notably, a large number of young people in this region are killed yearly because of mistreatment by security forces. Most people in Qeshm Island located in Southern Iran fish for a living. The people of this region have been faced with a drought for more than 10 years and live in dire economical conditions. Poverty has made the living standards of more than 80 percent of the villages in this island very dreadful. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Sep. 7, 2010) Iran murders second Kahrizak doctor who had evidence of systematic prison rape and sexual abuse According to reports, Dr. Abdolreza Soudbakhsh, an assistant professor at Tehran University who was shot and killed last week was linked to the Kahrizak Detention Center its prisoners who were suffering from infections in the urinary tract and damaged reproductive systems (as a result of rape and sexual abuse in Kahrizak) and had orders from security forces to officially announce that all prisoners who came to him for treatment had meningitis. This university professor was suspiciously shot and killed one day before going abroad. Therefore, Soudbakhsh is the second doctor who was killed in the past year over this issue. Ramin Pourandarjani, another doctor who was serving in the State Security Forces in the Kahrizak Detention Center suspiciously passed away on November 16, 2009. Officials announced his death as suicide… According to this report Soudbakhsh was informed about the medical cases of all those killed in the Kahrizak Detention Center. In addition to this, he was specialist and checked and treated all Kahrizak prisoners and had special information in this regard. This report also said that Soudbakhsh recently felt that his life was in danger because of increased pressure by security forces. He had a ticket to leave Iran on September 22 and was shot dead outside of his clinic in Keshavarz Blvd in Tehran less than a day before he was to go abroad. (Jaras Website Sep. 27, 23010) Security forces kill mother and blind 19 year old girl in forced eviction in Mazandaran

In an attack to homes near a property in Fereidoon Kenar in the province of Mazandaran, the mother of two mentally disabled children was killed while a 19-year old girl was blinded in one eye. According to reports, after a woman who recently came from abroad filed a complaint demanding a property she owned which is the home of 3 families, judicial orders were issued for the evacuation and demolition of these homes built in this property. This woman who has lived in the US for the last 30 years is the owner of seven homes in which 7 to 8 families lived in while paying their dues and taxes… Last Wednesday, security forces came to this property with a warrant for the evacuation and demolition of the homes and clashed with the residents. These clashes reached their climax when people in the vicinity also interfered. In the middle of the clashes a woman of about 60 years who was the mother of a mentally disabled girl and boy was killed after being struck on the head with a baton. When the clashes increased, security forces used tear gas, plastic bullets and batons to disperse the crowds which led to injuries on both sides of the clashes. According to eyewitnesses, a 19-year-old girl was shot in the eye with a plastic bullet and was blinded. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Sep. 30, 2010)

girl was shot in the eye with a plastic bullet and was blinded. (Human Rights Activists

47

January – September 2010
January – September 2010

Deaths in custody January

Female political prison suspiciously dies in Orumieh Prison Zahra Jafari, a female political prisoner died suspiciously after five months in Orumieh Prison. According to eyewitnesses, the body of this political prisoner who was charged with having contacts with an opposition group was initially taken to the prison medical clinic and then was transferred to outside prison. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 7, 2010) Female prisoner killed in Eshrat Abad Detention Center in Tehran According to reports from informed and credible sources in Eshrat Abad Detention Center in Tehran, a girl by the first name of Elahe, 24 (medium height, had on a black coat and jeans when arrested) was hit on the head in the interrogations with a chair and had a brain haemorrhage which led to her instant death. According to this report, this girl was an orphan who grew up in an orphanage in Kurdistan and had come to Tehran for work. She apparently worked in a clothing factory near Enqelab Square as a laborer in the past few months. Since this girl did not have a guardian, her interrogator constantly asked for her name, address and about her relatives and the address of those she was working, with he threw a chair at her in anger (because she could not answer her questions) which led to her death

in the evening of January 8. He body was immediately taken to an unknown location.

According to this report, injured detainees in this detention center are denied treatment and warm cloths and women are treated very inhumanely. (Iran Press News Jan. 10, 2010) Prisoner commits suicide because of prison official's inhumane pressures According to reports, Azim Askari committed suicide because of the pressures and the violent treatment by the head of ward 1 in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj and died a few hours later. This 44 year old prisoner had been jailed for close to 8 years in the Qasr and Gohardasht Prisons. He was detained in ward 1, known as the 'Akhare Khatiha' ward (known for its violent treatment of prisoners and gross violations of prisoners' rights). He had tried for a long time to be transferred to Hamedan Prison to be able to visit with his child. On the morning of January 12, he went to see the head of this ward, Akharian, about his transfer, but Akharian treated him inhumanely and made insulting remarks about his family. After he came back, he committed suicide in his cell at about 9 am but (prison guards) refrained from doing anything to help or treat this prisoner. He was transferred to the medical clinic at about 12:30 where he died a few hours later.

There have also been reports that the beatings and torture of prisons have increased in this ward. Defenseless prisoners are beaten with electric clubs and are electrocuted and tortured and this has turned into a routine procedure in ward 1. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Jan. 12, 2010) Political prisoner with cancer dies in Evin Prison because of lack of medical attention

A political prisoner sentenced to life in prison died in Evin Prison after being denied medical attention.

His death was confirmed in the morning by the medical clinic in this prison. Alborz Qasemi, a political prisoner sentenced to moharebeh (enmity with God) for being a member of a political organization, who also suffered from cancer in the stomach was transferred to the medial clinic because of his critical condition. He had been banned for a long time from medical attention and medical leave from prison. According to reports, this prisoner who was detained in ward 350 with his brother Hamid Qasemi, was not even able to walk in the past few days and suffered from aconuresis. Despite the efforts of his family and cellmates, prison officials refrained from giving him medical attention until yesterday and he was only taken to the medical clinic after constant appeals from his family. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 20, 2010)

February

Prisoner killed in Gohardasht Prison after torture According to reports, a prisoner in section 1 of Gohardasht Prison in Karaj was killed after being brutally tortured by prison officials. On Monday, February 22, Yavar Khoda Doust was killed after being tortured by Kermani, the head of the Prison Intelligence Department and Faraji, his deputy. His body was taken to the infirmary and is currently in the prison morgue. Yavar and Latif Khoda Doust are two jailed brothers who were detained in hall 3, section 1 of this prison. Some time ago they were transferred from hall 3 to solitary cells in hall 2 known as the doghouse. They were taken to solitary after a raid and search in their cells. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Feb. 22, 2010) Iran kills 22 year old man under torture

Mostafa Mir-Ibrahimi died after six months of pressure and torture in prison. He was born

Mostafa Mir-Ibrahimi died after six months of pressure and torture in prison. He was born in February 1988 in Tehran. Mostafa was arrested six months ago by the gravesite of Neda and was taken to an unknown location. His friends who were with him at the time informed his family of his arrest but during these six months, despite his family's desperate pursuits, regime forces gave them no information on their son. His name was not even registered in any of the official detention centers. After six months, a few days ago, his father was summoned to the coroner's to identify his body. His father identified the body but agents refrained from handing over Mostafa's body for burial. Officials have not given any information to the family regarding his death or where he was killed and only told them that they will bury him themselves and will only give them the gravesite address. (Peik-e-Iran

Website Feb. 24, 2010)

April

2 political prisoners killed in Iran jails in Baluchistan Shir Mohammad Sheh Bakhsh, a Baluch political prisoner died for unknown reasons in a detention center in the Zahedan intelligence agency. Another prisoner also died a few weeks ago in this prison and the condition of other prisoners in this detention center is alarming. According to our reporters, Shir Mohammad Sheh Bakhsh, son of Mirza, who was reportedly only jailed because he was a relative of a member of the Baluchistan opposition, died in this detention center. His family has confirmed this report saying that he was buried in an unknown location without their knowledge and security forces only informed them of his death. In the past few weeks, another young man identified as Shapure Sheh Bakhsh, son of Gholam-Ali, who was jailed for similar charges died in this detention center. His family has claimed that there were signs of beatings and torture on their son's body. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 8, 2010) Two prisoners beaten to death in Orumieh Prison On Sunday, April 18, two prisoners were beaten to death in cellblock 9 and 11 in Orumieh Prison by special guards' forces in prison. According to reports, an ordinary prisoner identified as Iraj Gham Angiz was killed for unknown reasons by prison guards yesterday afternoon. This report says that other prisoners protested this murder and prison guards under the command of Akbar Pishevar beat these prisoners to counter the protests. In these clashes, Seifoddin Yahya Zadeh was struck on the head with a club and died instantly. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 19, 2010)

May

Prison guards torture prisoner to death in Sari Prison Hadi Aravand, a death row prisoner in Sari Prison was killed under torture. The head of this prison has claimed that he committed suicide with a sheet but the forensics doctor said he died after being choked. The signs and bruises from torture were clearly evident all over his body to the extent that one of his hands was broken and his back was injured. There was also a 1 cm cut around his neck which cancels the probability of suicide. A person close to him has announced that the cuts around his wrists show how much pressure he was under while dying. ―Hadi was transferred from his cell on April 30 at about 5 pm and a few hours later, his injured and wounded body was at the Sari Hospital‖, this person added. According to the forensics doctor, his feet were crossed and shackled while his hands were tied from behind while he was killed and he did not have any opportunity to commit suicide. In this position, he was choked with a plastic strap which was placed around his neck.

opportunity to commit suicide. In this position, he was choked with a plastic strap which was

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

According to other prisoners, since the arrival of a new warden named Abedi, there were four instances of suspicious deaths in this prison in the past 7 months which shows the bad conditions under which prisoners are kept in Sari Prison. Hadi Aravandi, 23, was sentenced to death and would have been executed three months from now. He committed murder in a street fight on March 19, 2008 and was buried last Sunday in the cemetery in Surak which is a few kilometers from Sari. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters May 11, 2010) Iran kills Kurd political activist after 18 years in prison According to reports, political prisoner Zaher Mostafi was suspiciously killed after serving 18 years in prison and while in critical physical condition and barely able to walk. This 44 year old prisoner was from Kurdistan. Mostafi was transferred from Orumieh Prison to Gohardasht Prison in Karaj 4 years ago. He was suffering from severe illness and was barely able to walk and do his personal day to day tasks. But he was denied serious treatment for his illness. Medics at the Gohardasht infirmary had announced that he was unable to tolerate prison. The Medical Commission had also supported this notion and in a rare measure, even prison officials had accepted his release. But the Ministry of Intelligence refused to release him and told him on several occasions that ‗you have to die from pain‘. Last week he was taken to an unknown location and his cellmates were told that he was being transferred to receive treatment. On Wednesday May 12, three days after the execution of five political prisoners in Evin Prison, political prisoner Zaher Mostafi was killed after 18 years of prison and tolerating brutal tortures. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran May 19, 2010)

July

Ailing prisoner dies in Gohardasht Prison from lack of medical treatment

A prisoner in the Rajayi Shahr (Gohardasht) Prison in Karaj who was suffering from aids died as a result of the lack of

medical attention. Daryoush Arjmand who had been kept in a solitary cell for 2 years died on June 20, 2010 in a solitary cell in cellblock 1

of Rajayi Shahr Prison after tolerating horrid physical conditions.

Arjmand never enjoyed medical attention and was only separated form other prisoners because he had aids. Rajayi Shahr Prison in general and cellblock one in particular are in very poor condition on the grounds of sanitary

facilities and medical attention for prisoners. (Human Rights Activists in Iran July 15, 2010)

Background info (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran April 14, 2010) According to reports, Daryoush Arjmand, has been kept in a solitary cell in cellblock 1 in Gohardasht Prison known as the 'Doghouse' for months. Daryoush Arjmand, 40, who has been sentenced to 19 years of prison, has been kept in this cell for close to 25 months. He was taken to solitary for clashing with the prison deputy officer, Mansouri, who died a few months ago outside of prison over a financial issue, and is kept in medieval conditions in this cell. He is deprived of a natural source of light and even a lamp to light his cell. He is forced to go to the bathroom and bathe

in his cell even while his cell is very small and does not have a toilet or showering facilities. Mr. Arjmand also has many

cuts and bruises on his body but is not taken to the infirmary for treatment and is not even given the necessary items to bandage his wounds. He is also deprived of proper clothing and his current clothes are ripped and worn out. The foul odor that comes from his cell bothers other prisoners detained in solitary cells in this block. He is also only given enough food to live on. Mr. Arjmand has attempted suicide several times and in the last instance, was left in that state for a few hours before

other prisoners protested which saved his life.

A political prisoner informed a prison inspector about the condition of this prisoner and asked him to go see this

prisoner to witness his horrid and unimaginable condition for himself but the inspector argued that this prisoner had aids and was dangerous and did not visit his cell. Kurd political prisoner probably killed under torture; no news on condition for past 7 months

According to an Intelligence official in the town of Saqez who asked not to be named and received money for this report, Aziz Mohammad Zadeh, a death row political prisoner was taken from a solitary cell in the Intelligence Agency in Saqez to a solitary cell in the Sanandaj Intelligence Agency while in critical physical health last autumn. Mohammad Zadeh‘s family has had no information about his condition and whereabouts for the last 7 months.

According to this report, Mohammad Zadeh was under the most severe torture in Sanandaj until a few months ago. No one saw or heard from him after this. According to this Intelligence official, he probably died under torture and that is why officials claim to have released him. Notably, Aziz Mohammad Zadeh was sentenced to death in a Saqez court on charges of acting against national security and moharebeh (enmity with God). He is the son of Ali and is 26 years old. He was arrested on October 13, 2009 by security forces in Baneh and was transferred to the Baneh Detention Center. He was then transferred to a Saqez Prison after 3 moths of abuse and torture. (Campaign in Defense of Political and Civil Rights Prisoners July 19, 2010)

August

According to reports, a prisoner was killed after violent torture in a solitary cell in cellblock 1 in Gohardasht (Rajayi Shahr) Prison in Karaj. On Wednesday, August 11, prisoner Hassan Qashqayi, 35, was transferred to solitary where he was violently tortured after coming back from court. He was tortured for a prolonged amount of time blindfolded while his hands and feet were shackled. He went into a coma and died after a few hours. Hassan Qashqayi had resisted the pressure and bullying of security forces and was arrested in Varamin after clashing with security forces. He is from the Qashqayi Tribe and has been jailed for about 5 years. He was detained in cellblock 4 in Gohardasht Prison for a few months. Qashqayi was then transferred to the notorious cellblock 1 for no apparent reason. Some time ago he was thrown in solitary for protesting the violent treatment of prison guards where he was finally killed. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Aug. 12, 2010) Iran kills prisoner in Orumieh; grieving mother self immolates outside of prison

On Sunday August 22, an ordinary prisoner in the Central Orumieh Prison was killed under torture in a solitary cell. According to reports, Bahman Massoudi died after a prison guard identified as Khanzadeh struck him on the head with a baton. After his family heard of his death, his mother doused herself in gas and set herself on fire yesterday outside the main door of this prison. There is no information on how severely she was injured or her physical state. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Aug. 24, 2010) Political prisoner dies from cancer; denied on-time treatment Kaveh Kordi Moqadam, a Kurd political prisoners from Ashnavieh who was serving his time in Orumieh Prison passed away yesterday on August 29 in Orumieh Hospital. According to reports, this political prisoner who suffered from stomach and lung cancer was granted a medical leave one month ago to receive treatment, but passed away because of the delay in treatment. Doctors had warned about his critical condition from a long time ago and had told officials that he had to be under the care of a hospital and treated by specialists but prison officials refused to grant him a medical leave until a month ago. Kaveh Kordi Moqadam was arrested in 2008 on charges of ‗acting against national security‘ and was sentenced to 3 years of prison by the first branch of the Orumieh Revolutionary Court. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Aug. 30, 2010)

September

Tortured prisoner murdered in prison

Mohsen Bikvand, a non-political prisoner in Rajayi Shahr (Gohardasht) in Karaj was murdered in prison on August 31. According to reports, Mohsen Bikvand was severely tortured several times by prison agents and was murdered in cellblock 6, Hall 16 in this prison. Bikvand was transferred to solitary in the beginning of June 2010. Gohardasht Prisoners believe that prison officials ordered his murder and the murder of other dissident prisoners is carried out systematically by prison officials.

ordered his murder and the murder of other dissident prisoners is carried out systematically by prison

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

The Human Rights Activists in Iran published a film of the tortures of this prisoner and according to this document, both of his feet broke as a result of torture, his hands were made useless and his body was burned. Direct link of the video: http://hra-news21.info/Video/002.mpg (Human Rights Activists in Iran Sep. 2, 2010) Another prisoner killed under execution after 8 years of prison According to reports, Shahin Rajabi Mourkani was murdered by security forces in the SSF Karoun Operation Center in Ahwaz. Mourkani, 28, was arrested in 2002 for clashing with security forces in Ahwaz and was transferred to the Karoun Prison. He was tried on charges of armed robbery in court and was serving his time in this prison. About eight months ago, he was suddenly transferred to cellblock 6 in Gohardasht Prison from Karoun Prison where he was detained for eight months. About 3 months ago he was once again transferred back to Karoun Prison. His family was not aware of this transfer. In the beginning of last week, his family was called from the Karoun Operation Center which is run by the State Security Forces and was told that they have to go to this center to collect his body. When the Mourkani family went to this center, they were told that they have to sign a paper saying that he was killed in an accident, else the body will not be given to them for burial. His family was forced to sign. His body was given to his uncle on September 1 in the Ahwaz Cemetery and state security forces were present in the burial. They also banned the family from investigating his death and his uncle was the only one allowed in the burial ceremony. The body of Shahin Rajabi Mourkani was bruised from torture and his hands and feet were broken. There were also deep wounds on his head. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Sep. 5, 2010) Young man killed under torture in Kamyaran Detention Center

A young man who was arrested on charges of possessing alcoholic beverages by the Kamyaran Intelligence Detention Center died in this detention center after being physically tortured. According to reports, Gholamreza Bayat, a Kurd resident of Kamyaran who was wanted by the police for the possession of alcoholic beverages went into a coma and suffered internal bleeding as a result of torture and mistreatment last Sunday after he turned himself in to the Intelligence Center. This Kurd citizen died after being taken to hospital and the coroners announced the reason for his death as internal bleeding from severe beatings. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Sep. 6,

2010)

Kurd prisoner dies under torture in Iran

According to Kurdish sources, Ravand Mohammad Ismail, an Iraqi Kurd citizen from Qale Dizeh located in Soleimanieh in Iraq‘s Kurdistan was arrested in the town of Sardasht by Iranian security forces and passed away after severe torture in the Intelligence Agency. (Iran Press News Sep. 14, 2010) Iran kills another young man under torture Naser Alizadeh, a Kurd man from a village in Salmas who was arrested last Monday along with a number of other people by security forces, died after being tortured. He had gone to the border for mountain climbing with a number of other people last Monday when he was arrested by security forces. Naser Alizadeh passed away on Thursday September 16 under severe torture by security forces and his body was handed to his family for burial on Friday. Notably, regime forces have threatened his family that they cannot hold a mourning ceremony for him. Alizadeh was a soldier in Tehran who had come back to his village on a leave and was arrested on charges of cooperating with a dissident Kurd party. (Kurdistan News Agency Sep. 20, 2010)

Kurd party. (Kurdistan News Agency – Sep. 20, 2010) Death sentence January 62 year old political
Kurd party. (Kurdistan News Agency – Sep. 20, 2010) Death sentence January 62 year old political

Death sentence January

62 year old political prisoner sentenced to death Ali Saremi is a political prisoner in Evin who has been sentenced to death. He has been charged with participating in a commemoration ceremony to mark the 19 th anniversary of the massacre of political prisoners in 1988.

Akbar Saremi (his son in Camp Ashraf): 'My father is 62 years old and has a degree in English literature. He has been in and out of prison in the past 20 years and has been violently tortured. He had a heart attack as a result of these tortures. Also due to the pressures on him in prison he has problems with his eyesight. He needs surgery but they have denied him any kind of medical treatment… My father has no judicial history and the death sentence was suddenly announced to him'. (Radio Farda Jan. 5, 2010) Ashoura protesters at risk of execution in Iran Amnesty International has urged the Iranian authorities not to sentence to death protesters arrested during religious commemorations last month. Media reports say at least five demonstrators arrested during protests on Ashoura, 27 December, have been charged with moharebeh (enmity against God), which carries the death penalty. Amnesty International fears they could be tried imminently. The authorities have said that ―rioting and arson‖ amounts to moharebeh, a criminal offence usually used against those who take up arms against the state. 'The offences the protesters are accused of do not amount to the 'most serious crimes' for which the death penalty may be applied under international law. Even if they have committed such offences, they should not face the death penalty if convicted,' said Amnesty International's Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui. 'The authorities should ensure that anyone suspected of criminal offences related to the demonstrations, including stone throwing or acts of arson, is tried promptly and fairly, in proceedings which meet international fair trial standards, and that no one is sentenced to death'. The news comes amid signs that the Iranian authorities may be planning to increase the use of the death penalty as a means to deter demonstrations. On 4 January, a group of 36 MPs proposed a motion to amend the Code of Criminal Procedures so that those convicted

of moharebeh would be executed within five days of their conviction. Such a move would compromise the effective

exercise of a defendant‘s right to appeal. The authorities have accused various OPPOSITION groups of orchestrating the unrest on Ashoura, notably the Baha'is,

an unrecognized religious minority. At least 13 Baha'is have been arrested from their homes since the demonstrations. The Baha‘i community denies any such involvement.

In December, the lawyers for seven Baha'i leaders detained without trial for more than a year were informed their clients

will be tried on Tuesday. They face charges of espionage and could be sentenced to death. Amnesty International believes that all 20 are prisoners of conscience who should be released immediately and unconditionally. 'Iranians should be free to assemble in peaceful protests to express their opinions, including about the government and human rights violations, and not face excessive use of force, arbitrary arrest and unfair trial, or risk execution,' said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui. ―Instead of allowing demonstrations to take place, the Iranian authorities are locking up anyone of a different viewpoint from theirs and are looking for scapegoats to blame for the

from theirs and are looking for scapegoats to blame for the unrest (Amnesty International – Jan.

unrest (Amnesty International Jan. 8, 2010)

for the unrest (Amnesty International – Jan. 8, 2010) Latifi Kamangar Two Kurd political prisoners in

Latifi

Kamangar

Two Kurd political prisoners in danger of execution International Committee against Execution: according to reports sent to the Committee, the danger of the imminent execution of Farzad Kamangar and Habib Latifi is very high. Farzad Kamangar is a popular teacher who has been detained for several years by the Islamic rule and his death sentence was announced to him some time ago. Habib Latifi, is

a student activist who was arrested for his political activities and

sentenced to death. According to this report acquired by the Committee,

the head of the Sanandaj Department for Executing Sentences told Habib

Latifi that 'no guarantees can stop the execution of his death sentence' and in this way announced to him that his death sentence will soon be carried out. According to this report, Kamangar is also in danger of being hanged. (Roshangari Website Jan. 12, 2010) Iran: Halt executions of Kurdish and other political prisoners Amnesty International is calling on the Iranian authorities not to execute at least 17 members of Iran‘s Kurdish minority, including one woman - Zeynab Jalalian - who are on death row after their conviction of political offences. The organization fears that they could be executed at any time, particularly in light of the execution of two other Kurds in Iran in recent months, most recently Fasih Yasmini in Khoy on 6 January 2010.

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January – September 2010

All were convicted after unfair trials for moharebeh (enmity against God) for membership of banned Kurdish opposition groups, mainly the Party for a Free Life in Kurdistan (known by its Kurdish acronym PJAK), an armed group, and Komala, a Marxist organization. Some are reported to have been tortured in detention and to have been denied access to a lawyer. The executed man, Fasih (Fateh) Yasmini was arrested during clashes between PJAK and Iranian security forces in the village of Hendavan, near Khoy, in or around February 2008. It is not clear whether Fasih Yasmini was involved in these clashes or not. He was reportedly among a number of villagers arrested, including five girls, his father Hossein Yasmini, and another man Fahim Reza-Zadeh, who are said to have been taken to a Ministry of Intelligence detention facility in Khoy, where Fasih Yasmini was reportedly tortured. His family had no news of him for about two months. Hossein Yasmini is currently serving a two-year prison sentence, while Fahim Reza-Zadeh was sentenced to 15 years‘ imprisonment to be served in exile. Fasih Yasmini‘s death sentence by the Khoy Revolutionary court is believed to have been upheld on appeal by Branch 10 of the Appeal Court of West Azerbaijan Province and by the Supreme Court and he was executed without his lawyer being informed - a requirement under Iranian law - on 6 January. Fasih Yasmini‘s family have not been given his body, possibly to prevent them holding a funeral or memorial service for him. Amnesty International condemns this execution. Ali Saremi (or Sarami), aged 62, was sentenced to death for moharebeh on 29 December 2009 after being convicted of membership of the People‘s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI), an opposition group based in Iraq. He was arrested in September 2007 after speaking at a commemoration at the Khavaran cemetery in Tehran for the victims of the 1988 ―prison massacre‖ and has been held since. Amnesty International issued an urgent action on his and six other‘s behalf in November 2007. Held without trial for many months, mostly in Evin Prison, his final court session took place on 16 November in Branch 15 of the Revolutionary Court. Two days after demonstrations against the government on Ashoura on 27 December 2009 were violently repressed by security forces, he was told that he had been sentenced to death. The Iranian authorities have blamed various groups for organizing the demonstrations, including the PMOI and a ―Marxist grouplet‖. Ali Saremi has a son in the PMOI who lives in Camp Ashraf, Iraq, whom he has visited. Ali Saremi has spent 23 years in prison for his political activities both before and after the Islamic Revolution in Iran. Background Since the unrest which followed the disputed presidential election in June 2009, Amnesty International has documented an increase in the number of executions in Iran, and the Iranian authorities have threatened to try demonstrators for moharebeh, moves which appear designed to dissuade people from participating in demonstrations against the government. The 17 Kurds on death row for political offences are reported to be: 1. Zeynab Jalalian [f] 2. Habibollah Latifi 3. Sherko Moarefi 4. Farhad Vakili 5. Farzad Kamangar 6. Ali Haydarian 7. Hossein Khezri 8. Rashid Akhkandi 9. Mohammad Amin Agoushi 10. Ahmad Pouladkhani 11. Sayed Sami Hosseini 12. Sayed Jamal Mohammadi 13. Rostam Arkiya 14. Mostafa Salimi 15. Anwar Rostami 16. Hassan Talai 17. Iraj Mohammadi (Amnesty International Jan. 13, 2010) Iran sentences female political prisoner to death

Shirin Alam Hovi, a Kurd political prisoner in Evin Prison was sentenced to death. This sentence which was issued for the charge of mohareb (enmity with God) for her cooperation with a Kurd opposition party was passed by the Tehran Revolutionary Court and was announced to her lawyer last week. Shirin Alam Hovi, 28, is from Maku in West Azerbaijan. She was arrested last summer and is currently in Evin Prison. It was previously announced that she was sentenced to life in prison but her lawyer has confirmed her death sentence. This sentence is subject to appeal. (Kurdistan Human Rights Watch News Agency Jan. 16, 2010) Iran prosecutor calls for death penalty against protesters An Iranian prosecutor called Monday for the death penalty against five protesters arrested during demonstrations staged as Shiites participated in solemn Ashura rituals last month, state media reported. The five were accused of having ties with Iran's exiled and armed opposition, the People's Muhajideen, and charged with 'Moharebeh' or being enemies of God, which is punishable by death under Iran's Sharia-based law. 'I ask the court for maximum punishment against these people based on the investigations, the defendants' confessions and (their) criminal acts on Ashura,' the prosecution said in the indictment carried by the media. It said the unidentified group had been trained in Mujahideen's 'camp in Iraq and European countries to carry out terror and rioting'. Two women, draped in print chadors worn by prisoners, were shown by state television among the group of defendants sitting in the front row of the court room during Monday's proceedings. (AFP - Jan 18, 2010)

the group of defendants sitting in the front row of the court room during Monday's proceedings.

Iran sentences two other Kurd political prisoners to death Two Kurd political prisoners identified as Mohammad Amin Abdollahi and Qader Mohamamd-Zadeh from Mirabad in Bukan were sentenced to death by the Orumieh Court of Review. These two prisoners were arrested on charges of cooperation with Kurd opposition parties and were detained to the Bukan Intelligence Agency. They were subsequently transferred to the Orumieh Central Prison. Mohammad Amin Abdollahi, 25, was sentenced to 20 years of prison in his first trial and after a court of review in January 16, was sentenced to death on charges of acting against national security and Moharabeh (enmity with God). On the other hand, Qader Mohammad Zadeh, 32, was initially sentenced to 32 years of prison and was later sentenced to death on the same charges in the court of review. (Kurd Human Rights Organization Jan. 20, 2010) Another Kurd political prisoner sentenced to death The Campaign in Defense of Political Prisoners announced that Aziz Mohammad-Zadeh, a Kurd political activist was sentenced to death. According to the Campaign, Mohammad-Zadeh was sentenced to death by a court in Saqez on the charges of acting against national security and moharebeh (enmity with God). This 26 year old political activist was arrested on October 13, 2009 by security forces in Baneh and taken to a detention center in this city. He was transferred to a prison in Saqez after three months of abuse and torture. He is currently in solitary confinement and in poor physical health. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Jan. 23, 2010) Iran revokes birth certificates of two death row prisoners in unprecedented inhumane measure According to reports, after the confirmation of the death sentence of two prisoners, they were taken to the Registry Office and their birth certificates were revoked. On January 18, two prisoner from ward 4 in Gohardasht Prison were taken to court and their death sentences were announced to them. In a strange and inhumane measure, they were then taken to the Registration Office and their birth certifications were revoked. They were subsequently told that they would be hanged in the next 10 days. According to reports, one of the prisoners identified as Miri who is from juvenile hall number 11 in ward 4 and is a minor offender became sick when his sentence was being announced and when he was taken to the Registry Office and was in a very poor mental state. The other prisoner, Aydin Shariatmaday, 28, has been in prison for close to a year. This is a new measure that judges use in which they revoke the birth certificate death row prisoners. This is a form of torture which puts severe pressure on the prisoner and on the other hand denies all rights to him as a human being who

is still alive and causes various legal problems for the prisoner and his family. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Jan. 23, 2010) Regime forces confiscate death row prisoner's belongings Yesterday, a few days after Kurd activist Aziz Mohammadzadeh was sentenced to death in a court in Saqez on charges of acting against national security and moharebeh (enmity with God), his home and car were seized by the intelligence agency in the city of Baneh. His car has been impounded and is in a parking lot in the Intelligence Agency in this city while his home has been sealed shut. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 23, 2010) Iran sentences two human rights activists to moharebeh Two members of the Committee of Human Rights Reporters have been accused of moharebeh (enmity with God). Mehrdad Rahimi announced in a visit with his family that 'judicial officials intend to charge him with moharebeh'. Kohyar Gudarzi, the secretary of this committee was also charged with moharebeh, spreading propaganda against the government and attending illegal gatherings. Before this, in a meeting with the family of Shiva Nazar Ahari, another member of this committee, Tehran's prosecutor said that the committee is affiliated with the PMOI. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Jan. 25, 2010)

9 protesters on death row The execution sentences of Mohammad-Reza Ali Zamani and Arash Rahmanipour which was confirmed by the Tehran court of review was carried out in the morning.

which was confirmed by the Tehran court of review was carried out in the morning. Shiva
which was confirmed by the Tehran court of review was carried out in the morning. Shiva

Shiva Nazar Ahari and Kohyar Gudarzi

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January – September 2010

The sentence for nine others on charges of (participating) in the gatherings in the past few months is being reviewed and will be carried out when the (death) sentences are finalized. These offenders were charged with moharebeh (enmity with God), trying to overthrow the Islamic Republic, membership in anti-revolutionary and armed grouplets including the Monarchist Association of Iran and the terrorist Monafeqin (PMOI) organization among other things. (ISNA news agency Jan. 28, 2010) Another protester sentenced to moharebeh punishable by death in Islamic Republic According to reports, Mostafa Yar Mohammadi, 27, from Tehran who is in Evin Prison and was arrested in the College Intersection on Ashura was charged with Moharebeh (enmity with God) acting against national security and destroying public property by Judge Salavati in the Revolutionary Court. (Peik-e-Iran website Jan. 28, 2010) Two bloggers face possible death penalty Two netizens and human rights activists, Mehrdad Rahimi and Kouhyar Goudarzi, have been accused of wanting to wage ―a war against God,‖ in a similar manner to the two men who were executed this morning in Tehran on charges of ―Mohareb‖ (being enemies of God). Both contributors to an OPPOSITION website, Rahimi and Goudarzi are also facing a possible death penalty. "The authorities have shown they will no longer content themselves with just arresting and convicting in order to put pressure on human rights activists and those who contest President Mahmoud Ahamdinejad‘s reelection,‖ Reporters Without Borders said. ―Today they have demonstrated that they intend to actually execute Mohareb. There is great danger that there will be more executions. How many deaths will be needed for the international community to intervene"? Rahimi, who edits the Shahidayeshahr blog, and Goudarzi, who keeps his own blog (http://kouhyar.wordpress.com/), are both members of the ―Committee of Human Rights Reporters,‖ which was created by students and bloggers to relay information about the crackdown that followed the disputed 12 June presidential election. Tehran state prosecutor Abass Jafari Dolatabadi declared on 22 January that this committee was an offshoot of the outlawed People‘s Mujahedeen Organisation and that any collaboration with its website was therefore banned. Other bloggers who are members of the committee have also been arrested in recent weeks: Parisa Kakei was arrested on 2 January; Shiva Nazar Ahari was arrested on 24 December; and Said Kanaki and Said Jalali were arrested on 1 December. They are all still being held in Section 209 of Tehran‘s Evin prison and are being subjected to considerable pressure to name other members of the committee and to call for it to be disbanded. Reporters Without Borders also warns Iranians about the ―mirror-sites‖ being used by the authorities to trap Internet users. Imitating the websites of foreign political organisation and news media, they invite visitors to send emails and videos about demonstrations or to post comments, and are used by the authorities to gather evidence to support charges of spying for foreign organizations. Reporters Without Borders has meanwhile learned that Mansoureh Shojaii, a contributor to women‘s rights websites, and Mohammed Reza Zohdi, the former editor of the now-closed newspaper Arya, a member of the Committee for the Defence of Press Freedom and a contributor to several reformist newspapers, were both released from Section 209 of Evin prison on 23 December. Shojaii had been held for 22 days while Zohdi had been held for 19 days. (Reporters without Borders Jan.28 2010) Death row Kurd activist taken to intelligence agency and tortured According the latest reports, Aziz Mohammadzadeh, Kurd activist who has been sentenced to death, and has gone on a hunger strike in protest to this sentence was taken to solitary confinement in the Saqez Intelligence Agency from the Saqez Prison solitary cell by security forces. This is while this political prisoner is in poor physical health and is denied the right to a lawyer. On the other hand the intelligence agency in Baneh has confiscated his personal property (his car and home). According to a person close to Mohammadzadeh, he was under very severe torture in the Baneh intelligence agency and is now in an unknown state. He is in danger of imminent death. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 29, 2010) Iran puts 16 anti-government protesters on trial Iran put on trial on Saturday 16 anti-government protesters, two of them women, who were arrested on the Shiite mourning day of Ashura, the official IRNA news agency reported. Five of the defendants are accused of being mohareb (enemies of God) and corrupt on earth, both crimes punishable by death under the Iranian legal system, which is based on Islamic sharia law, IRNA said. The rest are accused of 'gathering and conspiring against security, propaganda against the system and seeking to harm security by inciting unrest and riot,' it said. IRNA said the those accused of being mohareb include two who have ties with and were supporting 'the hypocrites', the term the regime uses to describe the outlawed rebel People's Mujahedeen.

It said the other 11 accused include one Bahai, a student activist and one having 'communist leanings who also gave interviews to foreign radios'. (AFP - Jan 30, 2010) Iran intends to execute in public 5 men and women with links to Ashraf There are reportedly ongoing efforts to publicly carry out the sentences of 5 Ashura offenders who were sentenced to death by Judge Salavati. The sentences for five Ashura offenders were issued by Judge Salavati , the head of the 15 th branch of the revolutionary court sentencing them to the capital punishment. Among these five, in addition to the 3 people whose trial was shown in part by Seda and Sima (Iran state-run tv) regarding going to Camp Ashraf and filming the protests, there is a man and a woman who are above 50 years old. Apparently the child of this couple is in Camp Ashraf and the brothers of the man were executed in the beginning of the revolution for being members of the terrorist Mojahedin Khalq Organization. There are reportedly efforts in progress to carry out the execution of these five before February 11 (anniversary of the revolution that overthrew the Shah) in Tehran especially in Enqelab and Azadi Streets. It is up to the head of the Judiciary to accept or oppose this issue. (Ayandeh state-run Website Jan. 30, 2010)

February

Iran to execute nine protesters 'soon': judiciary official Iran will 'soon execute' nine people arrested during anti-government protests for seeking to topple the Islamic regime, Fars news agency on Tuesday quoted a senior judiciary official as saying. 'The two people executed and another nine who will soon be executed were definitely arrested in recent riots and each was linked with counter-revolutionary movements,' deputy judiciary head Ebrahim Raisi told a meeting in the holy city of Qom late Monday. 'They had participated in riots with the aim of creating disunity and toppling the system,' he added… The executions drew international condemnation and were branded by opposition leaders as an effort to scare protesters and keep them off the streets… But prominent hardline official Ayatollah Ahmad Janati praised the judiciary for the hangings. 'May God not have mercy on those who are lenient with the corrupt on earth. There is no room for clemency but it is time for severity,' he told the last Friday prayers in Tehran. Janati is a key backer of Ahamdinejad and heads the powerful electoral watchdog, Guardians Council, whose handling of the June vote has been at the centre of opposition protests. (AFP Feb 2, 2010) Political prisoner sentenced to death for financially helping younger brother According to reports, political prisoner Mehdi Islamian has been sentenced to death for giving financial aid to his younger brother, Mohsen Islamian (who was hanged before this). Mehdi Islamian, 30, was arrested on May 3, 2008 and was taken to an Intelligence Agency detention center in Shiraz in the Artesh Square. He was violently physically and mentally tortured for 14 consecutive days. After 14 days, he was transferred to ward 209 in Evin Prison and was kept in solitary for 6 months. He was once again tortured in Evin Prison by intelligence agents. These interrogators flogged the soles of his feet, back and other parts of his body for a long period of time, tied him to a chair and punched and kicked him in the face, head, chest, stomach and other sensitive parts of his body, tortured him with electric clubs, forcefully injected mind altering drugs and force fed him mind altering pills, and insulted and abused him. His shoulder and nose broke as a result but interrogators not only denied him medical attention, but brutalized him even more. The purpose of these violent tortures was to force him to confess that he was linked to the Shiraz Rahpuyane Vesal bombing and to announce that he financially aided his brother for political reasons. His case was referred for trial to the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court headed by Salavati. Salvati sentenced him to death on bogus charges such as, 'moharebeh (enmity with God), acting against national security by assisting bomb attacks, being corrupt on earth, attempting to overthrow the Islamic Republic, being a member of a monarchist association, and effectively giving financial aid to anti-revolutionary groups'. Islamian and his lawyer appealed this sentence and his case is currently being reviewed in a court of review. His brother, Mohsen Islamian, 21, was executed on March 22, 2009 along with two other prisoners. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Feb. 3, 2010) Iran sentences 20-year-old to moharebeh

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January – September 2010

In a trial held on Wednesday which was the fourth trial for those arrested on Ashura (Dec. 27, 2009) five defendants were put on trial. Tehran's Prosecutor , Farahani, charged a 20-year-old Damghan University student to 'moharebeh (enmity with God), being corrupt on earth, gathering and conspiring to commit crimes against national security, spreading propaganda against the government and insulting senior officials', in the indictment.

According to the laws of the Islamic Republic, the charges of 'corruption on earth' and 'enmity with God' are punishable

by death. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Feb. 3, 2010)

Iran charges 4 female political prisoners to moharebeh On Sunday January 31, 2009, four political prisoners were taken to the 28 th branch of the Revolutionary Court in Tehran where they were trialed by Mohammad Moqiseyi known as Naserian (member of the death commission during the massacre of political prisoners in 1988) on the basis of moharebeh (enmity with god, punishable by death in the Islamic Republic). These prisoners are Ms. Aqayi, Ms. Kazemi, Ms. Masumi, and Zahra Jabari. Ms. Masumi objected the charges against her in court and announced that her confessions were taken under brutal physical and mental pressure and are false. Moqiseyi announced in reaction that he would inquire this issue from intelligence agent interrogators who had tortured her. Zahra Jabari also objected and denied the charges against her and told the judge that interrogators tortured and pulled out her nails and showed Moqiseyi the signs of this torture on her fingers. But Moqiseyi said in remarks that surprised

lawyers and those in attendance in the court that 'you pulled out your nails yourself and want to accuse the interrogators'. In the end, Moqiseyi told Mrs. Jabari that he would ask about her interrogations and will see to it in a trial

to be held after the Persian New Year (March 24, 2010).

Zahra Jabari was arrested on September 18, 2009 and was taken to ward 209 in Evin Prison. She was under interrogations and torture for two months while in solitary and was then transferred to the women's ward in Evin. She was jailed because her sister and two brothers are in Camp Ashraf in Iraq. Ms. Aqayi and Kazemi were also trialed based on Moharebeh. Moqiseyi said that their sentences would be announced to them in the upcoming weeks. Moqiseyi treated these prisoners and their lawyers with disrespect and insulted them in court. He also prevented the families of these political prisoners from attending the trial and ordered that they be thrown out of the court corridors. These families were violently thrown out of court.

Intelligence agent interrogators pre-determine the inhumane and heavy charges against political prisoners and send these prisoners to show trials only for their sentences to be announced to them. All the evidence shows that the death commission has once again been formed. This commission has been formed under orders of Khamenei and its main members are Sareq Larijani, Reyisi, the head of this commission in 1988, Mohsen Ejeyi, Salavati, Moqiseyi, Pir Abassi, Ahmad Zargar and Jafari Dolat Abadi along with members of the security branches of the Revolutionary Court who are stationed in ward 209 of Evin Prison. The death commission is busy making criminal records for political prisoners with the cooperation of intelligence agents and RGC interrogators to lay the groundwork to sentence them to death and carry out their sentences. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Feb. 5, 2010) Death row political prisoner in imminent danger

A political prisoner condemned to death in Orumieh was taken to a solitary cell in this prison and there has been no

information on his fate after his transfer. At 10 pm last night on February 6, a number of prison guards along with the officials of the Sentence Implementation Department of the Central Orumieh Prison transferred Hossein Khezri to solitary. Mr. Khezri had announced before that according to these officials, his sentence was to be carried out in the near future. Hossein Khezri, was sentenced to death on June 11, 2009 charges of spreading propaganda against the government, and cooperating with a Kurd opposition party by the first branch of the Revolutionary Court in this city. His sentence was confirmed and finalized by the Court of Review. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Feb. 7, 2010) Officials shun family of innocent political death row prisoner The family of death row political prisoner Ahmad Karimi went to the presidential office and Judiciary to inquire about their son but was denied a clear answer. This political prisoner was sentenced to death on charges of participating in the post-election protests. The relevant officials did not accept to meet with his family and refrained from taking a letter which proved Karimi's innocence. Ahmad Karimi, born in 1979, is a carpenter from Islamshahr who was forced to confess to being a 'seditionist' in court despite the fact that he was arrested 40 days before the elections. He was sentenced to death based on his (confessions). (Human Rights Activists in Iran Feb. 6, 2010)

Iran sentences another Ashura protester to death The official website of the Public and Revolutionary Court in Tehran announced that the sentences for nine other elements of the sedition on Ashura (Dec. 27, 2009) have been issued by the Revolutionary Court. In these verdicts, one of the offenders was sentenced to death, while eight others received prison terms. Their charges were moharebeh (enmity with God), gathering and conspiring against security, and spreading propaganda against the government among other things. (Ayandeh Website Feb. 9, 2010) Two Kurd political prisoners sentenced to death Qader Mohammad Zadeh and Mohammad-Amin Abdollahi, two Kurd prisoners from Bukan who were arrested together were sentenced to death by a court of review on charges of 'cooperating with Kurd Parties'. This is while the initial court sentenced Mohammad Zadeh to 23 years of prison and Abdollahi to 20 years of prison. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Feb. 17, 2010) Young political prisoner sentenced to death Mohammad Mostafayi (lawyer): On February 14, I received a call from the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court telling me to go to court about the case of Amir-Reza Arefi on Tuesday. I became concerned for my client after the call until I went to the court today and read the issued sentence. This 21-year-old man who was arrested on April 15, 2009 was sentenced to being a mohareb (enemy of God) and was sentenced to death based on articles 186, 187, 189, 190, 191 and 46 of the Islamic Penal Code for being a member of and cooperating with and having effective activities in line with the intentions of the Iran Imperial Association. (Iran Press News Website Feb. 16, 2010) Young man sentenced to death for chanting anti-Khamenei slogan The Islamic court sentenced a 26-year-old man identified as Omid Dana to death on charges of participating in the Ashura (December 27, 2009) marches and chanting 'death to the principle of the leadership'. (Roshangari Website Feb. 19, 2010) Death sentences for unidentified "moharebs"

The last trial for five people arrested on Ashura who were sentenced to 'moharebeh' (enmity with God) and having links to the People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran and monarchist groups was held in the Revolutionary Court on Saturday. In this trial, three people were charged with moharebeh by the Prosecutor and according to the Islamic Penal Court, the death sentence has been determined for them. This is while there is no information on their identities and there is fear that they will be executed in secret. Yesterday, Daily News Website disclosed the identity of one of them identifying him as Omid Dana, a 26-year-old man who was arrested in the protests on Ashura. He has been reportedly sentenced to death on the basis of a film that was displayed in the court. (Peik-e-Iran Website

Feb. 20, 2010) Baluchistan Judicial head says Rigi will be executed The head of the Sistan & Baluchistan Judiciary said that "upon the completion of the judicial case of this mohareb (enemy of God punishable by death) the divine punishment will be carried out for him (Abdolmalek Rigi) and other members of this group". (Fars News Agency Feb. 25, 2010)

March

Ashura student protesters sentenced to death The death sentence of a member of the Central Council of Damghan University's Islamic Association was confirmed. The death sentence for Mohammad-Amin Valian was confirmed on Tuesday based on a statement by Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi regarding the fact that those who broke sanctities on Ashura were moharebs (at war with God). The Tehran's Prosecutor's Office also published a statement confirming this issue and announced that in light of the Fatwa of Ayatollah Makarem Shirazi, the death sentence for this 20 year old was upheld by a court of review.

for this 20 year old was upheld by a court of review. Omid Dana Mohammad-Amin Valian

Omid Dana

this 20 year old was upheld by a court of review. Omid Dana Mohammad-Amin Valian was

Mohammad-Amin Valian was a member of Moussavi's election staff in Damghan who was

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January – September 2010

sentenced to death by the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court headed by Salavati on charges of moharebeh, corruption on earth, assembling and conspiring to commit crimes against the country, spreading propaganda against the Islamic Republic of Iran and insulting high government officials. According to reports, he was arrested on Ashura (Dec. 27, 2009) because he was holding a stone. (Nedaye Sabze Azadi website March 2, 2010) Iran puts pressure on death row student's family to deny death sentence While some sources reported that the death sentence for Mohammad Valian was upheld by the court of review, his family refrains from confirming this issue. One of Valian's classmates said that his family is under severe pressure not to talk to the media or human rights institutions. According to this source, intelligence officials have promised his family that they would get amnesty from the "leader" if they do not talk to the media. Mohammad Valian's father does not talk to the media and tells whoever calls him to get news on his son that they have the wrong number. The Ministry of Intelligence has subjected his father to pressure to deny the news that his son was sentenced to death in an interview with a state run news agency. (International Human Rights Campaign in Iran March 5, 2010) Another minor offender on verge of execution Mehdi Sadeq Lu, a young man who has been charged with committing murder while a minor (under 18) is in danger of being executed. This young man who is imprisoned in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj killed a boy identified only by his last name as Buy in 2007 and was sentenced to death. (Human Rights Activists in Iran March 9, 2010) Female political death row prisoner taken to unknown location

According to reports, Zeinab Jalian, a Kurd activist sentenced to death was taken to an unknown location from the Training and Correctional Facility in this city from a month ago by agents of the Kermanshah Intelligence Department without a warrant from the judge and there has been no news on her whereabouts since then. Zeinab Jalian's story has been a cause for concern for many human rights activists. Some believe that this transfer can bolster the chances of her death sentence being carried out.

(Kurdistan Human Rights Watch March 11, 2010) More than 3,000 Afghan nationals on death row in Iran

A parliamentary delegation from Afghanistan, which recently made a trip to Iran, has reported that more than 3,000

Afghan nationals in this country are awaiting execution. Amanollah Peiman, the deputy head of the parliament, Abdolsattar Khasi, secretary and Taj Mohammad Mojahed, the head of the Narcotics Commission in the Afghanistan Parliament were in this delegation.

Mr. Mojahed said in report to the parliament that 'they (Iran judicial officials) said that there are 5,630 Afghans detained

in Iran and more than 3,000 of them have been sentenced to death and their sentences have been finalized'. (Human

Rights Activists in Iran March 13, 2010) Six Ashura arrestees sentenced to death Tehran's Prosecutor said that six people related to Ashura (protests of December 27, 2009) were sentenced to death.

"Currently their sentences have been referred to the court of review and naturally after their sentences are finalized, they will be dealt with", he added. (Fars state-run News Agency March 15, 2010) 42-year-old Ashura protester sentenced to death Abdolreza Qanbari who was charged with moharebeh in a trial after Ashura for participating in Ashura protests (on December 27, 2009), was sentenced to death by Judge Salavati. Qanbari, 42, lives in a poor neighborhood in Varamin. He is a teacher and according to reports, his only crime is participating in popular protests on Ashura and chanting slogans against Ayatollah Khamenei, the leader of the Islamic Republic. He was taken to security section '2-A' which belongs to the intelligence department of the Revolutionary Guards Corps after being arrested on Ashura. On January 30, 2010 he was taken to court where he confessed to participating in Ashura demonstrations and other things without the knowledge of his family, and while being deprived

of a lawyer and barred from visits with his family and selected lawyer. A person who closely follows his case said that the

confessions were extracted under pressure and torture. He has been deprived of a lawyer and was just recently transferred

to a public section in prison. (Jaras Website March 17, 2010)

Three members of family, including 2 women, sentenced to death

Three members of a family from Orumieh were sentenced to death for social crimes in a Mahabad Court.

A Kurd mother and her two children who were arrested for social related crimes were sentenced to death by the

Revolutionary Court in Mahabad.

two children who were arrested for social related crimes were sentenced to death by the Revolutionary

These prisoners are Jazieh Darvish Zadeh and her two children Afsaneh Darvish Zadeh, 19 and Fatollah Darvish Zadeh, 21. They are currently detained in Mahabad Prison. (Kurdistan Human Rights Organization March 22, 2010) Iran sentences man to death on charges of acting against national security A Military Court in Tehran sentenced Ali Mohammadi Moqadam, who is in the military, to death. In this court, he was charged with acting against national security by espionage. (Iran Press News Website March 25,

2010)

April

Women sentenced to 6 death sentences in public A young woman who killed 5 elderly women and one man in Qazvin was sentenced to 6 death sentences in public, a prison term and lashes by the judges of the second branch of the Qazvin Penal Court. These judges sentenced this serial killer to 6 death sentences in public on charges of 6 murders, and 24 months of prison and 74 lashes on charges of theft. (Jam-e-Jam Online state-run website April 3, 2010) Female protester sentenced to death Motahareh Bahrami, a protestor who was arrested in the Ashura protests (December 27, 2009) was sentenced to death. She was detained for a short time with Baha'i prisoners and subsequently detained with journalists and is currently in the women's cellblock in Evin Prison. Motahareh Bahrami who was arrested on Ashura with her husband, son, son's friend and her husband's friend was sentenced to death on charges of having communications with the People's Mojahedin Organization of Iran. Her case is currently being reviewed. Her husband, Mohsen Daneshvar and her son, Mehdi Daneshvar were also arrested with her. Reihaneh Haj Ibrahimi is another detainee who was arrested with her. (Peik-e-Iran Website April 23, 2010) 5 members of family sentenced to death for relations with PMOI Motahareh Bahrami who was detained in the Ashura protests (December 27, 2009), was sentenced to death. She was arrested with her husband, son a relative and one her husband's friends on Ashura and there are reports that these five people were sentenced to death. Motahareh (Simin) Bahrami Haqiqi, her husband Mohsen Daneshpour Moqadam, and her son, Ahmad Daneshpour Moqadam were all arrested along with one of their relatives Reihaneh Haj Ibrahim. Hadi Qaemi, a close friend of Mohsen Daneshpour, who was also arrested with them was also sentenced to death on charges of moharebeh (waging war with God). One of the son's of this family who became a member of the PMOI years ago is in Camp Ashraf in Iraq which is the basis of the charge of moharebeh and the death sentences for this family. Meisam Daneshpour, another son of this family confirmed the death sentences for his family and said, "The case is currently being reviewed and the final sentence has still not been announced to them". (Rooz Website April 18, 2010) Kurd political activist sentenced to death A Kurd citizen from Sanandaj by the name of Habibollah Golparipour was sentenced to death by the Mahabad Revolutionary Court. This man who has been jailed for more than 6 months was charged with moharebeh for propagandist activities in a dissident party and was sentenced to death based on article 186 and 190 of the Islamic Penal Code by the Revolutionary Court in Mahabad. (Mukarian News Agency April 22, 2010) Two Kurd activists in danger of imminent execution Hossein Khezri, a 28-year-old man, and Zeynab Jalalian, a 27-year-old woman, both members of Iran‘s Kurdish minority, are feared to be at imminent risk of execution. Both were convicted of ―enmity against God‖, in separate cases, for membership of the Party for Free Life of Kurdistan. Hossein Khezri was arrested in Kermanshah in 2008, held in detention facilities under the control of the Ministry of Intelligence and Revolutionary Guards, and was later sentenced to death by the Revolutionary Court in Oromieh, north- west Iran, for ―enmity against God‖ (―moharebeh‖). His sentence was upheld in or around August 2009. He said he was tortured and asked for an investigation, but his request was denied in March 2010. On 11 April 2010, he was moved from Oromieh Central Prison to an unknown location, raising fears that his execution may be imminent. Zeynab Jalalian, from Maku, a town in the north-west of Iran, was sentenced to death for ―enmity against God‖ around January 2009 by Kermanshah Revolutionary Court.

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

Before that, she had spent eight months in a Ministry of Intelligence detention facility, during which time her family had no information concerning her fate. She is reported not to have been granted access to a lawyer during her trial, which she said lasted only a few minutes. Zeynab Jalalian‘s death sentence was confirmed by the Supreme Court on 26 November 2009. In early March 2010, Zeynab Jalalian was moved from Kermanshah Prison to an unknown location, possibly a detention facility of the Ministry of Intelligence. After several weeks, in late March 2010, she was transferred to Section 209 of Evin Prison in Tehran. The precise reasons for her transfer are unknown, but the website Reporters and Human Rights Activists in Iran has reported that she said she is awaiting execution. BACKGROUND INFORMATION Zaynab Jalalian wrote a letter the day after her sentence was confirmed, which was published on the internet. In the letter, she claimed to have been tortured, and she said: ―I asked the Judge if I could say good-bye to my mother. He told me ―shut up.‖ The Judge rejected my appeal and refused to let me to see my mother.‖ Kurds, who are one of Iran‘s many minority groups, live mainly in the west and north-west of the country, in the province of Kordestan and neighboring provinces bordering Kurdish areas of Turkey and Iraq. They experience religious, economic and cultural discrimination… At least 18 other Kurdish men and one other Kurdish woman are believed to be on death row in connection with their alleged membership of and activities for banned Kurdish organizations. They include Farzad Kamangar, Farhad Vakili, Habibollah Latifi, Sherko Moarefi, Ali Haydarian, Anvar Rostami, Rostam Arkiya, Mostafa Salimi, Hassan Talai, Iraj Mohammadi, Rashid Akhkandi, Mohammad Amin Agoushi, Ahmad Pouladkani, Sayed Sami Hosseini, Sayed Jamal Mohammadi, Mohammad Amin Abdolahi, Ghader Mohamadzadeh, Aziz Mohammadzadeh and Shirin Alam-Hoei. Some have had their prison sentences increased to death sentences on appeal. (Amnesty International April 21, 2010) Female political prisoner deprived of lawyer one step closer to the death sentence According to reports, Masumeh Yavari, who is protester and was arrested in the post election unrest, was only allowed to have a lawyer in her first court session. The government has requested the death sentence for her. Mohammad Seifzadeh, her lawyer said, "Ms. Yavari's trial will be held on May 5 and the prosecutor has requested the death sentence for her". "I had not seen my client until her first trial and she was deprived of a lawyer until that time", he added. (Human Rights Activists in Iran April 28, 2010)

May

Amnesty International urges action for imminent execution of Jafar Kazemi Amnesty International has issued an urgent statement about the imminent execution of Jafar Kazemi in the next few days:

"The danger of imminent execution in Iran" An Iranian, Jafar Kazemi, is in imminent danger of execution for participating in anti- government demonstrations. He has also been accused of collaborating with the MKO (Mujahedeen Khalgh Organization). Jafar Kazemi was arrested on September 18, 2009 during a demonstration and was transferred to Evin prison. He has been accused of participating in a demonstration where 100,000 others participated and he has not been accused of any violent actions. He has been sentenced to death for being ‗an

enemy of God‘ and propaganda against the regime. He was arrested along with at least

one other person, Mohammad Ali Aghaii who has been accused of similar charges but Amnesty International has no information whether he has been sentenced to death as well. According to reports, Jafar Kazemi has been interrogated for months and has been under pressure appear in fake v. confessions but he has refused.

for months and has been under pressure appear in fake v. confessions but he has refused.

Mohammad Aqayi and Jafar Kazemi

In April 2010 he was informed that his order of execution has been re-confirmed by a court of appeals. His lawyer who has had limited access to his client has asked the Judiciary office to review this case. Unless this request is accepted, then the execution could happen at any moment. In 1980s and 1990s Jafar Kazemi was arrested for being a member of MKO and for spending time at Ashraf Camp in Iraq. One of his sons is in Iraq. Others who are in danger of execution for protesting after the election:

Amir Reza Arefi, Mohammad Amin Valian, Motahareh (Simin) Bahrami and her husband Mohsen Daneshpour Moghadam and their son Ahmad Daneshpour, two friends: Hadi Ghaemi and Reyhaneh Ghanbari. (Amnesty International May 3, 2010) No news on death row political prisoner Following the transfer of Aziz Mohammadzadeh, a death row political prisoner, from the Central Saqez Prison to a solitary cell in the Intelligence Agency, his family, who were pursuing his whereabouts from the intelligence agency and court, were told that Aziz was released from prison some time ago. According to the latest news from credible sources, Mohammadzadeh is in critical physical and mental condition. He had denied links to opposition Kurd parties and insists on his innocence. According to a person close to him, he has been subjected to the most severe torture while jailed in the intelligence agency and is currently in an unknown state. His life is in danger and despite the constant pursuits by his family, they have not received any information on his location and condition. (Campaign in Defense of Political and Civil Rights Prisoners May 4, 2010) Death row teacher confessed under duress Abdolreza Qanbari was arrested in his home in Pakdasht on January 4, 2010 and was taken to Evin Prison‘s notorious cellblock 209. He was forced to sign a confession in ‗constant‘ interrogations while under ‗pressure‘. He was only allowed to answer yes or no to his interrogator‘s questions. This is while according to those close to this political prisoner he was in Pakdasht on Ashura (December 27, 2009) and a number of his neighbors have born witness to this… Hamid Babayi, his lawyer, has not been able to examine his case after going to the court in Evin Prison two times and this is while according to previous arrangements, a trial was held for him in the 36 th branch of the review court headed by Zargar on April 27. Abdolreza Qanbari was a university professor, an employer of the Education Ministry and the author of five booksHe is currently in cellblock 350 along with Rasoul Bodaghi, Omid-Ali Mehrnia and Mohammad Davari, three other teachers. After promises given to Qanbari regarding his release from prison, he was summoned before his initial court session was to be held (Jan. 29, 2010) and was encouraged to give an interview in the presence of Prosecutor Dolat Abadi, Judge Salavati and his interrogator. This political prisoner was told that ‗reading this text is in your favor and will lead to your release‘. The next day (Jan. 30, 2010), after the interview in front of the camera, the initial trial was held and he was sentenced to death. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters May 10, 2010) Tehran prosecutor says death sentence for 6 PMOI supporters has been finalized

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010
January – September 2010 From left to right: Ali Saremi, Jafar Kazemi, Ahmad Daneshpour, Mohammad-Ali Haj

From left to right: Ali Saremi, Jafar Kazemi, Ahmad Daneshpour, Mohammad-Ali Haj Aqayi

Abbas Jafari Dolat Abadi, the Prosecutor of Tehran announced that the death sentence for Mohamamd Ali Saremi, Jafar Kazemi and Mohammad Ali Haj Aqayi has been finalized. In answer to a question on if anyone arrested in the events after the elections was executed he said, ―We requested the charge of moharebeh (enmity with God) for 10 people arrested in the events after the elections and especially on December 27, 2009 (Ashura) and three of the death sentences which were issued by a court of first instance have been upheld by the Court of Review. ―Ahmad Daneshpour Moqadam, Mohsen Daneshpour Moqadam and Abdo lreza Qanbari are all supporters or relatives of the People‘s Mojahedin Organization of Iran and Abdolreza Qanbari directly sent reports to them (PMOI) on Ashura. The death sentence of these three people has been finalized but they have requested amnesty‖, he said. ―Currently, we have three upheld sentences for Mohammad-Ali Saremi, Jafar Kazemi and a person named Mohammad- Ali Haj Aqayi who are all supporters of the PMOI. The connection of these three people with the PMOI is apparent and certain. They have group affiliations and were arrested on September 2009‖, he said. ―It is necessary to stipulate that the sentence for 217 offenders arrested after election events has been finalized. Their appeals have also been seen to and their sentences have been finalized‖, Jafar Dolat Abadi said. (Human Rights Activists in Iran May 15, 2010) Death row political prisoner denied due process The execution sentence for political prisoner Ali Saremi which was upheld and announced has not even gone through the Iranian regime‘s own legal judicial process. According to reports, the right to appeal the death sentence which was issued by Salavati for Saremi in the 15 th branch of the court of first instance was not given to him in the Supreme Court. His death sentence was announced to him on December 29, 2009 in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj. Saremi refused to sign the death sentence and demanded that the sentence be announced to his lawyer. Hosseini, his lawyer was waiting to receive an official sentence from the court of first instance to appeal it in the Supreme Court but after four months, the sentence has still not been announced to him. On May 15, 2010, Abbas Jafari Dolat Abadi, Tehran‘s Prosecutor, announced in an interview that the sentence for Mr. Saremi along with 5 other political prisoners has been finalized. His lawyer Mr. Hosseini was surprised from the announcement because he still had not received an official death sentence

from the court of first instance and was not able to appeal the sentence. The question is how the death sentence could have been finalized without it being upheld by the Supreme Court. On the other hand, Dolat Abadi said that Saremi was arrested on September 18, 2009 while he was arrested on September 4, 2007 after an attack by intelligence agents to his office following his participation in the 19 th anniversary of the massacre of political prisoners in 1988. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran May 17, 2010) Judge Said Issuance of Death Sentence Forced Under Pressure From Higher Authorities Jafar Kazemi‘s death sentence has been upheld. His wife, Roudabeh Akbari, has written an open letter to the Secretary- General of the United Nations advising him that force is being used on her husband in an attempt to pressure him into making confessions-and that Kazemi‘s punishment is disproportionate to his charges. The letter, which has been shared

making confessions- and that Kazemi‘s punishment is disproportionate to his charges. The letter, which has been

with the International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran, also states that authorities are refusing to allow his family to visit him in prison. Akbari, who is a homemaker and has two children, writes: ―My husband was arrested at 6:00 a.m. on 18 September 2009 on Haft Howz Avenue in Tehran, and I didn‘t have any news about him for two weeks. He was under torture for three days, and spent 74 days in solitary confinement under deplorable conditions. My husband‘s charge was, ‗support and propagation for Mojahedin-e Khalgh Organization [MKO],‘ and meeting with our son in Ashraf [Camp in Iraq]. During three days of torture and three months in solitary confinement, he was put under pressure for a televised interview. And when he resisted, he was tortured and severely beaten, leading to three broken teeth. Currently my husband is imprisoned under alarming psychological and physical conditions‖. Referring to the sentence and statements by Judge Moghiseh about the ruling, Jafar Kazemi‘s wife wrote: ―After Judge Moghiseh issued the death sentence in the lower court, my husband‘s lawyer objected verbally to this heavy and illegal sentence. The charge against my husband was merely ‗propagation against the regime.‘ The case judge then said, ‗I was forced to issue this sentence under pressure from higher authorities.‘ According to my husband‘s lawyer, the three-page appeal statement prepared in his defense concentrating on the [charge of] ‗propagation against the regime‘ was not addressed at all during the [second] trial. The appeals court upheld the lower court‘s death sentence decision in two short lines. The appeals court judge was Judge Zargar‖. She added, ―The interrogator told my husband that, ‗We need some victims in order to safeguard the regime, and you are one of the people who has been chosen for this.‘ They asked my husband again to agree to an interview pertaining to Ashura Day [protests]. He resisted this because he was arrested three months prior to Ashura Day [which was on December 27, 2009]. The interrogators threatened that if he did not agree to an interview, his wife and his children would be tortured before his eyes. Even though the interrogators threatened that they would cut his wife into pieces in his presence, he resisted doing any type of interviews. They then informed my husband that his execution is final and will be carried out. After 74 days in solitary confinement at Ward 209, he was first moved to a location called ‗The Suite,‘ and after that to Ward 350‖. Akbari stated that she and her young children have not been allowed any visits with Kazemi during the past three weeks despite their repeated trips to the prison. ―Under which law and norm, and in which country is visiting one‘s child a crime? If visiting with one‘s child is considered a crime punishable by death in the Islamic Republic, then yes, my husband is guilty. Considering the dire conditions of political prisoners, and the lack of review of illegal sentences-which are against human rights and the innocence of all political prisoners, I request immediate and practical consideration of overturning the orders to execute him. Thank you, Roudbeh Akbari, Wife of political prisoner Jafar Kazemi, May 2010‖. (International Campaign for Human Rights in Iran May 18, 2010)

June

Iran confirms death by firing squad sentence for two political prisoners The death by firing squad sentence of two Kurd political activists was confirmed by the Supreme Court and was announced to their lawyers. According to reports, the death sentences of political prisoners Mohammad Ami Agushi and Ahmad Pulad Khani which was issued by a military court was announced to their lawyers today after it was upheld by the Supreme Court. Mohammad Amin Agushi is a retired teacher who has been detained in Orumieh Prison for 20 months. He was arrested in 2007. Ahmad Pulad Khani, from Piranshahr, was also arrested in 2007 and was sentenced to death by a firing squad in the Orumieh Military Court on December 2009 on charges of espionage, and being a member of and cooperating with the Kurdistan Life Party. (Human Rights Activists in Iran June 7, 2010) Death sentence of two PMOI supporters confirmed by court of review The death sentence of Mohammad-Ali Haj Aqayi and Jafar Kazemi, two men who were arrested during the post-election unrest, was confirmed by the court of review. (Rooz Website June 14, 2010) Kurd female prisoner on verge of execution Last week the case of Zeinab Jalalian, a death row political prisoner was sent to the Sentence Implementation Department for permission to carry out the sentence. According to the court verdict, Jalalian was convicted of moharebeh (enmity with God) and sentenced to death for being a member of a dissident party and propagandist activities. Zeinab was tried without a lawyer in a court which lasted only a few minutes. Her case which was confirmed in a court of review a short time ago,

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lawyer in a court which lasted only a few minutes. Her case which was confirmed in
January – September 2010
January – September 2010

was also upheld by the Supreme Court and sent to the Sentence Implementation Department. Jalalian is a political activist from Maku who has been jailed for two years on charges of Moharebeh and cooperating with the Kurdistan Independent Life Party (PJAK). (Kurdistan Organization against Execution June 27, 2010) Iran: Stop Imminent Execution of Kurdish Dissident The Iranian judiciary should immediately halt plans to execute Zainab Jalalian and other Kurdish dissidents, Human Rights Watch said today. Jalalian is one of 17 such dissidents currently on death row in Iranian prisons. Jalalian may be in imminent danger of execution. Her precise status is unknown because authorities have held her incommunicado and prevented her from retaining a lawyer. Khalil Bahramian, a lawyer who represented Farzad Kamangar, one of four Kurdish dissidents executed without warning in May, told the Persian-language website Roozonline that his efforts to represent Jalalian have been rebuffed by the government and that he is not certain where she is being held. Some media reports say she may be in Section 209 of Evin Prison, administered by the Intelligence Ministry. ‗It is absolutely inconceivable that a woman who has been in detention for more than a year and is in danger of imminent execution has still not been granted access to a lawyer,' said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. 'Facing death, she is denied even her most basic rights‘. Iran is in violation of both its own constitution and international law in denying Jalalian a lawyer, Human Rights Watch said. Iran's Supreme Court confirmed Jalalian's death sentence in November 2009. The government charged Jalalian with the crime of moharebeh, or 'enmity against God,' in connection with her alleged membership in the outlawed Free Life Party of Kurdistan, or PJAK. The party is widely regarded by analysts to be an Iranian affiliate of the banned Turkish Kurdish Workers' Party, or PKK. In May 2010, Human Rights Watch called for a moratorium on all executions and noted that Jalalian was among 17 Kurdish dissidents awaiting execution. The 16 other Kurds facing execution are: Rostam Arkia, Hossein Khezri, Anvar Rostami, Mohammad Amin Abdolahi, Ghader Mohammadzadeh, Habibollah Latifi, Sherko Moarefi, Mostafa Salimi, Hassan Tali, Iraj Mohammadi, Rashid Akhkandi, Mohammad Amin Agoushi, Ahmad Pouladkhani, Sayed Sami Hosseini, Sayed Jamal Mohammadi, and Aziz Mohammadzadeh… ‗Given the secrecy surrounding Zainab Jalalian's detention and the Iranian government's recent executions of Kurdish dissidents, we believe she is at great risk of imminent execution,' Stork said. 'The Iranian judiciary will be responsible for any harm caused to her and other prisoners who are at risk of execution‘. (Reuters – June 29, 2010) Iran: Fears for prisoners on death row in Iran Amnesty International has made a new call to the Iranian authorities to immediately halt all executions and commute all death sentences as concern grows about two women and other prisoners who may be at imminent risk of execution. The organization is also urging the authorities to review and repeal death penalty laws, to disclose full details of all death sentences and executions, and to join the growing international trend towards abolition. Two women are feared to be at imminent risk of execution. Zeynab Jalalian, a political activist and member of the Kurdish minority, was sentenced to death in early 2009 after being convicted of ―enmity against God‖, while Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, whose conviction of ―adultery while being married‖ was upheld in May 2007, could be executed by stoning at any time. Prisoners on death row are often not informed when they are due to be executed until the last minute, adding to their suffering and that of their families. Sometimes their lawyers are not informed 48 hours in advance, as is required by Iranian law. Others prisoners under sentence of death include two members of the predominantly Sunni Muslim Baluch minority in Sistan-Baluchistan province. On 31 May 2010, the Zahedan Prosecutor said they had been sentenced to death for their alleged involvement in clashes between Sunni and Shi‘a Muslims which led to the deaths of six individuals. He also said that the death penalty has been sought in the trials of six other individuals. The clashes followed a bomb attack on a Shi‘a mosque in May 2009, which killed at least 25 individuals, which was claimed by the People‘s Resistance Movement of Iran (PRMI), an armed Baluch group opposed to the Iranian government. The PRMI‘s leader, Abdolmalek Rigi, was hanged by the Iranian authorities on 20 June 2010, in Zahedan. His brother, Abdolhamid Rigi, was hanged in Zahedan in May 2010. In Kordestan province, home to many members of the Kurdish minority, a government officials said on 27 June 2010 that at least 20 prisoners were being held on death row there who had been convicted of drug smuggling. At least 15 other members of the Kurdish minority, all political prisoners, are also on death row in the province and are at risk of execution. Two are said to be facing execution by firing squad. Most executions in Iran are carried out by hanging.

Many prisoners on death row did not receive fair trials, having been sentenced on the basis of vaguely-worded charges and ―confessions‖ which they allege were made under torture or other duress while they were detained incommunicado before trial. Some were denied access to a lawyer. Despite these grave shortcomings, the Iranian authorities continue to carry out more executions than most other states. This year, Amnesty International recorded no less than 126 executions in the period from 1 January to 6 June. Those hanged included five political prisoners who were executed on 9 May; the authorities may have intended the executions as a warning to potential protestors in advance of the anniversary on 12 June of the hotly disputed presidential election of 2009, which sparked mass protests and a wave of state repression. Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases as a violation of the right to life and the ultimate form of cruel and inhuman punishment. In 2008, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution calling for a worldwide moratorium on executions. Iran was one of the minority of states that voted against the resolution. Background Currently held in Evin Prison, Tehran, Zeynab Jalalian, an Iranian Kurd, was arrested in 2007. She was convicted in or around January 2009 of ―enmity against God‖ in connection with her alleged membership of a Kurdish armed opposition group. She has said she was tortured. She is reported not to have been granted access to her lawyer during her trial, which is said to have lasted only a few minutes and during which no evidence was reportedly produced against her. Zeynab Jalalian‘s death sentence was upheld on appeal and confirmed by the Supreme Court on 26 November 2009. Her family have received no news of her for a month and have been told by the authorities that her case file has been ―lost‖. Unconfirmed reports are circulating widely that her execution may take place any day. On 13 June, Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani‘s lawyer, Mohammad Mostafaei, published an article entitled Sakineh on the threshold of stoning and pointed out that there is no legal obstacle to her execution being carried out at any time. Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, has been held since 2005. In May 2006 she was convicted of having had an ―illicit relationship‖ with two men and received 99 lashes as her sentence. Despite this, she was subsequently convicted of ―adultery while being married', which she has denied, and was sentenced to death by stoning. She has retracted a ―confession‖ made during interrogation, stating that it was made under duress. However, she was convicted by a majority of three out of five trial judges on the basis of the ―knowledge of the judge‖, a provision in Iranian law that allows judges to make their own subjective and possibly arbitrary determination regarding guilt even in the absence of clear or conclusive evidence Her death sentence was confirmed by the Supreme Court on 27 May 2007. Her case has been sent to the Amnesty and Clemency Commission twice, but her request for clemency was rejected on both occasions. Sakineh Mohammadi has two children Consensual sexual acts such as those criminalized by Iranian law under the provisions for ―adultery‖ do not amount to the ―most serious crimes‖ under which in international law the death penalty may be imposed only as an 'exceptional measure' where 'there was an intention to kill which resulted in the loss of life'. UN human rights mechanisms - including the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary, or arbitrary executions, and the UN Human Rights Committee - have concluded that the death penalty for drug offences also fails to meet the condition of 'most serious crime'. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and the director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime have likewise expressed grave concerns about the application of the death penalty for drug offences. (Amnesty International June 30, 2010)

July

Innocent juvenile prisoner to be hanged on Wednesday

According to the family of Mohammad-Reza Haddadi, a juvenile offender who was arrested on charges of murder when he was 15-years-old, his death sentence will be carried out on Wednesday July 7. His family said that it was stated in a summons they received that Mohammad-Reza will be executed on Wednesday. Mohammad-Reza Haddadi is a juvenile death row prisoner who was born in March 17, 1988 and was 15 years old upon his arrest. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters July 4, 2010) Background Mohammad Reza Haddadi was sentenced to death in 2004 for a murder which took place when he was 15. His death sentence was confirmed by the Supreme Court in July 2005. Mohammed Reza Haddadi initially confessed to the murder, but retracted the confession during his trial, saying he had claimed responsibility for the killing only because his

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

two co-defendants had offered to give his family money if he did so. His co-defendants later supported Mohammad Reza Haddadi's claims of innocence, and withdrew their testimony that had implicated him. They were both over 18 at the time of the crime and received prison sentences. He was first scheduled for execution in October 2008, but it was stayed on the order of the Head of the Judiciary. His execution was then scheduled again on 27 May 2009 and 16 July 2009. (Amnesty International- Dec. 8, 2009) Iran court sentences innocent man to death on charges of sodomy The sentence for four young men in Tabriz which was brought up with the false complaints of Hojat F. was issued for the third time. (Human rights lawyer) Mohammad Mostafayi said in this regard, ―In this case, for which I accepted carrying out the defense for the four defendants on August 2, 2008, the judges of the 12 th branch of the Penal Court in Eastern Azarbaijan cleared three of the defendants of the charge of sodomy and sentenced the other defendant, Ibrahim H. to death on this charge. The three defendants were sentenced to death on this charge before this by the second branch of the Penal Court in Eastern Azarbaijan‖. ―This is an example of a case in which the defendants have been sentenced to death without committing a crime. But after numerous court sessions, three people were acquitted and one person, whom I am sure is innocent, has been sentenced to death‖, he added. In July 20, 2008, four judges of the second branch of the Penal Court in Eastern Azarbaijan by the names of Bahloul Alizadeh, Aziz Amn Elahi, Nabiollah Jafarzadeh and Ayoub Behnam issued death sentences for Hamid Taqi, Ibrahim Hamidi, Mehdi Pouran (17) and Mohammad Rezayi on charges of sodomy without considering their defense and by citing the ‗knowledge of the judge‘. One of the judges, Ahad Kazemi, ruled that the defendants were innocent… According to their lawyer Mohammad Mostafayi, this is while there are numerous reasons in the case which proves the innocence of all the defendants. These reasons were taken into consideration by judges Davoud Hadizad and Rajab Jafi and they ruled that all the defendants should be acquitted while three other judges who formed the majority by the names of Ali Amini, Ismail Vahdat and Seyed Hamid Moussavi issued a death sentence for Ibrahim Hamidi. After the sentence was issued, the plaintiff who had deceived the judges for more than two years leading to the death sentence for these four young men, ceased his lying and on June 24, 2010 wrote a letter to the judges of 12 th branch of the Penal Court announcing that his complaint was made because of pressure by his mother and father and that it was all a misunderstanding. He stipulated that Ibrahim Hamidi had in no way raped him. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters July 4, 2010) Father of innocent death row juvenile: do not execute my son According to the family of Mohammad-Reza Haddadi, a young man who was arrested on charges of murder at the age of 15, his death sentence will be carried out on Wednesday July 7… His father said in a telephone interview that he has received a summons which states that Mohammad-Reza will be executed on Wednesday. ―They brought us a notice in my home and said that my son would be executed on Wednesday and that I can go visit him on Tuesday which will be our last visit…‖, his father said. ―We were never able to see him in these last days. Every time we went to see him, they would tell us that they did not have any visits and we would return home‖… ―He is in Adel Abad Prison in Shiraz. What I want is for the family of the victim to forgive. Judicial officials have to consider God. They were four people (referring to the accused men in

the murder case) my son was under 15 years old and they want to carry out his sentence. Because my son was the weakest. His mother has had a heart attack and is sick at home. His sister self-immolated after she heard that they were going to hang her brother and she is paralyzed at home. I have another child who has also been paralyzed for 27to 28 years. The truth is, I do not have the ability to do anything. (I have only) you and God. Help me if you can‖, his father said. (VOA TV Persian service July 5, 2010) Iran must halt tomorrow's hanging of Mohammad Reza Haddadi, convicted aged 15 Amnesty International is urgently calling on the Iranian authorities to halt the imminent execution of Mohammad Reza Haddadi, who could face death by hanging as soon as tomorrow (Wednesday 7 July) for a murder he allegedly committed when he was 15 years old. Mohammad Reza Haddadi‘s family were told by judicial officials on Sunday (4 July) that they should arrange a last visit to their son before he is executed in the early hours of tomorrow at Adelabad prison in the city of Shiraz. Mohammad Reza Haddadi was sentenced to death in 2004 for the murder of Mohammad Bagher, who was killed while driving between Shiraz and Kazeroun, a town south of Shiraz. He confessed to the killing initially but during the trial he retracted this confession and said he‘d made it because his two co-accused said they would give his family money if he did so. He then denied that he had taken any part in the murder and his co-defendants are said to have

family money if he did so. He then denied that he had taken any part in

since supported his claims of innocence and withdrawn their testimony implicating him in the murder. Despite this, his death sentence was confirmed by Iran's Supreme Court in July 2005. Since then, his execution has been scheduled

several times - for October 2008, when it was stayed on the order of the Head of the Judiciary, and then for 27 May and 16 July 2009. Amnesty International Middle East and North Africa Director Malcolm Smart said: ―Mohammad Reza Haddadi must not be executed for a murder that he is alleged to have committed when only 15 years old. ―This constant and repeated threat of imminent execution hanging over Mohammad Reza Haddadi, and the fear and anguish that this

is causing him and his family is no less than a form of torture. The threat of execution must be lifted now, once and for

all. ―The Iranian authorities must immediately cease executing convicted juvenile offenders, in breach of international law.‖ Convicted juvenile offenders have previously been executed without prior warning to their lawyers, although Iranian law requires that their lawyers receive 48 hours' notice. The death penalty is used for a wide range of offences in Iran, and is still applicable to those who are convicted of committing a capital offence while under the age of 18… At least 135 juvenile offenders remain on death row in Iran. The execution of juvenile offenders is prohibited under

international law, including Article 6(5) of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to which Iran is a state party. In Iran a person convicted of murder has no right

to seek pardon or commutation from the state, in violation of Article 6(4) of the ICCPR. The family of a murder victim

have the right either to insist on execution, or to pardon the killer and receive financial compensation (diyeh). (Amnesty International July 6, 2010) Baluch teenager in danger of execution

http://www.hra-news6.info/1389-01-27-05-25-54/2653-1.html

A Baluch teenager who was abducted seven months ago by security forces is in danger of execution.

According to reports, 15-year-old Mohammad Saber Malek Risi, son of Molavi Dad Rahman Sarbazi who is from the town of Sarbaz was arrested on charges of cooperation with a dissident group. Security forces have put pressure on Mohammad Saber Malek to confess to links to the Jondolalh Group. These forces have also told his family that if they do not hand over his elder brother, who is a member of the Jondollah, they will execute Mohammad. Judicial officials have still not issued any sentences, including a temporary detention order or court sentence, for this political prisoner after 7 months of incarceration. (Human Rights Activists in Iran July 10, 2010) Father and son await execution for relations with Ashraf resident

Mohsen Daneshpour Moqadam, his wife Motahareh Bahrami, their son Ahmad Daneshpour and two of their relatives named Reihaneh Haj Ibrahim Dabagh and Hadi Qaemi were arrested on December 27, 2009 in their homes and have been sentenced to death and long prison terms in an unclear and secret legal procedure. Meisam Daneshpour, the son of Mohsen Daneshpour said regarding his family‘s arrest, ―I was not home that day. A number of agents came to our house and after conducting a search, arrested them. They announced that my father and mother were arrested on the streets in last years protest which is not true because my father and mother have trouble going out

because of their physical condition‖. Despite this, in April the Tehran Revolutionary Court sentenced these five people to death on charges of moharebeh (enmity with God). This family was trialed with an appointed lawyer in the initial court hearing. ―They had an appointed lawyer‖, Meisam says. ―But a lawyer who only comes two minutes before the trial to ask your name and last name and is only present so that it could be said that you have a lawyer is actually not a lawyer‖. ―For our family, it was as if they did not have a lawyer‖, he added. In light of the procedure of the arrest, trial and the lack of a lawyer for defending their case, it seems that Ahmad Daneshpour Moqadam and the other members of the family do not actually have any charges except the fact that one of their sons is in Camp Ashraf. This kind of sentence has been issued to scare dissidents in the past. Mohsen Daneshpour is 67 years old and is in poor health. There are concerns for his health in prison…

in the past. Mohsen Daneshpour is 67 years old and is in poor health. There are

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January – September 2010
January – September 2010

The sentence for Mohsen and Ahmad Daneshpour was confirmed in the court of review while the sentence for Motahareh was reduced to 10 years of prison to be served in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj. Reihaneh Haj Ibrahim Dabagh was sentenced to 15 years of prison to be served in Gohardasht Prison while Hadi Qaemi was sentenced to 15 years of prison to be served in Gonbad Prison. Mohammad Sharif who is the family‘s lawyer said that the case procedures were illegal. After constant follow ups he was finally able to represent Motahareh, Reihaneh and Hadi. ―After reading the case, I made out a defense bill and sent it for the three open cases in the 53 rd branch of the Court of Review. Unfortunately, regarding the two cases in the 36 th branch of court (the cases of Mohsen and Ahmad Daneshpour) despite my constant pursuit of the cases I was not able to represent them. They said again that they had not received power of attorneys for the Daneshpours. We once again made out new power of attorneys for them and gave them to the 36 th branch to at least be able to review their cases‖, Sharifi said. But they were still not given access to their files and were not able to represent them.

―After more pursuits of this case, the court of review said that the initial sentence had been upheld without us being able to review their files and defend them and told us that our requests to represent them were now irrelevant‖. Therefore despite all our efforts, we were not able to do anything. Despite our constant visits to the prison and court, they did not allow us access to the Daneshpours‘ files and only informed us that the sentence had been upheld‖. ―We are still following the case to see if we can work on it from another angle, but until now, there is absolutely no hope‖… ―The truth is that my father is innocent. My brother and my whole family are innocent. We have faith in God and hope that they are released‖, Meisam said. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters – July 19, 2010) Political prisoner on death row for fabricated drug charges

According to reports, prisoner Loqman Abdollah Zadeh Moqadam awaits execution on the false charge of possessing narcotics. Abdollah Zadeh, 32, was arrested six months ago after agents raided his home and was taken to the Sanandaj Police Station on charges of possessing drugs. According to his family he was under physical and mental torture to make false confessions. His case was then transferred to the first branch of the Sanandaj Revolutionary Court where he was tried and sentenced to death. He did not have a lawyer during the trial. According to his family, the charges made against him are false and were planned from before to execute him. Abdollah Zadeh was arrested before this for killing intelligence agents but was released after proven innocent. His new arrest is related to this charge. The drug related charge has been made to justify the death sentence. He is currently awaiting execution in Sanandaj Prison. His wife Ameneh Manaf Zadeh, 45, was arrested in their home a short time after his arrest on charges of political activities against the regime and was transferred to a solitary cell in the Orumieh Intelligence Detention Center. After a few months she was transferred to a solitary cell in the Orumieh female cellblock and she is currently kept in an undetermined state in this prison. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran July 23, 2010) Political prisoner and father of Ashraf resident on verge of execution

The death sentence for Jafar Kazemi was upheld by the court of review and his request for appeal was turned down by the 31 st branch of the Supreme Court. This sentence was upheld by the 36 th branch of the Tehran Appeals Court headed by Hojatol-Islam Zargar. His lawyer, Ms. Ghanavi said in an interview with a human rights website that her client has spent many days in solitary but was not informed of any other pressure that might have been put on him or his family. Kazemi, 36, is a lithographer of Amir Kabir University student textbooks and was arrested on September 18, 2009 in Haft Tir Square in Tehran. He was transferred to a solitary cell and was then taken to cellblock 350 in Evin Prison after 74 days. Kazemi was also jailed from 1981 to 1990. His wife, Roudabeh Akbari had asked for help to stop her husband‘s death sentence in a letter to the United Nations. Kazemi was initially tried in the 28 th branch of the Revolutionary Court.

in a letter to the United Nations. Kazemi was initially tried in the 28 t h
in a letter to the United Nations. Kazemi was initially tried in the 28 t h

―Jafar Kazemi has been charged with enmity with God by supporting the Mojahedin group although he has not accepted the charges in any of the interrogations‖, Nasim Ghanavi said. ―The charge of enmity with God is one of the crimes for which lawmakers have to consider the canonical conditions for because it has canonical roots; including armed measures because most Shiite clerics believe that a mohareb is someone who uses arms (in resistance). Which is not the case regarding my client. He only participated in post-election gatherings and he might have chanted slogans but as a lawyer I believe that the issue of moharebeh does not definitely relate to him‖, she added. ―Unfortunately neither the initial trial considered our defense nor the court of appeals and the Supreme Court also ruled that he is a mohareb‖, she said regarding the defense in court. According to this lawyer, his sentence has been transferred to the Sentence Implementation Department and from a legal standpoint, no legal measures will be affective to save his life. (Human Rights Activists in Iran July 29, 2010) Tehran Prosecutor to death row political prisoner‟s family: he will surely be hanged

According to reports, Jafari Dolat Abadi, the prosecutor of Tehran told the family of Jafar Kazemi, a death row political prisoner, that he will surely be executed. On Saturday, July 31, the Kazemi family went to the prosecutor‘s office on previous arrangements and asked to see the Tehran Prosecutor. One of his assistants by the name of Alizadeh told this family on behalf of Abbas Dolat Abadi that he did not want to see them. ―Jafar Kazemi will surely be executed‖, he said on behalf of the Tehran Prosecutor. Kazemi‘s case file was sent to the 31 st branch of the Supreme Court where Judge Salimi who has received a promotion for confirming executions and was recently appointed in the Assembly of Experts refused his request for a re-trial and the confirmed sentence of the appeals court was maintained and sent to the Sentence Implementation Department of the Revolutionary Court. The Kazemi family also paid a visit to Bakhtiari, the Judicial Minister. The Minister said that he was unable to do anything and that the only thing they could do was request amnesty from Khamenei. The Judicial

Minister‘s statement is a strong reason that the issuing of death sentences for political prisoners is decided by Khamenei and appointed judges issue such inhumane sentences. This 47 year old death row political prisoner is married and has two sons. He is a lithographer and lithographed the textbooks of Amir Kabir University. He is also a witness of the massacre of political prisoners in 1988. Jafar Kazemi was arrested on September 18, 2009 after an attack by intelligence agents and was transferred to cellblock 209 in Evin Prison where he was kept in a solitary cell under severe physical and mental torture for more than 74 days. One of the head interrogators of the Ministry of Intelligence nicknamed Alavi told Kazemi in an interrogation before he was sentenced to death that ‗a number of people are supposed to be victimized for the government and your name came out of the hat and its not important for us if it is you or someone else‘. He was then transferred to cellblock 350 in Evin Prison. Kazemi was a political prisoner in the 80‘s and was jailed from 1981 to 1970 and subjected to brutal torture. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran July 31, 2010)

August

6 death row political prisoners kept in state of limbo

kept in state of limbo http://www.hra- news6.info/00/3066- 71 1.html After the Supreme Court denied a requested
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After the Supreme Court denied a requested re-trial by the lawyer of death row

From left to right: Ali Saremi, Jafar Kazemi, Ahmad Daneshpour and Mohsen Daneshpour

January – September 2010
January – September 2010

political prisoner Jafar Kazemi, and after his case was referred to the Sentence Implementation Department, the Keyhan state-run daily said that six prisoners are awaiting execution. Their families and lawyers have said that the state of their cases is unclear. Abdolreza Qanbari, Mohsen and Ahmad Daneshpour Moqadam, Ali Aqayari and Ali Saremi are some of these death row political prisoners. Ali Aqayari‘s lawyer, Mehdi Hojati, said, ―The case of my client was referred to the Supreme Court with the case of Mr. Kazemi and I also requested a re-trial for my client but I have not received an answer and I still do not know if it has been refused or accepted‖. ―My client‘s case is in the 31 st branch of the Supreme Court and I went to the branch today to see about the state of my client‘s case and I hope that in light of the evidence and documents that we presented they will accept our request for re- trial‖. Mohsen and Ahmad Daneshpour Moqadam are a father and son who have been sentenced to death. The Tehran Prosecutor said before that this father and son and Abdolreza Qanbari had requested amnesty. Meisam Daneshpour Moqadam, another son of Mohsen Daneshpour Moqadam said, ―Despite the fact that the prosecutor announced that my father and brother had requested amnesty, their case is still in an undetermined state and we do not have any news on the results of the amnesty‖. ―The sentence of my brother and father was confirmed by the court of review but unfortunately we have not seen the sentence and they have not given my father or brother or us a copy of the sentence so that we could send it to the Supreme Court and request a re-trial and we are still waiting to see about the result of the amnesty request‖, he added. ―My mother‘s lawyer is Mr. Sharif‖, Meisam said. The death sentences for three of his other family members including his mother were lowered to prison terms. ―Despite all our efforts and the efforts of Dr. Sharif they have not allowed him to represent my father and brother. He sent his power of attorney inside the prison three times to be signed by my brother and father but unfortunately, the power of attorney never came out of prison‖. ―Their cases are still in an undetermined state and they do not tell us anything. After the prosecutor announced that they had requested amnesty, 80 people were granted amnesty but my father and brother were not among them… We are extremely worried especially about my father who is 70 years old and is not even able to walk and others in the case testified in court that he was innocent. But it is very surprising that neither the initial court nor the court of review did not pay any heed to this matter and issued and upheld the sentence‖, he added. Abdolreza Qanbari, is a teacher who has been sentenced to death and the Tehran Prosecutor also said that he had requested amnesty. A person close to him said, ―We do not have any news on the results of the amnesty request and his case is in an undetermined state and we do not have a copy of the sentence to protest to the Supreme Court‖. ―His lawyer was appointed for him and we do not even have any news on his lawyer‖, he added. ―Unfortunately, Mr. Qanbari‘s appointed lawyer is not from the Justice Department Lawyer Center and is a lawyer who got his permit from the Judiciary according to article 187 of the Economical Development Program and not from the Center of Lawyers and we do not even have access to him to see about the measures that have been taken or will be taken or even if he has a copy of the sentence so that we could request a re-trial. On the other hand we do not know about the circumstances of the amnesty request and we have not received any answers and are extremely worried‖, he added. (Human Rights activists in Iran August 1, 2010) Iran sentences pro-PMOI Bazaar merchant to death

Javad Lari, a 55 year old political prisoner was sentenced to death by the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court on charges of waging war with God (moharebeh) and being corrupt on earth (fesade fel-arz). This political prisoner‘s trial was held on July 14. His initial charge was ‗acting against national security‘ but he was charged with being a mohareb by Judge Salavati, the head of the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court and sentenced to ‗death without the possibility of amnesty‘. Javad Lari was jailed for three years in the 80‘s for links to a dissident organization and was arrested on September 16, 2009 in his office… Notably, this death row political prisoner intended to go to Camp Ashraf in 2008 to visit his old

friends but was barred from entering Ashraf by Iraqi police and went back to Iran. Javad Lari is a well known Bazaar Tehran merchant. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters August 2, 2010) Prison transferred to solitary for execution

Tehran merchant. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters – August 2, 2010) Prison transferred to solitary for

According to reports, prisoner Hamid Moqadas was taken to a solitary cell in Varamin Prison to await execution. On Sunday, August 1, 24-year-old Moqadas was taken from Hall 3 Cellblock 1 in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj to a solitary cell in Varamin Prison to await his execution sentence which is to be carried out in public in the town of Varamin. He has been jailed for close to 5 years in this prison and was sentenced to death on charges of killing a state security force officer. The wave of executions in Iran goes on non-stop and recently most executions have been carried out in secret. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran August 2, 2010) Iran confirms sentence for another political prisoner

The death sentence for Mohammad Haj Aqayi which was issued by the Revolutionary Court on charges of ‗cooperating with the People‘s Mojahedin Organization‘ was confirmed by the court of review. His lawyer has requested for an appeal saying that the Supreme Court is only qualified to see to death sentences. (Committee of Human Rights Activists in Iran Aug. 3, 2010) Judiciary asks Khamenei to hang more than 1000 prisoners in secret letter According to reports, the head of the Judiciary has requested clearance for the execution of 1,120 people in a confidential letter to Ali Khamenei. According to a report by Sadeq Larijani to the leader, death sentences have been issued for 1,120 people which have been confirmed by the Supreme Court and the Judiciary is waiting for clearance from the leader to carry out the sentences. From 2005 until now, the numbers of executions have increased every year and despite claims from Iranian officials, the numbers of executions have not been able to lower the crime rate and crime rate is on the rise… Executions and the noose have always been the solution for many problems for politicians in the Islamic Republic. For example in the ninth presidential elections in Iran, Ali Larijani who was the candidate for the traditional fundamentalists who is currently the parliament speaker, said in answer to a question regarding improper veiling from a supporter that he believed that if an improperly veiled girl was executed in public, the problem of improper veiling would be uprooted! (Nedaye Sabz Azadi Aug. 9, 2010) Female political prisoner sentenced to death for links to PMOI

An informed source said that a death sentence has been issued for Farah Vazehan who was arrested after Ashura. On August 4, there were reports that the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court sentenced her to 15 years of prison but this informed source said that she was actually sentenced to death. This source, who asked not to be named, said that Vazehan‘s family did not inform her of her death sentence to prevent her from becoming unhappy. This sentence was issued by Judge Salavati in the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court and is an initial sentence. Farah Vazehan is currently in the Public Female Cellblock in Evin Prison and has been in temporary detention for 7 months. She was arrested in her home two days after Ashura on December 29, 2009. She has been charged with participating in street protests and ‗waging war with God by cooperating with the People‘s Mojahedin Organization of Iran‘. She lived outside of the country for many years and only came back to Iran to be at the side of her 19 year old daughter who has cancer and is undergoing chemotherapy. (Committee of Human Rights Reporters Aug. 10, 2010) Female political prisoner kept under hard conditions in Evin Prison According to reports, political prisoners Elmira (Farah) Vazehan who was arrested after Ashura events is held in an undetermined state and under hard conditions in the female cellblock in Evin Prison. She was arrested after widespread popular protests on Ashura (Dec. 27, 2009) by agents of the Ministry of Intelligence in her home along with her two children. She was taken to a secret Ministry of intelligence detention center where she was under constant torture for one month. She was interrogated three times in one month for several hours. This political prisoner was physically and mentally tortured in her interrogations. This detention center had dark cold corridors and lacked minimum facilities. The moans and cries of other prisoner who were being tortured could be heard day and night in this secret detention center.

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January – September 2010

After 30 days of torture, she was taken to a solitary cell in cellblock 209 in Evin prison where she was interrogated by an intelligence agent nicknamed Alavi. He was also in charge of interrogating her two children. Her daughter has lymph cancer and is in critical condition. But agents of the Ministry of Intelligence detained her for a few days and interrogated and tortured her to force her to make confessions against her mother. They were forced to release her because of her deteriorating condition. Farah Vazehan was banned from calling her family while in the secret detention center. Even when she was taken to cellblock 209 where she shared a cell with other prisoners she was still banned from contacting her family. This is while her daughter was very sick and Vazehan desperately needed to known about her condition. She is currently detained in the female cellblock in Evin Prison and is still kept in an undetermined state after 8 months. She has been charged with taking pictures and films of protests and having communications with the People‘s Mojahedin Organization of Iran… Notably, Farah Vazehan‘s uncle was hanged in the 80‘s in prison and a number of her other family members including her sister were arrested and violently tortured in the arrests made in the 80‘s. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Aug. 11, 2010) Imminent risk of execution Iran's Supreme Court has rejected Ja'far Kazemi's request to appeal against his death sentence. The sentence was imposed for his alleged participation in anti-government demonstrations and links with a banned organization. His sentence may be carried out at any time. Six other people with alleged links to the same organization are said to be under sentence of death. Ja‘far Kazemi was arrested on 18 September 2009 and interrogated and possibly tortured for months in Evin prison in Tehran. He was accused of participating in protests which followed the disputed outcome of Iran‘s presidential election in June 2009, but was not accused of committing any violent acts; and for his alleged contact with banned OPPOSITION group the People‘s Mojahedin Organization of Iran (PMOI). He was sentenced to death for ―enmity against God‖, and is also believed to have been convicted of ―propaganda against the system‖. On 26 April, he learned that his death sentence had been confirmed by an appeal court. A further appeal was apparently rejected in late July. Amnesty International is aware of six other men sentenced to death in Iran for alleged links to the PMOI. Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, Ali Saremi (or Sarami), Abdolreza Ghanbari, Ahmad Daneshpour Moghaddam and Mohsen Daneshpour Moghaddam were reportedly also found guilty of ―enmity against God‖, possibly in the same case as Ja'far Kazemi. Information received on 4 August indicated that another man, Javad Lari, a merchant in the Tehran bazaar, had been sentenced to ―death, without pardon‖ for ―enmity against God.‖ He is also held in Evin prison, where he was reportedly tortured and forced to ‗confess‘. BACKGROUND INFORMATION Ja‘far Kazemi is reported to have been interrogated by security forces for months, and was pressured to make a televised ―confession‖, which he refused to do. He was previously imprisoned for membership of the PMOI in the 1980s or 1990s. One of his sons is a PMOI member and lives in Camp Ashraf, which houses PMOI members in Iraq. On 1 August, his wife, Roudabeh visited the Judiciary‘s office in order to deliver a letter. They refused to accept it and informed her that the death sentence would be carried out. Tehran‘s prosecutor announced on 15 May that the death sentences of Ja‘far Kazemi, Mohammad Ali Haj Aghaei, Mohammad Ali Saremi (or Sarami), Abdolreza Ghanbari (or Qanbari) and father and son, Ahmad and Mohsen Daneshpour Moghaddam, were upheld by the Appeal Court after they were found guilty of ―enmity against God‖ in relation to their alleged links to the PMOI. In some cases, these links may amount to no more than having contact with family members linked to the PMOI… Two women, Motahareh (Simin) Bahrami and Rayhaneh Haj Ebrahim, and one other man, Teacher Abdolreza Ghanbari, aged 42, was arrested after the demonstrations which took place in later December 2009 marking the Ashoura religious commemorations, in which he was accused of participating. Held in section 2A of Evin Prison, which is under the control of the Revolutionary Guards, he was tried on 30 January 2010 and made a ―confession‖ which is believed to have been made under duress. Ali Saremi (or Sarami), aged 62, has a son in the PMOI who lives in Camp Ashraf, Iraq, whom he has visited. Ali Saremi has spent 23 years in prison for his political activities both before and after the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran (see http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/info/MDE13/007/2010/en.) (Amnesty International Aug. 5, 2010) Female political activist in danger of receiving death sentence

According to reports, Salavati, the head of the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court intends to issue a death sentence or life in prison sentence for Zahra Bahrami who has a dual Dutch Iranian nationality. She was arrested in the Ashura protests (Dec. 27, 2009). On Monday August 17, Bahrami, 45, who has been kept in an undetermined state in the notorious cellblock 209 in Evin Prison for more than 8 months, was taken to the 15 th branch of the Revolutionary Court headed by Salavati. ―You will be either given the death sentence or life in prison‖, the judge told her. Bahrami refused to defend herself because she did not have a lawyer and announced that she would only defend herself in the presence of a lawyer. After her protest, Salavati suspended the court session for another 10 days. Bahrami is still denied the right to a lawyer.

She has been charged with waging war with God, propagating against the government, being an active member of a monarchist association and forming an anti-government grouplet. Bahrami has denied all the charges and said that they were all extracted from confessions that she was forced into under physical and mental torture. This 45 year old political prisoner is a mother of two and has a dual Dutch-Iranian nationality. She came to Iran to see her child and was arrested in the Ashura protests. She was then mentally and physically tortured while detained. Intelligence interrogators in the Sepah Cellblock in Gohardasht Prison and in cellblock 209 in Evin Prison have put her under severe pressure and torture and forced her into giving televised confessions against herself which was broadcasted from state-run TV. These interrogators have used these confessions against her in court. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Aug. 18, 2010) Man sentenced to death on fabricated charges of murder of security forces

According to reports, Amir-Abbas Tavakoli Berazjani was sentenced to death by the 71 st branch of the Tehran Penal Court on false charges including murdering security forces. On Tuesday August 17, Berazjani was taken to the Tehran Penal Court without prior notice and was trialed by Norollah Aziz Mohammadi. This prisoner is detained in cellblock 6 in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj. He was accused of complicity in the death of a security agent, 5 counts of armed and unarmed robbery, the possession of and carrying arms and ammunition, addiction and beating security forces… The Judge did not allow him to defend himself in court… Judge Aziz Mohammadi charged Berazjani with addiction even as this prisoner does not even smoke cigarettes… On the same day after the trial, state-run media published false reports on Tavakoli‘s trial and announced that he was sentenced to retribution (death) because of intentional murder, 10 years of prison on charges of armed robbery, and 74 lashes. Before this, Tavakoli defended jailed teacher Rasoul Bodaqi in Gohardasht Prison in Karaj after he was attacked by security forces and was summoned to the office of the head of the prison intelligence department where he was abused and threatened. Three agents of the intelligence agency went to the home of Soudabeh Shahpour, his mother, and after threatening her told her that she is not to mention in court that she was shot in the neck by security forces else she will be charged with apostasy on charges of becoming a Christian and will be executed. She was also threatened that they would harm her other children and nephew. Notably on July 17, 2008, Tehran's security and intelligence agents raided the apartment of the Tavakoli Berazjani family arresting all the members of this family present at the time. Agents shot Soudabeh Shahpour, the 50 year old mother of the family in the neck. Abbas Tavakoli and his brother Hossein Tavakoli Berazjani were beaten and tortured in front of their other family members in their home for several hours. All the arrestees were taken to this city's criminal intelligence department. Some of the people arrested were, Tan-naz Abolhusseini Ahmadi (16 year old female), Khosro Qaedi (17 years old), Mahnaba Tavakoli Berazjani (26 year old female), Fatemeh Farahani (female), Soudabeh Shahpour (50 year old female), Abbas Tavakoli Berazjani (38 years old), Hussein Tavakoli Berazjani (33 years old), and Mohsen. The tortures inflicted on this family were as follows:

old), Hussein Tavakoli Berazjani (33 years old), and Mohsen. The tortures inflicted on this family were

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January – September 2010

The skin of the sensitive parts of the prisoner's body were pressed with pliers which sometimes led to wounds and injuries Toe nails were pressed with pliers Beatings with clubs and other objects for a prolonged amount of time Tying the hands and feet of the prisoner from the back and keeping him this position for a long time Hanging the prisoner from the ceiling until the prisoner passed out Depriving the prisoner of drinking water in the hot summer temperatures The prisoner was only allowed to use the restroom twice in 24 hours The judge handling their case threatened the female detainees with rape Pulling a bag over the head of the prisoner while he was being tortured Jumping on the hands and feet of the prisoner while handcuffed The prisoners witnessed the torture of his/her family members or heard their cries while they were being tortured Hussein Tavakoli Berazjani whose whole body was black and bruised from the torture, died in this detention center. (Human Rights and Democracy Activists in Iran Aug. 19, 2010)

September

Death sentence of political prisoner upheld by Supreme Court

Death sentence of political prisoner upheld by Supreme Court http://www.hra-news6.info/1389-01-28-00-30-11/3792-1.html

The death sentence for Kurd political prisoner Habibollah Golparipour was upheld by the Supreme Court. According to reports, this sentence was announced to Golparipour in the past few days in court. This resident of Sanandaj is currently in Mahabad Prison. He had been detained for a long time in the Sanandaj and Mahabad Detention Centers and was sentenced to death by the Mahabad Revolutionary Court on charges of waging war with God by

membership in a dissident party. (Mukarian News Agency Sep. 5, 2010)

Woman who killed her rapist in self defense on verge of execution Mohabat Mahmoudi said in a telephone call to members of the Kurdistan Human Rights Organization that her death sentence has been announced to the Sentence Implementation Unit and she might soon be executed. According to reports, she sent a letter to this organization asking for a new lawyer and that human rights organizations and other people try to secure her release.

Mahmoudi has been jailed in the Central Orumieh Prison since 2000 for killing a man who intended to rape her. This married woman is on the verge of death after 9 years of prison and her death sentence has also been upheld by the Supreme Court. It was announced to her on July 11, 2010 that her sentence, which will be carried out on orders of the judiciary, was upheld. According to reports, the wife of the murdered man disagrees with the execution of Mohabat but his brother wants her execution. (Kurdistan Human Rights News Agency Sep. 14, 2010) Father of Iranian blogging faces death penalty: watchdog ACanadian-Iranian blogger credited with starting the blogging movement in Iran faces the death penalty over his writings, two watchdog groups said Thursday. Hossein Derakhshan was arrested after returning to Iran in November 2008 and charged with 'collaborating with enemy states, creating propaganda against the Islamic regime, insulting religious sanctity, and creating propaganda for anti-revolutionary groups,' said Canadian journalists for free expression (CJFE) and pen Canada.

propaganda for anti-revolutionary groups,' said Canadian journalists for free expression (CJFE) and pen Canada.
propaganda for anti-revolutionary groups,' said Canadian journalists for free expression (CJFE) and pen Canada.

According to the two organizations, prosecutors are now calling for Derakhshan to face the death penalty after he was convicted by Tehran‘s revolutionary court earlier this year. News of the sentencing request started filtering out on social media sites on Monday, and the CJFE and pen said they confirmed the reports with his family. ‗The proposed sentence is a travesty,' said CJFE president Arnold amber, calling on the Canadian government to intervene. ‗Action must be taken right away because in Iran there is not necessarily a lengthy period before executions can be carried out. We are very concerned,' he added… Derakhshan is the third Canadian journalist to be arrested in Iran in recent years. In July 2003, Canadian- Iranian photojournalist Zahra Kazemi died in prison and Newsweek correspondent Maziarbahari was briefly detained earlier this year. (AFP Sep. 23, 2010)

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Stoning and stoning sentences
Stoning and stoning sentences

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January – September 2010

Stoning to death

January

Man and woman sentenced to death by stoning in Orumieh The death by stoning sentence of two people convicted of adultery was confirmed in a court of review in West Azerbaijan Province. According to reports, Sarimeh Ebadi, 30, mother of two and Bu-Ali Janfeshani, 32, father of one child, are the announced identities of these two people. These two people were sentenced to stoning on charges of adultery before this by the Public Court in Orumieh. They are both detained in the Central Orumieh Prison. In addition to the unclear judicial procedure of this sentence, this verdict was passed while the accused were not allowed to have the lawyers of their choice and the right to defend themselves. (Human Rights Activists in Iran Jan. 13, 2010)

June

Innocent woman on verge of being stoned to death Mohammad Mostafayi, the lawyer of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani: Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani is suffering day and night at the Tabriz Prison since she was jailed in 2005. She was sentenced to being stoned to death on charges of adultery which she has not committed. Sakineh was sentenced to 99 lashes on May 15, 2006 by a verdict passed by the 101st branch of the Penal Court in Osku (Eastern Azarbaijan) number 114 5/17/05 on charges of having an illegitimate relationship with Naser and Seyed Ali. The punishment stated in the indictment was sent to the Sentence Implementation Department and carried out after it was finalized . On September 10, 2006 while the above mentioned indictment was closed, the case was treated like a murder case and reopened in the sixth branch of the Eastern Azarbaijan Penal Court. The judges of the sixth branch of the provincial penal court charged Sakineh with adultery this time without the existence of evidence proving her guilt in line with article 83 of the Islamic Penal Code. While she denied this charge in the last court session and announced that all the past incidents were false, the court sentenced this unfortunate woman to death by stoning merely by citing the knowledge of the judge. According to Radio Zamaneh, firstly, Sakineh Mohammadi was sentenced to 99 lashes according to indictment number 114 5/17/05 in the 101st branch of the Osku Penal Court on charges of having an illegitimate relationship and because the defendant cannot be accused of new charges regarding the past issue until the time that the issued sentence has not become invalid, the issued indictment is still valid and prosecuting Sakineh for a second time was and is illegal. Secondly, two of the five counselors in the sixth branch of the Penal Court by the names of Mr. Kazemi and Mr. Hamdollahi believed that Sakineh should be acquitted and announced in the issued sentence that, ―There is no legal or (Islamic) reason concerning the adultery charge in the case of the defendant and the existing evidence are not the standards methods of acquiring knowledge‖. Therefore, in light of the unanswered questions in the case, Sakineh does not deserve death especially by way of stoning, particularly because two of the counselors in the branch believe in her acquittal. Sakineh Mohammadi requested amnesty twice and has announced that she has two children, a boy and girl, waiting for her outside of prison. She has also said many times that she is innocent and if she has committed an act that is against Islamic norms, she has repented and regrets the fact that she had an illegitimate relationship. She could be stoned to death at any moment. Regardless of the faults in the nature of the case which seriously impedes the implementation of the stoning sentence, because of the value of human life and the high status of request for amnesty, I wrote a letter to the head of the Judiciary, the head of the Justice Department in Eastern Azarbaijan and the members of the Amnesty Commission requesting the suspension of the implementation of the stoning sentence and that it be commuted to another punishment so that my client can return to her life and the society. And I hope, despite the fact that her appeal for amnesty was refused twice, this time because of the reasons written above, her amnesty be considered by the authorities. It is obvious that in the case of these kinds of issues, the previous head of the Judiciary, Ayatollah Shahroudi had appealed in many instances for the commuting of stoning sentences to flogging sentences from the Supreme Leader and the Leader had accepted the request of the head of the Judiciary and in this way a human being was saved from death. I hope that my client would be subject to this kind of Islamic compassion. (Iran News Agency June 14, 2010)

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July

Son pleads for help as mother awaits stoning in Iran Sajjad Mohammedie Ashtiani travels to a Tabriz jail in Iran every Monday to see his mother. And for 15 minutes each week, he speaks to his mother, Sakine Mohammedie Ashtiani, through the prison glass that divides them. Neither mother nor son ever know if the visit will be their last. Convicted of adultery in 2006, Ashtiani has been sentenced to be stoned to death for her alleged crime. Originally sentenced to 99 lashes for her alleged 'illicit relationship outside of marriage,' Ashtiani endured that punishment in front of her then 17-year-old son. 'The authorities asked if I wanted to wait outside. I said no. I could not leave my mother alone. 'Sajjad says it is a day he will never forget. But, he says, that day he thought the worst was over. 'I was thinking, OK, they hit her, now it's finished. They told me this process was finished. She's done. She's free to go. 'But then a judges' panel in Tabriz suspected Ashtiani of being involved in her husband's murder and re-opened her case. She was cleared of the murder charges, but the panel re-examined Ashtiani's adultery sentence, and based on unspecified 'judges' knowledge,' decided she should be put to death for the alleged affair. 'At that time it

should have been finished. They should have punished her only once,' says her son. 'Her documents say she is innocent. She paid for the crime five years ago. 'Human rights activist Mina Ahadi, herself forced to flee a death sentence in Iran almost 30 years ago, has also taken up Ashtiani's cause, working with Sajjad and his sister Farideh to get their message out. She says pressure from outside Iran can make a difference. 'Legally, it's all over, and we have no chance. It's a done deal. Sakine can be stoned at any minute. But we have experienced again and

again that when we organize events world-wide, when we protest world-wide, and in particular when we contact European governments and these governments put pressure on the Islamic regime in Iran, sometimes we have a chance.

'So far, there has been no response from Iranian officials about the Ashtiani case. And with all legal appeals virtually exhausted, Sajjad says the Tabriz court has told him there is only one thing that can stop his mother's imminent

execution. 'They told me if supreme leader Ayatollah Khamenei

mother a letter of pardon, she will go free. 'Sajjad says he traveled to Tehran six times to obtain that letter, but has been unable to gain an audience with either man. But he refuses to give up. He is turning to the international community in hopes the Iranian government will hear his voice. 'It is crucial I tell these men what I have to say. 'Dear Mr. Khamenei, Mister Ahmadinejad, and Mister Larijani: 'All I ask for is a letter. I want a letter for my dear mother. Please write this letter of pardon because she is innocent, 100 percent innocent. If you do not have respect for what I am saying, just take a look at her file. You will see she is innocent. 'To the people of the world, I want to say, for this situation we are in:

Help us. Whoever can tell the government to stop this, please do. If you can pressure Ayatollah Khamenei or Sadegh Larijani to give my family a letter, please get them to send it to us. 'Sajjad knows he is taking a risk by speaking out so publicly, but says he is not afraid for his own safety. 'I am just fighting for what is right,' he says. 'My mother is a housewife, a good person, a caring mother,' Sajjad says. And she has grown weary of what seems to be a punishment without end. On his last visit with her she told him, 'I can't stay in this prison any longer. 'And so Sajjad and his sister Farideh are reaching out in any way they can to try and save their mother's life. In their open letter to the international community circulated on websites, Facebook pages and through human rights organizations late last week their anguish is clear. 'Today we stretch out our hands to the people of the whole world,' the letter reads. 'It is now five years that we have lived in fear and in horror, deprived of motherly love. Is the world so cruel that it can watch this catastrophe and do nothing about it? 'We resort to the people of the world, no matter who you are and where in the world you live. Help to prevent this nightmare from becoming reality. Save our mother. 'We are unable to explain the anguish of every moment, every second of our lives. Words are unable to articulate our fear. (CNN July 7, 2010) Stoning in Iran: Brutality pure and simple Stoning takes place in the darker recesses of life in Iran, in rural provinces where the population is more conservative and where there are no media. It is rarely practised in public and often the victim of this savage form of capital punishment is disowned by their children on the grounds that the offence - adultery or homosexuality - stains the family honour. This newspaper revealed a week ago that Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani, a 43-year-old Iranian woman convicted of conducting an 'illicit relationship outside marriage', faced imminent death by stoning in Tabriz. Today we name 15 others facing the same fate. What made Sakineh's case unusual is that her son Sajad and daughter Farideh were courageous enough to speak up publicly against it.

or Judiciary Chairman Sadegh Larijani grant my

daughter Farideh were courageous enough to speak up publicly against it. or Judiciary Chairman Sadegh Larijani

It is not just the fact that Sakineh has already been in prison for five years and endured a sentence of 99 lashes for an

offence there is no evidence that she committed, and that the death sentence was a sham. It was handed down on the basis of 'judge's knowledge', a loophole that allows rulings where there are no witnesses or conclusive evidence. Furthermore, the judgment was not unanimous. Two of the five judges dissented, which means that under Iranian law that she should not have been sentenced to death.

The death itself is unimaginably cruel: men are buried to the waist and, if they wriggle free during the stoning, the death sentence is commuted, but women are buried up to the neck, for fear that their breasts may be uncovered. Watching men hurl stones - big enough to injure but small enough to delay the death - at a defenceless woman is so repugnant that

it cannot be shown to a wider Iranian audience and reports of stonings are censored. But nor can it be dismissed as the

local custom in remote villages, if the sanction itself is contained in Iran's penal code and if the Guardian Council has remained silent on the issue. Parliament itself voted a year ago to strike out the clause, but nothing has happened. Unlike other facets of Iranian life, where world opinion has no leverage, the Islamic Republic is embarrassed by the international attention stonings attract. Publicity makes a difference. Last night the Iranian embassy in London, citing information from judicial authorities, said that the stoning of Sakineh would not go ahead, but would not say what would now happen to her. No mention was made of the fate awaiting the 12 other women and three men on death row. The lesson of this tale is that Iran, which is a signatory to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, must be challenged on each and every occasion when stoning is threatened until it is forced to strike the punishment from its penal code. (The Guardian July 9, 2010) So-called human rights official in Iran defends stoning The Secretary of the Human Rights Staff in the Judiciary pointed to the widespread attack by western media regarding the sentence issued for a convicted criminal in the Judiciary and said, ―Our judicial system cannot change course because of western attacks and media pressure‖. ―Western media attack the Islamic Republic under various excuses at any given time and in the past years, sacred Islamic decrees were the subject of these propagandist attacks‖, Mohammad Javad Larijani said. ―The attack that the west has carried out on this issue has no affect on the opinion of the judges. The execution of sacred Islamic decrees such as ‗rajm‘ (stoning) veiling and inheritance has always been met with their flagrant animosity and basically any issue that smells of (Islamic) decrees is met with their opposition‖. (Tabnak state-run website July 10,

2010)

3 men and 11 women await stoning in Iran

Since stoning is very inappropriate, is incompatible with the culture of the Iranian people and global and Iranian public opinion seriously oppose it, the judiciary is very confidential on this matter and stonings are carried out in cemeteries or desolate locations in secret. Sometimes the body of the stoned person is not returned to his/her family. The word ‗stoning‘ is even banned in Iranian media. The government‘s solution for stoning in Iran is to carry it out in secret and quietly. The new orders are that if we face pressure from public opinion for stoning, hang them instead! There are fears that those who are sentenced to stoning will either be hastily stoned in secret or will be hanged due to the current international pressure so the cases can be closed and the fuss would die down. Because until the time that a person sentenced to stoning is alive and in prison, there will be rigorous widespread efforts for saving that person. Therefore there are fears that the Islamic Republic would eliminate all those sentenced to stoning by either stoning or hanging to close their cases and show that it is independent and does not care about the west‘s reaction…

A complete list those who are currently in prison on charges of adultery which means people who have had a sexual

relationship with someone other than their spouse - is as follows:

Tabriz

- Kobra Babayi mother of a 13 year old daughter. Lawyer: Mohammad Mostafayi

Her husband, Rahim Mohammadi, was executed on charges of adultery in 2009 - Sakineh Mohammad Ashtiani 43, mother of 19 year old Farideh and 22 year old Sajad. Lawyer: Mohammad Mostafayi She was sentenced to 99 lashes which was carried out. She was once again sentenced for the same crime to death by

stoning. Her children wrote a letter addressing the people of the world and asked for help in saving their mother.

- Azar Baqeri 19 years old. Has a lawyer

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She was jailed when she was 15 because her husband filed a complaint against her and has been sentenced to stoning.

- Maryam Qorbanzadeh 25 years old has a lawyer

Orumieh

- Sarimeh Ebadi (or Sarimeh Sajadi) 31 years old, mother of two children. Lawyer: unknown

- Bu-Ali Janfeshani 33 years old. Has one child. Lawyer: unknown

This man and woman (Ebadi and Janfeshani) have been sentenced to stoning by the Orumieh Public Court in a mutual

case. Their stoning sentence was upheld by the 12 th branch of the Western Azarbaijan Court of Review on January 6, 2010 and they are currently in the Central Orumieh Prison. Ahwaz

- Iran Eskandari 31 years old. Has a 13 year old son. Lawyer: Unknown

Iran is from the Bakhtiari Tribe who was forcefully married to her cousin. Her husband only came home about once a month. She became friends with her next door neighbor‘s son and wrote letters and talked on the phone with him. One day while they were talking, her husband came in the backyard from the wall of the yard and attacked her, severely beating her. The neighbor‘s son came to her aid and killed her husband with a knife. She was sentenced to five years of prison on April 7, 2005 in a court of first instance in Khuzestan for complicity to murder and to stoning for adultery.

Her sentence was upheld by the Supreme Court on April 8, 2006. In light of the culture in the region, if Iran is released from prison, there is a high chance that she would be murdered by the men in her family.

- Kheirieh Valania, 42 years old. Has several children. Lawyer: unknown

She was sentenced because she confessed to adultery four times. She says that she is the victim of domestic violence and had a relationship with a man who murdered her husband but was not involved in his murder. She was charged with complicity to murder. The third branch of the Behbahan Public Court sentenced Kheirieh to stoning on charges of adultery on May 9, 2002. ―I am willing to be hanged but not stoned. They suffocate you and then you die. But it is very hard to be constantly hit on the head with stones‖, she says. She is sure that if she is released, she would have no place to go and her brothers would kill her.

Tehran

- Ashraf Kalhori- 41 years old. Lawyer: unknown

Her stoning sentence was halted on orders of Shahroudi, the previous head of the Judiciary and she is still in Evin Prison. He lawyer used to be Shadi Sadr who is currently not in Iran.

- Fatemeh, age: unknown. Lawyer: unknown

Fatemeh was tried in the 71 st branch of the Tehran Penal Court and was sentenced to retribution (execution) and

stoning for complicity in murder and an illicit relationship. Her husband Fatemeh had a fight with Mahmoud, a man who was after Fatemeh and had entered their home, and killed him with his wife‘s help. Asghar, her husband was sentenced to 16 years of prison on charges of assisting in intentional murder. Mashhad

- A woman identified as M.Kh. age: unknown. Lawyer: unknown

- A woman whose last name is Hashemi Nasab. Age: unknown. Lawyer: unknown These two women are in the Vakil Abad Prison in Mashhad Rasht

- Mohammad Ali Navid Khamami – Father‘s name: Safar. Lawyer: unknown He was sentenced to stoning on June 2008. Sari

- Seyed Naqi Ahmadi. Age: unknown. Lawyer: Ibrahim Mohammadzadeh

On June 10, 2008, three of the five judges in the second branch of the Mazandaran Penal Court sentenced Seyed Naqi Ahmadi to stoning. Ahmadi was charged with adultery with Pouran Q. It has been stated in court that Ahmadi who lived next to Pouran entered her home at night while her husband was away on business in Semnan and had a sexual relationship with her. Some of the reasons that they were charged was: 1. A report from the ‗Prohibiting Vice and Promoting Virtue Departmnet‘ 2. Pouran‘s confession 3. Seyed Naqi Ahmadi‘s confession. In other words, the only proof of the adultery charge was their confession and in the end, the court sentenced Seyed Naqi Ahmadi to stoning in light of the ‗knowledge of the judge‘ and Pouran was cleared of this charge because her husband was not home and she did not have access to him. Two of the judges in this branch believed that both suspects should be acquitted. This sentence was upheld by the 33 rd branch of the Supreme Court. Reason behind Convictions: Knowledge of the Judge It is worth mentioning that in the case of all these people, there is no evidence to prove the so-called ‗adultery‘ charge and the reason most of them were convicted was because of the ‗knowledge of the judge‘. This means that despite the

fact that there is no evidence or witness to prove the crime (there has to be at least four witnesses to prove adultery) the judge decides based on his ‗knowledge‘ that the person has committed adultery. The interesting point is that in Iranian courts, a judge cannot decide based on his knowledge if someone has overdrawn from his bank account and jail him/her but can decide that he/she has committed adultery and sentence him/her to stoning. In some cases, the person has been forced to confess under duress and has only to confess four times to adultery instead of four witnesses and say that he/she has committed adultery to be sentenced to stoning. This means that security forces and judicial authorities force the person to confess to adultery using various methods. Lawyer? In light of the fact that mostly all of those sentenced to stoning are from deprived social classes, most of them have been deprived of lawyers in the initial stages of their case and therefore accept the charge of adultery without knowledge of the consequences of their confession to be relieved of the pressure on them by authorities without knowing that the final consequence is stoning. Since, according to Iranian law, people who are sentenced to death or stoning have to have lawyers, those who are sentenced to stoning are given appointed lawyers and unfortunately most of them are not able to suitably defend their clients because of their inexperience or because the case is not important for them. List of people who have been stoned in the past years The judicial system of the Islamic Republic does not recognize monitoring rights on its actions by its citizens. Therefore, the number and names of those who were sentenced to stoning after their sentences were upheld by the Supreme is unknown. But the names of those who we are aware were stoned from 2006 up to now is as follows:

Mashhad

- Mahboubeh Mohammadi. According to reports she had confessed to adultery after threats and torture and was stoned to death along with Abbas Haji Zadeh on May 2006.

- Abbas Haji Zadeh was stoned to death on May 2006 in Mashhad.

- Three men were stoned to death in December 21, 2008 in the Behesht Reza Cemetery in Mashhad. One of them,

identified as Mahmoud who was an Afghan national, was able to escape from the ditch he was buried in while severely wounded. Houshang Khadadeh and another unknown person were stoned. Qazvin

- Jafar Kiani whose stoning was halted by the head of the judiciary because of a campaign against stoning was stoned in

the Akhcheh Village near Takestan in Qazvin on June 2007 on orders of a local judge. Rasht

- Vali Azad, from Pars Abad in Maghan was stoned in secret in Rasht on March 5, 2009 on charges of adultery. His body

was not handed over to his family. His stoning sentence was issued and carried out by Judge Hojatelislam Kashani in the

11 th branch of the Penal Court and Judge Javid Nia, the Public and Revolutionary Prosecutor. But the woman who was

also charged with him was granted amnesty. The stoning of Vali Azad was officially confirmed by the former spokesman of the Judiciary, Alireza Jamshidi. List of those who were hanged instead of being stoned

It has to be reminded that the names and numbers of those who were hanged in the place of being stoned to death are not known and the following list shows that our knowledge is only limited to the below mentioned names:

Sari

- Abdollah Farivar, 53 years old. This music teacher was executed on February 19, 2008 Shiraz

- Afsaneh Rahmani- Adel Abad Prison in Shiraz. Was hanged in 2009

Tabriz

- Rahim Mohammadi- husband of Kobra Babayi. Was hanged on September 2009

Tehran

- According to unconfirmed reports, a woman was hanged in 2008 in a closed off room in Evin Prison on charges of adultery. (Rooz website July 11, 2010)

East Azarbaijan Judicial head: Sakineh will be executed

The head of the East Azarbaijan Judiciary said that the Judiciary is determined to carry out the rules and regulations and stipulated that ―whenever the respected head of the Judiciary decides, the

carry out the rules and regulations and stipulated that ―whenever the respected head of the Judiciary

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sentence for Sakineh Mohammadi will be executable without any heed for the atmosphere of exaggeration that western media have created ‖… He pointed to western media and those who claim to be defenders of human rights and said, ―They are the greatest violators of human rights and (have carried out) crimes against humanity‖. (Raja News state-run website July 11, 2010) Pregnant young woman awaits stoning According to reports, in the prison where Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani (mother of two who was sentenced to death by stoning on adultery charges) is detained, two other women await stoning. One of them is Maryam Qorbanzadeh. This 25-year-old woman was sentenced to death by stoning for having a sexual relationship outside of marriage. Maryam is pregnant and expects the world to help her. The misogynist Iranian government has in the past few years been forced to halt the stoning sentences for at least 13 women because of international pressure and in some cases, released them after lashing them 100 times. Kobra Babayi was one of these women. After her stoning sentence was stayed, she was lashed 100 times and then released. According to reports, her spinal cord has been damaged as result and she has trouble walking. Her children say that she has severe pain from the flogging which has made their mother‘s life very difficult. (International Committee against Execution – July 15, 2010)

August

EDITORIAL: The stoners of Iran Tortured view of justice from a brutal regime The Islamic Republic of Iran has a habit of throwing rocks at its perceived enemies, but the Mullahs in Tehran are slowly learning that the civilized world will not countenance the practice. Iranian officials last week commuted the sentence of Sakineh Mohammadi Ashtiani , a 43-year-old woman who had been sentenced to death by stoning for adultery. But all is not well yet. When news of Mrs. Ashtiani's sentence began reaching the outside world in recent weeks, it prompted an international outcry. ‗Death by stoning is always cruel and inhuman, and it is especially abhorrent in cases where judges rely on their own hunches instead of evidence to proclaim a defendant guilty,' said Nadya Khalife of Human Rights Watch last week. Democratic Sen. John Kerry, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, condemned Iran 's execution method as 'appalling' and 'barbaric-‗. The Web is replete with videos of stonings in Iran that show women buried up to their necks and pelted with stones hefty enough to inflict injury but not large enough to kill. Victims often die in slow agony. Human rights organizations now fear that authorities will simply take an alternate tack and hang Mrs. Ashtiani instead. Chillingly, Iranian television broadcast a blurry interview with the woman on Wednesday in which she purportedly confessed to adultery and a new charge of complicity in the murder of her husband. But her lawyer, Mohammad Mostafaei, said the confession had been extracted through torture. Mr. Mostafaei himself was forced to flee Iran earlier this month and seek asylum in Norway after learning that his vociferous defense of Mrs. Ashtiani was about to result in his arrest. New York-based Human Rights Watch expressed 'grave concerns' Friday that the televised confession signals that her execution is imminent-. Amnesty International also denounced the broadcast: 'It appears that Iran's authorities have orchestrated this 'confession,' following the call for a judicial review,' said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, deputy director at Amnesty International's Middle East and North Africa program. The organization said it is aware of at least 10 other people - seven women and three men - under a death sentence by stoning. Last year, at least three people sentenced to death by stoning were in fact hung. Stoning was integrated into Iran's legal system in 1983 with the adoption of the Islamic Penal Code. An official moratorium was placed on the practice in 2002 but judges have continued to issue the sentence. The Iranian parliament has been considering a revision of the code that would exclude stoning but it has yet to be ratified. Iran is discovering that few outside the Middle East favor the Mullahs' attempt to drag humanity back to an earlier era in human history, before justice was tempered by forgiveness-. Only the benighted would willingly return to a world devoid of compassion for human frailty embodied by the wise