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MIGRATION INITIATIVES 2018

FUNDING
REQUIREMENTS
g r a tio n
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th e n a n
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CONTENTS
GLOBAL AND MULTIREGIONAL INITIATIVES �������4
EAST AFRICA AND THE HORN OF AFRICA......... 12
SOUTHERN AFRICA.............................................. 24
WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA.............................36
CENTRAL AND NORTH AMERICA AND
THE CARIBBEAN...................................................60
SOUTH AMERICA.................................................. 70
ASIA AND THE PACIFIC.......................................80
EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA............................100
SOUTH-EASTERN EUROPE, EASTERN
EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA............................132
MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICA..................166

© 2017 International Organization for


Migration
International Organization for Migration
17 route des Morillons
P.O. Box 17
1211 Geneva 19, Switzerland
Tel.: +41 22 717 92 71
E-mail: drd@iom.int
Website: www.iom.int
Cover picture: Undocumented Myanmar
Nationals in Shyamlapur settlement,
Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. © IOM 2016
All rights reserved. No part of this
publication may be reproduced, stored
in a retrieval system, or transmitted in
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The full content of Migration Initiatives is
available online.
MIGRATION INITIATIVES 2018
FUNDING
REQUIREMENTS
g r a tio n
m i c e a g e n d a
th e n a n
ni g ove r
g
d
Le a
Global and multiregional initiatives

Cash-for-work beneficiary
households in N’dele, Central
African Republic. © IOM 2017
(Photo: Amanda Nero)

GLOBAL AND
MULTIREGIONAL
INITIATIVES
4 Migration Initiatives 2018
FUNDING REQUIREMENTS
Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3
Adhering to Advancing the
Using evidence Addressing
international Developing socioeconomic Safe, orderly
and whole-of- the mobility Total
standards strong well-being of and dignified
government dimensions of
and fulfilling partnerships migrants and migration
approaches crises
migrants’ rights society
Global and multiregional initiatives 6,257,900 10,705,000 9,652,674 4,515,000 31,227,100 95,540,000 *160,763,674
Global and multiregional initiatives

East Africa and the Horn of Africa 22,706,353 18,650,900 25,810,460 27,963,000 161,922,000 68,187,964 325,240,677
Southern Africa 5,850,000 17,950,000 10,895,000 34,455,000 24,200,000 20,055,000 113,405,000
West and Central Africa 36,583,037 27,066,642 30,931,000 141,948,973 51,267,451 65,005,594 352,802,697
Central and North America and the
14,504,468 16,165,000 9,160,259 37,765,448 67,560,000 12,281,422 157,436,597
Caribbean
South America 2,762,700 4,240,000 3,010,000 22,700,000 80,650,000 5,860,000 119,222,700
Asia and the Pacific 12,156,524 18,328,771 17,418,983 136,439,148 129,792,474 102,064,810 416,200,709
European Economic Area 3,513,498 6,231,239 10,954,118 69,516,575 57,763,283 58,215,352 206,194,065
South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe
28,356,387 10,680,000 14,332,000 36,797,267 79,560,000 52,444,000 222,169,654
and Central Asia
Middle East and North Africa 37,161,773 46,829,153 26,808,241 216,821,885 282,316,503 180,131,560 790,069,115
Total 169,852,640 176,846,705 158,972,735 728,922,296 966,258,811 659,785,702 2,863,504,889
* Includes institutional initiatives not related to Migration Governance Framework Principles and Objectives

Funding requirements
5
Global and multiregional initiatives

Building capacities on addressing migration,


PRINCIPLE 1 environment and climate change at regional and
national levels
Funding requirements: USD 6,257,900 Building evidence and contributing to the United
Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Further advancement of the International Recruitment task force on displacement
Integrity System Building adaptive capacities to climate change and
Facilitating the identification of deceased migrants, migration in the Pacific
disseminating ‘stay safe’ message along perilous Migration integration policy index – Continued global
migration routes, and providing information and expansion
support to families of missing migrants
Migration health and development research initiative
Mainstreaming environmental sustainability in IOM’s
Global migration data portal
operations, programmes and activities
Capacity-building for governments on international
Unpacking human rights from a migration, environment
migration data for policy: collection, processing,
and climate change perspective
harmonization and monitoring the SDGs
Development and structural integration of institutional
Migration factsheets to inform the Global Compact on
policies and frameworks
Migration (MigFacts)
Promoting the reduction of and improved operational
Global migration trends factsheet
responses to gender-based violence through camp
management and site planning – phase III Missing migrants project
Rights-Based Approach to Programming IOM statistics: Quarterly briefing
Rights-Based Approach to Migration Policy Examining migration trends, routes and protection
impacts in the West and Central Africa and North
Training on International Standards surrounding Africa regions
Migration
World Migration Report
Advanced Training on International Migration Law
Migration research leaders syndicate
Comparative Analysis of Legislation and Identification
of Good Practices Global review of migrant smuggling data and research
(Volume II)
Migration scenarios on international migration and
human mobility
PRINCIPLE 3
PRINCIPLE 2
Funding requirements: USD 9,652,674
Funding requirements: USD 10,705,000 Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration
Mainstreaming migration into national development Advancing the Alliance 8.7 action group on migration
strategies Advancing the global protection cluster task team on
Expanding the scope and capacities of the counter- anti-trafficking in crisis
trafficking data collaborative Supporting the implementation of the protection
Strengthening the evidence base on migrants’ agenda - platform on disaster displacement –
vulnerability to exploitation and abuse, by developing Switzerland
and deploying technological solutions to collect and Building evidence and contributing to the United
manage data on migrants in vulnerable situations Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Strengthen prevention efforts against trafficking and task force on displacement
exploitation of migrants in vulnerable situations in Building adaptive capacities to climate change and
emergency contexts through research on indicators migration in the Pacific
Establishment of a knowledge management hub on Continuation and expansion of the global tuberculosis
return and reintegration and migration portal
Comparative research on reintegration sustainability Partnership on health and mobility in East, West,
Supporting the implementation of the protection Central and Southern Africa
agenda - platform on disaster displacement – Mainstreaming migrant health in global migration and
Switzerland development debates

6 Migration Initiatives 2018


Global and multiregional initiatives

Enhancing partnerships to effectively address the


mobility dimension of crises OBJECTIVE 1
Improving future shelter programming through
effective dissemination of learned experiences from Funding requirements: USD 4,515,000
past shelter practices
IOM global prepositioning and stockpiling Enhancing labour mobility management in Eastern
Europe: Emerging countries of destination of migrants
Mass shelter capability project (MASC II)
in the Eastern European Union have expressed a
Global migration data portal strong interest to enhance their governance of labour
Capacity-building for governments on international mobility to meet economic and labour market demand
migration data for policy: collection, processing, in a way that supports employment of nationals
harmonization and monitoring the SDGs while facilitating entry for needed foreign workers.
However, current labour mobility structures are highly
Missing migrants project inadequate as unreliable private employment agencies
Measuring SDG indicator 10.7.2 – well-managed providing visas and work permits dominate the market
migration policies (with UN DESA) and offer highly variable results.
Capacity-building for governments on analysis of In order to address current challenges and develop
migration trends, routes and protection in the West labour mobility programming in Eastern Europe that
and Central Africa and North Africa regions can be promoted as a best practice to potentially be
Enhancing dialogue on migration among inter-state replicated in other regions, IOM proposes the following
consultation mechanisms on migration interventions:

Eighth Global Meeting of Regional Consultative • Capacity-building for relevant government


Processes on Migration counterparts including training workshops,
technical assistance and study tours to build
Support to Colombo Process initiatives and awareness of the labour mobility management
consultations cycle and the role of different agencies within the
Assessing IOM’s engagement with the civil society cycle;

Undocumented Myanmar
Nationals in Cox’s Bazar,
Bangladesh. © IOM 2017

Funding requirements 7
Global and multiregional initiatives

• Supporting governments in countries of origin


and destination to establish and coordinate inter- OBJECTIVE 2
agency working groups on labour migration to
identify, prioritize and address challenges;
Funding requirements: USD 31,227,100
• Supporting intergovernmental collaboration on
labour mobility between countries of origin and Addressing human trafficking in emergency contexts
destination, including the establishment and by strengthening IOM’s internal capacity to respond
implementation of bilateral labour agreements; at the outset of crisis and the external response
• Supporting governments of countries of origin and capacity of the international, the humanitarian, the
destination to deliver services to migrant workers development and the donor communities, as well as
and their households; that of local partners
• Capacity-building for private and public recruitment Supporting the counter-trafficking in crisis roster
agencies to ensure ethical recruitment practices
Strengthening prevention efforts against trafficking
are established and promoted.
and exploitation of migrants in vulnerable situations
Developing and implementing global standards, in emergency contexts through research on indicators
guidelines, and tools on protection and assistance for
Advancing the global health security agenda through
migrants in vulnerable situations
strengthening capacities advancing for rapid response
Developing an intelligent, digital, mobile screening to humanitarian and public health emergencies
tool to improve the efficacy of screening of migrants in
Strengthening IOM emergency response and capacity
vulnerable situations by front-line workers
to carry out global humanitarian commitments
Developing due diligence guidelines for businesses for
the employment of migrant workers and the provision Promoting the reduction of and improved operational
of assistance to victims of trafficking in persons and responses to gender-based violence through camp
associated forms of abuse and exploitation management and site planning – phase III

Advancing Corporate Responsibility in Eliminating Contributing to a better understanding of human


Slavery and Trafficking (CREST) mobility in crisis and enhancing linkages with citizen-
driven assistance
Continued provision of emergency protection and
assistance to migrants in vulnerable situations, Enhancing regional convergence of data collection,
including victims of trafficking, through the Global analysis and dissemination through the displacement
Assistance Fund tracking matrix
Joint initiative for migrant protection and reintegration Supply chain management system
in Africa IOM’s approach to the humanitarian-development
Facility on sustainable and dignified return and nexus and New Way of Working; articulation of the
reintegration in support of the Khartoum Process. approach, evidence collection and guidance
Pilot action on voluntary return and sustainable, Surge support at the country level for the humanitarian-
community-based reintegration in Southern Africa development nexus and New Way of Working
operationalization
Improving the reintegration of returnees in
Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan Socioeconomic economics expert/adviser
Development and roll out of a training curriculum on Recovery and stability expert support to work on rapid
return and reintegration response issues
Partnership on health and mobility in East, West, Roster and expert capacity-building: Recovery and
Central and Southern Africa stability experts (training and roster development)
Development of a health professionals’ charter on Transition and recovery data analysis and displacement
migrant health tracking matrix support (data analysis and management
for early warning, recovery and stability)
Digital Storytelling: Promoting the positive
contributions of migrants through the United Nations Roll-out of the Progressive Resolution of Displacement
Together Campaign Situations framework
Migrants as messengers: Promoting informed Livelihoods and cash programming: Development of
migration decisions through grassroots standards and capacity support
communications
Early recovery, durable solutions partnership
development, cluster support and country response
capacity: Country and regional strategy development
and inter-agency participation and support

8 Migration Initiatives 2018


Global and multiregional initiatives

Disaster risk management work plan roll-out and procurement best practices. Focus will be set on the
capacity support ePassport, an area that presents specific compliance
Conflict sensitivity: Roll-out of guidance and training, challenges, including proper reading of ePassports
mission support at the border, and increasing the membership of the
International Civil Aviation Organization public kKey
Harmonization of IOM’s engagement in activities directory .
addressing complex migratory flows
Evidence of identification: Strengthening global capacity
and best practices to identify individuals with certainty:
OBJECTIVE 3 Weaknesses in national identification systems remain
the soft underbelly of passport security and border
Funding requirements: USD 95,540,000 integrity. The emerging evidence of identification
framework offers a set of best international
practices to verify people’s identity with certainty.
Effective Management of IOM’s Migration Information
IOM, working as part of the ICAO International Civil
and Data Analysis System: IOM supports the
development and ongoing management of its in-house Aviation Organization Implementation and Capacity
border management information system. The focus Building Working Group, contributed to the evidence
will be on promoting the system in new countries of of identification guide and other guidance materials
deployment and further developing the structure to to strengthen and inform future capacity-building
match current border management challenges and activities. In addition to advocacy and awareness
requirements, including the integration of Advance raising, IOM - in close cooperation with International
Passenger Information. Civil Aviation Organization Implementation and
Capacity Building Working Group experts - will assist
Enhanced International Civil Aviation Organization States in setting up the right processes and workflows
Traveller Information Programme strategy to strengthen evidence of identification. A related area
implementation: Strengthening global compliance is IOM’s integrated border management assistance
with international standards and specifications to help States with strengthening civil registries, the
for identity and border management: Building on security of breeder documents (birth certificates, etc.),
the IOM-International Civil Aviation Organization digitizing manual civil registry records, and installing
Memorandum of Understanding, IOM will provide civil registry infrastructure and communication
technical assistance to Member States in the capabilities between offices.
implementation of the Traveller Identification
Programme strategy, a global framework urging States Strengthening global capacity to combat travel
to have capacity to uniquely identify individuals in document and identity fraud. IOM will focus on
order to ensure border security and facilitate legal strengthening international standards and resources
movements. The international regulatory framework for enhancing travel document integrity. This entails
consists of Annex 9 to the Chicago Convention, the further developing and codifying curricula, trainers’
International Civil Aviation Organization document resources and guidance material on travel document
9303 standards, and a range of guidance materials examination and impostor recognition. The main
and assessment tools. Project activities include objective is to extend training resources and develop
technical field visits, assessments, advocacy events the skills of States facing border integrity gaps and
and technical consultations, developing and delivering high instances of travel document and identity fraud.
professional training, equipment procurement, and Sustainability will be ensured through a training the
setting up the adequate processes and inspection tools trainers approach and enhancing in-house training
aligned with international norms. The project will be capacities on document fraud in beneficiary States.
implemented in close cooperation closely with experts Joint International Civil Aviation Organization –IOM
from the International Civil Aviation Organization training initiatives on travel document examination and
Implementation and Capacity Building Working Group imposter recognition are also to be explored, including
where IOM is an active member. the prospects of integrating IOM’s PEPM2 Manual and
the International Civil Aviation Organization’s training
Strengthening travel document integrity and
package “Control of the authenticity and validity of
compliance with international standards: To deliver
travel documents at airport borders – Level 1”.
security benefits and global interoperability, Machine
Readable Travel Documents need to comply with Family reunification services for vulnerable Syrian
relevant International Civil Aviation Organization and Iraqi migrants: IOM-operated family reunification
standards, recommended practices and specifications. centres facilitate the reunification of vulnerable
Non-compliance of passports, visas and identity migrant families fleeing from the protracted Syrian
cards compromise border integrity. IOM will enhance and Iraqi conflicts. As a complementary pathway to
Machine Readable Travel Documents compliance with resettlement, IOM family reunification centres protect
international standards and specifications through beneficiaries from misinformation and exploitation
advocacy, technical consultations, developing guidance by unscrupulous visa brokers and smugglers. In
material, providing assistance with tenders and sharing addition, assistance provided includes tailored

Funding requirements 9
Global and multiregional initiatives

integration courses. IOM family reunification services and labour market integration to Canada, and a
are equipped to provide both in-person and remote personalized pre-arrival planning session as well as
assistance to a high volume of vulnerable families in referrals to employment and settlement partners in
a safe, empowering and migrant-friendly environment Canada.
to inform migrants on visa requirements and conduct 3. Refugee Youth Programming (for refugee youth 10–
completeness checks on their application. Priority and 19 years): The COA Youth Refugee Programming
fast tracking assistance is given to unaccompanied is operating since 2015 in coordination between
minors, the elderly and migrants under medical YMCA Toronto (main coordination) and YMCA
conditions. In turn, Member States benefit from robust Vancouver, Winnipeg, Ottawa, and Halifax. Through
administrative support, including IOM staff assisting this initiative, refugee youth abroad can access
within their offices, appointment rescheduling and additional support and pre-arrival services from
enhanced processing capacity by IOM collecting visa YMCA Youth Advisors from across Canada, including
applications and biometric enrolment on their behalf. referrals to Canadian partners and connections
Enhancement of verification services for migrants: with youth in Canada.
Through a regional approach across Africa, IOM’s The Australian Cultural Orientation Program (AUSCO)
extensive footprint along with longstanding prepares refugees and other humanitarian entrants
collaboration with government counterparts enables for initial settlement in Australia. AUSCO is a five-
the efficient delivery of document verification services day program of orientation focusing on travel, on-
on behalf of Member States. These are processed arrival assistance, practical information on post-arrival
in timely manner and in compliance with specific settlement services and managing cultural, social and
guidelines. Project funding allocation will serve for economic expectations.
full-time dedicated staff and all operating costs. In
addition, the development of an online software Joint initiative for migrant protection and reintegration
solution will allow consular, migration authorities, and in Africa
IOM offices, to decrease response times and improve Facility on sustainable and dignified return and
the service standards of the assistance provided. reintegration in support of the Khartoum Process
The types of documents IOM may be asked to verify Pilot action on voluntary return and sustainable,
include, but are not limited to the following: reports community-based reintegration in Southern Africa
of birth, property registrations, birth certificates, proof
Improving the reintegration of returnees in
of residence, civil status certificates, employment
Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan
references, nationality certificates, reference checks,
adoption certificates, academic qualifications, custody Development and roll-out of a training curriculum on
certificates, passports, civil status registrations and return and reintegration
identification cards. Giving voice to migrants
Canadian orientation abroad (COA): The objective Pre-departure medical services (PDMS) for Canada-
of the COA programme is to provide immigrants and bound refugees
refugees with pertinent and accurate information
about life in Canada, develop immigrants’ and refugees’ Global pre-departure health assessment services for
awareness of the skills necessary for successful immigrants
adaptation, especially during their first six months of Emerging Resettlement Countries Joint Support
stay in Canada, help immigrants and refugees develop Mechanism
realistic expectations about settlement/resettlement
in Canada and address immigrants’ and refugees’ Vulnerability mapping, research, and task force
concerns and questions. leadership

Under the COA programme, three ongoing initiatives MigApp – The migrant application
will be delivered in 2018: Measuring SDG indicator 10.7.2 – well-managed
1. Implemented since 1998, COA provides refugees migration policies
with pre-departure relevant, accurate, consistent Migration governance indicators for 25 additional
and timely information needed to make informed countries
settlement decisions. Refugees, adults and youth
Migration factsheets to inform the Global Compact on
receive a three-day orientation session in their
Migration (MigFacts)
mother tongue. In addition, youth refugees receive
a one-day, youth-only briefing. Capacity-building for governments on international
migration data for policy: collection, processing,
2. Planning for Canada (for immigrants): Immigrants,
harmonization and monitoring the SDGs
through the joint COA-Canadian Immigrant
Integration Programme initiative, now referred
to as Planning for Canada, receive a one-day pre-
departure group orientation session on settlement

10 Migration Initiatives 2018


Global and multiregional initiatives

Mainstreaming gender throughout all IOM activities


A STONGER ORGANIZATION and integrating gender considerations in regional and
country-level strategies and programmes
Funding requirements: USD 2,866,000 Full implementation of the IOM gender equality
policy
Results-based management Developing the IOM-wide gender marker system to
Ethics and conducts streamlining across IOM: track financial resource allocations for the promotion
promotion of the ethics and conducts online of gender equality
programme, in-person trainings on the field, future
Publishing IOM data via the International Aid
online training across seven modules (core values,
Transparency Initiative
integrity, fraud and corruption, conflicts of interest
and outside activities, harassment, sexual exploitation Project Information and Management Application
and abuse, reporting misconduct). (PRIMA)

Nidhal enjoys playing with the


hula hoop at IOM psychosocial
center at Haj Ali emergency
site, Iraq. She goes to the
center to play with the kids
every day. © IOM 2017
(Photo: Raber Y. Aziz)

Funding requirements 11
East Africa and the Horn of Africa
Farhiya waits under a tree at a
registration checkpoint in Doolow,
Somalia, alongside scores of women
and children hoping to receive
assistance. © IOM 2017 (Photo:
Muse Mohammed)

EAST AFRICA
AND THE HORN
OF AFRICA
12 Migration Initiatives 2018
East Africa and the Horn of Africa

EAST AFRICA AND THE HORN OF AFRICA


Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional
820,000 1,235,000 5,020,000 - - 540,000 7,615,000
initiatives
Burundi 3,750,000 2,850,000 900,000 6,300,000 12,250,000 1,000,000 27,050,000
Djibouti 3,500,000 1,800,000 400,000 5,000,000 3,000,000 4,000,000 17,700,000
Ethiopia 2,610,353 2,225,000 2,551,000 518,000 4,972,000 1,022,000 13,898,353
Kenya 2,400,000 5,300,000 2,100,000 4,300,000 10,000,000 2,700,000 26,800,000
Rwanda 7,000,000 100,000 2,050,000 2,000,000 1,200,000 25,000,000 37,350,000
Somalia 800,000 1,300,000 9,000,000 3,000,000 56,800,000 18,107,964 89,007,964
South Sudan 600,000 2,400,000 870,000 5,000,000 60,200,000 500,000 69,570,000
Uganda 38,000 340,900 2,919,460 1,445,000 8,500,000 3,318,000 26,561,360
United Republic
1,188,000 1,100,000 - 400,000 5,000,000 2,000,000 9,688,000
of Tanzania
Total 22,706,353 18,650,900 25,810,460 27,963,000 161,922,000 68,187,964 325,240,677

strengthened livelihoods; social and psychosocial


REGIONAL INITIATIVES reintegration, including enhanced returnee’s rights,
and; access to justice
Funding requirements: USD 7,615,000

Principle 1 BURUNDI
Adopting comprehensive national migration policies/ Funding requirements: USD 27,050,000
strategies in line with international and regional
frameworks on migration management Principle 1
Principle 2 Supporting the Ministry of External Relations and
International Cooperation in developing diaspora and
Strengthening the capacity of all institutions and migration policies in national legislation
agencies responsible for migration and border
management Supporting the Labour Ministry in enforcing the
implementation of ethical recruitment standards by
Principle 3 private employment agencies

Enhancing regional cooperation and coordination on Mainstreaming gender-equality into the National
protection of vulnerable migrants and issues of border Labour Policy and Employment Action Plan
management Supporting the establishment of a Regional Working
Enhancing the capacity of beneficiary countries Group on “Humanitarian and Health Border
to manage migration effectively, which includes Management”
identification and assistance to persons in need; Promoting PSEA commitments with implementing
investigation, and prosecution of cases of trafficking partners and humanitarian actors
and smuggling of migrants; training on migrants’ rights; Supporting the government of Burundi to develop
improved data collection and information sharing; as a standardised policy and related tools against
well as providing border management offices with trafficking in persons, such as Standard Operational
adequate equipment Procedures and Referral Mechanisms, including study
trips and regional cooperation
Objective 3
Supporting the development, training and capacity
Strengthened mechanisms for identification and building of a Regional Forum to combat trafficking
referral of victim of trafficking, refugees and vulnerable in Persons focusing on policy dialogue, information
smuggled migrants sharing and practical cooperation
Facilitated safe, humane and dignified assisted Supporting the national structures and the shelter/
voluntary return and reintegration processes among NFIs/CCCM sectors in understanding and upholding
partner countries international humanitarian standards
Facilitated sustainable reintegration across three Supporting the Ministry of Health in improving
dimensions: successful economic reintegration, and mental health services in Burundi

Funding requirements 13
East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Principle 2 Objective 2
Establishing a computerized database to register Supporting the government in coordination of the
skills, qualifications, and competences of workers CCCM sector through operational and capacity building
for an employability, labour migration and mobility of relevant partners
programme
Supporting shelter/NFIs sector coordination
Developing a Migration Profile and diaspora mapping mechanisms and ensuring contingency planning that
in Burundi caters for changing needs of the displaced populations
Assessing humanitarian border management Supporting the National Platform for Risk Prevention
capacities in Burundi and Disaster Management in conducting assessments
Baseline survey on trafficking of persons in Burundi and coordinating responses to emergencies
Supporting the development of a mechanism to Support recovery and stabilization (rehabilitation
collect, analyse and utilize data on victims of trafficking and reconstruction) processes through engaging and
in Burundi, through a multidisciplinary approach mobilizing diaspora’s skills and financial resources in
involving academia, government and civil society the country
Implementing the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Rapid-response programme to address the needs of
throughout the country to facilitate understanding the displaced in a timely and adequate manner
the internal movements/displacement and designing
migration-related policies and response at various Provision of housing to IDPs living in camps as a means
levels of improving their living conditions

Setting up a Migration Resource Centre to make Provision of communal infrastructures to facilitate


academic and practical information available and access to basic services in reintegration areas for IDPs
facilitate research from camps
Promoting community cohesion and conflict
Principle 3 transformation in communities hosting large numbers
Awareness-raising on IRIS certification for private of displaced population
employment agencies in Burundi Durable solutions for IDPs through the provision of
Facilitating diaspora philanthropy initiatives with vocational trainings and Income Generation Support
Burundian diaspora associations Facilitating access to credit to IDPs and host
Building the capacities of the civil society, government communities
and international organisations to identify and protect
Promoting sustainable peace and preventing irregular
victims of trafficking in Burundi (protection and
migration through Communicating with Communities
reintegration centre, prevention and capacity-building
training at national and regional level) Comprehensive response to the humanitarian needs
Coordinating the establishment of a Mixed Migration of the displaced population in Burundi through DTM,
Working Group in Burundi Humanitarian Border Management, CwC and a Rapid
Response Programme on shelter and non-food items
Objective 1 (NFIs) kits
Providing technical assistance to the Ministry of Humanitarian assistance to and protection of most
Labour and the Ministry of External Relations and vulnerable affected populations in Burundi, through
International Cooperation in negotiating international the provision of health, water and sanitation support
labour migration agreements Enhancing community preparedness, disaster
Capacity-building training workshop on ethical response and climate change adaptation in Burundi
recruitment with private employment agencies
Objective 3
Providing vocational and language training as well as
cultural-orientation for migrant workers Awareness-raising on IRIS certification for private
Expanding remittances transfer operating systems to employment agencies in Burundi
international platforms to reduce the cost of transfers. Capacity-building training workshop on ethical
Providing reintegration assistance, including vocational recruitment with private employment agencies
training and access to financial grants, for survivors of Providing vocational and language training, cultural-
trafficking orientation for migrant workers
Supporting the reintegration of IDPs through vocational Establishing a computerized database to register
trainings and income-generating activities skills, qualifications and competences of workers
Facilitating access to credit to IDPs and host for an employability, labour migration and mobility
communities programme

14 Migration Initiatives 2018


East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Developing a Migration Profile diaspora mapping in Providing socioeconomic alternatives to host


Burundi communities depending on smuggling and trafficking
Facilitating diaspora philanthropy initiatives with in persons through innovative approaches such as
Burundian Diaspora Associations labour mobility and diaspora mobilization
Improving border crossing points capacities and inter- Objective 2
agency coordination mechanisms for Humanitarian
Border Management preparedness Providing continued assistance to evacuated or
stranded migrants returning from Yemen and enabling
Technical assistance in identity management and safe and orderly voluntary return to their country of
identity infrastructure and technological possibilities
origin
to prevent forms of fraud and facilitate safe migration
Developing adequate contingency planning for Djibouti
Supporting the establishment of a Regional
to better prepare and mitigate the risks of induced
Working Group on Humanitarian and Health Border
Management internal and international migration associated with
the drought and other environmental changes in the
Strengthening coordination across border and Horn of Africa and develop an assistance framework
enhancing the capacities of immigration and law for vulnerable environmental migrants
enforcement officers from Burundi and its neighboring
countries Objective 3
Supporting the Ministry of Health in improving mental Improving the health of migrants and reducing
health services in Burundi the public health impact of population mobility on
receiving countries
DJIBOUTI Continue the provision of safe and voluntary return
assistance to stranded migrants in Djibouti
Strengthening border management in land, sea and
Funding requirements: USD 17,700,000 air border posts through stronger infrastructure,
processes and border information integrated systems
Principle 1
Advocating for the provision of increased protection
for unaccompanied migrant children in Djibouti, ETHIOPIA
including the right to education, health, legal
protection and protection against arbitrary detention
Funding requirements: USD 13,898,353
Enhancing the rights of most vulnerable migrants,
including access to health, social protection and
Principle 1
alternatives to detention
Enhancing national and local capacities for the
Principle 2 prevention of trafficking in persons and the protection
Strengthening evidence on migration through reliable of victims of trafficking and vulnerable returnees in
data on migration stocks and flows in Djibouti (DTM, Ethiopia
Migration Profile, Migration targeted surveys, etc.) Enhancing migration management in Ethiopia and
Strengthening the government’s response to develop promoting assisted voluntary return and reintegration
more secure and protected borders in line with of Ethiopians
international human rights standards Migration Response Centre (MRC) support to
Developing a national migration policy for Djibouti assist stranded migrants and build the capacity of
government to respond to the challenges of mixed
Principle 3 migration
Efficient participation in the UNDAF and cooperation Better Migration Management (BMM) programme,
with UN Agencies on joint programming related to including a direct assistance and an integrated border
unaccompanied migrant children, trafficking and management component.
smuggling in persons, health and migration Building the capacity of the Government of Ethiopia
Fostering inter-ministerial coordination on migration in responding to the mass return of irregular migrants
through the provision of post-arrival assistance and
Objective 1 reintegration support
Providing assistance to stranded migrants in and Principle 2
transiting through Djibouti to uphold socioeconomic
basic rights in the country, including direct support to Integrating migration into national development
social services, namely public health care and mobile plans: towards policy coherence and the achievement
unites in key areas of Djibouti such as Balbala of SDGs at national and global levels

Funding requirements 15
East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Support the response of Government and humanitarian


partners through the provision of displacement data KENYA
through the displacement tracking matrix system,
designed to regularly capture, process, and disseminate
accurate and timely data on displaced populations
Funding requirements: USD 26,800,000
(nationwide) and their urgent humanitarian needs
Principle 1
Principle 3 Programme for human security and stabilization
(PHSS III) In Kenya (migrant youth and women’s
Supporting ACP-EU cooperation on migration and
rights)
development
Improving the capacity of the Government of Kenya
Connecting Diaspora for Development
in countering human trafficking
Engaging the Ethiopian diaspora to improve the quality Capacity-building support to Kenyan authorities
of higher education and promote the development and assistance to at-risk groups in marginalized
of micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in communities in Kenya to counter violent extremism
Ethiopia
Technical assistance to the Ministry of Health for the
Objective 1 implementation of the new resolution promoting the
health of refugees and migrants
Reducing vulnerability to trafficking in persons and
recruitment by criminal networks through improved Capacity-building support for consular and
socioeconomic conditions immigration officials on Migration in Countries in
Crisis initiatives
Joining forces: multi-stakeholder action to offer young
refugees and host communities a sustainable future in Principle 2
Ethiopia
Support the Government of Kenya to establish a
Support the Ethiopian Government in the pilot set up migration training institute curriculum
of a migration welfare programme/strategy in Africa
Support the adoption and operationalisation of the
to enhance resilience of migrant workers against social Kenya Migration Policy with the National Coordination
and economic risks following a rights-based approach Mechanism on migration
Objective 2 Capacity-building support to Kenyan authorities
and assistance to at-risk groups in marginalized
Protection and life-saving assistance for disaster- communities in Kenya to counter violent extremism
affected internally displaced persons in Ethiopia
Immigration border management: Strengthening
Strengthening information management and capacity- border security In Kenya (providing equipment,
building for improved assistance to internally displaced capacity-building of border officials, one-stop border
persons towards durable solutions in Ethiopia in order post)
to address the protracted displacement situation in
the country Principle 3
Protection and life-saving emergency shelter and non- Programme for human security and stabilization (PHSS
food items response for internally displaced persons III) In Kenya (strong government and civil society
in Ethiopia. partnerships
Support the Government in the coordination of the Capacity-building support to Kenyan authorities
emergency shelter and non-food items cluster as and assistance to at-risk groups in marginalized
lead agency, jointly with the National Disaster Risk communities in Kenya to counter violent extremism
Management Commission (strong government and civil society partnerships)
Providing transportation assistance and addressing Support to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in diaspora
onward movements of Somali and Eritrean refugees mapping exercises and diaspora conferences

Objective 3 Objective 1
Capacity-building support to Kenyan authorities
Encouraging Hope: community mobilization to
and assistance to at-risk groups in marginalized
mitigate irregular migration
communities in Kenya to counter violent extremism
Enhancing migration management in Ethiopia and (individual assistance with training and provision
promoting assisted voluntary return and reintegration of livelihood support through income generating
of Ethiopians activities)
Promoting ethical recruitment of labour migrants in Programme for human security and stabilization (PHSS
Ethiopia III) In Kenya (livelihood support)

16 Migration Initiatives 2018


East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Promoting safe and fair migration from Kenya to the understanding of best practices to identify trafficked
Gulf States persons, investigate trafficking cases and prosecute
traffickers, and apply the gained skills and knowledge
Cross border project (Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia) to
in their work.
promote peace and socioeconomic wellbeing
IOM further plans to support the Government to
Strengthening health delivery services for migrants
ensure that the rights of Rwandan migrant workers
and host communities in urban settlements and cross-
are upheld by employers and host governments
border areas
through the formalization of labour movements.
Support dissemination of Kenya remittances booklet This involves the implementation of potential
throughout Government agencies as well as consular/ bilateral labour agreements with countries such as
embassies abroad and support diaspora associations Botswana, Mauritius, Namibia or Zambia, as well as
through awareness raising and training on philanthropy Private Employment Agencies from the United Arab
and investment options in Kenya Emirates. Rwandans will be encouraged to work
abroad for a determined period and IOM will be in
Objective 2 charge of providing pre-departure assistance and
monitoring employment conditions abroad as well as
Kenya Drought Appeal to cover non-food items, assist in the return and reintegration phase.
displacement tracking matrix, health of displaced
persons and early recovery Planned initiatives:
Capacity-building for the government and communities • Comprehensive action to combat trafficking in
to improve border security and embrace reconciliation persons in Rwanda
and social cohesion among different ethnic • Facilitating safe labour mobility from Rwanda
communities across border areas to more effectively
improve humanitarian border management in Kenya Principle 2
Supporting stabilization of refugee hosting IOM is developing evidence and whole-of-government
communities through access to alternative livelihoods approaches through the implementation of a Migration
opportunities, enhanced community policing and Profile in close partnership with different government
peace and dialogue initiatives stakeholders, which include the Directorate General
for Immigration and Emigration, the Ministry of
Objective 3 Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, the National Institute
for Statistics Rwanda, the Rwanda Development Board
Improving the capacity of the Government of Kenya in
and others. The Migration Profile will focus on the
countering human trafficking
availability of reliable and comprehensive migration
Humanitarian border management: Strengthening data for the government and other stakeholders and
border security in Kenya will include diaspora mapping in Belgium, Germany,
the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The process
Promoting safe and fair migration from Kenya to the
will also entail capacity-building initiatives for the
Gulf States
establishment and management of a migration data
Cross border project (Kenya, Ethiopia, Somalia) to information management system.
promote peace and socioeconomic wellbeing Rwanda has a large diaspora and remittances to Africa
are costly and thus affects the amount of funds that can
be received by local communities. The Government
RWANDA has a diaspora policy in place and needs further
evidence to support advocacy for more affordable
Funding requirements: USD 37,350,000 charges.
Having a large diaspora across the globe, it is also crucial
Principle 1 for Rwanda to understand the level of investment by
the diaspora, for policymakers to establish relevant
In 2018, IOM will contribute to the fulfilment of
mechanisms. Unfortunately, this information is
migrants’ rights through enabling government
not currently available and or not comprehensive
agencies and civil society organizations (CSOs),
enough to inform these initiatives. Research on
including social and child protection actors, to have
diaspora investment aims therefore at providing a
improved understanding of essential dimensions of
comprehensive overview on diaspora investment for
counter trafficking programming and through the
evidence based policymaking.
provision of improved mechanisms for the prevention
and protection of victims of trafficking. IOM will Planned initiatives:
support the Government of Rwanda in the effective • Migration Profile Rwanda
coordination of efforts to implement existing anti-
trafficking legislation, policies and regulations. IOM • Research on mechanisms for affordable remittances
will enhance Rwandan law enforcement institutions • Research on diaspora investments

Funding requirements 17
East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Principle 3 Objective 1
IOM maintains strong and positive partnerships with Based on the diaspora mapping, IOM will engage
different ministries, including the Directorate General the diaspora with technical and vocational education
for Immigration and Emigration, the Ministry of Public training skills to support the development of a system
Service and Labour, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and that produces quality men and women graduates
Cooperation, the Ministry of Disaster Management with employability skills that respond to the changing
and Refugees, the Ministry of Gender and Family demands of employers and the country’s, regional and
Promotion, the Ministry of Local Government, international labour market, providing them with the
the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning, opportunity to engage in decent work, be competent
the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Justice, the entrepreneurs and engage in life-long learning.
Workplace Development Authority and the Joint
It is also envisaged that during the diaspora mapping
Action Development Forum. Most recent is IOM’s
exercise, a number of institutional capacities will
collaboration with the Ministry of Youth and ICT,
be developed, including through national training
for the inclusion of the “I am Kigali” Festival at the
workshops on advanced diaspora engagement;
YouthConnekt Africa Summit. Cooperation with the
facilitating regular meetings of the steering committee,
Directorate General for Immigration and Emigration,
and; ensuring the establishment of an effective
the Ministry of Disaster Management and Refugees,
the Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion, and the application system and maintenance of a database
Ministry of Justice is expected to increase over the on qualified professionals from the diaspora. IOM
upcoming months and years due to forthcoming IOM will also facilitate the recruitment and placement of
initiatives which will further support these ministries’ professionals as per their qualifications and needs of
respective mandates. the host technical and vocational education training
institutions in close collaboration with the Ministry
In terms of United Nations partnerships, IOM became of Education and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
a related UN Agency in September 2016 and has Cooperation.
strong partnerships with most UN agencies within the
Rwanda Country Team. IOM is responsible for leading Planned initiatives:
two One UN Joint Programmes - on counter-trafficking • Diaspora engagement to support technical and
and on the sustainable reintegration of returnees vocational education training in Rwanda
- until the end of the United Nations Development
Assistance Plan (UNDAP) period in June 2018. Objective 2
These programmes count on the cooperation of key
IOM is leading an initiative on the sustainable
partners such as United Nations High Commissioner
reintegration of Rwandan returnees in close
for Refugees, United Nations Children’s Fund, the
collaboration with the Ministry of Disaster Management
United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the
and Refugee Affairs, the Ministry of Local Government,
Empowerment of Women, the United Nations
and One UN partners Food Agriculture Organization,
Population Fund, the World Health Organization, the
United Nations Development Programme, the UN World Health Organization, United Nations Population
Food and Agriculture Organization, and the United Fund, United Nations Human Settlement Programme,
Nations Human Settlements Programme. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and
United Nations Development Programme. IOM will
Implementing partners of IOM in Rwanda are NGOs provide tailored assistance in the sectors of shelter,
such as the Adventist Development and Relief Agency, education, livelihood, and health.
Digital Opportunity Trust or the Great Lakes Initiative
on HIV/AIDS; cooperative agencies such as the Planned initiatives:
Rwanda Savings and Credit Co-operatives, and public • Sustainable return and reintegration of Rwandan
organizations such as the Private Sector Federation, refugees
as well as the private sector more in general (SMEs
contracted as skills training institutes). Objective 3
IOM has an ongoing partnership with the Impact Hub IOM is discussing with several embassies to use the
Kigali, for the I am Kigali campaign, which has focussed self-payer migration facilitation service through which
on creative events to celebrate diversity and several migrants can receive visa and medical check services
panel discussions around a visa free Africa and regional at competitive costs.
integration.
As part of the Great Lakes framework, IOM co-
Planned initiatives: leads the mobility pillar, which includes border
• Sustainable return and reintegration of Rwandan management in cooperation with the Directorate
refugees General for Immigration and Emigration. The objective
is to identify how different challenges occurring at the
• Comprehensive action to combat trafficking in border can be addressed. Furthermore, IOM will be
persons in Rwanda part of regional and country level initiatives to further
• I am Kigali support the Directorate General for Immigration and

18 Migration Initiatives 2018


East Africa and the Horn of Africa

At 32, Vanessa is mother to


seven children. When the
fighting first broke out in
December 2013 and rapidly
spread to her home in
Malakal town, South Sudan,
she and her family fled
across the White Nile River.
Not long after, they quickly
ran out of resources. She is
living at the Protection of
Civilians site in Bentiu, South
Sudan. © IOM 2017

Funding requirements 19
East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Emigration in its activities in the field of e-immigration Undertake further efforts to improve migration
and improved access to free mobility in the region. management and governance of mixed migration
Additionally, the resettlement of Congolese Refugees flows through capacity building of key government
which began in 2008 will continue to resettle refugees institutions. This would be done through task forces
to countries such as the United States of America, and/or working groups on migration established by
the Federal Government of Somalia.
Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Ireland,
the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and
Principle 3
the United Kingdom.
Contribute to the reinforcement of Somali government
IOM Rwanda, jointly with UNAIDS and the Great Lakes
institutions’ capacities within Somalia through
Initiative on AIDS, will be tackling the topic of HIV/AIDS
mobilization of Somali diaspora and local resources
and other health issues at the border areas and within
and support mechanisms that improve remittance
communities. services to migrants.
Planned initiatives: Enhance the role and the engagement of government
• Resettlement institutions in addressing migration issues and expand
involvement of the private sector and the civil society
• Secure cross-border social, economic and
commercial activities in the Great Lakes Region Objective 1
• Integrated regional health, HIV/ AIDS project for the Support young people in sustainable income generation
long distance truck drivers and the communities by creating new jobs through helping existing
that they interact with in the Great Lakes Region enterprises grow and supporting entrepreneurship
Contribute to the provision of primary healthcare
SOMALIA to vulnerable and migrant populations, including
internally displaced persons
Enhance targeted interventions and policies in support
Funding requirements: USD 89,007,964
of displaced persons and host communities in Somalia
by providing timely and vetted information on the
Principle 1 scale and geographic distribution of displacement, as
Support the Federal Government of Somalia in the well as the evolving needs of displaced persons and
integration of migration in policy instruments and host communities in specific areas
tools through technical support and capacity-building Promote alternative livelihood options to migrants in
Undertake further efforts to ensure that migration- the sustainable energy sector by offering recipients
related programming at the national and sub- relevant options and opportunities that enable them
national levels is in line with international principles to invest in safer alternative uses of sustainable energy
and standards
Promote gender equality and mainstreaming in all
Objective 2
Government programming and ensure equal and Support for the attainment of durable solutions in
equitable access to services among women, men, areas impacted by displacement and returns
boys and girls. This entails that women and minority
Strengthen Government structures and institutions at
groups play a role in designing and planning activities.
federal, regional, district and community level making
Principle 2 them more accountable and transparent and able to
better respond to the various needs of the population
Expand the current system for data collection of flow in Somalia
monitoring, mobility tracking, intention surveys and
Support the political transition of Somalia towards
movement tracking matrix in Somalia. Focus will be
a functioning and stabilized Federal State through
placed on outflows, inflows, internal movements,
activities that promote good governance, consolidation
intentions of migrants in Somalia and reasons for
of the federal structure, and a receptive environment
displacement. The displacement tracking matrix will
to respond to emerging political contingencies
be an important tool of understanding and designing
migration interventions and advancing migration- Promote sustainable reintegration of youth at risk,
related policies and services at different levels. including ex-combatants, by equipping youth with
required social and livelihoods skills for sustainable
Contribute to effective programming and policy
reintegration into society and help enhance
development through research and data on relevant
government’s capacity for tackling issues affecting the
thematic areas of interest such as gender-based
youth
violence, sexual and reproductive health, HIV/
AIDS, population movement, youth migration and Contribute to the stabilization in Somalia through
employment, peace building and durable solutions. increasing access to basic services (health and

20 Migration Initiatives 2018


East Africa and the Horn of Africa

education) and creating employment opportunities


for the youth SOUTH SUDAN
Improve the quality of life of people and their livestock
in rural Somalia through improving access to water Funding requirements: USD 69,570,000
supply and sustaining basic socioeconomic activities,
including livestock rearing, which remains the main Principle 1
source of livelihood of the largely pastoral and agro-
pastoral rural population Capacity-building to improve border security and
address transitional organized crime in South Sudan
Support the state level government to improve the
living conditions of internally displaced persons living Capacity-building to improve labour migration and
in sites and settlements and to ensure contingency the public service sector in South Sudan
planning is in place to cater for changing displacement
dynamics
Principle 2
Capacity-building to improve border security and
Support the government in coordination and
address transitional organized crime in South Sudan
information management during the drought
response. Focus will be on trainings at the state Information, tracking and monitoring for South Sudan
level on camp coordination and camp management displacement dynamics
and early recovery to help build displacement Capacity-building to improve labour migration and the
management capacity within the government. Support public service sector in South Sudan
will be provided to the establishment of early warning
systems and contingency plans for future displacement Principle 3
and planning for early recovery and durable solutions
for those already displaced. At community level, the Capacity-building to improve border security and
focus will be put on working with affected populations address transitional organized crime in South Sudan
on site safety and security to help them mitigate site Capacity-building to improve labour migration and the
level risks. public service sector in South Sudan
Ensure that the specific needs of populations living
Objective 1
in displacement sites are identified and addressed, in
coordination with sub-national level administrations Contributing to the fight against smuggling and
based on commonly agreed criteria, while advocating trafficking of persons, exploitation and abuse
for solutions to their displacement. This involves all Investing towards tackling the impact of HIV and AIDS
sectors of humanitarian assistance, such as water and in South Sudan
sanitation, health, shelter, food and protection.
Capacity-building to improve labour migration and the
Objective 3 public service sector in South Sudan

Contribute to sustainable and durable reintegration Objective 2


of refugees and returnees in Somalia and address
Camp coordination and camp management services
gaps in the management of refugees and returnees.
for displaced populations in South Sudan
This entails expanding and strengthening return and
re-integration facilities and enhancing support to Provision of information services to support the
returnees. humanitarian response in South Sudan
Strengthen the capacity of the government to Lifesaving shelter and non-food item assistance for
improve border management and immigration service conflict and disaster affected populations in South
capabilities to more effectively manage borders Sudan
Strengthen Federal Government of Somalia’s capacity Provision of emergency shelter and non-food items to
to deal with mixed migration flows, including people in need in South Sudan
trafficking of persons. This entails the formulation and Provision of coordination and emergency shelter and
adoption of contingency plans by the government and non-food items assistance for people in need in South
their constant update in coordination with relevant Sudan
stakeholders.
Provision of water, sanitation and hygiene assistance
Improving the economic prospects of vulnerable through emergency preparedness and response
youth by building their skills to identify and utilize to internally displaced persons and vulnerable
existing opportunities and stimulate entrepreneurship communities affected by conflict, flood, disease
in Somalia outbreaks and acute malnutrition
Provision of emergency water, sanitation and hygiene
assistance for conflict affected populations in South
Sudan

Funding requirements 21
East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Procurement and management of water, sanitation United Nations Joint Programme on AIDS/HIV in
and hygiene core pipeline relief items for disease and Karamoja (KARUNA project)
conflict-affected communities in South Sudan Support diaspora engagement for development
Lifesaving primary health care services for vulnerable
internally displaced persons, returnees and host Objective 1
communities in South Sudan
Addressing gender based violence against women
Provision of common transport and logistics services and girls in Uganda through consolidating counter-
to support the humanitarian response in South Sudan trafficking and safe labour migration efforts
Enhancing the psychosocial well-being of internally United Nations Joint Programme on AIDS/HIV in
displaced persons and conflict-affected populations Karamoja (KARUNA project)
Abyei Rehabilitation Initiative III Enhancing synergies and partnerships for improving
the uptake of reproductive, maternal, new-born and
Beyond Bentiu protection of civilians site youth
child health services in fragile settings in Uganda
reintegration strategy: creating conditions for peaceful
coexistence between youth internally displaced Strengthening national and sub-national capacity for
persons, returnees and host community members improved management of the tuberculosis programme
in Uganda
Promotion of economic advancement through
community engagement Strengthening the management of tuberculosis health
care among migrants and refugees in urban settings
Objective 3 Supporting health and livelihood of vulnerable
Strengthening border management in land and communities, specifically youth and women, in
air border posts through stronger infrastructure, migrant settings and host communities
processes and border information integrated systems Implementing an integrated approach to address the
sexual reproductive health and rights, HIV prevention,
treatment care and support services for migrants
UGANDA and host communities in refugee settlement areas,
including urban settings
Funding requirements: USD 26,561,360 Objective 2
Principle 1 Promoting refugee job placement in Uganda
Support to Uganda’s immigration training academy Supporting migrants in refugee hosting districts and
refugees in urban areas
Technical support to the Government of Uganda to
finalize the national migration policy Supporting emergency water and sanitation service
delivery for refugees and host communities in Uganda
Principle 2
Strengthening social cohesion and stability in slum
Support to the National Coordination Mechanism on populations among refugee and host communities
migration (NCM)
Integration and social cohesion among refugee and
Strengthen evidence-based migration policy and host communities
programming through the Migration Profile
Expanding IOM field offices activities to incorporate
Support research on sustainable water, sanitation and basic English speaking lessons for migrants
hygiene service delivery in the refugee and hosting
Promoting IOM involvement in field location activities
communities in Uganda
to develop host community capacities
Strengthening tracking systems to improve retention
in HIV care of migrant populations in Karamoja region Objective 3
(sex workers, truck drivers, minors and pastoralists)
Support to Uganda’s immigration training academy
(KARUNA project)
UN joint programme support to cross-border peace
Principle 3 and development
Support to Uganda’s immigration training academy Secure borders for Uganda
UN joint programme support to cross-border peace Better migration management programme
and development Provide pre-departure health assessment and fitness
Support partnerships with academia on sustainable to travel check services aiming to reduce the public
renewable energy for water and sanitation provision health expenditure and promote the health migrants

22 Migration Initiatives 2018


East Africa and the Horn of Africa

Expand IOM-managed migrants surface transportation


to cover Northern and West Nile settlements
Objective 2
Pursue IOM movement management for labour Providing humanitarian support to Burundian and
migration beneficiaries bound to the Middle East Congolese asylum seekers and refugees in Tanzania
(2018)
Comprehensive Migration Management Strategy –
UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA Registration of Irregular Migrants in Western Tanzania
(2018−2019)
Funding requirements: USD 9,688,000 Objective 3
Principle 1 Enhancing health promotion and assistance to
migrants and host communities in Northwest United
United Nations joint proposal for Kigoma: addressing Republic of Tanzania (2018−2020)
violence against women and children (2017−2019)
Enhancing the capacity of the Tanzanian government
United Nations joint proposal on programme
on the implementation of health-related international
for the protection and well-being of people with
standards focusing on cross-border areas (2018−2020)
albinism (PWAs) in the United Republic of Tanzania
(2018−2019) Integrating comprehensive health services at
three selected one-stop border posts (through the
Principle 2 establishment of wellness centres (2018−2020)
Supporting the finalization of the diaspora policy for Enhancing migration management in African states
the United Republic of Tanzania (2018−2019) through capacity building on immigration and border
Supporting the government of the United Republic management and countering irregular migration
of Tanzania in developing a diaspora database (2017−2018)
(2018−2020) Healthy miners in healthy communities in Geita region,
Improved availability and use of data at national and United Republic of Tanzania (2017−2020)
local government authority levels (2018−2019)

Objective 1 Muramba VTC, Rwanda, where 100 people


Enhancing labour migration governance in the United affected by landslides are being trained in welding,
Republic of Tanzania through strengthening the mechanic, masonry and tailoring. © IOM 2017
capacity of private recruitment agencies (2018−2020) (Photo: Amanda Nero)

Funding requirements 23
Southern Africa

Madagascar is one of the


countries most affected by
climate change, cyclically
ridden by droughts and floods,
and battered by cyclones of
increased intensity. © IOM 2017
(Photo: Nathalie Oren)

SOUTHERN
AFRICA
24 Migration Initiatives 2018
Southern Africa

SOUTHERN AFRICA
Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional initiatives 3,500,000 6,500,000 3,500,000 4,000,000 5,500,000 3,800,000 26,800,000
Angola - 600,000 600,000 500,000 600,000 500,000 2,800,000
Botswana 200,000 600,000 300,000 750,000 650,000 850,000 3,350,000
Comoros 150,000 50,000 150,000 300,000 - 200,000 850,000
Democratic Republic
250,000 3,250,000 3,900,000 8,980,000 4,800,000 2,400,000 23,580,000
of the Congo
Lesotho 100,000 250,000 100,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 500,000 2,950,000
Madagascar 100,000 250,000 195,000 500,000 600,000 450,000 2,095,000
Malawi 150,000 1,950,000 100,000 300,000 950,000 650,000 4,100,000
Mauritius 100,000 250,000 150,000 750,000 200,000 350,000 1,800,000
Mozambique 100,000 1,000,000 500,000 1,475,000 2,700,000 1,755,000 7,530,000
Namibia 1,000,000 350,000 600,000 1,500,000 350,000 4,000,000 7,800,000
Seychelles 100,000 - - 400,000 - - 500,000
South Africa - 600,000 500,000 10,000,000 - 3,000,000 14,100,000
Swaziland - 400,000 300,000 500,000 - 800,000 2,000,000
Zambia - 900,000 - 3,000,000 350,000 500,000 4,750,000
Zimbabwe 100,000 1,000,000 - 500,000 6,500,000 300,000 8,400,000
Total 5,850,000 17,950,000 10,895,000 34,455,000 24,200,000 20,055,000 113,405,000
Technical assistance and capacity-building for the
REGIONAL INITIATIVES collection, analysis, sharing and dissemination of
migration related data across relevant thematic areas
Funding requirements: USD 26,800,000 based on existing recommendations of regional bodies,
namely the Common Market for East and Southern
Principle 1 Africa, the Southern African Development Community
and the Indian Ocean Commission
Promoting the ratification and future implementation
of regional instruments facilitating the free movement Support governments in Southern Africa to ensure
of persons in the Southern African Development delivery on SDG indicator 10.7 and other migration-
Community and the Common Market for East related goals focusing on well-managed migration
and Southern Africa regions and comprehensive policies and facilitate their effective contribution to
capacity-building and awareness raising for the Global Compact on Migration
concerned governments on related thematic areas,
including migration management, labour and human Principle 3
development, immigration and border management Establish mechanisms to foster stronger partnerships
and migration health with regional bodies and other relevant actors to
Advocating for the ratification of the United Nations ensure the implementation of the Joint Labour
Convention on Migrant Workers among countries in Migration Programme spearheaded by the African
Southern Africa and provide technical assistance in Union Commission at the regional level, in Southern
the introduction of the instrument at the national Africa
level Strengthen strategic engagements with entities such
Building African leadership in migration health global as the Pan-African Parliament, the New Partnership
discourses: Technical assistance to governments in for Africa’s Development and the African Peer Review
Southern Africa for the implementation of the World Mechanism to mainstream key migration issues across
Health Assembly 70.24 on the health of migrants a range of development and policy making processes
and refugees and its migration and health global Develop joint research activities on key migration
framework issues relevant to the region with identified think-
tanks and members of academia
Principle 2
Objective 1
Advocate for and support the development of a
regional integrated migration policy framework in Sensitization and technical assistance to Southern
the Southern African Development Community and African Development Community Member States
initiate mechanisms to promote similar regional towards the operationalization of the Policy Framework
migration policy programs in regional blocks such as on Portability of Accrued Social Security Benefits for
the Indian Ocean Commission migrant labour sectors

Funding requirements 25
Southern Africa

Technical support to regional economic commissions


(the Common Market for East and Southern Africa, the ANGOLA
Southern African Development Community and the
Indian Ocean Commission) to strengthen South-South Funding requirements: USD 2,800,000
labour mobility through the generation of rights based
and protection sensitive bilateral/multi-lateral labour
agreements Principle 2
Technical assistance and capacity building to regional Developing a Migration Profile for the improvement
economic commissions (Southern African Development of migration governance in Angola
Community and Indian Ocean Commission) to Completion of the initiative to adopt a migration policy
strengthen the delivery of health services and right to improve migration management in Angola
to health along the mobility continuum of people in
Southern Africa, including cross-border migration, Principle 3
transport corridors, mix migration flows, urban
settlements and mining-related migration. This Building the capacities of civil society organizations to
includes discussions on mobile-health for continuity of improve migrant protection and assistance services
care and social portability funds. Building partnerships with relevant stakeholders,
including local authorities, academic institutions and
Objective 2 the media to prevent and combat trafficking in persons
Migration, environment and climate change in Mapping of the Angolan diaspora in selected
Southern Africa and Indian Ocean: Strengthening destination countries and mobilization of resources for
the knowledge base on the relationship between enterprise development
migration and environmental change, including
climate change, to inform the formulation of related Objective 1
national and regional policy and operational planning
including links between disaster risk management and Assistance to the Government of Angola in updating
climate change adaptation plans counter trafficking tools: mobilizing broad partnerships
and developing an action plan to prevent and protect
Migrants in Countries in Crisis in Southern Africa and migrants
Indian Ocean: Capacity-building of governments to
ensure crisis planning including steps that need to be Supporting the Government of Angola initiatives and
taken to guarantee the safety of migrants and ensure efforts to develop comprehensive counter trafficking
their long term livelihoods through employment and smuggling policies to address irregular migration
opportunities and the inclusion of refugees or relocated from and towards Angola
internally displaced persons in labour markets
Objective 2
Provision of technical assistance to governments
to strengthen international health Regulation Training on humanitarian border management for
core capacity through the health border mobility border officials and local authorities and other relevant
management framework actors, including rural leaders and the private sector,
to enhance understanding and improve migration data
Objective 3 management in displacement situations

Increase the capacity of Governments in coordinated/ Assisting affected migrants during emergency crisis,
integrated border management within a regional including camp coordination and camp management
corridor approach Expanding capacity-building for local authorities in
Awareness and advocacy campaigns to combat stigma developing displacement tracking capabilities within
and discrimination against migrants and migrant Angola, as a continuation of camp coordination and
health across the Southern Africa region camp management initiatives

Continue supporting the implementation of the Objective 3


Southern African Development Community regional
action plan on mixed migration by providing assisted Capacity-building on humanitarian border
voluntary return and reintegration assistance to management in Angola: capacitation of borders
stranded migrants and victims of trafficking in officials for better migration management
partnership with host governments, UN agencies and Strengthening pre-departure health assessment
NGOs programmes for migrants

26 Migration Initiatives 2018


Southern Africa

Pre-departure health screenings for beneficiaries of


BOTSWANA resettlement programmes and assisted voluntary
return
Funding requirements: USD 3,350,000 Supporting the government in addressing the
health needs of migrants, with focus on sexual and
Principle 1 reproductive health and HIV
Development of a national migration health strategy
for Botswana in line with international standards and
provisions COMOROS
Principle 2 Funding requirements: USD 850,000
Development of a national Migration Profile to inform
evidence-based policy making in Botswana Principle 1
Supporting government in the development of a Promoting the protection of vulnerable migrants’
comprehensive national migration policy rights, and promoting the inclusion of migrants in
Comoros’ development planning
Principle 3
Principle 2
Prioritizing migration-related Sustainable Development
Goals programming in Botswana Baseline assessment on natural disaster-induced mass
displacement preparedness and response in Grande
Objective 1 Comore
Supporting government in implementing labour
migration management interventions
Principle 3
Providing support to relevant actors to address the Developing sustainable diaspora engagement in
basic needs of vulnerable migrant children, including support of the Government of Comoros
shelter
Objective 1
Promoting an integrated response to combating
trafficking in persons and supporting the government Establishing conditions for sustainable diaspora
in improving protection mechanisms for vulnerable engagement
migrants and strengthening referral mechanisms Implementing priority actions for Comoros under the
Tuberculosis detection and treatment support to IOM/Indian Ocean Commission regional strategy on
mobile populations migration and health

Objective 2 Objective 3
Supporting the government in developing a national Supporting the safe return to Comoros and
disaster management programme inspired by the reintegration of vulnerable Comorian migrants
Migration Crisis Operational Framework and a
contingency plan to assist migrants in crisis situations DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Expanding local capacities in camp coordination OF THE CONGO
and camp management, disaster risk reduction and
migrants in crisis situations at national, sub-national
and community levels Funding requirements: USD 23,580,000
Development of contingency plans that ensure safety Principle 1
and access to assistance for migrants during times of
crisis Support the development of a labour migration policy
for the Democratic Republic of the Congo in line with
Collaborating with UNHCR in capacity-building of
international standards
frontline government officials and providing shelter
and non-food items for persons of concern, including Support the implementation of the global health
asylum seekers and refugees agenda and its provisions for migrants in the
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Objective 3
Principle 2
Strengthening cultural orientation programmes
provided for refugees who are to be resettled Baseline study on counter-trafficking around mining
Providing assisted voluntary return support to sites
vulnerable migrants in response to referrals made by Update of the Migration Profile of the Democratic
frontline officials and other relevant officials Republic of the Congo

Funding requirements 27
Southern Africa

Assessment of border management in the Eastern Improving livelihoods around mining sites in Eastern
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo to promote
Assessment of global health and humanitarian border responsible minerals trade and creation and
management monitoring of conflict free supply chains

Implementation of the displacement tracking matrix Migration health programme around mining sites
in response to the displacement crisis in North-Kivu, Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Tanganyika and Kasai Awareness-raising campaign for the promotion of
migrant workers’ rights in the Democratic Republic of
Principle 3 the Congo
Supporting the establishment of a platform to advocate
Objective 2
for the fight against trafficking in human beings
Partnership with Stanford University regarding Facilitating the socioeconomic reintegration of
the registration of internally displaced persons in migrants and supporting migrant reception centres in
displacement sites in North-Kivu the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Promotion of youth employment through Providing an emergency response to internally


entrepreneurship and development of micro- displaced persons in the Kasai region
enterprises as an alternative to irregular migration, Camp coordination and camp management and
including community agriculture areas information management in North-Kivu and Tanganyika
Support the facilitation of diaspora investments
Objective 3
Objective 1 Facilitating the socioeconomic reintegration of
Improving global health security through strengthening returned migrants
Government’s capacity to prevent, detect and respond Promoting good management of labour migration
to diseases outbreaks and other public health events and professional mobility in the Democratic Republic
at border spaces in Eastern Democratic Republic of the of Congo
Congo Strengthening comprehensive mental health
Engaging with the Government on prevention, support and community reintegration for vulnerable
prosecution, protection and partnerships to fight populations in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of
against trafficking in persons the Congo

The sustainable return and


reintegration programme assisted
77 returnees (most of them living
in the Democratic Republic of the
Congo) with professional training
(hairdressing, welding, tailoring,
carpentry, knitting). © IOM 2017
(Photo: Amanda Nero)

28 Migration Initiatives 2018


Southern Africa

in Madagascar’s development programming and


LESOTHO humanitarian response

Funding requirements: USD 2,950,000 Principle 2


Improving trafficking in persons data collection and
Principle 1 reporting
Strengthening migration data (internal, cross-border, Strengthening coordination amongst national
and environmental displacement) in order to improve stakeholders for more effective implementation of the
the protection of vulnerable migrants and fulfil the national anti-trafficking response
rights of Basotho and other migrants in Lesotho in
cooperation with the Ministry of Home Affairs Baseline assessment on migrants and cities in
Madagascar: Challenges and opportunities for
Principle 2 sustainable urban and peri-urban management
Strengthening migration data (internal, cross-border, Streamlining natural disaster-induced displacement
and environmental displacement) in order to improve tracking and monitoring data for disaster risk reduction
the protection of vulnerable migrants and fulfil the planning
rights of Basotho and other migrants in Lesotho in
cooperation with the Ministry of Home Affairs Principle 3
Supporting cross-border cooperation of Southwestern
Principle 3 Indian Ocean Islands States immigration, policy, and
Technical assistance to migration-related SDG judiciary officials for effective assistance to vulnerable
programming at the national level in Lesotho in migrants and prosecution of traffickers and smugglers
cooperation with the Ministry of Development and Establishing conditions for sustainable diaspora
Planning engagement
Technical Support to the Government of Lesotho for Supporting the security sector reform in Madagascar:
the Global Compact on Migration in cooperation with Integrated border management
the Ministry of Home Affairs
Objective 1
Objective 1
Strengthened capacities for improved protection and
Promoting an integrated governance response to prosecution on trafficking in persons in Madagascar
combat trafficking in persons in Lesotho in cooperation
with the Ministry of Home Affairs Establishing conditions for sustainable diaspora
engagement
Objective 2 Implementing priority actions for Madagascar under
Strengthening border management, implementing the IOM/Indian Ocean Commission regional strategy
peacebuilding activities among the border on migration and health
communities, and reducing cross-border conflicts over Enabling effective national stakeholders’ coordination
resources and livestock between Lesotho and South on labour migration management in Madagascar
Africa in targeted districts
Objective 2
Objective 3
Supporting community-based demobilization and
Strengthening labour migration management and reintegration efforts in Southern Madagascar
facilitating circular labour migration with other South
African Development Community countries and Streamlining natural disaster-induced displacement
diaspora engagement for remittances, skills transfers tracking and monitoring data for disaster risk reduction
and exchange programmes in Lesotho in cooperation planning
with the Ministry of Labour and Employment Scaling up successful community stabilization
initiatives in regions affected by the drought
MADAGASCAR Objective 3
Funding requirements: USD 2,095,000 Supporting the security sector reform in Madagascar:
Integrated border management
Principle 1 Enabling effective national stakeholders coordination
on labour migration management in Madagascar
Promoting the protection of vulnerable migrants’
rights, and promoting the inclusion of migrants Implementing the tuberculosis detection programme

Funding requirements 29
Southern Africa

MALAWI Principle 3
Strengthening partnerships with the Government
Funding requirements: USD 4,100,000 of Malawi, the donor community, UN agencies,
embassies, and civil society organizations to provide
Principle 1 durable solutions for the protection of vulnerable
migrant groups
Supporting the Government of Malawi in
strengthening the capacity of cross-border teams in Objective 1
the prevention, investigation, prosecution, protection
Addressing the human right violations being meted out
and management of trafficking offences committed
to members of the society who are living with albinism
against people with albinism
Enhancing the capacity of policymakers, government
Principle 2 officers and other stakeholders in managing labour
migration
Supporting the government in developing a national
migration policy for Malawi Objective 2
Enhancing the capacity of the Government of Malawi
Supporting the Government of Malawi in establishing
on labour migration management a comprehensive system to collect and disseminate
Supporting the Government of Malawi in strengthening data on internally displaced persons in Malawi through
migration management through the expansion of the the displacement tracking matrix system.
Migration Information and Data Analysis System Building capacities of frontline officers on the
Supporting the Government of Malawi in establishing protection of vulnerable migrants
a comprehensive system to collect and disseminate
data on internally displaced persons in Malawi through Displacement Tracking Matrix exercise in Malawi.
the displacement tracking matrix system © IOM 2015

30 Migration Initiatives 2018


Southern Africa

Implementing priority actions for Mauritius under the


Objective 3 IOM/Indian Ocean Commission regional strategy on
Cultural orientation and pre-departure health migration and health
screenings for resettlement programme beneficiaries
Objective 2
Enhancing the capacity of the Government of Malawi
on labour migration management. Migration and environmental change, including
Facilitate tuberculosis screening for migrants who climate change: Alternative livelihood programmes
intend to stay in the United Kingdom for six months in vulnerable sites to build resilience among ‘trapped
or more populations’

Assessing border management capacities in Malawi Objective 3


Building capacities of frontline officers on the Supporting the return and reintegration of Mauritian
protection of vulnerable migrants beneficiaries of IOM assisted voluntary return and
reintegration programmes

MAURITIUS Providing client assistance and registration/


processing services for Canada-bound visa applicants
through the Canada Visa Application Center
Funding requirements: USD 1,800,000
Providing pre-departure orientation, on site
Principle 1 monitoring, and pre-return reintegration support for
Mauritian migrant workers heading to Canada under
Promoting the protection of migrants’ rights, and Francophone Mobility Schemes
promoting the inclusion of migrants in Mauritius’
development planning
MOZAMBIQUE
Principle 2
Baseline assessment on migration data in Mauritius: Funding requirements: USD 7,530,000
Evidence for supporting the development and
implementation of the national migration policy Principle 1
Enabling effective national stakeholders’ coordination Supporting Government of Mozambique in the
on labour migration management in Mauritius introduction of the International Convention on the
Conducting a labour market situation analysis in Rights of All Migrant Workers and their Families in
the Mozambican legal framework
Mauritius to help address the issues related to skills
mismatch
Principle 2
Conducting a baseline study on the Mauritian diaspora
Development of a Mozambique Migration Profile and
contribution to national development in one priority
research on mixed and irregular migration movements,
destination country
including migrant smuggling
Conducting a labour market skills gap analysis in Supporting the development of a national migration
priority destination countries policy framework and strategy
Principle 3 Migration, environment and climate change: Evidence
for policy in Mozambique – Phase II
Developing a pilot Mauritian diaspora engagement
programme Strengthening and expanding the displacement
tracking matrix
Objective 1
Principle 3
Establishing and pilot-testing an industry-based
Supporting cross-border cooperation between
monitoring mechanism to ensure ethical recruitment
Mozambique, Malawi and the United Republic of
practices by employment agencies and preventing
Tanzania to fight cross-border trafficking and enhance
abuse of migrant workers in Mauritius
the protection of vulnerable migrants, including
South-South circular migration: Targeted programme unaccompanied migrant children
for qualified Mauritian workers to be placed in another
partner country of Africa Objective 1
Establishing a migration helpdesk to support informed Assisting the Government of Mozambique to
decision-making among potential migrants in implement the national referral mechanism for victims
Rodrigues of trafficking

Funding requirements 31
Southern Africa
Support to the implementation of the national action
plan on mixed migration
Strengthening law enforcement and prosecution
NAMIBIA
capacities to fight human trafficking
Funding requirements: USD 7,800,000
Supporting community based approaches to
preventing trafficking of persons with albinism and
reducing their exclusion and vulnerability
Principle 1
Improving migrant families and migrant communities Promotion of South-South labour migration through
access to essential healthcare services in Gaza Province the establishment of bilateral labour agreements to
protect migrant workers’ rights
Improving protection mechanisms for migrant workers,
targeting artisanal mining workers in Mozambique, by Continued support to the alignment of labour
empowering artisanal miners and potential miners, migration issues with ratified international,
implementing the recommendations of a regional continental and Southern African Development
(Mozambique, Angola and Democratic Republic of the Community instruments, standards and guidelines
Congo) research project on artisanal mining through cooperation with the Government

Objective 2 Principle 2
Enhancing protection and preventing exploitation and Support to the creation of an inter-ministerial working
abuse in emergency settings in Mozambique – Phase II group on migration with the existing committee for
Community stabilization programme in Manica the coordination of labour migration activities
Province for internally displaced persons communities Assessment on border management and migration
Strengthening Mozambique’s humanitarian response trends
for migrants and internally displaced persons in
relation to HIV/AIDS in the context of emergencies Principle 3
Strengthening resilience and improving sexual and Establishment of partnerships on health issues for the
reproductive health system delivery for internally implementation of IOM’s health, border and mobility
displaced persons living outside formal resettlement management programme
camp areas in the Province of Zambezia
Mapping of the Namibian diaspora in selected
Improving decentralized emergency and rapid destination countries
response capacity in Mozambique - Phase II
Support to the establishment and development of
Rehabilitation of a multiuse water distribution system
public private partnerships on migration, including
and strengthening community structures in provincial
reducing remittances and recruitment fees
and district risk management processes with emphasis
on water management
Objective 1
Objective 3 Strengthening coordination to respond to trafficking
Supporting the establishment of migrant in persons and ensure justice and protection for all
accommodation centres and reception centres for victims of trafficking
returning migrants Strengthening capacity-building activities on migration
Supporting the Governments of Mozambique, and development
Malawi and the United Republic of Tanzania in the Promoting the development of a national diaspora
implementation of the cross-border cooperation
engagement strategy, including remittance transfers
plan on preventing and combating trafficking and
preventing crimes against people with albinism Support to the creation of Namibian diaspora
Strengthening integrated border management in associations through increased institutional capacities
Mozambique through capacity-building and technical and adequate legal and policy framework
assistance
Objective 2
Supporting the Government of Mozambique
in addressing the situation of Mozambicans in Building resilience to droughts, fire and flooding in the
Swaziland, Malawi, Zimbabwe and South Africa northern regions of Namibia
Support to the Government’s disaster risk management
initiatives and capacity through the establishment of
information management systems

Objective 3
Integrated border management programme

32 Migration Initiatives 2018


Southern Africa

Provision of assisted voluntary return and reintegration Facilitating access to compensation systems for
support for vulnerable and stranded migrants occupational diseases and hazards for migrant mine
workers
Development and implementation of a comprehensive
communication strategy to raise awareness on the Combating labour trafficking in Western Cape
labour migration policy among all relevant stakeholders Decreasing HIV vulnerability among young women
Promotion of South-South labour migration through affected by migration
the establishment of bilateral labour agreements to
protect migrant workers’ rights Objective 3
Advocacy on migrant health through the development Supporting the Border Management Authority (BMA)
of a national strategy on migration and health in South Africa
Facilitating assisted voluntary return and reintegration
from South Africa
SEYCHELLES
Funding requirements: USD 500,000 SWAZILAND
Principle 1 Funding requirements: USD 2,000,000
Promoting the protection of vulnerable migrants’
rights, and promoting the inclusion of migrants in the
Principle 2
Seychelles’ development planning Migration profile for Swaziland to ensure a greater
understanding of the current migration situation in
Objective 1 the country and develop skills to continue providing
information on to policymakers and other relevant
Supporting national counter-trafficking efforts
institutions
Implementing priority actions for the Seychelles under
the IOM/Indian Ocean Commission regional strategy Principle 3
on migration and health
Integration of migration-related SDGs within IOM
interventions in Swaziland
SOUTH AFRICA Support to the Kingdom of Swaziland for the
implementation of outcomes from MIDSA and the
Funding requirements: USD 14,100,000 Global Compact on Migration

Principle 2 Objective 1
Strengthening mechanisms to combat irregular
Support to the Department of Home Affairs to improve
migration, including trafficking in persons, and protect
the management and analysis of migration data unaccompanied children
Building capacities to promote evidence-based policy
making on migration Objective 3
Strengthening border management to support
Principle 3 collection and analysis of migration related data,
Countering xenophobia, mitigating conflicts and and promoting automated and integrated systems
promoting reconciliation in South Africa contributing towards a one-stop border post
Strengthening labour migration management to
Objective 1 support and facilitate bilateral agreements with
Managing migratory flows to South Africa in the pre- potential destination countries, skills transfer and
departure stage exchange programmes, diaspora engagement, and
strengthening the protection of labour migrants
Protecting unaccompanied and vulnerable migrant
children in South Africa Operationalization of the labour migration policy in
Swaziland
Strengthening inclusiveness, integration and
sustainability in informal urban settlements in South
Africa
Supporting mine workers’ access to tuberculosis
treatment and establishing linkages with HIV/AIDS care

Funding requirements 33
Southern Africa

ZAMBIA Principle 2
Promoting migration governance in Zimbabwe through
Funding requirements: USD 4,750,000 strengthened institutional capacity for the coordination
of migration management and the preparation of a
Principle 2 detailed technical needs and capacity assessment on
migration governance and consultative processes
Enhancing evidence based migration-related
policymaking and planning in Zambia Providing capacity-building assistance to the inter-
ministerial committee on migration and the national
Strengthening monitoring of migrant health and migration coordination directorate to coordinate
disease surveillance systems in Zambia migration governance initiatives
Supporting counter-trafficking and mixed migration Promoting migration governance in Zimbabwe
coordination efforts through a coherent and gender sensitive migration
management policy framework and providing support
Objective 1 to the inter-ministerial committee on migration to in
Strengthening labour migration management and the the development of sector specific migration policies
protection of migrant workers: Policy development and action plans
and implementation in Zambia Comprehensive border assessment and immigration
Enhancing diaspora engagement for development in policy to enhance integrated border management
Zambia capacities in Zimbabwe
Strengthening of port health and disease surveillance Objective 1
systems in Zambia with focus on cross-border
populations Harnessing the development potential of the
Zimbabwean diaspora
Enhancing health promotion and assistance to
populations in selected spaces of vulnerability in Objective 2
Zambia
Providing human security assistance to flood affected
Addressing gender-based violence in populations
households in Tsholotsho District
affected by migration
Coordinated protection, promotion and enforcement
Supporting alternatives to detention for vulnerable
of human rights for vulnerable groups, including
migrants
internally displaced persons in Zimbabwe
Protecting migrants from violence, abuse,
Strengthening human rights monitoring and protection
discrimination, exploitation and neglect
in Zimbabwe
Objective 2 Objective 3
Enhancing local capacities in camp coordination and
Mainstreaming protection against gender based
camp management and disaster risk management at
violence among Zimbabwean migrants returned from
subnational and community levels in high risk districts
South Africa
Objective 3
Strengthening border management in Zambia

ZIMBABWE
Funding requirements: USD 8,400,000
Principle 1
Promoting migration governance in Zimbabwe
through improved migration legislation, service
provision and communication for the protection of
migrant rights in line with regional and international
protocols

34 Migration Initiatives 2018


Southern Africa

The district of Ambovombe in the Androy region of


Madagascar is chronically affected by drought and
famine resulting in a daily fight to find food and water.
Many people have had to sell their livestock and land,
and migrate to other regions to find employment.
© IOM 2017 (Photo: Nathalie Oren)

Funding requirements 35
WEST AND
CENTRAL AFRICA
Chris is thirteen years old. He left Liberia because
of poverty and Ebola. He saw on the BBC that the
trip to the Mediterranean was very dangerous and
he did not want to die there. When we started
looking for his family, IOM did not have much more
than some incoherent information. Then, thanks
to the support of the ICRC, IOM could contact his
grandfather back in Liberia. He told IOM that Chris’s
mother was still in Mauritania, but in another city.
IOM could find her and Chris’ little brother. © IOM
2017 (Photo: Sibylle Desjardins)
WEST AND CENTRAL AFRICA
Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional initiatives 410,000 3,160,684 150,000 2,550,000 150,000 150,000 6,570,684
Burkina Faso - 100,000 - 2,682,928 - 2,768,704 5,551,632
Cabo Verde 300,000 1,400,000 - - 200,000 700,000 2,600,000
Cameroon - 1,500,000 - 2,500,000 500,000 3,300,000 7,800,000
Central African
6,000,000 - - 55,550,000 7,500,000 69,050,000
Republic
Chad 150,000 600,000 950,000 7,250,000 1,650,000 3,250,000 13,850,000
Congo 100,000 - - - 100,000 100,000 300,000
Côte d'Ivoire 2,000,000 800,000 500,000 2,000,000 200,000 3,000,000 8,500,000
Gabon 100,000 - - - 100,000 100,000 300,000
Gambia, The 1,300,000 925,000 1,033,000 10,770,000 100,000 1,716,000 15,844,000
Ghana 270,000 - 500,000 1,100,000 630,000 - 2,500,000
Guinea 2,000,000 750,000 2,000,000 3,500,000 1,575,000 875,000 10,700,000
Guinea-Bissau 700,000 50,000 - 6,000,000 1,140,000 200,000 8,090,000
Liberia 300,000 50,000 1,300,000 1,600,000 2,500,000 500,000 6,250,000
Mali 3,500,000 1,600,000 700,000 3,200,000 1,700,000 650,000 11,350,000
Mauritania 80,000 20,000 162,500 4,477,600 72,500 1,832,000 6,644,600
Niger 500,000 6,000,000 2,150,000 5,000,000 23,000,000 23,000,000 59,650,000
Nigeria 17,348,037 9,360,958 18,825,500 22,968,445 3,329,951 19,363,890 91,196,781
Senegal 1,350,000 650,000 2,110,000 5,000,000 5,620,000 3,500,000 18,230,000
Sierra Leone 175,000 100,000 350,000 5,400,000 1,200,000 - 7,225,000
Togo - - 200,000 400,000 - - 600,000
Total 36,583,037 27,066,642 30,931,000 141,948,973 51,267,451 65,005,594 352,802,697

REGIONAL INITIATIVES Principle 3


Second phase of the United States Department of
Funding requirements: USD 6,570,684 State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
(PRM) funded project Protecting vulnerable migrants
Principle 1 in West and Central Africa

Building capacities of governments to prepare for, Free movement and migration in West Africa
respond to and manage crisis-induced displacement Cooperation with the United Nations Economic
and improving understanding of mobility patterns Commission for Africa (ECCAS) to develop a regional
in the Economic Community of West African States capacity-building project aimed at strengthening
(ECOWAS) countries ECCAS’ capacity to promote free movement in Central
Africa
Second phase of the United States Department of
State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration Objective 1
(PRM) funded project Protecting vulnerable migrants
in West and Central Africa Migrants protection and reintegration
Second phase of the United States Department of
Principle 2 State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
(PRM) funded project Protecting vulnerable migrants
Building capacities of governments to prepare for,
in West and Central Africa
respond to and manage crisis-induced displacement
and improving understanding of mobility patterns in Objective 2
the ECOWAS countries
Second phase of the United States Department of
Global health security partner engagement: expanding State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
efforts and strategies to protect and improve public (PRM) funded project Protecting vulnerable migrants
health globally in West and Central Africa
Second phase of the United States Department of
State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
Objective 3
(PRM) funded project Protecting vulnerable migrants Second phase of the United States Department of
in West and Central Africa State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
West and Central Africa

(PRM) funded project Protecting vulnerable migrants in place to gather trustworthy and timely statistical
in West and Central Africa migration data. Although some institutions may have
information on immigration, data sharing practices
remain limited, many datasets are insufficient, and
BURKINA FASO data quality control systems are fragile. The Aliens and
Borders Department is not yet able to consolidate data
Funding requirements: USD 5,551,632 on the flows and stocks of foreigners in the country.
Available information does not offer insights in terms
Principle 2 of the profile of foreigners that are being attracted to
the country, their social integration or insertion and
Technical assistance for capacity-building on potential impact on the labour market. Immigration
readmission procedures related data must be collected and disseminated so
that government agencies can formulate strategic
Technical assistance for the optimization of migrant
information to inform proactive migration policies.
remittances
IOM is planning to address these challenges through
targeted capacity-building activities and research.
Objective 1
Combatting human trafficking in Burkina Faso Objective 2
Strengthening youth employability and An archipelago of volcanic origin, Cabo Verde is at
entrepreneurship to reduce the risks of irregular risk of different kinds of natural disasters, including
migration in the central eastern region of Burkina Faso volcano eruptions, floods and fires, among others.
Supporting sustainable land management and These events translate into internal displacement of
improved livelihoods in the Beguedo area through local populations and often the loss of livelihoods. IOM
incentive mechanisms and diaspora engagement is engaged in working closely with the Government of
Cabo Verde to upgrade its ability to respond to these
Objective 2 crises, provide protection to displaced people, and
create a regional consistent and coherent natural
Enhancing border security to counter terrorism in disaster response framework. With support from the
Burkina Faso United States Foreign Disaster Assistance Office, IOM
in collaboration with ECOWAS, proposes to support
national authorities and local NGOs through capacity-
CABO VERDE building, evacuation preparedness and disaster risk
reduction in Cabo Verde.
Funding requirements: USD 2,600,000
Objective 3
Principle 1
Cabo Verde does not yet have a national committee
While Cabo Verde continues to be a transit country or action plan to combat human trafficking.
for African migrants on their way to Europe, it Moreover, the distinction between human smuggling
is also increasingly becoming a destination for and trafficking is not yet well understood by relevant
migrants originating from ECOWAS countries, authorities, which translates in lower levels of
including Guinea-Bissau, Nigeria and Senegal. protection and support available to identify and
Anecdotal evidence shows that these migrants are assist victims. Cases of trafficking, primarily for sexual
often employed in construction sites and receive exploitation, have been on the increase and there is
low wages, work without contracts, and live in an urgent need to ensure that the Government of
marginalized conditions, creating vulnerabilities to Cabo Verde has the right tools and resources in place
forced labour. IOM’s objective is to assist Cabo Verde to respond to this challenge.
to improve the understanding of this phenomenon Specifically, IOM will work in close collaboration with
and address related challenges. IOM will also work the Public Ministry and Ministry of Internal Affairs
towards ensuring better protection for migrant to build the Government’s capacity to identify and
workers through awareness raising, stakeholders’ adequately respond to cases of human trafficking and
capacity building, and facilitating migrants’ access to smuggling, including through the provision of direct
basic services. support to victims.

Principle 2 The project of expansion and modernization of Praia


airport is under way and consists on the extension
While questions on the integration of foreigners, of the passenger terminal, the modernization of
border security and international migration flows the cargo terminal and the extension of the aircraft
are at the forefront of the media and international parking platform. The project also includes an
policy debate, there is increasing awareness of the increase in the number of check-in counters and
need to have reliable and efficient methodologies border posts.

38 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

The Airport and Air Security business plan for the Additionally, displacement often goes hand in hand
period 2012−2018 also includes the modernization of with loss of livelihoods, exacerbated by the unforgiving
the airport infrastructure of Sal and Boa Vista, both arid climate of this Sahelian region. As such, IOM aims
in progress, and works in São Vicente’s international to assist displaced populations through the distribution
airport. All this represents a total investment package of agriculture kits including seeds and tools to jump
of 62 million of euros. start their livelihood activities while simultaneously
contributing to improving food security amongst these
In this framework, IOM supports the Government of populations. IOM plans to combine this assistance with
Cabo Verde and provides its expertise and knowledge cash for work activities to revitalize local economy,
on border management thru capacity-building coupled with vocational training and SME training thus
assistance, equipment and software. building resilience and increasing the socio-economic
wellbeing of displaced populations.

CAMEROON Planned initiatives:


Psychosocial support to crisis affected populations in
Funding requirements: USD 7,800,000 Cameroon’s Far North Region
Increasing livelihood opportunities and promoting
Principle 2 pacific coexistence for refugees, IDPs, returnees and
selected host communities in the Far North Region of
IOM partners with the Government of Cameroon from
Cameroon
the national to the regional and sub regional level will
support regular transmission of reliable information Livelihood support to crisis affected populations
on crisis related and induced displacement. Since Strengthening local institutions for social protection
2014, the Far North Region has experienced of Cameroonians migrants workers living in Belgium:
important spill over from the Boko Haram crisis in The Order No. 159 / PM of 4 November 2008
neighbouring Nigeria. According to the latest DTM established a committee whose mission is to reflect
figures, over 300,000 are currently displaced in the on the modernization of social security in Cameroon.
Region. The government relies on this data to inform Among others, it was recommended to integrate and
policy, provide responses to vulnerable populations extend coverage to people on the sidelines, including
etc. Cameroon self-employed, migrant in Cameroon
Additionally, since the early 2000s, Cameroon’s and Cameroonians abroad. To achieve this goal,
eastern border has been hosting refugee populations the project will entail a feasibility study to give an
fleeing the ongoing conflict in the Central African overview of the advantages of the extension of social
Republic. Information on these people as well as security to Cameroonian migrant workers living in
baseline data related to their livelihoods and their Belgium. It will also give some recommendations on
how it could be possible to realize this extension.
relations with host communities will be important to
A survey made by a consultant in Belgium will also
informing government policy.
facilitate the completion of the feasibility study with
Finally, in an effort to build resilience and address information of the Cameroonian diaspora and Belgium
root causes for forced displacement and conflict, institutions on their opinions about this kind of social
IOM is providing baseline data on livelihoods as security management. Through the recommendation
they are affected by climate change and reducing from the feasibility study and some training delivering
vulnerabilities in close coordination with the to the institutional partners on social protection,
governments of Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon. government will get good practices and tools for a
better management of social security of their nationals
Planned initiatives: living abroad.
Displacement tracking for conflict affected populations Promoting remittances for sustainable development
in Cameroon’s Far North Region in Cameroon: The funds transferred by members
Human and livestock mobility tracking on the Central of the Cameroonian diaspora to their countries of
African Republic-Cameroon Border origin is estimated at US $ 1.2 billion in 2015, or
nearly 585 billion CFA francs, over a period of 2 years.
Objective 1 Nevertheless the question of transfer of funds is a
complex thematic that is not sufficiently assimilated at
Displaced populations primarily in the Far North the local level. It addresses several challenges, notably
region of Cameroon are directly exposed to all kinds of lack of clear data on the flow of funds and their use,
vulnerabilities. IOM aims to support the psychosocial lack of government education programmes and
wellbeing of populations affected by the Boko Haram orientations to maximize their family assets. That said,
crisis by providing individual and group counselling, the management of remittances and the mobilization
referrals, and community engagement activities to of resources is the subject of a new approach that
maximize cohesion between displaced populations seeks to channel migrants’ resources more towards
and host communities, as well as building and productive investments under the development
strengthening social ties and networks. programmes.

Funding requirements 39
West and Central Africa

to improve general protection and assistance given


Objective 2 to migrants in the region. In order to better respond
As the Far North region of Cameroon is characterized to migration issues, leaders have opted to promote
by displacements due to protracted insecurity related safe and regular migration, assist stranded migrants
to the Boko Haram insurgency. These displacements to voluntarily return to their countries of origin and
are often forced thus shelter is a primordial concern. provide them with reintegration assistance. According
Although many families stay with host families to data from the Ministry of External Relations of
(relatives, friends etc.), resources are stretched and Cameroon, there are over 66,000 Cameroonian
this situation is often untenable. Additionally, DTM labour migrants in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea,
data shows that there are particularly vulnerable 40,000 in France, 12,000 in Germany, 5,000 in the
people that sleep in open air as they do not have Netherlands, and 7,000 in the United States.
access to shelters. To provide relief to crisis affected
populations, IOM distributes NFI and shelter kits. Taking into consideration the unemployment situation
As the kits are limited in supply, IOM’s partner NGO in the country, the government of Cameroon has put in
recently released a recommendation document to place structures to promote the employment of youth
the humanitarian community reinforcing NFI/Shelter through professional reinsertion, and encourage the
kits as one the primary needs of the displaced return of Cameroonians in the diaspora.
populations in the region.
The United States Refugee Admission Programme CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
(USRAP) operates in Cameroon with a target of
providing resettlement opportunities to an average
of 100 or more refugees each year. IOM provides a Funding requirements: USD 69,050,000
range of services and support to the USRAP including,
but not limited to, case processing, migration health Principle 1
assessments, cultural orientation training, organized Assistance to victims of trafficking in persons
transportation and administration of a travel loan.
Technical cooperation on border management in the
Movement services for refugees travelling under IOM Central African Republic
auspices include the following:
• Travel documents including exit permits, transit Objective 1
visas;
Community violence reduction extension in Paoua
• Pre‐embarkation orientation;
Community violence reduction in Bambari and Paoua
• Transportation to and passenger handling at
Community stabilization for high-risk communities in
embarkation airports;
Ndele
• Assisted check‐in, help with customs and
immigration formalities; Community stabilization project for population at high
risk in the Central African Republic
• Arrangement of international and domestic air
tickets at reduced fares; Reinsertion of ex-combatants and former members of
armed groups in the Central African Republic
• Provision of operational or medical escorts for
refugees with special needs; and Consolidation of social cohesion, resilience and socio-
economic development support in the Central African
• Assistance in transit and on arrival. Republic
Objective 3 Objective 2
Lately, a large caseload of death, exploitation and Early recovery assistance to internal displaced
abuses have been recorded along the migratory route persons, returnees and host communities in the
from Africa to Europe raising attention for European Central African Republic
and African leaders to fully recognize the need to
manage the challenges together. Irregular migration Assistance to internal displaced persons in high-risk
through the central Mediterranean has become locations in the Central African Republic
more dangerous for migrants with at least one death Displacement Tracking Matrix: Continuation of data
registered for every 35 arrivals. 70 per cent of the collection on internal displaced persons flows in the
migrants interviewed by IOM upon arrival in Italy
Central African Republic
has confirmed to have been a victim in one way or
the other throughout their journey along the central Support to affected populations in Kaga-Bandoro
Mediterranean. This statistics explain the level of and the Kaga-Bandoro/Ndomette axis, Alindao,
complexity and danger associated to the migration Bangassou and Mobaye to improve living conditions
movement within the region. This highlights the need during emergencies and return processes

40 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

Socio-cultural activities organized by IOM in


CHAD Djamassinda, Central African Republic, as a part
of social cohesion initiatives. © IOM 2017 (Photo:
Funding requirements: USD 13,850,000 Amanda Nero)

Principle 1 Enhancing the government of Chad capacity to


manage its borders through integrated border
Increasing the local response capacity in Chad to management initiatives
assist stranded and vulnerable migrants through the
provision of health, legal and reintegration assistance Objective 1
Enhancing the understanding of and addressing European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the
internal migration trends of persons in Chad reinforcement of border management, and the
protection and integration of migrants – migrant
Principle 2 assistance and protection
Increasing the local response capacity in Chad to European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the
assist stranded and vulnerable migrants through the reinforcement of border management, and the
provision of health, legal and reintegration assistance protection and integration of migrants – facilitating
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the diaspora returnss
reinforcement of border management, and the Durable solutions for Chadian returnees from the
protection and integration of migrants- reinforcing Central African Republic and provision of assistance to
border management the host populations in the southern Chad
Principle 3 Addressing the demobilisation, reintegration and
resettlement of ex-Boko Haram combatants and local
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the militias in the Lake Chad region
reinforcement of border management, and the
protection and integration of migrants – enhancing Displacement tracking activities in the Lake Chad
government capacities region as well as in southern Chad

Increasing local response capacity in Chad to better Humanitarian assistance to internally displaced
understand internal migration and assist stranded persons and returnees in the Lake Chad region with
and vulnerable migrants through the provision of provision of food, NFIs and shelter.
health, legal and reintegration support. Refugee resettlement assistance

Funding requirements 41
West and Central Africa

Objective 2 CÔTE D’IVOIRE


Reinforcement of integrated border management,
the protection and the integration of migrants in Funding requirements: USD 8,500,000
Chad
Principle 1
Capacity-building initiatives for the Government of
Chad on Displacement Tracking Matrix activities In 2018, IOM will focus on reinforcing migrant
protection, reintegration and sensitization for both
Objective 3 Ivorian nationals and migrants present in Côte
d’Ivoire.
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the
reinforcement of border management, and the Historically and since its independence, Côte d’Ivoire
protection and integration of migrants – enhancing has been a popular destination country for migration
border management across West Africa. It has always attracted many
migrants, including seasonal workers, itinerant
Initiative for diaspora mapping and engagement and traders and residents, and mostly nationals of
addressing remittances management ECOWAS member neighbouring countries. According
Increasing local response capacity in Chad to assist to a recent household census conducted in 2013 by
stranded and vulnerable migrants through health, the Government of Côte d’Ivoire, migrants represent
legal and reintegration support 24 per cent of the Ivorian population.

Understanding and addressing internal migration Following years of the civil conflict, the migration
balance has shifted in recent times. More and more
challenges as well as the situation of Chadian
Ivorian nationals are migrating, and they often rely on
returnees from the Central African Republic and
smugglers and traffickers. Citing statistics on arrivals
Sudan
in Italy, Côte d’Ivoire is the fourth most represented
Follow-up training of border police, civil society nationality.
and relevant stakeholders in the established border Planned initiatives:
points of Lere and Daboua
Protection and reintegration in Côte d’Ivoire
Demobilisation, disassociation, reintegration and
reconciliation: Conflict dissolution and peace-building Information campaign on risks of irregular migration
in the Lake Chad region Capacity-building and assistance on trafficking in
Addressing information counselling and referral human beings
services in data registration and profiling systems for
Principle 2
the Boko Haram returnees who have surrendered
and subscribed to voluntary reintegration into The preparation of an updated Migration Profile for
communities in the Lake Chad region Côte d’Ivoire is ongoing with IOM’s support. The
Government of Côte d’Ivoire has been working on the
Reintegration assistance to migrants through
development of a comprehensive migration strategy.
psychosocial counselling services to migrant IOM will thus further support the development
communities in the Lake Chad region of the Migration Profile and the finalization of the
Migration Strategy. At the same time, IOM will
support the government in gathering more evidence
CONGO on the ground as to drivers for irregular migration
and possible alternative solutions and opportunities.
Funding requirements: USD 300,000 Planned initiatives:
Principle 1 Support to border management in Côte d’Ivoire –
Support to migration policy
Assisted voluntary return in the Congo
Reinforcing border security to support counter
Objective 2 terrorism in Côte d’Ivoire

Capacity-building support is disaster response in the Mapping of economic opportunities for society and
migrants, labour market and circular migration
Congo

Objective 3 Principle 3
Currently, 14 government ministries in Côte d’Ivoire
Assisted voluntary return in the Congo
are involved in migration management, with the
Ministry of Interior and Security acting as the lead

42 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

ministry and the ministry for Ivorians abroad as a Planned initiatives:


strong partner. IOM will work on strengthening the
Reinforcing border security to support counter
partnership, mainly through the establishment of a
terrorism in Côte d’Ivoire
technical steering committee for the protection and
reintegration of migrants and joint assessments. Support to border management in Côte d’Ivoire
IOM will continue to work with various embassies,
especially those from the ECOWAS region, civil society
Objective 3
organizations, and non-governmental agencies, to In 2018, IOM will continue to facilitate legal
promote migrants’ protection and welfare. migration by providing objective information to the
IOM will further support the government in general public, specifically to the youth. The Migrant
mobilizing the Ivorian diaspora through outreach, Information Centre will engage the Ivorian diaspora
communication and registration, and creating to educate potential migrants on safe migration
partnerships for development. and discuss the potential risks linked to irregular
movements.
Planned initiatives:
The provision of facilitated migration services,
Protection and reintegration in Côte d’Ivoire
including visa support, will continue to function and
Information campaign on risks of irregular migration will be used as a good example for legal migration
Support to border management in Côte d’Ivoire that meet the requirements of destination countries.

Reinforcing border security to support counter IOM will also seek to support the modernization of
terrorism in Côte d’Ivoire the border management framework in line with the
Security Sector Reform priorities proposed following
Objective 1 the end of the civil war. Specifically, IOM will seek
to strengthen the capacity of the government to
In Côte d’Ivoire, migrants and local communities share enhance border management mechanisms through
similar difficulties related to youth unemployment, effective training of its personnel, upgrade of
difficult access to the labour market and limited private communication systems, data collection, analysis
sector investments. and sharing as well as infrastructure upgrade at the
IOM aims at facilitating returns of Ivorian migrants Northern land borders.
to their communities of origin through reintegration
Planned initiatives:
initiatives targeting both returned and local community
members. Protection and reintegration in Côte d’Ivoire
In 2018, IOM plans to reinforce its community Reinforcing border security to support counter
stabilization initiatives, at central and regional levels, terrorism in Côte d’Ivoire
especially in border areas where the presence of
Enhancing peace and social cohesion at the Liberian
migrants and potential migrants is high.
border
Planned initiatives:
Mapping of economic opportunities for society and
Protection and reintegration in Côte d’Ivoire migrants, labour market and circular migration
Reinforcing border security to support counter Research project on diaspora investments and
terrorism in Côte d’Ivoire remittances
Enhancing peace and social cohesion at the Liberian Support to border management in Côte d’Ivoire
border
Information campaign on risks of irregular migration
Mapping of economic opportunities for society and
migrants, labour market and circular migration
Research project on diaspora investments and GABON
remittances
Support to border management in Côte d’Ivoire Funding requirements: USD 300,000
Information campaign on risks of irregular migration Principle 1
Objective 2 Capacity-building support to counter trafficking of
children from Benin and Togo in Gabon
IOM will continue to work on inter-agency
coordination, in particular in border areas. Trainings Objective 2
on humanitarian border management will, for
example, focus on human rights-based approach in Supporting disaster preparedness and disaster risk
response to sudden cross-border movements. reduction in Gabon

Funding requirements 43
West and Central Africa

European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for migrant


Objective 3 protection and reintegration: capacity-building and
Capacity-building support to counter trafficking of data collection
children from Benin and Togo in Gabon Providing durable solutions of assisted voluntary
return and reintegration along the Central
Mediterranean route
GAMBIA, THE
Migrants have access to, and opt for alternatives
to irregular migration, including data collection
Funding requirements: USD 15,844,000 and training to community-based organizations on
participatory research
Principle 1
Reinforcing stability, peace and reconciliation in Foni,
Irregular migration, especially of the youth, is of West Coast region, the Gambia
great concern to the Gambia. While one of the
smaller countries in West Africa, Gambian nationals Principle 3
represent an important share of irregular migration
The newly formed government of the Gambia
to Italy from the region, with 11,929 arrivals in 2016 is increasingly open to include migration in the
(6.6% of the total). The majority of migrants leaving country’s agenda. IOM will provide technical and
the Gambia, however, remain within West Africa. financial support to accompany the process. IOM will
Some of them get stranded on the way to Europe, also reinforce partnerships, both with state and non-
often in Libya and Niger, with no means to continue state actors, including with the Gambian diaspora.
the journey.
Planned initiatives:
The European Union Trust Fund-IOM joint initiative
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for migrant
for migrant protection and reintegration in the
protection and reintegration: coordination and liaison
Gambia aims to protect the security, dignity and
with the Inter-Ministerial Committee on Migration
rights of migrants along this important and dangerous
migration route and to contribute to improving the Identification of community-based organizations to
reintegration of returnees through an innovative support alternatives to irregular migration
approach. Employment creation for youth to build sustainable
Planned initiatives: peace in the Gambia

European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for Objective 1


migrant protection and reintegration: cash grant for
reintegration and awareness raising In the Gambia, migrants and local communities share
similar difficulties related to youth unemployment,
Principle 2 insufficient educational opportunities, scarce
availability of basic and advanced trainings to access the
IOM is supporting the reactivation of an Inter- labour market and limited private sector investments.
Ministerial Committee on Migration, in view of IOM aims at facilitating returns in a humane and
ensuring a participative approach to address the dignified manner for migrants and their communities
structural, legislative, policy, and operational support of origin, through reintegration initiatives targeting
needs identified at national and local levels. both returnees and local community members.
IOM is supporting the government on the draft In 2018, IOM plans to reinforce the collaboration with
of a national migration policy that will provide a the government on its development plans, through
framework to maximize the development potential community stabilization initiatives, especially in
of migration and ensure full respect of the rights of regions with a high number of returnees.
all migrants both in the Gambia and abroad. In 2018, IOM also plans to reinforce peace, stability
and reconciliation between communities and between
Reintegration standard operating procedures are
Jammeh supporters and the new government, through
being developed to identify reintegration assistance
increased dialogue, livelihoods and access to services.
needs, formulate and implement reintegration plans
and establish referral mechanisms and monitor Planned initiatives:
reintegration processes. European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for migrant
IOM continues to support government’s efforts protection and reintegration: reintegration assistance
in collecting and harmonizing data, statistics and Community-based organization counselling and
information on migration trends for an increasing referral and collective livelihood support to target
inclusion of migration in upcoming Government’s communities
policies and strategies.
Bridging together youth, diaspora and local authorities
Planned initiatives: for an integrated approach to promote employment

44 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

and address irregular migration in the Gambia, Guinea


Conakry and Guinea Bissau GHANA
Employment creation for youth to build sustainable
peace in the Gambia Funding requirements: USD 2,500,000
Reinforcing stability, peace and reconciliation in Foni, Principle 1
West Coast region, the Gambia
The Government of Ghana has ratified all major
Promoting youth employment and empowerment
conventions protecting human rights and is bound to
for sustainable peace through infrastructure
ECOWAS legislative provisions. However, the country
reconstruction works
has not yet ratified the migration for employment,
Reinforcing peace, stability and reconciliation between migrant workers and domestic workers’ conventions.
communities and between Jammeh supporters and The ratification of the convention, in conjunction
the new government, through increased dialogue, with the development of a national labour
livelihoods and access to services migration policy, will lead to increased adherence to
international standards regarding labour migrants’
Objective 2 rights. Furthermore, additional capacity building
is needed to effectively manage readmissions of
in 2018, IOM will seek to reinforce government and
Ghanaian nationals.
community preparedness and response capacities to
recurring floods Planned initiatives:
In 2018, IOM will seek to reinforce GoTG and Increasing the capacity of the Government of Ghana
community preparedness and response capacities to to ensure safe, ethical and beneficial labour migration
recurring floods through adherence to national and international laws
Capacity-building of the Government of Ghana
Objective 3
to effectively manage readmissions of Ghanaian
IOM in the Gambia seeks to expand its portfolio nationals
and contribute to reinforcing stability, peace and
Protecting vulnerable migrants in West and Central
reconciliation through dialogue between community
Africa
members and the new Government while at the
same time, addressing priority needs of communities, Principle 2
notably access to basic services and livelihoods.
IOM will work with the Government of Ghana towards
The Gambia’s law enforcement capacity remains
the establishment of a National Commission on
weak and fragmented to ensure sustainable peace
Migration, a new body composed of representatives
and effectively manage migration flows. Burdened by
from government, academia, NGOs, civil society,
22 years of authoritarian rule, the country’s military
and interest groups specifically mandated to
and police force have limited capacity to maintain
spearhead policy implementation and ensure policy
law and order in society. Internally, security is still
coherence. IOM will also provide capacity-building
heavily reliant on the ECOMIG (ECOWAS Mission
to key Government stakeholders on the migration-
in the Gambia) forces. Immigration’s capacity to
related SDG targets, especially on migration and
manage its borders with Senegal also remains weak,
development.
compounded by outdated infrastructure, equipment,
and human resource capacity at border checkpoints. IOM will strengthen migration data and
The border between the Gambia and Senegal is communication on migratory flows, routes and
highly porous with limited capacities to control trends, as well as on the needs and vulnerabilities
movement of persons across border points. The of migrants in Ghana, in order to support evidence-
Gambia therefore continues to face international and based policies and programme design.
domestic migration challenges, including unregulated
Planned initiatives:
cross border migration through porous borders, and
irregular migration in the form of human trafficking Integrating migration into national development
and smuggling. plans: towards policy coherence and the achievement
of SDGs at national and global levels (in Ghana and
There are growing concerns that Senegal could be a
Ethiopia)
likely target for terrorists, which, in turn, can threaten
to impact Gambia’s security. Strengthening the management and governance
of migration and the sustainable reintegration
IOM in The Gambia seeks to expand its current
of returning migrants in Ghana – Data collection
portfolio to develop the understanding of security
component
and risks among border communities to enhance their
participation on border security and management Protecting vulnerable migrants in West and Central
issues, in close coordination with authorities. Africa

Funding requirements 45
West and Central Africa

strengthening partnerships among national and


Principle 3 community stakeholders to successfully combat
The Government of Ghana is placing renewed human trafficking at policy and grass-roots level.
emphasis on the key role that the diaspora has to Furthermore, IOM aims to advocate for lower
play in the country’s development. The diaspora remittance costs and for the financial inclusion and
engagement policy is currently being finalized and education of households receiving remittances in
IOM will provide technical support towards the order to enhance their access to financial services and
implementation of the policy. IOM aims at continuing savings.
building on its past diaspora engagement efforts by
facilitating transfers of skills of the Ghanaian diaspora. Planned initiatives:

Partnerships will continue to be strengthened Strengthening the management and governance


with the government, international organizations, of migration and the sustainable reintegration of
other UN Agencies, civil society, private sector and returning migrants in Ghana – Safe migration campaign
academia. IOM can play a key coordinating role component
among these various partners to ensure efficient Assisting the Government of Ghana to combat child
migration management. trafficking
Planned initiatives: Protecting vulnerable migrants in West and Central
Africa
Assisting the Government of Ghana to implement the
diaspora engagement policy. Reintegrating child survivors of trafficking
Facilitating transfer of skills of the Ghanaian diaspora Strengthening the management and governance of
to contribute to the socioeconomic development of migration and the sustainable reintegration of returning
Ghana migrants in Ghana – Reintegration Component
Assessment of child trafficking prevalence in various
Objective 1 sectors
In order to disseminate information on regular Enhancing regular migration for Ghanaian migrant
migration channels, IOM will support awareness- workers
raising activities that enable migrants and potential
migrants to make informed decisions about their Increasing financial knowledge of remittance recipients
migratory journey and sensitize communities on to maximise the use of remittances for increased
migration. socioeconomic wellbeing

IOM will support the Government of Ghana to Protection and assistance for exploited migrant
workers and victims of trafficking
improve the reintegration of returning migrants and
to strengthen national structures and capabilities in Raising awareness of potential Ghanaian returnees on
terms of managing reintegration in a dignified and voluntary return and reintegration
sustainable manner. IOM Ghana would also like to
develop its information campaign so that a larger Objective 2
number of Ghanaians abroad are aware of their
Tensions between pastoralist and sedentary
options to voluntary return. communities as they compete for natural resources
IOM also aims to assist the Government of Ghana to are on the rise in Ghana. IOM proposes to enhance
provide more viable options for Ghanaian workers to peaceful coexistence and economic empowerment in
migrate safely and legally, including through temporary order to stabilise these communities.
work visas and bilateral agreements between Ghana In 2018, IOM would like to contribute towards
and host countries. Other areas of intervention include improving levels of regional preparedness for
enhanced pre-departure orientation, job training and climate change. The objective is to develop skills and
improved connections with Embassies in the host knowledge of regional and local level government
countries. officials on preparedness for climate change and raise
IOM will continue to combat human trafficking in awareness among target communities on climate
Ghana. It will build the capacity of the government change and disaster preparedness, mitigation and
to successfully protect victims, including children and response, encouraging their active participation in
women migrant workers, increase prosecution of local and regional discussions on climate change.
responsible perpetrators by improving access to legal IOM will continue to support refugee resettlement
services for victims, training law enforcement, and operations across the region according to refugee
rescue victims and investigate human trafficking cases. targets under cooperative agreements.
IOM will provide useful skills and tools to community
members to build awareness on child protection and Planned initiatives:
human trafficking through a better understanding Increasing the capacity of the National Disaster
of the law and realities of child trafficking and Management Organisation to respond to emergencies

46 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

Stabilization of cross border pastoral and sedentary for durable employment opportunities for returning
communities to enhance peaceful coexistence and migrants and their communities, especially in the
economic empowerment agriculture sector
Protecting vulnerable migrants in West and Central Supporting the Government to facilitate and encourage
Africa diaspora members initiatives and their participation in
local economy development
Enhancing disaster preparedness and mitigation,
reducing the effects of climate change and increasing Supporting youth employment opportunities in
resilience of migrant communities in the Volta Delta diaspora areas of origin through multi-partner co-
funding (diaspora, Government and other interested
Resettlement of refugees to third countries donors)

Objective 2
GUINEA
Preventing and preparing for crisis situations through
Funding requirements: USD 10,700,000 the collection, analysis and publication of maps of
public health high risks zones, particularly in border
Principle 1 areas
Strengthening of the technical and operational
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the
capacities of the Government to respond to
protection and reintegration of migrants
emergencies through emergency management
Strengthening Guinean national capacity in training, as well as simulation exercises at prefectural
combatting trafficking in persons and protecting level in collaboration with the national emergency
victims of trafficking operations center
Promoting research and data management for Logistic support for the operationalization of
unified and shared data collection on trafficking in emergency operations centers at the prefectural
persons as well as victims of trafficking levels

Principle 2 Objective 3
Elaboration of a migration policy for Guinea National sensitization and information campaign
on the dangers associated with irregular migration
Strengthening of institutional coordination and alternative opportunities, with the support of
mechanisms through the creation of a national migrant mothers, returned migrants, communities
migration consultation framework and community leaders
Development of key ministries’ capacities in the Support to the national counter-trafficking committee
coordination of migration issues in particular with to improve coordination efforts to combat human
regards to diaspora outreach trafficking especially with regards to children in
Integrating mobile populations’ health needs into situation of mobility and domestic workers
national policies and programmes Training to security forces, magistrates and social
Supporting national and local authorities and workers on prevention and detection of trafficking
development partners in migration related data, as cases
well as information on flows and trends to support Strengthening border management coordination
evidence-based policy development and programmes structures through capacity-building and improved
infrastructure and equipment
Principle 3
Diaspora mobilization for socio-economic
development GUINEA-BISSAU
Joint UN initiatives (IOM-UNFPA) for youth
Funding requirements: USD 8,090,000
employment

Objective 1 Principle 1
Guinea-Bissau is a country with porous borders
Promoting community stabilization and opportunities
presenting increased evidence of emigration,
for training and employment for youth and women
especially to Portugal, Senegal and the United States.
in particular in the prefectures affected by high
In 2011, an IOM report found that 7,3 per cent of Bissau
emigration rates
Guineans are migrants abroad while most of the 2,6
Strengthening rural community resilience through per cent of immigrants in the population comes from
collaboration with private sector actors to search Guinea, Senegal and Mauritania. However, official

Funding requirements 47
West and Central Africa

statistics are rarely reliable, given the absence of by IOM. Consultations with the government on the
systematic, harmonized and comparable records and Global Compact for Migration and the Migration
census procedures and the lack of a single definition of Governance Framework are also being held. An anti-
migrants. Figures are often contradictory and usually trafficking law was approved in 2011.
do not consider irregular migration movements. Through the European Union Trust Fund initiative,
Guinea-Bissau is also considered a centre of IOM will support Government’s efforts in collecting
recruitment of child trafficking in West Africa. An IOM- and harmonizing data, statistics and information
commissioned report (2007) showed that children on migration trends for the increased inclusion of
are mostly trafficked from the Eastern regions, and migration in upcoming Government’s policies and
often destined to forced begging in Senegal. IOM strategies.
has worked with government agencies and NGOs Planned initiatives:
to rescue, and reintegrate these children with their
families and in their communities. National Migration Profile for Guinea-Bissau
IOM also supports reintegration activities for European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
Bissau Guineans who return to their communities migrants’ protection and reintegration: Guinea Bissau
of origin. Returns have notably been registered
from Switzerland, the United Kingdom and West Objective 1
Africa, especially Niger. Guinea-Bissau has also In Guinea-Bissau, it is estimated that 69 per cent of
received migrants returned from Libya during the population is affected by absolute poverty (less
rescue operations conducted with the assistance of than USD 2 per day) and 33 per cent by extreme
IOM. Through the European Union Trust Fund, IOM poverty (less than USD 1 per day) (UNDP, 2016). The
supports the reintegration of 700 migrants, including gender distribution shows that absolute poverty at
children, and the protection of their human rights. the national level prevails in men (70%) more than in
IOM also works to support the capacity development women (65%) in the capital (UNDP, 2016). This trend
of points of entry, in accordance with international is reversed when rural areas are considered, where
health regulations and promoting border health risk poverty is more severe for women (56%) than for men
mitigation through strengthened community based (49%) (UNDP, 2016). Multidimensional poverty based
surveillance in Gabu, Bolama Beijagos and Tombali. on deprivation affects the clear majority of the rural
population (UNDP 2015). The deprivation of basic and
Planned initiatives: quality services is the main factor in poverty in Guinea-
Migrant resource and response mechanism - Phase II Bissau. Moreover, cyclical political instability and
fragile State institutions have undermined the capacity
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration of the government to address the above-mentioned
Global health security partner engagement: challenges with structural and integrated policies
Expanding efforts and strategies to support public and reforms. Migrant and local communities share
health these difficulties in terms of access to social services,
employment and continuous political instability.
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
migrants’ protection and reintegration: Guinea Bissau IOM supports individual and collective reintegration
initiatives to equip migrants and receiving communities
Direct support to children shelters in Bissau and Gabu with access to training and income generating activities.
In cooperation with UNDP, IOM envisages providing
Principle 2 support to local development programs, especially
The 2016, the human development report of the targeting the provision of services (waste management)
United Nations Development Program (UNDP) ranked and youth/migrant employability. Initiatives in the
Guinea-Bissau as the 179th out of 189 countries, area of peacebuilding and sustainable management
with a human development index of 0,420 and a life of natural resources are also being envisaged in
expectancy of 55 years at birth. Young people aged partnership with UNDP. Circular migration and internal
15-35, potentially active, account for almost 37.7% of rural to rural and rural to urban movements are
the total population. Statistics and data on migration affecting the sustainable management of forests and
and migration related themes, including remittances, fishing stocks, increasingly feeding conflict. Initiatives
are often scarce. IOM is contributing to a better in the domain of peacebuilding, youth empowerment
understanding of the scale and impact of migration and sustainable environmental management are being
on Guinea-Bissau’s economic and social development developed to address these issues.
through the preparation of the Migration Profile and Planned initiatives:
through cartography and data collection under the
Migrant resource and response mechanism - Phase II
European Union Trust Fund initiative.
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration
Guinea-Bissau does not have a migration policy
but an intersectoral committee on migration and European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for migrants’
diaspora has recently been created and is supported protection and reintegration: Guinea Bissau

48 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

Strengthening international health regulations


implementation in Guinea Bissau proposal: LIBERIA
preparedness to Zika virus
UNDP-IOM local development program Funding requirements: USD 6,250,000
Peace-building fund joint initiative with UNDP on Principle 1
young leaders for sustainable peace and inclusive
governance Technical support to improve border management
controls in Liberia
Objective 2 Reinforcing border management to support peace
Under the European Union Trust Fund-IOM project and security in Liberia
on migrants’ protection and reintegration, IOM is Protecting children on the move: Addressing the
supporting the reintegration of 700 returned migrants growing trafficking in persons and irregular migration
through individual and community reintegration phenomena among children and youth
projects that range from training and education to
income generating activities especially related to Principle 2
agriculture, trade, carpentry or tailoring. Protection
mechanisms are also put in place for vulnerable cases Technical support to improve border management
through special legal and psychological assistance. controls in Liberia
Planned initiatives: Reinforcing border management to support peace
and security in Liberia
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
migrants’ protection and reintegration: Guinea Bissau Principle 3
Objective 3 Reinforcing border management to support peace
and security in Liberia
Guinea-Bissau is a country extremely vulnerable
to human trafficking and smuggling, including of Strengthening peace and stability through economic
minors, due to constant political instability and fragile resilience of vulnerable youth in the border areas of
State institutions. Although no data is produced on Liberia
this issue, several indicator points to the existence Diaspora engagement and human capacity
of these practices. A national plan to prevent and development for Liberia
combat human trafficking (2015−2018) has been
Mobilizing human resources in health for diaspora to
developed and a law against human trafficking is in
strengthen the public health system in Liberia
place.
IOM, in partnership with NGO AMIC and through the Objective 1
technical support of UNICEF and UNODC/UNIOGBIS
Diaspora engagement and human capacity
where appropriate, intends to enhance national
development for Liberia
capacities in protection and case referral mechanisms
for vulnerable migrants, including children migrants Mobilizing human resources in health for diaspora to
and victims of trafficking. Capacity development strengthen the public health system in Liberia
assessments and related plans will be developed to Providing support to multi-hazard preparedness and
strengthen capacities on the determination of the response in Liberia
best interest of the child, children protection and
rights (national and international legal frameworks), Protecting children on the move: Addressing the
case referral mechanisms for children and victims growing trafficking in persons and irregular migration
of trafficking and smuggling, and direct assistance phenomena among children and youth
guidance and support on the implementation of the
legal and policy framework to fight against trafficking. Objective 2
Planned initiatives: Technical support to improve border management
controls in Liberia
Building local capacities in child protection
Diaspora engagement and human capacity
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for development for Liberia
migrants’ protection and reintegration: Guinea Bissau
Providing support to multi-hazard preparedness and
response in Liberia
Reinforcing border management to support peace
and security in Liberia
Mobilizing human resources in health for diaspora to
strengthen the public health system in Liberia

Funding requirements 49
West and Central Africa

Strengthening peace and stability through economic


resilience of vulnerable youth in the border areas of
Principle 2
Liberia Since the beginning of the crisis that erupted in the
country in 2012, IOM has put an emphasis on the
Objective 3 collection of accurate and updated displacement data
Technical support to improve border management across the country. With the displacement tracking
matrix transferred into the hands of the government
controls in Liberia
since 2014, IOM continues to support the capacity
Reinforcing border management to support peace of government agents in collecting such important
and security in Liberia information. Since 2016, flow monitoring activities
started in Mali to better understand migration routes
throughout the country and better address the needs
MALI of migrants.
Along with its efforts to support the Ministry of
Funding requirements: USD 11,350,000 Security in the field of border management as well as
the Ministry of Justice to better address the issue of
Principle 1 trafficking, IOM will continue by bringing together all
Mali is at the crossroads of migration routes in West actors to promote an inter-governmental response to
Africa and consequently constitutes a central transit migrant assistance and migration management.
point towards Norther Africa and Europe. Faced In this sense, IOM is looking forward to expanding
with difficult and sometimes fatal travel conditions, its activities in the area of migration data collection
migrants crossing Mali will require increased as well as its knowledge base on trafficking networks
assistance in the year to come. and victim assistance needs.
In light of the specific dynamics of migration in the Planned initiatives:
country, additional needs are expected to emerge in
the area of direct assistance and assisted voluntary European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
return. With an ongoing security vacuum in the North migrants’ protection and reintegration in Mali
of the country, most specifically the Kidal region, and Reinforcing border security in Mali to limit the spread
security measures becoming stricter in neighbouring of terrorism in the region
countries, migrants crossing the territory will
be confronted to increasingly dangerous travel Increasing the knowledge base on trafficking and
conditions. In this regard, IOM foresees the expansion smuggling networks to better identify the protection
of the geographical coverage of its action in hard to needs of vulnerable migrants, including in mining
reach areas of Mali as a priority to provide rescue areas
assistance to the most vulnerable. Increased efforts
will need to be deployed for the coordination with Principle 3
local actors in the referral of vulnerable migrants. For years, IOM has worked to develop a strong,
Needs for assisted voluntary return will increase trustworthy and uncontested partnership with
as conditions to cross the Northern border of the the government of Mali. Putting the government
country will likely become increasingly difficult. at the centre of all migration related responses,
Furthermore, specific attention will need to be IOM operated in a variety of fields of intervention
brought to the specific psychosocial and medical with the appropriate government departments.
needs of stranded and returning migrants as well as In a context where migration gains continuous
those of victims of trafficking and unaccompanied attention, a national coordination mechanism on
minors. Continued support will be provided for migration related assistance must be developed and
the improvement of the reception and assistance operationalized. Such mechanism should regroup all
capacity of shelter partners working in the field. actors involved in migration including, government,
inter-governmental partners and the civil society.
Planned initiatives:
The civil society in Mali plays a unique role in
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the area of migration and has the exceptional
migrants’ protection and reintegration in Mali capacity to bridge certain gaps in the government’s
Psychosocial assistance to internally displaced intervention. Together and in a concerted way,
persons and returnees in Mali creating a coordination mechanism would facilitate
Strengthening institutional capacity to coordinate the elaboration and operationalization of effective,
the national anti-trafficking response, including the context-specific and country-wide migration
identification, protection of victims, investigation and responses.
prosecution of trafficking offenders in Mali Planned initiatives:
IOM global action to protect and assist trafficked and European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
smuggled migrants and similarly vulnerable persons migrants’ protection and reintegration in Mali

50 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

Reinforcing border security in Mali to limit the spread return conditions remain poor as access to basic
of terrorism in the region social services is still limited.
Supporting the effective return and sustainable To respond to this lack of basic services, IOM
reintegration or settlement of displaced populations has worked closely with local health services in
in Northern Mali through community-based the provision of medical assistance to vulnerable
initiatives displaced persons. Through a mobile approach, the
initiative could reach over 8,000 beneficiaries in
Strengthening institutional capacity to coordinate a six-month period, enabling remote populations
the national anti-trafficking response including the to access free basic health care. Reaching those
identification, protection of victims, investigation vulnerable populations is crucial and IOM intends
and prosecution of trafficking offenders in Mali to renew this initiative while expanding the scope of
its intervention to include psychosocial support and
Objective 1 protection assistance.
With the launch of the European Union Trust Through its efforts at supporting the government
Fund initiative in Mali, IOM will be able to provide of Mali in the collection of displacement data,
reintegration assistance to 1,900 migrants in the next IOM was able to transfer the full ownership of the
three years. Additional resources are however still displacement tracking matrix to the government.
required to ensure that appropriate mechanisms and However, additional efforts must be deployed to
structures for long-term reintegration exist to support strengthen the government’s capacity to record
returning and potential migrants. population movements and to provide immediate
Having developed an acute understanding of the root support when needed, most specifically regarding
causes of migration over the years, IOM intends to health, protection and psychosocial assistance.
advance the socio-economic well-being of migrants Planned initiatives:
and society in two ways: Supporting the effective return and sustainable
• First, by enhancing the productivity of diaspora reintegration or settlement of displaced populations
engagement through the creation of migrants’ in Northern Mali through community-based initiatives
cooperatives and associations. In Mali, the diaspora Supporting the government of Mali in the collection
investments represent an important aspect in the of accurate and updated information on population
development potential of areas of high emigration. movement and in the provision of adequate
However, more attention needs to be brought to assistance to vulnerable populations
impact of these investments, which could have a Reinforcing health services and protection of the
tremendously positive effect on local development most vulnerable populations impacted by the
if properly allocated. humanitarian crisis in three key communities of three
• Secondly, through the creation of sustainable regions in the North of Mali
socioeconomic opportunities for returning and
potential migrants through local development Objective 3
platforms that would group together all relevant With the launch of the European Union Trust Fund
development actors, including government, civil initiative in Mali and the enhanced flow monitoring
society, farmers, herders and entrepreneurs. presence that IOM will have throughout the country,
Furthermore, in certain areas that do not necessarily specific attention will be devoted to the provision of
present high emigration potential, but count important information on safe migration to migrants along the
numbers of displaced or returned populations, main migration corridors.
IOM wants to continue supporting local initiatives To support the effort, IOM will provide adequate
and structures to offer vulnerable populations awareness-raising training to all government and
socioeconomic and development opportunities. non-government agents in contact with migrants,
Planned initiatives: including, border police agents, flow monitoring
point agents, transporters, community mobilizers,
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for migrants’ etc.
protection and reintegration in Mali
Planned initiatives:
Supporting the effective return and sustainable
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
reintegration or settlement of displaced populations migrants’ protection and reintegration in Mali
in Northern Mali through community-based initiatives
Reinforcing border security in Mali to limit the spread
Objective 2 of terrorism in the region
The 2012 crisis in Mali has led to the internal Promoting safe and informed migration in departure
displacement of 353,455 people throughout the and transit points in Mali
country, most specifically in Northern regions.
Although the great majority of internally displaced
persons have now returned to their area of origin,

Funding requirements 51
West and Central Africa

Community stabilization initiative: Addressing root


MAURITANIA causes of illegal migration in Mauritania and promoting
legal and dignified migration
Funding requirements: USD 6,644,600
Objective 2
Principle 1 European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
Increasing local response capacity in Mauritania to the reinforcement of border management, and
assist stranded and vulnerable migrants through the protection and integration of migrants: Crisis
health, legal and reintegration support simulation at the border
Understanding and addressing trafficking in persons Counter-trafficking initiative: training for the
in Mauritania - Phase IV: Review of the legislation government on counter-trafficking in emergency

Principle 2 Objective 3
Increasing local response capacity in Mauritania to European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the
assist stranded and vulnerable migrants through reinforcement of border management, and the
health, legal and reintegration support protection and integration of migrants: Reinforcing
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the border management in Mauritania
reinforcement of border management, and the European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the
protection and integration of migrants: Border reinforcement of border management, and the
management in Mauritania protection and integration of migrants: 400 migrants
reintegrated in Mauritania
Principle 3
Increasing local response capacity in Mauritania to
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the assist stranded and vulnerable migrants through
reinforcement of border management, and the health, legal and reintegration support
protection and integration of migrants: Reinforcing
government capacities in Mauritania Understanding and addressing trafficking in persons
in Mauritania - phase III: Training for border/airport
Increasing local response capacity in Mauritania to
police, embassies, air companies
assist stranded and vulnerable migrants through
health, legal and reintegration support Training for border police, the civil society, and the
Understanding and addressing trafficking in persons judiciary
in Mauritania - Phase IV: Reinforcing referral Reinforcement of the capacity to deal with irregular
mechanism for victims of trafficking’s assistance and migration, organized crime and terrorism in
child protection Mauritania - Phase II: Awareness-raising of youth and
children in Bassikounou and M’bera refugee camps
Objective 1
Counter-trafficking initiative: Addressing root causes
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the of illegal migration in Mauritania and promoting legal
reinforcement of border management, and the and dignified migration (60 migrants reintegrated)
protection and integration of migrants: 1,000 migrants
assisted and protected in Mauritania Counter-trafficking initiative: Developing a national
sensitization campaign
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for the
reinforcement of border management, and the
protection and integration of migrants: Temporary NIGER
return of Mauritanian diaspora
Empowering Mauritanian youth through education, Funding requirements: USD 59,650,000
leadership and self-improvement
Understanding and addressing trafficking in persons in Principle 1
Mauritania - Phase III: Direct assistance to victims of
trafficking, potential victims of trafficking, vulnerable Due to its geographical position, hundreds of
migrants and unaccompanied minors thousands of migrants transit through Niger every
year from all countries of West Africa, benefitting
Counter-trafficking initiative: Direct assistance, from the freedom of movement and trade in the
vocational training programmes in different regions of ECOWAS area. Porous and long borders, almost
the country entirely in desert areas, instability at border areas and
Combating food insecurity and increasing livelihood the presence of criminal networks as well as terrorist
opportunities for Malian refugees and host groups in the regions surrounding Niger expose
communities in Hodh Ech-Chargui, Mauritania - Phase large numbers of economic migrants to exploitation,
II abuses, trafficking and smuggling activities.

52 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

In 2015, Niger adopted the anti-smuggling law mechanisms for victims of trafficking and most
and in, September 2016, the Government began vulnerable migrants, including non-accompanied
to implement its policy toward stronger punitive minors.
measures for smugglers transporting migrants in Niger is considered one of the least developed
Agadez. IOM actively collaborates with involved countries (HDI 187/188, UNDP 2016), with one of
authorities (Ministry of Interior, Ministry of the highest fertility rates in the world (7.4 children/
Justice, Ministry of Promotion of Women and Child woman). Fifty per cent of the population is under
Protection, National Agency for the Fight against 18 and 75 per cent under 25. Statistics and data on
Trafficking in Persons, Regional Directorate for Civil migration and migration related themes, including
States and Refugees, etc.) to protect migrants’ rights remittances, are often unreliable and IOM is
and detect cases in need of legal protection, such contributing to a better understanding of the scale
as unaccompanied minors or potential victims of and impact of migration on Niger’s economic and
trafficking and smuggling. social development.
In March 2017, IOM signed a Memorandum IOM continues to support Government’s efforts
of Understanding with the Department of Civil in collecting and harmonising data, statistics and
Protection of the Ministry of Interior to assist information on migration trends for an increasing
stranded migrants in Northern Niger. A national inclusion of migration in upcoming Government’s
referral mechanism is in preparation and should be policies and strategies.
adopted and implemented by relevant authorities Planned initiatives:
in 2018. Standard Operation Procedures (SOPs) on
the Migration Resource and Response Mechanism Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism (MRRM)
(MRRM) are also under development for the transfer Phase II
of this mechanism to Nigerien authorities. Finally, Initiative EUTF-IOM for migrants’ protection and
IOM is engaged in providing technical assistance to reintegration: Niger (SURENI)
strengthen resources and capacities for an effective
implementation of the anti-smuggling law in Niger. Principle 3
Planned initiatives: Managing migration is becoming increasingly
Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism (MRRM) important for Niger. Since 2016, main institutional
Phase II actors and strategic partners are working to
strengthen collaboration on migration management,
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration for counter-trafficking, anti-smuggling and migration
vulnerable migrants from Niger and reintegration data collection.
and community strengthening in the Zinder region
A Nigerien ‘Cadre de Concertation sur les Migrations’
(MIGRAKTION)
– Coordination Framework on Migration - has been
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region set-up and financial resources have been mobilized
(MIRAA) through the European Union Trust Fund for Africa
Migrant protection and reintegration in the Sahel (EUTF) initiatives.
IOM will continue to accompany this process with
Initiative EUTF-IOM for migrants’ protection and
technical and financial support, based on its field
reintegration: Niger (SURENI)
experience and presence through the country,
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region particularly in the Agadez region. IOM will also
(MIRAA) Phase II continue to reinforce partnerships, including with
civil society representatives, academia, diaspora
Humanitarian assistance for refugees and returnees
groups in Niger and Nigeriens abroad
in Diffa
Through its established Migrant Resource and
Principle 2 Response Mechanism (MRRM) IOM aims at promoting
operational arrangements and joint actions to inform,
Niger is preparing its national migration policy and counsel and refer migrants transiting through Niger.
strategy in collaboration with its main partners, In addition, the mechanism ensures liaison with
including IOM. A new document is expected to be countries of origin to address migration’s drivers by
produced in 2018, as well as a revised Migration proposing socio-economic alternatives to migrants
Profile (the last profile having been published in and their communities, including host communities
2009). Besides, a Memorandum of Understanding in Niger. The approach requires the establishment
(MoU) and related SOPs regarding asylum-seekers and reinforcement of partnerships in Niger as well as
were signed by Ministry of Interior and UNHCR. IOM throughout the West Africa region.
signed a new MoU with the Civil Protection Agency
and another agreement is under discussion with Planned initiatives:
the National Agency for the Fight against Trafficking Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism (MRRM)
in Persons to enhance the protection and referral Phase II

Funding requirements 53
West and Central Africa

Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration for


vulnerable migrants from Niger and reintegration and
Objective 2
community strengthening in the Zinder region Insecurity in border areas of Niger is increasing. Since
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region 2015, populations of the region of Diffa, bordering
North-East Nigeria, have been displaced multiple
Niger community cohesion initiative times due to terrorist attacks by Boko Haram. Together
Initiative EUTF-IOM for migrants’ protection and with refugees and returnees (Nigeriens who lived in
reintegration: Niger (SURENI) Nigeria), about 240,000 people are affected in an
area which had 600,000 inhabitants before the crisis,
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region placing enormous pressure on limited resources.
(MIRAA) Phase II
This instability has weakened an already fragile local
Enhancing border management and border economy. Cross-border trade has been prohibited, or
communities in Niger is no longer profitable, and agriculture and fishery in
Prevention of Youth Violence in Zinder Region the Lake Chad Basin are also now almost not-existent.
Host communities, IDPs and refugees struggle to
Enhancing border management and border
recover their livelihood activities and continue to be
communities in Niger (NICOLE)
at risk of further displacement within the region.
Initiative for business development
Migration flows of Nigeriens and foreigners from
Migration and climate change in Niger and to Mali, Algeria, Libya as well as to the natural
resource-rich areas (gold, uranium and oil) have
Objective 1 increased in 2016. Thousands of migrants transit
In Niger, migrants and local communities share similar constantly via Niger, which has also at the same time
difficulties related to youth unemployment, insufficient become a destination country for the sub-region,
educational opportunities, scarce availability of basic particularly for countries such as Chad, Burkina Faso
and advanced trainings to access the labour market and Mali.
and limited private sector investments, in an overall IOM provides direct assistance to vulnerable
context undermined by instability in bordering populations in these areas through its network of
countries. sub-offices and transit centres. In 2018, assistance
IOM aims at facilitating returns at favourable conditions will continue to be provided, including support to
for migrants and their communities of origin, through immigration authorities for the reinforcement of
reintegration initiatives targeting both returned and border management, currently deployed in the
local community members. The improvement of the borders with Mali (Tillaberi) and Nigeria (Diffa) and
well-being of communities in Niger is equally strategic to be potentially expanded towards the Libyan and
to address one of the main drivers of migratory flows Algerian borders.
to North Africa and Europe: local unemployment. Planned initiatives:
Promoting low cost remittance transfers as well as
Humanitarian assistance for refugees and returnees
implementing youth skills development, labour market
assessments and labour matching schemes are viable in Diffa
and urgent actions to promote the socio-economic Durable solutions for Lake Chad Basin
well-being of migrants and local communities.
Green-jobs creation in climate change and
In 2018, IOM plans to reinforce the collaboration with desertification areas
the Government of Niger on its development plans,
through community stabilization initiatives, at central Objective 3
and regional levels, especially in areas where the
presence of migrants and potential migrants is high, Thousands of migrants cross every week Niger from its
such as Agadez. Access to water, improved education Western borders (Burkina Faso, Mali and Benin) to its
and health systems, small and medium infrastructures Northern borders (Algeria and Libya). The presence of
and traditional economic activities will be prioritized. migrants de facto doubles the population of the town
of Agadez, where migrants may remain for weeks
Planned initiatives: before continuing their journey. Other areas by the
Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism (MRRM) Malian and Algerian borders, are considered highly
Phase II insecure due to the presence of extremist groups
such as Mujao, Al Shabaab and Al Queda Maghreb
Initiative for business development among others. Local populations and their traditional
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region activities, including pastoralism and agriculture, are
affected by this insecurity. Unemployed youth in
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region - remote areas may be vulnerable to recruitment from
Phase II
armed groups, as it can also be the case in the Diffa
Socio-economic initiatives in Northern Agadez region with Boko Haram.

54 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

Regional and sub-regional population movements Facilitating migration through the rollout of Nigeria’s
will continue in 2018 and beyond, until viable national biometric identification card for intra-
solutions are found in countries in crisis such as ECOWAS travel, and biometric registration of foreign
Libya and the Lake Chad, or where living conditions, nationals
especially for youth remain challenging, particularly Joint initiative for migrant protection
in The Gambia, Senegal, Mali and Nigeria. The
international community is allocating considerable Objective 1
resources both in Niger and in countries of origin to
expand development opportunities, employment, Mental health and psychosocial support, and resilience
building for conflict-induced displaced populations in
education and social services. IOM supports these
northeast of Nigeria
initiatives and works with Nigerien authorities and
regional organizations (ECOWAS) on more effective Shelter provision and water, sanitation and hygiene
border management to better coordinate initiatives, response to conflict-affected populations in Borno
facilitate regular migration flows and mitigate State
transnational crimes in Niger and West Africa. Strengthening the humanitarian response for conflict-
Planned initiatives: affected populations in northeast Nigeria

Migrant Resource and Response Mechanism (MRRM) Supporting the establishment and management of
Phase II humanitarian hubs and common cervices in northeast
Nigeria
Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration for
Access to justice for conflict-induced displaced
vulnerable migrants from Niger and reintegration
populations in Maiduguri (Borno State)
and community strengthening in the Zinder region
Emergency shelter and non-food items assistance to
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region conflict-affected population in north-east Nigeria
Initiative EUTF-IOM for migrants’ protection and Rapid response and humanitarian hubs for increased
reintegration: Niger (SURENI) aid coordination and reach in north-east Nigeria
Migrants rescue and assistance in Agadez region Supporting the establishment of humanitarian hubs
Phase II and the provision of emergency shelter and non-food
Enhancing border management and border items assistance for conflict-affected populations in
communities in Niger north-east Nigeria
Establishing and managing humanitarian hubs for
Secure borders in Northern Niger
increased aid coordination and reach in north-east
Nigeria
NIGERIA Supporting the implementation of displacement
tracking activities and direct assistance for conflict
Funding requirements: USD 91,196,781 affected populations in the north-east Nigeria

Objective 2
Principle 1
Enhancing land border control in Nigeria
Joint initiative for migrant protection
Boko Haram reintegration in Nigeria - Phase I
European Reintegration Network: Reintegration assessment
assistance for returnees in Nigeria
Supporting the implementation of displacement
Principle 2 tracking activities and direct assistance for conflict
affected population in the north-east Nigeria
Facilitating migration through the rollout of Nigeria’s
national biometric identification card for intra- Objective 3
ECOWAS travel, and biometric registration of foreign
Awareness-raising to combat irregular migration
nationals from Nigeria through the television mini-series “the
Strengthening the implementation and expansion of missing steps”
displacement tracking activities and facilitating the Joint initiative for migrant protection
establishment of humanitarian hubs in northeast
Nigeria European Reintegration Network (ERIN):
Reintegration assistance for returnees in Nigeria
Expanding land and sea border data systems
Facilitating migration through the rollout of Nigeria’s
Principle 3 national biometric identification card for intra-
ECOWAS travel, and biometric registration of foreign
Training strategy implementation in Nigeria - Phase I nationals

Funding requirements 55
West and Central Africa

European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for


SENEGAL migrants’ protection and reintegration: Senegal
Support to the integration of migration in national
Funding requirements: USD 18,230,000 and local development plans

Principle 1 Capacity-building for migration research in Senegal

IOM has been supporting the government of Senegal Principle 3


in the elaboration of a national migration policy and
plan of action. In 2018, IOM plans to further support Migration management is growing in importance
the implementation of this policy, which aims to to the Government of Senegal, and IOM has been
provide structure for future political documents working closely with central and local authorities
referring to migration, as well as to ensure the to improve their capacity to respond to migrants’
protection of migrant rights in all actions undertaken. needs in their plans for return as well as in project
development and management. These partnerships
IOM has also initiated the provision of some technical at the local level will be further reinforced in 2018,
expertise support on migrant rights and protection to with an aim to increase sustainability and ownership
the Ministry of Family and Women, the Ministry of by local actors and local development platforms.
Local Governance, the Ministry of Interior and the
Ministry of Justice, through its national agency for the IOM seeks to promote joint collaborative actions
fight against trafficking. IOM is seeking to continue to inform, counsel and refer returning migrants. To
providing this technical support towards an expanding this end, IOM works closely with the civil society,
number of national and decentralized stakeholders government counterparts and donors to ensure
wishing to commit to migration programming and synergy of actions and best results.
requesting IOM’s technical expertise on migrant’s Partnerships with academia and the private sector
rights and needs. have been developed in 2017 and IOM will continue
Planned initiatives: to promote exchanges. IOM is looking forward
to achieving progress in substance of climate
Support to the elaboration of a national migration change and migration research through a strong
policy for Senegal partnership with the government, development aid
Support to the integration of migration in national agencies and the private sector. IOM is particularly
and local development plans seeking to develop projects in partnership with the
governmental development aid agencies and the
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
local universities. The aim of such partnerships is
migrants’ protection and reintegration: Senegal
to create synergies among actors and strengthen
Protecting vulnerable migrants in West and Central the capacities of Senegal in response to climate
Africa - Phase II variability, migration and sustainable development.
In particular, IOM seeks financial contributions from
Principle 2 the private sector to emphasize its role as the key to
In 2018, IOM will continue advocating for the promoting solutions for sustainable development.
interministerial management of migration issues in Furthermore, IOM is looking to further strengthen
Senegal. IOM will aim at systematically associating its relationships with other academic institutions
several ministries in the steering of active initiatives. (universities, laboratory of research) and framework
Interministerial working groups relating to different conventions are being prepared with two universities.
migration themes were already set up in the
framework of the elaboration of the national In 2018, IOM will seek to enhance its support
migration policy. to the Ministry of Health, in particular through
concerted targeted response to prevent HIV spread
IOM will continue to support the government of in vulnerable populations, which is low in Senegal but
Senegal for a better understanding of the scale and needs additional support.
impact of migration on Senegal’s economic and
social development. In the area of data collection, Planned initiatives:
following the recommendations of the national Elaboration of a national migration profile for Senegal
migration policy, IOM work with various institutions
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for
to improve data gathering and sharing practices for a
migrants’ protection and reintegration: Senegal
better understanding of migration. This will be done,
among others, through a national migration profile, Support to the integration of migration in national
management of research projects, and workshops. and local development plans
Planned initiatives: Capacity-building for migration research in Senegal
Elaboration of a national migration profile Support to border management in Senegal II

56 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

Border communities engagement in border security outside of the country and within. In 2016, a crisis
and management in Senegal II was averted following election results in the Gambia.
IOM is seeking to support the Government’s response
Migration and climate change in Senegal:
capacity through replication of initiatives in relation
Strengthening the research capacities of Senegal in
to crisis management along the Senegalese borders,
response to climate change and migration
following successful activities conducted in 2016
Objective 1 and 2017. Emergency exercises have proven to be
the ideal methodology to enhance preparedness of
In Senegal, youth unemployment, lack of infrastructure, relevant governments in managing possible migration
insufficient educational opportunities, scarce crises along their borders.
availability of basic and advanced training to access the
IOM also intends to support government preparedness
labour market and limited private sector investments,
capacity in relation to health and natural hazards,
are difficulties faced by local communities, returnees
by engaging local authorities and communities in
and migrants alike.
disaster risk reduction and preparedness activities to
IOM aims at supporting reintegration for returning reduce forced mobility in potential crisis situations.
migrants and their communities of origin, through
IOM will also continue to provide support for the
initiatives targeting both returned and local
resettlement of refugees.
community members that are in-line with local
priorities. This in turn responds to one of the main Planned initiatives:
drivers of migration from Senegal to North Africa Support to border management in Senegal II
and Europe: local unemployment. Promoting low
cost remittance transfers as well as implementing Border communities engagement in border security
youth skills development, labour market assessments and management in Senegal II
and labour matching schemes are viable and urgent Green-jobs creation in climate change and
actions to promote the socioeconomic well-being of desertification areas
migrants and local communities.
Expanding efforts and strategies to protect and
In 2018, IOM plans to reinforce collaboration with improve public health globally
the Government of Senegal on its development
plans, through community stabilization initiatives that Refugee resettlement
address the root causes driving irregular migration
from Senegal. Such programming will support the Objective 3
government at central and regional levels, especially IOM will promote safe, orderly and dignified migration
in areas where the presence of returning migrants during the year 2018 by enhancing the capacity of
and potential migrants is high, such as Kolda and the Senegalese border authorities in managing their
Tambacounda. borders. The objectives are to develop standard
IOM is also discussing a request of support from the structures for conducting border control, including
main national programme for supporting migrants’ the gender perspective; regulate the flows of people
investments. The national programme would be crossing the borders, by separating, where necessary,
interested in benefitting from IOM expertise regarding the local communities from the occasional travellers;
sustainability of migrant funded initiatives. and facilitate movements between neighbouring
countries.
Planned initiatives:
IOM will include the human rights perspective in
Elaboration of a national migration profile for Senegal all capacity-building programs, to enhance the
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for migrants’ understanding of regular and irregular migration,
protection and reintegration: Senegal smuggling, trafficking and assistance to vulnerable
migrants. In this line, IOM is planning to conduct
Support to the integration of migration in national and capacity-building programmes for Government
local development plans security officials to enhance their understanding of
Capacity-building and income-generating activities for migration and human rights and facilitate movements
returning migrants in Senegal of persons across borders. Furthermore, training
of trainers will be organised on the protection of
Addressing the root drivers of migration through
vulnerable migrants.
support to localized Government of Senegal
approaches IOM will also engage in specific programmes and
community sensitization campaigns to enhance
Migration and climate change in Senegal
understanding of border security and management,
risks and dangers, and to strengthen cooperation
Objective 2
and exchange of information with national security
Although Senegal is amongst the most stable authorities. Border communities and security
countries in West Africa, factors of risk exist both authorities will also be engaged in the preparation

Funding requirements 57
West and Central Africa

and execution of crisis simulation exercises along the Planned initiatives:


Senegalese border with Mali and Guinea. Mapping of irregular migration routes
Planned initiatives:
Principle 3
Support to border management in Senegal II
IOM has been working with the government of Sierra
Border communities engagement in border security Leone, UN Agencies, the civil society, national and
and management in Senegal II international NGO partners, ECOWAS, the Mano
European Union Trust Fund-IOM initiative for River Union, and the International Consortium for
migrants’ protection and reintegration: Senegal Mobility Policy Development to elaborate a strategy
and interventions to promote the fast recovery of
Protecting vulnerable migrants in West and Central the country after the Ebola virus disease outbreak as
Africa - Phase II well as in response to natural disasters.
IOM will continue to mainstream the needs of
SIERRA LEONE migrants in the strategy to ensure that no one is left
behind in path towards the achievement of the SDGs.
Funding requirements: USD 7,225,000 Planned initiatives:
Youth initiative project
Principle 1 Immigration support programme
Direct accounts abound of young Sierra Leonean
men and women transiting through countries in West Objective 1
Africa and the Sahel region trying to reach Europe. Due to its government system and the centralization of
Many of these migrants are confronted to the perils economic and political activities in Freetown, the rural
of the journey through the Sahara Desert but also to population of Sierra Leone has been drifting towards
exploitative and devious acts of human traffickers. major urban centres, particularly the capital, and to
some extent the provincial capital cities of Makeni,
IOM will support the Office of National Security of
Bo and Kenema. According to the Director of Disaster
Sierra Leone to develop and adopt an Anti-Trafficking
Management for the Office of National Security, the
Act adapted to the local context and in line with the
population of Freetown, which was less than 500,000
international standards. persons before the civil war that ended in 2001, now
In order to improve the legal framework for labour stands at 1.3 million inhabitants as a result of rural
migration in Sierra Leone, IOM is working to promote urban migration.
the application of the new labour policy, which This population increase has put tremendous pressure
integrates the rights of migrants and was adopted in on urban infrastructure and services such as housing,
2017. schools, health, electricity, drainage, sewers, potable
Considering the increasing frequency of natural water, jobs, etc. This situation has recently been
disasters in Sierra Leone, especially flooding, IOM exacerbated by the country’s dwindling income
will continue to work with the Government and other derived from mineral extraction. The mining industry
partners to ensure that SPHERE standards are applied had hitherto served as a pole of attraction for rural
in cases of population displacement. migrant workers.
In 2018, IOM will continue working with both the Office
Planned initiatives:
of National Security and vulnerable communities
Human trafficking act development threatened by annual floods to build early warning
Promoting the implementation of the new labour systems and national and community resilience
policy programme and disaster management capacities for emergency
response. IOM will equally contribute to risk reduction,
Principle 2 including through sustainable shelter and voluntary
relocation solutions for displaced populations as well
Altai Consulting, an agency contracted by IOM within as those leaving in disaster prone areas.
the Free Movement of People and Migration in Additionally, IOM will also continue to encourage the
West Africa programme, is working with partners to return of qualified diaspora workers to contribute to
produce the migration profile for Sierra Leone. the development of the country. IOM will also increase
In addition, IOM also works with the Government of the engagement of communities to essential health
Sierra Leone to promote national engagement on the practices such as infection prevention and control
Global Compact on Migration . practices for the wellbeing of individuals and the
general population.
IOM will continue to work in 2018 with the government
and partners to promote evidence-based decision Planned initiatives:
making and on tracking population displacement in Strengthening disaster preparedness, response and
events of crises or disasters. community resilience in Sierra Leone

58 Migration Initiatives 2018


West and Central Africa

Pre-service infection prevention and control course


Diaspora for development
TOGO
Strengthening Sierra Leonean national health care Funding requirements: USD 600,000
capacity through diaspora engagement
Migration awareness campaigns in rural provinces and Principle 3
schools programmes
Strengthening coordination mechanisms to counter
Immigration support programme human trafficking and migrant smuggling
Objective 2 Objective 1
The mobility of population in West Africa, and Strengthening the capacity of the Governments of
particularly among the three most affected countries Benin and Togo to combat trafficking of children
by the Ebola virus disease, named Liberia, Sierra
Leone and Guinea, , was a critical factor connected to Strengthening the capacity of the Government of
the spread of the outbreak in 2014−2015. Gabon to address trafficking of children
IOM has been supporting the government of Sierra Strengthening the legal and institutional framework
Leone in enhancing disease surveillance at the against migrant smuggling
borders and promoting the implementation of the
Enhancing law enforcement for prosecution of migrant
International Health Regulation 2005 at designated
smugglers
points of entry, as well as the Global Health Security
Agenda.
IOM has also been supporting the Government of
Sierra Leone on disaster preparedness and response,
including areas such as camp coordination and
camp management, emergency shelters, NFIs, and
displacement tracking. IOM will continue to build the
capacity of the Government to be able to prevent and
respond to disasters.
In view of the 2018 legislative, council and presidential
elections and the risk of youth involvement in violence
or misconduct, IOM Sierra Leone will contribute to
peacebuilding by promoting youth participation in
community security processes through youth watch
groups trained in peace advocacy and mobility
monitoring.
Planned initiatives:
Border health programme
Youth initiative project

Objective 3
Thousands of migrants travel annually from Sierra
Leone to the United Kingdom, the United States of
America, the Netherlands, Australia and Germany.
IOM will continue to work to ensure safe migration
from Sierra Leone through the provision of health
screening services for potential migrants to the
United Kingdom. IOM will also strengthen the
national government’s health screening capacity at
air, sea and land borders to ensure dignified entry to
the country. IOM will finally facilitate the voluntary
return and reintegration in their home communities
of migrants stranded/not willing to stay in transit
camps or host countries.
Planned initiatives:
United Kingdom tuberculosis screening;
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration for
vulnerable migrants.

Funding requirements 59
CENTRAL AND
NORTH AMERICA
AND THE CARIBBEAN
Migrant families in El Salvador.
© IOM 2017
CENTRAL AND NORTH AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN
Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional initiatives 850,000 1,750,000 570,000 500,000 5,150,000 500,000 9,320,000
Belize - - - 50,000 - 75,000 125,000
Costa Rica 310,000 - 121,000 40,000 - 919,000 1,390,000
Cuba - - - - 30,000 - 30,000
Dominican Republic 3,000,000 4,850,000 4,350,000 4,000,000 1,000,000 1,750,000 18,950,000
Guyana 500,000 660,000 90,000 510,000 200,000 115,000 2,075,000
Haiti 8,744,468 4,700,000 2,628,259 12,653,757 55,450,000 6,000,000 90,176,484
Jamaica 50,000 500,000 600,000 450,000 300,000 1,000,000 2,900,000
Mexico 200,000 280,000 380,000 920,000 330,000 200,000 2,310,000
Nicaragua 250,000 120,000 220,000 1,120,000 - 450,000 2,160,000
Northern Triangle (El Salvador,
- 2,955,000 - 17,051,691 5,000,000 - 25,006,691
Guatemala, Honduras)
Panama 600,000 350,000 200,000 150,000 100,000 300,000 1,700,000
Trinidad and Tobago - - - 100,000 - 200,000 300,000
United States - - 1,000 220,000 - 772,422 993,422
Total 14,504,468 16,165,000 9,160,259 37,765,448 67,560,000 12,281,422 157,436,597

REGIONAL INITIATIVES Principle 2


Survey about conditions of vulnerability of returned
Funding requirements: USD 9,320,000 persons in the Northern Triangle. Since 2014, there
is evidence of an increase in migration flows in the
Principle 1 Northern Triangle, revealing various migration drivers
(family reunification, improving labour and economic
Strengthening preparedness of country institutions conditions, discrimination and violence). This survey
on camp coordination and camp management and the will allow IOM to develop customized programmes
Displacement Tracking Matrix in 17 countries of the for local partner governments to prevent irregular
Caribbean region. Main activities include determining migration and promote the reintegration of migrants.
criteria of selection of participants from disaster
Integrated biological and behavioural surveillance
risk management government offices and NGOS;
survey for HIV in the Caribbean region: In a region
organizing workshops for the contextualization of
with high mobility for labour reasons and UNAIDS
the guidelines for Training of Trainers; implementing 2016 high estimates on adult HIV prevalence obtaining
training of trainers and coaching. specific information about the health of migrants is a
Sensitizing and training immigration personnel priority. This study will enable IOM, government and
to identify and assist migrants in situations of local partners to develop customized HIV prevention,
vulnerability. Migration officials are often the treatment, care and support programmes for farm
first contact for identifying persons that may find workers.
themselves in vulnerable situations (unaccompanied Addressing health vulnerabilities of labour migrants
or separated children, victims of trafficking, refugees in Central America throughout the migration cycle: A
or asylum seekers, etc.) and require targeted training regional comprehensive project that will strengthen
on indicators and referral systems. the capacities of governments to address health
challenges related to labour migration in Central
Informing and sensitizing health personnel on
America during the different phases of the migration
migrant’s issues and their right to health. In some
cycle.
countries, health professionals, including nurses,
doctors and other administrative personal working Needs assessments in ten Caribbean countries and
in health facilities are not aware of migrants’ right overseas territories to increase government ability
to health and display xenophobic attitudes towards to determine areas in which IOM and donors can
migrants. IOM will advocate with partners in assist governments in developing and implementing
government and academic institutions to integrate effective migration management practices to facilitate
migrant health into existing curriculum of health safe, regular, and orderly migration.
workers and other relevant trainings in order to
sensitize health workers to display more positive
Principle 3
attitudes towards migrants and understand the Promoting alliances between NGOs and the private
importance of including them in the health response. sector to protect migrants in crisis in Central America.
Central and North America and the Caribbean

Main activities include sensitization actions with Panama and Costa Rica, and organize simulations of
chambers of commerce members on migrant’s trainings in existing centres for stranded migrants.
contributions and inclusion; training of NGOs on IOM Regional response to Hurricanes Irma, Jose and Maria
tools to assist and protect migrants in crisis situations; in the Caribbean
joint workshops and simulations for companies and
NGOs in situations of adverse sudden or slow onset Objective 3
events.
Regional programme to strengthen capacities to
Online capacity-building of national authorities and protect and provide health assistance vulnerable
the civil society on camp coordination and camp migrants in Central America and Mexico: This project
management. Main activities include contextualizing will strengthen capacities of the health sector and
and refining the training material; setting up the online civil society partners to assist migrants with medical
platform; recruiting an e-learning trainer; developing needs, especially unaccompanied children, victims
criteria and selecting participants; rolling out the of trafficking, and others along the migration route
training, evaluation and follow up. through technical cooperation and capacity-building
Regional Conference on Migration workshop: This in direct assistance, the design and implementation of
regional technical coordination mechanism will public health policies, and dialogue and cooperation
contribute from a regional forum focus to bring together at the local, national, regional, and inter-regional level.
governments, civil society organizations, development
partners, academics, private sector, and the United
Nations agencies to effectively promote policies, share
BELIZE
information, and support action regarding the rights of
migrant populations in vulnerable situations. Funding requirements: USD 125,000
Central American joint initiative on the health of Objective 1
migrants and their families: This regional technical
coordination mechanism will continue to contribute IOM will support the active participation of Belize in
towards a regional health approach by bringing regional consultative processes including the Regional
together governments, civil society organizations, Conference on Migration as well as the Regional
development partners, academia, private sector, and Coalition against Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling
UN agencies to effectively advocate, promote policies, of Migrants
share information and support action on the right to
health and access to prevention, treatment, care and Objective 3
support services for migrant populations and their IOM aims to train counter-trafficking partners,
families in Central America. including migration officials, police, and civil society, to
support the Government of Belize in the identification
Objective 1 and safe referral of victims of trafficking
Regional efforts to pilot mobile applications that
provide information to migrant populations: Migapp,
MigrantApp, MiGuate, among others. IOM is
COSTA RICA
developing applications at the global level that are
essential new tools for the region. Funding requirements: USD 1,390,000
Regional response to HIV for migrant and mobile Principle 1
populations in Mesoamerica: Implementation of a
regional strategy to guarantee access to inclusive high- Support in the design of a timely process/system for
quality HIV services throughout the migration route the regularization of labour migrants in Costa Rica
for migrants, mobile populations and communities Strengthening government institutions on migration
affected by migration. The project will strengthen management through the involvement of the civil
regional networks and multinational coordination, society in Costa Rica
improve monitoring and information management
and promote inclusive policies to contribute to the 90- Capacity-building in migration management through
90-90 Global Goal by focusing on the vulnerability of an interconnected identification and personal
migrant and mobile populations. registration system at six immigration crossing points

Objective 2 Principle 3
Strengthening preparedness in Central America Support in the design of a timely process/system for
countries (Panama and Costa Rica) to face migration the regularization of labour migrants in Costa Rica
crises. On the basis of the camp coordination and Strengthening government institutions on migration
camp management manual, IOM will carry out training management through the involvement of the civil
of trainers of local Government officials and NGOs in society in Costa Rica

62 Migration Initiatives 2018


Central and North America and the Caribbean

Objective 1 Objective 3
Support in the design of a timely process/system for Strengthening the capacities and professional
the regularization of labour migrants in Costa Rica performance of border management personnel by
enhancing training in line with good practices on
Objective 3 border management, irregular migration, counter-
smuggling and counter-trafficking
Support in the design of a timely process/system for
the regularization of labour migrants in Costa Rica
Strengthening government institutions on migration DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
management through the involvement of the civil
society in Costa Rica. Funding requirements: USD 18,950,000
Capacity-building in migration management through
an interconnected identification and personal Principle 1
registration system at six immigration crossing points
Hispaniola-Caribbean PACTA: Prevention, assistance
to vulnerable migrants at major crossing points along
the Haitian-Dominican border, facilitation of inter-
CUBA institutional coordination, provision of training and
technical assistance and advocacy
Funding requirements: USD 30,000 Right´s based regularization and social inclusion of
migrants in the Dominican Republic
Objective 2
Migration information and data analysis system
Strengthening relations with the Cuban Environment implementation: integrated border management in
Agency, the Agency of Ministry of Science, Technology the Dominican Republic
and Environment, and institutions working on climate
change and the environment to participate in projects Assistance and protection of Haitian women victims
related to ongoing internal migration flows of trafficking in persons in the Dominican Republic

Continue supporting the translation of materials from Principle 2


the Environment Agency and providing technical
support to address challenges related to migration, Hispaniola-Caribbean PACTA: Prevention, assistance
to vulnerable migrants at major crossing points along
vulnerability reduction and disaster risk management
the Haitian-Dominican border, facilitation of inter-
IOM section of the Cuba Plan of Action in response to institutional coordination, provision of training and
Hurricane Maria (needs under the regional section) technical assistance and advocacy

IOM donates mattresses


as part of the response to
Hurricane Matthew in Cuba,
January 2017. © IOM 2017

Funding requirements 63
Central and North America and the Caribbean

Rights-based regularization and social inclusion of Right´s based regularization and social inclusion of
migrants in the Dominican Republic migrants in the Dominican Republic
National development policy, sustainable development
goals and migration management: data generation for
policy decision-making GUYANA
Migration information and data analysis system
implementation: integrated border management in
Funding requirements: USD 2,075,000
the Dominican Republic
Principle 1
Assistance and protection of Haitian women victims of
trafficking in persons in the Dominican Republic Strengthening Guyana’s capacity to effectively
combat trafficking in persons and assist victims of
Migration and the sustainable development goals: trafficking
Implementing the migration development index in the
Dominican Republic Promoting healthy behaviour among key populations
and communities in the mining and logging sectors of
Principle 3 Guyana to address gender disparity
Hispaniola-Caribbean PACTA: Prevention, assistance Principle 2
to vulnerable migrants at major crossing points along
the Haitian-Dominican border, facilitation of inter- Enhancing identity management in Guyana
institutional coordination, provision of training and Supporting the decentralization of the General Register
technical assistance and advocacy Office registration processes
Right´s based regularization and social inclusion of Technical assistance to the intergovernmental working
migrants in the Dominican Republic
group on visa policy
National development policy, sustainable development
Supporting the development of Guyana’s migration
goals and migration management: data generation for
policy
policy decision making
Development of a Migration Profile for Guyana
Migration and the sustainable development goals:
Implementing the migration development index in the Building the Government of Guyana’s capacity to
Dominican Republic produce migration-related data to report on progress
Assistance and protection of Haitian women victims of toward achieving SDG targets
trafficking in persons in the Dominican Republic
Principle 3
Objective 1 Supporting the establishment of a migrant support
Hispaniola-Caribbean PACTA: Prevention, assistance bureau
to vulnerable migrants at major crossing points along Strengthening Guyana’s capacity to effectively combat
the Haitian-Dominican border, facilitation of inter- trafficking in persons and assist victims of trafficking
institutional coordination, provision of training and
technical assistance and advocacy Support the strengthening of the diaspora engagement
centre
Right´s based regularization and social inclusion of
migrants in the Dominican Republic Objective 1
Implementing the international guarantee fund for Health promotion among key populations in the
Dominicans abroad logging and mining sectors in Guyana
Objective 2 Strengthening Guyana’s capacity to effectively combat
trafficking in persons and assist victims of trafficking
Hispaniola-Caribbean PACTA: Prevention, assistance
to vulnerable migrants at major crossing points along Developing a financial literacy toolkit to promote the
the Haitian-Dominican border, facilitation of inter- effective use of remittances
institutional coordination, provision of training and Harnessing the skills and resources of the diaspora for
technical assistance and advocacy socioeconomic development in Guyana
Objective 3 Objective 2
Hispaniola-Caribbean PACTA: Prevention, assistance
Assessment of the situation of Venezuelan migrants in
to vulnerable migrants at major crossing points along
Guyana
the Haitian-Dominican border, facilitation of inter-
institutional coordination, provision of training and Technical assistance to the Civil Defence Commission
technical assistance and advocacy for shelter management

64 Migration Initiatives 2018


Central and North America and the Caribbean

Enhancing health responses through rapid response


Objective 3 to cholera alerts and outbreaks and household water
Supporting the establishment of a migrant support treatment (South-East, West, Center and Artibonite)
bureau Pre-positioning of non-food items, capacity-building
Capacity-building for an improved visa processing for strengthened emergency response capacities
system and reinforcement of the functionality of emergency
operation centers in Haiti

HAITI Objective 3
Improving Regional Cooperation and Migration
Funding requirements: USD 90,176,484 Management between Haiti and the Turks and Caicos
Islands
Principle 1
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration of Haitian
Border monitoring and protection of highly vulnerable irregular migrants
Haitian nationals and descendants on the Hispaniola
Island through capacity-building for migration
management and migrant protection JAMAICA
Provision of basic services for internally displaced
persons living in camps while focusing on their Funding requirements: USD 2,900,000
sustainable return
Principle 1
Principle 2
IOM will advance its efforts with other UN agencies
Capacity-building and mentorship of civil protection to advocate for, monitor and guarantee adherence to
actors to reinforce the functionality of emergency international treaties and agreements, while securing
operations centres in Haiti the protection of migrants’ rights in Jamaica
Integrated border management in Haiti (Migration IOM will continue to ensure that all agreements with
information and data analysis system, protection and implementing partners refer to its humanitarian
border identity card) principles, where applicable, and gender equity is
mainstreamed in its programming
Principle 3
Provision of support to the national committee to
Principle 2
combat human trafficking In addition to maintaining membership in the
Supporting the multi-sectorial response to displaced national working group on international migration
populations in Haiti through reinforced camp and development, IOM will continue to support
coordination and camp management the Government of Jamaica’s drive to mainstream
migration into national development strategies, and
Objective 1 its implementation of the international migration and
development policy and plan of action
Improving migration management and assisting female
migrants to support the development of border areas IOM will continue to support and build the capacity
between Haiti and the Dominican Republic of the Government of Jamaica to gather and analyse
migration data, and to measure its performance
Ensuring the integration of internally displaced on migration governance. Where inadequacies are
persons’ camps Saint Etienne I and II through land found, efforts will be made to assure improvements
tenure legalization and infrastructure improvements in government policies and programmes. IOM will
Enhancing the provision of assistance to the population aim to compile a report of the government’s progress
affected by hurricane Matthew through timely and in mainstreaming migration in its various ministries,
accurate information collected by the displacement departments and agencies development strategies,
tracking matrix and, from the findings of the report, tailored trainings
and technical support will be offered to relevant
Objective 2 sectors.
Providing housing support and restoring livelihoods in Principle 3
Grand-Anse
Efforts will be continued to build the capacities of
Reforestation project various government Ministries, Departments and
Protecting victims of human trafficking in hurricane Agencies, which will further assist in strengthening
Matthew devastated areas IOM’s relationship with the Government of Jamaica

Funding requirements 65
Central and North America and the Caribbean

IOM will continue to implement initiatives related


to diaspora engagement. Efforts will be deployed to MEXICO
identify and assist members of the diaspora who are
willing to contribute to Jamaica’s development in the Funding requirements: USD 2,310,000
form of a temporary return of qualified nationals.
Support will also be given to the Government of Jamaica Principle 1
in its present work to create global immigration cards.
Promoting the adoption of international health
IOM will continue promoting the value of regional
standards for vulnerable migrants, in particular in
consultative processes on migration to support the
cases of trafficking in persons
development of an consultative process for the region
Protecting and promoting the right to identity of
Objective 1 binational families
IOM will advocate for the protection of Jamaican
migrant workers who are internationally recruited
Principle 2
through the implementation of the project “promoting Migration Profile study in the Mexican northern border
integrity in international recruitment and migrant skill (Baja California and Tamaulipas)
development in Jamaica”. Data and evidence will be
gathered on the current migration gaps and challenges Strengthening the information system related to
of the international recruitment of Jamaicans. This will crimes against migrants (smuggling, trafficking in
further serve as a tool to build the capacity of the civil persons and kidnapping)
society, the Government of Jamaica and private sector
recruiters. Principle 3
Efforts will be strengthened to carry out situational Strengthening collaboration between the judicial
assessments of migration health issues in Jamaica sector and prosecutors in Mexico for the effective
aimed at tailoring capacity-building initiatives for sanctioning of trafficking in persons with a human
relevant stakeholders rights and gender approach
Fostering highly qualified migration through local
Objective 2 cooperation with potential counterparts, including
IOM will forge ties with relevant stakeholders to pre-departure cultural orientation workshops for
ensure that migration is mainstreamed into disaster highly qualified individuals, such as students
management, risk reduction and emergency
preparedness programmes and policies Objective 1
A situational assessment will be carried out on local Developing an assessment of the current
displacement due to crises situations in Jamaica. Using socioeconomic well-being of migrants in Mexico,
the report’s findings, IOM will cooperate with relevant including remittances
stakeholders (public and private sector officials) for
the provision of technical expertise and administrative Migrants and cities: Analysis of migrants’ participation
support in the framework of return programmes. in urban development in relation with sustainability
and economic well-being
Objective 3 Strengthening government capacities for the
IOM will continue to offer administrative services reintegration of returned Mexican migrants and
in the operation of the United Kingdom Visas and increasing the engagement with the private sector to
Immigration visa application centre in Jamaica and facilitate the reintegration of returnees
eight temporary enrolment locations across Latin Developing a mobile application for returned migrants
America and the Caribbean to facilitate their socioeconomic reintegration in
In cooperation with the United Kingdom, IOM will Mexico
continue to offer post-arrival support to Jamaicans Providing mental health and psychosocial support to
returning under the facilitated return scheme. Mexican migrants returning from the United States in
Jamaicans returning from other countries will, on an in five strategic hubs (four along the northern border
ad hoc basis, also receive return and reintegration and one in Mexico City)
support through the post arrival and reintegration
assistance programme. Monitoring and exchange of best practices for the
integration of extra continental migrants
IOM also aims to improve public awareness on
trafficking in persons through the implementation Objective 2
of an annual sensitization session with students
and vulnerable groups, as well as supporting the Integration of migrants in risk management at the
Government of Jamaica in a comprehensive counter local level in Mexico, as a continuation of the Migrants
trafficking public awareness raising campaign in Countries in Crisis initiative

66 Migration Initiatives 2018


Central and North America and the Caribbean

Integration of migration routes and other migrant Contributing to the protection of migrant women in
vulnerabilities in the National Risk Atlas Central America and the Dominican Republican by
incorporating a gender focus in migration management
Objective 3 policies
Labour Migration: Improvement of mechanisms for
the recruitment, hiring and supervision of migrant NORTHERN TRIANGLE (El Salvador,
agricultural workers holding a United States H-2A Visa.
Guatemala, Honduras)
NICARAGUA Funding requirements: USD 25,006,691
Principle 2
Funding requirements: USD 2,160,000
Northern triangle migration management initiative II
Principle 1 (El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras)
Contributing to strengthening the national coalition The effects of climate change and human mobility
against trafficking in persons with the implementation on vulnerable populations in El Salvador, Guatemala,
of counter-trafficking law 896 of 2015 Honduras and Nicaragua
Contributing to the protection of migrant women Research on the reintegration process of migrants in
in Central America and the Dominican Republican urban areas of Mexico and the northern triangle of
by incorporating a gender focus in migration Central America
management policies Institutional strengthening for the elaboration of a
Migration Profile in Honduras
Principle 2
Strengthening capacities of community stakeholders
Objective 1
to promote the development of youth affected by Return and reintegration in the northern triangle
gender-based violence
UN joint programme for post-conflict peace-building in
El Salvador
Principle 3
Regional programme to strengthen capacities to
Contributing to strengthening the national coalition protect and assist vulnerable migrants in Mesoamerica
against trafficking in persons with the implementation (Phase VIII)
of counter-trafficking law 896 of 2015
Strengthening capacities of community stakeholders Objective 2
to promote the development of youth affected by
Prevention with adolescents and youth to address
gender-based violence
criminal processes in El Salvador
Contributing to the protection of migrant women
in Central America and the Dominican Republic by
incorporating a gender focus in migration management PANAMA
policies
Funding requirements: USD 1,700,000
Objective 1
Strengthening capacities of community stakeholders Principle 1
to promote the development of youth affected by
Migration policy: Strengthening migration governance
gender-based violence
at the national level through the implementation of
Contributing to the protection of migrant women in migration legislation in Panama
Central America and the Dominican Republican by
Strengthening capacities to assist victims, prevent
incorporating a gender focus in migration management
and combat trafficking in persons in Panama:
policies
Contributing to the efforts of the Panamanian
Capacity-building to promote corporate social Government in developing and implementing a
responsibility in the mining sector, with emphasis on comprehensive response to trafficking in persons,
environmental sustainability and protection of workers oriented at supporting prevention efforts, enhancing
the protection of victims and reinforcing the
Objective 3 prosecution of traffickers.
Strengthening capacities of community stakeholders to Improving the human security of native communities
promote the development of youth affected by gender- at the border with Colombia along the migration
based violence: Prevention of sexual exploitation and route of extra-regional migrants transiting through
trafficking in persons in border and tourism areas Panama.

Funding requirements 67
Central and North America and the Caribbean

Strengthening capacities to combat migrant the civil society to manage migration crisis situations,
smuggling: Supporting the efforts of the Panamanian specifically related to flows of extra-regional migrants
Government in the effective implementation of anti-
smuggling legislation Objective 3
Principle 2 Migration policy: Strengthening migration governance
at the national level through the implementation of
Migration policy: Strengthening migration governance migration legislation in Panama
at the national level through the implementation of
Strengthening capacities to assist victims, prevent and
migration legislation in Panama
combat trafficking in persons in Panama: Contributing
Strengthening capacities to assist victims, prevent and to the efforts of the Panamanian Government in
combat trafficking in persons in Panama: Contributing developing and implementing a comprehensive
to the efforts of the Panamanian Government in response to trafficking in persons, oriented at
developing and implementing a comprehensive supporting prevention efforts, enhancing the
response to trafficking in persons, oriented at protection of victims and reinforcing the prosecution
supporting prevention efforts, enhancing the of traffickers.
protection of victims and reinforcing the prosecution
of traffickers. Improving the human security of native communities
at the border with Colombia along the migration route
Institutional strengthening for crime prevention of extra-regional migrants transiting through Panama.
initiatives targeting underserved youth in San Miguelito:
Improving field level integration and coordination Supporting Panama´s Presidency Pro Tempore of the
mechanisms between programmes and services of the 2018 Regional Conference on Migration
Government of Panama targeting underserved youth Strengthening capacities of the Panamanian
to address security concerns in at-risk communities Government and the civil society to respond to
in two corregimientos of San Miguelito, and to create migration crises: Implementing training manuals to
the blueprint for a national and local model for youth build the capacities of government institutions and
crime prevention programmes the civil society to manage migration crisis situations,
specifically related to flows of extra-regional migrants
Principle 3
Supporting Panama´s Presidency Pro Tempore of the
2018 Regional Conference on Migration TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
Strengthening capacities to assist victims, prevent and
Funding requirements: USD 300,000
combat trafficking in persons in Panama: Contributing
to the efforts of the Panamanian Government in
Objective 1
developing and implementing a comprehensive
response to trafficking in persons, oriented at IOM will carry out targeted research on irregular
supporting prevention efforts, enhancing the migration flows in Trinidad and Tobago, in order
protection of victims and reinforcing the prosecution to support policy-making and decision making on
of traffickers. migration by the Government

Objective 1 Objective 3
Improving the human security of native communities IOM will support the voluntary return and reintegration
at the border with Colombia along the migration route of migrants in situations of vulnerability, such as
of extra-regional migrants transiting through Panama. irregular and stranded migrants, victims of trafficking
Strengthening capacities to assist victims, prevent and and unaccompanied migrant children
combat trafficking in persons in Panama: Contributing
to the efforts of the Panamanian Government in
developing and implementing a comprehensive UNITED STATES
response to trafficking in persons, oriented at
supporting prevention efforts, enhancing the Funding requirements: USD 993,422
protection of victims and reinforcing the prosecution
of traffickers Principle 1
The training and technical assistance project funded
Objective 2
by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in
Strengthening capacities of the Panamanian Persons: The objective of the project is to spread
Government and the civil society to respond to awareness, remove stigma and establish standard
migration crises: Implementing training manuals to practices that aim at enhancing the ability of law
build the capacities of government institutions and enforcement and other state and non-governmental

68 Migration Initiatives 2018


Central and North America and the Caribbean

organizations to engage in counter trafficking affairs.


This is done in close adherence to international
Objective 3
standards and principles, namely the Protocol to The return, reintegration, and family reunification
Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, programme for victims of trafficking in the United
especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol) States: Partnerships between IOM and NGOs, attorney
set forth by the United Nations in 2003. and law enforcement counterparts allowed for a total
of 279 family members to be safely reunited with
Principle 3 victims of trafficking in fiscal year 2016. Two victims
The return, reintegration, and family reunification of trafficking returned to their countries of origin with
programme for victims of trafficking in the United dignity from the United States during the same year
States: Although there is an extensive network of with assistance from IOM.
NGOs assisting trafficking victims in the US, most lack The training and technical assistance project funded
the capacity to provide reunification assistance to by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in
survivors’ family members abroad. This programme Persons: Border related capacity-building for officials
fills in this gap by developing strong partnerships is carried out in certain countries through this project
with referring NGOs, pro bono attorneys, faith-based to achieve a standard of victim identification and
organizations, and law enforcement agencies working assistance through the establishment of frameworks
directly with victims of trafficking to facilitate safe and response mechanisms to safeguard borders and
travel arrangements. In order to promote a continuum protect migrants.
of care, IOM also works to nurture close working
The emergency fund funded by the Office to Monitor
relationships with local agencies in the countries of
and Combat Trafficking in Persons: in coordination
origin for victims of trafficking wishing to return home.
with local governments and NGOs, the Emergency
The training and technical assistance project funded by Fund provides emergency return assistance to victims
the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons: of trafficking that adheres to the safe, orderly and
Trainings under this project include coordination with dignified migration principles.
state law enforcement, social protection and legislative
areas of government, as well as other stakeholders to
educate on matters of national action plan creation,
anti-trafficking legislation, strengthening criminal
justice response, victim identification, referral and
assistance. Under this project, IOM is also engaged
with the United States government, through their local
Embassies, in order to facilitate the communication
and coordination with State officials.
The emergency fund funded by the Office to Monitor
and Combat Trafficking in Persons: Protection of
vulnerable migrants and victims of trafficking would
be virtually impossible without strong partnerships
between actors from government agencies, NGOs
and other organizations. The Emergency Fund
project relies heavily on the cooperation of multiple
partners to provide short-term assistance to victims of
trafficking in all geographical areas in a short period.
For the Emergency Fund to be successful, IOM works
with –the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in
Persons and NGO’s to ensure identification, support
and reintegration assistance reaches the victims in the
field.

Objective 1
The Emergency Fund funded by the Office to Monitor
and Combat Trafficking in Persons: The Emergency Fund
provides reintegration and other assistance to victims
of trafficking to ensure the sustained protection and
socioeconomic wellbeing of these individuals which in
turn reduces the risk of re-victimization.

Funding requirements 69
SOUTH AMERICA
Affected population by the
earthquake in Ecuador seeking
refuge in temporary or in
spontaneous sites. © IOM 2017
(Photo: Monica Noriega)
SOUTH AMERICA
Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional initiatives 350,000 300,000 170,000 200,000 600,000 230,000 1,850,000
Argentina 250,000 320,000 120,000 645,000 365,000 280,000 1,980,000
Bolivia, Plurinational
200,000 750,000 200,000 370,000 300,000 100,000 1,920,000
State of
Brazil 100,000 30,000 50,000 300,000 150,000 - 630,000
Chile 277,700 110,000 120,000 440,000 105,000 50,000 1,102,700
Colombia 585,000 250,000 200,000 15,150,000 74,000,000 100,000 90,285,000
Ecuador 500,000 1,500,000 1,600,000 4,400,000 2,500,000 2,500,000 13,000,000
Paraguay 150,000 500,000 100,000 130,000 100,000 610,000 1,590,000
Peru 450,000 430,000 1,025,000 1,500,000 1,950,000 5,355,000
Uruguay 50,000 30,000 20,000 40,000 50,000 40,000 230,000
Venezuela, Bolivarian
300,000 - - - 980,000 - 1,280,000
Republic of
Total 2,762,700 4,240,000 3,010,000 22,700,000 80,650,000 5,860,000 119,222,700

Promote partnerships to develop capacities


REGIONAL INITIATIVES on migration data generation, processing and
dissemination in the region
Funding requirements: USD 1,850,000 Promote the use of data and statistical reporting in
migration policy dialogue as well as in scenarios of
Principle 1 migration crises, including comparative analysis
Support national and local policy development Generate and disseminate reports to highlight the
processes aiming at the incorporation of a human impact of migration processes on migrants, host
rights and international standards perspective in communities, cities and institutions
migration management
Support the integration of new/non-traditional sectors
Accompany governments in the design of sectoral in migration policy dialogue at regional level
and intersectoral programs to promote the
operationalization of international standards Accompany intersectoral and continental exchanges
impacting migrants’ rights of tools and best practices in migration statistics
management
Support legislative processes in applying a migrant
human rights approach at regional level (Parlamento Principle 3
Andino, ParlaSur, Parlatino)
Facilitate human rights based policy dialogue and
Monitor migration policy instruments and processes accountability spaces between governments and
in the framework of regional dialogue and relevant civil society groups at the regional level
consultations based on international standards
Promote changes in perception with regards to
Strengthen public officials’ capacities in migration migration and migrants among public institutions,
management grounded on human rights and opinion leaders, civil society, private sector and
sustainable development in partnership with the media through the dissemination of reliable
academia and relevant institutions information
Support regional efforts in reviewing States’ progress Generate channels that facilitate capturing and
on the human rights of migrants as per their transferring knowledge, experience and capacity
international accepted obligations of civil society, academia and the private sector in
Support the systematic mainstreaming of gender in support of migrants’ rights
regional programmes Support countries in the region as members and/
Accompany and mobilize regional mechanisms and or leaders of consultative and integration processes
processes in their participation in the processes through the development of migration related
of negotiation and implementation of the Global instruments and initiatives
Compact for Migration
Objective 1
Principle 2
Support positioning of migrants as specific
Promote the integration of migration issues in populations within SDG targets, aiming at reducing
statistical systems vulnerabilities related to forced migration.
South America

Support efforts to reduce regulatory and service


barriers that affect the socioeconomic integration of ARGENTINA
migrants based on public private partnerships
Generate innovative alternatives to address the Funding requirements: USD 1,980,000
labour needs of extra-regional and intra-regional
migrants Principle 1
Support countries in the region to harness the Promoting migrants’ rights under National Law
opportunities and increase the sustainability of their N° 25.871 through the delivery of workshops for
migrant return initiatives, especially when responding migrant organization leaders and government
to changes in policies in countries of destination officials (including public education, health and
public officials)
Consolidate the intersectoral approach of regional
cooperation in counter-trafficking efforts, based on Supporting the ´Federal Council for the Fight
victims’ rights Against Human Trafficking and Exploitation and for
the Protection and Assistance of its Victims´ in the
Promote strategies that fight xenophobia and social
implementation of the National Plan Against Human
discrimination based on migration status
Trafficking
Objective 2 Support the adjustment of anti-discrimination
national legislation in line with international
Promote the adoption of a comprehensive approach standards to promote the social inclusion of migrants
to migration crisis responses based on the Migration and reduce discrimination based on nationality and
Crisis Operational Framework and IOM developed ethnicity in the workplace
tools in the region
Supporting the National Women’s Council in the
Promote early action responding to the drivers of implementation of the National Action Plan for the
migration crises to address risk factors that may Prevention, Assistance and Eradication of Violence
impact post-crisis stability. Against Women´ with focus on migrant women
Encourage the inclusion of migration considerations Advancing political rights of migrants by increasing
in climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies political participation in local elections
and initiatives
Expand IOM capacity to assist vulnerable migrants in Principle 2
crises situations through applying global frameworks Improving data management for international border
and instruments. management
Facilitate the design and implementation of Strengthening the functioning of the intergovernmental
coordinated response mechanisms among countries and intersectoral Migration Dialogue Group
in cases of transnational migration crises
Implementing a Labour Observatory to identify
Objective 3 unfulfilled demand for labour as a source of information
for migrants and employers, in partnership with the
Support the implementation of regional instruments National Direction of Migration and the Ministry of
that guarantee migrant safety as well as orderly Labour and Social Security
migration and that prevent, among others, trafficking
in persons and migrant smuggling with special Principle 3
attention to migrants in vulnerable situations and
unaccompanied minors Developing a private sector strategy to enforce the
protection of migrant rights in the supply chain
Support migration authorities with capacity
enhancement on the practical application of Mainstreaming migration in the SDG Agenda at the
instruments that guarantee the human rights of national and subnational levels
migrants and prevent exploitation and abuse Supporting the National Government for the Global
Generate and disseminate messages that focus on Compact on Migration negotiations
rights, opportunities, obligations and risks associated
with migration, targeting migrants and potential
Objective 1
migrants Promoting migrant’s rights under National Law N°
Support efforts to mainstream human rights and 25.871
gender considerations within border management Delivering vocational training and Spanish language
instruments, tools and practices incorporating mixed training to improve the socioeconomic inclusion of
flows management measures extra continental migrants
Support regularization initiatives in the region, Supporting the ´Federal Council for the Fight
including towards extraregional migrants Against Human Trafficking and Exploitation and for

72 Migration Initiatives 2018


South America

the Protection and Assistance of its Victims´ in the


implementation of the National Plan Against Human
Principle 3
Trafficking Capacity-building and articulation of the civil society
Supporting the National Women’s Council in the around the sustainable development goals related to
implementation of the National Action Plan for the migration issues
Prevention, Assistance and Eradication of Violence
Against Women´ with focus on migrant women Objective 1
Training public security officers on migrant rights and Improving family agriculture in rural communities
intercultural communication through women empowerment and environmental
education
Advancing the political rights of migrants
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration
Delivering a communication campaign to promote
programme
the contribution of migrants to host societies and
to contribute to the fight against xenophobia, Reintegration assistance programme for victims of
discrimination and racism trafficking
Assessment on specific protection needs of
indigenous migrants from Paraguay, the Plurinational
Objective 2
State of Bolivia and Peru living in Buenos Aires Improving camp coordination and camp management
capacities at the subnational level according to the
Objective 2 priorities of the Plurinational State of Bolivia’s risk
Training of government officials on the Migrants in management policy
Countries in Crisis (MICIC) guidelines
Objective 3
Mainstreaming migration in the National Plan
for Disaster Risk Reduction (crisis preparedness, Assisted voluntary return and reintegration
emergency response and post-crisis) programme
Delivering a capacity building workshop and a pilot Reintegration assistance programme for victims of
test for the implementation of the Displacement trafficking
Tracking Matrix (DTM) in scenarios of flooding
Assessing the impact of climate change in human BRAZIL
mobility in the Litoral Region

Objective 3 Funding requirements: USD 630,000


Training of Government officials on migration Principle 1
management
Improving legal assistance for migrants in Brazil–
Promoting an integrated governance response to knowledge production and dissemination: The
combat human trafficking in Argentina’s border with project will focus on the development and provision
the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Paraguay and Chile of an intensive online course, together with a training
of trainers workshop with high-level personnel of the
Office of the Federal Public Attorney. The online course
BOLIVIA, PLURINATIONAL STATE OF will provide knowledge and tools to public attorneys
and civil servants to better address migrants’ legal
Funding requirements: USD 1,920,000 needs in Brazil, focusing both in providing knowledge
of International Migration Law and in disseminating
Principle 1 the existing knowledge on domestic law. The training
Strengthening tools and networks to identify, refer of trainers workshop with public attorneys will target
and assist human trafficking cases senior staff and cover areas such as international
migration law and Mercosur migration dynamics, with
Strengthening trafficking in persons policies in the specific sessions on women and irregular migrants.
Plurinational State of Bolivia through an evidence
based approach Principle 2
Principle 2 Assessing Venezuelan migration to Northern Brazil:
The inflow of Venezuelan migrants to Northern Brazil
Strengthening internal migration policies in the is estimated at about 30,000 migrants in 12 months.
Plurinational State of Bolivia IOM will provide support to map these populations
Addressing migration and climate change in vulnerable and better understand their needs, in order to improve
indigenous and rural communities in the high lands public policy

Funding requirements 73
South America

Improving legal assistance for migrants in Brazil – migrants to know their rights; (ii) referring migrants to
liaising with the private sector: IOM will begin a the appropriate public service or authority in charge
consultation involving UN Global Compact partners to of protecting their rights, and; (iii) providing migrants
design corporate policies for migrants’ insertion in the information to have an informed choice among the
Brazilian labour market. The consultation will identify available legal, safe, and orderly migration options in
and address the main legal problems preventing Brazil.
migrants to access the formal labour market and set
the basis for a long-term partnership between IOM
and the private sector in Brazil. CHILE
Objective 1 Funding requirements: USD 1,102,700
Improving legal assistance for migrants in Brazil (3)
– improving migrants access to the formal labour Principle 1
market: Access to the formal labour market is a key Support Chile in establishing a modern migratory
programmatic area in Brazil’s current economic framework that guarantees compliance with
situation. IOM will develop innovative programmes international principles and standards and protects
with the Government and the private sector focusing migrant rights
on fostering market labour niches for migrants. At the
same time, IOM will support local NGOs dedicated to In cooperation with the Chilean Under-Secretary for
improve the social and economic inclusion of migrants. Human Rights, ensure ongoing institutional follow-
up to safeguard migrant human rights as set forth in
Finally, based on an assessment made in partnership international instruments
with the UN Global Compact, a ToT workshop will be
designed for UN Global Compact representatives to Contribute to implementing the 2030 Agenda and
help them craft and adopt innovative corporate social the Sustainable Development Goals, especially those
responsibility policies that focus on migrants, with related to international migration, by assisting and
special provisions for women. collaborating with national agencies in assuming
their roles and leadership position
Fostering reintegration of Brazilian returnees: Brazil is
the country in South America that has received most In cooperation with the Government of Chile and
returnees. IOM has provided support to Brazilian civil society actors, generate greater knowledge and
nationals returning from certain European countries, evidence for the design and implementation of public
but local and national services are also required to policies and to improve the visibility of migrants’
target returnees. IOM will promote the design of contribution to the country’s development
public policies for the socioeconomic reintegration
of returned migrants and develop specific projects to
Principle 2
improve their social and economic inclusion. In coordination with the Investigative Police (PDI),
Fostering transnational Bolivian household-savings: share and disclose information through a statistical
Bolivian nationals represent one of the biggest system capturing and tracking data regarding migrant
migrant communities in the city of São Paulo. Most of entries and exits in the different zones and regions of
them do not have a bank account and consequently Chile
tend to pay high remittance costs, without having any In cooperation with the Association of Chilean
formal savings options. This project aims to increase Municipalities, implement a regular migration
the financial education and inclusion of transnational information system through a multi-government
Bolivian households in São Paulo, by promoting the use platform
of their remittances towards ad hoc savings products
Using the consular registry databases of the Consulates
for migrants.
in Chile, establish an information exchange mechanism
to identify migrants in vulnerable conditions,
Objective 2
homelessness, and potential return cases
Migration Information centre in Roraima (addressing
Venezuelan migration): The Brazilian Northern Principle 3
State of Roraima is the main avenue for Venezuelan
Promote coordination platform to generate
migrants entering Brazil. Being one of the poorest
international and migration cooperation initiatives,
states in country, Roraima struggles to provide basic
within the framework of Triangular Cooperation and
services to this population. The federal government
South-South Cooperation with the Government of
has approved several emergency funds to support
Chile
crisis management, but a certain lack of information
has led to problems of access to services. IOM will Encourage alliances and dialogue with different
support the creation of an information centre in the actors from the public sector, private sector, civil
city of Boa Vista with three objectives: (i) allowing organizations, academia, and migrant associations to

74 Migration Initiatives 2018


South America

promote inclusive social and economic development Establish a coordination strategy between IOM
through migration and the private sector, including the International
Recruitment Integrity System (IRIS) to ensure the
Cooperate with the private sector, civil society
socio-economic welfare of migrants
organizations and the public sector to identify
proposals aiming at integrating migrants into housing Continue implementing the strategy to raise
and services, and encourage intercultural education awareness and train public officials from the Chilean
Ministry of Health on trafficking in persons and
Assist the Government of Chile with the national migrant smuggling
consultation process for formulation of the Global
Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration: this Support the Government of Chile, through the
process implies the participation of multiple relevant Ministry of Health, in the preparation of technical
actors (academia, business and union organizations, orientation activities focused on assisting victims of
civil society, public sector agencies, local governments, trafficking
etc.)
Objective 2
Strengthen and consolidate relations with the United
Improve data collection on beneficiary communities
Nations System in Chile, and create an inter-agency
of humanitarian assistance through the Community
work strategy on migration, on the basis of the Global
Response Map
Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration and
the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Develop and implement mobile applications for
migrants to address information access challenges
Strengthen cooperation in the Joint Agenda with the for migrants in vulnerable situations and compile
General Directorate of Consular Policy and Immigration, aggregate information on migratory trends, such
based on the guiding principles and objectives of the as frequently used routes, border crossing points,
Migration Governance Framework vulnerabilities, and migrant profiles
Objective 1 Incorporate migrants into emergency planning
efforts, thus guaranteeing their participation and
Establishment of an articulated work agenda with the protection with respect to emergency prevention,
Ministry of Housing and Urbanism, with emphasis on response, and recovery efforts by applying the
highly sensitive issues for migrants such as housing directives and principles of the Migrants in Countries
and rent charges In Crisis Initiative in close coordination with local
In cooperation with local governments through governments
the Migrants and Cities Programme, guarantee the
implementation of programmes and services that
Objective 3
facilitate the full integration of migrants into society, Cooperate with the Government of Chile and
as well as promote the socio-economic well-being of civil society organizations to redesign a border
migrants and their families management programme that guarantees a strategy
for safe, orderly, and regular migration with a human
Cooperate with the ECLAC Gender Unit (Gender
rights focus
Equality Observatory) to compile a legislative
repository on gender and migration in Latin America Implement a pilot project to identify the specific
and the Caribbean, in order to analyze how countries protection and understand the needs of indigenous
are incorporating the issue into their legislative migrants in Chile
frameworks
Support the design of a strategy to streamline the
validation and equivalency of degrees, certificates,
COLOMBIA
and skills and the recognition of the capacities of
migrants residing in Chile Funding requirements: USD 90,285,000
Support the establishment of institutional Principle 1
mechanisms to reduce the costs of transferring
money from receiving agencies in the country of Fostering a South American network For knowledge
destination management on trafficking in persions investigations
and prosecutions
In cooperation with local governments, develop
strategies for the reception and integration of migrants Technical secretariat of the country coordinating
within a human rights protection framework. mechanism for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS,
Tuberculosis and Malaria
Support the Government of Chile in its binational
alliances and partnerships established with other
Principle 2
governments in the region, in order to prevent the
risks associated with irregular migration, including Sustainable Development Goals monitoring platform
trafficking in persons and migrant smuggling development and implementation

Funding requirements 75
South America

Land access, tenure and regulation and rural


Principle 3 development processes with territorial approach in
Support to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the agricultural reservation areas
implementation of the Global Compact on Migration
Promotion and guarantee of health rights in the
consultations with private sector, academia, civil
Temporary Concentration Zones and transitory areas
society and other relevant actors
for former combatants
Objective 1 Support to the exit of children and adolescent from
FARC camps
Rural development with a territorial approach:
Increased effectiveness of rural development Community and economic reintegration of former
management practices in reducing poverty and combatants
promoting sustainable and inclusive growth for
Infrastructure improvement and development in
vulnerable populations
conflict affected border areas to prevent recruitment
Gender-sensitive capacity-building for public officials of children by illegal armed groups
to manage irregular migration between Colombia
and Venezuela Inclusion for Peace – National institutions institutional
strengthening
Support to the technical assistance strategy of the
Rural Development Agency for the promotion of rural Inclusion for Peace – Local governments institutional
development practices and the inclusive growth of strengthening
vulnerable populations Institutional strengthening for peace initiatives
Implementation of the comprehensive and Inclusion for Peace – Institutional strengthening
participatory programme for the social and Initiatives
economic inclusion of Afrocolombian and indigenous
populations Objective 3
Counter-trafficking prevention and assistance
Training of border officials on border management
Safe and orderly return assistance and promotion and protection components
initiatives

Objective 2 ECUADOR
Inclusion for peace: social and economic inclusion of
Afrocolombian and indigenous populations Funding requirements: USD 13,000,000
Victims institutional strengthening programme
Principle 1
Increasing national and local capacity for peace
implementation in Colombia Improve the legal framework related to the fight
Support to compensation quotas in strategic zones of against trafficking in persons, including the draft of
the rapid response strategy an integrated law against trafficking in human beings
Reintegration and prevention of recruitment of Principle 2
children and re-recruitment of adults and children in
conflict affected areas Continued support to mainstream migration in
national planning through strengthening coordination
Support to the Office of the High Commissioner for
mechanisms at the national and the local levels, as
Peace in institutional and community strengthening
well as the national migration information system
initiatives for territorial peacebuilding
Priority aspects in transitional justice and criminal Engage local governments in the governance of
policy for peacebuilding migration, considering the recently approved human
mobility law, to strengthen the link between migration
Promotion of the digital employability for the and local development
prevention of recruitment of adolescents and young
people in new forms of urban violence Expand the assessment on the links between migration,
environment and climate change in Ecuador
Strategies for poverty reduction for Afrocolombians
and indigenous populations Update of the migration profile in Ecuador
Support to displaced populations and victims of other
disasters through mobile units
Principle 3
Implementation of the education for peace model and Support in linking migration programming at the
support to educational infrastructure improvement national and local levels in Ecuador and develop multi-
for peace building level partnerships to achieve the global outputs of the
Agenda 2030

76 Migration Initiatives 2018


South America

Promote knowledge transfers through an international


volunteering, solidarity and skilled migration PARAGUAY
programme between Ecuador and other countries
Funding requirements: USD 1,590,000
Objective 1
Implement border integration and development Principle 1
programmes on the borders with Peru and Colombia Support the reformulation of the Migration Law aiming
to expand the scope of migration management, in
Support the Government of Ecuador in the order to achieve the necessary coverage at the country
implementation of labour migration policies that level in terms of security, technology, infrastructure
protect the rights of migrant workers and link labour and human and administrative resources
migration to existing development and employment
strategies Strengthen the National Strategy to Combat
Trafficking in Persons allowing the implementation of
Combat xenophobia and discrimination through effective public policies regarding the prevention and
awareness raising campaigns and trainings treatment of this crime
Support local governments to design and implement
policies against trafficking in persons Principle 2
Increase engagement with the private sector to Enhance government institutions’ access to
facilitate the reintegration of returnees and enhance information related to the provision of services for
the protection of migrant workers migrant population, such as health care, social security,
education, and labour
Objective 2
Implement displacement tracking and response
Principle 3
mechanisms within the Ecuadorian Government’s Strengthen the resilience of family agriculture
Response to the Peace Process in Colombia through the development of micro, small and medium
Expand national capacities to protect migrants in businesses in partnership with key stakeholders
emergency situations Support the participation of the Government of
Strengthen Ecuador’s capacity to address mixed Paraguay in Regional Consultative Processes
migration flows
Objective 1
Enhance the capacity of the Government emergency
response mechanisms on displacement management Promote the reintegration of returnees and victims
and camp coordination and camp management of trafficking in Paraguay
Foster the integration of migrant populations at
Objective 3 border areas in health promotion initiatives
Strengthen border management capacities in Ecuador Increase the engagement with the private sector to
Intensify efforts to prevent irregular migration from facilitate the reintegration of returnees and enhance
and through the country by intensifying awareness the protection of victims of human trafficking
raising and information on regular migration as well
as risks associated with irregular migration, especially
Objective 2
migrant smuggling. Enhance the preparation of local governments and
Support the Ecuadorian Government in implementing communities for natural disasters through strategic
the electronic passport planning

Support Ecuador in the prevention and prosecution Support the management of internal displacement
of trafficking in persons and the protection of victims due to natural disasters, through capacity-building of
government institutions, humanitarian assistance and
Assess border management capacities in Ecuador protection of affected communities in coordination
Promote knowledge transfer through an international with relevant stakeholders
volunteering, solidarity and skilled migration
programme between Ecuador and other countries Objective 3
Strengthen the capacities and the performance of
border management officials and police by enhancing
their training on detecting fraud documents, human
trafficking, and sharing best practices from the region,
including a gender mainstreaming perspective
Enhance awareness raising towards safe migration,
including prevention of trafficking

Funding requirements 77
South America

Boost the implementation of MIDAS in land borders


to increase national security, and allowing the country
Objective 1
to produce and analyse migration data Strengthening diaspora engagement mechanisms
Enhance border management in partnership with with Peruvian migrants abroad
neighbour countries and communities Second edition of the “Soy Migrante Peruano”
photography contest
Improving protection and referral mechanisms for
PERU victims of smuggling in Peru

Funding requirements: USD 5,355,000 Strengthening mobile health units in rural areas of
Peru
Principle 2 Addressing trafficking in persons in illegal mining and
logging contexts
Research on adaptive capacities and social response to
migration in the context of climate in change in Central Support to the Ministry of Justice’ reparations
Peru programme

Principle 3 Objective 2
Promoting private sector involvement in combatting Strengthening the management of displaced
trafficking in persons in Peru populations in Peru
Technical support to the intersectoral working group Integration programme for displaced migrants in Peru
for migration management

The heavy rains that began in January


2017 caused severe flooding in
communities and urban areas across
Peru with several locations devastated by
mudslides and falling rocks. © IOM 2017

78 Migration Initiatives 2018


South America

Objective 3 Objective 3
Comprehensive border management programme for Reinforcing national capacities to implement the
the Ministry of Interior Global Compact on Migration
Orientation programme for migrant sheepherders Supporting the implementation of the Mercosur
from Peru travelling to the United States of America Residency Agreement to facilitate access to regular
residency for migrants

URUGUAY
VENEZUELA, BOLIVIARIAN
Funding requirements: USD 230,000 REPUBLIC OF
Principle 1 Funding requirements: USD 1,280,000
Provision of technical assistance to the Parliament to Principle 1
approve the new counter-trafficking law
Preventing trafficking recruitment in emergency
Including the gender approach in the national contexts
migration policy throughout a training on gender
migration management Objective 2
Implement a training on migration and human rights Emergency assistance for persons in search
with focus on child migrant rights for education of international protection and community
professionals strengthening in Western Venezuela
Principle 2 Humanitarian assistance for Venezuelan vulnerable
communities affected by the social and economic
Improving the data to comply with SDGs indicators situation
related to migration
Improving the migration data system to allow better
understanding of migration dynamics in the country

Principle 3
Provision of technical assistance to the National Board
on Migration to meet goal 10.7 of the SDGs related to
well-managed migration policies

Objective 1
Providing technical support to the Labour Migration
Unit of the Ministry of Labour and Social Security to
promote migrants’ decent employment conditions
with a gender approach
Providing technical support to the Mayor of
Montevideo to establish a shelter for vulnerable
migrants with a gender approach
Providing technical support to create an intercultural
educational model for the educational system at
primary level
Development of a MigApp involving the private
sector in the process of inclusion of labour migrants
with a gender approach
Strengthening local government capacities to
address migrants integration in the neighbourhoods
of Montevideo with a gender approach

Objective 2
Reinforcing national capacities to manage migration
in border areas

Funding requirements 79
Asia and the Pacific

ASIA AND
THE PACIFIC
Fatima fled her village in Afghanistan
with her disabled son Zabi shortly after
the Taliban murdered her husband.
Refugees in Indonesia, the pair now
reside in a small home provided by
IOM where they have been awaiting
resettlement for years. © IOM 2017
(Photo: Muse Mohammed)

80 Migration Initiatives 2018


Asia and the Pacific

ASIA AND THE PACIFIC


Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional initiatives 805,119 - 200,000 - - - 1,005,119
Afghanistan 2,264,833 5,031,570 3,194,486 1,000,000 28,100,000 17,350,000 56,940,889
Australia - - - - - 30,330,000 30,330,000
Bangladesh 3,000,000 100,000 300,000 11,250,000 59,820,000 1,200,000 75,670,000
Cambodia  2,350,757 631,692 410,722 4,750,757 - 126,412 5,919,583
China 419,123 65,097 440,363 452,054 201,200 730,200 2,308,037
Fiji - - - 2,000,000 4,000,000 - 6,000,000
Federated States of
Micronesia, Marshall 120,000 10,000 550,000 2,635,000 3,110,000 1,400,000 7,825,000
Islands and Palau
India - 80,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 - 1,000,000 3,580,000
Indonesia 250,000 1,575,000 975,000 2,975,000 4,700,000 2,725,000 13,200,000
Iran, Islamic Republic of 50,000 130,000 70,000 - 150,000 100,000 500,000
Japan - - - - - 700,000 700,000
Lao People’s Democratic
250,000 200,000 100,000 400,000 150,000 300,000 1,400,000
Republic
Malaysia 45,000 30,000 74,000 1,500,000 270,000 1,919,000
Maldives - - - 1,000,000 300,000 1,300,000
Mongolia 24,000 195,000 62,000 - 20,000 100,000 401,000
Myanmar 1,000,000 1,200,000 4,000,000 7,400,000 1,100,000 2,150,000 16,850,000
Nauru - - - 40,000 - - 40,000
Nepal 118,449 227,012 160,012 189,735 3,700,174 1,841,015 6,236,396
New Zealand 2,000,000 2,000,000
Pakistan - 1,000,000 2,579,000 11,104,502 6,500,000 4,127,800 25,311,302
Papua New Guinea 950,000 5,500,000 900,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 4,500,000 15,350,000
Philippines, the 100,000 63,400 383,400 69,696,100 10,071,100 1,485,100 81,799,100
Republic of Korea 50,000 10,000 40,000 150,000 500,000 500,000 1,250,000
Salomon Islands - - - 1,500,000 - 500,000 2,000,000
Sri Lanka 500,000 - 700,000 1,500,000 700,000 1,000,000 4,400,000
Thailand 400,000 1,000,000 500,000 7,350,000 3,150,000 18,350,000 30,750,000
Timor-Leste 600,000 150,000 400,000 1,150,000
Tonga - - - 400,000 - - 400,000
Vanuatu 600,000 1,230,000 730,000 4,970,000 1,120,000 3,430,000 12,080,000
Viet Nam 610,000 50,000 50,000 1,026,000 - 5,849,283 7,585,283
Total 12,156,524 18,328,771 17,418,983 136,439,148 129,792,474 102,064,810 416,200,709

REGIONAL INITIATIVES AFGAHANISTAN


Funding requirements: USD 1,005,119 Funding requirements: USD 56,940,889
Principle 1 Principle 1
IOM X – regional campaign to encourage safe Train care givers to implement victim-centered
migration and public action to stop exploitation of standards, procedures, psychosocial-support, and
migrant workers and human trafficking referral systems to effectively respond to human
trafficking cases
Principle 3
Principle 2
Support to the regional migration health networks and
the joint UN initiative on migration and health in Asia National research on trafficking in persons: Conduct
(JUNIMA) national research on trafficking in persons in order
to support the Government of Afghanistan to create
a trafficking in persons database, develop victim-
centered standard procedures, and a national referral
mechanism

Funding requirements 81
Asia and the Pacific

Public forums and events on human trafficking: Conduct


public forums and events for the participation of
Objective 1
diverse community members (i.e. youth, government, Workshops to support national stakeholders:
religious and community leaders) to share knowledge Conduct workshops to support national stakeholders
about human trafficking trends and to promote how to respond more effectively to cases of human
to access existing community resources to prevent trafficking, including strengthening protection of
human trafficking victims of trafficking in high-risk communities
High quality media and campaigns: Support Capacity-building of returned Afghans with
the Government of Afghanistan to reach at risk qualification and skills: Facilitate the return of qualified
communities through conducting high quality media and/or skilled Afghans from Iran to Afghanistan to
coverage and campaigns on the risk of trafficking in work in and transfer their skills to public institutions.
persons The return assignments will build capacity of the host
Community response map project: Enhance project institution by helping them develop, institutionalize,
monitoring and strengthen engagement with or improve a structured framework for a given area.
communities that IOM serves through the Community
Response Map (CRM) project, a tool and methodology Objective 2
developed by IOM to facilitate communication with Information management campaigns and capacity-
communities in order to collect, analyze and visualize building initiatives: Conduct information management
feedback. Recipients of IOM’s services will be able to campaigns and capacity-building initiatives to ensure
provide direct feedback through in-person surveys, target populations regularly demonstrate protective
SMS, phone calls, or other channels. The responses will behaviours, including practicing safe migration and
be collected on a live online platform that IOM and its seeking help through appropriate channels
partners can use to instantly identify gaps and assess
the efficacy of the assistance provided, and modifying Humanitarian assistance package: Provide the most
project interventions as needed. vulnerable undocumented Afghan returnees and
host communities with needs based humanitarian
The Afghanistan comprehensive migration survey: assistance package, that prioritizes PSN categories
Conduct the Afghanistan Comprehensive Migration identified as being in particular need of support. This
Survey (CMS), a joint publication of the Central Statistics includes vulnerable deportees from Iran who suffered
Organisation (CSO) and the Ministry of Refugees and through particularly harsh conditions in detention,
Repatriation, with the backing of the United Nations and the most vulnerable returnees from Pakistan
Resident Coordinator’s Office in Afghanistan. The who are in dire need of humanitarian assistance.
survey aims to provide baseline information to the
Government of Afghanistan, donors, and stakeholders Implementation of Displacement Tracking Matrix
about the profiles of Afghans, their mobility patterns, (DTM): Implement IOM’s DTM, a unique globally
and the factors for migration. deployed IOM tool for tracking population
movements and presence of vulnerable groups
Principle 3 within communities. The DTM, through the collection
and dissemination of accurate information and data,
Cross-border coalitions and networks: Develop will enhance the ability of IOM and humanitarian
cross-border coalitions and networks of relevant partners to target specific areas to provide more
stakeholders within Afghanistan and in neighbouring efficient and timely aid delivery.
countries to setup a coordination mechanism in order
to implement counter trafficking activities Sustainable reintegration and community-based
interventions: Support 2,000 returnees from
Development of database and provision of technical Europe and 5,279 families (31,674 individuals) in
training to counter trafficking: Strengthen the counter- Kabul, Herat, Nangarhar, Balkh, Kandahar, Baghlan,
trafficking infrastructure and abilities of the provincial Uruzgan, and Laghman provinces towards sustainable
level trafficking in persons commission offices through reintegration; indirectly, the project will also benefit
the provision of a database, equipment, and technical host communities. Implement individualized and
training community-based interventions aimed at the
Safe and dignified return and reintegration of Afghans: provision of reintegration support and enhanced
Work with national and international partners to access to livelihood support services; and provide
promote safe and dignified return of Afghans and TVET — skills development and financial assistance
their sustainable socio-economic reintegration, and to the SME — sector in Afghanistan.
continue coordinating all project activities with the
Crisis initiative in Afghanistan: Commence
Government of Afghanistan, specifically the Ministry
implementation of the Migrants in Countries in Crisis
of Refugees and Repatriation
Initiative in Afghanistan, initially through training of
Ministry of Foreign Affairs staff and labor attaches
from the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs,
and Disabled

82 Migration Initiatives 2018


Asia and the Pacific

Migration Services to Australia


Objective 3
Facilitated Migration
Sustainable partnerships: Support relevant
stakeholders in developing and sustaining
partnerships, and adopting mechanisms necessary to BANGLADESH
coordinate cross-border counter trafficking activities
Programmatic and technical assistance: Provide Funding requirements: USD 75,670,000
programmatic and technical assistance to returnees
(from reception to reintegration) to support the safe, Principle 1
orderly and dignified movement of migrants.
Skills development for Bangladeshi migrant workers
Return and reintegration assistance: Provide return
through qualification recognition with the destination
and reintegration assistance to returnees through
countries and reintegrating returnee skilled migrants
well-tailored reintegration measures supporting the
to skills development system.
socio-economic integration of returned migrants in
the country of origin Providing Recognition of Prior Learning skills testing
support to potential, returnee Bangladeshi migrant
Capacity-building in identity verification and travel
document examination: Strengthen government workers and expatriates working abroad
capacity in identity verification and travel document
examination by supporting the Population Registration
Principle 2
Department within the Ministry of Interior Affairs to Preventing and addressing disaster displacement in
accelerate the digitalization of paper based Tazkiras. the context of climate change
Strengthen the identity verification process and Research on the social cost of families left behind due
establish an identity verification platform that can to international labour migration
be accessed by authorised government entities.
The project will support the Document Examination Principle 3
Laboratory under the Criminal Investigation
Department of MoIA to upgrade their systems and Poverty reduction through e-commerce platform in
knowledge base on document examination. remote rural area in Moheshkhali Island
Provide document verification services: Support the Enhancing inter-agency coordination mechanism for
Identity Document Checking Unit and Population migration and development
Registration Department, by building their capacity
to provide document verification services based on Objective 1
requests received by the Government of the United Rehabilitation of persons affected by Matarbari Coal
Kingdom Fired Power Project
Promote access to the Afghan identity verification
Ashshash: For men and women who have escaped
platform: Give Afghan consulates abroad access
trafficking
to the Afghan identity verification platform so that
they can transparently, quickly, and efficiently issue Creating resilience and self sustainability of the
Tazkiras and passports to Afghans abroad undocumented Myanmar nationals and developing
human capital for host communities in Teknaf and
Health assistance for migrants: Strengthen health
Ukhiya
assistance at the borders with Pakistan and
Afghanistan for vulnerable migrants through technical Increase market accessibility through installation of
health staff. Programming would include additional e-commerce system, create business capacity, and
health staff for screening, individual assistance for increase the quality of agro-fishery products through
vulnerable patients, cross border coordination, and improved knowledge on agriculture farming methods
referral support. on Moheshkhali Island

Objective 2
AUSTRALIA
Humanitarian assistance for undocumented
Myanmar nationals in Cox’s Bazar
Funding requirements: USD 30,330,000
Humanitarian assistance for undocumented
Objective 3 Myanmar nationals in Chittagong Hill Tracts
Assisted Voluntary Return Australia Creating resilience and self sustainability of the
undocumented Myanmar nationals and developing
Assisted Passage for Refugees Australia human capital for host communities in Teknaf and
IOM No Interest Loan Scheme Ukhiya

Funding requirements 83
Asia and the Pacific

Preventing and addressing disaster displacement in


the context of climate change CHINA
Enhancing evidence, capacity, and effective policies
on climate migration Funding requirements: USD 2,308,037

Objective 3 Principle 1
Reducing trafficking during the Undocumented Supporting China’s efforts in developing and
Myanmar Nationals influx through awareness raising implementing its policy and legislation on combating
and improved border management in Cox’s Bazar trafficking through the promotion of a National
Referral Mechanism to be developed for inter-agency
CAMBODIA management of victims of trafficking
Improving the prosecution of trafficking offences
Funding requirements: USD 5,919,583 under Chinese law
Enhancing Chinese authorities’ understanding on
Principle 1 assistance to victims of trafficking through the
Cambodia refugee settlement project organization of policy workshops on the protection
of vulnerable migrants and victims of trafficking
Principle 2 focusing on shelter management

Impact of migration on left behind children and families Fostering the promotion and protection of foreign
domestic workers’ rights by strengthening access to
Migration and its impacts on Cambodian children and justice and private sector engagement in Hong Kong
families SAR
Strengthening travel documentation in ASEAN for Improving compliance with new anti-slavery
cross-border migrant population in Cambodia legislation and trade requirements and promoting
Strengthening border security to combat trans-border ethical recruitment by cooperating with private sector
crimes and extreme violence in Cambodia through training sessions for companies employing
migrant workers within their supply chains
Principle 3 Supporting discussions on returns and readmissions
Strengthening border security to combat trans-border of irregular migrants to help Chinese authorities
crimes and extreme violence in Cambodia familiarizing with the concepts of migrants’ rights
Strengthening institutional capacity-building to Facilitating discussions on migration and development
counter migrant smuggling and related crimes in with Chinese authorities by disseminating information
Cambodia on international standards and good practices
Alternative care panel: Families are stronger together Principle 2
Objective 1 Supporting and strengthening a structured and
functional migration dialogue between EU and China
Impact of migration on left behind children and (with focus on both regular and irregular migration)
families
Enhancing EU and Member States’ understanding
Migration and its impacts on Cambodian children and on Chinese immigration law, data and measures to
families
combat irregular migration
Cambodia refugee settlement project
Research and development of a basic handbook
on return and readmission procedures for Chinese
Objective 3
authorities
Strengthening border security to combat trans- Facilitating Inter-Ministerial/Inter-Agency Working
border crimes and extreme violence in Cambodia
Group (IAWG) coordination meetings
Fostering effective international cooperation on
counter-trafficking
Research on victim support provision for the protection
of vulnerable migrants and victims of trafficking,
including in shelter management
Research on the use of social media analysis to detect
forms of irregular migration, including trafficking in
human beings

84 Migration Initiatives 2018


Asia and the Pacific

Principle 3 Objective 2
Supporting China’s efforts in developing and Training Chinese consular officials on protecting
implementing its policy and legislation on combating Chinese nationals abroad during crises and
trafficking through the promotion of a National emergencies, including training on MICIC Guidelines
Referral Mechanism to be developed for inter-agency Promoting discussions for the implementation of a
management of victims of trafficking crisis response mechanism for Chinese nationals
Improving the prosecution of trafficking offences
under Chinese law Objective 3
Enhancing Chinese authorities’ understanding on Strengthening China-Mongolia counter-trafficking
assistance to victims of trafficking through the cooperation
organization of policy workshops on the protection of
Training non-law enforcement officials on the
vulnerable migrants and victims of trafficking focusing
identification of victims of trafficking
on shelter management
Training Thai, Cambodian and Lao People’s Democratic
Fostering the promotion and protection of foreign Republic embassy and consulate officials in China on
domestic workers’ rights by strengthening access to identifying and assisting victims of trafficking
justice and private sector engagement in Hong Kong
SAR Facilitating policy workshops in Hong Kong SAR on
counter-trafficking and in Macau SAR on counter-
Improving compliance with new anti-slavery trafficking and returns
legislation and trade requirements and promoting
ethical recruitment by cooperating with private sector Facilitating technical workshops on the regulation
through training sessions for companies employing and management of marriage migration
migrant workers within their supply chains Assistance voluntary return and readmissions
Supporting discussions on returns and readmissions programmes
of irregular migrants to help Chinese authorities
familiarizing with the concepts of migrants’ rights
FIJI
Facilitating discussions on migration and development
with Chinese authorities by disseminating information
on international standards and good practices Funding requirements: USD 6,000,000
Supporting and strengthening a structured and Objective 1
functional migration dialogue between EU and China
(with focus on both regular and irregular migration) Pacific Adaptation through Labour Mobility (PALM)
(Regional project managed from Fiji for Kiribati,
Enhancing EU and Member States’ understanding Tuvalu, Marshall Islands)
on Chinese immigration law, data and measures to
combat irregular migration Objective 2
Facilitating Inter-Ministerial/Inter-Agency Working Regional capacity-building in camp coordination and
Group (IAWG) coordination meetings camp management and displacement tracking and
Fostering effective international cooperation on monitoring
counter-trafficking Disaster risk reduction through community
evacuation planning and management in Papua New
Objective 1 Guinea, Vanuatu, Fiji and Solomon Islands
Establishing migrant resource centres and
contributing to legislation on labour mobility both for
skilled and semi-skilled labour migrants
FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA,
Improving compliance with new anti-slavery
MARSHALL ISLANDS AND PALAU
legislation and trade requirements and promoting
ethical recruitment by cooperating with private sector
Funding requirements: USD 7,825,000
through training sessions for companies employing
migrant workers within their supply chains
Principle 1
Direct assistance fund for foreign vulnerable migrants Promoting gender equality in decision-making in the
identified in China United States Freely Associated States (Federated
States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands and Palau)
Direct victim assistance in Hong Kong SAR.
Enhancing better protection of foreign domestic
workers in Hong Kong SAR

Funding requirements 85
Asia and the Pacific

Principle 2 Objective 3
Assessing the effect of natural disasters on the health Provision of services under assisted voluntary return
and security of women and girls in the Federated and reintegration for stranded migrants
States of Micronesia
Assessing and strengthening border management
capacities in the Federated States of Micronesia and
Principle 3 Marshall Islands
Enhance coordination of disaster risk management
through active participation and support to the joint
risk management network in the Federated States of INDIA
Micronesia
Strengthen capacity to prepare and respond to natural Funding requirements: USD 3,580,000
disasters in Palau
Principle 2
Promote civil society organizations through
mentorship, capacity-building and training Technical support to the Indian Government on the
Global Compact on Migration
Objective 1
Principle 3
Promote the health of migrants and migrant-affected
communities through strengthening health system in Civil society capacity-building workshops
the Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands Corporate responsibility in eliminating slavery and
and Palau trafficking
Emerging and re-emerging infectious disease
detection and response in the Federated States of Objective 1
Micronesia, Marshall Islands and Palau
Technical support to the Indian Government on the
Strengthening referral pathways for vulnerable Global Compact on Migration
populations in the Marshall Islands through
Corporate responsibility in eliminating slavery and
psychological first aid training
trafficking (CREST)
Combating trafficking in persons through enhanced
government capacity, development of referral Objective 3
mechanisms, standard operating procedures on
Pre-departure orientation for potential migrants
victim identification, training of law enforcement,
awareness-raising campaigns and direct assistance Skill development initiative for potential migrants in
selected destination countries
Enhance community livelihood and nutrition through
sustainable agriculture programmes in the Federated
States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands and Palau
INDONESIA
Objective 2
Funding requirements: USD 13,200,000
Climate adaptation and disaster risk reduction
and education programme (Federated States of Principle 1
Micronesia, Marshall Islands, Palau)
Improving protection mechanisms for vulnerable
Disaster preparedness for effective response
migrant sub-groups in Indonesia
programme (Federated States of Micronesia,
Marshall Islands) Sex trafficking in Bali and destination areas in
Indonesia: Mobilizing broad partnerships and actions
Strengthen capacity to prepare and respond to
to prevent, prosecute and protect
natural disasters in Palau
Community vulnerability and capacity mapping, Principle 2
geo-tagging, stocktaking exercise and assessment
Assessing border management capacities in Indonesia
(Federated States of Micronesia, Marshall Islands)
Migrant awareness and trend analysis in Indonesia
Assessing the effect of natural disasters on the health
and security of women and girls in the Federated Data management for promoting a comprehensive
States of Micronesia fight against human trafficking
Drought response in the Marshall Islands Coordination and outreach management support
though IOM Satellite Sites (Phase III)
Community rainwater resilience in Federated States
of Micronesia and Marshall Islands Improving evidence-based migration policies in

86 Migration Initiatives 2018


Asia and the Pacific

Indonesia: Data sharing mechanisms and Migration Developing displacement tracking capabilities within
Profile the Indonesian Government’s emergency response
Prioritizing migration-related SDG programming at the Expanding local capacities in camp coordination and
national, regional, and local levels in Indonesia camp management and disaster risk reduction at the
sub-national level
Principle 3
Objective 3
Prioritizing migration-related SDG programming at the
national, regional, and local levels in Indonesia Assessing border management capacities in Indonesia
Diaspora mobilization for enterprise development Coordination and outreach migration management
Circle of care: Building capacities of civil society for support though IOM Satellite Sites (Phase III)
migration protection and assistance Promoting coastal community development to
Empowering rural communities to prevent and combat mitigate impacts of climate change and drivers of
trafficking in persons irregular migration

Technical support to the Indonesian Government for Promoting integrated governance response to
the Global Compact on Migration combat trafficking in persons in Kalimantan

Gotong Royong: Building community relations Cultural orientation for resettlees


through promotion of migrant volunteership in host Pre-Departure health screening for resettlees
communities

Objective 1 IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF


Sex trafficking in Bali and destination areas in
Indonesia: Mobilizing broad partnerships and actions Funding requirements: USD 500,000
to prevent, prosecute and protect
Principle 1
Diaspora mobilization for enterprise development
Develop and implement a system for the recognition
Empowering rural communities to prevent and
of capacities, skills, and competencies obtained
combat trafficking in persons
during migration
Integrated surveillance and information for health
threats in urban areas Principle 2
Promoting coastal community development to Undertake a mapping of the characteristics and
mitigate impacts of climate change and drivers of potential engagement of Iranian communities abroad
irregular migration with the aim to use the mapping findings as a basis for
Promoting integrated governance response to developing tailored interventions aiming at engaging
combat trafficking in persons in Kalimantan Iranian communities for development
Partnerships to tackle human trafficking in the fishing Improve information exchange with countries of
sector destination and analyse data on returnees. This
can map the most affected geographical areas in
Supporting Indonesia’s efforts to prosecute trafficking the country and prioritize awareness raising and
in persons socioeconomic support
Tuberculosis detection and treatment adherence
support to mobile populations in Indonesia Principle 3
Prioritizing migration-related SDG programming at
Objective 2 the national, regional, and local levels in the Islamic
Improving protection mechanisms for vulnerable Republic of Iran
migrant sub-groups in Indonesia Developing tailor-made displacement tracking
Circle of care: Building capacities of civil society for capabilities in the country
migration protection and assistance Devising a tailor-made scientific migration-data
Gotong Royong: Building community relations collection mechanism
through promotion of migrant volunteership in host
communities Objective 2
Supporting the sustainability of community policing Cultural orientation for resettlement cases
in Indonesia
Support the management of migration through
Cultural orientation for resettlees capacity building of government institutions,

Funding requirements 87
Asia and the Pacific

humanitarian assistance, and protection of migrants


in coordination with other stakeholders
Principle 2
Lead a policy dialogue with national and local
Objective 3 stakeholders on labour migration, skills development
and return, promoting the development of the Lao
Pre-departure health screening for resettlement
People’s Democratic Republic first Labour Migration
cases Policy to minimize the risks and maximize the benefits
for migrants and those affected by migration
JAPAN Advise the Government of the Lao People’s Democratic
Republic on mainstreaming migration in policy and
strategy development at national and local levels
Funding requirements: USD 700,000
Improving systems of information exchange and data
Objective 3 collection on migration flows at border crossings, as
well as the identification and assistance of vulnerable
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration migrants, to support evidence-based advocacy, policy
programme - Japan development, and regular programming
Refugee resettlement to Japan Improving the evidence base for migration policy and
Return and reintegration assistance to trafficked strategies in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, via
victims in Japan research and dissemination of the country Migration
Profile

LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC Principle 3


REPUBLIC Building capacities of civil society in enhancing
protection and assistance for vulnerable migrants,
Funding requirements: USD 1,400,000 including victims of trafficking
Building partnerships across the government and
Principle 1 within the private sector to raise awareness on
Improving protection mechanisms for vulnerable Malaria, to prevent the spread of Malaria, and to
migrants in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, ensure sustainable mechanisms are put into place to
via the development of an agreed National Referral test and treat Malaria
Mechanism that includes mechanisms for the return Increase engagement with the private sector to
of victims of trafficking from neighbouring countries. facilitate the reintegration of returnees and enhance
the protection of migrant workers via ethical
Provide technical support to the Government of the
recruitment and adherence to labour standards
Lao People’s Democratic Republic in the development
of Standard Operating Procedures, in line with Objective 1
international standards, which will help strengthen
national legislation and bilateral agreements related Promotion of safe migration practices, including
to the identification, referral, and protection of awareness-raising campaigns, disseminating
vulnerable migrants information and education materials, encouraging
peer-to-peer discussions, informing communities
Promote ethical recruitment standards by private about legal migration channels and the risks of unsafe
operators, including recruitment agencies, through migration, and building government capacities to
training stakeholders and the compilation of good monitor ongoing activities
practices
Work with the private sector and other UN Agencies to
Advise the Government of the Lao People’s strengthen the development impact of remittances,
Democratic Republic on migration-related legislation through research and collaboration on the ‘last mile’
and policy, with emphasis on gender issues and the to migrants and beneficiaries
rights of migrants Develop and implement a system for the recognition
Support the development and implementation of the of skills and competencies obtained by returned
new Lao People’s Democratic Republic National Plan migrants
of Action counter-trafficking strategy Research on the well-being of children left behind
Promote the rights of labour migrants through the by migrant workers to increase the quality of life for
dissemination of information on safe migration, by migrant workers’ families
enhancing the capabilities of relevant stakeholders Enhance stakeholder knowledge on recognizing
and ensuring that migrant-sensitive programming is indicators of trafficking and a victim-centered
developed by the Government approach to support the identification of victims of

88 Migration Initiatives 2018


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trafficking and vulnerable migrants as well as their


referral to protection and assistance services MALAYSIA
Enhance the Government of the Lao People’s
Democratic Republic policy response to contemporary Funding requirements: USD 1,919,000
issues, such as marriage migration
Improving protection mechanisms for vulnerable Principle 1
migrants, including the provision of direct assistance Capacity-building on international standards and best
(food, temporary accommodation, transportation), practices related to counter trafficking in persons,
including to those in crisis situations upon their arrival anti-smuggling of migrants, human rights and migrant
Support targeted livelihood activities to increase the protection
economic security and resilience of disadvantaged
rural families, vulnerable migrants, returned Principle 2
migrants, and victims of trafficking, in particular
women, to promote safe migration and reduce the Establishment of a database for data management in
risks of irregular and unsafe (re)migration and/or re- the effort to assist victims of trafficking
trafficking
Principle 3
Support the Lao People’s Democratic Republic efforts
to prosecute trafficking in persons, strengthening the Provision of technical support and capacity-building
criminal justice system to increase the number of for government stakeholders, law enforcement,
criminal proceedings related to trafficking in persons NGOs as well as the private sector on human rights,
Support the reintegration of returnees, through the trafficking in persons, smuggling of migrants and
increased provision of social support, job matching, border management related issues
and placement services to create better job
Coordination with NGOs and relevant government
opportunities and working conditions
authorities on the provision of direct assistance to
Objective 2 vulnerable migrants
Expand local capacities in camp coordination and Objective 1
camp management and disaster risk reduction at the
sub-national level Improving education, healthcare, and training among
Increase awareness of MICIC vulnerabilities and newly arrived migrants, refugees and asylum seekers
response strategies in Malaysia
Research on the relationship between migration, Enhancing health services and access for Rohingyas
environment, and climate change in the Lao People’s in Malaysia
Democratic Republic in order to identify vulnerabilities Improving tuberculosis detection, treatment and
and promote institutional responses
reporting among the urban refugees and migrant
Objective 3 populations in Malaysia

Continue strengthening the Lao People’s Democratic Objective 3


Republic migration management capabilities to
prevent and combat trans-border crime through Establishment of a database for data collection in the
enhanced inter-agency cooperation and improved effort to assist victims of trafficking
capabilities of relevant agencies, including the police Capacity-building for government stakeholders and
Support the Lao Ministry of Health’s efforts to law enforcement officers to combat, prevent and
eliminate the spread of drug-resistant Malaria, prosecute trafficking in persons related crimes
specifically by tackling a key driver of the current
Malaria outbreak in the Lao People’s Democratic Capacity-building for the civil society on migration
Republic, namely the limited access of mobile and protection and assistance
migrant populations in the southern part of the Awareness raising and capacity-building for private
country to Malaria prevention, testing and treatment sector actors on labour, human rights and human
Support the Lao Ministry of Health to improve trafficking related Issues
the health outcomes of migrants. This includes
improving the access of mobile populations to HIV Assessment and provision of direct assistance to
and Tuberculosis detection and treatment services vulnerable migrants
Enhance the knowledge, technical skills, tools and Technical support and capacity-building for
resources of frontline border officers to effectively government stakeholders and law enforcement
detect and respond to cases of human trafficking and officers to enhance border management and migrant
smuggling, while protecting vulnerable migrants protection

Funding requirements 89
Asia and the Pacific

MALDIVES MYANMAR
Funding requirements: USD 1,300,000 Funding requirements: USD 16,850,000
Objective 1 Principle 1
Combatting trafficking in persons in the Maldives Enhancing government efforts to address irregular
Migration health: Development of the migration migration in Kachin, Northern Shan and Rakhine
health programme states
Building a national NGO network to combat
Objective 2 trafficking, especially in conflict and ceasefire areas
in Myanmar
Migration environment and climate change: Building
capacity to address migration, environmental Building the capacity of government of Myanmar to
depredation, and climate change nexus combat transnational crime through comprehensive
law enforcement and protection training
Supporting the government of Myanmar to combat
MONGOLIA migrant smuggling through improved legislation,
operational skills, induction training and cross-border
cooperation
Funding requirements: USD 401,000
Reducing vulnerabilities to human trafficking
Principle 1 Empowering women for the peace process through
Protecting the rights of vulnerable migrants and media and information literacy and peace education
victims of trafficking in Mongolia Conducting a study – Growing up in the time of
Improving cooperation and understanding on increased mobility: impact of migration on children
IOM Mongolia’s assisted voluntary return and in Myanmar
reintegration scheme Policy support for geographically equitable growth
through the promotion of secondary cities
Principle 2
Support the Ministry of Health and Sports in its efforts
Understanding and managing internal migration in to implement the recommendations of World Health
Mongolia Assembly resolutions 61.17 on the health of migrants

Principle 3 Principle 2
Protecting the rights of vulnerable migrants and Reducing vulnerabilities to human trafficking
victims of trafficking in Mongolia Strengthening migration and border management
Understanding and managing internal migration in structures in Myanmar
Mongolia Support the development and implementation
of National Plan of Action on international labour
Objective 1 migration in Myanmar through improved coordination,
Protecting the rights of vulnerable migrants and monitoring and capacity
victims of trafficking in Mongolia Promoting migration-related SDGs programming at
Understanding and managing internal migration in national, regional and local levels in Myanmar through
Mongolia improved data collection and monitoring capacity
Conducting a study – Growing up in the time of
Objective 3 increased mobility: impact of migration on children in
Myanmar
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration
programme Conducting a study - Grandparents caring for
grandchildren in Myanmar: impact of cross-border
migration
Generating evidence and promoting dialogue to
capitalise human mobility for poverty alleviation and
inclusive development
Policy support and community outreach to increase
the developmental role of migration through
strengthening governance and partnerships

90 Migration Initiatives 2018


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Developing an evidence-based strategy to address the


impact migration on environment in Myanmar
Objective 1
Exploring the linkage between migration and Enhancing government efforts to address irregular
agriculture in Myanmar and establishing policy options migration in Kachin, Northern Shan and Rakhine
to facilitate agricultural growth in areas impacted by states
high out-migration Building a national NGO network to combat
Policy support for geographically equitable growth trafficking, especially in conflict and ceasefire areas
through the promotion of secondary cities in Myanmar
Technical assistance on the National Health Framework Reducing vulnerabilities to human trafficking
through its association on migrant health task force Empowering women for the peace process through
and migrant health steering committee to coordinate media and information literacy and peace education
response from the government on cross cutting
migrant issues and guide the government’s approach Promote digital financial inclusion through the
in delivering migrant inclusive programming, policies, application of new remittance transfer technology in
legislation and strategies the Myanmar-Thailand corridor
Support the strategic plan on return and reintegration
Principle 3 of Myanmar migrant worker from Thailand and
Enhancing government efforts to address irregular related support services including access to skills
migration in Kachin, Northern Shan and Rakhine states recognition, job placement and counselling
Building a national NGO network to combat trafficking, Community outreach and training with civil society
especially in conflict and ceasefire areas in Myanmar organisations to increase the role of migration as a
livelihood diversification strategy for migrants and
Reducing vulnerabilities to human trafficking
migrant-sending households in Ayeyarwady region
Empowering women for the peace process through
media and information literacy and peace education Generating evidence and promoting dialogue to
capitalise human mobility for poverty alleviation and
Promoting migration-related SDG programming at the inclusive development
national, regional, and local levels in Myanmar through
multi-sectoral dialogue and capacity-building Policy support and community outreach to increase
the developmental role of migration through
Technical support to Myanmar government on GCM strengthening governance and partnership
Operationalizing the bilateral agreements between Exploring the linkage between migration and
Thailand and Myanmar in the fishing industry through agriculture in Myanmar and establishing policy
advocacy and capacity-building options to facilitate agricultural growth in areas
Community outreach and training with civil society impacted by high out-migration
organisations to increase the role of migration as a Policy support for geographically equitable growth
livelihood diversification strategy for migrants and
through the promotion of secondary cities
migrant-sending households in Ayeyarwady region
Developing an evidence-based strategy to address the
Generating evidence and promoting dialogue to
impact of migration on the environment in Myanmar
capitalise human mobility for poverty alleviation and
inclusive development Strengthen and expand its integrated health
approach through community based health care
Policy support and community outreach to increase
the developmental role of migration through for migrants and migration- affected communities
strengthening governance and partnership through the continuation of the existing large scale
HIV, Tuberculosis and Malaria interventions in Mon,
Increase partnerships with private sectors, specifically Kayin, Sagaing regions
in migrant –centric “clusters” such as rubber
plantations, mines, manufacturing industry and other Strengthen township-level capacities in promoting
areas with the intention of advocating for migrant the continuum of reproductive, maternal, newborn
friendly industrial relations and to allow cooperation and child health and other priority issues in
on health screenings for migrant workers i.e. HIV, Rakhine, Ayeyarwaddy, Kayah and other regions.
Tuberculosis and Malaria Support evidence –informed policies, strategies
and programmes in relation to migration health at
Strengthen partnerships with civil society and NGOs by national, state and township levels
building capacity and technical support on managing
grants and programmes Health assessments for refugees and immigrants
bound for the United Kingdom, Australia and New
Zealand

Funding requirements 91
Asia and the Pacific

Objective 2 NAURU
Effective return and reintegration of refugees and
IDPs in areas of high mobility Funding requirements: USD 40,000
Support the Ministry of Health and Sports in
responding to humanitarian crises to conflict and Objective 1
disaster-affected populations through prevention, Capacity-building for the successful integration of
health response and direct health assistance refugees
Objective 3
Building the capacity of government of Myanmar to NEPAL
combat transnational crime through comprehensive
law enforcement and protection training Funding requirements: USD 6,236,396
Supporting the government of Myanmar to combat
migrant smuggling through improved legislation, Principle 1
operational skills, induction training and cross-border The future we want: Creating sustainable foundations
cooperation
for addressing human trafficking and unsafe migration
Strengthening migration and border management of women and girls in Nepal
structures in Myanmar
Migration health assessment for immigrants bound to
Promoting the adoption of ethical recruitment countries such as the United States, United Kingdom,
practices in the labour supply chain in the garment Australia, Canada and New Zealand
sector in Myanmar through supply chain mapping,
training and policy support Principle 2
Operationalizing the bilateral agreements between Strengthening capacity of the government in
Thailand and Myanmar in the fishing sector through development and implementation of the National
advocacy and capacity-building Strategic Action Plan on migration health in Nepal
Community outreach and training with civil society Identification and management of open space for
organisations to increase the role of migration as a disaster preparedness (PMOS phase II) in Nepal
livelihood diversification strategy for migrants and
migrant-sending households in Ayeyarwady region Capacity building at the Migrant Resource Centres in
Nepal to foster safe, humane and orderly migration
Generating evidence and promoting dialogue to
capitalise human mobility for poverty alleviation and Capacity building of Nepal’s National Security Forces in
inclusive development camp coordination and camp management
Policy support and community outreach to increase
the developmental role of migration through
Principle 3
strengthening governance and partnership Identification and management of open space for
Developing an evidence-based strategy to address disaster preparedness (PMOS phase II) in Nepal
environmental migration in Myanmar Technical support to the Colombo Process Chair,
Policy support for geographically equitable growths Ministry of Labour and Employment and government
through promoting secondary cities of Nepal
Health assessment services for Myanmar citizens Capacity building of Nepal’s National Security Forces in
leaving for long term or permanent residence camp coordination and camp management
to the United Kingdom and Australia i.e. health
checks, Tuberculosis diagnostics and treatment, Objective 1
immunization, counselling and treatment of some
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration services
communicable diseases, pre-embarkation checks,
for stranded migrants from various destination
medical escort services, referrals for further
countries
assessment/rehabilitation. Cooperation with the
Department of Health to provide information to The future we want: Creating sustainable foundations
migrants on how to access health services and for addressing human trafficking and unsafe migration
supporting referrals within ASEAN. of women and girls in Nepal

Objective 2
Processing for resettlement of United States-bound
refugees from South Asia

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Departure/movement facilitation of United States- monitor the documentation process for undocumented
bound refugees for resettlement Afghan migrants across 19 districts
Tuberculosis detection service programme for United Regular coordination and information sharing with
Kingdom-bound immigrants the United Nations Country Team, government
counterparts and other stakeholders to explore
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration services
complementary programming and delivery of in-kind
for stranded migrants from various destination
assistance, where possible
countries
Contribute towards strengthening the capacity of the
Capacity building of Nepal’s National Security Forces
government and communities to manage risks faced
in camp coordination and camp management
by disasters and reducing vulnerability
Identification and management of open space for
Establish the Readmission Case Management System
disaster preparedness (PMOS phase II) in Nepal
to digitize the flow of information between various
Migration health assessment for immigrants bound to stakeholders on readmission for Pakistan
countries such as the United States, United Kingdom,
Australia, Canada and New Zealand Objective 1
Strengthen social cohesion and integration in hosting
Objective 3
areas through capacity development and vocational
Health assessment for refugees from South Asia trainings
Tuberculosis detection service programme for United Improve medical health service provision for host
Kingdom-bound immigrants communities while advocating for a migrant friendly
environment
Health assessment services for immigrants bound to
Australia, Canada, New Zealand, United States and United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand and Australia
other countries self-payer immigrants health assessment programmes
Resettlement of United States-bound refugees from Improve the reintegration of returnees in Pakistan
South Asia
Objective 2
Capacity building at Migrant Resource Centres in
Nepal to foster safe, humane and orderly migration Monitor cross border movement of Afghan Refugees
at the Torkham and Chaman borders
Provide immediate response and early recovery
NEW ZEALAND assistance for people with the greatest humanitarian
needs following emergencies in Pakistan
Funding requirements: USD 2,000,000
Objective 3
Objective 3
Support safe and humane voluntary returns of
Resettlement travel assistance for quota refugees undocumented Afghans through the establishment
admitted to New Zealand of transit centres, medical screening and referral
systems at the border crossing points
Health assessment and departure health check for
quota refugees Provide integrated border management support
aimed to respond more effectively to Afghan
Facilitating migration services (document verification,
migration and border challenges
interview, logistical assistance, etc)
United Kingdom, EU DNA programme, New Zealand,
Canada, United States of America and Australia
PAKISTAN refugee health assessment programmes
Resettle refugees in Pakistan to third countries as a
Funding requirements: USD 25,311,302 durable solution
Provide cultural orientation to refugees moving to
Principle 2 resettlement countries
Provide cross-cutting, evidence-based information
to the Government of Pakistan, humanitarian
stakeholders and returning families

Principle 3
Provide support to the Commissionerate of Afghan
Refugees and Ministry of Refugees and Repatriation to

Funding requirements 93
Asia and the Pacific

PAPUA NEW GUINEA PHILIPPINES, THE


Funding requirements: USD 13,350,000 Funding requirements: USD 81,799,100

Principle 1 Principle 1
Addressing the needs of the most vulnerable groups Strengthening of PSEA task force, currently comprised
in IDP communities through community-based of 21 member organizations from the UN and INGOs
psycho-social health care interventions Coordinate with the government of the Philippines,
including the Department of Justice, Department of
Principle 2 Social Welfare and Development and Department
of Foreign Affairs, among others, to facilitate the
Community-based tribal conflict mitigation and peace
Emergency Transit Mechanism for refugees and
building in Enga and Morobe Province of Papua New
asylum seekers in partnership with UNHCR
Guinea (COMBAT-COMIT II)
Consolidating emergency community and Principle 2
environmental health responses for mobile and Training of reintegration counsellor, production of
vulnerable populations (Cholera and Tuberculosis reintegration counsellors’ manual and production of
prevention and control in border districts and health a reintegration service menu (labour migration and
cluster designated districts) migration development)
Community-based conflict mitigation and peace
building among mobile and vulnerable populations in
Principle 3
Bougainville Strengthening migrant health network activities of the
Department of Health and other relevant government
Principle 3 agencies, including migrant health activities and
research forum
Building community resilience to climate induced
events through promoting safe shelter practices in Training of reintegration counsellor, production of
human settlement reintegration counsellors’ manual and production of
a reintegration service menu (labour migration and
migration development)
Objective 1
Support to the Philippines’ national and regional
Improving access to sexual and reproductive action plans on prevention and response to sexual
health services and advice among disaster affected exploitation and abuse, as well as elimination of
communities in Papua New Guinea through mobile violence against women and children in disaster and
phone based applications. conflict-related emergencies
Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in the tourism
sector of Papua New Guinea
Objective 1
Payapa at Masaganang Pamayanan Projects in
Objective 2 the autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao: In
partnership with the government of the Philippines
Enhancing adaptive capacity of communities to through the Presidential Adviser on the Peace
climate change-related floods in the north coast and Process, IOM will contribute to vulnerability
island region of Papua New Guinea reduction as well as community stabilization of
Increasing resilience to drought through sustainable conflict-affected areas and host communities
water supply and food security practices in Papua through inclusive socioeconomic initiatives and
New Guinea strengthening community resilience. The project
will benefit individuals and communities in the
Objective 3 autonomous region in Muslim Mindanao through
livelihood support, capacity development, provision
Building resilience for displaced persons and disaster of reintegration package and direct assistance to
affected communities in Papua New Guinea (KOLGA) victims of trafficking, strengthening local institutions
– Phase II and community development processes.
Strengthening humanitarian action, response and Institution building of the Bangsamoro Development
knowledge management (SHARK’M) in disaster prone Agency during the transition and normalization
communities in Papua New Guinea phases of the peace agreements: IOM is planning
to strengthen its cooperative agreement with
Pilot initiative for disaster risk management through the Bangsamoro Development Agency. The
knowledge management and mobile cash assistance proposed project will contribute to the Philippines’
in Papua New Guinea (PIONEER) Development Plan 2017-2022 goal on attaining just

94 Migration Initiatives 2018


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and lasting peace through increasing the capacity


of institutions and communities in addressing REPUBLIC OF KOREA
conflicts and reducing vulnerabilities of Bangsamoro
communities. Funding requirements: USD 1,250,000
Directly observed therapy center for Tuberculosis
treatment as an integral part of the National Principle 1
Tuberculosis programme
Addressing labour exploitation in the fishing industry
Health assessment programme for migrants, refugees of the Republic of Korea
and voluntary returnees
Addressing human trafficking issues among migrants
Training of reintegration counsellor, production of entering Republic of Korea with entertainment visa
reintegration counsellors’ manual and production of
a reintegration service menu (labour migration and Training law enforcement agencies to identify victims
migration development) of human trafficking
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration Principle 2
operational support and facilitation of assistance and
monitoring to recipients of reintegration packages Platform for the Migration Governance Framework
with the national assembly
Direct assistance to victims of cross-border trafficking
and exploitation Principle 3
Objective 2 Moving stories: Public awareness raising on global
Health assistance in recovery for areas affected by displacements
Marawi conflict in Mindanao: Health promotion and
health activities and psychosocial support activities Objective 1
Training of reintegration counsellor, production of Raising awareness on ethical recruitment among
reintegration counsellors’ manual and production of Republic of Korea’s private sector
a reintegration service menu (labour migration and
migration development) Objective 2
Assisting the government to respond to the needs of Capacity building on international disaster response
displaced populations in terms of camp coordination among Republic of Korea’s humanitarian actors
and camp management, shelter, health and protection
and in enhancing capacity of local authorities and Objective 3
vulnerable communities on disaster risk reduction
Refugee resettlement to the Republic of Korea
Objective 3 Assisted voluntary return and reintegration pilot
programme for vulnerable migrants in the Republic
Planning for Canada (joint initiative with the
of Korea
Canadian Immigrant Integration Programme): The
programme assists Filipino immigrants to Canada to
prepare themselves before their journey and help
them reach their economic potential in Canada as SOLOMON ISLANDS
rapidly as possible. Planning for Canada provides
prospective immigrants with information, tools and Funding requirements: USD 2,000,000
vital connections to Canadian partners to facilitate
appropriate employment and make informed Objective 1
settlement decisions.
Community health and mobility project (CHAMP):
Pre-departure health screening for resettled migrants. Multicounty project covering the Solomon Islands,
This includes pre-departure health screening and Fiji, Vanuatu and Papua New Guinea
fitness-to-travel check, DNA testing, vaccinations for
refugees and medical escorting Protecting the rights of women and children,
particularly girls, in migration-affected communities
Training of reintegration counsellor, production of
reintegration counsellors’ manual and production of Objective 3
a reintegration service menu (labour migration and
migration development) Strengthening capacity to prevent and respond to
human trafficking in the Solomon Islands
Direct assistance to vulnerable migrants, including
technical support in strengthening the capacities
of national and local actors in humanitarian border
management, counter-trafficking, counter-smuggling
and irregular migration

Funding requirements 95
Asia and the Pacific

Establishing a research and advocacy unit in Thailand


SRI LANKA Enhancing evidence based understanding in identifying
vulnerable migrants
Funding requirements: USD 4,400,000
Providing technical support to government agencies to
Principle 1 increase their capacity to effectively assist vulnerable
migrants
Facilitating engagement between women community
representatives and actors from the security sector Principle 3
Principle 3 Enhancing cooperation and strengthening partnership
with government agencies, non-governmental
Youth reconciliation initiatives through inclusive organizations, community based organizations and
dialogue, engagement and empowerment other international organizations
Enhancing private sector’s capacity in combatting
Objective 1
human trafficking, abuse and exploitation
Strengthening counter-trafficking efforts in Sri Lanka
Objective 1
Promoting social and cultural inclusion of refugees
Promoting the rights and self-reliance of minority
Objective 2 groups (Myanmar Muslims and disadvantaged
Thais) in Thailand by enhancing integrated access
Supporting government efforts to develop systematic
to available services and providing standardized
mechanisms to address challenges in displacement
response and referral systems
and relocation due to natural disasters and climate
change Facilitating improved access to mental health and
psychosocial services for urban refugees and asylum
Objective 3 seekers in Bangkok
Assisting the government on the technical Supporting Tuberculosis elimination amongst migrant
implementation of the Readmission Agreement with communities in Thailand
the European Union Strategic health assistance for urban refugee
Promoting ethical conduct in the recruitment industry populations
Increasing migrants’ access to services through
information campaigns, develop Standard Operating
THAILAND Procedures to strengthen capacities of non-
governmental organizations and community based
Funding requirements: USD 30,750,000 organizations, empower migrants and enhance
stakeholder communications
Principle 1 Enhancing understanding and improving access
Increasing migrants’ access to services through to information of IOM activities and the situation
information campaigns, development of Standard of vulnerable migrants in Thailand amongst
Operating Procedures, strengthening capacities of beneficiaries, stakeholders and observers
non-governmental organizations and community Integrating feedback from beneficiaries to improve
based organizations, empowering migrants and its service provision
enhancing stakeholder communications
Providing technical support to the government
Incorporating international standards into operational in strengthening recruitment and employment
policies of relevant government agencies/entities to procedures of migrant workers from neighbouring
combat trafficking in persons countries
Establishing referral mechanisms for direct assistance Highlighting the impact of labour migration to
and protection of vulnerable migrants Thailand on development and poverty reduction in
Maintaining and improving commitments to countries of origin
preventing trafficking in persons at bilateral and Designing and delivering skills development
regional levels opportunities to migrant workers

Principle 2 Objective 2
Developing partnerships with the government to Expanding local capacities in camp coordination and
collect and analyse government raw data and result camp management and disaster risk reduction at
sharing sub-national level

96 Migration Initiatives 2018


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Sri Lankan returnee from West Africa


engaged in a livelihood activity
supported by IOM. © IOM 2017

Funding requirements 97
Asia and the Pacific

Delivering suicide prevention measures in refugee


camps in Thailand VANUATU
Providing support to protect Myanmar Muslim from
Rakhine State, and Bangladeshi migrants stranded in Funding requirements: USD 12,080,000
Thailand
Capacity-building of government agencies to address
Principle 1
vulnerabilities of migrants caught in emergencies. Improving migrant protection mechanisms by
In a long term, to integrate migrant population into mainstreaming internal migration into the country
disaster preparedness, response and recovery migration management project (Migration and
border capability improvement project)
Objective 3
Promoting well-managed migration: Setting up of
Facilitating the resettlement of refugees in receiving national displacement tracking matrix for climate
countries change, disaster, development and socio-economic
Voluntary repatriation of Myanmar refugees from induced internal migration (forced and voluntary)
Thailand and linking up with the national migration database
Australian cultural orientation programme
Principle 2
Voluntary return support and reintegration assistance
for stranded asylum seekers and refugees Advocating internal migration management and
adopting national displacement tracking matrix
Voluntary return support and reintegration assistance
for member states of the Bali Process Identifying lead ministry and setting up institutional
Providing direct assistance to victims of trafficking hub for internal migration management to find durable
solutions to migration issues
Supporting the government in combating irregular
migration, including human trafficking and smuggling, Training and raising awareness on the use of DTM tools
through further capacity-building of law enforcement and data storage
agencies, on a cross-border and regional basis, Promoting the use of modern technology for an
supporting risk analysis and assessment, international informed and efficient mapping of informal settlements
coordination and information sharing and available low risk land stock
Providing technical support in enhancing Thailand’s Setting up inter-departmental data and resource
identity management practices and the provision of
sharing mechanism to protect vulnerable migrants
technological solutions and resources in key locations
Principle 3
TIMOR-LESTE Prioritizing and advocating migration-related SDG
programming at national, provincial and local levels
Funding requirements: USD 1,150,000 in Vanuatu under the migration crises operations
framework
Principle 1 Building national capacity to manage the seasonal
Protecting victims of trafficking through enhanced worker programme with a systems-migrant protection
partnership, identification and referral centred approach
Circle of care: Building capacities of civil society for
Objective 1 migration protection and assistance
Systematic screening for tuberculosis among high-risk Empowering rural communities through participatory
groups in Timor-Leste preparedness to prevent and mitigate the adverse
effects of slow or sudden disaster-induced
Objective 2 displacements
Disaster risk reduction – Building community Local integration and cultural harmonization: Creating
resilience In Timor-Leste (phase III) jobs and building community relations through
promoting migrant entrepreneurship and market
access in host communities, including sports and
TONGA cultural events

Funding requirements: 400,000 USD Objective 1


Creating durable solutions for displaced and host
Objective 1
communities: designing integration programmes for
Climate adaptation through labour mobility displaced communities (in all displacement situations)

98 Migration Initiatives 2018


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by engaging the private sector and providing technical


education vocational and enterprise training VIET NAM
Partnering with local government and private sector
to empower rural communities by linking their Funding requirements: USD 7,585,283
agriculture and livestock products to urban markets
Principle 1
Applying integrated surveillance, Tuberculosis
identification and informal settlement tracking Upholding the rights of migrant workers in the special
economic zones by ensuring the supply chains are
Promoting coastal community development to
slave free in Viet Nam, Cambodia and Lao People’s
mitigate impacts of climate change and drivers of
Democratic Republic
irregular migration
Communication campaign to deter irregular migration
Promoting integrated governance model with focus from Viet Nam to Australia by boat
on four volcanic islands to minimise the risk of forced
displacement at the onset of volcanic eruption, to Strengthening the government of Viet Nam’s approach
achieve locally and community planned relocation – to consular crisis management through the review
which is a step towards socio economic well-being of of best practices and current models, enhancement
migrants and host communities in a durable manner of knowledge and capacities and establishment of
an interagency taskforce on camp coordination and
Protecting vulnerable rural communities from camp management
displacements, partnering with provincial
governments to assist local authorities in tackling Assisted/voluntary return and reintegration for
frequent displacements and loss of shelter, Vietnamese irregular migrants from various countries
agriculture and livestock due to floods, cyclones and (implemented in cooperation and coordination with
volcanic eruptions host countries’ missions)

Objective 2 Principle 2
Capacity-building and communication activities to
Improving protection and referral framework for
prevent people smuggling in Viet Nam targeting law
migrants in Vanuatu
enforcement officials and community members of
Circle of care: Building capacities of civil society for high-risks areas
migration protection and assistance
Cultural orientation for voluntary returnees and
Principle 3
relocated communities in reintegration Upholding the rights of migrant workers in the special
Strengthening the camp coordination and camp economic zones by ensuring the supply chains are
management unit at the National Disaster slave free in Viet Nam, Cambodia and Lao People’s
Management Organization by providing training and Democratic Republic
tools in displacement tracking
Objective 1
Promoting community development to promote
Migrant assistance and protection programme: To
women leadership in mitigating environmental
enhance skills, knowledge and resources for the
impacts of climate change and drivers of irregular
government and non-government actors, including
migratio
the private sector in identifying the needs of
Objective 3 vulnerable migrants, including victims of trafficking,
and delivering tailored protection-orientated support
Strengthening border management capacities in Upholding the rights of migrant workers in the special
Vanuatu in customs and immigration economic zones by ensuring the supply chains are
Improving facilitation of remittance, admittance and slave free in Viet Nam, Cambodia and Laos People’s
integration of migrants into Vanuatu and the Pacific, Democratic Republic
including Timor Leste Preventing human trafficking and protecting female
Promoting integrated governance response to combat and child ethnic minority victims in Viet Nam,
transnational criminal activities including counter- Cambodia, and Lao People’s Democratic Republic
terrorism, trafficking and smuggling of persons in through enhanced and sustainable livelihood support
Vanuatu. Mobilizing broad partnerships and actions (Phase II)
to prevent, prosecute and protect migrants
Objective 3
Enhancing capacities and leveraging the influence
of private sector entities for ethical recruitment
and employment (ECLIPSE) in collaboration with
Bangladesh, Malaysia, Thailand and Hong Kong SAR

Funding requirements 99
EUROPEAN
ECONOMIC AREA
Asylum seeker relocated from Greece to
another EU country under the scheme
implemented by IOM. © IOM 2017
EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AREA
Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional initiatives 750,000 237,000 115,000 5,800,000 50,000 2,690,000 9,642,000
Austria 5,378 615,591 - 1,466,857 801,952  1,299,609 3,387,435
Belgium 400,000 100,000 1,100,000 6,140,000 1,565,000 2,600,000 11,905,000
Bulgaria 116,000 40,000 - 600,000 2,169,000 5,931,000 8,856,000
Croatia - 378,000 855,000 3,999,000 760,000 915,000 6,907,000
Cyprus 90,000 80,000 - 500,000 3,330,000 1,700,000 5,700,000
Czech Republic 220,000 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 450,000 1,170,000
Estonia 143,000 - 50,000 300,000 - 400,000 893,000
Finland - - 1,695,000 3,259,258 861,004 4,474,996 10,290,258
France 10,000 - - 709,000 5,904,000 1,000,000 7,623,000
Germany 200,000 400,000 200,000 300,000 5,000,000 400,000 6,500,000
Greece 160,000 150,000 150,000 19,100,000 5,600,000 4,800,000 29,960,000
Hungary 20,000 65,000 200,000 520,000 335,000 300,000 1,440,000
Iceland - - - 25,000 100,000 500,000 625,000
Italy 100,000 2,300,000 2,000,000 5,450,000 1,640,000 2,060,000 13,550,000
Latvia - - - 40,000 40,000 140,000 220,000
Lithuania 6,120 221,880 33,500 36,575 114,500 129,900 542,475
Luxembourg 100,000 - 250,000 350,000 250,000 450,000 1,400,000
Malta - 36,018 - 748,373 - 156,745 941,136
Netherlands, the - 150,000 1,725,000 480,000 1,065,000 15,290,000 18,710,000
Norway 50,000 50,000 50,000 520,000 1,425,000 6,425,000 8,520,000
Poland - - 200,000 700,000 - 500,000 1,400,000
Portugal 147,000 95,000 975,000 567,000 660,000 1,390,000 3,834,000
Romania - 5,750 112,618 928,369 289,482 627,138 1,963,357
Slovakia 20,000 250,000 50,000 200,000 200,000 700,000 1,420,000
Slovenia 7,000 23,000 10,000 225,500 87,000 90,000 442,500
Spain 600,000 100,000 300,000 1,236,643 850,000 889,964 3,976,607
Sweden - - 10,000 9,394,000 6,268,297 491,000 16,163,297
Switzerland - - - 4,530,000 2,000,000 540,000 7,070,000
United Kingdom of Great
369,000 884,000 773,000 1,241,000 17,000,000 875,000 21,142,000
Britain and Nothern Ireland
Total 3,513,498 6,231,239 10,954,118 69,516,575 57,763,283 58,215,352 206,194,065

rights-based models of returns responding to specific


REGIONAL INITIATIVES needs of vulnerable returnees.
IOM will continue its active participation in and support
Funding requirements: USD 9,642,000 to Frontex Consultative Forum on Fundamental Rights,
as the agency continues to mainstream fundamental
Principle 1 rights into all its programmatic and operational
Legislation, policies and guidelines adopted by the activities following its mandate in this area.
European Union and the Council of Europe will IOM will, as appropriate, remind EU Member States,
remain key references in IOM’s work in the region. Norway and Switzerland of the commitments they
IOM is regularly engaged in providing support to made in the New York Declaration for Refugees and
the transposition and implementation of migration Migrants, in which UN Member States recognized the
policies and guidelines at the national level. need for a comprehensive approach to human mobility
IOM will continue to promote a rights-based approach and enhanced cooperation at the global level and
to migration in order to guide legislative, policy and to protect the safety, dignity and human rights of all
programmatic discussions in the European Union, migrants at all times, in order to promote policies and
Norway and Switzerland. practices in line with this new international standard.

IOM will notably promote a rights-based and IOM will support, as needed, European partners in the
negotiation phase of the Global Compact on Migration.
dignified approach to returns. All ongoing and future
actions supported by the EU Readmission Capacity IOM will advocate the agreement on a common
Building (EURCAP) Facility will be fully compliant with definition of vulnerability, which recognizes each
international human rights treaties and standards. migrant’s particular situation, the factors that
Best practices will be promoted for sustainable and contribute to their vulnerability and resilience.
European Economic Area

IOM will promote to uphold the Paris Climate of the EU and other donors and partners, increase
Agreement in order to mitigate forced displacement awareness and support the efforts of partner countries
of populations affected by climate change. to integrate migration into their development policy.
IOM will continue to conduct training on protection IOM will elaborate user-friendly, practical guidelines
from sexual exploitation and abuse. and tools on how to mainstream migration into
international cooperation and development.
Particular attention will be given to promoting IOM’s
recently adopted set of humanitarian principles, Principle 3
in particular with the European institutions (the
European Commission’s DG Humanitarian Aid and Civil IOM will continue to support good migration
Protection - ECHO) and within the region, to ensure governance at international and regional levels through
that responses to migration crises prioritize life- engagement in EU-supported regional dialogues and
saving measures and the protection of migrants and fora addressing migration.
streamline gender issues. IOM will continue to implement the African,
IOM will continue to advocate migrants’ health agenda, Caribbean, and Pacific (ACP)-EU Migration Action,
including within the Global Compact for Migration which supports the migration dialogue between the
and through the dissemination of the publication ACP group of states and the European Union in the
from the MIPEX health strand, the “Thematic Study areas of smuggling of migrants, trafficking in human
on Cost Analysis of Health Care Provision for Irregular beings, remittances, visas and readmission. The ACP-
Migrants and EU citizens without Insurance and the EU Migration Action offers demand-driven technical
Recommendations on access to health services for assistance to strengthen national capacity and inter-
migrants in an irregular situation”, produced as part of regional partnerships. The outcomes and findings of
the Equi-Health project. the programme are published in the thematic reports.
IOM will seek to strengthen its regional partnerships
Principle 2 in the areas of return and migrant health in 2018.
IOM will continue to share migration data and IOM will continue to contribute to dialogue within the
analyses with European institutions to promote European Migration Network’s Return Expert Group
informed evidence-based migration policymaking. (EMN-REG) and to further advocate the inclusion of
specific legislation at national and regional levels in
IOM will continue, in cooperation with the European the field of migrants’ health.
counterparts such as the European Parliament, to
implement the UN’s anti-xenophobia campaign IOM will seek to strengthen and develop news
“Together”, notably via the “I am a migrant” global partnerships, including with the International
platform to promote positive perceptions of migrants Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), International
based on true stories of migration and challenge the Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) and Interpol,
negative narratives that can lead to xenophobia and around the theme of missing migrants with a view
discrimination. to create greater coordination, develop standards
and mainstream interventions in support of missing
IOM will continue to engage with relevant stakeholders
migrants, their families as well as governments of
in the EU institutions and agencies to support linkages
countries of origin, transit and destination.
between migration and related policy areas, such
as foreign policy, humanitarian aid, development IOM will seek to intensify its collaboration with
cooperation, justice and fundamental rights, asylum European counterparts in the area of migration data
law, visas, integrated border management, health, and analysis.
employment and social inclusion, climate action, IOM will strengthen its partnership and collaboration
and research. A key forum for this dialogue is the with Frontex and the European Asylum Support Office
EU-IOM Strategic Cooperation Framework, signed (EASO)/European Agency for Asylum (EEA).
in 2012 and extended in 2016, with the European
Commission (Directorates General DEVCO, ECHO, IOM will continue to increase its engagement with
HOME and NEAR) as well as the European External the private sector, in particular with Brussels-based
Action Service, for which meetings at Senior Officials, companies, associations and foundations with interest
Heads of Division/Unit and Expert levels are foreseen in migration issues at the regional level.
in 2018. IOM will continue training DG ECHO staff on aspects
IOM will continue to provide technical assistance related to humanitarian aid, emergencies and their
to the European Commission’s DG International link with human mobility.
Cooperation and Development (DEVCO) and EU IOM will further develop its already well established
Delegations for training, policy reflection and regional partnership in the area of migrants’ and ethnic
communications materials under the External minorities’ health with all relevant EU institutions and
Thematic Expertise on Migration (ETEM V) project.
other regional networks. Specific emphasis will be put
IOM will continue to mainstream migration into on institutions involved in e-health and on fostering
international cooperation and development policies dialogue between institutions.

102 Migration Initiatives 2018


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IOM will support cooperation by giving priority to IOM will support national authorities to reinforce
activities that focus on dialogue on return within the quality of family-based care for unaccompanied
and among partner countries, while also promoting migrant children (UMCs) with dedicated foster carers
engagement and facilitating cooperation with EU trained and supported in issues and challenges
counterparts. IOM will thus respond to the needs of affecting UMCs and to establish the highest standards
EU and their partner countries. of care and protection. IOM will subsequently work to
increase the quality and number of family-based care
Objective 1 placements being available to unaccompanied children
across six EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Greece,
Within the framework of a regional project including Luxembourg, Poland and the United Kingdom.
Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta and Spain,
IOM will continue to build capacity of health
IOM will seek to actively involve migrant youth and
professionals, law enforcement officers and other staff
their peers in building more cohesive societies,
working with migrants in respect to migrants’ health.
relying on peer-to-peer contacts between youth of
diverse backgrounds, with emphasis on the student IOM will contribute to the integration of newly-
community as a shared social space. The action shall arrived migrants and refugees, including those to
also build on interreligious dialogues to advance social be relocated, in the EU MS health systems through
inclusion and education efforts. the utilization of the PHR/e-PHR - a unified EU tool
for health assessments that aims at improving the
IOM will continue its engagement in linking pre- continuity of care, making medical records available to
departure and post-arrival support to facilitate socio- health personnel (HP)s from reception to destination
economic integration for resettled refugees in the countries and facilitating data collection to better
EU. A regional action will seek to increase integration understand migrants’/refugees’ health needs - as well
outcomes through pre-departure measures targeting as through capacity-building of health mediators, as
Syrian refugees arriving from Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey part of the Re-Health2 project.
and pre-arrival measures targeting the receiving
society - in Germany, Portugal, Romania and the Objective 2
United Kingdom. IOM will continue its crisis response activities and
Building on good practices and lessons learned, improve its humanitarian assistance where needed in
IOM is committed to continuing its activities in the Europe, with a view to promoting durable solutions for
area of skills-based job matching and labour market migrant and refugee populations.
integration for migrants in Europe. IOM is seeking to IOM will continue to support national authorities
extend the Skills2Work project to a second phase, with further design, set up and enhancement of the
utilising the online, interactive directory of good resettlement and humanitarian admission programmes
practices (FromSkills2Work) and wide network of through the application of the resettlement toolkit for
employers from the public and private sectors, Europe. IOM will ensure the standards for resettlement
government agencies, migrant support organizations, processing are met and provide care and protection to
migrants, academia and NGOs. the beneficiaries of the resettlement programmes.
IOM will further scale up work on migrant integration IOM will continue to support Italy and Greece and
by increasing the capabilities of local administrations possibly other EU member states, that are affected by a
and other service providers at the local level, and in large influx of asylum seekers with the implementation
particular their front-line staff, in dealing with the of a future relocation programme (solidarity
multiple dimensions of long-term socio-economic mechanism) under the new Dublin IV Regulation
inclusion of migrants at local level. This will be delivered (expected to be adopted in 2018). IOM’s role would
in a series of trainings and peer mentoring activities for be to implement pre-departure assistance, movement
the local authorities and both governmental and non- management and post-arrival reception assistance for
governmental service providers, including front-line those beneficiaries in need of international protection
who are referred under a future relocation scheme.
workers dealing with the specific needs and situations
of disadvantaged migrants. IOM will look to enhance cooperation between
countries along the major migration routes, including
IOM will continue to work with the European Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, and Hungary, to enhance
Reintegration Network (ERIN) to promote the rights-based and protection-sensitive border
sustainable reintegration of migrants returned from management as well as trends-monitoring and
EU Member States, Switzerland and possibly other improved information exchange.
members of ERIN in targeted countries of origin.
IOM will continue to assist national authorities
IOM plans to strengthen its engagement on with the implementation of emergency support
safeguarding children on the move in Europe, including for the reception of asylum seekers, including site
unaccompanied migrant children. Particular attention management support, support at disembarkation
will be put on the protection of children in the EU points, transportation assistance, and assistance for
Member States impacted by the recent migrant and vulnerable migrants, to ensure their protection needs
refugee movements. are met.

Funding requirements 103


European Economic Area

Objective 3 AUSTRIA
IOM will work to strengthen structures for the
provision of information and counselling on assisted Funding requirements: USD 3,387,435
voluntary return and reintegration throughout the
EU, Switzerland and Norway, with a specific focus Principle 1
on counselling of migrants in vulnerable situations,
through the development of capacity-building Promote adherence to the Convention on the Rights
material, the revision of the AVRR Handbook and of the Child by providing support to authorities in
the development of framework within the standard conducting family assessment of unaccompanied
operating procedures to assist migrants in situation migrant children wishing to return to their countries
of vulnerability throughout the AVRR process. of origin under the framework of the project “FamA
– Family Assessment of unaccompanied migrant
IOM will continue the implementation of EURCAP’s children wishing to voluntarily return to their country
support action “Community-led outreach on safe of origin”
migration in 12 districts of Bangladesh”, which
will contribute to the goal of the Government of Principle 2
Bangladesh’s ‘National Communication Strategy
on Safe Migration’, which aims to bring about Support the European Commission and the Austrian
behavioural changes through awareness and Government through research activities to ensure
knowledge, changing attitudes, and social norms as orderly and humane management of migration
an alternative to irregular migration to Europe. based on factual information and provide guidance
on migration policy that advances the efforts of
IOM will continue the implementation of EURCAP’s
stakeholders.
support action “Readmission case management
system for Pakistan” to improve the readmission In 2018, IOM country office in Austria continues its
process through the development of an electronic work as the National Contact Point in the European
readmission case management system (RCMS) Migration Network (EMN). Various activities are
to digitize the flow of information between EU planned such as conducting four research studies on
member states and the Government of Pakistan’s various migration and asylum topics and producing
(GoP) authorities as well as building capacities of the Annual Policy Report, answering Ad-Hoc queries,
key stakeholders. The support provided will result in disseminating information through newsletters and
increased capacity of GoP departments to manage websites (see www.emn.at), participating in and
a higher volume of readmission applications and presenting research findings at various events in
improved processing of applications through the Austria and the EU, and organizing various events
RCMS for safe and orderly return. in order to foster cooperation between government
IOM will continue to promote and seek to expand and non-governmental counterparts in Austria and
its activities in supporting family reunification of the EU. A special activity in 2018 is the organization
refugees residing in EU Member States. of the EMN Annual Conference in the second half
of the year under the framework of the Austrian
Special attention will continue to be devoted to Presidency of the Council of the EU. A focus also lies
combatting human trafficking and protecting its on implementing the Irregular Migration Application
victims at a regional level, based on the successes (IRMA).
of the TACT project. This action contributed to
enhance capacities and coordination mechanisms Objective 1
among priority countries’ authorities in the field
of protection and assistance, with special focus on Equip migrants who have been assisted in their
return and reintegration assistance for victims of voluntary return by IOM with the necessary means
trafficking (adults and children). and skills to re-establish their lives in their countries
of origin by providing reintegration assistance in the
IOM will continue its contributions to EU consultations Islamic Republic of Iran and Afghanistan under the
and requests for expertise for the preparation of the framework of the project “Reintegration Assistance for
post-2016 EU Anti-Trafficking Strategy. Voluntary Returnees to Afghanistan and Iran”.
Increase Austrian stakeholders’ understanding of
human trafficking and their ability to recognize
potentially trafficked persons, which will contribute to
improving the identification, referral and protection of
trafficked persons in Austria. This should be achieved
by offering tailored information and training sessions
on human trafficking to all Austrian stakeholders
who are interested in learning more about the topic
and wish to increase their relevant know-how in the

104 Migration Initiatives 2018


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framework of the project “TIP-Train: Awareness-


Raising and Training Sessions on Identifying Trafficked BELGIUM
Persons”.
Support the host society by enhancing intercultural Funding requirements: USD 11,905,000
competences in relation with migrants and refugees
in the framework of the project “INT-Train – Capacity- Principle 1
building trainings for the integration of migrants”. Ensure monitoring of the Belgian migration law,
Support the integration process of refugees via post- migrants’ rights and their effective access to health
arrival orientation trainings, intercultural events and services and the labour market in compliance with
extracurricular activities in the framework of the international and EU standards, legislation and case
project “CulTrain – cultural orientation trainings for law.
young refugees”. Develop and assist implementation of a national
Facilitate the integration process of young refugees, methodology of family-based care for unaccompanied
mainly from Chechnya, and support them in developing minors including the training of national officials, civil
society organizations and foster carers, to establish the
their multicultural identity in the framework of the
highest standards of care and protection provided to
project “Workshops for integration and the prevention
unaccompanied minors.
of radicalization - Young Chechens in Austria”.
Assist Austria to fulfil its international obligations Principle 2
in the areas of asylum and human trafficking by (1)
Creating opportunities for enhanced dialogue
increasing the number of potential trafficked persons between government and their counterparts on
who are identified in the Austrian asylum procedure migration management.
and referring to relevant service providers and (2)
facilitating interactions between asylum seekers and Principle 3
relevant Austrian stakeholders by strengthening their
intercultural competences and to ensure that asylum Strengthen the role and contribution of the Guinean
procedures are not affected by l cultural conflicts in diaspora in Belgium to the development of Guinea
the framework of the project “Asyl-Train: Trainings for through the transfer of skills.
Austrian Migration and Asylum Stakeholders”. Engage the Burkinabé diaspora in Belgium in
Migration health activities: Coordinate trainings supporting youth employment in Burkina Faso through
for first-line health professionals, law enforcement their contribution to micro-credits projects.
officers and social workers with migrants and refugees. Empower women’s diaspora associations in Belgium
Conduct trainings for trainers. and community-based women’s associations in
Africa to strengthen their impact in development and
Objective 2 peacebuilding.
Provide assistance to refugees under the resettlement Strengthen networks among West African diasporas
programmes “United States Refugee Admission in Belgium (Senegal, Mali, Guinea, Burkina Faso) to
Programme (USRAP)” and “Humanitarian Admission support local development in regions of origin and
Programme (HAP) to Austria”. trans-borders initiatives.
Support in the implementation of the Austrian Engage cities’ authorities and the private sector to fight
Humanitarian Admission Programme by providing: against discrimination towards refugees and migrants,
pre-departure medical checks to all refugees; encourage change in perceptions about migrants
(b) medical support for a limited number of vulnerable and enhance access to employment of refugees and
cases and a fitness-to-travel check to Austria for all migrants.
refugees; (c) flight organization; (d) pre-departure
Objective 1
orientation trainings; (e) travel arrangements and
airport assistance. Provide individual reintegration support and further
develop tailored country-specific reintegration
Objective 3 projects.
Provide voluntary return assistance to migrants, Support development of a Belgian Action Plan to
including, inter alia, (rejected) asylum seekers and increase the impact of remittances in development.
refugees, who wish to return to their respective Promote assessment, recognition and validation of
countries of origin, in the framework of the “General skills of migrants and refugees.
Humanitarian Return Programme”.
Enhance understanding of migration among youth
Provide transit and arrival assistance at the Vienna and the public, with focus on education, diversity and
International Airport to migrants who fly under the the fight against discrimination towards refugees and
auspices of IOM. migrants.

Funding requirements 105


European Economic Area

Promote new ways (via culture, music, food and Bulgaria for working with vulnerable groups and
sports among others) to engage host communities and management of reception conditions of vulnerable
migrants to increase mutual understanding. migrants and unaccompanied minors)
Improve migrants’ health through training first-
line officials (such as social workers, police officers
Objective 1
and technical staff), and providing support to the Supporting the integration of third-country nationals
Government of Belgium on disaggregated health data and beneficiaries of international protection in Bulgaria
collection.
Continuing focus on monitoring migrant health,
Objective 2 collecting health data, strengthening migrant-friendly
health systems and facilitating partnerships, networks
Assist Belgium in refugee resettlement. IOM assists and multi-country frameworks on migrant health
the Government of Belgium with the organization of
The exchange on mediation in health care for Roma will
selection missions, pre-departure orientation sessions
continue in 2018. The collaboration between IOM and
and pre-departure health assessments. IOM organizes
the National Network of Roma Health Mediators will
and ensures all beneficiaries travel in a safe and
dignified manner from their country of first asylum to support the development of the European Network of
Belgium. Community Health Mediators

Support the Government of Belgium in developing a Objective 2


contingency plan to adapt its reception network to
unexpected influx of migrant arrivals. Further improvement of the reception capacity of the
Bulgarian asylum and migration management systems
Objective 3 Assisting the resettlement of Syrian refugees stranded
Promote skill-enhancement opportunities for young in Turkey
African graduates and apprentices through internships
and vocational trainings in Belgium (BE-Circular) Objective 3
Facilitate family reunification of beneficiaries and Strengthening the national capacity of Republic
international protection in Belgium of Bulgaria in the fields of asylum protection and
migration
Provide voluntary return assistance including pre-
departure counselling and travel assistance. Protecting vulnerable migrants and assisting in
voluntary return and reintegration support
BULGARIA Returning and reintegrating of victims of trafficking
Establishing a Transit Accommodation Centre for
Funding requirements: USD 8,856,000 unaccompanied migrant children and promoting the
Integrated Child Protection System
Principle 1 Strengthening the prevention of and response to
Strengthening the prevention of and response to trafficking in persons in Bulgaria
trafficking in persons in Bulgaria (project component
related to capacity-building for Government of
Bulgaria for victim-centered approach for investigation CROATIA
and prosecution of labour trafficking, as well as
the sensitivity approach on the prosecution of sex Funding requirements: USD 6,907,000
trafficking)
Establishment of a Transit Accommodation Centre Principle 2
for unaccompanied migrant children and promote European Migration Network national contact point
adherence to international standards on child for Croatia - The IOM Office in Croatia will continue to
protection and safeguarding through the promotion of perform as a national contact point in the European
Integrated Child Protection System (project component Migration Network (EMN) in 2018. The Work Plan
related to capacity-building for Government of Bulgaria
for 2018 will include annual activities applicable for
for promotion adherence to international standards
all national contact points such as, conducting four
on child protection and safeguarding through the
research studies on various migration and asylum
promotion of Integrated Child Protection System)
topics, producing the annual policy report, answering
ad-hoc queries, publishing country fact sheets and
Principle 2
quarterly bulletin, disseminating information through
Protecting vulnerable migrants and assisting voluntary national EMN networks, participating in and presenting
return and reintegration support (project component research findings at various events in Croatia and the EU.
related to capacity-building for Government of Furthermore, the office will organize various events to

106 Migration Initiatives 2018


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enhance cooperation between government and non- Migration Information Centre: Support migrant
governmental counterparts in Croatia and EU Member integration in Croatia to contribute to effective socio-
States. During 2018, the EMN national contact point economic integration of third country nationals (TCN)
of Croatia is planning to organize an EMN National in Croatia by rendering comprehensive integration
Conference and the topic is yet to be confirmed. A new services through the establishment and operation of
addition to the EMN national contact point activities the Migration Information Centre.
will be the implementation of the Irregular Migration Unaccompanied Migrant Children Temporary Reception
Application (IRMA) that is hosted by the Ministry Centre: Operate a reception/accommodation facility
of Interior and AMI. It is a counterpart application for unaccompanied migrant children to international/
developed for the non-governmental organizations to regional humanitarian and child protection standards
contribute to data collection on irregular migration. and providing adequate care for one of the most
vulnerable groups. The approach works towards
Principle 3 developing and improving the quality of child welfare
Joint border police patrols (Croatia and Serbia) - systems and child protection measures, as well
The overall objective is to further improve cross as integrated health and social care provisions for
border cooperation and communication through unaccompanied migrant children with the support of
piloting joint patrols at the green and blue borders, trained mediators.
better knowledge of new modus operandi, as well Establishment of family-based care for unaccompanied
as the establishment of direct and closer working migrant children: This action will support capacity-
relationships with local border police. It will foster the building, as well as exchange of best practices and
regional approach and transpose regional dialogue experiences with donor counterparts on rights of
and legal framework, as well as internationally children and children protection. This will raise
recognized good practices based on targeted and awareness of the need to provide unaccompanied
practical study visits to Norway and neighbouring migrant children with family-based care and further by
countries. designing and cascading delivery of training specific to
foster carers looking after this group of children.
Objective 1
Provide safe and dignified accommodation and
Strengthen healthcare access for migrants and network services to failed asylum seekers/migrants in
refugees, with a specific focus on user involvement an irregular situation who do not qualify to be detained
and outreach services, as well as fostering inter- and unable to return to their country of origin safely.
sectoral collaboration by providing evidence-based
International police cooperation and combating
policy-making tools, hands-on training on migration
crime, countering trafficking in human beings: The
health for health workers, social workers and law
action will focus on strengthening cooperation
enforcement officers.
between law enforcement, prosecutorial and other
Development of e-health tools and strategies - In the stakeholders nation-wide in combating trafficking as
framework to prevent and reduce social inequalities, a type of organized crime. Through capacity-building,
and in line with the ongoing work conducted in awareness rising, and direct assistance, the action will
Croatia by IOM, IOM intends to consolidate the provide an all-rounded approach to prevent trafficking
electronic Personal Health Record (e-PHR) developed and smuggling of migrants.
in collaboration with the European Commission and Provide post-arrival orientation and integration
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. support to the resettled refugees from Turkey to the
Support integration by improving employment Republic of Croatia. The Republic of Croatia intends to
opportunities in Croatia through tailored social resettle a total of 150 refugees from Turkey by the end
services, cultural and job orientation (SOCKRO) - The of 2017, with post-arrival orientation and integration
project objective is to support the social inclusion of support to continue throughout 2018. These activities
refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants granted with will encompass language and orientation courses,
subsidiary protection in Croatia. This project will building a network of national and local integration
serve as a solid foundation for the development of stakeholders, as well as a strong capacity-building
further multi-sectorial initiatives and projects aimed component to advance the integration environment in
at improving the migrant integration system and Croatia, including by partnering with local integration
preventing social exclusion from the job market and stakeholders.
educational system.
Objective 2
Support early integration with a focus on employment
of persons relocated from Italy and Greece, specifically Enhance coordination between humanitarian and civil
targeting women and improving their employment protection actors to respond to natural disasters: The
opportunities by providing information on available aim of this project is to develop cooperation between
training/re-training options and degree recognition. civil protection and humanitarian actors to enhance
disaster preparedness and encourage more integrated

Funding requirements 107


European Economic Area

and robust responses to natural disasters. The action by responding to requests from member states, as
will focus on expanding access to comprehensive well as to shape migration policy agenda through
guidance and opportunities to develop greater data collection and research activities. IOM will also
expertise in the planning and implementation process. contribute to infographics and track migratory flows
and displacement trends in order to strengthen
Objective 3 emergency response and identify vulnerable groups.
Implement the Croatian National Assisted Voluntary Planned activities include national network building,
Return and Reintegration Assistance Programme national workshops, ,conferences and expert
2017/2018. The programme includes pre-departure meetings. Moreover, it involves the production of
outreach, information campaign, and reintegration annual policy reports, studies and statistics, country
support to beneficiaries of the assisted voluntary fact sheets, as well as answering to ad-hoc queries.
return and reintegration programme.
Principle 3
Offer assisted voluntary return and reintegration
support focusing on vulnerable groups. IOM will continue to engage with stakeholders and
institutions – such as the civil society, particularly
non-governmental organizations, national and
CYPRUS international organizations, hospitals and clinics –
since they are considered as key players in the return
policy and practice, relocation and resettlement, family
Funding requirements: USD 5,700,000 reunification and strengthening migrant assistance
including vulnerable groups.
Principle 1
IOM will identify stakeholders’ role within IOM policies
IOM Cyprus will continue to work collectively with and establish partnerships with more associated
national partners respecting the national, EU and stakeholders (UN agencies located in Cyprus, Caritas
international laws. It will continue to assist the Cyprus, Hope for Children, KISA and SPAVO to name a
implementation of national policies aligning with few) in areas of interest of IOM (for instance, migrants’
international standards. This includes supporting safe and dignified returns, protecting migrant rights
the safe and dignified voluntary return of migrants, and access to social and health care).
and supporting the government to hold stakeholder
consultations with ministry of health, civil society Objective 1
organizations and migrant groups on the MIPEX Health
strand. IOM will continue to provide assistance to victims of
trafficking in Cyprus, unaccompanied children and
IOM’s rights-based approach will continue to ensure migrants with health needs under the framework
the best interest of all vulnerable groups. Special of the assisted voluntary return and reintegration
emphasis will be given to trafficked and smuggled programme. Emphasis is being given to the migrants’
individuals, unaccompanied children, as well as to voluntary, safe return and reintegration in their
migrants with physical and mental health needs. country of origin.
Furthermore, IOM will continue to provide psychological
Principle 2 counselling and legal assistance to migrants and legal
IOM will work closely with government and guardian appointment to unaccompanied children
stakeholders. IOM will contribute to establishing and fit-to-travel certificates for migrants with medical
reception capacities and enhance the living conditions needs.
of migrants in newly established shelters. This IOM will continue to facilitate the socio-economic
includes fostering cooperation among social welfare integration of relocated and resettled refugees through
services, asylum service and the health services in targeted actions such as vocational training and
the best interest of children- to inform legal options language courses, in order to help migrants improve
and ensure access to appropriate health care. IOM their skills and increase their competitiveness in the
will also continue collaborating with the civil registry local job market.
and migration department, as well as the immigration
office, office of combatting trafficking in human IOM will continue to participate as an observer in the
beings, police, in exchange of information to prevent Inter-Ministerial Coordinating Committee for Counter-
smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons. Trafficking. IOM will share experience and expertise
with countries of origin, transit and destination
Using an evidence-based approach, IOM will continue through bilateral, regional and international dialogue.
to implement the functions of the national contact This will help the design and implementation of
point of the European Migration Network (EMN) effective return migration policies. Specific focus will
and the national coordinator of the Republic of be given to the establishment and development of
Cyprus for 2018 with the aim to inform and exchange communication channels with the countries of origin,
information on migration and asylum efficiently in order to improve our services to migrants and the

108 Migration Initiatives 2018


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society. risks, dangers and possible health problem relapses


during and after the return journey.
IOM will also seek to provide country-wide capacity-
building for health professionals, law enforcement, IOM will continue to provide capacity building services
mediators as part of the Equi-Health with upcoming to all actors involved in reception and detention
tenders in 2018. facilities.
Specific focus will be targeted at giving migrants access
to services including education, job opportunities
and appropriate health care facilitated by electronic
CZECH REPUBLIC
personal health records as part of the IOM/EC Re-
Health2 action. The latter will strengthen the capacity Funding requirements: USD 1,170,000
of health authorities to generate disaggregated data
contributing to further analysis on planning and Principle 1
preparedness. Training in Migrants rights and information campaign
for government officials to facilitate discussions on
Objective 2 positive perception of migrants by the host society
IOM plans to contribute to capacity-building vis-à-vis as well as well-being of migrants. IOM will continue
emergency response by creating additional reception to train government officials mainly from Ministry of
centres, especially for vulnerable groups such as Labour, to organize an information campaign for the
unaccompanied children strengthening the living public on migrants´ contributions, and to analyse
conditions of migrants. the economics of migration with relevant data. The
project is under development and discussion with the
Provide assistance and support by enhancing Government of Czechia.
information exchange on migration flows and
identified trends. Integration is an open way to immigration: Improving
the implementation of good practices in integration
Establish national resettlement practices and provide while adhering to international standards. Through
third country nationals with regular options of an international project initiated by the Leibnitz
resettlement and family reunification. Research Institute in Germany, IOM will apply various
Continuous support national authorities regarding methods on integration and share good practices
reception assistance to refugees relocated from Italy among European countries. The project intends to
and Greece. Share resettlement information with organize three seminars and a conference to compare
the authorities in particular with regards to medical the practices across European countries with regards
screenings, movement assistance for refugees at the to social and political rights of migrants – especially of
pre-departure stage and reception assistance for women and youth.
resettled refugees upon arrival in Cyprus.
Principle 2
Objective 3 Early Warning Information regarding data on
IOM will continue to provide ongoing assistance to resettlement, relocation and migration trends. IOM
migrants in Cyprus on a daily basis in order to promote provides daily statistics to the Czech authorities
and facilitate a safe, orderly and regular migration (Ministry of Interior and Ministry of Foreign Affairs
and protect the rights of migrants. Migrants will mainly). IOM aims to extend its existing daily
be received at IOM office and will be provided with information system – the Early Warning System - in
psychosocial and legal support, document and fit to 2018.
travel verification, as well as visa processing. They will In counter-trafficking issues, IOM is a member of a
receive information on their legal rights and will be country team where all relevant ministries (Ministry
provided with psychological assistance when needed. of Interior, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry
For migrants willing to sign up to the assisted voluntary of Labour and social Affairs, Ministry of Justice,
return and reintegration programme, pre-departure police, Unit Combating Organized Crime, and non-
assistance will be provided as well as medical/social governmental organizations) are involved to discuss
escorts for vulnerable cases. Moreover, in an attempt new statistical trends and cases in trafficking of
to promote the development potential of migrants, human beings.
the post-departure reintegration support which is
In the Integration part, IOM is cooperating with the
currently provided for certain cases will be enhanced.
Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, Ministry of
As a result, coordination and cooperation among states
Commerce, and Ministry of Interior as regards self-
as far as international return migration is concerned
employment of newly arrived migrants. IOM also
will be enhanced, leading to sustainable returns and
cooperates with the Ministry for Human Rights to
facilitating the integration of returned migrants in a
ensure the rights of migrants.
dignified social and economic environment – through
professional orientation and vocational training. This
framework will also contribute to reduce and prevent

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on trends and individual cases. The participants of


Principle 3 this platform will be experts from the government,
In addition to regular cooperation with governmental non-governmental organizations and leaders of the
authorities and agencies, IOM will strengthen communities.
cooperation with the private sector interested in
migration and integration. ESTONIA
To partner with the private sector in order to increase
migrants’ employment opportunities and promote Funding requirements: USD 893,000
direct training for specific jobs.
IOM will continue building and strengthening Principle 1
partnerships with the Ministry of Labour and Social Focusing on rights-based approaches and gender
Affairs and recruitment agencies in the private sector. aspects throughout programmatic areas, IOM will
contribute to building capacities of government
Objective 1 stakeholders to provide adequate reception to those
Summer School on Migration Studies to promote safe in need of international protection and access to high
and orderly migration beyond expert audience during quality procedures, as well as in cases of mass influx.
the Summer School of Migration Studies in 2018. This can be achieved via trainings, workshops and
The activity will involve foreign experts. IOM Prague exchanges with EU member states.
organizes this event every year in partnership with
IOM will continue its work in building capacities
the Charles University Faculty of Social Geography for
of migration authorities to improve the quality
120-150 students, experts and panellists in presenting
recent migration trends. of respective immigration procedures (reception,
integration and return) in Estonia and the reception of
To enhance foreign development cooperation a project asylum seekers and other vulnerable groups, including
will be implemented in cooperation with Czechia victims of trafficking and persons with health needs.
Development Agency focusing on capacity-building in Through the implementation of activities in Estonia,
providing assistance to IDPs in Georgia. IOM is well-placed to provide necessary input on
policy design and programming.
Objective 2
Assisting the Government of Czechia in resettlement Principle 3
and relocation: Cooperating and sharing data with the
IOM will pursue its strong cooperation with relevant
Government of Czechia on all aspects of migration
ministries and migration authorities, as well as
trends, namely on resettlement from Turkey to fulfil
strengthening partnerships with local municipalities
the quota and on relocation from Greece and Italy. The
and the private sector.
final part of the migration cycle is integration. IOM is
advocating for the human dimension of crisis and a
safe place for people in need. IOM will contribute to
Objective 1
the implementation of a resettlement programme to Improve the socio-economic conditions of vulnerable
Czechia and will continue its support for the relocation migrant groups and to safeguard their participation in
programmes from Greece and Italy. In the framework the host society. For this IOM would like to test the
of resettlement and reintegration programmes, IOM establishment of the start-up incubator for members of
will manage all logistics, pre-departure orientation, migrant communities in need. Additionally, IOM would
health check-ups, fit-for-ravel certificate, and will like to continue working with post-arrival programmes
identify migrants who are need of protection in for refugees in order to support their adaptation into
cooperation with UNHCR. It will also provide reception the Estonian society.
assistance in Prague.
Improve the rhetoric and understanding towards
Objective 3 migrants in support of reception and integration. The
IAAM campaign can be used as one of the ways to raise
Information on assisted voluntary return and awareness through storytelling and capacity-building
reintegration to share all relevant information on the of local municipalities.
possibilities of voluntary returns among migrants using
up-to-date tools (cell phone applications, internet) as IOM will focus on the promotion of ethical recruitment
well as referral system with the non-governmental and tackle trafficking in human beings and exploitation
organizations. The project will be funded by the throughout its work.
Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund. The second IOM intends to further enhance its efforts in promoting
initiative is about reintegration in the country of origin, and facilitating migration channels and schemes for
which will include return counselling from mobile IOM migrant workers, particularly in the face shortage in
units. highly skilled professionals, who are in dire need in
Mapping migrants communities in Czechia. The follow Estonia. The initiative will have direct linkage with
up initiative in 2018 will be a discussion platform countries of origin.

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process in host communities through capacity-building


Objective 3 of local officials and decision-makers, in cooperation
IOM is planning to strengthen its cooperation with and coordination with strategic government, civil
the Government of Estonia to support its efforts in society organizations and private sector partners.
resettling persons in need of international protection Contribute to the integration of migrants by providing
safely and with dignity. pre-departure orientation training to all quota
IOM will further enhance assistance provided to third- refugees resettled to Finland, in partnership with the
country nationals wishing to return to their countries Finnish Immigration Service. The aim of the trainings
of origin voluntarily. Assistance will also be provided to is to equip the target group with necessary basic
vulnerable groups as needed. information prior their travel to and resettlement in
Finland.
Promote the adherence to the Convention on the Rights
FINLAND of the Child, by providing support to the competent
authorities for the best interest determination of
Funding requirements: USD 10,290,258 unaccompanied migrant children through family
assessments in the children’s countries of origin and/
Principle 3 or third countries of residence.
Strengthen dialogue with the private sector in Contribute to the sustainable reinsertion of voluntary
countering labour exploitation and trafficking in returnees into societies of their respective countries of
human beings. origin by providing eligible migrants with reintegration
Strengthen partnership with the private sector and support in-cash and in-kind.
other relevant partners in promoting migrants´ health Contribute to capacity-building of migrant health
through facilitating their access to health services with through training of first-line health, social and law
innovative solutions. enforcement professionals working with migrants and
Strengthen strategic partnership and coordination refugees at the local level.
with government, civil society organizations and
private sector in developing comprehensive approach Objective 2
at the local level for quota refugee. Share resettlement In close cooperation with national immigration
related knowledge and information to support the authorities, IOM will continue to organize activities
two-way integration process in host communities. supporting the quota refugee resettlement and
Continue to engage and mobilize the Somali relocation movements to Finland. This include, as
diaspora for the benefit of Somalia’s and Puntland’s required and agreed with authorities, support during
development through the Migration for Development the selection missions, pre-departure health checks,
in Africa (MIDA) FINNSOM Health and Education pre-embarkation assistance, travel arrangements and
project. The project builds capacity at institutional assistance at the points of transit.
and individual level. It also facilitates Somali nationals
to directly contribute to the development of their Objective 3
country of origin. IOM will continue to provide assistance to asylum
seekers and other third-country nationals wishing to
Objective 1 voluntarily return to their respective countries of origin.
Contribute to the implementation of the Finnish Particular attention will be paid to persons considered
National Action Plan on Counter-Trafficking through as vulnerable, including victims of trafficking, thus
developing guidelines for and providing training on aiming to ensure that beneficiaries can return and
identification, referral and assistance of victims of reintegrate in a safe, dignified and humane manner.
trafficking in health and social services (Caring for
trafficked persons in Finland).
Prevent labour exploitation in agricultural seasonal
FRANCE
work and forest berry picking in Finland, in cooperation
with the private sector. Funding requirements: USD 7,623,000
Facilitate migrants´ access to health services through Principle 1
local migrant health application which supports
communication between migrants and health sector IOM will support and promote adherence to
personnel, in cooperation with private sector and international standards while implementing national
other relevant partners. or regional projects, particularly in counter-trafficking
and assisted voluntary return and reintegration
Develop a comprehensive approach at the local level for
initiatives.
quota refugee, share resettlement related knowledge
and information to support the two-way integration IOM will promote aligning national policies with

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international standards and recommendations by the aim to to provide flexible and tailored assistance
holding stakeholder discussions on the MIPEX health to the victims of trafficking.
strand.
IOM will offer training for return counsellors and other
Principle 2 first-line actors on identification and referral of victims
of trafficking.
IOM will host bilateral consultations with the French
ministries involved in migrations issues, such as the Objective 2
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Interior, French IOM will continue to support EU member states in the
Office for Immigration and Integration and possibly relocation of unaccompanied migrant children from
the Ministry of Health. France to other EU member states, in line with IOM
policies and child specific safeguards applying to this
Principle 3 vulnerable group.
IOM will continue to maintain close relationships IOM will continue to implement the refugee
with authorities and non-governmental organizations resettlement programme in facilitating the pre-
involved in counter-trafficking activities, in order departure arrangements, travel and reception of
to develop new initiatives (such as trainings on refugees resettled in France, in cooperation with the
identification and assistance to victims of trafficking) Ministry of Interior, institutional counterparts and
in the framework of the CARE+ project. non-government partners. This includes the provision
IOM will maintain ties with the Ministry of Interior of logistical support for both pre-departure and post-
through continuous implementation of the arrival activities.
resettlement project. Objective 3
IOM will continue its dialogue with the municipality of IOM will establish contacts with the French Office
Paris on migrant integration. for Immigration and Integration and the Ministry of
Interior to develop an assisted voluntary return and
Objective 1 reintegration project.
In order to support refugees’ integration in France,
IOM seeks to offer cultural orientation training for
individual resettlement cases prior to departure. GERMANY
This training will focus mainly on French culture and
society, as well as on the day-to-day life in refugees’
new society to facilitate integration by addressing
Funding requirements: USD 6,500,000
expectations and to reduce culture shock.
Principle 1
IOM will continue implementing awareness-raising
Training workshop on international migration law for
activities (such as information campaigns, occasional
German government officials
events, exhibition, etc.) to promote the positive
contribution of migrants to host societies through the Study series on migration policy practices in selected
Global Migration Film Festival and the I am a Migrant European countries to be presented in a series of
campaign. workshops to German government officials in Berlin
IOM will provide reintegration assistance to Principle 2
unaccompanied children willing to return voluntarily
Fifth high level whole of government bilateral
to their countries of origin. As unaccompanied
consultation in Berlin
children are highly vulnerable, IOM will be developing
and implementing specialized Standard Operating Promoting German government participation in IOM
Procedures to ensure that the return process follows international consultations
all IOM safeguards, that is in the best interest of the Gathering evidence on the sustainability of assisted
child, is organized in a safe manner (including with pre- voluntary returns
departure family assessment) and in close cooperation
with all stakeholders involved (guardian, receiving Principle 3
family members/communities, etc.). Sustainability of Regular coordination mechanisms with main ministries
the return will be pursued through the provision of of the German government on programmatic and
personalized reintegration support and assistance. policy aspects of migration
In addition, IOM will set-up a prevention campaign Organizing a civil society organization consultation on
in the main countries of origin of unaccompanied mixed migration
migrant children present in France, to inform the Organizing a consultation with the private sector
dangers linked to irregular migration of minors.
IOM will provide reintegration assistance for victims of Objective 1
trafficking, based on expertise and SOPs elaborated in Capacity-building of NGOs in project development to
the framework of past projects CARE and TACT with strengthen their capacity to access migration funding,

112 Migration Initiatives 2018


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through a series of training workshops and relevant stakeholders have already been planned
Increasing access to reintegration support for returnees for 2018.
through partnerships with relevant development
cooperation actors, which applies to negotiations with Principle 2
GIZ and BMZ regarding cooperation on the provision IOM will continue the data collection on flow
of reintegration services in Afghanistan and Iraq monitoring with the aim to provide better
Strengthening pre-departure counselling of voluntary understanding of the profiles of the population on the
returnees from Germany and outreach to migrants move, including where they came from, the routes
regarding AVRR possibilities through a series of training they are taking and their reasons for moving. The
workshops information will enable government and stakeholders
to provide more targeted assistance to the affected
Creating an outreach network including diaspora population.
associations, counselling services, and NGOs
IOM will seek to map the professional skills of
Expanding activities related to migration and health migrants and refugees who are likely to stay in
capacity building for health professionals and border Greece including an assessment of their background
officials, including strengthening monitoring of and expectations. The purpose of this exercise is to
migrant health and supporting disaggregated health further support the Government of Greece to plan
data collection in the context of the IOM/EC EPHR the inclusion of the population into the local labour
activities market and social environment.
Objective 2 Principle 3
Mobilize resources for IOM’s response to crises through IOM will continue enhancing the fight against
regular and strengthened liaison with the government smuggling, trafficking in human beings and irregular
of Germany, including humanitarian support and border-crossings along the Eastern Mediterranean and
stabilization measures in post-conflict societies Western Balkan route. This will directly contribute to
Mobilize funding for resettlement/humanitarian enhanced security in the region building on existing
assistance programme to Germany initiatives and coordination with relevant partners. For
this reason, IOM in Greece will continue supporting
Objective 3 the operation of a Border Police Working Group from
target countries to facilitate enhanced cooperation and
Assisted voluntary return from Germany information sharing of cross-border transgressions.
Family reunification, mainly through the family This activity is currently implemented under the
assistance programme, by facilitating information project “’Strengthening Cross-border cooperation
provision and counselling to Syrians and Iraqis in along the Western Balkan route”.
Germany, especially unaccompanied migrant children,
regarding reunification with family members still Objective 1
abroad IOM will continue promoting adequate health care
Outreach and assistance to unaccompanied minors provision to migrants and thereby increasing public
who return voluntarily to their countries of origin, health safety in the longer run. The priority is the
including a thorough assessment to verify if the return organization of health services, including monitoring
is in the best interest of the child of migrant health, implementation of the IOM/EC
EPHR and health mediation, occupational health
Capacity-building on psychosocial assistance for the
and training on migrant health and migrants’ rights
Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens and
within several sectors. IOM will also assess national
Youth and assisted voluntary return and reintegration
policies relevant to migrant health to reduce health
counsellors (authorities and NGOs) inequalities faced by migrants, including irregular
migrants, and will participate in the roll-out training to
trainers in Greece.
GREECE
IOM is planning to continue acting as the managing
Funding requirements: USD 29,960,000 authority by monitoring and evaluating the provision
of accommodation services, psychosocial support and
Principle 1 other direct assistance support to unaccompanied
migrant children provided by non-governmental
IOM is committed to mainstreaming gender in the organization partners in Greece.
framework of all projects implemented in Greece.
IOM is planning to set up safe zones in appropriate
IOM will continue to commit to the Prevention of areas which will operate as an interim care scheme
Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) in Greece. to urgently address safety and protection needs of
Further training and awareness-raising for IOM staff unaccompanied migrant children until their placement

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in a shelter off-site or through available durable assistance and orientation, as well as movement
solutions. management.
IOM is planning to continue providing transportation Objective 3
services to migrant and refugee children from/ to the
facilities where they are being accommodated to/ The IOM Office in Greece will continue implementing
from the school facilities. Through which IOM will its assisted voluntary return and reintegration project
contribute to their smooth integration to the society which aims at facilitating the voluntary return of those
and the public education system of Greece third country nationals wishing to return to their
country of origin with safety and dignity.
IOM is planning to strengthen the early identification,
referral and protection of vulnerable migrants (such
as children, elderly migrants, migrants with health HUNGARY
needs or migrants with disabilities) mainly in the
Greek islands through the presence of specialized
multidisciplinary IOM staff members. This will enhance Funding requirements: USD 1,440,000
the effectiveness of the national referral mechanisms
and the overall emergency response for assistance and Principle 1
protection. Assist Hungary to fulfil its international obligations
IOM will support the Government of Greece in under the Convention on the Rights of the Child and
conducting integration activities so as to ensure EU regional law and policy through enhancing the
the inclusion of migrants and refugees in the Greek capacities of authorities and guardianship staff in
society. The activities will concern services such as order to enable the provision of appropriate care and
recruitment, language training, orientation activities, protection to children arriving in Hungary.
placement, activities facilitating reception and
integration, advisory services on migration questions, Principle 2
and other relevant services. Implement and review the integration action plan
of the city of Budapest to reinforce mutual linkages
IOM will continue providing reintegration assistance to
between migration and other relevant policy areas at
beneficiaries of the assisted voluntary return activities.
the local level.
The reintegration assistance should not only be aimed
at helping migrants to reintegrate into the society, but Continue to support the city of Budapest in running
should also place the assistance in a wider context its Migration Information Desk.
that includes the community affected by the return Continue to strengthen the production and analysis of
process. Therefore, it plays a key role in facilitating migration data, with a focus on the early identification
sustainable returns for all parties – the migrants, the of vulnerabilities and equal opportunities of
host countries and countries of origin. migrants, to improve rapid assessments, policy and
programming both at the national and municipal
Objective 2 level.
IOM will support the management of the migration Continue to contribute to the efforts of the Hungarian
crisis through capacity-building of government authorities to improve national data on trafficking in
institutions, humanitarian and protection assistance human beings.
to migrants in coordination with other stakeholders. Continue to contribute to the capacity-building
Support the provision of legal information to newly efforts of police officers, labour inspectors, consuls
arrived population at the main entry points of the and immigration officers in the field of prevention,
country to make them aware of their rights and options identification and referral of victims of trafficking.
upon crossing into the country.
Principle 3
IOM will maintain the sites which have been constructed
Increase engagement with academic institutions
for the accommodation of migrants and refugees. IOM
to promote understanding of international and
will ensure that the beneficiaries are settled in a safe
regional migration issues through participating in and
and protected environment. receive basic assistance
organizing university courses and summer schools.
from IOM as the site management support agency will
ensure they receive basic assistance and that they are Continue to contribute to the development and
living in safe and quality conditions, based on their operation of transnational and national referral
needs and feedback. mechanisms for victims of trafficking.
IOM will continue to assist the relocation of asylum Advance cooperation among a wide range of
seekers to other EU member states under the stakeholders in the city of Budapest.
‘Fairness Mechanism’ in the Dublin IV regulation (to Facilitate engagement of authorities and other relevant
be adopted). IOM’s supporting activities may include: actors with the Hungarian diaspora and facilitate
case management, health assessments, pre-departure assess needs of the Hungarian diaspora.

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Iceland. The assisted voluntary return and reintegration


Objective 1 services offered by IOM will enable asylum seekers
Promote the positive image of migration through and other migrant groups to make informed decisions
awareness raising campaigns and events. on their return, to encourage return in a safe, dignified
and humane manner. Particular assistance will be
Continue to contribute to the fight against trafficking provided to persons considered vulnerable, such as
of persons, exploitation and abuse through awareness- unaccompanied migrant children, in line with IOM
raising, capacity building and outreach activities. procedures and safeguards.
Continue to support the reintegration of victims of
trafficking in the Hungarian society through counselling
and reintegration support. ITALY
Increase the integration of young migrants through
empowerment and skills development. Funding requirements: USD 13,550,000

Objective 2 Principle 1
Address immediate needs of stranded migrants by Aligning national policies with international standards
identifying vulnerabilities and distributing non-food and recommendations in all fields of migration
items. management.
Monitoring Italian reception capacities, including
Objective 3 hotspots and centres for unaccompanied migrant
children. Building capacities of relevant stakeholders
Continue to provide safe and dignified return options to support dignified reception conditions and the
to migrants through IOM’s assisted voluntary return protection of human rights in line with European and
and reintegration programme. international standards.
Facilitate the effective implementation of the EU
Directive on the Right to Family Reunification in Principle 2
Hungary by offering comprehensive assistance to Continue strengthening the longstanding cooperation
beneficiaries of international protection in Hungary at all levels of governance with different institutional
and their eligible family members with their family and civil society partners, so as to enhance the whole-
reunification cases and through the provision of of-society approach to migration management.
information, assistance and logistical support.
Promoting dialogue and consultation amongst
partners on achieving the Sustainable Development
ICELAND Goals and towards the adoption of the Global
Compact for safe, orderly and regular migration.
Funding requirements: USD 625,000 Continue promoting a deeper understanding of
the reciprocal relationship between sectoral policy
Objective 1 and migration policy, as well as between policy and
practice.
IOM will contribute to the integration of migrants by
Continue contributing to evidence building for
providing pre-departure cultural orientation training
informed policymaking and programming through
to refugees resettled to Iceland. The aim of the training
research, data collection, analysis and dissemination
is to equip the target group with necessary basic
activities (e.g. database of IOM Italy’s beneficiaries
information prior to their travel to and resettlement across all areas of activity, Displacement Tracking
in Iceland. Matrix in the Mediterranean, support to the North
African Mixed Migration Hub, and targeted research
Objective 2 in collaboration with academic partners).
In close cooperation with national immigration Consolidating and analyzing data from official
authorities, IOM will continue to provide support sources, and from activities across all thematic areas
activities for the quota refugee resettlement to provide regular updates on specific migratory
movements to Iceland. This includes support during trends and issues to support informed policymaking.
the selection missions as required, pre-departure
health checks, pre-embarkation assistance, travel Principle 3
arrangements and assistance at the points of transit.
Continue supporting the Government of Italy in the
Objective 3 implementation of comprehensive approaches to
migration management through global fora (e.g.
In cooperation with Icelandic stakeholders, IOM will dissemination of the Italian approach to migration and
provide assistance to migrants willing to voluntarily development at the Global Forum on Migration and
return to their respective countries of origin from Development).

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Continue supporting regional initiatives in Europe and supporting migrants’ entrepreneurship, and piloting
in the Mediterranean (e.g. the Regional Development actions to enhance the long-term employability of
and Protection Programme for North Africa). migrants in Italy and youth in their countries of origin.
Continue engaging with key partners to enhance their Continue building capacities of different actors,
humanitarian response capacity, including Italian and especially the media, to promote a positive narrative
partner countries’ authorities (Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, of migration and communicate more accurately on
Sudan), who are responsible for search and rescue migration matters.
operations.
Continue building capacities of local authorities and
Expanding current partnerships with local authorities service providers, to facilitate the provision of support
(e.g. with the Social Services and Migrants Desks for vulnerable migrants and more diverse populations.
of Bari, Florence, Milan and Naples), with a view to Working with the private sector to improve the living
facilitate the socioeconomic inclusion of vulnerable conditions of migrant workers at risk of exploitation,
migrants. and pilot activities to build capacity of private sector
Maintaining strategic partnerships with the civil society partners to understand and monitor exploitation risks
in key issues concerning assistance to vulnerable along their supply chains.
migrants, integration and communication. Promoting access to health care and preventative
Continue working with transnational communities care for migrants including through conducting pre-
and new generations of Italians to facilitate migrants’ departure health screenings for beneficiaries of
engagement in the development processes in their relocation , through the provision of linguistic and
countries of origin and the full participation in the cultural mediation supporting activities in healthcare
societies they belong to. institutions, on board of vessels in charge of search
and rescue operations, in prisons and other contexts
Enhancing collaboration with the United Nations
as necessary.
Rome-based agencies (e.g. in the context of increased
synergies and work on the reciprocal effects of Working with relevant partners to support the
migration and climate change, as well as migration and recognition of migrants’ diplomas, formal and
food security). informal competencies, and pilot innovative schemes
to welcome migrants by including mentorship
Continue enhancing partnerships with private sector
experiences and community engagement activities in
actors, with a view to improving the living conditions
welcoming programmes.
of migrant workers, especially those at risk of labour
exploitation. Facilitating the integration of beneficiaries of relocation
under the ‘Fairness Mechanism’ in the Dublin IV
Objective 1 regulation to be adopted and resettlement through
pre-departure orientation and skills profiling.
Supporting the sustainable reintegration of returnees
in priority countries of origin for Italy. Strengthening IOM legal counselling at landing points
and in the main governmental reception centres
Conducting family tracing and assessment activities
through dedicated mobile teams. IOM might further
in the countries of origin of unaccompanied children
enhance its presence in the north of Italy by working
residing in Italy, that are in line with best interest of
closely with authorities to support the enforcement of
the child, children’s rights and right to family life. international standards concerning migrants’ rights.
Improving the living conditions and social inclusion of
migrants at risk of labour exploitation, and promoting Objective 2
migrants’ welfare and empowerment.
Providing direct assistance and legal counselling to
Supporting migrants’ long-term employability, in migrants arriving on Italian coasts and increasing
particular populations not in education and not in capacity to assist those stranded across the territory.
employment, asylum seekers and vulnerable migrants.
Continue advocating for the enhancement of regular
Early identification and referral of vulnerable migrants, migration channels for families, workers, students and
including victims of trafficking for sexual and labour entrepreneurs.
exploitation, and unaccompanied minors to local
Working towards the piloting of schemes and
authorities and relevant institutions.
frameworks to support the standard relocation (see
Working with new generations of Italians, migrants and footnote 1) and resettlement programmes already
diaspora associations and the civil society to celebrate in place, supporting the authorities to conduct
multiple identities and to acknowledge migrants’ assessments of family ties and family tracing.
and transnational communities’ contributions to the
Continue supporting the Italian Government’s efforts
welfare of the societies that they have bridged.
to strengthen the capacities of partner countries on
Empowering migrants’ associations to become agents humanitarian response including search and rescue
for development, including through capacity-building, operations at sea, and addressing the needs of

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refugees, migrants and host communities in receiving Continue to be active in building capacities of local law
countries. enforcement authorities, judicial, social service actors
and international stakeholders to tackle irregular
Helping migrants in making more informed decisions
migration, trafficking in human beings, identification
through awareness raising campaigns. and referral of vulnerable migrants, and promote
Continue supporting the Italian Government in its migrants’ human rights.
efforts to address mixed migration flows arriving by Promoting peer-to-peer learning and twining
sea. Enhancing direct assistance activities throughout approaches to support the longstanding collaboration
the territory, including the provision of information of Italy with countries of origin and transit, including
and legal orientation to migrants at landing points by organizing exchanges and study visits, and
and migrants stranded across the country, the early training sessions for officials and delegates from
identification of vulnerable migrants and referral priority countries in close collaboration with relevant
to relevant stakeholders, and the enhancement of institutions.
capacities of local reception stakeholders. Through the
provision of targeted training among other assistance
activities, IOM will address the needs of vulnerable LATVIA
groups and upgrade streamline local reception
procedures from a legal and psychosocial point of view. Funding requirements: USD 220,000
Continue implementing a comprehensive resettlement
programme consisting of: health assessment, pre- Objective 1
departure orientation, language training, awareness Understanding each other better: Providing balanced
raising with receiving communities for resettled information to migrants about Latvian society and to
beneficiaries to Italy and assistance to support and Latvian mass media about migrants
facilitate integration. The objective for 2018 is to
strengthen impact evaluations of the pre-departure Objective 2
orientation to beneficiaries resettled in Italy.
Providing refugee resettlement assistance to the
Continue offering case management, health Government of Latvia
assessments, pre-departure assistance and pre-
departure orientation sessions as well as movement Objective 3
management, and start piloting skills profiling in the Providing assisted voluntary return and reintegration
context of relocation to facilitate the labour market support to migrants willing to return from Latvia
integration of migrants bound to other European
countries.
LITHUANIA
Objective 3
Enhancing IOM’s outreach to potential returnees and Funding requirements: USD 542,475
promoting the sustainable return (in collaboration
with the private sector) of migrants who voluntarily Principle 1
decide to re-start their lives in their countries of origin.
All IOM projects in Lithuania follow a migrant rights-
Continue advocating for the enhancement of regular, based approach and their implementation adheres to
safe and dignified migration channels, including by international standards. Special emphasis is given to
increasing its capacities for providing pre-departure vulnerable migrants and unaccompanied minors, as
and post-arrival support in the framework of family well as victims of trafficking. The implementation of
reunification, family tracing and assisted voluntary the assisted voluntary return projects follows relevant
return and reintegration assistance for unaccompanied guidelines adopted by IOM globally.
migrant children by considering the best interest of IOM as the national contact point for the European
the child. migration network (EMN) in cooperation with the
Increasing cultural mediation capacity in the context Ministry of the Interior continuously addresses
of medical assistance to migrants rescued at sea and other EU Member States for information on practical
across Italy. implementation and best practices of EU migration
and asylum legislation via the EMN ad-hoc query
Strengthening assisted voluntary return and mechanism. This contributes to developing migration
reintegration activities, reaching out to a larger number and asylum policies which follow EU and international
of migrants who may decide to return voluntarily to standards.
their countries of origin by deploying counsellors
throughout Italy. Principle 2
Deploying regional counsellors across Italy to carry out Acting as the national contact point for the European
assisted voluntary return and reintegration activities. Migration Network (EMN) in Lithuania, IOM will

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continue to provide objective and comparable In 2018, cooperation with municipalities and media
information on migration and asylum for policy will be strengthened. In particular, IOM is planning
makers as well as collect good practices and promote to establish permanent exchange of information
the exchange of expertise between Lithuanian mechanism with all municipalities in order to better
migration authorities and their counterparts in other meet the needs of returning migrants and opportunities
EU Member States. In this framework, IOM will also available in municipalities. Increased cooperation with
produce country relevant research. media and promotion of IOM activities is foreseen.
Particular emphasis will be paid to return policies, Objective 1
including assisted voluntary return. In 2018 IOM as
the national contact point for EMN will participate In order to ensure sustainability of returns and assist
in the return expert group, namely, in the meetings with reintegration, IOM Vilnius will continue providing
opened for international organizations and civil reintegration assistance, with special focus on income-
society in order to exchange best practices and generating activities in countries of origin.
increase the effectiveness of voluntary returns from In accordance with the objectives of the Lithuanian
EU. IOM Vilnius will also contribute to EMN synthesis Migration Policy Guidelines, the IOM Migration
report on the effectiveness of return policies, benefits Information Centre (MIC) “I choose Lithuania” will
of assisted voluntary return and existing obstacles to continue providing information and assistance to
return. returning Lithuanian migrants. IOM MIC acts as a one
IOM as the national contact point for EMN in Lithuania stop shop information hub for returning Lithuanian
will contribute to the State efforts to provide timely, migrants. The centre provides consultations via
objective and up-to-date information on returns via telephone, Internet and in person for people who
the integrated return management system (IRMA). already returned to Lithuania or are actively thinking
IOM will assist the Lithuanian Government in about returning. The MIC also analyses feedback
improving the Aliens Register and the data base of and provides recommendations to the Government.
Foreigners’ Registration Centre. The update of the Particular attention will be given in 2018 to Lithuanian
system will provide a possibility to generate reports returnees from the United Kingdom.
needed for the IRMA. In 2018, MIC in cooperation with partner NGO will start
Through the Migration Information Centre (MIC) “I providing legal consultations as well as psychological
choose Lithuania”, IOM will continue to provide user- counselling to returning migrants and their family
friendly, reliable and up-to-date information on all members.
issues relevant for returning Lithuanian emigrants. To In 2018, IOM Vilnius will provide information and
ensure evidence based and up-to-date information, counselling services to legally staying third country
cooperation with municipalities will be strengthened. nationals. IOM will continue operating the info-line for
migrants who need information and advice on legal
Principle 3 migration and integration opportunities in Lithuania.
IOM as the national contact point for the European In 2018, IOM as the national contact point for the
Migration Network (EMN) in Lithuania will continue European Migration Network (EMN) in Lithuania
to enforce an extensive network of partners in EU will look at the situation of unaccompanied children
member states and Lithuania. Key Ministries include after the asylum process. While voluntary return and
the Ministry of Interior (including the migration reunion with the family or integration are the two
department and the state border guard service), desired outcomes, it is anticipated that a sizeable
Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Social protection number of unaccompanied children are not returned
and Labour, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (including the nor integrated and instead end up in various states
department of diasporas). Key non-governmental of limbo (such as tolerated stay or temporary leave
partners include Caritas, the Red Cross, the Migrant to remain) in Member States. EMN will analyse good
Integration Centres and the Vilnius University. practices in addressing such situations.
Partnerships will be strengthened with the Migration
Commission of Lithuanian Parliament and the Office of Objective 2
the President. Partnership are developed by organizing As a response to the migration situation in the EU
bi-lateral and multi-lateral meetings, workshops, joint and globally, Lithuania will continue to meet its
activities, study visits etc. commitments regarding relocation and resettlement of
In 2018, the IOM Migration Information Centre (MIC) “I asylum seekers to Lithuania. IOM Vilnius will continue
choose Lithuania” will aim to increase partnerships with to provide administrative and advisory services to
Lithuanian diaspora organizations abroad. Promoting IOM offices in Greece, Italy, and Turkey, as well as
return migration of Lithuanians is one of the key to Lithuanian Migration Department, implementing
priorities of the Lithuanian Government. IOM plan to resettlement and relocation of refugees to Lithuania.
strengthen connections with Lithuanian communities,
Lithuanian schools and other organizations abroad.

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Objective 3 Objective 3
IOM Vilnius continues addressing the issue of irregular Assist migrants who wish to voluntarily return from
migration through the provision of assisted voluntary Luxembourg to their respective countries of origin.
return and reintegration options for migrants in need
(AVRR programme). In 2018, IOM Vilnius will continue
to cooperate with the Ministry of the Interior and MALTA
Social affairs and advocate that all groups of foreigners
be included as eligible to use the assisted voluntary
Funding requirements: USD 941,136
return assistance. Special attention will be paid to
vulnerable migrants.
Principle 2
IOM will disseminate information on return
assistance to possible returnees as well as to partner Intercultural competence trainings for decision-
organizations interacting with migrants, operate a toll- makers in the education sector in Malta: IOM intends
free consultation line for migrants considering return to undertake the analysis of migration data in order
and provide all logistics, including specialized travel, to improve policy and project implementation. IOM
medical and psychological assistance to vulnerable intends to conduct an assessment of current capacities,
returnees, specialized escort when needed. structures, tools, as well as gaps with regards to the
inclusion of migrant children in the education system
of Malta. Decision-makers, staff within the education
LUXEMBOURG sector, and parents of migrant children would be
interviewed during the assessment. Focus would
Funding requirements: USD 1,400,000 be placed directly on engaging migrant children in
order to gain insights based on their experiences.
Principle 1 The assessment results would be published and
disseminated to relevant stakeholders contributing
Ensure monitoring of national migration laws, migrants’ to the development of training modules for decision-
rights and their effective access to health services and makers in the education sector.
the labour market in compliance with international
and EU standards and recommendations. Facilitating labour market integration of third country
nationals: Provision of educational services. IOM
Principle 3 intends to conduct a labour market assessment as
part of a project to facilitate the socio-economic
Engage cities’ authorities and the private sector to fight integration of third country nationals, with a focus
against discrimination towards refugees and migrants, on promoting access to the labour market. An
encourage positive perceptions about migrants and assessment of labour market gaps would be carried
enhance access to refugee and migrant employment. out (taking into account seasonal variations) based
Further develop the new partnerships with the on identified needs of different employment sectors
Government of Luxembourg and the civil society in and demonstrated interests of target groups. Skill
relation to unaccompanied migrant children’s care and enhancement trainings for third country nationals
protection. would be organized in partnership with the Malta
College of Arts, Science and Technology. Particular
Objective 1 emphasis would be placed on addressing the specific
needs of vulnerable third country nationals, including
Continue to support the reintegration process of
returnees in countries of origin by identifying income- women.
generating activities.
Objective 1
Support national authorities in implementing a
systematic family assessment for unaccompanied Assisted voluntary return and reintegration in the
minors upon identification and referral in order to country of origin – RESTART VI: IOM will continue
determine durable solutions in the best interest of the contributing to the social, economic and cultural
child. inclusion of migrants in their respective countries
of origin. Under IOM’s assisted voluntary return and
Objective 2 reintegration programme, returnees from Malta will
continue to benefit from reintegration assistance.
Assist the Government of Luxembourg with the Whenever feasible, reintegration monitoring will also
organization of selection missions, pre-departure be carried out.
orientation sessions and pre-departure health
assessments. IOM will organize the travel of the Facilitating labour market integration of third country
beneficiaries and ensure all beneficiaries travel in a nationals: Provision of educational services. IOM will
safe and dignified manner from their country of first continue contributing to the inclusion of migrants in
asylum to Luxembourg. Malta by facilitating the socio-economic integration

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of third country nationals, with focus on promoting facilitating the issuance of travel documents, purchase
access to the labour market. To achieve this, IOM of flight tickets, arrangements of transit, arrival
intends to provide language classes, job readiness assistance and medical escorts, if needed), departure
training sessions, skill enhancement trainings and assistance, and provision of reintegration assistance to
apprenticeships. support returnees’ re-establishment in their countries
of origin and to thereby contribute to the sustainability
Intercultural competence trainings for decision-makers
of return migration.
in the education sector in Malta: IOM will continue
supporting the development and implementation of
inclusive education policy that is in line with national NETHERLANDS, THE
policies and priorities of the Ministry for Education
and Employment. The aim of this project is to facilitate
the inclusion of migrant children at schools. This would Funding requirements: USD 18,710,000
be carried out through the provision of intercultural
competence trainings to decision-makers who are Principle 2
engaged in the development of education policies. In an effort to promote evidence based programing
IOM aims to continue contributing to the development and policymaking, over the next two years, the IOM
and implementation of the counter-trafficking policy. Connecting Diaspora for Development (CD4D) project
Building upon the experience gained and lessons learnt is subject to robust impact evaluation conducted by
through the implementation of counter-trafficking the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance, which
projects in Malta since 2011, IOM is ready to 1) support started in 2016 and will be finalized in 2019.
the Government of Malta with interventions that IOM’s will support the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs
could include tailored research and capacity-building to get a better understanding of the ‘root causes’ of
measures to enhance practices and procedures of irregular migration and secondary movements.
relevant stakeholders, primarily the judiciary and
As part of IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM)
police, with respect to legislations concerning victims
activities, IOM intends to continue the research
of trafficking; 2) improve the asylum decision-making
studies among new arrivals of irregular migrants in the
process and enhance the capacities of service providers
Netherlands.
to address the special needs for assistance and
protection of de facto or potential victims of trafficking IOM will conduct a research analysing migrants’
seeking international protection; 3) support the efforts views and concerns over their current situation in
of the Government of Malta in prosecuting the crime the destination country versus their future including
of trafficking in human beings. IOM could also support the possibility to return to their countries of origin;
the Government of Malta by implementing prevention the process of decision-making regarding staying in
activities, direct assistance and support to victims of the Netherlands versus returning; the identification
trafficking and awareness raising campaigns. of possible obstacles to return, whether factual or
psychological; views and concerns over the future of
Objective 3 their children; as well as possible implications on the
return policy of the Dutch government.
IOM will continue to support the efforts of the
Government of Malta to enhance overall migration Principle 3
management through the provision of the assisted
voluntary return and reintegration option to third- Building on good practices and lessons learned, IOM
country nationals who are unable/unwilling to stay in will remain highly committed to its activities in the area
Malta and who choose to return to their countries of of migration, development and diaspora engagement
origin. for the development of targeted countries of origin.
In 2018, IOM will continue its Connecting Diaspora for
The three-year project RESTART VI is being implemented Development (CD4D) project to strengthen targeted
in partnership with the Ministry for Home Affairs and institutions in countries of origin. IOM will also seek
National Security of the Republic of Malta. It aims to additional funding to be able to extend the programme
provide tailor-made assisted voluntary return and to be able to engage diaspora experts from other
reintegration schemes to up to 170 third-country countries other than the Netherlands.
nationals, including vulnerable persons, who belong
IOM shall further strengthen its partnership with
to the target group and who express their free will to
the Dutch Foundation ‘Wereldwijd’ as a strategic
return to their countries of origin.
partner with regards to assisted voluntary return
IOM’s activities within the framework of RESTART VI and reintegration. Through a project managed by
address all stages of the assisted voluntary return Wereldwijd in cooperation with IOM, migrants were
and reintegration process and consist of outreach, supported by both organizations. They have received
information dissemination (including through the shipment of a cargo box with equipment for micro
referral system already in place), counselling, pre- business start-up, that is provided by Wereldwijd, and
departure assistance (travel arrangements including in-kind reintegration support, that is provided by IOM.

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IOM will further strengthen its partnership with platform delivering relevant content and information
the private sector in the Netherlands by seeking to migrants and local communities about topics
involvement of companies (such as Manpower, Deloitte promoting integration and inclusion, as such
and Adecco) in the creation of projects on the topic of contributing to the creation of positive images of
labour market integration of migrants and refugees. migrants. This will be done in the context of the project
This can be a possibly local continuation of the regional Volunteers for an Integration Media Platform.
Skills2Work project. This is done through, among IOM will contribute to early integration of
others, involvement in the continued development of beneficiaries of international protection by organizing
platform combining the FromSkills2Work platform and communication and dissemination activities in the
the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding on New Living for Refugees in Tilburg project. The project
refugee employment. will promote early integration through the organization
IOM will advance cooperation and strengthens of innovative, small scale housing arrangements that
partnership between local institutions and the migrant bypass the large Dutch reception centres, allowing
communities by deploying migrant volunteers as beneficiaries of international protection to start
liaising officers in the Volunteers for an Integration their integration into local society earlier. The living
Media Platform project. The aim is to assist local arrangements also promote the inclusion of civil
institutions in the development of comprehensive and society and local residents.
effective approaches to integration governance, which
can make migrants better represented in the society. Objective 2
IOM continues to strengthen and further develop IOM will continue addressing the drivers of migration.
cooperation with local and international (potential) This includes its cooperation with Oxfam Novib within
partners in view of ensuring the best service to the LEAD programme, funded by the Dutch Ministry
vulnerable migrants, by operational cooperation, of Foreign Affairs. IOM is the implementing partner
exchange of expertise and best practices and of Oxfam Novib in the “Work in Progress!” project.
implemention of projects. Concretely, this means that IOM will continue its
activities in a Job Centre for youth in Somaliland
In the counter-trafficking field, this means regular
to promote job opportunities and organize events
cooperation and exchange of information with the
on regular migration opportunities and the risks of
specialized Dutch NGO’s (mainly Comensha, Fairwork,
irregular migration.
LaStrada and HVO) as well as with the National
Rapporteur and the Prosecutor’s Office. On several IOM will continue assisting the Dutch government
occasions visits have been organized to Europol and with the pre-departure arrangements and movement
Eurojust. assistance of refugees selected for resettlement to
the Netherlands in the context of the Resettlement
In the field of child protection, IOM has a strong
Programme in the Netherlands.
cooperation with a guardianship organization NIDOS
and with the managing organization of the reception
Objective 3
centres (COA). Regular meetings are held with UNICEF,
the Refugee Council and Red Cross. IOM will assist migrants from the Netherlands to return
voluntarily to their countries of origin, or to resettle to
Regarding migrants with medical constraints, IOM has
a third country where their admission is guaranteed. In
built a network of medical staff in the Netherlands
addition, IOM will assist migrants departing from the
for easy reference and advice. The cooperation will
Netherlands with their reintegration in the countries
be further extended to other relevant umbrella
of origin through tailored information, counselling
organisations.
and preparations prior to departure, the provision of
Objective 1 material and financial support in the post-arrival phase,
and monitoring the reintegration in the countries of
In the context of the project SamenWerken aan de origin. Special assistance will be provided to vulnerable
Toekomst, IOM, in cooperation with local partners, will migrants: Victims of Trafficking, Unaccompanied Minor
support the labour market integration of beneficiaries Children and migrants with health conditions.
of international protection though soft skills training
IOM will assist a limited number of (ex-)asylum seekers
and counselling.
residing in a freedom restricted reception centre or a
Within the Parents inform Parents and the Volunteers Family Location with additional reintegration support
for an Integration Media Platform projects, IOM, in the countries of origin through tailored information,
in cooperation with local partners, will support the counselling and preparations prior to departure, the
social, economic and cultural inclusion, as well as provision of material and financial support in the
active participation of recently arrived migrants, by post-arrival phase, and through monitoring their
training, counselling and volunteering opportunities. reintegration in the countries of origin.
IOM will promote social, economic and cultural IOM will continue supporting pre-departure activities
inclusion of migrants via the creation of a media performed by Dutch authorities in Greece and Italy

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in the Relocation project, should these continue into concept nationally. N-PAIJE will address geographical
2018. equity (not to concentrate expertise and capacity
IOM will continue its assistance to families requiring resources in Oslo), gender parity (continued gender
support for the reunification of their family members mainstreaming of PAIJE project), local community
to the Netherlands through the Family Reunification engagement of mentors and local businesses, and
project. diversity in the workplace.
IOM Oslo will work with IOM’s migration health
department and the Norwegian Government to pilot
NORWAY the E-PHR in Norway. The pilot project will include one
or two implementation sites in Norway to be identified
Funding requirements: USD 8,520,000 among reception centers, asylum centers and similar
institutions.
Principle 1
IOM will continue to engage in meetings, seminars, Objective 2
workshops and training sessions with relevant IOM will increase and formalise its role in providing
government entities, public offices and organizations. airport assistance to migrants arriving to Norway
This will champion the commitment of Norway’s public through the EU relocation scheme for asylum seekers,
sector and civil society in adherence to international on an ad-hoc basis.
standards and protecting migrants’ rights.
IOM will continue to support the integration of
Principle 2 refugees accepted for resettlement to Norway through
pre-departure orientation classes. Participants are
IOM will engage in further discussions with relevant
prepared for the transition period upon arrival in
stakeholders on the monitoring and implementation
Norway, and that they are informed of possible
of the migration-related targets of the Sustainable
unrealistic expectations and thus reducing the risk of
Development Goals. IOM is in close coordination
with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and its dedicated cultural shock.
Migration Department, to promote a whole-of- IOM will continue to support the Norwegian refugee
government approach on migration issues. resettlement programme through the provision of
IOM will work with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs pre-departure cultural orientation for quota refugees
and other relevant ministries on national stakeholder and the provision of information about refugees’
consultations ahead of the finalisation of the global country, culture and integration potential at seminars
compact for safe, orderly and regular migration. for receiving municipalities. IOM will continue
to participate in seminars on resettlement and
Principle 3 integration for civic societies and other stakeholders,
in coordination with the Directorate for Immigration
In 2018, IOM will continue to engage in new and
and Diversity (IMDi).
existing partnerships with a wide variety of sectors
and stakeholders, including academic institutions (e.g.
Objective 3
Peace Research Institute Oslo) and relevant public
events (e.g. Oslo Peace Week). IOM will maintain its Voluntary Assisted Return
IOM will actively pursue opportunities for joint Programme (VARP), which facilitates the voluntary
research projects through partnering with academic return of asylum seekers and irregular migrants to their
institutions. home countries. IOM will continue to provide victims
of trafficking, unaccompanied migrant children, aged-
Objective 1 out minors and other vulnerable migrants returning
voluntarily to their home countries with health
IOM plans to strengthen its efforts in the field of
assistance as part of their respective reintegration
counter trafficking, including through the development
programmes. IOM will also provide information to
of a training package (seminar and workshops) to be
migrants and their networks on the VARP through
outreached to Norwegian stakeholders.
extensive outreach activities. IOM will provide targeted
In order to improve society’s perception of migrants, information for vulnerable groups, such as children,
IOM will actively continue to engage with IOM’s victims of trafficking, irregular migrants and families
campaigns and other migration enhancing initiatives with children, which will contribute to reducing
for tackling xenophobia and countering negative vulnerability of these returnees upon their return to
narratives about migrants. home, consequently easing their transition into the
Following the successful pilot phase of the Professional society. IOM’s VARP programme has a holistic focus,
Accelerated Introduction to Jobs and Entrepreneurship from initial outreach activities to post-arrival follow-
(PAIJE) project, IOM proposes to scale up the PAIJE up, to ensure safe, orderly and dignified migration.

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Project Fostering integration by addressing health


POLAND equity: Assist national and local health authorities
and service providers in identifying gaps to address
Funding requirements: USD 1,400,000 migrants’ health needs through policies at national and
organizational level. This will allow them to monitor
Principle 3 and measure their own capacity to ensure equitable
care and possibly in introducing improvements to
National platform for integration: The project entails accommodate diversity. Health services will be called
hosting a forum for cooperation, facilitating dialogue to assess their capacity and policies against pre-
and promoting knowledge exchange among different defined Equity Standards.
stakeholders influencing the integration process,
such as national, regional and local authorities, Principle 2
NGOs, migrant associations, academia, business
Assist relevant governmental institutions in
environment, etc.
monitoring and reviewing progress in the
implementation of SDG, primarily on target 10.7
Objective 1 but also other priority migration-related targets
Orientation training for migrants: The project will identified by the Government. Improve knowledge
provide information sessions and workshops for on the MiGoF and the Migration Governance Index
migrant workers and students and to apply the Index in Portugal.
Encouraging regular migration through increased Consolidate collaboration with the Lisbon municipality
awareness of employers on rules related to and expand it to other interested municipalities on
employment of migrant workers initiatives aiming at improving the public perception
of migration and the positive contribution of migrants
Capacity-building in diversity management for in host societies through initiatives such as the Global
different institutions dealing with migrants such us Migration Film Festival, the I Am a Migrant campaign,
schools, businesses, public services, etc. and connected street exhibitions.
Annual contest for best practices in migration
management and migrant integration Principle 3
Capacity-building for combating trafficking for forced Continue collaboration with the National Rapporteur
labour and the Observatory on counter-trafficking data
exchange.
Migrant.Info – An infoline for migrants on their rights
and obligations in Poland Further collaborate with the academia on
determinants of return migration and indicators
Objective 3 of sustainable reintegration. Assess the training of
health professionals and the responsiveness of health
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration for services to the needs of migrants.
migrants returning to their countries of origin from
Poland Objective 1
The project “Fostering integration by addressing health
equity” aims at building the capacity of health care
PORTUGAL professionals and administrative personnel working in
health centres and hospitals throughout the migration
Funding requirements: USD 3,834,000 process, so as to improve migrants’ access to adequate
and equitable health care.
Principle 1
Expand country-wide migration and health capacity-
Assist the Government of Portugal in promoting building for health professionals and border officials.
respect for human rights standards of migrants in Support reintegration of beneficiaries of assisted
detention, monitor conditions in detention, assess voluntary return to their countries of origin.
capacity needs of border and immigration police and
security personnel in administrative detention facilities Organize initiatives to address the public perception of
and train them on public health aspects of migration, migration and the positive contribution of migrants in
ensure access to information to migrants, increase host societies including through the Global Migration
knowledge of international standards and guidelines Film Festival, the I Am a Migrant campaign, and
on migrant detention among practitioners, judges, connected street exhibitions.
law enforcement officers, border police, and social Ensure provision of adequate pre-departure
workers. This support is possible in the framework of information to beneficiaries of international protection
the project “upholding human rights standards at the to be transferred to Portugal from non-first line EU
temporary detention centre for irregular migrants”. countries, as the target population can be under

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particular migratory pressure within the framework of from Romania and on the socio-economic conditions
bilateral agreements. in their home communities to better prioritize
Integrate Syrian refugees through pre-departure reintegration support and identify top-up grants
and pre-arrival measures targeting the receiving locally.
society, including through pre-departure pilot skills
assessment and info sessions on needs, skills profile of Principle 3
Syrian refugees to host community, local authority and Increase engagement with the private sector to
public employment services. facilitate the integration of migrants into the local
labour market.
Objective 2
Enhance the role of and the engagement of local
Provide pre-departure orientation, documentation authorities in providing services to migrants in order
and logistic support, health screenings, and movement to stimulate local development.
assistance through the project “Facilitating Refugee
Resettlement to Portugal”. Further strengthen the cooperation with relevant
organizations such as FRONTEX and SELEC in combating
Ensure the collection and analysis of feedback from
migrant smuggling and trafficking in children
refugees and receiving institutions at different stages
of resettlement and relocation to improve pre-
departure information provision.
Objective 1
REACT_RO: Educational Resources for Romanian
Objective 3 Language Courses and Orientation in Romania.
Support migrants in vulnerable situations through Enhance Romania’s capacity to ensure successful
assisted voluntary return and reintegration as a adaptation and integration of beneficiaries of
humane and dignified approach benefitting those who international protection and third country nationals.
are unable or unwilling to stay in Portugal and want To this end, IOM will develop tailored made curricula
to voluntarily return home. Assistance will include for Romanian language courses and post arrival
individual counselling, pre-departure and post-return orientation. The curricula will be piloted for a period
assistance. of 6 months with 100 migrants.
Continue involving civil society organizations in TaNGO - Tandem with NGOs to support victims of
information and counselling provision on assisted trafficking in human beings. Contribute to the safe and
voluntary return through the growing information and sustainable reintegration of 100 victims of trafficking
counselling network set up throughout the territories returning to Romania through providing direct
in Portugal. assistance jointly with national NGOs. In addition,
Build the capacity of civil society organizations and IOM will strengthen cooperation with countries of
social case workers in addressing the psycho-social destination through Romanian diplomatic missions,
aspects of return and understand/ evaluate their IOM Missions and NGOs for the identification,
impact on the returnee’s reintegration back home. repatriation and referral of victims of trafficking.
Expand the number of formal non-governmental INTERACT+ “Integrated Services for Migrants and
partners in Brazil for reintegration assistance and Intercultural Dialogue in Romania. Enhance the socio-
monitoring. Promote the participation and capacity- economic integration of migrants into the society,
building of a broader network of civil society through comprehensive and tailored integration
organizations, local public agencies, municipalities, services, including aspects such as health, education,
local service providers in providing longer term employment and socio-cultural.
counselling to returnees throughout their reintegration
process. Objective 2
Referral to specialized partners in the Member State STARRT III – Transfer and assistance services for
and post-return counselling EU victims of trafficking refugees resettled from Turkey to Romania. Facilitate
upon referrals from NGOs service providers. the pre-departure activities (including in-transit
assistance) and post arrival assistance to refugees
who are identified and selected by the Government of
ROMANIA Romania to be resettled to Romania from Turkey over
the course of 2018.
Funding requirements: USD 1,963,357 Support for the United States Refugee Admissions
Programme (USRAP). Transfer refugees from the
Principle 2 emergency-affected areas through the Emergency
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration Transit Centre in Timisoara, a secure environment
programme 2017–2020: Stimulate exchange of provided to refugees while they await resettlement to
information with countries of origin on returnees a new country.

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Objective 3 Objective 1
Assisted voluntary return and reintegration Continue to enhance capacity of the government
programme 2017–2020: Contribute to strengthening to manage labour migration in and from Slovakia,
Romania’s comprehensive migration management through the development of regular labour migration
system through safe, sustainable return and referral procedures and building capacities of the government
to relevant structures providing socio-economic in the area of labour migration management to ensure
reintegration for up to 80 migrants per year by 2020. safe and ethical labour migration.
Travel Assistance (Canada, Australia and New IOM will seek opportunities to implement sensitization
Zealand), “Bon Voyage”: Provide travel assistance information campaigns targeted to the general public
services to Romanian nationals traveling or emigrating to strengthen the role of migrants in the Slovak society,
to Canada, Australia and New Zealand including visa and thus enable better integration processes. IOM will
assistance, medical examination, transportation and continue to participate in already established activities
pre-departure orientation. like the Global Migration Film Festival.

Continue the participation in the VEGA children As an active member of the Counter-Trafficking Expert
initiative of FRONTEX by providing valuable resources Group, IOM will continue to influence local legislation
to prevent exploitation and abuse of migrants
to combat the trafficking of children at airports and
from and in Slovakia. In addition, IOM will seek to
land borders.
continue its engagement in the field of counter-
trafficking based on its experience in designing
innovative human trafficking prevention activities and
SLOVAKIA campaigns. IOM’s expertise will strengthen capacity of
national stakeholders in thematic areas of prevention,
Funding requirements: USD 1,420,000 identification and comprehensive assistance for
victims of human trafficking.
Principle 1
IOM will further support the government in providing
Support the government and all relevant stakeholders reintegration assistance to migrants returning
in their adherence to international standards mainly from Slovakia within the assisted voluntary return
through active participation in the Steering Board for programme.
Migration (as an ad-hoc member), Counter Trafficking IOM with continue to provide migrants in need with
Expert Group (inter-sectorial), Expert Group for reliable and individualized response, which includes
Integration of Migrants (Ministry of Labour, Social victims of abuse, trafficking, violence etc.
Affairs and Family), Working Group for Rights of
Refugees and Migrants (inter-sectorial) and other Objective 2
platforms.
IOM will continue to cooperate with the government
Principle 2 in operation of the Emergency Transit Centre in
Humenne through daily operations (including
Act as the European Migration Network (EMN) transportation, medical screening, documentation
National Contact Point for Slovakia. The EMN provides and logistical support) as well as capacity-building and
up-to-date, objective, reliable and comparable assisting in the development of further initiatives of
information on migration and asylum with a view to the government in the region, namely the specialized
support policymaking in the EU at national as well as projects with the European Commission.
international level. The main annual outputs include:
annual policy report, country fact sheet on migration, Objective 3
studies on the organization of asylum and migration IOM will continue to support the operation of the
policies and bulletin. Migration Information Centre (opened since April
2006), in activities such as helping migrants legally
Principle 3 residing in Slovakia to integrate into the society,
Maintain partnerships with governmental as well as providing information, job and legal counselling,
non-governmental actors, in order to strengthen its language training, and support in community life. Other
humanitarian response capacity in the country (should activities of the Migrant Information Centre include:
the need be) and ensure positive migration perspective maintenance and development of network of cultural
mainly in allocation of official development aid. mediators, cooperation with the Slovak embassies
IOM will also continue to nourish cooperation with abroad, active participation in the implementation of
migrant communities and seek further opportunities the country´s integration policy and development of
to develop closer cooperation with the private sector new initiatives.
in the area of migrant integration and access to the IOM will continue to implement its assisted voluntary
labour market. return and reintegration programme for asylum

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seekers and irregular migrants having received Ensure continuation of private sector engagement,
rejection of their application. Tailor-made services with a focus on early validation of competences, skill-
include information campaigns, as well as individual based job matching and provision of information
counselling to enable eligible migrants to make regarding employment of migrants and beneficiaries
informed decision on return, health services related of international protection.
to returning to countries of origin, preparation of
reintegration package, provision of accommodation Objective 1
prior to the return, and assistance in pre-departure,
transit, post-departure and reintegration. Address the issue of identification, referral and
assistance to children victims of trafficking and
IOM will continue to implement specific assisted survivors of other types of violence and exploitation
voluntary return and reintegration activities in Slovakia by contributing to the implementation of the Standard
as well as in countries of origin for victims of trafficking. Operating Procedures (SOPs) in Child Protection, in
line with international standards.
SLOVENIA Support the preventative and coordination efforts of
the National Counter-Trafficking Coordinator and the
Counter-trafficking Working Group by producing and
Funding requirements: USD 442,500 disseminating awareness raising and informational
materials.
Principle 1
Develop and implement a system for the recognition
Advocate for the equal and full access to preventive of formal and non-formal capacities, skills and
and curative medical services for asylum seekers. competencies of asylum seekers to encourage
Integrate gender mainstreaming and rights-based employment and economic self-sufficiency.
approach in all programming of the mission. Ensure greater access to the labour market for asylum
seekers and refugees in Slovenia, including to (social)
Principle 2 entrepreneurship.
Support the operations of the newly established inter- Provide psychosocial support to asylum seekers and
ministerial body, Government Office for Support and inform them of options for self-care, including mental
Integration of Migrants, by providing comprehensive well-being, reproductive health and prevention of
operational services and technical assistance as substance abuse.
requested by the government, specifically in the
areas of family reunification, migration health, Support the government in appropriate health
counter trafficking, and integration. assessments and disaggregated health data collection.
Collect and regularly update information on migrants Develop the system of health mediation and support
and asylum-seekers arriving to Slovenia through the the continuity of health care provision.
Displacement Tracking Matrix – Mediterranean Flow Promote a holistic approach to health and mental
Monitoring System, so as to provide an overview
wellbeing of migrants through capacity-building
and analysis of migration flows, trends and asylum
to develop or reinforce the skills of health and
statistics.
law enforcement professionals in reception and
Compile data on persons assisted through the assisted accommodation centres.
voluntary return and reintegration programme,
Provide options for sustainable voluntary return to
relocation scheme, resettlement programme and
family reunification procedures. Relevant data non-EU countries through reintegration assistance
includes health assessments performed and specific tailored to plans and interests of returnees.
vulnerabilities addressed.
Objective 2
Principle 3 Participate in coordination mechanisms which take
Collaborate with the Government Office for Support place within the National NGO Platform, Protection
and Integration of Migrants, line ministries and Working Group and governmental meetings to support
other related institutions for internal affairs, health, emergency preparedness, including contingency
social and labour policy and education to promote planning, and to formulate and implement a motr
comprehensive and effective approaches to migration timely and effective field response, if needed.
governance, including through the promotion of the In close cooperation with the government, IOM will
Global Compact on Safe and Orderly Migration. set up the first resettlement programme to Slovenia
Maintain strong partnership with international and will continue support for the implementation of
organizations and civil society organizations to the relocation schemes.
underpin the joint efforts related to protection,
counter-trafficking and integration of migrants in
Slovenia.

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At local level, IOM team has established relations with


Objective 3 the mayors of approximately 15 cities, which it will seek
Continue to provide support in safe, humane and to enhance in 2018. Through the PEAR project, IOM
dignified return through the national assisted voluntary is in touch with more than 70 smaller municipalities
return and reintegration programme tailored to the (mainly in rural areas with migrant population). The
specific needs of individuals and families, with special lack of knowledge and awareness in rural areas about
attention given to vulnerable populations. migrant and refugee groups, is one of the reasons
why IOM is committed to continue engaging rural
Provide assistance in family reunification procedures communities.
for beneficiaries of international protection by
organizing comprehensive travel arrangements, in IOM has established a solid collaboration with a private
close cooperation with the Government of Slovenia organization - Foundation La Caixa, and will seek to
and IOM missions in countries of origin/ residence. translate this into further project initiatives.
Implement adequate health screenings and fitness- IOM maintains close and regular relations with the
to-travel checks in the framework of IOM travel diplomatic and consular missions from the South
arrangements. American countries (Colombia, Honduras, Peru, and
Paraguay) and the African countries (Mali, Cameroon,
Senegal, Morocco) and will continue nurturing these
SPAIN relations in the coming year.

Objective 1
Funding requirements: USD 3,976,607
PEAR is a project that promotes the integration, mobility
Principle 1 and the labour integration of migrants in the rural
areas of Spain. This project includes activities aimed at
IOM will continue working on advising the government administrative officials from four municipalities, which
to fully adhere to international standards and rights of include awareness raising activities and informative
migrants and refugees under international instruments sessions about migrants’ and refugees’ rights.
such as right to family life. In particular, IOM will focus
on the issue of family reunification of Syrian refugees, Additionally, this project addresses gender issues by
where contacts have already been established with including training sessions for female.
the Spanish authorities. IOM shall continue developing projects that will work
on the recognition of skills and competences of the
Principle 2 refugee population, as this is directly related to labor
integration.
IOM has continuous collaboration with the academia
(Comillas University, Complutense University Sensibiliza-T Project is a project designed to raise
and University of Barcelona). IOM will continue awareness within the private sector regarding the
working in this direction in order to support further labour integration of beneficiaries of international
analysis of migration data. IOM migration data has protection residing in Spain.
increasingly been referred to in academic work - To improve the socioeconomic wellbeing of migrants
IOM data such as the Missing Migrants portal have and the society, IOM has established within its strategic
become a source of reference. IOM will continue goals, securing the labour and social reintegration of
strengthening partnerships with the academia and vulnerable migrants returning from Sub-Saharan Africa
with independent researchers in order to enhance and Latin America under IOM’s assisted voluntary
research using IOM data. return and reintegration support programme (AVRR).
In 2018, IOM plans to approach the NGO sector and To this end, IOM offers returnees with pre-departure
the UN Agencies, in order to promote the objectives trainings for entrepreneurship and self-employment.
of the Global Compact. IOM intends to continue working on the AVRR projects
with Morocco and Mauritania, in collaboration with
Principle 3 the Spanish Ministry of Interior.
At international level, IOM has established cooperation IOM will keep working on improving the labour
with SEGIB (Secretaría General Iberoamericana). integration of beneficiaries of international protection
At national level, IOM will continue strengthening and migrants in Spain.
its partnership with AECID (the Spanish Agency for IOM will initiate closer and direct collaboration with
international cooperation). the Spanish Refugee Reception Centres, by organising
At local and national level, IOM will continue to trainings which aim at improving the social integration
strengthen its collaboration with the regional and local of newly arrived refugees.
governments, more specifically with the municipalities IOM will actively work with both, local administrations
of Madrid, Malaga, Barcelona, Valencia and Sevilla. from rural areas and the migrant population in order

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European Economic Area

to support integration, mobility and labour integration origin by providing eligible migrants, including victims
of migrants in the rural areas. Given that the rates of of trafficking and asylum seekers, with reintegration
rural poverty remain high and that unemployment support in cash and in-kind.
of migrant population is not uncommon, IOM sees
integration as mutual beneficial for both the migrant Objective 2
population and receiving societies.
In close cooperation with national immigration
To guarantee the wellbeing of migrants and refugees, authorities, IOM will continue to provide supporting
IOM considers further discussions with the Spanish activities for quota refugee resettlement, family
authorities regarding the programmes related to reunification and relocation movements to Sweden.
migrant’s health and health data collection. This include, as required and agreed with the
authorities, support during the selection missions, pre-
Objective 2 departure health checks, pre-embarkation assistance,
travel arrangements and assistance at the points of
IOM will continue its resettlement programme transit.
which coordinates with the following implementing
partners: the Spanish Ministry of Employment and Objective 3
Social Security and the Ministry of Interior. This project
refers specifically to the IOM humanitarian principles. IOM aims to continue its support to migrants in Sweden
wishing to return voluntarily to their respective
IOM will continue its support to the relocation of countries of origin. IOM’s work, implemented in
asylum seekers from Italy and Greece. close cooperation with Swedish stakeholders, will
In the context of the Syrian crisis, IOM Spain include tailored pre-departure, travel and post-arrival
will promote the values of the family assistance assistance for victims of trafficking and persons in
programme by recommending and advising the vulnerable situations. Furthermore, asylum seekers
Spanish Government. wishing to return voluntarily may be offered with
pre-departure counselling, as well as post-arrival
Objective 3 reintegration assistance through cash grants.
Throughout these activities, IOM aims to contribute to
IOM will continue support safe, orderly and dignified providing migrants with a safe, humane and dignified
migration through the assisted voluntary return way to return home and restart their lives in their
programme (AVR). This Programme provides assistance countries of origin.
to vulnerable third country nationals residing in Spain,
who wish to return to their countries of origin but do
not have the means to do it. SWITZERLAND
The (living) conditions and the lack of information in
the temporary stay centre for immigrants and asylum Funding requirements: USD 7,070,000
seekers (Centro de Estancia Temporal de Inmigrantes,
CETI) and the immigrant detention centres (Centros de Principle 1
Internamiento de Extranjeros, CIE) remains an issue
within the Spanish migration policy. In this aspect, IOM Abide by the relevant international standards in the
intends to get a permanent access in these centres framework of implemented activities and developed
in order to guarantee safe and dignified options to projects in Switzerland
migrants, providing information related to their rights Strengthen cooperation between activities
and about the AVR programme. implemented by the Swiss Government in the field of
migration and similar initiatives of the European Union
Contribute to the protection of the rights of vulnerable
SWEDEN migrants (unaccompanied children and victims of
trafficking). IOM will continue to advocate for better
Funding requirements: USD 16,163,297 inclusion of vulnerable groups in the assistance
schemes through training of stakeholders, publication
Principle 3 of articles, etc.
Contribute to increase awareness and cooperation
among key stakeholders, such as (local) officials Principle 3
and consular staff on protection issues concerning Maintain a strong partnership with Swiss non-
vulnerable migrants, including victims of trafficking governmental organizations, especially the Swiss Civil
and unaccompanied migrant children. Society Platform on Migration and Development.

Objective 1 Whenever necessary, support the Swiss Civil Society


Platform on Migration and Development and other
Contribute to the sustainable reinsertion of voluntary diaspora organizations through capacity-building
returnees into societies of their respective countries of activities.

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Coordinate the activities of the Steering Committee needs, single parent households, victims of trafficking,
composed of the main Swiss counterparts forced labour or other forms of exploitation, and other
(governmental, non-governmental, national and local vulnerable migrants.
partners) on counter-trafficking prevention project.
Examples of these initiatives include supporting the
Take actively part in the activities of the Swiss International Recruitment Integrity System (IRIS) with
Coordination Unit against trafficking in persons, partners, notably the private sector, to promote ethical
and steering committee and working groups on the recruitment of labour migrants.
smuggling of migrants.
IOM would seek to include information on rights
Objective 1 and responsibilities during pre-departure orientation
sessions for arriving refugees, in coordination with the
Raise awareness on trafficking in persons in Switzerland Home Office.
(notably via the organization of a counter-trafficking
IOM will continue to deliver mandatory safeguarding
day and an itinerant information bus)
trainings for all staff involved in resettlement escort
Contribute to the enhancement of national prevention trips and in the new children-at-risk resettlement
and assistance mechanisms for victims of trafficking in programme in the United Kingdom.
human beings through international roundtables and
IOM aims to expand its training to local authorities on
public events such as the above mentioned itinerant
human trafficking and modern slavery to encourage
bus
adherence to national frameworks around victim
Provide services related to the assisted voluntary identification and support.
return and reintegration (AVRR) (return counselling in
asylum reception centres, transportation assistance Through following a gender analysis approach, IOM
and reintegration) to: persons residing in Switzerland will enhance its efforts in the area of programming
under the asylum law, victims of human trafficking and and policy to uphold gender equality, with a particular
their families, unaccompanied children and irregular focus on the empowerment of women.
migrants
Principle 2
Objective 2 IOM will strengthen cross-government approaches
Assist refugees (under relocation and resettlement to migration matters and governance through
schemes) with pre-departure activities, as well as engagement with partners across the government
international movement assistance during transit and including at national level (Department for
upon arrival International Development, Home Office and
Foreign and Commonwealth Office) and local level
Objective 3 (e.g. mayors, local councils, Job Centres, and health
providers) to support cohesive and complementary
Implement pre-departure orientation trainings and migration policies. This will be pursued through
medical checks for refugees who have been given the high level meetings between IOM and the UK Her
opportunity to resettle in Switzerland Majesty’s Government (HMG), as well as through
Implement the project “Swiss Return Information joint stakeholder meetings, support activities and
Fund”, which aims at providing the Swiss State delivery of information sessions.
Secretariat for Migration and the return counsellors IOM will continue to scale up the information sessions
with adequate and timely, non-protection and non- for local authorities and their partners on the cultural
security return related information on the countries of traditions and backgrounds of refugees to promote
origin of potential returnees two-way integration. These sessions will provide an
opportunity to link local government with the larger
transnational and national scope of resettlement
UNITED KINGDOM processes. The programme currently focuses on
Syrian refugees due to the size of this cohort in the
Funding requirements: USD 21,142,000 UK; however, the intent is to both expand these
sessions in geographic coverage and specialities
Principle 1 (tailoring some sessions to health and employment
professionals), as well as expand the sessions to
Upholding and protecting the fundamental human
address other predominant nationalities, such as
rights of all migrants – regardless of their legal status
Iraqi, Afghani, Sudanese, and Eritrean.
- is central to IOM’s work in the United Kingdom.
IOM works in cooperation with national and Research institutions in the United Kingdom have
local governmental, intergovernmental, and non- been making significant contributions to the body
governmental partners to protect and promote the of knowledge on migration over the past decade.
rights of all migrants, specifically emphasizing the IOM seeks to strengthen work alongside these
rights of children, irregular migrants, those with health institutions to support research in topics of interest

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to policymakers to increase the evidence base for with community sponsorship, supporting community
decision-making. Specifically, IOM aims to support groups sponsoring refugee families through the
more research projects and symposiums related to provision of information sessions on refugee cohorts,
migration and development, such as the Migration and supporting the Home Office in the development
and the Sustainable Development Goals symposium and delivery of strong induction and orientation
hosted in London in December 2015. In addition, in programmes for sponsors, in partnership with various
the context of the rise of incidents of xenophobia and civil society groups. In addition, new partnerships will
racism in the United Kingdom, IOM seeks to research be sought to support integration activities.
public perceptions of migration more in depth to In the past year, IOM has strengthened its partnership
support community cohesion projects. working with the London
IOM also seeks to increase understanding of the Borough of Croydon through the Child Trafficking
integration process of refugees resettled into the Protection Fund (CTPF) pilot project, supporting foster
country to inform integration policy. Recently, carers of Albanian and Vietnamese unaccompanied
through partnership with UNHCR and in collaboration children who are victims of human trafficking and
with City University London, IOM conducted a survey modern slavery (or potential victims), and supporting
of the Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement the children themselves. The objective is to reduce
Programme to identify best practices and gaps and the number of children who go missing from care
make recommendations for improvements. The as well as the number of missing episodes. IOM
findings have been submitted to the Home Office and has also begun a joint project with the University of
their responses have been incorporated for a final Bedfordshire through the Modern Slavery Innovation
report to be released by UNHCR in due course. IOM Fund (MSIF) to carry out research on vulnerabilities
will seek opportunities to build on this initiative to to trafficking in Albania, Nigeria and Vietnam (the top
enhance resettlement procedures with Government countries of origin for victims detected in the UK).
partners on all levels. Additional funding outside the framework of these
IOM will continue to carry out research activities projects would allow these partnerships to be further
strengthened and for new activities to be explored.
to improve the understanding of vulnerabilities
to trafficking from specific source countries, how IOM’s intention is to build long-term partnerships with
the politico-legal framework impacts on these companies, foundations, associations, and individuals
vulnerabilities and on the support provided to those that use each partner’s knowledge, expertise, skills,
affected by trafficking. IOM would like to expand the and/or resources in areas of common interest. IOM
Modern Slavery Innovation Fund project to include has fostered partnerships with PwC and Deloitte and
other source countries in the future and to produce will continue to strengthen these relationships through
victim profiles. collaboration and delivery of integration initiatives.
IOM is keen to expand diaspora mapping and research In the framework of the Global Compact on Migration,
activities to increase understanding of how the UK’s IOM plans to support the UK government to engage
diaspora communities can further contribute to civil society in the country so that their voices and
development in their countries of origin. concerns can feed into the consultative process.

Principle 3 Objective 1
IOM relies on strong partnerships with a variety of In the United Kingdom, there is a growing need for
actors, including the British Government; neighbouring, integration support due to expanded resettlement,
transit, and origin countries; international and regional higher migrant numbers, and reduction in support
organizations; migrant and diaspora communities; services. IOM will use institutional experience in
civil society; employers; academia; local community integration to advance the socioeconomic well-being
groups; faith-based groups; and the private sector. and resilience of migrants and society. IOM will focus on
identifying emerging barriers to integration and assist
IOM works closely with the Home Office and Foreign in developing support services sensitive to migrant
and Commonwealth Office on migration matters. As issues. IOM will enhance pre-departure orientation
one of IOM’s largest humanitarian and development services (expanding it and including child-friendly
donors, DfID is also a key partner. IOM is also elements). IOM will work with resettlement providers
committed to continuing to collaborate with the on building post-arrival orientation curriculum to
British Parliament, notably the All-Party Parliamentary continue to reinforce messages from pre-departure
Groups on Migration, Refugees, Human Trafficking orientation and support local integration.
and Modern Slavery, and Diaspora, Development, and
IOM aims to reduce barriers to labour market
Migration through continued submissions to enquiries.
integration, in particular by analysing employer
IOM will continue to partner with civil society and migrant needs, encouraging opportunities for
organizations for resettlement activities, such as the migrants, and creating space for increased employer
British Red Cross, with whom IOM currently works on and migrant engagement. IOM will actively engage
family reunification. IOM will also continue engaging Job Centres in the UK and develop partnership with

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the Department of Works and Pension (DWP) to the Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement (SVPR)
gain a better understanding of employment support scheme, Gateway Protection Programme and Direct
processes and needs. Entry scheme. IOM’s role across these schemes focuses
In addition, to support community cohesion, IOM on health assessments, movement management and
will organize events, activities, and products that coordinating pre-departure orientation for refugees
are informative, widely appealing, and relevant to pre-arrival.
United Kingdom communities, attracting audiences IOM will continue to provide support for pre-departure
not commonly reached through existing methods. health assessments undertaken for refugees, namely
IOM UK will continue its flagship initiative Portraits
Syrians, and a reduced medical service for Afghani
of Welcome, asking members of United Kingdom
nationals who will be resettled in the United Kingdom.
receiving communities to send messages of welcome
Resettlement has been expanded to 20,000 Syrians
with professionally taken photographs to refugees in
pre-departure orientation classrooms, giving them a by 2020, and approximately 3,000 children-at-
sense of the community awaiting them. IOM UK will risk, requiring a sustained upscale in operations. In
also continue with the project Building Tomorrow addition, IOM has together with the Home Office and
Together, asking both British and Syrian refugee United Kingdom public health stakeholders developed
children to build a collage of visions for a shared a mental health pilot programme using the Global
future. IOM will continue to be the main organization Mental Health Assessment Tool (GMHAT). The pilot
involved in disseminating messages and information is being run with 200 Syrian adults in an IOM clinic in
and organizing events and activities to celebrate Lebanon, to evaluate the usefulness of the tool as a
migrants in communities. component to the pre-departure health assessment
Diaspora communities in the United Kingdom include for those accepted on to the Vulnerable Persons
skilled professionals with expertise in a broad range of Relocation Scheme (VPRS). Following the evaluation of
sectors. IOM aims to develop a programme enabling the pilot a decision will be taken on whether to roll out
these diaspora communities to share their skills and the use of the GMHAT more widely.
expertise with institutions in their countries of origin
through temporary or virtual placements. IOM will Objective 3
also support platforms for governments and diaspora
IOM, in partnership with the British Red Cross, will
communities to engage one another through dialogue
also continue to support the family reunification
and policy consultations. In addition, IOM aims to
process for refugees residing in the United Kingdom.
ensure that a greater proportion of remittances
reach migrants and their families through improved IOM provides end-to-end support in all travel logistics
transparency in remittance services, raised awareness for these cases. IOM will also continue to provide
of high transfer costs, and improved financial literacy transit assistance at Heathrow International Airport
amongst remittance senders. to refugees and migrants from different countries,
facilitating their onward travel to their countries of
IOM will continue its counter-trafficking activities
destination.
by expanding its provision of awareness-raising
sessions for frontline professionals, participating IOM will continue to provide return assistance to
in parliamentary inquiries, facilitating study visits victims of trafficking returning to specific countries
for practitioners, and collaborating with companies within the European Economic Areas (EEA), in view
to address risks associated with unethical global of ensuring safe and sustainable return.
recruitment practices. In this regard, IOM would like to
explore how IRIS can be piloted with UK businesses and
how these activities can be reported in ‘transparency in
supply chain’ reports. IOM will also use its involvement
in global-level actions and coordination efforts, such
as the Sustainable Development Goals and the Inter-
Agency Coordination Group Against Trafficking to
ensure a more effective transfer of knowledge within
the United Kingdom context.
IOM will seek to provide reintegration assistance to
returned migrants, and will advocate for enhanced
reintegration support for European Economic Area
(EEA) nationals.

Objective 2
IOM will continue to facilitate refugee resettlement
to the UK, in cooperation with the UK government,
UNHCR, local authorities and NGO partners under

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Two Syrian child refugees in one of
the households where IOM conducts
shelter assessments. © IOM 2016
(Photo:Muse Mohammed)

SOUTH-EASTERN EUROPE,
EASTERN EUROPE AND
CENTRAL ASIA
SOUTH-EASTERN EUROPE, EASTERN EUROPE AND CENTRAL ASIA
Principle 1 Principle 2 Principle 3 Objective 1 Objective 2 Objective 3 Total
Regional initiatives 1,203,000 710,000 650,000 3,015,000 750,000 3,870,000 10,198,000
Albania 800,000 680,000 220,000 400,000 250,000 2,000,000 4,350,000
Armenia 1,200,000 750,000 1,200,000 1,200,000 1,500,000 750,000 6,600,000
Azerbaijan 2,350,000 2,040,000 5,130,000 3,710,000 1,520,000 1,750,000 16,500,000
Belarus 450,000 550,000 400,000 250,000 150,000 1,850,000 3,650,000
Bosnia and Herzegovina 355,000 425,000 380,000 363,000 1,420,000 320,000 3,263,000
Georgia 850,000 1,700,000 950,000 800,000 750,000 12,500,000 17,550,000
Kazakhstan 433,000 435,000 312,000 486,300 - 304,000 1,970,300
Kyrgyzstan 900,000 600,000 500,000 400,000 350,000 900,000 3,650,000
Republic of Moldova 202,000 780,000 1,150,000 600,000 - 1,525,000 4,257,000
Russian Federation 1,000,000 1,000,000 1,000,000 2,700,000 - 300,000 6,000,000
Serbia 100,000 - - 850,000 4,300,000 1,500,000 6,750,000
UNSC resolution
1,500,000 - - 5,500,000 500,000 500,000 8,000,000
1244-administered Kosovo
Tajikistan 2,540,000 200,000 900,000 4,000,000 1,400,000 5,690,000 14,730,000
The former Yugoslav
1,600,000 250,000 100,000 300,000 1,800,000 100,000 4,150,000
Republic of Macedonia
Turkey 2,483,387 - 1,000,000 5,872,967 61,570,000 17,200,000 88,126,354
Turkmenistan 300,000 400,000 250,000 3,500,000 200,000 215,000 4,865,000
Ukraine 10,000,000 160,000 40,000 2,750,000 3,100,000 1,100,000 17,150,000
Uzbekistan 90,000 - 150,000 100,000 - 70,000 410,000
Total 28,356,387 10,680,000 14,332,000 36,797,267 79,560,000 52,444,000 222,169,654

Labour mobility from the Eastern Neighborhood to the


REGIONAL INITIATIVES European Union: With the easing of mobility relations,
including the recent visa free status of Georgia and
Funding requirements: USD 10,198,000 Ukraine, the trend of labour mobility growth in the
region is likely to continue in the near future. Following
Principle 1 these trends, IOM aims to build on its successful
partnerships to build capacities of governments and
IOM will continue to support Governments and other other stakeholders in the region to effectively manage
relevant stakeholders in the region with regards to labour mobility and ensure the protection of the rights
adherence to international standards and protection of migrant workers.
of migrants’ rights. This includesstrengthening legal
and policy frameworks, awareness raising, and Enhancing capacities and mechanisms to identify and
capacity-building on human rights and the protection protect vulnerable migrants in the Western Balkans:
of migrants in a position of vulnerability, including This project mainstreams a rights-based approach
victims of trafficking and unaccompanied migrant in all its trainings in order to promote migration
children. management in line with international standards on
the protection of vulnerable migrants.
Mainstreaming the 2010 resolution on the health of
migrants in the public health approaches of countries Enhancing counter-trafficking in crisis in the Western
in the region has been challenging, despite guidance Balkans: This project mainstreams a rights-based
from the 2012 Madrid global operational framework approach in all its trainings to strengthen capacities and
and the recent Colombo recommendations. Launched mechanisms for victims screening and identification.
in early 2017, the World Health Organization Europe European Union support to Serbia and the former
strategy and action plan for refugee and migrant health Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in managing the
(2016−2022) is expected to encourage countries to migration/refugees crisis: This project will enhance
address their commitments and promote the health capacities of national authorities to provide services
of migrants, thus providing the platform for IOM to to migrants, asylum seekers and refugees in line with
assist governments in related policy development and international standards while promoting a human
legislation. rights approach.
Planned initiatives: Addressing mixed flows through capacity building in
Central Asia – Phase IV.
Dignity and rights in Central Asia: This project takes a
rights-based approach to assisting vulnerable migrants, Promoting regional dialogue and knowledge sharing
not only assisting victims of trafficking but also other on mainstreaming migration health in the public
at-risk groups. health approaches in South-Eastern Europe: Building
South-Eastern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia

upon the efforts to mainstream migration health in provide the platform for IOM to advance regional
the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular and global partnerships on migration health. With
Migration, this project will enhance the understanding the current attention to migration in Europe, the
of migrants’ right to health and facilitate the integration inclusive 2030 Sustainable Developments Goals and
of migration health in the public health approaches of the forthcoming Global Compacts on migrants and
countries in South-Eastern Europe. refugees, IOM aims at starting mainstreaming migration
health in the agenda of these networks in 2018. In
Principle 2 Central Asia, the Commonwealth of Independent
With limited investments in research, evidence-based States has been explored as a useful mechanism for
policies and programming, promoting and addressing joint programming on HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and
the health of migrants in South-Eastern Europe, migration, as well as diaspora engagement. Investing
Eastern Europe and Central Asia has been challenging. in multi-sectoral regional consultative processes
Nevertheless, in Central Asia and the South Caucasus, to advance the migration health agenda should
IOM has conducted multi-country baseline studies on complement a similar approach at the national level.
the health of migrants to strengthen multi-stakeholder
Regional programming in different South-Eastern
engagement and programme development. With
Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia sub-regions
advancing information technology in the region,
innovations to capture real-time information and assist will focus on strengthening regional cooperation and
migrants and service providers through electronic dialogue between national authorities and the civil
medical recording and referrals, as well as mobile society on issues surrounding trafficking in persons
applications, are the way forward. and assistance to vulnerable migrants.
Planned initiatives: Planned initiatives:
Research on tackling slavery, human trafficking and Enhancing counter-trafficking in crisis in the Western
child labour in modern business (Kazakhstan and Balkans: This project will promote regional coordination
Kyrgyzstan): This project will develop a knowledge between national counter-trafficking coordinators and
base and raise awareness among government and front-line actors to exchange experiences and best
private sector actors in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan on practices.
issues of human trafficking and worker exploitation.
Enhancing capacities and mechanisms to identify and
By researching the challenges and enabling conditions
protect vulnerable migrants in the Western Balkans –
that result in the exploitation of workers and the
violation of migrants’ rights, particularly in certain Phase II: IOM will facilitate and engage in coordination
economic sectors, IOM will work to improve the meetings and regional dialogue with key international
current understanding of labour migration dynamics organizations to enhance exchange of best practices
in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan and the linkages with and lessons learned.
incidents of human trafficking, modern slavery and Regional programme against human trafficking Phase
child labour. II (Belarus, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Georgia):
Regional programme against human trafficking Phase This project will support regional exchange and
II (Belarus, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Georgia): cooperation on translating new knowledge on human
This project will support an evidence-based approach trafficking into practical action and assessing changes
to counter-trafficking in estimating the prevalence that occur because of regional dialogue and research
of human trafficking and migration drivers of the initiatives.
population.
Combating trafficking in persons by addressing online
Empowering women migrants through mobile recruitment (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan):
technology on sexual, reproductive, maternal and IOM will work with government partners, NGOs and the
child health in Central Asia: This project aims to information technology sector to combat trafficking in
expand Kazakhstan’s initiative of providing real-time persons by addressing online recruitment.
health and legal consultations and referral on sexual
and reproductive health and rights, including maternal Strengthening counter-trafficking and protecting
and child health, through a mobile application system. vulnerable migrants in Central Asia in response to
Ensuring confidentiality of end-user personal data, regional and global challenges: This project will
the application tracks and collects data related to the establish a Regional Central Asian NGO Forum and
basic health indicators of the user for regular analysis build the capacity of government partners and NGOs
to inform national and regional policies. The mobile to assist vulnerable migrants.
application also sends women automatic personalized
daily tips on sexual and reproductive health and rights. Objective 1
The social, economic and cultural exclusion of
Principle 3
migrants as well as negative rhetoric towards
Existing regional health networks such as the South- migration contribute to the limiting the access of
Eastern Europe Health Network and the Northern migrants to health and social protection. New avenues
Dimension in Public Health and Social Well-being of engagement and ensuring migrants’ access to

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health services have however been opened, such as areas to gather information, such as analyzing traffic to
the interest in integrating a psychosocial approach in national new agencies’ websites.
programmes that prevent violent extremism. Health Strengthening counter-trafficking and protecting
and psychosocial issues and intercultural mediation vulnerable migrants in Central Asia in response to
have been incorporated in border management regional and global challenges: IOM will improve the
training for immigration and border authorities. socioeconomic well-being of vulnerable migrants/
Furthermore, IOM will address trafficking in persons, communities through direct assistance, social
migrant exploitation and abuse through the protection community initiatives and income generation.
and empowerment of vulnerable migrants and other
at-risk groups, including victims of trafficking and Objective 2
unaccompanied migrant children. In 2015, a large and unprecedented arrival of migrants
Planned initiatives: to countries in the region put a heavy strain on
state resources. IOM and UNHCR came up with a
Enhancing capacities and mechanisms to identify and
comprehensive regional response plan that put in
protect vulnerable migrants in the Western Balkans
place targeted protection and humanitarian action to
– Phase II: This project will provide direct assistance
support stakeholders in the Western Balkans, Turkey
to vulnerable migrants and strengthen capacities of
and the European Union. With the changing dynamics
government authorities and civil society organizations
of migration to and within Europe, 2018 would be
to address particular migration related issues, based a good time to review these plans and determine
on national needs, including, but not limited to how effectively they integrate the IOM Migration
xenophobia, social inclusion and tolerance, and Governance and Migration Crisis Operational
tailored service provision. Frameworks.
Enhancing counter-trafficking in crisis in the Western Responses to trafficking in persons and exploitation
Balkans: This project will provide critical information in times of crisis are often overlooked as counter-
regarding trafficking in persons risk factors and trafficking efforts are not considered to be life-saving.
available services to vulnerable populations, and IOM will continue to address counter-trafficking in
build capacities on identification of and provision of crisis situations as vulnerable and mobile populations
assistance to (potential) victims of trafficking. affected by the crisis are at increased risk of trafficking
European Union support to Serbia and the former and exploitation in addition to other humanitarian
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in managing the needs.
migration/refugee crisis / Balkan route. Planned initiatives:
Regional programme against human trafficking Phase European Union support to Serbia and the former
II– (Belarus, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Georgia): Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in managing the
IOM will build the capacity of civil society and relevant migration/refugee crisis: This project will provide
national authorities to provide services and direct accommodation and basic living conditions to
assistance to vulnerable migrants and at-risk groups effectively respond to the needs of migrants and
and advocate for comprehensive counter-trafficking asylum seekers.
responses.
Dignity and rights in Central Asia: IOM will work to
Dignity and rights in Central Asia: Provision of prevent violent extremism in Central Asia through
direct assistance to identified victims of trafficking awareness raising, capacity building and provision of
and vulnerable migrants and training of NGOs on socioeconomic support to vulnerable migrants.
identification and protection of victims of human
rights abuses in line with international standards. Regional programme against human trafficking Phase II
(Belarus, Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Georgia): This
Combatting trafficking in persons by addressing online project will examine the influence of protracted and
recruitment in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. frozen conflicts on human trafficking vulnerabilities
Developing a tool for local governments to measure in the region and provide recommendations for
their ability to integrate refugees and migrants and practitioners on how to address counter-trafficking in
to develop targeted measures for their migrant crisis.
communities: Promoting the urban integration of Enhancing counter-trafficking in crisis in the Western
migrants and developing a diagnostic tool for local Balkans.
authorities highlighting four key areas for intervention:
Enhancing capacities and mechanisms to identify and
(i) physical and spatial; (ii) institutional; (iii) economic;
protect vulnerable migrants in the Western Balkans
(iv) citizenship and belonging.
– Phase II: This project promotes the Migrants in
Pilot project on big data and behavioural economics Countries in Crisis (MICIC) initiative during regional
to increase diaspora savings: IOM has been looking at dialogues and improves coordination among
how various forms of big data can be used to better government agencies to better manage migration,
map and understand diaspora. IOM is looking at tools/ particularly in (potential) crisis situations.

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Regional cooperation on border management Phase


Objective 3 II (Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece): IOM will continue
Durable solutions for refugees in the region include supporting cooperation among border management
third country resettlement, humanitarian admissions, agencies of Turkey, Bulgaria and Greece by organizing
individual sponsorship, family reunification joint capacity-building events, including training
programmes, scholarships or life-saving medical sessions, workshops, assessments, and study visits.
evacuation for those in serious medical conditions. Regional support to protection-sensitive migration
In 2016, many countries accepted refugees with the management in the Western Balkans and Turkey:
support of IOM resettlement operations . Similar IOM will support migration authorities in the Western
initiatives may be expanded to other countries, such Balkans and Turkey by implementing protection-
as the Western Balkans, to reduce the public health sensitive migration management capacity-building
impact of population mobility on receiving countries. initiatives.
IOM will continue to provide safe and dignified Annual women in police conference: IOM will
return options to (stranded) migrants in the Western organize the annual event with the aim to highlight
Balkans and Central Asia through assisted voluntary the contribution of women to law enforcement,
return and reintegration. emphasize their role in law and encourage gender
IOM will also continue building the capacities of mainstreaming in law enforcement agencies, police
border management agencies by strengthening the and border guards.
relevant policy, legal and institutional frameworks, Combating trafficking in persons by addressing online
standard operational procedures, human recruitment in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan:
resources, information management, equipment IOM will build the capacity of law enforcement and
and infrastructure. At the regional level, IOM will NGOs to combat trafficking in persons through online
consolidate trust among border management recruitment.
counterparts through bilateral and multilateral
capacity building events. Attention will be paid to
mainstreaming gender in border management. ALBANIA
Planned initiatives:
Funding requirements: USD 4,350,000
European Union support to Serbia and the former
Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia in managing the Principle 1
migration/refugee crisis: This project will facilitate
the voluntary humane and dignified return and Increase efforts to curb corruption among officials
reintegration of eligible rejected asylum seekers and dealing with trafficking cases to improve governance
persons residing irregularly in the former Yugoslav and increase victim protection, based on a rights-
Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. based approach, including prosecution of cases of
trafficking in human beings
Enhancing capacities and mechanisms to identify and
protect vulnerable migrants in the Western Balkans Undertake further efforts to fully align Albania’s
– Phase II: This project will strengthen capacities of legislative framework for the management of external
law enforcement bodies, including border officials, to borders with the EU standards, including visa policy
apply mechanisms for identifying migrant smugglers, and regulation to be aligned with relevant EU Acquis
smuggling activities, and distinguishing cases of Develop and implement a system for the recognition
smuggling from cases of trafficking. of formal and non-formal capacities, skills and
Complementary regional support to protection- competencies obtained during migration
sensitive migration management in the Western Ensure constant institutional monitoring of migrants’
Balkans. rights, human rights violations and discrimination
Strengthening counter-trafficking and protecting against migrants in access to the public services
vulnerable migrants in Central Asia in response to and the labour market, and enforcement of law
regional and global challenges: IOM will provide when violations are identified. Publicly disseminate
victims of trafficking and vulnerable migrants with monitoring information to citizens through periodic
a safe return support and tailored reintegration reports.
assistance. Ensure the enforcement of ethical recruitment
Developing a tool for local governments to measure standards by private operators
their ability to integrate refugees and migrants and Put in place institutional mechanisms to strengthen
to develop targeted measures for their migrant the development impact of remittances, including by
communities. offering investment opportunities and lowering the
Pilot project on big data and behavioural economics cost of transfers
to increase diaspora savings. Improve the legal framework related to the fight

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against trafficking in persons, including revisions of a stronger role in providing services, information and
the Albanian Criminal Code concerning provisions on guidance to migrants. Such an engagement can create
trafficking in human beings new synergies and effectively support the integration
of migrants and the reintegration of returnees.
Support the development of the new Albanian anti-
trafficking strategy 2018−2020
Objective 1
Principle 2 Address the issue of UAMs identification, referral
and assistance through the establishment of
Strengthen cooperation among Albanian institutions
adequate Standard Operating Procedures, in line
responsible for migration to promote a “whole-of-
with international standards. Agreements between
government-approach” through, for instance, the
government institutions (Ministry of Internal Affairs,
establishment of an inter-ministerial mechanism. A
Ministry of Social Welfare and Youth, Ministry of
network of focal points in the respective institutions
Foreign Affairs) on roles and responsibilities for
could be established, to be engaged in both the
the identification, referral and assistance of UAMs
development and the implementation of the migration
(including foreigners in Albania and Albanian children
governance policy. The viability of creating a single
in EU and non-EU countries) should be in place to
authority charged with migration management that
facilitate implementation.
jointly represents the relevant departments can also
be assessed. Enhance actions to strengthen the criminal justice
system in Albania to fight trafficking in human
Develop a system of data collection and monitoring on
beings and smuggling in persons, through enhanced
outflows of Albanian citizens, inflows of migrants and
cooperation between the Police and the Prosecution
presence of migrants in every sector and region. This
Office, with the aim to increase the number of criminal
would be an indispensable tool for designing migration
proceedings related to trafficking in person
and migration-related policies and services at both
the national and local levels. Statistical data collected Enhance cooperation with destination countries,
by different institutions should be shared with and through Albanian Diplomatic missions abroad, for the
published by the National Institute of Statistics through identification and referral of victims of trafficking
periodic reports. Improve the socio-economic conditions of
Undertake a mapping of the characteristics and impoverished communities and minorities, including
potential engagement of Albanian Communities Roma, to reduce their vulnerability to exploitation and
Abroad with the aim to use the mapping findings as internal trafficking. These measures should, inter alia,
a basis for developing tailored interventions aiming at address the challenge of the forced begging of children
engaging them for development Promote privileged access to employment programmes
Improve information exchange with countries of or vocational/life skill training schemes for (potential)
destination and analyse data on returnees, to map victims of trafficking
the most affected geographical areas in the country
and prioritize awareness raising and socioeconomic Objective 2
support
Strengthen Albania’s capacity to deal with mixed
Support the working group engaged in developing migration flows, including trafficking of human beings,
an electronic database for the Albanian Asylum in massive migratory movements. This entails formally
Directorate, which currently is using a hard copy adopting a Contingency Plan and ensuring its constant
system to keep track of asylum seekers update and public consultation
Improve the capacities of the Office of the National Support the management of the migration crisis,
Anti-Trafficking Coordinator for evidence based through capacity building of government institutions,
planning and reporting humanitarian assistance and protection of migrants in
coordination with other stakeholders
Principle 3 Design and implement a simulation exercise to test the
Involve CSOs and private sector in enhancing the emergency response capabilities in the country
protection of migrants’ rights Develop SOPs following the establishment of the
Increase the engagement with the private sector to temporary centre in Gerhot, Gjorokaster, for the
facilitate the reintegration of returnees and enhance registration and accommodation of migrants
the protection of migrant workers
Objective 3
Enhance the role of and the engagement of local
governments in the governance of migration, Strengthen the capacities and professional
considering the recently approved territorial reform performance of border management personnel by
in Albania, to strengthen the link between migration enhancing their training and ensuring that it follows
and local development. Local authorities need to play good practices and European standards, such as the

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Frontex Common Core Curriculum. These measures and building the capacities of the Government in
should include efforts to mainstream gender in border labour migration management. Planned interventions
police by encouraging women’s participation in comprise providing technical advice on reforming
border policing and ensuring relevant training for all labour migration policies; instituting pre-departure
personnel. Albania’s risk analysis capabilities should orientation processes and finalizing the development
also be enhanced. of a smartphone application and migrant training
system; enhancing service delivery of the Migrant
Increase and upgrade the reception capacity to host
Resource Centres; unlocking the development
migrants, in particular close to the border with Greece,
potential of labour migration for local economic
and make available adequate facilities for UAMs. It
and social development in Armenia; improving the
is important to avoid the detention of vulnerable
understanding of inter-state cooperation in labour
persons, including minors.
migration management; and ensuring the protection
Strengthen national and local capacities and dedicate of migrants’ rights through consular assistance.
adequate resources for the effective processing of
IOM will support efforts of the Government to
migrants, to ensure adequate treatment and respect
mainstream the recommendations and guiding
of human rights, including non refoulement and
principles of the global operational framework on
identification and referral of vulnerable cases. Relevant
the health of migrants in the public health approach
measures may include: improving the relevant
of Armenia. As Armenia aligns its national health
infrastructure at border crossing points, improving the
strategy and action plans to the European health 2020
response to migrants’ basic needs and vulnerabilities,
policy, IOM will work closely with the Government to
including information services; and creating basic
ensure that migrants are accounted for in the health
conditions to assist women travellers and migrants,
interventions of the country.
including the possibility of being assisted by female
police officers. Communication between the border Planned initiatives:
staff and foreigners entering the country needs to Strengthening Armenia’s labour migration
be improved through the recruitment of foreign management System
language speaking personnel/professionals. Upgrade
border management equipment and infrastructure Migrant Mobile Application: Providing information,
to international standards to strengthen border reducing vulnerability
surveillance, including the green and blue borders. Enhancing national mechanisms for prevention,
Intensify efforts to prevent irregular migration from detection and treatment of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis
Albania, intensifying awareness raising and information amongst migrant populations in Armenia
on regular possibilities as well as risks associated
with irregular migration. This includes preventing Principle 2
trafficking in persons, focusing on the social inclusion Since 2009, IOM has been building the capacity of
of marginalized groups, rural areas, etc., with specific the Armenian National Statistical Service (ArmStat)
focus on the emigration of UAMs from Albania. to enhance migration data collection, processing
Ensure a fully aligned network of Migration Counters and sharing. In 2018, IOM will build the capacities of
to 61 administrative units, following the administrative the Government and the civil society in Armenia to
reform, and strengthen the capacities of the maintain a sustainable monitoring process on achieved
countrywide network of Counters. Formalize them progress related to migration and development in the
within the existing structures, to ensure that they context of Sustainable Development Goals.
can provide support to potential emigrants, returning IOM will support the Government to include the
migrants and immigrants, as well as to facilitate the extended Migration Profile in national and regional
referral and support of returnees. statistics and planning procedures to collect and
analyse reliable and comparable migration data
for evidence-based policy development. Planned
ARMENIA interventions will focus on the alignment of migration
data with regional and international standards.
Funding requirements: USD 6,600,000 Planned initiatives:

Principle 1 Monitoring progress in achieving migration targets


of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in
In 2018, in line with global targets for sustainable Armenia
development, IOM will contribute to the improved
protection of labour rights by enhancing the capacity of Supporting the development of the Armenia extended
the Government of Armenia to better manage labour Migration Profile
migration in and from the country. This includes the Awareness raising of Armenian labour migrants
development of regular labour migration procedures, through innovative mechanisms of information
including the issuance of labour permits to foreigners, dissemination

138 Migration Initiatives 2018


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Principle 3 Objective 2
IOM will strengthen the role of the diaspora in Armenia’s IOM continues to enhance the capacities of the
development through the effective utilization of its Government of Armenia to meet existing gaps in the
intellectual potential, knowledge and skills to promote field of humanitarian border management. Main
the country’s economic and social development and its efforts are directed to strengthening the institutional
transformation into a knowledge and innovation based capacities of the Armenian National Security
economy. This approach is in line with the vision of Service and the Border Guards Troops to respond to
the Armenian General Benevolent Union (AGBU) and migration crises and enhance their role in inter-agency
other Armenian diaspora organizations. The Armenia cooperation. Initiatives will also enhance government
Development Strategy (2014–2025) also prioritises the capacity in camp coordination and camp management,
involvement of the diaspora in the country’s industrial emergency related data management, registration and
development and export promotion, tourism growth displacement tracking.
and cultural activities. However, practical mechanisms IOM will continue promoting the socioeconomic
for the facilitation of this involvement remain scarce. integration and empowerment of persons, especially
In this line, IOM will develop strong partnerships with women, arrived to Armenia escaping conflict in the
Armenian diaspora organizations to lay the foundation Syrian Arab Republic. In addition to small business and
for systematic engagement of the diaspora into vocational training courses and business support, IOM
development processes in Armenia. will implement women empowerment and community
Planned initiatives: mobilization training sessions, seminars on human
rights and networking activities in cooperation with
Temporary return of qualified nationals to Armenia - local women organizations.
Enhancing development through diaspora engagement
Planned initiatives:
Objective 1 Building the capacity of the Armenian Government in
IOM will continue to assists individuals, including camp coordination and camp management
asylum seekers, victims of trafficking, refugees and Building the capacity of the Armenian Government
displaced persons, to become self-sufficient through to establish an effective emergency displacement
micro-credit schemes, notably micro-enterprise tracking system
training, credit and employment opportunities. Up
Improving the livelihoods of vulnerable groups in
to 10,000 micro-credits have been disbursed so far,
Armenia, including Syrian refugees, displaced persons
close to 4,750 business have been supported (with a
and Armenian women and youth
number of beneficiaries of about 7,200), and close to
2,900 people have been trained.
Objective 3
IOM will continue to address the issue of irregular
IOM will continue to facilitate voluntary return and
migration in Armenia with a view to creating sustainable
reintegration in Armenia and provide financial and non-
mechanisms aimed at preventing and reducing
financial assistance (small business training, business
smuggling of migrants and trafficking in persons. IOM
consulting, business follow-up) to returned migrants.
will continue to provide direct assistance to victims
IOM will continue to build the capacity of Migration
of trafficking and will support the Government of
Resource Centres to steer and improve assistance to
Armenia’s efforts to counter trafficking through the
returnees towards the sustainability of return and to
operationalization of comprehensive and streamlined
enhance a referral mechanism for all entities involved
assessment tools. Extensive capacity-building
in the reintegration of returnees.
and technical assistance will be delivered to the
Government of Armenia to investigate and prosecute IOM will also continue to build the capacity of the
trafficking for the purpose of labour exploitation in Government of Armenia on migration management,
Armenia in line with the recommendations of the including identity and border management. These
assessment of counter-trafficking response. actions will be designed to be in line with the national
Policy of State Regulation of Migration, Border Security
IOM will also deploy efforts to leverage resources and Integrated State Border Management Strategy.
generated through migration to promote local Planned activities will focus on enhanced identity
socioeconomic development. management - continuing the project on biometric
Planned initiatives: documents; extensive capacity building on integrated
border management and international migration law.
Local community development to improve the
socioeconomic well-being of returning migrants IOM continues to facilitate refugee resettlement and
family reunification to third countries, in cooperation
Building the capacity of Armenian law enforcement
with receiving countries and UNHCR. This includes the
officers in the identification of victims of trafficking
provision of documentation and logistical support as
Migration and local development in Armenia well as reintegration assistance focused on business

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skills development and micro-loan provision. agendas of human security, health security, foreign
policy and global health to promote equitable access
Planned initiatives:
to health services.
Strengthening Armenia’s identity management system
Azerbaijan has a high level of awareness and
- Phase II
preparedness on emergencies and disasters, which
Running effective Migration Resource Centers for the could derive from environmental and climate change,
sustainability of return and reintegration initiatives such as floods and landslides. Although this represents
a strong baseline and shows commitment to work on
migration, environment and climate change issues,
AZERBAIJAN there is still a need to further explore and understand
the links between these policy domains.
Funding requirements: USD 16,500,000 Planned initiatives:
Contributing to the implementation of the new
Principle 1 migration strategy of Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan has accessed several UN and Council of Emigration, immigration, health and well-being of
Europe Conventions to protect the rights of migrants migrants
and their families, and to prevent forced labour,
trafficking in persons and transnational organized Understanding the nexus between migration,
crimes. Significant progress has been made to ensure environment and climate change
that rights of migrants are protected. IOM will
continue supporting the Government of Azerbaijan in Principle 3
further improving the national legislation and applying Throughout 2018, IOM will assist the State Migration
national and international standards. IOM will assist Service in strengthening its professional competence
State agencies in their efforts to fully ensure that the and expertise through adequate activities implemented
human rights of migrants are continuously upheld to address organizational, technical and legal issues.
in Azerbaijan. IOM’s interventions will strengthen This includes assessments, series of capacity building
national capacity to address gaps in legislation, and workshops and the design, development and
develop skills and policies to uphold the rule of law application of new and innovative e-services, which
and protect migrants, in particular migrant workers as will be included in the e-Government portal, providing
well as victims and potential victims of trafficking. easier access to information and services to foreigners
and nationals alike.
Planned initiatives:
IOM will also support the State Border Service’s
Provision of technical assistance on development
efforts to enhance integrated border management,
and implementation of comprehensive migration and
identify and implement robust identity management
health responses
infrastructures and systems and design, develop and
Support to justice service reforms in Azerbaijan implement border management information systems
through upgrading of ICT infrastructure, e-services and apps.
and capacity-building In the field of combating trafficking in persons,
E-learning solutions to support the Justice Academy of IOM shall continue enhancing the capacities of the
the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Azerbaijan – Ministry of Internal Affairs and other law enforcement
Phase II agencies to better prosecute cases and fight cross-
border and transnational organized crimes through
Principle 2 the deployment of effective and sustainable practices.
Furthermore, IOM will support national efforts aimed
In 2018, building on the achievements of its previous at tackling the root causes of trafficking, particularly
and ongoing interventions, IOM will support the among the most vulnerable groups, including
Government of Azerbaijan, and especially the State women and children. Measures will be designed to
Migration Service, in the implementation of the new improve governance, social protection, employment
migration management strategy. IOM will contribute opportunities and sustainable economic development.
to achieving an effective operationalization of IOM will further increase its joint work with national
procedures and processes related to emigration, authorities and non-government actors to achieve a
immigration, transit and asylum flows by following a better protection of victims of trafficking.
tailored approach and considering the specific roles
IOM will assist national efforts in advancing cross-border
and needs of state agencies of Azerbaijan.
collaboration in the management of communicable
In line with World Health Assembly resolution 61.17, diseases, highlighting the importance of monitoring
IOM will continue to assist the Government of migrant health and building partnerships and multi-
Azerbaijan and migrants, mobile populations as well as country frameworks in the key areas of engagement of
displaced persons. Through strong interregional and the 2010 global operational framework on the health
cross-sectoral partnerships, IOM will continue to link of migrants.

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With regards to migration, environment and climate enhance the socioeconomic reintegration of internally
change, IOM will support the Government in the displaced persons/refugees in society.
inclusion of migration issues in national climate and Planned initiatives:
environmental plans and policies. The Organization will
continue to assist Azerbaijan in strengthening national, Managing labour migration for development
regional and international cooperation and will raise Integrated rural development for internally displaced
public awareness on environmental migration through persons’ communities in Azerbaijan through the
mass media campaigns. revitalization of the Kahriz water supply system
Planned initiatives Prevention of vulnerabilities of youth in Azerbaijan
Consolidation of migration and border management Support to the socio-economic development of
capacities in Azerbaijan internally displaced persons
Strengthening integrated border management in
Azerbaijan Objective 2
Enhancement of national capacities to combat human In 2017, IOM facilitated the adaptation to Azerbaijan
trafficking in Azerbaijan of the registration and travel advice smartphone
application that was developed by the Migrants
Enhancing measures and cooperation to effectively in Countries in Crisis Initiative. In 2018, IOM will
combat trafficking in persons through capacity-building support the Government of Azerbaijan in bringing the
and technical assistance in Azerbaijan – Phase VI application operational, which will allow Azerbaijani
Counter-trafficking in persons activity migrants to access basic consular assistance, receive
warnings and emergency communications, and
Support for the achievement of full compliance with
request specific support when facing hardship. At
International Health Regulations
the same time, IOM will support the State Migration
Enhancing capacities in Azerbaijan in addressing Service of Azerbaijan in developing an application that
climate and environmental migration would be used by migrants in Azerbaijan to establish
and remain in contact with Azerbaijani authorities in
Objective 1 emergencies.
Reaping the positive effects of migration requires Furthermore, IOM will build capacities of key
strong international cooperation to protect migrant government and non-government stakeholders
workers in the recruitment and employment process. in assisting Azerbaijani migrants abroad and non-
Azerbaijan having become a destination country for nationals residing in Azerbaijan in times of emergencies.
migrant workers almost a decade ago, IOM will support In cooperation with national authorities, IOM will
national authorities in effectively managing and linking prepare products and services to reduce migrants’
supply and demand of labour in a beneficial way for vulnerability, including templates for migrant-inclusive
Azerbaijan, countries of origin of migrants, migrants contingency planning and communication and
and their families, as well as Azerbaijani employers. awareness-raising materials for migrants.
During 2018, IOM will continue implementing the Planned initiatives:
Kahriz Renovation Project aiming at improving Strengthening mechanisms to ensure protection of
livelihoods and enabling access to water resources migrants in contexts of crises
of rural communities through the rehabilitation of
the kahrizes (traditional underground water systems) Objective 3
and irrigation channels. Additionally, the project will
support business development initiatives, through On 8 December 2016, IOM and the State Migration
which beneficiaries from rural areas will have access Service signed a cooperation agreement on the
to small grants to build or expand their businesses. implementation of a pilot project on assistance for the
voluntary return of migrants from Azerbaijan. In 2018,
The Government of Azerbaijan has identified as a major IOM will start implementing the project to continue
priority addressing the vulnerability of youth that may offering favourable conditions for the successful return
be recruited by groups with extremist ideologies. of rejected asylum seekers and irregular migrants who
This requires the development and implementation wish to return voluntarily to their countries of origin
of interventions tailored to the country’s needs. IOM from Azerbaijan. Simultaneously, IOM will support
will pilot a project to reduce the vulnerabilities of the Azerbaijani citizens who return to the country by
population by enabling young people to increase their providing post arrival and reintegration assistance.
resilience, supporting income generation activities
and promoting multi-stakeholder dialogue. Planned initiatives:

IOM will continue to contribute to the economic Assistance for the voluntary return of migrants from
empowerment of conflict-affected populations Azerbaijan
through business counselling, training and small Enhancing the sustainability of reintegration schemes
business development. The goal of this process is to for migrants returning to the Republic of Azerbaijan

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Helping Belarus to address increasing irregular


BELARUS migration flows
Strengthening the readmission capacity of the Republic
Funding requirements: USD 3,650,000 of Belarus
Principle 1 Counter trafficking in persons’ activities in Belarus

In 2018, IOM will continue to support the Republic Principle 2


of Belarus in the development and implementation
of the country’s migration-related policies and In 2018, IOM will continue to support the Government
strategies as well as in advocating for the rights of in the development and adoption of an all-inclusive
vulnerable migrants. IOM will contribute to upholding national migration policy built on best international
human rights and fundamental freedoms in the area practices.
of irregular migration, and support Belarus in the Activities will include legislative and institutional
development and implementation of the country’s reform actions, such as policy advice on migration
irregular migration and asylum policies and strategies strategy development, division of responsibilities
to bring them closer to best EU and international
between State agencies, enhanced inter-service
standards and practices.
cooperation, and the development of a national referral
The EU and Belarus are in the final phase of negotiations system. Analytical and statistical reports on migration
on three mobility-related agreements: a visa facilitation flows will be developed, as well as migration profiling
agreement, a readmission agreement and a mobility (including sex and age disaggregated statistical data).
partnership. IOM will continue to support the country Information exchange with the countries of destination
to (1) comply with its potential commitments under will be promoted and the most affected geographical
the future EU-Belarus readmission agreement and the areas will be mapped to prioritize awareness raising
mobility partnership and (2) address the phenomenon and socioeconomic initiatives. IOM will also support
of increased irregular migration flows through Belarus gender-sensitive training on interviewing techniques
originating from the conflicts in Ukraine and the Syrian for border guard staff when dealing with migrants.
Arab Republic and the economic crisis in the Russian Activities will also include training on the management
Federation. The focus will be set on the elaboration of migrant accommodation centres in line with best
of a comprehensive irregular migration management international and EU standards and English language
strategy based on a revised legal, institutional and courses for interviewers and centres’ staff. Moreover,
policy framework, in full respect of human rights,
a mechanism of voluntary return and reintegration for
which envisages, inter alia, enhanced intra-service and
stranded migrants, including rejected asylum seekers
inter-agency coordination, risk analysis capacities and
and third-country or Belarusian nationals returned
data sharing.
from EU countries, will be set up. IOM will support the
IOM will support the creation of an electronic case construction and/or renovation of several temporary
management system for return and reintegration migrant accommodation centres, administered by the
cases, including sex-and age-disaggregated statistical Ministry of Interior and the State Border Committee,
data. IOM will also support the harmonization of based on best practices of EU Member States and
national counter-trafficking legislation with the considering the situation of persons with special needs
main international legal instruments, as well as the and vulnerable persons.
enhancement of capacities of relevant stakeholders to
ensure the application of counter-trafficking legislation. IOM will continue to facilitate awareness raising
IOM will promote the sustainability of expertise of campaigns promoting a positive attitude towards
migration authorities and civil society representatives migrants among the local society, and to uphold
working in the field of irregular migration and initiatives that help migrants to properly leverage their
strengthen the capacity of the national NGO network to economic potential.
facilitate the protection of rights of vulnerable groups, IOM will continue promoting the idea of a high-level
such as the victims of trafficking. Thus, vulnerable coordination council in the field of counter-trafficking
persons will receive timely, professional and adequate with the participation of government agencies, civil
assistance according to their specific needs Finally, society organizations and international organizations.
IOM will strive to raise awareness on gender aspects If created, such a structure would act as the main
of migration and development, ensuring wherever
national coordination body for all anti-trafficking
possible equal representation of men and women in
activities in the country.
IOM’s events.
Planned initiatives:
Planned initiatives:
Helping Belarus to address increasing irregular
Provision of expert support to capacity-building
migration flows
activities in the field of readmission organized by IOM
for the State Border Committee of Belarus Counter trafficking in persons’ activities in Belarus

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Principle 3 Objective 2
In 2018, IOM will continue developing participative In light of the mass influx of Ukrainians into Belarus,
mechanisms to ensure the adequate involvement fleeing instability in their own country, as well as the
of civil society organizations in policy and decision- large number of economic migrants from Belarus
making processes related to migration governance. working in the Russian Federation, IOM jointly with
This entails supporting the active engagement of civil UNAIDS, will carry out an assessment on the nexus
society organizations in line with best international between migration and HIV in order to develop and
practices and standards, raising the professional strengthen comprehensive HIV policies and services.
capacity of civil society organizations and government The results of this research will be used to assess
agencies and promoting the rights of vulnerable the situation and, if necessary, elaborate adequate
categories of migrants. measures to address it to minimize risks for migrants
and the society.
IOM envisages enhancing cooperation between
government agencies and civil society organizations Planned initiatives:
by building the capacity of multi-disciplinary groups Study on the nexus between migration and HIV
responsible for the identification of victims of
trafficking, their referral and assistance; strengthening Objective 3
the national referral mechanism through proper
application of counter-trafficking legislation and Since 2011, when the economic crisis broke out in
promotion of standard operating procedures ; and Belarus, the country has experienced a large outflow of
supporting the integration of victims of trafficking skilled labour force, mainly to the Russian Federation.
and vulnerable/smuggled migrants. Strengthening Simplified labour movement procedures between the
the partnership with civil society organizations will two countries, creates vulnerabilities with regards
lead to increased engagement with the private sector, to the violation of the rights of economic migrants,
including employment agencies and companies including non-payment of salaries and even labour
employing migrants. exploitation and trafficking.

Planned initiatives: The outflow of skilled workforce also results in


the regular transfer of remittances, which have an
Helping Belarus to address increasing irregular underestimated impact on the economic, social and
migration flows human development of Belarus, as well as on gender
Counter trafficking in persons’ activities in Belarus equality.
In 2018, IOM will continue providing safe and dignified
Objective 1 return options to vulnerable/irregular migrants,
In 2018, IOM will continue assisting the Government including victims of trafficking; and promoting the
of Belarus in combating trafficking of human beings by rights of labour migrants, both foreigners working in
Belarus and Belarusians working abroad.
supporting prevention and appropriate protection of
victims, minimizing the negative social consequences A mechanism of voluntary return and reintegration for
of trafficking, and building the capacities of State and stranded migrants, including rejected asylum seekers
non-State stakeholders. The focus includes, inter alia, and third-country or Belarusian nationals returned
access of vulnerable migrants, including victims of from EU countries, will be set up.
trafficking, to comprehensive assistance systems and IOM will continue to facilitate the resettlement of
assisted voluntary return, access to reliable information refugees and their family members to the United States
on safe migration, social welfare, self-employment, and Canada through the provision of information,
employment opportunities and assisted voluntary transportation to final destinations and administration
return options, as well as medical examination and of travel loans.
escorting, when required. IOM will also ensure the
operation of a hotline on safe migration, information IOM will finally maintain health assessment services
campaigns, and training sessions on safe migration for for Belarusian citizens leaving to the United States,
vulnerable groups. IOM will finally provide assisted Canada, Australia, New Zealand and the United
voluntary return services to irregular migrants and Kingdom. Activities include immigration health checks,
stranded asylum seekers. tuberculosis diagnostics and treatment, immunization,
counselling, treatment of some communicable
Planned initiatives: diseases, pre-embarkation checks, medical escort
Counter trafficking in persons’ activities in Belarus services, and referrals for further assessment/
rehabilitation.
Provision of expert support to capacity-building
activities in the field of readmission organized by IOM Planned initiatives:
for the State Border Committee of Belarus Leveraging the benefits of migration for rural and
national development in Belarus

Funding requirements 143


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Counter trafficking in persons’ activities in Belarus trough drafting the reparations legal framework and
adequate implementation of the prescribed measures
United States of America refugee admissions
across Bosnia and Herzegovina
programme
Supporting the preparation of the strategy to counter
Global health assessment projects
trafficking in human beings in Bosnia and Herzegovina:
The current strategy is due to expire in 2018 and IOM
aims to remain a key partner in the development of
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA the next strategy

Funding requirements: USD 3,263,000 Assessing compliance of Bosnia and Herzegovina


health related legislation and strategies with the World
Principle 1 Health Organization European health 2020 strategy
and European strategy and action plan for migrants
Bosnia and Herzegovina has made significant progress and refugees
in the past regarding adherence to international
standards, particularly because of its ambitions for Principle 2
EU accession. This included the development of the
strategy on migration and asylum and the action Over the past years, IOM has worked extensively in
plan for the period 2016−2020, as well as a counter- liaison with the Bosnia and Herzegovina government to
trafficking action plan for 2016−2019. ensure the development of improved evidence-based
and whole-of-government approaches on migration
Despite overall progress, certain issues remain issues, leading to significant results. IOM will work in
challenging, including the need for a national-level 2018 on enhancing research in emerging migration
strategy concerning the health of migrants. The issues, including changing trends in migration patterns
strategy and action plan on migration and asylum lacks and other forms of cross-border movements, drivers
a concrete roadmap to extend rights to persons without of violent extremism, community cohesion as a factor
international protection. Bosnia and Herzegovina is in migration, the impact of reconciliation, and the
yet to introduce legislative and operational changes diaspora potential for development.
in line with the World Health Assembly resolution
61.17 on the health of migrants and no public analyses IOM will continue to work with the Ministry of Security
have been carried out with regards to compliance to develop a structure providing information on
of legislation and strategies with the World Health migration in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This will enhance
Organization European health 2020 strategy European communication, efficiency and coherence on migration
strategy and action plan for migrants and refugees. management, ensuring that all State and non-state
actors pursue a consistent agenda on migration. In
In 2018, IOM will continue to support stakeholders’ addition, IOM will provide support to the Government
adherence to international standards and protect to set up and/or operationalise coordination bodies
migrants’ rights, by raising awareness and building to counter terrorism and violent extremism, including
necessary capacities on the protection of vulnerable central and local referral mechanisms.
categories of migrants, including potential victims of
trafficking and unaccompanied migrant children. To Planned initiatives:
address gender related issues and mainstreaming Community-based approach to support youth in target
gender sensitive approaches, IOM will continue municipalities of Bosnia and Herzegovina: This project
preventing and combating corruption in law aims to expand its coverage to include support of
enforcement agencies, and implementing counter coordination bodies to counter terrorism and violent
trafficking and counter smuggling projects, as well extremism and support the establishment of central
as initiatives addressing conflict related sexual and local referral mechanisms
violence. Particularly, IOM will work on promoting and
Mainstreaming the concept on migration and
supporting the provision of tailored services to men
development in relevant policies, plans and actions in
and women survivors of conflict related sexual violence
Bosnia and Herzegovina (diaspora for development):
in Bosnia and Herzegovina. IOM will build upon efforts
The project has the specific objective to establish the
undertaken at the regional level within programmes
Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees as the lead
designed to identify and protect vulnerable migrants
agency on diaspora engagement and develop an inter-
in the Western Balkans.
ministerial working group on diaspora engagement
Planned initiatives
Principle 3
Seeking care, support, and justice for survivors of conflict
related sexual violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Recently, Bosnia and Herzegovina has taken proactive
Assist stakeholders in Bosnia and Herzegovina, at all steps in building stronger partnerships on migration
levels, to fulfil their international obligation to provide with bordering countries, and the wider region. This
comprehensive reparations to both male and female includes several important bilateral and trilateral
survivors of conflict related sexual violence, namely agreements on border crossings with Croatia, Serbia,

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and Montenegro; readmission agreements with the IOM will also engage in the reconstruction of housing
European Union; and a number of other agreements units to ensureresilience to potential future flooding
on information exchange and early warning systems. in cases where resettlement and other permanent
Inter-ministerial, inter-agency, and whole of solutions are not an option. Furthermore, IOM will
government approaches are primarily governed improve the ecological footprint of these buildings,
through the strategy on migration and asylum and as mid-term and long-term strategies for affected
the action plan for the period 2016−2020, while the populations, improving their social and economic
coordination body for migration issues provides situation.
oversight and coordination. Nevertheless, significant IOM will build upon previous experiences to promote
gaps remain, including the need for an immigration the psychosocial wellbeing of law enforcement and
policy that includes data on vulnerable categories, defence personnel and build stable and resilient
which is set to be developed in 2019. In cooperation communities, which will reduce drivers for irregular
with coordination body, IOM aims at supporting the migration. In the broader regional and Euro-Atlantic
government in developing vulnerability oriented integration perspective, support to the security
migration data systems. sector reforms in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the
Furthermore, IOM will continue building relations with establishment of modern and NATO-compliant
international partners through the United Nations systems will ensure that adequate that mental health
Country Team in all relevant fields of strategic and and psychosocial support is provided to Ministry
operational cooperation. IOM has worked closely of Defense staff, while also contributing to overall
with the UN system on different areas, including the security and stability in the country.
development and implementation of the United
Nations Development Assistance Framework, assisting Planned initiatives:
the Government in the implementation of policies Repair and reconstruction of flood affected housing
to meet the sustainable development goals and for temporarily displaced persons and families: This
addressing systemic, cross-sectorial development joint IOM-UNDP project aims to reconstruct existing
priorities. IOM will work towards incorporating specific housing units in at-risk areas, using the method of
SDG principles and goals in its strategies in order to build-back-better
provide better assistance to the Government and
other stakeholders in monitoring migration-related Support the sustainability of the Ministry of Defense’s
SDG targets. Finally, IOM supports the Government mechanism for providing a systemic response to mental
in the implementation of existing readmission health issues of current and discharged personnel of
programmes focusing on the sustainable reintegration the Armed Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina: IOM
of Bosnian nationals readmitted from the EU through will ensure the development of a tailored system of
the provision of, inter alia, temporary accommodation. psychosocial support for Armed Forces personnel, and
particularly those seconded to peacekeeping missions
Planned initiatives:
Mainstreaming the concept on migration and Objective 2
development in relevant policies, plans and actions:
In 2018, IOM will develop activities to improve
(diaspora for development) – Bosnia and Herzegovina
disaster risk reduction and emergency preparedness
diaspora has a key role to play in the socioeconomic
systems in Bosnia and Herzegovina by providing
development of the country and IOM will support
the Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees the camp coordination and camp management trainings,
and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in cooperation with and trainings on mental health provision in crisis
government institutions at different levels, to use and contexts. IOM is also looking forward to contributing
further develop their instruments to actively connect, to disaster risk reduction governance and cross-
exchange, and engage with diaspora members and sectoral coordination, risk assessments and strategy
organizations development.
Building monitoring and evaluation and statistical In addition, IOM will continue fostering an enabling
capacities of the Bosnia and Herzegovina government environment for comprehensive victims’ reparations
to monitor and report on migration-related SDG targets efforts to emerge in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
by supporting the coordination body for migration particularly by supporting the development of a legal
framework and adequate implementation of the
Objective 1 prescribed reparations measures across the country.
IOM has supported in the past, and will continue IOM will continue working on youth-centred
to support in 2018 the Government of Bosnia and community building, as a sustainable violent extremism
Herzegovina in the implementation of existing prevention strategy. IOM will work closely with the
readmission programmes focusing on the sustainable local community by building the capacities of local
reintegration of Bosnia and Herzegovina nationals influencers to address underlying drivers of extremism
through the provision of, inter alia, temporary and prevent irregular and/or forced migration, as well
accommodation. as domestic extremism.

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Planned initiatives: Planned initiatives:


Joint UN disaster risk reduction programme: An Support to the adhesion of national migration
inter-agency initiative of UN agencies to support the systems to international standards through targeted
Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina and capacity-building initiatives and standard operational
other relevant ministries, departments and agencies procedures. Special focus will be placed on border
at the State, entity and local level to improve disaster management systems and coordination mechanisms
risk reduction and emergency preparedness systems and on gender-sensitive, child-oriented and culturally
in Bosnia and Herzegovina appropriate protection policies, related to counter-
Seeking care, support, and justice for survivors trafficking, counter smuggling of migrants, forced
of conflict related sexual violence in Bosnia and labour, human rights standards in immigration
Herzegovina detention and dignified return of migrants.
Community-based approach to support youth in Protecting migrants’ rights, including through direct
targeted municipalities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and assistance and guarantees in national legislation and
Moving towards sustainable approaches in preventing institutional mechanisms. One of the components
violent extremism in Bosnia and Herzegovina of this project is monitoring of detention centres
and capacity-building of relevant State departments
Objective 3 through IOM’s assisted voluntary return and
reintegration programme for foreigners residing in
IOM will continue to work with destination countries Georgia.
to ensure safe and secure returns of irregular Bosnian
and Herzegovinian migrants through assisted voluntary Principle 2
return and reintegration.
The availability of relevant tools and mechanisms
IOM will also work with Government partners to
to generate evidence, and updated information on
support integrated border management, through
population movements and corresponding cross-
enhancing cross-border cooperation, prevention of
cutting challenges is decisive for the development of
international trafficking in human beings, migrant
efficient and functional policies. Simultaneously, the
smuggling, and other cross border crimes. IOM will
implementation of migration management policies
support linking existing platforms and institutions,
requires interagency approaches and coordinated
as a means for promoting sub-regional information
action of line ministries. IOM will facilitate the
exchange.
enhancement of relevant State information systems
IOM conducts health assessments and provides travel and will support the mobility of healthcare services.
health assistance services for self-paying immigrants
bound for Australia and Canada.    IOM puts a strong emphasis on issues related to
migration health, including conducting applied
Planned initiatives: research and data collection, facilitating migrants’
Organization of national consultations for the Global access to medical services, providing tailored medical
Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration: IOM assistance to vulnerable migrants, promoting migrant-
will organize national consultations to open a dialogue, sensitive health care policies and strengthening the
and promote the active participation of government capacity of the national healthcare system.
and non-government stakeholders Planned interventions:
Support the preparation of the strategy to counter Promote inter-agency coordination to assist the
trafficking in human beings in Bosnia and Herzegovina Government in the development of national migration
data systems and support the use of targeted software
GEORGIA Enhance capacities of the Government of Georgia
to ensure availability, accessibility, acceptability and
quality of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis prevention and
Funding requirements: USD 17,550,000 early detection services for migrant populations at the
points of care
Principle 1
Facilitate coordinated action and the establishment
IOM contributes to enhancing operational contacts of efficient partnership frameworks for efficient
between Georgian and other relevant bilateral and prevention of HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis through
regional law enforcement structures on combating facilitating availability, accessibility, acceptability and
trafficking in persons and other migration related quality of services
border crimes through trainings and conferences. IOM
offers support to both Georgian and foreign migrants, Principle 3
including counseling, document procurement,
movement, cultural orientation, logistical support, IOM is strongly focused on addressing trafficking for
and tailored programmess for assistance of vulnerable all forms of exploitation in Georgia. This includes
groups of migrants and mobile populations. labour and sexual exploitation but also the situation

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of child victims of trafficking. IOM promotes a victim-


centered approach of protection to facilitate the task
Objective 3
of witnesses and support crime detection. IOM supports the government to establish policy,
Planned interventions: legislation, administrative structures, operational
systems and the human resources base required to
Counter-trafficking protection, prevention and respond effectively to diverse migration challenges
prosecution and institute appropriate migration governance.

Objective 1 Planned initiatives:


Strengthening legal, institutional and operational
IOM plans to support the development of the national
capacities for integrated border management: IOM
employment system of Georgia by providing adequate
will improve the migration governance framework,
expertise on labour market development and labour
in particular with regards to countering irregular
migration, and promoting safe migration and circular
migration, fighting cross-border crime, and facilitating
labour migration.
legal migration. This includes supporting the Georgian
IOM focuses on shifting the potentially negative effects authorities for the development of risk analysis
of migration towards the realization of migration’s capacities, capacity-building in countering irregular
potential to contribute to sustainable development migration, trafficking and cross-border crime, and
and poverty reduction. IOM works with governments, awareness-raising on visa free travel and safe migration
migrants and other stakeholders to improve remittance to Europe.
services and provide opportunities to migrants in order Strengthening national and local capacity to process
to contribute to national developmental goals. large number of returning migrants and offer them
Planned initiatives: adequate reintegration assistance
Establishing social enterprises in regions of Georgia for Preventing irregular migration from Georgia with
the socioeconomic empowerment and integration of increased awareness raising on the options for regular
vulnerable migrant populations migration and on the risks associated with irregular
migration
Replicating social entrepreneurship for the integration
of vulnerable groups in Georgia
KAZAKHSTAN
Promoting initiatives for communities at risk in places
of origin of migrants to address the root causes of
migration and provide employment and business Funding requirements: USD 1,970,300
opportunities for the effective reintegration of
returned migrants Principle 1
IOM, in cooperation with Government and non-
Objective 2 government counterparts as well as academic
Migration due to crises induced by natural disasters institutions and the private sector and media, will
represents a growing challenge in Georgia, due to conduct a series of regional education/information/
natural hazards such as floods, flash floods, landslides, awareness events as part of a regional campaign
mudflows, snow avalanches, earthquakes, hails, to increase the understanding of governments and
heavy rains, storm winds and droughts. The lack the public on the rights of migrants and the specific
of preparedness at the community level increases vulnerabilities they face in recruitment, transit, and
vulnerability towards natural disasters and influences employment. The campaign also seeks to promote
negatively the socioeconomic situation of affected dialogue with all relevant stakeholders through
education and culture, combat misperceptions and
populations. Moreover, Georgia suffers from challenges
promote a positive image of migrants.
relating to frozen conflicts in part of its territory.
IOM promotes a holistic approach to promoting
To address local communities’ vulnerability to natural
respect of basic principles of international migration
disasters, IOM will support the Government of Georgia
law in all five Central Asian countries. IOM will support
in building the resilience of populations residing in
international migration law and counter-trafficking
prone-to-disaster areas and will facilitate capacity-
activities to explore and integrate other human rights-
building of local authorities to ensure that relevant
related topics, and contribute to addressing issues such
early warning systems and emergency response
as labour rights, the rights of victims of exploitation,
mechanisms are enhanced.
the rights of youth, freedom of association, security,
Planned initiatives: non-discrimination and other fundamental rights and
Capacity-building and support to the Government freedoms.
of Georgia on disaster preparedness and resilience IOM will support the Government of Kazakhstan to
building for populations residing in prone-to-disaster develop its national policy, and provide expertise on
areas of Georgia in line with SDGs migration management to promote the establishment

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of an effective system of migrant rights protection. media and through information campaigns on World
Particularly, IOM will assist the Government of tuberculosis and International Migrants Day.
Kazakhstan in developing a migration concept in line
Planned initiatives:
with Sustainable Development Goals and recommend
the improvement of the existing national policy on Addressing migration movements through capacity-
women rights to access healthcare. building in Central Asia
IOM will continue promoting the protection of Research: Tackling slavery, human trafficking and child
migrants and their rights in Kazakhstan in close labour in modern business (Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan)
cooperation with the government through awareness- Addressing tuberculosis, MDR/XDR-tuberculosis, and
raising campaigns targeting vulnerable migrants, their tuberculosis-HIV among migrant workers in Kazakhstan
families, victims of trafficking and potential victims of
trafficking, developing capacities of State and non- Principle 3
state partners and conducting advocacy campaigns to
improve the migration legislation. IOM will work with relevant stakeholders to
formulate a set of guidelines on what types of
Planned initiatives:
assistance are needed to address migrants’ needs and
Dignity and rights in Central Asia enhance the protection of their rights, and provide
Addressing migration movements through capacity- recommendations at the national level. The aim will
building in Central Asia be to introduce a set of guidelines to mainstream
mechanisms into governments’ policies, programmes
Principle 2 and activities related to migration at the local and
national level.
IOM will build the capacity of stakeholders involved
in border management to facilitate the development IOM will organize a senior officials meeting of the
of international procedures, specialized training Almaty Process Member States and a high level
programmes and training manuals to respond to regional roundtable targeting Central Asia and/or Asia
emergency situations associated with the influx of Pacific government and non-government stakeholders.
migrants. These two events will continue to enhance regional
cooperation under the Almaty Process and will target
IOM is working with a team of experts to assess regional issues of interest to governments.
the needs of migrants facing vulnerabilities. IOM
works with the objectives: (1) to identify groups of IOM will cooperate closely with the media, including
vulnerable migrants as well as their particular needs; traditional and newer outlets, providing them with an
(2) to map local services in order to highlight existing online training course on human rights issues and on
mechanisms, as well as gaps in services; and (3) to how to report on them. IOM will also award production
analyse legislation and outline existing legal norms grants to different media/journalists/bloggers to
that apply to the identified categories of migrants. encourage coverage of human rights issues. IOM will
coordinate its activities with other international and
IOM plans to conduct a regional assessment on the national organizations working with the media to
nexus between the re-entry of banned migrants and award the production grants.
religious radicalization which will target legal and policy
developments, economic impacts and motivating IOM also participates in (a) working group, meetings
factors influencing migrants’ decisions. IOM will and seminars, targeting government officials, on
analyse the needs of re-entry banned migrants when migration and health to provide technical support in
reintegrating to their countries of origin and the factors drafting the legal framework and training materials;
affecting sustainable economic development. (b) in inter-sectorial meetings at the national level
with interested parties and relevant organizations
IOM will support national dialogue between the civil to present the drafted materials and (c) in regular
society and the Government to discuss and advocate consultations with the Ministry of Internal Affairs,
for necessary policy reforms, amendments and
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other relevant bodies
revisions to current legislation, specifically related to
to ensure support for the health project.
countering trafficking in persons, migration, gender-
based violence, and the protection of disabled persons IOM will continue building the capacity of relevant
who are potential victims of trafficking. stakeholders on the identification of victims of
trafficking and the provision of assistance, on social
IOM will continue to enhance the Government of
integration of migrants, mobilization of communities,
Kazakhstan’s operational and institutional established
women empowerment, and others issues. IOM will
mechanism to fully deliver tuberculosis related
also continue to strengthen the NGO network at the
health services to migrants. IOM provides advice
regional level through a regional NGO Forum. Training
in the development of training materials in close
for media on proper coverage of trafficking in persons
collaboration with Project Hope and the Government
and migration issues will be also organized.
of Kazakhstan. IOM also aims to increase public
awareness through its on-going campaign in the Planned initiatives:

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Addressing migration movements through capacity- IOM will train NGOs on the use of technological
building in Central Asia innovations to combat trafficking in persons through
the prevention of online recruitment. The training
Combating trafficking in persons by addressing online
will introduce the concepts of information and
recruitment in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan communication technology strategies, exploring their
Strengthening counter-trafficking efforts and opportunities and challenges for NGOs.
protecting vulnerable migrants in Central Asia in IOM will continue assisting Central Asian countries
response to regional and global challenges in identifying, rescuing, returning and re-integrating
Addressing tuberculosis, MDR/XDR-tuberculosis, and victims of human trafficking and vulnerable migrants.
tuberculosis-HIV among migrant workers in Kazakhstan Together with municipalities and NGO partners, IOM
will provide reintegration services to returning victims
Objective 1 of trafficking through existing shelters, vocational
education, employment assistance and income
IOM will provide tailored assistance to vulnerable generating activities.
migrants for their reintegration and will monitoring
IOM will develop criteria to identifying regions in
assisted vulnerable cases (with a specific emphasis
Central Asian countries that are susceptive to human
on re-entry banned migrants). Direct assistance
trafficking and prone to migration, and extend
procedures will be shared with relevant governments
targeted support to community and social initiatives,
during regional and national events so that sustainable community development (infrastructure
governments can gradually adjust their return and support, educational initiatives for children and youth,
integration/re-integration approaches and provide etc.), income generating initiatives and micro/small
better services to migrants in countries of origin or enterprise development.
destination.
Planned initiatives:
Based on the lessons learnt from the evaluation
of IOM’s regional counter-trafficking programme Addressing migration movements through capacity-
in Central Asia, IOM will conduct more advanced building in Central Asia
and in depth training for NGOs on protective and Combating trafficking in persons by addressing online
rehabilitative services for vulnerable groups, as well as recruitment in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
on the operation of the emergency fund, to ensure a Strengthening counter-trafficking efforts and
unified and consistent approach to the identification protecting vulnerable migrants in Central Asia in
and protection of vulnerable victims of human rights response to regional and global challenges
abuse.
IOM will also develop a mobile application that will
provide support to migrant women, incorporating real- KYRGYZSTAN
time consultations, distress relief, and FAQ functions.
The proposed application will provide women with a Funding requirements: USD 3,650,000
timely, user-friendly, risk-free, confidential and reliable
source of information and advice from qualified Principle 1
specialists in their language. Collected information will
Kyrgyzstan is a signatory to numerous international
enable a better understanding of the health needs of
human rights conventions. IOM activities related
migrants.
to monitoring and evaluating national legislation
Planned initiatives: and legislative practices help find gaps and provide
evidence to the improvement of policies. Moreover,
Dignity and rights in Central Asia
to ensure that laws are implemented in accordance
Addressing migration movements through capacity- with Kyrgyzstan’s international commitments, IOM
building in Central Asia proposes trainings and capacity-building of relevant
officials. IOM finally proposes mainstreaming migration
Empowering women migrants through mobile
in sectoral fields of Kyrgyzstan socioeconomic
technology on sexual, reproductive, maternal and
development, such as healthcare and education.
child health in Kazakhstan
Planned initiatives:
Objective 3 Countering human trafficking in Kyrgyzstan in
IOM will train law enforcement agencies involved in accordance with international standards: IOM
combating trafficking in persons by providing the proposes conducting capacity-building activities
knowledge and skills that will help them prevent, on monitoring the implementation of the counter-
investigate and prosecute online trafficking in trafficking law at national and local levels in terms of
persons. The training will be delivered by national prevention, prosecution, protection and partnerships
and international trainers to combine best global Technical assistance to the Government of Kyrgyzstan
experience with local needs and realities. to strengthen the legal and operational framework

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for combating trafficking in persons: IOM will develop the Government but may lack financial resources. The
training of trainers’ modules for law enforcement and Russian Federation’s legislation on the re-entry ban for
judicial system officers in Kyrgyzstan for the adoption migrants has resulted in banning the entrance of over
of a victim-centred approach in investigating and 100,000 Kyrgyz nationals who are forced to return
prosecuting human trafficking crimes. to Kyrgyzstan. Unable to earn their living, with no
employment opportunities available, many returning
Migration and development priorities in Kyrgyzstan:
migrants are at risk of being recruited by criminal
In order to support Kyrgyzstan in upholding its
groups.
international commitments, IOM will promote the
mainstreaming of migration in sectoral strategies of Planned initiatives:
the healthcare and education sectors. Countering human trafficking in Kyrgyzstan in
accordance with international standards: IOM will
Principle 2 support the reintegration of victims of trafficking and
Developing and implementing an evidence-based promote income generating activities initiated by
migration policy is a challenging task due to the victims and their families. In parallel, IOM will study
complexity of migration statistics. IOM proposes the impact of these income-generating interventions
supporting Kyrgyzstan in improving its system of to collect information on how these projects improve
collecting and sharing migration data both through the livelihoods of beneficiaries.
administrative sources and by conducting research on Support to Kyrgyzstan in reintegrating returning
specific topics tailored to the country’s needs. migrants: IOM will help Kyrgyzstan establish a
Planned initiatives: reintegration system to help returning migrants
integrate back to their home communities. This
Support Kyrgyzstan in achieving sustainable includes training and/or retraining of returning
development goals by mainstreaming migration migrants, referrals to employment services within the
indicators in national statistics: IOM will work with the country or in alternative destination countries, basic
National Statistics Committee to build their capacity in career counseling, etc.
understanding SDG migration-related indicators
Research on internal migration in Kyrgyzstan: IOM will Objective 2
contribute to an improved understanding of current Kyrgyzstan is in the crossroads of different cross-
internal migration trends, socioeconomic factors and border conflicts and the 2010 crisis exposed
cultural drivers of internal migration and potential weaknesses in addressing massive emergency
challenges that migrants face in accessing social flows of population caused by political factors. IOM
services will therefore aim at building local capacities in
addressing emergency migration flows, both related
Principle 3 to international movements caused by conflict and
Kyrgyzstan has organized several fora with members of internal displacement due to natural disasters. Special
the Kyrgyz diaspora, during which diaspora members emphasis will be set on addressing the individual
have recommended building partnerships between psycho-social needs of displaced persons.
the Kyrgyz government, communities and its diaspora. Planned initiatives:
As a result, the Kyrgyz Government established a
Council on Diaspora Engagement which requires IOM’s Capacity-building in addressing emergency migration
expertise in the field as the leading global migration flows: IOM aims at building the capacity of the
agency. government and local communities in managing with
massive human flows
Planned initiatives:
Diaspora engagement for development: IOM will Objective 3
support the Council on Diaspora Engagement in Ensuring safe, orderly and dignified migration requires
engaging with the diaspora for socio-economic and a thorough understanding of the specific needs of
cultural development different categories of migrants. IOM proposes to
improve the capacities of different actors involved in
Objective 1 migration process, such as law enforcement officers
Kyrgyzstan has a system in place for the preparatory and the private sector, in facilitating safe and orderly
phase of migration and mechanisms to protect migration in accordance with international standards.
the rights and interests of Kyrgyz nationals abroad. Planned initiatives:
However, the country needs a system of re-integration
Capacity-building of border officials in identifying
for returning migrants, especially for vulnerable cases.
victims of trafficking: IOM aims at developing training
The mechanisms to support victims of trafficking materials for border and passport inspectors to apply
upon their return to the country need improvement. a victim-centered approach in the identification and
Shelters are often operated by NGOs and supported by referral of victims of trafficking

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Facilitated labour migration in Kyrgyzstan: IOM will


build the capacity of private recruitment agencies in
Principle 2
providing humane and comprehensive services to IOM works to foster coordinated, coherent and
migrant workers evidence-based policymaking on migration and
Support to Kyrgyzstan in reintegrating returning development, advancing the concept of mainstreaming
migrants: IOM will contribute to the establishment migration into national development strategies.
of a reintegration system for migrants returning to Capacity support is offered to the concerned policy
their home communities, including recognizing skills coordination and policy-making Government bodies.
acquired abroad IOM currently supports the production of the Extended
Migration Profile of the country, but more efforts
need to be invested in supporting the Government’s
REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA analytical capacity to enhance the use of the existing
data for evidence-based policymaking. In addition, the
Funding requirements: USD 4,257,000 current inter-ministerial coordination mechanisms on
migration policymaking need to be strengthened, via
Principle 1 the establishment of a mandated Commission and a
dedicated monitoring and evaluation system in the
In 2018, IOM will continue contributing to the area of migration and development.
protection of the human rights of victims and potential
In 2018, IOM will contribute to strengthening the
victims of trafficking in the Republic of Moldova
Government’s legislation, strategies and response
through enhancing national mechanisms of assistance
and protection, in line with international standards and plans to prevent violence and improve access to
treaties to which the Republic of Moldova is a party. quality services for youth victims of violence in the
The leading intersectoral coordination mechanism on Republic of Moldova as preventive measures to
counter-trafficking is the National Referral System, counter irregular migration. In this respect, IOM will
which envisages, amongst others, the provision of support the implementation of a survey to inform the
social assistance, psychological support, legal aid and Government’s actions aimed at achieving the objective
medical treatment to victims. The National Referral on preventing and combating violence, neglect and
System will be strengthened through the development exploitation of children and promoting non-violent
of the normative framework, and through capacity- practices in bringing up and educating children
building for different specialists in assisting and included in the 2014–2020 national child protection
protecting to victims and potential victims of trafficking. strategy.
In the border management arena, IOM will support the Planned initiatives:
Government of the Republic of Moldova to improve Mainstreaming migration into national development
the implementation of the State policy on integrated strategies – third phase: Implementation of national
border management and making operational the components of the Global UNDP-IOM project
integrated psychological services of the border police.
Considering the estimated increase in border crossings The Moldova youth health and well-being survey
from approximately 14 million persons in 2014 to 19 Sanatatea Mea - Moldova violence against children
million in 2016 and 13 per cent more in 2017, stress survey
related to border control and surveillance activities
needs to be addressed. The border police’s service Principle 3
of psychologic assistance plans and implements
IOM’s partnership work focuses on enhancing the
the agency’s psychological management activities
Moldovan government’s capacity to maximize the
(assessment, primary assistance, opinions on staff
selection/appointment). It is supported by psychologists positive impact of migration on the socioeconomic
of the border police regional subdivisions that provide development of the Republic of Moldova by: (i)
psychological support to daily operations of the staff increasing engagement between the Moldovan
and assistance to migrants and other persons placed diaspora and the Government in key thematic areas;
under border police custody. The expected outcome of (ii) enhancing the culture of entrepreneurship among
the project is improved access of vulnerable migrants potential migrants (women and youth) as an alternative
and border personnel of the border police department livelihood opportunity to migration; and (iii) addressing
to quality psychological services. brain drain via promoting skills retention and return.
The role and involvement of other actors, such as the
Planned initiatives: diaspora and private sector needs to be enhanced,
Strengthening national efforts to protect human rights inter alia by advancing and making more sustainable
of (potential) victims of trafficking in persons in the the previously established diaspora engagement hub.
Republic of Moldova IOM is involved in establishing platforms for involving
diaspora expertise in Government policymaking such
Development of psychological integrated services
as the diaspora excellence groups.
of the border police department in the Republic of
Moldova Planned initiatives:

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Diaspora engagement hub – establishment of a victims of trafficking through quality services within
sustainable mechanism for diaspora engagement the National Referral System. This includes the
provision of rehabilitation assistance through shelters,
Objective 1 complementary to existing State funding, including
IOM will implement interventions aimed at: (a) specialized services for children who are (potential)
enhancing the capacity of Moldovan migrant victims of trafficking, provision of reintegration
associations in destination countries to become more assistance, including in the Transnistrian Region, legal
active in supporting local development in the Republic and social assistance, etc.
of Moldova; (b) advocating for further decisive policy
Planned initiatives:
and programmatic measures on countering brain-
drain and brain-waste by fostering the professional United States refugee admissions programme
reintegration of returning highly-qualified migrants; (c) (Resettlement from Europe)
promoting the economic empowerment of returning
migrants and rural youth and women; (d) boosting Canada visa application centre in the Republic of
the remittances’ impact on development beyond the Moldova
PARE 1+1 programme; (e) further capacitating national Migration health assessment projects (United States,
institutions with a diaspora-engaging mandate in Canada, Australia, New Zealand, United Kingdom)
the elaboration and implementation of diaspora
coordination and engagement policies; (f) enabling Travel assistance (self-payer)
diaspora migrants and communities to directly Strengthening national efforts to protect human
engage in different development themes; (g) building
rights of (potential) victims of trafficking in persons in
government’s capacity to mainstream migration into
national development policies; (h) supporting the Moldova
implementation of the migration and development
component of the European Union-Republic of RUSSIAN FEDERATION
Moldova mobility partnership to harness the benefits
of migration for development. Funding requirements: USD 6,000,000
Planned initiatives:
Supporting the implementation of the migration Principle 1
and development component of the European IOM will continue to provide support to governmental
Union-Republic of Moldova mobility partnership and non-governmental stakeholders to observe
and harnessing its benefits for the residents of the international standards in the area of migrants’
Transnistria Region of the Republic of Moldova
inclusion and integration in the Russian Federation.
IOM will promote the protection of migrants’ rights
Objective 3
and gender equality, including enhancing capacities
In 2018, IOM will continuously implement post- of national stakeholders to apply best international
interview activities within the United States refugee practices on providing support to vulnerable categories
admission programme in the Republic of Moldova of migrants.
and provide facilitated migration services as tailored
practical solutions to governments and migrants, Tuberculosis control and prevention among mobile
including: 1) logistical and administrative assistance; populations in the Russian Federation will be promoted,
2) visa application centre operations; 3) biometrics in line with the Government’s medical legislation.
services; 4) health assessment; 5) travel assistance. Active tuberculosis monitoring covers groups of
Through facilitated migration services, IOM ensures migrants who seek or have residence and work permits
the mitigation of risks associated with the movement in the Russian Federation. Effective mechanisms are
of people and provides cost effective and non-profit required however to detect and register tuberculosis
assistance to States based on the service agreements among undocumented or unemployed migrants.
negotiated between IOM and diplomatic missions at
local and global levels. Planned initiatives:
For Governments, IOM provides alternative structures Enhancing systems to facilitate inclusion and
on the ground to perform pre-consular and logistical integration of Central Asian migrants and promoting
activities, thus giving them more time and resources to social cohesion with host communities in the Russian
concentrate on decision-making duties. For individual Federation
migrants, IOM support services can reduce difficulties
they may encounter during the migration process and Improvement of legal framework and strengthening
can enhance their capacity to successfully integrate capacities of governmental and non-governmental
upon arrival. parties to provide assistance to victims of modern
slavery
IOM supports the Government efforts in identification,
assistance and empowerment of victims and potential Assisted voluntary return and reintegration

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Principle 2 Objective 1
IOM will strengthen cooperation at all levels of IO