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1. a.

Family health is a dynamic changing state of wellbeing, which includes the


biological, psychological, spiritual, sociological, and culture factors of individual
members and the whole family system.
b. Traits of a Healthy Family
■ Communicates and listens
In a family there must be communicate between family members .when the
family members have communicated then family members want to learn to listen the
problems by other family members. this is where the openness of your family members
will create.
■ Fosters table time and conversation
Healthy family is able to spend time for discussing between family members in
one table
■ Affirms and supports each member
Family members give a support to other family members
■ Teaches respect for others
In family member must have mutual respect between family members
■ Develops a sense of trust
Build up a relationship of mutual trust
■ Has a sense of play and humor
The family members are be able to play with other family member and be able
to make a joke between family members
■ Has a balance of interaction among members
The family members must be able to reduce selfishness from themselves for
make a balance of interaction among members
■ Shares leisure time
Each members make their spare time to go to vacation
■ Exhibits a sense of shared responsibility
Each member of family is be able to do their homework according to their roles
■ Teaches a sense of right and wrong
Each member must have honest attitude
■ Abounds in rituals and traditions
Respect to traditions in their family
■ Shares a religious core
Family members have a privacy
■ Respects the privacy of each member
In a family have a rules which member must to obey to the rules
■ Values service to others
as a family we worship according to our family's beliefs
■ Admits to problems and seeks help
Know the problems of member and try to find the solution of the problem

2. Four different approaches to care are inherent in family nursing:


(1) family as the context for individual development
(2) family as a client
(3) family as a system
(4) family as a component of society (Hanson, 2005).
3. 1. Society
2. Theories
3. Nursing
4. Family Health Nursing

3. The health care setting affects roles that nurses assume with families.

Family Nursing Roles :

1. HEALTH TEACHER
The family nurse teaches about family wellness, illness, relations, and
parenting, to name a few topics. The teacher-educator function is ongoing in all
settings in both formal and informal ways. Examples include teaching new parents
how to care for their infant and giving instructions about diabetes to a newly
diagnosed adolescent boy and his family members.
2. COORDINATOR, COLLABORATOR, AND LIAISON
The family nurse coordinates the care that families receive, collaborating with
the family to plan care. For example, if a family member has been in a traumatic
accident, the nurse would be a key person in helping families to access resources—
from inpatient care, outpatient care, home health care, and social services to
rehabilitation. The nurse may serve as the liaison among these services.
3. “DELIVERER” AND SUPERVISOR OF CARE AND TECHNICAL EXPERT
The family nurse either delivers or supervises the care that families receive in
various settings. To do this, the nurse must be a technical expert both in terms of
knowledge and skill.
4. FAMILY ADVOCATE
The family nurse advocates for families with whom he or she works; the nurse
empowers family members to speak with their own voice, or the nurse speaks out
for the family. An example is the nurse who is advocating for family safety by
supporting legislation that requires wearing seat belts in motor vehicles.
5. CONSULTANT
The family nurse serves as a consultant to families whenever asked or whenever
necessary. In some instances, he or she consults with agencies to facilitate family-
centered care. For example, a clinical nurse specialist in a hospital may be asked to
assist the family in finding the appropriate long-term care setting for their sick
grandmother. The nurse comes into the family system by request for a short period
and for a specific purpose.
6. COUNSELOR
The family nurse plays a therapeutic role in helping individuals and families
solve problems or change behavior.
7. “CASE-FINDER” AND EPIDEMIOLOGIST
The family nurse gets involved in case-finding and becomes a tracker of disease.
For example, consider the situation in which a family member has been recently
diagnosed with a sexually transmitted disease. The nurse would engage in sleuthing
out the sources of the transmission and in helping other sexual contacts to seek
treatment.
8. ENVIRONMENTAL SPECIALIST
The family nurse consults with families and other health care professionals to
modify the environment. For example, if a man with paraplegia is about to be
discharged from the hospital to home, the nurse assists the family in modifying the
home environment so that the patient can move around in a wheelchair and engage
in self-care.
9. CLARIFY AND INTERPRET
The nurse clarifies and interprets data to families in all settings. For example, if
a child in the family has a complex disease, such as leukemia, the nurse clarifies
and interprets information pertaining to diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of the
condition to parents and extended family members.
10. SURROGATE
The family nurse serves as a surrogate by substituting for another person. For
example, the nurse may stand in temporarily as a loving parent to an adolescent who
is giving birth to a child by herself in the labor and delivery room.
11. RESEARCHER
The family nurse should identify practice problems and find the best solution
for dealing with these problems through the process of scientific investigation. An
example might be collaborating with a colleague to find a better intervention for
helping families cope with incontinent elders living in the home
12. ROLE MODEL
The family nurse is continually serving as a role model to other people. A school
nurse who demonstrates the right kind of health in personal self-care serves as a
role model to parents and children alike.
13. CASE MANAGER
Although case manager is a contemporary name for this role, it involves
coordination and collaboration between a family and the health care system. The
case manager has been formally empowered to be in charge of a case. For example,
a family nurse working with seniors in the community may become assigned to be
the case manager for a patient with Alzheimer’s disease.