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Title V Labor Organizations

purpose of a labor organization is to bargain collectively (as a group) with the employer, and/or some
other lawful purpose.

workers' right to self-organization is guaranteed under Article XIII of the 1987 Constitution

"Labor Organization" refers to any union or association of employees in the private sector which exists
in whole or in part for the purpose of collective bargaining, mutual aid, interest, cooperation,
protection, or other lawful purposes

Legitimate Labor Organization" refers to any labor organization in the private sector registered or
reported with the Department in accordance with Rule III and IV of these Rules.

"Union" refers to any labor organization in the private sector organized for collective bargaining and for
other legitimate purposes. We should note that not every union is "legitimate"; only those properly
registered are considered LLO. But non-registration does not mean it is "illegitimate"; it simply is
unregistered and has no legal personality. It exists legally but does not possess the rights of an LLO.

"Exclusive Bargaining Representative" refers to a legitimate labor union duly recognized or certified as
the sole and exclusive bargaining representative or agent of all the employees in a bargaining unit.

"Workers' Association" refers to an association of workers organized for the mutual aid and protection
of its members or for any legitimate purpose other than collective bargaining.

Legitimate Workers' Association" refers to "an association of workers organized for mutual aid and
protection of its members or for any legitimate purpose other than collective bargaining registered with
the Department in accordance with Rule III, Sections 2-C and 2-D of these Rules."

- "labor organization" is not always a union; it may be an "association of employees." And the
purpose is not only nor necessarily "collective bargaining" but also "dealing with employers
concerning terms and conditions of employment."

Collective Bargaining Dealing with Employer


bargain collectively is a right that may be is a generic description of interaction between
cquired by a labor organization after registering employer and employees concerning grievances,
itself with the Department of Labor and wages, work hours and other terms and
Employment and after being recognized or conditions of employment, even if the
certified by DOLE as the exclusive bargaining employees' group is not registered with the
representative (EBR) of the employees. Department of Labor and Employment.

CLASSIFICATION OF LABOR ORGANIZATIONS


"National Union/Federation means any labor organization with at least ten locals/chapters or
affiliates each of which must be a duly certified or recognized collective bargaining agent. It also
means group of labor unions in a private establishment organized for collective bargaining or for
dealing with employers concerning terms and conditions of employment for their member unions

Industry Union" means any group of legitimate labor organizations operating within an identified
industry, organized for collective bargaining or for dealing with employers concerning terms and
conditions of employment within an industry

"Trade Union Center" may refer to a group of national unions or federations organized for the
mutual aid and protection of its members, for assisting such members in collective bargaining

An alliance is an aggregation of unions existing in one line of industry, or in a conglomerate, a group


of franchisees, a geographical area, or an industrial center. Different unions or different federations
may form an alliance.

company-union is a labor organization which, in whole or in part, is employer-controlled or


employer-dominated. Article 248(d) prohibits being a company union.

At the Enterprise Level

A labor union at the enterprise level is either "independent" if created by independent registration
or a "chapter" if created through chartering.

Independent registration is obtained by the union organizers in an enterprise through their own
action instead of through issuance of a charter by a federation or national union. An independent
union has a legal personality of its own not derived from that of a federation.

Chartering, on the other hand, takes place when a duly registered federation or national union
issues a charter to a union in an enterprise and registers the creation of the chapter with the
Regional Office where the applicant operates.

Specified Grounds of Cancellation:

any falsehood about the CBL, or about the election of officers, and voluntary dissolution.