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Pre-intermediate A2+

Get Ready for IELTS


LISTENING
ne Short

= POWERED BY COBUILD
Unit Title Topic Exam focus Page

Introduction 4

1 Friends abroad Travel, countries and Form completion, note completion, 8


nationalities multiple-choice questions

2 Food and cooking Food, cooking, Completing notes, tables and flow 14
measures and weights charts, matching information

3 Presentations Academic subjects Completing sentences and tables, diagram 20


labelling, multiple-choice questions
Review 1 26

4 Work Types of work, Note completion, short-answer 28


workplaces questions, matching

5 On campus services University facilities Labelling maps and flow charts, short- 34
answer questions, sentence completion

6 Staying safe Crime, protection and Multiple-choice questions, short-answer 40


safety questions, table completion

Review 2 46

7 Studying, exams and Study habits Multiple-choice questions, completing 48


revision flow charts

8 Shopping and Spending habits, Completing notes, answering matching 54


spending products questions, short-answer questions

9 Hobbies, interests Interests and pastimes Completing forms and tables, multiple- 60
and sports choice questions

Review 3 66

10 Work-life balance Time management Completing notes and sentences, 68


labelling diagrams

11 Comparing cultures Food, dress, housing Matching sentences, short-answer 74


questions, multiple-choice questions

12 Exploring the oceans Natural resources, Diagram and flow chart completion, 80
ocean life note completion

Review 4 86

Practice test 88

Audio scripts 93

Answer key 118

Glossary 129
Get Ready for IELTS Listening has been w ritten for learners w ith a band score of 3 or 4 w ho w ant to
achieve a higher score. Using this book w ill help you improve your pre-intermediate listening skills for
the IELTS Academic Listening test.

You can use Get Heady for IELTS Listening:


• as a self-study course. W e recom mend that you w ork systematically through the 12 units in
order to benefit from its progressive structure.
• as a supplem entary listening skills course for IELTS preparation classes.The book provides
enough material for approximately 50 hours of classroom activity.

Get Ready for IELTS Listening


• This comprises a book and tw o CDs.
• The book contains 12 units. Each unit focuses on a different topic and these topics are ones
that often appear in the IELTS exam.
• After every three units, there is a Review unit which helps you to revise the language and
skills covered in the previous units.
• At the end of the book the Practice test gives you the opportunity to take an lELTS-style test
under test conditions.
• There is also a full answer key at the back of the book so you can check your answers. Here
you w ill find suggested answers for more open-ended questions and model answers for the
exam practice questions in Part 3 of the unit.
• The glossary at the back of the book lists the useful words from each unit w ith their Cobuild
dictionary definitions.
• Two audio CDs accompany the book. These contain the listening exercises. W hen you see this
icon ^ ))) please play the CD. CD1 features language at a pre-intermediate level speed and CD2
features language that is a little faster. This is to help you prepare for the speed that features in
the IELTS test.

Each unit starts w ith the Aims of the unit. They outline the key language and skills covered.

Part 1: Language development provides exercises on vocabulary related to the topic as well as key
grammar related to the IELTS Task covered in the unit. Clear structures are provided.

Part 2: Skills development provides step-by-step exercises and guidance on specific question
types that appear in the test. There are explanations and examples that show you how to approach
each question type. Useful tips are highlighted to help you develop successful test-taking
strategies.

Part 3: Exam practice provides one exam practice question for eitherTask 1 orTask 2 in a form at that
follow s the actual exam. You can use this to check w hether or not you are ready for the test.

Finally, a checklist summarises the key points covered in the unit.

4
Exam information boxes in each unit provide key background inform ation about the IELTS Listening
exam.

Exam tip boxes provide essential exam techniques and strategies.


Watch out! boxes highlight com m on errors in the exam.

• Each unit contains approxim ately three hours of study material.


• Try to answ er the questions w ith o u t looking at a dictionary to develop the skill of guessing the
meaning of unknown w ords from context. This is im portant because dictionaries cannot be
used during the actual exam.
• Use a pencil to com plete the exercises, so that you can erase your first answers and do the
exercises again for revision.
• Try to revise w h at you have learnt in Parts 1 and 2 before doing the practice IELTS questions in
Part 3. This w ill improve the quality of your answers, and using the new language w ill help you
to rem em ber it.
• It's recom m ended that you try and com plete all questions in the unit as the skills needed to
do w ell at the IELTS te st can only be improved through extensive practice.
• Part 3 contains exam practice questions. You should try and com plete Part 3 questions listening
to th e a u d io only once, as this gives you the opportunity to practise under exam conditions.
Do not look at the audio script at the back of the book w h ile doing Part 3 questions. After you
have finished listening, make sure the form at and spelling of your answers is correct. Then,
check your answers using the answ er key.
• Read the answ er key carefully as this provides inform ation on w h a t kind of answ er is awarded
high marks.
• Reading the audio script at the back of the book at the same tim e as listening to the recording
w ill help you to develop your listening skills and identify answers. Remem ber that the answers
are underlined in the audio scripts.

Also available in the Collins Get Ready for IELTS series: Heading, W riting and Speaking.
The International English Language
Testing System (iELTS) Test
IELTS is jointly managed by the British Council, Cambridge ESOL Examinations and IDP Education, Australia.
There are two versions of the test:
• Academic
• General Training
Academic is for students wishing to study at undergraduate or postgraduate levels in an English-medium
environment.
General Training is for people who wish to migrate to an English-speaking country.
This book is primarily for students taking the Academic version.

The Test
There are four modules:
Listening 30 minutes, plus 10 minutes for transferring answers to the answer sheet
NB: the audio is heard only once.
Approx. 10 questions per section
Section 1: two speakers discuss a social situation
Section 2: one speaker talks about a non-academic topic
Section 3: up to four speakers discuss an educational project
Section 4: one speaker gives a talk of general academic interest
Reading 60 minutes
3 texts, taken from authentic sources, on general, academic topics. They may contain
diagrams, charts, etc.
40 questions: may include multiple choice, sentence completion, completing a diagram, graph
or chart, choosing headings, yes/no, true/false questions, classification and matching exercises.
Writing Task 1: 20 minutes: description of a table, chart, graph or diagram (150 words minimum)
Task 2: 40 minutes: an essay in response to an argument or problem (250 words minimum)
Speaking 11-14 minutes
A three-part face-to-face oral interview with an examiner.
The interview is recorded.
Part 1: introductions and general questions (4-5 mins)
Part 2: individual long turn (3-4 mins) - the candidate is given a task, has one minute to
prepare, then talks for 1-2 minutes, with some questions from the examiner.
Part 3: two-way discussion (4-5 mins): the examiner asks further questions on the topic from
Part 2, and gives the candidate the opportunity to discuss more abstract issues or ideas.
Timetabling Listening, Reading and Writing must be taken on the same day, and in the order listed above.
Speaking can be taken up to 7 days before or after the other modules.
Scoring Each section is given a band score. The average of the four scores produces the Overall
Band Score. You do not pass or fail IELTS; you receive a score.
IELTS and the Com m on European Fram ework of Reference
The CEFR shows the level of the learner and is used for many English as a Foreign Language examinations.
The table below shows the approximate CEFR level and the equivalent IELTS Overall Band Score:
CEFR description CEFR code IELTS Band Score
P roficient user C2 9
(Advanced) C1 7 -8
Independent user B2 5 -6 .5
(Interm ediate - Upper Interm ediate) B1 4 -5

6
This table contains the general descriptors for the band scores 1-9:

IELTS Band
Scores
E xpert user Has fu lly operational c o m m a n d o f th e language: appropriate, accurate and flu e n t
w ith c o m p le te u n d e rsta n d in g .

V ery good user Has fu lly operational co m m a n d o f th e language, w ith o n ly occasional u n sy ste m a tic
inaccuracies and inappropriacies. M is u n d e rs ta n d in g s m ay o ccu r in u n fa m ilia r
situations. H andles c o m p le x d e ta iled a rg u m e n ta tio n w e ll.
G ood user Has operational co m m a n d o f th e language, th o u g h w ith occasional inaccuracies,
inappropriacies and m is u n d e rsta n d in g s in s o m e situ a tio n s. G enerally handles
c o m p le x language w e ll and u n d e rsta n d s d e ta iled reasoning.
C o m p e te n t user Has generally e ffe c tiv e co m m a n d o f th e language d e s p ite so m e inaccuracies,
inappropriacies and m isu n d e rsta n d in g s. Can use and u n d e rsta n d fa irly c o m p le x
language, particularly in fa m ilia r situations.

M o d e s t user Has partial c o m m a n d o f the language, coping w ith overall m e aning in m o s t


s ituations, th o u g h is likely to m ake m any m ista ke s. S hould be able to handle basic
c o m m u n ic a tio n in o w n field.

Lim ite d user Basic c o m p e te n c e is lim ite d to fa m ilia r situations. Has fre q u e n t p ro b le m s in
u n d e rsta n d in g and e xpression. Is n o t able to use co m p le x language.

E xtre m e ly lim ite d Conveys and un d e rsta n d s o n ly general m e aning in v e ry fa m ilia r situations.
user Frequent b re a kd o w n s in co m m u n ic a tio n occur.

In te rm itte n t user No real co m m u n ic a tio n is p o ssib le e xce p t fo r th e m o s t basic in fo rm a tio n using


isolated w o rd s o r s h o rt fo rm u la e in fa m ilia r s itu a tio n s and to m e e t im m e d ia te
needs. Has great d iffic u lty u n d e rsta n d in g spoken and w ritte n English.

1 Non user E ssentially has no a b ility to use th e language beyond p o ssib ly a fe w isolated
w o rd s.

0 Did not a tte m p t No assessable in fo rm a tio n provided.


th e te s t

M arking
The Listening and Reading papers have 40 items, each worth one mark if correctly answered. Here are
some examples of how marks are translated into band scores:
Listening: 16 out of 40 correct answers: band score 5
23 out of 40 correct answers: band score 6
30 out of 40 correct answers: band score 7
Reading 15 out of 40 correct answers: band score 5
23 out of 40 correct answers: band score 6
30 out of 40 correct answers: band score 7
Writing andSpeaking are marked according to performance descriptors.
Writing: examiners award a band score for eachof four areas with equal weighting:
• Task achievement (Task 1)
• Task response (Task 2)
• Coherence and cohesion
• Lexical resource and grammatical range and accuracy
Speaking: examiners award a band score for each of four areas with equal weighting:
• Fluency and coherence
• Lexical resource
• Grammatical range
• Accuracy and pronunciation
For full details of how the examination is scored and marked, go to: www.ielts.org

7
A IM S : Language related to: travel, timetables, countries, nationalities • Predicting answers
• Recognizing number formats and spellings • Form completion • Note completion
• Multiple-choice questions

Part 1: Vocabulary
Nations and nationalities

1 Quiz: Can you match these countries to the names in the box?

Egypt Malaysia Portugal Japan United Arab Emirates (UAE)

Nationalities are often formed by changing the endings of the names of countries.
Look at the examples in the table below.

Country + ending Nationality


Australia _n Australian
Egypt _ian Egyptian
Britain _ish British
Japan _ese Japanese
Pakistan _i Pakistani

8 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 1

Complete the following sentences about national airlines with the correct nationality.

1 Japan Airlines is a ........... ............... airline. Departure ^


2 Air China is a .................... ...... airline.
Arrival —^
3 Egyptair is a n ................... airline.
y Gaie (Gate \ - -ym
4 Emirates is a n .................. .........airline. ' 20 I 21 / |_/5( Customs control / '

5 TAP Portugal is a ............................airline.


* P -^ o o n .ro , 71
6 Malaysia Airlines is a ...... .....................airline
Terminal 1 —^ Gates 1-29 T I I I
Gates 30-54 7* I 'T T 'I
I f n i Check-in Gates 55-79

Complete these notes with information from the flight arrivals board below.

SDflkusli -flu a lit arrived a t ( ± ) ................................. ........

F li g h t C C A ± 5 5 0 from , iZ . ) ..................... ............. arrived at &>.oo...................

Ew&ratL f l i g h t m (s ) ......................... . — delayed.

.... F l l a h t 1 A P 1 3 3 0 due. 0 fro m . ( 4 ) ... ...............

ime due From Airline Flight Terminal Status

05.00 Madrid Iberia IBE0567 50 Arrived 04.50

06.15 Beijing Air China CCA1550 15 Arrived 06.00

06.50 Dubai Emirates UAE1880 13 Delayed

07.30 Lisbon TAP TAP1330 16 Landed

^ ))) 4 Now listen to a taxi driver talking to a travel agent about the flight arrivals and check your
01 answers.

Friends abroad 9
Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Section one


In Section One of the Listening test you will hear tw o people talking in an everyday
or social situation. You may have to com plete notes or a form w ith details of names,
addresses, tim es or dates. You w ill need to listen carefully for spellings and numbers

Exam tip
Before you listen, look at the information you have been given to com plete. Predicting
the kind of answers you need w ill help you to focus on w hat you are going to hear.

^ ))) 1 You will hear a conversation between two friends planning a visit. Predict the kind of
02 information you will have to listen for (numbers, letters, time, name, etc.). Then listen and
complete the notes

k (a ,tc & O c o t/
It's easy to confuse certain numbers that sound similar, for example: fifteen and fifty.
Listen very carefully to hear which part of the w ord is spoken w ith more emphasis.

^ ))) 2 Listen and circle the numbers you hear. Then match them with their written forms.
03 .............................................................................................................................................................
© 13 15 30 80 40 14 50

fifteen thirteen eighteen fourteen fifty forty eighty thirty

^ j)) 3 Now listen to these sentences and write down the numbers you hear.
04
1 .................. 2 .................. 3 .................. 4 .................. 5 ..................

^ ))) 4 Listen to the following conversations and choose the correct letter a, b or c.
15-06
/ a M cKeon b M cE w an c MacKeon

ii a W e stb o rn e b W esterb orn e c W estbourne

^ ))) 5 You will hear a telephone conversation in which Sam is booking a taxi. First look at the form
07 below and think about the kind of information you will need. Then listen and complete the form.

10 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 1

Exam tip
You w ill be expected to know the spellings of com m on w ords and names. Any usual
names w ill be spelt out for you. An answ er spelt w rongly w ill be marked incorrect, so
get plenty of practice before the exam.

Taxi PLEASE USE BLOCK CAPITALS


Lv.v.v.v.

N A M E OF PASSENGER: ■SAM W IL L IA M S

PICK-UP W id &thJ u l y
DATE A N D T IM E : ( 1 ) ....................

PICK-UP POINT:
NO. & STREET: (2) .......................... W IL L O W S It> E B .A N K
TOW N: ( 3 ) .......................................................................
POSTCODE: ( 4 ) .......................................................................

M O B ILE N U M BER : (5) o j- y z j..........................

DESTINATION: H B A T H f^O W - T E R M IN A L 5

*» ) 6 You will hear a conversation between a flight attendant and a passenger completing a
08 landing card before arriving in the UK. Complete the form.

LAN DING CARD Please complete clearly in English and BLOCK CAPITALS
immigration Act 1971

Family name
UH
First name(s)

(1) ......................................................
Sex Date of birth
, D D . M M, Y Y Y Y ,
□ M 0 F (2) I I I I I I I I I

Town and country of birth


SHENZHEN CH-INA
Nationality Occupation
CHINESE STUDENT
Contact address in the UK (in full)

(3) ...............................................................

Friends abroad 11
Part 3: Exam Practice

Exam tip
When you com plete a form, it is im portant to keep to the required num ber of words
for each answer. You will be told how many words to use, e.g. NO MORE THAN TWO
WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER. If you w rite too many words, your answer w ill be
marked incorrect.
A hyphenated word counts as one word, e.g. mother-in-law. A num ber can be w ritten
in letters or numbers, e.g. twelve or 72; either way, it counts as one word.

Section 1

^ ))) Questions 1 -7
09
You will hear a telephone conversation between a hotel receptionist and a caller making
a reservation. Complete the form below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A
NUMBER for each answer.

Silver Tu ip Hotel

N um ber of nights i

Type o f room : (circle one) (1) Single / Double - tw in beds / Double - king-sized bed

Nam e (2)

H om e address (3) .................................................................... Avenue,


Cam bridge

Postcode (4)

Transport (5)

M eals (6)

Date of arrival (7)

12 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 1
^ ))) Questions 8 - 1 0
10
Listen to the next part of the conversation and choose the correct letter, a, b or c.

8 The custom er's m obile phone num ber is:

a 07976 122577.
b 07961 122577.
c 07961 121597.

9 The custom er w ould also like to:

a receive tourist inform ation,


b make a restaurant booking,
c book tickets for the theatre.

10 He leaves a m essage for:

a M rA la m i.
b M r El Fassi.
c M rA laoui.

Exam tip
During the exam, listen very carefully and don't presum e the first inform ation you hear
is always correct. Som etim es the speaker can change his/her m ind and correct the
inform ation given.

Now listen again to check your answers before you look at the answer key.

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


listen closely for num bers that sound similar?
check your spellings?
check that you have w ritten the correct num ber of w ords in the answers?

Friends abroad 13
Food and cooking
*»*****«$*«* #«« ««#«
* gr
A IM S : Language related to: food, cooking methods, numbers, weights, prepositions • Identifying
stages in a process • Keeping to word counts • Completing notes, tables and flow charts
* *
• Matching information

Part 1: Vocabulary
Types of food

m
meat dairy products vegetables

1 Complete the table by putting the following foods into the correct column.

potatoes bananas cabbage turkey lamb pineapple


cheese butter carrots beef cherries yoghurt

meat dairy products vegetables fruit


potatoes

Countable and Uncountable Nouns

Some nouns can be countable and uncountable. They often become uncountable when
they are prepared for eating, e.g.

There are ten chickens in the field. / W ould you like som e chicken ?
I bought tw o cauliflowers yesterday. / M y son doesn't like cauliflower.

2 Say whether the following foods are C (countable) or U (uncountable) or C/U (both countable
and uncountable).

1 carrot . f i/ K . . . 6 onion
2 rice ............ 7 bread
3 lamb ............ 8 egg
4 bean ............ 9 pea
5 butter ........... 10 coffee

L4 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 2

Cooking m ethods

Write the correct letter (A-E) next to each method of cooking.

i roast A in hot oil


ii steam B in hot w ater
iii fry C directly over the flam e
iv grill D in the oven
V boil E over boiling w ater

W eights and measures

4 Choose from the following list of weights and measures to complete the list of ingredients
for making pancakes.

weights (solids) measures (liquids)


gram (g) m illilitre (ml)
JLuS-
kilogram (kg) litre (I)

3 0 0 ................. o f s u .g flr
o f m ill?.

.lQ,£gj0S..

Exam tip
In som e tasks in the IELTS exam, the inform ation that you read in the question w ill be
expressed in different w ords in the audio. So you w ill need to listen out for synonym s
and paraphrasing. You w ill be able to practise this skill throughout this book.

5 Complete these equivalents.

14 = a quarter 14 = a half (1 ).............. = three quarters i/3 = a third


2/3 = (2 )................................................. i/8 = one eighth s/8 = (3 )..................................................
(4 ).............. = seven eighths

^ ))) 6 You will hear a list of ingredients. Circle the correct quantity. Then write a different way to
11 express the same quantity.

1 apples 1 kilo / 1/2 kilo


2 sugar 250 g / 2 1 5 g
3 flour 330 g / 130 g
4 butter 120 g / 200 g
5 milk 1
/5 I/ 5 I

Food and cooking 15


Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Section two


In Section Two of the Listening test you will hear one person talking about a topic of general
interest. You may have to complete notes, a table or a flow chart describing a process.

^ ))) 1 You will hear a chef giving her students a list of ingredients for a regional dish. Match the
12 ingredients with the quantities. You will not use all the quantities. Before you begin, read
through the answer options and think of different ways to express the same quantities.

1 chicken 2 rice 3 onions 4 tom atoes 5 green peppers 6 cooking oil

a 450 g b 4 kilos c % kilo d 500 g e 2 kilos f 15 ml g 50 ml h 14 kilo

2 You are going to hear an explanation of how to cook pancakes, or crepes.Tick the boxes
below for the kind of information you expect to hear.

tim e of day spelling date weights


ingredients instructions colours address

Exam tip
W hen you have to com plete notes about the stages in a process, for example to
com plete a flo w chart, it w ill help you to listen carefully for w ords that indicate the order
of the different parts of the procedure, such as first, then, after that and at the end.

^ ))) 3 Listen to the recording and put the photos in the correct order.
13

1 6 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 2

Exam tip
W hen you are asked to do a com pletion task, you may be told to use w ords from the
recording. If this is the case, you may have to o m it unim portant words, like a or the to
keep to the w ord count.

4))) 4 Now you will hear someone describing how to cook a traditional
14 dessert. Before you listen, read and think about which words
might go in the gaps.
Then listen and complete the flow chart. Write NO MORE THAN
FOUR WORDS for each answer.

^))) 5 You will hear a student representative welcoming new students to the university and
15 explaining a little about traditional English meals. First read the notes below.

Then listen and complete them. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER for
each answer.

verw vovu la r d is h : F is h and c.hL"ps: -fried Lia, ( l ) ..............................................

- M t P ) ........................................... Popular est>. (3 ) ...............................................

A n o th e r tra d itio n a l meal: s u n d a u 1\


a.m V
\

1^ ) ..................................................... m eat.. w ith (5 ) .........................................................

Food and cooking 17


Part 3: Exam practice

Section 2

4 ))) Questions 1 -4
16
You will hear a talk on nutrition. Complete the notes. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for
each answer.

To-plr,: f-teflltky e.atlviOj ..............


• dp.-fisiAA,tlniA,

• rf.asoi/vs why pf.oplfi doiA/t ' ......................

• Idp.az -fr>r (D )..........................

H-e.ait.hjj e.ati\A^ ls: ......

• balavLC.f’.d diet

__ ( 3 ) ............................................................. ..... .......... ...


_Nntf.: balanced dle.t LmcI. u n a ls .................. ............ ............ ................ .
v_______________________ _______ __________________________________ J

Exam tip
In some tasks you will be asked to choose several correct answers from a list. Always read
the options before you listen to the recording. After listening, you will be able to eliminate
the incorrect ones. Make sure you choose the required number of answer options.

^ ))) Questions 5 -7
17
Listen to the next part of the talk. Choose THREE letters a-h. Give three reasons why the
speaker thinks so many people have an unhealthy diet.

a It is cheaper to buy packet food,


b People do not know how to eat healthily,
c It is cheaper to buy fast food,
d They prefer fast food,
e They do not like packet food,
f It is quicker to buy fast food,
g They have to plan their meals,
h Schools teach children about a balanced diet.

5 6 ............ 7 ............

18 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 2
^ ))) Questions 8 - 1 0
18
Listen to the last part of the recording and complete the table. Write NO MORE THAN ONE
WORD for each answer.

Group responsible:
(8) .............................. (9).............................. ( 10) ..............................
L im it a d v e rtis in g fo r u n h e a lth y S to p s e llin g u n h e a lth y sn a cks M a k e s u re c h ild re n e a t a
fo o d a n d d rin k s b a la n c e d d ie t

E d u c a te th e p u b lic a b o u t a P ro v id e c h ild re n w it h fre s h a n d


h e a lth y d ie t h e a lth y o p tio n s

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


practise listening to different accents?
read through all the questions before you listened to the recording
and think about w ords you expected to hear?
think about w ords to describe different stages in a process (first,
second, then, n e x t ...) w hen you have to com plete a flo w chart?
make sure you used the correct num ber of w ords in your answers?

Food and cooking 19


A IM S : Language related to: presentations and academic subjects • Identifying future plans and
stages in a presentation • Keeping to word count • Completing sentences and tables
• Labelling diagrams • Multiple-choice questions

Part 1: Vocabulary
Presentations

Introduction
During this presentation, I will explain:

• Progress has been made for many services


Project background
• Disparities reduced but still persist Literature review
Experiments & Methods
• Target setting for Healthy People 2010
Results
Conclusions
Future Work

To -jsa its ieo'rtav. f.'s’ save’fc


o-'eser.iat3" usfig
Sa/eas.
•The’* typein a newo n e

Sa youneed a'K>!''er ouVei


-CSicX0,1 K)M*f r-.onu a
•Clis*or. SWo ’

1 The pictures above show four different stages in organizing a slide presentation. Match the
stages below with each image.

a first slide
b planning the slides
c diagram slide
d final slide

20 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 3

4 ») 2 Listen to these words and underline the part that is stressed in each one. The first one has
19 been done for you.

1 introduce introduction
2 presentation present (v) present (n)
3 suggest suggestion
4 project (v) project (n) projector
5 inform inform ation
6 explain explanation

«») 3 Now listen to this short conversation and underline the word you hear in each pair. You will
20 hear them in the same order.

introduce / introduction
suggest / suggestion
present (v) /p re s e n t (n)
p roje ct (v) /p ro je c t (n)
inform / inform ation
explain / explanation

Vocabulary groups

It is useful to sort words into vocabulary groups when they refer to the sam e kind of
information, e.g. fem ale - wom an - lady - m other.

Write the words that have a similar meaning in the boxes below.

plan image badpoints graph French Arabic


Chinese cons chart Italian benefits table
dangers pros painting good points photograph

; diagram:

picture:

language:

; advantages:

; disadvantages:

Presentations 21
Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Section three


In Section Three of the Listening test you w ill hear a group of people talking about
a topic related to education or training. You w ill be asked to do different tasks in this
section, and some of these w ill require you to identify the ideas and opinions of the
individual speakers.

Exam tip
In this type of question, w here there are several speakers, it is useful to identify them
as early as possible. Listen carefully and w rite their names on the exam paper, leaving
enough room to make a note of any opinions too.

^ ))) 1 You will hear a group of students talking about a project they are planning to present.
21 Choose the correct letter, a, b or c.

i Italian painting is
a the subject
b the topic
c course

ii Who originally wants to discuss one painter?


a Edward
b Farouk
c Mandy

Hi M andy suggests
a Michelangelo and Botticelli,
b Michelangelo.
c Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci.

iv Beth suggests Botticelli because


a everyone else w ill choose him.
b his style of painting is different,
c he's a great artist.

Exam tip
W ith multiple-choice questions, rem em ber to read all the options before you choose the
answer. Some of the answers may look similar and you should check the details before
you decide.

22 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 3

^ ))) 2 Now you will hear the students planning the slides they are going to prepare for their group
22 presentation. Complete the notes below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER
for each answer.

MLckelaw do and Botticelli:.(_ )............................ .................... .......................................... ...............

/'TctwJ, ........ ....... ................................. . .... -.......... -_____ __

‘ '/-ire _______ _________ ___________-_____ _________ _____ ___________ _____ ________

2-sHdes each MLchdaiAQdc-ayid B&ttiadLL.........

Z.siLdes: H-aw MLchdaiA<0.do av'udB>ct±LceLLL a rt 43 -)----- ----- ,...and.kiowih&u.axt. (.4.) — ......... —

| Cdm I u U dia,................. .......... ............................... ....................... ................. .................. ... ...._...............

^ ))) 3 Listen to two of the students discussing the best way to design a slide and label the drawing
23 below. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.

(1)

Exam tip
Rem em ber to read all the answers carefully before you listen to the recording. W hen
you have to choose more than one correct answer, it may help you to cross out the
w rong answers as you listen.

^ ))) 4 Listen to the four students discussing their presentation and underline the TWO correct answers.
24
What do the students have to decide?
a w h e th e r or not to put the slides about Botticelli before Michelangelo
b which artist is m ost famous
c which artist Beth w ill talk about
d w here to put Farouk’s slides
e w h e th e r to talk about Michelangelo first

Presentations 23
Part 3: Exam practice

Section 3

^))) Questions 1 -4
25
Listen to the recording of three students talking
to their tutor about the presentation they are
planning. Choose the correct letter, a, b or c.

/' The topic o f the presentation is


a how mobile phones are designed,
b the risks caused by mobile phones,
c how mobile phones are used.

ii The introduction explains the


a dangers of mobile phones.
b im portance of mobile phones.
c im portance of understanding the
dangers of mobile phones.

On the second slide, the students are


planning to
a explain w hy mobile phones are
dangerous,
b point out some different kinds of risks,
c mention ways to avoid the risks.

IV The tutor suggests


a not discussing the dangers of mobile phones,
b discussing the benefits of mobile phones,
c having an argument.

^ ))) Questions 5 -7
26
Listen to the next part of the recording and complete the slides. Write ONE WORD ONLY.

Slide 1 Slide 2
Introduction • Health
(5) • (6) .....................................
• Security

24 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Slide 3
(7) .....................................for
avoiding dangers

Questions 8 - 1 0

Listen to the last part of the recording and complete the sentences. Write NO MORE THAN
TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER.

8 The actual talk w ill last f o r ....................................


9 Each student w ill speak f o r ....................................
10 The slides m ust all have t h e ......................................

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


read all the questions before you listened to the recording?
think about other w ords on the topic that you expect to hear?
w rite the names of the speakers, ready to make a note of their ideas?
look carefully at the m ultiple-choice options that look sim ilar so you can
listen for the correct details?

Presentations
Review 1
1 Pronunciation: Most of the letters of the alphabet are
pronounced with the following set of sounds:

sound example
/ e i/ A
/ i :/ E
/e / F
/ a i/ I
/ iu :/ U

Note: O / a u / and R / a : / do not share a sound w ith


any other letter.

Listen. Pause the recording after each letter and write the letter in the correct column.

/e i/ / i: / /e / / a i/ / iu : /

A E F I U.

2 Word formation: Complete the passage with the correct form of the words in brackets:

( 1 ) .......................... (Britain) Airways apologizes for the late ( 2 ) ........................... (depart)


of (-3).......................... (fly) BA421. This is due to the late ( 4 ) ........................... (arrive) of
the aircraft from New York. Please go to the airline ( 5 ) .......................... (inform) desk if you
have to make a ( 6 ) .......................... (connect) to reach your final destination.

3 Put the following words into the plural form, where possible. If the word is uncountable, write
U. There may be two possibilities for some words.

1 o n io n ..................................... 5 b e a n ....
2 flo u r ....................................... 6 cherry
3 p o ta to .................................... 7 coffee
4 m ilk ........................................ 8 chicken

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Review 1

4 Circle the word that does not belong in each list. W hat do the others have in common?

1 first, third, fourth, one .....................................


2 ingredient, gram, ounce, kilo .....................................
3 dinner, dish, lunch, breakfast .....................................
4 after, w ho, then, next .....................................
5 area, section, zone, door .....................................
6 wi-fi, restaurant, snack bar, cafe .....................................
7 tea, milk, juice, beans .....................................
8 roast, boil, pan, fry .....................................
9 carrot, cauliflower, onion, banana .....................................
10 milk, cheese, egg, cream ....................................

^ ))) 5 Listen to the recording and underline the words that are stressed.
29
1 The first thing w e have to decide is our topic.
2 So, that's fixed then.
3 I think w e should keep the blue bullet points.
4 I've put all our slides together.
5 So, let's put Botticelli first, and fo llo w w ith Michelangelo.
6 Make sure all the slides have the same style.

6 Asking for and giving opinions and making suggestions: Write 0 (opinion) or S (suggestion)
next to each of the following phrases.

1 W hat do you think?


2 Let's ...
3 Do you agree?
4 1think...
5 Don't you think ...?
6 W hy don't w e ...
7 How about ...
8 You could ...
9 W hat about ...?
10 1don't think ...

Review 1 27
A IM S : Language related to: work and the workplace • Listening for main ideas • Listening for
detailed information • Distinguishing fact from opinion • Completing notes
• Short-answer questions • Matching information

Part 1: Vocabulary

People at w ork

VJ t i y **

1 The pictures above show people at work. Match each picture with the person’s occupation.
Write the letter.

1 fa rm e r....... 2 police o ffic e r......... 3 businessm an......... 4 d o c to r.......

2 Complete these definitions with one of the occupations in the pictures.

1 A ....................is a person w ho makes money by selling goods or services.


2 A ....................protects the public from criminals.
3 A ....................is a person w ho is qualified in medicine.
4 A person w ho grows food is called a ....................

Extending vocabulary

In the Listening test, the words on the answer sheet may not always be the same as the
ones you hear on the recording. So, it is important to know as many words as possible that
have similar meanings or are connected with the topic of the recording.

3 Complete the word map on the next page with verbs from the list.

; look after defend supply earn take care of guard produce trade deliver ;

28 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 4

W ords th a t go to g eth er

Some w ords change their meaning w hen they are com bined w ith other words, for example,
verbs com bined w ith different prepositions form different phrasal verbs.

4 Complete the table with the appropriate preposition.

Verb Preposition Meaning


1 look fo r search

2 look care for


3 look examine
4 look check
5 look scan

5 Complete the following sentences with the most suitable phrasal verb from the table in
Exercise 4.

1 The class s o m e tim e s .............................. the new spaper for inform ation about their local
tow n.
2 The fam ily called the police to help th e m .............................. their son, w h o was lost.
3 The student asked his tutor t o ..............................his essay for mistakes.
4 W hen they arrived at the hospital, the d o c to r..............................his broken arm.
5 The parents asked the baby-sitter t o ..............................their children w hile they w e nt out.

Work 29
Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Section four


In Section Four of the Listening test you will hear one person talking about an academic
topic of general interest. You may have to com plete a sum m ary or notes or give short
answers to questions.

Exam tip
Before you listen to each part of the lecture in Section Four read the questions
carefully and underline the key words. This w ill give you some information about the
topic in advance and help you focus on the main ideas while you are listening.

A speaker w ill often introduce the topic of a lecture w ith a phrase like:
Today I'm going to talk a b o u t...
M y topic today is ...
M y lecture this evening w ill be a b o u t...
In today's lecture I'll be talking a b o u t...
This week's talk w ill c o v e r...
I'm here to tell you a b o u t...

^ ))) 1 Listen to the follow ing introductions and w rite the topic of each talk.
30
1 ...........................................................
2 working in ........................................................................
3 .....................................................................
4 em ployment opportunities in .........................................................................
5 .....................................................................
6 .........................................................

2 Find tw o words or phrases in the list below th a t have a sim ilar m eaning to each of the
lecture topics in Exercise 1.

in the open air enjoyment em ploym ent associations business outside


\ colleges fulfilm ent universities company occupation clubs work

1 .........................
2 ..............................
3 ............................. .............................
4 .............................. ..............................
5 ............................. .............................
6 ........................ ........................

30 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 4

^))) 3 Listen to the introductions again. They are slightly different this tim e. Com plete the notes
31 about each topic. W rite ONE word only.

±..

v ...... .............. J

Exam tip
W hen you have identified the key w ords / main ideas in the questions, listen carefully
for m ore detailed inform ation. W hile you listen, use any headings on the question
sheet to guide you, and pay close attention to the key words.

In som e questions you w ill have to decide w h eth er the speaker is giving factual inform ation or
expressing their opinion. Speakers may use phrases like I enjoy or I like to show their feelings
or they may use m ore form al expressions to introduce opinions, for example: It seem s to m e;
M y im pression is ...

^))) 4 You will hear an extract from two interviews with people about their work. Complete the
32-33 notes. Write no more than TWO WORDS for each answer.

Alice w orks on (1 )........................ Wei Long w orks as a (9 ).....................................


- grow s (2 )........................ - graduated in (10).....................................
- keeps (3 )........................ , ducks and cow s - am bition - earn living through (11)................
- w o rst part of job - going out in w in te r to - has own (12).....................................
feed (4 )........................
- sells (13).....................................
- likes working outdoors in the (5).....................
- (14)...................looks after the office
- trucks deliver to (6 )................... - likes making own (15)...................
- supplies (7 )...............................w ith milk, - w o uld n't like to w ork in a (16)...................
eggs, cheese
- sells directly to (8)..........................in farm shop
V__________________________________

W ork 3 1
Exam information I Matching information
In the matching questions that follow, the numbered item s appear in the same order
as the information, but the lettered options do not. Read all the options before you
listen to the recording.

5 You will hear Khalidah talking about the patients, doctors and nurses in the Accident and
Emergency Unit. Write a letter a -f next to each group of people. You will not use all the
options.

W hat does Khalidah say about each group o f people?

a see the patients after they have talked to the nurse


b have had accidents in the w ork place
c discover w hat is w rong w ith the patients
d look after patients w ho are out of danger
e arrange for patients to go home in an ambulance
f have had accidents in cars or at home

1 patients ............
2 doctors ............
3 nurses ............

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 4

Section 4

4 ))) Questions 1 - 4
35
You will hear a woman talking to some students about her job. Complete the notes with
words from the recording. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.

Job: (1 )..... for five years


Studied: (2) at university
Interested in (3) side, not theory
Accepted for (4) after graduating

^ ))) Questions 5 - 7
36
Now you will hear the next part of the talk. Answer the question. Choose THREE answers
from a-f.

W hat does the speaker think are the disadvantages o f police w o rk ?


a danger of being attacked
b protecting the public
c not being available for fam ily celebrations
d special training in avoiding trouble
e w orking difficult hours
f w orking w ith the public

5 6 ............ 7

^ ))) Questions 8 - 1 0
37
Listen to the last part of the recording and answer the questions. Write no more than TWO
WORDS.

8 W hat does the speaker think about the financial rewards of police w o rk ? ..........
9 W hat kind of people do the police som etim es have to p ro te c t? ............................
10 W hat does the speaker w ant to be in the fu tu re ? .....................................

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


underline the key w ords in the questions?
think about other w ords w ith the same meaning as the key words?
read all the possible answers before you listened to the recording?
check that you have not used more w ords than you are asked to?

Work 33
On campus services
AIM S: Language related to: university life and facilities • Following directions and identifying locations
• Prepositions • Key word stress • Labelling maps and flow charts • Short-answer questions
• Completing sentences

Part 1: Vocabulary

Campus services

1 ................................... 2

1 The pictures above show buildings on a university campus. Label the buildings with the
words in the box.

halls of residence library medical centre sports centre

2, Now match the buildings with the definitions below. You will not use all the definitions.

1 This is where you go to get f it ....................................


2 You go here when you are sick and need to get a prescription....................................
3 This is where you will find all kinds of reference materials, including journals, films,
com puters and all the information you need for your studies....................................
4 This is where students live on cam pus....................................
5 You go here when you want to listen to m usic....................................

Spelling

W c u tc A O w tf
Some w ords sound the same, but are spelt differently. In the Listening test, you m ust
spell your answers correctly, or you w ill lose points.

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 5

3 Choose the correct spelling to complete the sentences.

1 The lecturer told his students to re a d ...................................the article quickly, ( th r e w /


through / though)
2 ...................................was a long queue of people w aiting at the medical centre to see
the doctor. (T h e ir/T h e y're /T h e re )
3 The university has a number o f .................................... (restuarants/ restaurants/ restaurents)
4 A lot of people enjoy m eeting visitors fr o m ...................................countries, (foriegrt /
foreing / foreign)
5 To get to the library, take the first road on the left and keep w a lk in g ...................................
you get to the end of the road, (u n till/ u n til/ unntil)
6 The tutor's office is on t h e ................................... floor, (tw elvth / tw e fth / twelfth).

Prepositions

Exam information I Labelling plans


In the exam you may have to identify buildings by their location on a plan, and you w ill
need to recognize the prepositions that indicate w here things are.

4 Sometimes there is more than one word to describe the same position, for example: beside,
by, next to. In each group of words, circle the preposition or phrase that does NOT belong to
the group.

1 on top of, into, over, above 4 behind, opposite, in front of, facing
2 next to, far away, nearby, close to 5 beside, next to, between, at the
3 outside, inside, w ithin, into side of

5 Read the description of a university campus and label the buildings on the plan.

The library is in the middle of the campus. It's next to the theatre. There's a shop behind the library,
between the bank and the bookshop. The Student Union building is opposite the theatre, beside the
round building, which is the night club. The Sports Centre is on the other side of the green, facing
the Medical Centre.

A S ports C entre B N ight Club C S tudent Union D Shop E Theatre

Bookshop Bank
__________ / \_______

On campus services 35
Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Sentence completion


In the exam you may have to com plete some sentences. You w ill use the exact
words you hear in the recording, but it is im portant to make sure your answers are
grammatically correct. You w ill lose points if they are not.

Complete the sentences with the correct ending from the box.

■ the corner the right to the lake straight ahead of you opposite Medical Centre

1 Take the lift up to the tw elfth floor and the tutor's office is the third door on

2 To get to the bank, cross the road at the library and turn left a t .......................................
3 Go down the footpath to the main road and the station's rig h t.......................................
4 Turn left at the top of the stairs, go along to the end of the corridor and you'll see the
seminar ro o m .......................................
5 Take the second road on the right, then, first left and you'll find the physics building
next to th e .......................................
6 Go along the main path as far as the canteen, then follow it round to the left until you
g e t.......................................

4 ))) You will hear six short conversations, where one person is explaining to another how to find
38 different places on campus. Before you listen, make a note of some of the expressions you
expect to hear. Complete the sentences as you listen. Pay attention to your spelling and
grammar, and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

1 The Sports Centre is on the other s id e ........................................................


2 The lecture theatre in the Law School is o n ........................................................
3 To reach the Business School, you take the fo o tp a th ........................................................
4 The theatre is ........................................................
5 The nearest bus stop is opposite t h e ........................................................
6 The bank is ...................................................... to the shop.

36 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 5

Exam information I Short-answer questions


In another type of question you may be asked to give short answers to the questions.
You w ill hear the w ords you should use on the recording. You do not need to change
them . But it is very im portant to pay attention to the num ber of w ords you w rite. You
w ill be told how many w ords to use. This is usually no m ore than three w ords and /or a
number. Your answ er w ill be marked incorrect if you use too many words.

4 ))) 3 Listen to Sandra and Tom talking about the facilities on campus and answer the questions.
39 Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS.

1 W hich floor is the library coffee shop o n ? ......................................


2 W hat does Sandra like to do th e re ? ......................................
3 W here is the silent zone?......................................
4 W here does Tom liv e ? ......................................
5 How many people live in Sandra's hou se?......................................
6 W hat does Tom often do near Sandra's h ou se?......................................

Exam tip
In som e questions you may be asked to label a map or a plan. You w ill always hear the
inform ation in the same order as the numbered questions. Before you listen, look at the
plan on the question paper and pay attention to the information you have been given.
This w ill help you to focus on the context and predict w hat you may hear.

^))) 4 Listen to two students talking about the different food outlets on a university campus and
40 label the plan below.

A Fast food hall


B Snack bar
C Mexican restaurant
D College dining room
E Italian restaurant

(3) ....
o v

Bus stop (1) Shops

On campus services 37
Part 3: Exam practice

Section 1

^))) Questions 1 -4
41
You will hear Lily explaining to Chen how to use the library. Label the plan of the library.

A PC Zone
B Library Cafe
C Cookbooks
D Travel
E Silent zone

Ground floor First floor

North door

South

H») Questions 5 -7
42
Listen to the next part of the recording and complete the sentences. Write only TWO WORDS.

5 First look up the title in t h e ..............................................................


6 The class mark is one or tw o letters a n d ..............................................................
7 The shows you where to look for the books.

>8 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 5

^ ))) Questions 8 - 1 0
43
Listen to the last part of the recording and answer the questions. WRITE NO MORE THAN
THREE WORDS.

8 W hat do you need to scan fir s t? .......................................................


9 W hat does the scanner do w hen you scan a b o o k? ..................................................
10 W hat does the system do at the e n d ? .........................................................

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


think about the w ords you expected to hear before you listened?
look carefully at the inform ation you have on the question paper?
listen for key w ords by concentrating on the w ords that are spoken w ith m ore stress?
make sure your answers w ere gram m atically correct w hen you com pleted the sentences?

On camDus services 39
A IM S : Language related to: crime and protection • Listening for key words and synonyms
• Recognizing categories • Word formation • Multiple-choice questions
• Short-answer questions • Completing tables

Part 1: Vocabulary

Crime

The following words are all connected with crime and staying safe. Tick the ones you can
see in the pictures.

break into thief knife gun gang pickpocket

Now write the words in correct columns in the table.

crime knife gun gang dangerous careful


steal rob break into thief attack safe

IMoun Verb Adjective

Words w ith sim ilar meanings

Exam tip
As you are reading through the questions before starting the Listening test, you w ill
be identifying key w ords in order to predict w hat you are going to hear. As you do this,
try to think of synonyms for the key words. Paraphrasing is very com m on in the IELTS
Listening test, so it is very im portant that you practise this skill.

10 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 6

3 Complete the following sentences with words from the box that have the same meaning as
the word in brackets. Make sure your answers are grammatically correct.

; steal safe robber shoplifter gang pickpocket burglar

1 A (thief) broke into the office and (took) a laptop.


2 W hile the friends w ere at the night club, a (thief) took their w allets out of their jackets.
3 A police officer w e n t to the shop to talk to a (thief) w h o was taking the goods out of
the shop w ith o u t paying.
4 A (group) of (thieves) broke into a bank and took £1,000,000 over the weekend.
5 The students w ere advised to keep their passports in a (secure) place w hen they w e n t
on holiday.

Collocations

Some w ords are often used together. For example: do + hom ework, make + cake. In the
exam, it w ill help to know which w ords go together and w hat you expect to hear.

Match the words that are often used together.

take the police


watch out up
call for
lock scene
crime to court

5 Complete the text with phrases from exercise 4. Check that your verb tenses are correct.

W hen the receptionist arrived at Goodmead Primary school on Monday, she found
that som eone had (1 )..........................the office and stolen several laptops, so she
(2 )........................... They came to look at the (3 )...........................straight away and advised
her to make sure she (4 )..........................the office every evening in future. They also
suggested that she should (5 )..........................any strangers nearby. Two days later, the
police called to say that they had caught the thieves and arrested them . They said they
w ould (6 )..........................th e m ...........................in the next fe w days.

^ ))) 6 Listen to the recording and check your answers.


44
Pronunciation

W hen you listen to people speaking, it is som etim es difficult to hear the end of one w ord
and the beginning of the next. This often happens when:
• the first w ord ends w ith the same sound that starts the next word, e.g. take care.
• the second w ord begins w ith a vowel e.g. w atch out.

^))) 7 Listen to this sentence from the recording and underline where the words join together.
45
W hen the receptionist arrived at Goodmead Primary school on Monday, she found that
som eone had broken into the office and stolen several laptops, so she called the police.

Staying safe 41
Part 2: Skills development

Exam tip
W hen you are looking at the key words in the questions before listening, don't forget
to include the question words. These w ill tell you w hat kind of information you need
(e.g. W hat type o f ... = category, class).

i Read the following questions and underline the key words and the question words.

1 W hat is the m ost com m on crime in the UK?


2 W hat tw o form s of theft does the policewoman mention?
3 W hy are people in more danger when they are abroad?
4 W hat should people leave in the hotel on holiday?
5 W hat kind of mobile is popular w ith thieves?

^ ))) 2 Now listen to the recording and answer the questions. Write NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS.
46
1 W hat is the m ost com mon crime in the UK?

2 W hat tw o form s of theft does the policewoman mention?

3 W hy are people in more danger when they are abroad?

4 W hat should people leave in the hotel?

5 W hat kind of mobile is popular w ith thieves?

Exam information I Table completion


In one type of question you may have to com plete a table w ith no more than tw o
w ords or a number. The heading w ill tell you w hat kind of information you need to
focus on. Before you listen, underline the heading of each column in the table.

H») 3 Listen to a talk about emergency phone numbers in different countries and complete the table.
47
UK USA Australia Germany India
999

42 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 6

4 Read the text about staying safe on campus and answer the question. Tick the correct answer.

Security Officer: Our campus is generally a very safe place for


students and staff. Crime is very rare, but w hen it does occur,
it's quite often because som eone has not been careful enough
They may not have locked their door or they m ight have gone
out alone at night.

W hat does the security office r say about crim e on cam pus?
a The campus is always safe,
b Crime does not happen very often,
c Crime never happens w hen people are careful.
V
Now look at the answers. Notice that the difference betw een
the correct answ er and a w rong answ er may depend on one word.

a The campus is always safe. A


The officer says the cam pus is generally a very safe place, not that it is always safe.
b Crime does not happen very often. /
The officer says crim e is very rare.
c Crime never happens w hen people are careful. X
The officer says crim e often happens w hen som eone has not been careful enough. This
does not mean it never happens w hen people are careful.

4 ))) 5 You will hear a talk about staying safe on campus. Choose a, b or c.
48
i W hen can students ask a security officer to walk hom e w ith them ?
a in the evening b after dark c late at night

ii W hat does the security office r say students should do if they w ant to go hom e late at
night and they feel nervous?
a They should ring campus security.c They should go hom e alone,
b They should study in the library.

iii W hat does the security office r say about national and on cam pus em ergency num bers?
a They are both 999. c They are not the same.
b They are both 3333.

iv W hy should students call 3333 in an em ergency on campus?


a 999 does not work. c It is faster,
b It is confusing.

Staying safe 43
Part 3: Exam practice

Section 2

^})) Questions 1 -4
49
You will hear a talk about safety in different regions. Complete the table about crime in two
different holiday destinations. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER.

Region Type of Crime

(3) (4)

^))) Questions 5 -7
50
Listen to the next part of the recording and answer the questions. Write NO MORE THAN
THREE WORDS.

5 W hat are tourists advised not to wear in the street?

6 W here should tourists not go after dark?

7 In some parts of Latin America, w here do thieves often take money from tourists?

^ ))) Questions 8 -1 0
51
Listen to the last part of the recording and choose the correct answer to the questions.

8 W hat did the travel advisor think about India?


a It was dangerous.
b It was organized,
c It was safe.

9 W hy does the speaker recom m end going to India w ith a tour group ?
a because it is more fun
b because it is less risky
c because they don't need cash

44 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unite
10 W hat did the tour guide tell the tourists n o t to do?
a speak their ow n language
b go w ith people they don't know
c be nice and friendly

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


underline the key w ords in the question?
com pare the answers that looked similar in the m ultiple-choice questions?
look at the headings in tables to see w h at kind of inform ation you need?
think about w ords that often go together so you could predict w hat
you expect to hear on the recording?

Staying safe 45
Review 2
1 Word families: Organize the words into columns by category.

/ business studied truck company doctor firm rescue worker supply


farm er graduated deliver shop nurse university police officer

Trade Occupation Education Transport


business

2Complete the sentences with the correct words from the list.
i in for after at on around

1 Ahmed asked his tutor to lo o k .............................. his essay


2 A team of rescue workers w e nt out to lo o k ....................... the lost teenagers.
3 The sales team tra ve ls..............................the world.
4 As a farmer, he enjoys w o rk in g ..............................the land.
5 The nurses in the accident and emergency ward lo o k ...... patients w ho are
n o t..............................danger.

3 Underline the correct spelling of the words.

1 accommodation, accomodation. 6 Wednesday, Wendsday, Wedensday


acommodation 7 Febuary, Febrary, February
2 acident, accident, accidant 8 nesessary, necesary, necessary
3 librery, libary, library 9 relevent, relevant, relavant
4 oposite, opposite, oppisite 10 responsable, responsibal,
5 business, busines, bisness responsible

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Review 2

Com plete the following sentences with the correct prepositions. W rite ONE WORD ONLY in
each space.

1 The green is ...........................the middle of the ca m pus............................ front of the library.


2 Turn le ft .............................. the top of the road that runs from the entrance.
3 The student union building is .............................. the corner of the main road and the
entrance to the campus. It's .............................. the right as you go in.
4 The teaching block is .............................. the end of the road, facing the main entrance.
5 The main lecture theatre is .............................. the ground floor.
6 The library is .............................. the student union b u ild in g ,................................the left just
after the entrance.

Now check your answers in the answer key.

Label the buildings on the plan with inform ation from the sentences in exercise 4.

(3)

Review 2
7

A IM S : Language related to: studying, exams and revision • Comparisons • m ake/do


• Adjectives and adverbs • Following processes • Completing sentences
• Completing flow charts • Short-answer questions

Part 1: Vocabulary

Label the pictures with the words in the box. revision exam hall test text books

Com paratives

Look at these exam ples of com parative sentences:

The population o f China is large. It is larger than the population o f Italy.


M any students think physics is difficult. They say it is m ore difficult than art.
Spelling in Spanish is simple. A t least, it's sim pler than in English.
Some people think playing football is easy. They think it is easier than learning maths.
Exercising in the gym is good for your health, but it's even better to exercise in the fresh air.
Do you know all the different rules to form a comparative?

B
Adjectives Adjectives with Adjectives with two Adjectives with Irregular
with one two or three syllables and ending two syllables and adjectives
syllable syllables in '-le', -'er' -'ow' ending in 'y'
add 'r' or 'er' put 'more' in front add 'er' add 'er' and change change spelling /
of the adjective 'y' to 'i' into another word
large/larger dif-fi-cult/more simple/simpler easy/easier far/further
strong/stronger difficult
bo-ring/more boring

48 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


2 Form the comparative of these adjectives and write them in the correct column in the table below.

1 fast 3 clever 5 well 7 late 9 bad


2 interesting 4 nervous 6 slow 8 healthy 10 good

+Y + 'er' y- + ier more + adjective irregular adjectives


-faster

Now m atch your answers to the rules (A -E) in the table opposite. The first one has been
done for you.

1 fast 4 nervous ............ 7 healthy ........


2 interesting ............ 5 slow ............ 8 bad ........
3 clever ............ 6 late ............ 9 good ........

4 Com plete the paragraph with words from the table in exercise 2. Use each word only once.

Some students think it is (1).................. to study for exams at night, when it is quiet. Others
think it is (2 ).................. to go to bed early and get up early to do their exam revision. A lot of
students enjoy studying (3).................. subjects. Some like to revise at the last minute, but
(4) .................... students need to plan their revision a long tim e in advance. Students w ho are
(5) ......................than average before exams, can go to classes to learn relaxation techniques.

Adjectives and adverbs

k /a ,tc & D u ,t /
Be careful not to confuse adjectives w ith adverbs:
Adjectives tell us more about nouns. They com e before the noun.
Am ira is a confident speaker.
Adverbs tell us more about verbs. They usually com e after the verb.
Am ira spoke confidently about her project on cultural exchanges.
Adverbs can also tell us m ore about adjectives.
Am ira is an exceptionally confident speaker.

5 Choose the correct adjectives or adverbs to complete these sentences.

1 The {intelligently/ intelligent) students answered the exam questions (correct/ correctly).
2 A {w e ll/ good) designed exam tests the students' knowledge (effectively/ effective).
3 The examiner marked the tests as (fa ir/ fairly) and as (quickly/ quick) as possible.
4 The coursework on the programme this year was (unusual/ unusually) (w e ll/ good).
5 The students' projects have been of an (extraordinary/ extraordinarily) (high / highly)
standard.

Studying, exam s and revision


Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Sentence completion


In this type of task, for each question you w ill have to complete a sentence w ith words you
hear on the recording. You m ust make sure that the answers are grammatically correct and
that the spelling is accurate. You will only have to w rite tw o or three words or a number.

1 Look at the following sentences and endings. Choose the endings that are grammatically
correct. In each question more than one answer is possible.

1 Your exam revision w ill be m ore organized at the end o f the year if
a you are planning a revision tim etable.
b you plan when to study each subject,
c your revision is planning,
d you have planned a revision timetable.
2 Some subjects are easier to rem em ber because
a they interesting.
b they're interested,
c they are interesting,
d you're interested in them .
3 If you study all night, because it's quieter,
a you'll be tired in the morning.
b you're sleeping in your classes,
c you m ight fall asleep in your lectures,
d you'll be able to concentrate more.

Exam tip
W hen you are listening to a recording of several people talking, try to make a note of
the names of the speakers w hen you hear them for the first tim e. It m ight help you to
w rite just their initials and w hether they are male or female.
For example: A / f (Amira - female) or D / m ( Dave - male)

^ ))) 2 Listen to this conversation about studying, and match the name of each person to the study
52 technique they prefer.

1 M a rth a ........... 2 C a rl............ 3 Enrique............ 4 J e n n y ............


A highlighting im portant details in photocopies of articles and text books
B making notes in the margin of articles and text books writing notes in an exercise book
C making notes in files on their PC
D using free software to make notes on articles and electronic books

50 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 7

4 ))) 3 Now you will hear a group of students talking about their revision techniques and write the
53 correct endings for each of the sentences. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

1 Lesley prepares for her end-of-year exams by making a ...........................................................


2 Chen says that he can rem em ber historical facts more easily if he creates pictures

3 Indira prefers to study late at night because it is ...............................................


4 Mark likes to get up very early on the day of an exam to do s o m e .......................................

4))) 4 Look at the pictures that show students what to do when they go for an exam. Listen to the
54 recording and complete the instructions. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
Check that your answers are grammatically correct.

Your N am e
. . t Y o ur S u rn am e
depafmten^
i p f e 345 67

1 Leave y o u r............................................................. your bag.


2 The keys for the lockers a re ...............................................................
3 Show your identity c a rd ...............................................................
4 Look for y o u r........................................... on a desk in the hall.

Look at these steps for preparing for an exam and put them in the order you would do them.
There are several possible answers, but some are more practical than others. Don’t check
your answers yet.

A look at past exam papers D rem em ber key facts and arguments
B read all the books on the subject E discuss possible exam topics w ith tutors
C w rite practice exam questions F look at all your lecture notes for the course

H))) 6 Now listen to three students talking about how they prepare for an exam and complete the
55 flow chart with the missing letters from exercise 5.

(1 )............ (2 )............ -------\ (3 )............ (4 )............

Studying, exam s and revision 51


Part 3: Exam practice

Exam tip
If you don't hear the answer to a question and you are unable to answer it, don't
waste tim e worrying about it. Go on and listen for the answer to the next question.
At the end, go back and try to guess the answers that you missed. You m ight be able
to get an extra point or tw o. If you leave them blank, you definitely w o n 't get a point!

Section 3

4 ))) You will hear three students discussing exam techniques with their tutor. Complete the flow
01 chart. Write no more than THREE words.

Questions 1 -4

H ))) Questions 5 - 8
02
Now you will hear the next part of the recording. Complete the sentences. Write no more
than THREE words for each answer.

5 You should read the q u e stio n s ........................................................................ to find out what


the topic is.
6 Sometimes a question is ........................................................................ than it looks.
7 It is a good idea to start by answering the questions y o u ........................................................
8 When all the questions are worth the s a m e ........................................................................
you should check that you spend the right amount of tim e on them.

52 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Questions 9 -1 0

Listen to the last part of the recording and answer the questions. Write no more than THREE
words or a number.

9 W hat should you w rite if you do not have tim e to give a com plete answer to a
q u e s tio n ? ..........................................................................
10 W hat did Barbara get in her last e xa m ? ...........................................................................

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


read all the questions before you listened to the recording?
spell all your answers correctly?
make sure your com pleted sentences w ere gram m atically correct?
keep to the w ord count?

Studying, exams and revision


Shop; ig i
B ) d i ^ i l l f i l l l flfk
eggjlP

A IM S : Language related to shopping and spending habits • Predicting keywords • Identifying


opinions • Recognizing words that go together (collocations) • Completing notes
• Matching information • Answering short-answer questions

Part 1: Vocabulary

Shopping options

1 Look at the pictures and match them with the sentences below.

a There are supermarkets in m ost big cities across the w o rld .............
b People w ho live in small tow ns often buy their food at the m arket.............
c In the countryside, people often get their groceries in village shops.............
d Departm ent stores sell clothes, furniture and household goods.............

2 Complete the sentences with the expressions from the box.

designer brands shop assistant custom er services


shopping malls market stalls self-service

1 Ingrid complained t o .......................................... about her new boots because the zip was
broken.
2 A lot of teenagers like expensive.......................................... more than cheap clothes.
3 One advantage o f .......................................... is that you can choose your own food from
the shelves.
4 Many young people in big cities go t o .......................................... to meet their friends.
5 Farmers often sell their fruit and vegetables fro m ............................................
6 T h e .......................................... helped the custom er to find aT shirt in the colour they
wanted.

54 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


U n its

4))) 3 Listen to the following sentences and underline the stressed words.
04
1 I bought this shirt in a sale.
2 M y brother thinks online shopping is much quicker than going to the shops.
3 The good thing about shopping in a departm ent store is that you can get everything in
one place.
4 The last tim e I took som ething back to a shop, the custom er services manager w asn't
there.
5 I lost my credit card the other day. I was really w orried som eone else would use it.
6 Have you ever bought a train ticket w ith a student discount? It's so much cheaper.

Collocations

Some verbs go with certain nouns to form com mon expressions. For exam ple: make + a phone call

4 Match the verbs with the nouns to form expressions about shopping.

1 go a the shopping
2 ask for b a shopping list
3 make c the superm arket
4 do d shopping
5 go to e a refund

^))) 5 Now listen to a recording of an interview in a survey of shopping habits. Miriam is talking about
05 who does the shopping in her family. Complete the notes with the expressions from Exercise 1.

* F o u r p e o p l e I ia , t h e f a m i l w - o ^ I w t w o ( - 0 ............................................................................................................
*-------------- t ?— * — ------------------ ----------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

• M o t k i f i n . b k i . y s . i h i f o . o p t . M a t e s a 1 ^ ) ................................................................................................ f i r s t .

[ _ ........< ^ o e s t o ( 3 ) ........................................................................................................................................................................_ ......... ................ ............. ........................ ...............................

• M i r i a m . ( 4 ) ____________________________ ____________ ______________ _______________ m o s t . . - S o m e t i m e s h m ^ s . . c l o t h e s s h e .

d o e s n ' t l i k e . T a k e s t h e m , b a c 'r z a n d w s t e s f o r ^ 5 ) .............................................................................................................

Shopping and spending 55


Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Note completion


In this type of task, you w ill have to com plete notes w ith words you hear on the
recording. You w ill only have to w rite tw o or three words or a number. Listen carefully for
words that tell you about the structure of the talk, for example, first, next, now, finally.

1 Look at these lists and circle any words that indicate the order of ideas in a talk. The first
has been done for you.

1 in as though before however first


2 over then through next such near
3 secondly there so because finally nevertheless
4 consequently after for but therefore thirdly
5 lastly that prior to since also never

2a The following notes are from a talk about shopping habits in different countries. Fill in the
gaps with words you expect to hear.

I W ho does the shopping?________ _____ _______ ______.....__ _________

- i^-tkie UJsLJjJ.............
* .. .................
.. %t fflflrt
T b.ouaht
^ hiA.w.omiM*...................... .

Ii/t. r.nu\A.tri.(,c. (p) ____________ A/..e.s„ r}.n r*mr.pyu......... c.kcTi-pii/U?.. ..........


L Cj II

| - hfablts c-V\av^alma - 14.S ( 3 ) ................................% o f vxtv^ shop fg r fopd. ....

1Where do people shop?

L=.Iku cities..iA-)—____...__ _____ __ __ ______

1 - Iia. r.nuw.trbj \^>) .............................. av\A (£*) ........ ........ ....... ...........................................

1») 2b Now listen to the recording and check your answers.


06

Exam information I Multiple-choice questions


Before you answer multiple-choice questions, check that you know how many correct
answers there are. In som e cases, you have to choose one correct answer out of
three possible options. In other questions you can choose tw o correct answers out of
five options or three correct answers out of seven options.

56 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 8

4 ))) 3 You will hear a lecture about shopping habits. Choose THREE statements that are correct.
07 Before you listen, m ake a note of what you th in k the answers might be.

W hat did the survey find o u t about wom en?

a They like to shop in large departm ent stores,


b They go to the superm arket after midnight,
c They always make a shopping list,
d They tend to buy inexpensive shoes,
e They save m oney by buying special offers,
f They like expensive boutiques,
g They go shopping in specialist shops.

1
2
3

Exam Information I Short-answer questions


In another type of question you w ill have to give a short answer. Your answ er does
not have to be a com plete sentence and you m ust not w rite m ore w ords that you are
asked for. This is usually no more than TWO or THREE words. You w ill hear the exact
w ords you have to w rite on the recording.

The instructions for this task tell you to write no more than THREE words. Look at these questions
and their incorrect answers. Decide why the answers are incorrect and match the reasons.

a too many w ords d incorrect spelling


b not enough answers e too many answers
c m isunderstood the question word f m isunderstood the question

Question Answer

1 W here do young people in the city like to m eet at the shopping mall
their friends?

2 W hat three things do m ost teenagers like to music, clothes, cinema, computers
spend their m oney on?

3 How much does it cost to go to the cinema? It is enjoyable,

4 W hat is the m ost expensive thing you have a m obbile phone


bought?

5 W hen do you go shopping? to the superm arket

6 Name tw o places w here you can buy food. m arket stall

Shopping and spending 57


hi

Part 3: Exam practice

Exam tip
You will find clues about the topic of the talk in the instructions and the questions. Before
you listen, read them carefully and think about the vocabulary you expect to hear.

Section 4

^ ))) Questions 1 -4
08
You will hear the introduction to a lecture about consumer habits. Complete the notes with
NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR NUMBERS.

;
.^e./Ai^CA
r
m.n/'MJ
^.... O...................
_______ _____________________

i PoljAt 1 __ __ - ....... -.............. - ..... - -..-__ ___ _____________ _—

l - t hm; a groups: ___ ___________

• youiA,g people,

• families.,

• ( i ) ..........................................

I Poln-t 2
1
j - m.ale a^d fem ale ( 2 ) ................................................
’ ~1
j Three age groups are

! • youiA,^ people ac^ed (3 ) ................................................


• Fai^tllles aaed from. 3 0 -5 5

• M ature adults (4 ) ................................................


1

58 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 8

4 ))) Questions 5 - 7
09
Now you will hear the next part of the recording and answer the question. Select THREE
correct options from the list (a-g).

W hat do families spend their m oney on?

a furniture and household goods


b clothes, m usic and entertainm ent
c cars and outings
d electronic equipm ent
e gardening tools
f food, toys and outings
g cars and travelling

5 ............
6 .........
7 ...........

4 ))) Questions 8 - 1 0
10
Now you will hear the last part of the recording. Answer the questions. Write NO MORE
THAN THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER for eating in restaurants.

8 W hat do men spend tw ice as much as w om en on?

9 W hat do w om en spend m ost on?

10 W hich group spends m ost on eating in restaurants?

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


read the questions and think about the topic before you listened to the recording?
check all the options before you answered the matching question?
w rite the exact w ords you heard on the recording?

Shopping and spending 59


A IM S : Language related to: interests, hobbies, art, sport, online games, music, collections
• Identifying detailed information • Classifying vocabulary • Completing forms and tables
• Multiple-choice questions

Part 1: Vocabulary

la Look at the pictures. Copy and complete the table with the numbers of the pictures and the
names of the activities.

Hobby Interest Sports

lb Now read the definitions below and check your answers.

Vocabulary note

A hobby is an activity you do for pleasure in your spare tim e. It often involves doing
som ething w ith your hands or collecting som ething, for example, painting and collecting
stamps are hobbies.
A sport is a game that involves physical activity.
An interest is something you enjoy doing. It may be a hobby, or a sport, but not always. For
example, going to the cinema is an interest, but it is not a hobby or a sport.

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 9

Exam tip
Knowing that a w ord belongs to a group of w ords w ill make it easier for you to predict
w hat you are going to hear in the recording. For example, if you know that stam p
collecting is a hobby, you w ill be ready to listen for other w ords connected w ith hobbies.

Put the following words in the correct column. Remember, hobbies and sports are interests,
but not all interests are hobbies or sports.

playing chess gardening travelling listening to m usic football


going to art galleries running cooking sw im m ing

Hobbies Interests Sports


c o lle c tin g qclwz. to the c w c lln g

^j)) 3 You will hear some people talking about what they are planning to do in their free time.
11 Write the activity next to the speaker in each conversation. Check that your spelling is
correct. Use only one word for each answer.

Conversation A Conversation C
Speaker 1 : ..................................... Speaker 1 : .....................................
Speaker 2 : ..................................... Speaker 2 : .....................................

Conversat on B Conversation D
Speaker 1 ..................................... Speaker 1 : ........
Speaker 2 ..................................... Speaker 2 : ........

0 < * t/
Spelling is im portant in the listening test. Rem em ber that som e w ords sound the
same, but are w ritte n differently, fo r example to, too and two. W hen you hear these
words, you w ill have to think about w hich one is gram m atically possible.

Complete these sentences with the correct spelling, to, too or two.

1 Michael w a n ts ................... go travelling in the vacation.


2 Jerem y h a s ............................................much w ork to do.
3 Annie h a s .................sisters in Germany.
4 Edward i s .................lazy to study for his exams.
5 Elizabeth w ould like to g o .................Paris for the summer.
6 Faizal is pla n n in g .................vacations this year.

Hobbies, interests and sports 61


Part 2: Skills development
1

Exam tip
Some words can be confused because tw o letters may sound similar, for example: p and
b, I and r. If you find these tricky, make sure you get plenty of practice before the exam.

^ ))) Listen to the recording and circle the word you hear. You will hear the words twice.
12
1 fly / f r y 6 p la y / pray
2 play / pray 7 lead /re a d
3 le a d / read 8 fly/fry
4 blade / played 9 blade / played
5 collect / correct 10 collect / correct

4 ))) 2 Now you will hear a conversation between two people discussing their hobbies. Circle the
13 words you hear.

1 flying / frying / fly in 3 leading / reading / lead in


2 play / played / blade

Exam information I Table completion


In this type of task, you w ill have to com plete a table w ith information from the
recording. Before you listen, read the headings of the columns in the table to see w hat
kind of information you need to listen for. Remember to keep to the word count.

This table shows how one person keeps a record of the stamps in their collection. Look at
the headings in the table and make a note of what kind of information is required in each
column, e.g. a number, a name, a date.

Value Picture Year Origin

(1) colour, im aae (3) (4)

^ ))) 4 You are going to hear a boy talking to a friend about his stamp collection. Listen and
14 complete the table about the stamps. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER.

Value Picture Year Origin


32 c e n ts c a rd in a l h o n e y e a te r
( 1 ) ................ (2 ) ................

25 c e n ts p a rro t
(3)................. (4).................

62 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Exam information I Completing forms
In this type of question you w ill often need to listen for num bers and letters. These
m ight be part of an address, name, age or phone number. Before you listen, read the
form carefully. It w ill give you a lot of clues about the topic of the recording and the
kind of inform ation you w ill need.

Before you hear a student applying to join a mountain climbing club, read the list of
questions below and make a note of the kind of information you need.

Question Type of information


t Are you over 18? age
2 Where do you live?
3 What's your family name?
4 Do you have a number where I can contact you?

5 Do you have any health problems?


6 Do you have any climbing experience?

Now you will hear a young man talking to the administrator of a climbing club. Complete his
application form.

M ountain High Climbing Club

Membership Application form

Name: (1)
Age: (2 )......
Address: (3) H ig h b u ry Square, LONDON, W1
Telephone number: 07209 (4 )................................................
Health problem s: No
Previous experience: (circle one) (5) none / som e / extensive

Hobbies, interests and sports


Part 3: Exam practice

Section 1

4 ))) Questions 1 -4
16
You will hear two students talking about university clubs and societies. Complete the table.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER.

Club Membership fee Number of members


(1)....................................... £20 60
cross country cycling £15 (2)............
film and drama £50 (3)............
(4)....................................... £5 80

^))) Questions 5 -7
17
Now you will hear the next part of the recording. Choose THREE letters a-g.

Which THREE activities does Victoria enjoy?

a contemporary dance
b yoga
c film and drama
d cycling
e photography
f running
g jazz and tap dancing

5
6
7

64 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 9

*») Questions 8 -1 0
18
Listen to the last part of the recording and complete the form. Write no more than TWO
words or a number.

Club Membership Application form

(tick relevant clubs)


athletics pilates
baseball running
basketball sailing
chess snooker
contem porary dance street dance
cycling sw im m ing
kick boxing table tennis
parachuting yoga
photography

Name: (8) Victoria..................................................


Age: 19
Address: (9) 57, ........................................................ , Atherton Park, MANCHESTER, M46
Contact num ber: (10) ..........................................................
Email: victoriainatherton@england.com

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


check that you gave the right num ber of answers?
revise the pronunciation of the letters of the alphabet?
think about the spelling of w ords that sound the same?

Hobbies, interests and sports 65


Review 3

Complete the sentences with the correct comparatives from the brackets.

1 Revising for exams was (easy)..............................than Carl expected.


2 The students thought the seminar would last (long)..............................than an hour.
3 The final examination was the (tough).............................. of all.
4 Mathematics was the (bad)..............................of Tom's exams.
5 The tutor noticed that his students studied (w e ll)..............................in the afternoon.
6 Michael got the (good)..............................mark in the class for his coursework.

Change the following adjectives into comparisons.

1 slow slower 6 healthy


2 pretty 7 near
3 clever 8 hard
4 good 9 early
5 difficult 10 boring

Complete the table below with words from the box that have similar meanings.

sale price store bargain style items supermarket


articles deal design produce reduction market

Shop Discount Fashion Goods


s>alt priae

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Review 3

4 Listen and answer with as many words as you feel are necessary. Then look at the
corresponding audio script on page 1 0 9 and reduce your answers to two words. Underline
the words you choose. Check them in the answer key.
*» )
19 1 W ho did the speaker think w ould spend m ost on electronic equipm ent?

2 W hat do young men spend m ore o n ? .................................................


3 W hat are people betw een 30 and 55 buying their household equipm ent for?

5 Read these instructions and underline the key words.

1 You are going to hear tw o people talking about w here they are going on holiday.
Listen and com plete the sentences. W rite NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR A
NUMBER.
2 Listen to this recording of a student asking about how to join a club. Com plete the
form . W rite NO M O R ETH AN TW O WORDS in each space.
3 Listen to the recording of tw o students talking about their hobbies. Com plete the
notes. W rite NO M ORETHAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER.
4 You are going to hear a wom an talking to a friend about her weekend. Listen and match
the wom an's opinion w ith the different activities.
5 You are going to hear tw o people discussing their favourite film . Listen and choose the
correct answ er from the list (A-C).

6 What kind of information would you expect to hear in the recordings in exercise 5? Complete
the table with words from the following groups. You can use each word more than once. The
first one has been done for you.

com parisons stories ages prices w eather names phone num bers \
seasons addresses m onths activities days transport types of film
tim es dates countries cities hotels hobbies actors sports

1 2 3 4 5

dates
prices
weather
seasons
times
months
activities
transport
countries
cities
hotels

Review 3 67
A IM S : Language related to: time management and studying, deadlines, coursework, projects
• Paraphrasing and synonyms • Using grammatical clues to complete sentences
• Capital letters • Completing notes and sentences • Labelling diagrams

Part 1: Vocabulary

In this unit we will look at work-life balance. This is the way we use and manage our time,
when we are working or studying. Which of the words below do you relate with the photos?
There are more words than pictures.

career relaxation stress factory employer deadline study

1 2 ............................. 3 ............................. 4

Words th a t have similar meanings

Circle the words in each list that do not have a similar meaning to the others.

1 career job hobby profession occupation


2 relaxation leisure rest holidays work
3 stress worry difficulty pressure com fort
4 factory beach office shop workshop
5 employer boss owner worker manager
6 deadline limit goal target start

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 10

Noun or verb?

3 Some of the words in exercise 2 are nouns and some are nouns and verbs. Copy and complete
the table with the words from lists A, B and C. Use a dictionary to check your answers.

Noun Noun and verb


career

4 Although the words in exercise 3 have similar meanings, they are not exactly the same.
Complete the following sentences with the best word from the table.

1 M argaret decided to apply for a n e w ..............................to earn m ore money.


2 The college gave the teachers lo n g e r.............................so they could spend m ore tim e
w ith their families.
3 W hen they are studying for exams, s tu d e n ts ..............................that they w ill not be able
to rem em ber all the im portant facts.
4 The college organized a day off for t h e ..............................staff.
5 T h e ..............................of the factory invested in a new building for storing supplies.
6 Students are expected to m eet t h e ..............................for handing in their work.

Spelling

O u t/
Capital letters are part of spelling. You w ill lose marks in the exam if you do not use
capital letters correctly. You should use capitals for:
• the names of countries, to w n s and cities
• the names of nationalities, religions and languages
• m onths and days of the w eek
• the names of institutions and organizations

5 Write the following sentences with the correct punctuation in your notebook.

1 new york is not the Capital of the united states of America.


2 in the uk, children w ho are born in july usually start school in September, just after they
are five
3 oxford university is one of the m ost famous in the World.
4 in som e countries, m ost companies close on sundays, but in others they close on
fridays or saturdays
5 the official language of greece is greek

Work-life balance 69
Part 2: Skills development

Exam information I Sentence completion


In this type of task, you w ill have to com plete sentences w ith words you hear on the
recording. Your answers m ust be grammatically correct and you m ust keep to the
word count. Look for clues to the answers in the sentences you have to complete.
For example, if the word before the gap is an, you should listen carefully for words
beginning w ith a vowel (a, e, i, o, u).

The final s

W hile you are listening to the recording, rem em ber to listen for the final s in verbs,
possessives and plural nouns.

• Make sure that the subject of the sentence (a noun) matches the verb. For example,
in the present simple tense, singular nouns (e.g. the names of people, places, groups,
objects) m ust be followed by a verb w ith a final s.

• Also rem em ber that the final s in a plural word may be pronounced together w ith first
part of the next word, and be difficult to hear. So you w ill also need to listen closely to
the endings of the verbs.

• The final s is also used at the end of a word to show that som ething belongs to
someone. For example: M y sister's children stay w ith me during the holidays, (one
sister) M y sisters! children stay w ith me during the holidays, (more than one sister)

^ ))) 3. Listen to the recording and look at the answers to thissentence completion question. Which
20 answer is correct?

T h e ir............................. at the beginning of July.

/ Their holiday starts_at the beginning o f July, (singular)


ii Their holidays start at the beginning o f July, (plural)

We know (i) is singular because the verb 's ta rts ' ends w ith an 's'a nd w e know (ii) is plural
because the verb ‘s ta rt doesn't end w ith an 's'.

70 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 10

4))) 2 Now you will hear a lecturer giving some students advice on how to balance their studies
21 and their free time. Select the correct completed sentences.

/ a So you'll have to do a lo t m ore things for yourself, like buying your own food,
washing your clothes and managing your ow n m oney
b So you'll have to do lots m ore things for yourself, like buying your ow n food,
washing your clothes and managing your ow n m oney

ii a A t university you w o n 't have as many hours o f class.


b A t university you w o n 't have as many hours o f classes.

Hi a Actually, your university m ight even have a system for alerting you on your mobile
w hen your lecture is.
b Actually, your university m ight even have a system for alerting you on your mobile
w hen your lectures are.

iv a One thing I w ill say, though, is that at the end of the year,after your exam, you can
really relax.
b One thing I w ill say, though, is that at the end of the year, after your exams, you
can really relax.

Exam tip
If you don't know the meaning of a word, don't worry. Focus on the w ords around
it. They w ill give you an idea of the topic and the situation and w ill help you decide
w h e th e r it is a key word. If it is im portant, try to guess the meaning from the
situation. If it isn't, don't w aste any tim e.

*») 3 You are going to hear a recording of a new employee describing the problems she has with
22 time management. Listen and complete the sentences with words from the text. Write no
more than THREE WORDS or a NUMBER.

1 In her previous job, the speaker worked fr o m .................. to

2 In her new job, em ployees are allowed to


..................................... the office betw een 8.00 and 10.00 in
the morning.
3 If the em ployees..................................... a lunch break they
can go home between 3.00 and 5.00 pm.
4 ..................................... she goes to the gym in the morning.
5 The c h ild re n ..................................... of school at 4.00.

Work-life balance 71
Exam tip
In this type of question, the inform ation on the recording w ill be given in the same order
as it is presented on the diagram, but may not be in the same words. Before you listen,
read the answers and think about other words or expressions you m ight hear on the
recording.

4 You will hear a market researcher describing how he plans a project. Before you listen, look
at the possible labels for the diagram (A-G) and choose alternative expressions from the
list (1 -7 ).

Labels Alternative expressions


A deadline 1 part
B tasks 2 step in a process
C finishing line 3 final date for completion
D section 4 end of a race
E start date 5 im portant achievements
F m ilestones 6 beginning
G phase 7 activities

fe Now listen to the market researcher describing how he plans a project. Label the diagram
below. Choose FIVE answers from the box and write the correct letters A-G next to the
questions.

A Deadline
B Tasks
C Finishing line
D Section
E Start date
F M ilestones
G Completion of phase 1

( 1 ) ........... ( 2 ) ............. ( 3 ) ............. ( 4 ) ............. ( 5 ) .............

Team m e e tin g 23/01 15/02 18/03 2 5 /0 4 3 0 /0 6 15/08 15/09

D ra ft q u e s tio n n a ire

C h e ck q u e s tio n n a ire

C o m p le te s u rv e y

E n te r data on d a ta b a se

P hase 1

W rite re p o rt

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 10

Part 3: Exam practice

4 ))) Questions 1 - 5
24
You will hear a human resource manager talking about her company’s work-life balance
policy. Complete the sentences. Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS OR A NUMBER.

1 The company is concerned about the physical.....................................health of the workers.


2 It aims to give em ployees a chance to create a balance betw een their w ork and
lives.
3 Some parents need to w o rk .....................................hours so they can look after their children.
4 A lot of parents w ork part tim e and others w o r k ......................................
5 W om en w h o have had a baby can ta k e .....................................off w ork before they com e
back to the office.

4))) Questions 6 - 8
25
Listen to the next part of the recording and label the pie chart. Write NO MORE THAN THREE
WORDS OR A NUMBER.

H))) Questions 9 - 1 0
26
Listen to the last part of the recording and complete the notes. Write NO MORE THAN
THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER.

Sally has (9 ).................... Leaves them at nursery before 8.00 a.m.


Collects them from (10) ................... house in the afternoon. Finishes
her w ork at home.

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


listen for the final s in verbs, plural nouns and possessives?
check that your answers w ere gram m atically accurate?
use capital letters correctly?

Work-life balance 73
A IM S : Language related to: cultures across the world, language, food, dress, housing
• Recognizing contrasts • Identifying categories • Collocations with make • Matching
sentences • Short-answer questions • Multiple-choice questions

Part 1: Vocabulary
Cultures across the world

1 Use the pictures above and the clues to complete the word puzzle.

Across: Down:

3 This little girl is wearing her 1 This is an example o f........


costume. writing.
4 In villages in Africa and South America, many 2 This is the national dish of
people live in ..............................like these.

2 Complete the word maps on the opposite page with words from the box below.

scarf vegetarian spicy pronunciation silk brick block of flats alphabet

74 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 11

( 1) (2)

Speaking Writing

Communication

Listening for key words

^ ))) 3 You will hear four conversations between students discussing their projects on world
27 cultures. Circle the topic of each conversation from the key words in the word m ap.

A language, dress, housing, diet C clothes, festivals, homes, com m unication


B costum e, housing, culture, literature D com m unication, food, costum e, art

H))) 4 Listen again and write, in your notebook, any words from the word maps that are mentioned.
27
5 The verbs m ake, have and do are often confused. Circle the correct verb.

1 Every year in April w e {m a ke/ have/ do) a W ater Festival.


2 Recently, our country has {m ade/ h a d / done) progress in improving education.
3 In som e places tourism has (m a d e / h a d / done) a lot of damage to the environm ent.
4 Global w arm ing has (made / h a d / done) a negative effect on many rare animals.
5 In the spring, w e (m a ke /h a ve / do) a lot of w ork in the garden.
6 W hen people get married, they (make / have / do) a big party to celebrate.

Comparing cultures 75
Part 2: Skills development

Listening for comparisons and contrasts

Compare means to look at things to see how they are similar and how they are different.
Contrast means to look at things to see how they are different.

^ ))) 1 You will hear a conversation between a tutor and a student about a project on how much
28 people talk in public in different countries. Underline the comparing and contrasting words
that you hear in the conversation.

the same as different from more [adjective] than much more [adjective]
in comparison w ith [a d je ctive ].......er than like

We often use other words with comparisons to emphazise or limit any similarity.

For example:The pronunciation of Spanish in South America is not exactly the same as
the pronunciation of Spanish in Spain.
This means that the pronunciation of Spanish in South America is similar in some wavs
to the pronunciation of Spanish in Spain, but not in others.

2 Copy and complete the table with the words in the box. The first one has been done for you.

I ve ty a bit extremely incredibly quite not a little exactly rather

To emphazise similarity To limit similarity


verw
a

We also use words like and, as well as, too to show that things are similar, for example:

Rice is popular in India as well as in China.


Rice is popular in India and in China, to o .

We use words like but, except, a p a rt from to show that things are different, for example:

M ost houses in the UK are made of brick, but blocks of flats are made of concrete.
Many homes in the UK are made of brick, except / apart from blocks of flats, which are
made of concrete.

Exam Information I Multiple-choice - matching information


In this type of question you w ill have to match information in the recording w ith
different speakers. You have to choose from several options, but you w ill not hear
them in the same order as they appear on the question sheet. Make sure you read all
the options before you listen to the recording.

76 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 11

^))) 3 You will hear three people discussing eating habits in their home countries. Choose THREE
29 letters (a-g). Listen carefully for the relevant part of the conversation.

M atch the country w here they eat this food for lunch.
a potatoes d noodle soup g chicken
b cereal toast andeggs e rice and vegetables
c bread w ith lentils f a sandwich

1 in the UK ...... 2 in India ............. 3 inChina .............

Exam tip
In this type of m ultiple-choice question, try turning the first half of the sentence, or
sentence stem , into a question. It m ight help you find the right answer.

4 Turn these sentence stems into questions.

1 In traditional Indian fam ilies the bride and groom m eet for the first tim e a t ...

2 In India the father of the bride used to ...

3 Recently it has becom e very popular for Indian fam ilies to ...

4 A fter they are married the couple live ...

^))) 5 Listen to two students comparing marriage customs in their countries and choose a, b or c.
30
/ Intraditional Indian families the bride and groom used to m e e t for the first tim e at the
a marriage. b girl's home. c boy's home.

ii In India, the father o f the bride used to give the


a bride a gift. b groom some money. c groom's family agift.

Hi Recently it has becom e popular for Indian families to


a use w ebsites to find marriage partners for their children,
b ask their children to get married online,
c send their children abroad to find a partner.

iv These days, in India, m ore and m ore m arried couples live


a w ith the girl's family,
b on their own.
c w ith the groom 's family.

Comparing cultures 77
Part 3: Exam practice

Exam tip
Listen to the introduction to each recording. It w ill give you an idea of w hat the
conversation w ill be about. You w ill have tim e at the beginning of the test, and
between each recording, to read the questions and think about possible answers.

Section 3

4))) Questions 1-2


31
You will hear two students discussing a project on international festivals with their tutor.
Complete the sentences with the correct answer from the list.

1 The students are planning to study


a different types of celebration,
b how the festivals started.
c people's attitudes to festivals.

2 The students have already discovered


a the seasons in different countries.
b how the Carnival is linked to different tim es of the year,
c similarities between countries that are far away from each other.

^))) Questions 3 -5
32
Now you will hear the next part of the recording. Choose THREE letters (a-g).

W hat do the students say about the changes in the Carnival since it started?

a It has turned into a church celebration,


b It celebrates the end of winter,
c It is only celebrated in Europe,
d It is celebrated in many different regions,
e It takes place during the rainy season,
f It is not connected w ith the seasons,
g It is celebrated when the weather is very hot.

3 w hat ............
4 where ............
5 when ............

78 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 11
4))) Questions 6-10
33
Listen to the next part of the recording and answer the questions. Write no more than
THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER.

6 W hat else are the students going to research?

7 How many countries do they know of w here festivals involve water?

8 W hat three meanings can w a ter have?

9 W hat do w ater festivals celebrate?

10 H ow are the Carnival and the seasons linked?

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


turn the first half of the sentences into questions?
listen for phrases that compare and contrast?
listen to the introductions to the recordings?

Comparing cultures 79
I

A IM S : Language related to: words about ocean life, natural resources, minerals, exploration,
statistics • Predicting answers from context • Identifying key words • Recognizing steps
in a process • Understanding statistics • Completing diagrams and flow charts
• Completing notes

Part 1: Vocabulary

1 Each picture shows a different way of using the ocean. Copy and complete the table with the
following words and phrases. Some can go into more than one column.

oil rig natural gas traw ler mineral resource off-shore drilling fish farm
underwater turbine wave power gas pipeline energy fuel net

Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3 Picture 4


o il r ia

Match the phrases with the definitions.

1 off-shore drilling a a large structure for drilling for oil from the sea bed
2 wave power b a material that is burned to produce power
3 mineral c a type of fishing boat
4 fuel d a natural material
5 trawler e energy generated from the movement of the sea
6 rig fa method of extracting oil from the sea bed

k /a ,tc & D « ,t /
Remember, spelling is im portant in the Listening test. Listen carefully even when you
think you know the words. Their spelling may depend on their meaning in the recording.

80 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 12
3 Circle the correct spellings in the following sentences.

1 Oil is a non-renewable sauce / source of power.


2 Fishing boats often spend many m onths at s e e /s e a .
3 The m elting ice-caps have affected / effected the level of the oceans.
4 Are / Our knowledge of the deepest parts of the ocean is increasing.
5 Wave pow er is generated w hen waves b re a k/ brake on the shore.
6 Ocean currants / currents control the w eather across the globe.

Trends and statistics

S tatistics are the numbers which record facts (like the number of births and deaths in a
year) and words that describe these numbers in relation to the whole group.

113 fishing boats were lost at sea last year.


20% o f the fish population is currently at risk o f disappearing.
The m ajority o f our electricity could be generated by wave power.

Trends describe pattern s o f change in social behaviour or environmental conditions over a


period of time and may tell us how much they have changed.

Since 2009, interest in wave p o w e r has increased significantly.


There has been a dram atic rise in fish farming over the last ten years
During this century there has been an upw ard trend in global temperatures.

4 Do the following graphs show trends or statistics? Match the statements with the charts.

1 The num ber of destructive storm s has increased significantly in the last ten years.
2 There has been a gradual rise in the tem perature across the globe recently.
3 The polar bear population has fallen dramatically since 2010.
4 The frequency of volcanic eruptions has remained stable over the past century.

5 The following expressions are used to describe s ta tistics and trends. Copy and complete the
table, and say whether they are nouns, verbs, adjectives or adverbs. The first one has been
done for you.

rise average gradual per cent m ore than fall m ajority


increase decrease m inority remain stable less than dow nw ard fraction
upward num ber slight tendency am ount significant dramatic

Statistics Trends

rise (lA^iA/verb)

Exploring the oceans 81


Part 2: Skills development

Exam tip
When you do not know the meaning of a word, try to guess by listening for:

• the structure of the word: Is it a noun (e.g. ending in: -ion, -ship, -m ent, -er, - ist) or
an adjective (e.g., ending in: -able, -ful, -ive) or a verb (past or present tense)?
• the w ords that come before and after, e.g. an article, an adjective, etc.
• the context or meaning of the w ords that surround the word.
• words that sound similar, e.g. horticulture sounds a little like agriculture and
m ight make you think about grow ing or farming.

Look at this example. Guess the meaning of the underlined words and write them in your
notebook. Then check your answers.

The bathysphere allowed scientists to explore deeper areas o f the ocean bed.

w e \znowthat 'bfttl'iws-phere' Is a \noun because It has ‘the’ im, front of i t and is followed
on a 'verb', w e aan c*uess that it is a -piece ^ e q u b /n e ^ t because it helved scientists tr
stud:./ t 'At sea bed and we can guess that It Is 10A/>tr m use bec.aus 'allowed'
in the vast tense.

1 New submarine technologies are opening up the sea bed for exploration.
2 Fixed oil rigs can only be built in shallow w ater because they rest on the sea bed.
3 Aquaculture has developed significantly over the last 50 years, and now provides 40%
of the world's fish.
4 A historic descent to the ocean floor has revealed the existence of mysterious marine
creatures that look like huge prawns.

Now put the underlined into the correct column according to their use in these examples.

Noun Adjective Verb

¥■ ::

Exam information I Labelling diagrams


W hen you are asked to label a visual, such as a diagram, map or a set of pictures,
or com plete a flo w chart, you may have to select the correct answers from a list of
options, or you may have to select w ords from the recording and keep to a specified
word limit.

82 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 12
4))) 3 Listen to the talk about the structure of an offshore oil rig and label the diagram.
34

4))) 4 You will hear an engineer talking about using the sea to generate electricity. Complete the
35 values for the capacity in megawatts in the years below (1 -4 ). Then plot the points on the
graph and draw the trend line.

1 2008 ........ 2 2009 ........ 3 2012 ........ 4 2014 .....

Exploring the oceans 83


Part 3: Exam practice
i

Exam information I Labelling diagrams


In this type of exercise, you w ill hear the inform ation on the recording in the same
order as the numbers on the answer sheet. Before you listen, look at the diagram
and notice the position of the numbers. Underline any inform ation you have about the
diagram, including the parts that are already labelled.

Section 4

^ ))) Questions 1 -4

You will hear a recording of a lecture on deep sea exploration. Listen to the first part of the
lecture and complete the time line using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS AND/OR NUMBERS
FROM THE RECORDING.
Diving Bell Diving Bell Bathyscaphe Trieste Cameron
invented descended to invented descended to descended to
( 1 ) ........................ 10,000 metres ( 4 ) ..............................

1920s 1934 2012

Questions 5 - 8

Now you will hear the next part of the


lecture. Label the diagram of the
Deep Sea Challenger. WRITE NO (8 )
MORE THAN THREE WORDS.

chamber

84 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 12
4 ))) Questions 9 - 1 0
38
Now listen to the final part of the lecture and complete the notes. WRITE NO MORE THAN
THREE WORDS OR A NUMBER.

Justifications for deep sea research:

_______

• hdvs to -predict _eartkauakts>

c - of.avalLnlcllliu
t o f ..... ........... -
(±0) ..........................................................................

• :r.niM.m.frrlnL ......................
I

Progress check

How many boxes can you tick? You should work towards being able to tick them all.

Did you ...


check the spelling of w ords that may be confused?
try to guess the meaning of the w ords you did not understand by
listening carefully to the w ords that came before and after them ?
read the titles and key w ords on the diagrams before you listened?

Exploring the oceans 85


Review 4
Rewrite these sentences in your notebook, with the correct
capital letters and punctuation.

1 is gardening a hobby or a sport


2 several thousand people ran in the london
marathon in 2012
south america is a very large continent w ith a
variety of climates
4 hindi is the official language of india
5 an australian accent is not the same as a new
Zealand one
6 the capital of the united states is not new york, but Washington dc
7 oxford university is one of the best in the world
8 in many large companies employees w ork from monday to friday and some even w ork
on saturdays

Listen to the recording and underline the word or phrase you hear in each sentence.

1 study / studies 4 class / classes


2 thanks / thank 5 c o u n try / countries
3 languages / language 6 com m unication / com m unications

Underline the correct word to complete the following sentences.

1 W hen w e are learning a new language w e (make / do / have) a lot of mistakes.


2 It is the custom in England to (m ake/ d o / have) a party w hen someone has a birthday.
3 Carefully regulated tourism does not (m ake/ d o / have) the environm ent any harm.
4 W hen people get married they som etim es (m ake/ do / have) a w eek off w ork to go on
honeymoon.
5 People may speak the same language, but depending on the country, some words may
(m ake/ d o / have) a different pronunciation.
6 The travel agent (made / had/ did) a hotel booking for the tourists.
7 Due to conservation policies, a few rare animals in China (m ake/ d o / have) a good
chance of survival.
8 In hot climates many homes (m ake/ have/ do) air-conditioning.

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Review 4

C om plete these sentences w ith the correct form of the com parison.

1 M ost people think that their home country is (beau tiful).............................. any other.
2 It is much (easy).............................. to learn a language that is nearly (same)
.............................. your own than one that is completely different.
3 The diet in Europe is much (greasy)................................ the diet in Asia.
4 Experiencing new cultures is much (exciting).............................. staying in one place all
your life.
5 The north of India is not nearly (h o t)......................................... the south.
6 Marriage customs in the Middle East are rather (conservative).............................. in Europe.
7 England is not quite (co ld ).............................. Scotland.

Com plete these sentences w ith words fro m the box. You may have to m odify th e ir form .

source/sauce se a /s e e desce nt/de cent


affect / effect currents / currants accept / except

1 .............................. are dried grapes.


2 Sailors spend the m ajority of their working lives a t ..............................
3 The tem perature of the ocean has b e e n .........................................by global warm ing.
4 The UK energy industry is beginning t o .............................. the im portance of wave and
tidal pow er
5 .............................. for tw o men, no one has travelled to the ocean bed in the Mariana Trench.
6 Rain is the m a in .............................. of fresh w ater on the planet.
7 The w ater in the ocean flow s in .............................. which carry fish and marine life from
one side of the w orld to the other.
8 T h e .............................. from the surface of the ocean to the deepest part takes ju st over
an hour.

Copy and com plete the table by p u tting the follow ing w ords into the correct colum ns.

marine m ajority gradually hatch descent descend submarine


exploration research scientifically mystery mysterious scientist technology
significantly reveal revelation shallow explore technological

Noun Adjective Verb Adverb

Review 4 87
Practice test
Section 1

^ ))) Questions 1 -3
40
Answer the questions below. Choose the correct letter, a, b or c.

Exam ple: How long does the caller w ant to go away for?
a a week b a few weeks 'c a few days

1 W here does the caller w ant to stay?


a in the country c by the beach
b in the city

2 W hat kind of hotel does the caller w ant to stay in?


a a family hotel c a farmhouse
b a spa

3 Which hotel does the caller choose?


a Sparkling Springs c Ocean Waves Resort
b Farmhouse Getaways

Questions 4 -7

Complete the form below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for
each answer.

Hotel Reservation Form


N am e: W illia m French

B illin g A d d re s s : ( 4 ) ...................................................................................................................................
S ta n d m a rc h
N o rfo lk
NE1 4SP

M o b ile N u m b e r: ( 5 ) ...................................................................................................................................

C heck-in D ate: 15th Ju n e

C h e c k -o u t D ate: ( 6 ) ...................................................................................................................................

P a y m e n t Type: C re d it card

A m o u n t: (7) £ ................................................................................................................................

88 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Practice test

Questions 8 -1 0

Complete the map below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for
each answer.

Section 2

Questions 1 1 -1 3

Answer the questions below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for
each answer.

11 W hich exhibition does the tour guide re co m m e n d ? .............................................................


12 How long do the guided tours la s t? .............................................................
13 On which floor do the tours s ta rt? .............................................................

Practice te s t
Questions 1 4 -1 7

Match the sections of the museum with the age group they are recommended for. Write A-C
next to 1 4 -1 7 .

A young people
B adults
C children

14 shapes and p a tte rn s ............


15 the history of flight ............
16 energy ............
17 exploring physics ............

Questions 1 8 -2 0

Complete the flow chart below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER
for each answer.

How to buy a ticket for an exhibition:

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Practice test

Section 3

Questions 2 1 - 2 3

Complete the notes below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for
each answer.

Focus of s u rv e y :(21) preferences


Num ber of questions: 20
Inform ation required in first three questions: cost, num ber of rooms and
( 2 2 ) ..............................................................................................

Topic of additional inform ation: (2 3 )..........................................................................

Questions 2 4 - 2 6

Choose THREE letters a -g

Which THREE ways does the tutor suggest Monica and Tom can improve their questionnaire?

a make the questions shorter


b make the questions sim pler
c increase the num ber of questions
d ask m ore questions about the students' homes
e not to ask so many questions
f ask for more explanations
g ask m ore questions about cost

24
25
26

Questions 2 7 - 3 0

Complete the diagram below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for
each answer.

Choosing Accommodation

Number of roc

( 28 ) Cost

Distance from campus

Practice te s t
Section 4

Questions 3 1 -3 4
49
Complete the summary of the introduction to a lecture on bird migration below. Write NO
MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Birds migrate for tw o main reasons: to (31)...........................and to breed. W hen they are
breeding they need to move to areas w here they can (32)........................... In the spring
they migrate from (33)...........................to cooler countries in the north. They spend several
m onths there, flying south again in the w inter to (34)...........................

^))) Questions 3 5 -3 7

Answer the questions below. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER for
each answer.

3 5 How has global warm ing affected the arrival of spring ?...........................
3 6 W hy have birds started to migrate earlier?..........................
3 7 W hat happens to the population of birds that breed la te ? ...........................

^ ))) Questions 3 8 -4 0

Choose THREE letters A-F

Match each geographical area with a migration pattern.

A migration to warm countries


B clockwise migration
C long distance migration
D partial migration
E migration to countries w ith long days
F circular migration around entire globe

3 8 the tro p ic s ............


3 9 the Arctic and Antarctic
4 0 North A m e rica ............

92 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Audio scripts
Som e sections of th e audio scripts are underlined. This is to help you by pointing out the relevant inform ation th at
corresponds to th e correct answers.

Unit 1 Friends abroad 2 T here are fo r ty p a s s e n g e rs in fir s t c la s s .


3 T here s h o u ld be fifty p e o p le on th e bu s.
Track 01 4 H er p la n e a rriv e s a t s ix te e n fifte e n .
5 O ur tra in le a ve s a t s e v e n te e n th ir ty .
Travel agent: Good m o rn in g . Hi F liers, can I he lp
you ? Track 05
Taxi driver: H e llo , M a rg a re t. T h is is Dave. I’ m a t
R estaurant m anager: Good e ve n in g , Fine D ining, can
th e a irp o rt and I w a n t to c h e c k th e
I h e lp yo u ?
flig h ts o f th e p a s s e n g e rs I’ m m e e tin g .
Mr McEwan: H ello, ye s. I’d like to b o o k a
Travel agent: Oh, OK, Dave. Go a h e a d .
ta b le fo r fo u r on Friday e ve n ing
Taxi driver: Right. The S panish flig h t arrived a t 0 4 .5 0
a t 8 p.m .
and flig h t 1 5 5 0 from China arrived a t
R estaurant m anager: Yes, sir. And th e n a m e is?
6 .0 0 . The 6 .5 0 fro m th e E m irates, has
Mr McEwan: M c E w a n ... M-C-E-W-A-N.
been delayed. That's flig h t U A E 1 8 8 0 .
R estaurant m anager: M-C-E-W-A-N, is th a t rig h t, sir?
b u t th e Lisbon flig h t’s already landed a t
Mr McEwan: Yes, t h a t ’s rig h t.
Term inal 1 6 . Is th a t all o f th e m ? And do
R estaurant m anager: T h a t's b o o k e d fo r you sir. Four
you have any new s a b o u t ...
p e o p le on Friday n ig h t a t 8
o ’c lo c k .
Track 02
Ali: H e llo ? Track 06
Sam : H e llo . Is th a t A li?
Taxi driver: W h e re to , m a d a m ?
Ali: Yes. W h o ’s c a llin g ?
Passenger: W e s tb o u rn e G rove, p le a s e .
Sam : Hi A li. It's m e, S am !
Taxi driver: W e s te rb o rn e Grove, in th e c ity c e n tre ?
Ali: Hey, S a m . H ow a re yo u ? W hen a re you
Passenger: No. W e s tb o u rn e . n e a r th e p a rk. S orry, I
a rriv in g ?
h a v e n ’t g o t th e p o s tc o d e .
Sam: I’ m fin e . Really lo o kin g forw ard to se e in g
Taxi driver: No p ro b le m . H ow do you s p e ll it?
you. I’ve booked my flig h t fo r W ednesday
Passenger: W-E-S-T-B-O-U-R-N-E.
m o rn in g , arriving a t 6 .5 0 in th e e v e n in g .
Ali: G re a t! T h a t’s W e d n e sd a y 6 th July. And Track 07
w h a t a irlin e are you fly in g on?
Receptionist: Good m o rn in g . Taxis 4 U . H ow can I
Sam: B ritis h A irw a y s , flig h t n u m b e r B A 3 0 2 5
h e lp you?
Ali: B A1325?
Sam : Oh, g o o d m o rn in g . I'd like to b o o k a
Sam: No. T hree oh tw o five . 3 0 -2 5 .
ta x i to th e a irp o rt, p le a s e .
Ali: Ah ... OK. And it g e ts in a t 6 .1 5 , rig h t?
Receptionist: R ight ... a n d w h ic h a irp o rt is th a t?
Sam : No. A t 6 .5 0 . Ten to se ve n .
Sam : London H eathrow .
Ali: R ight. Sorry, th is lin e ’s n o t v e ry good.
Receptionist: T h a t’s fin e . And w h e n do you need
So y o u ’ll be on flig h t B A 3 0 2 5 on
th e ta xi fo r?
W e d n e sd a y 6 th a rriv in g a t 6 .5 0 p.m .
Sam : M y flig h t le a ve s fro m te rm in a l 5 a t
Sam : T h a t’s rig h t.
7 .2 0 on W e d n e sd a y 6 th July. N ext
Ali: Good. W ell, d o n ’t worry. I’ll be th e re to
w eek.
m e e t you a t th e a irp o rt. W e ’re go in g to
Receptionist: W e d n e sd a y 6 th a t 7 .2 0 a .m .
have a fa n ta s tic tim e . I can sh o w you ...
So y o u ’ll n eed th e ta xi a t ... 3 . 3 0 .
OK. Can I have y o u r na m e
Track 03
p le a s e ?
18, 13, 80, 40, 15
Sam : S am W illia m s .
Receptionist: And yo u r a d d re s s ?
Track 04
Sam : 6 0 , W illo w s id e B ank, A b in g d o n .
1 The y o u n g e s t p a s s e n g e r is s ittin g in s e a t fo u r te e n . T h a t’s A-B-l-N-G-D-O-N.
by the window.

Audio scripts
Receptionist: T h a n k you. And th e p o s tc o d e is? Edward: Ah, yes. Good a fte rn o o n . I’d like to
Sam: 0 X 1 4 3H B. b o o k a room fo r n e xt Friday.
Receptionist: 0 X 1 4 3H B. And can 1 have a Receptionist: C e rta in ly, sir. How m any n ig h ts w ill you
c o n ta c t n u m b e r fo r you? be sta yin g ?
Sam: Yes, o f co u rs e . My m o b ile is 0 7 7 8 9 Edward: J u s t o ne, p le a se.
612744. Receptionist: And w o u ld you like a s in g le o r do u b le
Receptionist: T h a n k you. 0 7 7 8 9 6 1 2 7 4 4 . Now ro om ?
... w e ’ll be p ic k in g you up a t 3 .3 0 . Edward: A d o u b le room , p le a s e .
Is th a t OK? Receptionist: A d o u b le room . And w o uld you like tw in
Sam: Yes, th a t’s fin e . b e d s o r a king sized bed?
Edward: A king sized bed, p le a s e .
Track 08 Receptionist: Let m e se e . Yes, we do have a do u b le
Flight attendant: Have you fille d in yo u r la n d in g room a v a ila b le fo r next Friday. W ould
c a rd ? you like m e to b o o k it fo r you?
Hua Fang: I'm a fra id not. I’ m having a fe w Edward: Yes, p le a se .
p ro b le m s . Receptionist: C ould I have your n a m e , p le a se ?
Flight attendant: Can I help you a t a ll? Edward: Yes, it ’s Edward F ra n cis.
Hua Fang: Oh, ye s p le a se . Receptionist: Is th a t F-R-A-N-C-E-S?
Flight attendant: W ell, th e firs t q u e s tio n ’s ve ry Edward: No. It’s F-R-A-N-C-l-S.
easy. W h a t’s yo u r fa m ily na m e ? Receptionist: F-R-A-N-C-l-S?
Hua Fang: My fa m ily nam e is Liu, L-1- U. Edward: Yes. T h a t’s right.
Flight attendant: And your fir s t na m e ? Receptionist: And yo u r h o m e a d d re s s p le a se , sir.
Hua Fang: W ell, my English nam e is Grace, Edward: Yes, it’s 2 3 . C ypress Avenue, C am bridge
b ut my C hinese nam e is Hua Fang. Receptionist: Is th a t C-Y-P-R-U-S?
W hich one should I put here? Edward: No. C-Y-P-R-E-S-S. Like th e tre e .
Flight attendant: W hich nam e do you have in your Receptionist: Oh, I se e . And yo u r p o stc o d e is?
p a s s p o rt? Edward: C B3 9NF.
Hua Fang: Hua Fang. H-U-A and F-A-N-G. Receptionist: And i t ’s fo r ju s t one n ig ht?
Flight attendant: So you s h o u ld p u t th a t one. And Edward: Yes, t h a t’s right.
yo u r d a te o f b irth ? Receptionist: We can re se rve a p a rk in g sp a ce fo r
Hua Fang: S hall I p u t th e day firs t o r th e you. Are you c o m in g by car?
m o n th ? Edward: A ctually, I’ll be ta k in g a taxi fro m th e
Flight attendant: S ee w here it says D-D, M-M and s ta tio n .
Y-Y-Y-Y? Receptionist: T h a t’s fin e . And one la s t q u e s tio n :
Hua Fang: Yes. W h a t d o e s th a t m e a n ? w o u ld you like d in n e r and b re a k fa s t?
Flight attendant: It m e a n s d a te , m o n th and year. Edward: No dinner, th a n k you. B ut I’d like
Hua Fang: Oh OK. So I p u t s e v e n te e n , b re a k fa s t.
tw e lv e , n in e te e n n in e ty fo u r. Receptionist: J u s t b re a k fa s t. So, to c o n firm . You’re
Flight attendant: 1 7 th D e ce m b e r 1 9 9 4 ? a rriv in g on Friday 1 6 th A pril and leaving
Hua Fang: Yes, th a t’s rig h t. And w h a t on S a tu rd a y 1 7 th . T h a t’s one n ig h t in a
a d d re s s is th is ? d o u b le room w ith a king sized bed w ith
Flight attendant: T h a t w o u ld be w h e re you are b re a k fa s t.
s ta y in g in th e UK. Edward: T h a t’s rig h t. T h a n k you very m uch.
Hua Fang: OK. Let m e se e ... 1 3 Park
Road. B rig h to n . B-R-l-G-H-T-O-N. Track 10
And th e p o s tc o d e . B N 4 0 4 G R . Receptionist: And c o u ld I have yo u r m o b ile num b er?
Flight attendant: Is th e re a n yth in g e ls e you need Edward: Yes. It’s 0 7 9 7 6 1 2 2 5 7 7 , Oh no sorry,
h e lp w ith ? i t ’s been c h a n g e d ! It’s 0 7 9 6 1 1 2 1 5 9 7 .
Hua Fang: No, th a n k you. I u n d e rs ta n d th e Receptionist: 0 7 9 6 1 1 2 1 5 9 7 . T h a n k you. Is th e re
o th e r q u e s tio n s . T h a n k you very a n yth in g e ls e I can help you w ith ?
m uch fo r yo u r help. Edward: Yes, I’ m having d in n e r w ith a frie n d .
C ould vou re c o m m e n d th e b e s t
Track 09 re s ta u ra n t n e a r here?
Receptionist: S ilve r Tulip H o te l. Good a fte rn o o n . How Receptionist: T h a t w o u ld be th e W in sto n C hurchill.
can I h e lp you? It ’s a b o u t a m ile fro m here.

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 2
Edward: P e rfe ct. C o u ld you p le a s e m a ke a properly. So p le a s e m a ke s u re vou w eigh e v e ry th in g
re s e rv a tio n fo r 7 p .m . and leave a c a re fu lly. E veryone re a d y? OK.
m e s s a g e w ith th e d e ta ils fo r m y frie n d F irs t you p u t th e flour, s a lt a n d s u g a r in a large
w h e n he a rriv e s ? b ow l. N e x t, you m ix th e egg, m ilk and oil in a n o th e r
Receptionist: C e rta in ly . W h a t is th e g e n tle m a n ’s b o w l. T hen, s lo w ly add th e liq u id in g re d ie n ts to th e
nam e? flo u r m ix tu re , m ix in g w ell u n til it h a s a s m o o th , th ic k
Edward: M r A la o u i. T h a t’s A L A 0 U I. c o n s is te n c y . M a ke s u re you s tir a ll th e tim e .
Receptionist: No p ro b le m . We lo o k fo rw a rd to s e e in g OK? N ow w e ’re re a d y to c o o k o u r p a n c a k e s . We
you n e x t w e e k. s ta r t by h e a tin g th e fry in g pan and g re a s in g it lig h tly
Edward: T h a n k you. w ith a little b u tte r. W hen th e b u tte r’s m e lte d , w e p our
a large s p o o n fu l o f th e p a n c a k e m ix in to th e pan and
c o o k it u n til th e e d g e s are brow n. A t th a t p o in t, flip
th e p a n c a k e o ve r and c o o k fo r a m in u te o r s o longer.
Unit 2 Food and cooking Finally, p u t th e p a n c a k e on a p la te and c o v e r it up to
k e e p w a rm , and m a ke th e n e x t o n e . W hen all vo u r
Track 11 p a n c a k e s a re ready, vou ca n s e rv e th e m u p w ith svru p
o r s u g a r and le m o n , o r even fru it. D e lic io u s ! H appy
H ere are th e in g re d ie n ts fo r o u r s p e c ia l a p p le ca ke .
Eating!
You need 5 0 0 g ra m s , t h a t ’s h a lf a k ilo o f a p p le s , tw o
h u n d re d and fifty g ra m s o f s u g a r - t h a t ’s a q u a rte r o f a
Track 14
k ilo - and 3 3 0 g ra m s , o r a th ird o f a k ilo , o f flour. You
Good m o rn in g , e v e ry o n e . Today w e ’re g o in g to m a ke
a ls o need 2 0 0 g ra m s o f b u tte r, t h a t’s a fifth o f a k ilo o f
A p p le and B la c k b e rry C ru m b le . So, I h o p e y o u ’ve all
b u tte r. And fin a lly th e m ilk . You n eed a fifth o f a litre o f
b o u g h t y o u r in g re d ie n ts . R eady? Now, le t’s g e t s tra ig h t
m ilk or. if vou prefer, t h a t ’s 2 0 0 m illilitr e s .
on w ith c o o k in g . F irst, you p eel th e a p p le s , a nd c u t

Track 12 th e m in to s lic e s . OK? D o n ’t fo rg e t to ta k e th e m id d le


o u t o f th e a p p le . Now, p u t th e s lic e d a p p le s in a pan
OK e ve ryo n e , c o u ld you all pay a tte n tio n now ?
and c o o k th e m w ith s o m e o f th e s u g a r. In a b o u t 1 0
T om orrow w e 're g o in g to m a ke a p o p u la r C a rib b e a n
m in u te s th e y s h o u ld be n ice a n d s o ft. R ight? Now,
d is h , urn ... ch ic k e n and rice . R e cip e s v a ry fro m c o u n try
m ix th e b la c k b e rrie s and a p p le to g e th e r and p u t th e m
to co u n try, b u t fo r th e m o m e n t I'm g o in g to give you th e
in to th e b o tto m o f a b a k in g d is h . T h a t’s fin e ... Now,
lis t o f in g re d ie n ts fo r th e b a s ic re c ip e and leave you to
th e n e x t th in g to do is ru b th e flour, s u g a r and b u tte r
add th e fla v o u rs an d s p ic e s to yo u r ow n ta s te . R ight,
to g e th e r w ith y o u r fin g e rs u n til i t ’s in tin y p ie c e s , like
are you rea dy to w rite th is d o w n ? O K ... F irs t o f a ll, you
b re a d c ru m b s . W hen i t ’s ready, p u t it on th e to p o f th e
n eed a ch ic k e n th a t w e ig h s a b o u t 2 k ilo s . T hen, fo r fo u r
a p p le s and b a ke it all in th e oven fo r 3 0 m in u te s .
p e o p le , y o u ’ll ne e d 7 5 0 g ra m s o f u n c o o k e d ric e . OK?
For th e s a u c e , you w a n t V2 a k ilo o f o n io n s ... U m m and Track 15
to m a to e s , y o u ’ll need 4 5 0 g ra m s o f to m a to e s and ...
H e llo e ve ryo n e . W e lc o m e to th e u n ive rsity. I hope
ah ... and w h a t e ls e ? Oh, y e s , and g re e n p e p p e rs you
y o u ’re s e ttlin g in and b e g in n in g to fin d y o u r way
w a n t V* k ilo o f green p e p p e rs a n d , fin a lly, 5 0 m illilitre s
a ro u n d . I kn o w a lo t o f s tu d e n ts fin d it hard to a d a p t
o f c o o k in g o il. Have you all g o t th a t? G ood. See you
to th e fo o d . So I th o u g h t I’d te ll you a b o u t a c o u p le o f
to m o rro w , th e n . D o n 't fo rg e t to b rin g yo u r fa v o u rite
p o p u la r E nglish m e a ls th a t you m ig h t h e a r a b o u t. W ell,
s p ic e s .
actu a lly, you m ig h t’ve h e ard o f th e fir s t o n e a lre a d y ...

Track 13 i t ’s re a lly p o p u la r ... it's fis h and c h ip s . Fish a n d c h ip s


are frie d in d e e p fa t. So i t ’s a c tu a lly v e ry g re a s y and
Hi, and w e lc o m e to ‘C a m p u s C o o k -in ’ , o u r d a ily TV
n o t a t a ll h e a lth y . B u t i t ’s s till v e ry p opular, e s p e c ia lly
p ro g ra m m e fo r s tu d e n ts w h o w a n t a b it o f v a rie ty in
on a Friday n ig h t. T h a t’s w h e n a lo t o f p e o p le g e t th e ir
th e ir m e a ls . Are you b o re d w ith c e re a l fo r b re a k fa s t?
fis h a n d c h ip s fro m th e ‘fis h and c h ip ’ s h o p , a n d ta k e
W ell, today, w e ’re g o in g to te ll you how to m a ke
th e m h o m e to e a t. The o th e r tra d itio n a l m e a l, w h ich
p a n c a k e s . T hey're c h e a p a n d q u ic k and v e ry e a s y to
is d e fin ite ly h e a lth ie r, is S u n d a y lu n c h . In E ngland,
m a ke . You o n ly need flour, m ilk , sugar, s a lt, oil and an
S un d a y lu n ch is u s u a lly s o m e kin d o f ro a s t m e a t w ith
egg. The fu ll re c ip e 's on th e u n iv e rs ity w e b s ite - ju s t
v e g e ta b le s . T ra d itio n ally, fa m ilie s have th e ir S und ay
fo llo w th e lin k. So, h e re we go ...
lu n ch a t h o m e , b u t th e s e days q u ite a lo t o f fa m ilie s
B e fo re you s ta r t, i t ’s im p o rta n t to have th e e x a c t
have S u n d a y lu n ch in a re s ta u ra n t.
q u a n titie s , o th e rw is e y o u r p a n c a k e s w o n ’t c o o k

Audio scripts 95
Track 1 6 th a t th e fo o d th e y s e rv e in th e ir c a n te e n s is fre s h and
w ell b a la n ce d . And to fin is h , I’ll brie fly m e n tio n tw o o f
G ood a fte rn o o n . M any p e o p le in th e w e s te rn w o rld e a t
th e m e a s u re s I th in k th e g o v e rn m e n t s h o u ld ta k e to
th e w ro n g fo o d and th e y e a t fa r to o m uch o f it. So th e
e n co u ra g e h e a lth y e a tin g . One is to lim it a d v e rtis in g
to p ic o f my le c tu re to d a y is healthy eating. I’ll d iv id e
u n h e a lth y fo o d and th e o th e r is to sp e n d m ore m oney
my ta lk in to th re e p a rts ; firs tly , I’ m g o in g to d e fin e
on e d u c a tin g th e p u b lic a b o u t th e b e n e fits o f a h ealthy
w h a t I m e a n by h e a lth y e a tin g . A fte r th a t, I’ll go on to
d ie t. In my n e xt le c tu re , I’ll go in to m o re d e ta il a b o u t...
ta lk a b o u t w hy p e o p le d o n ’t e a t p ro p e rly and th e n I’ll
[fa d e ]
fin is h my le c tu re w ith s o m e id e a s fo r im p ro v in g th e
s itu a tio n .
R ig h t ... So w h a t do I m e a n by ‘ h e a lth y e a tin g ’ ?
W ell, s o m e p e o p le m ig h t th in k it m e a n s e a tin g a lo t o f
m e a t. U m m m ... o f c o u rs e , v e g e ta ria n s w o u ld n ’t a g re e Unit 3 Presentations
w ith th is . They th in k e a tin g m e a t is v e ry u n h e a lth y .
O th e r p e o p le th in k th a t e a tin g a lo t o f c a b b a g e Track 19
is g o o d fo r yo u , o r a lo t o f s a la d . W ell, n a tu ra lly , 1 in tro d u c e in tro d u c tio n
c a b b a g e , s a la d and m e a t can a ll be p a rt o f h e a lth y 2 p re s e n ta tio n p re s e n t (v) p re s e n t (n)
e a tin g . B u t, fo r m e, a h e a lth y e a tin g m e a n s tw o 3 suggest s u g g e s tio n
th in g s : o n e is ... e a tin g a b a la n c e d d ie t a n d th e o th e r 4 p ro je c t p ro je c to r
is ... e a tin g th e rig h t a m o u n t o f fo o d . In my o p in io n , 5 in fo rm in fo rm a tio n
a b a la n c e d d ie t m e a n s e a tin g a v a rie ty o f fo o d s , 6 e xplain e x p la n a tio n
in c lu d in g m e a t, v e g e ta b le s , fr u it, c e re a ls a n d d a iry
f o o d s . O bviously, th e a m o u n t o f fo o d we s h o u ld e a t Track 20
is m o re d iffic u lt to d e c id e . It d e p e n d s a lo t on how
Farouk: So, w h o ’s g o in g to do th e in tro d u c tio n ?
a c tiv e we a re .
Edward: W ell, I s u g g e s t you p re s e n t th e firs t
p a rt, Farouk. Y ou’ve d o n e a lo t o f w o rk
Track 17
on th is p ro je c t, a fte r a ll.
N ow on to m y n e x t p o in t ... W hy do so m any
Farouk: W ell, OK. I’ll s ta rt. B u t y o u ’ve g o t a lo t
p e o p le e a t b a d ly ? W ell, le t’s lo o k fir s t a t h a vin g a
o f in fo rm a tio n , to o . I th in k you sh o u ld
b a la n c e d d ie t. To have a b a la n c e d d ie t you have to
e xp la in th e next tw o s lid e s .
p la n y o u r m e a ls in a d v a n c e and th e n buy th e rig h t
fo o d ... and th e n ta k e tim e to c o o k it p ro p e rly. B u t, Track 21
th e s e da ys p e o p le a re so b u sy w o rk in g th a t th e y d o n 't
Beth: OK, e ve ryo n e . The firs t th in g we have
have tim e to go s h o p p in g , s o th e y e n d u p b u yin g
to d e cid e is o u r to p ic . I m ean, w h a t
f a s t fo o d a t th e la s t m in u te . A n o th e r re a s o n p e o p le
e x a c tly are we g o in g to ta lk a b o u t?
d o n ’t e a t w e ll n o w a d a ys is th a t i t ’s a c tu a lly c h e a p e r
We know th e c o u rs e is A rt H isto ry
to buy fo o d a lre a d y p re p a re d in a p a c k e t. S o, p e o p le
and th e s u b je c t is Ita lia n p a in tin g , b u t
w ho h a v e n ’t g o t m u ch m oney, w ill buy p a c k e t fo o d
th a t's s till to o big. We have to ch o o se
ra th e r th a n c o o k s o m e th in g fre s h . And a fin a l re a s o n
a p a rtic u la r to p ic . W h a t do you th in k ,
w hy p e o p le d o n ’t e a t h e a lth ily ... and th a t is th a t
M andy?
th e y d o n 't k n o w how t o . In my o p in io n , s c h o o ls d o n ’t
Mandv: I th in k we s h o u ld c o n c e n tra te on a
do n e a rly e n o u g h to e d u c a te th e ir p u p ils in h e a lth y
s in g le painter.
e a tin g h a b its .
Edward: B ut, on th e o th e r hand, if we d is c u s s
m o re th a n one a rtis t, it ’ll be e a s ie r
Track 18
to m a ke c o m p a ris o n s and sh ow th e
And now to my th ird and la s t p o in t ... W h a t can we
d iffe re n c e s betw e e n th e m .
do to so lve th e p ro b le m ? W ell, I th in k it can be solved
Farouk: T h a t's a good idea, Edward. It’ll give us
by th re e m ain g ro u p s: fa m ilie s , s c h o o ls and th e
m o re to d is c u s s .
g o ve rn m e n t. To s ta r t w ith , p a re n ts s h o u ld m ake su re
Mandy: R ight. So th e n e xt th in g is to d ecid e
th e ir c h ild re n have a h e a lth y d ie t. S econdly, a lo t o f
w h ich a rtis ts to lo o k a t. I th in k we
s c h o o ls have s e lf-s e rv ic e m a c h in e s , w h e re th e ir p u p ils
s h o u ld d e fin ite ly in clu d e M ic h e la n g e lo .
can buy s o ft d rin k s , c ris p s , s w e e ts and c h o c o la te s . I
You know he p a in te d th e c e ilin g o f
th in k s c h o o ls sh o u ld ch a n g e w h a t th e y s e ll in th e s e
th e S is tin e C hapel in Rom e. H e’s very
m a c h in e s . A n o th e r th in g s c h o o ls can do is m ake sure
fa m o u s ... and w h a t a b o u t Leonardo

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


da V in ci. They w ere b o th g re a t p a in te rs . d e s ig n a s lid e now fo r th e re s t o f th e
W h a t do you th in k B e th ? g ro u p to u se ?
Beth: T h e y’re OK, I s u p p o s e . B u t d o n ’t you Beth: Yes, le t’s do th a t. L e t’s have a lo o k ...
th in k e v e ry o n e e ls e w ill c h o o s e th e m ? T h is s lid e h a s th e p ro g ra m icon on th e
How a b o u t B o ttic e lli? H is p a in tin g is title b o x . S h a ll we ke e p it th e re ?
ve ry d iffe re n t fro m th e o th e r tw o . Edward: No, I d o n 't th in k so. It h a s n 't g o t
Farouk: I a g re e w ith B e th . W hy d o n ’t we have a n y th in g to do w ith th e p re s e n ta tio n .
M ic h e la n g e lo and B o ttic e lli? L e t’s ta k e th a t o ff.
Edward: I’ m h a p p y w ith th a t. E veryone e ls e OK Beth: Fine. And I th in k we s h o u ld ke ep th e
w ith it? b lu e b u lle t p o in ts . They m a tc h th e lig h t
b lu e title box. W h a t do you th in k a b o u t
Track 22 p u ttin g im a g e s in ea ch s lid e ?
Edward: R ight, g u ys. L e t’s have a lo o k a t w h a t Edward: Oh, a b s o lu te ly . I th in k w e s h o u ld p u t a t
w e ’re g o in g to p u t in th e s lid e s . The le a s t o n e im a g e on ea ch s lid e .
fir s t s lid e ’s g o in g to be th e in tro d u c tio n , Beth: G ood. W e ’re a g re e d , th e n . L e t's se n d
is n 't it? So, I g u e s s it s h o u ld have a th is s lid e to th e o th e rs , s h a ll w e?
title . H ow a b o u t ‘ M ic h e la n g e lo and
B o ttic e lli: a c o m p a ris o n ’ ? Track 24
Mandy: Y e a h ... S o w e ’ve g o t th e title . D o n ’t you Farouk: OK, e v e ry o n e . I’ve p u t a ll o u r s lid e s
th in k we s h o u ld m a ke a lis t o f b u lle t to g e th e r so we can se e if w e ’re happy
p o in ts fo r ea ch o f th e s lid e s in th e w ith th e p re s e n ta tio n . I th in k we need
p re s e n ta tio n ? to c h e c k th a t we all a g ree w ith th e
Farouk: Oh, ye s ... d e fin ite ly . H ow m a n y s lid e s o r d e r ... th e r e ’s n o th in g to d e c id e
do we have to do? a b o u t m y s lid e s , th e in tro d u c tio n and
Edward: W ell, th e p re s e n ta tio n ’s te n m in u te s th e c o n c lu s io n . O bviously, o n e o f my
lo n g , s o we s h o u ld p ro b a b ly have a s lid e s g o e s a t th e b e g in n in g and th e
m a x im u m o f s ix s lid e s ... R e m e m b e r o th e r o n e a t th e e nd. E d w a rd ’s s lid e ,
th a t B e th ’s a lre a d y g o t tw o s lid e s c o m p a rin g th e tw o a rtis ts , w ill have to
a b o u t B o ttic e lli. go a fte r B e th ’s and M a n d y ’s. W h a t we
Mandy: W ell, w hy d o n ’t we do tw o s lid e s need to d e c id e is w h ich a r t is t sh o u ld
e a ch ... t h a t ’d be e ig h t, in c lu d in g th e go firs t. M ic h e la n g e lo o r B o ttic e lli.
in tro d u c tio n and th e c o n c lu s io n ? Mandy: W ell, M ic h e la n g e lo is m o re fa m o u s
Edward: T h a t s o u n d s fa ir e n o u g h . L e t’s do th a t. th a n B o ttic e lli, is n ’t he? I m ean
So w h o ’s g o in g to do th e re s t o f th e e v e ry o n e ’s h e ard o f h im . M aybe he
s lid e s ? s h o u ld go firs t. W h a t do you th in k ,
Farouk: I can s ta r t o ff w ith th e in tro d u c tio n . B e th ?
And th e n . I c o u ld do th e c o n c lu s io n and Beth: U m m ... I’ m n o t s u re th a t ju s t b e in g
th e s u m m a ry a t th e e nd. W h a t d o you fa m o u s is a goo d re a s o n to p u t him
th in k ? firs t.
Mandy: G re a t. I'd lik e to ta lk a b o u t Edward: OK, so is n ’t it s e n s ib le to p u t th e a r tis t
M ic h e la n g e lo 's p a in tin g s . I’ve don e w ho w a s born e a rlie r firs t? W ho w as
q u ite a lo t o f re a d in g a b o u t th e m . th a t? W hen w a s M ic h e la n g e lo b o rn ?
Edward: Fine. So I c o u ld do a c o u p le o f s lid e s Mandy: In 1 4 7 5 .
s h o w in g how M ic h e la n g e lo and Edward: And B o ttic e lli?
B o ttic e lli are s im ila r a n d ho w th e y ’re Beth: In 1 4 4 5 .
d iffe re n t. Edward: So, le t's p u t B o ttic e lli firs t, and fo llo w
w ith M ic h e la n g e lo .
Track 23
Beth: We w a n t th e p re s e n ta tio n to lo o k as Track 25
if i t ’s b een m a d e by a te a m , d o n 't w e, Tutor: G ood m o rn in g e ve ryo n e . So,
E dw ard? I th in k we s h o u ld have a one y o u ’re g o in g to te ll m e a b o u t yo u r
d e s ig n fo r all th e s lid e s . Do you a g re e ? p re s e n ta tio n . F irs t o f a ll, w h a t’s your
Edward: Oh, yes, o f c o u rs e . We d o n ’t w a n t a to p ic ? Did you say you w e re g o in g to
d iffe re n t c o lo u r fo r e a ch s lid e . S h a ll we ta lk a b o u t th e u s e s o f m o b ile p h o n e s ?

Audio scripts
Laila: Err ... N o t exactly. W e’re a c tu a lly g o in g s u g g e s tio n s fo r s ta yin g away fro m each
to e xp la in th e d a n g e rs o f u s in g m o b ile o f th e s e d a n g e rs u n d e r s e p a ra te title s .
p h o n e s.
Tutor: A h h h ... O K ... th a t s o u n d s in te re s tin g . Track 27
W h a t are you going to d is c u s s e xactly? Tutor: Have you g o t any o th e r q u e s tio n s ?
Anne-Marie: W ell, w e ’ve planned to d ivid e th e Harry: U m m m .... yes. The p re sen tation
p re s e n ta tio n into th re e s e c tio n s . W e ’ll should be fo r 1 0 m in u te s, is th a t right?
have an in tro d u c tio n , e x p la in in g why Tutor: Yes. B ut te n m in u te s in to ta l, in clu d in g
we th in k i t ’s im p o rta n t to u n d e rs ta n d th re e m in u te s fo r q u e s tio n s . So y o u ’ll
th e d a n g e rs o f m o b ile s . Then on th e only ta lk fo r seven m in u te s .
se co n d s lid e , w e ’ll have a lis t o f th e Anne-Marie: T h a t’s only tw o m in u te s e ach! We w o n ’t
d iffe re n t ty p e s o f d a n g e r and th e n on be a b le to say m uch in th a t tim e , a t all!
th e la s t s lid e w e ’re g o in g to s u g g e s t Tutor: T h a t’s why you have to plan w h a t y o u ’re
ways o f staying o u t o f d a n g e r w hen you g o in g to say c a re fu lly and m ake sure
use a m o b ile . you only in clu d e th e m o s t im p o rta n t
Harry: Yes, we w a n t to s ta r t by te llin g th e in fo rm a tio n . For in s ta n c e , you w o n ’t
a u d ie n c e th a t u s in g a m o b ile phone have tim e to give e x a m p le s. B ut you
can be d a n g e ro u s and th e n go in to c o u ld p u t so m e im a g e s on your s lid e s
m ore d e ta il in th e n e xt p a rt. th a t sh o w e xa m p le s , w ith o u t sp e n d in g
Tutor: OK ... b u t b e fore you ta lk a b o u t th e tim e ta lk in g a b o u t th e m .
d a n g e rs o f m o b ile p h o n e s , I th in k you Laila: Hey, th a t’s a good idea. And th e audience
sh o u ld m e n tio n th e a d v a n ta g e s . You can look a t th e m w hile we talk.
c o u ld p u t th a t in yo u r in tro d u c tio n . It Tutor: And a n o th e r th in g ... m ake su re all th e
b a la n c e s up th e a rg u m e n t a bit. s lid e s have th e s a m e style . You sh o u ld
Harry: O h .... ye s, I see w h a t you m e a n . g e t to g e th e r and agree on one style fo r
R ig h t... W e ’ll do th a t. th e w h o le p re s e n ta tio n .
Harry: OK, w e ’ll do th a t to o . T h a n ks a lo t fo r
Track 26 y o u r help.
Tutor: So, s h a ll we have a lo o k a t your
p re s e n ta tio n ? Did you b rin g it w ith you?
Anne-Marie: I’ve g o t it here on a m e m o ry s tic k . Can
we sh o w you on yo u r c o m p u te r? Review 1
Tutor: Yes, th a t’s fin e . L e t’s have a look.
M m m ... Right, as you say, y o u ’re g o in g Track 28
to add th e a d va n ta g e s o f u s in g m o b ile A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
p h o n e s to th e fir s t s lid e . G ood. W h o ’s
g o in g to e xp la in th e se co n d s lid e w ith Track 29
all th e d a n g e rs ?
1 The firs t th in g we have to d e cid e is o u r to p ic .
Laila: T h a t’s m e. Do you th in k I’ve g o t enough
2 So. th a t's fixed th e n .
d e ta il?
3 I th in k we sh o u ld keep th e b lu e b u lle t p o in ts .
Tutor: Yes. I th in k th e re ’s p lenty o f in fo rm a tio n ,
4 I’ve p u t a ll o u r s lid e s to g e th e r.
b u t I th in k it ’s all a b it m ixed up a t th e
5 So, le t’s p u t B o ttic e lli fir s t , and fo llo w w ith
m o m e n t. I m ean, you've g o t dangers
M ic h e la n g e lo .
like g e ttin g h e a d a ch e s in th e sam e
6 M ake su re a il th e s lid e s have th e sam e s ty le .
lis t a s having c a r a c c id e n ts and being
robbed in th e s tre e t. They’re all d iffe re n t
ty p e s o f danger, a re n ’t th e y? I th in k
you sh o u ld divide th e m in to groups.
Maybe under s e p a ra te title s , like H ealth. Unit 4 W ork
A ccid e n ts and Security.
Laila: Oh, rig h t. Yes, th a n k you. T h a t’ll m ake Track 30
it m uch c le a re r to th e a u d ie n c e ... 1 Hi. I’ m A dam . I’ m your S tu d e n t U nion
M m m ... OK. re p re s e n ta tiv e and I’ m here to te ll you a b o u t
Tutor: Now, in th e th ird s lid e you can p u t your s tu d e n t s o c ie tie s .

Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


2 G ood m o rn in g e v e ry o n e . For th e la s t tw o w e e k s , Track 33
w e ’ve been lo o k in g a t e m p lo y m e n t o p p o rtu n itie s in
I’ m Wei Long, b u t my A m erican frie n d s call m e W ill. I’ m a
in d u stry, an d in to d a y ’s le c tu re I’ll be ta lk in g a b o u t
b u s in e s s m a n in C a lifornia. B efore I ca m e to th e United
w o rk in g in a la rg e c o rp o ra tio n .
S ta te s , I stu d ie d a t a u n ive rsity in C hina. I g ra d u a te d
3 H ello. My n a m e ’s A n n ie and I’ m th e u n iv e rs ity
in in fo rm a tio n technology. B u t w hen I w as young,
c a re e rs o fficer. Today I’ m g o in g to ta lk a b o u t
even b e fo re I w e n t to university, I w o rke d in th e fa m ily
w o rk in g o u td o o rs .
b u s in e s s . So my a m b itio n has always been to earn a
4 Is e ve ryo n e re a d y? OK? R e m e m b e r la s t w e e k
living th ro u g h tra d e . A fte r I g ra d u a te d , I w orked fo r my
w e d is c u s s e d w o rk in p riv a te in d u s try . W ell, th is
fa th e r fo r a fe w years to g e t so m e exp e rie n ce and th e n I
w e e k ’s ta lk w ill co ve r e m p lo y m e n t o p p o rtu n itie s in
s ta rte d my own sm a ll com pany. F irst I s e t up an o ffice in
in s titu tio n s o f fu r th e r e d u c a tio n .
C hina, and th e n I op e n e d a n o th e r o ffice in C a lifo rn ia . We
5 G ood a fte rn o o n . T h a n k you fo r in v itin g m e to ta lk to
s e ll c o m p u te r p a rts fro m C hina, b e ca u se I know a lo t o f
you. I’ m A ngus M c D o n a ld . I’ m a p o lic e o ffic e r and
p e o p le in th e c o m p u te r in d u s try th e re . I d o n ’t have any
my to p ic to d a y is job s a tis fa c tio n .
s a le s m e n , b u t I have a re c e p tio n is t to look a fte r th e office
6 G ood e ve n in g . It’s g ood to s e e s o m any p e o p le here
w h ile I’ m o u t on s a le s trip s . I like be in g my own b o ss ... I
th is co ld n ig h t. OK ... m y le c tu re th is e v e n in g w ill
enjoy be in g a ble to m a ke all th e d e c is io n s m yself. I m ean,
be a b o u t fin d in g a jo b .
I se ll m o s t o f my g o o d s to large c o rp o ra tio n s and I th in k
I'd find it very d iffic u lt to w o rk in a big com pany.
Track 3 1
1 Hi. M y n a m e ’s A dam , i ’ m yo u r S tu d e n t U nion Track 34
rep. and th is e v e n in g I'm g o in g to ta lk a b o u t th e
M y n a m e ’s K h a lid a h . I’ m a d o c to r in a b u sy h o s p ita l in
d iffe re n t c lu b s you can jo in here a t th e u n ive rsity.
Lo n d o n . M y jo b is q u ite s tre s s fu l b e c a u s e I w o rk in th e
2 H ello . T h a n k you all fo r c o m in g , today. For th e la s t
A c c id e n t and E m e rg e n cy u n it. O ur h o s p ita l is th e on ly
co u p le o f w e e k s , w e 'v e been d is c u s s in g how to
o n e in th e area w ith an A & E. So, a ll th e u rg e n t c a s e s
g e t a jo b in p riv a te in d u s try , and to d a y ’s le c tu re is
c o m e to us. M o s tly we se e p e o p le w h o have been in
a b o u t w o rk in g in a s m a ll co m p a n y .
c a r c ra s h e s o r had an a c c id e n t a t h o m e . W hen p eo ple
3 H ello. M y n a m e 's A n n ie and I’ m th e u n iv e rs ity
a rrive a t th e u n it, I have to s e e th e m firs t. I e x a m in e
c a re e rs officer. I’ve c o m e in th is e v e n in g to te ll
th e m to fin d o u t w h a t's w ro n g and m a k e s u re w e give
you a b o u t jo b s th a t in vo lve s p e n d in g a lo t o f tim e
th e m th e rig h t tre a tm e n t. W hen w e ’re s u re th e p a tie n ts
o u ts id e .
a re n ’t in any s e rio u s danger, th e n u rs e s p u t all th e
4 Good e ve n ing , e ve ryo n e . R ig h t... la s t w e e k we
in fo rm a tio n in th e ir p e rs o n a l re c o rd s and fin d th e m a
ta lk e d a b o u t w o rk in g in p riv a te e d u c a tio n . W ell, th is ,
bed if th e y 're s ta v in g in h o s p ita l, o r a rra n g e fo r th e m to
w e e k ’s ta lk w ill c o ve r e m p lo y m e n t in u n iv e rs itie s .
go h o m e if th e y d o n ’t nee d to stay.
5 Good a fte rn o o n . T h a n k you fo r in v itin g m e to ta lk to
you. I'm A ngu s M c D o n a ld . I’ m a p o lic e o ffic e r and Track 35
to d a y I’ll be ta lk in g a b o u t jo b fu lfilm e n t.
H ello, e v e ry o n e . T h a n k you fo r in v itin g m e to give a ta lk
6 Good e ve n in g . T h a n k you fo r in v itin g m e to ta lk to
in th is s e rie s o f e m p lo y m e n t le c tu re s . I’ m here th is
you. M y to p ic fo r th is e v e n in g w ill be how to fin d
e v e n in g to te ll you a b o u t my jo b . I’ m g o in g to te ll you
e m p lo y m e n t. I h ope y o u ’ll fin d it u s e fu l.
w h a t I lik e a b o u t it, w h a t I d o n ’t like a b o u t it and w h a t I

Track 32 h o p e to do in th e fu tu re . OK ... W ell, I’ m a p o lice officer.


I've b een in th e p o lic e fo r ju s t o ve r five y e a rs and p a rt
M y n a m e ’s A lice and I w o rk on a fa rm in th e s o u th
o f m y jo b is to give ta lk s to s tu d e n ts a b o u t p o lice w o rk.
e a s t o f E ngland. M o stly, we g ro w fru it, b u t we a ls o
P eople o fte n a s k w hy I jo in e d th e p o lic e . So m aybe I’ll
kee p c h ic k e n s , d u c k s a n d d a iry co w s. So, w e have to
s ta r t th e re . . . I ’ve a lw ays bee n in te re s te d in law and
w o rk o u ts id e q u ite a lo t, even in th e w in te r, w h e n i t ’s
order, s o I w e n t to s tu d y Jaw a t u n ive rsity. B u t ... m m m
co ld an d d a rk . T h a t’s th e w o rs t p a rt o f th e jo b , really.
... w h e n I g o t th e re I re a lize d th a t I w a s m o re in te re s te d
You know , h aving to go o u t in th e rain and s n o w to
in th e p ra c tic a l s id e o f law th a n th e th e o ry . So, I a p p lie d
fe e d th e a n im a ls . B u t th e s u m m e r's to ta lly d iffe re n t.
to w o rk w ith th e p o lic e fo rc e in m y s p a re tim e . T hen, as
I re a lly en iov b e in g o u td o o r s , h e lp in g th e fr u it p ic k e rs
s o o n a s I g ra d u a te d , I w a s a c c e p te d fo r tr a in in g .
and lo a d in g th e tru c k s . We d e liv e r m o s t o f o u r fr u it to
s u p e rm a rk e ts , b u t w e a ls o s u p p ly local s h o p s w ith o u r Track 36
m ilk , eggs an d c h e e s e . In fa c t, we p ro d u c e s o m uch
As you know , o u r jo b is to p ro te c t th e p u b lic fro m
c h e e s e and fr u it th a t we even s e ll th e m d ire c tly to th e
c rim in a ls a n d d e fe n d th e law. S o, o b v io u s ly , th e p o lic e
p u b lic in o u r fa rm s h o p .

Audio scripts
fo rc e h a s to w o rk e ve ry day o f th e w e e k, day and 3
n ig h t. T h is m e a n s w e ’re o fte n a t w o rk w hen e ve ryo n e Kate: I t ’s a lovely c a m p u s , is n ’t it? The la k e ’s
e ls e is re la x in g w ith frie n d s and fa m ily , and we c a n ’t so pretty. W h a t's th a t b u ild in g on th e
a lw ays be a ro u n d fo r s p e c ia l o c c a s io n s , like b irth d a y s o th e r s id e ?
and New Y ear’s Eve. On to p o f th a t we have a lo t o f Tony: Oh, th a t's th e B u s in e s s S chool.
e xtra w o rk a t w e e k e n d s , e s p e c ia lly w hen th e r e ’s a Kate: So, how do you g e t th e re ?
fo o tb a ll m a tc h and th e fa n s are o u t c e le b ra tin g . So Tony: You ju s t fo llo w th e fo o tp a th round th e
o u r w o rk in g h o u rs are one d is a d v a n ta g e o f p o lic e la k e .
w o rk. A lo t o f th e tim e we have to w o rk w ith th e p u b lic 4
to avoid p ro b le m s , and we g e t s p e c ia l tra in in g fo r Max: Hi, Suzy. Are you g o in g to th e th e a tre ,
th a t. B u t we c a n ’t a lw ays p re v e n t tro u b le , s o a n o th e r by any c h a n ce ?
d is a d v a n ta g e o f th e iob is th e d a n g e r... I m e a n , we Suzy: W ell, I’ m n o t g o in g th e re . B ut I can
know th a t s o m e o f th e p e o p le we have to a rre s t w ill te ll you w h e re it is. Look over th e re
a tta c k us. ... th a t's th e th e a tre , iu s t a c ro s s th e
g re e n .
Track 37 Max: Oh, OK. T h a n ks a lot. See you later.
N ow fo r th e a d v a n ta g e s ... W ell, one o f th e 5
a d v a n ta g e s is th a t p o lic e w o rk is w e ll-p a id . As I’ve Kate: E rrr... Tony, I have g o t to go in to th e
s a id , i t ’s a d iffic u lt jo b , and p o lic e o ffic e rs w o rk hard c ity ce n tre . W here can I g e t th e b u s?
fo r th e ir pay. B u t th e re a re m any m o re a d v a n ta g e s ... Tony: W ell, th e n e a re s t b u s s to p is ju s t
fo r e x a m p le s o m e tim e s th e w o rk ’s fu n , e s p e c ia lly a c ro s s th e road fro m th e S tu d e n t
w hen we have to p ro te c t fa m o u s p e o p le fro m th e ir own Union b u ild in g .
fa n s ! I’ve m e t q u ite a lo t o f c e le b ritie s in my jo b and
6
I m u s t say I e n jo y s e e in g th e m c lo s e up and fin d in g
Kate: Hey, Suzy! Can you te ll m e w here th e
o u t w h a t th e y ’re re a lly lik e a s p e o p le . B ut, fo r m e th e
b a n k is? I w a n t to g e t s o m e ca sh out.
b ig g e s t a d v a n ta g e is th e jo b s a tis fa c tio n . S p e a k in g fo r
I’ve ju s t realized I s till owe you £ 1 0 .
m yse lf, w o u ld say I g e t th e m o s t jo b s a tis fa c tio n w hen
Suzy: Oh, OK. Go a lo n g to th e end o f th e
I h e lp s o m e o n e o r s o lv e a p ro b le m in a co m m u n ity .
path u n til you g e t to th e s h o p on th e
And in th e fu tu re , I’d like to tra in to be a d e te c tiv e . I
corner. Turn le ft and th e b a n k ’s rig ht
th in k I’d be g o o d a t th a t.
ne xt door.

Track 39
Tom: Hey, S andra, h o w ’s it g o in g? W h a t do
Unit 5 On cam pus services you th in k o f th e c a m p u s ?
Sandra: I th in k i t ’s a ll fa n ta s tic . Have you been
Track 38 to th e c o ffe e sh o p in th e library, yet?
l Tom: No, I h a ve n ’t. W here is it?
Max: Hey, Tony. W here are you g oing? Sandra: It ’s on th e ground flo o r. You know,
Tony: I’ m ju s t going over to th e S p o rts C entre. you can have a b re a k w ith o u t a ctu a lly
Max: Oh re ally? I’ve never been th e re . W here le aving th e library. It’s rea lly g re a t to
is it? m e e t vo u r frie n d s th e re .
Tony: Oh, It’s n o t far. Go dow n th e path on Tom: Yeah. T h a t’s an e x c e lle n t id ea. And it
th e le ft and th e S p o rts C entre is on th e m e a n s y o u 'v e g o t so m e w h e re to c h a t
o th e r sid e o f th e w o o d . w ith o u t u p s e ttin g p e o p le w ho w a n t to

2 study. I c a n ’t c o n c e n tra te w hen o th e r

Kate: U mm ..., e xcuse m e, Suzy. C ould you p e o p le are ta lk in g . I u su a lly go u p s ta irs

help m e? to w o rk in th e s ile n t zone, on th e fo u rth

Suzy: Yes, o f co u rs e . W h a t is it? flo o r.

Kate: I’ve g o t a le ctu re in th e Law S chool Sandra: Oh, do you? Is it d iffic u lt to stu d y at
next. Could you te ll m e w h e re th e h o m e , th e n ? W here do you live?
le c tu re th e a tre is? Tom: I’ m livin g in a hall o f re sid e n ce on

Suzy: Oh yes. T h a t’s easy. The Law le ctu re cam pus.


th e a tre ’s on th e firs t floor. Sandra: Oh, rig h t. It m u s t be to u g h try in g to
s tu d y in your room .

100 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 5
Tom: Yeah ... It’s p re tty noisy, e s p e c ia lly Lily: Yeah. We have to b o rro w s o m e b o o k s ,
a t th e w e e k e n d s . Are you liv in g on d o n ’t w e?
c a m p u s , to o ? Chen: Yes, b u t I m is s e d th e lib ra ry tra in in g .
Sandra: Yes. I’ m on c a m p u s , b u t th e re are only Do you th in k you c o u ld s h o w m e how
fo u r p e o p le o u r h o u se . So it te n d s to to fin d th e b o o k s and how to ta k e th e m
be a b it quieter. It’s a t th e end o f th e o u t?
fo o tp a th , n o t fa r fro m th e S p o rts C entre. Lily: S ure, no p ro b le m . S h a ll I te ll you a b o u t
Tom: Oh, rig h t. I kn o w w h e re you m e a n . I th e d iffe re n t p a rts o f th e library, firs t?
play fo o tb a ll on th e p itch n e x t to th e Chen: Oh y e s ...T h a n k you v e ry m u ch.
S p o rts C e n tre . I sp e n d q u ite a lo t o f Lily: OK, th e n , le t’s lo o k a t th e p lan o f th e
tim e a ro u n d th e re . library. H ere, you can se e th e m ain
Sandra: W ell, n e xt tim e y o u ’re in th a t p a rt, le t m e d o o r in th e n o rth th a t le a d s in to th e
know. You can co m e round fo r co ffe e . lobby. In th e m id d le o f th e b u ild in g ,
th e re 's a big o p e n PC z o n e . The lift and
Track 40 s ta irs are on th e le ft a s you go in, and
Vicky: H e llo , a re you new ? I h a v e n ’t s e e n you on th e o th e r s id e o f th e b u ild in g th e re 's
a ro u n d b e fo re . th e lib ra ry c a fe . T h a t p a rt o f th e lib ra ry
Pedro: Hi, yeah, yeah ... I ju s t arrived. To te ll is p re tty s o c ia b le ... It’s a g o o d place
you th e tru th , I'm a b it lo s t. I saw on th e to s tu d y w ith frie n d s .
u n iv e rs ity w e b s ite th a t th e re are lo ts o f Chen: I re a lly p re fe r to s tu d y a lo n e . Is th e re
th e d iffe re n t fo o d o u tle ts on c a m p u s. an yw h ere in th e lib ra ry I ca n go?
B u t I d o n ’t know w h e re to fin d th e m . Lily: Oh, if you lik e s tu d y in g in a q u ie t p la ce ,
Vicky: Oh, no p ro b le m . I ca n te ll you all a b o u t it's b e tte r to go u p s ta irs , to th e s ile n t
th e m . T here re a lly a re lo ts o f p la c e s to zo n e . As you c o m e o u t o f th e lift, or
e a t on c a m p u s . To s ta r t w ith , th e r e ’s up th e s ta irs , y o u ’ll s e e a s e c tio n
th e old c o lle g e d in in g ro o m . You can on y o u r rig h t, fa c in g n o rth , w h ich is
have h o t m e a ls th re e tim e s a day, c lo s e d o ff. T h a t’s th e s ile n t zo n e . On
th e re . If you w a n t to s ta r t th e day w ith th e o th e r s id e , fa c in g s o u th , are th e
a h o t b re a k fa s t, t h a t ’s th e p la ce to go. b o o k s h e lv e s w ith all th e c o o k b o o k s ...
Pedro: OK. So w h e re a b o u ts is it? [fa d e ]
Vicky: I t ’s n e x t to th e th e a tre , ju s t b e tw e e n
th e b u s s to p and th e s h o p s . B u t, if Track 42
y o u ’re m o re in to fa s t fo o d , like b u rg e rs Chen: N ow can you s h o w m e how to fin d a b o o k?
... o r ... u m m ...C h in e s e stir-fry, o r y iy ; W ell, th e lib ra ry ’s v e ry big, a n d th e b o o k s
frie d c h ic k e n , th e r e ’s a huge fa s t fo o d on fo o d c o u ld be u n d e r co o ke ry, o r th e y
hall in th e m id d le o f th e c a m p u s . co u ld be in h isto ry, o r even e n te rta in m e n t.
Pedro: Is th a t th e big b u ild in g betw e e n th e So, th e fir s t th in g to do is to lo o k th e b o o k
s tu d e n ts ’ union b u ild in g and th e s h o p s ? up in th e o n lin e c a ta lo g u e .
Vicky: Yeah ... t h a t ’s rig h t. It’s a g re a t p la ce Chen: W here do I do th a t?
to m e e t y o u r frie n d s . T h e re ’s a lw ays |j|y ; It’s e a s y ... th e re are lo ts o f c o m p u te rs in
m u s ic and p le n ty o f c h a t. th e lib ra ry fo r th a t.
Pedro: S o u n d s like m y kind o f p la ce ! Chen: OK, I se e .
Vicky: B u t if you ju s t w a n t a q u ie t p la ce to L iiy; R ight, you lo o k up th e title firs t. W hen
have a c o ffe e and a p a stry, th e r e ’s y o u ’ve fo u n d th e b o o k , y o u ’ll s e e it h a s a
a s n a c k b a r bv th e la k e . It h a s wi-fi class mark n e xt to it. The c la s s m a rk is
an d an in te rn e t c a fe , and ... it h a s a on e o r tw o le tte rs and a n u m b e r ... M ake
s p e c ta c u la r vie w o ve r th e lake. a n o te o f th e c la s s m a rk ... th e n lo o k it up
Pedro: W ell, th a n k you v e ry m u ch . Can I in vite on th e p lan o f th e library. The plan s h o w s
you ... [fa d e ] you e x a c tly w h a t s e c tio n o f th e lib ra ry th e
b o o k s are a c tu a lly k e p t in .
Track 4 1
Chen: Excuse m e, Lily. C ould you h elp m e? YouTrack 43
kn o w w e 've g o t an e s s a y to w rite a b o u t Chen: T h a n k you v e ry m u ch , Lily. So how do I
e a tin g c u s to m s a c ro s s th e w o rld ? b o rro w a b o o k?

A u d io s c rin ts in i
Lily: T h a t’s s im p le , to o . W hen you go to th e in a d a n g e ro u s area. One o f th e th in g s you can do to
lib ra ry y o u ’ll have to ta k e your s tu d e n t ID p ro te c t y o u rs e lf is to keep yo u r p a s s p o rt and m oney
card. W hen w a n t to b o rro w a b o o k, you in th e s a fe in th e h o te l. You can alw ays go b a ck and
ta k e it d o w n s ta irs to th e scanner. Then, g e t th e m if you need th e m . A n o th e r th in g you can do
sca n vour ID card fir s t. Then, open th e is ta k e an old m o b ile w ith you on holiday. T hese new
b o o k and s lid e it u n d e r th e s c a n n e r u n til it s m a rt p h o n e s are ve ry p o p u la r w ith th ie v e s all over th e
m a k e s a s o u n d ... a s h o rt b e e p . And t h a t ’s w o rld . It’s s a fe r ju s t to ta k e an old one.
all you have to do ... Oh, sorry, I fo rg o t. At
th e end th e s y s te m p rin ts o u t a tic k e t. It’s Track 47
a good idea to keep it fo r a w h ile , ju s t in H ello, everyone. I’ m J e n n ife r and I w o rk fo r c a m p u s
c a s e you have a p ro b le m w ith yo u r loan. security. W e lco m e to th is ve ry s h o rt ta lk a b o u t
Chen: T h a n ks a gain, Lily. You’ve been really kind em e rg e n cy ph o n e n u m b e rs . To s ta r t w ith , you need
... [fades out] to know th a t e m e rg e n cy n u m b e rs a re n ’t th e sam e
in every co untry. As w e ’re in England a t th e m o m e n t,
it ’s im p o rta n t to know th a t th e e m e rg e n cy n u m b e r is
9 9 9 . So y o u ’ll need to re m e m b e r th is . T h ose o f you
Unit 6 Staying safe w h o ’ve been to th e U nited S ta te s , w ill know th a t th e
em e rg e n cy n u m b e r is 9 1 1 . one n u m b e r d iffe re n t. B ut
Track 44 in A u s tra lia , th e e m e rg e n cy n u m b e r is c o m p le te ly
d iffe re n t. It's 0 0 0 .
And now fo r s o m e local new s ... W hen th e re c e p tio n is t
In Germany, th e e m e rg e ncy n u m b e r is th e sa m e as
arrive d a t G oodm ead P rim a ry sch o o l on M onday, she
th e re s t o f Europe. T h a t’s 1 1 2 . And in ca se a n yo n e ’s
fo u n d th a t s o m e o n e had broken in to th e o ffice and
th in k in g o f g o in g on holiday to India th is sum m er, it ’s
s to le n severa l la p to p s , so sh e ca lle d th e p o lic e . They
u se fu l to know th a t th e e m e rg e ncy n u m b e r th e re is 1 0 0 .
ca m e to lo o k a t th e c rim e s c e n e s tra ig h t away and
a d vise d her to m ake su re she locked up th e o ffice
Track 48
every e ve ning in fu tu re . They a lso s u g g e s te d th a t she
sh o u ld w atch o u t fo r any s tra n g e rs nearby. Two days Good m o rn in g . I’ m here to d a y to give you a fe w tip s

later, th e p o lic e c a lle d to say th a t th e y had c a u g h t th e a b o u t s e c u rity on c a m p u s . W e’re n o t ju s t here to

th ie v e s and a rre s te d th e m . They sa id th e y w o u ld ta k e p re v e n t c rim e , b u t to m ake su re y o u ’re s a fe tw e n ty fo u r

th e m to c o u rt in th e n e xt fe w days. h o u rs a day.
One o f th e s e rv ic e s we provide fo r s tu d e n ts w ho live
Track 45 on c a m p u s is to w a lk h o m e w ith you if you need to
c ro s s th e c a m p u s la te a t n ig h t. I m ean, we all know th e
W hen th e re c e p tio n is t a rrive d a t G oodm ead P rim ary
h a lls o f re s id e n c e are q u ite a long way fro m th e library,
S chool on M onday, sh e fo u n d th a t s o m e o n e had
d o n ’t w e? So, fo r e xa m p le , if y o u ’ve been s tu d yin g
b ro ken into th e o ffice and s to le n several la p to p s , so
in th e lib ra ry 'til la te and y o u ’re n e rv o u s a b o u t going
she c a lle d th e police.
h o m e a lo n e , all you have to do is ring c a m p u s se c u rity
Track 46 on 3 3 3 3 and w e 'll se n d s o m e o n e to m ake sure y o u ’re
sa fe . OK?
Good m orning. Thank you fo r inviting m e to ta lk to you
By th e way, a n o th e r im p o rta n t th in g to re m e m b e r is
today. I like sp e a kin g to stu d e n ts , esp e cially when th e re ’s
th e c a m p u s e m e rg e ncy num ber. Um m ... we all know
a chance o f m aking th e ir lives a b it safer. Just to s ta rt,
th e n a tio n a l e m e rg e ncy n u m b e r in th e UK is 9 9 9 . But
does anyone know w h a t th e m o s t com m on crim e is? No?
w hen y o u ’re on c a m p u s ... and th e re ’s an em ergency,
Well, th e ft is th e m o s t co m m o n crim e in th e UK. There
you sh o u ld call 3 3 3 3 . If you call 3 3 3 3 , y o u ’ll g e t through
are various kinds o f th e ft. For instance, robbery, w hen a
to o u r own s ta ff, rig h t here on ca m p u s . They can react
th ie f ta k e s s o m e th in g away from so m e o n e personally.
q u ic k ly and g e t to you fa s te r th a n n a tio n a l se rvice s.
Like, when yo u ’re w alking in th e s tre e t and so m e o n e
grabs your handbag or your m obile and runs away. T h a t’s
Track 49
robbery. A nother fo rm o f th e ft is burglary, w hen a th ie f
G ood e ve n ing , e ve ryo n e . I t ’s g re a t to be here to ta lk
breaks into your house and ste a ls your property.
to you a b o u t s ta y in g s a fe on holiday. B e fore I cam e
OK. Now I’d like to go on to ta lk a b o u t s a fe ty on
th is e ve n ing , I did a little re s e a rc h on w h e re s tu d e n ts
holiday. You p ro b a b ly know th a t w hen y o u ’re on holiday
like to go fo r th e ir h o lid a y s and ca m e up w ith tw o
abro a d , y o u ’re in m uch m ore d a n g e r o f b e in g robbed.
c o n tin e n ts : L atin A m e rica and India. So, m m m ... I’ve
T his is b e ca u s e you pro b a b ly d o n ’t know th e c o u n try
been lo o k in g a t th e c rim e fig u re s fo r b o th a re a s , and
ve ry w ell. For e xa m p le you m ig h t n o t realize th a t y o u ’re

1.02 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 6 -7
I th o u g h t I’d s ta r t by ta lk in g a b it a b o u t th a t. T hen I’ll re m e m b e r all th e d iffe re n t id e a s and
give you s o m e a d vic e a b o u t how to a vo id b e c o m in g a th e d iffe re n t w rite rs .
v ic tim o f c rim e . Carl: So, h ow do you ke e p up w ith it a ll?
OK, fir s t o f a ll, le t’s lo o k a t w h a t k in d s o f c rim e are M artha: W ell, a ctu a lly, I m a ke a n o te o f th e
c o m m itte d m o s t in d iffe re n t c o n tin e n ts ... U m m m , OK, w rite r’s n a m e and s u m m a riz e th e ir
I’ll s ta r t w ith In d ia . G enerally, India is n ’t th o u g h t o f a s a id e a s in a n o te b o o k . It’s v e ry old
d a n g e ro u s p la ce fo r in d iv id u a ls , b u t th e re h a s b een an fa s h io n e d , is n ’t it?
in c re a s e in h a n d b a g th e ft in re c e n t y e a rs ... So keep Carl: It is a b it. A ctu a lly, I’ m q u ite th e
an eye on yo u r bag w hen y o u ’re o u t in th e s tre e t. R ight. o p p o s ite . I’ve d o w n lo a d e d s o m e fre e
N ow le t’s lo o k a t L a tin A m e ric a . M m m m ... O f c o u rs e , s o ftw a re fro m th e in te rn e t. It le ts m e
you do re a lize th a t n o t all La tin A m e ric a n c o u n trie s save all th e a rtic le s and e b o o k s I g e t
are th e s a m e , b u t it is tru e to say th a t g u n s are use d o n lin e and m a ke n o te s on th e m . I like
in a high p e rc e n ta g e o f c rim e s a c ro s s th e c o n tin e n t. it b e c a u s e i t ’s c h e a p e r th a n p rin tin g
Lo o kin g a t th e fig u re s , it s e e m s th a t gun c rim e is a e v e ry th in g . B u t, w h a t d o you do,
s e rio u s p ro b le m th ro u g h o u t. E n riq u e?
Enrique: Oh, I’ m a fra id my n o te -ta kin g syste m
Track 50 is n ’t a s m o d e rn as th a t. And it ’s m uch
I can se e s o m e o f you a re th in k in g th a t it a ll s o u n d s m ore exp e n sive . I p rin t th e a rtic le s I find
ra th e r d a n g e ro u s . B u t I kn o w lo ts o f p e o p le w h o ’ve o n lin e , and I ph o to co p y pages o u t o f te x t
been th e re and had a re a lly g re a t tim e . They fo llo w e d b o o ks. Then I go th ro u g h and h ighlig ht
a d vice fro m th e a u th o ritie s , lik e m a k in g s u re th e y d id n ’t all th e im p o rta n t in fo rm a tio n w ith a pen.
w e a r e x p e n s iv e je w e lle ry in th e s tre e t. And I’d c e rta in ly N ot very good fo r th e e n viro n m e n t, I’ m
a d v is e a nyo ne tra v e llin g to La tin A m e rica to do th e a fra id ... W h a t a b o u t you, Jenny?
s a m e . A n o th e r th in g you s h o u ld be c a re fu l o f, is n o t to Jenny: U m m m ... I’ m in th e m id d le , really. I
go to lo n e ly p la c e s a t n ig h t. B u t, o f c o u rs e , t h a t ’s th e d o n ’t use sp e cia l s o ftw a re , b u t I keep
s a m e anyw here. B u t I m u s t sa y , you do have to be all th e a rtic le s I read o n lin e in fo ld e rs on
ve ry ca re fu l in s o m e p a rts o f La tin A m e ric a w h e n you mv PC and m ake n o te s on th e m th e re .
ta k e yo u r m o n e y o u t o f a c a s h m a c h in e . S o m e tim e s ,
you fin d th a t th ie v e s s ta n d v e ry c lo s e to p e o p le a t ca sh Track 53
m a c h in e s and ta k e th e ir m o n e y a s it c o m e s o u t. Chen: Hey, Lesley. Are you re a d y fo r th e
e xa m ?
Track 51 Lesley: Hi, C hen! I h a v e n ’t s e e n you fo r w e e ks,
OK ... So, now, I’ll fin is h by ta lk in g a little b it a b o u t Am I re a d y? I d o n ’t kn o w ... I’ve
India. I've a c tu a lly b een to India and I d id n 't have any bee n re v is in g re a lly h ard, b u t I c a n ’t
fe e lin g th a t it w a s d a n g e ro u s a t a ll. F irs t o f a ll, I w e n t re m e m b e r a n y th in g a t th e m o m e n t. You
on an organized to u r w ith a g ro u p o f p e o p le . T h is is know , I g e t re a d y fo r e x a m s by p la n n in g
d e fin ite ly th e b e s t way to go b e c a u s e i t ’s so m u ch safer. a re v is io n tim e ta b le . It h e lp s m e m ake
I m e a n , I d id n ’t go a n yw h ere w ith o u t th e g ro u p , and s u re I’ve s tu d ie d e v e ry th in g on tim e .
we had a to u r g u id e w h o s p o k e th e lo ca l la n g u a g e and B u t ju s t b e fo re an e xa m , my m in d g o e s
kn e w th e are a . In fa c t, I re m e m b e r now, s h e w a rn e d us b la n k!
n o t to go o ff w ith s tra n g e rs , even if th e y s e e m e d n ice Chen: Yes, I kn o w w h a t you m e a n . I’ve
and frie n d ly. B ut, a g a in , you w o u ld n ’t do th a t a t h o m e b ee n try in g o u t a new te c h n iq u e fo r
e ith e r, w o u ld you? re m e m b e rin g fa c ts and d e ta ils . I heard
a b o u t it in a p s y c h o lo g y le c tu re . W h a t
you do is p u t to g e th e r p ic tu re s in vo u r
m in d o f th e d iffe re n t th in g s vou w a n t to
re m e m b e r. It’s u s u a lly b e tte r if you can
Unit 7 Studying, exam s and
m a ke th e p ic tu re s funny, like c a rto o n s .
revision Lesley: I h a d n ’t h e a rd o f th a t. It s o u n d s like
fu n . Do you do th a t, to o , In d ira ?
Track 52 Indira: W ell, I trie d it o n ce , b u t it d id n ’t he lp
Carl: Hi, M a rth a , h o w ’s th e e s s a y g o in g? m e m u ch . I re m e m b e r th in g s by
M artha: Oh, hi C arl. The essay, oh, you know , h e a rin g th e m in my h e a d . I c a n 't rea lly
th e r e ’s a lo t o f re a d in g . It’s d iffic u lt to s tu d y in th e lib ra ry w hen p e o p le are
ta lk in g , ‘c o s I have to be a b le to h e a r Mac: I th in k it ’s b e tte r to go th ro u g h th is
m y s e lf saying th in g s over in my m ind! y e a r’s le c tu re n o te s firs t. I m e an, th e
It's e a s ie r fo r m e to c o n c e n tra te if I exam to p ic s m ig h t have cha nged since
s tu d y a t hom e, la te a t n ig h t, w hen it's la s t year. Do you agree, G erry?
q u ie te r. W h a t do you do to re m e m b e r Gerry: Yeah. I th in k yo u 're right. The le ctu re
th in g s fo r exa m s, M a rk? n o te s w ill te ll us w h a t th e m ain to p ic s
Mark: M m m m ... I go to bed e a rly th e n ig h t o f th e s u b je c t are. Do you th in k we
b e fo re th e exam and g e t up very early c o u ld a s k th e tu to rs w h a t th e exam
in th e m o rn in g , like five o ’c lo c k and to p ic s m ig h t be?
th e n I read over my n o te s again ju s t Mac: I th in k we co u ld a s k and th e y m ig h t te ll
to re fre s h my m em ory. I know a lo t o f us roughly w h a t to lo o k a t. b u t I d o n 't
le c tu re rs te ll us n o t to do la s t m in u te th in k th e y ’ll te ll us e x a ctly w h a t th e
re v is io n , b u t it w o rk s w ell fo r m e. to p ic s w ill be.
Barbara: I th in k it ’s a good idea to a s k th e m , ju s t
Track 54 to know w h a t to fo c u s on. So w h a t’s
Student: Excuse m e. next? W hat do you th in k a b o u t reading
Receptionist: Yes? all th e b o o ks on th e reading lis t? Gerry?
Student: Can I ta k e my ph o n e in to th e exam , if I Gerry: A hhh ... I d o n 't th in k th a t’s a ve ry good
sw itc h it o ff? idea. ... we c a n ’t read all th e b ooks.
Receptionist: Your m o b ile ? No. No m o b ile s are Barbara: I th in k y o u ’re right. W h at I th in k we
a llow ed in th e exam h a ll. You can p u t it have to do is try to re m e m b e r th e m o s t
in yo u r bag, th o u g h . im p o rta n t d e ta ils and a rg u m e n ts fro m
Student: OK, b u t th e n w h a t do I do w ith my bag? th e m ain w rite rs and be ready to use
Receptionist: B ags go in th e lo cke rs, dow n th e th e m in th e exam .
c o rrid o r on th e le ft. There are keys Mac: Yeah. OK. Then th e ne xt th in g to do is
in th e d o o rs . J u s t lo ck th e d o o r and lo o k a t old exam p a p e rs and se e w h a t
ta k e th e key w ith you. Over here, look, kind o f q u e s tio n s we m ig h t get.
have a lo o k a t th e p oster. W hen yo u 've Gerry: Yes. T h a t’s w here th e old exam s w ill
p u t your th in g s away, go to th e m ain h e lp ... lo o k in g a t th e typ e o f q u e s tio n .
d o o r o f th e exam hall and show th e Mac: Right. So w hen w e ’ve w orke d o u t
s u p e rv is o r your s tu d e n t id e n tity card. w h ich to p ic s we need to stu d y and
Student: Oh, OK. I se e so, I sh o w my id e n tity re m e m b e re d th e m ain id e a s, we can
card a t th e d o o r and th e n w hen I g e t lo o k a t old p a p e rs and w rite a fe w
in to th e exam h a ll, I need to lo o k fo r p ra c tic e q u e s tio n s .
my e x a m in a tio n n u m b e r. Is th a t th e Barbara: Yes. And t h a t’ll h elp us [fades out]
s a m e n u m b e r as my id e n tity ca rd ?
Receptionist: Yes, t h a t’s rig h t ... th e s a m e num ber. CD 2
Student: So w here s h o u ld I lo o k fo r it? Track 01
Receptionist: Your e x a m in a tio n n u m b e r w ill be on a
Tutor: M o rn in g , eve ryo n e . I th o u g h t w e ’d g e t
d e sk.
to g e th e r to d a y and ju s t ta lk a b o u t
Student: Ahh.. rig h t. Thank you ve ry m uch.
exam te c h n iq u e s . I'm sure everyone
Receptionist: No p ro b le m . Good luck.
has d iffe re n t id e a s a b o u t th e m . So
s h a ll we find o u t w h a t you do firs t w hen
Track 55
you g e t in to an exam ?
Mac: Hi guys. Is everyone s e t to s tu d y fo r Gerry: C heck th a t you have th e rig h t exam
th e e xa m s, th e n ? D oes anyone have p a p e r?
any h in ts a b o u t how to g e t ready fo r Tutor: It s o u n d s funny, b u t s tu d e n ts do
th e m ? I’ m n o t su re w here to s ta rt, a c tu a lly a n s w e r th e w rong exam paper
really. Any id e a s, B arbara? s o m e tim e s ! So, c h e c k th a t it ’s your
Barbara: W ell, M ac ... th e re are lo ts o f th in g s exam , firs t. Then w h a t?
we c o u ld do. I m ean we c o u ld s ta r t Gerry: W rite vo u r e x a m in a tio n n u m b e r on th e
by lo o k in g a t o ld exam p a p e rs , o r we a n s w e r s h e e t?
c o u ld go th ro u g h all th e le c tu re n o te s Tutor: W ell, it m ig h t so u n d o b vio u s, b u t
fo r each su b je c t. W h a t do you th in k ? w ritin g yo u r e x a m in a tio n n u m b e r a t

104 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


U n its
th e b e g in n in g o f th e exam ca n be a Track 03
good id e a . A p a rt fro m m a k in g s u re th e
Tutor: M a c ’s rig h t. If you w rite o n e v e ry goo d
e x a m in e r k n o w s w h o w ro te th e e xa m ,
answ er, b u t i t ’s o n ly w o rth th irty pe r
ca n a n yo n e say w hy?
c e n t o f th e m a rk s , you s till lo s e th e
Mac: It can h e lp you relax.
o th e r s e v e n ty p e r c e n t on th a t exam .
Tutor: Yes, t h a t ’s rig h t. D o in g s o m e th in g e a sy
Gerry: So, i t ’s b e tte r to w rite o u r m a in id e a s
like th a t g iv e s you a c h a n c e to ca lm
fo r a q u e s tio n even if we d o n ’t have
do w n . R ight, s o w h a t do you d o n e xt?
tim e to a n s w e r it properly.
Barbara: Read th e q u e s tio n s c a re fu lly ?
Tutor: Yes, a b s o lu te ly . We c a n ’t give you
Tutor: W ell, b e fo re you read th e q u e s tio n s ,
m a rk s fo r w ritin g n o th in g . B ut, if you
w h a t s h o u ld you do?
give us y o u r m a in id e a s , we ca n give
Mac: Read th e in s tru c tio n s .
you s o m e m a rk s .
Tutor: Yes. You s h o u ld read th e in s tru c tio n s
Barbara: Oh, really! I w ish I’d know n th a t in my
ne xt. You need to k n o w how m any
la s t exam . I s p e n t all my tim e w ritin g a
q u e s tio n s you have to answ er, and
long a n sw e r to one o f th e q u e s tio n s and
w h e th e r you have to a n s w e r all th e
d id n 't g e t round to th e o th e r tw o. I d id n ’t
q u e s tio n s , o r o n ly s o m e . W h a t o th e r
u n d e rs ta n d why I g o t such a low m a rk .
im p o rta n t in fo rm a tio n do you nee d to
Mac: Yeah. T h a t’s w h a t h a p p e n e d to m e.
c h e c k b e fo re you s ta rt?
Luckily, my tu to r e x p la in e d it a fte rw a rd s
Gerry: H ow m u ch tim e you have?
and I ne ve r d id it a g a in.
Tutor: Yes, G e rry ’s rig h t. You n eed to m a ke
su re th a t you kn o w how long th e exam
is, s o you can m a n a g e y o u r tim e
properly.
Unit 8 Shopping and spending
Track 02
Track 04
Tutor: OK. W h a t do you do n e xt?
1 I b o u g h t th is s h ir t in a s a le .
Barbara: Read th e q u e s tio n s ?
2 M v b ro th e r th in k s o n lin e s h o p p in g is m u ch q u ic k e r
Tutor: Yes. It's v e ry im p o rta n t to read th e
th a n g o in g to th e s h o p s .
q u e s tio n s . N o t ju s t o n ce , b u t se ve ra l
3 The good th in g a b o u t s h o p p in g in a d e p a rtm e n t
tim e s .
s to re is th a t you can g e t e v e ry th in g in one p la c e .
Mac: I u s u a lly m a ke a fe w n o te s w hen I’ m
4 The Jast tim e I to o k s o m e th in g b a c k to a s h o p , th e
lo o k in g a t th e q u e s tio n s . S o m e tim e s
c u s to m e r s e rv ic e s m a n a g e r w a s n ’t th e r e .
a q u e s tio n lo o k s e a sy and th e n w hen
5 I lo s t m y c re d it card th e o th e r day. I w a s re a lly
you s ta r t w ritin g you re a lize th a t i t ’s
w o rrie d s o m e o n e e ls e w o u ld u se it.
a c tu a lly m o re d iffic u lt th a n you th o u g h t.
6 Have you e ve r b o u g h t a tra in tic k e t w ith a s tu d e n t
Gerry: Yeah, b u t you d o n ’t w a n t to s p e n d to o
d is c o u n t? It’s so m u ch c h e a p e r.
m u ch tim e w ritin g n o te s .
Tutor: No ... b u t it's a g ood idea to j o t dow n a
Track 05
fe w id e a s to s e e if you can re m e m b e r
Interviewer: C ould you te ll m e s o m e th in g a b o u t w ho
th e a rg u m e n ts fo r th e to p ic s you
d o e s th e s h o p p in g in y o u r fa m ily ?
s tu d ie d m o s t.
Miriam : O f c o u rs e . W ell, in a way, it d e p e n d s
Barbara: O nce w e ’ve d e c id e d , is it b e tte r ju s t
on w h a t k in d o f s h o p p in g you m e a n .
to s ta r t a t th e b e g in n in g and a n s w e r
T here are fo u r p e o p le in m y fa m ily b u t
th e q u e s tio n s a s th e y a p p e a r on th e
o n ly tw o o f us a c tu a lly go s h o p p in g . I
e x a m ? Or s h o u ld we s ta r t w ith th e e a sy
th in k w e 're lik e m o s t fa m ilie s , really. I
q u e s tio n s ?
m e a n , my m o th e r a lw ays b u ys th e fo o d .
Gerry: M m m m . W ell, I s ta r t w ith th e q u e s tio n s
S h e ’s v e ry o rg a n iz e d , you know , sh e
th a t I kn o w b e tte r. And leave th e o n e s
a lw ays m a k e s a s h o p p in g lis t b e fo re
I’ m n o t s u re o f fo r th e e nd.
sh e g o e s o u t. S he says i t ’s a good
Mac: T h a t’s w h a t I do, b u t I s till ke e p an
way to save m oney. Anyway, s h e g o e s
eye on th e c lo c k , e s p e c ia lly , w h e n
to th e s u p e rm a rk e t o n ce a w e e k and
th e q u e s tio n s are all w o rth th e s a m e
g e ts e v e ry th in g we ne e d . M y fa th e r and
num ber o f m a rk s .

Audio scripts 105


b ro th e r h a rd ly ever go to th e s h o p s , Track 0 8
b u t I love s h o p p in g ! i ’ m th e p e rso n
Good e ve n ing eve ryo n e . T his e ve n ing , I’ m go ing
in o u r fa m ily w ho g o e s s h o p p in g th e
c o n tin u e la s t w e e k ’s le c tu re by ta lk in g m ore a b o u t
m o s t. I ju s t love to go to th e s h o p p in g
how p e o p le sp e n d th e ir money. F irst o f a ll, I’ m going
m all w ith my frie n d s . S o m e tim e s , I buy
to co m p a re how p e o p le o f d iffe re n t age g ro u p s spend
c lo th e s on th e s p u r o f th e m o m e n t, you
th e ir ca sh . You p ro b a b ly know th a t th e re 's a lo t o f
know, w ith o u t p la n n in g to . B u t q u ite
d iffe re n c e be tw e e n w h a t young p e o p le do w ith th e ir
o fte n , w hen I g e t h o m e I d o n ’t re a lly
money, how fa m ilie s s p e n d th e ir m oney and w h a t m ore
like w h a t I’ve b o u g h t and I have to go
m a tu re p e o p le do. S econdly, I w a n t us to th in k a b o u t
b a ck and a s k fo r a re fu n d . I d o n ’t like
w h a t we im a g in e m en and w o m e n sp e n d th e ir m oney
d o in g th a t very m u ch . I th in k it ’s a b it
on. And th e n , I’m g o in g to lo o k a t m a le and fe m a le
e m b a rra s s in g .
s p e n d in g p a tte rn s and se e w h e th e r we w ere right.
OK ... To s ta r t w ith , le t’s d ivid e th e p o p u la tio n in to
Track 06
th re e s e c tio n s : le t’s say, a h h h , young p e o p le up to th e
Hi. T h is is o u r la s t le c tu re a b o u t b u s in e s s and age o f 3 0 in th e firs t g ro u p . Then ... um m m ... le t’s put
a d v e rtis in g th is te rm and to d a y I'm g o in g to ta lk a b o u t fa m ilie s in th e 3 0 to 5 5 year o ld group. So th a t p u ts
s h o p p in g h a b its in d iffe re n t p a rts o f th e w o rld . F irs t a d u lts over 5 5 in th e m a tu re gro u p . D oes th a t m ake
w e ’ll lo o k a t w ho n o rm a lly d o e s th e s h o p p in g . Yes, sense?
u m m .... W ell, in th e U n ite d K in g d o m a b o u t 75% o f
th e fo o d s h o p p in g is d o n e by w o m e n . B u t th is is n ’t Track 09
th e c a s e e ve ryw h e re . T h e re are c o u n trie s w h e re up
R ight, w ell, I fo u n d th a t th e firs t g ro u p , th a t’s young
to 60% o f m en do th e g ro c e ry s h o p p in g on th e ir way
p e o p le up to th e age o f 3 0 , m o s tly s p e n d th e ir m oney
b a ck fro m w o rk . A nd, h a b its are c h a n g in g ... even in
on c lo th e s , m u s ic and e n te rta in m e n t. T h a t’s n o t really
w e s te rn c o u n trie s ... fo r e x a m p le , a re c e n t s u rv e y
ve ry s u rp ris in g , is it? A lth o u g h I m u s t a d m it I th o u g h t
sh o w e d th a t in th e U n ite d S ta te s n e a rly 50% o f m en
th e y m ig h t sp e n d a lo t on c a rs and tra v e llin g a round . So
s h o p fo r g ro c e rie s .
... th e next g ro u p is w h a t I've c a lle d families, pe o p le in
Now le t’s lo o k a t w here p e o p le s h o p . In fa c t, w here
th e age g ro u p fro m 3 0 to 5 5 . N aturally, as I e xpected ,
pe o p le sh o p d e p e n d s on w h e th e r th e y live in th e
th is g ro u p s p e n d s m o s t o f its m oney on fo o d , to v s and
city o r in th e country. As we all know, th e re are m ore
trip s o u t. But, I w a s s u rp ris e d to fin d th a t p e o p le aged
s u p e rm a rk e ts in th e c ity and m ore m a rk e ts and sm a ll
b etw een 3 0 and 5 5 sp e n d m o s t o f th e ir m oney on
s h o p s in th e co untry. So as th e p o p u la tio n m oves
fu rn itu re and k itc h e n e q u ip m e n t. I s u p p o s e i t ’s logical,
to th e c ity to fin d w o rk, m o re p eople are s h o p p in g in
if you th in k a b o u t it. P eople are u s u a lly im proving th e ir
s u p e rm a rk e ts th a n ever b e fo re ... [fades out]
h o m e s a t th a t age and h o u s e h o ld e q u ip m e n t is very
e x p e n sive . B u t th e y a ls o s p e n d a lo t o f m oney on
Track 07
e le c tro n ic e q u ip m e n t, like video g a m e s fo r th e c h ild re n .
H ello. Good to se e you all here. T his a fte rn o o n I’ m Now tu rn in g to th e th ird g ro u p , t h a t’s p e o ple over 5 5
g o in g to ta lk a b o u t a re c e n t survey in to m e n ’s and ... I th o u g h t th e y ’d sp e n d th e ir m oney on g a rd e n in g
w o m e n ’s s h o p p in g h a b its . B efore I s ta rt, I’d like you to to o ls and e le c tro n ic e q u ip m e n t. B ut I w as w rong again.
lo o k a t th e lis t o f s ta te m e n ts a b o u t m en and w om en P eople in th e over 5 5 s g ro u p s p e n d m o s t m oney on
and se e w h ich o n e s you w o u ld e x p e c t to be tru e ... new c a rs and days o ut.
R ight? Firstly, le t's lo o k a t th e idea th a t w o m e n sp e n d
a lo t o f m oney on e x p e n s iv e s h o e s. A ctually, th is is n ’t Track 10
tru e . In fa c t, w om en buy a lo t o f ch e a p s h o e s . M en,
So, w h a t did we th in k a b o u t how m en and w om en
on th e o th e r hand, try to save m oney by buying s p e cia l
s p e n d th e ir m oney? OK ... W ell, we th o u g h t th a t young
o ffe rs . W h a t is s u rp ris in g a b o u t w o m e n , th o u g h , is th a t
w o m e n w o u ld sp e n d a lo t on c lo th e s and s h o e s , and
th e y like s h o p p in g in e xp e n sive b o u tiq u e s . And, it is n ’t
th a t yo u n g m en w o u ld buy m ore e le c tro n ic e q u ip m e n t
tru e th a t th e y alw ays m ake a s h o p p in g lis t w hen th e y go
and c a rs . W ell, w hen we lo o k a t th e fig u re s we can see
to th e s u p e rm a rk e t. We a ls o e xp e cte d to fin d th a t m en
th a t we w ere rig h t a b o u t th e m en. Young m en spen d
w o uld go to th e s u p e rm a rk e t a fte r m id n ig h t to g e t th e ir
tw ic e as m uch as w o m e n on c a rs and c o m p u te rs .
fo o d cheaper, b u t th is w a s n ’t th e ca s e , e ither. Then th e
B ut ... and th is is in te re s tin g ... we w ere w ro ng a b o u t
th ird th in g we le a rn t a b o u t w om en is th a t th e y like to
th e w o m e n . I w as s u rp ris e d to fin d th a t young w om en
sh o p in big d e p a rtm e n t s to r e s , w hich m en d o n ’t like.
s p e n d m uch m ore on b e a u ty tre a tm e n ts th a n th e y do
They like to go s h o p p in g in s p e c ia lis t s h o p s . OK? How
on c lo th e s and s h o e s . So w e ’ll have to th in k a b o u t th a t
m any did you g e t rig h t?
a gain. And th e r e ’s a n o th e r in te re s tin g fa c t a b o u t young

106 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 9
w o m e n ... It lo o k s a s th o u g h yo u n g w o m e n are m uch Track 13
m o re c o n c e rn e d a b o u t th e ir d ie t th a n m e n . We fo u n d
Martin: So, Sally, w h a t do you d o in y o u r fre e
th a t a lth o u g h vo u n g w o m e n d o n ’t sp e n d a s m u ch as
tim e ?
m en on e a tin g o u t, th e y do s p e n d a lo t m o re on o rg a n ic
Sally: W ell, a t th e m o m e n t I’ m tra in in g to be
fo o d s th a n young m en.
a p riv a te p ilo t.
Martin: No way! R eally? W h a t m a d e you w a n t
to do th a t?
Sally: W ell, I’ve a lw a ys loved th e idea o f flying
Unit 9 Hobbies, interests and sports a p la n e , e ve r s in c e I w a s a little g irl.
Martin: W ow! Is n ’t it e x p e n s iv e ?
Track 11 Sally: E r r ..., ye a h , b u t i t ’s w o rth it ... I t ’s
A an a m a z in g e x p e rie n c e . B u t w h a t
Karl: Hi Trudy. W h a t a re you d o in g th is a b o u t you, M a rtin ? W h a t do you do fo r
w e e k e n d ? I'm g o in g s w im m in g , dow n le is u re ?
a t th e b e a ch . Martin: N o th in g n e a rly a s e x c itin g ... I plav ice
Trudy: Oh. rig h t ... I'm g o ing ru n n in g . I’ m h ockey in my s p a re tim e . I’ m c a p ta in o f
p ra c tis in g fo r th e m a ra th o n n e xt th e c o lle g e te a m . So a t w e e k e n d s , we
m o n th . Do you like ru n n in g , K arl? tra v e l to g a m e s all o ve r th e s ta te .
Karl: No. N o t m e! Sally: B u t th a t s o u n d s fu n . Do you e njo y
le a d in g th e te a m ?
B Martin: Yeah, I do.
Hillary: Hey, K arl, do you fe e l like g o in g to th e
cin e m a to n ig h t? T h e re 's a re a lly good Track 14
film on. Judy: Hi, S te ve . W h a t a re you d o in g ?
Karl: Oh, I'm s o rry Tracey. I’ve a lre a d y g o t Steve: W ell, I c o lle c t s ta m p s w ith p ic tu re s o f
tic k e ts to go a c o n c e rt th is e ve n ing . tro p ic a l b ird s on th e m . So, I’ m lo o k in g
fo r m o re o f th o s e .
C
Judy: Oh ... th a t's in te re s tin g . W hich o n e s
Trudy: W h a t a re you d o in g th is v a c a tio n ,
have you g o t s o fa r?
Jo h n ? I’ m tra v e llin g a ro u n d E urope fo r
Steve: I’ve g o t a 3 2 c e n t s ta m p w ith a p ic tu re
a w h ile b e fo re I go b a c k to A u s tra lia .
o f a cardinal honeyeater on it. It ca m e
John: Oh, re a lly? I’ m n o t th a t keen on
o u t in 1 9 9 8 .
tra v e llin g , to be h o n e s t. I’ m g o in g to
Judy: A cardinal honeyeater? Is th a t a b ird ?
sp e n d m y v a c a tio n g a rd e n in g .
Can I s e e ?
Steve: Yeah, here ... I t ’s a tro p ic a l b ird.
D
Judy: Oh, ye s. It’s b e a u tifu l ... So w h ich
Trudy: I'm g o in g cy c lin g on S aturday, H illary.
c o u n try is th e s ta m p fro m ?
Do you w a n t to c o m e a lo n g ?
Steve: The U n ite d S ta te s .
Hillary: T h a n k s a lo t, b u t I’ve g o t a lo t o f
Judy: M m m m ... and how did you g e t it? Do
c o o k in g to do fo r th e p a rty in th e
you kn o w s o m e o n e in th e S ta te s ?
e ve n in g . I h ope y o u ’re s till c o m in g .
Steve: No. It’s n o t like th a t. I buy s ta m p s fro m
Trudy: O f c o u rs e I am . W o u ld n ’t m is s it!
o th e r c o lle c to rs . Lo o k a t th is o n e ... I
Track 12 b o u g h t it la s t w e e k. It’s a tw e n ty five
c e n t s ta m p .
1 fry fry
Judy: Oh, b rillia n t! It's g o t a p a rro t on it!
2 pray pray
W hen w a s it is s u e d ?
3 lead lead
Steve: 1967
4 b la d e b la d e
Judy: OK ... And w h e re ’s it fro m ?
5 c o rre c t c o rre c t
Steve: It's fro m B ra z il.
6 play play
Judy: C ool!
7 read read
8 fly fly
Track 15
9 played played
1 0 c o lle c t c o lle c t Adm inistrator: Hi, ca n I h e lp yo u ? Are you in te re s te d
in c lim b in g , a t a ll?

Audio scripts 107


Andrew: Hi. Yeah. Actually, I've been th in k in g Victoria: The film and d ra m a clu b c o s ts a lot,
a b o u t jo in in g a clu b fo r a w h ile now. So d o e s n ’t it?
w h a t do I have to d o ? Mark: Yes, £ 5 0 is a lo t. And t h a t ’s probably
Adm inistrator: It's e a s y really. I ca n fill in th e fo rm w hy it o nly has 1 2 m e m b e rs . Ahhh ...
fo r you rig h t now, o n lin e , and th e n you is th e re any o th e r club you th in k lo o ks
can c o m e to o u r fir s t m e e tin g n e xt in te re s tin g ? Look a t th e n e xt one ...
m o n th . s tre e t d a n c e . Have you ever done any
Andrew: OK. L e t’s do th a t th e n . s tre e t d a n ce ?
Administrator: Right. F irst o f a ll, w h a t’s your n a m e ? Victoria: No, I h a v e n ’t, really.
Andrew: Andrew. Mark: It’s th e c h e a p e s t. It o nly c o s ts £ 5 .
Administrator: A ndrew ... and your fa m ily na m e ? Victoria: M m m m ...
Andrew: M e tc a lfe .
Administrator: M e tc a lfe ... How do you s p e ll th a t? Track 17
Andrew: M-E-T-C-A-L-F-E Mark: OK. S h a ll we s ta r t w ith you r in te re s ts ?
Administrator: M-E-T-C-A-L-F-E, w ith an ‘e ’ . W h a t do you like d o in g b e s t?
Andrew: Yes, t h a t ’s right Victoria: Um m m ... w ell, I like photography. I’ve
Administrator: And yo u r age? Are you over 1 8 ? g o t a pro fe ssio n a l cam era. So I ta ke it
Andrew: Yup. I’ m 2 1 q u ite seriously. But I c a n ’t really im agine
Administrator: And w here do you live? belonging to a club to ta ke photographs.
Andrew: My a d d re s s is 4 3 A H ighbury S quare, I usually go on long w alks on my own
L ondon, W 1 and ta ke photos. So I like photography,
Administrator: T h a n ks ... and do you have a n u m b e r b u t I w o u ld n ’t w a n t to jo in a club to do it.
w h e re I can c o n ta c t you? Mark: OK, so w h a t e ls e do you like d oing?
Andrew: Yes, my m o b ile is 0 7 2 0 9 5 7 1 3 2 4 R unning?
Administrator: And I have to a s k a c o u p le m ore Victoria: Oh no! N o t ru n n in g ! I like w a lkin g , b u t
q u e s tio n s . U m m m ... do you have any I h a te ru n n in g . I’ m a fra id th e run n in g
h e a lth p ro b le m s ? c lu b is n 't fo r m e or th e cyclin g club.
Andrew: No, no. N othing. Mark: And film and d ra m a ?
Administrator: And a la s t q u e s tio n . Have you ever Victoria: Ahh, no ... It’s fa r to o exp e n sive . B ut L
c lim b e d b e fo re ? do like vo g a . I’ve p ra c tis e d yoga on and
Andrew: Y es. I have, a bit. o ff fo r y e a rs. How m any m e m b e rs d oes
Administrator: W ell, th a n k s very m uch. th e yoga clu b have?
Mark: It’s alw ays a sm a ll g ro up. A lo t o f
Track 16 pe o p le sign up a t th e b e g inn in g o f
Victoria: H ello. Are you th e p e rso n to a s k a b o u t te rm , b u t th e y s to p g o in g a fte r a fe w
jo in in g a club? w e e k s . So th e y ’re le ft w ith a few
Mark: Yes, I am . W h a t w o u ld you like to re g u la r m e m b e rs every year.
know ? Victoria: T h a t s o u n d s g o o d . I th in k I’d like to
Victoria: W ell, I’m in te re s te d in several th in g s , jo in th e yoga club. And w h a t a b o u t
b u t I’d like to know m ore a b o u t th e th e c o n te m p o ra ry d a n ce c lu b ? Is it
d iffe re n t c lu b s and how m uch th e y e xp e n sive ?
c o s t. I'm lo o kin g fo r a s m a ll c lu b th a t’s Mark: C o n te m p o ra ry d a n ce ? No, it ’s n o t
n o t to o e xpensive. e x p e n sive . £ 1 0 fo r th e te rm ... Do you
Mark: OK. Have a look a t th is ta b le . You can like d a n ce ?
see th e n a m e s o f th e c lu b s , th e fe e s Victoria: W ell, I’ve never trie d c o n te m p o ra ry
and th e n u m b e r o f m e m b e rs . I’ m a fra id d a n ce , b u t I do like iazz and ta p dance.
th e y a re n 't in any order. If you lo o k a t How o fte n d o e s th e g ro u p m e e t?
th e to p o f th e lis t, th e firs t clu b is ta b le
te n n is . T h a t's one o f o u r new c lu b s . Track 18
Victoria: Oh, rig h t. So th e ta b le te n n is clu b Mark: So can I have your fu ll n am e, p le a se?
c o s ts £ 2 0 . T h a t’s q u ite e xp e n sive . Victoria: V ic to ria M a n d e ville .
Mark: Yes, it is a b it e x p e n sive . The c ro s s Mark: M-A-N-D-A-V-l-L
c o u n try cyclin g clu b is cheaper, th o u g h . Victoria: No, no. M-A-N-D-E-V-l-L-L-E.
M e m b e rs h ip fe e s are o n ly £ 1 5 , b u t on Mark: D o uble L, E. T h a n k you. And how old
th e o th e r hand it's g o t 1 0 0 m e m b e rs . are you?

108 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 10
Victoria: N in e te e n . university you w on t have a s m any hours o f c la s s a s you
Mark: And yo u r a d d re s s ? did a t school, and your tu to rs will expect you to s tu d y on
Victoria: 5 7 B urv G a rd e n s. A th e rto n Park, your own a lo t m ore. So you m ig h t feel y o u ’ve g o t a lot o f
M a n c h e s te r, M 4 6 free tim e on your hands. So how do you deal w ith it? Well,
Mark: How do you s p e ll ‘ B u ry ’ ? B-E-R-R-Y? to be h o n e st, I d o n ’t th in k th e re 's an easy answer, b u t I
Victoria: No. It’s B-U-R-Y th in k it h e lp s to go to all your c la s s e s , how ever tire d you
Mark: R ight. B-U-R-Y. And do you have a are. Print a copy o f your tim e ta b le and p u t it on th e wall in
c o n ta c t n u m b e r? your b e droom . Actually, your university m ig h t even have a
Victoria: Yes. M v m o b ile is: 0 7 9 4 2 5 7 3 2 7 9 system fo r a le rtin g you on your m o b ile w hen vour lectures
Mark: 07942 573 279? are. A p a rt fro m th a t, you could try not go in g o u t during th e
Victoria: Yes, t h a t ’s rig h t. Is th a t a ll? w eek and keeping your social life fo r th e w eekend. I’ m not
Mark: Ahh ... o n e m o re th in g . Do you have an sure th a t’s very easy th o u g h . One th in g I will say, though,
e m a il a d d re s s ? is th a t a t th e end o f th e year, a fte r vour e x a m s , you can
really relax.

Track 22
Review 3 I s ta rte d th is new jo b a co u p le o f w eeks ago and I’ m
having a lot o f tro u b le w ith my w ork-life balance. In my la st
Track 19 jo b we had fixed hours. We had to be a t th e o ffice a t 9 .0 0
1 ... we th o u g h t th a t yo u n g w o m e n w o u ld s p e n d a lo t on th e d o t and we always fin is h e d a t exactly 5 .0 0 . Any
on c lo th e s and s h o e s , and th a t yo u n g m en w o u ld w o rk we h a d n ’t fin is h e d we could ju s t leave fo r th e next

buy m ore v id e o g a m e s , m o b ile p h o n e s and c a rs . day. B ut th is new jo b 's ve ry d iffe re n t. I m ean, in th is jo b ,


we can co m e in to th e office any tim e betw een 8 .0 0 and
2 We fo u n d th a t a lth o u g h yo u n g w o m e n d o n 't sp e n d
1 0 .0 0 in th e m orning. Then we can ch o o se w h e th e r to
a s m u ch a s m en on e a tin g o u t, th e y do sp e n d a lo t
have a lunch break o r not. Then it g e ts a b it co m p lica te d
m o re on o rg a n ic fo o d s th a n yo u n g m en.
... U m m m ... If we have a lunch break we can leave
3 ... in fa c t, p e o p le aged b e tw e e n 3 0 and 3 5 sp e n d betw een 4 .0 0 and 6 .0 0 . If we d o n ’t have a lunch break,
m o s t o f th e ir m o n e y on fu rn itu re and k itc h e n we can go hom e betw een 3 .0 0 and 5 .0 0 . OK, well at
e q u ip m e n t ... P eople a re u s u a lly im p ro v in g th e ir firs t th is syste m so u n d e d really good, e sp e cia lly fo r m e
h o m e s a t th a t age and h o u s e h o ld e q u ip m e n t is beca u se I have young ch ild re n . But, th e problem is th a t,
v e ry e x p e n s iv e . if we haven’t fin is h e d o u r w ork, we have to fin is h it o ff
a t hom e. So it's a ctu a lly ve ry d iffic u lt to draw th e line
betw een w o rk and hom e. For e xam ple, on M ondays I
can leave th e children a t school, go to th e gym and g e t
into th e o ffice q u ite late. B ut I c a n 't ta k e a lunch break,
Unit 10 Work-life balance b ecause I need to leave e a rly to pick th e ch ild re n up from
school. They co m e o u t a t 4 .0 0 . And th e n I have to w ork
Track 20
from hom e in th e evening to fin is h w h a t I have to do.
T h e ir h o lid a ys s ta r t a t th e b e g in n in g o f July.
L iste n again. Track 23
T h e ir h o lid a ys s ta r t a t th e b e g in n in g o f July.
If you lo o k a t th is c h a rt you can s e e how we p lan o u r
p ro je c ts . T h is o n e is a s u rv e y w e ’re w o rk in g on th is
Track 21
ye a r a b o u t w h e re p e o p le lik e d to sh o p . OK? W ell, we
W hen you s ta rt university yo u ’ll probably find it ’s n o t all alw ays s ta r t by h a vin g a te a m m e e tin g . T h a t’s in th e
th a t easy to balance th e tim e you spend on studying w ith firs t c o lu m n c a lle d t a s k s . So, in th is te a m m e e tin g we
th e tim e you spend going o u t w ith your frie n d s. In fa ct, d e c id e w h a t we need to d o , w h o ’s g o in g to do it and ...
one o f th e biggest pro b le m s yo u ’ll have is m anaging your e rr ... w h e n it's g o t to be ready. R ight? So you ca n se e
tim e . O f course, it’s p erfectly u n d e rsta n d a b le ... I m ean, here in th e s e c o n d c o lu m n , w e ’ve g o t th e s ta r t d a te o f
in m any ca se s, it's probably th e firs t tim e y o u ’ll have lived th e p ro je c t. T h a t's th e 2 3 rd January. T h a t’s th e s a m e
away from hom e. So y o u ’ll have to do lo ts m ore th in g s fo r day w e have th e te a m m e e tin g . If you lo o k dow n th e
y o u rs e lf, like buying your own foo d , w ashing your c lo th e s ta s k s c o lu m n you can s e e th a t th e firs t th in g w e have
and m anaging your own money. A t th e sa m e tim e , th e re ’s to d o is w rite a d ra ft q u e s tio n n a ire . You know , like an
no-one th e re to te ll you w h a t tim e to co m e hom e a t night, o u tlin e o f th e q u e s tio n s we w a n t to a s k . Then we have
or w h a t tim e to g e t up in th e m orning. On to p o f th a t, a t to c h e c k th e q u e s tio n n a ire to m a k e s u re th e q u e s tio n s

Audio scripts 109


are right. If you lo o k a t th e lin e s in co lu m n th re e , you Track 26
can se e th e d a te s w hen we have to c o m p le te im p o rta n t
I’d like to give you an exam ple o f th e kind o f person who
ta s k s in th e p ro je ct. T hese are w h a t we c a ll m ile s to n e s
b e n e fits m o s t fro m our fa m ily frie n d ly policy. Sally is
in th e p ro je c t. For e xa m p le , w hen w e ’ve ch e cke d th e
one o f our a s s is ta n ts in a ccounting, w ho has tw o sm all
q u e s tio n n a ire on th e 2 5 th A pril, w e ’ll have re a ch e d a
c h ild re n . S ally’s husband travels abroad a lo t so she has
m ile s to n e , and w hen w e ’ve c o m p le te d th e su rve y on
to look a fte r th e children on her own m o s t o f th e tim e .
th e 3 0 th June, w e 'll have reached a n o th e r m ile s to n e .
Both th e children go to a nu rse ry early in th e m orning.
On th e 1 5 th A ug u st, w hen we fin is h e n te rin g th e d a ta
So, w e ’ve agreed th a t Sally can com e in a t 8 o ’clock,
on th e d a ta b a s e , w hen we fin is h e n te rin g th e d a ta on
a fte r she leaves th e children. At lu n ch tim e Sally's s is te r
th e d a ta b a s e , w e ’ll have fin is h e d th e firs t p h a se o f
picks th e children up fro m th e nursery. But she has to go
th e p ro je ct. The se c o n d p h a se o f th e p ro je c t involves
to w o rk h e rs e lf a t th re e o ’clock. So Sally leaves th e office
w ritin g th e re p o rt. W e’ll be d o in g th a t be tw e e n 1 5 th
a t tw o to c o lle c t th e children fro m her s is te r’s . And she
A u g u st and th e 1 5 th S eptem ber. And th a t’s th e d e a d lin e
m akes up th e extra tim e by fin is h in g her w ork a t hom e.
fo r th e p ro je c t to be han d e d to th e c lie n t.

Track 24
In o u r co m p a n y we b e lie ve th a t o u r e m p lo y e e s are m ore
Unit 11 Com paring cultures
p ro d u ctive , you know, th e y w o rk be tte r, if th e y ’re happy.
N aturally, we have to m ake su re th e co m p a n y m a k e s a Track 27
p ro fit, b u t a t th e s a m e tim e we need to th in k a b o u t th e
Conversation A
physical and m e n ta l h e a lth o f o u r e m p lo y e e s . We do
Sam : Hey, M ick. Have you e ve r been to
u n d e rs ta n d th a t th e y a re n 't ju s t w o rk in g m a c h in e s ...
T h a ila n d ?
So we have a p o licy o f h e lp in g th e m fin d a fa ir b a la n ce
Mick: Yeah. I w a s th e re la s t year. Why do you
betw e en th e ir w o rk and th e ir p riva te lives. W h a t we
ask?
call a w o rk-life b a la n ce . We do th is in several ways.
Sam: W ell, I’ m th in k in g o f d o in g a p ro je c t on
Firstly, we have a fa m ily frie n d ly policy, so p a re n ts can
A sian fo o d and w as w o n d erin g w h e th e r
lo o k a fte r th e ir c h ild re n w hen th e y ’re very young. For
Thai fo o d w as th e s a m e a s C hinese.
e xa m p le , s o m e tim e s th e y need to w o rk fle x ib le h o u rs,
Mick: Oh, right. U m m ... Thai fo o d ’s n o t
you know, tim e s th a t a re n ’t fixed. O th e r tim e s p a re n ts
e x a ctly th e sa m e as C h in e se , b u t th e y
have to w o rk p a rt tim e ... and q u ite a lo t w o rk fro m
b o th have a really h e a lth y d ie t, w ith lo ts
hom e. A n o th e r e xa m p le o f our fa m ily frie n d ly p o licy is
o f v e g e ta b le s . S om e o f th e d is h e s are
o u r g e n e ro u s m a te rn ity leave package. In o u r com pany,
p re tty h o t and spicy, th o u g h .
we a llo w w o m e n w h o ’ve had a baby to ta k e a w h o le
year o ff w o rk a fte r th e b a b y’s born. And, o f co u rs e ,
Conversation B
w h ile th e y ’re away, th e ir jo b s are p ro te c te d .
Lisa: Hi, Tony. Do you have a m o m e n t?
Tony: S ure. W h a t’s it a b o u t?
Track 25
Lisa: W ell, I’ m re s e a rc h in g ty p e s o f h o u sin g
B e ca use we w a n t o u r e m p lo ye e s to be happy, we a c ro s s th e w o rld and I th o u g h t I’d a sk
ca rrie d o u t a su rve y recently, to fin d o u t w h ich w o rk in g you a b o u t w h a t k in d s o f h o u s e s th e re
p a tte rn s are re a lly m o s t popular. In g e n e ra l, o u r s ta ff are in A u s tra lia .
p re fe r to w o rk a t th e o ffic e . In fa c t, n e a rly h a lf co m e Tony: S ure. W hich p a rt o f A u s tra lia are you
in d u rin g re g u la r o ffic e h o u rs ... you know, fro m 9 .0 0 th in k in g a b o u t? I m e a n , th e re are
to 5 .0 0 . Anyway, we a ls o asked a b o u t p a rt-tim e w ork, b lo c k s o f fla ts in m o s t c itie s , th e sam e
w o rk in g fro m h o m e and a n o th e r o p tio n ... [p a u s e ] th e s a m e a s anyw here e ls e in th e
job s h a rin g . Job s h a rin g is a kind o f p a rt-tim e w o rk, w o rld .
w h e re tw o p e o p le s h a re th e re s p o n s ib ilitie s fo r one
fu ll tim e jo b . Anyway, we fo u n d th a t o nly 5% o f o u r Conversation C
s ta ff w a n te d to s h a re a job. So, it ’s n o t ve ry popular, Li Li: Hi, B arbara. H ow's yo u r Japa nese
on th e w h o le . B u t w hen it c o m e s to w o rk in g p a rt-tim e , lan g ua g e p ro je c t g oing?
we w ere s u rp ris e d to fin d th a t 27% o f o u r e m p lo y e e s Barbara: It ’s g re a t! I’ m le a rn in g a b o u t th e
w ould a c tu a lly p re fe r it. T h a t’s a very high num ber, Ja p a n e se a lp h a b e t a t th e m o m e n t.
re a lly ... over a q u a rte r o f th e s t a f f ... And th e n it w as And w h a t a b o u t your p ro je c t a b o u t
in te re s tin g to see th a t q u ite a lo t o f o u r s ta ff - 2 0 % in C h ina? How m any la n g uage s do they
fa c t, w ou ld like to w o rk fro m h o m e . speak?

110 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 11
Li Li; Ah. W ell th e r e ’s M a n d a rin C h in e s e to a s t, eg g s a n d te a o r c o ffe e fo r
and a t le a s t a n o th e r te n v a rie tie s o f b re a k fa s t. Have you g o t th a t, M e e n a ?
C h in e s e fro m d iffe re n t re g io n s . M eena: Yes ... B u t b re a k fa s t in India is
Barbara: W ow! T h a t’s a m a zin g ! c o m p le te ly d iffe re n t. We have a lo t
o f d iffe re n t k in d s o f b re a k fa s t a c ro s s
In d ia , b u t m o s tly we e a t s o m e typ e o f
Conversation
b re a d w ith le n tils .
Debbie: A m ira ... I’ m d o in g a p ro je c t on n a tio n a l
Chen: Oh, is th a t rig h t? In C h in a , we have te a
c o s tu m e s . Do you have o n e in th e
w ith n o o d le s o r rice a n d v e g e ta b le s
E m ira te s ? fo r b re a k fa s t. So w h a t do you have fo r
Amira: Oh, yes w e do ... The n a tio n a l c o s tu m e lu n ch , B a rb a ra ?
fo r w o m e n is c a lle d an abaya. It's Barbara: W ell, you k n o w in th e UK, we d o n 't
b a s ic a lly a lo n g b la c k d re s s , b u t we u s u a lly have a big lu n ch . We u s u a lly
d e c o ra te it w ith g old p a tte rn s a ro u n d ju s t have a s a n d w ic h . B u t i t ’s d iffe re n t
th e s le e v e s and n e ck. It’s u s u a lly m a d e in In d ia is n ’t it?
o f a kin d o f s ilk . Lo o k a t th is o n e , here Meena: Oh d e fin ite ly . I d o n ’t like s a n d w ic h e s
[p a u s e ]. W h a t do you th in k ? a t a ll. We have rice and v e g e ta b le s fo r
Debbie: Oh. I th in k i t ’s lovely. lu n ch in In d ia .
Chen: Yeah ... we have a co o k e d m e a l a t
Track 28 lu n ch tim e , to o . We u s u a lly have
Tony: I’ m try in g to fin d o u t if p e o p le from n o o d le s o u p , and a m a in c o u rs e .
no rth e rn c o u n trie s have th e sam e Barbara: We have o u r m a in m e a l in th e e ve n ing
a ttitu d e s to ta lk in g to s tra n g e rs in public in th e UK, a s w e ll. Q u ite o fte n we have
a s people fro m s o u th e rn co u n trie s . c h ic k e n , m e a t o r fis h w ith p o ta to e s and
Tutor: OK. So ... w h a t have you fo u n d o u t? v e g e ta b le s .
Tony: U m m m ... W ell, I fo u n d th a t in s o m e
c o u n trie s i t ’s m o re c o m m o n to ta lk in Track 30
p u b lic th a n o th e rs . For e x a m p le , p e o p le Am ira: Hi, M e e n a . S h a ll we have a lo o k a t
in th e UK and H o lla n d d o n ’t u s u a lly th e m a te ria l fo r o u r p re s e n ta tio n on
ta lk to p e o p le th e y d o n ’t know , b u t th e m a rria g e c u s to m s ?
Ita lia n s a n d th e S p a n is h s e e m to be M eena: Yeah, s u re . I’ve g o t a lo t o f in fo rm a tio n
m u ch m o re o p e n . They c h a t to p e o p le a b o u t In d ia . How a b o u t you?
on b u s e s , in s h o p s , in re s ta u ra n ts . Am ira: Yes, ye s. I’ve g o t m a te ria l a b o u t
Tutor: So, do you th in k th a t p e o p le fro m th e m a rria g e in th e E m ira te s . S h a ll we g e t
s o u th o f Europe are frie n d lie r th a n g o in g ? W h a t a b o u t m e e tin g ? How do
n o rth e rn E u ro p e a n s ? p e o p le in India m e e t in th e fir s t p la ce ?
Tom: W ell, it d o e s lo o k th a t way, even in th e Meena: M m m ... in tra d itio n a l Indian fa m ilie s
s a m e co u n try. I m e a n ... a h h h ... fo r th e p a re n ts used to arrange th e
e x a m p le , in c o m p a ris o n w ith Ita lia n s m a rriage, and th e co u p le used to m e e t
fro m th e n o rth o f Italy, th e Ita lia n s in fo r th e firs t tim e w hen th e boy v isite d
th e s o u th c h a t m u ch m o re to each th e g irl’s h o u s e . B u t th a t's ch anged now.
o th e r in p u b lic . Am ira: Yeah? We u se d to have a rra n g e d
Tutor: M m m m ... it d o e s s o u n d in te re s tin g . m a rria g e s in th e E m ira te s , to o . Did
W ell, th a t's fin e . I th in k y o u ’ve fo u n d a th e g ro o m have to g ive a n y th in g to th e
go o d to p ic . b rid e ’s fa m ily ? I m e a n , did th e y give
th e m a g ift o r m oney?
Track 29 M eena: W ell, in In d ia , in th e old days, th e g irl's
Meena: Hi, B a rb a ra . W hy d o n 't you jo in fa m ily u se d to give th e b o y’s fa m ily a
o u r g ro u p ? W e ’re g o in g to give a g if t , like m o n e y o r je w e lle ry . B ut, i t ’s n o t
p re s e n ta tio n a b o u t w h a t w e e a t a t a llo w e d any m o re .
e a ch m e a l in o u r h o m e c o u n trie s . Amira: W ow! In my c o u n try th e g ro o m s till has
Barbara: Oh, g re a t! I love fin d in g o u t a b o u t to pay all th e e x p e n s e s ! U m m m ... have
o th e r c u ltu re s . So w h e re do we s ta rt? th e re bee n any c h a n g e s in m a rria g e
B re a k fa s t? In th e UK we have c e re a l, c u s to m s in India in re c e n t ye a rs?

Audio scripts 111


Meena: W ell, yes. I’ve fo u n d an a rtic le a b o u t in c o u n trie s all a c ro s s th e w o rld , like
s p e c ia l w e b s ite s fo r fin d in g p a rtn e rs . Brazil and India and In d onesia. B ut an
It says th a t b e ca u se so m any young in te re s tin g th in g we d iscovere d is th a t
pe o p le fro m India s tu d y ab ro a d th e s e in so m e c o u n trie s , p eople c e le b ra te th e
days, th e ir fa m ilie s are u s in g w e b s ite s carnival by th ro w in g w a te r a t each o th e r
to find m a rria g e p a rtn e rs fo r th e m . in th e s tre e t. W ell, we th o u g h t th a t,
Amira: Oh, OK. And w here d o e s th e c o u p le live obviously, th is is b e ca u se th e c a rn iv a l’s
w hen th e y g e t m a rrie d ? c e le b ra te d a t th e h o tte s t tim e o f th e
Meena: T h a t’s a n o th e r th in g th a t’s changing. year, ju s t b e fore th e rainy s e a so n . So,
In th e past, th e bride used to go to s p la s h in g p eople w ith w a te r is a very
live w ith th e fa m ily o f th e groom . But, good way o f c o o lin g th e m dow n.
th e s e da ys, m ore and m ore young
couples are se ttin g up th e ir own hom es, Track 3 3
independently. W hat a b o u t th e E m irates? Tutor: M m m ... yes, th a t m a ke s s e n s e . Er ...
did you lo o k in to any o th e r fe s tiv a ls ?
Track 3 1 Jack: Yes, we did! W h a t w e ’re pla n nin g to do
Tutor: Good m o rn in g . S hall we s ta r t by is m ore re se a rch in to w a te r fe s tiv a ls .
lo o kin g a t th e to p ic o f yo u r p ro je c t? So, We fo u n d th a t in A sian c o u n trie s , w here
w h a t have you d e c id e d to re se a rch ? th e re a re n ’t any carnival ce le b ra tio n s ,
Alice: W ell, we th o u g h t w e ’d co m p a re th e re are s till fe s tiv a ls th a t involve
fe s tiv a ls in d iffe re n t c o u n trie s and see pe o p le s p la s h in g each o th e r w ith
if any o f th e m are sim ila r. water. Actually, w e ’ve fo u nd refe re n ce s
Jack: Yeah, you know, like th e C arnival to th e m in B urm a. T h a ila nd. V ie tn a m .
c e le b ra tio n s in S ou th A m e rica and th e C hina and J a p a n . B ut we a lso fo u n d a
W ater Festival in T h a ila n d . re fe re n ce to a w a te r fe s tiv a l in M e xico .
Tutor: OK. W h a t e xa ctly are you p la n n in g to So we th o u g h t w e ’d lo o k in to th a t a
stu d y? The o rig in s o f th e fe s tiv a ls ? The b it m ore and se e if we can find any
ty p e s o f c e le b ra tio n ? P e o p le ’s a ttitu d e s s im ila ritie s betw een th e s e co u n trie s.
to w a rd s th e fe s tiv a ls ? U m m m ... I m ean, we realized th a t
Alice: We w ere p la n nin g to lo o k a t th e o rig in s w a te r is m ore th a n ju s t a way o f co oling
o f th e fe s tiv a ls and th e tim e o f year pe o p le down in h o t w eather. It a lso has
th e y ’re c e le b ra te d . W e’re th in k in g o f a lo t o f d iffe re n t re lig io u s m e a n in g s and
lo o k in g a t th e c o n n e c tio n be tw e e n th e p u rp o s e s . For in s ta n c e , we fo u n d th a t,
s e a s o n s in d iffe re n t c o u n trie s and th e in so m e s o c ie tie s , w a te r can m ean life ,
a c tu a l fe s tiv a ls and th e n lo o k in g fo r o r w e a lth , or ju s t lu c k .
s im ila ritie s betw een c o u n trie s th a t are Alice: Yes ... and a n o th e r th in g we fo u n d
q u ite fa r a p a rt. o u t is th a t th e s e w a te r fe s tiv a ls
Tutor: W ell, th a t s o u n d s in te re s tin g . Did you o fte n c e le b ra te th e b e g inn in g o f
say y o u ’ve a lre a d y s ta rte d re s e a rc h in g th e new year, ju s t like th e o rigina l
in to th e C arnival? c e le b ra tio n s h u n d re d s o f ye a rs ago
Jack: Yes. W e ’ve a lre a d y fo u n d a c o n n e c tio n b e fo re th e ca rn iv a l. So ... u m m up
be tw e e n th e carnival and th e s e a s o n s . to now, w e ’ve fo u n d th a t th e carnival
For in s ta n c e , s o m e re s e a rc h e rs say and th e s e a s o n s are lin ked bv a n c ie n t
th a t a ve ry long tim e ago, in E urope, tra d itio n s and th a t w a te r plays in
p e o p le used to p u t on c o lo u rfu l m a s k s im p o rta n t p a rt in th e c e le b ra tio n s .
and c o s tu m e s a t th e b e g in n in g o f th e
year to c e le b ra te th e end o f w inter. And
th e n th e y could g e t ready fo r sp rin g .
Unit 12 Exploring the oceans
Track 3 2
Tutor: R ight ... and th e n w h a t h a p p e n e d . Track 3 4
Alice: W ell, as th e years w e n t by, th e I'm g o in g to s ta r t th is le c tu re by d e s c rib in g th e
p u rp o se o f th e carnival cha n g e d , and s tru c tu re o f an o ff-sh o re oil rig. W ell, to be a ccu ra te ,
it b e ca m e a re lig io u s fe s tiv a l. These we sh o u ld ca ll it an oil p la tfo rm . If you lo o k a t th e
days th e re are big carnival c e le b ra tio n s d ia g ra m , you can se e th e to p p a rt o f th e p la tfo rm ,

112 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Unit 12
flo a tin g on th e s u rfa c e o f th e w ater. The ta ll to w e r in The fir s t m a n n e d d e e p se a e x p lo ra tio n v e s s e l w as
th e c e n tre o f th e p la tfo rm is c a lle d a d e rric k . T h a t’s in ve n te d in th e 1 9 2 0 s . It w a s c a lle d a b a th y s p h e re ,
D-E-R-R-l-C-K. The d e rric k is w h e re th e d rillin g m a c h in e ry b e tte r k n o w n a s a D ivin g B ell. It w a s b a s ic a lly a round
an d liftin g e q u ip m e n t is in s ta lle d . OK? Now, if you lo o k m e ta l s tru c tu re w ith w in d o w s w ith ju s t e n o u g h room
a b o u t h a lf w ay dow n th e d ia g ra m on th e rig h t you can fo r tw o m en to s it in, and it w a s lo w ered in to th e o cea n
se e a h e lico p te r. It’s p a rk e d on th e h e lic o p te r p a d . on a c a b le . The firs t d e s c e n t in th e D ivin g B ell to o k
H e lic o p te rs a re u se d m o s tly to tr a n s p o rt e m p lo y e e s to p la ce in 1 9 3 0 , and in 1 9 3 4 it w e n t dow n to a d e p th
an d fro m th e p la tfo rm w h e n th e y have fre e tim e . Now, o f n e a rly a th o u s a n d m e te rs , w h ic h w a s im p re s s iv e
if you lo o k u n d e rn e a th th a t, a t th e v e ry b o tto m o f th e fo r th e tim e . The p ro b le m w ith th e D iving B ell w as
p la tfo rm you can se e o n e o f th e fo u r s u p p o rt to w e rs . th a t it had no pow er o f its ow n and th e re w a s n ’t m uch
T h e s e s u p p o rt th e re s t o f th e p la tfo rm . T h e s e m e ta l room fo r th e re s e a rc h e rs to m ove a ro u n d . So th e n e xt
s tru c tu re s are u s u a lly a tta c h e d to th e se a bed by long d e v e lo p m e n t a fte r th e D ivin g B ell w a s th e b a th ysca p h e ,
c a b le s . R ight, now th e la s t p a rt o f th e p la tfo rm I’ m a s m a ll m a n n e d s u b m a rin e , in v e n te d in th e 1 9 4 0 s . The
g o in g to d e s c rib e is on th e o th e r s id e , ju s t a b o ve th e d iffe re n c e b e tw e e n th e tw o w a s th a t th e b a th y s c a p h e
level o f th e w ater. I t ’s a c ra n e , t h a t ’s s p e lt C-R-A-N-E. had its ow n p o w e r s o u rc e w h ic h a llo w e d th e s c ie n tis ts
C ra n e s are use d e ve ryw h e re in c o n s tru c tio n , b u t th is to in v e s tig a te in th e d e p th s o f th e o ce a n m o re freely.
o n e is s p e c ia lis t e q u ip m e n t fo r liftin g heavy s p a re p a rts A b a th y s c a p h e c a lle d The T rie ste re a c h e d a record
a t se a . In fa c t, a p a rt fro m th e d e rric k you ca n s e e th re e d e p th o f t e n th o u s a n d m e te rs in 1 9 6 0 . S in ce th e n
c ra n e s in th e d ia g ra m . a new re co rd h a s b een s e t by J a m e s C a m e ro n , w ho
d e s c e n d e d to a d e p th o f e le ve n th o u s a n d m e tre s fo r
Track 3 5 th e fir s t tim e in 2 0 1 2 .
S o m e e x p e rts b e lie ve th a t if we knew how to c o n tro l th e
p o w e r o f th e se a , w e c o u ld g e n e ra te e n o u g h e le c tric ity
Track 3 7
fo r th e w h o le w o rld . B ut, in th is ta lk , I’ m g o in g to fo c u s So le t’s m ove on n ow to lo o k a t th e s u b m a rin e th a t
on th e UK, and o u r c a p a c ity fo r g e n e ra tin g e le c tric ity to o k J a m e s C a m e ro n s o fa r dow n in to th e o c e a n . If you
fro m wave and tid a l energy. I’ m g o in g to lo o k a t how lo o k a t th e d ra w in g o f th e C h a lle n g e r you can s e e th e
m any m e g a w a tts we g e n e ra te d b e fo re 2 0 0 8 and how p ilo t’s c h a m b e r a t th e v e ry b o tto m o f th e s u b m a rin e .
m a n y w e e x p e c t to p ro d u c e in 2 0 1 4 . So, if y o u ’d like It’s a v e ry s m a ll s e c tio n w h e re th e p ilo t s its and
to lo o k a t th e c h a rt, y o u ’ll s e e th a t b e fo re 2 0 0 8 , o u r c o n tro ls th e s u b and all th e e q u ip m e n t on it. N ow le t’s
c a p a c ity w as only on e m e g a w a tt. B u t in 2 0 0 8 w h e n oil have a lo o k a t ho w th e s u b m a rin e is pow e re d . G oing
p ric e s ro se , th e re w a s an in c re a s e d in te re s t in m a rin e up fro m th e p ilo t’s ch a m b e r, in th e m id d le o f th e sub,
p o w e r and o u r c a p a c ity g re w q u ite d ra m a tic a lly to fo u r on th e rig h t hand s id e o f th e d ra w in g , you can se e
m e g a w a tts . Ahhh ... now, you m ig h t have e x p e c te d th is a w h o le s e c tio n co ve re d in b a tte rie s . They p rovide
fig u re to ris e c o n s is te n tly o ve r th e y e a rs , b u t, in fa c t it th e p o w e r s o u rc e th a t ta k e s th e s u b all th e way to
d ro p p e d aga in in 2 0 0 9 to o n ly tw o m e g a w a tts . T h is w as th e b o tto m o f th e o ce a n and b a c k up to th e s u rfa c e
b e c a u s e oil p rice s fe ll a g a in , so th e re w a s le s s in te re s t a g a in. N e xt to th a t th e r e ’s a n o th e r im p o rta n t p a rt o f
in d e v e lo p in g a lte rn a tiv e p o w e r s o u rc e s . B u t, n o w adays th e s u b ... U m m m ... You p ro b a b ly re a lize th a t th e r e ’s
th e c o s t o f oil p ro d u c tio n is g o in g up a g a in , and no lig h t a t th e b o tto m o f th e o c e a n , so th e su b n e e d s
th e r e ’s been a renew ed in te re s t in m a rin e power. As to ta k e its ow n. If you lo o k a t th e b a c k o f th e s u b , in
a c o n s e q u e n c e , c a p a c ity h a s in c re a s e d s te a d ily s in c e th e m id d le , ju s t n e x t to th e b a tte rie s , you can s e e th e
2 0 0 9 , re a c h in g 1 8 m e g a w a tts in 2 0 1 2 . T h is tre n d is panel o f lig h ts . They p ro vid e th e lig h t fo r film in g and
e x p e c te d to c o n tin u e in th e n e a r fu tu re , re a c h in g a to ta l ta k in g s a m p le s fro m th e sea bed. And o n e m o re p a rt o f
c a p a c ity o f 5 0 m e g a w a tts in 2 0 1 3 and 6 0 m e g a w a tts th e s u b , w h ich is im p o rta n t fo r n a v ig a tio n a n d to s to p
in 2 0 1 4 . it s p in n in g o u t o f c o n tro l, is th e large fin a t th e b ack.
You ca n se e it a t th e b a c k o f th e s u b , a t th e to p o f th e
Track 3 6 dra w in g .
G ood e ve ning. M y ta lk th is e v e n in g w ill c o v e r th re e m a in
th e m e s . F irst, I'll o u tlin e a tim e lin e o f ho w d e e p sea
Track 3 8
e x p lo ra tio n v e s s e ls d e v e lo p e d . S econdly, I’ll d e s c rib e OK, to c o n c lu d e my ta lk , I’ m g o in g to a s k a c o u p le o f
th e m o s t re c e n t o f th e s e , th e D eep S ea C h a llenger, and q u e s tio n s . F irs t, w h a t is th e p u rp o s e o f th is d e e p se a
fin a lly, I’ll lo o k a t s o m e o f th e b e n e fits o f th is d e e p se a e x p lo ra tio n ... a n d s e c o n d , is it w o rth th e e x p e n s e ?
re s e a rc h . I th in k o n e o f th e ju s tific a tio n s fo r s p e n d in g s o m u ch
OK. To s ta r t w ith , le t’s lo o k a t how u n d e rw a te r m o n e y on th is k in d o f re s e a rc h is th a t it a llo w s
e x p lo ra tio n v e h ic le s have d e v e lo p e d o ve r th e y e a rs . s c ie n tis ts to u n d e rs ta n d m o re a b o u t th e s u rfa c e o f

Audio scripts 113


th e e a r t h , fo r e x a m p le how it w a s fo rm e d and how it re la xin g tre a tm e n ts ? Or w o uld you
b e h a v e s . T h is c o u ld have im p o rta n t c o n s e q u e n c e s p re fe r a fa m ily h o te l on a fa rm ?
fo r p re d ic tin g e a rth q u a k e s and s a v in g liv e s th ro u g h W illiam : Ahh ... I m u s t say I like th e idea o f a
e a rly w a rn in g s y s te m s . A n o th e r re a s o n th is ty p e o f spa.
re s e a rc h is c o n s id e re d v a lu a b le is th a t by e x p lo rin g Travel Agent: W ell, t h a t’s g re a t! Now, le t’s ju s t look
u n kn o w n p a rts o f th e o c e a n we in c re a s e o u r a t o u r spa h o te ls . M m m m ... You
k n o w le d g e o f th e a v a ila b ility o f m in e ra ls fo r in d u s try . d e fin ite ly d o n ’t w a n t th e be ach ?
A nd, o b vio u s ly , th is c o u ld lead to h u g e c o m m e rc ia l W illiam : No. I’d like to go so m e w h e re in th e
a d v a n ta g e s . So th e a n s w e r is, y e s. In th e lo n g run c o u n try s id e . S om e w h ere w he re I can
th is k in d o f e x p lo ra tio n ca n b e n e fit b o th th e o rd in a ry go fo r w a lks.
p o p u la tio n and in d u s try . Travel Agent: OK ... th e n it w o n ’t be th e Ocean
W aves R e so rt. F arm house Getaways
is a fa m ily run h o te l in th e country,
b u t i t ’s n o t a spa. How d o e s S p a rklin g
Review 4 S p rin g s s o u n d ? It’s a luxury spa h otel
in th e c o u n try s id e , w ith an in d o or
Track 3 9 h e a te d p ool, and vie w s over th e fie ld s
and w o o d s nearby.
1 A bdul s tu d ie s every e vening u n til 9 .0 0 .
W illiam : T h a t s o u n d s e x a c tly w h a t I’ m lo o kin g
2 T h ank g o o d n e s s y o u ’re hom e b e fo re dark!
for. L e t’s go fo r th a t.
3 A rabic is o n e o f th e m o s t d iffic u lt la n g ua g e s to
Travel Agent: E xcellent.
lea rn .
4 Our c la s s e s s ta r t again in S eptem ber.
Questions 4 7
5 In m any A sia n c o u n trie s th e d ie t is very healthy.
6 C o m m u n ic a tio n h e lp s p e o p le fro m d iffe re n t c u ltu re s
Track 4 1
to u n d e rs ta n d each other. Travel agent: Now, if I can ta k e s o m e d e ta ils , I can
m ake th e b o o k in g fo r you. C ould I have
yo u r fu ll n a m e , p le a se .
W illiam : Yup ... my n a m e ’s W illia m French.
Practice test Travel agent: W illia m French ... and yo u r a d d re s s ?
W illiam : N u m b e r 4 The W illo w s, S ta n d m a rch ,
Section 1 N o rfo lk, NE1 4SP
Questions 1 - 3 Travel Agent: The W illo w s. Sorry, how do you sp e ll

Track 4 0 th a t?
W illiam : W-l-L-L-O-W-S. The W illow s.
Travel Agent: H ello, Travel W ide, can I h e lp you?
Travel Agent: T h a n k you. And can I have a c o n ta c t
W illiam : Oh, ye s. Good m o rn in g . I’ m lo o k in g fo r
n u m b e r fo r you?
a h o te l fo r a long w e ekend.
W illiam : Yes. My m o b ile ’s p ro b a bly th e b e s t
Travel Agent: OK. F irs t o f all, u m m m ... W here
o ne. I t ’s 0 7 6 3 2 1 1 2 2 5 4 .
w o u ld you like to sta y? I m e a n , are you
Travel Agent: 07632 112250.
lo o k in g fo r a p e a ce fu l w e ekend in th e
W illiam : No. I t ’s 0 7 6 3 2 1 1 2 2 5 4 .
country, a bu sy c ity b re a k o r a re laxing
Travel Agent: Sorry, five four. And w hen w ould you
tim e a t th e beach?
like to go?
W illiam : W ell. I c e rta in ly w a n t a q u ie t w e e ke nd . I
W illiam : On th e w eekend o f th e 1 5 th June.
w o rk ve ry hard, s o I’d like to relax fo r a
Travel Agent: Fine. C h e ckin g in on 1 5 th June. And
fe w days.
w hen w o u ld you like to ch e ck o u t?
Travel Agent: R ight ... So, it w o u ld be c o u n try or
William: I’d like to stay until th e night o f Monday
beach. W hich w o u ld you p re fe r?
1 8 th June. So I’d be leaving on Tuesday
W illiam : M m m m ... th e beach is v e ry relaxing,
1 9 th.
b u t I th in k I’d ra th e r go to th e c o u n try
Travel Agent: R ight. C heck o u t on Tuesday 1 9 th June.
th is tim e .
And how w ill you be paying?
Travel Agent: OK. T h a t’s fine. Let m e have a look
W illiam : By c re d it ca rd . How m uch w ill it be?
a t c o u n try h o te ls . W ould you like to
Travel Agent: Ahhh. Let m e se e ... fo u r n ig h ts
sta y a t a spa h o te l, w here you could
a t n in e ty p o u n d s per n ig h t is th re e
sw im , read, e a t h e a lth y fo o d and have
h u n d re d and s ix ty p o u n d s. Is th a t OK?

114 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Practice test
It in c lu d e s b re a k fa s t and d in n e r and a n o tic e th e m . You s h o u ld n 't m is s it ... The o th e r th in g I’d
tre a tm e n t a day. s u g g e s t if you d o n ’t have m u ch tim e , is a g u id e d to u r
W illiam : Yes. T h a t s o u n d s fin e . I’ m lo o k in g o f th e fre e e x h ib itio n s . T h e s e to u rs u s u a lly s ta r t on th e
fo rw a rd to it. hour, u m m ... a t o n e o ’c lo c k , tw o o ’c lo c k and s o on.
T h e y’re q u ite s h o rt, o n ly h a lf an h o u r, so you c o u ld do
Questions 8 - 1 0 a c o u p le o f to u rs in an a fte rn o o n , if you w a n te d to . If
Track 4 2 y o u ’d like to go on a to u r, you s h o u ld go to th e e n tra n c e
o f th e e x h ib itio n on th e g ro u n d flo o r and w a it fo r th e
Travel Agent: W ould you like m e to te ll you how to
g u id e th e re .
g e t to th e h o te l o n ce y o u ’re in th e
villa g e ? It’s a b it d iffic u lt to fin d .
W illiam : Oh, ye s, p le a s e . I have m a p s on my
Questions 1 4 - 1 7
m o b ile p h o n e , b u t th e re is n ’t a lw ays a Track 4 4
s ig n a l. J u s t to g ive you an id e a o f th e ra n g e o f e x h ib itio n s we
Travel Agent: OK. W ell, c o m in g in to th e v illa g e fro m have h e re a t th e m u s e u m , I’ m g o in g to te ll you a b o u t
th e m otorw ay, w h ich is in th e e a s t, th e e x h ib itio n s and a c tiv itie s we have fo r v is ito rs o f
th e fir s t b u ild in g you se e on yo u r rig h t d iffe re n t a g e s . F irs t o f a ll, fo r th e little o n e s , w e have
is th e ch u rc h . It's rig h t o p p o s ite th e a fa s c in a tin g a re a c a lle d S h a p e s a n d P a tte rn s , w h e re
g a rd e n c e n tre . th e y ca n play w ith o b je c ts and im a g e s and se e how
W illiam : OK. The ch u rc h is on my rig h t, and th e th e y fo rm d iffe r e n t p a tte rn s . I t ’s re a lly c o lo u rfu l and
g a rd e n c e n tre on my le ft. e x c itin g . K id s love it. T hen, a t th e o th e r e n d o f th e
Travel Agent: Yes ... J u s t a fte r th a t, y o u 'll c o m e to s c a le we have m o re c o m p le x e x h ib itio n s th a t a p p e a l
th e ra ilw a y c ro s s in g and th e n y o u ’ll m o re to o u r o ld e r v is ito rs . T h e re 's o n e a b o u t th e
se e th e rive r on yo u r le ft. A fte r th a t on h is to ry o f a v ia tio n , how p la n e s d e v e lo p e d o ve r th e
th e rig h t y o u ’ll s e e th e s c h o o l. It’s ju s t y e a rs . O ld e r v is ito rs m a y even be a b le to re m e m b e r
b e fo re th e brid g e o ver th e river. s o m e o f th e e a rlie r p la n e s on d isp la y. A n o th e r
W illiam : So th e s c h o o l’s b e fo re th e bridge. e x h ib itio n th a t a d u lts m ig h t p a rtic u la rly e n jo y is th e
Travel Agent: Yes, t h a t ’s rig h t. N ow ju s t a fte r th e e n e rg y e x h ib itio n . It s h o w s th e h is to ric a l d e v e lo p m e n t
brid g e , y o u 'll se e a tu rn in g on y o u r le ft. o f d iffe r e n t fo rm s o f e n e rg y in B rita in a n d how it h a s
Take th a t and fo llo w th e road th ro u g h p o w e re d in d u s try o ve r th e c e n tu rie s . A nd, o f c o u rs e ,
th e fie ld s . On y o u r le ft, b e tw e e n th e we m u s tn ’t fo rg e t th e te e n a g e r s . T h e re a re lo ts o f
road and th e river y o u 'll s e e a lo t o f e x h ib itio n s to in te re s t th e m , b u t m y fa v o u rite o n e is
v e g e ta b le g a rd e n s . J u s t ke e p g o in g th e o n e w h e re v is ito rs can fin d o u t m o re a b o u t how
dow n th e road to th e e n d . It le a d s p h y s ic s w o rk s . I t ’s a fu n e x h ib itio n w ith p le n ty o f
s tra ig h t in to th e c a r p a rk a t th e s p a . h a n d s-o n a c tiv itie s , th a t e x p lo re how lig h t a n d h e a t and
You c a n ’t m is s it. It’s a t th e end o f th e c h e m ic a ls w o rk . I s till go th e re m y s e lf now and th e n .
road. It’s b rillia n t.
W illiam : T h a n k you v e ry m u ch fo r yo u r he lp .
Questions 1 8 - 2 0
Travel Agent: M y p le a s u re . I h o p e you have a lovely
Track 4 5
w e e ke n d .
M o s t o f o u r e x h ib itio n s are fre e , b u t you w ill n eed a
Section 2 tic k e t fo r s o m e o f th e s p e c ia l o n e s , lik e th e 3D film
Questions 1 1 - 1 3 sh o w s . So le t m e e x p la in h ow you g e t a tic k e t o n lin e .

Track 4 3 O f c o u rs e , you can do th is d ire c tly a t th e tic k e t o ffic e ,


b u t if th e r e ’s a long q u e u e , you can b o o k o n lin e on
Good m o rn in g . W e lco m e to th e S cie n c e M u s e u m .
yo u r m o b ile . So, go to o u r h o m e page and c h o o s e th e
T h e re 's so m uch to do h e re , you c o u ld sp e n d all day
‘e v e n ts ’ b u tto n . Then c lic k on th e film t it le . T h a t’ll ta k e
g o in g fro m on e e x h ib itio n to a n o th e r. B u t if yo u r tim e
you to th e n e x t w indow . In th e rig h t hand c o rn e r y o u ’ll
is lim ite d , I’d s u g g e s t c h o o s in g m aybe ju s t o n e m a in
s e e a little c a le n d a r. C h o o se th e d a te on th e c a le n d a r
e x h ib itio n . A t th e m o m e n t, I’d re c o m m e n d o u r new
and th e n go to th e n e x t w indow . T h e re ’s a d ro p dow n
e x h ib itio n o f everyd a y in v e n tio n s . It’s a m a z in g to se e
box th e re fo r you to c h o o s e th e tim e and a n o th e r on e
how o b je c ts w e use in o u r d a ily liv e s , like p a p e r c lip s ,
fo r th e n u m b e r o f tic k e ts . C a re fu l on th a t page ...
te a bag s and lig h t b u lb s w ere in v e n te d in th e firs t
th e re a re d iffe re n t p ric e s fo r a d u lts and c h ild re n . W hen
p la ce and how th e y ’ve d e v e lo p e d o ve r th e y e a rs in to
y o u ’ve d o n e th a t, go to th e fin a l page and c h o o s e yo u r
su ch an e s s e n tia l p a rt o f o u r live s th a t w e h a rd ly e ver
p a y m e n t m e th o d .

Audio scripts 115


Section 3 Monica: And, w h a t do you th in k a b o u t a s k in g
Questions 2 1 - 2 3 m ore q u e s tio n s a b o u t c o s t?
Track 4 6 Tutor: No. I d o n ’t th in k you need any m ore
a b o u t c o s t. B u t you co uld a s k a co u p le
Tutor: So w h a t’s th e su rve y a b o u t, Tom?
m o re q u e s tio n s a b o u t th e re a so n s fo r
Tom: I t ’s a b o u t w here s tu d e n ts w a n t to live
s tu d e n ts ’ d e c is io n s .
and how th e y c h o o s e . B asically, th e ir
Monica: So we sh o u ld a s k s o m e m ore
a c c o m m o d a tio n p re fe re n c e s . W e’ve
q u e s tio n s w ith ‘w hy? ’
a c tu a lly trie d it o u t w ith a fe w s tu d e n ts ,
Tutor: Yes. I th in k y o u ’d g e t q u ite a lo t m ore
already.
in fo rm a tio n if you did th a t.
Tutor: OK. T h a t s o u n d s fin e . So to s ta r t w ith ,
Tom: T h a n k you.
how m any q u e s tio n s have you g o t?
M m m m ... 2 0 ?
Questions 2 7 - 3 0
Monica: Is th a t to o many?
Track 4 8
Tutor: Yes, it is, really. P eople g e t fe d up
a n s w e rin g lo ts o f q u e s tio n s and th e y Tom: U m m m ... w e ’ve a lre a d y g o t so m e
s to p th in k in g a b o u t th e ir a n sw e rs. re s u lts fro m o u r firs t q u e s tio n n a ire . Do
Monica: R ight, so we need to th in k a b o u t th a t you th in k we co u ld use th e m ?
a g a in. W h a t do you th in k o f th e firs t Tutor: I d o n ’t se e why not. W ha t have you
th re e q u e s tio n s ? fo u n d o u t so fa r?
Tutor: A h m m m ... You w a n t to know Tom: W ell, th e n u m b e r o f room s w as only
w h a t a ffe c ts s tu d e n ts ’ c h o ice o f im p o rta n t fo r 16% o f th e people we
a c c o m m o d a tio n w hen th e y go to asked. It looks like a lo t o f s tu d e n ts are
university. q u ite happy to share a room . And even
Monica: Yes. We w a n t to fin d o u t w h ich has fe w e r people were concerned a b o u t
th e m o s t e ffe c t: th e c o s t, th e n u m b e r being n e a r a bus s to p , only 10%, in fa ct.
o f ro o m s in th e h o u se or fla t, o r th e Tutor: I'm s u rp ris e d a b o u t th a t. B ut w h a t
d is ta n c e fro m c a m p u s . a b o u t th e d is ta n c e fro m th e u n ive rsity?
Tom: And th e n we asked a n o th e r q u e s tio n . Tom: W ell, th a t w a s q u ite im p o rta n t. Around
Tutor: Oh, yes. W hat e ls e did you w a n t to find 20% o f th e s tu d e n ts we a ske d w an ted
o u t? to be c lo s e to ca m p u s .
Tom: W ell, we w o n d ere d w h e th e r pu b lic Tutor: M m m m ... th a t m a ke s s e n s e . And
tra n s p o rt w as im p o rta n t. You know, n o t w h a t a b o u t th e c o s t?
m any s tu d e n ts have ca rs. So it m ig h t Tom: Yeah, as we e x p e cte d , th e c o s t w as
be q u ite im p o rta n t fo r th e m to be near by fa r th e m o s t im p o rta n t fa cto r. M ore
s o m e w h e re w here th e y co u ld ca tc h a th a n h a lf th e s tu d e n ts w ere c o n ce rn e d
bus o r tra in . w ith th e c o s t - 54% to be exact.
Tutor: Yeah, t h a t’s a good q u e s tio n . Tutor: Only 54% ? ... I th o u g h t it ’d be c lo s e r to
80% !
Questions 2 4 - 2 6
Track 4 7 Section 4
Questions 3 1 - 3 4
Tutor: B efore you a s k any m o re p e o p le ,
Track 4 9
I've g o t a co u p le o f s u g g e s tio n s fo r
im p ro vin g th e q u e s tio n n a ire . F irst My le ctu re th is e vening w ill fo c u s on th e m igra tio n o f
o f a ll, I th in k you need to a s k fe w e r b irds. T hat is, how b ird s fly in big g ro u p s from d iffe re n t
q u e s tio n s . As I s a id , 2 0 is re a lly to o p a rts o f th e w orld a t c e rta in tim e s o f th e year. In th e
many. I’d c u t it dow n to 1 0 , if I w ere firs t p a rt o f th e le ctu re I’ll ta lk a b o u t th e re a so n s why
you. bird s m ig ra te , w hen th e y m ig ra te and w hich p a rts o f th e
Monica: OK, 1 0 q u e s tio n s only. And is th e re w orld th e y m ig ra te fro m and to . To s ta rt w ith , why do
a n yth in g e ls e you th in k we sh o u ld do? birds m ig ra te ? Well, th e re are tw o m ain re aso ns: One,
Tutor: W ell, yes. S om e o f th e q u e s tio n s are th e y m ig ra te to look fo r fo o d and tw o, th e y travel to p a rts
a c tu a lly q u ite c o m p lic a te d . I th in k o f th e w o rld th a t are m ore s u ita b le fo r breeding. In fa ct,
you sh o u ld m ake th e m clearer. I th e s e re a so n s are c lo s e ly linked. As you can im agine,
m e a n , I th in k th e y sh o u ld be e a s ie r to w hen birds are breeding, th e y need extra food to feed
u n d e rs ta n d . th e ir voune. And, in th e spring, in th e c o o le r c lim a te s o f

116 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Europe, th e re is a lo t o f fo o d fo r b ird s, e s p e c ia lly in s e c ts .
So, generally, d u rin g th e sp rin g , b ird s fly up fro m th e
tr o p ic s , w hich are hot, to c o o le r c lim a te s in th e n o rth .
They sta y th e re fo r a fe w m o n th s to brin g up th e ir young.
And th e n w hen th e w e a th e r in th e n o rth g e ts co ld in th e
w inter, th e y fly b a ck to w a rm e r c lim a te s in th e s o u th .

Questions 3 5 - 3 7
Track 5 0
N ow I'd like to ta lk a b it a b o u t how g lo b a l w a rm in g ha s
a ffe c te d bird m ig ra tio n . O ne o f th e e ffe c ts o f g lo b al
w a rm in g h a s been to m a ke th e s p rin g c o m e e a rlie r in
th e n o rth e rn re g io n s o f th e w o rld . W hen s p rin g c o m e s
early, th e p la n ts and in s e c ts th a t b ird s n eed to brin g
up th e ir yo u n g are a ls o a v a ila b le e a rlie r. R e se a rch
ha s show n th a t q u ite a lo t o f b ird s have s ta rte d to
m ig ra te e a rlie r, b e c a u s e o f h ig h e r te m p e ra tu r e s . But,
u n fo rtu n a te ly fo r s o m e s p e c ie s , th is h a s n ’t bee n e a rly
e n o u g h . W h a t I’ m s a yin g is th a t b ird s th a t a re tra v e llin g
a lo n g way fo r b re e d in g m ay a rrive to o la te to find
en ou g h fo o d to fe e d th e ir yo u n g and th e ir p o p u la tio n
d ro p s d ra s tic a lly . S c ie n tis ts a re c u rre n tly re s e a rc h in g
m ore a b o u t th is .

Questions 3 8 - 4 0
Track 5 1
Now, I th o u g h t I’d fin is h by ju s t b rie fly d e s c rib in g a fe w
d iffe re n t p a tte rn s o f m ig ra tio n . A hhh ... m ig ra tio n v a rie s
w ith th e ty p e o f bird and th e area th e y c o m e fro m . For
e x a m p le , one kind o f m ig ra tio n is ‘ p a rtia l’ m ig ra tio n .
T h is m e a n s th a t s o m e b ird s in a p a rtic u la r s p e c ie s
w ill m ig ra te and o th e rs w o n ’t. It u s u a lly d e p e n d s on
how th e w e a th e r a ffe c ts fo o d s u p p lie s and v e ry o fte n
h a p p e n s in th e tr o p ic s . In a n o th e r m ig ra to ry p a tte rn ,
a bird c a lle d an A rc tic Tern m ig ra te s th e w h o le le n g th
o f th e g lo b e , fro m th e n o rth p o le to th e s o u th . The
A rc tic Tern tra v e ls b e tw e e n tw e lv e a n d fifte e n th o u s a n d
k ilo m e tre s each way w h e n it m ig ra te s in a c o m p le te
c irc le a ro u n d th e w o rld . I t ’s q u ite a m a zin g ! R ight ...
a n d , lastly, I'd like to m e n tio n a p a tte rn w h ich is n ’t
n e a rly a s s p e c ta c u la r, b u t is v e ry in te re s tin g . And th is
is th e way m any b ird s m ig ra te a c ro s s N o rth A m e ric a .
In th is p a tte rn th e b ird s fly n o rth w a rd s in th e w e s t o f
th e c o u n try and th e n b a c k s o u th ag a in in th e e a s t. So,
if you im a g in e it, th e y ’re a c tu a lly m ig ra tin g in a c irc u la r
p a tte rn , lik e th e h a n d s o f a c lo c k , n o t in a s tra ig h t line,
a s we m ig h t th in k .
Unit 1 Friends abroad Unit 2 Food and cooking

Part 1 Vocabulary Part 1 Vocabulary


E xe rcise 1 E xe rcise 1
a Ja p a n d U n ite d A ra b E m ira te s
meat dairy products vegetables fruit
b E gypt (UAE)
c M a la y s ia e P o rtu g a l lamb cheese potatoes bananas

beef milk cabbage pineapple


E xe rcise 2
turkey yoghurt carrots cherries
1 Japanese 3 E g y p tia n 5 P o rtu g u e s e
2 C h in e s e 4 Em i ra ti 6 M a la y s ia n
E xe rcise 2
2 U 5 U 8 C /U
E xe rcise s 3, 4
3 C /U 6 C /U 9 C
1 4 .5 0 4 L is b o n / P o rtu g a l
4 C 7 U 1 0 C /U
2 B e ijin g / C h in a 5 16
3 UAE1880
E xe rcise 3
i D iii A v B
Part 2 Skills development ii E iv C
E xercise 1
1 6 . 5 0 p .m . 3 B ritis h A irw a y s / Exercise 4
2 W e d n e s d a y 6 th J u ly BA3025 1 .3 kg / kilos o f flour
20 grams o f s a lt
E xe rcise 2 300 g / grams o f su gar
1 3 - th ir t e e n , 8 0 - e ig h ty , 4 0 - fo rty , 1 5 - fifte e n 2 I / litres o f m ilk
4 5 0 ml / millilitres of cooking oil
E xe rcise 3
1 14 3 50 5 1 7 .3 0 Exercise 5
2 40 4 1 6 .1 5 1 % 3 five eig h th s
2 tw o th irds 4 7/s
E xe rcise 4
i b ii c
Exercise 6
1 x/ i kilo - 5 0 0 g
E xe rcise 5
1 3 . 3 0 a .m . 3 A BIN G D O N 5 612744 2 2 5 0 g - V4 kilo
2 60 4 0 X 1 4 3H B
3 3 3 0 g - Vs kilo

E xe rcise 6 4 200g - Vs kilo


1 H UA FANG 3 1 3 PARK ROAD 5 VsI - 200m l
2 17 12 1994 B R IG H TO N , B N 4 0 4G R
Part 2 Skills developm ent
Part 3 Exam practice
Exercise 1
1 D o u b le - k in g -s iz e d b e d 6 b r e a k fa s t 2 c 4 a 6 g
2 E dw ard F ra n c is 7 F riday 1 6 th A p ril 3d 5 h
3 2 3 C y p re s s 8 c
4 C B3 9NF 9 b Exercise 3
5 ta x i 10 c D, E, A, G, F, C, B

118 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 1 -3
E xe rcise 4 Part 2 Skills development
1 th e a p p le s
E x e rc is e 1
2 (a p p le s ) w ith s u g a r
i b ii c hi c iv b
3 b la c k b e r r ie s a n d a p p le s
4 (a) b a k in g d is h
E x e rc is e 2
5 flo u r a n d b u tte r (to g e th e r)
1 a c o m p a r is o n 3 s im ila r
6 (th e ) s u g a r
2 8 4 d iffe r e n t
7 o n to p / on to p o f f r u it
8 3 0 m in u te s E x e rc is e 3
1 t it le b o x 3 im a g e (s )
E xe rcise 5
2 b u lle t p o in ts
1 d e e p fa t 4 ro a s t
2 h e a lth y 5 v e g e ta b le s
E x e rc is e 4
3 F rida y n ig h t 6 a t hom e
a, e

Part 3 Exam practice


Part 3 Exam practice
1 e a t p ro p e rly 5 - 7 f, a , b
2 im p ro v in g s itu a tio n 8 g o v e rn m e n t S e c tio n 3

3 rig h t a m o u n t 9 s c h o o ls 1 -4

4 c e re a ls 1 0 fa m ilie s / p a re n ts i b ii c iii b iv b

5 A d v a n ta g e s
6 A c c id e n ts
Unit 3 Presentations 7 S u g g e s tio n s

Part 1 Vocabulary 8 S e v e n m in u te s

E xe rcise 1 9 Two m in u te s

Id 2 a 3 b 4 c 1 0 s a m e s ty le

E xe rcise 2
2 p r e s e n ta tio n p re s e n t p re s e n t
3 s u ggest s u g g e s tio n Review 1
4 p ro je c t p ro je c t p ro je c to r
5 in fo r m in fo r m a tio n E x e rcis e 1
6 e x p la in e x p la n a tio n
/e i/ /i:/ /e / /a i/ /iu :/
E xe rcise 3 A E F i U
F a ro u k: S o , w h o 's g o in g to d o th e in tr o d u c tio n ?
H B L Y Q
E d w a rd : W e ll, I s u g g e s t y o u p re s e n t th e f ir s t p a rt,
J C M w
F a ro u k. Y o u ’ve d o n e a lo t o f w o rk o n t h is p ro je c t,
K D N
a ft e r a ll.
G S
F a ro u k: W e ll, O K . I’ ll s ta r t. B u t y o u ’v e g o t a lo t o f
in fo r m a tio n , to o . I t h in k y o u s h o u ld e x p la in th e n e x t P X
tw o s lid e s . T z
V
E xe rcise 4
d ia g ra m : plan, g ra p h , c h a r t, ta b le
E x e rc is e 2
p ic tu re : im a g e , p h o to g r a p h , p a in tin g
1 B ritis h 4 a rriv a l
la n g u a g e : F re n c h , A ra b ic , C h in e s e , Ita lia n
2 d e p a rtu re 5 in fo rm a tio n
a d v a n ta g e s : p ro s , b e n e fits , g o o d p o in ts
3 flig h t 6 c o n n e c tio n
d is a d v a n ta g e s : b a d p o in ts , d a n g e rs , c o n s

Answer key 119


E xe rcise 3 E xe rcise 4
1 o n io n s 5 beans 1 lo o k fo r 3 lo o k a t 5 lo o k th ro u g h
2 flo u r U 6 c h e rrie s 2 lo o k a fte r 4 lo o k o v e r
3 p o ta to e s /U (e .g . 7 c o ffe e U
m ashed) 8 c h ic k e n (s )/U (fo o d ) E xe rcise 5
4 m ilk U 1 lo o k th ro u g h 4 lo o k e d a t
2 lo o k fo r 5 lo o k a fte r
E xercise 4 3 lo o k o v e r
1 o n e - o rd in a l n u m b e rs
2 in g re d ie n t - u n its o f w e ig h t Part 2 Skills development
3 d is h - m e a ls E xe rcise 1
4 w h o - s e q u e n c e lin k in g w o rd s
1 s tu d e n t s o c ie tie s
5 d o o r - synonym s
2 a la rg e c o rp o ra tio n
6 w i-fi - p la c e s to e a t 3 w o rk in g o u td o o r s
7 b e a n s - d rin k s 4 in s titu tio n s o f fu r th e r e d u c a tio n
8 p an - c o o k in g m e th o d s
5 jo b s a tis fa c tio n
9 b a n a n a - v e g e ta b le s
6 fin d in g a jo b
1 0 e g g - d a i r y p ro d u c ts

E xe rcise 2
E xercise 5 1 c lu b s , a s s o c ia tio n s
1 T h e f ir s t th in g w e h a ve to d e c id e is o u r t o p ic . 2 c o m p a n y , b u s in e s s
2 S o , t h a t ’s fix e d th e n . 3 in th e o p e n air, o u ts id e
3 I th in k w e s h o u ld k e e p th e b lu e b u lle t p o in ts . 4 c o lle g e s , u n iv e rs itie s
4 I’ve p u t a ll o u r s lid e s to g e th e r. 5 fu lfilm e n t, e n jo y m e n t
5 S o , le t ’s p u t B o ttic e lli f i r s t , a n d fo llo w w ith 6 e m p lo y m e n t, w o rk
M ic h e la n g e lo .
6 M a k e s u re a ll th e s lid e s have th e s a m e s ty le . E xe rcise 3
1 c lu b s 3 o u ts id e 5 fu lfilm e n t
E xe rcise 6 2 com pany 4 u n iv e rs itie s 6 e m p lo y m e n t
1 0 5 0 9 S
2 S 6S 10 0 E xe rcise 4
3 0 7 S A lic e : W ei L o n g :
4 0 8S 1 a fa rm 9 b u s in e s s m a n
2 f r u it 1 0 in fo rm a tio n te c h n o lo g y
3 c h ic k e n s 1 1 tra d e

Unit 4 Work 4 (th e ) a n im a is 1 2 s m a ll c o m p a n y


5 sum m er 1 3 c o m p u te r p a rts

P a rt 1 Vocabulary
6 s u p e rm a rk e ts 1 4 re c e p tio n is t
7 lo c a l s h o p s 1 5 d e c is io n s
E xercise 1 8 (th e ) p u b lic 1 6 b ig c o m p a n y
1 A = 3 , B = 1, C = 4 , D = 2

E xe rcise 5
E xercise 2 1 f 2 c 3d
1 b u s in e s s m a n 3 d o c to r
2 p o lic e o ffic e r 4 fa r m e r
P a rt 3 Exam practice
1 p o lic e o ffic e r
E xercise 3
2 law
1 p ro d u c e 4 e a rn
3 p ra c tic a l
2 s u p p ly , d e liv e r 5 tra d e
3 d e fe n d , g u a rd 6 ta k e c a re o f
4 tr a in in g

120 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 4 -6
5 -7 e , c, a Part 3 Exam practice
8 w e ll-p a id
1 A 7 p la n
9 fa m o u s p e o p le / c e le b r itie s
2 B 8 (s tu d e n t) ID c a rd
1 0 (a) d e te c tiv e
3 E 9 m akes a b e e p /
4 C sound / beeps
5 o n lin e c a ta lo g u e 1 0 p r in ts a t ic k e t
6 a num ber
Unit 5 On cam pus services

Part 1 Vocabulary
E xe rc ise 1
1 lib ra ry 3 s p o r t s c e n tre
Unit 6 Staying safe
2 m e d ic a l c e n tre 4 h a lls o f re s id e n c e
Part 1 Vocabulary

E xe rc ise 2 E x e rc is e 1

1 s p o r t s c e n tre 3 s p o r t s c e n tre b re a k in to / , t h ie f / , g u n / , p ic k p o c k e t /

2 m e d ic a l c e n tre 4 h a lls o f re s id e n c e (h a ll)


E x e rc is e 2

E xe rc ise 3
Noun Verb Adjective
1 th ro u g h 3 r e s ta u r a n ts 5 u n til
crime steal dangerous
2 T h e re 4 fo re ig n 6 tw e lfth knife rob careful
gun attack safe
E xe rc ise 4 th ie f protect
gang break into
1 in to 4 b e h in d
safe
2 fa r aw ay 5 b e tw e e n
3 o u ts id e
E x e rc is e 3
1 b u rg la r, s to le (p a s t te n s e )
E xe rc ise 5
2 p ic k p o c k e t
1 E 3 C 5 A
3 s h o p lif te r
2 D 4 B
4 g a n g , ro b b e r s (p lu ra l)
5 s a fe
Part 2 Skills development
E xe rcise 1 E x e rc is e 4
1 th e rig h t 4 s tr a ig h t a h e a d o f yo u ta k e to c o u r t
2 th e c o rn e r 5 M e d ic a l C e n tre w a tc h o u t fo r
3 o p p o s ite 6 to th e la k e c a ll th e p o lic e
lo c k u p
E xe rcise 2 c rim e s c e n e
1 o f th e w o o d 4 a c ro s s th e g re e n
2 th e f ir s t flo o r 5 S tu d e n t U n io n b u ild in g E x e rc is e 5
3 ro u n d th e la k e 6 next 1 b ro k e n in to 4 lo c k e d u p
2 c a lle d th e p o lic e 5 w a tc h o u t fo r
E xe rcise 3 3 c rim e s c e n e 6 ta k e th e m t o c o u r t
1 g ro u n d flo o r 4 on ca m p u s
2 m e e t fr ie n d s 5 fo u r E x e rc is e 7
3 f ir s t flo o r 6 p la y fo o tb a ll W h e n th e r e c e p t io n is t a rriv e d a t G o o d m e a d P rim a ry
S c h o o l o n M o n d a y , s h e fo u n d t h a t s o m e o n e h a d
E xe rcise 4 b ro k e n in to th e o ffic e a n d s to le n s e v e ra l la p to p s , s o
1 D 2 A 3 B s h e c a lle d th e p o lic e .

Answer key 121


Part 2 Skills development E xe rcise 3
1 a c c o m m o d a tio n 6 W ednesday
E xercise 1
2 a c c id e n t 7 F e b ru a ry
1 W h a t is th e m o s t c o m m o n c rim e in th e U K ?
3 lib ra ry 8 n e c e s s a ry
2 W h a t tw o fo r m s o f th e f t d o e s th e p o lic e w o m a n
4 o p p o s ite 9 re le v a n t
m e n tio n ?
5 b u s in e s s 1 0 re s p o n s ib le
3 W hy a re p e o p le in m o re d a n g e r w h e n th e y a re
a b ro a d ?
E xe rcise 4
4 W h a t s h o u ld p e o p le le a v e in th e h o te l on h o lid a y ?
1 in , in 4 at
5 W h a t k in d o f m o b ile is p o p u la r w ith th ie v e s ?
2 at 5 on
3 o n / a t, on 6 o p p o s ite , on
E xercise 2
1 th e ft 4 p a s s p o rt and m oney
E xe rcise 5
2 ro b b e ry , b u rg la ry 5 s m a rt phone
1 S tu d e n t u n io n b u ild in g 3 T e a c h in g b lo c k
3 (th e y ) d o n ’t k n o w
2 L ib ra ry
c o u n tr y

E xe rcise 3
USA - 9 1 1 , A u s tra lia - 0 0 0 , G e rm a n y - 1 1 2 ,
In d ia - 1 0 0
Unit 7 Studying, exam s and
revision
E xe rcise 4
b Part 1 Vocabulary
E xe rcise 1
E xercise 5 1 te x t b o o k s 3 e x a m h a ll
i c ii a IV c
2 te s t 4 re v is io n

Part 3 Exam practice E xe rcise 2

1 In d ia 6 lo n e ly p la c e s + Y + ‘er’ y- + ier more + adjective irregular


2 h a n d b a g th e f t 7 c a s h m a c h in e s later faster healthier more interesting worse
3 L a tin A m e ric a 8 c slower easier more nervous better
4 g u n c rim e 9 b
cleverer
5 e x p e n s iv e je w e lle ry 10 b
E xe rcise 3
2 in te r e s tin g B 6 la te A
3 c le v e r C 7 h e a lth y D
Review 2 4 n e rv o u s B 8 bad E
5 s lo w A 9 good E
E xercise 1
E xe rcise 4
Trade Occupation Education Transport S u g g e s te d a n s w e rs :

business doctor graduated truck 1 b e tte r 4 s lo w e r


2 h e a lth ie r 5 m o re n e rv o u s
shop nurse studied deliver
3 m o re in te r e s tin g
firm rescue worker university supply

company police officer E xe rcise 5


1 in te llig e n t, c o rre c tly
farmer
2 w e ll, e ffe c tiv e ly
3 fa irly , q u ic k ly
E xe rcise 2
4 u n u s u a lly , g o o d
1 at 3 a ro u n d 5 a fte r, in
5 e x tra o rd in a rily , h ig h
2 fo r 4 on

122 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 7-8
Part 2 Skills development 3 O n e a d v a n ta g e o f s e lf-s e r v ic e is t h a t y o u c a n
c h o o s e y o u r o w n fo o d fr o m th e s h e lv e s .
E xe rc ise 1
4 M a n y y o u n g p e o p le in b ig c itie s g o to s h o p p in g
1 b, d 2 c, d 3 a , c, d
m a lls to m e e t t h e ir fr ie n d s .
5 F a rm e rs o fte n s e ll t h e ir f r u it a n d v e g e ta b le s fro m
E xe rc ise 2
m a rk e t s ta lls .
IB 2D 3 A 4 C
6 T h e s h o p a s s is t a n t h e lp e d th e c u s to m e r to fin d a
T s h ir t in th e c o lo u r th e y w a n te d .
E xe rc ise 3
1 re v is io n tim e t a b le
E x e rc is e 3
2 in h is m in d
1 I b o u g h t th is s h ir t in a s a le .
3 e a s ie r t o c o n c e n tr a te
2 M y b r o th e r th in k s o n lin e s h o p p in g is m u c h q u ic k e r
4 la s t-m in u te re v is io n
th a n g o in g to th e s h o o s .
3 T h e g o o d th in g a b o u t s h o p p in g in a d e p a r tm e n t
E xe rcise 4
s to r e is t h a t yo u c a n g e t e v e ry th in g in o n e p la c e .
1 m o b ile (p h o n e ) in
4 T h e la s t tim e I to o k s o m e th in g b a c k to a s h o p , th e
2 in th e d o o rs
c u s to m e r s e rv ic e s m a n a g e r w a s n ’t t h e r e .
3 t o th e s u p e r v is o r
5 I lo s t m y c r e d it c a rd th e o th e r day. I w a s re a lly
4 e x a m in a tio n n u m b e r
w o rrie d s o m e o n e e ls e w o u ld u s e it.
6 H a ve yo u e v e r b o u g h t a tr a in tic k e t w ith a s tu d e n t
E xe rc is e s 5 , 6
d is c o u n t? I t ’s s o m u c h c h e a p e r.
IF 3 A
2 E 4 C
E x e rc is e 4
Id 3 b 5 c
Part 3 Exam practice
2 e 4 a
1 rig h t e x a m p a p e r
2 y o u r e x a m in a tio n n u m b e r E x e rc is e 5
3 th e in s tr u c tio n s 1 g o s h o p p in g
4 h o w lo n g 2 (s h o p p in g ) lis t
5 s e v e ra l tim e s 3 s u p e rm a rk e t
6 m o re d iffic u lt 4 g o e s s h o p p in g
7 k n o w b e tte r 5 a re fu n d
8 n u m b e r o f m a rk s
9 (yo u r) m a in id e a s Part 2 Skills development
10 a lo w m a rk
E x e rc is e 1
2 th e n , n e x t
3 s e c o n d ly , fin a lly

Unit 8 S hopping and spending 4 a fte r, th ir d ly


5 la s tly , p rio r to

Part 1 Vocabulary
E x e rc is e s 2 a, b
E xe rcise 1 1 75%
a 2 c 4 2 60%
b 1 d 3 3 50%
4 s u p e r m a r k e ts
E xe rcise 2 5 m a r k e ts
1 In g rid c o m p la in e d to c u s to m e r s e r v ic e s a b o u t h e r 6 s m a ll s h o p s
n e w b o o ts b e c a u s e th e z ip w a s b ro k e n .
2 A lo t o f te e n a g e r s lik e e x p e n s iv e d e s ig n e r b ra n d s E x e rc is e 3
m o re th a n c h e a p c lo th e s . a, d , f

Answer key 123


E xercise 4 E xe rcise 2
1 a 3 f 5 c 1 fly in g 2 p lay 3 le a d in g
2 e 4 d 6 b
E xe rcise 3

Part 3 Exam practice 1 num ber 3 n a m e o f c o u n try


2 d a te
1 (m o re ) m a tu re p e o p le 5 - 7 f, a, d
2 s p e n d in g p a tte rn s 8 c a rs a n d c o m p u te rs
E xe rcise 4
3 u p to 3 0 9 b e a u ty tr e a tm e n ts
1 1998 3 1967
4 over 5 5 10 young m en
2 U S A /U n ite d S ta te s 4 B ra zil

E xe rcise 5
2 a d d re s s 5 p e rs o n a l/m e d ic a l
Unit 9 Hobbies, interests and 3 n a m e / s p e llin g in fo rm a tio n

sports 4 phone num ber 6 p e rs o n a l h is to ry

E xe rcise 6
Part 1 Vocabulary
1 A n d re w M e tc a lfe 4 571324
E xercise 1 5 som e
2 21
Hobby Interest Sport 3 43A
4 stamp 2 going to the cinem a/ 1 cycling
collecting movies
5 painting 3 playing video games 6 basketball P a rt 3 Exam practice
1 ta b le te n n is 5 - 7 e, b, g
E xe rcise 2 2 100 8 M a n d e v ille

Interests Sports 3 12 9 B u ry G a rd e n s
Hobbies
4 s tr e e t d a n c e 10 5 7 3 2 7 9
stamp collecting going to the cinema cycling

painting playing chess basketball

gardening travelling swimming

cooking listening to music running Review 3


going to art galleries football
E xe rcise 1
E xercise 3 1 e a s ie r 3 to u g h e s t 5 b e tte r
A 1 s w im m in g C 1 tr a v e llin g 2 lo n g e r 4 w o rs t 6 best
2 ru n n in g 2 g a rd e n in g
B 1 c in e m a D 1 c y c lin g E xe rcise 2
2 c o n c e rt 2 c o o k in g 2 p re ttie r 5 m o re d iffic u lt 8 h a rd e r
3 c le v e re r 6 h e a lth ie r 9 e a rlie r
E xercise 4 4 b e tte r 7 n e a re r 1 0 m o re b o rin g
1 to 3 tw o 5 to
2 to o 4 to o 6 tw o E xe rcise 3

Shop Discount Fashion Goods


P a rt 2 Skills development store bargain style items

E xe rcise 1 supermarket deal design produce


1 fry 6 p la y market reduction articles
2 pray 7 re a d sale price
3 le a d 8 fly
4 b la d e 9 p la ye d
E xe rcise 4
5 c o rr e c t 1 0 c o lle c t
1 young m en 3 im p ro v in g h o m e (s )
2 e a tin g o u t

124 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 9-10
E xe rcise 5 E x e rc is e 4
1 tw o p e o p le , w h e re , g o in g o n h o lid a y , c o m p le te th e 1 jo b 4 o ffic e
s e n te n c e s , NO M O RE THAN TW O W O R D S OR A 2 h o lid a y s 5 ow ner
NUMBER 3 w o rry 6 d e a d lin e
2 h o w to jo in a c lu b , c o m p le te th e fo rm , TWO W O R D S
3 tw o s tu d e n ts , h o b b ie s , c o m p le te th e n o te s , NO E x e rc is e 5

M O R E TH AN THR EE W O R D S OR A N U M B E R 1 N e w Y o rk is n o t th e c a p ita l o f th e U n ite d S ta te s o f

4 w o m a n , fr ie n d , w e e k e n d , m a tc h th e w o m a n ’s A m e ric a .

o p in io n , a c tiv itie s 2 In t h e U K , c h ild r e n w h o a re b o rn in J u ly u s u a lly

5 tw o p e o p le , fa v o u r ite film , c h o o s e c o r r e c t a n s w e r, s t a r t s c h o o l in S e p te m b e r , j u s t a f t e r th e y a re

lis t (A-C) fiv e .


3 O x fo rd U n iv e rs ity is o n e o f th e m o s t fa m o u s in th e

E x e rc is e 6 w o rld .
4 In s o m e c o u n tr ie s , m o s t c o m p a n ie s c lo s e on
2 3 4 5
S u n d a y s , b u t in o th e r c o u n tr ie s th e y c lo s e on
dates comparisons comparisons comparisons F rid a ys o r S a tu rd a y s .
ages activities weather stories
5 T h e o ffic ia l la n g u a g e o f G re e c e is G re e k .
prices days tim es actors
names sports activities names
phone hobbies days types o f film P a rt 2 Skills development
numbers sports
E x e rc is e 1
tim es cities
addresses hotels ii T h e ir h o lid a y s s t a r t a t th e b e g in n in g o f July.
activities hobbies
days
E x e rc is e 2
sports
i b a iv b

E xe rc is e 3

Unit 10 W ork-life balance 1 n in e / 9 , f i v e / 5


2 c o m e in to
3 d o n ’t h a ve
Part 1 Vocabulary
4 On M o n d a y s
E x e rc is e 1
5 com e out
S u g g e s te d a n s w e rs :
1 s tr e s s 3 re la x a tio n E xe rc is e 4
2 d e a d lin e 4 e m p lo y e r D 1 G 2
A 3
B 7 E 6
E x e rc is e 2 F 5
C 4
1 hobby 3 c o m fo rt 5 w o rk e r
2 w o rk 4 beach 6 s ta r t E x e rc is e 5
1 B 3 F 5 A
E x e rc is e 3
2 E 4 G
Noun Noun and verb
career rest
P a rt 3 Exam practice
job work
hobby stress 1 a n d m e n ta l 6 jo b s h a rin g
profession worry 2 p riv a te 7 27%
occupation com fort 3 fle x ib le 8 w o rk fr o m h o m e
relaxation shop 4 fr o m h o m e 9 tw o s m a ll c h ild re n
leisure boss 5 a year 10 h e r s is t e r ’s
difficulty start
pressure

Answer key 125


E xe rcise 3
1 f 2 e 3 d
Unit 11 Com paring cultures
E xe rcise 4
Part 1 Vocabulary 1 In tr a d itio n a l In d ia n fa m ilie s , w h e re d id th e b rid e
a n d g ro o m u s e to m e e t fo r th e fir s t tim e ?
E xercise 1
Across: Down: 2 In In d ia , w h a t d id th e fa th e r o f th e b rid e u s e to d o ?

3 n a tio n a l 1 C h in e s e 3 W h a t h a s it b e c o m e p o p u la r fo r In d ia n fa m ilie s to

4 h u ts 2 Ita ly d o re c e n tly ?
4 W h e re d o e s th e c o u p le live a fte r th e y a re m a rrie d ?

E xercise 2
1 p ro n u n c ia tio n 5 s c a rf E xe rcise 5

2 a lp h a b e t 1b ii c iv b
6 s ilk
3 s p ic y 7 b ric k
4 v e g e ta ria n 8 b lo c k o f fla ts Part 3 Exam practice
1 b 6 w a te r fe s tiv a ls
E xercise 3 2 b 7 s ix
1 d ie t 3 a 8 life , w e a lth , lu c k
2 h o u s in g 4 e 9 new year
3 c o m m u n ic a tio n 5 g 1 0 (by) a n c ie n t tr a d itio n
4 c o s tu m e

E xe rcise 4
1 s p ic y Unit 12 Exploring the oceans
2 b lo c k s o f fla ts
3 la n g u a g e , a lp h a b e t Part 1 Vocabulary
4 s ilk E xe rcise 1
S u g g e s te d a n s w e rs :
E xe rcise 5
Picture 1 Picture 2 Picture 3 Picture 4
1 have 4 had
oil rig gas pipeline fishing trawler underwater
2 m ade 5 do
turbine *
3 done 6 have
off-shore natural gas net wave power
drilling
Part 2 Skills development
mineral mineral fish farm energy
E xercise 1 resource resource
th e s a m e a s m o re [c o m m o n ] th a n fuel fuel
m u c h m o re [o p e n ] [frie n d lie r] th a n natural gas
in c o m p a r is o n w ith
E xe rcise 2
E xercise 2 1 f 3 d 5 c
2 e 4 b 6 a
To emphasize similarity To limit similarity
very a bit E xe rcise 3

extremely rather 1 s o u rc e 3 a ffe c te d 5 b re a k


2 sea 4 O ur 6 c u rr e n ts
incredibly quite

exactly not E xe rcise 4


a little T h e g ra p h s s h o w tr e n d s .
Id 2a 3 b 4 c

126 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 1 1 -1 2

E xe rcise 5
S u g g e s te d a n s w e rs :
Review 4
Statistics Trends
average (noun/adjective) rise ( noun/verb)
E x e rc is e 1
majority (noun) fall (noun/verb) 1 Is g a rd e n in g a h o b b y o r a s p o r t?

minority (noun) increase (noun/verb) 2 S e v e ra l th o u s a n d p e o p le ra n in th e L o n d o n


M a r a th o n in 2 0 1 2 .
less than (adjective) decrease (noun/verb)
3 S o u th A m e ric a is a v e ry la rg e c o n tin e n t w ith a
more than (adjective) remain stable (verb + adverb)
v a rie ty o f c lim a te s .
fraction (noun) downward (adverb/adjective) 4 In m a n y la rg e c o m p a n ie s e m p lo y e e s w o rk
number (noun) upward (adverb/adjective) fr o m M o n d a y to Friday, a n d s o m e e v e n w o rk on

per cent (noun) tendency (noun) S a tu rd a y s .


5 H in d i is th e o ffic ia l la n g u a g e o f In d ia .
amount (noun) dramatic (adjective)
6 A n A u s tra lia n a c c e n t is n o t th e s a m e a s a N ew
significant (adjective) gradual (adjective)
Z e a la n d o n e .
slight (adjective) 7 T h e c a p ita l o f th e U n ite d S ta te s is n o t N e w Y ork,
b u t W a s h in g to n D.C.

Part 2 Skills development 8 O x fo rd U n iv e rs ity is o n e o f th e b e s t in th e w o rld .

E xe rcise 1
E x e rc is e 2
1 u n d e rw a te r (s u b = u n d e r, m a rin e = s e a )
1 s tu d ie s 4 c la s s e s
2 n o t d e e p (fix e d rig s n e e d to r e s t o n th e s e a b e d )
2 th a n k 5 c o u n tr ie s
3 fis h fa r m in g (a q u a = w a te r / c u lt u r e = g ro w in g )
3 la n g u a g e s 6 c o m m u n ic a tio n
4 jo u r n e y d o w n (to th e o c e a n flo o r), s h o w n
(h a s + v e rb ), m a rin e (= s e a )
E xe rc is e 3
1 m ake
E xe rcise 2
2 h a ve
Noun Adjective Verb 3 do

Aquaculture submarine revealed 4 h a ve


5 h a ve
descent shallow
6 m ade
marine 7 h a ve
8 h a ve
E xe rcise 3
1 d e rr ic k 3 s u p p o r t to w e r E x e rc is e 4
2 h e lic o p te r pad 4 c ra n e 1 m o re b e a u tifu l th a n 5 as h o t as
2 e a s ie r, th e s a m e a s 6 m o re c o n s e rv a tiv e th a n
E xe rcise 4 3 g r e a s ie r th a n 7 a s c o ld a s
1 2008 = 4 3 2012 = 18 4 m u c h m o re e x c itin g
2 2009 = 2 4 2014 = 60 th a n

E x e rc is e 5
Part 3 Exam practice
1 C u rra n ts 5 E xcept
1 1 0 0 0 m e tre s 6 b a tte r ie s
2 sea 6 s o u rc e
2 1940s 7 p a n e l o f lig h ts
3 a ffe c te d 7 c u rr e n ts
3 1960 8 fin
4 accept 8 descent
4 1 1 , 0 0 0 m e tre s 9 s u rfa c e o f e a rth
5 p ilo t ’s 1 0 m in e ra ls fo r in d u s try

Answer key 127


E xercise 6

Noun Adjective Verb Adverb


majority marine hatch scientifically

descent submarine * descend significantly

submarine * shallow explore gradually

exploration mysterious research *

research * technologically reveal

scientist

technology

mystery

revelation

Practice test
S e c tio n 1
1 a 6 1 9 th Ju n e
2 b 7 £360
3 a 8 g a rd e n c e n tre
4 4 , T he W illo w s 9 school
5 07632 112254 1 0 v e g e ta b le

S e c tio n 2
1 1 E ve ryd a y in v e n tio n s 16 B
1 2 h a lf a n h o u r 17 A
1 3 g ro u n d flo o r 1 8 film title
14 c 1 9 c a le n d a r
15 b 2 0 n u m b e r o f tic k e ts
S e c tio n 3
2 1 (s tu d e n t) 25 b
a c c o m m o d a tio n 26 f
2 2 d is ta n c e fro m 27 16%
cam pus 28 n e a r b u s s to p
23 p u b lic tr a n s p o r t 2 9 20%
24 e 3 0 54%

S e c tio n 4
31 lo o k fo r fo o d
3 2 fe e d th e ir y o u n g /fin d e x tra
3 3 th e tr o p ic s
3 4 w a rm e r c lim a te s
35 it c o m e s e a rlie r
36 h ig h e r te m p e ra tu r e s
37 (it) d ro p s d ra s tic a lly
38 D
39 F
40 B

128 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Key canteen n. - a r e s ta u r a n t in a fa c to ry , s c h o o l, e tc .
w h e re w o rk e rs , s tu d e n ts , e tc . e a t

a b b r. = a b b re v ia tio n cauliflower n. - a la rg e , ro u n d v e g e ta b le w ith a w h ite

a d j. = a d je c tiv e c e n tr e s u rr o u n d e d by g re e n le a v e s , w h ic h is e a te n

a d v . = a d v e rb cooked

n. - noun crumble n. - a b a k e d p u d d in g c o n s is tin g o f a c ru m b ly

p h ra s a l v. = p h ra s a l v e rb m ix tu re o f flo u r, f a t a n d s u g a r o v e r s te w e d fr u it

p h r. = p h ra s e dish n. - fo o d t h a t is p re p a re d a n d c o o k e d in a

v. = v e rb p a r tic u la r w ay
eighth n. - o n e o f e ig h t e q u a l p a r ts o f s o m e th in g
flavour n. - th e ta s t e o f a fo o d o r d rin k
flip v. - to tu r n s o m e th in g o v e r w ith a s u d d e n q u ic k
Unit 1 m ovem ent
fry v. - to c o o k fo o d in v e ry h o t f a t o r o il
arrival n . - th e a c t o r tim e o f a rriv in g get straight on (with) v. - to d o s o m e th in g w ith no d e la y
available a d j. - If s o m e th in g is a v a ila b le yo u c a n grease v. - If yo u g re a s e a c o o k in g d is h , yo u p u t a
h a ve o r u s e it. th in la y e r o f f a t o n it to s to p fo o d fr o m s tic k in g to
book v. - to re s e rv e a s e a t o n a flig h t, ro o m in a it w h e n c o o k in g .
h o te l, e tc . greasy a d j. - c o a te d w ith o r fu ll o f g re a s e
departure n . - th e a c t o r tim e o f le a v in g grill v. - to c o o k m e a t, fis h , e tc . by d ir e c t h e a t, a s
get in v. - to a rriv e , e s p e c ia lly a t o n e ’s h o m e o r u n d e r a g rill o r o v e r a h o t fire
p la c e o f w o rk halfn. - o n e o f tw o e q u a l p a r ts o f s o m e th in g
land v. - W h e n a p la n e la n d s , it c o m e s d o w n to th e lamb n. - th e m e a t o f a y o u n g s h e e p
g ro u n d a ft e r a flig h t. measures n. - p a r tic u la r a c tio n s in te n d e d to a c h ie v e
pick-up point n . - a p la c e to c o lle c t p a s s e n g e rs , s o m e th in g
g o o d s , e tc . melted a d j. - S o m e th in g t h a t is m e lte d h a s b e c o m e
terminal n . - th e b u ild in g w h e re p e o p le w a it a t a n a liq u id b e c a u s e o f h e a t.
a ir p o r t o r to c a tc h a fe r ry mix v. - to c o m b in e liq u id s , s u b s ta n c e s , e tc .
travel agent n . - s o m e o n e w h o s e jo b is to a rra n g e to g e th e r
h o lid a y s fo r p e o p le packet food n. - fo o d t h a t is q u ic k a n d e a s y to
p re p a re , e .g . fo o d t h a t is p re c o o k e d
peel v. - to re m o v e th e s k in o r o u te r c o v e rin g o f fr u it,
v e g e ta b le s o r e g g s
Unit 2 pineapple n. - a tr o p ic a l f r u it w ith y e llo w fle s h a n d a
h a rd b ro w n s k in t h a t h a s s h a rp p o in ts o n it
amount n . - T he a m o u n t o f s o m e th in g is h o w m u c h quarter n. - o n e o f fo u r e q u a l p a r ts o f s o m e th in g
th e r e is o r h o w m u c h yo u n e e d . recipe n. - a lis t o f in g re d ie n ts a n d in s tr u c tio n s t h a t
balanced diet n . - a d ie t t h a t c o n ta in s e n o u g h o f th e te ll y o u h o w to c o o k s o m e th in g
n e c e s s a ry n u tr ie n ts fo r y o u to b e h e a lth y roast v. - to c o o k m e a t o r v e g e ta b le s by d ry h e a t,
benefit n . - s o m e th in g g o o d t h a t yo u g e t fro m u s u a lly w ith a d d e d f a t a n d e s p e c ia lly in a n o ve n
s o m e th in g rub (in) v. - to m ix f a t in to flo u r u s in g y o u r fin g e rs to
boil v. - t o c o o k fo o d in v e ry h o t w a te r g e t a c ru m b ly m ix tu re
boiling a d j. - v e ry h o t solve v. - to fin d th e s o lu tio n to a p ro b le m
bowl n. - a ro u n d c o n ta in e r o p e n a t th e to p , u s e d fo r spice n. - a p la n t o r p o w d e r fr o m a p la n t t h a t you
h o ld in g liq u id , k e e p in g fr u it , s e rv in g fo o d , e tc . a d d to fo o d to g iv e it fla v o u r, e .g . g in g e r, c in n a m o n
cabbage n . - a la rg e , ro u n d v e g e ta b le w ith w h ite , o r n u tm e g
g re e n o r p u rp le le a v e s th a t is u s u a lly e a te n c o o k e d s te a m v. - to c o o k fo o d w ith s te a m fr o m h o t w a te r

Glossary 129
stir v. - to u s e a s p o o n to m ix a liq u id o r o th e r avoid v. - to p re v e n t s o m e th in g b a d fro m
s u b s ta n c e h a p p e n in g
syrup n. - a s w e e t, th ic k , s tic k y liq u id baby-sitter n. - a p e rs o n w h o ta k e s c a re o f a c h ild o r
take measures v. - to ta k e a c tio n s to a c h ie v e a c h ild re n w h ile th e p a re n ts a re o u t
p a r tic u la r g o a l career n. - a jo b o r p ro fe s s io n
third n. - o n e o f th r e e e q u a l p a rts o f s o m e th in g celebrity n. - a fa m o u s p e rs o n
tiny a d j. - v e ry s m a ll close up adv. - If you s e e s o m e o n e o r s o m e th in g
c lo s e u p , you a re n e a r th e m a n d c a n s e e th e m
v e ry w e ll.
deliver v. - to ta k e g o o d s to a p la c e
Unit 3 earn v. - to g e t m o n e y in re tu rn fo r w o rk
feed v. - to g iv e fo o d to
ceiling n. - th e to p in s id e s u rfa c e o f a ro o m fulfilment n. - th e fe e lin g o f a c h ie v in g s o m e th in g
concentrate on v. - to fo c u s a ll a tte n tio n o n a im p o r ta n t o r d e s ire d
p a r tic u la r th in g yo u a re d o in g guard v. - to w a tc h a p e rs o n o r th in g in o rd e r to
explain v. - to g iv e d e ta ils a b o u t s o m e th in g s o t h a t p ro te c t th e m
p e o p le c a n u n d e rs ta n d join v. - to b e c o m e a m e m b e r o f a c lu b , o rg a n iz a tio n ,
fair enough phr. - a n e x p re s s io n o f a g re e m e n t e tc .
for instance phr. - fo r o r a s an e x a m p le load v. - to p u t g o o d s o n to a tr u c k , s h ip , e tc .
introduce v. - to s p e a k a t th e b e g in n in g o f a open air n. - T h e o p e n a ir is a n y p la c e o u ts id e .
p re s e n ta tio n , te le v is io n p ro g ra m m e , e tc . a n d te ll police force n. - a n o rg a n iz a tio n o f p o lic e o ffic e r s in
p e o p le w h a t th e y a re g o in g to s e e o r h e a r a p a r tic u la r c o u n try o r a re a
m ake sense v. - If s o m e th in g m a k e s s e n s e , it is rep. abbr. n. - a b b re v ia tio n fo r a p e rs o n t h a t
re a s o n a b le o r s e n s ib le . r e p r e s e n ts s o m e o n e e ls e
m ake sure v. - to m a k e c e rta in reward n. - s o m e th in g yo u g e t b e c a u s e yo u have
match v. - to be th e s a m e o r s im ila r a n d lo o k g o o d w o rk e d o r d o n e s o m e th in g g o o d
to g e th e r stressful adj. - in v o lv in g o r c a u s in g m e n ta l o r
memory stick n. - a s m a ll o b je c t t h a t yo u c a n c a rry e m o tio n a l p re s s u re o r w o rry
a n d u s e fo r s to r in g in fo rm a tio n fro m a c o m p u te r, supply v. - to p ro v id e s o m e th in g
d ig ita l c a m e ra , e tc . treatment n. - m e d ic in e , s u rg e ry , e tc . t h a t s o m e o n e
present v. - to g iv e in fo rm a tio n to p e o p le , e .g . in a is g iv e n if th e y a re ill o r in ju re d
p re s e n ta tio n o r s p e e c h union representative n. - s o m e o n e w h o re p r e s e n ts a
project v. - to m a k e a n im a g e a p p e a r o n a s u rfa c e g ro u p o f s tu d e n ts o r w o rk e rs
pros and cons phr. - th e a d v a n ta g e s a n d
d is a d v a n ta g e s o f s o m e th in g
rob v. - to s te a l s o m e th in g fro m s o m e o n e ,
e s p e c ia lly in a v io le n t w ay Unit 5
slide n. - a s m a ll p ie c e o f film in a fra m e , th a t you
c a n s e e on a s c re e n u s in g a s p e c ia l p ie c e o f borrow v. - to ta k e o r u s e s o m e th in g fo r a p e rio d o f
e q u ip m e n t tim e a n d th e n g iv e it b a c k
suggest v. - to p u t fo rw a rd a p la n o r id e a fo r concentrate v. - to fo c u s a ll a tte n tio n on a p a rtic u la r
s o m e o n e to th in k a b o u t th in g yo u a re d o in g
custom n . - an a c tiv ity o r w a y o f b e h a v in g th a t is
u s u a l o r tr a d itio n a l in a p a r tic u la r p la c e
food hall n . - th e p a rt o f a d e p a r tm e n t s to r e , w h e re
Unit 4 fo o d is s o ld
food outlet n. - a p la c e th a t s e lls fo o d
arrest v. - If th e p o lic e a rr e s t s o m e o n e , th e y ta k e footpath n . - a n a rro w p a th fo r p e o p le to w a lk on
th e p e rs o n to a p o lic e s ta tio n b e c a u s e th e y th in k foreign a d j. - c o m in g fro m o r re la tin g to a n o th e r
th e p e rs o n h a s c o m m itte d a c rim e . c o u n try

130 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 3 -7
get cash out v. - to g e t m o n e y fr o m a m a c h in e o r lock up v. - to lo c k th e d o o rs a n d w in d o w s o f a
bank b u ild in g b e fo re yo u le a v e
journal n. - a n e w s p a p e r o r m a g a z in e , e s p e c ia lly o n e lonely adj. - A lo n e ly p la c e is a lo n g w a y fr o m o th e r
t h a t d e a ls w ith a p a r tic u la r s u b je c t p la c e s a n d v e ry fe w p e o p le g o th e r e .
lecture n. - a t a lk t h a t is g iv e n to s tu d e n ts to te a c h pickpocket n. - a p e rs o n w h o s te a ls fr o m th e
th e m p o c k e ts o r h a n d b a g s o f o th e r s in p u b lic p la c e s
lecture theatre n. - a la rg e ro o m o r h a il w ith s e a ts in ring v. - to c a ll s o m e o n e u s in g a te le p h o n e
t ie r s w h e re s tu d e n ts s it to lis te n to le c tu re s rob v. - If s o m e o n e is ro b b e d , s o m e o n e s te a ls
lift n. - s o m e th in g t h a t c a rr ie s p e o p le u p a n d d o w n s o m e th in g fr o m th e m ,
in a ta ll b u ild in g s a fe n. - a s tr o n g , m e ta l c o n ta in e r w ith s p e c ia l
lobby n. - th e ro o m a t th e e n tr a n c e o f a la rg e lo c k s , u s e d fo r s to r in g m o n e y , je w e lle r y a n d o th e r
b u ild in g s u c h a s a h o te l v a lu a b le o b je c ts
owe v. - If yo u o w e s o m e o n e s o m e m o n e y , y o u n e e d shoplifter n. - a p e rs o n w h o s te a ls th in g s fr o m a
to p a y it to th e m . s h o p by h id in g th e m in a b a g o r in c lo th e s
pastry n. - an in d iv id u a l c a k e o r p a s tr y p ie steal v. - to ta k e s o m e th in g w ith o u t s o m e o n e 's
path n. - a lo n g s tr ip o f g ro u n d fo r p e o p le to w a lk on p e rm is s io n
fr o m o n e p la c e to a n o th e r stranger n. - a n y p e rs o n w h o y o u d o n o t k n o w
round adj. - in th e s h a p e o f a c irc le take som eone to court v. - t o s t a r t a le g a l p ro c e s s
stir-fry n. - a C h in e s e d is h m a d e by c o o k in g s m a ll a g a in s t s o m e o n e
p ie c e s o f m e a t a n d v e g e ta b le s in v e ry h o t o il theft n. - th e c rim e o f s te a lin g s o m e th in g
students’ union building n. - th e b u ild in g w h e re watch out for v. - to p a y a tte n tio n s o t h a t yo u
t h e o r g a n iz a tio n t h a t h e lp s s t u d e n t s h a s its w ill s e e s o m e o n e o r s o m e th in g
o f f ic e s , a n d w h ic h u s u a lly a ls o h a s a b a r, s h o p s ,
e tc .
take out v. - to b o rro w a b o o k fr o m a lib ra ry
tough adj. - d iffic u lt Unit 7
upset v. - to m a k e s o m e o n e fe e l u n h a p p y
be worth v. - t o h a ve a p a r tic u la r v a lu e o r p ric e
blank adj. - If y o u r m in d g o e s b la n k , yo u c a n n o t
t h in k o f a n y th in g o r r e m e m b e r a n y th in g .
Unit 6 calm down v. - to b e g in to fe e l le s s w o rrie d ,
n e rv o u s , u p s e t, e tc .
abroad adv. - to o r in a fo re ig n c o u n tr y download v. - t o c o p y s o m e th in g to y o u r c o m p u te r
advise v. - to te ll s o m e o n e w h a t yo u t h in k th e y u s in g th e In te r n e t
s h o u ld d o extraordinarily adv. - e x tr e m e ly a n d u n u s u a lly
break into v. - t o g o in to a h o u s e o r o th e r b u ild in g keep your eye on the clock v. - to b e a w a re o f th e
ille g a lly in o rd e r to s te a l s o m e th in g tim e s o t h a t y o u a re n o t la te o r s o t h a t y o u fin is h
burglar n. - s o m e o n e w h o e n te r s a b u ild in g ille g a lly s o m e th in g o n tim e
in o r d e r t o s te a l th in g s locker n. - a s m a ll c u p b o a rd w ith a lo c k t h a t yo u ca n
cash machine n. - a m a c h in e w h e re y o u g o to g e t p u t y o u r b a g s , v a lu a b le o b je c ts , e tc . in a t
m oney school
catch v. - to fin d a n d s to p s o m e o n e w h o is tr y in g to revision n. - th e p ro c e s s o f r e r e a d in g a s u b je c t
escape o r n o te s o n it, e s p e c ia lly in p r e p a r a tio n f o r an
crime n. - an ille g a l a c tio n t h a t s o m e o n e c a n b e e x a m in a tio n
p u n is h e d fo r roughly adv. - w it h o u t b e in g e x a c t
get through to (on the phone) phrasal v. - to be severaldeterminer - m o re th a n a fe w
c o n n e c te d t o s o m e o n e o n th e te le p h o n e software n. - th e p ro g ra m s t h a t c a n b e u s e d by
grab v. - to ta k e s o m e th in g w ith fo rc e c o m p u te r s fo r d o in g p a r tic u la r jo b s
handbag n. - a b a g t h a t a w o m a n c a rr ie s to h o ld h e r try out v. - to u s e a m e th o d to fin d o u t if it is
p u r s e , k e y s , e tc . s u c c e s s fu l

Glossary 131
Unit 8 Unit 9

boutique n. - a s h o p , e s p e c ia lly a s m a ll o n e s e llin g climb v. - to u s e y o u r h a n d s a n d fe e t to g o u p ro c k s


fa s h io n a b le c lo th e s a s a s p o rt
brand n. - a p a r tic u la r p ro d u c t o r p ro d u c ts w ith a cross country a d j. - g o in g a c ro s s c o u n tr y s id e , a s
tr a d e n a m e o r tr a d e m a rk o p p o s e d to tr a c k s o r ro a d s
complain v. - to s a y t h a t you a re n o t s a tis fie d w ith join v. - to b e c o m e a m e m b e r o f a c lu b , o rg a n iz a tio n ,
s o m e th in g e tc .
department store n. - a la rg e s h o p d iv id e d in to keen on a d j. - If you a re ke e n on s o m e th in g , you like it.
d iffe r e n t p a r ts t h a t e a c h s e ll d iffe r e n t th in g s lazy a d j. - n o t w a n tin g to w o rk
discount n. - a re d u c tio n in th e u s u a l p ric e o f leisure n . - th e tim e w h e n you a re n o t w o rk in g a n d
s o m e th in g c a n re la x a n d e n jo y y o u rs e lf
eat out v. - to e a t a w a y fro m h o m e , e s p e c ia lly in a marathon n. - a ra c e on f o o t o f 2 6 m ile s 3 8 5 y a rd s
r e s ta u ra n t ( 4 2 , 1 9 5 k ilo m e tre s )
grocery shopping n. - s h o p p in g fo r fo o d membership fee n. - a c h a rg e m a d e fo r b e in g a
household goods n. - th e th in g s yo u u s e in y o u r m e m b e r o f a n o rg a n iz a tio n
house parrot n . - a b rig h tly c o lo u re d b ird t h a t ca n
mature adult n. - an o ld p e rs o n , u s e d a s a w a y o f s o m e tim e s c o p y w h a t p e o p le sa y
a v o id in g s a y in g th e w o rd ‘o ld ’ stamp n. - th e th in g t h a t yo u s tic k on an e n v e lo p e o r
o n the spur of the moment adv. - If you d o p a rc e l to s h o w th a t yo u h a ve p a id to p o s t it
s o m e th in g on th e s p u r o f th e m o m e n t, you street dance n . - a d a n c e s ty le t h a t s ta r te d o u ts id e
s u d d e n ly d e c id e to d o it a n d d o n o t p la n it. o f d a n c e s tu d io s in an y o p e n s p a c e s s u c h a s
organic adj. - g ro w n w ith o u t th e u s e o f s tr e e ts , p a rk s , s c h o o l y a rd s , e tc .
c h e m ic a ls
outing n. - a s h o r t tr ip to a p la c e
refund n. - an a m o u n t o f m o n e y t h a t a s h o p g iv e s
b a c k to yo u b e c a u s e you h a ve b o u g h t s o m e th in g Unit 10
t h a t yo u a re n o t s a tis fie d w ith
sale n. - a tim e w h e n a s h o p s e lls th in g s a t le s s accounting n . - th e d e p a r tm e n t in c h a rg e o f k e e p in g
th a n th e ir u s u a l p ric e fin a n c ia l a c c o u n ts
self-service adj. - A s e lf-s e rv ic e re s ta u ra n t, alert v. - to te ll s o m e o n e a b o u t s o m e th in g o r re m in d
s h o p , m a c h in e , e tc . is o n e w h e re yo u g e t th e m a b o u t s o m e th in g
s o m e th in g fo r y o u r s e lf a n d p e o p le d o n o t b rin g deadline n . - a tim e lim it fo r a n y a c tiv ity
it to yo u . draft n. - a n e a rly v e rs io n o f a le tte r, re p o rt, e tc . th a t
shelves n. - th e fla t p ie c e s o f w o o d , m e ta l o r g la s s y o u m ig h t c h a n g e la te r
t h a t th in g s a re d is p la y e d o n in a s h o p draw the line v. - to m a k e a d is tin c tio n b e tw e e n tw o
spending habits n. - Y o u r s p e n d in g h a b its a re th e th in g s a n d c o n s id e r th e m a s b e in g s e p a ra te
ty p e s o f th in g s t h a t yo u u s u a lly buy, w h e re yo u bu y enter (data) v. - to w rite o r ke y in fo rm a tio n in a
th e m , h o w m u c h yo u s p e n d , e tc . c o m p u te r
survey n. - a s e t o f q u e s tio n s t h a t you a s k a la rg e hum an resource manager n . - th e p e rs o n in c h a rg e
n u m b e r o f p e o p le o r o rg a n iz a tio n s o f th e d e p a r tm e n t t h a t in te rv ie w s , a p p o in ts o r
take something back v. - to re tu rn g o o d s to a k e e p s re c o rd s o f e m p lo y e e s in a n o rg a n iz a tio n
shop m anage your money v. - to s p e n d y o u r m o n e y
trip n. - a jo u rn e y o r v is it to a p la c e c a re fu lly s o t h a t yo u d o n o t w a s te it a n d s o th a t
zip n. - s o m e th in g t h a t o p e n s a n d c lo s e s c lo th e s y o u h a ve e n o u g h fo r th e th in g s you n e e d
a n d b a g s . It h a s tw o ro w s o f m e ta l o r p la s tic te e th milestone n . - a s ig n ific a n t e v e n t t h a t m a rk s an
a n d yo u p u ll s o m e th in g a lo n g th e m . im p o r ta n t s ta g e in a p ro c e s s

132 Get Ready for IELTS: Listening


Units 8 -1 2

nursery n . - a s c h o o l fo r y o u n g c h ild re n , u s u a lly fr o m m o v e y o u r h a n d s a n d f e e t in w a te r s o t h a t th e


th r e e to fiv e y e a rs o ld o th e r p e rs o n g e ts w a te r o n th e m s e lv e s .
on the dot p h r. - a t e x a c tly th e a rra n g e d tim e
outline n. - a g e n e ra l p la n o r d e s c r ip tio n o f
s o m e th in g , w it h o u t th e e x a c t d e ta ils
part-time adj. - P a rt-tim e w o rk is w o rk in w h ic h yo u Unit 12
o n ly w o rk fo r p a r t o f e a c h d a y o r w e e k .
phase n. - a p a rtic u la r s ta g e in a p ro c e s s , p ro je c t, e tc . at risk - If s o m e th in g b a d is a t r is k o f h a p p e n in g , it
pick up v. - to c o lle c t s o m e o n e a n d ta k e th e m is lik e ly to h a p p e n .
s o m e w h e re behaviour n. - th e w a y t h a t s o m e o n e b e h a v e s
pressure n. - a w o rrie d fe e lin g t h a t y o u g e t b e c a u s e cham ber n . - a ro o m e q u ip p e d fo r a p a r tic u la r
yo u h a ve t o d o a lo t o f th in g s in a s h o r t tim e o r p u rp o s e
b e c a u s e p e o p le e x p e c t a lo t fr o m you crane n . - a d e v ic e fo r liftin g a n d m o v in g h e a vy
questionnaire n . - a s e t o f w r itte n q u e s tio n s t h a t a re o b je c ts
s e n t t o a lo t o f p e o p le in o rd e r to g e t in fo rm a tio n current n . - a s te a d y , flo w in g m o v e m e n t o f w a te r
stress n. - a fe e lin g o f b e in g w o rrie d o r te n s e decrease v. - to b e c o m e le s s
task n. - an a c tiv ity o r p ie c e o f w o rk t h a t y o u h a v e descend v. - to m o v e d o w n w a rd s
t o do destructive adj. - c a u s in g d a m a g e
timetable n. - a lis t o f y o u r le s s o n s a n d w h e n th e y drill turbine n. - a m a c h in e w ith a ro ta tin g to o l fo r
w ill h a p p e n b o rin g c y lin d ric a l h o le s
worry n. - a fe e lin g o f b e in g a n x io u s b e c a u s e o f fall v. - to b e c o m e le s s o r lo w e r in n u m b e r, q u a lity ,
p ro b le m s yo u h a v e o r b e c a u s e o f w h a t m ig h t p ric e , e tc .
happen fin n. a th in , fla t p a r t o u t t h a t s tic k s o u t o f a ro c k e t,
s u b m a r in e , e tc . a n d h e lp s to c o n tr o l its m o v e m e n t
float v. - If s o m e th in g flo a ts , it s ta y s o n th e s u rfa c e
o f w a te r a n d d o e s n o t s in k .
Unit 11 fuel n . - a n y s u b s ta n c e b u rn e d a s a s o u rc e o f h e a t
o r p o w e r, s u c h a s c o a l o r p e tro l
arrange v. - to m a k e p la n s o r p re p a r a tio n s fo r gas pipeline n. - a lo n g p ip e , e s p e c ia lly
s o m e th in g to h a p p e n u n d e rg ro u n d , u s e d to tr a n s p o r t n a tu r a l g a s o v e r
block of flats n. - a b u ild in g t h a t c o n ta in s lo n g d is ta n c e s
a p a r tm e n ts generate v. - to p ro d u c e a fo r m o f e n e rg y o r p o w e r
bride n. - a w o m a n w h o h a s ju s t b e e n o r is a b o u t to globe n . - th e w o rld
b e m a rrie d gradual adj. - h a p p e n in g s lo w ly
chat v. - to h a ve a n in fo rm a l c o n v e rs a tio n helicopter pad n. - a p la c e fo r h e lic o p te r s to la n d
cotton n . - c lo th m a d e fr o m fib re fr o m a c o tto n p la n t a n d ta k e o f f
do dam age v. - to c a u s e p h y s ic a l h a rm to s o m e th in g ice-cap n . - a th ic k la y e r o f ic e t h a t c o v e rs th e N o rth
festival n. - a d a y o r p e rio d w h e n p e o p le in a p la c e a n d S o u th P o le s
c e le b r a te a s p e c ia l e v e n t increase v. - to b e c o m e b ig g e r in s iz e o r n u m b e r
global warming n. - a n in c re a s e in th e a v e ra g e m an ned adj. - A m a n n e d s h ip , s p a c e c r a ft, e tc . h a s
te m p e r a tu r e w o rld w id e b e lie v e d to b e c a u s e d by p e o p le in it w h o a re o p e ra tin g its c o n tr o ls .
th e g re e n h o u s e e ffe c t melt v. - If s o m e th in g s o lid m e lts , it b e c o m e s a
groom n . - a m a n w h o h a s ju s t b e e n o r is a b o u t to liq u id b e c a u s e o f h e a t.
be m a rrie d off-shore adj. - d o n e o r h a p p e n in g in th e s e a
lentils n . - s m a ll s e e d s fr o m a le n til p la n t w h ic h c a n oil platform n . - a la rg e s tr u c tu r e t h a t s ta n d s o n th e
b e c o o k e d a n d e a te n in s o u p s a n d s te w s s e a b e d , u s e d fo r g e ttin g o il fr o m u n d e r th e s e a
m ake progress v. - to a d v a n c e , to g e t r e s u lts oil rig n . - a s tr u c tu r e o n la n d o r in th e s e a , t h a t is
origins n . - T h e o rig in s o f s o m e th in g a re w h e re it u s e d fo r g e ttin g o il o r g a s fr o m u n d e r th e g ro u n d
c a m e fr o m a n d h o w it s ta r te d to e x is t. pilot n. - a p e rs o n w h o is s te e r in g a s h ip o r
splash v. - If yo u s p la s h s o m e o n e w ith w a te r, yo u s u b m a r in e

Glossary 133
power n. - a p a r tic u la r fo rm o f e n e rg y
prawn n. - a s m a ll s h e llfis h w ith a lo n g ta il a n d a lo t
o f le g s , w h ic h you c a n e a t
renewable adj. - R e n e w a b le e n e rg y fo r m s a re
n a tu ra l o n e s w h ic h w ill a lw a y s be a v a ila b le , e .g .
w in d .
resource n. - s o m e th in g s u c h a s a m a te ria l o r
m o n e y t h a t a c o u n tr y o r o rg a n iz a tio n h a s a n d ca n
use
reveal v. - to s h o w t h a t s o m e th in g e x is ts
rise v. - to in c re a s e in h e ig h t o r level
sample n . - a s m a ll a m o u n t o f s o m e th in g t h a t is
ta k e n a n d te s te d s c ie n tific a lly
sea bed n. - th e g ro u n d a t th e b o tto m o f th e s e a
shallow adj. - S h a llo w w a te r is n o t v e ry d e e p .
significant adj. - b ig e n o u g h to be im p o r ta n t
stable adj. - n o t c h a n g in g
storm n. - an o c c a s io n w h e n th e re is v e ry h e a v y ra in
a n d s tr o n g w in d s , a n d s o m e tim e s th u n d e r a n d
lig h tn in g
structure n. - s o m e th in g th a t h a s b e e n b u ilt fro m
p a rts , e s p e c ia lly a la rg e b u ild in g
surface n . - th e to p le ve l o f th e la n d o r s e a
tendency n. - s o m e th in g th a t is s ta r tin g to h a p p e n
m o re o fte n
trawler n. - a b o a t u s e d fo r c a tc h in g fis h , w h ic h h a s
a w id e n e t t h a t is p u lle d b e h in d th e b o a t
trend n. - a c h a n g e o r d e v e lo p m e n t to w a rd s
s o m e th in g d iffe r e n t
upward adj. - m o v in g to w a rd s a h ig h e r p o in t o r
le ve l
wave n. - (in sea) a ra is e d m a s s o f w a te r on th e
s u rfa c e o f th e s e a , c a u s e d by th e w in d o r by tid e s
m a k in g th e s u rfa c e o f th e w a te r ris e a n d fa ll

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