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Library & Information Science (e PG Pathshala

Paper No: 09 Social Science Information System
Module 10: Information Sources in Social Sciences (Encyclopedias, Yearbooks, Almanacs,
Handbooks, etc)

Description of Module

Subject Name Library and Information Science

Paper Name 9 Social Science Information System

Module Name/Title 10 Encyclopedias, Yearbooks, Almanacs, Handbooks, etc

Module Id LIS/SSIS-E/10


Objectives To familiarize the students/readers with Yearbooks, Encyclopedias
and Handbooks in the area of Social Sciences
Keywords Annuals, Yearbooks,
area of Social Encyclopedias, Handbooks, Dictionaries,
Directories. Guide to Literature etc.

Unit 10- Information Sources- MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia, Yearbooks, etc. | Dr. Santosh Gupta 1

the sciences. | Dr.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. The annual also provides a brief A-Z compendium of facts (and maps) about the countries of the world and a profile of world events from the past year. 2011 2v. Midland: Keesing's Worldwide) is a very old annual published since 1758. INTRODUCTION • Yearbooks. statistics or facts. education. The Almanack also includes a bibliography of annual reference books. V.Information Sources. The term here basically refers to a book of thoughts.2 (Kazakhstan-Zimbabwe) First published in 1926. Europa World Year Book 2011-London: Routledge. Yearbooks. the arts and sports. ANNUALS and YEARBOOKS A yearbook. Apart from country specific coverage of significant events. law. etc. However. the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works. is a type of a publication brought out annually to record. • These sources provide complete background of a subject and also current state of research. transport. also known as an annual. The first editor was Edmond Burke. the environment. religion. it also provides global perspective on religion. Encyclopedias and Handbooks are important source of social science information.2. highlight. from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. Whitakers' Almanack (London: The stationery Office) was initially published in the year 1868 by Joseph Whitaker. (Afghanistan-Jordan). In such publications. covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories. Santosh Gupta 2 . A year book is an important source of information in a particular area.1 (International Organisations). the entries are generally alphabetical so that user may read the desired portion easily. etc. Unit 10. 3. Some important yearbooks in the area of social sciences are as under: The Annual Register: A record of World Events (Bethesda. The annual publication provides detailed converge of the United Kingdom on different topics like parliament. Contents: Vol 1 Pt. In some yearbook’s entries are also recorded in chronological order. social welfare. In addition. Some of the important sources are described below. obituaries of important people and key documents are included. knowledge. data on rest of the countries of the world are brief. ideas. It will remain an authoritative chronicle of events from every country of the world. • They and are brought out by prestigious learned and scholarly societies as well as by commercial publishers. Pt. and commemorate the past year's development. international organizations.

The material is collected from Central Ministries/Departments. art and culture. Bibliographic information India: A Reference Annual. 2012. India 2012: A Reference Annual. Films and Broadcasting Title India 2018 : A Reference Annual Author New Media Wing Publisher Publications Division. National Rural Health Mission. art & culture.2v. MNREGA. academicians.com/thestatesmansyearbook2013/BarryTurner) iii. With its authenticity of facts and data. defence. journalists and above all the general public. health. empowerment of women etc. researchers and academicians. 9788123027630 Export Citation BiBTeX EndNote RefMan India 2012 is an updated and comprehensive edition of the Reference Annual edited. health. published and marketed by the Publications Division. -London: Europa. civil services aspirants.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. are Census 2011 which is the 15th Census of India since 1872. The book deal with all aspects of development-from rural to urban. Ministry of Information & Broadcasting. economy. The main features covered in this edition of the year book. science and technology. Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission. 56th ed. State governments and Union Territories. 2018 ISBN 812302763X. sports. Yearbooks. PSUs and autonomous bodies. (http://us. The Research.63rd ed. It incorporates sections on general knowledge. defense. Covering political. Cultures and Economies of the World 2013/edited by Barry Turner-Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. village electrification. World of Learning 2013. /Compiled and edited by Research Reference and Training Division-New Delhi: Publication Division.Information Sources. industry to infrastructure. i.Press. 1954 . events of the past year and latest ones too. sports and important events. 2012. 2013: The Politics. education & mass communication. the book is a treasure for students. It has been chronicling India's march to prosperity and strength over this period. India 2018 . The Statesman's Yearbook continues to be the reference work of choice for accurate and reliable information on every country in the world. current affairs.A Reference Annual is a comprehensive digest of country's progress in different fields. the Yearbook is also available online for subscribing institutions: (www. research scholars. current affairs. economy.macmillan. 2012 Now in its 149th edition. Unit 10. industry & infrastructure. ii. authors. education and mass communication. The reference annual gives a panoramic view of country's progress in the fields of rural and urban development. | Dr. are a must read for comprehensive understanding of these fields. It is a useful handbook for students. Reference and Training Division (RR&TD) of the Ministry collects the base material for the Year Books. etc. Santosh Gupta 3 . economic.com). social and cultural aspects. Statesman Yearbook. The sections on general knowledge.statesmansyearbook. science & technology.

The accreditation status of every university and college is verified before its entry is approved. the Yearbook of International Organizations provides the most extensive coverage of non-profit international organizations available today. Subscribers may download these online at www. Unit 10. it does not include for-profit enterprises. However. entries are sourced directly from the organizations to ensure accurate and reliable information.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. No other source provides such comprehensive international coverage.worldoflearning. There are all types of organization.600 libraries and archives 850 regulatory and representative bodies Separate chapters for countries from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe each feature an introductory survey of the country's higher education system.000 learned societies 3. Every type of academic institution is covered. The Yearbook profiles international non-governmental (INGOs) and inter-governmental organizations (IGOs). from formal structures to informal networks.com) iv. in every field of human endeavour.Information Sources. (http://www. All work for the Yearbook is part of UIA's ongoing research into international organizations and civil society.400 museums and art galleries 5. it contains entries on 65969 civil society organizations in 300 countries and territories.com alongside an archive of essays from past editions. research and learning. New essays feature each year on themes around international and comparative higher education. A comprehensive guide to 33. etc. | Dr. Yearbook of International Organisations: Guide to Global Civil Society Network. Directly reflecting a dynamic international arena. including over: 7. Now in its 63rd edition. from professional bodies to recreational clubs . Yearbooks. edited by Union of International Associations- Unchallenged in this field of reference since 1910. Updated to the highest editorial standards. A separate section covers international organizations concerned with higher education and scholarship.worldoflearning.800 research institutes 3. The Europa World of Learning is one of the world's leading reference works. The compilation of the Yearbook by the Union of International Associations has received the full approval and support of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations (ECOSOC).800 universities and colleges 5.regardless of ideology. Santosh Gupta 4 .000 staff and officials across the whole spectrum of higher education.000 academic institutions and 250.

or concept. General Encyclopedia A general encyclopedia provides information on a wide range of subjects. 4.1. Encyclopedia Britannica is one of the best known general encyclopedia. Americana.1. The information is scholarly and detailed serving as complete note. Also. | Dr. Even today it has a dominating presence in every library as well as in many homes. It is a source where one can gain a basic understanding of the subject and also learn where to look for more information. they can be kept updated with latest information and multimedia files are normally available with them to illustrate concepts.1. In addition to important traditional general encyclopaedias i. accessibility. World Book.Information Sources. date. Subject Encyclopedia Subject encyclopedias contain information on a particular subject of study by subject experts. The write upside brief and do not include in-depth information on the subject. 4. These are also fully digital encyclopaedias e. 4. Microsoft's Encarta and recently launched Wikipedia. Britannica.1. They are sometimes followed by a bibliography major encyclopaedia have all gone digital and they are now available over the web.e. A general encyclopedia contains information that is factual and written by a variety of experts. Santosh Gupta 5 . certain other subject based titles have also been published. They also provide link to related topics of interest. etc. Types of Encyclopedias There are different types of encyclopedias that can be used when searching for information depending upon the subject matter. 4. The articles or entries are normally written by experts. Yearbooks. These are valuable research tool when looking for background information on a subject or when trying to locate a specific fact.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia.g. ENCYCLOPEDIAS An encyclopaedia is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as the "circle of learning" and less poetically as "a literary work containing extensive information on all branches of knowledge encyclopaedia is a source which is used by most of us to get authoritative used to our everyday questions.2. Most of the encyclopaedias follow the basic layout i. Compton etc. They are searchable by keyword. Users may use any of these or all when researching a particular topic.e. with alphabetically arranged entries supplemented by an index. Whether in print or in electronic version the encyclopaedia remains a valuable starting point for research on a number of topics. One can say that digital versions of encyclopaedias have a number of advantages. Print encyclopaedia are still issued although sales of this format Britannica have decided to discontinue its print version. and the amount of information that they provide. The entries are in-depth and Unit 10.

| Dr. The Britannica is the oldest English-language encyclopedia still being produced. including 110 Nobel Prize winners and five American presidents. Inc. it is extensively hyperlinked. World Book. Online Encyclopedia With the emergence of commercially available online databases a vast majority of encyclopedias are now available online. Some of the most popular general encyclopedias including Columbia.is one of the most important and widely regarded general knowledge English-language encyclopedia. The 15th edition has a three-part structure: a 10-volume Macropodia of short articles (generally fewer than 750 words). It is a favourite source of general information for many web-surfers. Encyclopedia Britannica. Santosh Gupta 6 . Yearbooks. and Britannica can be accessed online. Several commercial database vendors like credo reference provide access to several important encyclopedias. It was first published between 1768 and 1771 in Scotland as three volumes.000 contributors. stopped Unit 10.based encyclopedia that is collaboratively written and open to editing by anyone with an Internet connection. easily searchable and browsable and articles from the website can be retrieved through major search engines such as Google or Yahoo. etc. It is written and continuously updated by about 100 full-time editors and more than 4. One can say that Wikipedia does provide a useful starting point for information on some topics with no costs.2 Some Important Encyclopedias The Encyclopedia Britannica published by Encyclopedia Britannica. These are largely free and allow anyone from around the globe to contribute and edit information on different topics and subjects. 4. It is regarded as one of the most scholarly encyclopedias of English language. 4. The Micropaedia is meant for quick fact-checking and as a guide to the Macropaedia. Wikipedia is an on-line encyclopedia set up by Jimmy Wales in 2001 as a free web. in some cases information is not authenticated and users need to keep in mind that the information found on these sites is not very much reliable and accordingly should not be used for research purposes. provide much more information than found in a general encyclopedia and are supported by references. readers are advised to study the Propaedia outline to understand a subject's context and to find more detailed articles. Wikipedia is one of the best examples of such encyclopedia.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. There are several online reference sites that provide access to full articles from both general and subject encyclopedias. Inc. However. a 19- volume Macropædia of long articles (two to 310 pages) and a single Propædia volume to give a hierarchical outline of knowledge and two volume indices. community or user-contributed encyclopedias are coming up online. providing up-to- date information on a tremendous range of topics.3. Also.Information Sources. Wikipedia is available in 10 major languages. Subject encyclopedias are important reference tool for individuals that need an overview of information on specialized topics and are backed up by references and bibliographies. Subject encyclopedias are available on broad range of subjects like psychology. education. technology and others. medicine. In March 2012 on account of decreasing sales.1.

The last complete revision and total resetting occurred in 1918-20 becoming the basis for its successors. etc. Edited by David L Sills (New York. The new edition has considered the rapidly changing and fluid state of contemporary social science. the Macmillan Co & the Free Press. artistic. It includes numerous glossaries. The Encyclopedia Americana It was first published in 1829-33. They are i) Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 15 V. It is also strong in biography and scientific and technical subjects. Santosh Gupta 7 . some parts of the set are less current than others. 1930-35). Because of its volume-by-volume revision. The volume covers all the major disciplines of the social sciences and also deals with the new trends such as development of environmental economics. Both these encyclopedias present insightful overviews of the state of knowledge of their respective generations. however. The single volume encyclopedia contains around 600 concise entries (which also include contains references and suggestions for further reading) written by an international panel of contributors. Americana is international in scope and detailed coverage of American and Canadian geography and history. and continuously revised thereafter.3 Social Science Encyclopedias During the 20th Century two major social science encyclopedias have been published. | Dr. many by scholars preeminent in their fields. cultural geography and psychological Unit 10. Encyclopedia is accompanied by an alphabetical index (volume 30) which is kept up to date with each printing. and musical compositions. However.. updated or supplemented if it is to maintain its intellectual credibility. it must be revised. separate articles evaluating particularly important literary. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. And ii) International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences 17 V. history and culture for each century.Information Sources. its printing and is now bringing out online version only. and separate articles summarizing world. 4. The Social Science Encyclopeida -2nd Ed. The second one also published a supplementary biographical volume published in 1979 and also a dictionary of quotations in 1991. Macmillan. edited by Adam Kuper and Jessica Kuper (London and New York. with subsequent editions in 1911 (20 volumes) and 1918-20 (30 volumes). Yearbooks. their value has now become historical. Other organizational features include tables of contents for lengthy articles and boxes that highlight specific data. a 32-volume set. Collier Macmillan. Its final print edition was in 2010. and particularly Western. Routledge. London. All major articles are signed. 1946) is a revised version of the first edition published in 1985. The editor David Sills has written in his introduction: "Because an encyclopedia reflects a generations contribution to and perspectives on knowledge. and serves as an instructional as well as an updating device. Edited by RA Seligman and Alvin Johnson (London and New York. 1968). due to new developments in the field of social sciences.

names index. It is a resource that could be value to a broad spectrum of social scientists. industrialization. Alphabetical entries to topics/subjects related to social sciences are in volume 2 to 23. Routledge. The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy 10V.G Saur Verlag.Transformations and values iii) Actions. The Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential 4th ed. 1994) is of interest to all social scientists. The volume also contains certain amount of debates and controversies in the entries that make the social sciences stimulating. Garland. By Neil J. etc. It will be of assistance to social scientists seeking information on the philosophies of Western and non-western culture.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. 2001). The publishers have also made the volumes available in a single CD- ROM format which enhances the speed which the 3000+pages of text can be searched. In the beginning of the 21st Century. Encyclopedia of Social History 10V.Information Sources. multi-cultural and inter-disciplinary in scope. classified list of entries and subject index have been provided in volume 25 and volume 26. 1998) is international. • Internationalization of research as a result of globalization. K. • Rapid development in the inter-disciplinary subjects. batter. there are 26 volumes. Edited by Pter N. The primary strategy for achieving good quality in an encyclopedia is a peer-based selection of experts as authors and a peer-review system for submission. The contents include 4000 signed articles. ed. 3V Edited by the Union of International Associations (Munich. Unit 10. The purpose of this project was to see that there is 'quality control' of knowledge in the field and also to document new areas of social sciences new modes of publication such as the Internet with its tremendous increase in the quantity of publicly available information justifies the need for better control of quality of knowledge produced. Smelser and Paul B. The contents of the three volumes are i) World Problems ii) Human Potential . 1944-45). Yearbooks. and ii) biological or life sciences for the purpose of study and research. The following reasons were cited as the basis of the new intellectual endeavour. • Growing relation between i) the social and behavioural science. International Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences. Strategies and Solutions. Stearns (New York. anthropology. According to the established practice. multi culturalism and nationalism. A large number of biographical entries have been included on the basis of significant contributions made by the persons in their respective subject fields. Other details such as list of contributors. 1. • Expansion of interest in policy and application.e. (Elsevier. a new encyclopedia has been published i. The list of articles and list of subject experts/social scientists whose biography have been included are given in volume. • Remarkable growth and specialization of knowledge since the 1960s. Edited by Edward Craig (London. the encyclopedia listed its entries in alphabetical order. • Impact of computer and information revolution on theory and practice. In total. The alphabetically arranged entries provide brief overviews of certain important topics like the family. | Dr. Santosh Gupta 8 . See also references are also given in addition to a name/subject index. This encyclopedia endeavours to focus on world’s problems.

Europa. There are several 'guide to literature’ and handbooks which provide information about various reference sources on social sciences. v). Review Citations and Keyword Index. International Encyclopedia of Business Management. Hays. Ed. 64th ed. Fitzroy Dearborn. compiled by Allan N. Port. 1999) This provides quality rating for each encyclopedia. 1. 2000) iv) The Social Sciences: A cross Disciplinary Guide to Selected sources edited by Nancy L Herron (Engle wood co: Libraria Unlimited 1989). 1997. 2nd ed. American Library Association 1986). London. 2000) iii) Social Sciences Reference Sources: A practical Guide. Yearbooks. A2. Ed. Hall. 2001) ii) Walford’s Guide to Reference Material. Who is Who: Fourteenth LokSabha. By Malcolm Warner. Other important publications which contains bibliographic and other details about various types of reference sources in the field include i) Guide to the Social Sciences. 1999 (Paris. Encyclopaedia of Bioethics. Magil. Macmillan Reference. Volume 2 Social and Historical Sciences. There are several other social science encyclopedias which provide information to library users. For additional information on the scope. 2v. 2004 iv). In addition to above. Philosophy and Religion 8th ed. Publishing/David Makinson is one of the series of reports pensive review of the role of the social sciences on a global scale. London. Dictionaries. the oryx Press. Directories and Geographical References also serve as important social science reference sources for libraries by providing up-to-date information. International Encyclopedia of Economics Ed. Edited by Alan Day and Michal Walsh (London.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. By Frank N. 2001. 2. By William D. Mirwis (Phoenix. 1991. 90. The International Who is Who 2001. Edited by Jonathan Michie. G. London. UNESCO. Some of these are briefly described as under: i). New Delhi. By Stephen G. 3rd ed. Boston. LokSabha Secretariat. (London Fitzroy Dearborn. CT: Greenwood. Collier's Encyclopedia with Bibliography and Index. Encyclopedia of World Cultures Ed. By Terence E.K. Santosh Gupta 9 . Ed. Halsey and Bernard ii). 2005. Thomson Learning 2002. Unit 10.000 bibliographic references and 150 biographical entries making it the largest social science reference work ever published. etc. the following Biographical Dictionaries. The world Social Science Report. New York. Iv) Sources of Information in the Social Sciences: A Guide to the Literature by William H Webb and other (Chicago IL.8v. 3rd ed. vi). 10 v iii). Edited by Tzu-Chung Li (Westport. quality and range of encyclopedias available on all the fields. one can consult Subject Encyclopedias: user Guide. | Dr. Library Association.Information Sources.

The Encyclopaedic District Gazetteers of India. Importance of Yearbooks. 18. 1997. Cambridge. 12. ICCSR: Index to Indian Economic Journals. 2005+ 9. 28th ed. New Delhi. 7. ICSSR Research Project Reports 13. Encyclopedia is basically publication usually containing exhaustive and complete information on a particular subject or branch of knowledge. By S. The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary. Santosh Gupta 10 . 1980. Bibliographic Databank 2002+ 10. 15. 1968. ICCSR: Bibliography on India in 2000. Chambers. Annotated Index to Indian Social Science Journals. New Delhi. Yearbooks.Information Sources. 8. Encyclopedias are usually multi-volume publications and information contained relates to historical overview.C. Encyclopedias and Handbooks Yearbooks. 3. A yearbook. India's Who is Who. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi: A Bibliography. Bhatt.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. | Dr. Directory of Social Science Libraries and Information Centers in India. 2001. 6. Oxford University Press. International Academy of Indian Culture. A Comprehensive English-Hindi Dictionary of Governmental Educational Words and Phrases by Rahu Vira and Lokesh Chandra. also known as an annual. London. Gyan. These sources provide complete background of a subject and also current state of research. ICCSR: Indian Education Index 1947-1978. 2004. New Delhi. 1976. INFA. 1974. Chambers World Gazetteer: An A-Z of Geographical Information. 2004. Ed. A. 19. Encyclopedia and Handbooks are important source of social science information and are brought by prestigious learned and scholarly societies as well as by commercial publishers. ICCSR: INSPEL (Indian Social Science Periodical Literature) up to 1970. 4. Directory of Social Science Research and Training Institute in India. Handbooks are basically ready reference sources and contain brief information or serving as a chronicle of new developments which have taken place in a particular subject in the preceding Unit 10. Ed. New Delhi. New Delhi.D. is a type of a publication brought out annually to record. 17. 2005. (with abstracts) New Delhi. etc. Union Catalouge of CD-ROM Databases in Social Sciences. 16. 1991. 14. highlight. 5th ed. Conference Alert 2005+ 11. and commemorate the past year's development. By David Munro. theoretical formulation or some concepts. New Delhi. Encyclopedia is used as a reference source and consulted by library users for a specific piece of information which is contributed by an expert. 5. New Delhi. 2001. 1988.

year. Also available in eBook format. becoming better instructed. It is basically add-on information to the existing body of knowledge and aims to catch up with current and emerging research outcome and trends. Need for Yearbooks. and that we should not die without having rendered a service to the human race in the future years to come. self-contained and equips the reader with complete background of the subject. It provides complete background of a subject and also current state of research. According to Wikipedia "Handbooks may deal with any topic. Need for Yearbooks. Encyclopedia and Handbooks The purpose of yearbook is to provide up-to-date information on a particular subject during that preceding year. • It is basically add-on information to the existing body of knowledge and aims to catch up with current and emerging research outcome and trends. | Dr. perfect for advanced high school and college students as well as teachers. to set forth its general system to the men with whom we live.Information Sources.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. lay readers and professionals. etc. Yearbooks. will at the same time become more virtuous and happy. Encyclopedia and Handbooks The order of information in a yearbook is generally alphabetical so that user may read the desired portion easily. It's written for researchers inside and outside academia. Santosh Gupta 11 . entries are also recorded in chronological order. so that the work of preceding centuries will not become useless to the centuries to come. and are generally compendiums of information in a particular field or about a particular technique. In some yearbooks. Issues for Consideration for Yearbooks. It is issued as a reference source and consulted by library users for a specific piece of information which is contributed by an expert. providing full search capabilities 24/7 access. the purpose of an encyclopedia is to collect knowledge disseminated around the globe. Encyclopedia and Handbooks • To provide up-to-date information on a particular subject during that preceding year. Subject encyclopedias such as Encyclopedia of Social and Behavioral Sciences is an important source of information. and so that our offspring. Information is. It is basically add-on information to the existing body of knowledge and aims to catch up with current and emerging research outcome and trends. and transmit it to those who will come after us. "Indeed. Formulation of Yearbooks. The entries in this reference work are written by scholars of repute.. no special readers of hardware required. detailed. CHUNK TEXT Role of Handbooks and Yearbooks It is brought by prestigious learned and scholarly societies as well as by commercial publishers. Unit 10. Encyclopedia and Handbooks It should be up-to-date information on a particular subject during that preceding year.

MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia. and transmit it to those who will come after us.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica http://en.gale.org/wiki/Encyclopedia http://en. etc.com/EBchecked/topic/186656/The-Encyclopedia-Americana http://www.wikipedia.com/pub/ http://www.Information Sources.org/wiki/Subject_indexing http://www. • To collect knowledge disseminated around the globe. Santosh Gupta 12 .definitions. References: http://en.aspx?relid=80551 http://us.org/wiki/Handbook http://pib. • Self-contained and equips the reader with complete background of the subject.com Unit 10.europaworld.britannica.wikipedia. Encyclopedia and Handbooks Order of information in a yearbook is generally alphabetical so that user may read the desired portion easily.in/newsite/erelease. • To set forth its general system to the men with whom we live.cengage. Issues for Consideration for Yearbooks. Yearbooks. It's also available in eBook format.macmillan. providing full search capabilities 24/7 access. | Dr.wikipedia. Encyclopedia and Handbooks • It should be up-to-date information on a particular subject during that preceding year. It is also recorded in chronological order. Formulation of Yearbooks. no special readers of hardware required.nic.en.com/thestatesmansyearbook2013/BarryTurner http://www.net/definition/abstracting+and+indexing+as+topic http://www.

com Unit 10. | Dr. Santosh Gupta 13 .uia.Information Sources.MLIS-10 Encyclopaedia.com www.statesmansyearbook. etc.worldoflearning. http://www. Yearbooks.be/yearbook http://www.