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CONFIDENTIAL 1 LG/ MAY 2017/ELC550

UNIVERSITI TEKNOLOGI MARA


AKADEMI PENGAJIAN BAHASA

ELC 550: ENGLISH FOR ACADEMIC WRITING


TEST
MAY 2017

ANSWER KEY

PART A: ANNOTATION (30 MARKS)

QUESTION 1

Reference & Citation 3 marks


Introduction 2 marks
Content 5 marks
Critical Response 5 marks
Language 15 marks
Total 30 marks

REFERENCE 3 Marks
• Citation of Source/ Publisher detail/Publication detail
Higgs, F. (2015). What causes workplace fatigue?. Discover Magazine, 79 1 Mark
(46). Retrieved from http://discovermagazine.com

• In-text citations
2 Marks
(1/2 mark for each appropriate citation / a minimum of 4 citations)
(*Based on APA format)

INTRODUCTION 2 Marks
Overview of the article
The article is about the importance of understanding the factors that contribute 1 Mark
to workplace fatigue as this will help to find ways to reduce it in order to improve
workplace performance.

Type of Article
1 Mark
Magazine Article
CONFIDENTIAL 2 LG/ MAY 2017/ELC550

CONTENT 5 Marks

Students are expected to paraphrase the following ideas:

• According to WorkSafe Australia (2013) work schedules which limit the 1 Mark
time for workers to recover from work may cause fatigue.

• An individual’s current health can have a direct effect on the possibility of


you suffering from fatigue (Shelton, 2015). 1 Mark

• Fatigue in the workplace also occurs when you are deprived of a clean,
comfortable and healthy environment to work in (Health Today, 2015). 1 Mark

• Making simple changes at the workplace such as having a 30-minute nap


when working long shifts and using ergonomic equipment designed to 1 Mark
reduce physical strains such as anti-glare screens for computers, helps
reduce workplace fatigue levels tremendously (Colby 2013).

• Research also reveals that taking steps to improve your sleep quality is
another excellent way of reducing fatigue in the workplace (Bryant &
1 Mark
Schumer, 2012, and Mitchell, 2014).

CRITICAL RESPONSE 5 Marks


• target readership : the general public
• organisation of the article
• reasoning
• author’s tone or point of view –neutral/objective
• author’s use of language
• usefulness of the article
• author’s use of other resources
• strength / weakness of the article
• suggestion to improve the article

(Accept any 5 appropriate responses)


CONFIDENTIAL 3 LG/ MAY 2017/ELC550

LANGUAGE (15 MARKS)

Mark Descriptors for Language


13 – 15 The essay is competently written. The essay is skilfully paraphrased and
summarised. There appears to be no evidence of plagiarism. There are virtually
no errors in word formation, spelling or use of vocabulary. A wide range of
sentence structures and vocabulary is used eloquently.

10 – 12 The essay is well written. The essay is correctly paraphrased and


summarised. There appears to be no evidence of plagiarism. There may be rare
instances of errors in word formation or spelling, these are not intrusive. There
are occasional minor flaws in word formation or spelling but they do not impede
comprehensibility. The range of sentence structures and vocabulary is adequate
and effective.
7–9 The essay is generally average. The essay is reasonably paraphrased and
summarised. Though there is an attempt to summarise/paraphrase the
contention of the writer, some degree of plagiarism is obvious. There are
occasional minor flaws in word formation or spelling, but they do not impede
comprehensibility. The range of sentence structures and vocabulary is
noticeably limited in range, sometimes causing strain for the reader.
4 –6 The essay is generally inadequate. There is little attempt to paraphrase and
summarise the essay. The range of sentence structures and vocabulary is often
so inadequate that meaning may come through only after considerable effort by
the reader. There appears to be a considerable amount of plagiarism.

1–3 The language used is completely inadequate. There is no attempt to


summarise and paraphrase the author’s contention.The range of sentence
structures and vocabulary is often distorted and they impede comprehensibility.
There appears to be heavy plagiarism.

END OF ANSWER KEY