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SYSTEM DETAILS OF RCF, THAL

SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
PARAMETER UNIT
TYPE
HOLD=UP M3
200 Hold up assumed at 30% of circulation. Do
CIRCULATING WATER M3/HOUR 694 let us know
DELTA T DEG.C
EVAPORATION M3/HOUR 11
3
BLOWDOWN M /HOUR 2
3
MAKE-UP M /HOUR 13 Delta T: Not given.
COC 6

PREFILMING / PASSIVATION

Most methods of corrosion control involve the formation of a film to act as a barrier to
corrosion. The effectiveness of the treatment depends largely on the rate at which the barrier
film is formed. Materials that do not allow rapid film formation permit corrosion to take place
before a complete film layer has been created. Incomplete film formation contributes to
continued corrosion. The rate at which the film forms is related to the concentration of the
inhibitor. Prefilming permits the rapid formation of a uniform film that immediately stifles the
corrosion reaction. Once the film has been established, it can be maintained through
continuous, low treatment levels to deter the accumulation of corrosion products. Phosphates
are used in prefilming programs. Phosphates are most important because they effectively
remove undesirable corrosion products as they form, while developing a protective oxide film.
First dose Maxtreat-652 @ 100 ppm i.e. 20 kg and circulate for 8 hrs to clean the surface and
then a prefilming program using phosphate and zinc based formulation (Maxtreat 1202A @
100 ppm i.e. 35 kg & Maxtreat-7015 @ 25 ppm i.e. 7 kg) are effective in rapidly providing a
protective film. This program is maintained for 10-15 hrs at about 6.5 to 8.5. The pH should
then be adjusted until it reaches the level of the continuous program. In general, pretreatment,
followed by ongoing treatment programs, minimizes corrosion for improved heat transfer,
longer service life, and reduced plant maintenance.

Completion of prefilming / passivation – Passivation means form of Phosphate film on


internal metal surface, which will provide control on corrosion. In regular treatment
programme, phosphate residue & pH are key parameters to maintain the formed film.
No need to give blowdown to come down the Phosphate. It will automatically drop
down in regular treatment since blowdown is open.
Testing – pH and Phosphate periodically.
Testing Frequency – 4 hr. (Phosphate with Test kit and pH with indicator / handy meter)