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Creating a Shaft With Standard

Parts

In This Chapter
9
In this tutorial, you learn how to use the shaft „ Configuring the snap
options
generator. You create and edit shaft sections. You
„ Starting and
also insert a bearing and perform a bearing configuring the shaft
generator
calculation.
„ Creating shaft
sections

„ Inserting a profile

„ Inserting a chamfer
and a fillet

„ Inserting a shaft break

„ Creating a side view

„ Inserting a thread

„ Editing and inserting a


shaft section

„ Replacing a shaft
section

„ Inserting a bearing

125
Key Terms

Term Definition
bearing calculation Calculates limiting value, dynamic and static load rating, dynamic and static
equivalent load, and fatigue life in revolutions and hours.

chamfer A beveled surface between two faces or surfaces.

dynamic Calculation required for a revolving bearing. The result is the Adjusted Rating Life.
calculation This is the life associated with 90% reliability with contemporary, commonly used
material, and under conventional operating conditions. With the number of
revolutions you get the life in working hours.

dynamic dragging The act of determining the size of a standard part with the cursor while inserting
it into a side view. The standard part is displayed dynamically on the screen and
can be dragged to the next possible size and length. The values (sizes) are taken
from the Standard parts database.

fillet A curved transition from one part face or surface to another. The transition cuts
off the outside edge or fills in the inside edge.

gear Any several arrangements, especially of toothed wheels in a machine, which allow
power to be passed from one part to another to control the power, speed, or
direction of movement.

radius reflection Thin line that represents the radius in the side or top view.
line

shaft break Interruption of a shaft. A shaft can be interrupted at a point, and the shaft break
symbols are inserted in a suitable size.

shaft generator Tool to draw rotationally symmetric parts. A shaft is usually created from left to
right using different sections. These sections are positioned automatically one
after the other. Additionally, any shaft section can be inserted, deleted, or edited.

126 _ Chapter 9 Creating a Shaft With Standard Parts


Creating a Shaft with Standard Parts
In this section you generate a shaft with standard parts with the
shaft generator. You also perform a bearing calculation.
NOTE The ISO standard part standard has to be installed for this
tutorial exercise.

Configuring the Snap Options


First, you configure the snap options.
1 Start the Power Snap Settings.
Toolbutton Power Snap Settings 1-4
Menu Assist > Draft Settings > Power Snap Settings 1-4
Command AMPOWERSNAP

2 In the Power Snap Settings dialog box, activate the tab Setting 4
and configure the snap settings as shown in the following:

3 Choose OK.

Starting and Configuring the Shaft Generator


In the next steps, you start and configure the shaft generator.
1 Start the Shaft Generator command.
Toolbutton Shaft Generator
Menu Content > Shaft Generator
Command AMSHAFT2D

Configuring the Snap Options | 127


2 Respond to the prompts as follows:

Specify start point or select centerline [New shaft]: Enter 150,150


Centerline ending point: Enter 240,150

NOTE The start and end points of the centerline are only important
in determining the direction. The length of the centerline is
automatically adapted to the length of the shaft.
3 In the Shaft Generator dialog box, press the appropriate button,
and enter the values as indicated in the following:

4 Choose the Config button to start the Shaft Generator


Configuration, and configure the shaft generator as shown in the
following figure:

5 Choose OK. You return to the Shaft Generator dialog box.

128 _ Chapter 9 Creating a Shaft With Standard Parts


Creating Cylindrical Shaft Sections and Gears
The shaft generator is configured. Now you want to generate the
first shaft segments.
1 Choose the lower cylinder button to define a cylinder section, and
respond to the prompts as follows:

Specify length <50>: Enter 12


Specify diameter <40>: Enter 20
2 Choose the gear button, and enter the values for module, number
of teeth, and length as shown in the following figure:

NOTE Here, the DIN standard requires that you give the module.
The ANSI standard requires the reciprocal 1/module. You can switch
between these two representations using the DIN and ANSI toggle.
3 Choose the lower cylinder button to define a further cylinder
section, and respond to the prompts as follows:

Specify length <12>: Enter 5


Specify diameter <20>: Enter 20
4 Choose the gear button, and enter the values for module, number
of teeth, and length as shown in the following figure:

Creating Cylindrical Shaft Sections and Gears | 129


5 Choose the lower cylinder button to define another cylinder
section, and respond to the prompts as follows:

Specify length <5>: Enter 4


Specify diameter <20>: Enter 24
6 Choose the lower cylinder button to define another cylinder
section, and respond to the prompts as follows:

Specify length <4>: Enter 33


Specify diameter <24>: Enter 20

Now, you have created the first five sections of the shaft as
represented in the following figure:

Inserting a Spline Profile


Now, you add a spline profile to the shaft.
1 Choose the Profile button.
2 Choose ISO 14 in the database browser.
3 In the Splined Shaft ISO 14 dialog box, select the nominal size
6 x 13 x 16 and define a length of 26. Choose OK.

130 _ Chapter 9 Creating a Shaft With Standard Parts


Now, you have created another section of the shaft as represented
in the following figure:

Inserting a Chamfer and a Fillet


In this step, you apply a chamfer and a fillet to the shaft.
1 Choose the Chamfer icon to apply a chamfer to a shaft section,
and respond to the prompts as follows:

Select object: Select the leftmost cylinder section as shown in the


following figure, P1
Specify length (max. 12) <2.5>: Enter 2
Specify angle (0–79) <45>: Enter 45

Inserting a Chamfer and a Fillet | 131


2 Choose the Fillet icon to apply a fillet to a shaft section, and
respond to the prompts as follows:

Select object: Select the cylinder section between the two gears as
shown in the following figure, P1
Enter radius (max. 5.00) <2.50>: Enter 2

After applying the chamfer and the fillet, the shaft looks like the
following figure:

Inserting a Shaft Break


Here, you insert a shaft break in the drawing.
1 Choose the Break icon to insert shaft break, and respond to the
prompts as follows:

Specify point: Select the midpoint of the cylindrical section as shown in


the following figure
Specify length <5>: Enter 10

The shaft break is inserted.

132 _ Chapter 9 Creating a Shaft With Standard Parts


Creating a Side View of the Shaft
Next, you insert a side view of the shaft.
1 Choose the Side view icon.
2 In the Side view from dialog box, select right. Choose OK.

3 Respond to the prompt as follows:

Specify insertion point: Press ENTER

The right side view is inserted at the proposed position as shown in


the following figure:

Creating a Side View of the Shaft | 133


Inserting a Thread
Now, you add a thread to the shaft.
1 Choose the Thread button to insert a thread, and select ISO 261 –
M in the browser.
2 In the Thread ISO 261 – M dialog box, select M10 and enter a
length of 20. Choose OK.

The thread is added to the shaft, which looks like this now:

Editing and Inserting a Shaft Section


In this section, you edit an existing shaft section and insert a new
section.
1 Choose the Edit button, and respond to the prompts as follows:

Select object: Select the first cylindrical section, P1


Specify length <12>: Press ENTER
Specify diameter <20>: Enter 18

134 _ Chapter 9 Creating a Shaft With Standard Parts


The diameter is changed to 18 while the length remains 12.
2 Choose the Insert button, and respond to the prompt as follows:
Specify point: Select a point after the second gear, P1

3 Choose the Slope icon, and respond to the prompts as follows:

Specify length or [Dialog] <20>: Enter 4


Specify diameter at start point <24>: Enter 28
Specify diameter at end point or [Slope/Angle] <20>: Enter 22

A slope is inserted at the specified point.

Editing and Inserting a Shaft Section | 135


Replacing a Shaft Section
The previously inserted slope needs to be deleted again.
1 Choose the Undo button.

The previous slope insertion is undone.


Now, replace an existing shaft section. To do this, you change the
settings in the configuration.
2 Choose the Config button to start the shaft generator
configuration, and change the setting For Segment inserted to
Overdraw. Choose OK.

3 Choose the Slope icon, and respond to the prompt as follows:

Specify length or [Dialog] <20>: Enter D


4 In the Shaft Generator – Cone dialog box, make the following
settings and choose OK.

The slope replaces the cylindrical shaft section.

136 _ Chapter 9 Creating a Shaft With Standard Parts


Inserting a Bearing
Here, you insert a bearing and perform a bearing calculation.
1 Choose the Standard Parts button, and select a radial bearing ISO
355 in the browser. Respond to the prompts as follows:

Specify insertion point on shaft contour: Specify point P1


Direction to Left/Right: Select a point to the right

2 In the ISO 355 dialog box, choose Next >.

Inserting a Bearing | 137


3 In the ISO 355 dialog box, specify the loads as shown, and choose
Next >.

4 In the ISO 355 dialog box, select the bearing 2BD – 20 x 37 x 12,
and choose Finish.

The bearing is inserted, and you can select the available sizes by
dragging.
5 Choose 2BD – 20 x 37 x 12 and press ENTER.

The bearing is inserted.

6 Choose Close to leave the Shaft Generator.

138 _ Chapter 9 Creating a Shaft With Standard Parts