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These are the basic principles on educational facilities except _________________________

I. Maximize collaboration in school planning design through consultative planning, design and project
implementation, involving a wide spectrum of representatives from the community, e.g., administrative
decision-makers, parents, business and community leaders, technical people, teachers, school
administrators, and pupils/students;

II. Build a proactive facility management program which anticipates facility problems during the
planning phase like maintenance and operations of the educational facilities.

III. Plan schools as neighborhood-scaled community learning centers

IV. The availability of safe, secured and satisfactory educational facilities (i.e., site, building, furniture,
and equipment) is one of the prerequisites for the opening of a new school

a. I b. II c. III d. IV

Answer: d. IV

Reference: 2010 Educational Facilities Manual

An educational facilities program is basically a comprehensively planned set of decisions for action
which are directed at the achievement of specific goals within specified time frames. It shall be an
integral part of the total educational program of the school.

School Mapping is a dynamic process of planning the distribution, size and spacing of schools and
physical facilities requirements for optimum utilization and benefit. It is a process of identifying current
inadequacies in distribution and of providing appropriate types and patterns of school plant. It is a
continuous process involving the uninterrupted recording of basic information required for analysis of
the school map at any given point in time.

The SME is a tool which marked the departure from the normal way of doing things at the DepED. SME
is a demand-driven approach for educational planning as well as the tool for decision-making of school
development in a rational and efficient manner.

The components of SME are:

• Database planning • Geographic Information System-Based School Profiling System • Capacity


building of regional/division offices, and local government units (LGUs)

Ergonomics pertains to the laws or theories of energy expenditure. It involves the study of the efficiency
of persons in their working environment, which is most conducive to the efficient performance of
teaching-learning tasks.

The ergonomics of the educational facilities involves such factors as anthropometry, thermal comfort,
visual comfort, acoustical comfort, color, and safety.

Anthropometry is a science of measuring the human body, its parts and functional capabilities. An
important principle in the ergonomics of the educational facilities is that it shall be designed and scaled
to fit the sizes of their users on the basis of their part-body measurements. The basic body
measurement is the standing height of the individual.