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EnCat

Enhanced catalytic fast pyrolysis of biomass for maximum production of high-quality biofuels

Prof.Gerrit Brem, Dr Artur Pozarlik and Ir Eddy Bramer

Energy Technology

University of Twente


EnCat: from biomass to energy (electricity & fuels)


EnCat objectives

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Work packages

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Contribution UTwente

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WP3.2: Sorption Enhanced Catalytic Flash Pyrolysis

Facilities in our lab (different scales)

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PyRos pilot-plant (30 kg/h biomass feed)


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Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass


for Bio-Crude Production
Weihong Yang , PhD, Docent
KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, School of Industrial Engineering and Management, Department of
Materials and Science Engineering, Division of Process/Energy and Furnace Technology
Stockholm, Sweden, Email: weihong@kth.se, Tel: +46 8 790 8402
Bioeconomy

Renewable Electricity and Fuels


• Gasification of Biomass/Waste-High-
temperature air/steam gasification
(HTAG)
• Biooil from biomass/waste
• Biomass pretreatment for Hydrophobic
pellets

Fuel Switch
• Fuel switch for boiler in power plant
• Fuel switch for steel industry
Bioenergi I samhället
From Energimyndigheten, Susanne-karlsson

Circular Economy

Renewable Electricity and


Fuels, Materials
• Plasma Melting gasification of
MSW/RFD
• E-waste treatment for energy and
material
• End-life-vehicle recycling

From SGU-Sverigies Geologiska


undersäkning
Mainly Activates on Catalytic Pyrolysis at
KTH since 2009

• Catalyst Develop
• Feedstock: biomass, lignin (Kraft Pulping ,hydrolysis lignin), PKS,
copyrolysis of biomass and plastic.
• Process develop
¾ Pretreatment, woody-derived acid leach
¾ Process gas application (H2, CO, CnHm)
¾ Stepwise pyrolysis
¾ Ionized upgrade vapours
• System development: Integration with existing system
• Modelling of reactor and modelling of process

Test Facilities

1.5 kg/h of biooil Fluidized bed


reactor

Woody- derived acid


pretreatment
Pyro-GC-MS for
Small sample in mg
Batch type reactorr

5
Planed for Encat

Planing for Encat-KTH work

Light
Fraction
Regenerator liquid
Catalyst+CO2-sorbent

Heat/
Biomass Electricity
Catalytic Mild Heavy Gas Turbine
Biomass Solid
Pyrolysis Hydrogenation Fraction Bio-oil Gas Engine
Pretreatment Seperation
Reactor liquid

Biogas Transportation
2nd Cat. Fuels
Combustion Gases and Hydro-
Chamber Char
genation

7
WPs and time Planning

WP1: Project management and dissemination


WP2: Biomass Pretreatment
WP3 enhanced Catalytic fast pyrolysis experimental study-
KTH
WP5 Biooil Combustion test
WP6 Full –scale design, techno-economics and sustainability

WP3
WP3.1 Hydrogen enhanced catalytic pyrolysis of biomass (KTH, UT, BIOS)

WP3.1.1 Selection, preparation and characterization of the catalysts for both in-bed
and ex-bed. ( 9 months)

WP3.1.2 Experimental study of CFP in the dual bed with pre-treated biomass.
Two biomass samples from WP2 at different leach conditions will be tested. The effects
of the pyrolysis temperature on the liquid quality and yield will be simulated. Measured
performances include the pyro-gas compositions, the bioliquid compositions, and the
solid residues after the pyrolysis, and carbon deposition on the catalyst. Regeneration of
both in-bed catalysts and ex-bed catalysts will be investigated.

WP3.1.3 Experimental study of the effect of process gas (CO2) and CH4 on CFP with
the same samples as in WP3.1.2. The effect of CO2 and CH4 on the liquid quality and
yield will be investigated. Ctalysts for both in-bed and ex-bed

9
Biomass supply

Which kind of biomass


• Soft-wood chips

10

WP3 time plan


Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
WP Task Leader Partners Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12
1. Project management and dissemination UT
1.1 Reporting & call brochure UT
1.2 Dissemination at 3 conferences & final seminar UT all
1.2.1 Output shared at IEA Bioenergy Task 34 UT all
meetings
2. Biomass pre-treatment BIOS
2.1 Leaching tests with simulated wood-derived BIOS M2.1
acids
2.2 Leaching tests with real light fractions BIOS M2.2
3. Enhanced Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis KTH
3.1.1 Selection, preparation and characterization of KTH M3.1
the catalysts
3.1.2 Experimental study of CFP in the dual bed KTH M3.2
3.1.3 Experimental study of the effect of process KTH M3.3
gases on CFP
3.2.1 Reaction kinetics from batch experiments UT M3.4
3.2.2 Process optimization for pyrolysis bench-scale UT M3.5
facility
3.3 PyRos pilot-plant test run UT KTH M3.6 M3.7

11
ERA
A-
A-NET Bioenergy
y projectt “EnCat“

BIOS BIOENERGIESYSTEM
BIOENERGIESYSTEMEEMME GmbH
Project involvement and
d workplan

233rdd Ma
May
M ay 2017
Kick
ck-
k-off meeting
UT,
T the
T, e Netherlands

I N A
BIOS BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH S
T A
R GY
B
OMA
NE BI

U
S

LS
Hedwig
g-Katschinka
- ka-
ka
a-Straße 4,, A-8020
- Graz,, Austria
E

E
43 (316)
TEL.: +43 ( 481300; FAX:
AX:
X: +43
+ (316) 4813004
481
E-MAIL: office@bios
@ osos-
s-bioenergy.at
gy P
Mg
Ca

E
K

C AS H Y
HOMEPAGE:: http://www. w bios
w. os-
oss-bioenergy.at O N O M

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BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
Project involvement
Mg
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C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

2017 2018 2019 2020


Yea r 1 Yea r 2 Yea r 3
WP Task Leader Partners 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2
1. Project management and dissemination UT
1.1 Reporting & call brochure UT
1.2 Dissemination at 3 conferences & final seminar UT all
1.3 Output shared at IEA Bioenergy Task 34 meetings UT all
2. Biomass pre-treatment BIOS Holmen
2.1 Leaching tests with simulated wood-derived acids BIOS M2.1
2.2 Leaching tests with real light fractions BIOS M2.2
3. Enhanced Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis KTH
3.1 Selection, preparation and characterization of the catalysts KTH M3.1
3.2 Experimental study of CFP in the dual bed KTH Holmen M3.2
3.3 Experimental study of the effect of process gases on CFP KTH Holmen M3.3
3.4 Reaction kinetics from batch experiments UT M3.4
3.5 Process optimization for pyrolysis bench-scale facility UT M3.5
3.6 PyRos pilot-plant test run UT KTH M3.6 M3.7
4. Characterization and Upgrading of Biooil IChPW
4.1 Evaluation of properties of crude oils. IChPW M4.1
4.2 Upgrading tests of crude oils IChPW HIG M4.2
4.3 Developing guidelines of upgrading the oils in industrial scale IChPW HIG
5. Bio-oil combustion test OPRA
5.1 Experimental tests in a down-scaled gas turbine combustor OPRA M5.1
5.2 Combustion modelling UT, BIOS M5.2 M5.3
5.3 Optimization of the combustor and fuel injector OPRA M5.4
5.4 Experimental tests in the real-scale gas turbine combustor OPRA BIOS M5.5
5.5 Effect of the bio-oil on the hot flow path components OPRA M5.6
5.6 Study of bio-oils for their storage and hydraulic transport IChPW
5.7 Development of bio-oil valorization to the piston engine IChPW M5.7
5.8 Combustion tests of bio-oil in 35kWel piston engine for CHP IChPW M5.8
5.9 Qualify parameters of bio-oil combustion for piston engine IChPW M5.9
6. Full-scale design, techno-economics and sustainability IVF ALL
6.1 Initial full-scale design Alucha ALL M6.1 M6.2
6.2 Final full-scale design Alucha ALL M6.3 M6.4
6.3 Road-map for further development Alucha M6.5
6.4 Initial techno-economic analysis BIOS ALL M6.6
6.5 Final techno-economic analysis BIOS ALL M6.7
6.6
6.7
Screening LCA and S-LCA
Detailed LCA and S-LCA
IVF
IVF
ALL
ALL
M6.8 M6.9
M6.10
2
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P Ca

WP2:: Biomass
s pre
re-
e-treatment (I)
Mg
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C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

¾ Month 1 to month 36
¾ Partners involved: BIOS (22 MM), KTH (1 MM), UT (0.5 MM), Holmen (1.5 MM)
¾ Overview
ƒ When utilising virgin wood the feedstock costs contribute with typically more
than 50% to the production costs of pyrolysis oil.
Î Utilisation of cheaper feedstocks (nature conservation grass or green wastes)
ƒ Such feedstocks are not suitable for direct combustion or gasification.
ƒ In pyrolysis processes their high contents of alkaline metals and other ash
forming elements cause problems.
ƒ Leaching with the light fraction gained from the catalytic fast pyrolysis process
can show a substantial potential for removal of ash and especially alkaline
compounds and thereby increases the oil and sugar yields.
ƒ Therefore, leaching is seen as an appropriate technology to make these cheap
and abundantly available feedstocks also applicable for pyrolysis processes.
3

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BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
WP2:: Biomass
s pre
re-
e-treatment (II)
Mg
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O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

¾ Overview (cont.)
ƒ However, it has to be considered that
- the leachate will contain organic extractives and salts
(after-treatment will be needed before disposal)
- energy will be needed to dry the feedstock before pyrolysis
(drying energy can be covered by the combustion of the char and the gases)
¾ The goal of WP2 is
ƒ to investigate the potential for alkaline and ash removal by lab-scale
leaching tests with simulated acids and light fractions of the bio-oil
ƒ to determine the most advantageous process for the leaching
process.

4
I N A
T A

WP2:: B
Biomass
iomasss pr
pre
rre-
e
e-treatment
treatment
r
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R GY OMA
NE BI
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P Ca
BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
WP2.1:
WP2.1
2.1: Leac
Leaching
eac
chhing tests
testts with
simulated
d woodd-derived d acids (I)
Mg
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C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

¾ Workplan
ƒ BIOS will run lab-tests with
- two feedstocks
- three different temperatures
- two residence times
- three acidities
- two fuel/leaching agent ratios
ƒ 2 x 3 x 2 x 3 x 2 ratios = in total 72 tests
ƒ Analyses
- input material and the resulting treated biomass:
moisture content, ash content, C, H, N, S, Cl, Si, Ca, Mg, K, Na, P, Fe, Al, Mn, Cu, Zn and
gross calorific value (GCV)
- leachate:
S, Cl, Si, Ca, Mg, K, Na, P, Fe, Al, Mn, Cu, Zn
selected samples: parameters relevant for waste water after treatment
ƒ Mass and element balances shall be calculated for each test run performed.
ƒ Based on these data the best suitable process conditions shall be evaluated and
basic parameters for the selection of an appropriate waste water after-treatment
process shall be achieved. Î Feedback to Task 6.2 (techno-economic evaluation) 5

I N A
T A

WP2:: B
Biomass
iomasss pr
pre
rre-
e
e-treatment
treatment
r
S B
R GY OMA
NE BI
U

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LS

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P Ca
BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
WP2.1:
WP2.1
2.1: Leac
Leaching
eac
chhing tests
testts with
simulated
d woodd-derived d acids (I)
Mg
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C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

¾ Schedule
ƒ Leaching tests: month 1 to 12 (03/2017 – 02/2018)
ƒ MS 2.1: Report on optimum leaching conditions defined based on the test runs
with simulated wood-derived acids (02/2018)
¾ Open questions (input from UT and KTH needed)
ƒ Feedstock definition and delivery
ƒ Experimental setup Æ should reflect the conditions in a real-scale treatment
ƒ Definition of the leaching temperatures
ƒ Definition of the residence times
ƒ Definition of the acidities
ƒ Definition of the fuel/leaching agent ratios (in relation to light fraction available)
ƒ Sample intake per experiment
ƒ Sample pre-treatment
(e.g.: grinding Æ should be the same as in a real-scale plant)
ƒ Pre-existing knowledge at UT 6
I N A
T A

WP2:: B
Biomass
iom
mass s pr
pre
rre-
e
e-treatment
treatment
r
S B
R GY OMA
NE BI
U

LS
E
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P Ca
BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
WP2.2 2: L
Leac
Leaching
eacching tests with
real
al light fractions (I)
Mg
E
K

C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

¾ Workplan
ƒ BIOS will run lab-tests with real light fractions generated and provided by KTH
and UT in WP3
ƒ Optimum leaching conditions identified from WP 2.1 shall be applied
ƒ Leaching tests (10 tests) with
- two different biomass feedstocks
- five different light fractions
ƒ Same analyses as in Task 2.1
ƒ Calculation of mass and element balances
ƒ Based on the results a final proposal for the biomass pre-treatment by leaching
shall be defined in close cooperation with Task 6.2 (full-scale design) and Task
6.4 (techno-economic analyses)
¾ Schedule
ƒ Leaching tests: month 13 to 36 (03/2018 – 02/2020)
Î question UT/KTH: expected timing for the availability of the light fraction
ƒ MS 2.2: Final proposal for pre-treatment based on a leaching process (02/2020)
7

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BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
WP3
P3: Enhanced Catalytic Fastt Pyrolysis
Mg
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C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

¾ Workplan
ƒ BIOS shall provide leached biomass samples for lab-scale tests
¾ Open questions (input from UT and KTH needed)
ƒ Feedstock definition and fuel delivery
ƒ Definition of the leaching parameters
ƒ Timing

8
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BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
WP
WP5
P5:
P 5: Bio
Bio
B o-oil
-oi
oil combusti
combustion
ustiion tests
WP5.1.2:: Combustionn modelling
Mg
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K

C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz

¾ Workplan
ƒ CFD simulations of the down-scaled combustor (Task 5.1.1) will be performed
using conventional fuels.
ƒ At BIOS CFD simulations shall be performed which aim to achieve a low-NOx
emission operation of the burner and to define the relevant influencing
parameters for an efficient NOx reduction.
¾ Schedule
ƒ Month 1 – 18 (03/2017 – 08/2018)
ƒ M 5.2: Report with low-NOx and partial load combustion concepts for pyrolysis
oil in turbines available (month 12 / 02/2018)
¾ Questions
ƒ OPRA: When will the geometric data of the combustor be available?
ƒ UT: Interface regarding the simulations

I N A
T A

WP
WP5
P5:
P 5: Bio
Bio
B o-oil
-oi
oil combustion tests
S B
R GY OMA
NE BI
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BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH mbH
WP5.1.4:: Ex
Experimental
xperim
erim
rim
mental tests in the optimized
m
real
al-scale gas turbine combustor
Mg
E
K

C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020
20 Graz

¾ Workplan
ƒ The optimized combustor geometry will be tested in OPRA’s combustor test rig.
he tests will be performed using conventional pyrolysis oil as the main fuel.
ƒ The tests will focus on flame stability, combustion efficiency and pollutant
emissions.
ƒ BIOS shall perform CFD-based simulations of selected test runs to validate the
models developed and to support the evaluation of the test runs.
¾ Schedule
ƒ Month 19 – 36 (09/2018 – 02/2020)
ƒ CFD simulations are expected to be done in the second half of 2019

10
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BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
WP6:: Full
ll-scale
- design,
gn, tech
techno
ech
hnoo-economics
o -ec
economics
andd sustainability (I)
Mg
E
K

C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz
raz

¾ WP6.1: Full-scale design & Roadmap for further development (M1-12)


ƒ BIOS will provide data from the preliminary techno-economic analysis of the new
technology Î when will the data be needed?
¾ WP6.2: Techno-economic analysis
ƒ Initial analyses (M1-M18 – 03/2017 – 08/2018)
- BIOS in close collaboration with Alucha will focus on the definition of all relevant
framework conditions and interfaces.
- BIOS will work out a questionnaire, which shall be presented to the other partners
and completed by them regarding their specific system units Î at next meeting.
- BIOS will perform preliminary techno-economic evaluations with a main focus on
the utilisation of pyrolysis oil in prime movers (engines and turbines).
- A special focus will thereby be placed on the evaluation of improved bio-oil
qualities due to the leaching of agricultural feedstocks/residues (WP2) vs. the
demand/costs for leachate after-treatment.
Î MS6.6: Report on preliminary techno-economic analysis (month 18, 08/2018)
11

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BIOENERGIESYSTEME GmbH
H
WP6:: Full
ll-scale
- design,
gn, tech
techno
hno
o-economics
o -ec
economics
andd sustainability (II)
Mg
E
K

C AS H Y
O N O M Hedwig-Katschinka-Straße 4, A-8020 Graz
raz

¾ WP6.2: Techno-economic analysis


ƒ Final analyses (M19-M36 – 09/2018 – 02/2020)
- Based on updated data provided from the partners as well as on the test run
results (WP2 to WP5), refined techno-economic evaluations will be performed
- These analyses shall be based on the full-scale design of Alucha and will include
more precise data on e.g. electricity production costs, efficiencies, CAPEX and
OPEX as well as estimations regarding the maintenance costs.
- It shall also be investigated to which extent an additional electricity production with
a direct cycle ORC-process (Organic Rankine Cycle) downstream the gas turbine
improves efficiency and the economic system performance.
- Swerea IVF will contribute to this task by ensuring consistency with their
assessments in Task 6.3.
- MS6.7: Report on final techno-economic analysis (M36, 02/2020)

12
Enhanced catalytic fast pyrolysis of
biomass for maximum production of
high
h-
h-quality biofuels

ENCAT - kick
k- f meeting
k-off

ESCHEDE 23
3- MAY 2017
3-th

AGATA CZARDYBON

About us …

Polis
Polish
olis
sh
h Con
onsortium
nso
ortium
in
n ENCATT project

2/32 …beyond standards!


Brief data Institute for Chemical Processing of Coal

Institute for Chemical Processing of Coal in


Zabrze operates under Act on Research
Institutes from the 30th of April 2010.
It was established pursuant to The
Resolution of Council of Ministers no 192/55
Director R&D Deputy Director
from 1955. Aleksander -DURVáDZ=XZDáD
Sobolewski

3/32 …beyond standards!

ICHPW

MISSION

To deliver the innovative knowledge and technologies


supporting carbochemical, power generation, mining and waste
processing industries ensuring the efficient use of fossil,
renewable and alternative fuels.

4/32 …beyond standards!


Selected Clients

JSW KOKS SA–JSW Group


up
Tauron Group
Coke Plant 3U]\MDĨĔ
Coke Plant Radlin Po
Power Plants: -DZRU]QRàD]LVND
Coke Plant Jadwiga 6
6LHUV]DàDJLV]D6WDORZD:ROD
Coke Plant 'ĊELHĔVNR EC Bielsko
Coke Plant Victoria
PGE Capital Group
Power Plants:
Turów%HáFKDWyZOpole
ARCELORMITTAL Poland
d Dolna Odra, Szczecin
Coke Plant Zdzieszowice
Coke Plant at the SENDZIMIR
IR EDF Poland SA
Steel Works Power Plants: Rybnik,
EC Kraków:URFáDZ
Czechnica*GDĔVNGdynia
&=ĉ672&+2:$12:$Coke
Coke Plant PAK Power Plants Complex
CARBO-KOKS Coke Plantt
ENGIE Energia Polska S.A.
EN
Power Plant 32à$1,(&

CEZ Poland
Power Plant SKAWINA

5/32 …beyond standards!

Selected R&D Partners

Cambridge University – Great Britain


University of Leeds – Great Britain
University of Nottingham – Great Britain
University of Orleans – France
Centre de Pyrolyses de Marienau – France
CEA GRENOBLE - France
Instituto Nacional del Carbón (INCAR), Oviedo - Spain
University of Almeria – Spain
Joint Research Center, Petten – the Netherland
Clausthal University of Technology – Germany
Technical University, Fraiberg – Germany
Technical University, Hamburg – Germany
University of Stuttgart – Germany DOE - National Energy Technology Laboratory - USA
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sztokholm – Sweden West Virginia University - USA
SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Oslo – Norway China Coal Research Institute
Technical University of Ostrava – Czech Republic Institute of Coal Chemistry Chinese Academy of Science
National Technical University of Athen – Grece National Taiwan University
6FLHQWL¿Fand Technological Research Council of Turkey Seoul National University of Science and Technology
Ukrainian State Coal Chemistry Research Institute Japan Coal Energy Center
European Institute of Innovation (EIT) – Hungary

6/32 …beyond standards!


R&D activities
According to the Long-Term Institute
Research Program the undertaken
The Institute strategy is to gear its activities are focused on:
research field to the development of
low and zero-emission heat and Thermochemical conversion of
electrical energy production solid fuels for energy and
technologies including clean coal chemical industry
technologies, CO2 capture and
storage (CCS) and utilization Municipal wastes management in
(CCU) systems, as well as energy the close cycle – waste to energy
production from renewable or to substrate
resources.
Effective and environmentally
safe coke making and coal
derivatives processing industries

Energy storage with the use of


chemical processes and
syntheses

Perspective processes for energy


production and environmental
engineering

7/32 …beyond standards!

CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGIES CENTRE

The unique research infrastructure of the CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGIES


CENTRE allows performing technological tests on experimental installations and
on test stands and creating development of clean coal technologies.
Main objectives of the Centre’s research activities are: increasing efficiencies of the
processes, reduction of negative environmental impact of these processes and
improvement of their economy. CCTC might be used for complete research cycle
from laboratory to pilot plant scale.
scaling ~ 100 ~1 PDU
process
up kg/h MWt development
unit
The key research areas are referred to as:
coal, biomass and waste gasification
CO2 capture from flue and process gases
process gases cleaning and combustion
oxy-combustion and chemical looping

8/32 …beyond standards!


CLEAN COAL TECHNOLOGIES CENTRE

Testing plant for CO2 Impact dryer testing plant Solid fuels
capture by amine preparation plant
absorption
Testing plant for fixed bed
Testing plant for LCV
biomass gasification - GazEla
gases combustion in
gas turbine

Briquetting testing plant

Testing plant for coking


of coal in fixed bed
Testing plant with Testing plant for residential heating
turbulent boilers
combustion
chamber
Testing plant for gasification and oxy-combustion
of solid fuels in pressurized CFB

Testing plant for combustion


in chemical/calcium looping

Testing plant for solid fuels pyrolysis/gasification in CFB reactor


• Accredited laboratories for analysis of solid fuels
• Modern Laboratory for Thermal Analysis
• Bench scale facilities http://www.ichpw.pl/en/

9/32 …beyond standards!

HIG POLSKA

The HIG Polska is a dynamically developing small enterprise from the petrochemical and
waste utilization industry. The company produces high-quality n-alkanes from polyolefin
wastes. In order to produce high-quality products (e.g. cosmetic kerosene and paraffin) the
hydrorafination process of the raw pyrolytic product is implemented.

The hydrotreatment installation of HIG Polska is located in the area of shut down petroleum
refinery in Gorlice in Poland.

The reactors for waste plastics


pyrolysis with capacity of ca. 200tonnes
per month.

10/32 …beyond standards!


HIG POLSKA

The HIG Polska – hydroporcessing plant capacity ca. 0.35 m3/h of treated oil

11/32 …beyond standards!

POLISH CONSORTIUM IN ENCAT PROJECT

WP 4. Characterization and Upgrading of Bio-oil

WP 5. Bio-oil combustion tests


5.2. Application of bio-oil in piston engines

WP 6. Full-scale design, techno-economics and


sustainability

12/32 …beyond standards!


ENCAT – WP4 WP 4. Characterization and Upgrading of Bio-oil

Tasks
4.1. Evaluation of properties of crude oils
4.2. Upgrading tests of crude oils
4.3. Developing the guidelines of upgrading oils in industrial scale
Expected
Milestone
Milestone name WP no. Lead partner delivery
no.
date
M4.1 Guidelines for hydrotreatment processes 4 ICHPW M9
M4.2 Report on selected process parameters and catalysts 4 ICHPW, HIG M18
M4.3 Report on hydrogenated batch of bio-oil 4 ICHPW, HIG M27

Deliverables / Outcome KPI


• Report on optimization of hydroprocessing
• Obtaining the upgraded oils and its characterization
• Know-how about performing the bio-oil upgrading
• Guidelines for up-scaling of the hydrotreatment process
• Guidelines for performing the upgrading process to obtaining the best efficiency of the oil
and to meet the market requirements
• Publications
13/32 …beyond standards!

ENCAT – WP4 The laboratory stand for pressurized hydrotreatment


of liquid fuels

TIC
1
PI 1 TIC
2

PI 2 TIC 1 TIC 2

S
FIC PIC
TI 3-7, PI 2

4 4 1
FIC FI
Control unit

1 – catalytic tube reactor


2 – water cooler
3 – liquid product separator
4 – filter
5 – circulating gas pump
6 – liquid pump
5
PIC
2

H2O
TI FI flow indicator
3-7
FIC flow indicator and control

3 PI pressure indicator
Gaseous products C nH n
H2 O PIC pressure indicator and control
outlet
6 TI temperature indicator

TIC temperature indicator and control


Liquid products outlet
gas meter
N2 H2

Technical Data Description

Reactor type: fixed bed catalytic ¾ Synthesis of liquid fuels


Reactor volume: 0.12 dm3 ¾ Hydrotreatment of pyrolysis oils
Pressure: < 10MPa ¾ Hydrocracking of coke oven tar
Max temperature: 500ºC ¾ Reverse Water Gas Shift RWGS
Gas flow rate: 1-30 dm3/min ¾ Methanisation of CO, CO2
Liquid flow rate: 0.05-0.2 dm3/h ¾ Catalysts testing
14/32 …beyond standards!
ENCAT – WP5
WP 5. Bio-oil combustion tests
5.2. Application of bio-oil in piston engines
Tasks:
T k
WP 5.2.1. Study of the performance of pyrolytic bio-oils for their storage and hydraulic transport
WP 5.2.2. Development of bio-oil valorization to provide a fuel for combustion in piston engines
WP 5.2.3. Combustion tests with pyrolytic bio-oil in a 35kWel piston engine for cogeneration of heat
and power
WP 5.2.4. Determination of the quality parameters of bio-oil for combustion in piston engine

Expected
Milestone WP Lead
Milestone name delivery
no. no. partner
date
M5.7 Report on combustion test results in piston engine 5 ICHPW M24
Report on mass and energy balances for power
M5.8 5 ICHPW M36
generation unit fed with pyrolytic bio-oil
M5.9 Report on optimum parameters for piston engine 5 ICHPW M36

Expected results/deliverables:
• Guideline for storage and transportation of pyrolytic bio-oil
• Know-how on bio-oil preparation as a fuel for piston engines
• Know-how regarding the utilization of pyrolytic bio-oil in piston engines
• Technical specifications of fuels based on pyrolytic bio-oils suitable for utilisation in piston
engines, along with compilation and description of its quality assessment procedures

15/32 …beyond standards!

ENCAT – WP5

WP 5.2.1. Study of the performance of pyrolytic bio-oils for their storage and
hydraulic transport

Analysis of bio-oils viscosity and stability under different temperature conditions will be
carried out, with special attention put to transport and storage properties of the fuel.
Flow resistance tests in horizontal pipelines will be carried out for selected bio-oils that
present well-defined and stable phisicochemical properties. The studies results will be the
basis for developing guidelines for bio-oils storage and pipeline transportation.

WP 5.2.2. Development of bio-oil valorization to provide a fuel for combustion in


piston engines

Concept of valorization of pyrolytic oils in terms of their preparation for combustion in


reciprocating engines will be developed. It will include: method of solid impurities removal,
method of dehydration and homogenization method to form a stable emulsion as a target
fuel. According to the developed method, batches of oil as a target fuel to feed the
reciprocating engines (piston engines) will be produced.

16/32 …beyond standards!


ENCAT – WP5

WP 5.2.3. Combustion tests with pyrolytic bio-oil in a 35kWel piston engine for
cogeneration of heat and power

Task is dedicated to experimental tests that will aim for validation of the concept for
utilization of pyrolytic bio-oil as a fuel for piston engines. The existing stand will be
retrofitted with a line for supplementary liquid fuel feeding, which will consist mainly of
dedicated storage, mixing heating, pumping, filtering and injection systems.

This stage will provide necessary data for determination of the following aspects: mass
and energy balances for the power generating unit, efficiency of electricity production and
waste heat recovery and flue gas emissions to be expected. Results will be compared
with available operational data from commercial piston engines fired on conventional fuels
(e.g. natural gas, diesel, biogas or process gas from biomass gasification).

17/32 …beyond standards!

ENCAT – WP5 Pilot stand for research on dual fuel piston engine cogeneration

Engine oil
lines Alternator

Instantaneous fuel Diesel Engine load regulation


consumption feeding through set of adjustable
measurements system electric heaters

18/32 …beyond standards!


ENCAT – WP5

Cogeneration unit based on dual-fuel piston engine where primary fuel is


Diesel oil. The unit has been tuned to generate up to 35kWe power on both
single or duel-fuel operation. Basic secondary fuel feeding system developed
for this unit was devised for gaseous fuels.
When the system will be adapted and retrofitted with auxiliaries dedicated for
bio-oils it is planned to make a feedback-loop providing results and experience
gained from piston engine combustion system back to WPs concerning specific
tailoring of fuels properties. Thus following such process development rout it is
planned to develop know-how dedicated to all aspects of bio-oil utilization.
Besides committing to development of technical knowledge in bio-oil handling,
combustion and operational characteristics, this WP will also concentrate on
engine tuning and optimization. We aim to determine for the combustion
system not only for its differential information on influence of fuel change but
also on development of know-how and basic technological concepts for bio-oil
flue gas treatment, so that the system will have low environmental footprint.

19/32 …beyond standards!

ENCAT – WP5

WP 5.2.4. Determination of the quality parameters of bio-oil for combustion in


piston engine

A batch of fuels obtained in Task 5.2.2 to feed the piston engines based on bio-oils will be
compared with commercially available fuels.
The technical specifications and the procedure for the assessment of bio-oils properties
used to feed the piston engines will be developed.

WP 6. Full-scale design, techno-economics and sustainability

20/32 …beyond standards!


Year 1 Year 2 Year 3
WP Task Leader Partner Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8 Q9 Q10 Q11 Q12
s
1. Project management and dissemination UT
1.1 Reporting & call brochure UT
1.2 Dissemination at 3 conferences & final seminar UT all
1.2.1 Output shared at IEA Bioenergy Task 34 meetings UT all
2. Biomass pre-treatment BIOS Holmen
2.1 Leaching tests with simulated wood-derived acids BIOS M2.1
2.2 Leaching tests with real light fractions BIOS M2.2
3. Enhanced Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis KTH
3.1.1 Selection, preparation and characterization of the KTH M3.1
catalysts
3.1.2 Experimental study of CFP in the dual bed KTH Holmen M3.2
3.1.3 Experimental study of the effect of process gases on CFP KTH Holmen M3.3
3.2.1 Reaction kinetics from batch experiments UT M3.4
3.2.2 Process optimization for pyrolysis bench-scale facility UT M3.5
3.3 PyRos pilot-plant test run UT KTH M3.6 M3.7
4. Characterization and Upgrading of Biooil IChPW
4.1 Evaluation of properties of crude oils. IChPW M4.1
4.2 Upgrading tests of crude oils IChPW HIG M4.2
4.3 Developing guidelines of upgrading the oils in industrial IChPW HIG M4.3
scale
5. Bio-oil combustion test OPRA
5.1.1 Experimental tests in a down-scaled gas turbine OPRA M5.1
combustor
5.1.2 Combustion modelling UT, M5.2
BIOS
5.1.3 Optimization of the combustor and fuel injector OPRA M5.3
5.1.4 Experimental tests in the real-scale gas turbine combustor OPRA BIOS M5.4
5.1.5 Effect of the bio-oil on the hot flow path components OPRA M5.5
5.2.1 Study of bio-oils for their storage and hydraulic transport IChPW M5.6
5.2.2 Development of bio-oil valorization to the piston engine IChPW M5.7
5.2.3 Combustion tests of bio-oil in 35kWel piston engine for IChPW M5.8
CHP
5.2.4 Qualify parameters of bio-oil combustion for piston engine IChPW M5.9
6. Full-scale design, techno-economics and IVF ALL
sustainability
6.1.1 Initial full-scale design Alucha ALL M6.1 M6.2
6.1.2 Final full-scale design Alucha ALL M6.3 M6.4
6.1.3 Road-map for further development Alucha M6.5
6.2.1 Initial techno-economic analysis BIOS ALL M6.6
6.2.2 Final techno-economic analysis BIOS ALL M6.7
6.3.1 Screening LCA and S-LCA IVF ALL M6.8 M6.9
6.3.2 Detailed LCA and S-LCA IVF ALL M6.10

21/32 …beyond standards!

Contact information

,167<787&+(0,&=1(-35=(5Ï%.,:ĉ*/$
(Institute for Chemical Processing of Coal)
Zamkowa St. 1 • 41-803 Zabrze, Poland

Phone: +48 32 271 00 41 E-mail: office@ichpw.pl Tax ID No. (NIP): 648-000-87-65


Fax: +48 32 271 08 09 Internet: www.ichpw.pl Nat. Business Reg. No. (REGON): 000025945

CONTACT PERSON: Agata Czardybon


Phone: +48 32 621 64 28
E-mail: aczardybon@ichpw.pl
Fax: +48 32 271 08 09

22/32 …beyond standards!


ENCAT kick-off meeting 2017-05-23

Dr. L. Axelsson
The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.

Mission statement

OPRA aims to become the world’s leading provider of on-site gas turbine
driven energy solutions in the 1.5 – 10.0 MW power range

The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.
Page 2
OPRA has developed and rig tested a bio-fuel combustor
for the 1.9 MW OP16 gas turbine
Successfully rig testing of pure pyrolysis oil between 70-100% load

A wider load range is desired

Reduction in pollutant emissions to reduce the need for downstream flue gas cleaning

Limited information available on the long term effects on the hot flow path

OPRA TURBINES The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Page 3 Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.

WP 5.1 is aiming at improving the understanding of


pyrolysis oil combustion in real gas turbine combustors
Application of (catalytic) pyrolysis oil in commercially available, real scale gas
turbine combustor

Design and testing of a novel tri-fuel injection nozzle for gas turbines with
information about the droplet dimeter and distribution in the near filed region

Improved capabilities for numerical simulations of pyrolysis oil by developing and


validating a new combustion model

Comparison of the combustion characteristics, pollutant emissions and efficiency of


pyrolysis oil to conventional fuels

Understanding of the effects of pyrolysis oil on gas turbine components

OPRA TURBINES The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Page 4 Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.
Planning WP 5.1
M5.1 Test data and report from the turbine combustion rig testing (M9)
M5.2 Report with low-NOx and partial load combustion concepts for pyrolysis oil in turbines (M12)
M5.3 Report describing the effects on the hot flow path in turbines (M18)
M5.4 Report on validated combustion model for CFP (M27)
M5.5 Report with optimized combustor and fuel injector geometry (M30)
M5.6 Test report of measurements from the optimized combustor (M36)

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3


5.1.1 Experimental tests in a down-
scaled gas turbine combustor
5.1.2 Combustion modelling

5.1.3 Optimization of the combustor


and fuel injector
5.1.4 Experimental tests in the real-
scale gas turbine combustor
5.1.5 Effect of the bio-oil on the hot
flow path components

OPRA TURBINES The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Page 5 Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.

WP 5.1.1. Experimental tests in a down-scaled gas turbine


combustor
The test will be performed in OPRA’s atmospheric combustor test rig

A simplified combustor specifically suited for CFD validation will be utilized

Pyrolysis oil, ethanol and diesel will be tested

Pollutant emissions, temperatures and operating envelope will be obtained

Data will be used in WP 5.1.2 and WP 5.1.3

OPRA TURBINES The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Page 6 Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.
WP 5.1.3. Optimization of the combustor and fuel injector

Aim is to design and manufacture a optimized


combustor prototype
Wider operating range on pyrolysis oil and lower
emissions
Development of a tri-fuel nozzle (pyrolysis oil,
natural gas and ethanol)
Test rig at UT will be utilized to obtain the
information about droplet diameter and distribution
in the near field region
Input from WP 5.1.2 will be required to achieve this

OPRA TURBINES The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Page 7 Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.

WP 5.1.4 Experimental tests in the optimized real-scale gas


turbine combustor
Test run will be performed using conventional pyrolysis
oil as a baseline

Determine optimum settings of the nozzle and


combustor

Catalytic pyrolysis oil will be used and compared to the


conventional pyrolysis oil

CFD simulations (UT, BIOS) will be performed to


validate the models developed and to support the
evaluation of the tests

OPRA TURBINES The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Page 8 Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.
WP 5.1.5. Effect of the bio-oil on the hot flow path
components
A set-up will be design where to allow exposure of gas turbine material
samples to the hot combustion gases

The material loss and surface will be investigated

The surface will be investigated using the SEM available at UT

Different fuels will be used to investigate the effect on the hot flow path

The results from this work will be a first step towards understanding and
building models for life prediction

OPRA TURBINES The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Page 9 Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.

Thank you!

Dr. L. Axelsson
The information contained in this document is the sole property of OPRA Technologies B.V. and its affiliated companies.
Any reproduction in part or as a whole without the written permissions of OPRA Technologies B.V. is prohibited.
ERA-NET Bioenergy

ENCAT
WP 5 – UT involvement

Encat

ƒ Beyond state of the art

ƒ Application of (catalytic) pyrolysis oil in commercially available, real scale turbines


and engines (WP5 1.1. and WP5 1.4)

ƒ Detailed numerical model of pyrolysis oil combustion including char formation and
burn-out; model validated with experimental data (WP5 1.2)

ƒ Design of a tri-fuel injection nozzle for gas turbines with full information about
primary liquid break-up (WP5.1.3)

ƒ Detailed information about the impact of pyrolysis oil on the gas turbine/engine
(hot flow path) components with respect to their life time (WP5 1.5)

ƒ These will be covered by PDEng


2
Activities – WP5.1.2 (UT, BIOS, OPRA)

ƒ Detailedd nu
numerical
um
u merical model of pyrolysis oil combustion
combusti
ustionn including
in luding char formation
inc
and burn
burrrn
rn-
n-ou
out;
out; model
mo validated with experimental al dataa – design of a model for
PO combustion
ƒ OpenFOAM CFD simulations of down-scaled combustor with a conventional fuel,
regular PO and enhanced catalytic PO
ƒ Extension of the PO combustion model to char combustion
ƒ Combustion performance via temperature distribution, emissions and droplets path
ƒ Model validation with experimental results from WP5 1.1.

Activities – WP5. 1.3 (OPRA, UT)

g of a tri
ƒ Design trri-fuel
- j
injection nozzle for gas turbines with full information about
primary liquid breakakk-up
-

ƒ Detailed information about droplet diameter and distribution from the orifice near-
field region for conventional atomizer and novel tri-fuel nozzle

4
Activities – WP5. 1.5.

ƒ Detailed information about the impact


p of pyrolysis
py y oil on the gas turbine/engine
(hot flow path) components with respect to their life time

ƒ Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis of the turbine parts exposed to high
temperature corrosion; optimization of the hot flow paths

Activities – WP5 1.1 and 1.4

pp
ƒ Application of ((catalytic)
y pyrolysis oil in commercially available, real scale
turbines and engines

ƒ Participation in the experimental campaign performed at OPRA; measurements of


the exhaust gas emission

ƒ PO combustion model in full scale GT

(a) Total (b) Methanol (c) Water (d) Acetic acid

6 (e) Acetol (f) Phenol (g) Eugenol (h) Levoglucosan


Milestones

ƒ Contribution to the following milestones:

ƒ M5.3 – Report describing the effects on the hot flow path in turbines (Mo 18)

ƒ M5.4 – Report on validated combustion model for CFP (Mo 27)

ƒ M5.5 – Report with optimized combustor and fuel injector geometry (Mo 30)

Year 1 Year 2 Year 3


Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
M5.3 M5.4 M5.5

Time line of the PDEng student

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EnCat – presentation of project plan


and time schedule Swerea IVF

Kristin Fransson
kristin.fransson@swerea.se

1
Swerea IVF

Number of employees165, of which the majority are qualified researchers


CEO Mats Lundin
Turnover MSEK 225 (2016)
Locations Mölndal, Stockholm, Jönköping, Eskilstuna,
Olofström, Linköping och Trollhättan

Swerea IVF is part of the


Swerea group
Swerea IVF
Industrial product development, process and materials
development within textiles, polymers, ceramics and metals.

Swerea KIMAB
Materials applications, materials and process development,
corrosion.

Swerea MEFOS
Process metallurgy, heating, machining, environmental
engineering and energy efficiency for iron and base metal industry.

Swerea SICOMP
Composite materials, process
and product development.

Swerea SWECAST
Cast metals – product, materials, process
and environmental development.
Industrial Materials and
manufacturing methods technology development

Business development Test and analysis


and efficiency based on
work and environmental
perspectives

Our four main areas

Elisabeth
Stefan
Anne-Charlotte Ohlsson Christina Mats
Posner
Hanning Jönsson Zackrisson
Sandra
•Life cycle Roos
assessment (LCA)
•Social life cycle
assessment (S-LCA)

•Project
management
•Life cycle
assessment (LCA)
Anna Rúna •Life cycle
Kristinsdóttir assessment (LCA)
Hans Lennart
Norrblom

Energy and Environment


Our experts cooperate within
our organization in order to create
benefits for the company,
the environment and the processes, Kristin
Jutta all at the same time! Fransson
Hildenbrand Karin
Anna Karin
Jönbrink Wilson

https://www.swerea.se/en/areas-of-expertise/energy-environment
Life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology

Standardised methodology for Used by both authorities,


environmental assessment academia and industry

System description System boundaries


Emissions
to air/water
Tillsatsm Fyllmedel Titandiox Oorganisk Organiska

Trp tills Trp krita TiO2-trp Trp oorga Trp organ

Resources 15181 0
1 Pulvertil 43
Pol-trp Polyester
16

Epoxi-trp Epoxi
Trp färg

Härd-trp Härdare

Målning

Trp kund

Användnin

Trp resth
Emissions
Resthant
to soil
Inventory profile Effect categories
Biodiversity
Hazardous waste (g)

Solid waste (g)

Industrial waste (g)

Tot-N (aq) (g)


Ecotoxicity
TOC (aq) (g)

Oil (aq) (g)

Nitrates (aq) (g)

Metals (aq) (g)


Photochemical ozone
HC (aq) (g)

H+ (aq) (g)

Fe2+ (aq) (g)


Eutrophication
COD (aq) (g)

BOD (aq) (g)

SOx (g)

Particualates (g) Acidification (SO2-eq)


NOx (g)

NH3 (g)

N2O (g)

Metals (g)
Strat. Ozone depletion (CFC11-eq
HCl (g)

HC (g)

H2S (g)

CO2 (g)
Global Warming (CO2-eq))
CO (g)

CH4 (g)

Water (r) (g) Work environment


Sand (r) (g)

Peat (r) (g)

Uranium (r) (g)

Natural gas (r) (g)


Human toxicity.
NaCl (r) (g)

Limestone (r) (g)

Persistent toxicity
Iron ore (r) (g)

Oil (r) (g)

Coal (r) (g)

Clay (r) (g)

Biomass (r) (g)

Bauxite (r) (g)


Resources-land
Peat (MJ)

Oil (MJ)

Natural gas (MJ) Resources-water


Elektricity (MJ)

District heat (MJ)

Diesel (MJ)

Coal (MJ)
Resources-energy and material
0 50 100 150 200 250 30 35 40 45
5 10 15 20 25

Socio-LCA (S-LCA)
• Methodology from SETAC/UNEP to follow products from “cradle to
grave” as in LCA. Instead of environmental aspects, social aspects are
assessed.

Stakeholders Subcategories
Freedom of association and collective bargaining Child labour
Workers Forced labour Fair salary
Working time Discrimination
Health and safety Social benefits/social security
Access to material resources Access to immaterial resources
Local community Delocalisation and migration Cultural heritage
Respect of indigenous rights Safe and healthy living conditions
Secure living conditions Local employment
Community engagement
Public committments to sustaineble issues Technology development
Society Contribution to economic development Corruption
Prevention and mitigation of conflicts
Fair competition Promoting social responsibility
Value chain actors Respect of intellectual property rights Supplier relationships

Health and safety Feedback mechanism


Consumers Transparency End of life responsibility

UNEP/SETAC 2009: Guidelines for Social Life Cycle Assessment of Products,


online available for review at
http://lcinitiative.unep.fr/sites/lcinit/default.asp?site=lcinit&page_id=EDA1E98F-
9 412F-4F51-B407-3A7E006E1B83
WP 6 – Overview
Goal: To deliver holistic information regarding design, economy and
sustainability of the technology developed and evaluated within
WP2-WP5.

• 6.1 Full-scale design & roadmap for further development (Alucha, All)
• Initial full-scale design
• Final full scale design
• Road-map for further development
• 6.2 Techno-economic analysis (BIOS, All)
• Initial techno-economic analysis
• Final techno-economic analysis
• 6.3 Sustainability (IVF, All)
• Screening LCA and S-LCA
• Detailed LCA and S-LCA

10

Overall goals WP6.3

• To provide input to the work in WP2-WP5


• Identify and raising relevant sustainability issues
• To verify improvements of the suggested designs
Workplan
Task 6.3.1 Screening LCA and S-LCA

Task leader: Swerea IVF


Other participants: Interaction with WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP5

Description of the activity


• Literature survey of relevant existing studies
• Screening LCA and S-LCA. Lack of important data will be identified.
• Preliminary LCA and S-LCA report
• LCA workshop in connection to project meeting (~M16) to present results and generate
improvement ideas on how to optimize sustainability performance of selected technologies
based on those results
Challenge
• Discover data (Screening LCA and S-LCA)
• Reaching consensus on data and conclusions (workshop)

Workplan
Task 6.3.2 Detailed LCA and S-LCA

Task leader: Swerea IVF


Other participants: Interaction with WP2, WP3, WP4 and WP5

Description of the activity


• Collecting and scaling-up data
• Development of missing characterization figures, if relevant
• Modeling of full LCA and S-LCA.
• Interpretation of results with WP leaders
• Detailed LCA and S-LCA report
WP6.3 – Timeline and deliverables

Task Duration Milestones

6.3 Sustainability (IVF,


All)

6.3.1 Screening LCA and M1-M18 M6.8 Preliminary screening LCA and S-
S-LCA LCA report (M14)
M6.9 LCA Workshop (M16)

6.3.2 Detailed LCA and S- M19-M36 M6.10 LCA and S-LCA report (M36)
LCA

14

Scientific Work for Industrial Use


www.swerea.se

15