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Semester V

(Academic Year 2013- 2014)

Teaching Plan

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

BY,
PRIYAMVADA MISHRA

Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA


Symbiosis International University, Pune

July- October 2013


1. INTRODUCTION

This course is taught to the students to enable the students,


link the theories studied in Political Science in the past
semesters and how it is applicable to the society at large.
The basic idea behind this course is to acquaint the students
how the government functions through its three main
organs- Legislature, Executive and the Judiciary. It deals with
how each of the organs exercise control over the other.

The course deals with Public Administration, Controls over


Public Administration, Theories of Organisation, theories of
Decision Making, Principles of Organisation, Public
Enterprises, Administrative Law, Administrative Adjudication,
Financial Administration, Development Planning, Good
Governance, Transparency in Administration, Public Policy,
Decentralisation, New Public Administration and New Public
Management.

Public Administration as independent Subject of a social


science has recent origin. Traditionally Public Administration
was considered as a part of political science. But in Modern
age the nature of state-under went change and it became
from police stale to social service state. As a consequence,
the Public Adminstration, Irrespective of the nature of the
political system, has become the dominant factor of life. The
modern political system is essentially ‘bureaucratic’ and
characterized by the rule of officials. Hence modern
democracy has been described as ‘executive democracy’ or
‘bureaucratic democracy’. The administrative branch,
described as civil service or bureaucracy is the most
significant component of governmental machinery of the
state.
The modern state cannot confine its field of activities to only
Maintenance of law and order, dispensation of justice,
collection of revenue and taxes. The modern state is
expected to provide more and more services and amenities
to the people. This results in tremendous growth both in the
governmental responsibilities as well as in the administrative
machinery of the state. Naturally the scope of public
administration is increased.

2. LEARNING OBJECTIVES (Knowledge, skills and


outcomes)

A. Knowledge

The overall objective of this course is to enable the students


to (i) demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the wide
range of concepts like controls over public administration,
delegated legislation, administrative adjudication and (ii)
demonstrate a comprehensive and accurate knowledge and
understanding of the details of existence of organs of
government as separate entities and also when they function
in close compatibility.

B. Skills
The overall objective of this undergraduate course is to
inculcate you with the following set of skills: general
cognitive intellectual skills; general
communicative/employability skills; and subject specific
skills.

Cognitive
Knowledge of public administration will demand that
students have the capacity to demonstrate insight in
presenting materials drawn from a wide and sometimes
contradictory range of primary and secondary sources and
evaluate them on the basis of legislation and procedures
learnt.

Employability

Public Administration will demand that students have the


capacity to be able to communicate with the world outside,
on the basis of theoretical background gained from the
course.

C. Outcomes

Two key skills will be highlighted by this course (a) case


synthesis/problem solving and (b) independent research.
These skills will be central to your success in completing this
course’s scheme of assessment.

Independent Research / Group work

In preparing for the coursework assignment, particular


emphasis will be placed on independent learning i.e., the
ability to take initiative in the design (individualized
approach or plan of action) and research of the stated
project. The coursework in question is deliberately broadly
drawn, and is designed to challenge you in this regard.

Final Outcome
Assessment is by compulsory coursework examination (40%
internal + 60% External= 100%) under the auspices of the
Symbiosis International University.

3. LECTURES

A. Times and Attendance

Three lecture times have been set aside for this course for
B.A LL.B. Verify it from the timetable assigned for each
division. Lecture outlines, principally in the form of
PowerPoint slides, will be made available in ‘The Library’ on
‘Curiosity’ Portal at www.curiosity.symlaw.edu.in In addition,
Session Plan/ Course material will be also provided
continuing suggested reading such as Books; Journals;
Articles and cases as decided by the Judiciary related to the
Course. To facilitate your understanding of these lectures,
you should always read at least the relevant pages of
suggested readings in advance of each lecture.

As per Symbiosis International University


Regulations, please note, “Students are expected to
attend minimum 75% of all scheduled sessions and
other forms of instruction as defined by the
programme of study.”

The student will not be eligible to appear for the examination


if he / she fail to put in the required attendance. The
students can update themselves of their attendance daily
online in ‘Attendance’ on ‘Curiosity’ Portal at
www.curiosity.symlaw.edu.in
B. Scheme and Structure

Topic 1: Public Administration


1.1 Importance of Public Administration in Modern Life
1.2 Philosophy of Administration
1.3 Recent trends in administrative study
1.4 Relation of Public Administration with Law, and
Politics, History and Psychology

Topic 2: Control over Public Administration

2.1 Legislative Control


2.2 Executive Control
2.3 Judicial Control
2.4 Scope of Judicial Intervention, Suits against Public
Officials,
2.5 Extraordinary Remedies

Topic 3: Organisation
3.1 Theories of Organisation:
3.1.1 Structural Theory of Organisation:
3.1.2 Human Relation Theory of Organisation:
3.2 Principles of Organisation: Hierarchy, Span of
Control, Unity of Command, Centralization v.
Decentralization

Topic 4: Public Enterprise: Rationale of Public


Enterprise
4.1 Directive policies on Public Sector
4.2 New Public Sector Policy
4.3 Types of Public Enterprises: Departmental
Undertaking, Government Company, Public Corporation
4.4 Globalization, Liberalization and the role of State
Topic 5: Administrative Law and Regulation
5.1 Delegated Legislation: Meaning, need for
delegation, Types of delegation
5.2 Advantages and Disadvantages of Delegated
Legislation
5.3 Safeguards of Delegated Legislation
5.4 Delegated Legislation in India
5.5 Judicial Control of Delegated Legislation

Topic 6: Administrative Adjudication

6.1 Meaning, Types, Advantages and Disadvantages of


administrative adjudication
6.2 Reasons for growth of Administrative Adjudication
6.3 Difference between Administrative Adjudication and
Judicial process
6.4 Adjudicatory Procedure, Reforms in Administrative
Justice
6.5 Judicial Review of Administrative Adjudication

Topic 7: Budgetary Process in India

7.1 Different stages in Budget: Preparation of budget,


Parliamentary approval, execution, accounting, auditing
of budget, Role of Finance Ministry

Topic 8: Development planning in India: Basic


Considerations
8.1 Concept of planning, Evolution, Constitutional
provisions, Machinery for plan formulation, Assessment
of Indian planning process
Topic 9: The Institution of Ombudsman
9.1 Indian model of ombudsman - Lokpal and Lokayukta
9.2 Role of the Department of Administrative Reforms
and Public Grievances

Topic 10: Transparency in Administration: Right to


Information
Topic 11: Public Administration and Policies
11.1 Theories of Decision Making:
11.1.1Chester I Barnard
11.1.2 Herbert A Simon
11.1.3 Abraham Maslow
11.2 Good Governance
11.3 Public Policy
11.4 Federalism & decentralization including 73rd and 74th
Amendment Act
11.5 Development Administration
11.6 New Public Administration
11.7 New Public Management

C. Lecture Outline

Week 1
08-Jul-13 Lecture 1 -Discussion of Teaching Plan
Lecture 2 -Syllabus Preview
Lecture 3 –What is Public Administration

Week 2
15-Jul-13 Lecture 4 - Philosophy of Administration
Lecture 5 - Recent trends in Administrative
study
Lecture 6 -Relation of Public Administration
with other social sciences

Week 3
22-Jul-13 Lecture 7 - Legislative control over PA
Lecture 8 - Executive control over PA
Lecture 9 - Judicial control over PA

Week 4
29-Jul-13 Lecture 10 - Scope of judicial intervention,
Lecture 11 - Suits against Public officials,
Lecture 12 - Extraordinary remedies

Week 5
05-Aug-
13 Lecture 13 -Structural theory of Organisation
Lecture 14 –Human Relations theory of
Organisation
Lecture 15 –Scientific Management Theory of
Organisation

Week 6
12-Aug- Lecture 16 – Bureaucratic Theory of
13 Organisation
Lecture 17 – Ecological Approach to
Organisation
Lecture 18 -Principles of Organisation

Week 7
19-Aug-
13 Lecture 19 – Principles of Organisation
Lecture 20 – Public enterprise and their types
Lecture 21 – Differences among various types

Week 8
26-Aug-
13 Lecture 22 - Globalization & Liberalization
Lecture 23 -Delegated Legislation
Lecture 24 -Delegated Legislation

Week 9
02-Sep-
13 Lecture 25 -Administrative Adjudication
Lecture 26 -Administrative Adjudication
Lecture 27 - Preparation of Budget

Week 10
09-Sep-
13 Lecture 28 - Preparation of Budget
Lecture 29 – Role of Finance ministry
Lecture 30 – Areas of concern in Budgeting i.e.
Analysis

Week 11
16-Sep- Lecture 31 – Development Planning &
13 Constitutional Provisions
Lecture 32 – Five Year Plans & Assessment of
Indian Planning Process
Lecture 33 – Lokpal & Lokayukta

Week 12
23-Sep- Lecture 34 - Administrative Reforms and Public
13 Grievances
Lecture 35 - Right to Information
Lecture 36 - Right to Information

Week 13
01-Oct-13 Lecture 37 – Chester I Barnard’s Theory
Lecture 38 – Herbert A Simon’s Theory
Lecture 39 – Abraham Maslow’s Theory

Week 14
07-Oct-13 Lecture 40 – Good Governance
Lecture 41 – Public Policy
Lecture 42 – 73rd & 74th Amendment Act
Week 15
14-Oct-13 Lecture 43 – Development Administration
Lecture 44 – New Public Administration
Lecture 45 – New Public Management

Week 16
21-Oct-13 Lecture 46 – Revision
Lecture 47 –Revision
Lecture 48 – Revision

4. READINGS AND MATERIALS

A. Textbook

 Ahuja Sangeeta, People, Law and Justice: Case Book on


Public Interest Litigation, Vol I & Vol. II, Orient Longman,
New Delhi, (1997)
 Avasthi, A. and Maheshwari, S., Public Administration,
Lakshmi Narain Agarwal, Agra, (2004)
 Barthwal , C.P. & Kumkum Kishore, Public Administration in
India (Current Perspectives), Allahabad Publishing House,
New Delhi, (2003)
 Barthwal , C.P. Indian Administration Since Independence,
Bharat Book Centre Lucknow, (2003)
 Bhattacharya Mohit , New Horizons of Public
Administration, Jawahar Publications, New Delhi, (1999)
 Fadia, B.L., Fadia, Kuldeep, Public Administration,
Administrative Concepts and Theories, Kitab Mahal, New
Delhi, (2003)
 Felix Nigro & Liyod Nigro , Modern Public
Administration,Harper and Row Publication, New York.,
(1988)
 Goel S.L., Advanced Public Administration, Sterling, New
Delhi (1994)
 Goel, S.L., Advanced Public Administration, Deep & Deep,
New Delhi, (2003)
 Goel, S.L., Public Administration: Theory and Practice,
Deep & Deep, New Delhi, (2003)
 Indian Institute of Public Administration, Public Policy in
India: Some Emerging Concerns, Kanishka Publishers, New
Delhi, (2002)
 Mathur, Kuldeep Development Policy and Administration,
Sage, New Delhi, (1996)
 Noorjahan Bava, Public Administration in the 21st Century,
New Delhi, Kanishka , (2004)
 Pai Panandiker, A Survey of Research in Public
Administration: Konark, Delhi, (1990)
 R. Tyagi, Public Administration, Atmaram & Sons New
Delhi, (1990)
 S.R. Mahashwari, Public Administration in India, Oxford
University Press, (2006)
 Sharma, M.P., Sadana,B.L., Public Administration, Kitab
Mahal, Allahabad, (2004)
 Singh , Shiv Raj & P.P.S. Gill, Public Administration in the
New Millennium Challenges & Prospects, Anamika
Publsihers, New Delhi, (2003)
 Singh Amita, Administration reforms: Towards Sustainable
Practices, Sage, New Delhi, (2005)
 White, L.D., Introduction to the study of Public
Administration, Macmilan, New York, (1948)

Note:
 The above list is indicative and not exhaustive.
 Earlier editions of number of the above text might also
be available and can be consulted once account is
taken of their datedness, particularly as t applicable
case law.

These texts were selected because they provide in one


volume a combination of text, cases and materials designed
to be read as a whole i.e. “One Stop Shop”. Nevertheless,
the text provides the basic reading for the course only. There
is much more to Public Administration than this and you will
undoubtedly benefit from undertaking some reading and
study of your own. It is creditable if you, in respect of the
proper use of independent research and study, follow up in
the Library some of the case references, periodical articles or
other material referred to in the prime textbook or in class or
even to do some research of your own.

For supplementary reading, you could for instance, begin by


consulting the relevant sections of the “alternative” texts
placed n loan in the law library. Thereafter, you could engage
in your own research with particular reference to journals on
online databases.

5. ASSESSMENT: COURSEWORK = 100%


You will be examined in this course by Internal (40%) and
External (60%) assessment format. Internal examination will
be conducted for 40 marks, which includes two tutorials (10
marks each) and a research project (20 marks). The
Symbiosis International University will conduct external
written examination for 60 marks at the end of the Semester.
It consists of ten objectives (2 marks each=20 marks) and 4
subjective questions (10 marks=40 marks).

6. PROJECT/TUTORIAL

A. Tutorial/ Project
There will be two written tutorials. Each tutorial will carry 10
marks each (Total = 20 marks). Each student will attempt it
on all occasion. In addition, one research project will be
undertaken by learners which will be evaluated out of 20
marks i.e. Written submissions: 15 Marks and Viva: 5 Marks.

Tutorial Date Topic


Test Result
One August 16, August 23, Introduction to
2013 2013 Public
Administration,
Control over Public
Administration
Two September September Public Enterprise,
16, 2013 23, 2013 Administrative Law
& Regulation

Assignment Submission Result


Interim Final
July 15, 2013 September September October 07,
04, 2013 30, 2013 2013

B. Tutorial & Presentation

The tutorials will give you an opportunity for assessing your


learning of Public Administration. It should be obvious that
the better you are prepared to take part in such test, the
more you will learn from it and excel in both examination as
well as understanding of Public Administration. Tutorials also
provide you with an opportunity to develop written skills of
presentation and reasoned argument. Lack of preparation
and a fortiori non-attendance will mean that you will fail to
make the most of the learning opportunities provided by
these tutorials. In order to achieve the two stated skills
objectives i.e. Presentation and two tutorials are scheduled
in this semester.

C. Research Project
Research project is aimed at improving the writing, research,
and communication and presentation skills to make students
learning academically more challenging and rigorous than
standard lecture and test format courses. It also aims at
promoting scholarship in this significant field of law, which
has gained much momentum in practice but often lacks solid
theoretical underpinnings due to lack or inadequacy of
statutory provisions. It further aims to enhance learning
capability by research amongst the learners, creative a
forum for enhancing a greater dialogue between the
scholarly community, policymakers and practitioners. The
details about the rules of submission are annexed with the
document (Refer to Enclosure A)

7. ADMINISTRATIVE ARRANGMENTS

The Course in Charge (Tutor) for Public Administration is


Priyamvada Mishra; should you have any problems with your
work, please see your tutor in the first instance. Notices
relating to the course will be posted online on
www.curiosity.symlaw.edu.in

8. OFFICE HOURS AND CONTACT INFORMAION

If few doubts remain, please contact me via email:


pmpriyamvada@gmail.com. I would strongly recommend
that you not call me at home. Please do speak up during the
class! I want each of you to glean as much from these
readings and our discussions as possible. This is why I do not
rely on the traditional method of testing. I welcome your
questions and comments.

Instructions:

 The title of the project, name of the candidate, degree,


faculty, university, month and year of submission, and
the name of the research guide with his/her designation
and full official address shall be written on the first page
and on the front cover as given in Appendix ‘A’.

 A certificate (Appendix ‘B’) affirming that the research


work of the candidate is original, and that the material,
if any, borrowed from other sources and incorporated
in the thesis has been duly acknowledged should be
signed by the candidate and counter signed by the
research guide. It should also state that the candidate
himself/herself would be held responsible and
accountable for plagiarism, if any, detected later. The
candidate should further certify that research papers, if
any, published based on the research conducted out of
and in the course of the study.

 The first few pages of the thesis should be given as per


Appendix ‘C’.

 Bibliography should be written alphabetically and given


as per Appendix ‘D’.
Guidelines

(1) It is a group project (group of 2-3), wherein, viva shall be


taken on individual basis.
(2) Marks Distribution is 15 (Project)+ 5 (viva)
(3) The project should be handwritten only.
 A4 size paper is to be used for writing.
 Light colored sheets to be used for writing.
 Usage of glitter pens is strictly prohibited.
 The project should be Spiral Bound.
(4) Interim has to be attached in the main project.
(5) A CONTRIBUTION page to be added in the project, citing
work done by each member in the group.
(6) No Project shall be accepted beyond the date provided in
the schedule.
(7) Absence of any of the following shall be liable for Non-
Acceptance. Project shall be submitted as:
(1)Cover Page
(2)Certificate
(3)Acknowledgement
(4)Interim Project
(5)Index
(6)The Main Project
(7)Contributions Page
(8)Bibliography
Appendix ‘A’
Front-page and Cover

Title of the project (centered on two or more lines)

Submitted by

Name of the candidate

Division …. Roll No……..Class…..

of Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA


Symbiosis International University, PUNE

In

Month, year

Under the guidance of

Name of guide

Designation and official address of research guide


Appendix ‘B’ – Certificate

CERTIFICATE

The project entitled


“------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
----------“submitted to the Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA for
Public Administration as part of Internal assessment is based
on my original work carried out under the guidance
of-----------------------------------------------from-------------------to
-------------------------. The research work has not been
submitted elsewhere for award of any degree.

The material borrowed from other sources and incorporated


in the thesis has been duly acknowledged.

I understand that I myself could be held responsible and


accountable for plagiarism, if any, detected later on.

Signature of the candidate


Date:
Appendix ‘C’ – first few pages

The first few pages of the thesis should be as under:

Page -Title page (Appendix A)


Page -Certificate (Appendix ‘B’) signed by candidate and
counter signed by research guide
Page -Acknowledgements
Page- Interim Submission
Page -Index
Page -List of Tables (If any)
Page -List of Figures (If any)
Page- Contribution
Page -Bibliography (As per Appendix D)
Appendix ‘D’-RULES OF CITATION/BIBLIOGRAPHY

The Bibliography should contain a list of all the books,


journals, articles and pamphlets that the researcher has
consulted during the course of the study. It should be
arranged alphabetically.

The entries in the bibliography should be made adopting the


following order:

For books, the order should be as under:

1. Name of author, last name first, followed by initials


2. Title of book in italics
3. Publisher: Edition, if any, year of publication and Place of
Publication
4. The pagination
Illustration; Kothari, CR. “Quantitative Techniques”, (Vikas
Publishing House Pvt. Ltd: Edition I, 1978, New Delhi), pp.
43-46.

In case you use book by two or more authors then citation


should be in the following way:

Kothari, CR., & Kothari, RC “Quantitative Techniques (Vikas


Publishing House Pvt. Ltd: Edition I, 1978, New Delhi), pp.
43-46.

Kothari, CR., Kothari, RC & Patil, CR, “Quantitative Techniques


(Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd: Edition I, 1978, New Delhi),
pp. 43-46.

For journals, articles and pamphlets the order should be as


under:

1. Name of author, last name first followed by initials


2. Title of article, in quotation marks
3. Name of periodical, in italics
4. The volume and number of journal or periodical
5. Place, publisher and year of publication
6. The pagination
Robert, VR. “Coping with Short-term International Money
Flows”, the Banker, London, Vol VII, No 4, Sept 1991, p 995

In case you use an article by two or more authors then


citation should be written in the following way:

Robert, VR, & Robert, RV, “Coping with Shortterm


International Money Flows”, the Banker, London, Vol VII, No
4, Sept 1991, p 995.

Robert, VR., Robert, RV & Michael, VR, “Coping with Short-


term International Money Flows”, the Banker, London, VII,
No 4Sept 1991, p 995.

For Online Contents including Databases, Website


ARTICLE FROM A DATABASE

Schredl, M., Brenner, C., & Faul, C. (2002), “Positive Attitude


Towards Dreams: Reliability And Stability Of Ten-Item
Scale”,North American Journal of Psychology ,4, 343-346.
(Retrieved on December 16, 2004 from Academic Search
Premier Database)

NON-PERIODICAL DOCUMENTS ON THE INTERNET

Library and Archives Canada (2002), “Celebrating Women’s


Achievements:
Women Artists in Canada”, Retrieved on December 16, 2004,
from http://www.collectionscanda.ca/women/h12-500-e.html.

ARTICLE IN A NEWSPAPER OR MAGAZINE

Semenak, S.(December 28,1995),“Feeling Right At Home:


Government Residence Eschews Traditional Rules”, Montreal
Gazette, p. A4.
Driedger, S. D. (April 20, 1998), “After Divorce”, Maclean’s,
111(16), 38-43

Please note, In Place of the above rules of citation, if student


use ‘Blue Book of Citation’, it is authorized. Copy of the
same is available in the Symbiosis Law School, NOIDA
Library on request.