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AN ISO 9001: 2008 & 13485:2003 COMPANY

Allengers 325
(X-RAY GENERATOR)

INSTALLATION/SERVICE MANUAL

Our EU Authorised Representative:-


Medical Systems Ltd. JMC Medical Sprl,
S.C.O. 212-214, SEC. 34-A, 58, Avenue du Parc de Woluwe
CHANDIGARH (INDIA) B-1160 Bruxelles
TEL.: +91-172-3012287, 3012285, Belgium
FAX: +91-172-2621912 Tel: +32.2.672.56.44
E-mail: export.service@allengers.net Fax: +32.2.662.29.92
Website: www.allengers.com E-mail: jmc@beon.be

We Aim For Your Delight


PREFACE

This Installation and Service Manual of Allengers 325 X-Ray Machine


covers all aspects of Installation and Servicing of the Machine.

The Manual covers the Installation Procedure & checkpoints, Circuit


Diagram, its Explanation, Calibration Procedure, Trouble Shooting and
major parts list.

Although all efforts have been made to keep this Manual simple to
understand, in case of any clarification, Allengers International Customer
Care Cell can be contacted for more detailed information on any aspect.

It is assumed that anyone referring to this manual and attempting to service


the X-Ray Machine has relevant Technical background and Training to
service this Equipment.

This Manual is company’s confidential document and is meant to be


circulated only to company’s Service Engineers and authorized Service
Dealers.

Photocopying and free circulation of this document is prohibited.


Contents

CONTENTS

1. System Overview………………………………………………….. 1

1.1 Introduction…………………………………………………… 1
1.2 Technical Specifications……………………………………… 4
1.3 Description of Control………………………………………... 5

2. Packing List………………………………………………………... 9

3. Unpacking Instructions…………………………………………… 10

4. Infrastructural Requirements for Installation………………….. 11

4.1 Supply and Wiring Requirements……………………………... 11


4.2 Earthing Requirement…………………………………………. 11
4.3 Suggested Room Plan…………………………………………. 12
4.4 Air Conditioning………………………………………………. 14
4.5 Environmental Conditions…………………………………….. 15
4.6 Room Layout Approval from BARC/AERB………………….. 15

5. Installation Procedure…………………………………………….. 16

5.1 Inter Connections of Various Assemblies……………………... 16


5.2 Assembly Procedure…………………………………………... 18
5.3 Installation Checkpoints………………………………………. 20

6. Circuit Diagram & Circuit Explanation…………………………. 23

7. Calibration & Testing…..…………………………………………. 31

7.1 Energizing the Equipment…………………………………….. 31


7.2 Carrying out Preliminary Tests………………………………... 31
7.3 Calibrating the Equipment…………………………………….. 32
7.4 Procedure for carrying out QA Tests as per Regulatory Board 43

8. Troubleshooting…………………………………………………… 44

9. Post Installation Instructions……………………………………... 52

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Contents

10. Dark Room Procedures & X-Ray Film Processing……………. 53

11. Radiation Monitoring & Protection…………….………………. 54

12. Preventive Maintenance Procedure…………………………….. 55

13. Preventive Maintenance Check Points………………………….. 56

Checked By__________________________

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual


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Approvals

This machine is type approved for Mechanical, Electrical & Radiation safety standards by following
regulatory boards:

PRODUCT APPROVALS

¾ Approved for meeting Radiation Safety


Standards by Atomic Energy Regulatory
Board (AERB)

¾ Approved for meeting Mechanical &


Electrical Safety Standards by Bureau of
Indian Standards (BIS)

¾ CE Certified; Approved for meeting


International Safety Standards

SYSTEM APPROVALS

¾ ISO 9001:2008 & ISO 13485:2003 Approved


for meeting Quality Management System
Requirements

_________________________________________________________________________________
Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual
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System Overview

1. SYSTEM OVERVIEW

1.1 INTRODUCTION

Allengers 325 is an all-purpose high power Diagnostic X-Ray Generator, which caters to all
the requirements of generalized and specialized Radiography when used with Manual or
motorized table. This generator is also available in various options like Fluoro/Spot Filming
capabilities. This can also be made available for R+F Tables having I.I. T.V. System.

This unit incorporates State - of – the- Art technology and is designed keeping in mind the

diverse requirements of the Radiologists. It is a Solid State Silicon Rectified Unit (Two

Pulse) and consists of Control Panel, High Voltage Tank, High Voltage Cables & X-Ray

Tube Head with a collimator.

This unit can be supplied in different combinations of Tube Stands, Tables & Vertical Bucky
Stand as per individual customer requirement.

This machine is Type Approved for Electrical and Mechanical Safety Standards and for the
Radiation Safety (vide IS: 7620) from the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB), Govt.
of India, thus making it entirely safe from the Radiation Hazards.

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System Overview

The unit consists of following modules:

1. CONTROL

2. H.V. TANK*

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System Overview

3. X-RAY TUBE

4. H.V. Tank is also available for two Tubes operation.*


5. IMAGE INTENSIFIER*
6. TROLLEY WITH MONITORS*
7. TUBE STAND*
8. TABLE*
9. VERTICAL BUCKY STAND*
* OPTIONALLY AVAILABLE AS PER CUSTOMER REQUIREMENT (REFER INSTALLATION
MANUAL OF RESPECTIVE SYSTEM)

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System Overview

1.2 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS


Parameters Specifications
Output (As per IS: 7620) 30 KW
Max. mA output 300 mA
Radiographic KVP 35–125 KVP
(Selectable in Steps by Major and Minor KVP
Selector Switch)
Fluoroscopy KVP* 45-100 KVP
(Selectable in steps by Selector Switch)
Radiographic Timer 0.01 to 5 Seconds (in 24 Steps)
Fluoroscopy Timer* Commulative timer of 5 Minutes
Radiographic mA 50 mA, 100 mA at Small Focus
200 mA, 300 mA at Large Focus
Fluoroscopic mA* Up to 3 mA maximum
Electronic Overload Simultaneous protection from excess selection of
mA, Time, KVP and input voltage.

Voltage Compensator Switch For input voltage variations


Tube Head with Collimator Indian/Imported Rotating Anode, Dual Focus 20/40
KW X-Ray Tube Unit with Light Beam Device
(Manual or Motorized)
Small Focus: 1.0 mm Square
Large Focus: 2.0 mm Square
H.V. Cables One pair of High Voltage Cables of length 6 meters
(Diff. Lengths available on request)
Power Supply 440 Volts, AC, 50/60 Hz. 3 Phase Max. Allowable
Line Regulation ± 10 %
Digital Displays KVP, FmA & mAS
Visual Indicators X-Ray ON, Live ON, Overload

*OPTIONALLY AVAILABLE AS PER CUSTOMER REQUIREMENT

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System Overview

1.3 DESCRIPTION OF CONTROL

16 17 18 19 20

14 15

1 13

2 12

3 11

4 5 6 7 8 9 10

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System Overview

Description of Control Functions

1. Fluoroscopic KVP Selector:

Used to select Fluoroscopic KVP from 45 to 100 KVP in steps of 5 KVP. This
function works only in machines provided with Fluoroscopy mode.

2. Voltage Compensator Switch:

Used to adjust Voltage on Voltmeter in fine steps.

3. Fluoroscopy/Radiography Mode Selection Switch:

Used to select either Radiographic or Fluoroscopic / Spot Filming Mode

4. Ready Switch:

Used to start Rotor & Filament Boosting.

5. X-Ray Switch:

X-Ray switch when pressed keeping the Ready switch pressed starts exposure.
Exposure terminates after preset time.

6. Horizontal/Vertical Bucky Selection Switch:

When we switched ON the machine “HORIZONTAL” Bucky will energize by


default. If we press “VER” switch then “VERTICAL” Bucky will select.

7. ON Switch/OFF Switch:

These Switches are used to energize/de-energize the equipment. By pressing ON


Switch equipment get energizes and by pressing OFF Switch it de-
energizes.

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System Overview

8. Fluoro mA Increase/Decrease Switch (Only in Machines with


Fluoroscopy option)

When (+) switch is pressed, Fluoro mA increases & when (-) switch is pressed,
Fluoro mA decreases.

9. Fluoro Timer Reset Switch:

This switch is used to reset the Fluoro timer after completing 300 seconds of Fluoro
exposure cycle.

10. X-Ray Indicator:

This indicator glows when X-Ray exposure is taking place.

11. Overload Indicator:

Glows when selected parameters viz. KVP, mA, Time or input voltage exceed Tube
Rating Chart.

12. Radiographic Minor KVP Selection Switch:

Used to adjust Radiographic KVP in fine steps.

13. Radiographic Timer Switch:

Used to select radiographic time from 0.01 to 5 sec. in 24 steps.

14. Technic Selector Switch:

Used to select Radiographic mA from 50, 100, 200 or 300 mA.

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System Overview

15. Radiographic Major KVP Selection Switch:

Used to adjust Radiographic KVP in coarse steps.

16. Voltmeter: 230 V.A.C.:

Indicates Input Voltage to the machine.

17. Fluoro mA Digital Display:

Displays Fluoroscopic mA. This function works only in machines provided with
Fluoroscopy. In Radiography machines, display remains blank.

18. mAs Digital Display:

Displays mAs as per mA selected from Technic selector and Time selected from
Timer switch.

19. Radiographic KVP Display:

Displays active Radiographic KVP.

20. mA Meter:

Indicates Tube Current during exposure.


Exposure

Ready
A. HAND SWITCH

This is used to press Ready switch and Exposure switch using retractable type cord

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Packing List

2. PACKING LIST

Sr. No. Items Box Size in Inches


(L x B x H)
1 Control Panel 32 x 28 x 50
3 H.V. Tank (Single Tube operation) 25 x 24 x 27
H.V. Tank (Double Tube Operation) 30 x 24 x 34
4 Tube Head 16 x 14 x 32
5 (H.V. Cables + Collimator + Accessories)* 26.5 x 26.5 x 23

* No separate box provided in case Allpose / Multipose / Floatex Table is


given in combination

Above is the standard packing list of Allengers-325. Actual contents of packing


may vary depending upon the combination ordered.

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Unpacking Instructions

3. UNPACKING INSTRUCTIONS

Optimum care is taken while packing the machine so that the machine must reach to the final
destination without any scratches and must be free from any transportation damages. The
machine is first packed in Polythene sheet & then further packing is done either using
foam/thermocole sheet. The outer carton could be of cardboard box or wooden ply packing.
The wooden boxes are packed with the nails and metallic strips wound with the nuts and
bolts.

The Service Engineer should study the following safety points before installing the machine
at the customer’s place:

! Utmost care should be taken while unpacking the boxes.

• Always make sure that while unpacking the boxes the items contained in them do not
get damaged.

• While removing the screws, bolts or nuts from the boxes, make sure that the
instrument used for removing the screws, bolts or nuts do not penetrate in the box and
subsequently damage the contents of the box.

• Extra Care should be taken while opening the heavier items as any sort of
carelessness can cause injury to the person handling the item.

Follow the procedure below to open the packing:

(i) Remove the metallic strips by opening the nuts and bolts with the spanners.
(ii) Remove the wooden packing from the sides by removing the nails. Care must be
taken so that the contents of the box are not hit accidentally.
(iii) Remove the thermocole packed material from the cardboard boxes after removing
the packing tapes used to close the boxes (wherever applicable) and then remove
thermocole packing sheet and polythene sheet by removing packing tape.

The unpacked parts must not be kept on the floor and can be kept on the packing sheets
removed earlier to avoid any scratches on the parts and to keep them clean. Do not touch the
parts with dirty hands or rub them with a piece of cloth to avoid any dirt marks on the parts.

Check the contents of Packing as per Packing List along with the machine and report any
damages or short shipments if any in prescribed format to Head Office.

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Infrastructural Requirements

4. INFRASTRUCTRAL REQUIREMENTS

4.1 SUPPLY AND WIRING REQUIREMENTS

Input Supply:

„ 3 Phase 440 V AC
„ 50/60 Hz.
„ Line Resistance of 0.2 Ohms
„ 24 kW
„ Mains Switch: 63 Amps. 3 Phase, 440 Volt AC, 50/60 Hz.

Wiring Requirements:

„ Pole to Electricity Meter-4 core, 20-25 mm2


„ Electricity Meter to Mains Switch-10 mm2
„ Mains Switch to Control -10 mm2
„ Control to HV Tank
„ P1, P2 & G-10 mm2
„ XS, XL, A1 & mA-2.5 mm2/1.5 mm2
„ LBD-1.5 mm2
„ Control to Rotor -3 core, 2.5 mm2
„ Control to Table Bucky-1.5 mm2
„ Control to Vertical Bucky-1.5 mm2

4.2 EARTHING REQUIREMENT

It is strongly recommended that independent earthing at zero potential is available


at Mains switch in the X-Ray Room where machine is to be used. Independent
earthing not only enhances the performance and reliability of the equipment but it
is also safe for the operating staff as well.

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Infrastructural Requirements

4.3 SUGGESTED ROOM PLAN

OPEN AREA

CHEST STAND

WINDOWS ABOVE TABLE


2.5 m HEIGHT
ALLOWED)

PROTECTIVE
BARRIER DOOR
(LEAD LINED)
TUBE STAND

CONTROL
PANEL

CHANGE
CASSETTE PASS ROOM
BOX

DOOR

DARK ROOM
LIGHT TRAP

AIR DOOR
CONDITIONER

SIMPLEST LAYOUT OF X-RAY ROOM AND DARK ROOM


(FOR ROUTINE PROCEDURES IN A SMALL HOSPITAL)

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Infrastructural Requirements

4.3.1 X-Ray Room Layout Requirements

1. Location of X-Ray Installation:

The rooms housing diagnostic X-Ray units and related equipment should be located
as far away as feasible from areas of high occupancy and general traffic, such as
maternity and paediatric wards and other departments of the hospital that are not
directly related to radiation and its use.

2. Layout:

The layout of rooms in X-ray department should aim at providing integrated facilities
so that handling of X-ray equipment and related operations can be conveniently
performed with adequate protection. The number of doors for entry to the X-ray room
should be kept to the minimum. The doors and passages leading to the X-ray
installation should permit safe and easy transport of equipment and non-ambulatory
patients. The dark room should be so located that the primary X-ray beam cannot be
directed on it.

3. Room Size:

The room housing an X-ray equipment must be spacious enough to permit


installation, use and servicing of equipment with safety and convenience for he
operating personnel, the servicing personnel and the patient. The room size must not
be less than the 25 sq. m. for a general purpose X-ray machine.

4. Shielding:

Appropriate structural shielding shall be provided for the walls, the ceiling and the
floor of the X-ray room so that doses received by workers occupationally exposed to
the radiation and the members of the public are kept to a minimum and shall not
exceed the annual effective dose equivalent limits of 50 mSv and 1 mSv respectively.
The doors of an X-ray room shall provide the same shielding as that of the adjacent
walls incase persons are likely to be present in front of them when the X-ray unit is
energized. Appropriate shielding must be provided for the dark room to ensure that
undeveloped X-ray films stored in it will not be exposed to more than an air kerma
rate of 10 uGy per week (approximately 1.13 mR per week).

5. Openings and Ventilation:

Unshielded openings, if provided in an X-ray room for ventilation or natural light etc.
must be located above a height of 2.5 meters from the ground/floor level outside the
X-ray room.

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Infrastructural Requirements

6. Illumination Control:

Room housing fluoroscopy equipment must be so designed that adequate darkness


can be achieved conveniently when desired in the room. A suitable red light must be
provided in the room for the use of radiologist after dark adaptation.

7. Equipment Layout:

The X-ray equipment must be installed in such a way that in normal use the useful
beam is not directed towards control panel, doors, windows or areas of high
occupancy. The useful beam should preferably be directed towards unoccupied areas
of high occupancy. Sufficient area should be left around the X-ray table for safe and
free movement of equipment/trolley, radiology staff and service personnel.

8. Control:

In case of diagnostic X-ray equipment operating at 125 KV or above, the control must
be installed in a separate control room located outside but contiguous to the X-ray
room and provided with appropriate shielding.

9. Waiting Areas:

Patient waiting area must be provided outside the X-ray room.

10. Warning Light And Placard:

A suitable warning signal such as a red light must be provided at a conspicuous place
outside the X-ray room and kept ‘ON’ when the X-ray unit is in use to prevent
inadvertent entry of persons not connected with the examination. An appropriate
warning placard must also be posted outside the X-ray room.

4.4 AIR CONDITIONING

Although it is not mandatory to use this equipment in air-conditioned environment but


maintaining a room temperature in the range of 25 to 30o C helps in providing sufficient
cooling to the unit and thus maintaining proper functioning and reliability of equipment.

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Infrastructural Requirements

4.5 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS:

Storage

Temperature 0 to 40o C
Humidity Maximum 90% at 30o C

Operating Conditions:

Temperature 10 to 40o C
Humidity Upto 75%

4.6 ROOM LAYOUT APPROVAL FROM REGULATORY


BOARD/BOARDS

Note: PLEASE REFER TO YOUR COUNTRY’S RULES AND REGULATIONS AS


APPLICABLE TO MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC X-RAY EQUIPMENTS.

We suggest you to strictly follow the safety standards as applicable in your country for safety
from Electrical, Mechanical & Radiation related hazards.

No X-Ray unit shall be commissioned unless the layout of the proposed X-Ray installation is
approved by the competent authority.

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Installation Procedure

5. INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
5.1 INTER CONNECTION WIRING DIAGRAM

Do the electrical connections of 325 X-Ray generator as per wiring diagram given on next
page. In case of Motorized table, details of electrical connections are given in installation
manual of table.

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Installation Procedure

PH-1
PH-2

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Installation Procedure

5.2 ASSEMBLY PROCEDURE

1. Plan the location of various parts of machine i.e. Control, H.T. Tank, Table, Tube
Stand etc. in an X-Ray room (As per Room Layout Plan).
2. A proper Earth connection must be available & all parts of X-Ray machine must be
earthed.
3. Take measurements for lengths of different types of wires required as per their size.
4. Fix thimbles on different wires required for inter-connection of different parts as per
Inter connection details. Ensure that thimbles on all wires are not loose.
5. Connect Line terminal depending upon 2 Phase input voltage. If voltmeter reads
more than 230 V by adjusting voltage compensator switch.
6. Connect P1, P2 & Ground from control to H.T. tank’s P1. P2 & GND as shown in
inter connection details.
7. Connect filament connections from control to H.T. Tank as follows:
TS12-1 to mA of H.T. Tank.
TS12-2 to XS of H.T. Tank.
TS12-3 to A1 of H.T. Tank.
TS12-4 to XL of H.T. Tank.
8. Connect TS12-5 & 6 wires from terminal strip on H.T Tank for LBD supply of X-
Ray Tube.
9. Connect Rotor connections from control as follows:
TS5-1 to 5 on Tube.
TS5-2 to 3 on Tube.
TS5-3 to 2 on Tube.

10. Connect H.V. Cables from H.T. Tank to Tube Head as follows:
+ve of H.V. Tank to +ve of Tube Head.
-ve of H.V. Tank to –ve of Tube Head.

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Installation Procedure

PRECAUTION TO BE TAKEN WHILE ASSEMBLING H.V. CABLES AND H.V.


TANK

’ The Entire surface of the Bushing & Receptacle should be thoroughly cleaned for any dirt
or dust.
’ Jelly should be applied on the High Voltage Bushings of the HV Cables so as not to leave
any air between receptacles & bushings.
’ The Earth wire on the HV Transformer should be properly tightened.
’ All connections on the H.T. Tank & Tube Head should be firmly tightened.

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Installation Procedure

5.3 INSTALLATION CHECKPOINTS

5.3.1 Control Panel


‰ The control panel is placed above the pedestal.
‰ G.I. Earthing is fixed to the Control’s body.
‰ Control is placed on flat and even surface.
‰ Pipe couplers are fixed on the wirings entry and exit points.
‰ All wiring inside the control is with proper thimbles and harnessed so that the wiring
is away from wire wound resistors.
‰ Necessary Strain Relief (cable tie) etc. is fixed, so that, the wiring does not come out
when pulled.
‰ Earthing of the control is fixed properly.
‰ No hole in the control is left open so that Rats & Mice should not enter the control.
‰ All covers are fixed properly and no screw is left loose.
‰ All knobs are tight and are without any play.
‰ All meters are functioning properly.
‰ Movement of all the Switches is smooth.
‰ All the Digital Displays are functioning properly and the intensity is uniform.
‰ Panel plate is clean and is free from scratches.
‰ Control’s general appearance is tidy and clean.
‰ Wiring from control to H.T. Tank is underground / fixed on wall covered with pipe &
G.I. Earthing wire running along with it.
‰ FmA Knob has no play & the Pot is not broken.

5.3.2 High Voltage Tank

‰ H.T. Tank should preferably be kept on a wooden stand at least 6” high.

‰ No Oil Leakage is observed.

‰ G.I. Earthing wire connected to the Tank.

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Installation Procedure

‰ All wires are thimbled and fixed to terminals. Proper strain relief is used on wires so

as to avoid any disconnections.

‰ All wiring reaching up to the Tank is covered with pipe and couplers fixed at ends.

‰ High Voltage Cables are fixed firmly and oil/jelly is put in H.V. Cable receptacles.

‰ H.V. Cables routed through cable hanger fixed on tank.

‰ Covers are fixed on H.T. Tank and screws are not loose.

‰ H.V. Cable routing with Rotor and LBD Wire is proper.

‰ PVC Tape with buttons is used for H.V. Cable harnessing and routing is uniform
throughout up to the Tube.
‰ H.V. Cables are not lying on floor and cables in no way obstruct the movement of the
vertical carriage.

‰ H.T. Tank should not be obstructing the column (Round Pipe) movement while doing
under couch operations.

5.3.3 Fluoroscopy/Spot Film Device


‰ Lead Glass & Fluoroscent screen is seated firmly in place & is not loose.
‰ Lead Glass is not cracked.
‰ All switches on SFD are functioning properly & their mounting is not loose
(Particularly Hand Switches)
‰ The movement of SFD Grid & divider (Two in one) is smooth.
‰ The cassette carrier’s spring tension is not too tight.
‰ The cassette carrier’s movement is smooth.
‰ The 14” X 14” frame insertion is smooth & holds the cassettes firmly.
‰ The change over switch is functioning OK.
‰ SFD/Fluoroscopy mounting on C-Arm is not tilted & is straight.
‰ The locks of SFD/Fluoroscopy are engaging properly.
‰ The Tube’s movement for under couch operation is smooth.
‰ Cough Guard & lead flap is present on fluoroscopy/SFD.

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Installation Procedure

‰ Cassette stoppers/exposure position selectors are functioning properly.


‰ Movement of the LBD shutters from SFD is OK & switch panel SFD is mounted at
an appropriate place (not LBD).
‰ The Routing of SFD wires is proper & wires do not entangle with SFD/Tube stand.
‰ The fluoroscopy/SFD is counter balanced with Tube unit on C-Arm.
‰ All screws on assemblies are tight.
‰ All electrical functions of the SFD are working properly.
‰ The LBD’s centre & lead glass centre is matching (Tube with respect to lead glass).
‰ Films taken on SFD do not get cut/overlapped.
‰ X-Ray field as seen on fluoroscent screen does not extend beyond the size of lead
glass when the LBD shutters are fully open.

5.3.4 General Checks

‰ General appearance of machine is clean.


‰ Wooden Beam or U channel is painted.
‰ H.V. Cable routing is proper.
‰ Machine parameters are calibrated properly.
‰ Light & X-Ray beam matches.
‰ Filter in the Tube head cover is present.
‰ LBD doesn’t move on handling with respect to Tube Unit.

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Circuit Diagram & Circuit Explanation

6.1 CIRCUIT EXPLANATION

DRG. NO:-E-360-R5

Note:

1.The letters written in curly brackets {} denotes the location of part/ Component /
contact terminal in wiring diagram.

2.Abbreviation

• NO stands for normally open contact of a Relay / Contactor.


• NC Stands for Normally Close Contact of Relay/Contactor
• F stands for Fuse
• TS stand for Terminal Strip
• RE stands for Relay
• X-Mer stands for Transformer
• Ckt. Stands for Circuit
• CP, JP, CN, J stands for connector number of cards
• SCR stands for Silicon Control Rectifier
• MB Stands for Motherboard Card

Switching on Main MCB.

When we switch ON the MCB, 2-Phase supply is given from Bakelite Terminal Strip to HRC
Fuses (F1 & F2) and from Fuses to ON/OFF Contactor Terminals as given below-

™ Phase 1 is given to the RE1-C & D {A1} & ON/OFF Transformer {A1-B1},

RE1 Coil (Phase-2 to RE1 Coil is fed from Motherboard Card).


™ Phase 2 is given to the RE1-A & B {C1}, On/Off Transformer {A1-B1} &

Motherboard card connector CN4-1.


• Now ON/OFF Transformer gets ON & gives outputs of 0-12V AC & 0-12V AC to
Power Supply Card Connector CN1-1&2, 3&4.
• DC output (Relay Supply) of Power Supply Card CN2-1 (+12V DC) & CN2-2 (0V
DC) is fed to Motherboard Card Connector CN2-1 (+12VDC) & CN2-2 (0VDC)
• DC output (ON Supply) of Power Supply Card from CN2-3 (+12V DC) & CN2-4 (0V
DC) is fed to Motherboard Card CN2-3 (+12VDC) & CN2-4 (0VDC).
• Now Indicator along with OFF Switch gets ON.

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Circuit Diagram & Circuit Explanation

1. Switch ‘ON’ the Machine. The moment machine is switched ON, Relay RE1 (ON/OFF
Relay) gets energized and closes its NO Contacts.
2. Then Relay RE1 becomes ON as one Contact of RE1-ON-OFF is connected in series
with RE1-Coil.
3. When RE1 become ON it closes all its NO Contacts & supply to Machine become
available.
4. Select Radio or Fluoro Mode.
5. On selecting the Radio Mode from Panel respective Relay ‘F/R Mode’ become ON in
Motherboard Circuit.
Radiography Mode

6. When Relay F/R become OFF then, Relay RE14 gets energized and closes its NO
Contact as F/R Relay NC Contact is in series with RE14 Coil.
7. NO contact (RE14-C) in series with solenoid supply for selecting Overcouch Tube is
closed and NC Contact (RE14-C) in series with solenoid supply for selecting
Undecouch Tube is opened. High Voltage and Rotor connections from H.T. Tank will
be made with Overcouch Tube (Applicable only in Machines with Two tubes
operation).
8. 0V Supply comes through one of the Micro Switches connected against Coil of
Overcouch Solenoid in H.T. Tank to energize Relay RE16. NO Contact (RE16-A)
closes to give 24V Supply to Timer Card & Overload Card.
9. If all parameters selected on Control are within limits, Relay RE12 (O/L Relay), which
is in Overload Card gets energized and closes its NO Contact (RE12-B) in series with
Ready Relay RE2 and opens its NC Contact (RE12-A) in line of O/L Indicator.
10. Small or Large Filament of Tube starts glowing depending upon mA station selected
from Technic selector. Also P2 of H.T Transformer gets neutral supply.
11. On pressing the Ready Switch, Relay READY become ON in Motherboard Coil which
further energize the Relay RE2 and Relay RE8 gets energized.
12. NO Contact (RE2-A) in line of Filament gets closed and Filament now gets boosted
voltage.
13. NO Contact (RE2-E) connected in series with Bucky Supply gets closed.
14. NC Contact (RE2-G) connected in series with Fluoro Contactor RE9 gets opened.

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Circuit Diagram & Circuit Explanation

15. NO Contact (RE2-H) connected in Rotor Circuit gets closed to supply neutral to
Current Transformers to complete the path of Rotor and Stator of Tube so that Rotor
starts moving at 230V.
16. NC Contact (RE2-I) connected to KVP Card gets opened.
17. Due to flow of current in Current Transformer’s (connected across rotor winding)
Primary Winding, Voltage is induced in Secondary and Relay RE3A gets energized.
18. NO Contact (RE3A-A) gets closed and gives supply of 24V to Timer Card.
19. Due to flow of current in another Current Transformer’s (connected across Stator
Winding) Primary Winding, Voltage is induced in Secondary and Relay RE3 also gets
energized.
20. NO contact (RE3-A) connected in series with Relay RE6 (Exposure Start Relay) gets
closed.
21. Due to supply of 24V in Timer Circuit, Capacitor of 470 μF in Timer Circuit starts
charging. After time delay of 0.8 or 1.5 seconds depending upon Tube, Capacitor gets
fully charged and supply is now available to Time Delay Relay RE4 in Timer Card so
that RE4 gets energized.
22. NC Contact (RE4-A) connected to 230 V for supplying this voltage to Rotor gets
opened and NO Contact (RE4-B) connected to 70 V gets closed to supply 70 V to
Rotor.
23. NC Contact (RE4-B) connected in series with 1K Resistance across Current
Transformer gets opened so as to Compensate the Voltage drop across Relay RE3 due
to voltage cut off from 230V to 70V.
24. Due to voltage drop across Resistance of 6.2 ohms connected in series with 70V
Supply to Rotor Circuit, supply goes to input of Bridge Rectifier and Relay RE5
connected across Bridge Rectifier’s output gets energized.
25. NO Contact (RE5-A) connected in line of Relay RE6 (Exposure Start Relay) gets
closed.
26. As Relay RE8 is energized (along with Relay RE2), NO Contacts (RE8-A, RE8-B &
RE8-C) also gets closed.
27. On pressing X-Ray Switch, Exposure Start Relay RE6 gets energized.
28. NO Contact (RE6-B) connected Overload Relay RE12 in Overload Circuit gets closed.
This Contact is used to bypass the Overload incase of accidental Contacts.

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29. NO Contact (RE6-C) connected in series with Timer Chain in Timer Circuit gets closed
and starts charging Capacitor of 33 μF. NC Contact (RE6-C) connected across
Capacitor gets opened.
30. Relay RE7 (Radio Timer Relay) gets supply from Timer Card and gets energized.
31. NO Contact RE7-A connected in series with SCR Relay RE20 gets closed.
32. Relay RE20 gets energized and closes its NO Contact RE20-A in SCR Firing Circuit to
trigger the SCR. Supply goes to P1 of H.T. Transformer and Exposure Starts.
33. After preset Time selected from Timer Switch, 33µF Capacitor gets fully charged and
supply to Relay RE7 is disconnected. RE7 gets de-energized and NO Contact (RE7-A)
gets opened and de-energizes SCR Relay RE20.
34. Relay RE20 opens its Contact in SCR Firing Circuit and Exposure Stops.
35. Relay RE15 (KVP Locking Relay) is connected to KVP Locking Card. KVP Metering
Transformer and KVP Display Transformer gives Supply to KVP Locking Card, which
in turn energizes the Relay RE15.
36. KVP Locking Card senses the P1 P2 Voltage and if KVP is more that 125 KVP it gives
supply to Relay RE15 otherwise it keeps RE15 de-energized.
37. NC Contact (RE15-A) connected in series with RE8 Contactor gets opened in case of
more KVP and thus Exposure does not take place.
Fluoroscopy Mode*

38. If fluoroscopy mode is selected then Relay F/R becomes ON & one Contact of F/R
Relay is in series with RE13 Coil & Relay RE13 will be energized. Undercouch
Solenoid Coil is selected as Undercouch Coil is getting supply through NC Contact
(RE14-C). High Voltage and Rotor connections from H.T. Tank will be made with
Undercouch Tube (Applicable only in Machine with Two Tubes operation).
39. 0V supply comes through one of the Micro Switches connected against Coil of
Undercouch Solenoid in H.T. Tank to energize Relay RE16. NO Contact (RE16-A)
closes to give 24V Supply to Timer Card & Overload Card.
40. NO Contact (RE13-A) connected in series with pot type resistance of 200 Ohms, 50 W
gets closed and supply goes to Small Filament and Filament starts glowing.
41. NO Contact (RE13-B) connected in series with Fluoro Contactor RE9 gets closed and
Fluoro relay RE9 gets energized.
42. NO Contact (RE11-C) connected in series with Relay Module gets closed and Relay
Module further initialize the Memory Unit for capturing images on Monitor.
43. NO Contacts (RE9-A, RE9-B & RE9-C) gets closed.

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44. NO Contact (RE13-C) connected in series with Foot Switch gets closed.
45. On pressing Foot Switch, Relay RE11 gets 0V Supply and gets energized.
46. NO Contact (RE11-A) connected in series with SCR Relay gets closed and SCR Relay
RE20 gets energized.
47. NC Contact (RE11-B) connected in series with Buzzer gets opened.
48. NO Contact (RE20-A) in SCR Firing Circuit gets closed and triggers the SCR gate.
Supply goes to P1 of H.T. Transformer and Exposure starts.
49. After time period of 5 minutes, Relay RE11 gets de-energized and NC Contact (RE11-
B) gets closed to sound the Buzzer.
50. Reset Switch is connected in parallel with Capacitor 1000 μF, 25V so that on pressing
this Capacitor gets discharged and gets Ready for charging when Foot Switch is
pressed again. If Reset Switch is not pressed before pressing Foot Switch again, then
Capacitor will make the RE11 to remain de-energized and Buzzer will sound.
Spot Film Mode*

51. If fluoroscopy mode is selected then Relay RE13 will be energized. Undercouch
Solenoid Coil is selected as Undercouch Coil is getting supply through NC Contact
(RE14-C). High Voltage and Rotor Connections from H.T. Tank will be made with
Undercouch Tube (Applicable only in Machines with Two Tubes operation).
52. 0V supply comes through one of the Micro Switches connected against Coil of
Undercouch Solenoid in H.T. Tank to Energize Relay RE16. NO Contact (RE16-A)
closes to give 24V Supply to Timer Card & Overload Card.
53. NO Contact (RE13-A) connected in series with pot type resistance of 200 Ohms, 50 W
gets closed and supply goes to Small Filament and Filament Starts glowing.
54. NO Contact (RE13-B) connected in series with Fluoro Contactor RE9 gets closed.
55. NO Contact (RE13-C) connected in series with Foot Switch gets closed.
56. On sliding the Cassette holder towards Lead Glass and Fluoroscent Screen, Micro
Switch i.e. Changeover Switch is pressed and energizes the Spot Film Relay RE10.
57. NO Contact (RE10-A) in series with Exposure Start Relay RE6 gets closed.
58. NO Contact (RE10-B) in series with Ready Relay gets closed and energizes the Ready
Relay.
59. NO Contact (RE10-C) in series with Filament Supply gets closed and supply goes to
Small or Large Filament depending upon mA Station Selected from Technic Selector
and Filament starts glowing.

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60. NC Contact (RE10-D) in series with 200 Ohm, 50 W pot type Resistance for supply to
Small Focus Filament opens and supply to Small Filament through pot type Resistance
cuts-off.
61. NO Contact (RE10-D) in parallel with 1000 μF, 25V Capacitor gets closed and
discharges the Capacitor. It also bypass this Capacitor so that Capacitor does not charge
and Reset Switch need not to be pressed each time for Spot Filming.
62. NC Contact (RE10-L) in series with Relay Module gets open so that on Pressing Foot
Switch Memory does not initialize.
63. NO Contact (RE2-A) in series with Filament gets closed and Filament now gets
boosted voltage.
64. NO Contact (RE2-E) connected in series with Bucky Supply gets closed.
65. NC Contact (RE2-G) connected in series with Fluoro Contactor RE9 gets opened.
66. NO Contact (RE2-H) connected in Rotor Circuit gets closed to supply neutral to
Current Transformers to complete the path of Rotor and Stator of Tube so that Rotor
starts moving at 230V.
67. NC Contact (RE2-I) connected to KVP Card gets opened.
68. Due to flow of Current in Current Transformer’s (connected across rotor winding)
Primary Winding, Voltage is induced in Secondary and Relay RE3A gets energized.
69. NO Contact (RE3A-A) gets closed and gives supply of 24V to Timer Card.
70. Due to flow of Current in another Current Transformer’s (connected across stator
winding) Primary Winding, Voltage is induced in Secondary and Relay RE3 also gets
energized.
71. NO Contact (RE3-A) connected in line of Relay RE6 (Exposure Start Relay) gets
closed.
72. Due to supply of 24V in Timer Circuit, Capacitor of 470 μF in Timer Circuit starts
charging. After Time Delay of 0.8 or 1.5 seconds depending upon Tube, Capacitor gets
fully charged and supply is now available to Time Delay Relay RE4 in Timer Card so
that RE4 gets energized.
73. NC Contact (RE4-A) connected to 230V for supplying this voltage to rotor gets opened
and NO Contact (RE4-B) connected to 70V gets closed to supply 70V to Rotor.
74. NC Contact (RE4-B) connected in series with 1K Resistance across Current
Transformer gets opened so as to Compensate the Voltage drop across relay RE3 due to
voltage cut off from 230V to 70V.

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75. Due to voltage drop across Resistance of 6.2 ohms connected in series with 70V supply
to Rotor Circuit, supply goes to input of Bridge Rectifier and Relay RE5 connected
across Bridge Rectifier’s output gets energized.
76. NO Contact (RE5-A) connected in line of Relay RE6 (Exposure Start Relay) gets
closed.
77. X-Ray Contactor RE8 also gets energized after sliding cassette holder and closes its
NO Contacts (RE8-A, RE8-B & RE8-C).
78. On pressing the Foot Switch, Relay RE11 gets energized and closes its NO Contact
(RE11-A) in series with Fluoro Contactor RE9.
79. When NO Contact (RE11-A) closes, Exposure Start Contactor RE6 gets energized.
80. NO Contact (RE6-B) connected Overload Relay RE12 in Overload Circuit gets closed.
This Contact is used to bypass the Overload once X-Ray Exposure Starts.
81. NO Contact (RE6-C) connected in series with Timer Chain in Timer Circuit gets closed
and starts charging Capacitor of 33 μF. NC Contact (RE6-C) connected across
capacitor gets opened.
82. Relay RE7 (Radio Timer Relay) gets supply from Timer Card and gets energized.
83. NO Contact (RE7-A) connected in series with SCR Relay RE20 gets closed.
84. NO Contacts (RE20-A) in firing circuit gets closed and triggers the gate of SCR.
Supply goes to P1 of H.T. Transformer and Exposure starts.
85. After preset time selected from Timer Switch, 33µF Capacitor gets fully charged and
supply to relay RE7 is disconnected. RE7 gets de-energized and NO Contact (RE7-A)
gets opened and de-energizes SCR Relay RE20.
86. NO Contact (RE20-A) opens and stops Exposure.
87. Relay RE15 (KVP Locking Relay) is connected to KVP Locking Card. KVP metering
Transformer and KVP Display Transformer gives supply to KVP locking Card, which
in turn energizes the Relay RE15.
88. KVP Locking Card senses the P1 P2 voltage and if KVP is more that 125 KVP it gives
supply to Relay RE15 otherwise it keeps RE15 de-energized.
89. NC Contact (RE15-A) connected in series with RE8 contactor gets opened in case of
more KVP and thus exposure does not take place.

*OPTIONALLY AVAILABLE AS PER CUSTOMER REQUIREMENTS

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Calibration and Testing

7. CALIBRATION AND TESTING


7.1 ENERGIZING THE EQUIPMENT
7.1.1 The equipment must be energized after ensuring that the input voltage is correct,
earthing is connected to the equipment, all connections are correctly made, polarity of
H.V. cables is confirmed at Tube Head & H.T. Tank, there are no loose connections
and rating of fuses is correct.

7.1.2 The equipment should be switched ‘ON’ and voltage must be set at 230 V on voltmeter
before initiating any other step.

7.1.3 Wait for 5 minutes before exposure is initiated to ensure proper warm up of the
equipment.

7.1.4 Check filament glow inside the Tube Head through its window. If small focus is
selected from Technic selector on control then small filament should glow and if large
filament is selected from Technic selector on control then large filament should glow.

7.1.5 Always start with low rated exposure at low kV, mA & time and then gradually
increase the factors.

7.2 CARRYING OUT PRELIMINARY TESTS


Once the machine is energized, check the following in equipment:
7.2.1 No abnormal sound / sparking in the equipment.

7.2.2 No burning / overheating smell from equipment.

7.2.3 No auto running of tube rotor.

7.2.4 No fuse should blow.

7.2.5 Fluoro / Radiographic exposure should not initiate automatically.

7.2.6 Check Rotor circuit capacitor values 25 μF, 440 V

7.2.7 Check that all displays i.e. mAS, KVP etc. glow at all time intervals selected and at all
mA stations.

7.2.8 In case of double tube machines check that at Fluoro selection, the undercouch tube is
selected and at radio selection overcouch tube is selected. This can be verified by
looking at window in tube head for glow of filament.

7.2.9 Press “Ready” switch & observe that rotor of tube is moving.

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Calibration and Testing

7.3 CALIBRATING THE EQUIPMENT


7.3.1 Set the voltage on voltmeter at 230 V AC i.e. pointer at red band. Now check the
voltage with calibrated Digital Multimeter connected across the voltmeter. Voltage on
voltmeter should be within ± 2 Volts. If voltage is out of these limits then set the
pointer reading on voltmeter within ± 2 Volts of indicated reading on digital
Multimeter with the help of adjusting screw on top of voltmeter window.

7.3.2 Check the Radiography Timer Accuracy by disconnecting P1-P2 from the Tank.
Connect the Time Interval Meter / Counter Meter to the 1 No. Terminal of the TS-7.
For this purpose open connection from terminal 1 of TS-7. Connect one end of the
Counter Meter to the Open Terminal and one end to the Terminal End from where the
Connection has been removed. Press Ready switch and make an exposure. Check the
timer accuracy at 3-4 stations. If the time setting is not accurate to ± 2 %, then adjust it
from the 10 k pot in the Timer Card located near heat sink. To increase the time, turn
the pot in anti-clockwise direction. To decrease the time, turn the pot clockwise.

10 k POT

RADIO TIMER CARD

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7.3.3 Check the Fluoroscopy Timer Accuracy. With the help of the Wrist Watch or the
Counter Meter check the Fluoro Timer. It should sound the buzzer after 5 Minutes. If
buzzer does not sounds after 5 minutes then adjust it from the pot on the Fluoro Timer
Card. There are two pots on the Fluoro Timer Card. The upper pot of 10 kΩ on the
Timer Card will increase the time duration if it is turned in the Anti-Clockwise
Direction. This is meant for the Fine Setting. The Lower Pot of 1 MΩ on the Timer
Card will increase the time duration if it is turned in the Clockwise Direction. This is
meant for the Coarse Setting.

10 kΩ POT 1 MΩ POT

FLUORO TIMER CARD

7.3.4 Check the Overload Settings as follows:

mA KVP Time(Toshiba)
300 80 1.5
200 90 3.0
100 100 3.0

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Calibration and Testing

Overload Indicator should glow at all the above conditions. If required, overload
conditions can be adjusted from the pots provided for each mA station on the Overload
Card.

OVERLOAD CARD

7.3.5 Check for the FmA Pot locking and the movement ending at the end of the circular
movement.

7.3.6 Advance Contact has to be visually checked for its presence in case of Radiography
Contactor RE8 and Fluoro Contactor RE9.

7.3.7 Check for the Rotor Delay Time of 1.5 Seconds. After Ready pressing, listen the
ticking of the relay (RE4). The Relay should tick after the time spans mentioned
above. This time can be adjusted from the pot of 10kΩ in the Timer Card.

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Calibration and Testing

10 kΩ POT

RADIO TIMER CARD

7.3.8 Check the mA in mA meter at all stations by making exposure at 70 KVP. Adjust the
mA if required as follows:
Separate bands are provided on resistances for F, 50, 100, 200, 300 mA.. F, 50 & 100
mA bands are provide on small focus resistance of 750Ω, 200 W and 200, 300 mA
bands are provided on large focus resistance of 400 Ω, 200 W. If mA value is to be
increased in mA meter, then move the band for selected mA station in upwards
direction. If mA value is to be decreased then move the band for selected mA station in
downwards direction.

Large Focus
Small Focus Resistance
Resistance

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7.3.9 Check the functioning of the Booster Transformer. Select following parameters:
(i) 100 mA, 70 KVP, 1.25 Seconds
The filament supply should be stable during the Exposure. This voltage is noted down
with the help of the calibrated Analog Multimeter placed between Xs and A1. These
are terminals 2-3 of TS12. If voltage is not stable during exposure across these
terminals, then adjust the booster resistance of 30 Ω, 200 W to achieve stability.

Booster
Resistance

7.3.10 Repeat step as mentioned in 7.3.8.

7.3.11 Check the effect of space charge. Make exposures at the following parameters:
100 mA, 40 KV & 100 mA, 70 KV
Observe the mA at both the exposures. In case there is a variation of more than 5% in
the mA readings at two KVP values then adjust it from the space Charge Resistance
by moving band provided for 100 mA station.
Similarly, make exposure at 40 KV & 70 KV for 200, 300 mA station. And adjust the
mA setting from bands provided for 200, 300 mA stations. After adjusting space
charge resistance again calibrate mA as per step 7.3.8

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Calibration and Testing

Space charge
resistance

7.3.12 Check the Rotor Current of tubes. Place the calibrated tong tester around individual
terminals i.e. 1, 2, 3. Press the Ready Switch. Now note the two readings i.e. one
initially and second after some time delay for each terminal. The values of the
currents should be within the limits as follows:

Current Rotor Terminal Std. Values

Starting Current 1 5.0 – 5.5 Amps.

Current after time delay 1 1.0 – 1.5 Amps.

Starting Current 2 2.1 – 2.6 Amps.

Current after time delay 2 0.6 – 0.8 Amps.

Starting Current 3 4.1 – 4.5 Amps.

Current after time delay 3 0.9 – 1.2 Amps.

7.3.13 Check the Rotor Voltage of tubes. Place the calibrated Digital Multimeter between the
Terminals 1-2 and then between 1-3 and finally between 2-3. Press the Ready Switch.

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Now note the two readings i.e. one initially and second after 0.8 seconds time delay
between each set of terminals. The values of the Voltages should be within the limits
as follows:
Voltage Rotor Terminals Std. Values
Starting Voltage 1-2 220-270 V
Voltage after time delay 1-2 60-80 V
Starting Voltage 1-3 180-210 V
Voltage after time delay 1-3 50-60 V
Starting Voltage 2-3 280-330 V
Voltage after time delay 2-3 80-100 V

7.3.14 Check the P1-P2 voltage by placing calibrated digital Multimeter across P1-P2
terminals and making exposure as per following KVP chart. Voltages mentioned
below are On Load Voltages.
KVP Std. P1-P2 Voltage at
50 mA 100 mA 200 mA 300 mA

40 84 90 96 106

50 102 110 119 134

60 120 130 142 162

70 138 150 165 190

80 156 170 180 210

90 174 190 211 246

100 192 210 234 274

If P1-P2 voltage is not coming within ± 20 V at different mA stations, then calibrate


the KVP from bands provided on KVP adjusting resistances one each for 100, 200 &
300. If adjustment is to be made for the 50mA then this can be done from two pots
provided on the KVP Card. One pot is for coarse adjustment and second for fine
adjustment. Coarse pot when turned clockwise increases the KVP and vice-versa.
Fine pot when turned clockwise decreases the KVP. Pots on these cards will affect
the KVP settings at all stations. So, first adjust KVP at 50 mA station from these pots
and then adjust KVP at other mA stations from KVP adjusting band on resistances.

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Calibration and Testing

Coarse
Adjustment Pot

Fine Adjustment
Pot

KVP CARD

7.3.15 Check P1-P2 Current with Tong Tester. Also note down mA either visually on mA
meter or with the help of the mAS meter connected in series with the mA Meter.
The current mentioned in following chart is approximate value of current that flows
under normal operating conditions:
S.No. mA Station KVP Time (Seconds) P1-P2 Current
1 50 70 1.0 20 Amps.
2 100 70 0.8 40 Amps.
3 200 70 0.8 80 Amps.
4 300 50 0.8 120 Amps.

7.3.16 Check L.B.D. Supply across TS12 terminals 5-6 and TS11 terminals 9-10 (In case of
Double Tank Combination only) with calibrated digital multimeter. It should be
within 24 ± 1 Volts.

7.3.17 Check Bucky Supply across TS12 terminals 7-8 and pressing Ready switch. It should
be within 230 ± 10 Volts. For this purpose the Bucky should be at IN position.

7.3.18 Hand Switch is checked physically for its proper operation.

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Calibration and Testing

7.3.19 Check locking of KVP at upper position. If KVP selected is more than 120 KVP, then
exposure should not be initiated by pressing X-ray exposure switch. If exposure is
initiated on pressing X-ray exposure switch then adjust KVP locking as follows:
Select 100 mA and 121 KV. The Overload conditions should not persist. Adjust the
pot on the KVP locking Card and notice the ticking of the RE15 Relay. At this
position the pot should be left in its position. There are two pots for fine adjustment.

KVP LOCKING CARD

7.3.20 Check the filament voltage Boosting between A1 and XS & between A1 and XL by
placing calibrated digital multimeter between TS –12 terminals 2-3. Note down the
reading of the Voltage initially and then note the voltage of the Filament after
pressing Ready switch.
The Boosting of XS should be about 50 Volts.
The Boosting of XL should be about 80 Volts.

7.3.21 Check the No Load Current of the H.T. Transformer. No Load Current of the H.T.
Transformer should be less than 1 Amp. For this purpose disconnect A1 from the
Tank. Keep the factors at 100mA and 50 KV. Expose and then take reading by
placing calibrated instantaneous tong tester around P1 or P2.

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7.3.22 Check Vertical Bucky Supply (Incase it is provided) by placing calibrated digital
multimeter between TS12-8 & TS12-9 terminals (In case of X-Ray generator having
Radiography only) and between TS12-8 & TS19-7 (In case of X-Ray generator
having Fluoroscopy & Spot filming capabilities) Press the Ready Switch (Vertical
Bucky selected IN the circuit by Bucky selection switch provided on control) and
note the voltage. This voltage should be within 230 ± 2 Volts.

7.3.23 Check the Fluoro mA. Select Fluoro mode from control panel. Place calibrated tong
tester around P1 or P2 wires. Make exposure at maximum Fluoro mA by turning
Fluoro mA knob fully in clockwise direction and 70 KVP. Fluoro mA should display
3 mA and tong tester should display 1 Ampere. If reading is found different then
adjust it from F band on small focus resistance i.e. the same resistance from which 50,
100 mA bands are adjusted. If mA value is to be increased, then move the band for
selected mA station in upwards direction. If mA value is to be decreased then move
the band for selected mA station in downwards direction. At 1 Ampere on tong tester,
display should show 3 mA. If display value is not 3 mA, then adjust it from Fluoro
mA display card.

7.3.24 The Radiation and the Optical Field of the Collimator is always factory adjusted but in
case the adjustment gets disturbed then any shift in the X Axis can be adjusted with
the help of the Front Adjusting Screw. Any shift in the Y Axis can be adjusted with
the help of the Bulb. To check this select 100 mA, 60 KVP & 1 second. Place the
Fluoroscent screen under the collimator. Switch On the light field on collimator.
Adjust the light field to fall on area of fluoroscent screen. Switch OFF the light of
collimator and make exposure at selected factors in dark room. X-ray field must fall
on the area of fluoroscent screen. If alignment of light beam and X-ray field is not
matching then adjust either from front screw or bulb as required.

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Press to ON
Switch

Shutter Movement Knobs


Adjustment in Bulb for Shift in X-axis

Adjustment in Bulb for Shift in Y-axis

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Calibration and Testing

7.4 PROCEDURE FOR CARRYING OUT QA TESTS AS PER


REGULATORY BOARD
The aim of quality assurance (QA) tests in diagnostic radiology is to ensure good quality
images with optimal doses. Images of poor quality will necessitate retakes and can result in
unnecessary doses to patients, personnel and public and overloading of the machine. The
parameters that affect the quality of the image include:

1. Applied tube potential (kV)


2. Quantity of radiation reaching the film, which depends on the current and time of
exposure (mAs)
3. Focal spot size
4. Beam alignment
5. Congruence of optical and radiation fields
6. Contact between film and screen
7. Processing conditions

The QA programme begins with the specification of performance of the equipment at the
manufacturing stage (performance standards tests) and then includes the tests after
installation in the hospital (acceptance tests) to ensure conformity with the specifications.
The QA tests are carried out thereafter at regular intervals, after repairs that might affect
performance and when equipment malfunction is suspected.

The rate of film rejection – in other words, the number of retakes – may indicate inefficient
operation and this should be periodically analyzed to ensure good QA. This could also help
to identify performance deterioration, which requires service attention.

The radiologists and the radiographers should be educated on the importance of the QA tests.
The importance of obtaining good quality images keeping the doses to levels as low as
reasonably achievable (ALARA) to patients, staff and public must be stressed.
Simultaneously, requirements in respect of filtration, collimator, leakage radiation, safe work
practices and proper installation planning must be fulfilled.

The Q.A Tests as specified in the local radiation safety standards may be carried out. Please
refer to your country’s directives with regard to this.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 43


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting

8. TROUBLESHOOTING
S. Fault Possible Reasons for Fault
No. Symptoms
1 Machine does not Check three-phase supply at the main switch.
get ‘ON’
Check the fuses F1 and F2 (63 Amps HRC Fuses).
Check input supply 440 volts at Phase-to-Phase inside control.
Check the MCB, it should give continuity during “ON” position.
Check the continuity at TS11-2 and TS11-3. It should give continuity.
Check ON/OFF relay whether it is getting “ON” or not. If relay is getting
“ON” check the contacts of ON/OFF relay on Motherboard.
Check the contacts of RE1 contactor. This is a 4 NO NC, 16 Amp
contactor. All four contacts should give continuity when checked with
Multimeter by pressing its contacts manually. Also check the continuity of
On switch. It may be defective.
Check the voltage compensator switch. Some times if the machine is not
getting “ON” at a particular station the voltage compensator switch may be
open at that particular station, to check that select compensator switch at
that step and check the continuity of that particular wire up to Auto
transformer. This wire may be open from this end.
2 ON/OFF Not Transistor Q4 (CL 100) defective.
getting ON at
Motherboard
3 Voltmeter Check the three-phase supply at the Main Switch at its input and at the
showing half output side. One phase wire may be disconnected or one phase may be
reading missing from the main supply.

If 440 Volts input supply to control is available then check the 0 V wire for
voltmeter, it may be open at TS1-1.
If voltage at the back of voltmeter is 230 V but still voltmeter is showing
half reading that means voltmeter is defective.
4 F1, F2 Blowing These fuses F1 & F2 are H.R.C. fuses. These will only blow when the 63
off while Amps MCB used in machine is not working
switching ON the MCB Rating 32 Amp.
machine
1 no. Tap or 12 no. Tap of voltage compensator switch may be short
internally or externally. Due to this heavy current will flow through line or
neutral.
If MCB is functionally OK then it will trip. If MCB is not working then F1
& F2 will blow within seconds.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 44


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting
5 F3 Blowing while F3 fuse is connected in series with all relays, which are working on 230
switching ON the AC directly i.e. RE16, RE2, RE6, RE8, and RE9 & RE10 & also
machine connected in series with Fluoro filament circuit. So this fuse will blow due
to some problem in any one of these relays or circuit.
For checking problem in relays or particular relay circuit, disconnect
terminal TS8-6 (230 Volts Supply for all the relays) and check if fuse is
blowing. If fuse is not blowing now, then there is problem in some relay
section. Check all the relays coils by disconnecting all relay coils one by
one. The coil of any relay may be short internally or with the ground.
If all the relays coils are OK then there may be fault in Flouro filament
circuit. Check the continuity of TS8-6 & TS10-3 with GND or body of
machine. If meter is showing any continuity then FmA pot, or 400 ohm,
150 w is getting shorted with body of machine. Also if the XS terminal is
getting short with GND this fuse will blow. To check this disconnect
TS12-3 from control and check continuity.
In case of the machines with I.I.TV combinations, I.I. supply, Camera
supply or the Trolley supply may be short.
To check the camera supply, disconnect the wires from TS17-57 & TS17-
55 (This terminal strip is on the top of the auto transformer & supplies 12
Volts AC to the input of SMPS or regulated Camera supply). If the fuse
does not blow now, then there is a problem in this supply.
To check the I.I. supply, disconnect wires from TS6-1 & TS6-4 wires (This
is 230 Volts AC supply for the I.I.). If I.I. is rated at 230 V AC then this
supply will directly go to TS19-3 & TS 19-4. If the I.I. is rated at 24 Volts
DC then this supply will come to TS19-3 & TS19-4 through a SMPS or a
regulated supply. If the fuse does not blow now, then this supply may be
short.
To check the trolley supply, disconnect TS6-6 or TS11-12. If the fuse does
not blow now, then trolley supply may short with GND.
6 F4 Blowing off ABS Transformer used in SCR firing Circuit may be defective to check
while switching this disconnect TS 6-2 to bypass the SCR Circuit.
ON the machine F4 fuse is connected in series with neutral supply all relays, which are
working on 230 AC directly i.e. RE16, RE2, RE6, RE8, and RE9 &
RE10. So this fuse will blow due to some problem in any one of these
relays or circuit.
For checking problem in relays or particular relay circuit, disconnect
terminal TS8-6 (230 Volts Supply for all the relays) and check if fuse is
blowing. If fuse is not blowing now, then there is problem in some relay
section. Check all the relays coils by disconnecting all relay coils one by
one. The coil of any relay may be short internally or with the ground.
In case of the machines with I.I.TV combinations, I.I. supply, Camera
supply or the Trolley supply may be short.
To check the camera supply, disconnect the wires from TS17-57 & TS17-
55 (This terminal strip is on the top of the 12 Volts AC supply to the input
for the SMPS or for regulated Camera supply). If the fuse does not blow
now then there is a problem in this supply.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 45


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting
To check the I.I. supply, disconnect wires from TS6-1 & TS6-4 wires (This
is 230 Volts AC supply for the I.I.). If I.I. is rated at 230 V AC then this
supply will directly go to TS19-3 & TS 19-4. If the I.I. is rated at 24 Volts
DC then this supply will come to TS19-3 & TS19-4 through a SMPS or a
regulated supply. If the fuse does not blow now, then this supply may be
short.
To check the trolley supply, disconnect TS6-6 or TS11-12. If the fuse does
not blow now, then trolley supply may short with GND.
7 Overload Indicator Check F9 fuse (2 Amp). It may be blown.
Glowing Timer card may be defective – replace the card.
Continuously Over load card may be defective.
There may be no supply to the Timer Circuit. For this check the supply at
TS7-11 & TS7-12 it should be 24 V AC.
Check the thermal contacts at tube and in the control. The thermal contact
wire may be open from any side then the machine will show continuous
over load.
Check any dry soldering on over load chain provided on timer switch.
In the case of double tank, if the wire A0 is open from any side i.e. from
control or tank then this problem will occur.
Also check the contacts of RE3 (RE3-A contact is in series with the timer
card supply) and RE16 relay (In timer card input supply).
8 Permanent KVP card problem.
overload at There may be dry solder at the edge connector of KVP Card or at the edge
particular mA connector of Overload Card.
station
9 Fuse F8 Blowing Check for grounding of LBD supply wires due to cuts or cracks.
while switching Check for grounding of LBD supply due to shorting in connector.
ON the Machine Check for grounding of LBD supply due to shorting in lamp holder.
or LBD Check for Auto cut-off PCB in LBD for shorting of LBD supply wires.
10 Fuse F7 Blowing Regulator 7805 used in regulator supply card may be defective.
off while Any of the diodes used (4007) for AC to DC conversion may be short.
switching the Also ensure that AC supply at TS17-7 or 17-8 (TS-17 is on Auto
machine ON or transformer). It should not be more than 9 V AC.
while changing If fuse is still blowing then there may be the possibility that the diode 4148
mA station. used in mAs display card is short. To check this, disconnect the mAS card
from main connector & check again for blowing of fuse.
11 Fuse F9 Blowing Timer card, Over load card or Flouro Timer Card may be faulty, So,
off while disconnect these cards one by one and check blowing of fuse.
switching ON the Check the coils of RE12, RE14, RE13, RE4, RE7, and RE11 relays. All
machine or Ready the relays are 24 V DC relays if the coil of any relay is short then this
pressing problem may arise.
Any indicator i.e. Over load indicator or X-ray indicator, if short may
cause this problem. Check all the above indicators with the help of
Multimeter for short circuit.
12 Fuse F11 Blowing Wires for Bucky supply may be touching with ground.
off while pressing Synchronous Motor drawing heavy current. Check this by disconnecting
the Ready switch the Bucky supply.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 46


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting
and when Bucky is Check if the Bucky movement is jamming i.e. grid vibrating mechanism is
selected IN the not working properly.
circuit 0-12 V X-mer winding may be short (only in case of Allpose and Floatex
table). To check this, disconnect the Bucky supply from control or tank
side.
13 Fuse F12 Blowing Rotor winding may be short.
off Check resistance of rotor winding between TS5 2-3. It should be
approximately 30 Ohms for Toshiba tube.
14 Rotor not moving Check whether all the three wires are properly connected to tube rotor from
while pressing control TS5-1 to 5, TS5-2 to 3, and TS5-3 to 2 (5, 3, 2 are the rotor
Ready switch connection terminals in X-Ray tube on Anode i.e. +ve side).
Also check the continuity of three wires after disconnecting from one side.
Also check the F9, F6, and F5 fuses.
Check whether RE2 relay is getting “ON” or not. If relay is working then
check the RE2 relay contacts RE2-D, RE2–H and RE2- C.
Also check the continuity of current transformers in rotor circuit in control.
15 Fuse F5 Blowing Current transformer may be defective. To check this, remove TS5-4 wire
off when Ready and short this wire with TS14-2. Also short the contacts of RE3A relay in
switch is pressed rotor circuit. Now check the rotor working. If the rotor is working OK then
this means that the Current transformer is faulty. Change the current
transformer.
One winding of Tube Rotor may be short. To check this, remove TS 14-2
and check the working of the fuse.
16 Fuse F6 Blowing Any of the two windings of tube may be internally short. Check the
off when Ready resistance of tube rotor windings after disconnecting the rotor from control
switch is pressed side. The value of resistance between different windings should be as
follows:
I-II : 30 Ohm
II-III : 91 Ohm
I-III : 62 Ohm
Any wire I, II, III may be shorted with the body of tube after getting
disconnected from tube side.
17 Rotor voltage does Check if RE3 relay is getting “ON” or not. If not then check the current
not changeover transformer & RE3 rectifier PCB and RE3 relay coil.
from 230 V to 70 Check the RE3-A contact whether it is working properly or not.
V Check the continuity of TS5-8, 9, 10 respectively with TS7-8, 9, 10. These
points should show continuity with each other.
Check whether RE4 relay coil is OK or not by measuring the coil
resistance. If RE4 relay is not getting ON even if supply to RE4 relay is
available then replace the RE4 relay. (Coil resistance of RE4 may be
around 240 Ohms).
If RE4 relay is not getting any supply and RE3 relay and its contacts are
working properly then there is a problem in timer card. Replace this timer
card with new one.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 47


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting
18 Rotor gets This may happen due to relay RE3 getting de-energized after energizing
disconnected after RE4 & RE5. Relay RE3 may be de-energized after some time due to diode
some time and of RE 3 PCB getting short or open so that RE3 relay is not getting the
exposure is not supply properly.
taking place Also if the capacitor 25 μF, 440 V in rotor circuit is leaky then relay RE3
may get de-energized after some time.
19 Bucky IN/OUT IC U6 (MCT 2E 6 pin IC) defective.
not working Bucky IN/OUT Switch may be defective.
20 KVP decreasing KVP card may be defective.
after pressing
Ready switch
21 Exposure starts X-Ray switch may be short in control or in hand switch.
when Ready is SCR may be short.
pressed
22 Rotor is running Check whether relay RE5 is getting ON. If not, check Input voltage at the
but no exposure coil it should be 6 V DC.
takes place after To achieve 6V, adjust the band of 6.2-Ohm, 10 W resistance in rotor PCB.
pressing X-ray
Check RE5 relay coil and RE5-A contact.
switch
Check RE3A relay coil and RE3-A contact.
Check RE6, RE7, RE8 relays and SCR firing circuit
23 XS, XL, A1 Fuse F3 and F4 may be blown.
supplies not Check relay contacts RE10-C & RE14-A.
available at control Check for dry soldering on common point of Pole 2 & 3 of Technic
selector switch.
Space charge resistance 50 Ohm, 200 W may be open.
24 XS, XL, A1 Disconnect the –ve cable from H.T. Tank and check voltage between
supplies available Common & XS and Common & XL. It should be from 6 V to 12 V AC.
at H.T. but Continuity of tube filament XS and XL may be broken.
filament not Supply from H.T. transformer to filament may be broken. To check this,
glowing remove cables from H.T. tank and check voltage at tank receptacles. If
voltage is not coming, then rectifier diode or transformer may be open in
H.T. Tank.
If supply voltage is available, then continuity of H.V. cables of cathode
side.
25 P1- P2 supply not 0 V supply from Autotransformer or TS1-1 may be open.
coming at control Relay RE8 or its contact RE8-A, RE8-B and RE8-C may not be working.
SCR firing relay RE 20 may not be working. Check the RE20 coil. If coil
is OK, then check RE6-A & RE7 contacts in series with relay RE20.
Dry soldering in SCR firing card.
Dry soldering or open connection in Minor or Major KVP switch.
26 Exposure not Timer chain may be dry solder.
terminating after Check value of Timer chain resistance connected between TS7- 3,4
pre-set time. Or terminals. It should be 500 k Ohms.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 48


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting
Exposure is Timer card may be defective.
terminating as per
set time upto some
time settings but
after that continues
exposure at all
timer setting.
27 Exposure Timer Card may be defective
terminating before RE6-C contact not working.
or after pre-set Capacitor 33 μF, 40 V mounted in Timer Cad may need to be replaced.
time
28 Exposure not Transistor BC547 may need to be replaced in timer card.
terminating at Check the timer resistance chain on the timer switch.
particular time
setting
29 No mA output at Contact of kVp switch at that particular station may be open or dry
particular kVp soldered.
station. Wire from auto transformer to that particular station may be open.
30 mA meter needle Spark gap in H.T mA & GND may be less than 1 mm.
not deflecting mA meter may be defective.
31 mA meter needle Check NO Load Current of H.V. Tank i.e. P1 P2 current when cables are
overshoots. Or removed from H.T. Tank should be less than 1.0 Amp.
MCB is tripping How to check NO Load current of H.V. Tank:-
during exposure. i) Remove H.V. Cables form H.V. Tank.
ii) Put your Clamp Meter/Tong Tester around P1 or P2.
iii) Make and exposure at 60 kVP, 100 mA, 1.0 sec. And check the
reading of Clamp meter. It should read less than 1 Amp.
Tube may be gassey. To check this, remove A1 from H.T. Tank and make
exposure at 100 mA, 60 KVp. If blue light is visible in tube then tube is
gassey.
Cables may be defective. To check this, remove cables from tank side one
by one and make exposure at 100 mA, 50 KVp. If mA meter does not
overshoot then cables are defective.
H.T. tank may be defective. To check this, remove cables from H.T tank
and make exposure at 50 KVp. If mA meter overshoots then some
connection in H.T Tank may be short from inside. Also, NO Load Current
of H.T. tank i.e. P1 P2 current when cables are removed from H.T. tank
should be less than 1.0 Amps.
NO Load Current is OK.
i) mA output may be more hence recalibrate the machine.
ii) Problem still persists, change MCB with new one.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 49


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting
Check Load Current as mentioned below:-
i) At 100 mA 70 KV, 0.8 sec. = 40 Amp. Approx.
ii) At 200 mA 70 KV, 0.8 sec. = 80 Amp. Approx.
iii) At 300 mA 60 KV, 0.8 sec. = 120 Amp. Approx.
32 KVP Display has Relay contact 2-I may have stuck.
got stuck. Major or Minor KVP switch contact may not be positioned properly.
33 KVP displaying Replace IC 7107 in KVP
000 only KVP metering transformer may be defective.
Rectifier at output of KVP metering transformer may be defective.
34 LBD Bulb getting Connect 2.2 Ohms low value resistance in series with LBD Bulb.
fused frequently
35 Fluoro/Radio Fuse F9 may be blown.
changeover mode Toggle Switch or Micro Switch may not be working properly.
not working Voltage at TS 7-13 and TS8-7 terminals while Fluoro mode should be 24 V
DC.
Voltage at TS 7-13 and TS8-8 terminals should be 24 V. If this voltage is
dropping, check continuity of RE13 & RE14 relay.
Check the contacts of Fluoro/Radio mode relay mounted on motherboard
Card.
Replace IC U2 (MCT 2E 6 Pin IC) or IC U4 (4584) in motherboard card.
36 Fluoro to Radio or IC U4 4584 in motherboard card defective.
vice versa on
pressing Ready
switch
37 Fuse F10 Blowing No load current of H.T. tank is more then 0.80 Amps. At 100 mA, 50 KVP.
during Fluoro Tube may be gassey.
Exposure Fluor mA calibration is not correct. Fluoro P1 P2 current at 3 mA, 100
KVp should not exceed 3.8 Amps.
38 Radio exposure on Micro switch in SFD may be pressed continuously or it may be defective.
pressing exposure
switch in Fluoro
Mode
39 Fluoro/Radio Relay contact RE10-B may not be working.
Mode functional Transistor in Fluoro Timer card may be defective.
but no exposure
during Spot Film
40 Double Tank Fuse Rectifier PCB for solenoid supply may be short. To check this, disconnect
F-13 Blowing off the rectifier PCB input and check the fuse.
while switching Check solenoid coil resistance at C & SU or C & SO with Multimeter. It
ON the machine or should be between 900 to 1000 Ohms.
changing the mode SU, SO or C wire may be short circuited with GND.
Solenoid coil for particular mode may be defective if fuse is blowing at
that particular mode.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 50


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Troubleshooting
41 Poor Image Quality. i) Check the wires connected at booster resistance and
adjustable band for proper contacts.
ii) Check filament voltage during exposure. Filament voltage
should remain stable during exposure.

How to check the stability of filament voltage during exposure:-


a) Take Analog multimeter, select a.c. voltage range.
b) Put the leads of multimeter at terminal no. 3 and 4 of TS 12
i.e. A1 and XL.
Press ready switch, note down the voltage.
Make exposure at 200mA, 70 KVP, 0.8 sec. and look at the
needle of your multimeter, needle should not deflect in any
direction.

If needle deflects in any direction adjust the band of booster


resistance to make the needle stable during exposure.

iii)
Check the mAs and KVP calibration.
a) Connect your mAs Meter in series with mA meter
Mounted on control and place your KVP meter under
the direct beam.
b) Make exposure at 70 KVP and note down the KV and
mAs readings. Then make exposure at 50KVP and
100KVP and note down the readings of mAs and KV
meter. mAs values should be approximately same at
all the three KVP stations.
c) To make the mAs value approximately same at all the
KV stations adjust the band of selected ma station of
the space charge resistance.
d) Similarly check and correct the mAs at all mA
stations.
42 RE-7 getting on and Check the timer resistance chain. Timer switch is not making
exposure beep is contacts.
blowing upon
pressing Ready
switch but no
exposure.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 51


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Post Installation Instructions

9. POST INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS


9.1 The Party Code stickers and our Contact Numbers should be pasted on the equipment as
per the place specified.
9.2 Technic chart should be fixed near the machine and operator/customer should be
explained the Technic chart.
9.3 The Service Engineer should demonstrate the equipment to the operator. The operator
should be given training on essential Do’s and Don’ts like ---
a. Use as much of Shielding material as possible, use lead screens, lead aprons, lead
goggles and shields etc.
b. Radiation Dose should be as low as reasonably achievable.
c. Use collimators/cones and collimate radiation field to the smallest possible area.
d. Before giving an exposure for the first time in the day, try to warm up the
equipment for 10-15 minutes. For this purpose simply switch ON the machine and
leave it as it is.
9.4 The Equipment should be handed over to the customer. The Installation Report should be
properly filled along with the Warranty Card and required Serial Nos.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 52


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Dark Room Procedures & X-Ray Film Processing

11. DARK ROOM PROCEDURES & X-RAY FILM


PROCESSING
Dark Room Procedure:
To obtain the best results from the X-Ray Machine, following procedure should be observed in
Dark Room: -

1. A qualified and trained Radiographer should only be allowed to operate the


X-Ray Equipment.
2. Dark Room should be totally dark and no light should enter in the room.
3. Loading and unloading of films in the cassette should be done only in Dark Room under
standard safe light.
4. Films should be stored in Dry and Dark place.
5. The Intensifying screens should be handled with care and wet finger marks of any chemicals
should not touch the screens.
6. The Developer and the Fixer solutions should always be covered and preferably new
solutions to be prepared after every 2 Months or after 250 films.
7. The Temperature of Developer and Fixer to be maintained between 25 to 30 Degrees.
8. Solutions should be stirred with wooden stick each time films are dipped. Separate wooden
sticks, each for developer and fixer should be used.

X-Ray Film Processing:


1. Open the exposed cassette in the Dark Room.
2. Take out the exposed film and fix it in the hanger of suitable size.
3. Dip the film in the Developer. After about 15 seconds take out the film from the Developer to
visually observe the Developing status. Dip it again and take out to monitor the development
as frequently as possible.
4. Take out the film from the Developer tank after it is fully developed.
5. Dip the film in water to rinse all traces of developer on the film.
6. After proper rinsing, dip the film in the fixer. Let it be dipped in fixer for 5 Minutes.
7. Dip the film in running water to rinse and remove all the fixer from the film.
8. Dry the film either in open place or in film drier.
Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 53
Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Radiation Monitoring & Protection

11. RADIATION MONITORING & PROTECTION

11.1 Personnel Monitoring


Personnel monitoring is the evaluation of radiation doses received by the personnel
working with radiation.
The most commonly used personnel monitoring device is the film badge which consists
of a personnel monitoring film (PM Film) kept in cassette containing a set of filters. With
film badge, a wide range of doses from 10 mRem to 1000 Rem of different types of
radiation can be evaluated. The film serves as a permanent record and if worn on chest,
gives the most representative value of whole body dose under normal working
conditions.
The radiation dose received by radiation worker can also be determined by the use of
Thermoluminescent dosimeter (TLD) badge. This consists of three CaSO4:Dy TLD discs
embedded in a metallic frame work and enclosed in a multi filter cassette. The TLD
badge can be used to monitor Beta, Gamma and X-Ray radiations. The TLD badge can
cover a wide range of doses from 10 mRem to 1000 Rem.
In addition to PM Film & TLD Badge, radiation dose to personnel can also be assessed
by pocket dosimeters. Pocket dosimeters are very useful in certain operations, where the
radiation levels vary considerable and may be quite hazardous. They give on the spot
check of radiation doses.
It is always advisable that personnel handling the X-Ray machine should use TLD
badges, PM Films or other devices like Pocket Dosimeters to monitor the absorbed dose
within the safe limits.

11.2 Radiation Protection Accessories


It is advisable to all personnel handling X-Ray machines to use following radiation
protection accessories:

„ Lead Goggles
„ Protective Barrier
„ Lead Apron
„ Lead Gloves
„ Thyroid Shield
„ Gonad Shield

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 54


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Preventive Maintenance Procedure

12. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE


Preventive Maintenance of any equipment is very important to keep it in proper working
condition through out its life span. Timely and proper Preventive Maintenance not only
increases the life of the equipment, but it reduces the down time, hence savings on otherwise
expensive repairs. We must therefore try to be disciplined as far as the time schedule and the
procedure for carrying out the P.M. is concerned. The details given below would give
guidelines of P.M. procedure. P.M on all the equipments must be performed every 4 months
i.e.: thrice a year.

For optimum output of the equipment we should start writing the voltage drop during
exposure at Average working KVP Time and mA settings. This record at the time of
installation itself can be mentioned on the Machine History Card. The date and month of
Installation would help us actually know the extent of voltage drop as our experience
suggests that during the summer season; the voltage drop is on the higher side. During P.M
the Voltage drop can be checked with the reference value and is noted. Any increase in
Voltage Drop would thus be noticed and line checked for any loose connections etc. in the
mains switch/pole etc.

Inform customer in advance about your visit preferably through a letter/ telephone and agree
for a convenient time and date.

Allengers 325 Installation/Service Manual Page 55


Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011
Preventive Maintenance Checkpoints

13. PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE CHECKPOINTS


The following preventive maintenance procedure may be adopted for carrying out all P.M.
on the X-Ray Equipments.

A). GENERAL:
Whenever visiting for any Preventive Maintenance, please ensure to carry all the Tools,
Meters, Grease, Lubricants, Machine History Card and consumables like the dusters, polish
etc. Please make sure that your Multimeter is calibrated with a Standard Meter lying in your
Branch Office.
1. On reaching the Customer’s site enquire from Operator/Doctor for any specific
problems they are facing with the equipment.
2. Rectify first the problems as indicated by the customer and then proceed as under for
carrying out the Preventive Maintenance

B). PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE (ELECTRICAL)

1. Before attempting to carry out the P.M. switch ON the equipment and check the
working of the Machine electrically and mechanically. Observe for any flaws, which
should be rectified during the course of P.M.
2. Observe all the Electrical/Mechanical/Radiation precautions while performing the
P.M.
3. Switch OFF the Main Switch, open the cover and tighten any loose contacts/screws.
Also check the fuse wire Rating and it must comply with the Rating of the equipment
in operation.
4. Open the control panel cover. Keeping the Machine in “OFF” condition tighten all the
screws on the Terminal Blocks/Resistance Taps etc.
5. Check the rating of all the Glass Fuses and replace if necessary.
6. Open cover of X-Ray / Line Contactors and check that contacts are not worn out or
burnt. Check the operation of the X-Ray contactor. It should not be sticky.
7. Make the Machine “ON” and check the accuracy of the Voltmeter (On Red Band
your Multimeter should read 230 Volts).
8. On “NO LOAD” check the Accuracy of Timer with the cycle counter/ stopwatch.
9. Giving exposure at 65-70 KVP, check the mA output of Machine at different mA
Stations and calibrate the mA output if required. Calibration of the mA Meter should
also be verified with your Multimeter. Check P1-P2 current at this time. Observe for
any abnormal behaviour of the Machine i.e. sparking, sounds from the Tube Head,
H.T. Tank, Main Switch etc. Visually cheek the Voltage drop on your Voltmeter.
It should be within 10%. In case it is on the higher side, check if the wiring used in
the mains is of appropriate thickness. Advise the customer accordingly.

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Preventive Maintenance Checkpoints

Also check the filament supply during the exposure. It should remain steady. If not,
adjust booster resistance settings.
10. In case of 300/500 mA Machines, check for Tube Rotor sound and space charge
settings (i.e. the mA output of any station remains same if the KVP is varied between
40 and 85). Adjust if required.
11. Check the working of the Line and X-Ray contactors and clean the core and the
contacts of the X-Ray contactor.

C) MECHANICAL

1. Check all the movements of Tube Head, Tube Stand and Tables. Check for
functioning of all locks and ensure that all movements are smooth and noiseless.
Specially check for Vertical Carriage Up/Down Movement. Rectify wherever
required. Remove old grease with cloth and apply fresh grease on all movement areas
(wherever applicable).
2. Open the Table Top and brush out all the dust settled on the Grid and on the Bucky
Motor Area. Clean, apply lubricant and check the Bucky play, it’s lock and tighten all
nuts/bolts/screws in the Table.
3. You must ensure that the alignment of the Center Ray of Light Beam diaphragm
matches with the Table center and Bucky center (Adjust if required).
4. In case of the Motorized Table check the working of following:
a. SFD Movements
b. Table Movements
c. Functioning of the limit switches at the Horizontal and the Vertical positions
d. Check the functioning of the Safety micro switches
e. Check the functioning of the Electromagnetic Locks, prep switch, Hand
Switch and the change over switch.
f. The movement of the Table
g. Functioning of the Motorized collimator shutters from SFD. Adjust if
required.
5. Now check for Air Bubbles in Tube Head and ensure that all wires/cables on Tube
Head are tight. Check for bellow condition and any oil leakage. Ensure that the gap
between mA & G Plate is maintained at 2mm.

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Preventive Maintenance Checkpoints

D) X-RAY / LIGHT BEAM/ ALIGNMENT


1. Check and perform X-Ray/ Light Beam Alignment.
2. Check the LBD Bulb’s mounting and orientation. Incase LBD Bulb’s are fusing quite
often check the voltage if the voltage supply is on the higher side, reduce input
voltage to LBD Bulb.
3. Check the smooth movement of the LBD Shutters.

DI) CLEANING POLISHING


1. Clean the machine with dry cloth and for the stubborn stains, use cleaning agent and
polish. Do not allow any liquids to step in the control and other Electrical Areas.

DII) DARK ROOM

Check the Dark Room and its accessories for the following:
1. No light leakage in the Dark Room.
2. Safe light is of proper intensity.
3. Films used should not be beyond the expired dates.
4. Cassette locks are not loose.
5. Screen Quality should be OK and no staining of the screens.
6. Developer and the fixer are fresh and their temperature is maintained properly.
7. Wooden sticks are available for stirring of the Developer and fixer.
8. Radiographer/Operator is trained to handle Dark Room Accessories.

G) GENERAL

1. Enquire if radiographer/Operator needs any training for use of equipment & impart if
necessary.
2. Handover Equipment to customer.
3. Explain/show equipment to customer, apprise him of jobs undertaken.
4. Fill Machine History Cards and get the card/report signed from customer.
5. Inform tentative date of next Preventive Maintenance.

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Rev. ‘0’ Eff. Date: 12.02.2011