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I. Objectives

At the end of the lesson, the students will be able to:

a. determine the location and size of the images formed by curved
b. demonstrate how the four principal rays formed in curved mirrors;
c. appreciate the importance and uses of curved mirrors in our lives.

II. Subject Matter

A. Topic: Curved Mirrors

B. References: a. Light: Mirrors and Lenses. Science – Grade 10
Learner’s Material First Edition 2015, pp. 182-187
b. Science – Grade 10 Teacher’s Guide First Edition
2015, pp. 142-144
C. Instructional Materials: Power Point presentation, Multimedia
projector, Visual aids, Print Materials and Writing materials, speaker
D. Values: appreciation, experience and patience
E. Time allotment: 1 hour

III. Procedure

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity


Before anything else, let us pray and ask guidance

with our Heavenly Father.

Ms./Mr. ______ please lead the prayer. (Mr./Ms. _____ lead the prayer)


Good morning class! Good morning, Ms. Villarin! We are

glad to see you!

Please pick up all the pieces of paper and arrange (Students will pick up all the pieces
your chair properly. of paper or mess on their
perspective area and arranged the

Checking of Attendance

Ms. Gianan, the monitor of the class. Who are Ma’am I’m glad to say that no one
absents for today? is absent for today.
A. Activity Knowledge

Learning Task 1- Review

Before we proceed to our lesson, let’s have a Ma’am, we discussed about the
review. What is the topic yesterday? multiple images and the two types of

Then, what is multiple images? Multiple images are formed by the

reflection that happens when
arranging at least two mirrors.
Very good!

What are the two types of a reflection? The specular or regular reflection
and diffused or irregular reflection.


How does the concave mirror differ from the convex Concave mirror is a curved mirror
mirror? in which the reflective surface
bulges away from the light source
while the convex is a curved mirror
in which the reflective surface
bulges towards the light source.
You’re right!

It seems that you have an idea and knowledge Yes, it is, no further questions
about light and reflection. Any further questions, ma’am.

Learning Task 2- Motivation

The class will bring a spoon and they will observe

the image they see in the two sides of the clear
spoon. The teacher will ask a few questions and the
students will response based on their own idea.

 Have you seen your image on the two sides of

clear spoon?
 What do you notice about your image on each
of the two sides of the spoon?
 How will you compare your image from the two
sides of the spoon?

Okay class, as we based on our activity what do Ma’am, our topic for today is about
you think is the lesson for today? the curved mirrors.


B. Lesson Proper

Learning Task 3- Activity

Now class let’s have a group activity. As you can

see I have here five envelopes. Inside the
envelope there have a special task to do.
I will divide you into five groups. Each group will
be given 10 minutes to do and observed the
activity. Don’t forget that you need to answer the
following guide questions that were given.

In doing the activity, you must consider the

following rubrics:

Presentation 35%
Content 25%
Organization 20%
Time 20%
TOTAL 100%

List down the names of your group member and

their part in the activity. Is it clear? Is there any

Learning Task 4- Analysis

In the activity that you present, what happens to When you bring the flashlight near
the size and location of the image when you to the concave mirror, the size of
bring the flashlight nearer to the concave mirror? the image increases and the
location moves farther from the
Very good! mirror.

How will you describe the image formed in the The size of the image decreases
concave mirror? and the location becomes farther
the observer.

What is the generalization from the nature of The images formed by a concave
images formed by convex mirror and concave mirror can be seen on screen and
mirror? on the mirror while the images
formed by a convex mirror can be
seen only on the mirror.

Then, what kind of image was formed in concave Therefore, images formed by
mirrors? concave mirrors can be real and
virtual, depending on the location of
the object. The images formed by
convex mirrors are virtual.
Good job!

Class, give yourself a fireworks clap!

Learning Task 5- Abstraction

Students, what are the three important points in The center of curvature, vertex and
locating the image formed in curved mirrors? the focal point or focus.
Give the four principal rays in curved mirrors. The P – F ray, F – P ray, C – C ray,
and the V ray are the ‘Four
Principal Rays’ in curve mirrors.
These rays, applied for concave
and convex mirrors.

What is the used of ray diagramming? Ray diagramming is used in the

graphical method of locating the

Why does the curved mirrors important in our As convex mirrors give a wider
everyday lives? Give an example. range of view than plane mirrors of
the same size, they are sometimes
used in shops and supermarkets to
watch for shoplifters. Shaving and
make-up mirrors are often concave
because they produce a magnified
image when held close.
Excellent! It means that you are really listening to
the topic.

Learning Task 6- Application

The class will observe the different kinds of curved

mirrors and they will identify what kind of curved
mirror presented in the screen. The class will also
answer the following question:

What are the uses of these mirrors in our (Example answer)

everyday living? Head mirror is a concave mirror
that is used E.N.T. specialist. They
put the concave mirror on their
patient’s forehead. When the light
rays from the light source is
reflected from the concave mirror, it
is focused into the ear, nose, or
throat of the patient making the
infected parts more visible.
VI. Evaluation

I. Direction: Bring out ¼ piece of paper. Write the correct answer.

________1. The point between the center of the curvature and vertex.
________2. It is used in the graphical method of locating the image.
________3. The center of the mirror
________4. The center of the sphere of which the mirror is part, its distance from
the mirror is known as the radius
________5. It is called Diverging Mirror because the parallel incident rays
diverge after reflection.

II. Give atleast five (5) uses of concave and convex mirror to our lives.
(5 pts.)

1. Focal point
2. Ray diagramming
3. Vertex
4. Center of curvature
5. Convex mirror
6-10. Shaving mirrors, Head mirrors, Ophthalmoscope, Astronomical telescopes,
Headlights, Solar furnaces, Mirrors in convenient stores, magnifying glass,

V. Assignment

1. Draw the four principal rays of concave and convex mirror in a graphing
2. Research about the refraction of lenses.

Reference: Lights: Mirrors and Lenses. Science – Grade 10 Learner’s Material

First Edition 2015.

Prepared by:


Student Teacher

Checked and Submitted to:

Cooperating Teacher, SRNHS
Activity 5
Images Formed by Curved Mirrors

Describe the location, size, and orientation of the images formed by curved

• Improvised optical bench • Screen or white cardboard
apparatus • Flashlight
• Curved mirror (concave and • Meter stick
convex) • Sheet of paper (colored black)
• Mirror stands


1. Cut a U-shaped object from a cartolina

with a size that fits the glass cover of the
flashlight. Attach the U-shaped object to the
cover of the flashlight. Refer to Figure 12.

2. Position the concave mirror intact with

the mirror stand at the center of two-meter sticks
as shown in Figure 13 below.

3. Mark the improvised optical bench or

meter sticks at the following points: the focal
point F (see the specified focal length on label
of the mirror), and the center of curvature, C
which is equal to 2F.

4. Place the flashlight at a distance

farther than the center of curvature, C in front of
the mirror.

5. Allow the light rays coming from the

flashlight to strike the mirror.

6. Place a screen (a white cardboard) at

a distance in front of the mirror. Move the screen in different distances in front of the mirror
until a clear and sharp image of the U-shape is formed on the screen. Note the size and
location of the image formed (on the screen).

7. Do the same thing in different location of the object by moving the flashlight at
the center of curvature C, near the focal point, F at the focal point, and between the focal
point and the mirror.

8. Repeat steps 3, 5, and 7 using a convex mirror. This time, you will not use the
screen. Look through the convex mirror to see the image.

Guide Questions:

Q12. What happens to the size and location of the image when you bring the
flashlight nearer to the concave mirror?

Q13. What is the generalization from the nature of images formed by convex mirror
and concave mirror?
Post Conference

Date: _________________
Time: _________________


Student Teacher Cooperating Teacher, SRNHS