Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 6

Constitutional Law II – Arrest, Searches and Seizures

Constitutional Law II
List of Assigned Cases (First Semester, SY 2018-2019)
Arellano University School of Law
Prof. Michael Vernon Guerrero Mendiola

Article III, Sections 2 and 3

I. PRELIMINARIES

1. Definition, Source and Construction of Provision

a. Definition, Nature and Scope

i. Definition (search warrant)


ii. Origin
iii. Construction

2. Court’s Function, as to search and Seizure

a. Issuance of Search warrants, and power to quash warrants


b. Determination of validity of search and seizure

3. Purpose and Importance of the guaranty

a. Purpose
b. Importance

!!!CASE(S)
 121 Alvero vs. Dizon [GR L-342, 4 May 1946]

4. To whom directed

!!!CASE(S)
 122 People vs. Andre Marti [GR 81561, 18 January 1991]

5. Who may invoke the right?

a. In general
b. Corporations

!!!CASE(S)
 123 Bache & Co. (Phil.) Inc. vs. Ruiz [GR L-32409, 27 February 1971]
 124 Stonehill vs. Diokno [GR L-19550, 19 June 1967]
 125 Zurcher vs. Stanford Daily [436 US 547, 31 May 1978]
 126 Wilson vs. Layne [526 US 603, 24 May 1999]
6. Valid Warrant

a. Conditions for a valid warrant

i. Existence of Probable Cause


1. Probable cause defined, construed
2. Probable cause distinguished from prima facie evidence
3. Probable cause in issuance of warrants distinguished from probable cause in
preliminary investigation
4. Reliable information as basis for probable cause

1|Page
Constitutional Law II – Arrest, Searches and Seizures

!!!CASE(S)
 127 Burgos v. Chief of Staff, AFP [GR 64261, 26 December 1984]
 128 Chandler vs. Miler [520 US 305, 15 April 1997]
 129 People vs. Chua Ho San [GR 128222, 17 June 1999]
130 People vs. Molina [GR 133917, 19 February 2001]
 131 Solid Triangle Sales Corp. vs. Sitchon [GR 144309, 23 November
2001]
 132 People vs. Salanguit [GR 133254-55, 19 April 2001]

ii. Personal determination by judge

1. In general
2. Obscene materials

!!!CASE(S)
 133 Amarga vs. Abbas [GR L-8666, 28 March 1956]
 134 Sta. Rosa Mining Company vs. Assistant Provincial Fiscal Zabala
[GR L- 44723, 31 August 1987]
 135 People vs. Inting [GR 88919, 25 July 1990]
 136 Paderanga vs. Drilon [GR 96080, 19 April 1991]
 137 Pita vs. Court of Appeals [GR 80806, 5 October 1989]
 138 Abdula vs. Guiani [GR 118821, 18 February 2000]

3. Examination of witnesses

!!!CASE(S)
 139 Pasion Vda. de Garcia vs. Locsin [GR 45950, 20 June 1938]
 140 Yee Sue Koy vs. Almeda [GR 47021, 15 June 1940]
 141 Alvarez vs. Court of First Instance of Tayabas [GR 45358, 29
January 1937]
 142 Mata vs. Bayona [GR 50720, 26 March 1984]

4. Particularity of description

a. Purpose
i. Description of Place
ii. Description of items to be seized
!!!CASE(S)
 143 Olaez vs. People of the Philippines [GR 78347-49, 9 November
1987]
 144 Prudente vs. Dayrit [GR 82870, 14 December 1989]
 145 Chia vs. Acting Collector of Customs [GR L-43810, 26 September
1989]
 146 20th Century Fox Film Corporation vs. Court of Appeals [GR L-
76649-51, 19 August 1988]
 147 Nolasco vs. Cruz Pano [GR L-69803, 8 October 1985]
 148 Paper Industries Corporation of the Philippines vs. Asuncion [GR
122092, 19 May 1999]
 149 Yousef Al-Ghoul vs. Court of Appeals [GR 126859, 4 September
2001]

2|Page
Constitutional Law II – Arrest, Searches and Seizures

5. Objects of Seizure

a. Rule 126, Sec. 2

6. Warrantless Searches

 Rule 126, Sec. 12


 Id., Sec.4

a. Valid Waiver

!!!CASE(S)
 150 People v. Omaweng [GR 99050, 2 September 1992]
 151 People vs. Correa [GR 119246, 30 January 1998]
 152 People v. Ramos [GR 85401-02, 4 June 1990]
 153 People v. Barros [GR 90640, 29 March 1994]
 154 Veroy v. Layague [GR 95630, 18 June 1992]
 155 People vs. Damaso [GR 93516, 12 August 1992]
 156 Lopez vs. Commissioner of Customs [GR L-27968, 3 December
1975]
 157 Caballes vs. Court of Appeals [GR 136292, 15 January 2002]
 158 People vs. Asis [GR 142531, 15 October 2002]
 159 People vs. Tudtud [GR 144037, 26 September 2003]

b. Incident to lawful arrest

i. Rule 126, Section 12, Rules of Court

!!!CASE(S)
 160 Chimel vs. California [395 US 752, 23 June 1969]
 161 People vs. dela Cruz [GR 83260, 18 April 1990]
 162 People v. Kalubiran [GR 84079, 6 May 1991]
 163 People v. Malmstedt [GR 91107, 19 June 1991]
 164 People v. Cuenco, G.R. 126277, November 16, 1988
 165 Espano vs. Court of Appeals [GR 120431, 1 April 1998]
 166 People vs. Tangliben [GR L-63630, 6 April 1990]
 167 People v. Che Chun Ting [GR 130568-69, 21 March 2000]
 168 People vs. Estrella [GR 138539-40, 21 January 2003]
 169 People vs. Libnao [GR 136860, 20 January 2003]

c. Plain view doctrine

 Elements
 When object is in plain view
 Plain – view – objects as evidence
 Limitations to plain view

!!!CASE(S)
 170 People v. Musa [GR 96177, 27 January 1993]
 171 Padilla vs. Court of Appeals [GR 121917, 12 March 1997]
 172 People vs. Valdez [GR 129296, 25 September 2000]
 173 Arizona v. Hicks [480 US 321, 3 March 1987]
 174 People vs. Compacion [GR 124442, 20 July 2001]

3|Page
Constitutional Law II – Arrest, Searches and Seizures

d. Enforcement of fishing, customs and immigration laws

 Fishing and customs laws


 Immigration laws

!!!CASE(S)
 175 Roldan vs. Arca [GR L-25434, 25 July 1975]
 176 Hizon vs. Court of Appeals [GR 119619, 13 December 1996]
 177 People vs. Gatward [GRs 119772-73, 7 February 1997]
 178 People vs. Johnson [GR 138881, 18 December 2000]
 179 People vs. Suzuki [GR 120670, 23 October 2003]
 180 Bureau of Customs vs. Ogario [GR 138081, 30 March 2000]

e. Stop and frisk

!!!CASE(S)
 181 Terry vs. Ohio [392 US 1, 10 June 1968]
 182 People v. Solayao [GR 119220, 20 September 1996]
 183 Manalili v. CA [GR 113447, 9 October 1997]
 184 Malacat vs. Court of Appeals [GR 123595, 12 December 1997]
 185 Florida vs. J.L. [000 US 98-1993, 28 March 2000]

f. Search of moving vehicles

i. Rationale
ii. Manner of Search
iii. Existence of Probable Cause

!!!CASE(S)
 186 People vs. Balingan [GR 105834, 13 February 1995]
 187 Asuncion vs. Court of Appeals [GR 125959, 1 February 1999]
 188 Papa vs. Mago [GR L-27360, 28 February 1968]
 189 People vs. CFI Rizal, Branch IX, Quezon City [GR L-41686, 17
November 1980]
 190 Whren v. United States [ 517 US 806 (No. 95-5841), 10 June 1996]
 191 Arkansas vs. Sullivan [000 US 00-262, 29 May 2001]

g. Emergency Circumstances

!!!CASE(S)
 192 People vs. de Gracia [GR 102009-10, 6 July 1994]

h. Checkpoints

i. Minimal interference
ii. Exercise of Police Power
iii. Extent
!!!CASE(S)
 193 Valmonte vs. de Villa [GR 83988, 24 May 1990]
 194 Aniag vs. Commission on Elections [GR 104961, 7 October 1994]
 195 People vs. Escano, Usana and Lopez [GR 129756-58, 28 January
2000]

4|Page
Constitutional Law II – Arrest, Searches and Seizures

i. Inspection of buildings

!!!CASE(S)
 196 Camara vs. Municipal Court of the City and Country of San Francisco
[387 US 523, 5 June 1967]

7. Warrantless Arrests
 Rule 113, Sec. 5
 Article 125, RPC

 Rebellion as Continuing Offense

!!!CASE(S)
 197 In RE: Umil, Umil vs. Ramos [GR 81567, 9 July 1990];

 Committed in the Presence of Police Officers

!!!CASE(S)
 198 People vs. Sucro [GR 93239, 18 March 1991]
 199 People vs. Doria [GR 125299, 22 January 1999]
 200 People vs. Go [GR 116001, 14 March 2001];
 201 People vs. de Guzman [GR 117952-53, 14 February 2001]

 Personal Knowledge of the Offense

!!!CASE(S)

 202 People vs. Gerente [GR 95847-48, 10 March 1993]


 203 People vs. Sinoc [GR 113511-12, 1 July 1997]
 204 People vs. Baula [GR 132671, 15 November 2000]
 205 People vs. Cubcubin [GR 136267, 10 July 2001]

 Time of Arrest

i. Hot Pursuit
ii. “Has just been committed”

!!!CASE(S)

 206 People vs. Rodrigueza [GR 95902, 4 February 1992]


 207 Go vs. Court of Appeals [GR 101837, 11 February 1992]
 208 People vs. Calimlim [GR 123980, 30 August 2001]

 Marked Money

!!!CASE(S)

 209 People vs. Enrile [GR 74189, 26 May 1993]

 Lack of Urgency

5|Page
Constitutional Law II – Arrest, Searches and Seizures

 Applications made during weekends and holidays

!!!CASE(S)

 210 People vs. Pasudag [GR 128822, 4 May 2001]


 211 People vs. Aminnudin [GR L-74860, 6 July 1988]

 Effect of Entry of Plea

!!!CASE(S)

 212 People vs. Plana [GR 128285, 27 November 2001]

 Validity of Conviction

!!!CASE(S)

 213 People vs. Conde [GR 113269, 10 April 2001]

6|Page