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Innovene™ G

OPaL 2x360 KTA LLDPE / HDPE Plant


Mechanical Training
Bag Filters
Contents

• Process Overview
• Working Principles
• Design Features
• Known Mechanical Issues
• Maintenance
• Recommended Spare Parts

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Process
Overview

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Process Overview
Process Flow Diagram

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Process Overview
Process Flow Diagram

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Process Overview
Process Flow Diagram

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Process Overview
Process Flow Diagram

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Process Overview
Process Flow Diagram

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Process Overview
Process Flow Diagram

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Working
Principles

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Working Principles
Filtering

Clean gas

Gas passes through bags -


dust collects on outside

Gas + dust

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Working Principles
Cleaning

Blowback reservoir
Bags cleaned by
prevents drop in
short, sharp pulses
pressure when pulse
of blowback gas in
is activated
reverse direction to
filtering
Diaphragm valves
- usually actuated
Venturis induce
by solenoids
additional gas
Blowback controller fixes flow for cleaning
duration of pulses
interval between pulses Bags cleaned in rows
blowback sequence -bags that are not
being cleaned remain
Blowback controller in filtering mode
can be electronic
or pneumatic
Gas + dust

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Working Principles
Filter Sizing

• Filtration Velocity
VFILTRATION = Gas Flowrate ÷ Filter Area

Typical design value: 1.2 m/min or


75 m3/hr/m2
Key parameter in filter sizing

• Superficial Gas Velocity


VSUPERFICIAL = Gas Flowrate ÷ Across-section

D Typical design value: 0.3 m/s

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Working Principles
Filter Bags
• Bag filters are all pulse jet type
• These filters work best with needle-felt media (allows use
of higher filtration velocities)

• Bags can be tubular or envelope type

Tubular Envelope

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Working Principles
Filter Bag Material
• Polyester bags will be attacked by TEA
• Bags with a membrane (e.g. Gore-Tex) can be blinded with
oligomers

• Recommended bag material is P84 (Polyimide)


• P84 bags have fine fibres and irregular shape – this gives greater
surface area for filtration

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Working Principles
Filter Blowbacks

Pneumatic Diaphragm
Controller Valve

Reservoir

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Working Principles
Filter Blowbacks

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Working Principles
Filter Blowbacks
• Blowback gas should be clean and dry
• Typical pressures:
– 6.0 -7.5 barg for tubular filter elements
– 3.5 – 4.5 barg for envelope filter elements
• Pulses
– Duration typically 0.06 – 0.3 seconds
– Interval between pulses typically 5 – 10 seconds
• Timer will allow adjustment of pulse duration and interval
if cleaning ineffective or too aggressive
• Normally around 5 – 15% of filter elements cleaned at any
one time
• Note that blowbacks don’t clean bags completely – residual
cake on filter bags assists filtration process

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Design
Features

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Design Features
Bag Filter Types
31/32-GN-430 Bin Vent Filter Gas
Conveying Filter 31/32-GN-442
31/32-GN-445
31/32-GN-490
31/32-GN-425 Gas Solids
31/32-GN-441 + gas

Rotary Valve
Solids Solids
Vent Filter
+ gas
Gas

Others

31/32-GN-552
Solids Solids 31/32-GN-815
31/32-GN-841

31/32-GN-465
31/32-GN-466
Solids
Conveying gas + gas

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Design Features
Bag Filters

Blowback gas
reservoir
Diaphragm Tubeplate
valve Manifold Venturi
Nozzle Filter bag

Housing
Support cage

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Design Features
Bag Filters (GN-490)

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Design Features
Bag Filters (GN-441)

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Design Features
Bag Filters (GN-442)

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Design Features
Bag Filters (GN-490)

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Known
Mechanical
Issues

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Known Mechanical Issues
Innovene 4
Blowback gas control
unit failures Poor sealing
at tubeplate

Diaphragm failures on
backflushing valves

Choked filter bags

Filter bag failures

Poorly sealed
bag seams

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Known Mechanical Issues
Filter Bag Material – Gore-Tex
• Original material for Innovene 4 bags
• Waxy coating on membrane surface
• Very low permeability

Pictures from Innovene 4 (S-426)

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Known Mechanical Issues
Filter Bag Material – Polyimide
• Current material for Innovene 4 bags
• Waxy coating on fibres
• Very good permeability

Pictures from Innovene 4 (S-426)

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Maintenance

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Maintenance

• Routine Operational Checks


– Check performance of backflushing valves (bottle pressure rise and
fall)
– Check filter differential pressure

• Routine Maintenance (monthly)


– Check operation of backflushing control unit (visual and leak
detection)
– Check performance of backflushing valves (bottle pressure rise and
fall)

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Recommended
Spare Parts

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Recommended Spare Parts

• Backflushing control unit


• Backflushing valve diaphragms
• Backflushing regulators
• Filter bags
• Filter bag frames
• Top head gasket

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End

Thank you for


listening

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