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Running head: LITERATURE REVIEW FOR WEEK 3 DOMAIN D

Linnae Edgeworth
National University
Professor Clifton Johnson
LITERATURE REVIEW DOMAIN D 2

Abstract
This paper examines instructional planning and strategies for successful planning. In the article

titled, “Understanding How Teacher Plan: Strategies for Successful Instructional Partnerships”

author Linda Lachance Wolcott describes that teacher planning is characterized by types of

planning and the reliance on published curriculum. In the world of education today the

prevalence of technology cannot be ignored, and its relevance is evident in how lesson plans are

made today.
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Planning Instruction

In the article titled, “Understanding How Teacher Plan: Strategies for Successful

Instructional Partnerships” author Linda Lechance outlines how technology plays a vital role in

the planning and designing of learning experiences for students today. Integrating technology

into lessons not only addresses the needs of English Language Learners and SPED students in

the class, but it also differentiates instruction for all students in the classroom.

For this paper I will examine several points that the author points out that are relevant to

planning for the 21st century student, and are also relevant to the articles included in domain D.

These points are as follows:

 Instructional Consultation

 Teacher Planning

 Strategies for Planning in Partnerships with Teachers

Instructional consultation plays a vital role in planning in that teachers need to depend on

partnerships within the education community which include administration, advisors,

instructional aids, and librarians. In this article emphasis is placed on how school library media

specialists can understand planning and partnership with teachers.

According to the article, “Teacher planning is a concept that can be described as both a

psychological process and a practical activity. Planning is a process in which a person visualizes

the future, inventories means and ends, and constructs a framework to guide his or her future

action” (Lachance Wolcott, 1994). While planning the artifacts included in this lesson and

domain D great care was taken to consider not only the future, but also the framework of where I

wanted the students to grow in the future. The lesson on Tobacco was built on previous lessons
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on health, personal care, and cancer. The integration of technology served to differentiate

instruction and address the needs of all students in the classroom.

Strategies for planning in partnership with teachers also plays a crucial role in forming

instructional partnerships with teachers. The author of this article goes on to suggest that

“collaborative reflection should reveal with teachers’ planning style, the important elements that

they consider when planning, and the type of planning in which they engage” (pg. 40). My

planning style while creating this lesson on tobacco, as well as other lessons, is always open to

the knowledge and understanding of other educators which include the library media specialist.

In conclusion, this article was used for informational purposes as to how instructional

consultation, teacher planning, and strategies for planning in partnership with teachers is

implemented. I disagree with the content of the article on many levels, but I drew the positive

elements of the article while ignoring the negative which I disagree with such as the implication

that library media specialists are not there to support teaching staff. In my experience it has been

the opposite and I have relied on support staff to construct and implement instruction at all stages

of planning and teaching.


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Reference
Lachance, L. (1994). Understanding How Teachers Plan: Strategies for Successful Instructional
Partnerships. Retrieved November 17, 2018, from http://www.ala.org/