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DUAL BAND NETWORK PARAMETER

BACKGROUND
MS ( Mobile Station )
Power GSM 900 DCS 1800 Tolerance (dB)
class Nominal Maximum Nominal Maximum for conditions
output output power
power
normal extrem
e
1 -- ---- 1 W (30 dBm) ±2 ± 2.5

2 8 W (39 dBm) 0.25 W (24 dBm) ±2 ± 2.5

3 5 W (37 dBm) 4 W (36 dBm) ±2 ± 2.5

4 2 W (33 dBm) ±2 ± 2.5

5 0.8 W (29 dBm) ±2 ± 2.5

NOTE: The lowest nominal output power for all classes of GSM 900
MS is
5 dBm and for all classes of DCS 1 800 MS is 0 dBm.

BTS ( Base Station )


GSM 900 DCS 1 800
TRX Maximum TRX Maximum
power class output power power class output power
1 320 - (< 640) W 1 20 - (< 40) W
2 160 - (< 320) W 2 10 - (< 20) W

3 80 - (< 160) W 3 5 - (< 10) W


4 40 - (< 80) W 4 2.5 - (< 5) W
5 20 - (< 40) W
6 10 - (< 20) W
7 5 Power
- (< 10) WBudget
8 2.5 - (< 5) W
GSM 900

Umbrella HO Radio Reasons

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GSM1800

Power Budget
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Coverage Planning Strategies ( Telkomsel Network )


Collocated Sites, The co-location of GSM900/1800 equipment minimises the site acquisition costs and
enables usually a fast roll-out of the GSM1800 service due to the obvious benefits of having a ready site
with transmission connections. Disadvantages Usually indoor coverage still requires additional GSM1800
sites due to penetration difference compared to GSM 900.

The challenges of the actual parameter planning of a Multiband network are largely dependent on the
complexity of the network configuration and structure. The main DB specific parameters to be defined are
the following:
 Neighbour cell definitions
 Parameters for traffic management between the layers (idle and dedicated mode)

The cell adjacencies in both cells need to be matched to each other. Without a proper network management
solution this is not possible, hence the potential for mismatch and errors exist, particularly when re-tuning
the network.

In order to make a maximum use of the additional capacity provided by a dual band network, dual band
users must be carefully managed between the bands. The strategy must be to optimise the availability and
call quality for all users. This is achieved by managing the dual band mobiles between the GSM900 and

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GSM1800 cells (micro / macro). This can either be done in an idle mode, during a call set up (on SDCCH)
or during a call.

Features Used in Idle Mode

The C1 and C2 criteria can be used to force a dual band MS to camp on a specific cell when the mobile is
in an idle mode. The C2 parameter can be used for example to force the dual band mobiles to favour the
GSM1800 cells in idle mode, even though they may have a lower signal level than the GSM900 cells. This
simply gives a fixed signal level offset to the GSM1800 signal level received by the mobile when it is
deciding which cell to camp on.

The problem with using C2 is that the offset is fixed. This may result in the mobile camping on a barely
acceptable GSM1800 carrier even though a far better, and possibly empty, GSM900 carrier exists. This
results in a less than an optimum call quality. However, by setting a high enough value for the minimum
access level for the cell, this kind of problem can be partly avoided.

C1 and C2 Equations

Equation 1. C1 = (A - MAX(B,0))

where : A = Average received LEVEL - RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN


B = MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH - P

and : RXLEVEL_ACCESS_MIN is the minimum downlink received level


required to access the cell (BTS parameter),
MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH is the maximum TX power level the MS
may in the cell (BTS parameter),
P is the maximum RF output power of the MS (fixed for each MS).
All the values are expressed in dBm.
a.Path Loss Calculating ( A + B log D(Km) )

A = 69.55 + 26.16 Log f -13.82 Log Hb - a(Hm) - Lc


B = 44.9 - 6.55 log Hb

The Path loss of different band is based upon the 26.16 Log F factor, the comparison will result to
That DCS band have  7.87 dB bigger than GSM Band.

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Basic Setting
Micro Micro Micro Micro
Parameter Macro Macro
Package 900 900 1800 1800
Name 900 1800
Outdoor Indoor Outdoor Indoor
RXLEVAMI BTS basic 58 20 25 15  20 30 35
MSTXPMAX BTS basic 5 5 5 0 0 0
RACHBT BTS basic 109 109 109 109 109 109
CRESOFF BTS basic 0 12 12 10 15 15
TEMPOFF BTS basic 0 0 0 0 0 0
PENTIME BTS basic 0 0 0 0 0 0
CBQ BTS basic 0 0 0 0 0 0
NMULBAC BTS basic 0 0 0 3 3 3
MSTXPMAXCH BTS control 5 5 5 0 0 0
INTRACH Handover TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE
HOLTHLVDL Handover 10 25 30 20 35 40
HOTDLINT Handover 35 45 45 40 50 50
HOLTHLVUL Handover 6 20 25 14 30 35
HOTULINT Handover 31 40 40 36 45 45
DPBGTHO Handover FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
HIERC Handover TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE
PL Handover 12 8 8 10 6 6
HIERF Handover RANK0 RANK0 RANK0 RANK0 RANK0 RANK0
EARCLM BTS Option TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE

Parameters in Adjacent Relation package of GSM 900 Macrocell


Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards DCS Towards DCS Towards DCS
Parameter Name
Macrocell Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor Macrocells Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor
RXLEVMIN 14 30 35 24 40 45
HOM 69 ( 6 dB ) 57 (-6 dB) 57 (-6 dB) 60 +3dB (-6dB) 60 +3dB (-6dB) 60 +3dB (-6dB)
HOMSOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDTIME 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
MICROCEL FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
PLNC 12 8 8 10 6 6
PPLNC 13 13 13 13 13 13
MSTXPMAXCL 5 5 5 0 0 0
FHORLMO 6 0 0 0 0 0

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Parameters in Adjacent Relation package of GSM 900 Emicro Outdoor / Indoor


Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards DCS Towards DCS Towards DCS
Parameter Name
Macrocell Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor Macrocells Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor
RXLEVMIN 14 30 35 24 40 45
HOM 69 ( 6 dB ) 69 (6 dB) 69 (6 dB) 60 +3dB (-6dB) 60 +3dB (-6dB) 60 +3dB (-6dB)
HOMSOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDTIME 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
MICROCEL FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
PLNC 12 8 8 10 6 6
PPLNC 13 13 13 13 13 13
MSTXPMAXCL 5 5 5 0 0 0
FHORLMO 6 0 0 6 0 0

Parameters in Adjacent Relation package of DCS 1800 Macrocell


Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards DCS Towards DCS Towards DCS
Parameter Name
Macrocell Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor Macrocells Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor
RXLEVMIN 14 30 35 24 40 45
HOM 66 –3dB ( 6 dB ) 54 –3dB (-6 dB) 54 –3dB (-6 dB) 69 ( 6 dB ) 57 (-6dB) 57 (-6dB)
HOMSOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDTIME 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
MICROCEL FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
PLNC 12 8 8 10 6 6
PPLNC 13 13 13 13 13 13
MSTXPMAXCL 5 5 5 0 0 0
FHORLMO 6 0 0 0 0 0

Parameters in Adjacent Relation package of DCS 1800 Emicro Outdoor / Indoor


Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards GSM Towards DCS Towards DCS Towards DCS
Parameter Name
Macrocell Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor Macrocells Emicro Outdoor Emicro Indoor
RXLEVMIN 14 30 35 24 40 45
HOM 66 –3dB ( 6 dB ) 54 –3dB (-6 dB) 54 –3dB (-6 dB) 69 ( 6 dB ) 69 (6dB) 69 (6dB)
HOMSOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDTIME 0 0 0 0 0 0
HOMDOFF 0 0 0 0 0 0
MICROCEL FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE FALSE
PLNC 12 8 8 10 6 6
PPLNC 13 13 13 13 13 13
MSTXPMAXCL 5 5 5 0 0 0

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FHORLMO 6 0 0 0 0 0

In order to avoid case where call start in one layer but makes an immediate handover to other layer:

In case of negative Handover margin(GSM900 to GSM1800):

ABS[HOMARGIN(GSM900 to GSM1800)] in db < Relative C2 difference between GSM900 and GSM1800 in db < HOMARGIN (GSM1800 to GSM900)
in db

In case of postiive Handover margin(GSM900 to GSM1800):

Relative C2 difference between GSM900 and GSM1800 in db < HOMARGIN (GSM1800 to GSM900) in db

Relative C2 difference in db between GSM900 and GSM1800= CRESOFF(GSM1800) in db – [RXLEVAMI(GSM900) – RXLEVAMI(GSM1800)]

Example:Based on the seetings above:

Relative C2 difference in db between GSM900 and GSM1800= 16 db – [102-100]=14 db

In order to avoid ping-pong handovers between layers:

HOMARGIN(GSM900 to GSM1800) in db + HOMARGIN(GSM1800 to GSM900) in db > + 8db

Common Power control settings for all types of cells:

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SFH Network Non SFH Network


Parameter Name Urban Urban Suburban GSM DCS
(Macro) (eMicro)
EBSPWRC TRUE FALSE TRUE FALSE FALSE
EMSPWRC TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE
PWRINCSS DB4 DB4 DB6 DB6 DB6
PWRREDSS DB2 DB2 DB2 DB2 DB2
PWRCONF 2 2 2 2 2
PCONINT 2 2 2 2 2
PAVRLEV 4-2 4-2 4-2 4-1 4-1
PAVRQUAL 4-2 4-2 4-2 4-1 4-1
LOWTLEVD 20 20 20 28 28
UPTLEVD 32 32 32 38 38
LOWTLEVU 15 15 15 21 15
UPTLEVU 27 27 27 31 27
LOWTQUAD 4 4 4 4 4
UPTQUAD 1 1 1 1 1
LOWTQUAU 4 4 4 4 4
UPTQUAU 1 1 1 1 1
EBSPWCR TRUE FALSE TRUE FALSE FALSE

Radio link timeout settings


Parameter Name Package SFH NETWORK NON SFH NETWORK
Urban Suburban GSM DCS
RDLNKTO BTS basic 4 7 4 7 4 7 4 7
RDLNKTBS Power control 20  32 20  32 20  32 20  32
PCRLFTH Power control 12 8 8 8
EPWCRLFW Power control TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE

*RDLNKTBS should be set to 20 in power control package(UL radio link timeout)


Initial value of the radio link failure counter S within the BTS:
S0 = RDLNKTBS=20

*RDLNKTO should be set to 4 in BTS basic package(DL radio link timeout)


Initial value of the radio link failure counter S within the MS:
S0 = 4 + 4 * RDLNKTO=20

*PCRLFTH is the power control timeout value.If the radio link timeout counter S within the BTS reaches to PCRLFTH then the
power of MS and BTS is set to its maximum.

RDLNKTBS > PCRLFTH


Common Handover Package settings
Parameter name SFH NETWORK NON SFH NETWORK
Urban Suburban GSM DCS
HOAVLEV 4-2 4-2 4-1 4-1
HOAVQUAL 6-2 4-2 4-1 4-1
HOAVDIST 8 8 8 8
HOAVPWRB 8 8 16 8
HOLTHQUDL 5 5 5 5
HOLTHQUUL 5 5 5 5

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HOTMSRM 35 35 35 35
NOFREPHO TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE
MAXFAILHO 4 4 4 4
ELIMITCH TRUE FALSE FALSE TRUE
MAIRACHO 10 10 10 10
TINOIERCHO 60 60 60 60

Common Adjacent Package Settings


Parameter name Setting
TINHFAIHO 5

Common BTS option settings


Parameter Name SFH NETWORK NON SFH NETWORK
Urban Suburban GSM DCS
DTXDLFR TRUE TRUE FALSE FALSE
DTXUL MAYFSHNH MAYFSHNH MAYFSHNH MAYFSHNH
IMSIATDT TRUE TRUE TRUE TRUE
T3212 40 (240 Minutes) 40 (240 Minutes) 40 (240 Minutes) 40 (240 Minutes)
MAYFSHNH (MS may use DTX for FR TCHs, shall not use for HR TCHs).

* For DTXDL MSC should also support.Regardless of MSC support we should use DTXDL=TRUE since we are using this
setting to improve our decision time for quality handover.

Common BTS control package settings


Parameter name Setting
NBLKACGR 1
NFRAMEPG 6
MAXRETR SEVEN  FOUR
,NSLOTST 15  9

Additional BTS basic parameter setting


Parameter name Setting
FACCHQ 53
CELLRESH 7 (14dB)

a. Figure of HOSR ( Handover Success Rate )

FACCHQ : Increasing Value of this parameter cause more accurate burst ( Low BER ) to make decesion
Lower FACCHQ ( 3 ) will possibly increase the HOSR but on the other hand will decrease
The Number TCH drop ( More High drop cause HO Fail ). Higher FACCHQ will affect in
vice versa.
Recommendation: Ignored to use too conservative (6 &7 ) value or too aggressive ( 1&2 )

b. Figure of SDSR ( SDCCH Success Rate )


* In Area In Which LAC Border applied : Recommended to use higher Cell reselect hysteris Value
Cellresh 4  7.

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*Smooth Channel modification : activation of dynamic TCH-SDCCH or TCHSD configuration


Recommendation : this usage are meaningless if TCH are blocked, NO TCH Blocking but Soft Blocking
of SDCCH will gain the SDCCH Success rate figure.

c. Figure of PSR ( Paging Success Rate ) at BSS


Figures of Paged of mobiles which are responsed succesfully are affected by both
Parameter setting at BSS and SSS part, following are parameter which could be considered

BSS part

*T3212 should be set accordingly with the MSC timer implicit detach timer.

SSS part

* TPAG = 4 ( 4 s Default ) : Duration in seconds of repeated paging to unresponsed Mobile to its Paged.
The incresing value will increase the response mobile(+ response) while on the other hand will
also increase of Others(negative effect) value at MSC Measurement .

* MSC implicit detach timer > (T3212 + 5 Minutes)


To any mobiles in which are

*For DTX downlink MSC also should support.If there is big interference in the network this feature
can also be used.

Some rules while setting timers


1. In most of the cases the number of lost radio links (BSC point of view)
coincides with the number of subscriber connections lost (subscriber view.).
There is one exception:
If a handover attempt fails and the timer T3105 on the target cell expires Ny
times before the originating cell receives a HANDOVER FAILURE, a
CONNECTION FAILURE INDICATION is sent from the target BTS to the
target BSC. The counters on the target BSC are then updated although the
MS might be able to return to the old channels.
To overcome this situation, T3105 must be set to a value according to the
following rules:
NY1 * T3105> T3124 + delta~1sec for example NY1=40 and T3105=MS10-10
T3124=320 ms(MS internal timer)
Delta=time between expiry of T3124 and receipt of Handover failure on the originating BSC.
T3124 + delta  1sec
Ny1=maximum repetitions of physical information message during handover(in BTS control package)
T3105=Time interval between 2 consecutive physical infromation message(in BTS timer package)
2.
1sec < BSCT10 < Min(Ttrau,Tsync,10sec)
1sec < BSCT8 < Min(Ttrau,Tsync,10sec)
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BSCT10 and BSCT8=HALFSEC-10

3.
THORQST > BSCT7 > T_HO_REQ-REJ
THORQST=In Handover package(1 unit=2 SACCH multiframe,1SACCH multiframe=480 ms)

BSCT7=In BSC timer package

T_HO_REQ_REJ=In MSC network timer package

BSCT7=HLFSEC-10
THORQST=6

Additional Information:
Radio planning should give the cell types(whether GSM micro,GSM macro,DCS macro etc.) in the final cell plan.And also for the
neighbour cells Radio planning should give the type of neighbour cell.

BASIC PARAMETER SETTING FOR


HIERARCHICALCELL STRUCTURE NETWORK ( Discontinued )

Basically database setting for GSM cell and DCS cell is almost the same. Some differences
come since we dividing network into layers (GSM layer and DCS layer) and the power used by
GSM network and DCS network is different.
On Telkomsel Project, we defined DCS as a higher priority network; since we assume the Quality
of DCS cell have to be better. Thus, the idea for parameter tuning on dual band network is ‘push’
subscribers into DCS layer.
Even though the idea is to ‘push’ the subscribers into DCS Layer, but since the capacity
of the DCS layer some times is limited, the subscriber pushed into DCS layer must be the reliable
ones.
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On table below shows the parameter value should be used as start up. Please refer to figure x.x
for PLNC numbering.

DCS
No Database Entity Parameter Name GSM Value Val Remarks
ue
1 CREATE BTS PKGBTSB MSTXPMAX 5 0
RXLEVAMI 5 25
CRESPARI 1 1
CRESOFF 0 17
TEMPOFF 0 0
PENTIME 0 0
CBQ 0 0
NMULBAC 0 3
2 SET BTS PKGBTSC MSTXPMAXCH 5 0
3 Make ‘TRUE’ for the
SET BTS PKGBTSO EARCLM TRUE TRUE
whole Network
4 SET HAND PKGHANDB HOLTHLVDL 10 20
HOTDLINT 35 40
HOLTHLVUL 6 8
HOTULINT 31 36
Make ‘TRUE’ for the
HIERC TRUE TRUE
whole Network
PL 12 10
HIERF RANK0 RANK0
5 SET PWRC LOWTLEVD 20 20
UPTLEVD 32 32
LOWTLEVU 15 15
UPTLEVU 27 27
6 CREATE ADJC RXLEVMIN 14 14
MSTXPMAXCL 5 0
HOM 69 66
* Refer to notes below
PLNC 12 9
for better Setting
PPLNC 0 0

Notes for PLNC assignment:


1. Currently the DCS Layer on Telkomsel Network is not a continuous layer. In most cases, a DCS
cell is independent for other DCS Cells. So, we have to threat the priority layer value for each neighbor
cell relationship in a proper way.
2. PLNC assignment has to consider the following rules:
a. General Rules

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Since we assign PL for GSM = 12 and PL for DCS = 10 then:


- PLNC for GSM cell as neighbor of DCS has to be 12
- PLNC for DCS cell as neighbor of GSM has to be 10

b. Exception
The general rules above must be followed only if both layers are continuous layer. If a layer is not
a continuous layer, some exception, which breaks the rule above, has to be considered. Please refer
to figure 1 below. We define GSM cell which has the same coverage with DCS cell as ‘Inner Cell’
and cell on the border as ’Outer Edge Cell’.
Exception has to be made for relationship between DCS cell and GSM cell on the
border of GSM cell. The reasons behind are:
- We don’t want DCS get traffic from outer edge cell cause the probability
to get subscribers with good level and Quality from that cell is small.
- We prefer DCS cell ‘push’ bad subscriber to outer edge cell than to inner
Cell, cause we have to minimize the probability of ping pong handover between ‘inner
cell’ and DCS Cell.

Then the relationship between DCS and ‘outer edge cell’ are as follow:
- PLNC for DCS as neighbor of ‘outer edge cell’ is 13, means we don’t
want traffic handed over from ‘outer edge cell’ (PLNC=13) to DCS cell (PL=12).
- PLNC for ‘outer edge cell’ as neighbor of DCS is 9, means we prefer
handover to ‘outer edge cell’ (PLNC=9) than to ‘inner cell’ (PLNC=10)

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Figure 1. PLNC Assignment for DCS cell on the Border of layer

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Bay Salim
Graphari

Palembang Centrum Outer Edge Cell


of
Hotel Sintera 1800

s2
PLNC = 12

PLNC = 9

PLNC = 13

PLNC = 10
Hero Hotel Sintera

Colocated Cell Hotel Sintera-1800


Hotel Sintera
900-1800

Figure 2. PLNC Assignment for Hotel Sintera 1800 – Palembang

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