Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 1

Y

V
Y

The 4 Fundamental X

Elements of GD&T: X
W U
Z X

Size Location Orientation Form


Z X

All drawings made in


first angle projection

SYMBOL NAME ON DRAWING TOLERANCE ZONE GAUGING SURFACES FEATURES OF SIZE


Two parallel lines
0.03 apart

Straightness
0.03

(Surface)

10±0.050 Cylindrical Tolerance Zone


Cylinder Gauge ID = M +

Straightness
0.03 M 0.03 when Part ∅ = 10.05
0.13 when Part ∅ = 9.95
M Gauge ID = 10.08

F
(Derived Median Line w/ M )

Flatness
(Surface)
0.03
Two parallel planes
0.03 apart

F (Derived Median
FORM

Line and Plane)


Planar Tolerance Zone

Flatness
Gauge spacing
10±0.05 Two parallel planes at Virtual Condition
0.03 M 0.03 apart
M + = 10.08
M (Derived Median
Plane w/ M )

Two concentric circles


0.03 0.03 apart

Circularity
Two concentric cylinders
0.03 0.03 apart

Cylindricity
Two parallel planes
0.03 apart
0.03 A

Parallelism
parallel to datum
Flat datum block
A (Datum A)
Datum A
Gauge kept parallel to datum

Perpendicularity
0.03 A

A
Two parallel planes
0.03 apart Flat datum block
(Datum A) OF O
ORIENTATION

(Feature) 90°
Datum A Gauge kept perpendicular to datum

10±0.05 Gauge pin Pin Gauge OD = M − Y


V
Y
V

Axis inserted

Perpendicularity
0.03 M A perpendicular Pin Gauge ∅ = 9.92
Tolerance Zone
at M to datum (9.95 - 0.03)
M 90°
Multiple datums
(Feature of Size w/ M ) may be used
to specify W U W U
Perpendicularity Z X Z X

A Datum A

Two parallel planes


0.03 apart
0.03 A

Angularity 60° A Gauge


Block
60 60°
60°
Datum A °

0.03 A B Uniform Linear Boundary About True Profile Datum B

SLOF
Profile
0.03 apart Gauge must
B A follow true profile.

of a line Profile is usually


measured with a CMM.
PROFILE

Basic dimensions (not shown) are required to


define the True Profile when datums are used. Datum A

Y Y
V

0.03 A B Uniform Surface Boundary About True Profile Datum B

Profile B A
0.03 apart Gauge must
follow true profile.
X

of a surface Basic dimensions (not shown) are required to Datum A


Profile is usually
measured with a CMM.
X
Z X Z
W U
X

define the True Profile when datums are used.

10±0.05

LO
Part (actual) position Measure X and Y location and compare to the true position.
0.03 A B C
2X √ (Actual X - True X)2 + (Actual Y - True Y)2
B Y

Position Actual
This formula must be less than
20.0 True
the ∅ True Position tolerance
Actual Y
0.03 True Y
30.0
True
center
C A X Y
True X Actual X

None
Actual
10±0.05 Pin Position Part FUNCTIONAL Part Tolerance Zone
0.03 M A B C GAUGING of Pin Gauge

Position
Z X
True
B position True Y
V
position
M For an For an
(Maximum Material 25.0 Tolerance Zone
of Hole Gauge
External
Feature
Internal
Feature Actual
Condition) Hole Position
LOCATION

W U
Z X
25.0 C A Gauge Hole ∅ = Virtual Condition Gauge Pin ∅ = Virtual Condition
Gauge Gauge (Smallest Hole Size [MMC] - Position Tol.)
(Largest Pin Size [MMC] + Position Tol.)

LOF
1
0.03 A
The following is usually
Measured axis done with a CMM:
Datum axis

Concentricity 0.03
1. Determine
Datum axis
2. Measure referenced
surface
A

Datum A
3. Determine if central
A Tolerance Zone axis falls in TZ Distribution/ Y

Diameter Symbol is required


Evenness of (Derived
0.03 A
A A
The following is Form Only Median
A
Datum A
usually done
with a CMM:
Z Y
V
X
Points)
Symmetry Plane
1
1. Determine
Datum plane
2. Measure both
surfaces of features
3. Determine if W
Two parallel planes midpoints fall in TZ Z U
X

0.03 apart

0.03 A Datum A
Fixed + Rotated

LOF
Datum A
A

Runout
A Fixed axially
+ Rotated Can also be used
on flat surfaces
perpendicular
RUNOUT

A
to the datum axis
A

Y Y
V

0.03 A Datum A
Datum A Fixed + Rotated
A

Fixed axially
A

Total Runout
+ Rotated Can also be used W U
on flat surfaces Z X Z X

A perpendicular
to the datum axis
A