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FLOWCHART ON APPEALS/REMEDIES

SUPREME COURT

Rule 64: Review of Judgments and Final Orders or Rule 45: Appeal by Certiorari to the SC P.D. 1606 amended by R.A. 8249
Resolutions of the COMELEC and COA to Rule 65: Certiorari, Prohibition and
Rule 65: Appeal by Certiorari Sec 19, RA 9282 Rule 45: Appeal by Certiorari to the SC R.A. 6734, Article IX, §6
to the SC SC via Rule 65 Mandamus Rule 65: Certiorari, Prohibition and Mandamus
(via Rule 45)
COMELEC Rules of Procedure, Part VII, Rule 37
E.O. 292, §31: COA on Certiorari

OMBUDSMAN COMELEC, COURT OF TAX COURT OF SANDIGANBAYAN SHARI’A


(CRIMINAL) COA APPEALS (EN BANC) APPEALS APPELLATE
COURT

UST Faculty vs. Bitonio Rule 43: Appeals from the Quasi-
(via Rule 65) Judicial Agencies to the CA P.D. 1606 amended Rule 45: Appeal by Certiorari to the SC
by R.A. 8249, §4 Rule 65: Certiorari, Prohibition and
Rule 41: Appeal from the RTC Mandamus
Rule 42: Petition for Review from the RTCs to the CA Rule 122, §3c Appeal by Notice of
Rule 44: Ordinary Appealed Cases Appeal (Criminal Cases)
Fabian vs. Desierto
Rule 47: Annulment of Judgments or Final Orders Rule 122, §3d: Automatic Review
(via Rule 43)
and Resolutions (Criminal Cases)
Rule 65: Certiorari, Prohibition and Mandamus
Rule 122, §3a Appeal by Notice of Appeal (Criminal
National Federation of Labor vs. St. Martin Funeral Home vs. Cases)
Laguesma (via Rule 65) NLRC (via Rule 65) RA 6734
Rule 122, §3b Petition for Review (Criminal Cases)

OMBUDSMAN SECRETARY OF BLR NLRC QUASI-JUDICIAL FAMILY


(ADMINISTRATIVE) LABOR AND BODIES COURTS
EMPLOYMENT SHARI’A
Decision of the BLR-Director in Decision of the BLR-Director in
REGIONAL TRIAL DISTRICT
the exercise of original
jurisdiction is appealable to
the exercise of appellate
jurisdiction is appealable to CA
COURTS COURT
SECLAB

P.D. 442, Article 223 OR Petition for


Extraordinary Remedy under Rule Rule 40: Appeal from the MTC to the RTC PD 1083,
XII, 2011 NLRC Rules Rule 65: Certiorari, Prohibition and Mandamus Article 144
Rule 122, §3a Appeal by Notice of Appeal
(Criminal Cases)

LABOR ARBITER
MTC, METROTC, SHARI’A
MTCC, MCTC CIRCUIT COURT