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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF STUDY REPORT

FOR RTRM HOSPITAL & CBPGEC COLLEGE

SUBJECT: EIA & EMS

SUBMITTED BY: SUBMITTED TO:

Anish Kumar Gupta Mr. Manish Rathor


40420705615
ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
7th SEMESTER
Environmental Impact Assessment Report
on “RAO TULA RAM MEMORIAL HOSPITAL”

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
2. EIA OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE: Introduction
3. PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND PROJECT LOCATION
3.1 Nature of the project
3.2 Location of the Project and size
4. POLICY, LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK
5. CONCLUSION
6. RECOMMENDATIONS

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

The Indian Government policy on all hospitals or health care facility projects requires that an
environmental impact assessment (EIA) study be carried out at the project planning stages to
ensure that significant impacts on the environment are taken into consideration at the planning
and implementation stages.
The objective of this EIA is to ensure that the development takes into consideration appropriate
measures to mitigate any adverse impacts to the environment.
The EIA was carried out with a view to achieve the following goals:

 Provide a description of the research and hospital development,


 Carry out an investigation on environmental baseline status of the area,
 Produce an environmental impact assessment report with recommended mitigation
measures and an environmental management plan outline.

The project proponents, however, have a responsibility to ensure that appropriate measures are
taken during the operations and maintenance of hospital to eliminate or minimize any of the
negative effects anticipated at the site and immediate neighborhood.
To address the negative impacts, this study presents the objectives of the EIA, an overview of the
legislative framework, a baseline situation, anticipated impacts and related mitigation measures
under the following headings:

(i) EIA Objectives and scope,


(ii) Methodology,
(iii) Policy and legal issues,
(iv) Baseline Conditions of the project area,
(v) Anticipated environmental impacts,
(vi) Recommended mitigation measures,
(vii) Environmental management plan outline,
(viii) Conclusions
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2. EIA OBJECTIVES AND SCOPE: Introduction

 Scope objective and criteria of the Environmental Impact Assessment study

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is carried out at the planning stages of the proposed
project to ensure that significant impacts on the environment are taken into consideration
during the design, construction, operation and decommissioning of the proposed
development. The scope of this full project, therefore, covered:

i.The baseline environmental conditions of the area,


ii.Description of the proposed project,
iii.Provisions of the relevant environmental laws,
iv. Identification and discuss of any adverse impacts to the environment anticipated from
the proposed project,
v. Appropriate mitigation measures,
vi. Provision of an Environmental Management Plan (EMP) outline.

The overall objective of the project is to ensure that all environmental concerns are integrated in
all the development activities in order to contribute to the sustainable development. Specifically,
the objectives are:

i. To identify potential environmental impacts, both direct and in direct,


ii. To assess the significance of the impacts,
iii. To propose preventive mitigating and compensative measures for the significant
negative impacts of the project on the environment,
iv. To generate baseline data for monitoring and evaluation of how well the mitigating
measures are being implemented during the project cycle,
v. To present information on impact of alternative,
vi. To present the results of the EIA study that can guide informed decision making,
vii. To prepare EMP for the proposed project and decommissioning plan.

In recent year’s population growth, urbanization and industrial development in India and equally
in other developing countries in general, poses formidable environmental challenges. The major
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environmental problems from rapid population growth are pollution due to the concentrated
discharge of residuals (gaseous, liquid and solid wastes) into the environment, and destruction of
ecosystems for urban and rural development in environmentally sensitive areas.
Rao Tula Ram Memorial Hospital, located at Village Jaffarpur in South-west District of Delhi is
one of the five peripheral hospitals envisaged in early eighties to reduce overcrowding in larger
central hospitals and to provide secondary health care to the citizen nearer to their place of
residence.

The Hospital Cell of Directorate of Health Services GNCTD oversaw its plan and construction.
It prepared the manpower and equipment plans and got approval of the EFC of Delhi Govt.
RTRM Hospital. The hospital was constructed through PWD and started functioning as a
Polyclinic in 1989. The Indoor services with 25 beds came up in 1995 and four years, in 1999,
all 100 beds were commissioned. Being a rural hospital and due to scarcity of water in the area,
hospital faced lots of operational difficulties, shortage of manpower and its services functioned
only during day time. Since 2006, this hospital is functioning directly under the Health & FW
Dept. and the financial powers of MS enhanced to that of HOD.

 Some Statistical data about South-West District:

 Details of Existing Services at RTRM Hospital:

a. Specialties: Medicine, Surgery, Anesthesia, Radiology, Pediatrics, Orthopedics, Pathology,


Obstetrics & Gynecology, Microbiology, Bio-Chemistry, Forensic Medicine & Dermatology,
Dental Services.

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b. Hospital Services:

i. OPD with Physiotherapy,


ii. Occupational Therapy and a new separate MCH wing for RCH and other family welfare
services,
iii. Indoor (100 beds),
iv. Operation Theatres (Main, Gynae and Emergency),
v. Delivery room,
vi. Casualty and Emergency,
vii. Support Services like MRD, Pharmacy, Laboratory, Radiology, Blood storage,
Mortuary, Ambulance, Stores,
viii. Outsources Ancillary services: CSSD, Laundry, HKS, Security, Kitchen and
Computerized OPD/Emergency Registration.

 Laboratory:
Laboratory is divided into three sub-divisions viz. Pathology, Microbiology and Biochemistry.
It is headed by a SAG level officer (Pathologist). Besides routine investigations it also carries
out FNAC, PAP Smears and Histopathology. Physiotherapy & Occupational therapy services
are also available in the hospital by qualified physiotherapist.

 Indoor Services:
There are four wards on two floors of Indoor block with 25 beds in each. The following
facilities are available in IPD: -

1) Drinking water facility at each floor.


2) Patient info display system has been installed to give the proper information required.
3) Public redressal system to improve the patient care.
4) Air conditioner facility has been installed in all wards.
5) Laying of tiles of all wards for better patient care.
6) Dietary services have improved for indoor patients.

 Casualty Services,
 Ambulance Services,
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 Family welfare,
 Operation Theatre Service,
 Labor Room,
 Nursery and
 Mortuary.

 Methodology

i. Screening of the project, a process that identified the project as being among those requiring
EIA under schedule 2 of the EMCA 1999 and EMCA (Amendment) 2015,
ii. A scoping exercise that identified the key issues to be addressed in the assessment.
iii. Documentary review on the nature of the proposed activities, policy and legal framework,
environmental setting of the area and other available relevant data/information.
iv. Public participation and discussions with the local community, proponent and the project
team.
v. Physical investigation of the site and the surrounding areas using a pre-prepared checklist
identifying possible environmental and human safety issues that are likely to be affected,
vi. Reviewing the proposed project designs and implementation plan/schedules with a view to
suggesting suitable alternatives, vii. Developing an EMP outline with responsibilities,
schedules, monitorable indicators and time frames among other aspects,
vii. A comprehensive report including issues as listed in the Environmental (Impact
Assessment) Regulations 2003.

3. PROJECT OBJECTIVES AND PROJECT LOCATION


The objective of this Environmental Impact Assessment is to ensure that the hospital development
takes into consideration appropriate measures to mitigate any adverse impacts to the environment.

3.1 Nature of the Project


The project selected is a Memorial Hospital at Jaffarpur, New Delhi- 110073. The RTRM
Hospital has capacity of 100 beds. The development will aim at providing habitable student
housing infrastructure and/or increase the utility of the Land in the area.

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3.2 Project Location and Size
The project site is located on latitude 28°35’4” N and longitude 75°54’51” E.

SOURCE: Google Earth

4. POLICY, LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK

Environmental impact Assessment (EIA) is a tool for environmental conservation has been
identified as a key component in any project implementation.

 The Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations, 2003

The EIA exercise under the Act is guided by the Environmental (Impact Assessment and
Audit) Regulations of the year 2003, which was given under legal notice no. 101. The
regulations stipulate the ways in which EIA and audits should be conducted. The project
falls under the second schedule of EMCA, 1999 section 58 (1), (4) that require an EIA be
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conducted. As stipulated by the legal notice No. 101, 2003, PART V, Section 31 (3( (a) (i)
and (ii) it is required that an environmental assessment be undertaken to provide baseline
information upon which subsequent environmental control audit shall be based. It is in the
wake of these regulations that the proponent commissioned the Lead expert to carry out an
EIA exercise, write a report and submit it to NEMA with an aim of being awarded an EIA
license.

 Computerization and HIMS:


The hospital has been depending traditionally on a paper-based information system but in past
one year some initiatives have been taken by the hospital administration an attempt has been made
department is backbone of any institution. The RTRM hospital is well equipped with computers

and its peripherals. Hospital already has a LAN with 24 nodes and trained staff is also available.
In the annual plan an SRS will be undertaken to expand the LAN system, provide computers with
internet facility to all departments/units. This activity will be the base for commissioning of full
H.I.M.S on lines already implemented for another 100 bedded Delhi Govt. Hospital in West
Delhi.
The HIMS project letter has been sent to CDAC for early implementation LAN survey will be
completed in 1-month time and after approval from IT Dept and FD the 200 nodes LAN will be
functional by 3-month time after survey. Simultaneous after approval from IT Dept and FD
procurement of Hardware and Software will be started and Training and Capacity Building of all
staff will start from October 2012.

Delay in Hardware and software procurement may delay the Implementation of the Project.
The Main Objectives of the computerized HIMS in RTRM Hospital are aimed in three phases as
below:

PHASE I: In this Phase we will establish the total LAN of the Hospital with about 200 nodes
and procurement of Hardware, Software and Networking will be done. The Server Room will be
established and planned training of all the staff in basic computer knowledge and HIMS will be
done.

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PHASE II : In this phase all the remaining areas will be equipped with systems and peripherals
and HIMS software will be implemented totally.

PHASE III : In this Phase the total LAN of the new building will be established and as soon as
the new building is operational all software and hardware requirement will be met and it will be
connected to the existing Server Room and integrated with the whole system.

The Expected Outcomes are seamlessly integrated modules, improved Business Processes with
reduced paper-work, improved efficiency and convenience to patients to get reports and
records. Ultimate goal is to have a ‘Paperless Hospital’ with a complete Electronic Health
Record (HER) with unique ID for each patient that can be shared by any hospital of Delhi Govt.
through its network of HIMS. The HIMS will provide the right knowledge, at the right time, at
the right place, to the right person, in the right form and at the right cost and will assist to
conform to NABH Standards.

 Hospital Infection Control Committee:


The Hospital Infection Control Committee was in the year 2011 for the first time in RTRMH
Hospital under the chairmanship of MS and HOO as Co-Chairman. Specialist Microbiology as
Member Secretary along with in-charges of various Department, ANS and HICC Nurse.
The Committee looks after issues regarding infection control, BMW, patient safety and other
related issues. Daily rounds are carried out to ensure sanitation & hygiene to prevent infections.
Regular training and teaching programs of Medical, Paramedical and other staff e.g. waste
handlers and Nursing Orderlies are carried out on regular basis. S.O.P.'s have been prepared
regarding post exposure prophylaxis for needle & stick injury and have been circulated to various
workstations. Hospital is in process of making antibiotic policy.
RTRM Hospital as part of its policy for strict Infection Control, has nominated a Hospital
Infection Control Committee since year 2011 under the chairmanship of Medical Superintendent
with all Heads of Departments as its members and the hospital Microbiologist as its Member
Secretary. The HICC looks after issues regarding infection control, BMW, patient safety and
other related issues. One HICC Nurse has been identified who monitors hospital cleanliness,
hygiene; waste-management and hospital acquired infections full time and reports to the HICC
directly. Standard Operating Procedures are in place for post-exposure prophylaxis for needle-
stick injuries.

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 Bio- Medical Waste Management
Hospital waste is extremely hazardous and if it is not managed properly, it can lead to serious
health and environment problem. Hospital waste is different from our domestic waste and must
be segregated, collected stored, transported and disposed-off properly. In RTRM Hospital BM
waste is being managed as per Bio-Medical (Handling & Management Rule 1998) and DPCC
norms. The environment Management group has been constituted and is looking after matters
pertaining to Bio-Medical Waste Management and other issues related to environment, in
addition to the HICC.

Hospital has an autoclave and shredder for treatment of Cat.7 (red bags). Yellow bags have
been lifted by M/s SMS Water Grace Pvt. Ltd as per the agreement with DHS. The liquid waste
is chemically treated before drainage. Hospitals also have a Sewerage Treatment Plant (STP)
for treating the organic waste.

As per annual report of BMW items for the year 2011, the category-wise data regarding BMW
is as under: -
o Cat 1,3,5,6 (by incineration) - 8530 kg.
o Cat 7 (by autoclaving & shredding) - 6753 Kg.
o Cat.4 waste Sharp-790 Kg

Data pertaining to BMW is well maintained and monthly, quarterly and annual report is sent to
DPCC and DHS. Regular rounds are taken to ensure proper segregation/ management of bio-
medical wastes by its handlers.

Hospital has applied for authorization for consent to Operate/Establish under Air and Water Act
to DPCC. Standard operating procedures (SOPs) have been laid down for BMW Management.

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Fig. Manifest from Rao Tula Ram Matrimonial Hospital for Bio-Medical waste Disposal

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 DISASTER MANAGEMENT

The Rao Tula Ram Memorial Hospital has prepared its own Disaster Management Plan which
includes a team of officers and staff and every officer has been entrusted with a special task in
the light of preparedness of Disaster Plan.

This hospital is situated in the outskirts of Delhi in South West District is a 100 bedded multi-
specialty district hospital. It receives about 1500-2000 patients in its OPD daily half coming from
across the border from neighboring district of Haryana. South West District is identified as
disaster-prone district due to its location in seismic zone 4 and presence of huge quantities of fuel
stored by Indian Oil and other Oil companies. It’s also caters Indra Gandhi Domestic and
International airport. Its nearest hospital is DDU Hospital about 25 KM and Safdarjung Hospital,
AIIMS Trauma center about 35 KM Delhi is very much vulnerable for both natural as well as
manmade disaster. Delhi is prone to all type of Disaster.

A. Natural Disaster: Earth quack, flood, etc.


B. Man-made Disaster: Terrorism, fire, explosion, accident and civil disturbance etc.

Types of disasters/hazards expected in south west district of Delhi are as under:

1. Vehicular accidents and aircraft emergencies


2 Bullet and Blast Injuries
3. Collapse of building
4. Fire in adjoining area and in Indian Oil Depot
5. Food poisoning---Gastroenteritis
6. Drowning
7. Natural Disaster.

Peculiarities/Problems of Disaster Plan Coordination.


1. Sudden occurrence
2. Mass casualties
3. Problems of rescue/evacuation
4. Heavy requirements of blood/blood products and medicines.

Mock Drill for disaster preparedness: In the recent past a mock drill was conducted on
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15-02-2012 in the hospital premises and the targets were achieved successfully that had been
planned to check preparedness according to disaster situation.

Handling of disaster occurred in nearby village: After mock drill a major incident was
reported here on 16-02-2012 it was as equal as disaster in which people at least 200- to 250 of a
village were in a great trouble due to food poisoning. The Hospital’s officers and staff
successfully managed the situation independently. The Disaster Management Team is,
therefore, fully prepared to combat any disaster at any time.

 Solid waste in Hospitals


Municipal solid wastes produced in the hospitals includes wastes such as durable goods,
nondurable goods, containers and packaging, food scraps, yard trimmings, and miscellaneous
inorganic wastes. Examples of waste from these categories include appliances, newspapers,
clothing, boxes, disposable tableware, office and classroom paper, wood pallets, and cafeteria
wastes.
Demolition of the project buildings and related infrastructure will result in large quantities of
solid waste. The waste will contain the materials used in construction including concrete, metal,
wood and, glass. Although demolition waste is generally considered as less harmful to the
environment since it is composed of inert materials, there is growing evidence that large quantities
of such waste may lead to release of certain chemicals into the environment.
Mitigation measures
 All solid waste to be collected at a central location, and be stored temporarily until removal
by a licensed solid waste handler;

 Contractor should adopt the method of selective demolition as far as practicable to enable the
removal of wastes of the same category one at a time thus facilitating recycling of wastes for
beneficial reuse and minimizing the burden on dumpsites;

 No dumping within the surrounding area is to be permitted. Where potentially hazardous


substances are being disposed of, a chain of custody document should be kept with the
environmental register as proof of final disposal. General waste is to be collected either by the
County Government or via a licensed waste disposal contractor. The frequency of collections
should be such that waste containment receptacles do not overflow;

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 Waste generated at the site should be categorized by the contractor and disposed of in a
suitable manner into different waste streams (including general and hazardous waste).
Wherever possible recycling should be carried out;

 Litter generated by the construction crew must be collected in rubbish bins and disposed of
weekly at registered waste disposal sites;

 All rubble must be removed from the site to an approved disposal site as approved by the
Engineer. Burying rubble on the site is prohibited;

 Ensure that no litter, refuse, wastes, rubbish, rubble, debris and builders wastes generated on
the premises is placed, dumped or deposited on adjacent/surrounding properties during or after
the decommissioning period of the project. These have to be disposed of at dumping site as
approved by the County government.

 WASTEWATER GENERATION

HOSPITAL WASTEWATER CONTAINS HAZARDOUS PHARMACEUTICALS AND


CAN CAUSE SERIOUS INFECTIOUS DISEASES. HENCE, IT IS PARAMOUNT THAT
HOSPITAL WASTEWATER BE TREATED BEFORE BEING RELEASED TO SEWERS
AND THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT.

 COORDINATION AND CONTROL


The Medical Superintendent is the overall in-charge and head of the Department of this hospital.
He exercises complete control over the staff posted here. He is ably assisted by DMS, CMO,
Specialists, SMO, MO, SR, JR, ANS, OS, SO, AAO.
Medical officers are assigned various administrative duties beside the clinical work.
The Medical Superintendent personally evaluates and supervises the work of each unit in regular
meetings with the DMS, CMO, Specialists and respective medical officer in-charge of the units;
he discusses the problems and tries to find the solutions for each one of them thereby improving
the quality of hospital services and patient care constantly.
DUAC and fire clearance for setting up of a separate ward of 100 beds has already been obtained
and Environmental clearance is awaited. Medical Superintendent is taking up the matter with
consultants and EE for speedy approval etc.

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5. CONCLUSION
The Rao Tula Ram Matrimonial hospital structure would take all measures to ensure that no
activities with potential to compromise the comfort and safety of the neighboring land users,
workers and patients would be undertaken in the premises.

6. RECOMMENDATIONS
 Undertake regular audits.
 Waste treatment facilities should be installed like Incineration, Composting and many
other.
 Steam Sterilizers like Autoclave and Hydroclave must be present in the Hospital.
 Water management techniques should be installed like rainwater harvesting.

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Environmental Impact Assessment Report on “CH.
BRAHM PRAKASH GOVERNMENT ENGINEERING
COLLECGE”

PAGE 17
Table of Content

I. Introduction
a. Objective of EIA
b. Scope of the Study
c. Methodology
d. Justification of the Project
II. Project Description and Design
a. Description of project
b. Project size
c. Project location
d. Construction Inputs
III. Baseline Information
a. Physical Environment
b. Biological Environment
c. Infrastructure
IV. Public Participation
a. Introduction
b. Objective of the Consultation and Public Participation (CPP)
c. Methodology used in the CPP
d. Analysis of the Public Consultation Findings
e. Analysis of Public Consultation
V. Project Alternatives
a. No Project Alternative
b. Design Alternative
VI. Description of Existing and Anticipated Impacts and Their Mitigation Measures
a. Existing Impact
b. Anticipated Impact
c. Environmental Impact
d. Social-Economic Impact
VII. Environmental Management and Monitoring Plan
VIII. Conclusion and Recommendation

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INTRODUCTION
The Department of Training and Technical Education, Govt. of Delhi, in its mission to promote
and establish center of excellence in form of institutes has added Ch. Brahm Prakash Govt.
Engineering College at Jaffarpur, Delhi, from academic session 2007- 08. This College has
commenced academic programmes in B. Tech (Civil Engineering and Information Technology
Engineering) from academic session 2007-08 and B. Tech (Environmental Engineering) from
academic session 2008-09. But from Year 2016, Environmental Engineering Programme has
closed.
The aim of the Govt. of Delhi is to develop this college as center of excellence in Civil
Engineering and related fields.
The first batch of B. Tech IT and Civil Engineering passed out in the year 2011.This college is
affiliated to Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU). It was the only college in
Delhi after Delhi Technological University (DTU) to provide B. Tech in Environmental
Engineering.

Objectives of the EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process having the ultimate objective of providing
decision makers with an indication of the likely environmental consequences of a proposed
activity. The main objectives of this EIA therefore include the following:

i. To identify and evaluate the significant environmental impacts of the project


ii. To evaluate the impacts of the various alternatives on the project
iii. To propose mitigation measures for the significant negative impacts of the project on the
environment.
iv. To generate baseline data for monitoring and evaluating impacts, including mitigation
measures during the project cycle.
v. To seek the views and concerns of all stakeholders in regards to the proposed project.
vi. To highlight environment issues with a view to guiding policy makers, planners, stake holders
and government agencies to make environmentally and economically sustainable decisions
viii. To incorporate Environmental Management Plans and monitoring mechanisms.

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Scope of the study

The EIA study will involve the following:

a) A description of the project


b) Documentation of all baseline information
c) Socio-economic study to get the views of different stakeholders using:

I. Questionnaires
II. Interviews
III. Public meeting

d) Review of the policy, legal and administrative framework


e) Prediction of any sources of conflicts and making relevant recommendations
f) Assessment of both the positive and negative impacts of all environmental and components
g) Developing mitigation measures for the negative impacts identified
h) Designing of an Environmental Management Plan for the project.
i) Designing a monitoring and evaluation plan.

Methodology
The methodology used for preparation of this EIA report is stated in the steps below:

i. Screening of the project


ii. A scoping exercise that identified the key issues to be addressed in the assessment.
iii. Documentary review on the nature of the proposed activities, policy and legal framework,
environmental setting of the area and other available relevant data/information.
iv. Public participation and discussions with the local community, proponent and the project team.
v. Physical investigation of the site and the surrounding areas using a pre-prepared checklist
identifying possible environmental and human safety issues that are likely to be affected,
vi. Reviewing the proposed project designs and implementation plan/schedules with a view to
suggesting suitable alternatives,
viii. Developing an EMP outline with responsibilities, schedules, monitorable indicators
and time frames among other aspects.

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Justification of the project
 Demand for Housing (Student accommodation)

Housing has for a long time been recognized as a basic human need, with even recent suggestions
that it be made a basic human right. Institutions of Higher learning are mandated to provide
boarding/accommodation facilities to their students.

The population of students joining institutions of higher learning has been rapidly increasing over
the years resulting to the inability of most institutions to fully cater for student accommodation.
The proposed development therefore comes as a timely venture to cater for the existing
accommodation deficit, more specifically, in Daystar University.

 Adjacent Land use analysis


Currently there are developments adjacent to the site. The common land uses are hostels, public
purpose, townhouses and educational. At a radius of five (5) Kilometers, there are shops, religious
facilities and other community facilities which will be adequate to serve the incoming
development.

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PROJECT DESCRIPTION AND DESIGN
The college information is:
Name of the college: Ch. Brahm Prakash Govt.
Engineering College
College type: State
Location: New Delhi
Established: 2007
Size: 8.5 acres
The building comprises of Ground floor, first floor and second floor. There are 45 rooms in the
college which includes classrooms, laboratories and offices. Hostel facility for students is
available in the campus of Ambedkar University, Delhi. The college has a multi-purpose hall
which is fully air conditioned. There are porta cabins for the faculty of the college. The college
has facilities for various outdoor sports with a field for Cricket, Football, Volleyball a dedicated
Badminton court and a Basketball court. For Indoor Sports, two tennis table, a room for chess are
available. A health fitness Gym is also present in the college for students, faculty and staff. The
campus also has an open –air- Amphitheatre with a seating capacity of approximately 200 seats.
The campus is located in a semi-urban village which provides wide access to open land for
surveying and other major fields of study in Civil Engineering. It has huge expanse of agricultural
land nearby which are a boon for environmental students s they can monitor air and soil samples.

Project Size
The college has campus area of about 8.5 acres (3.4 hectare) which is surrounded by Ch. Brahm
Prakash Industrial Training Institute and Jawahar Navodaya Vidhyalaya.

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Project Location

Source: Google Map

Construction Inputs
The project inputs include the following:

 Construction raw materials i.e. sand, cement, stones, crushed rock (gravel/ ballast), ceramic
tiles and other ceramic fittings, steel and wooden fixtures and fittings, glass, steel metals,
timber, roofing materials, painting materials among others. All these should be obtained
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 from licensed dealers, especially those that have complied with the environmental
management guidelines and policies.

 Construction machines including machinery such as trucks, concrete mixers, and tools and
other relevant construction equipment. These will be used for the transportation of
materials, clearing of the site and construction debris. Most of the machinery will use
electrical and petroleum products to provide energy.

 A construction labor force of both skilled and non-skilled workers. These will require
services such as energy, water supply and sanitation facilities.
 Water for construction purposes.
 Power from the mains grid or provided by generators.

BASELINE INFORMATION
Physical Environment
 Climate

The atmosphere near the college is pollution free. The short rains fall between October and
December while the long rains fall between mid -June and August. The climate is humid highland
subtropical in character with seasonal dry and wet periods. Temperatures vary from the lowest
15°C in to the highest are 40°C. The warmest period occurs from April to June with coolest period
falling between months of November to March.

 Geology and Soils


The geology and soils of an area have a great influence on the type of physical development and
also determine the type of land use appropriate for the area.

Biological Environment
The proponent has reserved ample space for tree planting and landscaping to compensate for
affected vegetation and further improve the environment. Adequate measures will be taken to
conserve and preserve the ecosystem.

Flora
The project site is generally characterized by shrubs and savanna grass vegetation cover. Exotic
grass and trees are found along the boundary of the campus. The proposed project site is situated

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in an area where cattle and goats grazing are dominant hence vegetation is highly consumed by
the grazing animals.

Fauna
There are different species of birds like sparrows, peacocks and animals such as cows, goats,
donkeys, squirrels, snake, dog etc.

Infrastructure
Roads
The property is 1.5 km from the Rawta Mor, making a L shaped path. The road length is
approximately 13 m named of Daurala Border Road.

Water supply
The area is not connected to the public water supply systems. The proponent intends to abstract
water from a borehole to serve the water needs of the intended development. The developer also
intends to:

 Decide with registered water vendors to supply the commodity (water) to the site in case
of short fall in the normal supply.
 Install underground storage tanks.

Surface Drainage

 The surface water/run-off will mainly be absorbed within the site i.e. open areas. However,
increased surface run-off is anticipated from roof catchments of building structure; drive
way and parking, which are partially impervious. Therefore, as rain falls much water/run-
off is anticipated due to slight decrease in recharge areas. In connection to this, the volume
of water reaching the drain system will be large and as such it greatly influences the design
of effective surface drainage system of the proposed project.
 In line with the above, surface drainage systems will effectively be designed and installed
to manage the storm water such as may be derived from the parking, driveways and roof
of the building blocks. Open (concrete drainage-inverted concrete drains) channels will be
used to drain the excess surface water/storm into the public drainage system along the
access road.

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PUBLIC PARTICIPATION

Introduction

This chapter describes the process of the public consultation followed to identify the key issues
and impacts of the proposed project. Views from the local residents, stakeholders, surrounding
institutions and development partners who in one way or another would be affected or rather
interested in the proposed project were sought through administering of questionnaires,
interviews and public meeting as stipulated in the Environment Management and Coordination
Act, 1999.

Section 17 of the Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations 2003, states that an
EIA should “seek the views of persons who may be affected by the proposed project.”

Objectives of the Consultation and Public Participation (CPP)

The objective of the consultation and public participation was to:

i. Disseminate and inform the stakeholders about the project with special reference to its key
components and location.
ii. Gather comments, suggestions and concerns of the interested and affected parties.
iii. Incorporate the information collected in the EIA study.

Methodology used in the CPP

The exercise was conducted in different ways, namely:

 field surveys and observations,


 administering of questionnaires,
 public meeting

The purpose for such interviews was to identify the positive and negative impacts and
subsequently promote proposals on the best practices to be adopted and mitigate the negative
impacts respectively. It also helped in identifying any other miscellaneous issues which may bring
conflicts in case project implementation proceeds as planned.

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Analysis of the Public Consultation findings
Positive Issues

 Creation of employment opportunities


 Increase and enhance property values in the neighborhood
 Improve security in the area
 Address the critical gap and demand for quality purpose-built housing for students and
young professionals
 Lower the current cost of housing
 Increase supply of quality and affordable student accommodation
 Improvement of the infrastructure.

Negative Issues

 Anticipated increased noise from the development.

Analysis of the public consultation

The overall conclusion from the interviews and analysis of public consultation led to
determination of the following:
 The project is located in an idle land and is unlikely to have adverse effects to the
environment if managed properly.
 The proposed development will provide habitable student housing units and thus alleviate
the shortage
 The project will uplift the market value and economic viability of the premises around the
site.
 The proposed project will benefit the members of the community at large through boosting
of the area economically and creation of jobs
 If the EMP is adhered to, all the potential negative impacts will be addressed conclusively.

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PROJECT ALTERNATIVES

No Project Alternative
Without the proposed development, the subject plot would remain in its current underutilized
state. Advantage associated with this are that there would be no negative implications on the
environment brought about by implementing the project.

Alternative design

The architectural design that was selected proved to be the most feasible. It provides sufficient
space requirements for students, a variety of rooms to choose from, privacy, security, recreational
facilities among other specifications favorable to students. It concurs with the stipulated standards
and specifications.
The proponent settled on this design as a unique design that best meets the objectives of the
project.

DESCRIPTION OF EXISTING AND ANTICIPATED IMPACTS AND THEIR


MITIGATION MEASURES

Existing impacts
The subject property is covered by grass and a few trees. The vegetation cover prevents
occurrence of soil erosion and provides habitat for birds and insects.

Anticipated Impacts
The proposed development will bring about several environmental and social-economic impacts.
These impacts can describe as either negative or positive.

Environmental impacts
 Positive impacts

Positive impacts on the site will be experienced after completion of construction phase. A
landscaping plan will be implemented to replace the cleared vegetation and improve natural
aesthetic of the property.

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 Negative Impacts

a. Soil Erosion
Soil erosion refers to the loss/removal of the top soil due to natural (wind, water), animal or
human activity. In this particular project, soil erosion will be attributed to human activity through
movement of machinery, excavation works and digging of trenches. However, it is important to
note that soil erosion will not be a major environmental issue of concern since there will be no
major excavation or leveling to be done.

Potential Mitigation measures

 Provide soil erosion control measures i.e. suppressing open surfaces with water or use of
soil erosion control structures on soil-erosion prone areas within the site.
 Avoid unnecessary excavations and other soil disturbances that can predispose it to the
agents of erosion.
 Avoid unnecessary movement of soil materials from the site.
 Control over excavation works especially during rainy / wet conditions
 Re-surface open areas on completion of the project and introduce appropriate vegetation.

Impacts on FLORA and FAUNA

De-vegetation results to generation of environmental impacts such as soil erosion, hydrological


imbalance, decreases air purifiers etc.

The proposed project will cause major disturbances to the birds and insects on the site; vegetation
(shrubs, grass & trees) will be cleared.

Potential Mitigation measures

 Propose restoration programmes early e.g. landscaping and rehabilitation proposals and
their role in mitigating impacts for the affected areas.
 Manage the introduced vegetation on completion of the development to restore or
improve the site.
 . Landscaping as proposed in the designs should be done by specialists.

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Air Pollution

 During the construction stage there will be emission of dust and gas to the atmosphere
resulting to low air quality. The vehicles entering the site to deliver building materials and
the machinery used for construction generate hazardous exhaust fumes such as Carbon
Oxides (COx), Sulphur Oxides (SOx) and Nitrogen Oxides (NOx). Dust particles are
caused by excavation works, vibration of machinery and movement of vehicles.
 The dust and gases have a direct negative impact to the health of workers.

Potential Mitigation measures


 Provide personal protective equipment such as nose masks, goggles etc. to the workers
 Regular and prompt maintenance of construction machinery and equipment. This
minimizes generation of hazardous gases.
 Control over areas generating dust particles. Such areas should be regularly sprinkled
with water to reduce/suppress dust. Such areas (and excavated soil) can be enclosed to
mitigate effects of wind on them.

Social-economic Impacts

 Positive impacts
a. Employment creation

The proposed project will create many jobs for both skilled and semi-skilled workers. During the
construction phase, the project will employ a large workforce including; masons, plumbers,
electricians among others, cooks among others.
For the operation phase, the project will employ a small work force including; cleaners, security
guards, caretakers among other.

b. Provision of market for supply of building materials

During the construction phase, the project will consume a lot of building materials sourced both
locally and in other parts of the region. This will have a positive impact towards the economic
status of the supplies and to the national economy through V.A.T rates for goods.

c. Gains in the local economy

The economy of the neighborhood will receive a boost especially during the construction phase
due to the activities of the workers; buying food, drink and commodities.

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Negative Impacts

Public Health
During construction, there will be increased dust, air and noise pollution. These are considered
harmful to human health. The residents and workforce involved will be subjected to these
environmental hazards putting them at high risk.
Waste material such as pieces of glass and nails left lying on the ground may cause injuries/
accidents to the workers. Food for the construction workforce is usually provided by mobile
individuals most of which operates without licenses. This can compromise health of the workers
especially if such foodstuffs are prepared in unhygienic conditions.

Potential Mitigation measures


 Depending on the occupational safety and health hazards anticipated while performing
assigned job tasks, workers will require using properly fitting personal protective
equipment (PPE) to avoid injuries and illness. These include working boots, overalls,
helmets, goggles, earmuffs, masks, gloves etc
 A First Aid Kit should be provided within the site and during construction phase. This
should be fully equipped at all times and should be managed by qualified persons.

 Adapt a suitable emergence response plans to manage occurrence of anticipated hazards


during construction phase.
 Safety awareness may be gained through regular safety meetings, safety training or
personal interest in safety and health.
 The contractor should have workmen ‘s compensation cover. It should comply with
workmen ‘s compensation Act, as well as other ordinances, Regulations and union
Agreements.
 Sanitary facilities should be provided; and maintain Standard cleanliness of the facilities.
 Local individuals preparing food for the workers at the site should be controlled,
monitored and evaluated to ensure that food is hygienically prepared.
 Workers should always be sensitized on social issues such as drugs, alcohol, diseases such
as HIV/AIDS and STIs etc.

Increased Water demand

Water is an integral material for construction hence during this phase, a high amount of water
will be required. During the occupation phase, the demand for water will also be high; mostly for
domestic use. Lack of adequate water during occupation phase may result to dirty surfaces
exposing the residents to disease.
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The subject plot is not served by the conventional water supply system. The proponent will buy
water from vendors and drill a borehole within the site.

Potential Mitigation measures

 Drill a borehole to supply water for the development in both construction and occupation
phase (all necessary approvals from WRMA and NEMA have been sought and granted).
 The contractor should use water bowsers and tankers to bring in water for construction
activities i.e. during periods of high-water demand (i.e. during slab formation). Water
fetching should however be subject to authorization by the local water authority.
 Recycling of treated grey water from the Waste Water Treatment Plant.
 Install water conserving taps that turn-off automatically when water is not in use.
 Encourage water reuse/recycling during construction and occupation phases.
 Roof catchments of building blocks should be provided with rainwater harvesting systems
(gutters, down pipes and water storage facilities) to enhance collection and storage of the
resulting run-off. Such water can be used in watering flower gardens, general cleaning.

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CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

The project, Ch. Brahm Prakash Govt. Engineering College shall bring with its numerous positive
impacts including creation of employment opportunities, improved businesses in the project area
especially for various suppliers, benefits to shopkeepers and increase in revenue to both the
county and national governments among others has outlined in the report.
The negative environmental impacts that will result from establishment of the project which
include air pollution, noise pollution and generation wastes among others which however can be
mitigated.

The proponent has committed to put in place various mitigation measures mitigate the negative
environmental, safety, health and social impacts associated with the proposed development. It is
recommended that in addition to this commitment, the proponent should focus on implementing
the measures outlined in the EMP as well as adhering to all relevant national and international
environmental, health and safety standards, policies and regulations that govern establishment
and operation of such projects.

It is also recommended that the positive impacts that emanate from such activities shall be
maximized as much as possible. It is expected that these measures will go a long way in ensuring
the best possible environmental compliance and performance standards.

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