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Spreadsheet to Calculate Composite Beams

Original by NCC
Revised by LK Ng 5 May 2002

Project: PROMENADE II Designed by: NCC Date: 21-Nov-18


Level : Composite Beam-Simply Supported Checked by: Job No. 1
Beam :

Steel Properties

UB 406 x 178 x 54 Kg/m


Grade 43
Location Internal
D= 453.6 mm Ix = 29400 cm4
B= 189.9 mm Zx = 1300 cm3
t= 8.5 mm Sr = 1470 cm3
T= 12.7 mm A= 8540 mm2

Design Data

Normal concrete Steel


fcu = 30 N/mm2 E= 205000000 kN/m2
Density = 18 kN/m3 py= 355 N/mm2
Slab thickness = 130 mm Beam DL = 0.54 kN/m
Slab UDL DL = 2.34 kN/m2

Loading
Imposed Construction Load = 0.50 kN/m2
DL M+E = 0.50 kN/m2
DL partition = 1.00 kN/m2
Additional DL after construction = 1.50 kN/m2
Total LL after construction = 5.00 kN/m2

Beam
Span , L = 12000 mm
Effective Slab Width, Be = 3000 mm
Supported Slab Width, bo = 3000 mm

Bondek II (steel sheeting)

br

Dp

Trough Spacing

Section of Decking Formwork

Thickness, tp = 1 mm Spacing = 300 mm


Profile Height, Dp = 50 mm Width, br = 150 mm
Deck UDL DL = 0.14 kN/m2

Shear Connectors

Diameter = 19.0 mm
As-welded length = 90 mm
Shear studs per rib = 0 nos.
Stud height = 95 mm
Characteristic Strength, Qk = 100 kN

Floor Loading

A. Construction Stage
Slab DL = 7.44 kN/m
UB DL = 0.54 kN/m
Total DL= 7.98 kN/m LL = 1.50 kN/m

B. Composite State
Brickwall DL = 0.00 kN/m
Dead Load = 12.48 kN/m
Total DL = 12.48 kN/m LL = 15.00 kN/m

Check size of steel beam

At Composite Stage
Design load, w = 41.47 kN/m
Design Shear Force, F v = 248.83 kN <0.6 py (tD)= 492.7 kN OK
Design Moment, M = 746.50 kNm

Moment capacity of steel, Ms = 521.85 kNm

Resistance of concrete flange, Rc = 3240.00 kN Resistance of slab in compression


Rs = 3031.70 kN Resistance of steel section in tension
Rw = 1319.37 kN
Rf = 856.16 kN

* Rc > Rs (Plastic neutral axis lies in concrete slab) GO TO CASE 1


Moment Resistance of Composite Beam (for full shear connection):

CASE 1 Rc > Rs - (plastic neutral axis lies in concrete slab)


Mpc = Rs{D / 2 + Ds - (Rs / Rc)(Ds - Dp) / 2} = 968.2 kN/m > Mu, O.K.

CASE 2 Rs > Rc > Rw - (plastic neutral axis lies in steel flange)


Mpc = RsD / 2 + Rc(Ds + Dp) / 2 - (Rs - Rc)2T / 4Rf

CASE 3 Rc < Rw - (plastic neutral axis lies in web)


Mpc = Ms + Rc (Ds + Dp + D) / 2 - Rc2 D/ 4Rw

Design of Shear Connectors

The smaller of Rc and Rs = 3031.70 kN


Design Strength, Q = 80.00 kN

Reduction factor for decking profile :

No.Stud per Reduction Factor


trough Calculated Limit Allowable
1 2.04 1.0 1.0
2 1.44 0.8 0.8
3 1.20 0.6 0.6
2 Selected 0.8

Resistance of one (1) shear connector = 64.00 kN

No. of connectors per half span required = 48 (Minimum)

Since there is 2 shear stud per 300 mm


Possible no. of connectors in full span = 80 (Maximum)

For full composite action, no .of studs req'd = 96

Check Stress:

Stress due to self-weight


Moment = 143.64 kNm
Bending stress = 110.49 N/mm2

Modular Ratio = 15 [ 10 for Normal Weight Concrete ; 15 for Light Weight Concrete ]
r= 0.0356
Elastic neutral axis depth, x e = 150.25 mm
Second moment of area, I c = 861355521 mm4
Elastic section modulus-steel flange, Z t = 1987655 mm3
Elastic section modulus-concrete, Z c = 85993701 mm3

Service load on composite section:


Service moment, M= 351.0 kNm

Stress in steel = 177 N/mm2 Additional stress on non-composite section = 110 N/mm2

Total serviceability stress = 287 N/mm2 OK < Py

Stress in concrete = 0.41 N/mm2 < 13.50 N/mm2 OK

Serviceability Deflection

Deflection of beam at the construction stage :

Deflection = 0.00 mm

Deflection of beam at the composite stage : for normal weight concrete Modulus of Elasticity
gamma e = short + p(long -short) = 13.63 short term = 6
long term = 18
Ig = 880511806 mm4 p= 0.64

Deflection = 0.00 mm

Total Deflection for fully composite beam for construction stage:


construction stage (no pre-cambering, and unpropped) = 0.00 mm
composite stage = 0.00 mm
Total = 0.00 mm < L/ 360 33.33 mm

For unpropped construction,


total deflection = 0.00 mm < L/ 360 33.33 mm
Hence , unpropped construction is recommended!

Check Natural Frequency of Beam

Weight of Floor Considered in Dynamic Check


self weight slab+beam+10% imposed load + SIDL w/o partitions = 10.98 kN/m

Allowable frequency (minimum), f = 4.00 Hz

Ratio of dynamic to static in deflection = 1.10

Deflection due to instantaneously applied self load = 15.26 mm

Natural Frequency, f = 4.61 Hz OK !