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Quiz # 3 – Lessons 5 Dr. Ariel P.

Villar
Practical Research II Master Teacher II
I. Match the items in Column A with the correct answer with Column B. Write the letter only.

Column A Column B
1. Extraneous Variables a. do not undergo any changes during an experiment
2. Participant variables b. characteristics of people: intelligence, creativity,
3. Situational Variables anxiety, learning styles, etc.
4. Endogenous Variables c. included in the research study to create
5. Constant Variables interactions with the independent
6. Attributes Variables d. quantitative in nature and is used in interval or
7. Exogenous Variables ratio scale of measurement
8. Covariate Variables e. has only two possible results: one or zero
9. Latent Variables f. cannot be directedly observed to give proofs or
10. Continuous Variables latent variables
g. found outside an identified model
h. found inside; as a part of identified model
i. nature of the place
j. moods, emotions, intelligence of the subject
k. extra variables that create an impact on the
relationship between the independent and
dependent variable

II. Directions: Read the RESEARCH ABSTRACT given and answer the questions that follow.
Choose your answer from the items inside the text box. (10 points)

Abstract
This research study examines individual’s experiences of unemployment from a psychological
perspective. It presents the different psychological and financial effects of unemployment and presents
the different theories developed on the effects of job loss on the individual. It will also examine the
central role which work contributes to an individual’s life. Finally, it will investigate how a person deals
with unemployment and copes with the transition. A qualitative approach was selected as the research
method for this study, through the use of six semi-structured interviews. The research findings indicate
that unemployment can affect an individual’s psychological well-being. Unemployment can leave some
individuals with feelings of worthlessness, a lack of identity, lack of motivation, feelings of embarrassment
and increased stress levels. However, the unemployed do not all share similar experiences of
unemployment as noted in the findings and are not all unhappy with their unemployment situation.

Experiences of Unemployment Psychological Effects Positivist Approach Semi-Structured Interviews


Financial Effects Survey Instrument Quantitative Research Feeling of Worthlessness
Scientific Approach Lack of Motivation Correlational Research Design Lack of Identity
Exploratory Research Design Qualitative Research Feelings of Embarrassment Ageing Well

11. What is being examined in the study?


12. What is the approach used in the study?
13. What is the method used in gathering the data?
14. What type of research is used in the study?
15. These are the two areas where the study could create an effect.
16.
17. What is the type of research design used in the study?
18. .
19. . The findings of the study on the effects of unemployment
20.

1
Abstract
The study sought to explore patients' motivations and expectations for dental implants. In this study
a single-setting, qualitative research through an exploratory design was utilized through semi-structured,
telephone interviews were conducted with nine patients who had consulted a restorative dental
practitioner with an interest in implantology about the possibility of replacing their missing teeth with
dental implants. Interview transcripts were subjected to thematic analysis to identify relevant themes.
The study revealed that the main theme to emerge was 'normality' and that participants expected
implants to restore their oral-related quality of life to 'normal'. It was concluded that patients' belief that
dental implants are just like natural teeth could be cause for concern if it leads them to treat them as
such, and thereby not follow the recommended specialist care they require. The findings emphasize the
importance of good dental practitioner-patient communication in assessing expectations of treatment
and outcomes.

Motivations and Expectations for Dental Implants Positivist Approach Semi-structured Interviews
Dental Health Quantitative Research “Normality” Implantology
Naturalistic Approach Correlational Research Design “Abnormality” Plantology
Exploratory Research Design Qualitative Research Patient’s Belief on Implants Thematic Analysis

21. What is being examined in the study?


22. What is the approach used in the study?
23. What is the method used in gathering the data?
24. What type of research is used in the study?
25. What type of analysis was used in the data?
26. What is the main theme emerged in the study?
27. What is the type of research design used in the study?
28. The word that refers to the concept of teeth implants.
29. The conclusion reveals this concern on dental implants
30. The importance of the study
III. Directions: Analyze the given ABSTRACT based on TOPIC, TYPE OF RESEACH, APPROACHES AND
METHODOLOGY, AND IMPORTANCE. Explain each part very and write your answer in paragraph form.
(20 points)

ABSTRACT
At the current time, people aged 85 years and over are identified as the fastest growing sector of
our ageing population and generally assumed to be the most demanding for care. This thesis challenges
this stereotypical assumption and aims to address the gap in current knowledge, bringing a detailed
understanding of the influences contributing to ‘ageing well’ by including the voice of older people
themselves.
Applying a convergent parallel mixed methods approach containing two theoretical strands of
data: (i) quantitative from ‘The Newcastle 85+ Pilot Study’, comprising structured interviews with n=116
participants [47 male/69 female]; and (ii) qualitative from additional in-depth interviews with n=17 of
these participants [9 male/8 female]. All data collection took place within the participants’ usual place of
residence [own home/care home; nursing/residential] and analysis was according to the theoretical
foundation of each strand. Meta-inferences were led by qualitative themes with quantitative findings
providing context. All participants were born in 1918 and permanently registered with a general practice
within the City of Newcastle upon Tyne, North East of England.
Findings revealed: (i) past life experiences have relevance as an influencing factor for ‘ageing well’;
(ii) perspectives of the older individual need to be included when exploring health needs and planning
resource allocation; (iii) the contribution of social connectedness and informal support should be
considered as influencing factors of ‘ageing well’. An overarching discussion concluded that ‘ageing well’
is a fluid concept, sensitive to the lived context and history of an individual. Examining ‘ageing well’ in this
way not only provides opportunities for future research and practice but also contributes to the
development of overall knowledge.