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1 2 3 4 5
Varied nose forms, from hemispheric to
2 3 4 5 6 7
CB caps use BB cap case and charge, and a 29-gr. bullet.
These are: 1-USCC, 2-USCC, variant bullet; 3-Peters,
conical, identify BB caps made by: 1-
UMC, 2-USCC, 3-Win., 4-Peters, 5-WCC. copper case; 4-Peters, brass case; 5-UMC, 6-WCC, 7-Win.

Headstamps provide the greatest challenge to rimfire collectors. The samples above are by: 1-Crit.-Tib., large caliber; 2-UMC, .267 R.F.;
3-UMC, 4-USCC, impressed letters; 5-USCC, raised letters; 6-A&W, 7-Peters, 8-Phoenix, 9-Union, 10-Leet, 11-Win., and 12-Amer. Met.

• B REE CH-LOADING firearms date back

through the flintlock era and earlier.
Problems such as sealing the breech,

moisture-proofing the cartridges, and
extracting empty cases were, of course,
serious in turn as improved arms were
developed, but each was solved. Every
imaginable kind of material was used to
make ca rt ridge cases for the early hn:cch-
loaders paper, ruhher, linen, metal foil.

• etc. Disks, arms, cords, wires. and other

appendages were attached to cartridges as
a means of withdrawing the spent cases

1m ire
from the chamber. Cartridges were coated
with a variety of substances in an effort
to keep the powder dry; tallow, shellac,
varnish, and collodion were used.
With all this ingenuity, however, it was
not until 1854 that the concept of
including the priming material as part of

• the cartridge - possibly the most signifi-

cant concept in the history of American
firearms - was given serious considera-
tion. On Aug. 8, 1854, Horace Smith and

or r1 es
Daniel B. Wesson of Springfield, Mass.,
were granted U.S. Patent No. 11,496 for a
cartridge which claimed the placing of a
pellet of priming powder between the soft
metal head and a hard metal (probably
iron) disk anvil. The sketch which accom-

Part I panies this patent is reminiscent of the

Flobert cartridges patented in France in
1845, except that the Flobert cartridges
In the first of his two-port series, the author costs on historical contained no anvil and had the fulminate
spread in a thin layer over the whole
interior of the base. The similarity of these
look at rimfires from the .22 Short to the .41 Long. cartridges is understandable, since Horace
Smith had previously been involved in the
BY PAUL KLATT manufacture of Flobert-type pistols.

Enhanced performance .22s appeared prior

to 1900 and endure as the .22 WMR. 1-.22

Rem., WCC; 2-.22 Rem., UMC, smokeless;
3-.22 Win. Auto, Win.; 4-.22 Win. Auto,
USCC; 5-.22 Win. Auto, UMC; 6-.22 Win.
Auto, Peters; 7-.22 WRF, Win. 8-.22 WRF,
wee; 9- and 10- .22 Rem. Spl, uscc, arid
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 the same case with a variant bullet design.

n . ~.~
_II ll11lll11il
Patented by S&W in 1860, the .22 Short
started the ball rolling and is still hold-
ing its own over a century later. Variants
of the .22 Short are most numerous and
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 include the .22 Govt Spl (1 ), .22s by
S&W (2) and Hall & Hubbard (3) plus the
cartridges shown at left: 4-Allen, 5-
A&W, 6-Phoenix, 7-Amer. Met., 8-

nm I ft nn1111111
Montgomery Ward, 9-WCC, 10-WCC,
round ball; 11-12-Win., 13-14-UMC, 15-
UMC, explosive; 16-Rem., explosive;
17-18-Peters, 19-20-USCC, 21-Win.,
shot; 22-UMC, shot; 23-Win., blank;
13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 24-United States Cartridge Co., blank.

Whether the 1854 patent Smith and was the technique used to "force" or spin 1'"'1

n I t1
Wesson cartridges were actually manufac- the fulminating material away from the
tured is not known, as no specimen has yet center of the head and into the rim recess
come to light. only. For this purpose they included a
Smith and Wesson continued their special tool in their patent.
experiments with self-contained ammuni- "After the fulminate is thus pressed into
tion and were granted U.S. Patent No. place it is ... permanently secured there 2 3 4
14,147 on Jan. 22, 1856, for a cartridge ... by a wad . . . of paper, leather or other
which contained the powder, the priming suitable material . . . this wad may be
material, and an iron anvil within the base made with a hole through the middle of it,

nm an
.of the projectile. This became the famous which hole may be occupied by gun-
Volcanic "loaded ball" cartridge. For one powder, and thus the fire from the
reason or another, neither the cartridge fulminating powder will be communicated
nor the repeating arm manufactured for it with greater surety to the gunpowder with
were commercially successful. They sur- which the cartridge case is almost entirely
vived long enough, however, to indicate a filled." 5 6 7 8 9
real interest in self-contained ammunition. Though not patented until 1860, these The .22 Long tried to up .22 Short utility
Undaunted by the failure of the Vol- rimfire cartridges were manufactured by by upping velocity. Still sold, Longs
canic venture, Smith and Wesson pro- Smith & Wesson for use with its No. 1, were never very popular. These are
ceeded with their work, and they were tip-up revolvers and were sold along with by: 1-Amer. Met., 2-Montgomery Ward,
granted U.S. Patent No. 27,933 on April the guns beginning in November, 1857. 3-Sears & Roebuck, 4-WCC, 5-Win.,
17 , 1860, for "a cartridge in which the Thus the first American rimfire cartridge 6-Win., variant bullet; 7-UMC, 8-UMC,
fulminate was contained in a hollow, was born . Both gun and cartridge were dummy; and 9-U.S. Cartridge Co.
annular, projecting base." The inventors successful from the start, and the .22
claimed that Flobert-type cartridges were rimfire is still the most popular cartridge
not adapted for a revolving pistol because type in the world .
"the explosion of these cartridges ... Made from thin copper, the early
caused the base to bulge out . . . by which rimfire cases made excellent gas checks.

means the cylinder was jammed and There were no openings in the cartridge,
prevented from revolving freely." To as with earlier percussion ammunition,
obviate this objection, the patentees and waterproofing became a matter of
proposed to make "the cartridge case with simply crimping the mouth of the case
a projecting flange .. . around its base so against the lubricated bullet. The rim of
as to form an annular recess . .. in which these cartridges made extracting fired 2 3 4 5
the fulminating powder was placed , the cases a simple matter, and automatic
fulminate from the central portion of the extraction was a natural extension of the
head being removed ." "Removed" is not bre,e ch-opening mechanism. Most signifi-
the best word choice here, since a basic cant of all, however, is that the rimfire
feature of the Smith and Wesson patent cartridge was a complete package. Load-

The following abbreviations are used to

6 7 8 9 10
identify manufacturers of rimfire cartridges
illustrated: Al/en-Ethan Allen, A&W-Allen & King of the rimfires, the .22 LR dates from
Wheelock, Amer. Met-American Metallic 1887. It uses the long case and, originally, a
Ctg. Manufacturing Co., Crit.-Tib.~Critten­ 40-gr. bullet. Varities here include: 1-WCC,

den-Tibbals Manufacturing Co., Leet-C. D. 2-"Lesmoke", 3-UMC, gallery; 4-UMC, ex-
Leet, Peters-Peters Cartridge Co., Phoenix- plosive; 5-6-UMC, wadcutter; 7-UMC, mili-
Phoenix Metallic Ctg. Co., Rem.-Reming- tary issue, full-jacket; 8-UMC, dummy; 9-
ton Arms Co., UMC-Union Metallic Ctg. Win., explosive; 10-Win., proof; 11-Win.,
Co., Un/on-Union Cap & Chemical Co., tracer; 12-Peters, shot; 13-Amer. Met., shot;
USCC-United States Ctg. Co., Win.-Win- 14-UMC, shot. There are innumerable types. 11 12 13 14
chester Ctg. Co., WCC-Western Ctg. Co.
MAY 1981 49
I 3 4 5
.30 caliber rimfires appeared in the 1860s.
2 3 4
The earliest .32s were Extra Shorts, by

2 3 4 5 Here we show: .30 Short Pistol by 1-Wm. 1-2-Win., variant bullet types; and .32
Companies tried special .25 and Irving, 2-USCC, 3-Phoenix, blank; and Short cartridges made by 3-Peters, 4-
6.5 mm rimfires including pistol .30 Long Pistol by 4-Win. and 5-USCC. Win., explosive ball, and 5-Union, blank.
rounds by: 1-UMC, and 2-UMC blank,
and .267 Rem. by 3-Peters, 4- UMC,
and 5-UMC, tin-case proof load.
ing was now a single operation, and the BB and CB caps lost much of their
magazine-fed repeater became practicable. popularity among American shooters
Within 15 years after the S&W rimfire during the years that followed World War
patent, there were at least 30 different II, and domestic production ceased.
rimfire cartridges being manufactured in Recently, however, CCI has introduced its
the U.S. From .22 cal. palm pistol to l" "Mini-Cap," a 29-gr. bullet loaded in both
Gatling gun, the rimfire became the .22 short and .22 long rifle cases to a
cartridge to use. The Ordnance Depart- velocity equalling that of the former CB
ment was quick to see their advantage, cap.
and much rimfire ammunition was used .22 Long - It was soon apparent that
by the Union Army in the final battles of the .22 short's 4-gr. blackpowder charge
1 2 3 4 5 the Civil War. was not a substantial load. Consequently,
Stevens .25 rimfires were among .22 Short - The first .22 shorts were a cartridge was developed in 1871 with a
the most popular. Shown here are made according to the S&W patent and slightly longer case (0.61 ") to contain one
shorts by: 1-UMC, and 2-Win., and had a paper wad to secure the fulminate in more grain of powder. The 29-gr. bullet of
longs by, 3-Peters, and 4-USCC. the rim. Most early specimens had slightly
The shot cartridge, 5-, is by UMC. the .22 short was retained, and a new
indented heads, apparently to prevent the rimfire, the .22 long, came into existence.
head from swelling and jamming revolver Many pistols and revolvers, e.g., Colt Old
cylinders. The .22 short has a 29-gr. Line and Hopkins and Allen Blue Jacket
!.·. conical bullet and 4-gr. powder charge. In No. I Yi, were chambered for this round in
...,..,. . ...,
' '
over 100 years, many manufacturers have
made .22 short cartridges. More firearms
the 1870s and 1880s.
.22 Long Rifle - The .22 long satisfied
will "chamber the .22 short than any other

pistol shooters, but its short bullet was
unstable over longer rifle ranges. There-
.22 BB Cap, CB Cap, and Government
fore, in 1887, an elongated 40-gr. bullet
Special - Three offshoots of the .22 short
was designed to go with the .22 long case
have been manufactured, primarily for
and 5-gr. charge of blackpowder. This
gallery practice. These are the BB (bul-
1 2 3 4 cartridge, called .22 long rifle, scored well
leted breech) cap, the CB (conical bullet)
at ranges up to 200 yds. and has since
cap, and Government Special. The BB cap
become the most popular round in the
has an average case length of 0.260", a 2-
world. Although originally designed for
gr. or 3-gr. powder charge, and a round or
rifle use, many target pistols have been
almost round 20-gr. bullet. The CB cap
chambered for this cartridge.
has a case length and powder charge
approximately equal to that of the BB cap .22 Extra Long - Predating the .22
but uses a conical bullet like that of the .22 long rifle cartridge by almost a decade, the
short. The Government Special was made .22 extra long was originally designed for
during World War I by Winchester, Union long-range target shooting and used an
5 6 7 8
Fitted to many revolvers of the 1865-90 Metallic Cartridge Co., and United States .78" case containing 6 grs. of blackpowder
period, the .38 Short was also favored Cartridge Co. to U.S. Government specifi- and 40-gr. bullet. It achieved some success
for conversion of percussion revolvers. cations for short-range target practice and with Stevens and Winchester single-shot
Shown above are .38 Shorts by: 1- was not made after the war. It has a .22 rifles, but fell from popularity because of
USCC, 2-Win., 3-Peters, 4-Cril.-Tib., short case with bullet similar to that of the the superior ballistics of the .22 long rifle.
5-UMC, 6-Amer. Met., 7-Win., blank, and .22 Winchester Rim Fire - In 1890
BB cap.
8-UMC shot cartridge for the .38 Short.

First a rifle cartridge, the .38 Long

Popular as a mid-range target loads, was used in pistols too. The samples
the extra-length .38s sold well until shown here are by: 1-Amer. Met., 2-
cenlerfires ended their reign. Here we Crit.-Tib., 3-Win., 4-Win., variant
illustrate: 1-.38 Long, and 2-.38 Exira- bullet; 5-Allen, 6-UMC, and 7-Amer.
Long, Ballard; and .38 Exira-Long Mel., multi-ball. No. 8 is the Amer. Mel.
cartridges made by 3-Win., and 4-USCC. shot container for the multi-ball round.
1 2
2 3 4
From 1861 until rising costs spelled
their end after World War II, long-
case .32s came and went. At left we
illustrate: .32 Longs by 1-Wm. Irving,
dished base, 2-A&W, dished base, 3-
WCC, 4-UMC, explosive, 5-Amer. Met.,
shot, 6-UMC, shot; 7-.32 Long Rifle
from UMC; 8-.32 Extra Long by
UMC, 9-UMC, shot, and 10-Ethan
Allen's short-lived .35 Allen Rifle.
2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Winchester introduced a special cartridge WMR), introduced in 1959. This cartridge was the result of Remington experiments
for its Model 1890 cal. .22 slide-action uses a 40-gr. copper-jacketed bullet in a I" in the late 1930s to produce an inexpensive
repeating rifle. It was designated .22 WRF case. It is used in both rifles and pistols, small game '}nd varmint cartridge with
(Winchester Rimfire) and used a 45-gr. and has become popular. At 100 yds. the better ballistics than the .22 long rifle and
inside-lubricated bullet and a 7-gr. charge energy of the .22 WMR is twice that of the better killing power than the .25 Stevens.
of blackpowder. Stevens chambered sev- .22 long rifle, making it an effective The work was interrupted by World War
eral Ideal single-shot rifles for this varmint cartridge. II and was never resumed. There are
cartridge. beginning with the No. 44 .25 Pistol - The No. 25 pistol cartridge several extremely rare cal. .25 bottle-
introduced in 1894. Remington followed was made during the early 1860s for necked rimfires which are part of the same
with the Model 12 repeater and Model 16 pistols and revolvers produced by such series of Remington experiments.
autoloader. Although the Model 1890 manufacturers as Bliss & Goodyear, Gross 5 mm Remington Magnum - Possibly
Winchester became the most popular Arms Co., and Bacon Manufacturing Co. the only tangible result of Remington's
slide-action rifle in the world, the special Cartridges were produced by Crittenden & experiments with bottleneck rimfires, the
rimfire cartridge produced for it offered Tibbals, Ethan Allen, U .M.C., and Win- 5 mm Remington Magnum was intro-
little competition for the .22 long rifle. chester. The round used a 38-43-gr. bullet duced in 1969 as the companion cartridge
.22 Winchester Automatic - Winches- with 5-gr. charge of blackpowder. It was for that company's Model 591 and 592
ter introduced its .22 automatic rifle in the first but rather unsuccessful attempt to rimfire rifles. Propelling a 38-gr. Power-
1903 and with it another new cartridge, go beyond the .22 and was soon super- Lokt hollowpoint bullet at 2105 f. p.s., the
the .22 Winchester Automatic. This round seded by larger, more potent rimfires. 5 mm Mag. promised to be the equal of
used the same inside-lubricated 45 gr. .25 Stevens Long - Around the turn of the .22 WMR and an effective small game
bullet as the .22 WRF but with the then the century the J. Stevens Arms Co. cartridge. It was not successful in the
new smokeless powder propellant. Re- chambered several rifles (e.g., New Model marketplace. Though the cartridge is still
mington subsequently chambered the Pocket or Bicycle Rifle and Sporting Rifle cataloged, the rifles were discontinued in
Model 16 rifle for an almost identical No. 2) for a cal. .25 rimfire cartridge 1974.
round, the .22 Remington Automatic. especially developed for them by Peters. .30 Pistol - Many early pistol and
The first smokeless powders and prim- This round, the .25 Stevens long, used a revolver manufacturers chambered arms
ing mixtures were highly corrosive, and 65-gr. inside-lubricated bullet and I I-gr. for the No. 30 pistol. This cartridge occurs
this coupled with the fact that these new charge of blackpowder. in long and short versions with 45- to 60-
cartridges were less powerful than the .22 During the first four decades of this gr. bullets and 9-gr. charge of blackpow-
long rifle caused their early demise. century the .25 Stevens retained a reputa- der for the long and 6-gr. charge for the
Stinger, Xpediter, and Yellow Jacket - tion as an excellent small game load. short. It achieved considerable success, if
These enhanced-velocity .22s were intro- Eclipsed nonetheless by light center-fire the number of guns chambered for it is
duced by CCI, Winchester, and Reming- cartridges, its popularity declined. Discon- any criterion.
ton, respectively, in the late 1970s. Each tinued by U.S. manufacturers in 1942, the .32 Protector - The smallest of the .32
cartridge delivers improved performance cartridge was not revived after the war. rimfires is the extra short or Protector.
and velocity - as compared to the high .25 Stevens Short - A short version of Introduced in 1871 for the Remington-
velocity, .22 long rifle - at least partly the .25 Stevens cartridge was introduced a Rider magazine pistol, it was also used in
through improved bullet shape and few years after the long. This cartridge the 1880s and 90s in the palm or
generally lighter bullets. All three are used the same 65-gr. bullet as the long but "Protector" pistols manufactured by
excellent for small game hunting and pest with a lighter 411-gr. powder charge. It Ames Sword Co. (sold by Chicago Fire
control. was developed as a short-range rifle load Arms Co.) and Minneapolis Fire Arms
.22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire - but was much underpowered and never Co. These were compact little defensive
The most powerful of the .22 rimfires is became popular. arms. The round (as produced by Win-
the .22 Winchester Magnum Rimfire (.22 .267 Remington - The .267 Remington continued on p. 81


lll11 I
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
.41 rimfire cartridges were primarily used in self-defense arms; Shorts in derringers,
Longs in revolvers. Our sample includes Shorts by: 1-UMC, 2-UMC, for Philip J. Medi-
cus; 3-USCC, 4-WCC, and 5-UMC, blank. Longs are: 6-Phoenix, 7-Win., and 8-USCC.

MAY 1981 51
American Rimfires cartridges were introduced about 1860,
and from then until the end of the rimfire
continued from p. 51 era were used in practically every revolver
and single-shot rifle made .
chester) used a 55-gr. bullet with 6-gr. .38 Ballard - A few years ago a most
charge of blackpowder. unusual box of cal. .38 rimfire cartridges
.32 Short - The .32 short was deve- was discovered; the label reads "50, 38-100
loped as a pistol cartridge in the early Rifle Cartridges, Ballard Rifle, Manufac-
1870s and became extremely popular. At tured by H. W. Mason, New York." These
least a dozen ammunition makers loaded cartridges have a I" case and distinctive
the .32 short with a 9-gr. charge of black- Ballard bullet and are unlike any other .38
powder and bullets ranging from 75 to 85 rimfire known. The Ballard rifle for which
grs. these cartridges were made is unknown.
.32 Long - Only the .22 short has a Ballard produced three sporting rifles
longer history than the .32 long. Intro- chambered for .38 long rimfire cartridges:
duced by Smith & Wesson in 1861 for its Models 1861, 1864 and 1876. Considering
No. 2 Pistol, it survived here for over a the primitive aspect of the Mason speci-
century. Practically every rimfire pistol mens and the fact that the more common
manufacturer chambered arms for the .32 .38 long (Ys" case) was already a well
long, and it became a popular sporting established standard by 1864, it is my
load for long arms. Such companies as opinion that these unusual cartridges were
Ethan Allen, Bullard, Forehand, Folks, made for the Model 1861 Ballard, possibly
Wesson, and Whitney produced rifles or the very first pieces issued.
carbines chambered for the .32 long; and To further complicate the situation, a
almost every early Stevens single-shot arm still different longer cased (I Ys") round has TRIUS PORTABLE TRAP
could be .purchased in this caliber. At least appeared. In every aspect, except case Easier Cocking. Adjustable.
15 different ammunition manufacturers length, this cartridge is identical to the .38 Throws Singles, Doubles. With
loaded it using a 13-gr. charge of black- Mason Ballard and may have been Can Thrower. Hi-Angle Clip, &
Ground Anchor. American·
powder and a bullet weighing approxi- manufactured by Mason. This cartridge
mately 90 grs. was probably used in the earliest Model
.32 Long Rifle - The .32 long rifle 1861 Ballard sporting rifle .
cartridge is essentially a .32 long with .38 Extra Long - In the early 1870s the
inside-lubricated bullet and and extended last of the .38 rimfires appeared on the
case to contain the lubricant. The powder market - the .38 extra long. This
charge was the same as that of the .32 cartridge was made for the Wesson
long, but its 82-gr. bullet was slightly Midrange and Sporting Rifle No. I, the
undersize (less than bore diameter) and Remington Short Range Rifle No. I and
had a hollow base. The bullet was several other sporting and target rifles.
designed to expand into the rifling at the The round was loaded with 31 to 38 grs. of
moment of discharge very much like a blackpowder and 140- to 150-gr. bullet. It
Minie ball. These cartridges appeared on was considered a rather powerful cartridge
the Union Metallic Cartridge Co. (UMC) until the advent of the center-fires. Learn Gunsmithing
and Winchester lists just after the turn of .41 Derringer - In 1863 Moore Patent ~==~~ri~·~~~~.~~~'f'!~h~tt~. i~.~~~~c.._ho':fi !•h~~~-
has taught gunsmllhlng n a professional cal'9er
the century but survived for only a short Fire Arms Co. of Brooklyn, N.Y ., intro- since 1949. Become one of our respected graduates
who are successfully carrying on this fine American
time. This round had little or no superior- duced a short-barreled pocket pistol which tradition of gun craftsmanship. Write for brochure.
ity over the old .32 long and, due to the chambered a stubby cal. .41 rimfire
extra case length, was not interchangeable
with same. Stevens chambered some
cartridge known as the .41 derringer or .41
short. The pistol attained immediate
812 A Ohio River Blvd., Avalon, Pittsburgh, PA 15202

Favorite rifles for this round, but few popularity as a short-range defensive Most complete "one stop"
others did. weapon, especially with gamblers and law muzzleloading line for
advanced or beginners .
.32 Extra Long - Last and longest of enforcement officers, and was forthwith BIG, NEW CATALOG
the .32s is the .32 extra long, introduced in copied by many gun makers. The cartridge No. 37 ... $3.00
Outside U.S.A.... $4.00
1866 to extend the range of some of the was loaded by at least IO different P.O. Box 275C
sporting rifles of that period. Remington manufacturers using IO to 13 grs. of Lodi, Ohio 44254
Dealer inquiries 1nv1ted
chambered the No. I rifle for this round as blackpowder and a bullet of approxi-
did Ballard their No. 2. The .32 extra long mately 130 grs. Discontinued during
was loaded with 20 grs. of blackpowder World War II, the cartridge has never
and a 90-gr. bullet. been revived - nor has it quite died. Since SATI Sf ACTION GUARANTEED
.35 Allen Rifle - Only one cal. .35 1945 there have been several limited
rimfire cartridge was ever produced in the production runs of .41 short rimfire, the
$9.75 • -- - - -
United States; a special round manufac- latest consigned to Navy Arms Co., for its POSTPAID R evo lve r Cl e aning- Kit. Removl:' S
lea din g from Forc ing Cone , Cylin -
tured in the early 1860s by Ethan Allen for sale. dC>r, ;ind Bal'l'e l. A v ail a hl e in eith e r 3 8 - 41 - 44-45 cal. Bra ss
c loth patc h es ! Pk . 10) .;;;;1 QO. O rdC'1· dire ct or from your
the Allen falling-breech, single shot rifle. .41 Long - The .41 long was intro- d e;-1 \c r . Check or Money Order .

Gun and the cartridge were made for only duced in the early 1870s for use in many Ah-..
~ Gun spec1a
. lt"es
I I Inc.College
Post Office Box 31
Park, Ga. 30337
a short time, and both are rare today. The single-action revolvers of the day. The
bullet style is typical of Ethan Allen cartridge was loaded with 13 to 16 grs. of
.38 Short and Long - The .38 short
blackpowder and a 130- to 167-gr. bullet.
The June, 1981 , issue of the American
JUDD'S Barrel Band Swivels
Rifle and Shotgun Sizes:
was loaded with 15 to 18 grs. of black- Rifleman will carry Part II of the story of Please be sure to give Make, ~···
powder and a 120- to 130-gr. bullet. The
.38 long used 18 to 21 grs. of blackpowder
American Rimfire Cartridges, beginning
with the .41 Swiss and continuing through
Model, Caliber.
Bow l" or 11,,4 ".
$3• 45
and a 120- to 150'-gr. bullet. Both the I" Gatling. • PHIL JUDD Inc. ··.~J~~~...
MAY 1981 81