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The Present Perfect Tense

Olumlu Cümle (+)


Özne +have/has+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
Subject +have/has+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
I have worked 30 hours this week
You have studied hard this year
We have worked well today
They have talked carefully today
He has worked carelessly today
She has phoned me this month
It has worked regularly this week
I’ve done my work, it's your turn now. You gotto do yours.
Olumsuz Cümle (-)
Özne +have/has not+ Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
Subject +have/has not+Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
I haven’t worked 35 hours this week
You haven’t worked hard this week
We haven’t worked well this week
They haven’t worked carefully this week
He hasn’t worked carelessly this week
She hasn’t phoned me this week
It hasn’t worked regularly this week
I ain’t told ‘er. She’s learnt from ‘im.
Soru Cümlesi (?+)
have/has + Özne + Fiil(3)+ Nesne + Zaman İfadesi
have/has+Subject +Verb(3)+ Object + Time Expression
Have I worked this week?
Have You worked this week?
Have We worked this week?
Have They worked this week?
Has He worked this week?
Has She worked this week?
Has It worked this week?
WH- Questions
 What’ve you done this week?
I’ve studied English this week.
 Where have you gone today?
I’ve gone to Mugla City today.
 Whom have you phoned ?
I’ve phoned my mother.
 Who’s phoned?
Murat has phoned.
 How’s she come here?
She’s come by bus.
Zaman İfadeleri
Today: Bu gün
This week: Bu hafta,
This month: Bu Ay
This year: Bu yıl
This summer: Bu yaz

Just: Az önce
Already: hali hazırda, demin
Yet: henüz

Kullanımı
I haven’t seen him yet.
She’s just gone out.
They’ve already phoned us.

I’ve known him since 1995.


I’ve known her for 9 years.