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Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME: SAFE


REVISION NO.: 0

EXAMPLE NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001


Post-Tensioned Slab Design

PROBLEM DESCRIPTION
The purpose of this example is to verify the slab stresses and the required area of
mild steel strength reinforcing for a post-tensioned slab.

A one-way simply supported slab is modeled in SAFE. The modeled slab is 254
mm thick by 915 mm wide and spans 9754 mm as, shown in shown in Figure 1.

Prestressing tendon, Ap

Mild Steel, As
229 mm

254 mm

25 mm
Length, L = 9754 mm 914 mm

Elevation Section

Figure 1 One-Way Slab

EXAMPLE NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001 - 1


Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: SAFE
REVISION NO.: 0

A 254 mm wide design strip is centered along the length of the slab and has been
defined as an A-Strip. B-strips have been placed at each end of the span,
perpendicular to Strip-A (the B-Strips are necessary to define the tendon profile).
A tendon with two strands, each having an area of 99 mm2, has been added to the
A-Strip. The self weight and live loads have been added to the slab. The loads and
post-tensioning forces are as follows:

Loads: Dead = self weight, Live = 4.788 kN/m2

The total factored strip moments, required area of mild steel reinforcement, and
slab stresses are reported at the midspan of the slab. Independent hand calculations
were compared with the SAFE results and summarized for verification and
validation of the SAFE results.

GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING


Thickness T, h = 254 mm
Effective depth d = 229 mm
Clear span L = 9754 mm

Concrete strength f 'c = 30 MPa


Yield strength of steel fy = 400 MPa
Prestressing, ultimate fpu = 1862 MPa
Prestressing, effective fe = 1210 MPa
Area of Prestress (single strand) Ap = 198 mm2
Concrete unit weight wc = 23.56 kN/m3
Modulus of elasticity Ec = 25000 N/mm3
Modulus of elasticity Es = 200,000 N/mm3
Poisson’s ratio ν = 0

Dead load wd = self kN/m2


Live load wl = 4.788 kN/m2

TECHNICAL FEATURES OF SAFE TESTED


¾ Calculation of the required flexural reinforcement
¾ Check of slab stresses due to the application of dead, live, and post-tensioning
loads.

RESULTS COMPARISON
Table 1 shows the comparison of the SAFE total factored moments, required mild
steel reinforcing, and slab stresses with the independent hand calculations.

EXAMPLE NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001 - 2


Software Verification
PROGRAM NAME: SAFE
REVISION NO.: 0

Table 1 Comparison of Results

INDEPENDENT SAFE
FEATURE TESTED DIFFERENCE
RESULTS RESULTS
Factored moment,
156.12 156.14 0.01%
Mu (Ultimate) (kN-m)
Area of Mild Steel req’d,
14.96 15.07 0.74%
As (sq-cm)
Transfer Conc. Stress, top
−5.058 −5.057 0.02%
(D+PTI), MPa
Transfer Conc. Stress, bot
2.839 2.839 0.00%
(D+PTI), MPa
Normal Conc. Stress, top
−10.460 −10.465 0.05%
(D+L+PTF), MPa
Normal Conc. Stress, bot
8.402 8.407 0.06%
(D+L+PTF), MPa
Long-Term Conc. Stress,
−7.817 −7.817 0.00%
top (D+0.5L+PTF(L)), MPa
Long-Term Conc. Stress,
5.759 5.759 0.00%
bot (D+0.5L+PTF(L)), MPa

COMPUTER FILE: NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001.FDB

CONCLUSION
The SAFE results show a very close comparison with the independent results.

EXAMPLE NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001 - 3


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PROGRAM NAME: SAFE
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HAND CALCULATIONS:

Design Parameters:
Mild Steel Reinforcing Post-Tensioning
f’c = 30MPa fpu = 1862 MPa
fy = 400MPa fpy = 1675 MPa
Stressing Loss = 186 MPa
Long-Term Loss = 94 MPa
fi = 1490 MPa
fe = 1210 MPa
φb = 0.85
α1 = 0.85 for f ′c ≤ 55 MPa

β1 = 0.85 for f ′c ≤ 30,

εc
cb = d = 214.7
ε c + f y Es

amax = 0.75β1cb= 136.8 mm

Prestressing tendon, Ap

Mild Steel, As
229 mm

254 mm

25 mm
Length, L = 9754 mm 914 mm

Elevation Section

Loads:
Dead, self-wt = 0.254 m x 23.56 kN/m3 = 5.984 kN/m2 (D) x 1.2 = 7.181kN/m2 (Du)
Live, = 4.788 kN/m2 (L) x 1.5 = 7.182 kN/m2 (Lu)
Total = 10.772 kN/m2 (D+L) = 14.363 kN/m2 (D+L)ult

ω =10.772 kN/m2 x 0.914 m = 9.846 kN/m, ωu = 14.363 kN/m2 x 0.914 m = 13.128 kN/m

wl12
Ultimate Moment, M U = = 13.128 x (9.754)2/8 = 156.12 kN-m
8

EXAMPLE NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001 - 4


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PROGRAM NAME: SAFE
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f'c
Ultimate Stress in strand, f PS = f SE + 70 +
300 ρ P
30
= 1210 + 70 +
300(0.00095)
= 1385 MPa ≤ f SE + 200 = 1410 MPa

Ultimate force in PT, Fult , PT = AP ( f PS ) = 2(99)(1385) /1000 = 274.23 kN

2M *
Stress block depth, a = d − d 2 −
α f 'c φ b
2(156.12)
= 0.229 − 0.2292 − (1e3) = 37.48 mm
0.85(30000)(0.85)(0.914)
Ultimate moment due to PT,
a 37.48
M ult , PT = Fult , PT (d − )φ = 274.23(229 − )(0.85) /1000 = 49.01 kN-m
2 2
Net ultimate moment, M net = M U − M ult , PT = 156.1 − 49.10 = 107.0 kN-m

Required area of mild steel reinforcing,


M net 107.0
AS = = (1e6) = 1496 mm 2
φ f y (d − ) 0.85(400000) ⎛⎜ 0.229 − ⎞
a 0.03748

2 ⎝ 2 ⎠

Check of Concrete Stresses at Midspan:

Initial Condition (Transfer), load combination (D+PTi) = 1.0D+0.0L+1.0PTI

Tendon stress at transfer = jacking stress − stressing losses =1490 − 186 = 1304 MPa
The force in the tendon at transfer, = 1304(197.4) /1000 = 257.4 kN
Moment due to dead load, M D = 5.984(0.914)(9.754) 2 / 8 = 65.04 kN-m
Moment due to PT, M PT = FPTI (sag) = 257.4(102 mm) /1000 = 26.25 kN-m
F M − M PT −257.4 65.04 − 26.23
Stress in concrete, f = PTI ± D = ±
A S 0.254(0.914) 0.00983
where S=0.00983m3
f = −1.109 ± 3.948MPa
f = −5.058(Comp) max, 2.839(Tension) max

EXAMPLE NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001 - 5


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PROGRAM NAME: SAFE
REVISION NO.: 0

Normal Condition, load combinations: (D+L+PTF) = 1.0D+1.0L+1.0PTF

Tendon stress at normal = jacking − stressing − long-term = 1490 − 186 − 94 = 1210 MPa
The force in tendon at normal, = 1210(197.4) /1000 = 238.9 kN
Moment due to dead load, M D = 5.984(0.914)(9.754) 2 / 8 = 65.04 kN-m
Moment due to live load, M L = 4.788(0.914)(9.754) 2 / 8 = 52.04 kN-m
Moment due to PT, M PT = FPTI (sag) = 238.9(102 mm) /1000 = 24.37 kN-m

Stress in concrete for (D+L+PTF),


F M − M PT −238.8 117.08 − 24.37
f = PTI ± D + L = ±
A S 0.254(0.914) 0.00983
f = −1.029 ± 9.431
f = −10.460(Comp) max, 8.402(Tension) max

Long-Term Condition, load combinations: (D+0.5L+PTF(L)) = 1.0D+0.5L+1.0PTF

Tendon stress at normal = jacking − stressing − long-term = 1490 − 186 − 94 = 1210 MPa
The force in tendon at normal, = 1210(197.4) /1000 = 238.9 kN
Moment due to dead load, M D = 5.984(0.914)(9.754) 2 / 8 = 65.04 kN-m
Moment due to live load, M L = 4.788(0.914)(9.754) 2 / 8 = 52.04 kN-m
Moment due to PT, M PT = FPTI (sag) = 238.9(102 mm) /1000 = 24.37 kN-m

Stress in concrete for (D+0.5L+PTF(L)),


F M − M PT −238.9 91.06 − 24.33
f = PTI ± D + 0.5 L = ±
A S 0.254(0.914) 0.00983
f = −1.029 ± 6.788
f = −7.817(Comp) max, 5.759(Tension) max

EXAMPLE NZS 3101-06 PT-SL-001 - 6