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COMBO MODEL F

OWNER'S MANUAL

VERSION 1.0.0
1. INTRODUCTION

Combo Model F is a virtual combo organ, modelled after a well-known combo organ from the
1960s: the Farfisa Mini Compact.

Note that Farfisa does not endorse Combo Model F, nor is Farfisa in any way associated or affiliated with
Martinic.

1.1. Features

 4-octave C-to-C keyboard


 Harmonic range 6 polyphonic octaves
 4 footage tabs: 16′, 8′, 4′, 2⅔′
 3 treble voice tabs: Dolce, Principale, Strings
 Multi-Tone Booster voice with All Booster tab
 Knee lever control
 Bass voice (grey keys)
 Vibrato unit with adjustable speed and depth
 Volume pedal
 Adjustable tuning per note
 Fully modelled (no samples inside)
 Model includes oscillators, dividers, crosstalk, noise, filters, key contacts and key click
 Velocity-sensitive key contact attack and release
 Fully automatable

1.2. System Requirements

Combo Model F is available as a VST * 2.4 or an Audio Units (AU) instrument, which means it
needs to run inside VST or AU hosting software. Combo Model F has been tested in the
following hosting software:

 Ableton Live 8
 ACID Pro 7
 AU Lab
 AudioMulch 2.0
 Cantabile
 Cubase 5
 Digital Performer 7
 DSP-Quattro 3

* VST is a trademark of Steinberg Media Technologies GmbH.

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 energyXT 2.5
 FL Studio 10
 GarageBand '11
 KORE 2
 Logic 9
 Metro 6
 MiniHost
 Mixcraft 5
 MU.LAB 3
 Orion 7.6
 Pro Tools 8 (via FXpansion's VST to RTAS Adapter)
 REAPER 4
 Renoise 2.5
 SONAR 8
 Tracktion 3
 V-Machine
 VSTHost/SAVIHost

If your hosting software is not on the list, then don't worry. There is a big chance it will work
anyway, because (in theory) Combo Model F should work in any VSTi/AUi-capable host.

Combo Model F runs on Windows XP (SP1 or newer), Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Mac OS X
10.4 (Tiger), 10.5 (Leopard), 10.6 (Snow Leopard), or 10.7 (Lion). Combo Model F does not
have any other special requirements regarding your computer; if your VST hosting software
runs on it, then Combo Model F will too. Although not required, a MIDI keyboard will come in
handy.

Also not a requirement per se, but you will probably want to add an amplifier/cab simulator to
your effects chain, right after Combo Model F. Any guitar amp simulator that gives you a more
or less clean sound should do.

2. BASIC CONTROLS

After loading Combo Model F (ComboF) in your hosting software you will see the main view,
with the various rocker switches or tabs, and the 4-octave keyboard below it. From the main
view you can switch the tabs on or off, adjust the bass volume, or play the keyboard, all using
the mouse. You can also open the settings window to tweak settings that are “under the lid”.

To switch a tab on or off, simply left-click on it. To adjust the bass volume, drag the knob, or
use the scroll wheel. You can also right-click (or -click on Mac OS X) on the bass volume

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knob to enter a value using the computer keyboard. To reset the bass volume to its default
value, double-click on the knob.

For an in-depth description of the function of the various tabs, please refer to chapter 3.
Tuning and Settings.

2.1. Help

All the way down in the bottom left corner you will find 2 small buttons. The button on the
right is labelled Help?. You can open this Owner's Manual from within the Combo Model F by
left-clicking on this button.

2.2. About

In the main view on the left, just above the keyboard, you will find the Martinic logo ( ).
When you left-click on it the about box is displayed, which will tell you the exact version of
Combo Model F that you are running.

3. TUNING AND SETTINGS

The left button of the 2 small buttons in the bottom left corner is labelled Settings, and when
you left-click it the settings window is displayed on top of the main view. You can also double-
click anywhere on the upper part of beige top to open the settings window.

In the left of the settings window you will find enlarged versions of the various tabs and the
bass volume knob. These enlarged controls offer exactly the same functionality as their smaller
counterparts. The only difference is that here you can actually read the labels. Note that the
settings window also features a couple of tabs that are not present in the main view.

To close the settings window again, left-click on the small button labelled Close in the upper
right corner of the window. However, you don't have to close the settings window; by leaving it
open you will have access to the settings at all times. If you save your project containing
Combo Model F with the settings window open, the next time you load the project the settings
window will still be open.

3.1. Bass Voice

The black tab labelled Extend Bass and the grey tab labelled Grey Keys together control the
bass voice. With both tabs off, there is no bass voice, and the grey bottom octave plays the
same voice as the other octaves. With the grey keys selector on, the grey bottom octave plays
the bass voice.

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The settings window on top of the main view

With the extended bass on, but the grey keys selector off, there is an extra octave below the
original 4 octaves that plays the bass voice. If you then also switch on the grey keys selector,
the bass voice continues into the grey octave.

The bass volume knob lets you adjust the volume of the bass voice.

3.2. Vibrato

The 3 blue tabs control the vibrato effect. The tab labelled Vibrato switches the vibrato effect
on or off, the tab labelled Light/Heavy controls the depth, and the tab labelled Slow/Fast
controls the speed.

There is also a vibrato speed slider (in the top of the settings window, on the right), which lets
you adjust the difference between slow and fast.

3.3. Multi-Tone Booster

The 2 yellow tabs control the Multi-Tone Booster voice. With the tab labelled M.T. Boost off,
the white voice tabs can be used to select a voice. With the Multi-Tone Booster on, the white
tabs are bypassed, and you get the Multi-Tone Booster voice.

With the Multi-Tone Booster on, and the other yellow tab labelled All Boost off, you can use
the knee lever slider (on the right in the settings window, the 2nd slider from the top) to
control how much the Multi-Tone Booster voice is “boosted”. By default the knee lever slider is

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linked to your MIDI pitch wheel (see chapter 4.2. Default MIDI Map). With both the Multi-Tone
Booster and the All Booster on, the knee lever is bypassed, and you get maximum “boost”.

3.4. Footage Tabs

The 4 green tabs are the footage tabs. Combo Model F uses additive synthesis, and using the
footage tabs you adjust the harmonics mix. You can think of it as an equalizer, where the 16
tab controls the low frequencies, 8 and 4 the middle frequencies, and the 2⅔ tab the high
frequencies.

Note that at least one of the footage tabs should be on, or else you will get no sound.

3.5. Voice Tabs

The 3 white tabs are the voice tabs. You can select one voice at the time, or you can combine
them in any combination.

Note that at least one of the voice tabs should be on, or else you will get no sound. Note also
that the voice tabs are bypassed if the Multi-Tone Booster tab is on (see 3.3. Multi-Tone
Booster).

3.6. Tuning

You can adjust the tuning independently for each of the 12 notes in an octave. The tuning for
the same note in different octaves is always the same, so when you detune the F # by -0.3
cents, all F# notes in all octaves will be detuned -0.3 cents.

You can adjust tuning values using the mouse by dragging the slider handle left or right, or
you can left-click anywhere on the slider to move the handle directly to that position, or you
can use the scroll wheel. For higher precision, hold down the Ctrl key while moving the slider.
You can also right-click (or -click on Mac OS X) on a slider to enter a value using the
computer keyboard. To reset a slider to its default value, double-click on it.

You can change all 12 tuning sliders at once by holding down the Shift key while clicking on
any one of the tuning sliders. You can semi-randomly detune the organ by holding down the
Alt key while clicking on any one of the tuning sliders.

By default Combo Model F is equally tuned to A = 440 Hz.

3.7. Tuning Lock

Above the tuning sliders you will find a toggle switch labelled Lock. If you lock the tuning, then
it will persist when you select another preset, or when you load a preset or a preset bank.
However, you can still change the tuning by hand, or using automation.

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3.8. Quality Control

For optimal quality Combo Model F's internals need to be recalculated when you change the
tuning. Because recalculating the internals uses a lot of CPU resources, may want to disable
quality control in some situations (e.g. when you are automating the tuning using a LFO).

You can toggle quality control on or off by left-clicking on the miniature toggle switch labelled
QC Bypass. You will find this toggle switch a little to the right above the tuning sliders.

While ComboF's internals are being recalculated the quality control LED will momentarilly turn
on, unless you bypass quality control, in which case the LED will stay on.

If your VST hosting software has an option to inform plug-ins of offline rendering, then enable
this option. This will ensure optimal quality during offline rendering.

3.9. Volume

The volume adjust and volume pedal sliders together determine the output level of Combo
Model F. By default the volume pedal is linked to your MIDI expression pedal (CC #11, see
chapter 4.2. Default MIDI Map), so it can be used to add dynamics to your performance. The
volume adjust can be used to change the overall volume.

3.10. Auto Adjust

The Dolce and Principale voices are rather soft when compared to the Strings and the Multi-
Tone Booster voices. If you enable the auto adjust toggle switch (right above the volume
sliders), then the volume is automatically raised when using only the softer voices, so the
overall volume stays the same.

3.11. Noise Gate

Combo Model F has an internal noise gate, that automatically kicks in when no keys are
playing. You can turn off the noise gate using the noise gate toggle switch above the volume
sliders.

3.12. Key Contacts

A real-world Compact has up to 4 contacts for each key. When you depress a key these
contacts will not sound all at once, but they will rather sound one after another, especially
when you depress the key very slowly. To mimic this behaviour Combo Model F uses the
velocity from your MIDI keyboard to control how fast the individual key contacts will sound.

You may want to adjust the attack and release settings to match the velocity curve of your
MIDI keyboard.

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3.13. MIDI Channel

By default Combo Model F receives MIDI data on all 16 channels, but you can also select one
particular channel.

3.14. MIDI Learn

By default Combo Model F's most-used controls are mapped to a standard set of MIDI Control
Change (CC) numbers (see chapter 4.2. Default MIDI Map). However, the buttons of your MIDI
keyboard may well send out other CCs.

Here is how you can learn Combo Model F to respond to the sliders, knobs and buttons of your
MIDI keyboard:

1. Set the slider, knob or button on your MIDI keyboard to


zero or “off”.
2. Left-click on the small button labelled MIDI Learn in the
bottom left corner of the settings window. The status LED
on the button will now light up, indicating that Combo Model
F is in learning mode.
3. Left-click on a Combo Model F control, e.g. the volume
MIDI learning the volume pedal
pedal. Note that MIDI learn is available only for the tabs,
and for the vibrato, knee lever and volume sliders.
4. Move the slider, knob or button on your MIDI keyboard to the “on” position. Alternatively
you can click on the tiny button a little to the right labelled C (“clear”) to clear the mapping
for the selected control.

When the MIDI learn status LED is no longer lit up you are ready. You will have to repeat these
steps for each control you want Combo Model F to learn.

You can also learn Combo Model F to use to pitch wheel to temporarily "bend" one of ComboF's
controls up or down. Controls that support the pitch wheel are the knee lever, volume adjust,
volume pedal, vibrato speed, and vibrato on/off. When the pitch wheel is in its neutral (center)
position, you can adjust the value of the linked control using the mouse. The adjusted value
will then become the new center value for the pitch wheel. Note that you can link both a CC
and the pitch wheel to the same control.

Next to the MIDI learn button you will find two small buttons labelled Sus (“sustain”) and PB
(“pitch bend”), which toggle sustain pedal (CC #10) and pitch bend support on/off. Note that
if you link the pitch wheel to a control, you can no longer use the pitch wheel for pitch bend,
and vice versa. The same goes for the sustain pedal and CC #10.

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When you save your project containing Combo Model F, the learned MIDI map will be saved
along with the other settings. However, if you load a new instance of Combo Model F, the
default MIDI map will be loaded again. By clicking on the tiny button labelled S (“save”) you
can save your customized MIDI map as the new default. That way the next time you add
Combo Model F to a project, it will automatically load with your customized MIDI map.

If you need to revert to the default MIDI map while you are in the middle of a project or
session, then click on the tiny button labelled L (“load”), and your MIDI map will be loaded
without affecting any other settings. If you hold down the Alt key while clicking on the load
button, the original default MIDI map will be loaded.

If you somehow don't want Combo Model F to have any MIDI mappings at all, then make sure
the MIDI learn button is not active (i.e. the status LED is off), and click on the tiny button
labelled C (“clear”).

4. MIDI IMPLEMENTATION

Combo Model F can receive MIDI data on all 16 channels, or on one specific channel (see
chapter 3.13. MIDI Channel).

Combo Model F will respond to Note On/Off messages within the C2..C7 range. It supports
both Note On and Off velocity. However, velocity is not used to vary the volume of the played
notes, as is the case with most (software) synthesizers. Instead it is used to mimic the key
contacts of a real-world Mini Compact (see chapter 3.12. Key Contacts).

Combo Model F supports Control Change (CC) values in both 7-bits (standard) and 14-bits
(MSB/LSB) resolution, depending on the control the CC is mapped to. Combo Model F
optionally supports the sustain pedal (CC #64) to sustain notes, provided that CC #64 is not
mapped to another control (see chapter 3.14. MIDI Learn).

Combo Model F supports Pitch Wheel messages, which can be used to bend the pitch up to 2
semitones down (note that bending the pitch up is not supported). Alternatively the pitch
wheel can be linked to one of ComboF's controls (see chapter 3.11. MIDI Learn).

Combo Model F supports Program Change messages for selecting one of the 32 presets (see
chapter 5. Presets).

4.1. Panic

The left-most white tab is labelled Panic, and when you left-click on it all notes will
immediately stop playing.

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When Combo Model F receives an All Notes Off message, it will also immediately mute all
notes.

4.2. Default MIDI Map

CC Control
- Bass volume [MSB]
- Bass volume [LSB]
- Extended bass on/off
- Grey keys selector
- Vibrato slow/fast
- Vibrato light/heavy
1 Vibrato on/off
16 All Booster on/off
17 Multi-Tome Booster on/off
12 16′
13 8′
14 4′
15 2⅔′
18 Dolce
19 Principale
20 Strings
73 Vibrato speed
- Knee lever* [MSB]
- Knee lever* [LSB]
- Volume adjust [MSB]
- Volume adjust [LSB]
11 Volume pedal [MSB]
43 Volume pedal [LSB]

* Linked to pitch wheel

Is your MIDI keyboard sending out very different CCs altogether? Don't worry; you can learn
your MIDI keyboard and Combo Model F to get along with each other (see chapter 3.14. MIDI
Learn).

5. PRESETS

The VST version of Combo Model F has room for 32 presets. When you save your project, all
32 presets will be saved along with the other settings.

Note that the AU version does not feature any presets (except for the default preset).

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Combo Model F
Version 1.0.0

© 2010, 2011

www.martinic.com/combof

This software is freeware. You can use this software without any restrictions in all your commercial and non-
commercial projects. You can freely redistribute this software, provided that a) you do not charge anything for
this software, and b) you redistribute the original, unaltered installer or ZIP archive.

This software is provided “as is”, without any express or implied warranty. In no event will the authors be held
liable for any damages arising from the use of this software.

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