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Name: ____________________________________________ The Skeletal System

  • 1 Short Answer

Name: ____________________________________________ The Skeletal System 1 Short Answer Figure 1 Using Figure 1, identify the following:

Figure 1

Using Figure 1, identify the following:

1) The proximal epiphysis is represented by letter __________. 2) The area that causes the lengthwise growth of a long bone is indicated by letter __________. 3) The area that serves as a storage area for fat in adults is indicated by letter __________. 4) The diaphysis is indicated by letter __________.

5) The periosteum, a connective tissue covering on the diaphysis, is represented by letter __________.

6) The area that contains glassy hyaline cartilage that provides a smooth slippery surface which decreases friction is indicated by letter __________.

Fill in the blank or provide a short answer:

7) Blood cell formation is called __________. 8) Yellow marrow is a storage area for __________. 9) Thin, flattened, and typically curved bones, such as the ribs and sternum, form __________

bones. 10) The type of fiber connecting the periosteum to the underlying bone are called __________.

11) A round or oval hole through a bone, which contains blood vessels and/or nerves, is called a __________. 12) A large rounded projection on a bone is called a __________. 13) A fracture where the bone breaks cleanly but does not penetrate the skin is termed a fracture.

__________ 14) An increase in bone diameter is called

growth. 15) The skull, vertebral column, and thoracic cage form the

__________

__________

skeleton.

16) The large hole located in the base of the occipital bone that allows the spinal cord and brain to connect is the __________.

17) The external acoustic meatus is found on the 18) The thigh bone is called the __________. 19) The head of the humerus fits into the

bone.

__________

of the scapula.

__________ 20) The disease in which uric acid accumulates in the blood and may be deposited as needle- shaped crystals in the soft tissues of joints is called __________. 21) Immovable joints are functionally classified as __________.

Using Figure 5.2, identify the following: 22) The frontal bone is indicated by letter __________. 23)

Using Figure 5.2, identify the following:

22) The frontal bone is indicated by letter __________.

23) The femur is indicated by letter __________. 24) The tibia is indicated by letter __________.

25) The sternum is indicated by letter __________. 26) The radius bone is indicated by letter __________. 27) The mandible is indicated by letter __________. 28) The carpals indicated by letter __________. 29) The greater tubercle and trochlea are bone markings situated on the bone marked by letter __________. 30) The ilium, pubis, and ischium fuse to form the bone marked by letter __________.