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UNIVERSITY OF THE CORDILLERAS

College of Engineering and Architecture

Name of Student: ___________________________ Date: ___________________


Course/Year: ___________________________ Score: ___________________

PROBLEM SET NO. 2


Strain

1. Determine the elongation of the tapered cylindrical aluminum bar caused by the 30-kN axial load. Use E =
72 GPa.

2. A 4-mm-diameter steel wire, 3.2 m long, carries an axial tensile load P. Find the maximum safe value of P if
the allowable normal stress is 280 MPa and the elongation of the wire is limited to 4 mm. Use E = 200 GPa.

3. The compound bar containing steel, bronze, and aluminum segments carries the axial loads shown in the
figure. The properties of the segments and the working stresses are listed in the table.

Determine the maximum allowable value of P if the change in length of the entire bar is limited to 0.08 in. and the
working stresses are not to be exceeded.

4. The rigid bar AB is supported by two rods made of the same material. If the bar is horizontal before the load
P is applied, find the distance x that locates the position where P must act if the bar is to remain horizontal.
Neglect the weight of bar AB.

5. The steel truss supports a 6000-lb load. The cross-sectional areas of the members are 0.5 in.2 for AB and
0.75 in.2 for BC. Compute the horizontal displacement of B using E = 29 x 106 psi.
6. A torsion test shows that the shear modulus of an aluminum specimen is 4.60 x 106 psi. When the same
specimen is used in a tensile test, the modulus of elasticity is found to be 12.2 x 106 psi. Find Poisson’s ratio
for the specimen.

7. The rigid bar of negligible weight is pinned at O and attached to two vertical rods. Assuming that the rods
were initially stress-free, what is the largest load P that can be applied without exceeding stresses of 150
MPa in the steel rod and 70 MPa in the bronze rod?

8. A steel rod with a cross-sectional area of 0.25 in.2 is stretched between two fixed points. The tensile force in
the rod at 70_F is 1200 lb. (a) What will be the stress at 0°F? (b) At what temperature will the stress be zero?
Use α = 6.5 x 106/°F and E = 29 x 106 psi.

9. The rigid bar ABC is supported by a pin at B and two vertical steel rods. Initially the bar is horizontal and
the rods are stress-free. Determine the stress in each rod if the temperature of the rod at A is decreased by
40°C. Neglect the weight of bar ABC. Use α = 11.7 x 106/ °C and E = 200 GPa for steel.
10. The uniform beam of weight W is to be supported by the two rods, the lower ends of which were initially at
the same level. Determine the ratio of the areas of the rods so that the beam will be horizontal after it is
attached to the rods. Neglect the deformation of the beam.