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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 PURPOSE
The purpose of this Safety and Health Plan is to standardize and sets guidelines
in Safety and Health requirements to all construction personnel who are
involved in this project from Main-contractor, Sub-contractors and their staff
and workers. This comprehensive manual delivers all important information and
measures that shall be taken in order to achieve the required safety and health
standard at project site. It also sets forthcoming safety practices and instructions
to be followed by all parties involved in construction industry.

1.2 OBJECTIVE
The objective of this Safety and Health Plan is to provide relevant Occupational
Health and Safety information for the followings:

 A Safe working environment for the project


 A framework for the main contractor to introduce Occupational Health and
Safety policies and procedures
 To promote safety awareness and safe working practices among site
personnel
 To promote high standards of hygiene and health

The content of this Safety and Health Plan shall be regularly reviewed and
updated in accordance with the current legislation, issued by the relevant
authorities. This plan is prepared in accordance to the Malaysian Enactment and
Regulation related to Safety and Health as follows:

 The Occupational Safety and Health (OSHA) Act 1994


 The Factory and Machinery Act (FMA) Act 1967

This manual is a supplement document for the above Legislation or Act. If there
is contradiction or discrepancy between this manual and the above Acts, the
above Acts shall take precedence.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

2.0 LAW AND REGULATION

2.1 OCCUPATION SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT 1994


The Occupation Safety and Health Act 1994 (OSHA ACT 1994), provides for the
promotion, Coordination, administration and enforcement of occupational
Safety And Health (OSH) at the Workplace. A part from identifying certain duties
of employers, employees, self-employed person, manufactures, designers and
supplier, it also put an emphasis on the prevention of accidents, ill health and
injury at the workplace.

2.2 FACTORIES AND MACHINERY ACT 1967


The OSHA 1994 complements the Factories and Machinery Act 1967 (FMA 1967)
which is an Act to provide control of factories with respect to matters pertaining
to safety, health and welfare of person therein, the registration and inspection of
machinery and for matters connected therein. Both Acts are the platform for
workplace safety and health practices and are the instrument of enforcement by
the department of occupation Safety and Health (DOSH).

2.3 ENVIROMENT QUALITY ACT 1974


The Environmental Quality Act 1974 is an Act relating to the prevention,
abatement, control of pollution and enhancement of the environmental and for
the purpose connected therewith.

3.0 THE MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILITIES

It is policy to conduct business activities in such manner that the safety and health of
our employees, sub-contractors and other parties who are involved in this construction
industry is treated in the highest priority. Management responsibilities are parallel with
the employer responsibilities, as stated in OSHA Act 1994 as follows:

 To provide and maintain plant and systems of work that are, so far as practicable,
safe and without risks to health;
 To make proper arrangements for ensuring, so far as practicable, safety and absence
of risks to health in connection with the use or operation, handling, storage, and
transport of plant and substances;
 To provide information, instruction, training and supervision as is necessary to
ensure, so far as practicable, the safety and health at work of his employees; and
 So far as practicable, to provide and maintain working environment that is safe,
without risks to health and with adequate welfare facilities.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

All employees shall have a good knowledge and understanding on the Safety and Health
aspects and shall be aware of their duties and responsibilities as required by OSHA Act
1994 as follows:

 To take reasonable care at work for the safety of themselves and other person
 To cooperate with the employer or any other person in the discharge of any duty,
under this Act or any Regulation made here under
 To wear or use any protective equipment or clothing provided by the employer
 To comply with any instruction or measure on occupational safety and health as
required under this Act or any Regulation made here under

4.0 SAFETY AND HEALTH POLICY

The Safety and Health Policy is a written statement that includes the health and safety
aims and objectives of the company / organization.

The Safety and Health Policy shall be displayed at prominent notice boards at site and
brought to the attention of all employees during induction session. This policy shall be
reviewed from time to time in conjunction with goals and objectives.

5.0 SAFETY AND HEALTH ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES

All personnel must be familiar with and strictly adhere to the regulation stipulated in the
Factories and Machinery (Building Operation and Works of Engineering Construction
(Safety) Regulations 1986 and the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) 1994 at all
times.

5.1 PROJECT COORDINATOR AND ASSISTANT PROJECT COORDINATOR


 Accountable to the project Director for the maintenance of highest possible
safety standards for the project.
 Ensure that the management is given timely advice on safety trends,
developments and latest safe working techniques as well as prevailing
legislative requirement.
 Ensure that project’s Safety and Health policy and practices are regularly
reviewed.
 Provides an effective program for the communication of safety policies, rules
and practices.
 Provides an effective program for training and educating employees on
safety and health issues.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 Ensures that line Management are appropriately and actively supported by


safety and health Officer.

5.2 PROJECT MANAGER AND ENGINEER


 Understand the company’s Safety and Health Policy, rules and regulation.
 Understand the requirement of the Construction Site (Safety) Regulations
and other legislation on safety and health on site.
 Ensure that a high Safety and Health standard is maintained on site.
 Ensure the safety measures and considerations are being integrated into the
planning stage of production processes, including those for subcontractor
works.
 Ensure the safety precautions in the safety plan and other statutory
requirement are complied by both the direct employees and subcontractor.
 Liaison with safety Officer on matter relating to safety and health matters.
 Assign supervisors and employees for on or off-site training.
 Actively participate and support safety promotional activities organized by
the safety Department (or other organization agreed by the company) so as
to promote the safety awareness of the workforce.
 Organize site safety meeting at least once in three months and act as the
Chairman of these meeting. The meeting should involve the participation of
the supervisory staff and representatives from all sub-contractors.
 Set a good personal example.

5.3 SAFETY AND HEALTH OFFICER


 Provide advice on measure to secure the safety and health of employees,
and assist in organizing OSH programs.
 Inspect the workplace, and take part in inspections carried out by the
management.
 Investigation serious accidents, dangerous occurrences and occupational
diseases.
 Assist supervisors in investigating accidents, check their report and risk
control measures.
 Keep statistic on accidents, diseases and dangerous occurrences at the place
of work.

5.4 SUPERVISOR / FOREMAN


 Responsible for the implementation of all site safety requirements as
stipulated by the company policy, the safety Committee or the Project
Manager.
 Organize sites (housekeeping) so that work is carried out to the required
standard with minimum risk to men, equipment and materials.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 Keep abreast of the requirement of the Construction Site (Safety) Regulation


and other legislation on safety, health and welfare on site.
 Implement arrangement with subcontractors to ensure that they maintain a
high standard in safety.
 Seek advice from Safety Officer on matters of site safety.
 Attend safety meetings and actively contribute to the promotion of safety on
site. Act in accordance with the resolutions in the safety meetings.

5.5 EMPLOYEES
 Ensure that he/she carries his/her work in a safe manner as instructed by
supervisor.
 Ensure that the correct tools and equipment are used for the job.
 Use personal protective equipment that is made available and issued by the
Company.
 Keep tools in good working condition.
 Report promptly to supervisor any defect in plant and equipment and ensure
that they are in a secure state when unattended.
 Develop a concern for safety, personally and for others.
 Actively participate in and co-operate with the company in carrying out its
objective to maintain a safe work environment.
 Immediately report any personal industrial injury or industrial disease to the
supervisor or member of the site management.
 Seek first aid treatment even for minor injuries.
 Take care of company’s property entrusted to you. Refrain from horseplay
and the abuse of welfare facilities.
 Immediately inform supervisor of any hazard, unsafe condition or unsafe
practice existing on site.
 Consult with supervisor on any problem on safety and health matters.

6.0 SAFETY AND HEALTH COMMITTEE

In accordance to Section 30, in OSHA Act 1994, whereby every employer shall establish
a Safety and health committee if there are forty (40) or more persons employed at the
place of work and the direction of Director General from DOSH to do so.

Site Safety and Health Committee is established to ensure that work at site are carried
out or executed in accordance to the plan and procedures which is related with the
statutory Occupational Safety and Health regulations and requirements.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

The composition of Safety and Health Committee shall be as follows;

 The Chairman
 The Secretary
 Committee members (PPK representatives)
 Committee members (Workers / Sub-contractors representatives)

Committee members (workers representatives) shall be selected from employees who


could best represent their respective co-workers in the effort to foster cooperation
between Management and employees.

The functions of Committee Members are as follows;

 Develop programs for safe system of work


 Review effectiveness of safety programs
 Inspect the workplace in respective to safety and health
 Report any unsafe conditions and unsafe acts
 Recommend actions plans for unsafe conditions and acts
 Investigate into any work-related accident, dangerous occurrence or disease
 Study trends of accidents, or disease
 Assist in organizing safety and health promotional activities at the workplace
 Assist co-workers or sub-contractors in compliance to site safety and health rules
and regulations

7.0 PROJECT PROFILE

7.1 PROJECT DETAIL


PROJECT TITLE : SARAWAK ENERGY BERHAD - 500kV BACKBONE
TRANSMISSION PROJECT - PHASE II PACKAGE 8 -
TONDONG 500/275kV SUBSTATION TONDONG 275/132kV
SUBSTATION

CONTRACT NO : PLS-130138(A)

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

7.2 LOCALITY PLAN

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

7.3 PROJECT HSE ORGANIZATION CHART

SARAWAK ENERGY BERHAD - 500kV BACKBONE TRANSMISSION PROJECT - PHASE II PACKAGE 8 - TONDONG
500/275kV SUBSTATION TONDONG 275/132kV SUBSTATION
CONTRACT NO: PLS-130138(A)

CHAIRMAN

MR. LAI HON WENG

PROJECT ENGINEER

MR. NGU KUNG KUAN

SAFETY OFFICER

MR. PETER AK LUBI

PILING AND EARTHWORK REINFORCED CONCRETE CHIEF MECHANIC GENERAL AFFAIR &
WORK ADMIN
MR. SAMSOM MR. CHONG BUI JUNG
MR. DARREN LIEW MS. RINDA

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

8.0 SAFETY AND HEALTH TRAINING PROGRAM

The followings are the Proposed Safety and Health Training Program which will be
conducted for SARAWAK ENERGY BERHAD - 500kV BACKBONE TRANSMISSION
PROJECT - PHASE II PACKAGE 8 - TONDONG 500/275kV SUBSTATION TONDONG
275/132kV SUBSTATION

NO TYPE OF TRAINING PROGRAM FREQUENCY REMARKS


1 Safety and Health Induction Class
- Workers gathered at specific - Compulsory - First induction
venue and to be briefed by - Depend on must be
Safety and Health Officer. availability of new conducted once
- OSHA Act 1994 and CIDB group of workers the first group of
regulations requirement. All present at site. workers present at
construction workers to attend site (compulsory).
the safety induction. - Upon request, - All of sub-
hazard finding and contractor
SHO’s judgment. workers are
required to attend
the program.
(Record through
the sticker on
safety helmet).
2 Toolbox Meeting
- Briefing to be conducted before - Daily, if a new job - Time to carry out
a group of workers starts - Carried out at site depends on the
working. person in-
- To brief a safe working - Once in a week if charged. (Safety
procedure and hazardous a similar job is Officer, Site
conditions at site, and how to carried out. Supervisor, etc)
reduce and eliminate that
particular hazard.
3 CIDB Green Card Induction
- All workers at site must possess - Compulsory - Upon request and
a Greed Card from CIDB. Those sufficient number
without Green Card are not of participants.
qualified to enter and working
at construction site.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

NO TYPE OF TRAINING PROGRAM FREQUENCY REMARKS


4 Fire Fighting / Drill Training
- Compulsory - Availability of
- Carried out at site Trainer (BOMBA
and Competent
Person).
5 Driving Safety Training
- Compulsory - Availability of
Trainer
6 Equipment Operator Training
- Daily, if new job - Time to carry out
- Carried out at site depends on the
- Once a week if person in-charged.
similar job carried (Safety Officer,
out Site Supervisor,
etc)

9.0 SAFETY AND HEALTH AWARENESS AND PROMOTION PROGRAM

The improvement of Safety and Health aspect at project site depends on the continuous
programs and promotions by Site Management. Continuous program and cooperation
among all site personnel and worker will upgrade the Occupational Safety and Health
aspects as well as changing workers attitude towards safety and health. The following
programs shall be practiced at site in order to enhance safety and health issues:

9.1 DAILY PROGRAM


a) Site inspection shall be carried out on the following aspect:
 Provisions to wear the Personnel Protective Equipment such as safety
helmet, safety shoe, etc.
 Heavy machinery for construction- for excavation, heavy lifting, etc.
 Traffic safety on the road and waterway- Sufficient signage, flagman and
traffic controller
 Housekeeping at site - shall be carried out periodically by worker

b) Site enforcement of Occupational Safety and Health – rules and regulation on


the following aspects:
 Provision of Personnel Protective Equipments
 Permit to work system - For hazardous works such as confined space,
welding, excavation and rock blasting

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 Statutory Governments as cited in Factory Machinery Act (FMA 1967) and


other relevant Authorities Acts & Regulations; e.g. PMA for crane, PMT
for air compressor, etc.
 To comply with main contractor’s Penalty System as mentioned in this
Safety and Health Plan.

9.2 WEEKLY PROGRAM


a) Site inspection by Safety and Health Committee Members on the following
aspects:
 Unsafe acts and conditions at site. Penalty system shall be imposed to
those who abused the system.
 Housekeeping exercised at site
 Foreign workers – To ensure sub-contractors only legal workers are
employed at site.

9.3 MONTHLY PROGRAM


 To carry out the Safety and Health Committee Meeting
 Safety inspection by site management (Project Manager, Safety Officer and
Supervisor)
 Safety Award to the best employee. Certificate shall be awarded to site
personnel who are committed to follow all safety requirements and to give a
good example to other colleagues.

9.4 ANUALLY PROGRAM


 Safety Campaign or Safety Week shall be conducted at site. Safety poster,
audiovisual shall be displayed and presented at site to educate workers in
safety and health issues.
 Fire Fighting/Fire Evacuation Drill to be conducted at site. Relevant authority
such as BOMBA shall be invited to give training to site personnel and workers
at site.
 First Aid Training shall be conducted at site. Conducted by Red Cross or
Professional first aider shall be invited to give presentation and training site
personnel and workers at site.
 Best Sub-contractor Award Program. Sub contractor who shows the best
record in Safety Awareness (Annually) shall be given certificate as token of
appreciation

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

10.0 EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLAN

This procedure describes the actions which shall be taken in the event of occurrence of
an incident or accident, fire and any others emergency cases on site.

The person who first observes or notice the accident or any other emergency cases at
site such as a fire shall report immediately to his superior, such as a Site Supervisor, Site
Engineer, Safety and Health Officer or Security Guard or any person in-charged at that
time of the emergency. The respective person shall report immediately to the assigned
Emergency Controller. The Emergency Controller shall immediately contact the relevant
emergency organization, public service authorities, company site office and head office.
For this project, the Emergency Controller shall be Site Safety and Health Officer.

In case the Emergency Controller (i.e. Site Safety Officer), site management
representative or member of the committee is not around or available at site during the
emergency, the site personnel who first noticed the accident shall immediately report to
the assigned personnel and organizations stated in the Emergency Contact List.

The Emergency Controller will take necessary action to contain the situation. This may
included giving first aid treatment to the injured person. It could involve erecting
temporary barrier or warning tape to barricade the area. The Emergency Controller shall
notify HSE Chairman of the accident/incident.

The Emergency Controller will liaise with the relevant emergency organization and
public service authority until the emergency is under control. The Emergency Controller
will ensure photos at the scene of emergency has been taken and ensure that nobody
enter the site before police/DOSH approved. The area of accident shall be sketched and
witnesses shall be interviewed for the preparation of the accident report.

10.1 EMERGENCY CONTACT LIST


Project Manager / Safety Health Officer shall be responsible to establish the
EMERGENCY CONTACT LIST. It shall be placed at the notice board and other
prominent place at site. The list shall include the names and contact number of
all assigned personnel and also the organization which could be contacted in
case of emergency.

The Safety Committee members shall distribute the emergency contact list to all
their workers.

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10.2 EMERGENCY CONTACT NUMBER


NO NAME POSITION CONTACT
NUMBER
1 Lai Hon Weng Project Manager 016-522 8022
2 Peter Anak Lubi Safety Health Officer 016-896 3122
3 Ngu Kung Kuan Site Engineer 016-725 1929
4 Ibu Pejabat Polis Daerah Bau 082-763 311
5 Balai Bomba dan Penyelamat Bau 082-763 444
6 Hospital Bau 082-763 711
7 CIDB Sarawak 082-445 833
8 DOSH Sarawak 082-473 200

11.0 ACCIDENT REPORTING PROCEDURE

The purpose of accident reporting procedure is to provide a certain type of action to be


taken by site personnel should any accident happened at their workplace. Besides that,
an accident reporting procedure also provides a systematic format or approached in
order to prepare an accident report.

The following is the chronological procedure which shall take place in case of accident
occur at site and before an accident report will be prepared or to relevant parties;

1. When an accident occurs at site, the witness of the incident or accident shall
immediately inform their supervisor. The Supervisor shall act immediately to send
the injured person to the nearest clinic or hospital and then notify the accident to
Project Manager or Safety and Health Officer (SHO). At the same time, SHO will
inform Committee Members to carry out investigation. Minor injury shall be treated
at site using first aid facilities.

2. If the victim is seriously injured, Site Supervisor or SHO shall report to the police and
the family members.

3. Safety Health Officer shall refer to NODAPOD Reporting Guidelines (Chart 1) for
accident reporting.

It is the responsibility of an employer to report the accident to PERKESO and insurance


company (if applicable). All workers who possessed a CIDB Green Card shall be eligible
to claim insurance from an appointed insurance company. Accident report and medical
report may be used to claim insurance from an appointed insurance company.
All site accident/incident shall be recorded in the Site Accident / Incident Report Book.
The information shall be used to improved safety at the work place.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

12.0 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION PROCEDURE

The purpose of an accident investigation is to obtain accurate and full information about
the circumstances and the cause of the accident/incident. The ultimate objective is to
prevent accident recurrence in the future, and at the same time uncover new hazards at
site and advise adequate measure to contain or control them.

The accident shall be investigated as promptly as possible before any evidence is


removed or destroyed. An accident investigation is not design to find fault or blame
someone. It is an analysis to determine causes that can be controlled or eliminated.
Accident investigation is the first step towards preventing future injuries and financial
losses.

The focus of an accident investigation is to determine the root cause of the accident,
other causes that have affected the outcome, determine who was involved, and
whether these accidents could have been avoided.

The Site Supervisor is the best person to investigate the accident or near miss as they
are familiar with the site personnel, the work area, method of work and equipment
involved. In the event of an accident, the site supervisor can conduct the investigation
immediately. This is an important factor for good and practical investigation procedures.

The Site Safety and Health Officer shall conduct training to the site supervisors on
accident investigation procedure. Both parties shall co-operate in order to conduct
further investigation. The investigation report shall be submitted to the employer for
insurance claim and record purposes. The Safety and Health Officer shall collect all the
reports, analyze it and then report to the top management.

13.0 HAZARD IDENTIFICATION, RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC)

13.1 HIRARC REQUIREMENT


Occupational Health and Safety Legislation requires anyone in control of the
workplace to identify the potential hazard of the proposed work, assess the risks
involved and develop controls to eliminate, or minimize, the risk

a) Hazard Identification

Hazard identification is the process of identifying all situations or events that


could give rise to the potential for injury, illness or damage to plant or
property. Hazard identification should take into account how things are being

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

done, where they are done and who is doing them, and should also consider
how many people are exposed to each hazard identified and for how long.

b) Risk Assessment

The risk associated with a hazard is a reflection of the likelihood that the
hazard will cause harm and the severity of that harm. The two elements of
risk, i.e. likelihood and severity, are independent of each other. The vast
majority of hazards are relatively straightforward and requiring only simple
method of risk rating. The method incorporates a judgment as to whether or
not a risk is tolerable.

c) Risk Control

Safety procedures and risk control measures are procedures and measures to
be put in place to reduce risk to a tolerable level. When deciding on safety
procedures and risk control measures, the list below should be considered, in
the order given. Safety procedures and risk control measures lower down the
list should only be used if it can be shown that using a procedure and / or
measures higher up the list is not reasonably practicable.

13.2 HIRARC LIST


The followings are the works which will be access by using HIRARC method for
SARAWAK ENERGY BERHAD - 500kV BACKBONE TRANSMISSION PROJECT -
PHASE II PACKAGE 8 - TONDONG 500/275kV SUBSTATION TONDONG
275/132kV SUBSTATION

 Survey Works
 Piling Works
 Excavation Works
 Concreting Works
 Bar Cutting Works
 Traffic control

14.0 ACCIDENT PREVENTION PLAN

This chapter shall describe Accident Prevention Plan for major activities involved in this
construction project, the risks and control measures which should be taken in order to
minimize or to eliminate the accident.

14.1 SITE SECURITY

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

Site security is a complex subject and should be regarded as site management


disciplines and skill. It is vital to employ one or more well trained and numerate
security officers.

Risk involved
Loss of plant, tools and materials is a very serious problem in the construction
industry. It can have profound, and often hidden effect on the profitability of the
contractors involved. Not only including the cost of the items lost but also
progress delays caused bu the immediate non-availability of those item.

Control Measures
 Site entrances should be restricted to the minimum and arrangements for
blocking off the site roads after working hours to discourage ready vehicle
access and in turn easy removal of property from site.
 Site notices properly sited and written notices impact a sense of
professionalism and control. Discourage visitors from going to unauthorized
parts of the site.
 Private vehicles should be parked at designated areas only.

14.2 SITE TRANSPORTATION


Accidents any fatalities involving site transport continue to be one of the major
contributors to accident and fatality statistics in construction industry. Improving
the safety record of transport on construction site needs more than safety
awareness and compliance with regulations, it demands safe system of work,
planned in the company safety policy, incorporated into training and strictly
adhered to on site

Risk involved
 Site Conditions
 Knocking down pedestrians
 Overloaded
 Over Speeding
 Contact with Structures
 Contact with overhead Power Lines
 Fall from Vehicle/Transport
 Poor Maintenance of Vehicles

Control Measures
 Persons selected to drive site site vehicles should be physically fit with
normal eyesight and hearing

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 The main access and egress point into and from site should be appropriately
planned. Roads on must be regularly maintained and should be free of
potholes and uneven surfaces.
 Planned maintenance procedures prevent accident and delays due to
mechanical failures, minimize repair downtime and prevent excessive wear
and breakdown.
 Speed limit should be established early and clearly displayed for traveling on
site.

14.3 LAND CLEARING AND EARTHWORKS


Land clearing includes clearing of trees and crops and transferring out from site
as unsuitable materials, filling materials or stockpiles. This activity shall involve
heavy machinery such as excavator, bulldozer, and roller compactor and dumper
truck. Movement of heavy machinery especially dumper trucks will take some
distance and sometimes could involve public area.

Risk involved
Most site traffic accident is the failure to plan safe system of works and
otherwise no training was given to workers. Bad road condition, slippery, hilly
area, dusty and inadequate training may also lead to accident.

Caused of accident
 Bad driving technique
 Careless or ignorance of particular hazards e.g. overhead power line or
excavation
 Carry unauthorized passengers
 Poor maintenance of vehicle
 Overloading or bad loading technique
 Site congested or poor traffic lay out due to bad housekeeping

14.4 EXCAVATION WORKS


Excavation works is defined as removal of soils in order to build a building
foundation or to replace with suitable material for construction works. As a
result is open trenches and the stability of the wall shall be affected by heavy
rains, drying and improper slope excavated.

Risk involved
 Collapse of side due to lack of or inadequate or weak shoring
 Falling of spoil placed at edge of excavation
 Water seepage
 Vehicles being driven into the excavation due to driving errors, inadequate
barriers

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 Collapse of adjacent structure due to disturbance to its foundations

Control Measures
 All excavation works exceeding a depth of 1.5meters (5 feet) must be shored
or sloped to prevent people cave in.
 Vehicles, equipment and materials must not be positioned or driven near to
excavation area, as it may cause the excavation collapse or fall inside to the
excavation area.
 All excavation area shall be cordon off using barricade to prevent persons or
vehicle from falling down.
 Where excavation points are located adjacent to the pedestrian or public
road, warning light must be provide during nighttime.
 Excavation works shall be supervised by competent person or designated
person.
 During back filling is carried out by bumper, front loader or excavator, all
person must be out of working area or in safe location.
 Proper signage shall be installed to alert public from excavation area.

14.5 PILING DRIVING


The civil work and building construction requires piling work to be carried out.

Risk involved
 Lifting hazard
 Ergonomics
 Moving plant
 Crushing hazards
 Overhead & underground services

Control Measure
 Piling operations shall be undertaken or carried out by experience
subcontractor, with the assistance of competent and qualified personnel
 Where there is any question of stability of structures adjoining areas to be
piled, such structures shall be supported where necessary by underpinning,
sheet piling, shoring, bracing or other means in accordance with the design
of a Professional Engineer to prevent injury to any person
 All pile-driving equipment shall be inspected daily by a designated person
before work starts and all machinery defects shall be immediately rectified or
make good before pile driving commences
 Every piling frame and its components shall be thoroughly examined by an
approved person at least once in every twelve month, but can be more
depending on the condition of the components

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 Reasonably practicable measures shall be taken to warn workers not to


approach within 50 meters of pile under test
 Before placing or advancing a pile driver, a designated person shall inspect
the ground and where necessary for firm and level footing, timber shall be
placed. After placing or advancing a pile driver, inspection and improvement
of footing shall be made, when necessary to maintain stability
 All mechanical equipment and plant shall be maintained throughout the
piling work
 Piling materials need to be arranged and stockpile at specified place and not
to endanger to traffic and public.

14.6 FORMWORKS, REBAR WORKS AND CONCRETE WORKS


Failures often occur on fairly simple structures erected by smaller falsework
contractors, who may not employ design staff

Control Measures
 Form work should be constructed, or adapted, so as to be suitable for the
purpose for which it is used.
 Prior to commencement of concrete work, form work have been inspected
and approved.
 Concrete should not be poured too rapidly, or from such a height as to
overload the form work.
 When using crane, a properly trained signalman should be appointed to
ensure good communication between crane operator and concrete gang.
 All workers handling cement and concrete should wear suitable eye
protection, gloves and rubber boots.
 A sequence for dismantling should be agreed and detailed.

14.7 WORKING AT HEIGHT


There are quite a number of work activities in construction that need to be
performed at heights, where they cannot be reached from the ground. Means
must be provided to raise the workers to a suitable working level where they can
carry out the task safely.

Risk involved
 Fall from elevation
 Fall on the same level
 Being struck by falling objects

Control Measures

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 Includes correct installation and proper use of ladder, scaffold stairs towers,
and stairways. Attach fall arrest system to bridge steel and form work before
erection to accommodate safe access.
 Additional fall protection measures intended to prevent the fall before its
occurrence.
 Fall protection involved using personal fall arrest equipment to prevent the
completion of a fall and to reduce the possibility of resulting injuries.
 A scaffold is an elevated working platform for supporting both personnel and
materials.

14.8 ELECTRICAL WORKS


Electrical energy is used extensively in construction process. It can also be
present in the form of existing installations.

Risk involve
 Electric shock
 Electrical burns resulting form the heating effect of the current which burns
body tissue
 Electrical fires and explosion caused by overheating or arcing apparatus in
contact with a fuel.

Control Measure
 Competent and suitable qualified electrician shall carry out all electrical
works
 Any works to be carried out must be monitored and supervised by
competent persons
 Before using any electrical equipment, always switch off the power or
remove all the plugs
 Always use tag to identify on the status of electrical equipment. For example,
place “Danger” tag on isolated switch
 Disconnect broken appliances and have frayed cords or broken power points
replaced
 Use your appliances correctly. Read the instruction in booklet and follow
supplier instructions
 Check the location of underground cable with the assistance of authorities.
Use special devices to detect underground cable. Do not make excavation
without conformation and proper checking
 Keep electrical wire and appliances away from stagnant water, pedestrian
walkway and wet area
 Suitable Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) shall be worn when handling
hazardous electrical equipment

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 Do not overload circuits and fuses by using too many appliances from one
point or source of power
 Use a checklist before carrying out any electrical or mechanical work. Joint
inspection with the authority is compulsory.

14.9 HEAVY LIFTING WORKS


Bridge, road and building construction require heavy lifting works to carry out
heavy construction materials from one place to another. Heavy lifting work
requires heavy machinery such as mobile, tower and crawler crane.

Risk involved
 Poor signaling may lead to accident
 Overloading due to lack of ability to estimate the load
 Over speed, swinging and apply brake abruptly will cause the jib to snap or
caused machine overturn
 Used of damaged sling rope

Control Measures and safe working procedures


 To ensure crane has valid approval permit from DOSH (PMA)
 To ensure crane are operated by competent person and possess competency
certificate from DOSH or CIDB
 Erection and dismantling crane to be done by competent person
 To ensure crane are regularly checked by competent mechanic
 To appointed competent signalman to assist crane operator
 To barricade the area of heavy lifting works
 To ensure adequate signage for lifting work

14.10 FIRE PREVENTION


The risk of fire on many construction sites is great. Examples include the
situation when work is being carried out within an existing high fire risk plant, or
the final stages of a project when finishing materials are in the course of being
worked and positioned, often resulting in the accumulation of substantial
amounts of combustible materials and flammable liquids.

Risk involved
 Oxygen depletion
 Flame / heat
 Smoke
 Gases combustion products
 Structural failure

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

Control measure
 Site fire safety plan
 Emergency procedures
 Extinguisher, hydrants and other fire protection equipment
 Site security against arson

14.11 PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT REQUIREMENT


Personal Protective Equipment is to protect employees from the risk of injury by
creating a barrier against work place hazards. It should be used in conjunction
with these controls to ensure safety and health of employees.

The following are the personal protective equipment commonly used:


 Head protection are to protect the workers from impact of falling object, risk
of bumping the head against existing object and risk of chemical drips or
splashes.
 Serious and minor foot injuries can be avoided by the wearing of suitable
foot protection.
 Where and when workers are potentially exposed to eye injuries while
performing work they must be provided with suitable eye protection.
 Suitable gloves must be worn when hazards from chemicals, cuts,
lacerations, abrasions, punctures, burns, biological, and harmful temperature
extremes are present.
 Ear protections are used to prevent the loss of hearing when workers would
otherwise be exposed to level of noise, which are considered to be
hazardous.

14.12 SAFETY SIGNAGES


The following are the safe working procedures while dealing with safety signage;
 The purpose of a system of safety colors and signs is to draw to objects and
situations, which affect, or could affect, health or safety.
 Must be a standard colors and symbols to make them understandable and
effective.

14.13 CONSTRUCTION TRAFFIC


The construction work carried out at restricted area shall face congested traffic
and the risk of accident is very high and need to be adhered by site
management. The following are the safe working procedures while dealing with
construction traffic;

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 In order to control the traffic flow at site, appropriate warning and signage
shall be erected where necessary
 Signalman and flagman shall control and stationed at stipulated place to
control vehicle movement and equipment at construction site
 Special lane is required to allow construction vehicles at project site. These
lanes shall be separated from pedestrian and light vehicles
 All construction vehicles or transporters need to follow allowable speed limit
at site. They are required to use only the designated entrance to enter
project site.
 No person is allowed to drive a vehicle of any class or description in or out of
a work site unless he is the holder of a valid driving license authorizing him to
drive of that class or description.
 Special areas need to be located at site for vehicle parking to separate from
construction vehicles. Construction vehicles shall be parked at designated
areas only.
 Vehicle for carrying materials, debris, and quarry stone, sand and excavated
materials must be cleaned, well-maintained and good running condition. If
they are carrying loose material, the material shall be covered and properly
sealed to ensure that there no spillage of material into the public road.
 Where it is absolutely necessary for construction machinery to carry out
work from outside the hoarding area, the operating area of the machine
outside the hoarded area shall be cordons off and suitable warning signs,
lights and flagman shall be provided.

15.0 WASTE MANAGEMENT

The main objective for environmental policy with regard to this project which gives
priority to environmental protection is as follow:

 All legislation and provisions set forth in environment-related specifications with


respect to all construction and prospective services to be carried out within the
framework of the project shall be adhered to and action taken for continuous
development.
 The impact on the environment of activities conducted within the scope if the
project shall be determined and measures shall be taken to eliminate or minimize
negative impacts.
 In the course of activities, work shall be undertaken to reduce waste production and
to safeguard protection of air, water, soil and the natural environment.
 Environmental hazards shall be continuously followed up and necessary measures
taken to eliminate them. Training and awareness – raising efforts shall be made for
the adoption of Environmental Awareness by all employees.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

15.1 SCHEDULE WASTE MANAGEMENT


To ensure the generation and disposal of Scheduled Waste is properly managed
as well as complies with Malaysian Regulations and Jabatan Kerja Raya (JKR)
Requirement.

Scheduled Waste Category


 The Scheduled Wastes that are currently produced are notified to Director
General of Department of Occupational and Environmental in writing and
kept as records.
 For any new type of waste, HSE Committee will check against the First
Schedule of Environmental Quality Regulation 1989 to determine whether it
is Scheduled Wastes or non-Scheduled Waste.
 Every new Scheduled Waste shall be immediately notified to Director
General using Second Schedule of Environmental Quality Regulation, 1989.
The Notification of Scheduled Waste shall keep as records by HSE
Committee.

Handling of Scheduled Wastes


 All Scheduled Waste that have been identified must have the Data Sheet via
Seventh Schedule of Environmental Quality Regulation, 1989 and kept as
record by Site HSE Committee.
 The person handling Scheduled Waste must be equipped with PPE referring
to the Seventh Scheduled.
 Spillage of Scheduled Wastes must be cleaned up according to procedure in
the Seventh Scheduled.
Storage of Scheduled Wastes
 Scheduled Wastes must be stored in durable containers that are able to
prevent spillage or leakage of the Scheduled Wastes into the environment.
 Containers of Scheduled Wastes shall be clearly labeled in accordance to the
Third Schedule of Environment Quality Regulation, 1989.
 Incompatible Scheduled Wastes shall be stored in separate containers and
separate area. The guidelines for incompatible waste are in the Fourth
Scheduled of Environmental Quality Regulation, 1989.
 Design, location and maintenance of the Scheduled Wastes temporary
storage facility shall be adequate to prevent spillage or leakage of Scheduled
Waste to the environment.

Internal Disposal and Collection


 PIC shall inform HSE Committee on the quantity and type of Scheduled
Wastes to be transferred from the work site to store.
 HSE Committee shall verify the information by inspecting the waste intended
for transfer and ensure proper labeling and packaging.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 All Scheduled Wastes must be sent to designated temporary storage area by


PIC.
 The PIC is responsible for any spillage during sending and storing of the
Scheduled Waste at Chemical / Scheduled Waste Store.

Disposal of Scheduled Wastes


 The entire Scheduled Wastes disposal contractor appointed by CONTRACTOR
must have a license or approval from DOE
 The HSE Committee will contact the waste disposal contractor to arrange
transportation for disposing the waste.
 The HSE Committee will arrange for loading the waste into the waste
disposal transporters.
 The waste disposal transporter must have in hand a copy of the Seventh
Schedule during pick up of the Scheduled Wastes.
 The PIC will then fill up the Consignment Note for Scheduled Wastes via Sixth
Scheduled of Environmental Quality Regulation, 1989 provided by wastes
disposal contractor.
 Four copies of Consignment Note will be given back to the waste disposal
contractor and two copies will be kept by HSE Committee.
 HSE Committee will send one copy of the Consignment Note to the DOE and
one copy will be kept as record.
 Once a month or when necessary, HSE Committee shall submit to DOE an
Inventory of Scheduled Waste via Fifth Scheduled of Environmental Quality
Regulation, 1989 and a copy shall be kept as record. PD must approve the
inventory before it is sent to DOE.
Selling of Scheduled Waste to Vendor
 All Scheduled Waste can only be sold to outside company after getting
written approval from DOE
 Sales of Scheduled Wastes shall be kept as record by HSE Committee.

Unscheduled Waste
 Unscheduled waste like household rubbish shall be disposed into rubbish
bins or at a designated place like temporary holes (fill up with earth when full
with rubbish) or at government designated dumping ground.

16.0 SITE FACILITIES AND STAFF WELFARE

The Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 require employers and self-employed
person to:

 Provide and maintain plant and safe systems of work that are safe and risk free.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

 Make arrangements for ensuring safety and health in connection with the use or
operation, handling, storage and transportation of plants and substances.
 Provide information, instruction, training and supervision to ensure employees
perform their work in a safe manner and without risk to health.
 Maintain a place of work that is safe and without risks to health including means of
access and aggressive.
 To provide and maintain a working environment that is safe and without risks to
health with adequate health and welfare facilities.

17.0 FIRST AID / MEDICAL MANAGEMENT

First aid is the skilled application of accepted basic treatment for someone who is
injured or has been taken ill until he is placed in the care of qualified medical
practitioner or other skilled aid, or taken to the hospital.

Basic first aid concentrates on the followings:

 Breathing
 Bleeding
 Shock
 Fractures
 Crush injuries
 Unconsciousness
 Burns and scalds
 Hot weather problems

There are three major components of work place first aid facilities, namely:

 First aid-er
 First aid box / first aid room
 First aid equipment / manual

17.1 FIRST AIDER


For a work site with more than one employer are carrying out their activities, the
principal employer should provide and maintain adequate and appropriate first
aid equipment, facilities and personnel.

Information pertaining the names and locations of first aid-er on work site
should be displayed at prominent places. First aid-er should also be provided
with a form of identification for easy recognition by personnel on site.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

First aid-er must be trained by recognized institution and awarded with


certificate of competency in first aid treatment upon completion of such training.

The first aid-er has to ensure that only first aid equipment kept in the first aid
box. Periodic check must be carried out to ensure contents of the first aid box
are replenished and adequate.

17.2 FIRST AID BOX


First aid box should be made of sturdy material and be portable so that it can be
taken to the site of an incident. The boxes should be clearly marked with a green
crescent on a white background.

Adequate first aid boxes must be placed in clearly identifiable, well-illuminated


and easily accessible locations on work site. The boxes must be kept locked and
responsible person keeps keys during working hours. All personnel on site must
be informed on the locations of the first aid boxes.
Adequate contents materials for first aid treatment of sufficient quantity must
be in the first aid box. Frequent checks must be carried out in order to ensure
the boxes are fully equipped and all items are use-able. No other material should
be kept in the boxes. Recommended contents for a first aid box as follow:

< 10 11 – 15 > 50
CONTENTS
WORKERS WORKERS WORKERS
1 Small individual medicated or un-
medicated sterilized dressings, for 6 12 24
fingers.
2 Medium size individual medicated or
un-medicated sterilized dressing, for 3 6 12
hand and feet.
3 Large individual medicated or un-
medicated sterilized dressing, for 3 6 12
other injured parts.
4 Assorted adhesive wound dressing
5 10 15
Pressure Bandage No.15
5 Triangular bandage 90 x 90 x 130cm 5 10 15
6 i) Roller bandage – 25mm 6 9 12
ii) Roller bandage – 50mm 6 9 12
7 Adhesive plaster - A sufficient supply -
8 Absorbent sterilized cotton wool, in
0.5oz. packet or cotton wool strip 6 6 6
contained in cotton wool dispenser
9 Suitable splints and wool or other - A sufficient supply -

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

material for padding


10 Approved eye wash ( eye ointment
- A sufficient supply -
or eye drop)
11 Individual sterilized eye pads, in
2 4 8
separate sealed packets
12 Rubber or pressure bandages 1 1 1
13 A 2% alcohol solution of iodine 1 1 1
14 A bottle of smelling salt with the
dose and mode of administration 1 1 1
indicated on the label
15 Blunt-nosed surgical scissors 1 1 1
16 Safety pins 12 24 36
17 Crepe bandages: i) 5cm 6 6 6
ii) 7.5cm 6 6 6
18 Surgical tapes: 3M (Hypoallergenic) 2 2 2
19 Gloves-disposable free size 6 12 24
20 CPR Mark - A sufficient supply -

17.3 FIRST AID ROOM


A first aid room must be provided on a work site when there are 150 or more
workers being employed.

Recommended facilities to be provided for a first aid room are as the followings:

 Sink with running potable water


 Paper towels
 Smooth-topped working surfaces
 Adequate supply of sterile dressings and other materials for wound
treatment
 Stretcher
 Splints
 Clinical thermometer
 A couch with pillow and blanket
 A suitable store for first aid equipment
 Soap and nail brush
 Clean garments for first aid-er
 Suitable refuse container
 Pocket mask
 Adult cervical collar
 Torch light

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

In addition a flow chart of the treatment processes to be posted from


convenience of workers if they have to wait for treatment.

18.0 NON-COMPLIANCE CORRECTIVE ACTION

The following is chronological procedures shall be practiced in order to practice and


implement Non Compliance Corrective Action Plan at project site.

 Safety and Health Officer (SHO) shall initiate site inspection to inspect Non-
Compliance acts or any action that contravenes standard safe working procedures or
practices. Any work activity at site which does not meet the basic safety
requirement shall be immediately noted in specified form as attached.
 The SHO shall then report to the Project Manager (PM) detailing the observation in a
Non-Compliance Report (NCR) form. A list of hazards and risks are assessed and
recorded in the pro-forma with suggested corrective action needed to abate the
dangerous or unsafe act. Potential risks and hazards are also included in the list.
 Upon receiving the report, the Project Manager shall endorse the recommendation
made by SHO and subsequently distribute to all relevant parties, (e.g. site personnel
and sub-contractor) preferably within two (2) working days. If situation demands
immediate action, the PM shall instruct the relevant party to initiate corrective
action at once with written instruction to be followed later.
 Failure by relevant party to comply with the NCR shall expose him to a penalty
system that is in place. (Refer to Penalty System attached)
 The SHO shall verify the corrective measures taken to resolve the noncompliance
issues on the NCR pro-forma. The SHO shall also satisfy himself in as far as
practicable measures undertaken to correct unsafe acts or conditions which shall
not cause further injury or other unsafe condition to individual and the public.

19.0 PENALTY SYSTEM

Penalty system is the last resort taken or imposed to the construction personnel (PPK &
sub-contractor) should the earlier action such as advice; warning and NCR are not
effective to eliminate the unsafe acts or unsafe condition at project site.

To enforce the standard of safety in the workplace, workers and sub-contractors found
floating or breaching safety rules are dealt with the following manner;

1. A fine shall be imposed or;


2. Suspension of workers or sub-contractor from site, until hazardous condition is
eliminated or minimized or;
3. Removal from site to workers or stop payment to sub-contractors, or;
4. Report to police if found the acts contradict with Malaysian laws.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

20.0 PERMIT TO WORK

The permit to work system is design to control hazardous work activities in construction
areas in order to safeguard construction personnel, equipments and other property in
the area concerned. It is a method to control the work progress at site and to ensure
that they are carried out in safe working condition.

Before work proceed, sub-contractor shall obtain and apply for work permit from main
contractor and submit at least two business days prior to commencement of work to
main contractor. Upon receiving the requisition, Safety and Health Officer shall carry out
inspection to check for safety measures taken to carry out the work.

If Safety and Health Officer is not satisfied with the safety precaution carried out the by
the sub-contractor, work permit shall not be released and rectification must be carried
out by sub-contractor as per Safety and Health instructions and regulatory
requirements.

Then only the work permit can be issued or released.

Throughout the work progress, Safety and Health Officer shall carry out inspection and if
not satisfied with the safety, Safety and Health Officer may revoke or withdraw the work
permit and stop work order shall be imposed until the unsafe acts and conditions is
rectified by Sub-contractors.

Once work permit is approved, the original copy shall be retained by holder and kept on
site at all times until the job is completed.

List of the works require work permit as follows;

20.1 COLD WATER


 Confined space entry
 Excavation and trenching
 Heavy lifting work
 Major concreting

20.2 HOT WATER


 Cutting
 Bitumen Wrapping

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

21.0 GENERAL SAFETY RULES

 Always think for a few second of the safe way before you perform the work
 If you are in doubt to carry out the job or using the equipment, please seek advice
from the competent person or your superior
 Observe all warning signs, instructions and danger notices before carry out the work
 Report all unsafe conditions and acts at site to your superior or foremen
 Ensure site are tidy - good housekeeping will prevent accidents
 Never play practical jokes or distract others while working
 Do not work if you are sick, especially when working at height
 Strictly no smoking, drug, alcohol and gambling at construction site
 Wear Personnel Protective Equipment such as safety helmet and safety shoes while
working at construction site
 Keep clear of all moving vehicles or machinery if not required in the vicinity
 No passenger allowed riding on such excavator, backhoe, forklift, compactor, Shovel,
Bulldozer, and Trailer etc.
 Do not remove any scaffolding or any other structure without authorization or
approval from your superior or competent person.

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PEKERJAAN PIASAU KONKERIT SDN BHD (33138-D)

STATEMENT OF COMMITMENT

The undersigned, LING LU SIONG as the HSE CHARIMAN of the company have thoroughly
reviewed and fully understood the objectives and goals of this Safety and Health Plan.

It is our primary responsibilities to ensure that all personnel working under our supervision
adhere strictly to the implementation of this Safety and Health Plan.

32