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CENTRO ESCOLAR UNIVERSITY

In partnership with
CENTRO ESCOLAR INTEGRATED SCHOOL
SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL
MANILA
Final Grade:
GENERAL CHEMISTRY II
LABORATORY ACTIVITY NO. 1
“Gas Laws”

Group No. ________ Date Performed: ____________


Section: __________________

Put a check if present:


Full Name Laboratory Gloves Laboratory Role/Contribution
(Surname first) coat goggles
Group Number: ____________ Date Performed: ____________

Gas Laws Experiments


Objectives:
The students should be able to:
1. Identify the different application of gas laws.
2. Demonstrate each application of gas laws with comprehension and accuracy.

Introduction
Laws which describe properties of gases with respect to temperature, volume, pressure and
moles are known as gas laws. There are different types of gas laws, which were proposed in different
periods by different scientist. There are seven common gas laws: Boyle’s Law, Charles’ Law, Gay-
Lussac’s Law, Avogadro’s Law, Ideal Gas Law and Combined Gas Law.

EXPERIMENT NO. 1 “Candle Vacuum Experiment”


Materials:
1 plastic plate
Water
Food color (any color)
1 Cup-size candle
Beaker
Lighter/Match

Procedures:
1. Place the plastic plate on your table. Pour some water on the plate.
2. Add few drops of food color to provide distinction.
3. Place the cup-sized candle at the center of the plate.
4. Lit the candle with the lighter/match.
5. Cover the candle with the beaker. Observe the changes.

Guide Questions:
Q1. This experiment is an application of ___________________________.
Q2. What are the factors involved in this experiment? _______________________________________.
Q3. Enumerate the observed changes in the experiment:
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Q4. Why did these changes occur?
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Q5. What will happen if you add more candles in the experiment?
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EXPERIMENT NO. 2 “Bottle Pee Experiment”
Materials:
1 Empty plastic bottle (450-500 ml)
1 bendable straw
Scissors
1 balloon
Masking tape

Procedures:
1. Puncture the plastic bottle at the mid part with enough diameter to fit with the bendable straw.
2. Insert the straw in the hole and seal it with masking tape.
3. Fill the plastic bottle with water. Make sure the water will not leak from the hole.
4. Inflate the balloon and put it at the mouth of the bottle.
5. Observe what will happen on the water in inside the bottle.

Guide Questions:
Q6. This experiment is an application of ___________________________.
Q7. What are the factors involved in this experiment? _______________________________________.
Q8. What happened to the water inside the bottle?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q9. Explain this phenomenon using the involved gas law.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q10. What will happen if you add more air to the balloon?
_____________________________________________________________________________________

EXPERIMENT NO. 3 “Ping Pong Ball Experiment”


Materials:

1 Ping Pong Ball


1 hotplate
Beaker
Tongs

Procedure:
1. Heat the beaker with water using the hotplate.
2. Drop the dented ping pong ball on top of the water.
3. Press the ping pong ball under the water for 20 seconds
4. Take it out. Use a spoon or a pair of kitchen tongs to take out the ball.
5. Observe the changes in the dented ping pong ball.

Guide Questions:
Q11. This experiment is an application of ___________________________.
Q12. What are the factors involved in this experiment? _______________________________________.
Q13. What happened to the dented ping pong ball when placed over the hot water?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q14. Explain this phenomenon using the involved gas law.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q15. What will happen to the dented ping pong ball if placed over cold water?
_____________________________________________________________________________________

EXPERIMENT NO. 4 “Egg in the Bottle Experiment”


Materials:
1 hardboiled egg
1 Erlenmeyer flask
Scratch papers
1 lighter/match

Procedures:
1. Place your flask on the table.
2. Light the piece of paper and drop it inside the flask.
3. Immediately place the hardboiled egg at the top of the flask.
4. Observe what will happen to the egg.

Guide Questions:
Q16. This experiment is an application of ___________________________.
Q17. What are the factors involved in this experiment? _______________________________________.
Q18. What happened to the hardboiled egg when placed over the Erlenmeyer flask?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q19. Explain this phenomenon using the involved gas law.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q20. What will happen if you placed the hardboiled egg over the bottle with cold water?
_____________________________________________________________________________________

EXPERIMENT NO. 5 “Balloon Soda Experiment”

Materials:
1 balloon
1 pack of vinegar
1 plastic bottle (450-500 ml)
1 baking soda
1 funnel

Procedures:
1. Using the funnel, put the baking soda inside the balloon.
2. Fill the bottle halfway with vinegar.
3. Place the tip of the baking soda filled balloon on the lid of the plastic bottle.
4. Slowly lift the balloon to the allow the baking soda to fall down to the vinegar. Observe what
happens to the balloon.

Guide Questions:
Q21. This experiment is an application of ___________________________.
Q22. What are the factors involved in this experiment? _______________________________________.
Q23. What happened to the balloon after adding baking soda to the vinegar?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q24. Explain this phenomenon using the involved gas law.
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
Q25. What will happen if you use water instead of vinegar in this experiment?
_____________________________________________________________________________________

EXPERIMENT NO. 6 Improvised Fire Extinguisher Experiment

Materials:
Baking soda
Vinegar
Plastic bottle with hole in the lid
Bendable straw
Lighter/match
Scissors
Newspaper

Procedures:
1. Fill the bottle about halfway full with vinegar.
2. To activate the fire extinguisher, drop in a spoonful of baking soda.
3. Immediately shake the jar and point the hole of the jar toward your fire.
4. Test out your fire extinguisher on a candle or small intentional fire so you will know what to
expect.

Guide Questions:
Q26. What happens to the baking soda and vinegar when they come in contact with each other?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________
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Q27. What happens to the candles? Explain this phenomenon.
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Q28. What gasses are formed during this reaction?


_____________________________________________________________________________________

Q29. Compare the weight CO2 molecule to O2 molecule. How does this relate to the (CO2) fire
extinguisher?
_____________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________

Q30. What are the other types of fire extinguisher?


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