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Piping in Petroleum Refinery

Piping in Piping Rack


Piping Branches, Piping Connections
Process piping
Piping
Industrial piping
Petroleum Industries, Process Industries, Refineries,
Fertilizer Industries, etc.

Metallic Non Metallic Tubing


Piping, Piping

Carbon Steel Piping


High Pr. High Temp Piping
- Low Temp Piping
-Insulated Non Insul. Piping HDPE SS Tubing for
-Underground Piping Piping Instrumentation
-Wrapped and Coated Piping And Hydraulic
equipments
Stainless Steel Piping PVC Copper Tubing
Piping
Inside Lined Piping -- Fiber Glass
-- Rubber Lined, Piping
-- Glass Lined
Cement Mortar Outside Hydraulic
Lined (Under water, Sea Rubber Hoses
Piping)
Cast Iron piping
Cast Basalt Piping
Ductile Iron Piping
Copper Nickel Piping
Cement Hume Piping

Domestic Plumbing Domestic Rubber Hoses Nylon Tubing


Pipes
And ---
Pipe Fittings
Standard Material Specifications

SA series and ASTM series materials are the same.


Pipe Dimensions as per dimensional standard - ANSI B 36.10
Tube Dimensions
Fabrication of piping spools

Definition Of a Pipe Spool:


Welded or screwed assembly of pipes and pipe fittings, which is
assembled as per the drawing (may be in the Shop floor or on the site )
as a complete or partial preparation of fabrication, for any Pipe Line.
Forged Steel Fittings,
Ends Suitable for
Socket Welding -----
and Threaded connections.

Dimensional Standard ANSI B 16.11


Mat:
 Carbon Steel ASTM A 105
 Stainless steel ASTM A 182 Gr. 304
Threaded Elbow 90°

Socket weld Elbow 90


Threaded Elbow45°

Socket Weld 45
Threaded Cross

Socket Weld Cross


Socket weld Tee

Threaded Tee
Threaded Lateral

Socket weld Lateral


Threaded Union

Socket weld Union


Socketweld Union (O-RING) TYPE

Threaded Union (O-RING) TYPE


Threaded Full Coupling

Socket weld Full Coupling


Socket weld
Half Coupling

Threaded Half
Coupling
Threaded Cap

Socket weld Cap


Socket Weld Reducer

Threaded Reducer
Steel Fittings,
Ends Suitable for Butt Welding
Dimensional Standard ANSI B 16.9
Mat: Carbon Steel ASTM A 234
: Stainless steel ASTM A 403
Butt weld type Elbows 90
Size A OD B C
1/2 21.3 38.1 2.77
3/4 26.6 28.6 2.87
1 33.4 38.1 3.38
1-1/4 42.1 47.6 3.56
1-1/2 48.1 57.2 3.68
2 60.3 76.2 3.91
2-1/2 73.0 95.2 5.16
3 88.9 114.0 5.49
4 114.3 152.0 6.02
5 141.3 191.0 6.55
6 168.3 228.6 7.11
Butt Weld Type Elbow 45

Size A OD B C
1/2 21.3 15.88 2.77
3/4 26.6 11.13 2.87
1 33.4 22.23 3.38
1-1/4 42.1 25.4 3.56
1-1/2 48.1 28.45 3.68
2 60.3 35.05 3.91
2-1/2 73.0 44.45 5.16
3 88.9 50.80 5.49
4 114.3 63.50 6.02
5 141.3 79.25 6.55
6 168.3 95.25 7.11
Butt Weld Type Equal Tees

Size A OD B/D C
1/2 21.3 25.40 2.77
3/4 26.6 28.70 2.87
1 33.4 38.10 3.38
1-1/4 42.1 47.75 3.56
1-1/2 48.1 57.15 3.68
2 60.3 63.50 3.91
2-1/2 73.0 76.20 5.16
3 88.9 85.85 5.49
4 114.3 104.9 6.02
5 141.3 124.0 6.55
6 168.3 143.0 7.11
Butt Weld Type REDUCING TEES SCH. 40S

B
Size A OD C D E F
OD
3/4 X 1/2 26.6 21.3 2.77 2.87 28.7 28.7
1 X 1/2 33.4 21.3 2.77 3.38 38.1 38.1
1 X 3/4 33.4 26.6 2.87 3.38 38.1 38.1
1-1/4 X 1 42.1 33.4 3.38 3.56 47.8 47.8
1-1/2 X 1 48.3 33.4 3.38 3.68 57.2 57.2
1-1/2 X 1-1/4 48.3 42.1 3.56 3.68 57.2 57.2
2X1 60.3 33.4 3.38 3.91 50.8 63.5
2 X 1-1/4 60.3 42.1 3.56 3.91 57.2 63.5
2 X 1-1/2 60.3 48.3 3.68 3.91 60.5 63.5
Butt Weld Type STUB ENDS TYPE SCH. 40 S

Size A B OD C D R
1/2 34.9 21.3 50.8 2.77 3.2
3/4 42.8 26.6 50.8 2.87 3.2
1 50.8 33.4 50.8 3.38 3.2
1-1/4 63.5 42.1 50.8 3.56 4.8
1-1/2 73.0 48.1 50.8 3.68 6.4
2 92.0 60.3 63.5 3.91 7.9
2-1/2 104.8 73.0 63.5 5.16 7.9
3 127.0 88.9 63.5 5.49 9.5
4 157.2 114.3 76.2 6.02 11.1
5 185.7 141.3 76.2 6.55 11.1
6 215.9 168.3 88.9 7.11 12.7
BUTT WELD CAPS SCH. 40S

Size A OD B C
1/2 21.3 2.77 25.4
3/4 26.6 2.87 25.4
1 33.4 3.38 38.1
1-1/4 42.1 3.56 38.1
1-1/2 48.1 3.68 38.1
2 60.3 3.91 38.1
2-1/2 73.0 5.16 50.4
3 88.9 5.49 63.5
4 114.3 6.02 76.2
5 141.3 6.55 88.9
6 168.3 7.11 101.6
BUTT WELD COCENTRIC REDUCERS SCH. 40S

Size A OD B OD C D E
3/4 x 1/2 26.6 21.3 38.1 2.77 2.87
1 X 1/2 33.4 21.3 50.8 2.77 3.38
1 X 3/4 33.4 26.6 50.8 2.87 3.38
1-1/4 X 1 42.1 33.4 50.8 3.38 3.56
1-1/2 X 1/2 48.3 21.3 63.5 2.77 3.68
1-1/2 X 3/4 48.3 26.6 63.5 2.87 3.68
1-1/2 X 1 48.3 33.4 63.5 3.56 3.68
1-1/2 X 1-1/4 48.3 42.1 63.5 3.56 3.68
2 X 3/4 60.3 26.6 76.2 2.87 3.91
2X1 60.3 33.4 76.2 3.38 3.91
2 X 1-1/4 60.3 42.1 76.2 3.56 3.91
2 X 1-1/2 60.3 48.3 76.2 3.68 3.91
2-1/2 X 1-1/2 73.0 48.3 88.9 3.68 5.16
2-1/2 X 2 73.0 60.3 88.9 3.91 5.16
3 X 1-1/2 88.9 48.3 88.9 3.68 5.49
BUTT WELD ECCENTRIC REDUCERS SCH. 40S

Size A OD B OD C D E
3/4 X 1/2 26.6 21.3 38.1 2.77 2.87
1 X 1/2 33.4 21.3 50.8 2.77 3.38
1 X 3/4 33.4 26.6 50.8 2.87 3.38
1-1/4 X 1 42.1 33.4 50.8 3.38 3.56
1-1/2 X 1/2 48.3 21.3 63.5 2.77 3.68
1-1/2 X 3/4 48.3 26.6 63.5 2.87 3.68
1-1/2 X 1 48.3 33.4 63.5 3.56 3.68
1-1/2 X 1-1/4 48.3 42.1 63.5 3.56 3.68
2X¾ 60.3 26.6 76.2 2.87 3.91
2X1 60.3 33.4 76.2 3.38 3.91
2 X 1-1/4 60.3 42.1 76.2 3.56 3.91
2 X 1-1/2 60.3 48.3 76.2 3.68 3.91
2-1/2 X 1-1/2 73.0 48.3 88.9 3.68 5.16
2-1/2 X 2 73.0 60.3 88.9 3.91 5.16
Ferule Type Tube Fittings
Stainless Steel
ASME-SA-182, 316
Swage lock Company
Piping Flanged Joint

s = free threads (equals 1/3 time bolt diameter)

 n = nut thickness (equals nominal bolt diameter)

 h = flange thickness

 rf = height of raised face for class 150 and 300

height of raised face is included in h height

 g = gasket thickness approximately 3 mm


Piping Flanges

Mat Std: Forged Steel A- A105

Dimensional Std : ANSI B 16.5


Slip On Flange
Weld Neck Flange
Socket Weld Flange
Threaded Flange
Ring Type Joint
RTJ Flange

Ring Type Gasket


Tongue and Groove Flange
Blind Flange
Stub End – For,

Loose Flange
Pressure temperature Ratings for Carbon Steel Flanges ( PSI- Fahrenheit )
CLASS = 150 # 300 # 400 # 600 # 900 # 1500 # 2500 #
Hydro test
Pr. 450 1125 1500 2225 3350 5575 9275
Temp Temp Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure
Fahrenheit Centigrade PSI PSI PSI PSI PSI PSI PSI
-20 to
100 37.78 285 740 990 1480 2220 3705 6170
200 93.33 260 675 900 1350 2025 3375 5625
300 148.89 230 655 875 1315 1970 3280 5470
400 204.44 200 635 845 1270 1900 3170 5280
500 260.00 170 600 800 1200 1795 2995 4990
600 315.56 140 550 730 1095 1640 2735 4560
650 343.33 125 535 715 1075 1610 2685 4475
700 371.11 110 535 710 1065 1600 2665 4440
750 398.89 95 505 670 1010 1510 2520 4200
800 426.67 80 410 550 825 1235 2060 3430
850 454.44 65 270 355 535 805 1340 2230
900 482.22 50 170 230 345 515 860 1430
950 510.00 35 105 140 205 310 515 860
1000 537.78 20 50 70 105 155 260 430

Pressure temperature Ratings for Carbon Steel Flanges ( Kg/cm2 – Ceti. )


CLASS = 150 # 300 # 400 # 600 # 900 # 1500 # 2500 #
Hydro test
Pr. 31.6 79 105.5 156.5 235.6 392 652
Temp Temp Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure Pressure
Fahrenheit Centigrade Kg/cm2 Kg/cm2 Kg/cm2 Kg/cm2 Kg/cm2 Kg/cm2 Kg/cm2
100 37.78 20.04 52.03 69.60 104.05 156.08 260.49 433.79
200 93.33 18.28 47.46 63.28 94.91 142.37 237.29 395.48
300 148.89 16.17 46.05 61.52 92.45 138.50 230.61 384.58
400 204.44 14.06 44.64 59.41 89.29 133.58 222.87 371.22
500 260.00 11.95 42.18 56.25 84.37 126.20 210.57 350.83
600 315.56 9.84 38.67 51.32 76.99 115.30 192.29 320.60
650 343.33 8.79 37.61 50.27 75.58 113.19 188.77 314.62
700 371.11 7.73 37.61 49.92 74.88 112.49 187.37 312.16
750 398.89 6.68 35.51 47.11 71.01 106.16 177.17 295.29
800 426.67 5.62 28.83 38.67 58.00 86.83 144.83 241.15
850 454.44 4.57 18.98 24.96 37.61 56.60 94.21 156.78
900 482.22 3.52 11.95 16.17 24.26 36.21 60.46 100.54
950 510.00 2.46 7.38 9.84 14.41 21.80 36.21 60.46
1000 537.78 1.41 3.52 4.92 7.38 10.90 18.28 30.23