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Métodos Qualitativos em Relações Internacionais

Objetivos

Este curso introduz os alunos de graduação e pós-graduação aos métodos


qualitativos de análise empírica em Relações Internacionais. O curso tem como objetivo
prover os instrumentos metodológicos mais adequados às escolhas de pesquisa dos
alunos. Primeiro, discute-se algumas noções básicas de epistemologia e ontologia em
pesquisa científica. Segundo, busca-se cobrir os debates em questões centrais em
metodologia qualitativa, tais como estudo de casos, seleção de casos, theory-building,
theory-refinement, process-tracing, método comparado, qualitative comparative
analysis, mecanismos causais, entrevistas, etnografia e análise de discurso.

Programa Resumido

Este curso é recomendado para os alunos que desejam desenvolver projetos de


pesquisa, monografias, artigos acadêmicos, dissertações e teses.

Programa

1. Epistemologia, ontologia e metodologia em Relações Internacionais:

Jackson, Patrick. 2011. The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations: philosophy of


science and its implications for the study of world politics, Cap. 01 e 02, pp. 1-40.

Hall, Peter. 2003. Aligning Ontology and Methodology in Comparative Politics. in


Mahoney, James and Rueschemeyer, Dietrich. Comparative Historical Analysis in the
Social Sciences, pp. 373-406.

Bernstein, Steven et al. 2000. God Gave Physics the Easy Problems: adapting social
science to an unpredictable world. European Journal of International Relations, Vo. 06,
No. 01, pp. 43-76.
Hansen, Lene. 2015. Ontologies, epistemologies, methodologies. In: Shepherd, Laura.
Gender Matters in Global Politics: A feminist introduction to International Relations.
Routledge, pp. 14-23.

Friedrichs, Jörg and Kratochwil, Friedrich. 2009. On Acting and Knowing: How
Pragmatism Can Advance International Relations Research and Methodology.
International Organization, vol. 63, No. 04, pp. 701-731.

2. Conceitos, medição e inferência em pesquisa qualitativa

King, Gary King, Keohane, Robert Keohane and Verba, Sidney. 1994. Designing social
inquiry: scientific inference in qualitative research. Cap. 02, pp. 34-74.

Brady, Henry and Collier, David. 2004. Rethinking Social Inquiry: diverse tools, shared
standards. Cap. 01 e Cap. 02 , pp. 3-35.

Goertz, Gary and Mahoney, James. 2012. A Tale of Two Cultures: qualitative and
quantitative research in the social sciences. Cap. 01 e 02, pp. 1-40; Cap. 10 e 11, pp.
127-149.

3. Estudo de caso e seleção de casos

George, Alexander and Bennet, Andrew. 2005. Case Studies and Theory Development
in the Social Sciences. Cap. 03, 5 e 6, pp. 67-124.

Seawright, Jason and Gerring, John. 2008. Case-Selection Techniques in Case Study
Research: A Menu of Qualitative and Quantitative Options. Political Research Quarterly
Vol. 61, No. 2, pp. 294-308.

Goertz, Gary and Mahoney, James. 2012. A Tale of Two Cultures: qualitative and
quantitative research in the social sciences. Cap. 07, pp. 87-99; Cap. 14 e 15, pp. 177-
204.

Bennet, Andrew and Elman, Colin. 2007. Case Study Methods in the International
Relations Subfield. Comparative Political Studies, Vol. 40, No. 02, pp. 170-195.

4. Process tracing
Collier, David. 2011. Understanding Process Tracing. Political Science and Politics, Vol.
44, No. 04, pp. 823-830.

Beach, Derek and Pedersen, Rasmus. 2013. Process-Tracing Methods: foundations and
guidelines. Cap. 01 e 02, pp. 1-22.

George, Alexander and Bennet, Andrew. 2005. Case Studies and Theory Development
in the Social Sciences. Cap. 10, pp. 205-232.

Bennet, Andrew and Checkel, Jeffrey. 2015. Process Tracing: from metaphor to analytic
tool. Introduction, pp. 3-38.

5. Mecanismos causais

Beach, Derek and Pedersen, Rasmus. 2013. Process-Tracing Methods: foundations and
guidelines. Cap. 3 e 4, pp. 23-67.

King, Gary King, Keohane, Robert Keohane and Verba, Sidney. 1994. Designing social
inquiry: scientific inference in qualitative research. Cap. 03, pp. 75-96.

Goertz, Gary and Mahoney, James. 2012. A Tale of Two Cultures: qualitative and
quantitative research in the social sciences. Cap. 08, pp. 100-114.

6. Theory-development/Theory-refinement

George, Alexander and Bennet, Andrew. 2005. Case Studies and Theory Development
in the Social Sciences. Cap. 01, pp. 3-36.

Rueschemeyer, Dietrich. 2003. Can One or a Few Cases Yield Theoretical Gains? in
Mahoney, James and Rueschemeyer, Dietrich. Comparative Historical Analysis in the
Social Sciences, pp. 305-336.

Elman, Colin. 2005. Explanatory Typologies in Qualitative Studies of International


Politics. International Organization, Vol. 59, pp. 293-326.

7. Método comparado

Lijphart, Arend. 1971. Comparative Politics and the Comparative Method. American
Political Science Review, No. 65, pp. 682-693.
George, Alexander and Andrew Bennett. 2005. Case Studies and Theory Development
in the Social Sciences. Cap 03 e 04, pp. 67-88.

King, Gary, Keohane, Robert and Verba, Sidney. 1994. Designing Social Inquiry.
Princeton: Princeton University Press, Cap. 06, pp. 208-228.

8. Qualitative Comparative Analysis

Ragin, Charles. 2008. Redesigning Social Inquiry: fuzzy sets and beyond. Cap. 01, 02 e
03, pp. 13-70.

Ragin, Charles. 2014. The Comparative Method: moving beyond qualitative and
quantitative strategies. Cap. 06, pp. 85-106.

Seawright, Jason. 2005. Qualitative Comparative Analysis vis-à-vis Regression. Studies


in Comparative International Development, Vol. 40, No. 1, pp. 3-26.

9. Entrevistas

Leech, Beth. 2002. Asking Questions: Techniques for Semi-structured Interviews.


Political Science and Politics, Vol. 35, No. 4, pp. 665-668.

Richards, David. 1996. Elite Interviewing: approaches and pitfalls. Politics, Vol. 16, No.
03, pp.199-204.

Mosley, Layna. Introduction: interviews in political science research. in Mosley, Layna


(ed). 2013. Interview Research in Political Science. Cap. 01, pp. 1-30.

10. Análise de discurso

Herrera, Yoshiko and Braumoeller, Bear. 2004. Symposium: Discourse and content
analysis. Qualitative Methods, Vol. 02, No. 01, pp. 15-19.

Milliken, Jennifer. 1999. The study of discourse in IR: a critique of research and methods,
European Journal of International Relations. Vol. 05, No. 02, pp. 225-54.

Hansen, Lene. Discourse analysis, post-structuralism and foreign policy. in Steve Smith;
Amelia Hadfield; Tim Dunne. (eds.) Foreign Policy: Theories, Actors, Cases. Oxford
University Press, pp. 94-109.
11. Pesquisa etnográfica

Gusterson, Hugh. 2005. Ethnoigrafic Research. in Klotz, Audie and Prakash, Deepa
(eds.). Qualitative methods in International Relations: a pluralist guide, pp. 93-115.

Vrasti, Wanda. 2008. The Strange Case of Ethnography and International Relations.
Millenium: Journal of International Studies. No. 37, pp. 279-201.

Wedeen, Lisa. 2010. Ethnographic Work in Political Science. Annual Review of Political
Science, No. 13, pp. 255-272.

Emerson, Robert; Fretz, Rachel and Shaw, Linda. 2011. Writing Ethnographic
Fieldnotes. Cap 01. e 05, pp. sem paginação.