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Suez University Final Exam

Faculty of Petroleum & Mining Engineering Structural Geology

2nd Year Petroleum Engineering Department Allowable Time 3 hours (26/1/2017)
Total degrees: 60

*Answer all the following Five questions (support your answers with drawings as much as

Question No. 1: Write about the following (with drawing) (15 degrees)
1. Transform faults.
2. Disconformity and angular unconformity.
3. Geometrical classification of joints.
4. Overturned and Recumbent folds.
5. Cross stratification and its significance.

Question No. 2: Complete the following (10 degrees)

1. A body is said to be under…………when it is subjected to external forces that tend to pull it apart.
2. ….............. is the point on a limb at which the concavity of a fold reverses, while ...............
is the point of minimum radius of curvature for a fold.
3. Ultrasonic Borehole Imager (UBI) is used in..........mud, while Formation Micro-Imager
(FMI) is used in....... mud to detect bed boundaries and fractures.
4. If the three principal stresses are equal in magnitude, we call the stress........... This stress
state is represented by a/an............ rather than a/an............ However, if the principal
stresses are unequal in magnitude, the stress is called.............
5. If there is a measurable gap in time between the base of the sedimentary unit and what
lies beneath it, then this contact is................

Question No. 3: Discuss with drawing (15 degrees)

Mineralization, Brecciation, Repetition & Omission of strata and Scarps are different features
that can be used to recognize faults:
1) Classify these features according to the appropriate criteria?
2) What do you know about each feature?

Question No. 4: True or False (correct and explain with drawing) (10 degrees)
1. Symmetric repetition commonly produced by faulting.
2. Joints don't affect quarrying operations and hydraulic flow.
3. In the plunging anticline, the beds on the opposite limbs strike parallel to each other.
4. Both Gulf of Aqaba and Gulf of Suez are affected by left lateral strike slip faults.
5. All the large plates contain both continental crust and oceanic crust except the African

Question No. 5: What is the difference between the following (with drawing) (10 degrees)
1. Shale and salt diapirs.
2. Listric and reverse faults.
3. Drag and Reverse Drag folds.
4. Block faults and step faults.
5. Constructive and destructive plate boundaries.
Best wishes
Dr. Mostafa Teama