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Measuring of Mass

I. Objective/ Intended Learning Outcome


1. Define the physical attribute called Mass.
2. Demonstrate the conversion of metric unit of Mass.
3. Select the most suitable device to measure the mass of a particular object.

II. Subject Matter


A. Topic: Measuring of Mass
B. Reference: Our Wold of Math pp. 97 - 102
C. Materials: Weighing Scale, Spring or Flatform, Bathroom Scale and Beam Balance
III. Procedure
A. Daily Routine
1. Prayer
2. Greeting
3. Classroom Management
4. Checking Attendance
5. Checking Assignment
6. Review
B. Preparatory Activities
1. Mental Problem

When you want to know how heavy the object is, you are quantifying a physical attribute
of that object called mass. We buy things is in cans, jars, and sachets. Written in these containers
are net weights of the contents. Mass is the amount of matter in an object.
What are the units we use for mass? Do we need measuring devices to find the mass of
objects accurately? What are these devices called?

2. Motivation
C. Developmental Activities
1. Presentation and Discussion

Units of mass were developed when people started to trade to each other. The Arabs used
grained of wheat called karob while the English used “stone” as a unit of mass. The French based
the metric system on what were considered to be constant quantities.
A gram (g) is the basic unit of mass in the metric system. It is defined as the mass `of one
cubic centimeter or 1 milliliter of water at a temperature of 4º C.
The kilogram (kg) is the mass of one cubic decimeter of water of 4º C.
Kilogram, gram, and milligram are related in a manner similar to kilometer, meter, and
milliliter.
The table below shows the relationship of the metric units for mass to the gram.
Unit Symbol Unit In Grams
kilogram kg 1000 g
hectogram hg 100 g
dekagram dag 10 g
gram g 1g
decigram dg 0.1 g
centigram cg 0.01 g
milligram mg 0.001 g

The interrelatedness of kilogram, liter, and cubic meter can be seen in the table below.

Unit Symbol Unit in Kilogram


1 gram (cubic centimeter) g(cm3) 1
kg
1000
1 kilogram (liter) Kg (L) 1 kg
1 metric tonne (cubic meter) t(m3) 1000 kg

2. Post Activity

The metric can also be applied to conversion of units of mass.


Here is how we do this.
1. Convert 45.6 kg to g

kg hg dag g dg cg mg

Count the number of the connectors from kg to g, that is 3 to the right, and then
move the decimal point 3 places to the right.
45.6 kg → 45 60 g
Therefore, 45.6 kg = 45 600 g.

2. Convert 2500 g to dag


Count the number of spaces from g to dag on the converter, that is 1 to the left.
Move the decimal point 1 place to the left to change g to dag.
2500 g → 250 dag
Therefore, 2500 g = 250 dag.
3. Convert 53 hg to cg
Count the number of spaces from hg to cg on the converter, that is 4 to the right.
Move the decimal point 4 places to the right to change hg to cg.
53 hg → 530 000 cg
Therefore, 53 hg = 530 000 cg.

3. Generalization/Application

IV. Assessment of Learning Outcome

A. Choose the appropriate and reasonable estimate of the mass of the following.
1. A medium-sized applea. 200 g b. 200 kg
2. A bag of potatoes a. 5 g b. 5 kg
3. A loaf of bread a. 500 g b. 500 kg
4. A medium-sized fish a. 250 mg b. 250 g
5. One peso-coin a. 5 dg b. 5 g

B. Convert the following measures of mass using the metric converter.


6. 8 g to kg =
7. 2.5 kg to dg =
8. 0.06 dag to g =
9. 25 kg to hg =
10. 3.2 kg to mg =

V. Assignment
A. Choose the appropriate and reasonable estimate of the mass of the following.
1. A medium-sized meat a. 350 mg b. 350 g
2. A bag of onion a. 25 g b. 25 kg
3. five peso-coin a. 8 dg b. 8 kg
4. A medium-sized papaya a. 750 g b. 750 kg
5. A can of sardines a. 275 g b. 275 kg
B. Convert the following measures of mass using the metric converter.
6. 15.2 kg to mg =
7. 0.125 dag to g =
8. 1.7 kg to dg =
9. 25 kg to hg =
10. 8 g to kg =