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CONTENTS

S. No. Chapter Name Page Nos.

1. Issues in Focus 1-4

2. Economy and Banking 5-12

3. International and Bilateral 13-18

4. National News 19-33

5. Persons in News 34-37

6. Reports and Indices 38

7. Science and Technology 39-44

8. Sports 45-48

9. Awards 49-50

10. Books and Authors 50

11. Committees and Heads 50

12. Miscellaneous 51-52

Practice Bits (Current Affairs) 53-62


MAGAZINE
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest

1. ISSUES IN FOCUS
 High population density compared to the all-India
KERALA FLOODS density.
An extraordinary southwest monsoon in Kerala has  The state does not have a single battalion of the state
unleashed floods and landslides in the state, the magnitude disaster response force (SDRF), which is mandatory
of which has rarely been observed in recent memory. as per the rules to tackle natural calamities.
However change in land use patterns and climate change  Large scale of deforestation.
could have contributed to the situation on the ground. Past Experiences:
What happened?  According to the data base compiled by the Centre for
 According to the India Meteorological Department, Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters, the
from June 1 to August 16, Kerala has received instances of extreme weather have gone up from 71 in
cumulative rainfall of 2227.26 mm, projecting an the 1970s to about 224 in the 1990s and 350 in the
excess of 37.49% rainfall this monsoon.Idukki in first decade of the millennium.
central Kerala, a hilly terrain, received a cumulative  Since the Uttarakhand flooding, such extreme rainfall
rainfall of 3211.06 mm, pointing to excess rainfall of events have led to disaster-like situation in India every
83.59%. Six other districts, Ernakulam, Palakkad, year.
 The recent disaster that hit Kashmir when the Jhelum
Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kottayam and
river overflowed.
Malappuram have all recorded excess rainfall of over
 Odisha bore the brunt of the cyclonic storm Phailin,
40% from normal course.
the worst since 1999.
 It has killed around 370 people,78000 people and
 In 2010 there was a cloudburst in Leh.
thousands of crores property.
 A total of 37 out of the states 42 dams and reservoirs Madhav Gadgil Committee Report:
have been opened to drain out excess water from the Environment Ministry set up the Western Ghats
catchment areas. Shutters of dams like Cheruthoni, Ecology Expert Panel under Gadgil Madhav in 2011 to
one of the largest arch dams on the continent, were suggestt measures to conserve, protect and rejuvenate the
opened for the first time in 26 years, releasing lakhs of entire Western Ghat ranges that stretches to over 1500 km
litres into the Periyar which continues to remain along the coast, with its footprints in Gujarat, Maharashtra,
swollen. Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu..
Reasons for Recent Floods: Major Recommendations:
 Besides nature’s fury, the situation in Kerala is also a  It defined the boundaries of the Western Ghats for the
man-made problem.Increasing stone quarrying purposes of ecological management.
activity in Kerala, along with largescale construction.  It proposed that this entire area be designated as
ecologically sensitive area (ESA).
Unregulated growth of illegal constructions, and
 Within this area, smaller regions were to be identified
creation of real estate all over.
as ecologically sensitive zones (ESZ) I, II or III based
 Development activity can increase the chances of
on their existing condition and nature of threat.
landslides. Vested interests that do not want any
 It proposed to divide the area into about 2,200 grids,
environmental laws to be implemented. Many
of which 75 per cent would fall under ESZ I or II or
reservoirs in the Western Ghats states are silting up under already existing protected areas such as wildlife
prematurely due to massive encroachment and sanctuaries or natural parks.
deforestation of catchment areas.  The committee proposed a Western Ghats Ecology
 An overflowing Idukki reservoir. Idukki dam is a case Authority to regulate these activities in the area.
wherein the entire catchment was encroached along  Ban on the cultivation of genetically modified in the
the dam construction. Had the dam reservoirs in entire area
Kerala been emptied ahead of the onset of monsoon  Plastic bags to be phased out in three years
rains, damages from the floods would have been  No new special economic zones or hill stations to be
lower, shows analysis. allowed
 Upstream-downstream conflicts in many river basins.  Ban on conversion of public lands to private lands,
Diversion of flows into another river basin after power and on diversion of forest land for non-forest purposes
generation is creating problems of daily flood in the in ESZ I and II
recipient basin and drought in diverted basins.  No new mining licences in ESZ I and II area
 Geography (10 per cent of the land in the state lies  No new dams, thermal power plants or large-scale
below sea level). wind power projects in ESZ I

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 No new polluting industries in ESZ I and ESZ II areas  Afforestation programmes should be taken up in large
 No new railway lines or major roads in ESZ I and II scale.
areas  While dams can help control floods, they need to be
 Strict regulation of tourism managed properly.
 Cumulative impact assessment for all new projects  A flood management strategy will need to cover flood
like dams, mines, tourism, housing warnings, flood mitigation, any necessary evacuation
 Phase-out of all chemical pesticides within five to and post-flood recovery.
eight years in ESZ I and ESZ II  Special programmes will be needed to help address
None of the six concerned states agreed with the the trauma of loss of homes and property.
recommendations of the Gadgil Committee.
81% were not in favour of the Gadgil NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR
recommendations. In particular, Kerala had objected to
the proposed ban on sand mining and quarrying, BACKWARD CLASSES (NCBC)
restrictions on transport infrastructure and wind energy Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passes bill to
projects, embargos on hydroelectric projects, and inter-
give constitutional status to National
basin transfer of river waters, and also the complete ban
on new polluting industries. Commission for Backward Classes
Kasturirangan Committee: The Lok Sabhaand Rajya Sabha has passed the
In August 2012, then Environment Minister Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill 2017 giving
constituted a High-Level Working Group on Western constitutional status to the National Commission for
Ghats under Kasturirangan to “examine” the Gadgil Backward Classes (NCBC).
Committee report. The NCBC bill was passed unanimously with over
Recommendations of Kasturirangan two-third majority in the Lok Sabha. The bill provides
constitutional status to the National Commission for
Committee: Backward Classes.
 A ban on mining, quarrying and sand mining
Imp Provisions of the Bill:
 No new thermal power projects, but hydro power
projects allowed with restrictions  The Constitution (123rd Amendment) Bill, 2017 seeks
 A ban on new polluting industries to provide constitutional status to the National
 Building and construction projects up to 20,000 sq m Commission on Backward Classes (NCBC), on a par
was to be allowed but townships were to be banned with the National Commission for Scheduled Castes
 Forest diversion could be allowed with extra (NCSC) and the National Commission for Scheduled
safeguards Tribes (NCST).
What Needs to be Done now-A Way  It makes NCBC a panel with full powers to safeguards
the rights and interests of the Other Backward Classes
forward:
(OBCs).
 Kerala flood is a lesson worth of learning for India’s
 After this legislation, the National Commission for
disaster management system. India, having more than
Backward Classes will have the powers of a civil
7500 km of coastline, should have a strong disaster
court while probing any complaint.
early warning and management system.
 Union govt. has introduced Dam Safety Bill in  The Bill seeks to ensure that at least one of the five
Parliament to develop uniform, countrywide members of the National Commission for Backward
procedure for ensuring safety of dams. Classes would be a woman and the power of the state
 According to Union govt. data- India ranks third after governments for identification of backward classes in
USA and China in the number of large dams. 5254 their respective region is not taken away.
large dams are in operation in the country currently  Powers of President:
and another 447 are under construction .In addition to  The Bill states that the President may specify
this, there are thousands of medium and small dams. the socially and educationally backward
 The Madhav Gadgil Report and The Sendai classes in the various states and union
Framework for disaster risk reduction(2015-2030) territories.
must be consider while planning and implementing  He may do this in consultation with the
and completely involving adopting integrated and Governor of the concerned state.
inclusive institutional measures.  However, a law of Parliament will be
 Sustainable and long-term development that would required if the list of backward classes is to
involve minimal intervention in natural processes. be amended.
 There are unjustified human interventions in natural  The NCBC is a body set up under the National
processes which need to be stopped. Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 It has the power to examine complaints regarding the Census of 1951 and were kept in the offices of Deputy
inclusion or exclusion of groups within the list of Commissioners and Sub Divisional Officers according to
backward classes and advise the central government in instructions issued by the Government of India in 1951.
this regard. Later these registers were transferred to the Police in the
 The Bill seeks to establish the NCBC under the early 1960s.
Constitution and provide it with the authority to Why is the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is
examine complaints and welfare measures regarding being updated in Assam?
socially and educationally backward classes. National Register of Citizens (NRC) updation
 Under the Constitution Amendment Bill, the NCBC basically means the process of enlisting the names of those
will have the powers of a civil court while persons (or their descendants) whose names appear in any
investigating or inquiring into any complaints. These of the Electoral Rolls up to 1971, 1951 NRC or any of the
powers include: admissible documents stipulated.
 Summoning people and examining them on The demands to update the NRC of 1951 were first
oath raised by the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU) and
 Requiring the production of any document or Assam Gana Parishad more than three decades ago. The
public record organisations had submitted a memorandum to the Centre
 Receiving evidence. on January 18, 1980, two months after launching the anti-
 The OBCs were found to comprise 52% of the illegal foreigners Assam Movement.
country's population by the Mandal Commission On November 17, 1999, at an official-level tripartite
report of 1980, a figure which had shrunk to 44% in meeting to review the implementation of the Assam
National Sample Survey Organisation(NSSO) 2011- Accord, a decision was taken that the NRC would be
12 survey. updated and the Centre sanctioned Rs 20 lakh for the
What is Constitutional Status? purpose and released Rs 5 lakh of it to start the exercise.
 Constitutional status means that the NCBC will have a Later, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh led government
more grievance redressal mechanism and can function took the final decision to update NRC on May 5, 2005.
with civil court powers. Thereafter, the government created a directorate for
 It can make recommendations and oversee their updating the NRC and the process of computerization of
implementation for the upliftment of OBCs. the voters’ list up to 1971 and the NRC of 1951 began.
 After receiving the constitutional status, NCBC will How will it impact the illegal immigrants – The
have all the powers of a civil court trying a suit. Assam accord?
The Assam accord was signed between the leaders of
NATIONAL REGISTER OF AASU-AAGSP and the Government of India in 1985
CITIZENS- ASSAM marking an end to a six-year-long agitation. The parties
agreed that all foreigners who had entered Assam between
What is Assam’s National Register of Citizens 1951 and 1961 would be given full citizenship. However,
updation and how it will impact illegal those who entered the state after March 24th 1971 will be
immigrants deported.
Assam first National Register of Citizens has been What is the background of NRC updation?
published with names of 1.9 crore people as state’s legal A National Register of Citizens was prepared in 1951
citizens. The NRC, for which a total of 3.29 crore people after the conduct of the Census of that particular year. The
had filed an application, is aimed at identifying illegal Register included particulars of all the persons enumerated
immigrants in the state. during that Census.
The NRC will be now updated to include the names of
As per statutes governing NRC updation that are
those persons (or their descendants) who appear in the
NRC, 1951, or in any of the Electoral Rolls up to the 1. The Citizenship Act, 1955, and
midnight of 24th March, 1971 or in any one of the other 2. The Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of
admissible documents issued up to midnight of 24th National Identity cards) Rules,2003. NRC updation
March, 1971, which would prove their presence in Assam process has started in Assam in 2015.
or in any part of India on or before 24th March, 1971. How will the NRC be updated?
What is NRC, 1951? As per the above two statutes, the eligibility status
National Register of Citizens, 1951 is a register would be ascertained based on the NRC, 1951, Electoral
prepared after the conduct of the Census of 1951 in respect Rolls upto 1971 and in their absence the admissible
of each village, showing the houses or holdings in a serial documents upto 24th March (midnight) 1971. The updated
order and indicating against each house or holding the NRC shall contain names of persons eligible for inclusion
number and names of persons staying therein. These in updated NRC by virtue of being original inhabitants of
registers covered each and every person enumerated during Assam.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
May 14, 1954, or who has been a resident of the state for 10
ARTICLE 35A ISSUE years and has “lawfully acquired” immovable property in the
Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra orally observed state.
that the Supreme Court will consider whether Article 35A,
giving special status to the State and people of Jammu and
WHAT IS A TRADE WAR OR
Kashmir, is violative of the basic structure of the
Constitution. TARIFF WAR?
What is the challenge before the Supreme Court? A trade war is when a nation imposes tariffs on
One of the main writ petitions was filed by NGO We the imports and foreign countries retaliate with similar forms
Citizens, which challenges the validity of both Article 35A and of trade protectionism. As it escalates, a trade war reduces
Article 370. It argues that four representatives from Kashmir were international trade.
part of the Constituent Assembly involved in the drafting of the A trade war is a side effect of protectionism that
Constitution and the State of J&K was never accorded any occurs when one country (Country A) raises tariffs on
special status in the Constitution. another country’s (Country B) imports.In response
Article 370 was only a ‘temporary provision’ to help bring Country B also raises tariffs on Country A's imports.
normality to J&K and strengthen democracy in that State. The  In January 2018,U.S president Donald Trump imposed
Constitution makers did not intend Article 370 to be a tool to bring tariffs on solar panels and washing machines, and in March
permanent amendments, like Article 35A, in the Constitution. 2018, he imposed tariffs on steel and aluminium.
The petition said Article 35 A was against the “very spirit of  According to Trump they are imposed to protect American
oneness of India” as it created a “class within a class of Indian Industries and businessmen.
citizens.” Restricting citizens from other States from getting  The president said he would exempt Canada and Mexico as
employment or buying property within Jammu and Kashmir was a “a special case” while negotiating for changes to the North
violation of fundamental rights under Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the
American Free Trade Agreement. The European Union has
Constitution.
responded by warning that it will retaliate with tariffs on a
Basic structure is a collective term coined by a 13-judge
range of US imports.
Bench in the historic Keshavananda Bharati case to include a
 On March 7, US President Donald Trump announced 25%
catena of fundamental rights, including right to equality, non-
tariffs on imports of steel and aluminium from China.
discrimination, liberty, life and dignity, enshrined and preserved in
the Constitution.  China responded by announcing tariffs on $3 billion in U.S.
fruit, pork, recycled aluminum, and steel pipes.
About Article 35(A) of Indian Constitution:
 America is the world's largest steel importer. Trump believes
Article 35A of the Indian Constitution is an article that
the tariffs would protect the 147,000 workers in the U.S.
empowers the Jammu and Kashmir state's legislature to define
steel and aluminum industries.
“permanent residents” of the state and provide special rights and
privileges to those permanent residents.  In justifying the measure, the administration invoked a
national security law, departing from an international
When was Article 35A introduced?
consensus not to impose trade barriers.
It was added to the Constitution through a Presidential
Order, i.e., The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir)  Countries are allowed to this kind of recourse under the
Order, 1954 - issued by the President of India on 14 May 1954, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade(GATT) in times of
exercising the powers conferred by the clause (1) of the Article war and other emergencies.
370 of the Indian Constitution, and with the concurrence of the  Safeguard tariffs are legal under World Trade Organization
Government of the State of Jammu and Kashmir. (WTO) rules, but the checks and balances on them are
Which Means: weak.
 Person who is not a Permanent Resident of Jammu and  If the complainants go to the WTO and litigate, they may
Kashmir cannot own property in Jammu and Kashmir. lose their right to compensation and simply open up years of
 Person who is not a Permanent Resident of Jammu and legal battling.
Kashmir cannot obtain job within Jammu and Kashmir  A tit-for-tat trade war may begin, as they impose
Government. unsanctioned measures to even up the score.
 Person who is not a Permanent Resident of Jammu and  The same thing can be seen in European Union’s response
Kashmir cannot join any professional college run by which warned that it will retaliate with tariffs on a range of
government of Jammu and Kashmir or get any form of US imports.
government aid out of government funds. What are Tariffs?
Who are Permanent Residents?  Tariff is a tax or duty to be paid on imports or exports.
The Jammu and Kashmir Constitution, which was adopted  Money collected under a tariff is called customs duty. Tariffs
on November 17, 1956, defined a Permanent Resident (PR) of are used by governments to protect domestic industries
the state as a person who was born or settled in the state before
from international competition.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest

2. ECONOMY AND BANKING


ADB accords approval for lining project of  The new travel regime for air passengers was
the Son canal in Shahabad – Bhojpur region launched in April 2017 by the Federal Civil Airports
Guarding Force in consultation with the Civil
of Bihar. Aviation ministry and the Bureau of Civil Aviation
 The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has approved Security (BCAS).
USD 503-million lining project of the Son canal in  The operators of these airports were asked to increase
Shahabad-Bhojpur region of Bihar. the length of the output roller of the x-ray machine so
 Out of total cost USD 503 million (Rs 3272.49 crore) that the hand bags were checked easily.
USD 352 million is being provided by ADB.  By having the stamped tags on the hand baggage, the
Govt. to park shares of PSUs in investment security personnel assures of no weapon or
fund to meet public float rule ammunition-like material enters the aircraft.. All these
 The finance ministry is planning to transfer procedures have now been replaced by smart gadgets
government shares of 10 PSUs, including MMTC, and hence the procedure to tag and stamp the bags has
ITDC, MRPL, Hindustan Copper, to a fund to meet been done away with.
Securities and Exchange Board of India’s (SEBI)  CISF director general Rajesh Ranjan
minimum public shareholding norms. Centre imposes 25% safeguard duty on
 As per the norms, PSUs were mandated to achieve the import of solar cells
minimum 25% public shareholding by 21 August  The Centre issued a notification putting into effect a
2017, which was later extended by a year. safeguard duty of 25% on import of solar cells from
 The proposal, being prepared by the finance ministry, China and Malaysia between July 30, 2018, and July
would be placed before the Union cabinet for approval 29, 2019.
soon.  The duty reduces to 20% for six months from July 30,
 The 10 PSUs in which government shareholding has 2019, and further to 15% in the subsequent half year.
to be brought down to 75% also include Coal India,  This move is aimed at helping the domestic solar cell
NLC (formerly Neyveli Lignite) , SJVN, State manufacturing sector, it could affect existing projects
Trading Corporation (STC), Kudremukh Iron Ore dependent on cheap imports.
Company (KIOCL) and Madras Fertilisers.
RIL wins arbitration case against Govt.'s
 As per the note prepared by the ministry, Alternate
Mechanism (AM) for disinvestment would be claim of illegal gas production
empowered to decide on shares of which PSUs could In the gas migration dispute between Reliance
be transferred to SNIF. The AM will help the ministry Industries (RIL) and state-owned ONGC, an international
in taking quick decisions in view of the changing arbitration tribunal ruled in favour of a consortium of RIL
market conditions. and its partners, British Petroleum and Niko Resources led
 AM was set up in august 2017 comprising finance by Mukesh Ambani’s RIL.
minister, road transport minister and the concerned
administrative minister, to decide on modalities of
stake sale in PSUs.
 SNIF was set up in 2013 with the specific objective of
meeting the minimum public shareholding of 10% as
was then mandated by the SEBI.
Five more airports allow tag-free hand
baggage
 Five more airports have done away with the practice Allegation Was:
of stamping and tagging passengers’ hand baggages.  The penalty was slapped on the companies by the
 With this, 42 airports in the country, out of the total 60 government in November 2016. This was based on the
under the CISF security cover, are now tag-free. findings of the US-based consultant DeGolyer and
 The airports at Khajuraho (Madhya Pradesh), Raipur MacNaughton (D&M), which submitted its report in
(Chhattisgarh), Jorhat (Assam), Dimapur (Nagaland) November 2015.
and Shillong (Meghalaya) have recently been included  The report stated that 11.122 billion cubic metres of
under the hand baggage tag-free security regime that natural gas had migrated from ONGC’s 98/2 area to
was initiated by the Central Industrial Security Force RIL’s adjoining KG-D6 block from April 2009 to
(CISF) last year. March 2015.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
The tribunal rejected the government’s claim of illegal PNB fraud: Centre dismissed ex-MD Usha
gas production by the consortium from the neighboring Ananthasubramanian and allows
block of ONGC in the Krishna-Godavari (KG) basin. In
addition, it awarded costs of $8.3 million (Rs 564.40 prosecution
million), to be paid by the government to the consortium.  The government dismissed Usha Ananthasubramanian,
The three-member tribunal, led by Singapore-based who was three months ago divested of her powers as MD
arbitration chambers’ head Lawrence Boo. The other two and CEO Allahabad Bank, following the country’s biggest
members in the panel were government representative and bank fraud allegedly carried out by diamond merchant Nirav
former Supreme Court Judge G S Singhvi and RIL Modi and associates at the Punjab National Bank (PNB).
arbitrator former English High Court Justice Bernard Eder.  It also gave sanction for her prosecution.
 MD and CEO of PNB before moving to Allahabad Bank, Ms.
Banks collect Rs. 5,000 crore in FY18 as
Ananthasubramanian was named in the CBI chargesheet in
minimum balance penalty connection with the Rs. 14,000 crore fraud through fake
21 public sector banks and three major private sector Letters of Undertaking in connivance with some PNB
lenders collected Rs. 5,000 crore from customers as employees.
minimum balance penalty in 2017-18, according to Tata remains most valuable brand
banking data.
State Bank of India, which suffered a staggering net According to Brand Finance, a brand valuation and
strategy consultancy based in UK , ‘Tata’ brand continues
loss of Rs. 6,547 crore during 2017-18 topped the list
to be India's most valuable brand, valued at $14.2 billion in
accounting for nearly half the amount collected as
2018.
minimum balance penalty.
After SBI, the largest amount of minimum balance 2. Airtel $6.6 billion.
penalty during 2017-18 was collected by HDFC Bank Ltd. 3. Infosys (brand value: $6.03 billion)
It charged its customers Rs. 590.84 crore, which is lower 4. LIC ($5.96 billion)
than Rs. 619.39 crore in 2016-17. 5. HCL ($4.6 billion)
Axis Bank collected Rs. 530.12 crore in the last fiscal 6. SBI ($4.4 billion)
while ICICI Bank charged Rs. 317.6 crore. 7. Indian Oil ($4.2 billion)
SBI was charging the penalty on failure to maintain 8. HDFC Bank ($4.07 billion)
9. Reliance($4.03 billion)
monthly average balance requirement till 2012 and re-
10. ITC ($4 billion)
introduced it on 1 April 2017 and reduced the charges with
effect from 1 October 2017. HDFC Bank is India’s strongest brand this year.
According to norms set by the Reserve Bank of India A brand’s strength is evaluated through a balanced
(RBI), banks are permitted to levy service/miscellaneous scorecard of factors such as marketing investment,
charges. stakeholder equity, and business performance and used to
determine what proportion of a business’ revenue is
Govt. to seek new bids for Pawan Hans
contributed by the brand.
 The government will soon invite fresh bids for 100%
stake sale in Pawan Hans and also ONGC is ready to Cabinet approves New Bill to ban
sell its entire stake in the company. Unregulated Deposit Schemes and Chit
 Helicopter services provider Pawan Hans is a joint Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2018
venture between the government, which holds 51% In a major policy initiative to protect the savings of
stake, and state-owned ONGC, which owns the the investors, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime
remaining 49% shareholding. Pawans Hans has a fleet Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval to
of 46 choppers. introduce the following bills in the Parliament:-
 On April 13, the government had issued the 1. Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill,
information memorandum for the 51% strategic stake 2018 in parliament &
sale in Pawan Hans and had sought Expression of 2. Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2018
Interest (EoI) from interested bidders by June 18.
About half a dozen bidders are believed to have 1. Banning of Unregulated Deposit
submitted bids. Schemes Bill, 2018 in parliament:
Objective and Aim: Tackling the menace of illicit
Ceat plans to invest Rs. 2,000 cr. in new deposit taking activities in the country.
plant Salient Features:
Tyre major Ceat plans to invest about Rs. 2,000 crore  The Bill contains a substantive banning clause
over the next 3-5 years to set up a manufacturing facility in which bans Deposit Takers from promoting,
Chennai. The first phase of the plant is expected to start operating, issuing advertisements or accepting
production in 2019. deposits in any Unregulated Deposit Scheme.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 The Bill creates three different types of offences, Salient Features:
namely,  Bill mandates video-conferencing while the opening
1. running of Unregulated Deposit Schemes, of bids and seeks to hike commission of foremen, who
2. fraudulent default in Regulated Deposit act on behalf of the chit fund management company .
Schemes, and  Increasing the ceiling of foreman's commission from a
3. wrongful inducement in relation to maximum of 5% to 7%,
Unregulated Deposit Schemes.  Allowing the foreman a right to lien for the dues from
 The Bill provides for severe punishment and subscribers, so that set-off is allowed by the Chit
heavy pecuniary fines. company for subscribers who have already drawn
 The Bill has adequate provisions for funds, so as to discourage default by them; and
disgorgement or repayment of deposits in cases  Remove the ceiling of one hundred rupees set in 1982
where such schemes nonetheless manage to raise at the time of framing the Chit Funds Act, which has
deposits illegally. lost its relevance. The State Governments are
 The Bill provides for attachment of properties/ proposed to be allowed to prescribe the ceiling and to
assets by the Competent Authority, and increase it from time to time.
subsequent realization of assets for repayment to Rajasthan First State to Implement Biofuel
depositors.
 Clear-cut time lines have been provided for Policy:
attachment of property and restitution to  Rajasthan has become the first State in the country to
depositors. implement the national policy on biofuels which was
 The Bill enables creation of an online central recently approved in May 2018.
database, for collection and sharing of  It will lay emphasis on increasing production of
information on deposit taking activities in the oilseeds and establish a Centre for Excellence in
country. Udaipur to promote research in the fields of
alternative fuels and energy resources.
 A biodiesel plant of the capacity of 8 tonnes a day has
The Chit Funds (Amendment) Bill, 2018
already been installed in the State with the financial
Objective: assistance of the Indian Railways.
In order to facilitate orderly growth of the Chit Funds  The State government would promote marketing of
sector and remove bottlenecks,amendmentsare made to biofuels and generate awareness about them.
Chit Funds Act, 1982:

National Bio-Fuel Policy ethanol, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to drop-in


Salient Features: fuels, Third Generation (3G) biofuels, bio-CNG etc. to
enable extension of appropriate financial and fiscal
1. The Policy categorises biofuels as "Basic Biofuels" incentives under each category.
viz. First Generation (1G) bioethanol & biodiesel and
"Advanced Biofuels" - Second Generation (2G) 2. The Policy expands the scope of raw material for
ethanol production by allowing use of Sugarcane

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Juice, Sugar containing materials like Sugar Beet,  The mining products manufactured will come under
Sweet Sorghum, Starch containing materials like ‘Make in India’ initiative.
Corn, Cassava, Damaged food grains like wheat,  Coal India is a major client for these mining
broken rice, Rotten Potatoes, unfit for human equipment and its chairman and managing director A
consumption for ethanol production. K Jha was present on the occasion.
3. Policy allows use of surplus food grains for  BEML
production of ethanol for blending with petrol with the  CMD- Deepak Kumar Hota
approval of National Biofuel Coordination  HQ: Bengaluru, KN
Committee.  Estd.: 1964
4. The Policy encourages setting up of supply chain  HEC
mechanisms for biodiesel production from non-edible  CMD: Avijit Ghosh
oilseeds, Used Cooking Oil, short gestation crops.  HQ : Ranchi, Jharkhand
 Estd: 1958
Sembcorp’s India unit wins Bangladesh
power tender
 Singapore based Sembcorp Industries said its power
plant in India won a tender to supply 250 megawatts
of power to Bangladesh’s Bangladesh Power
Development Board (BPDB) for 15 years i.e., till July
31, 2033.
 Sembcorp’s Gayatri Power Ltd. power plant, wholly
owned by Sembcorp Energy India Ltd., has received
letters of intent from Bangladesh Power Development
Board,
RBI Hikes Repo Rate by 25 bps to 6.5%-  Gayatri Power operates a 1,320-megawatt coal-fired
New Changes in Monetary Policy: power plant in Andhra Pradesh and Sembcorp India’s
In 3rd Bi-monthly Policy Statement, the Reserve bank combined thermal and renewable energy assets have a
of India’s (RBI’s) Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) total capacity of 4.37 gigawatts.
raised policy repo rate by 25 basis points to 6.5% on  Supply will be through the Bohrompur Substation in
account of inflationary pressures arising due to hike in Murshidabad, India and will be transferred to the
minimum support price. Bheramara Grid Substation in Kushtia, Bangladesh.
Accordingly other adjusted rates are:
Coal use to rise on power uptick: Crisil
 Repo Rate : 6.50%
 reverse repo :6.25%  Consumption of non-coking coal is forecast to climb
 Marginal Standing Facility Rate(MSFR): 6.75% to 1,076 million tonnes in fiscal 2023, from 826
 Bank Rate :6.75% million tonnes in fiscal 2018, Crisil Research said in a
 CRR : 4% report.
 SLR: 19.5%  In a sectoral study, Crisil Research also said that non-
 Base Rate: 8.75% - 9.45% coking coal imports would decline to 145 million
BEML, HEC sign MoU to make equipment tonnes in fiscal 2023 from 162 million tonnes in fiscal
2018. Overall, the power sector, with improved plant
for mining sector load factors, has driven domestic coal consumption.
 Two public-sector undertakings – Bharat Earth  On coking coal, the report said that imports would
Movers Ltd (BEML Ltd) and Heavy Engineering remain high as domestic supply of metallurgical
Corporation Ltd (HEC) -- have signed an MoU to coking coal is estimated at 19 million tonnes against a
meet the growing requirement of the mining sector. demand of 65 million tonnes in FY23.
 Both the companies have synergies in their product  It said that Coal India is expected to increase its output
profiles and are to manufacture and supply products through increased production from large blocks.
such as rope shovels and walking draglines for the  Domestic non-coking coal prices would be governed
mining industry. by linkage prices, auction of linkages and spot
 The MoU will result into additional Rs 150-200 crore auctions.
revenue for both PSUs. The collaboration will entail
re-entering rope shovels and walking draglines What is non-coking coal?
manufacturing with higher indegenisation The joint  Non Coking Coal does not have any caking properties
effort would help the country attain ‘self-reliance’ in and it is mainly used as thermal coal for power
such equipment, saving foreign exchange. generation.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 Coal which forms a cake of high carbon with high  The Boston Consulting Group (BCG) is an American
heat value , when heated in absence of air, that is multinational management consulting firm with 90
called COKING COAL or Metallurgical coal if not offices in 50 countries.
then it will be Non-coking. This is the coal used in  Founder :Bruce Henderson
thermal power plant to generate electricity. So it is  Headquarters :Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
also known as steam coal or thermal coal.  President & CEO :Rich Lesser
About Crisil:  The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and
 CRISIL (formerly Credit Rating Information Services Industry (FICCI) is an association of business
of India Limited) is a global analytical company organisations in India. Established in 1927, on the
providing ratings, research, and risk and policy advice of Mahatma Gandhi by GD Birla and
advisory services. Purushottam Das Thakurdas, it is the largest, oldest
 CRISIL’s majority shareholder is Standard & Poor's, a and the apex business organisation in India.
division of McGraw Hill Financial and provider of  FICCI draws its membership from the
financial market intelligence. corporate sector, both private and public, The
 Headquarters :Mumbai. chamber has an indirect membership of over
 Chairman: John L.Berisford 250,000 companies.
 MD&CEO: Ashu Suyash  HQ- New Delhi
 In Feb 2018, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has  President Rashesh Shah
launched CriSidEx, India's first sentiment index for  Director General : Dilip Chenoy
micro and small enterprises (MSEs) developed jointly  Secretary General : Sanjaya Baru
by credit rating body CRISIL and Small Industries  Indian Banks' Association (IBA), formed on 26
Development Bank of India (SIDBI). September 1946 as a representative body of
management of banking in India operating in India -
Southern States outshine rest of India in
an association of Indian banks and financial
mobile banking institutions.
 Southern States are outshining the rest of India in  India Financial Institutions
mobile banking adoption in savings accounts,  HQ:Mumbai
according to a report by The Boston Consulting Group  Members: 237 (PSBs , Pvt Banks,Foreign
(BCG). banks, Cooperative banks,RRBs,other
 The report was prepared in association with FICCI financial institutions)
and Indian Banks’ Association(IBA).  Chief Executive: Mr. V.G. Kannan (retired
 The theme of the report is “Providing financial MD of SBI-Associate & Subsidiaries)
services to SMEs in an increasingly digital
Paytm parent company One97
ecosystem.”
 Telangana tops the table with 10% of savings bank Communicationsunveils cloud platform
accounts having at least one mobile banking  One97 Communications, that owns the Paytm brand,
transaction in the last six months of FY18. introduced ‘Paytm AI Cloud for India’ — a cloud
 This is followed by Andhra Pradesh (6.30%), computing platform aimed at developers, start-ups and
Karnataka (5.50%), Puducherry (5.80%), Tamil Nadu enterprises partnering with Chinese technology giant
(5%) and Kerala (4.70%). Alibaba.
 The all-India average is 3.40%.  The cloud computing platform will offer a suite of
 The report had a sample size of more than 2,600 business-centric apps for organisations that need
respondents and BCG factored in 34 banks across four solutions for cloud computing, ready-to-use services
segments — 15 medium PSU banks; six large PSU to automate their workflow, easy to integrate
banks and five new private banks. payments, messaging and customer engagement.
 Mobile banking activation stood at 21% for private RBI bars Fino Payments Bank from
banks and 3% for PSU banks for FY18, the consulting enrolling new customers
firm said in the report.  Fino Payments Bank, one of India’s first payments
 BCG also said that eastern and southern States were banks, has been barred by the Reserve Bank of India
leading the charge as India continued on the digital from adding new customers since the end of May.
journey.  The central bank in its auditing of payments banks in
 More than 20% of the active savings banks accounts May found Fino Payments non-compliant with the
in Telangana, Manipur and Mizoram had at least one operational guidelines laid down by it.
Internet banking financial transaction in the last six  It was observed that a few Fino Payments Bank
months of FY18 compared with the national average accounts had deposits in excess of the stipulated
of 11.30%. amount, by RBI

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 According to RBI’s operating guidelines for payments  Recommending that the entire available spectrum be
banks, a customer can make deposits of up to Rs.1 put to auction in the forthcoming sale, the regulator
lakh per account in a year. Such banks cannot accept suggested that “it may not be prudent to either delay
deposits beyond this limit. the auction or hold back the spectrum.”
 The payments bank was asked to immediately stop  Based on these recommendations submitted to the
enrolling new customers until it takes corrective government, the base prices and timing for the next
actions. round of auctions will be finalised.
 It didn’t say whether the RBI has set any deadline for Govt. to take action against 2.25 lakh
the upgradation. companies for not filing financial
 The payments bank said, however, that it continues to
operate accounts of all its existing customers. statement
 Fino, which was a remittance service provider,  The government will take action against over 2.25
received the RBI nod to operate as a bank in March lakh companies as they have not filed requisite
2017. It started operations in September after its financial statement for 2015-16 and 2016-17.
launch in July last year. It claims to have a customer  The Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) has already
base of close to 1 million. struck off over 2.26 lakh companies for non-filing of
 Payments bank is a differentiated bank providing a financial statements or annual returns for a continuous
limited range of products, such as acceptance of period of two years or more.
demand deposits and remittances of funds. These  During the financial year 2018-19, a total of 2,25,910
banks cannot issue loans and credit cards. companies have also been identified for action under
section 248 of the (Companies) Act for non-filing of
Mauritius’s SBM gets RBI approval for due returns for the financial year 2015-16 and 2016-
subsidiary 17.
 Mauritius-based SBM Group has received Reserve  Due procedure shall be followed by Registrars of
Bank of India’s approval to operate in the country Companies (ROCs) before striking off names of the
through a wholly-owned subsidiary route — the first companies.
foreign lender to receive such a licence after local  Section 248 of the Companies Act – which is
incorporation was introduced in 2013. implemented by the corporate affairs ministry –
 Singapore’s DBS Bank is another lender which is provides powers to strike off names of companies
awaiting final approval from the RBI to convert its 12 from the register on various grounds, including for
branches into a wholly owned subsidiary. being inactive for long.
 The new structure will provide for SBM in its branch Registrar Of Companies:
expansion strategy. The bank will soon operate as a  Registrars of Companies (ROC) is vested with the
banking subsidiary of SBM Group in India under the primary duty of registering companies and Limited
name of SBM Bank (India) Ltd., Liability Partnership(LLPs) floated in the respective
 SBM, which has been in India since 1994, currently states and the Union Territories and ensuring that such
operates through four branches, in Mumbai, Chennai, companies and LLPs comply with statutory
Hyderabad and Ramachandrapuram. requirements under the Act.
 It plans to open six new branches in Delhi, Bangalore,  These offices function as registry of records, relating
Kolkata, Pune, Ahmedabad and Jaipur by next year. to the companies registered with them, which are
 Moses Harding John, CEO, India & East Africa, SBM available for inspection by members of public on
Holdings Ltd. payment of the prescribed fee. The Central
TRAI suggests Rs 492 cr per Mhz for 5G Government exercises administrative control over
these offices through the respective Regional
spectrum
Directors.
 The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)  AP & Telangana: Sh R.C.Mishra (ROC
recommended the auction of spectrum for offering 5G Hyderabad)
services for the first time in the country at a pan-India
NHAI to Sign MoU with SBI Tomorrow for a
reserve price of about Rs. 492 crore per MHz.
 In its recommendations, the regulator has also called Long Term, unsecured Loan of Rs 25,000
for over 43% reduction in the reserve prices of 700 Crore
MHz band spectrum — sought-after for high speed  National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is
services getting an unsecured loan of Rs. 25,000 crore from
 It had no takers in the 2016 auctions due to high State Bank of India for 10 years with 3 years of
pricing. The recommended pan-India reserve price for moratorium on repayments. This is the largest amount
700 Mhz now is Rs. 6,538 crore per MHz as opposed of loan to have been sanctioned to NHAI in one stroke
to Rs. 11,500 crore last time. by any institution.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 This is also the largest long term unsecured loan  IPPB will link all 1.55 lakh post office branches to
sanctioned by SBI at a time to any entity. provide banking and financial service by the end of
 SBI offered to fund the entire requirement of Rs. this year.This will create the country’s largest banking
25000 Crore based on one month Marginal Cost of network with direct presence at village level.
funds based Lending Rate (MCLR).  The bank will go live with 650 branches in addition to
 MCLR is minimum interest rate of a bank 3,250 access points co-located at post offices and
below which it cannot lend, except in some around 11,000 postmen in rural and urban areas will
cases allowed by the RBI. It is an internal provide doorstep banking services.
benchmark or reference rate for the bank.  IPPB has the permission to link around 17 crore postal
 The repayment would be done in 14 equal half yearly savings bank accounts with its account.
instalments. The total loan tenure is 10 years. NHAI  With IPPB in place, people in rural area will be able to
can repay/ prepay it at any time without any avail digital banking and financial services, including
prepayment penalty. money transfer, to any bank account either with the
 Interest accrued on the amount actually outstanding help of mobile app or by visiting a post office.
will be paid on monthly basis. NHAI can draw the  IPPB was the third entity to receive payments bank
amount in any number of tranches, starting on 31st permit after Airtel and Paytm. Payments banks can
March 2019. accept deposits of up to Rs 1 lakh per account from
individuals and small businesses.
France’s IDEMIA gets NPCI stamp for
 IPPB has the permit to carry RTGS, NEFT, IMPS
RuPay cards transactions that will enable IPPB customers to
 French company IDEMIA, a global leader in augmented transfer and receive money from any bank account.
identity, said it has become the first company to be given With the third party tie-ups, account holders in IPPB
the certification to manufacture and personalise RuPay chip will be able to avail financial services as in case of a
contact and contactless cards on the qSPARC v2 platform. regular banking customer.
 The qSPARC is a dual interface open loop payment  IPPB will be used by government to distribute
specification, with the option of loading multiple payment MGNREGA wages, subsidies, pension etc.
applications – up to 20 payment applications – on a single  The IPPB app which is expected to be launched on
card. same day will enable customers to pay for services of
 The certification is issued by the National Payments around 100 firms including phone recharges and bill,
Corporation of India, after testing all payment scenarios, and electricity bill, DTH service, college fees etc that are
thus ensuring that the cards manufactured by IDEMIA will present on Bharat Bill payments system of National
work seamlessly at all payment acceptance devices. With Payments Corporation of India(NPCI).
this, cardholders can usea single card for multiple payment  IPPB CEO Suresh Shetty
options such as for the Metro, bus, parking, toll, loyalty, and
at retail outlets. Storing copies of foreign payment firms'
 The first version of this card was deployed in Kochi Metro, data a likely solution
Bangalore Bus Transport, Ahmedabad Smart City, and will  Foreign payment firms could keep copies of customer
soon be delivered to prospective customers in Nagpur, data in India while retaining offshore storage
Noida Metro and Navi Mumbai bus transport ticketing. operations, the government said, as a way to resolve a
Government Free LPG Connections Target row with MasterCard, Visa and American Express
Government achieves 5 crore Free LPG Connections over the localisation of such information.
target 8 months ahead of schedule.  A decision by India’s central bank in April that all
Most number of LPG connections were given in Uttar payments data should, within six months, be stored
Pradesh, where 87 lakh connections were released, only in the country for “unfettered supervisory access”
followed by West Bengal (67 lakh), Bihar (61 lakh), has led to furious lobbying by global firms that worry
Madhya Pradesh (45 lakh), Rajasthan (37 lakh) and Odisha it would cost them millions of dollars.
(30 lakh).  The RBI’s directive comes as more people in India are
About 47 per cent of the beneficiaries are from the switching to plastic, partly driven by Prime Minister
Narendra Modi government’s decision to replace
weaker sections of the society -- SC/STs.
high-value currency notes in November 2016, since
PM Modi to launch India Post Payments when the government has aggressively discouraged
Bank on Sept 1 cash transactions.
 Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sept. 1 will launch  In March, Indians clocked up transactions worth $52
the India Post Payments Bank(IPPB) that will have at billion using their 900 million credit and debit cards,
least one branch in every district and focus on nearly double the amount recorded in November
financial services in rural areas. 2016,according to RBI data.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Telangana, Tech Mahindra ink MoU for HDFC Life inks pact with Vijaya Bank to
India’s first Blockchain District: sell insurance products
 The Telangana State Information Technology, Electronics  HDFC Life Insurance Company inked an agreement
and Communication department (ITE&C) has signed an with Vijaya Bank to tap customers of the state-owned
MoU (Memorandum of Understanding) with Tech Mahindra lender.
to Launch India’s first Blockchain District in Telangana  Vijaya Bank's network of 2,129 branches across the
 It is signed as a part of International Blochain Congress country will further strengthen HDFC Life's presence,
2018 held in Hyderabad. thereby enabling the insurer to reach out to a wider
 The Blockchain District will be a Center of Excellence for and diverse section of the population with need-based
Blockchain, an incubator for technology and process life insurance solutions.
development with innovative infrastructure and facilities to  Vijaya Bank MD & CEO: Sankara
foster growth of Indian blockchain start-ups and companies. Narayanan
 The Blockchain District will provide an opportunity for the  HQ: Bengaluru
Blockchain ecosystem in India to collaborate and work  HDFC Life MD & CEO Amitabh Chaudhry;
towards building a Blockchain District in the State of  HQ: Mumbai
Telangana and transforming India as the Blockchain capital Blockchain: Exim Bank signs MoU with
of the world. BRICS development banks
Reliance Jio partners with SBI to launch  Exim Bank of India has signed a multilateral
Yono financial platform cooperation agreement with member development
 Reliance Jio and SBI have partnered to launch SBI banks of BRICS to undertake “collaborative research”
Yono, an omni channel platform that will offer digital in distributed ledger/blockchain technology.
banking, commerce and financial superstore services  Exim Bank of India is the nominated member
to customers. development bank under the BRICS Interbank
 Yono’s financial services will be enabled through the Cooperation Mechanism.
MyJio platform. Jio Prime will offer exclusive deals  Other nominated member development banks from
from Reliance Retail, Jio, partner brands and BRICS nations are: Banco Nacional de
merchants. In addition, SBI customers can avail Desenvolvimento Economico e Social – BNDES,
additional opportunities to earn loyalty reward. Brazil; State Corporation Bank for Development and
 SBI will take advantage of Jio’s network in rural and Foreign Economic Affairs – Vnesheconombank,
urban areas to design as well as provide customers Russia; China Development Bank Corporation, and
solution such as video banking and other on-demand Development Bank of Southern Africa.
services. Jio Phones will be available on special offers  Exim Bank MD : David Rasquinha
for SBI customers. President of India inaugurates ‘One District
RBI must resume issuing LoUs, LoCs, says one Product’ Summit
parliamentary panel  To give a major push to Uttar Pradesh's micro, small
 After the Punjab National Bank (PNB) fraud case, the and medium enterprises (MSME) and cottage
Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) decided not to the issue industries, the Yogi Adityanath government will
the Letters of Undertaking (LoU) and Letters of Credit exchange memorandums of understanding (MoUs)
(LoC) for trade credit. with top companies such as Amazon, Wipro and GE.
 The Parliamentary Standing Committee on Commerce  It is aimed at showcasing its traditional cottage
in Rajya Sabha said that the facility should soon be industries and crafts.
restored.  On the occasion, the government will exchange MoUs
 The Committee is of the considered opinion that with e-commerce major Amazon, Wipro, GE
Healthcare, Quality Circle of India (QCI) and India's
discontinuation of the practice of issuance of
leading bourses -- the BSE and National Stock
LoU/LoC for trade credit by the RBI was a knee-jerk
Exchange (NSE). These entities would help the
reaction.
MSMEs and cottage industries by providing training,
 The Committee also noted that all the stakeholders are
branding, marketing and other institutional support.
consulted, representing trade and industry,
unanimously said that the discontinuation of the LoU The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will
and LoC facility had resulted in a 2-2.5% increase in transfer Rs. 50,000 crore surplus to the
the cost of credit. government
 The Committee said that RBI should have engaged in The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) will transfer Rs.
more consultations with stakeholders on the matter 50,000 crore surplus to the government for the year ended
before resorting to discontinuation of LoUs and LoCs. June 30, 2018.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest

3. INTERNATIONAL & BILATERAL


4th BIMSTEC Summit: Kathmandu  Members- 7 (The BIMSTEC member states—
Declaration adopted Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka,
Thailand, Bhutan, and Nepal)
The 4th BIMSTEC Summit concluded in Kathmandu
on August 31, 2018 with the signing and adoption of  Secretariat: Dhaka, Bangladesh
the Kathmandu Declaration by all the seven  Chairmanship: Sri Lanka
members. The Summit began on August 30, 2018 in What is a trade war or tariff War?
Kathmandu, Nepal. A trade war is when a nation imposes tariffs on
Theme 2018: 'Towards a Peaceful Prosperous, and imports and foreign countries retaliate with similar forms
Sustainable Bay of Bengal Region'. of trade protectionism. As it escalates, a trade war reduces
The 18-point Kathmandu Declaration is expected to international trade.
enhance the effectiveness of BIMSTEC Secretariat A trade war is a side effect of protectionism that
by engaging it in various technical and economic occurs when one country (Country A) raises tariffs on
activities in the region. another country’s (Country B) imports.In response
During the Summit, foreign ministers of BIMSTEC Country B also raises tariffs on Country A's imports.
member countries signed a Memorandum of  In January 2018,U.S president Donald Trump imposed
Understanding on the Establishment of BIMSTEC tariffs on solar panels and washing machines, and in
March 2018, he imposed tariffs on steel and
Grid Interconnection.
aluminium.
Kathmandu Declaration  According to Trump they are imposed to protect
 The Declaration stresses on ending poverty from the American Industries and businessmen.
region by 2030 in line with the United Nations  The president said he would exempt Canada and
Sustainable Development Goals. Mexico as “a special case” while negotiating for
 The declaration includes issues such as agricultural changes to the North American Free Trade
technology exchange, fight against terrorism, gradual Agreement. The European Union has responded by
reduction of the impact of climate change, increase warning that it will retaliate with tariffs on a range of
trade and investment, and ease the visa processing for US imports.
the people of BIMSTEC member states.  On March 7, US President Donald Trump announced
 It strongly condemns terrorism in all its forms and 25% tariffs on imports of steel and aluminium from
manifestations and stressed that there can be no China.
justification whatsoever for any act of terrorism.  China responded by announcing tariffs on $3 billion in
 It underlines the importance of multidimensional U.S. fruit, pork, recycled aluminum, and steel pipes.
connectivity as a key enabler to economic integration  America is the world's largest steel importer. Trump
for shared prosperity of the region. believes the tariffs would protect the 147,000 workers
 It highlights the importance of trade and investment as in the U.S. steel and aluminum industries.
one of the major contributing factors for fostering  In justifying the measure, the administration invoked a
economic and social development in the region. national security law, departing from an international
India announced the establishment of the Centre consensus not to impose trade barriers.
for Bay of Bengal Studies at Nalanda University for  Countries are allowed to this kind of recourse under
research on arts, culture, maritime laws and other the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade(GATT)
subjects. in times of war and other emergencies.
India invited all the BIMSTEC member countries  Safeguard tariffs are legal under World Trade
to participate in the International Buddhist Conclave Organization (WTO) rules, but the checks and
balances on them are weak.
2020 as the Guests of Honor. India will host the
 If the complainants go to the WTO and litigate, they
Conclave in August 2020. may lose their right to compensation and simply open
Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical up years of legal battling.
and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)  A tit-for-tat trade war may begin, as they impose
 Establishment : 6 June 1997 unsanctioned measures to even up the score.
 Purpose: technological and economic cooperation  The same thing can be seen in European Union’s
among south Asian and southeast Asian countries response which warned that it will retaliate with tariffs
along the coast of the bay of Bengal on a range of US imports.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
What are Tariffs? China tests hypersonic aircraft
 Tariff is a tax or duty to be paid on imports or exports.  China successfully tested its first hypersonic aircraft
 Money collected under a tariff is called customs duty. which could carry nuclear warheads and penetrate any
Tariffs are used by governments to protect domestic current generation anti-missile defence systems.
industries from international competition.  The Xingkong-2 or Starry Sky-2, was launched in a
target range located in northwest China , the state-run
Venezuelan President Maduro survives
China Academy of Aerospace Aerodynamics said.
apparent drone assassination attempt The U.S. and Russia have carried out similar
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro survived an experiments.
apparent assassination attempt Saturday after several  The flight vehicle reached 30 kms in altitude at Mach
drones armed with explosives flew toward him during a 5.5-6.
speech at a military parade. Google launched the latest version of its
Dozens of soldiers are also seen scattering during the Android
event to commemorate the 81st anniversary of the  Google on Monday launched the latest version of its
Venezuelan national guard in the capital of Caracas. Android operating system — Android Pie, which
New Zealand to remove ‘sexist’ road signs promises to make smartphones ‘smarter’.
New Zealand’s transport authority is going adopt  An update to Android 9 will begin rolling out to
gender-neutral signs after a 7-year-old girl said it was Google’s Pixel phones. The devices that participated
“wrong and unfair” to suggest only men could work on in the Beta programme will receive the update soon.
roadside power lines. Smart Settings:
U.K. to have new organ donation law The Android 9 comes with features like adaptive
battery, which learns the apps users’ use most and
 The U.K. government on Sunday announced new
prioritises battery use for them, and adaptive brightness,
plans to change the law for organ and tissue donation
which learns how users like to set the brightness in
to address the urgent need for organs within Indian- different settings.
origin community in the country.
Australia lifts ban on adoptions from India
 The proposed new system of consent for organ and
 The Government of Australia has decided to
tissue donation, which will presume that people have
recommence the Adoption Programme with India, as
agreed to transplants unless they have specifically per Hague Convention on Inter-Country Adoption.
opted out, is expected to come into effect in England  The adoptions from India had earlier been put on hold
in 2020 as part of a drive to help Black, Asian and in 2010 by the Government of Australia eight years
Minority Ethnic (BAME) people. ago, on the reported charges of trafficking of children
 Under the new presumed consent system, those who for Inter-country adoption by some of the recognized
do not want to donate their organs will be able to Indian placement agencies (the Adoption agencies
record their decision on the state-funded National mandated to place children in Inter-country adoption
Health Service (NHS) Organ Donor Register (ODR). at that point of time).
 Legislation to introduce the new framework will be  The regulation ofInter-country adoptions have been
debated in Parliament later this year. made strict by the Government of India with the
 The announcement came after a report called on the enactment of Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 and
NHS to take more proactive action to address the high notification of Adoption Regulations, 2017.
death rate among Indian-origin people in Britain due  The Ministry of Women & Child Development along
to low levels of organ donation within the community. with Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA)
 According to NHS records, only 7% of donors last have been constantly engaging with Australian
Government for recommencement of the Adoption
year were from BAME backgrounds, with Indians
Programme.
accounting for just 1.9%. Further, 21% of people who
 The recommencement of the adoption programmes
died on the organ donation waiting list in the U.K. last
will now enable large number of prospective adoptive
year were from a BAME background. parents including those of Indian origin settled in
Russia appoints movie star as special U.S. Australia in fulfilling their desire of adopting a child
envoy from India.
Russia has appointed movie star Steven Seagal as a India-Thailand Conclude ‘Maitree’ Military
special envoy to the U.S. The Foreign Ministry announced Exercise
the move on Saturday, saying Mr. Seagal’s role would be  The Indian and Thailand's armed forces concluded a
to “facilitate relations... including cooperation in culture, two-week long platoon level military exercise called
arts, public and youth exchanges.” ‘Exercise Maitree 2018’ in Thailand

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 The exercise was an annual event designed to  26 member countries, represented by 34 organisations,
strengthen the partnership between armies of the two and 67 affiliate member organisations with a total
countries. membership of 101 representing 48 countries and
 The exercise will emphasize to hone the tactical and regions and over 50 partners
technical skills in joint counter insurgency and counter NASA's Curiosity Rover Completes 6 Years
terrorist operations in rural and urban scenario under on Mars
UN mandate.  NASA’s Curiosity rover — a mission that has spotted
Sunita Williams among nine astronauts evidence of liquid water as well as potential signs life
and habitability on Mars — has completed six years
named by NASA for new human space
on the red planet.
programme  The Mars Science Laboratory mission’s Curiosity
 Indian-origin astronaut Sunita Williams is among the rover landed on the red planet’s Gale Crater on
nine astronauts named by NASA for its first human August 6 2012, using a series of complicated landing
spaceflight programme from the US soil since the manoeuvres never before attempted. Curiosity’s
retirement of the space shuttle in 2011. mission purpose is to determine whether the red planet
 The astronauts will fly on the spacecraft developed by ever was, or is, habitable to microbial life.
Elon Musk-owned SpaceX's Crew Dragon and global  The rover, which is about the size of a car, is equipped
aviation firm Boeing's CST-100 Starliner, as part of with 17 cameras and a robotic arm containing a suite
the US space agency's Commercial Crew programme of specialised laboratory-like tools and instruments.
to send humans to the ISS on private US spacecraft.  The rover discovered evidence of sulphur, nitrogen,
oxygen, phosphorus and carbon — key ingredients
 Other 8 are-Josh Cassada, Robert Behnken,Douglas
necessary for life — in the powder sample drilled
Hurley,Eric Boe, Nicole Mann, Victor Glover,
from the “Sheepbed” mudstone in Yellowknife Bay of
Michael Hopkins. Mars.
 Williams has been named for the Boeing programme
Japan replaced China as world's No. 2
to the ISS, the first test flight scheduled to take place
in the middle of 2019. stock market
 In 2014, Boeing and SpaceX were awarded a  China's stock market has been overtaken as the
combined $6.8 billion in contracts from NASA to world's second-biggest by Japan's, having been swiped
develop spacecraft capable of flying crews to the this year by the threat of a trade war with the United
States and slowing economic growth, according to
space station.
Bloomberg data.
 SpaceX is targeting November 2018 for Crew
 The figures showed Chinese stocks were worth $6.09
Dragon's first uncrewed demonstration mission trillion, compared with $6.17 trillion in Japan. The US
(Demo-1), three months later than the previous market is worth $31 trillion.
schedule released by NASA early this year.
Foundation stone laid for new college
 Additional crew members will be assigned by NASA's
international partners at a later date. building in Sri Lanka with aid from India
 In Sri Lanka, the foundation stone was laid to start the
India elected president of Asia-Pacific construction of new buildings at Saraswathy Central
Institute for Broadcasting Development College in Pusselaw of Kandy district.
 India has been elected as the President of the Asia-  The renovation of the college is being done using a
Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development grant of around Rs. 4 crore from the Government of
(AIBD) for a period of two years. India.
 India got elected by defeating Iran in the election that  The foundation stone was laid by Taranjit Singh
took place in Sri Lanka Iran during voting which took Sandhu, High Commissioner of India to Sri Lanka
jointly with Sri Lankan State Minister for Education
place at the 44th annual gathering of AIBD in
Mr. V. Radhakrishnan.
Colombo.
 The new buildings will accommodate science labs,
 Director General of All India Radio F. Sheheryar was lecture halls and teachers’ quarters.
re-elected as chair of the executive board while Sri  This project is in continuation of Government of
Lanka was elected as vice-chair. India’s efforts to partner with Government of Sri
 Asia-Pacific Institute for Broadcasting Development Lanka in peoples oriented development projects
(AIBD) was established in 1977 under the auspices of especially in the field of education. India’s overall
UNESCO. commitment of development assistance to Sri Lanka
 It is hosted by Malaysia and its secretariat is located in stands at a total of around 3 billion US dollars, out of
Kuala Lumpur. which 550 million is pure grant assistance.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
India, Vietnam to boost trade, maritime,  The amount has been released to maintain fund
defence cooperation liquidity for the ongoing construction of 14 road
packages under Postal Highway Project.
 External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, who is on a  With this payment, 2.35 billion Nepali rupees have
two-day visit to Vietnam, co-chaired the 16th meeting been released so far out of total grant assistance of 8
of the Joint Commission, along with Vietnam's foreign billion Nepali rupees committed by the Government
minister Pham Binh Minh, in Hanoi. of India for implementing 14 packages under Postal
 Issues discussed measures to strengthen trade, Highway Project.
investment, maritime and defence cooperation  Since 1950, the Government of India has been
between the two countries. supporting infrastructure development of Nepal and
 Sushma Swaraj is in Vietnam on the first leg of her has provided financial assistance for construction of
four-day two-nation tour which aims at deepening various Highways, Roads, Bridges, Airports, etc. as
India's strategic cooperation with Vietnam and part of its multi-sectoral and multi-dimensional India-
Cambodia the key countries in the ASEAN region. Nepal Economic Cooperation Programme.
"Deepening our Comprehensive Strategic Partnership!
 India and Vietnam have agreed to further strengthen Japan, Sri Lanka to further boost maritime
cooperation in the maritime domain, including on anti- security cooperation
piracy, security of sea lanes and exchange of white  Boosting Maritime affairs was decided at the meeting
shipping information. And also agreed on the between visiting Japanese Defence Minister Mr.
importance of the early conclusion of an ASEAN- Itsunori Onodera to Srilanka and Sri Lankan President
India Maritime Transport Cooperation Agreement. Maithripala Sirisena.His visit assumes significance as
 Accelerate the establishment of direct shipping routes Japan has begun playing an active role in the region.
between the sea ports of India and Vietnam.  The meeting also decided to give special attention
Imran Khan becomes 22nd Prime Minister towards strengthening the security and cooperation of
of Pakistan Indian Ocean region while Japan will provide
assistance to develop Sri Lanka’s maritime security.
 Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf Chief Imran Khan took over  This is the first time that a Japanese Defence Minister
as the 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan on 26 Aug is visiting Sri Lanka, during which he will also visit
2018. Hambanthota and Trincomalee ports.
 The swearing-in ceremony was held at the President  Japan is contributing for several economic projects in
House in Islamabad. Sri Lanka in a purported bid to remove its reliance on
 The PTI had emerged as the single largest party with Chinese loans and investments.
116 seats in the July 25 elections.  The visit of defence minister also coincided with
 President of Pakistan: Mamnoon Hussain Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force (JMSDF) ship
 Khan was born to an upper-middle class Pashtun 'Ikazuchi' arrival at the Port of Trincomalee.
family in Lahore, Punjab, in 1952.
 His outstanding achievement was, he led Pakistan to Indonesia hit by TWO huge earthquakes in
victory at the 1992 Cricket World Cup. five minutes with tremors in Bali and
 In total he made 3,807 runs and took 362 wickets in Australia
Test cricket, and is one of eight world cricketers to
have achieved an 'All-rounder's Triple' in Test  In Indonesia next to holiday hotspot Bali was hit by
matches. two deadly quakes on Jul 29 and Aug 5.
 In April 1996, Khan founded the Pakistan Tehreek-e-  It was started with 6.2 magnitude and the strongest
Insaf (lit: Pakistan Movement for Justice). measuring 7.0..
 His Books:  Some 2,70,000 people are homeless or displaced, and
 West and East damage and destruction of about 68,000 homes.
 Scientists say the powerful Indonesian earthquake that
 Imran: The autobiography of Imran Khan
killed more than 300 people lifted the island it struck
 Imran Khan's cricket skills
by as much as 25 centimetres (10 inches).
 Indus Journey: A Personal View of Pakistan  Using satellite images of Lombok from the days
 Pakistan: A Personal History following the August 5 quake, scientists from NASA
 All Round View. and the California Institute of Technology's joint rapid
India releases 470 million Nepali rupees imaging project measured changes in the island's
surface.
grant for Terai roads project in Nepal
 In the northwest of the island near the epicentre, the
 The Government of India has released 470 million ground lifted a quarter of a metre. In other places it
Nepali rupees grant for Terai roads project in Nepal. dropped by 5-15 centimetres (2-6 inches).

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Nepal, Bangladesh sign MoU to enhance First draft of Sri Lanka's proposed new
cooperation in power sector constitution submitted to Parliamentary
 Nepal and Bangladesh have signed a Memorandum of committee
Understanding (MoU) to enhance cooperation in  In Sri Lanka, the first legal draft for proposed new
power sector.
constitution has been submitted to Parliamentary
 Nepal's Minister for Energy, Water Resources and
Irrigation, Barsha Man Pun and Minister of State for steering committee for further discussions.
Power, Energy and Mineral Resources of Bangladesh,  The committee headed Prime Minister Ranil
Nasrul Hamid signed the MoU in Kathmandu. Wickremesinghe will prepare a draft constitution
 It aims to increase collaboration in electricity which needs to be approved by constituent assembly
generation, grid connectivity, energy efficiency, formed by a Parliament resolution in 2015.
renewable energy and development of hydro power  The legal draft also called zero draft is based on
for mutual and regional benefit. recommendations of report of six sub committees
 It also envisage to encourage industrialists of Nepal which submitted their reports last year.
and Bangladesh to invest in power sector and tap huge  Political parties representing minority ethnic Tamils
hydro power potential of South Asia by regional and
have demanded greater powers to govern themselves
sub regional cooperation to uplift the living standard
of people in the region. with a section of them demanding a federal
constitution.
India Building a new college in Srilanka  The 13th amendment introduced as part of India Sri
 The foundation stone was laid to start the construction Lanka accord in 1987 had helped establish provincial
of new buildings at Saraswathy Central College in councils to be elected directly. However, the powers
Pusselaw of Kandy district of Srilanka. of these councils have been gradually reduced through
 The renovation of the college is being done using a various central legislations which minority Tamil
grant of around Rs. 4 crore from the Government of
groups are opposed to.
India.
 The new constitution making process was a key
 Several Members of Parliament and Central Provincial
Council, senior Officials along with a large number of promise of new government elected in 2015 under
public participated in the event. President but it has been delayed as it was supposed to
 The new buildings will accommodate science labs, be completed by 2016.
lecture halls and teachers’ quarters. US reimposes tough, unilateral sanctions
 The project also involves repair and renovation of
existing buildings as well as full renovation of the against Iran
school playground.  The United States re-imposed a wave of tough,
 This project is in continuation of Government of unilateral sanctions against Iran on August 7th 2018,
India’s efforts to partner with Government of Sri bringing back into effect harsh penalties that had been
Lanka in peoples oriented development projects lifted under a historic, multi-party nuclear agreement
especially in the field of education. that President Donald Trump abandoned in May.
 India’s overall commitment of development assistance  Iran's access to US banknotes and key industries,
to Sri Lanka stands at a total of around 3 billion US including cars and carpets. Iranians are already seeing
dollars, out of which 550 million is pure grant
the effects of the sanctions, with Iran's rial currency
assistance.
losing around half its value since Trump announced
Japan's defence minister Itsunori Onodera the US would withdraw from the 2015 nuclear accord.
visit to India  The unilateral withdrawal came despite other parties
 The visit is aimed at strengthening military to the agreement -- Britain, China, France, Germany,
cooperation between the two countries, particularly in Russia and the EU -- pleading with Trump not to
the sphere of maritime space, especially with China's abandon the pact aimed at blocking Iran from
growing influence in the Indian Ocean. acquiring a nuclear weapon.
 Both defence ministers shared the recognition that it is  The second phase of US sanctions, which takes effect
important for the two countries to further strengthen November 5 and will block Iran's oil sales, is due to
defence and security cooperation under the ‘Japan-
cause more damage, though several countries
lndia Special Strategic and Global Partnership’ that
aligns Japan’s ‘Free and Open Indo-Pacific Strategy’ including China, India and Turkey have indicated they
with India’s ‘Act East Policy’ to work together in are not willing to entirely cut their Iranian energy
achieving common objectives. purchases.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Pacific Endeavor-2018 under MCIP starts in  The Biratnagar Camp Office was opened in 2008 to
Kathmandu deal with the situation arising out of devastating Kosi
 Pacific Endeavor-2018, a communication exercise floods. The purpose of this Camp Office has been
under the Multinational Communications fulfilled and Government of India had decided to wind
Interoperability Program (MCIP) started in up the Camp Office and re-locate the personnel.
Kathmandu on 6-8-2018. ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meet Held In
 The basic objective of 12 day exercise is to develop Singapore
common communications operating procedures to Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong chaired
enable military forces in the Asia Pacific region to the 51st Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
collectively work in the wake of disaster.
Foreign Ministers meeting in Singapore.
 Around 270 personnel from 20 Asia-Pacific Countries
The main aim of the meeting is to meet the need for
are participating in the exercise, which is jointly
ASEAN countries and also trade union setup between
organised by the Nepali Army and United States
United States and its long-time trading partners, including
Pacific Command.
 Focusarea was to contribute in sustainable reduction China, the EU and Canada.
of disaster risk and losses of life. About ASEAN:
 Pacific Endeavor began in 2005 and it focuses on  The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
establishing rapid and effective interoperable is a regional intergovernmental organization for
communication systems to jointly act in disaster relief Southeast Asian countries that promotes
operations. intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates
Emmerson Mnangagwa sworn in as new economic, political, security, military, educational,
president of Zimbabwe and sociocultural integration amongst its members and
 Emmerson Mnangagwa has taken the oath as other Asian states.
Zimbabwe's president, after winning last month's  Members: 10 (Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam,
bitterly contested election that marked the country's Singapore, Philippines, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma),
first vote since Robert Mugabe was removed from Cambodia, Laos, Brunei)
power.  Founded in: 8 August 1967
 He won election by defeating opposition leader  HQ: Jakarta, Indonesia.
Nelson Chamisa.  Secretary General: Lim Jock Hoi.
 Capital: Harare PHDCCI and CNI sign MoU to set up Indo-
 Currency: United States dollar (official for
Nepal Centre
government), South African rand, and many other
currencies  PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI)
and Confederation of Nepalese Industries (CNI) has
Indian Embassy camp office in
signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to
Biratnagar,Nepal closed down
establish India-Nepal Centre.
 The camp office of Indian Embassy in Biratnagar,  It will further strengthen economic engagement
Nepal has been closed down from August 1st .
between the two countries.
 All the services including issuing of motor vehicle
 The MoUaims to promote Indian investment in Nepal,
permits, registration certificates for Indian nationals,
Work with Indian ventures in Nepal to resolve
attestation of documents and birth or death
problems being faced by them,
registrations rendered by Biratnagar Camp Office now
can be availed from the Embassy of India, Kathmandu Promoteindustrialization in Nepal and provide training
office. to Nepali entrepreneurs.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest

4. NATIONAL NEWS
Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu becomes first  2011 census gives language at two levels, which the
Chairman of Rajya Sabha to sign an MOU census describes as “language” and “mother tongue”,
but which can also be described as “major language”
Rajya Sabha has, for the first time in 76 years since it
and “minor language” or “language” and “dialect”
came into being, entered into a Memorandum of
(bringing to mind the old adage that a language is a
Understanding (MOU) with a foreign counterpart for
dialect with an army and a navy).
promoting inter-parliamentary dialogue.
 Based on the 2011 census data, Nagaland effectively
Shri Venkaiah Naidu become the first Chairman of
has 14 languages and 17 dialects with the largest
Rajya Sabha to sign such an agreement when he signed an
language (Konyak) having only a 46% share. At the
MOU with the visiting President of the Senate of the
other extreme, Kerala only has 1.06 effective
Republic of Rwanda, Mr. Bernard Makuza.
The MOU with 6 articles of cooperation seeks to languages, with 97% of the state’s residents (in 2011)
identifying Malayalam as their mother tongue.
promote
1. Inter-Parliamentary dialogue,  Himachal Pradesh, for example, has only 1.3 effective
2. Capacity building of parliamentary staff, languages with 86% of the population identifying
Hindi as their mother tongue. Breaking it up into
3. Organisation of conferences, forums, seminars, staff
dialects, though, it turns out the state has nearly 6
attachment programmes,
effective languages, with the largest being Pahari (a
4. workshops and exchanges,
dialect of Hindi), which is spoken by 32% of the
5. Collaboration in mutual interest in regional and
population.
international multilateral parliamentary bodies in
 Similarly, 78% of Bihar’s population speak Hindi
furtherance of bilateral relations and
(when measured at the language level), giving it 1.6
6. friendship between the two countries.
effective languages, but broken down to the dialect
Rwanda was elected as chair of African Union (AU)
level, Hindi is only spoken by 26% of the population
in January this year and hoste assembly in Kigali. It
resulted in the signing of the African Continent Free Trade (the other prominent dialect in the state being
Bhojpuri).
Agreement.
 In Rajasthan and Chhattisgarh, while Hindi dominates
Facts about Rwanda: at the language level, its dialects Rajasthani and
Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda Chattisgarh dominate respectively if we measure at
is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the the dialect level.
Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Capital :Kigali Chhattisgarh: No-confidence motion
Currency :Rwandan Franc against Raman Singh government
President :Paul Kagame successfullydefeated
Linguistically, Nagaland is the most After a 14-hour debate, a no-trust motion moved by the
diverse state Congress against the Raman Singh-led BJP government was
defeated by a voice vote in the Chhattisgarh Assembly.
What is No-Confidence motion?
Article 118 of the Constitution permits each house of
Parliament to make its own rules for conduct of business. Rule
198 of the Lok Sabha specifies the procedure for a motion of no-
confidence. The motion needs the support of 50 members to be
admitted..
If it is passed in the Lok Sabha, the council of ministers
must resign from office.
Konkan Railway to begin work on
Kolhapur-Vaibhavwadi route soon; to have
10 New Stations
Work on the 103 kilometreKolhapur-Vaibhavwadi
section of Konkan Railway will begin soon. This decision
According to linguistic data from the 2011 census was taken at a review meeting of Konkan railway chaired
Nagaland is the most linguistically diverse state in India, by Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil
with Kerala being the least diverse. Aviation, Suresh Prabhu..

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
The Kolhapur-Vaibhavwadi line has already been Three northeastern States emerge as new
sanctioned by the Railway Ministry. Indian Railways will HIV hotspots
bear 50% of the cost and rest will be borne by the The good news is that there has been a steady decline
Government of Maharashtra. in the number of HIV cases in India. The bad news is that
Startup India’s Academia Alliance Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura have emerged as the
Programme new hotspots for HIV, according to the Ministry of Health
and Family Welfare.
 To fulfill the Governmentof India’s mission to
The Ministry attributed the reason for the rise in the
promote the spirit of entrepreneurship in the country, incidence of HIV in the three northeastern States to the
Startup India launched the Startup Academia Alliance high-risk behaviour of Injecting Drug Users (IDUs), and
programme, a unique mentorship opportunity between unsafe sexual practices.
academic scholars and startups working in similar The HIV Sentinel Surveillance (HSS), a biennial study
domains. conducted by the National AIDS Control Organisation
 Aim: to reduce the gap between scientific research and (NACO), is one of the largest regular studies in the world
its industrial applications in order to increase the dealing with HIV in high risk groups of the population.
efficacy of these technologies and to widen their The HSS had referred that HIV prevalence in the
impact. i.e., Industry Academia Partnerships and context of ANCs in the northeastern States of Mizoram
Incubation. (1.19%), Nagaland (0.82%), Meghalaya (0.73%), Tripura
 The first phase of Startup Academia Alliance was (0.56%) and Manipur (0.47%) were among the highest.
kickstarted through partnering with Regional Centre Anti-Retroviral Treatment (ART)’s efficacy
for Biotechnology, The Energy and Resources Interestingly, ART leads to effectively suppressing the
Institute (TERI), Council on Energy, Environment and virus and reducing the transmission of HIV from the
infected person, Dr. Panda said.
Water, and TERI School of Advanced Studies.
In terms of persons living with HIV (PLHIV) who are
 Renowned scholars from these institutes, in fields on ART, Maharashtra has the highest number (with 2.03
such as renewable energy, biotechnology, healthcare lakh persons) followed by A.P.(1.78 lakh ) and Karnataka
and life sciences were taken on board to provide (1.58 lakh persons).
mentorship and guidance to startups working in Samiran Panda, Director of the National AIDS
relevant arenas. Research Institute (NARI)

Third Party Survey Report on Station  This is the third such audit cum survey which has been
Cleanliness by QCI conducted by Railways to increase level of cleanliness
by identifying unclean spots/gaps and to improve
 The Third Party Survey has Been Conducted by
cleanliness standards and also to propel healthy
Quality Council of India(QCI) competition among railway stations.
 Minister of Railways, Coal, Finance & Corporate  The third report of Third Party Audit-cum-Survey of
Affairs, Shri Piyush Goyal has released a report on ranking of cleanliness covers 407 stations which
Station Cleanliness conducted by Quality Council of includes 75 station in A1 and 332 station in A
India (QCI). category stations. The top scorers are as under:

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
A1 category stations (out of 75)  The three-member body, headed by Justice J.M. Panchal,
 1st:Jodhpur/North-Western Railway submitted its report to Union Water Resources Minister Nitin
 2nd:Jaipur/North-Western Railway Gadkari The tribunal was constituted in 2010 to equitably
 3rd:Tirupati/South-Central Railway allot Mahadayi water among Karnataka, Goa and
‘A’ category stations (out of a total of 332) Maharashtra.
 1st: Marwar/North Western Railway  Maharashtra has been allowed to use 1.33 tmcft — for
drinking water and irrigation — and Goa, a maximum of 24
 2nd: Phulera/North -Western Railway
tmcft for 59 proposed projects.
 3rd: Warangal/South-Central Railway
 So far only 5% of the water of the Mahadayi is being
Zonal Railway rankings are: utilised. The MWT has also allowed Karnataka to utilise an
 1st: North Western Railway additional 1.5 tmcft for “in-basin consumptive use” but asked
 2nd: South Central Railway it to pare down the scope of the Kotni Hydro Project to
 3rd: East Coast Railway ensure that it utilises no more than 8 tmcft.
Quality Council of India (QCI)  Facts on Mahadayi/Mandovi River:
 is an autonomous body that works to assure quality  is described as the lifeline of of Goa.
standards across all spheres of economic and social  Source: Bhimgad(Belgavi dist.),Karnataka.
activities.  Falls into: Arabian Sea
 Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion(DIPP),  Total length: of 77 kilometers.
along with other key industry associations like  Passes through: Karnataka ,Goa.
FICCI,ASSOCHAM,CIIformed QCI in 1997 to  Catchement Area: Karnataka,Goa &
provide accreditation services in the fields of Maharashtra.
education, healthcare, industries, institutions,  Waterfalls: Dudhsagar, Varapoha
professionals, quality promotion and quality
EME Ultra Cycling
assessment.
 Headquarters - New Delhi  The Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers
 It is neither funded nor controlled by the government of Indian Army is undertaking an Ultra Cycling
and is a non-profit organization with its own Expedition, as part of celebration for its Platinum
Memorandum of Association. Jubilee. The Expedition was flagged off on 15 August
 Non-Executive Chairman -Adil Zainulbhai 2018 on the occasion of Independence Day from
 Secretary General -Dr R P Singh. Military College of Electronics and Mechanical
Engineering (MCEME) Secunderabad.
Facebook declares Bengaluru traffic police
 The team will cover a distance of 25000 km within
pages as top in India 120 days and pass through all the states. The
 Famous for their quirky campaigns and replies, the expedition will be completed in three phases.
Facebook pages of the Bengaluru traffic police and the  In first phase the team will cover Secunderabad to
Hyderabad traffic police are a big hit on social media. Leh and Leh to Kanyakumari.
And now, both pages have been ranked in the top  Second phase- Kanyakumari to Tezu and then
three ‘Politics and Government Top Pages’ by Tezu to Koteshwar.
Facebook.  In third phase- Koteshwar to Delhi and thus
 The social media platform released the rankings based complete Golden Quadrilateral.
on the traffic generated between January 1 and  The team will attempt Guinness World Record for
December 31, 2017. Bengaluru traffic police emerged longest distance cycling in a single country, Guinness
on top with Hyderabad traffic police bagging the third World Record for fastest Golden Quadrilateral route
spot. Kolkata traffic police grabbed the second spot. by cycle, Limca Book of Records for Fastest North-
 The Bengaluru traffic police is famous for their South Cycling and Limca Book of Records for Fastest
memes as well as their efficiency, and they often East West Cycling.
undertake campaigns offline to create awareness about
traffic rules. International Conference on Recent
Mahadayi tribunal allows Karnataka to Advances in Food Processing Technology
divert water (iCRAFPT) gets underway at IIFPT,
 Karnataka has been allowed to divert 2.18 tmcft of Thanjavur
water at the proposed Bhandura dam and 1.72 tmcft at International Conference on Recent Advances in Food
the Kalasa dam for providing water to North Processing Technology (iCRAFPT) was held at Indian Institute of
Karnataka, according to a recommendation by the Food Processing Technology, Thanjavur, Tamilnadu. The
Mahadayi Water Tribunal (MWT). Goa has conference was inaugurated by Sh. Jagadish Prasad Meena,
historically been opposed to such a diversion. Secretary,Min of Food Processing Industries.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Nationwide ‘State Energy Efficiency 1.07 crore rural houses constructed over
Preparedness Index’ released the last four years under Pradhan Mantri
 NITI Aayog and Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) Awaas Yojana
along with Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy
(AEEE), under Ministry of Power released the ‘State  The re-structured rural housing scheme Pradhan
Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index’(SEEPI). Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G) which has
 Objective and Aim: It is released as a part of its the objective of “Housing for All by 2022” was
commitment to create awareness about energy launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister on 20th
efficiency as a resource and also to develop an action November, 2016 from Agra.
plan for energy conservation initiatives.  2.95 crore houses are set to be constructed by 2022 to
 The Index examines states’ policies and regulations, achieve the set objective of PMAY-G which has been
financing mechanisms, institutional capacity, adoption decided to achieve in phases. In the first phase the
of energy efficiency measures and energy savings target is construction of one crore pucca houses by
achieved. 31st March, 2019.
 The required data was collected from the concerned  A total of 1.07 crore rural houses have been completed
state departments such as DISCOMs, Urban over the last four years (2014-15 to 2017-18) which
Development Departments, etc., and from various include completion of 38.20 lakh Pradhan Mantri
central government sources such as: Central Awaas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY- G) houses and
Electricity Authority (CEA) General Review; Ministry 68.64 lakh IAY houses that were sanctioned in 2014-
of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH),Ministry 15 and 2015-16 and prior to that.
of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) etc ; and  If the figures of the current financial year are also
Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL). added to this achievement under the rural housing
 The State Energy Efficiency Preparedness Index has scheme the achievement from 2014-15 till date
63 indicators across Building, Industry, Municipality, becomes 1.13 crore completed rural houses.
Transport, Agriculture and DISCOM with 4 cross- Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) was
cutting indicators. launched in June 2015 with an objective to provide
 States are categorised based on their efforts and affordable housing to urban and rural poor. This scheme
achievements towards energy efficiency has two components viz. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana
implementation, as ‘Front Runner’, ‘Achiever’, (Urban) (PMAY-U) for the urban poor and Pradhan Mantri
‘Contender’ and ‘Aspirant’. Awaas Yojana (Gramin) (PMAY-G or PMAY-R) for the
 The ‘Front Runner’ states in the inaugural edition of rural poor.
the Index are: Launchedby Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty
 Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Alleviation (MoHUPA)
Punjab, and Rajasthan based on available
data. Beneficiary:
 Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE):  The beneficiaries of this scheme include Economically
The Bureau of Energy Efficiency is an agency of the Weaker Section (EWS), low-income groups (LIGs)
Government of India, under the Ministry of Power created and Middle Income Groups (MIGs).
in 1st March 2002 under the provisions of the nation's 2001  The annual income cap is up to Rs. 3 lakh for EWS,
Energy Conservation Act. Rs. 3-6 lakh for LIG and Rs. 6 + -18 lakhs for MIG.
Purpose:  EWS category of beneficiaries is eligible for
 The mission of BEE is to assist in developing policies assistance in all four verticals of the Missions whereas
and strategies of reducing energy intensity of the LIG and MIG categories are eligible under only Credit
Indian economy within the overall framework of the linked subsidy scheme (CLSS) component of the
Energy Conservation Act, 2001. Mission.
HQ:Sewa Bhawan, New Delhi  The beneficiary family should not own a pucca house
Director General: Shri Abhay Bakre either in his name or in the name of any member of his
Works Under: Min of Power. (current Union family.
Minister of State (Independent charge) is R.K. Singh.) The key components of this programme are as
 Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE):
follows:
AEEE is not-for-profit private organisation which
helps in adivising policies on energy efficiency market . It  In-situ as well as ex-situ slum rehabilitation with
advocates for data driven and evidence-based energy participation of private developers.
efficiency policies that will help in innovation and  Credit linked subsidy for affordable housing to poor
entrepreneurship within the country to create an energy-  Affordable housing in partnership with private sector
efficient economy.  Subsidy for individuals for construction of house

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Rs. 2,919.55 Crores under the Nirbhaya Mission Solar Charkha and Udyam Sangam-2018:
Fund for eight major cities to make them  President Of India Ramnath Kovind has launched the
Mission Solar Charkha on June 27 2018 on the
safer for women occasion of UN SME Day.
The Government has recently appraised projects on  It was launched during the event of Udyam Sangam
safe city worth Rs. 2,919.55 Crores under the Nirbhaya (National MSME Conclave) on the occasion of World
Fund for eight major cities of the country to make them MSME Day (observed on 27 June).
safer for women. “UdyamSangam2018” is a step forward towards
Cabinet approves Policy Framework for consolidating the convergence and synergy of all the
government initiatives relating to MSME Sector.
exploration and exploitation of  Solar Charkha Mission will cover 50 clusters and
Unconventional Hydrocarbons every cluster will employ 400 to 2000 artisans with a
The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri budget of Rs.550 crore for the year 2018-19 and 2019-
Narendra Modi has approved the policy to permit 20.
 The scheme will generate direct employment to nearly
exploration and exploitation of unconventional
1 lakh persons.
hydrocarbons such as Shale oil/gas, Coal Bed Methane
 Solar Charkha Units have been classified as village
(CBM) etc. It will be carried out under the existing industries.
Production Sharing Contracts (PSCs), CBM contracts and  The Ministry is also implementing a project to
Nomination fields to encourage the existing Contractors in establish 15 new Tool Rooms and Technology
the licensed/leased area to unlock the potential of Development Centres and upgrade the existing 18
unconventional hydrocarbons in the existing acreages. Centres in the country, at an estimated cost of Rs.2200
Unconventional hydrocarbons means: crore which includes World Bank Loan of USD 200
Million.
 Unconventional hydrocarbons are sources of oil and
 A portal of the Ministry of MSME called
gas which extracted using techniques other than the “Sampark”was also unveiled by the President. This
conventional (oil well) method i.e., Horizontal drilling portal will act as a bridge between the talent pool and
and hydraulic fracturing (or fracing / fracking).. those enterprises seeking trained man power.
 Sources of unconventional oil and gas include: Shale Other portals of MSME are:
gas, shale oil, tight sands, clathrates (gas hydrates),  UdyamSakhi- for Women Entrepreneurs
coal bed methane (CBM).  Samadhan- Delayed Payment Monitoring System
Benefits:  Sambandh- for Public Procurement Portal for
 help to explore unexplored and unexploited reserves. MSMEs
 finding new hydrocarbon discoveries and resultant What are Micro, Small & Medium
increased domestic production.. Enterprises?
 boost new investment, impetus to economic activities, Definitions of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises In
additional employment generation. accordance with the provision of Micro, Small & Medium
Enterprises Development (MSMED) Act, 2006 the Micro,
 induction of new, innovative and cutting-edge
Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) are classified in
technology to exploit unconventional hydrocarbons.
two Classes:
Indian Unconventional Hydrocarbons 1. Manufacturing Enterprises- The Manufacturing
scenario: Enterprise are defined in terms of investment in Plant
 Presence of Shale oil/gas has a strong possibility in & Machinery.
2. Service Enterprises:-The enterprises engaged in
basins such as Cambay, Krishna- Godavari (KG),
providing or rendering of services and are defined in
Cauvery,Assam Basins. terms of investment in equipment.
 State-wise distribution of CBM Resources in India

 Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises- Shri Giriraj Singh

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
“The Walled City of Jaipur, Rajasthan, treaties. The sites are judged important to the
India” is the next proposed site for collective interests of humanity.
 The program began with the Convention Concerning
UNESCO World Heritage recognition the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural
Heritage,which was adopted by the General
Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972. And
the Convention came into force on 17 December
1975.
 As of May 2017, it has been ratified by 193 states
parties, including 189 UN member states plus the
Cook Islands, the Holy See, Niue, and the State of
Palestine.( Only four UN member states have not
 The site namely “The Walled City of Jaipur, ratified the Convention: Liechtenstein, Nauru,
Rajasthan, India” has been proposed for World Somalia and Tuvalu.)
Heritage. As per Operation Guidelines 2017, only one  As of July 2018, a total of 1,092 World Heritage sites
site can be nominated by the state party each year. (845 cultural, 209 natural, and 38 mixed properties)
 A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is exist across 167 countries. Italy, with 54 sites, has the
selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific most of any country, followed by China (53), Spain
and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having (47), France (44), Germany (44), India (37), and
cultural,historical, scientific or other form of Mexico (35).
significance, and is legally protected by international
There are a total of 37 World Heritage sites in India at Present. A list of these sites, State wise, is given below,
CULTURAL SITES:
Under Protection of Archaeological Survey of India
S.No Name of Site State
1 Agra Fort (1983) Uttar Pradesh
2 Ajanta Caves (1983) Maharashtra
3 Ellora Caves (1983) Maharashtra
4 Taj Mahal (1983) Uttar Pradesh
5 Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram (1984) Tamil Nadu
6 Sun Temple, Konarak (1984) Odisha
7 Churches and Convents of Goa (1986) Goa
8 Fatehpur Sikri (1986) Uttar Pradesh
9 Group of Monuments at Hampi (1986) Karnataka
10 Khajuraho, Group of Temples (1986) Madhya Pradesh
11 Elephanta Caves ( 1987) Maharashtra
Great Living Chola Temples at Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholapuram and
12 Tamil Nadu
Darasuram (1987 & 2004)
13 Group of Monuments at Pattadakal (1987) Karnataka
14 Buddhist Monuments at Sanchi (1989) Madhya Pradesh
15 Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi (1993) Delhi
16 Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi (1993) Delhi
17 Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka (2003) Madhya Pradesh

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
18 Champaner-Pavagarh Archaeological Park (2004) Gujarat
19 Red Fort Complex, Delhi (2007) Delhi
Hill Forts of Rajasthan
(Chittaurgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer and Ranthambhore, Amber and
20 Gagron Forts) (2013) Rajasthan
(Amber and Gagron Forts are under protection of Rajasthan State
Archaeology and Museums)
21 Rani-ki-Vav (The Queen’s Stepwell) at Patan (2014) Gujarat
Archaeological Site of Nalanda Mahavihara (Nalanda University) at Nalanda
22 Bihar
(2016)
Under Protection of Ministry of Railways

Mountain Railways of India ( Darjeeling,1999), Nilgiri (2005),


23 West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Himachal Pradesh
Kalka-Shimla(2008)

24 Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) (2004) Maharashtra

Under Protection of Bodhgaya Temple Management Committee


25 Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya, (2002) Bihar
Under Protection of Rajasthan State Archaeology and Museums
26 The Jantar Mantar, Jaipur (2010) Rajasthan
Under Protection of Chandigarh Administration
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding
27 Chandigarh
Contribution to the Modern Movement (2016)
Under Protection of Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation
28 Historic City of Ahmedabad (2017) Gujarat
Under Protection of Government of Maharashtra
29 Victorian and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai (2018) Maharashtra
NATURAL SITES:
Under Protection of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Changes
30 Kaziranga National Park (1985) Assam

31 Keoladeo National Park (1985) Rajasthan

32 Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (1985) Assam

33 Sunderbans National Park (1987) West Bengal

34 Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks (1988, 2005) Uttarakhand

35 Western Ghats (2012) Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra,Tamil Nadu

36 Great Himalayan National Park (2014) Himachal Pradesh


MIXED SITE:
Under Protection of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Changes
37 Khangchendzonga National Park (2016) Sikkim

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Govt. of India unveils Geographical discrimination and other grievances. The government
Indication (GI) logo, tagline has modified this and removed the limit of 100
persons to include to all organisations and institutions.
India successfully test-fires supersonic
interceptor missile off Odisha's coast

 Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP)


under Ministry of Commerce and Industry has
unveiled tricolour logo and tagline for Geographical
Indications (GI) to increase awareness about
Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in the country.
 The logo has tagline “Invaluable Treasures of
Incredible India” printed below it.
 The Ministry had launched a contest for designing a  Defence Research and Development Organisation
logo and tagline for GIs. Winninglogo was designed (DRDO) conducted successful tested supersonic endo-
by Adri Chatterjee and winning tagline was coined by atmospheric interceptor missile developed under
Akancha Tripathi. Ballistic Missile Interceptor Advanced Air Defence
 A GI product is primarily an agricultural, natural or a (AAD) System from Abdul Kalam Island (earlier
manufactured product (handicraft and industrial known as Wheeler Island) Odisha.
goods) originating from a definite geographical  Developed as part of efforts to have a multi-layer
territory. ballistic missile defence system, it is capable of
 Darjeeling Tea, Tirupati Laddu, Kangra Paintings, destroying incoming hostile ballistic missiles.
Nagpur Orange and Kashmir Pashmina are among the  The interceptor is a 7.5-metre-long, single-stage solid
registered GIs in India. rocket propelled guided missile equipped with a
 Recent updates: navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-
 Kadaknath chicken meat from Jhabua district mechanical activator. The interceptor missile had its
of Madhya Pradesh gets GI tag own mobile launcher, secure data link for interception,
 GI tag for Telangana’s Adilabad dokra, independent tracking and homing capabilities and
Warangal Dhurries sophisticated radars.
Cabinet passes reworked Transgender Bill  Range: The endo-atmospheric missile, capable of
 Two years after it introduced a Bill on transgender intercepting incoming targets at an altitude of 15 to 25
rights in Lok Sabha, the government has reworked the km.
definition and several crucial clauses and is set to re- India ranks 56th in early initiation of
introduce it in Lok Sabha next week. breastfeeding, say UNICEF, WHO
 The Cabinet on Wednesday cleared 27 amendments to
the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill
and accepted nine of the 11 major suggestions of a
parliamentary standing committee, which had
examined the Bill. The definition, which had received
a lot of flak from social rights activists and the
parliamentary panel, has been changed.
 It has “modified the definition and has defined a
transgender as “whose gender does not match with the
gender assigned at birth and includes trans-men, trans-
women, gender-queers, and other sociocultural
identities.
 A person would have the right to choose to be
identified as a man, woman or transgender,
irrespective of sex reassignment surgery (SRS) and
hormonal therapy.
 The Bill had earlier made it mandatory for any
organisation employing 100 or more persons to
designate an official to examine complaints of

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 A new report released by UNICEF and the World  It is under Controller General of Patents, Designs &
Health Organization (WHO) has ranked Sri Lanka at Trade Marks, Department of Industrial Policy and
the top of the list of countries with early initiation of Promotion(DIPP), Ministry of Industry and
breastfeeding. Commerce.
 India ranks 56th among the 76 countries that were  Controller General of Patents, Designs & Trade
analyzed. The report, released ahead of World Marks-- Shri. O P Gupta, IAS
Breastfeeding Week (August 1 to 7), says that only
SAATHI Initiative Launched
two in five newborns are breastfed within the first
hour of life across the world.  Ministry of Textiles and Ministry of Power have
 Countries like Kazakhstan, Rwanda, Bhutan and joined hands under the initiative SAATHI(Sustainable
Uruguay have fared much better than India, making it and Accelerated Adoption of efficient Textile
into the top 10. Azerbaijan, Pakistan and Montenegro technologies to Help Small Industries) in order to
are at the bottom. sustain and accelerate the adoption of energy efficient
 Whether delivery takes place in a hut in a village or a textile technologies in thepowerloom sector and cost
hospital in a major city, putting newborns to the breast savings due to use of such technology.
within the first hour after birth gives them the best  Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a Public
chance to survive, grow and develop to their full Sector entityunder the administrative control of
potential,” says the report, which emphasizes on Ministry of Power, will replace old inefficient electric
exclusive breastfeeding. motors with energy efficient IE3 motors which will
 The data for India was taken from the fourth National result in energy and cost saving up to 10-15% in the
Family Health Survey (NFHS-4). The early initiation first phase.
period has doubled as compared to NFHS 3.  The use of these efficient equipments will result in
 Breastfeeding in the first hour of life is significantly energy savings and cost savings to the unit owners at
important for survival. The first feed, or colostrum, is no upfront cost. Power loom clusters at Ichalkaranji,
termed as the baby’s first vaccine and is extremely Bhiwandi, Erode, Surat, Bhilwara and Panipat have
rich in nutrients and antibodies. Continuous and been identified for pilot study.
exclusive breastfeeding thereafter is also important.  Min of Power: Smriti Zubin Irani
 Min of Power: R.K.Singh
Centre imposes 25% safeguard duty on
import of solar cells Lok Sabha passes Bill to set up varsity in
 The Centre on Monday issued a notification putting Manipur to train athletes
into effect a safeguard duty of 25% on import of solar  A bill seeking to establish a National Sports
cells from China and Malaysia between July 30, 2018, University in Manipur to provide sports education,
and July 29, 2019. research and coaching was passed in the Lok Sabha.
 The duty reduces to 20% for six months from July 30,  University will be set up at a cost of Rs. 524 crore. A
2019, to January 29, 2020, (both days inclusive), and sportsperson will be the vice-chancellor, and the
further to 15% in the subsequent half year i.e., during university’s academic council will also consist of
the period from January 30, 2020, to July 29, 2020 sportspersons.
(both days inclusive).  The legislation empowers the university to set up
Madhya Pradesh’s Kadaknath chicken gets outlying campuses throughout the country and also
abroad. The university and its outlying campuses aims
Geographical Indication tag to impart training to athletes, sports officials, referees,
 The famous Kadaknath chicken meat from Jhabua and umpires and evolve as centres of excellence.
district of Madhya Pradesh has now got a  The government has signed an agreement with
Geographical Indication (GI) tag. University of Canberra and Victoria University for
 The tag denotes that the product comes from a development of curriculum, research facilities and
particular geographical area, and often enhances its laboratories.
commercial value.  The government had increased stipend and food
 The Gramin Vikas Trust of Krishak Bharati allowances of sportspersons by 100 per cent, and
Cooperative (KRIBHCO) had sought GI tag for the salary of the staff has also been raised.
protein-rich and black coloured meat of Kadaknath
variety of chicken, which is mainly reared in Jhabua. Centre withdraws social media hub policy
 Geographical Indications Registry is responsible for  The Centre told the Supreme Court it will undertake a
the administration of laws relating to Geographical complete review of its social media policy and has
Indication of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, withdrawn its notification proposing a social media
1999. hub, which some alleged could become a tool to
 HQ- Chennai monitor online activity of citizens.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 The Bench was hearing a petition filed by Trinamool Madras, and T hub who will work in tandem to
Congress MLA Mahua Moitra alleging that the provide solutions for defence requirements in
Centre’s social media hub policy was to be used as a Airforce, Navy and for Army.
tool to monitor social media activities of citizens and  Raksha Mantri launched SPARK - Support for
sought the quashing of the same. Prototype and Research Kickstart in defence ,
 The Social Media Communication Hub is a proposed framework for Idex partners, and promotion of start-
project which seeks to monitor social media platforms ups under Make II procedure.
and analyse the data to provide feedback to the  The launch of challenges will provide filip to the
government. innovation potential in the country, partnering with the
 The initiative is being implemented by the Ministry of best minds nationally and internationally.
Information and Broadcasting.  Under the SPARK the ministry has invited
Paryatan Parv organized across the applications from start up, individual innovators, who
fulfill the criteria listed on the website. They will be
country to promote “Tourism for All” provided grants upto 1.5 crores under the framework.
 The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, in Government approves 122 research
collaboration with other Central Ministries, State
Governments and stakeholders organized “Paryatan projects under ‘IMPRINT-2’ scheme
Parv” across the country, from the 5th to 25th
October 2017.
 The event was organized with the objective of
drawing focus on the benefits of tourism, showcasing
the cultural diversity of the country and reinforcing
the principle of “Tourism for All”..
 The major activities organized during Paryatan Parv
included Cultural Programmes; Sensitisation &
Awareness Programmes; Competitions (essay, quiz,
painting & drawing, photography, video, poster, etc.);
 The Union Government has approved 122 new
Tourism/Heritage Walks/Runs; Cycle Rallies; Nukkad
Natak; Yoga Sessions; Exhibitions (tourism, research project proposals worth Rs 112 crore for
funding under its Impacting Research Innovation and
handicrafts, handlooms); Food Festivals; Workshops
Technology ‘IMPRINT-2’ scheme.
and Seminars etc.
 The proposals were approved on August 4, 2018 at the
Defence India Startup Challenge launched IMPRINT 2 Apex Committee meeting held in New
by Defence minister Delhi. The initiative aims to advance research in
 The India Startup challenge was launched with a energy, healthcare, security and defence domains in
vision to build an ecosystem of innovation and the high education institutions.
entrepreneurship in defence sector and make India Key Highlights
self-reliant for meeting defence requirements.  Among 2145 proposals, 122 best proposals were
 The highlight of the event was launch of 11 challenges selected for funding under IMPRINT-2. Of the
by MoD now thrown open to provide solutions by the selected 122 new projects, 81 are sponsored by the
start up ecosystem. industry.
 Taking forward the IDEX scheme ( Innovation for  The selected proposals include 35 (ICT),18
defence excellence ) launched earlier by the Prime (Advanced Materials), 17 (Healthcare Technology),
Minister in April this year the ministry of defence 12 (Energy Security), 11 (Security &Defence), 9
launched package of policy and framework for the (Sustainable Habitat), 7 Water Resource & River
incubators and partners to empower India and give a Systems, 5 (Environment & Climate), 4
thrust to indigenisation in defence sector. (Manufacturing) and 4 (Nano Technology).
 The 11 challenges thrown open to the prospective  The implementation of 142 projects under IMPRINT-
startups include individual protection system with 1 has got underway. These projects have received
built-in sensors, see-through armour, carbon fibre support from several ministries, councils and
winding, active protection system, secure hardware departments in addition to the Ministry of Human
based offline encrypt or device for graded security and Resource Development.
development of 4G/LTE based tactical local area  The knowledge portal for monitoring the progress of
network, among others. these research projects and to disseminate findings
 Recognising the first set of incubators for these will be launched in October 2018.
challenges the ministry has also signed an MoU with 5  The Central Government has sanctioned a sum of Rs.
incubators. IIM Ahmedabad, IIT Mumbai, Forge IIT 1000 crore for the IMPRINT-II India programme.

28 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 Under the IMPRINT-II, a fund is being created by the which is expected as this is the global trend. However,
Department of Science and Technology and Ministry this is not the case with under-five mortality,
of Human Resource Development together. indicating gender discrimination.
About Imprint: 7. The state-level mortality rate does not reflect the inter-
 Impacting Research Innovation and Technology district variation in neonatal or under-five mortality
(IMPRINT) India IMPRINT India Programme is joint rates.While some districts of a particular state may
initiative of Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) and already have achieved the Sustainable Development
and Indian Institute of Science (IISc). It seeks to Goal 3 (SDG3) target 15 years in advance, some
develop road map for research to solve major districts will not achieve this even by the 2030 target
engineering and technology challenges in 10 time. Mortality rates vary enormously across the
technology domains relevant for country. districts.
 These domains include health care, information and 8. Almost all districts in the most populous states of
communication technology, energy, sustainable Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and
habitat, nano‐technology hardware, water resources Chhattisgarh will fail to achieve the SDG3 goal on
and river systems, advanced materials, manufacturing, neonatal mortality. In Uttar Pradesh, the research
security and defence, and environment and climate. showed that not a single district would meet the target
These domains are distributed among IITs Kharagpur, for under-five mortality.
Kanpur, Bomaby, Rookree, Madras and IISC, Yoga classes now a must in all Karnataka
Bengaluru. colleges, universities
India’s performance on Sustainable Starting this academic year, it will be mandatory for
Development Goal-3 on Child mortality all colleges and universities across the Karnataka state to
 Study was conducted by Jayanta Bora and Nandita ensure that yoga is taught in their institutions. This will
Saikia from Austria-based non-profit International apply to private colleges too.
Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.It is the first to A committee has been formed to oversee the
evaluate neonatal and under-five mortality at a district modalities of implementing the initiative.
level in India, as well as a state level. Death Penalty for Rape of Girls Below 12
 Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG3), all Years: The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill,
countries should aim to reduce neonatal mortality 2018
to 12 deaths per 1,000 live births per year, and The Criminal Law(Amendment) Bill, 2018 has been
under-five mortality to a maximum of 25. passed by the Lok Sabha on 30.07.2018 and by the Rajya
 Researchers used data from the National Family
Sabha on 06.08.2018.
Health Survey, a survey of the full birth history of
women aged 15-49, carried out most recently in 2015-
16, and used the data from the previous round
conducted in 2005-06 to model future trends.
Key Points:
1. India still has the world’s highest number of deaths
among children under five and newborns, around 1.1
million per year.
2. The number of neonatal deaths remains around 2.4
times higher than the target
3. various measures employed in India have cut the
number of deaths of under-fives by around half in in
the past 23 years, from 109 deaths per 1,000 live
births in 1990 to around 50 in 2013, but this is still
double the target.
4. The number of neonatal deaths remains around 2.4
times higher than the target, at around 29 deaths per
1,000 live births.
5. The researchers found that just nine per cent of
districts in India overall have so far reached the SDG3
targets for neonatal mortality, with 14 per cent
reaching the targets for under-five mortality.
6. There is also some variation between genders. The
female neonatal mortality rate is below that of males,

29 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Highlights of the Bill:  However, citizens of Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and
 The Bill amends the IPC, 1860 to increase the foreign nationals having their origin in these countries would
minimum punishment for rape of women from seven years continue to require RAP to visit the Union Territory.
to ten years. Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve
 Rape and gang rape of girls below the age of 12 years will enters UNESCO list
carry minimum imprisonment of twenty years and is The Khangchendzonga (Kanchanjunga) Biosphere Reserve
extendable to life imprisonment or death. (KBR) of Sikkim, the highest biosphere reserve in the country
 Rape of girls below the age of 16 years is punishable with that includes the third highest mountain peak in the world,
imprisonment of twenty years or life imprisonment. Kanchenjunga (8,586 m), has been included in the UNESCO’s
Key Issues and Analysis: World Network of Biosphere Reserve (WHBR).
 The Bill amends the IPC, 1860 to increase the The decision was taken at the International Coordinating
punishment for rape of girls. However, punishment Council of Man and Biosphere Reserve Programme, UNESCO,
for rape of boys has remained unchanged. This has in its 30th Session held at Palembang, Indonesia.
resulted in greater difference in the quantum of The last biosphere reserve to be included was the
punishment for rape of minor boys and girls. Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve in Kerala in 2016. The Nilgiri
 The Bill imposes death penalty for rape of girls below Biosphere Reserve was the first reserve from the country to be
the age of 12 years. There are differing views on included in the WNBR. India has 18 biospheres reserves, of
death penalty for rape. Some argue that death penalty which 11 have been included in the WNBR.
has a deterrence effect on the crime and therefore Man and the Biosphere Programme
helps prevent it. Others argue that death penalty Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an
would be disproportionate punishment for rape. intergovernmental scientific programme, launched in 1971 by
Uttarakhand to issue ID cards to UNESCO, that aims to establish a scientific basis for the
gaurakshaks, call them ‘cow guardians’ improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
Uttarakhand will soon become the first state to issue The MAB programme provides a unique platform for
identity cards to gau rakshaks (protectors of cows) who cooperation on research and development, capacity-building and
will now be known as gau sanrakshaks (guardians of networking to share information, knowledge and experience on
cows). three interlinked issues: biodiversity loss, climate change and
The initiative has been taken to distinguish genuine sustainable development. It contributes not only to better
gau rakshaks from fake ones who resort to violence in the understanding of the environment, but also promotes greater
name of cow protection. involvement of science and scientists in policy development
Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana was concerning the wise use of biological diversity.
World Network of Biosphere Reserves
launched in Bihar
 The UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves
 Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar launched
(WNBR) covers internationally designated protected areas,
‘Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana’, a scheme for
each known as biosphere reserves, that are meant to
the girl child. The scheme will provide Rs.54,100 for a
demonstrate a balanced relationship between people and nature.
girl child from her birth until she graduates.
 Myanmar had its first biosphere reserve inscribed in 2015.
 Over 3.12 lakh girls will be covered under the scheme
 World Network of Biosphere Reserves currently counts 686
this year in the state.
sites in 122 countries all over the world, including 20
 The scheme, which will cover a girl child's life from
transboundary sites.
her birth to clearing graduation.
 And the ‘scheme will be run by three departments Biosphere reserves in India:
namely education, health and social welfare.  The Indian government has established 18 biosphere
 The Chief Minister also said that the amount under the reserves in India, (categories roughly corresponding to
‘Bicycle Yojna’ will be increased from Rs.2500 to IUCN Category V Protected areas).
Rs.3000.  It protect larger areas of natural habitat (than a National Park or
Animal Sanctuary), and often include one or more National Parks
Islands of Andamans Opened to foreigners. or preserves, along with buffer zones that are open to some
 Foreigners no longer need a Restricted Areas Permit economic uses.
to visit 29 inhabited islands in the Andaman and  Protection is granted not only to the flora and fauna of the
Nicobar chain. The Union Home Ministry decided to protected region, but also to the human communities who
lift restrictions as the government intends to boost inhabit these regions, and their ways of life. Animals are
tourism. protected and saved here.
 The 29 inhabited islands have been excluded from the  India has 18 biospheres reserves, of which 11 have been
restricted area permit (RAP) notified under the included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Foreigners (Restricted Areas) Order, 1963, till (WBNR), based on the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere
December 31, 2022, subject to certain conditions. (MAB) Programme list.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Biosphere reserves of India (area wise)
Area
Year Name State Key fauna
(km2)
Tamil Nadu,
Nilgiri Biosphere
1 1986 Kerala Nilgiri tahr, lion-tailed macaque 5520
Reserve
and Karnataka
Nanda Devi National
2 1988 Park & Biosphere Uttarakhand Snow Leopard, Himalayan Black Bear 5860
Reserve
3 1989 Gulf of Mannar Tamil Nadu Dugong 10500
4 1988 Nokrek Meghalaya Red panda 47.48 km
5 1989 Sundarbans West Bengal Royal Bengal tiger 9630
Asiatic Elephant, Tiger, Assam roofed turtle, hispid
6 1989 Manas Assam 2837
hare, Golden Langur, pygmy hog
7 1994 Simlipal Odisha Gaur, royal Bengal tiger, Asian elephant 4374
Arunachal
8 1998 Dihang-Dibang Mishmi Takin, Musk Deer 5112
Pradesh
Pachmarhi Biosphere
9 1999 Madhya Pradesh Giant squirrel, flying squirrel 4981.72
Reserve
Achanakmar- Four-horned antelope, Indian wild dog, Sarus
Madhya Pradesh,
10 2005 Amarkantak Biosphere crane, White-rumped vulture, Philautus (Sacred 3835
Chhattisgarh
Reserve grove bush frog)
11 2008 Great Rann of Kutch Gujarat Indian wild ass 12454
Himachal
12 2009 Cold Desert Snow leopard 7770
Pradesh
13 2000 Khangchendzonga Sikkim Snow leopard, red panda 2620
Agasthyamalai Kerala, Tamil
14 2001 Nilgiri tahr, elephants 3500.08
Biosphere Reserve Nadu
Andaman and
15 1989 Great Nicobar Saltwater crocodile 885
Nicobar Islands
white-winged wood duck, water buffalo, black-
16 1997 Dibru-Saikhowa Assam 765
breasted parrotbill, tiger, capped langur
17 2010 Seshachalam Hills Andhra Pradesh Slender Loris 4755
18 2011 Panna Madhya Pradesh Tiger, chital, chinkara, sambhar and sloth bear 2998.98
11 Biosphere Reserves which are included in the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WBNR)

Name States Year


Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka 2000
Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve Tamil Nadu 2001
Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve West Bengal 2001
Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve Uttarakhand 2004
Nokrek Biosphere Reserve Meghalaya 2009
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve Madhya Pradesh 2009

31 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Name States Year
Simlipal Biosphere Reserve Odisha 2009
Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve Great Nicobar 2013
Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh 2012
Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve Kerala and Tamil Nadu 2016
Khangchendzonga National Park Sikkim 2018

Govt. to set up 25,000 MW solar project in  Overseas Indians, who are entitled to vote in India, could
now appoint a proxy voter to cast their votes.
Ladakh
 As of now, overseas Indians were free to cast their votes in
India will soon call bids to set up a 25,000 mega watt the constituencies where they were registered. The Bill
(MW) solar power project in the Ladakh region of J & K seeks to give them the option of proxy voting, which till now
as part of efforts to make the economy greener. was only available to service personnel.
Power from the project will be delivered to Una in  According to estimates of the Ministry of External Affairs,
Himachal Pradesh. there are about 31 million NRIs living in different countries
World’s first thermal battery plant to be across the world.
unveiled in Andhra Pradesh Government, NABARD and NWDA Sign
 The world’s first-ever facility to create thermal batteries was Revised MoA For Funding Of Projects
inaugurated in Andhra Pradesh. Under PMKSY
 The thermal battery facility, to be owned by Bharat Energy  The Union Ministry of Water Resources, the NABARD and
Storage Technology Private Limited (BEST). the National Water Development Agency (NWDA) on
 These batteries are based on alternative sources of energy August 6, 2018 signed a revised Memorandum of
production, and their presence is expected to reduce the Agreement (MoA) for funding of central share of 99
dependence on fossil fuels. prioritised irrigation projects under Pradhan Mantri Krishi
 Thermal batteries,use thermal energy to operate, i.e., the Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY).
energy created by temperature differences. Therefore, the  The funding will be done through the Long Term Irrigation
energy transfer in thermal batteries helps store heat when Fund (LTIF).
heat travels from one part of the battery setup to the other.  Under PMKSY, 99 ongoing irrigation projects were identified
For that to happen, a thermal battery consists of two parts: a for completion in mission mode by December 2019.
cool zone known as sink, and a hot source called source.  The total requirement of funds for completion of these
Both these sides consist of compounds known as phase- projects was estimated at Rs 77,595 crore (Rs 48,546 crore
changing materials (PCMs), which can change their state of for project works and Rs 29,049 crore for Command Area
matter on the basis of a physical/chemical reaction. Development works) with Central Assistance of Rs 31,342
crore.
Magic rice’ from Assam gets the GI tag  The Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana was launched
Boka saul — an indigenous variety of rice produced by the Union Cabinet in July 2015 with an outlay of Rs
exclusively in lower regions of Assam — is the latest 50000 crore with implementation period of over five-year till
product from Assam to get the Geographical Indications April 2020.
tag, commonly called the GI tag. First sown by June end, Nod for three changes to triple talaq Bill-
this special variety of Assamese rice is often referred to as Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on
‘magic rice’.
Marriage) Bill
It is called ‘Magoic Rice’ because Well, it requires no
 The Union Cabinet on Thursday approved three crucial
cooking, unlike every other variety of rice. Yes! Magic
amendments to the triple talaq Bill:
rice is a one-of-its-kind ‘zero fuel’ variety of rice.
 police would lodge FIR only if approached by the
Lok Sabha passes NRI proxy voting Bill victim (wife), her blood relations or people who
 The Lok Sabha passed the Representation of become her relatives by virtue of her marriage.
People(Amendment Bill), which seeks to amend the  Allows a magistrate to grant bail to the accused is
provisions of Representation of People Act 1950 and also welcome for mitigating the stridency of the
Representation of People Act 1951. original legislation — it had made triple talaq a
 The Amendment Bill seeks to enable Non-Resident completely non-bailable offence. Under a non-
Indians to cast votes through their proxies in the bailable law, bail cannot be granted by police at
constituency. the police station itself.

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 Makes the offence of instant triple talaq Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) , Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha
"compoundable". Now, a magistrate can use his Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education, from the year 2018-19.
powers to settle the dispute between a husband
Under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Samagra
and his wife. Under a compoundable offence, both
Shiksha, Information & Communication Technology (ICT)
parties have the liberty of withdrawing the case.
component envisages covering all Government and Government
 Giving instant triple talaq will continue to be illegal and void
Aided schools from classes VI to XII, subject to the availability of
and will attract a jail term of three years for the husband.
budgetary provision.
 The proposed law would only be applicable on instant triple
talaq or 'talaq-e-biddat' and it would give power to the victim So far, about 88994 secondary & senior secondary schools
to approach a magistrate seeking "subsistence allowance" (both government and government aided schools) were approved
for herself and minor children. under the ICT component of erstwhile RMSA and about 92,886
 A woman can also seek the custody of her minor children upper primary schools have been approved to be covered under
from the magistrate who will take a final call on the issue. Computer Aided Learning (CAL) component of erstwhile SSA.
Further, the government has undertaken various initiatives for
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan 2.0 successfully launched with the
providing education through digital means such as:
vision of transformational change in rural development processes
 ICT in Education Curriculum for School System - ICT
 The Government has successfully launched Unnat Bharat
curriculum for teachers and students has been developed
Abhiyan 2.0. The UBA 2.0 was officially launched on 25th
by NCERT. Students’ curriculum was piloted in 588
April, 2018 in AICTE, Vasantkunj.
Navodaya Vidyalayas for one year. 805 MRPs/ KRPs of
 Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is a flagship programme of the
thirty states were oriented on roll-out of ICT curriculum for
Ministry of HRD, it aims to link the Higher Education
students and teachers in the respective states.
Institutions with set of atleast (5) villages, so that these
 e-pathshala – e-pathshala has been developed by NCERT
institutions can contribute to the economic and social
(National Council for Educational Research and Training) for
betterment of these village communities usingtheir
showcasing and disseminating all educational e-resources
knowledge base. It is a significant initiative where all Higher
including textbooks, audio, video, periodicals and a variety
Learning Institutes have been involved for participation in
of other print and non-print materials. So far, 3311 audios
development activities, particularly in rural areas.
and videos, 650 e-books (e-pubs) and 504 flip books have
 Unnat Bharat Abhiyan is inspired by the vision of
been made available on the portal and mobile app.
transformational change in rural development processes by
 SWAYAM: A Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs)
leveraging knowledge institutions to help build the
platform popularly known as SWAYAM (Study Webs of
architecture of an Inclusive India. It also aims to create a
Active learning for Young Aspiring Minds) has been
virtuous cycle between the society and an inclusive
launched for classes IX-XII.
university system, with the latter providing knowledge base;
 SWAYAM PRABHA:A programme for utilization of satellite
practices for emerging livelihoods and to upgrade the
communication technologies for transmission of educational
capabilities of both the public and private sectors.
e-contents through 32 National Channels i.e. SWAYAM
 Objective of the scheme are (i) To engage the faculty and
PRABHA DTH-TV has been launched. CIET-NCERT is the
students of Higher Educational Institutions in understanding
national coordinator for one DTH TV channel i.e., Kishore
rural realities; (ii) Identify and select existing innovative
Manch (#31) and has started feeding a 24x7 educational TV
technologies, enable customization of technologies, or
channel w.e.f. 09.07.2018. Everyday four hour fresh slot is
devise implementation methods for innovative solutions, as
telecast and repeated six times in 24 hours to provide
required by people; and (iii) To allow Higher Educational
learning opportunities for the stake holders.
Institutions to contribute to devising systems for smooth
 CBSE initiatives:SARANSH is a tool for comprehensive
implementation of various Government Programs.
self review and analysis for CBSE affiliated schools and
 Currently 748 Institutions are participating under the
parents. It enables them to analyse students’ performance..
scheme. In the phase -2 of the scheme 605 institutions are
 Operation Digital Board:An initiative has been taken by
selected. Out of these 313 are Technical Institutions and
Government of India to provide interactive digital boards to
292 are Non-Technical Institutions. Also, the number of
nearly 15 lakh classrooms across the country for 9th
institutions which took part in phase-1 are 143.
standard to post graduate level, where they can receive
 This information was given by the Minister of State (HRD),
lectures from best teachers/professors and access quality e-
Dr. Satya Pal Singh today in a written reply to a Lok Sabha
content, in order to enhance overall learning process and
question.
experience of the students.
Samagra Shiksha  The Committee to Draft National Education Policy
constituted under Dr. K. Kasturirangan to prepare the Draft
The Central Government has launched an Integrated National Education Policy is due to submit its report by
Scheme for school education- Samagra Shiksha, which 31.08.2018.
subsumes the three erstwhile Centrally Sponsored Schemes of

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest

5. PERSONS IN NEWS
U.S. teacher swam across Atlantic Ocean passed away in AIIMS, New Delhi at 93 years.
Sets record for west-to-east crossing: Vajpayee was cremated with full state honours at
Rashtriya Smriti Sthal near Raj Ghat.
Bryce Carlson a high school science teacher in USA
 Vajpayee was referred to as the Bhishma Pitamah of
swam solo across the Atlantic Ocean, setting a record for a
Indian politics by former Prime Minister Manmohan
west-to-east crossing.
Singh during a speech in the Rajya Sabha.
He crossed it from St. John’s, Newfoundland(Canada)
 He served three terms as the Prime Minister of India:
to St. Mary’s in the Isles of Scilly, (UK) in 38 days, six
hours and 49 minutes .  first for a term of 13 days in 1996,
 second for a period of 13 months from 1998 to
Escorts group chairman Rajan Nanda died
1999, and
Escorts Group chairman Rajan Nanda,76, passed away
 finally, for a full term from 1999 to 2004.
on Sunday after a brief illness, the company said in a
 He was the first Indian prime minister who was not a
statement on Monday. Mr. Nanda joined Escorts in 1965 at
member of the Indian National Congress party to have
the age of 23, and in 1994, he took over as the chairman of
served a full five-year term in office.
Escorts Group. He was an active member of several apex
 He was a member of the Indian Parliament for over
trade and industry bodies.
four decades, having been elected to the Lok Sabha,
Escorts is a leading manufacturer of tractors and
the lower house, ten times, and twice to the Rajya
construction equipment. It also caters to the Railways with
Sabha, the upper house.
its various products.
 He served as the Member of Parliament for Lucknow,
Somnath Chatterjee passes away at 89 Uttar Pradesh until 2009 when he retired from active
 Former Lok Sabha Speaker Somnath Chatterjee politics due to health concerns.
passed away on 13 aug 2018 at a private hospital in  Vajpayee was among the founding members of the
Kolkata . erstwhile Bharatiya Jana Sangh which he also headed
 He was 89. He is survived by his wife, son and two from 1968 to 1972. He was the Minister of External
daughters. Affairs in the cabinet of Prime Minister Morarji Desai.
 Somnath Chatterjee (25 July 1929 – 13 August 2018)  As foreign minister, Vajpayee became the first person
was an Indian politician who was associated with the in 1977 to deliver a speech to the United Nations
Communist Party of India (Marxist) for most of his General Assembly in Hindi.
life. He hails from West Bengal.  Vajpayee remained a bachelor his entire life because
 He was the 13th Speaker of the 14th Lok Sabha from he preferred nation serving over married life. He
2004 to 2009. adopted and raised as his own child Namita
 His Auto biography:- Keeping The Faith : Memoirs Bhattacharya, the daughter of longtime friend
Of A Parliamentarian Rajkumari Kaul and BN Kaul. His adopted family
Film Actor Akshay Kumar Becomes Brand lived with him.
Ambassador for Road Safety Campaigns  Imp events under his prime ministership
 Bollywood actor Akshay Kumar launched a road  Pokhran-II nuclear tests in 1998
safety awareness campaign by releasing a series of  Lahore summit- In February 1999 Vajpayee
videos in New Delhi. Akshay Kumar is also the brand sought to improve diplomatic relations with
ambassador of Indian government’s road safety Pakistan, travelling to Lahore by bus to meet with
campaign. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and iissued Lahore
 Union Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin declaration.
Gadkari launched 3 short films for generating public  Launched the National Highway Development
awareness towards road safety. Film actor Shri Project in 1998, with the first phase being the
Akshay Kumar has featured in these films, which are Golden Quadrilateral connecting the four major
directed by Shri R.Balki. cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata
 India has the world’s deadliest roads, with almost through road of total length 5,846 km.
150,000 people killed in accidents in 2015, the latest  NHDP represents 49,260 km of roads and
government data shows. highways work and construction
Former PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee passes  The government has planned to end the NHDP
away program in early 2018 and consume the ongoing
 Former Prime minister & BJP stalwart Atal Bihari projects under a larger Bharatmala project
Vajpayee (25 December 1924 – 16 August 2018) (83,677 km).

34 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 The New Telecom Policy started the telecom revolution in Eminent Bengali author Ramapada
India by replacing fixed license fees for telecom firms with a Chowdhury passes away at 95
revenue-sharing arrangement and Bharat Sanchar Nigam
 Acclaimed Bengali writer Ramapada Chowdhury died
Ltd was born in 1 oct 2000( present CMD: Anupam Shrivastava) at a city hospital in Kolkata.He was 95 and has left
 Launch of Pravasi Bharatiya Divas in 2003 behind his wife and two daughters.
 Kargil War 1999
 He was an Indian novelist and short story writer who
 Indian Airlines hijack in December 1999- Indian Airlines
wrote in Bengali. For his novel Bari Badle Jay, he
flight IC 814 from Kathmandu to New Delhi was hijacked by
received the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1988.
five terrorists and flown to Taliban-ruled
 He became famous for his story of Abhimanyu was
Afghanistan.Notorious terrorist Masood Azhar was released
made into a Hindi movie Ek doctor ki maut.
in exchange of passengers.  Chowdhury started writing during the Second World
 2001 attack on Parliament War. He was associated with Anandabazar Patrika for
 After the 11 September 2001 attacks, India provided much
many years, and edited its Sunday supplement.
strategic assistance to the U.S. in its war against the Taliban
and Al-Qaeda. Some of his works:
 2002 Godra Riots in Gujarat  Pratham Prahar (1954)
 Dwiper Nam Tia rang
Awards:
 Banpalashir Padabali (1960)
 1992, Padma Vibhushan  Je Jekhane Danriye
 1993, D. Lit. from Kanpur University  Ekhoni (1969)
 1994, Lokmanya Tilak Award  Kharij
 1994, Outstanding Parliamentarian Award
Films based on Ramapada Chowdhury's
 1994, Bharat Ratna Pandit Govind Vallabh Pant Award
 2015, Bharat Ratna works:
 2015, Bangladesh Liberation War honour (Bangladesh  Ek Doctor Ki Maut (1992), directed by Tapan Sinha
Muktijuddho Sanmanona) (based on Abhimanyu)
 Dwiper Nam Tiarang (1963), directed by Gurudas
As a Poet:
Bagchi
He was a noted poet, writing in Hindi.  Ekhoni (1970), directed by Tapan Sinha
Vajpayee authored several works of both prose and
Awards and Honours:
poetry. Some of his major publications are listed below. In
 Sahitya Akademi Award 1988
addition to these, various collections were made of his
 Rabindra Puraskar 1971
speeches, articles, and slogans.
 Ananda Puraskar 1963
Prose:  Rabindranath Tagore Memorial International Prize
 National Integration (1961) 2011
 New Dimensions of India's Foreign Policy (1979) Paytm shifts payments bank CEO Renu
 Gathbandhan Ki Rajneeti
Satti to new COO role
 Kucha Lekha, Kucha Bhashana (1996)
 Bindu-Bindu Vicara (1997) Renu Satti, an old hand and CEO of Paytm Payments
 Decisive Days (1999) Bank resignes and now will be the new chief operating
officer (COO) of ‘New Retail’ which essentially will help
 Sankalp-Kaal (1999)
consumers discover groceries, pharmacies and shops for
 Vicara-Bindu (Hindi Edition, 2000)
instant deliveries.
 India's Perspectives on ASEAN and the Asia-Pacific Region
(2003) Now Paytm is a headless organisation without new
 Na Dainyam Na Palayanam CEO.
 Nayi Chunouti : Naya Avasar Nestle’s Chandrasekar Radhakrishnan
Poetry: Joins Coca-Cola India As Vice President
 Kaidi Kaviraj Ki Kundalian Chandrasekar Radhakrishnan has been appointed to
 Amar Aag Hai (1994) the position of Vice President - Strategy & Insights, Coca-
 Meri Ikyavana Kavitaem (1995) Some of these poems were Cola India & South West Asia.
set to music by Jagjit Singh for his album Samvedna. Israeli peace activist Uri Avnery dead
 Kya Khoya Kya Paya: Atal Bihari Vajapeyi, Vyaktitva Aur  Uri Avnery, a left-wing peace activist who in 1982
Kavitaem (1999) became the first prominent Israeli to meet in public
 Values, Vision & Verses of Vajpayee: India's Man of Destiny with Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, died in a Tel
(2001) Aviv hospital. He was 94.
 Twenty-One Poems (2003)  He was an Israeli writer, politician, and founder of the
 Chuni Hui Kavitayein (2012) Gush peace movement(to end wars and violence).

35 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
 Avnery sat for two terms in the Knesset(Israel Parliament)  Ajay Data will take up the position at ICANN’s 63rd Annual
from 1965 to 1974 and from 1979 to 1981. He was also the General Meeting in Barcelona, Spain, in October. He will be
owner of the news magazine HaOlam HaZeh from 1950 representing India at a global level. He will be the custodian
until it closed in 1993. of Asia, Australia and Pacific Islands as a member of
 He was famous for crossing the lines during the Siege of ccNSO.
Beirut to meet Yassir Arafat on 3 July 1982, the first time the ICANN:
Palestinian leader ever met with an Israeli.  The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and
 Avnery was the author of several books about the Israeli– Numbers(ICANN) is a nonprofit organization
Palestinian conflict, including responsible for coordinating the maintenance and
 1948: A Soldier's Tale, the Bloody Road to procedures of several databases related to the
Jerusalem namespaces and numerical spaces of the Internet,
 Israel's Vicious Circle ensuring the network's stable and secure operation.
 My Friend, the Enemy  Founded in 1989
 In the Fields of Philistia  Purpose: Manage Internet Protocol numbers and
Changes in Governors: Domain Name System root
 HQ: Los Angeles, California, US
The President is pleased to make the following  CEO and President: Göran Marby
appointment/changes:
Veteran Journalist Kuldip Nayar passes
1. Shri Lal Ji Tandon as the Governor of Bihar.
away
2. Shri Satyadev Narayan Arya as the Governor of Haryana.
3. Smt. Baby Rani Maurya as the Governor of Uttarakhand.  Veteran Journalist Kuldip Nayar passed away at a Delhi
4. Shri Satya Pal Malik, Governor of Bihar is transferred and hospital at the age of 95 years. The veteran journalist had
appointed as Governor of Jammu & Kashmir. started his career with an Urdu newspaper. During his long
5. Shri Ganga Prasad, Governor of Meghalaya is transferred career as a journalist, he had worked with various media
and appointed as Governor of Sikkim. organisations like Deccan Herald, The Daily Star, The
6. Shri Tathagata Roy, Governor of Tripura is transferred and Sunday Guardian, The News, The Statesman, Prabha,
appointed as Governor of Meghalaya. Sakshi and many more.
7. Shri Kaptan Singh Solanki, Governor of Haryana is  Kuldip Nayar born in Aug 14,1923 was a veteran Indian
journalist, syndicated columnist, human right activist, author
transferred and appointed as Governor of Tripura.
and ex-High commissioner of India to United kingdom noted
Indra Nooyi to step down as PepsiCo CEO for his long career as a left-wing political commentator. He
 Indra Krishnamurthy Nooyi will step down as the CEO of was also nominated as a Member of the Upper House of the
PepsiCo after 12 years in the position, the company Indian Parliament in 1997.
announced on Monday. Taking over the reins of the global  He also authored 15 books
giant in 2006, Ms. Nooyi steered the company through the  Beyond the Lines,
2008 financial crisis and was in the spotlight as one of the  Distant Neighbours: A Tale of the Subcontinent,
most powerful women in the world.  India after Nehru
 Ramon Laguarta-54yrs will succeed Ms. Nooyi as CEO on  India House
October 3. Ms. Nooyi will remain Chairman until early 2019  Without Fear: The Life and Trial of Bhagat Singh
to ensure a smooth and seamless transition.  In Jail
 Ms. Nooyi, 62, grew up in Chennai, where she studied at the  The Judgment:Inside story of the emergency in
Madras Christian College. She went to the Indian Institute of India etc.
Management, Kolkata, before leaving for the U.S. in 1980
for a second master’s degree at the Yale School of Govt. appoints Swaminathan Gurumurthy,
Management. Satish Marathe as part-time directors of
 In India, she played cricket and was lead guitarist in an all- RBI
girl rock band. Central government on Tuesday said Satish Kashinath
Ajay Data elected ICANN ccNSO council Marathe and Swaminathan Gurumurthy have been
member appointed as part-time, non-official directors on the central
board of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
 Ajay Data, Founder and CEO of Data XGen Plus, has Both appointments are for a four-year term.
become the first Indian to be appointed a member of the With the two appointments, RBI’s board now has 10
Country Code Names Supporting Organisation (ccNSO). government-appointed members.
 The ccNSO of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names
and Numbers (ICANN) is a policy-development body for Central Board of Directors of RBI:
global issues regarding country code top-level domains  The Central Board of Directors is at the top of the
(ccTLD) within the ICANN structure. Reserve Bank’s organizational structure and the

36 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
affairs of the RBI are governed by it. Important  The list of “100 women who changed the world” compiled by
decisions of the RBI are taken by the Central Board as the BBC History magazine asked its readers to help decide.
it is the apex authority of the RBI.  Top 5 from the BBC History Magazine's '100 Women Who
 The CBD members are appointed by the Central Changed The World':
Government. Section 8 of the RBI Act 1934 instructs 1. Marie Curie,
about the composition of the Central Board. Members 2. Rosa Parks,
of the Board are appointed for a period of four years. 3. Emmeline Pankhurst,
 The Central Board has the primary authority and 4. Ada Lovelace,
responsibility for the oversight of the Reserve Bank. 5. Rosalind Franklin
General superintendence and direction of the Bank’s  Mother Teresa 20thrank .
affairs is the core function of the CBD. It delegates Harivansh Narayan Singh elected as Rajya
specific functions to the Local Boards and various Sabha Deputy Chairman
committees. The other wings of the RBI like Board for He is MP of Rajyasabha from Bihar.
Financial Supervision and other technical committees
derive their power from the CBD. Indian-American Avi Goel Wins
 Members International Geography Bee World
 Official Directors: The governor and four Championship
deputy governors are automatically members Indian-American high school student Avi Goel has won the
of the CBD and they are known as the world championship at the International Geography Bee’s junior
official directors. varsity division which was held in Berlin, Germany.
 Non-official Directors: Besides the official 14-year old Avi is a tenth grader at Silver Creek High
directors, the RBI Act empowers the School in Evergreen, San Jose, California.
government to nominate non-official Scott Morrison is new Australian Prime
directors comprised of: Minister
 10 Directors from various fields and
 Scott Morrison has become Australia's new prime minister
Two Government Officials
after emerging victorious in a leadership contest for the
 4 Directors – one each from four
Liberal Party following a political coup against Malcolm
local boards
Turnbull, ending days of political chaos in the country.
Amit Sahai Topped IQ World Competition  Mr. Morrison, 50, who has been serving as the country's
 A 43-year-old Amit Sahai from Kolkata has topped the IQ treasurer, defeated former Home Affairs Minister, Peter
world competition of IQ World LLC (IQ World) and cracked Dutton by 45 votes to 40 at the closed- door leadership vote.
the number one position.  Mr. Morrison is the sixth prime minister of Australia in just
 He is a senior IT and sales professional has joined the over past ten years.
coveted list and attained the numero uno position by getting  The Governor-General, Peter Cosgrove, sworn-in Morrison
an IQ of 148. He shares the spot with two others, both as the 30th prime minister of Australia.
Americans. Former U.N. chief and Nobel peace
 He is a member of the International High IQ Society.
laureate Kofi Annan passes away
 IQ World LLC (IQ World) is a leading intelligence
measurement test development company which  Kofi Annan, from Ghana, died in hospital in Bern,
provides services to individuals, HR and recruiting Switzerland.
companies mainly in the USA. In addition, they  He served as the 7th Secretary-General of the United
also work side by side with partners in most of the Nations, from January 1997 to December 2006.
countries across the world.  Annan and the UN were the co-recipients of the 2001 Nobel
Peace Prize.
 An interesting fact is that their global competitive
 He was the founder and chairman of the Kofi Annan
ranking for high IQ individuals features a mix of
Foundation, as well as chairman of The Elders, an
people from around the world. They have more
international organization founded by Nelson Mandela.
than 1,55,000 registered members from the USA,
 Some of his books were:
India, Canada , Middle east and Europe.
 Interventions: A Life in War and Peace
Marie Curie tops BBC History poll of
 Confronting Anti Semitism
women who changed the world  We the Peoples: A UN for the Twenty-First
 Marie Curie, the pioneering scientist who was the first Century
person to win two Nobel prizes, has topped a poll  Long Walk to Freedom: Autobiography of Nelson
asking which woman has had the most significant Mandela
impact on world history.  The Media and the Rwanda Genocide
 Interventions

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest

6. REPORTS AND INDICES


UN E-Government Index: India Ranks 96th
The 2018 edition was titled as 'Gearing E-Government to Support Transformation towards sustainable and resilient
societies'.
India has jumped 22 places to 96th rank to break into the top 100 of the United Nation’s E-
Government Development Index (EGDI) 2018.
Research surveys carried out across 193 UN Member States
The EGDI is a composite index based on the weighted average of three normalised indices:
1. Telecommunications Infrastructure Index (TII) OF ITU,
2. Human Capital Index (HCI) of UNESCO,
3. Online Service Index (OSI) of United Nations Department of Economic Affairs (UN DESA).
The Top 6 Countries in the list along with the Score are:
S. No. Country Index
1. Denmark 0.9150
2. Australia 0.9053
3. Republic of Korea 0.9010
4. The United Kingdom 0.8999
5. Sweden 0.8882
6. Finland 0.8815

Delhi tops in Investment Potential Index pushing Gujrat down

 Delhi has emerged the most-attractive State for investors, improving its position on the think-tank National Council
for Applied and Economic Research (NCAER)’s 2018 -State Investment Potential Index (N-SIPI).
 Gujarat, previously No 1, slipped two places to the 3rd position.
 N-SIPI, now in the third edition, ranked 21 major States, including Delhi, on various parameters.It was first launched
in 2016.
 N-SIPI was constructed with six pillars that were classified under four broad categories: Factor-driven (land and
labour), efficiency driven (infrastructure), growth-driven (economic climate, political stability and governance), and
perceptions-driven (responses to the survey). Researchers at NCAER contacted 1,049 business enterprises of different
sizes in manufacturing and services sector for the survey.
 In the overall rankings, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Haryana, Maharashtra and Kerala emerged the most attractive
States to do business, while Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, Assam, Jharkhand and Bihar were at the bottom.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest

7. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


AIIMS-led team develops highly sensitive, Launching the two products – Opifol, a combination
portable test for TB meningitis of macro and micro nutrients such as nitrogen,
 A diagnostic test for TB meningitis (the most severe phosphorous, potassium and zinc characterised by rapid
form of TB) with nearly 100% sensitivity and about intake, and YieldOn, a biostimulant with plant and algae
91% specificity has been developed by a multi- extracts that stimulates specific biological activity to spur
institutional team led by Prof. Jaya Sivaswami Tyagi yield.
from the Department of Biotechnology at AIIMS. The two products are particularly designed to increase
 The performance of the diagnostic test was evaluated the yield of paddy and cotton, although they are highly
in 87 cerebrospinal fluid samples obtained from useful for soyabean, maize, wheat and sunflower as well.
paediatric subjects (39 TB meningitis patients and 48 Stating that the products were already released in
controls). The results of the study were published Brazil, France and the U.S.A.
recently in the journal Tuberculosis. Product development managers of Valagro explained
 The currently used diagnostic methods — microscopy that the average productivity of paddy was 40% lesser
and culture of cerebrospinal fluid — suffer from huge compared to China and 20% less worldwide as it was 3.7
limitations in terms of poor sensitivity and long tonnes per hectare in India against 6.9 tonnes in China and
turnaround time of up to eight weeks. 4.6 tonnes worldwide. Similarly, cotton yield was 70%
Tuberculous meningitis: below China and 40% less compared to the world average
 Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious, airborne disease as it was 0.5 tonnes per hectare in India against 1.7 tonnes
that typically affects the lungs. TB is caused by a in China and 0.8 tonnes worldwide.
bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. If the Mars closest to earth in 15 years
infection is not treated quickly, the bacteria can travel
On July 31,2018 Mars was at its closest point to Earth
through the bloodstream to infect other organs and
in 15 years. It will be at a distance of around 57.6 million
tissues.
km from Earth, which is the closest since 2003 when it
Scientists at IIT Madras develop new
came within 55.7 million km of Earth.
biodegradable diaper Mars will come closer to Earth again on August 29,
Scientists from the Department of Chemistry at Indian 2287.
Institute of Technology, Madras have developed a
Facts about Mars:
biodegradable superabsorbent polymer using chitosan (a
kind of sugar extracted from seafood waste), citric acid  Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-
and urea. This superabsorbent has capacity – it can absorb smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
1250 gm of water for each gram of the polymer.  In English, Mars carries a name of the Roman god of
The researchers used chitosan obtained from seafood war, and is often referred to as the "Red Planet"
waste source, and two easily available sustainable because the reddish iron oxide prevalent on its surface
chemicals - citric acid and urea. Water absorbing material gives it a reddish appearance..
from a commercial baby diaper was used for comparison.  Mars's average distance from the Sun is roughly 230
The research team included Prof Raghavachari million kilometres (143,000,000 mi).
Dhamodharan, Abathodharanan Narayanan, Ravishankar  Its revolution period is 687 (Earth) days.
Kartik, and Elanchezhian Sangeetha (Indian Institute of  The solar day (or sol) on Mars is only slightly longer
Technology, Madras). than an Earth day: 24 hours, 39 minutes, and 35.244
Italy-based firm launches products to seconds.
improve row crops’ yield  A Martian year is equal to 1.8809 Earth years, or 1
Valagro, an Italy-based company engaged in the year, 320 days, and 18.2 hours.
production and commercialisation of plant biostimulants  Mars has two relatively small (compared to Earth's)
and speciality nutrients, launched two new products for the natural moons,
Indian market to help improve the quality and productivity  Phobos
of row crops, particularly paddy and cotton.  Deimos

39 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
NBRC researchers decipher how Zika virus Vigyan Prasar launches Internet-based
causes microcephaly channel to highlight India’s achievements
National Brain Research Centre(NBRC)-led team of Vigyan Prasar, under the guidance of the Department
researchers has successfully identified the molecular and of Science and Technology (DST) has launched India
cellular mechanisms by which Zika virus causes Science (indiascience.in), an Internet-based science
microcephaly. channel, to showcase developments in science and
Babies born with microcephaly have significantly technology, particularly from research institutions and
smaller head size compared with normal babies. laboratories based in India.
The researchers found the envelop protein (E protein) The intent is to make science done in India accessible
of the virus, which is responsible for the entry of the virus to a larger audience. It will soon be available as a mobile
into brain stem cells, was responsible for arresting the
App.
proliferation of human foetal neural stem cells and also
It will have live content every day and a library of
killing the cells that were becoming neuron-like. The
theme-based programmes related to science and
combined effect reduces the pool of foetal brain cells
technology.
leading to smaller size of the brain.
The bilingual channel (Hindi and English) will offer
IIT-Madras developed Microprocessor:
scheduled programming as well as video-on-demand
Computer scientists and a student team from the IIT-
facility.
Madras have developed the first of a family of six
Vigyan Prasar(VP) is an autonomous organisation
industry-standard microprocessors.
under Department of Science and Technology.
The initial batch of 300 chips named RISECREEK,
produced under “Project Shakti”(started in 2014) , have Objectives of VP are to take up large-scale science
been fabricated free at Intel’s facility at Oregon, U.S., to popularization tasks/activities, to promote and propagate
run the Linux operating system. scientific and rational outlook, to act as a resource-cum-
The IIT team says its microprocessors can be adapted facility centre for S&T communication.
by others, as the design is open source. They optimise VP was established in 1989
power use and compete with international units such as the Director: Shri Chander Mohan
Cortex A5 from Advanced RISC Machines (ARM). E-Aksharayan in 7 Indian languages
On the test bench, the IIT design fared better than the launched by IT ministry
A5, measured in terms of the DMIPS per megahertz rating,
 The IT ministry launched a desktop software e-
scoring 1.68 against the competition’s 1.57. At a frequency
Aksharayan in 7 Indian Languages in conference for
of 350 MHz, RISECREEK can meet the demands of
Indian Languages Technology Industry ‘Bhashantara’,
defence and strategic equipment such as NAVIC (Indian
in New Delhi.
Regional Navigation Satellite) and Internet of Things
 7 Languages are: Hindi, Bangla, Malayalam,
(IoT)electronics, its developers say.
The team, led by Dr. Neel Gala, an alumnus of IIT- Gurmukhi, Tamil, Kannada& Assamese.
Madras, is thrilled, not just because it developed a viable  Objective: to enable editing and printing of text in
industry-grade chip, but also because the process can be scanned documents.
tapped for future efforts in semiconductors.  E-Aksharayan is desktop software for converting
scanned printed Indian Language documents into a
E-tattoos to help Monitor Health:
fully editable text format in Unicode encoding.
Chinese scientists have developed skin-like electronic
 Along with E-Aksharayan Mobile Testing Data in all
tattoos, that can be used to monitor health parameters such
as blood pressure and body temperature in real time. 22 Indian languages useful in testing the display as
The graphene-based electronic tattoo, developed by well as inputting in mobile handsets IS standard 16333
scientists from the Tsinghua University in China, can be (Part 3) was also released at the symposium. It defines
easily transferred onto various surfaces such as the human the requirements for mobile handset for inputting of
skin, leaves and silk. Graphene, a super thin material with text in English, Hindi and at least one additional
excellent flexibility and conductivity, is an ideal material Indian official language along with facility of message
for electronic skin, researchers said. readability in the phones for all 22 Indian official
It could also be attached to masks and throats to languages.
measure body signals such as breathing, heartbeat and  Ravi Shankar Prasad is the present Minister of
voice. Electronics and Information Technology of India.

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Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
Health Ministry signs MoU with Ministry of India Successfully Tests Helinaand Smart
Electronics and Information Technology to Anti Airfield Weapon
facilitate access of AB–NHPM to the last
mile
 National Health Agency (NHA) under Ministry of
Health and Family Welfare, the apex body for the
implementation of Ayushman Bharat-National Health
Protection Mission (AB-NHPM), and Common
Service Centres (CSC) scheme under the Digital India
Programme, have signed an MoU to provide
information and eligibility validation services to
beneficiaries, especially in remote areas.
 AB-NHPM targets approximately 10.74 crore poor,
deprived families and has identified occupational
category of urban workers’ families as per the latest
Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data, for both
rural and urban India. CSC will be provided access to
Beneficiary Identification System (BIS), which helps
in confirming application from ‘entitled’ beneficiaries
using SECC and Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana
(RSBY) databases.
 Dr. Indu Bhushan, CEO, National Health Agency
(NHA) and
 Dr. Dinesh Tyagi, CEO of Common Service Centres-
Special Purpose Vehicles (CSC-SPV). Indigenously designed and developed guided bombs
 Union Health Minister: J.P.Nadda Smart Anti Airfield Weapon (SAAW) and anti-tank guided
Chhattisgarh launched Mobile Distribution missile Helina were successfully tested at separate firing
Scheme 'Mobile Tihar' ranges at Chandan range in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan.
Chief Minister Raman Singh along with actress Helina:
Kangana Ranaut launched the ‘Mobile Tihar’ (Mobile  HeliNa, (Helicopter-launched Nag) with a range of 7–
Festival) under the Sanchar Kranti Yojna (SKY). 8 km, launched from twin-tube stub wing-mounted
The scheme is for distribution of smart-phone to launchers on board the armed HAL Dhruv and HAL
women and students in the station covering 45 lakh women Light Combat Helicopter produced by state-owned
and 5 lakh students and setting up of 556 new mobile Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd.
towers.  The Helicopter-Launched NAG (HELINA) missile is
Gaofen 11: China launches high-resolution the helicopter launched version of the NAG Missile.
 Its range : of 7–8 km
Earth observation satellite  It has been designed and developed indigenously for
 China on launched Gaofen-11, an optical remote Indian Army under Integrated Guided Missile
sensing satellite, as part of its high-resolution Earth Development Programme (IGMDP).
observation project. It will aid in the Belt and Road  It can be fired from Dhruv Advanced Light Helicopter
Initiative. (ALH), HAL Rudra and HAL Dhruv and HAL Light
 The Gaofen-11 satellite was launched on a Long Combat Helicopter produced by Hindustan
March 4B rocket at from the Taiyuan Satellite Aeronautics Ltd (HAL).
Launch Centre in northern Shanxi Province.  It works on “fire and forget” principle and operates in
 It was the 282nd flight mission by a Long March Lock on Before Launch mode.
carrier rocket.  The Missile is guided by an Infrared Imaging Seeker
 The satellite can be used for land survey, urban (IIR) along with integrated avionics.
planning, road network design, agriculture, and  It is one of the most advanced Anti-Tank Weapons in
disaster relief. the world.

41 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
‘Smart Anti Airfield Weapon’ (SAAW):  M3, aboard the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft, launched in
 The DRDO Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (SAAW) is a 2008 by the Indian Space Research Organisation
long-range precision-guided anti-airfield weapon (ISRO), was uniquely equipped to confirm the
currently being developed by India's Defence presence of solid ice on the moon.
Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)  Most of the newfound water ice lies in the shadows of
along with Indian Air Force (IAF) and Hindustan craters near the poles, where the warmest temperatures
Aeronautics Limited (HAL). never reach above minus 156 degrees Celsius.
 It is India's first fully indigenous anti-airfield weapon,  Due to the very small tilt of the moon’s rotation axis,
being designed and developed wholly by DRDO. sunlight never reaches these regions.
 Operational Range: 100 km FICCI Ladies Organisation launches
 Launch Platform : SEPECAT Jaguar and Su-
wellness app
30MKI
 Weight: 120 kg (260 lb)  FICCI Ladies Organisation (FLO), the women’s wing
of Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and
Paul Allen's space company details plans Industry (FICCI), has launched Wellness for Women
for rockets, cargo vehicle (WOW), a mobile app, in tie-up with Apollo
 The space company of billionaire Microsoft co- Hospitals.
founder Paul Allen on Monday unveiled details of  The member only application powered by ‘Ask
medium-lift rockets and a reusable space cargo plane Apollo’, is a web and mobile enabled patient centric
it is developing, injecting more competition into the service that will offer daily health tips, health records
lucrative launch services market. of patients, doctor appointments, order wellness
 His vehicles will have to compete domestically with products and medicines online.
other space entrepreneurs and industry stalwarts such  This app is for busy women who have no time to care
as Elon Musk’s SpaceX and United Launch Alliance - about their health and fitness
a partnership between Boeing (BA.N) and Lockheed  An exhibition titled ‘Chola Collection’, to showcase
Martin (LMT.N). traditional South Indian textiles, artistry, jewellery and
 Stratolaunch’s plane is designed to carry a rocket and
heritage was held to commemorate the silver jubilee
payload with a combined weight of up to 550,000
celebration of FLO Chennai chapter.
pounds (250,000 kg), on par with what a SpaceX
 FLO is providing services to women empowerment
Falcon 9 rocket can launch from the ground.
such as legal awareness programme, health and safety
 Its new medium-lift rocket with a capacity of about
awareness and mentoring women entrepreneurship
3,400 kg (7,500 pounds) would fly as early as 2022. It
said it was in the early stages of developing a variant through ‘Swayam’ programme.
with a payload capacity of 6,000 kg.  National President FLO: Pinky Reddy.
 Rather than blasting off from a launch pad, World's 1st Hindi-Speaking Robot 'Rashmi'
Stratolaunch’s rockets will drop at high altitude from  Ranchi-based software developer Ranjit Srivastava is
underneath the company’s six-engine, twin-fuselage developing the world's first Hindi-speaking humanoid
airplane - the largest ever built by wingspan. robot.
Chandrayaan-I data confirm presence of  It is named Rashmi, the AI-powered robot can also
ice on moon: NASA speak Bhojpuri, Marathi, and English, and is equipped
with facial expressions and recognition systems. He
 Scientists have confirmed the presence of frozen water
was inspired to create Rashmi after seeing Hong
deposits in the darkest and coldest parts of the moon’s
polar regions using data from the Chandrayaan-I Kong-made humanoid 'Sophia' in 2016.
spacecraft, that was launched by India 10 years ago.  The developer claimed it as world’s first Hindi
The ice deposits are patchily distributed and could speaking realistic humanoid robot and India’s first lip-
possibly be ancient. synching robot. Rashmi uses linguistic interpretation
 At the southern pole, most of the ice is concentrated at (LI), artificial intelligence (AI), visual data and facial
lunar craters, while the northern pole’s ice is more recognition systems.
widely, but sparsely spread.  A master of business administration (MBA),
 Scientists used data from NASA’s Moon Mineralogy Srivastava, who has expertise in software
Mapper (M3) instrument to identify three specific development of more than 15 years, has developed the
signatures that definitively prove there is water ice at speaking robot in two years at a meager cost of Rs
the surface of the moon. 50,000.

42 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 - Digest
NITI Aayog launches Move Hack, global  The IIT team says its microprocessors can be adapted
mobility hackathon by others, as the design is open source.
 They optimise power use and compete with
 NITI Aayog has launched Move Hack, a global
international units such as the Cortex A5 from
mobility hackathon to crowdsource solutions aimed at
Advanced RISC Machines (ARM).
the future of mobility in India. Envisaged to be one of
 On the test bench, the IIT design fared better than the
the largest hackathons globally, Move Hack is focused
A5, measured in terms of the DMIPS per megahertz
on 10 themes and structured over three legs: online,
rating, scoring 1.68 against the competition’s 1.57.
followed by Singapore leg, and the finals in New
Delhi.  At a frequency of 350 MHz, RISECREEK can meet
 It is first platform in the world that has enmeshed the demands of defence and strategic equipment such
public transport, private transport, road safety, as NAVIC (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite) and
multimodal connectivity and new age transport the Internet of Things (IoT) electronics.
technologies such as zero emission vehicles and intra  The team, led by Dr. Neel Gala, an alumnus of the
city aerial transport spearheaded by Government. IIT- Madras.
 MoveHack aims to bring about innovative, dynamic  The plan includes a family of six types of
and scalable solutions to problems pertaining to microprocessors.
mobility. The hackathon has two-pronged campaign 1. C class- RISECREEK.
approach: (a) “Just Code It”: aimed at solutions 2. E class – smart cards, IoT devices, fan/motor
through innovations in technology / product / software controls, etc, is almost ready and the
and data analysis, and (b) “Just Solve It”: innovative 3. I class- mobile phones, desktops and mobile
business ideas or sustainable solutions to transform phones is soon to follow.
mobility infrastructure through technology. 4. S - enterprise class servers is underway, and
 The winners will be announced during the Move 5. H class- building High Performance computers
Summit 2018, which is also organized by NITI Aayog with a massive parallel processing capacity.
on 7 and 8 Sep 2018 in New Delhi and is being 6. The H Class is part of the next phase of
inaugurated by the Hon’ble Prime Minister of India. development, which the team calls the Para-
Awards for the hackathon include recognizing top 10 SHAKTI (parallel SHAKTI) project. Para-
winners, with total prize of more than Rs. 2 crores. SHAKTI will make microprocessors for
Bengaluru Tech Summit to focus on indigenous high-performance computers with
over 32 SHAKTI cores.
Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence
HAL tests rotary drone co-developed with
 The Department of IT and BT will organise the 21st
edition of its flagship technology event ‘Bengaluru IIT-K
Tech Summit’ from November 29 to December 1 this  A 10 kg rotary drone co-developed by Hindustan
year at Bengaluru Palace. Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) and IIT-Kanpur was recently
 The theme is ‘Innovation and Impact’, and the event flown for the first time in Bengaluru.
will include multi-track conference, business-to-  The 10-minute flight of the helicopter-like RUAV or
business expo, thought leaders conclave as well as the Rotary Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicle was
opportunity for startups to showcase their innovations. powered by a 2-stroke petrol engine.
 The conference will have over 250 experts addressing  The RUAV can carry a 2.5-kg payload or instrument
more than 3,500 delegates. Over 300 exhibitors would including a live-streaming video camera. It can
also showcase their services, products and operate for an hour and travel 8-10 km.
technologies to more than 11,000 visitors.  Apart from military and civil helicopters, the centre is
IIT-Madras powers up a desi chip designing and developing rotary UAVs for defence,
 Computer scientists and a student team from the IIT- paramilitary forces and homeland security. The
Madras have developed the first of a family of six RUAV is the first outcome of HAL’s R&D tie-ups
industry-standard microprocessors. with academic institutions such as IITs of Madras,
 The initial batch of 300 chips named RISECREEK Roorkee, Kharagpur, Bombay, Kanpur and the Indian
and produced under Project Shakti has been fabricated Institute of Science, Bengaluru
free at Intel’s facility at Oregon, U.S., to run the Linux  HAL chairman and managing director T. Suvarna
operating system. Raju.

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Mobile App Niryat Mitra Launched: Trai integrates DND 2.0 and MyCall apps
 Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Aviation with Umang platform for Android
Suresh Prabhu launched Niryat Mitra – mobile App in  Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) has
New Delhi. integrated its MyCall and DND 2.0 apps on the
 The app developed by the Federation of Indian Export Umang (Unified mobile application for new-age
Organisations (FIEO) is available both on Android governance) platform for Android users. It will be
and on IOS platforms. available for iPhone users in future but no timeframe
 It provides wide range of information required to has been given by the regulator for that.
undertake international trade right from the policy  Umang is a single platform for all citizens to access
provisions for export and import, applicable GST rate, pan India e-governance services. Currently, Umang
available export incentives, tariff, preferential tariff, has over 5 million downloads and Trai apps
market access requirements – Sanitary and individually have more than 400,000 downloads.
Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) and Technical Barriers  TRAI Estd : 20 February 1997
to Trade (TBT) measures.  Trai Chairman: RS Sharma
 Presently the app comes with the data of 87 countries. Only 19% Use Internet In India, Says Study
 Federation of Indian Export Organisations A mere 19 per cent of people in the 15-65 age group
(FIEO): It is apex and largest trade promotion use Internet in India according to a report.
organisation in India. It was jointly established in About 35 per cent of those in the age group are aware
1965 by Ministry of Commerce and private trade and of Internet, said the report named “AfterAccess: ICT
industry. It is responsible for representing and access and use in India and the Global South”. It was
assisting Indian entrepreneurs and exporters in foreign published by Lirneasia, a policy and regulation think tank
markets. in collaboration with the Cellular Operators Association of
 HQ: New Delhi India (COAI).
 President: Ganesh Kumar Gupta, The lack of Internet awareness is a considerable
 DG & CEO: Dr. Ajay Sahai problem in India, with just 35 per cent of the 15-65 (years)
population aware of what the Internet is. The level of use
Google launched its new OS Android
is thus even lower at 19 per cent.
version called “Pie” The report further showed that out of the total Internet
Indian telescope discovers most distant users in the age group of 15-65 years, around 27 per cent
radio galaxy ever mostly spend time on social media.
 A team led by PhD student Aayush Saxena from First Global Robotics Olympics 2018 in
Leiden Observatory in the Netherlands just broke a Mexico City
20-year-old record of the most distant radio galaxy  Over 150 teams featuring the brightest young minds
ever discovered.Initially using the Giant Meter-wave gathered in Mexico City on August 17,2018 for the
Radio Telescope (GMRT) in Khodad (near Pune), First Global Robotics Olympics.
Maharashtra, the astronomers identified a galaxy from  This international competition aims to ignite youth
a time when the universe was only seven percent of its passion for science, technology, engineering and
current age. mathematics in the field of robotics.
 The distance to the galaxy, located 12 billion light-  International teams made up of 14 to 18 year olds are
years away, was later determined using Hawaii's competing in a series of games that show off the
Gemini North telescope and the Large Binocular prowess of their robotic creations.
Telescope in Arizona.  The theme of the Mexico event is 'Energy Impact'.

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8. SPORTS
Indian women's chess team bags gold in Novak Djokovic makes history with
blitz event of Asian Nations Cup 2018 Cincinnati Masters victory over Roger
Asian Nations Cup _ Chess 2018 held in Federer
Hamadan,Iran
 Novak Djokovic(Serbia) won over Roger
 Indian women made the country proud by clinching
Federer(Switzerland) in the final of Cincinnati
the gold in the blitz event of the Asian Nations Cup
Masters Cup 2018. Federer, a seven-time champion in
Chess Tournament in Hamadan, Iran on August 3.
Cincinnati, lost a final in the hardcourt US Open
 women bagged a silver in the rapid event
tuneup for the first time.
 and a bronze in the classical category.
 Indian team consists of Swapnil Dhopade (coach),  Novak Djokovic became the first player to win all
Aakanksha Hagawane, R. Vaishali, Dronavalli Harika, nine of the ATP’s elite Masters 1000 events since the
Eesha Karvade and Padmini Rout. ATP was formed in 1990,with victory over Roger
Federer in Cincinnati.
Vaibhav Suri wins Biel Masters
 Federer, a seven-time champion in Cincinnati, lost a
Grandmaster Vaibhav Suri won the Biel Masters chess
title held at Biel/Bienne, Switzerland. final in the hardcourt US Open tuneup for the first
Germany’s Dennis Wagner topped an eight-way tie time.
for the second spot at 6.5 points. Top seed Pavel Eljanov  The Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) was
(Ukraine) took the third spot. formed in September 1972 by Donald Dell, Bob
India’s Gaganjeet Bhullar wins Fiji Briner, Jack Kramer, and Cliff Drysdale to protect the
interests of male professional tennis players. Drysdale
International golf
became the first President. Since 1990, the association
Bhullar fired a sizzling six-under 66 in the final round
has organized the worldwide tennis tour for men and
to claim the Fiji International title, his first win on the
linked the title of the tour with the organization's
European Tour.
name.
India's Gaganjeet Bhullar won Fiji International title,
his first win on the European Tour against Anthony  In 1990 the organization was called the ATP Tour,
Quayle of Australia. which was renamed in 2001 as just ATP and the tour
being called ATP Tour.
Neeraj Chopra chlinches Gold Medal at
 HQ: London
Savo Games
 Chairman & CEO: Chris Kermode
Star Indian javelin thrower Neeraj Chopra won a gold
in the Savo Games where the event held at Lapinlahti in Sports should be made a fundamental right
Finland with an impressive performance. He threw  The Supreme Court on Monday asked the Centre to
85.69m. respond on a PIL filed by a law student to make sports
He beat his Chinese Taipei rival Chao-Tsun a fundamental right.
Cheng(82.52m) ended up with Silver.  A Bench of Justices S.A. Bobde and L. Nageswara
Dustin Johnson Won 2018 RBC Canadian Rao gave the government a four-week deadline to
Open Golf Title provide a reply to a petition filed by Kanishka Pandey
of the NGO ‘Sports: A Way of Life’, represented by
 2018 RBC Canadian Open Golf Title was won by
Dustin Johnson(USA) advocates Siddharth Dave and Rajiv Kumar Dubey.
 Tournament was held at Glen Abbey Golf Club in  The petition submitted that sports should be made a
Oakville in Canada. fundamental right under Article 21A (right to
 He is the World Number 1 in the Official World Golf education).
Ranking.  It argued that academics and sports should go hand-in-
 After Tiger Woods (2005-09) he has become the first hand so that a child would be better prepared to cope
player with at least three wins in three consecutive with the challenges and pressures of life in the modern
seasons. world.

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Draw for Vishwanathan Anand. the world, will be organised from August 17-19
India’s Viswanathan Anand played out a draw with among the dunes of Jaisalmer.
Maxime Vachier-Lagrave of France in the second round of  In its third consecutive run, the race will comprise
Sinquefield Cup chess over 400 kilometres of gruelling 'Special Stages' and
Magnus Carlsen joined Levon Aronian of Armenia over 150 km of 'Transport Stages', covering some of
and Shakhriyar Mamedyarov of Azerbaijan in the lead the toughest off-road terrain in India.
with 1.5 points out of a possible two. Anand shares the  The distinguishing factor about the India Baja 2018
fourth spot with four other with one point. comes from the fact that the top Indian contender will
Facial recognition system set to be used in get a direct entry to the pinnacle of all off-road races
in the world -- the Dakar Rally of 2020.
Olympic security
Asian Games 2018:
 A facial recognition system will be used across an
Olympics for the first time as Tokyo organisers work
to keep security tight and efficient at dozens of venues
during the 2020 Games.
 The NeoFace technology developed by NEC Corp.
will be customised to monitor every accredited person
including athletes, officials, staff and media at more
than 40 venues, games villages and media centres.  Officially known as the 18th Asian Games and also
 Tokyo will be the first Olympic host to introduce the known as Jakarta Palembang 2018.
face recognition technology at all venues. The system  It is a pan-Asian multi-sport event being held from 18
is expected to effectively eliminate entry with forged August to 2 September 2018 in the Indonesian cities
IDs, reduce congestion at accredited waiting lines and of Jakarta and Palembang. And it is the first time, the
reduce athletes’ stress under hot weather. Asian Games are being co-hosted in two cities.
Netherlands won 8th Women’s Hockey  Also for the first time, eSports and canoe polo will be
World Cup 2018 contested as demonstration sports. eSports is expected
Ireland’s first Women’s World Cup field hockey final to be a medal event at the 2022 Asian Games.
ended in defeat as the Netherlands retained the title with an  Motto: "Energy of Asia"
emphatic 6-0 victory over Ireland.  Nations participating: 45
World cup was held from 21 July to 5 August 2018 at  The opening and closing ceremonies of the Games
the Lee Valley Hockey and Tennis Centre in London, will be held at Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in
England. Jakarta.
Top scorer(s):Kitty van Male (8 goals),Neth  Three animal Mascots chosen for the 2018 Asian
Best player:Lidewij Welten,Neth Games are
Jaisalmer to host India Baja 2018  bird of paradise "Bhin Bhin",
 India Baja 2018, the Indian edition of the greatest  single-horned rhinoceros "Kaka" and
challenge of all extreme motorsport competitions in  Bawean deer "Atung".

INDIA’S MEDAL LISTS AT ASIAN GAMES 2018


(As of 1st September, 2018)

GOLD MEDAL LISTS Sawarn Singh,


Bajrang Punia : Wrestling (Men’s Dattu Baban Bhokanal,
freestyle 65kg) Om Prakash,
Vinesh Phogat : Wrestling (Women’s Sukhmeet Singh : Rowing (Men’s
freestyle 50 kg) quadruple sculls)
Saurabh Chaudhary : Shooting (Men’s 10
metre air pistol) Rohan Bopannam,
Rahi Sarnobat : Shooting (Women’s 25 Divij Sharan : Tennis (Men’s doubles)
metre pistol)

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Tajinderpal Singh Toor : Athletics (Men’s shot Sudha Singh : Athletics (Women’s
put) 3000 metres
Neeraj Chopra : Athletics (Men’s javelin steeplechase)
throw) Neena Varakil : Athletics (Women’s long
Manjit Singh : Athletics (Men’s 800 jump)
metres)
Muskan Kirar,
Arpinder Singh : Athletics (Men’s triple
Madhumita Kumari,
jump)
Jyothi Surekha Vennam : Archery (Women’s team
Swapna Barman : Athletics (Women’s
compound)
heptathlon)
Jinson Johnson : Athletics (Men’s 1500 Abhishek Verma,
metres) Rajat Chauhan,
Aman Saini : Archery (Men’s team
M. R. Poovamma, compound)
Saritaben Gaikwad,
Hima Das, PV Sindhu : Badminton (Women’s
Vismaya Athletics : Athletics (Women’s 4 x singles)
400 m relay) Jinson Johnson : Athletics (Men’s 800
metres)
Amit Panghal : Boxing (Men’s Light Fly Pincky Balhara : Kurash (Women’s 52 kg)
49kg)
Rajiv Arokia,
SILVER MEDAL LISTS Muhammed Anas,
Deepak Kumar : Shooting (Men’s 10 Hima Das,
metre air rifle) M. R. Poovamma : Athletics (Mixed 4 x 400
Lakshay Sheoran : Shooting (Men’s trap) metres)
Sanjeev Rajput : Shooting (Men’s 50
Dutee Chand : Athletics (Women’s 200
metre rifle three
metres)
positions)
Shardul Vihan : Shooting (Men’s double Dharun Ayyasamy,
trap) Kunhu Mohammed,
India women’s national kabaddi team Rajiv Arokia,
Fouaad Mirza : Equestrian (Individual Muhammed Anas : Athletics (Men’s 4 x 400
eventing) m relay)

Fouaad Mirza, Shweta Shervegar,


Rakesh Kumar, Varsha Gautham : Sailing (49er FX
Ashish Malik, Women)
Jitender Singh : Equestrian (Team India women’s hockey team
eventing) India women’s squash team
Hima Das : Athletics (Women’s 400
BRONZE MEDAL LISTS
metres)
Ravi Kumar,
Muhammed Anas : Athletics (Men’s 400
Apurvi Chandela : Shooting (10 metre air
metres)
rifle mixed team)
Dutee Chand : Athletics (Women’s 100
metres) Abhishek Verma : Shooting (Men’s 10
Dharun Ayyasamy : Athletics (Men’s 400 metre air pistol)
metres hurdles) India men’s national sepak takraw team

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Divya Kakran : Wrestling (Women’s Joshna Chinappa : Squash (Women’s
freestyle 68 kg) singles)
Roshibina Naorem : Wushu (Women’s Saurav Ghosal : Squash (Men’s
sanda 60 kg) singles)
Santhosh Kumar : Wushu (Men’s sanda India men’s Bridge Team
56 kg) India mixed team Bridge
Surya Bhanu Pratap Singh : Wushu (Men’s sanda Saina Nehwal : Badminton (Women’s
60 kg) singles)
Narender Grewal : Wushu (Men’s sanda India men’s team table tennis
Malaprabha Jadhav : Kurash (Women’s 52
65 kg)
kg)
Ankita Raina : Tennis (Women’s
singles) Achanta Sharath Kamal,
India men’s national kabaddi team Manika Batra : Table tennis (Mixed
Dushyant Chauhan : Rowing (Men’s doubles)
lightweight single PU Chitra : Athletics (Women’s
sculls) 1500 metres)
Rohit Kumar, Seema Punia : Athletics (Women’s
Bhagwan Singh : Rowing (Men’s Discus Throw)
lightweight double Harshita Tomar : Sailing (Open Laser
sculls) 4.7)
Varun Thakkar,
Heena Sidhu : Shooting (Women’s 10
Ganapathy Chengappa : Sailing (49er Men)
metre air pistol)
Prajnesh Gunneswaran : Tennis (Men’s singles)
India Men’s Team squash
Dipika Pallikal : Squash (Women’s
Vikas Krishan Yadav : Boxing (Men’s
singles)
Middleweight (75kg))

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9. AWARDS
Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana Award 2018 Earlier Awards:
 Former West Bengal Governor Gopalkrishna Gandhi Name of MP receiving award Year
has been chosen for this year’s Rajiv Gandhi Indrajit Gupta 1992
Sadbhavana Award for promoting communal harmony Atal Bihari Bajpayee 1994
Pranab Mukherjee 1997
and peace.
Lal Krishna Advani 1999
 Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award (English: Manmohan Singh 2002
Rajiv Gandhi National Communal Harmony Award) Sushma Swaraj 2004
is an Indian award given for outstanding contribution P. Chidambaram 2005
towards promotion of communal harmony, national Murli Manohar Joshi 2009
integration and peace. Arun Jaitley 2010
 The award was instituted by All India Congress Karan Singh 2001
Sharad Yadav 2012
Committee of the Indian National Congress Party
Indian-origin mathematician Akshay
(INC), in 1992 to commemorate the lasting
Venkatesh gets prestigious Fields Medal
contribution made by the former Prime Minister Rajiv
2018
Gandhi.
 Akshay Venkatesh, a renowned Indian-Australian
 It carries a citation and a cash award of Rs. 10 lakhs.
mathematician, is one of four winners of mathematics’
 It is given on 20 August, the birth anniversary of Rajiv
prestigious Fields medal, known as the Nobel prize for
Gandhi, which is celebrated as Sadbhavna Diwas
math.This year it was awarded to total 4
(Harmony Day). mathematicians.
 Former recipients of the Rajiv Gandhi Sadbhavana  He was awarded “for his synthesis of analytic number
Award: theory, homogeneous dynamics, topology, and
 Mother Teresa, Ustad Bismillah Khan, Mohammed representation theory, which has resolved long-
Yunus, Lata Mangeshkar, Sunil Dutt, Dilip Kumar, standing problems in areas such as the equidistribution
Kapila Vatsyayan, Teesta Setalvad, Swami Agnivesh, of arithmetic objects.”
K.R. Narayanan, Ustad Amjad Ali Khan, Muzaffar  New Delhi-born Venkatesh, 36, who is currently
Ali and Shubha Mudgal. permanent Faculty of the Institute for Advanced Study
Outstanding Parliamentarian Awards- (IAS) School of Mathematics, Stanford University.
 It was awarded at the International Congress of
2018:
Mathematicians(ICM) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
The Parliamentary Group has decided to confer
 The other three winners are:
Outstanding Parliamentarian Awards to five Members of
 Caucher Birkar, a Cambridge University
Parliament for the years 2013-2017.
professor of Iranian Kurdish origin;
President Ram Nath Kovind presented the awards.
 Germany’s Peter Scholze, who teaches at the
Winners of the Award are Listed Below: University of Bonn and
1. Dr Najma Heptullah (for year 2013),  Alessio Figalli, an Italian mathematician at
2. Hukum Dev Narayan (for year 2014), ETH Zurich.
3. Ghulam Nabi Azad (for year 2015),  The medal belonging to Caucher Birkar, was stolen
4. Dinesh Trivedi (for year 2016), shortly after the awards ceremony.
5. Bhartruhari Mahtab (for year 2017). About Fields Medal:
The Outstanding Parliamentarian Award was  The Fields Medal is a prize awarded to two, three, or
established in 1992 by Shivraj Patil who was then the four mathematicians under 40 years of age at the
Speaker of Lok Sabha. The Indian Parliamentary Group International Congress of the International
selects an outstanding sitting Member of Parliament after Mathematical Union (IMU), a meeting that takes place
considering his/her overall contribution in Parliament. every four years.

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 Its purpose is to give recognition and support to Javed Akhtar bestowed with Shalaka
younger mathematical researchers who have made Samman:
major contributions. The Fields Medal is regarded as  Eminent personalities from different fields, including
Bollywood song writer Javed Akhtar, were presented
one of the highest honors a mathematician can
the Delhi government's "Hindi Sahitya Academy
receive, and has been described as the mathematician's Samman" .
"Nobel Prize".  Akhtar was awarded the 'Shalaka Samman' for his
 Prize Money: CA$15,000 (Canadian Dollars). contribution to the world of films and poetry.
 Veteran theatre director M K Raina received the
 The name of the award is in honor of Canadian 'Shikar Samman'.
mathematician John Charles Fields.  Other recipients of the awards included cartoonist
 The medal was first awarded in 1936 to Finnish Abid Surti, journalists Shaji Jama and Abhisar
Sharma.
mathematician Lars Ahlfors and American
 The award includes a cash reward of Rs 5 lakh.
mathematician Jesse Douglas, and it has been awarded Annie Zaidi wins The Hindu Playwright
every four years since 1950. Award 2018
 In 2014, the Iranian mathematician Maryam  The Hindu Playwright Award 2018 went to Annie
Mirzakhani became the first woman Fields Medalist. Zaidi for her play “Untitled-1”.
 The award, instituted in 2008, carries a prize of Rs. 2
 In all, sixty people have been awarded the Fields lakh for the best original, unpublished and
Medal. unperformed play script in English.
 Other major awards in mathematics are the Abel Prize  The award is open to writers above 18 years of age
who are Indian citizens or have been residents of India
and the Chern Medal.
for the last five years.

10. BOOKS AND AUTHORS


 Intertwined Lives: P. N. Haksar And Indira Gandhi – Jairam Ramesh
 Sakuntala: Texts, Readings, Histories- Romila Thapar
 Sponge: Leadership Lessons I Learnt From My Clients -Ambi Parameswaran
 The Disobedient Indian: Ramin Jahanbegloo
 The Beauty of All My Days: A Memoir- -Ruskin Bond

11. COMMITTEES AND HEADS


Rita Teaotia Chairs First Task Force Meeting on e-commerce Policy:
Taking a step forward towards national e-commerce policy framework, the first task force meeting was held under the
chairmanship of Commerce Secretary Rita Teaotia in the national capital.
Panel to Monitor Ganga Rejuvenation Project:
The National Green Tribunal on Monday constituted a committee, to be headed by a former Allahabad High Court
judge, for monitoring the rejuvenation project of Ganga from Haridwar to Unnao in Uttar Pradesh.
National Statistical Commission (NSC) constituted a Committee on Real Sector Statistics under the Chairmanship of
Dr. Sudipto Mundle in April, 2017 for improvement and modernisation of real sector database. The Committee submitted
its report to the NSC in July, 2018.

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12. MISCELLANEOUS
Dog finishes Australia half-marathon, wins 1. Maruti Suzuki Dzire 25,647
medal 2. Alto 23,371
A dog called Stormy has been awarded a medal after 3. Maruti Suzuki’s Swift (19,993 units),
completing a half-marathon in Australia and winning the 4. Baleno (17,960 units)
hearts of its human competitors. 5. WagonR (13,738 units)
The crossbreed diligently ran the 21-kilometre 6. The Vitara Brezza 14,181.
Goldfields Pipeline Marathon near the West Australian Goa to host India’s first blockchain
town of Kalgoorlie this month in two-and-a-half hours, the Congress
average time of participants.
Apple drops illegal lottery apps in China
Biggest king penguin colony shrinks by
 Apple Inc has pulled illegal lottery apps from its App
90%
Store in China amid tightening regulation and a
 The planet’s largest colony of king penguins has
declined by nearly 90% in three decades, researchers barrage of criticism from State media.
have warned. The last time scientists set foot on  According to state media, the company has recently
France’s remote Ile aux Cochons — roughly half way pulled around 25,000 apps from its Chinese store in an
between the tip of Africa and Antarctica — the island effort to cooperate with regulators.
was blanketed by two million of the flightless birds,  Apple confirmed it has recently removed gambling
which stand about a metre tall. apps from its store, but did not confirm the number of
 But recent satellite images show the population has apps or a timeline for the removals.
collapsed, with barely 2,00,000 remaining, according
Mughalsarai railway station in UP to be
to a study published in Antarctic Science. While
renamed as Pt Deen Dayal Upadhyaya
adults will set to sea for days at a time foraging for
food, the species does not migrate. Junction
 The over century-old Mughalsarai railway station has
 Climate change may play a role. In 1997, a
particularly strong El Nino weather event warmed the been renamed after RSS ideologue Deen Dayal
southern Indian Ocean, temporarily pushing the fish Upadhyaya.
and squid on which king penguins depend south,  The state government had in June last year decided to
beyond their foraging range. rename Mughalsarai Junction in Chandauli district
 Other factors may be contributing to the decline of the after Upadhyaya, who was found dead near the station
Ile aux Cochon colony, including overcrowding. in mysterious circumstances in 1968.
Maruti Suzuki Dzire overtook Alto as First-ever festival for insects that help
India’s best selling car maintain ecosystem
 Six Maruti Suzuki cars featured among India’s 10 best
selling cars for July, with the Dzire compact sedan
overtaking the Alto as India’s best selling car.
 According to data from the Society of India
Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM), 25,647 Dzire cars
were sold in July as compared to 14,703 in the year-
ago period. Alto moved to the second spot with
23,371 units sold in July from 26,009 units last year.
 Hyundai Motor India Ltd, meanwhile, lived up to its
tag as India’s second largest carmaker as three of its
cars—the Elite i20 (10,822 units), Grand i10 (10,775
units) and Creta (10,423 units)—made it to the Top 10
list. Honda Cars India’s newly launched compact
sedan Amaze brought up the rear shipping 10,180
units.

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First-ever dragonfly festival will be celebrated in New spread of terrorism and radicalisation, especially in
Delhi. The festival — jointly being organized by WWF semi-urban areas of the..
India and the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) —  The aim of the exercise is to create synergy, better
will have fun events on both dragonflies and damselfly understanding and evolve an institutionalised military
species, and will culminate towards a dragonfly census on forum for regional cooperation in the field of
August 19. counterterrorism among member states.
The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals
inaugurated the ‘Festival of Democracy’ in Ltd to set up floating solar power plants
Thiruvananthapuram today (August 6, 2018) to mark the
The floating solar power plants being set up by the
conclusion of the diamond jubilee celebrations of the
Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd on the three
Kerala legislative assembly.
water storage reservoirs on its premises.
Joint Military Exercise (MILEX-18) They would generate around 6 MW of energy and also
 The Indian army conducted the final co-ordinating minimise water evaporation from the reservoirs.
conference for the Joint Military Exercise (MILEX- MRPL:
18) in Pune .
Founded : 1988
 The armies of all seven Bay of Bengal Initiative for
Headquarters : Mangalore, Karnataka, India
Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation
Chairman : Shashi Shankar
(BIMSTEC) countries — India, Sri Lanka,
M.D : M. Venkatesh
Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Thailand and Myanmar
Mexico's Popo volcano bursted out
— will be participating in the exercise
 MILEX-18 will be held at the Foreign Training Node Mexico's mighty Popocatepetl volcano lit up the night
at Aundh Military Station in Pune in September. The sky early on Tuesday, spewing ash over nearby
exercise will focus on the need to counter and prevent communities

*****

52 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest

PRACTICE BITS (CURRENT AFFAIRS)


1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi will launch India 10. Which state recently released a mobile app named
Post Payment Bank (IPPB) on Aug 21. It is being “Shor Nahin” to report cases of noise pollution?
launched with atleast one branch in every district (a) Delhi (b) Maharashtra
with ……… branches initially? (c) Himachal Pradesh (d) Uttarakhand
(a) 550 (b) 650 (c) 750 (d) 850 11. Hindi Academy of Delhi has given its highest
2. According to the official banking data 21 PSBs & honour Shalaka Samman Award to lyricist and poet
three pvt. Sector lenders had collected ……… from ………?
customers as minimum balance penalty in 2017- (a) Gulzar (b) Javed Akhtar
(c) Tanvir Naqvi (d) Piyush Mishra
2018?
12. ………state govt. has made yoga mandatory for all
(a) 1000 cr (b) 3000 cr (c) 2500 cr (d) 5000 cr
colleges & universities in the state?
3. Recently many rumours spread regarding sudden
(a) Karnataka (b) Gujarat
appearance of ……… organization’s toll free no. in
(c) Madhya Pradesh (d) Uttarakhand
all Android Mobiles?
13. For advanced research in higher education
(a) Election Commission institutions, govt. has approved …… new research
(b) NITI Aayog projects under IMPRINT-II?
(c) UIDAI (a) 112 (b) 97 (c) 122 (d) 210
(d) Police control room 14. Which of the following companies introduced a
4. First ever International Blockchain congress (IBC) new logo to mark its centenary year?
is being hosted in ………? (a) Parle. G. (b) Dabur
(a) Panaji (b) Beijing (c) Wipro (d) Britannia
(c) Tokyo (d) Washington 15. Telangana govt. singed MoU with ……… company
5. Mukhyamantri Kanya Utthan Yojana-scheme for to launch India’s first Blockchain district?
girls empowerment was launched by ……… state? (a) Tech Mahindra (b) TCS
(a) Haryana (b) Bihar (c) Cognizant (d) Microsoft
(c) Rajasthan (d) U.P 16. ……… had launched Digital Literacy Library to
6. PV. Sindhu got silver medal in 2018 BWF world help young people build the skills they need to
Championships which was held at ………? safely enjoy online technology?
(a) Spain (b) Germany (a) Google (b) Facebook
(c) China (d) Thailand (c) Microsoft-Bing (d) Apple-Safari
7. India’s first tourism guide and mobile app ……… 17. According to Bloomberg news … overtook China
was launched to view information and explore to become world’s second-largest stock market?
(a) USA (b) Germany
spots?
(c) India (d) Japan
(a) Incredible India
18. Gaganjeet Bhullar who recently won Fiji
(b) Enjoy Leisure
International belongs to which sport?
(c) Adventure & Education
(a) Badminton (b) Golf
(d) GoWhatsThat (c) Shooting (d) Billiards
8. Swachamev Jayate Campaign for cleanliness & 19. …… country won Women’s Hockey World Cup
hygiene is launched by ……… state? 2018?
(a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Karnataka (a) Ireland (b) England
(c) Jharkhand (d) West Bengal (c) Netherland (d) France
9. Who among the following won Biel Masters Chess 20. Recently which state banned commercial use of
Title held in Switzerland? elephants in the state?
(a) Vaibhav Suri (b) Prithu Gupta (a) Uttarakhand (b) Kerala
(c) Dennis Wagner (d) Pavel Eljanov (c) Tamil Nadu (d) Assam
53 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest
21. Google launched the latest version of its Android 31. Who among the following cannot file Right to
operating system ……… to make smart phones Information (RTI) applications Information (RTI)
more smarter. applications to seek governance related
(a) Android X (b) Android Tap information?
(c) Android Pie (d) Android Id (a) NRIs
22. GDPR stands for? (b) Convicted Criminals
(a) Gross Domestic Product Rural (c) Naturalised citizens
(d) Dismissed govt. officials
(b) General Data Protection Regulation
32. China’s Postal department designed stamp of
(c) Gross Domestic Production Regulation
……… family to be released in 2019?
(d) General Data Production Regime
(a) Horse (b) Snake (c) Pig (d) Dragon
23. What is the name of Sivaji Ganesan’s debut 33. RBI is going to transfer Rs. …… cr of its surplus
movie’s screenplay written by M. Karunanidhi? money to the govt.?
(a) Parashakti (b) Andha Naal (a) 1 lakh crores (b) 75,000 crores
(c) Navarathri (d) Thiruvilayaadal (c) 25,000 crores (d) 50,000 crores
24. Under newly introduced Fugitive Economic 34. Pakistan and ………. signed an agreement to train
offenders Act, 2018 which of the following is the in Pakistani military training Institutes?
implementing agency? (a) USA (b) Russia
(a) Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) (c) China (d) Saudi Arabia
(b) Research & Analysis Wing (RAW) 35. In which of the following refineries did recently fire
(c) National Investigating Agency (NIA) broke out?
(d) Enforcement Directorate (ED) (a) BPCL, Mumbai (b) HPCL, A.P
25. Which international organization joined hands with (c) IOCL, Bihar (d) Numaligarh, Assam
IIM-A. to start a financial inclusion lab to help 36. As per Global TB Report 2017, estimated no. of
Multi Drug Resistant (MDR) TB patients in India
early stage fin-tech startups to achieve scale?
are ………?
(a) Golman Sachs (b) Standard Charter
(a) 2 lakhs (b) 59,450
(c) J. P. Morgan (d) Citi Finance
(c) 1,22,641 (d) 1,47,000
26. Joint military exercise of all seven BIMSTEC 37. “Project Mausam” which aims to explore Indian
countries called ……… was held at Pune? Ocean countries collating archaeological and
(a) MILAN (b) MILEX historical research is implemented by ………
(c) BIMSTEX (d) VIVAN agency?
27. … Refinery is going to set up floating solar power (a) Indian Council of Cultural Affairs
plants? (b) Indian Nation Institute for Ocean Information
(a) Numaligarh (b) Tatipaka Services (INCOIS)
(c) Mathura (d) Mangalore (c) Archeological Survey of India
28. Indo-Thailand military exercise ……… will be (d) Ministry of Environment
conducted from 6-19 Aug, 2019 in Thailand 38. Ministry of HRD constituted a committee to make
(a) Maitree (b) Indo-Thai Corpat recommendation on Yoga education in Universities
(c) Garuda (d) SIMBEX is headed by ………?
29. Mughal sarai junction which was renamed as Deen (a) H. R. Nagendra (b) Hemwati Nandan
(c) Satya Pal Sigh (d) D. P. Singh
Dayal Upadhyay Junction of railways is located in
39. ……… no. of students are selected in Prime
……… state/UT?
Ministers Research Fellowship (PMRF) scheme in
(a) Delhi (b) Uttar Pradesh 2018-19 to pursue PHD
(c) Haryana (d) Bihar (a) 245 (b) 509 (c) 350 (d) 135
30. China successfully test-fired its first hypersonic 40. Govt. of India set up a taskforce headed by ………
aircraft …… that can avoid anti-missile defence to build a strategy for developing an early warning
systems? system of Air Pollution?
(a) XingKong-2 (b) Chengdu-2 (a) Arvind Pandey (b) Madhvan Nair Rajeevan
(c) Shenyang-27 (d) Xian-Y7 (c) Radhakrishnan (d) B. Anand
54 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest
41. Reliance Money and …… entered into partnership 52. V. S. Naipaul, Indian-origin author recently died
to offer instant app-based personal loans? born in which of the following country?
(a) PayU (b) Paypal (a) England (b) South Africa
(c) Phonepe (d) Juspay (c) Jamaica (d) Trinidad
42. Who is the author of the book “Bebak Baat” 53. What is the name of the rocket with which NASA is
recently released by Mr. Venkaiah Naidu? launching its sun mission called Parker Solar
(a) Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore Probe?
(b) Anant Geete (a) Saturn V (b) Delta IV
(c) Dr. Jitendra Singh (c) Falcon 9 (d) Atlas V
54. Infosys Ltd. decided to setup a software
(d) Vijay Goel
development centre with an investment of Rs. 100
43. National Commission for Women (NCW) in
cr in ……….. state?
collaboration with … will train 6000 women across
(a) Telangana (b) Andhra Pradesh
the country through Digital Literacy Programme? (c) West Bengal (d) Delhi
(a) Google (b) Facebook 55. Somnath Chatterjee who recently passed away
(c) Microsoft (d) Apple belongs to which field?
44. “One District One Product” Summit was held in … (a) Business (b) Writer
city? (c) Parliamentarian (d) Singer
(a) New Delhi (b) Bhopal 56. According to government of India’s Ease of Living
(c) Lucknow (d) Bhubaneswar in Indian Cities report ……… city is the top most
45. Which of the following state announced schemes to livable city of India?
provide financial assistance for jobs and education (a) Pune (b) Mumbai
to economically backward classes? (c) Delhi (d) Hyderabad
(a) Gujarat (b) Madhya Pradesh 57. ISRO announced to celebrate centenary celebration
(c) Jharkhand (d) Odisha in Aug 2019 of ……… space scientist?
46. PM. Narendra Modi announced …... no. of modern (a) Satish Dhawan (b) H. J. Bhabha
biofuel refineries worth Rs. 10,000 cr in the country (c) Vikram Sarabhai
during the event of “World Biofuel Day”? (d) Venkatraman RadhaKrishnan
(a) 10 (b) 11 (c) 12 (d) 13 58. …… bank has become the first bank in the country
47. ……… bank has signed with member development to introduce Iris scan Authentication feature for
banks of BRICS to undertake collaborative research Aadhar-based transactions through its micro ATM
tablets?
in blockchain technology?
(a) ICICI (b) Axis (c) HDFC (d) Yes
(a) RBI (b) SBI (c) EXIM (d) PNB
59. Govt. of India has launched ………, a single
48. According to the report “After Access: ICT access
window integrated Environment Management
and use in India & Global South”, ………% of 15- system for forest, wildlife clearances?
65 age group in India use Internet? (a) ANVESH (b) SAMANVESH
(a) 50 (b) 21 (c) 36 (d) 19 (c) PARYAVARAN (d) PARIVESH
49. India Baja 2018 – challenge of all extreme 60. SCO Peace Mission Exercise, 2018, a joint military
motorsport competitions in the world will be exercise of SCO member was held in ………?
organized in ………? (a) Russia (b) China
(a) Dehradun (b) Shimla (c) India (d) Kazakhstan
(c) Jaisalmer (d) Gangtok 61. According to Global Livability Index which city is
50. Ivan Duque recently became new President of …… the most livable?
country? (a) Melbourne (b) Vienna
(a) Argentina (b) Chile (c) Sydney (d) London
(c) Paraguay (d) Colombia 62. According to Report on station cleanliness of
51. Recently Indian govt. celebrated which of the Railways … railway station topped in A-1 category
following Sikh guru’s 550th birth anniversary? stations?
(a) Guru Nanak (b) Guru Gobind Singh (a) Jodhpur (b) Tirupati
(c) Guru Amar Das (d) Guru Angad (c) Jaipur (d) Secunderabad

55 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest
63. Who is the author of the book “The Unending 74. India govt. unveiled a major plan recently to
Game”? connect north-eastern states with ……… port of
(a) Arvind Subramaniyam Bangladesh?
(b) Amartya Sen (a) Mongla (b) Chittagong
(c) Ajit Doval (c) Dhaka (d) Narayanganj
(d) Vikram Sood 75. What is name of the messaging app. Which is being
64. India recently built 404 houses for Indian-origin planned for a re-launch by Patanjali Ayurved?
people in ……… country? (a) Kemcho (b) Kimbho
(a) Maldives (b) Fiji (c) Kaise ho (d) Kaiho
(c) Sri Lanka (d) Malaysia 76. What the name of one of the top Singapore
65. Special meeting of Senior officials of Bay of executive who fired himself from the company?
Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral, Technical and (a) Koh Boon Hwee (b) Allen Lew
Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) was recently (c) Desmond Keuk (d) Kuok Khoon Hong
held in ………? 77. …… has been appointed as CEO of Pradhan Mantri
(a) Colombo (b) Katmandu Fasal Bima Yojana?
(c) Jakarta (d) New Delhi (a) C. K. Mishra
66. Israel recently opened a Visa Application centre in (b) Preeti Saran
……… city to encourage more Indians to visit their (c) Kewal K. Sharma
country? (d) Ashish Kumar Bhutani
(a) Kolkata (b) Guwahati
78. Recently ……… company became first in India by
(c) Bhubaneshwar (d) Ranchi
announcing to offer high-end mobile phones on
67. Nepal-India Literature Festival 2018 is being held
rent?
in ……… city?
(a) RentoMojo (b) Mobrent
(a) Biratnagar (b) Pokhara
(c) Rent a Mobile (d) Mobile on Rent
(c) Birgunj (d) Patna
79. P.M. Narendra Modi in his Independence Day
68. ……… has launched Lite Android app in India &
speech said that India’s first manned space mission
20 other countries that will minimize data usage?
“Gaganyaan” will be launched by ……… year?
(a) Snapchat (b) Instagram
(a) 2020 (b) 2022 (c) 2025 (d) 2030
(c) Facebook (d) Twitter
80. Mahadayi river dispute is between which states?
69. According to recent FICCI survey, Indian GDP
growth rate for 2018-19 would be ………? (a) Goa, Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra
(a) 7.4% (b) 7.3% (c) 7.1% (d) 7.0% (b) Karnataka and Maharashtra
70. Recently which of following countries is hit by a (c) Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra
massive 7.0 magnitude earthquake? (d) Goa and Karnataka
(a) Philippines (b) Indonesia 81. Muslim Uighur minority which was in news
(c) Malaysia (d) Japan recently belongs to ……… country?
71. Which of the following countries recently lifted ban (a) Mongolia (b) Vietnam
on adoption of children from India, which was (c) China (d) Russia
imposed 8 years ago? 82. Apollo Hospitals partnered with ……... software
(a) UK (b) Russia company and launched the first-ever Artificial
(c) Australia (d) South Africa Intelligence (AI) powered cardiovascular disease
72. Who has become India’s 53rd chess grandmaster risk score Application Programme Interface (API)?
after winning in Abu Dhabi Master? (a) Microsoft (b) TCS
(a) Nihal Sarin (b) Harika Dronavals (c) Google (d) Oracle
(c) Bhaskaran Adiban (d) Abhijeet Gupta 83. Which online travel company is going to deploy
73. On India’s Independence Day 12th Century. stolen Artificial Intelligence, Chatbots etc to reach out to
Buddha statue was returned ……… country? smaller towns?
(a) Portuguese (b) French (a) Yatra (b) Make My Trip
(c) Dutch/Netherlands (d) England (c) Travel Yaari (d) Clear trip

56 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest
84. Which of the following Maharatna Company is 95. Which of the following state announced to observe
planning to invest in start-ups, build solar power September as “Month of Nutrition”?
plants and set up battery charging stations for (a) Madhya Pradesh (b) Uttar Pradesh
electric vehicles? (c) Rajasthan (d) Assam
(a) BHEL (b) GAIL (c) NTPC (d) SAIL 96. Who is the first Indian Cyclist to with a medal
85. ……… Indian wine maker has become first non- (Silver) at UCI Junior Track Cycling World
Chinese winery in Asia to cross 1 million case mark Championships held in Switzerland?
in sales? (a) Esow Alben (b) Bikram Singh
(a) Grover (b) Charosa (c) Amrit Singh (d) Deborah Herold
(c) Sula (d) Four seasons 97. Insurance Regulatory Development Authority of
86. Which of the following country’s flag along with India (IRDAI) directed all insurance companies to
Indian national flag were flown half most in honour include ……… under medical insurance?
of Late Sri. Atal Bihari Vajpayee? (a) HIV-AIDS
(a) Pakistan (b) Maldives (b) Mental Illness
(c) Mauritius (d) Sri Lanka (c) Attempt Suicide
87. To promote tourism, Indian govt. extended e-visa (d) Non Allopathic Treatments
facility for citizens of ……… countries? 98. 18th edition of Asian Games started in ………
(a) 193 (b) 110 (c) 130 (d) 165 country?
88. Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (a) Malaysia (b) Thailand
(FSSAI) constituted an expert panel to review food (c) China (d) Indonesia
labeling standards which will be headed by ……? 99. Which Pakistani cricketer recently banned for 10
(a) Sesikeran (b) Nikhil Tandon years for spot fixing?
(c) Hemalatha (d) Pawan Kumar Agarwal (a) Shadab Khan (b) Sami Aslam
89. Albany Prize is given for which of the following (c) Nasir Jamshed (d) Tanvir Ahmed
field? 100. Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) plans
(a) Medicine (b) Physics to launch “Understanding India” programme in
(c) Sports (d) Journalism ……… country?
90. Railway Ministry launched “Digital Screens” at 22 (a) Pakistan (b) China
stations to spread awareness about ………? (c) Russia (d) Saudi Arabia
(a) UNESCO’s Indian Heritage sites 101. First Global Robotics Olympics was recently held
(b) Incredible India promotion at ……… country?
(c) Indian Railway Heritage (a) USA (b) Canada
(d) Famous Tourist Sports of India (c) Japan (d) Mexico
91. Who among the following won Boys U-19 title of 102. India won its first gold medal in Asian Games 2018
Indian Classic Junior Open Squash Tournament by Bajrang Punia. He belongs to ……… Sport?
held in Mumbai? (a) Shooting (b) Wrestling
(a) Chaitanya Shah (b) Yash Fadte (c) Athletics (d) Long Jump
(c) Ramit Tandon (d) Harinder Pal Sandhu 103. Basking shark, the second largest fish in the world
92. Kofi Annan who recently died served as Secretary was recently spotted off ……… coast?
General of ……… International Organization? (a) India (b) Canada
(a) UNICEF (b) UNO (c) Greenland (d) France
(c) WHO (d) IMF 104. According to the recently released India Wage
93. 11th World Hindi Conference started in ……… Report of International Labour Organisation (ILO)
country? average wage in India in 2011-12 was Rs. ………
(a) Maldives (b) Bangladesh per day?
(c) Sri Lanka (d) Mauritius (a) Rs.247 (b) Rs.320 (c) Rs.156 (d) Rs.445
94. Which of the following IIT, is going to set up a Re- 105. Who is appointed as new Vice President of Coca-
water Research Centre to replenish & rejuvenate Cola India unit?
water resources? (a) Sundeeb Bajoria
(a) IIT-Kharagpur (b) IIT-Chennai (b) Chandrasekhar Radhakrishan
(c) IIT-Mumbai (d) IIT-Delhi (c) T. Krishnakumar (d) K. Vishwanath

57 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest
106. According to society of India Automobile 116. Which of the following country announced of its
Manufactures (SIAM) ……. car replaced “Alto” as coming out of Eurozone bailout programme?
India’s best selling car? (a) Greece (b) Portugal
(a) Maruti Suzuki Dzire (c) Italy (d) U.K
(b) Tata Indica 117. A parliamentary committee headed by ……... on
(c) Toyota’s Innova Non-performing Assets (NPAs) recent asked former
(d) Maruti’s Baleno. RBI governor Raghuram Rajan to appear & brief on
107. Airtel signed partnership with …….. on a strategic it?
content on a partnership? (a) Murali Manohar Joshi
(a) Star (b) Zee (b) Piyush Goyal
(c) Sony (d) Reliance (c) Narendra Modi
108. HRD Ministry set up a 5 member committee to (d) Dharmendra Pradhan
suggest changes to JEE (Advanced) entrance test. It 118. Which of the following country unveiled its first
is headed by ……….? domestic fighter jet “Kowsar”?
(a) D. P Singh (b) S. K. Varma (a) Kyrgyzstan (b) Afghanistan
(c) Deenbandhu Chaturvedi (c) Iran (d) Uzbekistan
(d) Bhaskar Rammurthy 119. First ever joint air exercise Elang Shakti was held
109. Indigenously developed Helicopter launched ……. between India and ………?
HELINA missile has been successfully test-fired (a) Malaysia (b) UAE
recently? (c) Indonesia (d) Mongolia
(a) Short range ballistic missile 120. T.P. Sharma was recently appointed as new chief of
(b) Inter Continental Ballistic Missile Lokayukta of ……… state?
(c) Anti-Tank Guided Missile (a) Gujarat (b) Maharashtra
(d) Heavy Artillery Gun (c) Jharkhand (d) Chattisgarh
110. Cash will not be put in ATM’s after ……… From 121. ……… is going to invest $ 20 million in India’s
Feb, 9 2019-according to Union Home Ministry? Rural Electrification Program?
(a) 8 P.M (b) 4 P.M (c) 9 P.M (d) 6 P.M (a) Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
111. Panini Language lab was recently inaugurated India (b) Rockfellers Foundation
govt. in country? (c) Open Society Foundations
(a) Mauritius (b) Nepal (d) Ford Foundation
(c) Bhutan (d) Sri Lanka 122. India Meteorological Department (IMD) has
112. Former India army chief ……… has been awarded announced to set up new cyclone warning centre in
U.S. Legion of Merit (LOM) award? Kerala, along with its 6 existing centres. Which is
(a) Gen. J.J. Singh not one among them?
(b) Gen. Dalbir Singh Suhag (a) Visakhapatnam (b) Kolkata
(c) Gen. Bikram Singh (c) Mangalore (d) Ahmedabad
(d) Gen. V. K. Singh 123. Which of the following state’s new capital will be
113. This year marked the 150th anniversary of discovery named as Atal Nagar?
of ……… element of Mendeleev’s periodic table? (a) Chattisgarh (b) Jarkhand
(a) Hydrogen (b) Helium (c) Odisha (d) Andhrapradesh
(c) Uranium (d) Selenium 124. ……… is the highest paid athlete according to
114. Kerala flood was classified as ……… category Forbes?
calamity of severe nature? (a) P.V. Sindhu
(a) L1 (b) L2 (c) L3 (d) L4 (b) Dane Caroline Wozniacki
115. In recent shuffle of state governors. Tathagata Roy, (c) Solane Stephens (d) Serena Williams
governor of Tripura was now made new governor 125. Divya Kakran who recently won bronze in Asian
of …… state? games 2018, represents ……….. sport?
(a) Assam (b) Haryana (a) Badminton (b) Shooting
(c) Bihar (d) Meghalaya (c) Wrestling (d) Tennis

58 IACE (Indian Academy of Competitive Exams) www.iace.co.in Toll Free: 1800-270-9975, Ph: 9533200400
Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest
126. Which of the following companies topped 136. Kuldeep Nayar who passed away recently belongs
Fortune’s change the World list? to ……… field?
(a) Alibaba (b) Reliance Jio (a) Civil Servant (b) Journalism
(c) Merck (d) Bank of America (c) Sports (d) Classical Music
127. Indian govt. recently rejected Rs. 700 cr assistance 137. Aeolus – Satellite to track global winds & weather
to Kerala floods offered by ………… country? forecasts was recently launched by ………?
(a) Saudi Arabia (b) Bahrain (a) NASA (b) ESA
(c) Rockosmos (d) Jaxa
(c) Iran (d) UAE
138. Indian recently asked for revision of gas pipe line
128. Renewable energy firm Seimens Gamesa
“TAPI”. P represents?
announced commissioning of its first hybrid project (a) Project (b) Procedure
for NTPC in ……… state? (c) Pakistan (d) Petroleum
(a) Tamil Nadu (b) Telangana 139. Food Safety & Standards Authority of India
(c) Karnataka (d) Maharashtra (FSSAI) recently issued food safety standards for
129. Finance Ministry issued strict warning to all CEO’s ……… products?
of all public sector banks to check all NPA’s (a) Honey (b) Potato
exceeding ……. Cr or else face criminal charges? (c) Cereals (d) Fish
(a) 50 cr (b) 25 cr (c) 100 cr (d) 75 cr 140. According to State Bank of India’s (SBI) report
130. ‘No Spin’ is the autobiography of ………? India’s GDP growth rate in April-June is ………?
(a) Anil Kumble (a) 7.4% (b) 7.5% (c) 7.6% (d) 7.7%
(b) Muthiah Muralidharan 141. According to report of Indian Computer Emergency
(c) Shane Warne Response Team (CERT-In) ……% of cyber attacks
(d) Abdul Qadir on Indian sites are from China?
(a) 35% (b) 45% (c) 55% (d) 25%
131. Which of the following International court is going
142. “2GUD” – first ever independent platform for
to hear Pakistani held Indian national Kulbhushan
refurbished goods was launched by __ e-commerce
Jadhav case? site?
(a) International Criminal Court (a) Amazon (b) Myntra
(b) International Court of Justice (c) Flipkart (d) Snapdeal
(c) International Supreme Court 143. International water colour festival will be held at
(d) European Court of Human Rights ……… city of India?
132. According to 2016-17 survey of Ministry of (a) Raipur (b) Ranchi
Women & Child Development more than ………… (c) Bhubaneswar (d) Panaji
lakh children are missing from child care homes? 144. Bhamashah Techno Hub, a startup hub is launched
(a) 2 Lakhs (b) 3 Lakhs by ……… state?
(c) 4 Lakhs (d) 5 Lakhs (a) Maharashtra (b) Rajasthan
133. Supreme Court recently observed that ……… (c) Haryana (d) Gujarat
fundamental right is not above right to save lives in 145. Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) has recently
the country? launched …………. Operation to rehabilitate
Kerala flood victims?
(a) Right to Privacy
(a) Operation Madad (b) Operation Rehab
(b) Right to shelter
(c) Operation Sahayata (d) Operation Rescue
(c) Right to healthy environment 146. To increase security against misuse of Aadhar,
(d) Right to Retire UIDAI has instructed all telecom operators for a
134. According to Adobe’s 2018 consumer Email ……… verification as must?
Survey consumers aged 25-34 years spend ……… (a) Documentation (b) Passport Photograph
per day checking their emails? (c) Self-certification (d) Facial recognition
(a) 5.2 hrs (b) 3.8 hrs (c) 4.6 hrs (d) 6.4 hrs 147. …… country is planning to make flying cars with a
135. Rahi Sarnobat won gold medal in ……… event of government-led group of 21 companies consisting
Asian Games 2018? of Airbus, Toyota, Uber, Boeing etc.
(a) Shooting 25 mts (b) 400 mts Running (a) USA (b) Germany
(c) Wrestling (d) Swimming (c) Japan (d) China

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148. Kama: The Riddle of Desire book was authored by 158. 6 years after tracking down the Higgs Boson
……….? particle, physicists observed a decay of the particle
(a) Gurucharan Das (b) Amitav Ghosh at LHC observatory? ‘H’ refers to in LHC?
(c) Vikram Seth (d) Devdutt Pattanaik (a) Hadron (b) Hydron
149. National Logistics Portal is being developed to (c) Hydrogen (d) Higgs
ensure ease of trading in International & domestic 159. Pincky Balhara won a silver medal in Asian Games
markets, will link all stake holders of ………? 2018 in ______sport?
(a) WTO (b) EXIM bank (a) Athletics (b) Jevelin Throw
(c) IMF (c) Kurash (d) Swimming
(d) Scheduled Commercial Banks 160. Central govt. recently allowed ___ departments to
150. ……… country signed an agreement with UK and hold banned currency notes?
United Nations Development Fund (UNDP) to (a) Scheduled commercial banks
implement climate–resilient development projects? (b) NBFCs & MFIs
(a) India (b) Myanmar (c) Law enforcement departments
(c) Sri Lanka (d) Nepal (d) Regulatory bodies like SEBI, IRDAI, PFRDA
151. Who won Bronze medal is Men’s Lightweight etc.
single sculls at Asian Games 2018? 161. What do you mean by the term “Watermelon Effect
(a) Rohit Kumar (b) Dushyant Chauhan “in business & economy?
(c) Bhagwan Singh (d) Shardul Vihan (a) Looking strong from outside but actually weak
152. India won gold medal in men’s doubles Tennis inside
event in Asian Games 2018 by defeating ……… (b) Having more liquid than assets
country? (c) More assets than liabilities
(a) Japan (b) Malaysia (d) Expanding very fast till a point where it can’t
(c) Singapore (d) Kazakhstan hold its own weight
153. ……… has announced her retirement from T20 162. Govt. of India recently scrapped two Scientific
recently? Advisory committees (SAC) and replaced them
(a) Jhulan Goswami (b) Mithali Raj with a 9 member Prime Minister’s Science,
Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (PM-
(c) Poonam Raut (d) Harmanpreet Kaur
STIAC). It will be headed by ______?
154. A new type of ……... batteries are developed which
(a) Dr. K. Vijay Raghavan
avoids catching fire & causing injuries to users?
(b) Dr. V.K. Saraswat
(a) Zinc-Bromine (b) Cadmium
(c) A.S. Kiran kumar (d) Manjul Bhargava
(c) Thermal powered (d) Lithium ion
163. Recently Minister of railways announced that
155. Oldest & thickest sea ice of Arctic region broke up?
around _____no. of railway stations will be WiFi-
(a) Siberian Shelf (b) Greenland
enabled in next 6-8 months?
(c) Axel Heiberg (d) Lambert Glacier
(a) 5000 (b) 4000 (c) 8000 (d) 6000
156. Which of the following Warren Buffet led
164. SBI recently announced its proposal to sell ____ of
companies has recently made its first investment in
its stake in NSE as a part of capital raising
India in payment’s parent company one 97
exercise?
communications?
(a) 5.19% (b) 5% (c) 3.89% (d) 4.33%
(a) Wells Fargo (b) Kranft Heinz
165. Director General for Civil Aviation (DGCA) for the
(c) Bank of America (d) Berkshire Hathaway first time released set of rules to fly ___for civil
157. RBI cancelled the license of ______ company to use?
issue pre-paid cards for voluntarily surrendering the (a) Drones (b) Demo Robots
authorization of the company as Payment System (c) Toy airplanes & helicopters
Operator (PSO)? (d) UDAN flights
(a) Moneygram Payments Inc 166. 2019 is 110th Birth Anniversary of which Legendary
(b) Tech Mahindra Ltd Cricketer?
(c) Airtel smart Money (a) Jim Laker (b) Don Bradman
(d) Amazon pay (c) Godfrey Evans (d) Bill O’ Reilly
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167. Fouaad Mirza won silver medal in Asian Games 177. According to RBI’s annual data 2017-18, RBI spent
2018 in _________ event? Rs. _______ for printing new Rs. 500 and Rs. 2000
(a) Archery (b) Equestrian & other denomination notes?
(c) Kurash (d) Squash (a) Rs. 8567 cr (b) Rs. 7965 cr
168. _________ state govt. is seeking union govt. to (c) Rs. 5235 cr (d) Rs. 6646 cr
revive Project Cheetah? 178. Govt. of India and ________ signed a $ 375 million
(a) Madhya Pradesh (b) Odisha loan agreement to expand network’s & system
(c) Karnataka (d) Gujarat
efficiency of M.P?
169. Which of the following NASA’s space Telescope
(a) World Bank
completed 15 years recently?
(b) IMF
(a) Hubble (b) Chandra X-ray
(c) Spritzer (d) Compton Gama ray (c) ADB
170. Match the following in Asian Games-2018 (d) New Development Bank
Sports Person Sports 179. Union cabinet approved the revision outlay of
1. Swapna Barman A. Athletics-Men’s 800 settling up of India Post Payments Bank IPPB from
2. Saurav Ghoshal B. Rowing Rs. 800 cr to ___________ cr?
3. Jinson Johnson C. Squash (a) Rs. 1435 cr (b) Rs. 1045 cr
4. Dushyant D. Athletics Heptathlon (c) Rs. 1265 cr (d) Rs. 1355 cr
(a) 1-D; 2-A; 3-B; 4-C (b) 1-D; 2-C; 3-B; 4-A 180. Union Cabinet approved additional Dearness
(c) 1-A; 2-B; 3-C; 4-D (d) 1-D; 2-C; 3-A; 4-B Allowance of ________ to central govt. employees
171. Google’s UPI payments platform ‘Tez’ has been and Dearness relief to pensioners?
renamed as __________? (a) 1.5% (b) 3% (c) 4% (d) 2%
(a) Google Payments (b) Google Money 181. ________ state has extended Armed Forces Special
(c) Google Fin (d) Google Pay Powers Act AFSPA for another 6 months?
172. Govt. constituted committee on mob lynching
(a) Arunachal Pradesh (b) Assam
issues recently submitted the report was headed by
(c) Manipur (d) Meghalaya
_____?
(a) Pradeep Kumar Sinha 182. Indian Navy worship INS Teg during patrolling of
(b) Rajiv Gauba Gulf of Aden helped in rescuing a ship of ________
(c) Dr. Satish Raghavan country?
(d) Arvind Subramanian (a) Finland (b) Norway
173. Govt. of India signed _________ loan agreement to (c) Italy (d) Oman
boost energy efficiency program? 183. First SAARC Agri Cooperative Business Forum
(a) $ 100 million (b) $ 200 million held in __________?
(c) $ 300 million (d) $ 400 million (a) Nepal (b) Bhutan
174. _______ state signed an MoU with American Based (c) Pakistan (d) Sri Lanka
agency-Malaria no more to make the state malaria 184. ____ became first Indian to win gold in heptathlete
free? in Asian games 2018?
(a) Haryana (b) Odisha (a) Dutee Chand (b) Swapna Barman
(c) Telangana (d) Assam (c) Seema Punia (d) P.U. Chitra
175. Alibaba Cloud India (ACI) signed on MoU with
185. Smart Railway conclave which was held in New
_______ state for best usage of Chinese Companies
Delhi was organized by _______?
technologies in various sectors?
(a) Railway Ministry (b) ASSOCHAM
(a) Andhra Pradesh (b) Delhi
(c) Maharashtra (d) Tamil Nadu (c) CCI (d) FICCI
176. China recently started sea trials of its 2nd aircraft 186. ADB & Govt. of India signed a $ 346 million loan
carrier ship called ______? to finance 400 kms of state highways of ____ state?
(a) Liaoning (b) Chalming (a) Madhya Pradesh (b) Karnataka
(c) Type 002 (d) Type 009 (c) Odisha (d) Rajasthan

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Current Affairs September 2018 – Digest

ANSWER KEY
1 b 2 d 3 c 4 a 5 b 6 c 7 d 8 b 9 a 10 c
11 b 12 a 13 c 14 d 15 a 16 b 17 d 18 b 19 c 20 a
21 c 22 b 23 a 24 d 25 c 26 b 27 d 28 a 29 b 30 a
31 a 32 c 33 d 34 b 35 a 36 d 37 c 38 a 39 d 40 b
41 a 42 d 43 b 44 c 45 a 46 c 47 c 48 d 49 c 50 d
51 a 52 d 53 b 54 c 55 c 56 a 57 c 58 b 59 d 60 a
61 b 62 a 63 d 64 c 65 b 66 a 67 c 68 d 69 a 70 b
71 c 72 a 73 d 74 b 75 b 76 a 77 d 78 a 79 b 80 c
81 c 82 a 83 b 84 b 85 c 86 b 87 d 88 a 89 a 90 c
91 b 92 b 93 d 94 a 95 c 96 a 97 b 98 d 99 c 100 b
101 d 102 b 103 d 104 a 105 b 106 a 107 b 108 d 109 c 110 c
111 a 112 b 113 b 114 c 115 d 116 a 117 a 118 c 119 a 120 d
121 b 122 c 123 a 124 d 125 c 126 b 127 d 128 c 129 a 130 c
131 b 132 a 133 d 134 d 135 a 136 b 137 b 138 c 139 a 140 d
141 a 142 c 143 b 144 b 145 c 146 d 147 c 148 a 149 b 150 d
151 b 152 d 153 a 154 d 155 b 156 d 157 b 158 a 159 c 160 c
161 a 162 a 163 d 164 c 165 a 166 b 167 b 168 a 169 c 170 d
171 d 172 b 173 c 174 b 175 a 176 c 177 b 178 c 179 a 180 d
181 b 182 b 183 a 184 b 185 d 186 b

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