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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

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    [Studyplan] CSAT Aptitude Paper 2: Maths &  1 month ago
 Data Interpretation-High priority topics, Sample
Questions, free studymaterial (part 2 of 3)
SEARCH B4 ASKING!
1. Math haters are grave diggers C SA T क ल क सु
बह
Search
1. #1: 2012 unlikely to repeat
LATEST COMMENTS
2. #2: GS Strength doesn’t 43 21 21 36
days hrs mins sec.
SANU { mrunal sir one compensate math weakness
gujarish (request) ..im from
3. #3: One lakh Delhi
 @ S S C , C A P F pl a y e rs
no science background so
6,7,8,9 science padhne ki aspirants
jarurat hai ki 11 12 claas ki 4. #4: Maths = competitive edge + peace of mind
} – 45 days Before CSAT: 2. Mathematics: What to ignore? Top
a Few words...
1. Doubtful syllabus topics in Mathematics
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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

TIRU { Hello. I am from 2. Highest priority (finish them first)


AP. My verification was 3. Medium priority
done almost 1 month ago.
4. Low Priority
Till now, didn't get any
joining letter or so. Can 3. CSAT Math doesn’t not fall from sky but NCERTs
someone let... } – [ACIO] 1. Gather the weapons
Result for ACIO 2013 2. Which Quant book?
exam declared,...
3. Don’t waste time learning Speed maths / Vedic maths
VIKAS AGRE { can u
4. High priority topics
plz explain me check either
1 or 2, 3 or 4 type
5. H1: Linear Equations
questions??? } – 1. NCERT: Linear Equations
[Reasoning] Syllogism 2. Quant book: Linear Equations
(All Cats are Dogs):
6. H2: Number system
Method,...
1. NCERT: Number system
USHA KIRAN { But sir
2. NCERT Powers & Exponents
as the service allocation
process has not started, 7. H3: Percentages, Profit Loss, SI- CI
will they entertain my RTI? 8. H4: Ratio Proportion Variation Partnership (RPVP)
Actually I just wanted to
9. H5: Speed Time Distance Work (STDW)
know your view over this. }
10. H6: Averages, Allegations
– [CAPF] UPSC declares
Written Result of 11. H7: Data Interpretation (DI)
Assistant... 1. DI-1: odd- graphs
DORAIRAJ { ONE OF 2. DI-2: bar graphs, pie charts
MY FRIENDS VISITED IB 3. DI-3: Venn Diagrams
OFFICE DELHI TO INQUIRY
4. Don’t assume A+B=total
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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

ABOUT MY BATCH 5. DI-4 Tabulation questions


DETAILS.... BUT THE IB
12. H8: Geometry: Area volume perimeter (AVP)
PEOPLE DID NT
ENTERTAIN. EVEN THE
13. Appendix: Download links
RECEPTIONIST ALSO... } – 1. A1: Last three years official CSAT papers
[ACIO] Result for ACIO 2. A2: NCERT Mathematics Topicwise Sorted free download
2013 exam declared,...
3. A3: Quant books: What to prepare, what to skip?
RISHI { as per Mrunal's
key it was 170+ } – [CAPF] So far in the CSAT paper-2 study plan
UPSC declares Written
Result of Assistant... 1. Comprehension and Reasoning
MRUNAL { Usha you 2. Mathematics & Data Interpretation: high priority topics You’re here
can find that via RTI to 3. Decision Making + Mathematics: Medium & low priority topics
home ministry and UPSC:
"my roll number is so and Ma th ha ters a re gra v e diggers
so, which service am i
allotted to?"... } – [CAPF] Many of you have this mindset / strategy:
UPSC declares Written
Result of Assistant... 1. I hate maths / I’m weak in maths. Therefore, I’ll pump extra hours in
MRUNAL { that is General studies to compensate for my poor command over mathematics.
awesome Rushikesh, 2. Prelim marks not counted in final merit list, and maths is not going to be
hearty congratulations. } – asked in mains. so why bother. Besides, in 2012 only 3 questions were
[CAPF] UPSC declares asked!
Written Result of
3. xyz person on xyz forum said he managed to crack CSAT without preparing
Assistant...
maths. Same Cinderella story will repeat in my case.
MRUNAL { Suresh 4. In last three years, average cutoff was ___. So, so if I tick __ Questions in GS
Biology class11: 2,3,4 and

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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

5. I've uploaded all the paper I and __ questions in comprehension /reasoning, I can easily reach
chapters now, thanks for cutoffs, without bothering about maths.
notifying. } – 45 days
Before CSAT: a Few To all such aspirants, I’ve four things to say:
words...

USHA KIRAN { Thank #1 : 2 0 1 2 unlike ly to re pe at


you Sir, I have one
question there is % of CSAT-2012 Paper II CSAT 2013
something mentioned in
questions
the UPSC CAPF 2013
advertisement - 'A female comprehension 40 MCQs. (=50% of the paper) reduced to 32 MCQs.
candidate, even if her
name... } – [CAPF] UPSC only 3 MCQs = dream come true for math 17 MCQs = = ~1/5th of
maths
declares Written Result haters. paper.
of Assistant...

MAHESH { Great ! bro


share your score in Paper 1
and congrats } – [CAPF]
UPSC declares Written
Result of Assistant...

MRUNAL { Naresh
observe these questions
from CAPF exam Q1.
Statement I: The Jajmani
system was one in which
the village artisans
supplied traditionally fixed

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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

quantities of... } – 45 days


Before CSAT: a Few
words...

MRUNAL { Ageya,
calculators allowed in
mains but not in prelims. }
– 45 days Before CSAT:
a Few words...

MRUNAL { yes dhruv


I'm working on it. (hence
no updates in [current]
section). } – 45 days
Before CSAT: a Few
words...

MRUNAL { Rob Col, as


such it is sufficient but
from New NCERTs atleast only THREE questions from Maths in 2012! Will those “Acche din” come again?

observe the maps. for


example Ashoka's Ok so why did the “Achhe din” end? Why didn’t UPSC ask just three Maths
inscriptions in class6, MCQs in 2013, like they did in 2012? You can unravel this mystery by looking at
chapter8. } – 45 days “Behind the curtains timeline” and joining the dots
Before CSAT: a Few
words...
20 May 2012 CSAT-2013 exam held. Only 3 maths and 40 comprehension.
MRUNAL { T A M, cost
benefit bad unless the 30 August 2012 Prof. Nigvekar submits report & recommends following
place is already in news for
some other reason e.g. GI In CSAT Paper II: too many questions were asked from
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tags. } – 45 days Before comprehension section, it needs to be reduced slightly in favor of other
CSAT: a Few words... type of aptitude questions.(e.g. reasoning, maths)
RECRUITMENT It will be better to reduce the English part in CSAT, and instead set bit
tougher questions in the compulsory English paper at mains level.
Hal l ti ckets
Upl oaded?
26 t h May 2013: CSAT 2013 exam. Comprehension reduced from 50% to 40%,
SSC 2013 Re-exam:Yes
consequently, maths questions increased from 3 to 17, to fillup the total 80
CAPF-2014: Yes
CSAT-2014: Not Yet questions quota. Even in mains-2013, compulsory English paper was
B anki ng Sector lengthier than previous exams, and hence tougher.
20-Jul: SI DBI
asst .Manager(80)
In other words, Maths is here to stay. 2012 scene unlikely to repeat. UPSC
21-Jul: RBI asst.(only SPORTS unlikely to ask only 3 maths MCQs in 2014.
quota)
09-Jul: IBPS RRB 2014 #2 : GS Stre ngth doe sn’t compe nsate math we akne ss
On 2 0 1 3 RRB score
Prof.Nigvekar Committee observed:
16-Jul: H ary ana Gramin
11-Jul: Jharkhand Gramin
CSAT Paper-I (General studies) is difficult compared to paper-II (Aptitude test).
11-Jul: Puducherry Gramin
The candidates who are good in general studies, are at disadvantage, because
on M ani pal Certi .
16-Jul: BoB PO
they can’t get any edge with general studies. On the other side, candidates
12-Jul: I DBI PO good in paper-II(Aptitude) gets advantage, & they can make though the exam
IT/ Computer even without much study of general studies. (Therefore) Aspirants with
30-Aug: IITD Delhi system engineering background formed the major chunk of aspirants who qualified
admin(3) the prelims in the first attempt.
25-Jul: programmer Lucknow
Med.Uni. In other words,

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25-Jul: programmer Lucknow It takes far more effort to get 60 correct in GS, than it takes to get 60 correct in
Med.Uni. aptitude. Given the large influx of Engineer-UPSC aspirants post sub-prime
17-Jul: IT jobs NIHFW
crisis and mushrooming self-financed colleges, IF you (non-Engineers) think
15-Jul: System Op.Raebareli
you can compensate your weakness in maths/aptitude by pumping more
10-Jul: Karnataka PC
hours in General studies => then you’re making a grave mistake. You have to
operators
08-Jul: Ludhiana PC operator tame the bull (maths) by the horns (continuous practice).
06-Jul: IT engg. in CRIS (need
#3 : One lakh De lhi aspirants
GATE2014)
Engi neers
In April 2014, UPSC wrote a letter to DoPT, requesting more officers to be
01-Aug: MECL:
deployed for exam duty because:
Asst .manager
23-Jul: MNIT Jaipur Tech.asst.
1. more than 10 lakh people expected to apply for CSAT-2014
17-Jul: Light house
2. Out of them more than 1 lakh people from Delhi alone. (This is UPSC’s
15-Jul: ONGC Western
Tech.asst.
estimation!).
11-Jul: Freight Corridor
10 lakh is not worrisome, because most of them are non-serious people
11-Jul: Powergrid Sr.Engg
applying just because papa said (JBPS). But 1 lakh from Delhi alone= that is a
11-Jul: NBBC Engineers
disturbing number.
09-Jul: I I T-K
09-Jul: OIL Drilling Engg.12
Because majority of them would be full-time dedicated aspirants migrated
07-Jul: VI ZAG Jr.Trainee
to Delhi for the sole purpose of UPSC preparation. Therefore, competition
Pol i ce/ Defence/ Intel .
31-Aug: Army Dent al
will be cutthroat than ever before.
05-Aug: Nav y UES In recent years, even Hyderabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Indore, Lucknow and
02-Aug: CI SF A’bad are also fast turning into Delhi like centres i.e. where many aspirants
const ables(1203) rent a room and full time dedicate to UPSC preparation with or without
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21-Jul: NDS(II) 2014 coaching.


14-Jul: BSF Para- In this environment, you’ve to extract every mark you can, from every
Medic,Pharma
section you can. Hating maths is not a good idea. Remember: Sincere
14-Jul: BSF Motor transport
candidates don’t fail prelims by 100 marks, they fail by a margin of just few
07-Jul: BSF ASI/H.Constables
marks below the cutoff. And in most cases, they could have avoided failure
06-Jul: Doctors in BSF
Speci al i st by keeping alert on negative marking, and extracting a few easy questions
B Com/ HR/ M B A from the subjects they disliked.
30-Aug: Accountant NIFFT
#4 : Maths = compe titiv e e dge + pe ace of mind
Ranchi
15-Jul: ONGC accountants(2)
Today every sincere player knows he has to prepare NCERT, Laxmikanth,
11-Jul: Freight Corridor(34)
and Economic Survey. So command over those books = just minimum
11-Jul: HR officers,NBBC
09-Jul: I I T-K account s
height n chest requirement in military recruitment. Not a competitive edge,
09-Jul: HR Officers BEL doesn’t automatically ensure selection.
M edi cal / Al l i ed Last year pretty much every regular reader of Mrunal.org ticked 12-15
09-Aug: SAI L Doct ors correct in Economy. Again, no longer a competitive edge, it’s just a
09-Aug: SAI L Paramedics ‘minimum system requirement’ (MSR).
28-Jul: Chandigarh People have been trying to get competitive edge over others by doing PH.D
Paramedics
on Culture, science, environment. But given the tough nature of GS-MCQs,
18-Jul: Doctors in HAL
all that labour barely translates to additional 10-15 marks, that too after
14-Jul: BSF Para-
spending months in mugging up fifty dozen festivals, tribes, caves,
Medic,Pharma
07-Jul: Haryana Doctors algae/biofertilizers and critically endangered species.
06-Jul: Doctors in BSF On the other side, maths can easily help raise your score by atleast 30**
L egal marks than the crowd, and ensure peace of mind until prelim result comes.
22-Jul: At t orney , Then, you can completely focus on mains preparation, rather than worrying
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Kuru.Univ . about cutoffs in online forums.


07-Jul: Haryana Attorney
S c i e n c e / A g r i . G r a d s . **based on 2011 and 2013 trend, if UPSC asks 15-17 maths questions, then at
30-Aug: Lab Attendent NIFFT least 12 of them will be solvable even with moderate preparation. 12 x 2.5 = 30
Ranchi marks.
25-Jul: Himachal
Tech.Assistants Ma thema tics / Ba sic Numera cy : How much upto Cla ssX?
18-Jul: Delhi Vet erinary
14-Jul: IHBT Himachal Maths internal breakup in last 3 CSAT
10-Jul: Karnataka lab
Maths Topic Subtopic 2011 2012 2013
assistant
10-Jul: Karnataka Horti.Field HCF,LCM 1 0 1
Asst.
10-Jul: Scientist MP Ratio Proportion 1 1 4
Basic
Spec.O thers
Linear EQ 1 0 1
17-Jul: Labor inv est igat or
17-Jul: Mineral Economist Subtotal: Basic 3 1 6
07-Jul: Haryana Town planner
STDW Speed Time Distance Work 2 1 4
M i sc.Deskj obs
30-Aug: clerks NIFFT Ranchi Stat averages 1 1 0
01-Aug: MECL:
foremen,driv er,mechanic(99 Pie chart 2 0 5
)
Tabulation 3 0 0
31-Jul: NGT
Secretary,Steno,Translators Data Speedgraphs Interpretation 3 0 1
21-Jul: NIT Warangal asst. Interpretation
Bacterial growth 3 0 0
10-Jul: NIT Patna Asst. (DI)

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15-Jul: NIFT,Gandhinagar Age pyramid 1 0 0


15-Jul: Raebareli Deskjobs
07-Jul: Drivers AMU Subtotal: DI 12 0 6
F aculty Jobs
Permutation combination (how many
22-Jul: Mat hs Asst .Prof 3 0 0
figures possible etc.)
22-Jul: Cut t ak Univ .
18-Jul: Jammu Univ oddballs geometry 1 0 0
18-Jul: H ary ana Science
AP, GP 1 0 1
18-Jul: NI T Manglore
14-Jul: Gorakhpur Subtotal: Odd balls 5 0 1
10-Jul: SI UPA H ary ana
07-Jul: AMU Maths Total Basic+Stat+STD+DI 23 3 17
Warning
% out of 80 MCQs 28.75 3.75 21.25
DONOT wait till last
date. Online Form Part1
stops working few days UPSC’s official syllabus doesn’t specifically say “we’ll not ask this, this and this.”
b4 deadline. It only says:
DONOT forget/misplace
reg.id, Roll number. Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.)
(Class X level)
Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. – Class X
level)

This “etc.” word is dangerous. Because upto class X level NCERT textbooks
include statistics, probability, trigonometry, parallelograms and even
coordinate geometry. Should we prepare such topics or not?

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CSAT system is just three years old. So far ~43 total maths questions asked in
2011, 12 and 13. This sample size too small to make projections that “x” topic
will always be asked and “y” topic will never be asked.

2011: UPSC introduces CSAT system, public believed that UPSC will completely
“revamp” its Aptitude Question bank in its secret computer database. But UPSC
is still asking stuff they used to ask way back in the 90s. Observe:

CSAT paper II q. (maths / DI upto class similar asked in pre-CSAT era


X level)

2011 they gave a graph of A,B,C running and


1996- with four athletes A,B,C,D
asked who won the race, who was very slow etc.

2011: water contamination, various phases 1999: fertilizer input vs yield

1995: comparing temperature of two


2011: comparing speed of two trains
liquids

Regularly asked between 1995-2012,


time speed distance Questions
with almost identical difficultly level.

linear equations, HCF-LCM questions same as above

This is just tip of an iceberg- even reasoning, syllogism, assumption-


inference, Venn diagram, sitting arrangement- if you look at all the aptitude
questions from 1995 to 2013- history is repeating itself from pre-CSAT era

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to CSAT era.
Many questions are mirroring themselves only names, numbers and
wording changed. if previously they gave time-distance & asked you to find
speed; this time they give speed and time and ask you to find distance and
so on

…..meaning

1. UPSC hasn’t completely revamped its question bank.


2. Just because xyz topic is not asked in last three CSAT = it doesn’t mean
UPSC will never ask it in future exams. If something is taught upto class10,
AND it has been asked in previous prelims (Even before Pre-CSAT era), then
we should prepare.

Doubtful sy lla bus topics in Ma thema tics

Topic Taught Prepare why?


up to for
NCERT CSAT?
std.10?

Yes, because in 1999 they asked Data


Statistics (Cumulative
interpretation (DI) about cumulative
frequency, median, YES YES
frequency and average for grouped
mode etc.)
data with class interval.

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Arithmetic YES YES asked in CSAT 2011 itself.


progression

GP starts from Class11. They did ask


“water doubles every five minute”
Geometric
NO NO question in 2001, but it could be solved
progression
without formulas. At max, mugup the
“ball rebounding” formula.

Irrational numbers YES No it’s not asked from 1995 till 2013.

Coordinate Geometry YES YES Asked in 1995 and 1999 prelims.

Non-AVP Geometry theory= interior


angle, parallelogram sides, cyclic
quadrilaterals etc. topics beyond

Non-AVP Geometry simple area-volume-perimeter


YES YES (AVP).
Theory
YES should be prepared, because
asked in 1995, 96, 97, 98, 99, 2000,
2001.

height-n-distance problem has been


asked in past.
Ignore radian, maximum minimum

Trigonometry YES YES values of sin/cos/tan- because that


starts from class11-12 and never
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asked in pre-CSAT or CSAT era.

Clock Angles indirectly YES Asked in 98, 2002, 2000 etc.

Divisibility YES YES Asked in 2010.

Routinely asked this topic up to mid-


Probability YES Yes
2000s.

Yes. they routinely asked this topic


upto mid-2000s, (may be Examiner
considers this a “reasoning” topic
and not maths)
Even in CSAT 2011, they asked a

Permutation question on fundamental counting-


NO YES that topic is the mother of PnC, and
&Combination (Pnc)
starts only from class11 NCERT.
in same CSAT 2011, they even asked
image based PnC e.g. how many
routes possible in 2×2 square
diagram to reach from point A to B.

Polynomial factorization related


problems asked in 1995,96, 99, 2001

Polynomials,Quadratic Pure mathematical questions


YES YES
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Equations related to Quadratic equation (e.g.


nature of roots, find “k” etc. not
asked so far)

Logarithms NO NO Never asked between 1995-2013.

Venn Diagram starts from NCERT


Class11. But they were regularly asked
Venn Diagram NO YES both in pre-CSAT and CSAT era. Perhaps
examiner considers them part of
“reasoning” and not mathematics or DI.

dang…these are way too many odd topics, can’t we just focus on time speed
distance, linear equation, HCF-LCM? Hardly two months left before exam!!

Ans. No. You’ve to be prepared for all possible topics. UPSC examiner has no
moral obligations to follow last year’s topic trend. 2011 he asks arithmetic
progression, then ignores this topic for 2012 and 2013. If you aim to tick 10+
MCQs for a given subject, you’ve to be thoroughly prepared- whether its polity,
geography, economy or aptitude.

Nonetheless, it may not be feasible to give justice to all the maths topic within
~2 months, so study-priority order should be following:

H ighe st priority (f inish the m f irst)

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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

1. Linear Equation
2. Number System
3. %, profit loss, SI-CI
4. Ratio Proportion Variation
5. Speed Time Distance Work
6. Averages, Alligiations
7. Data Interpretation
8. Geometry: Area Volume Perimeter

Me dium priority

Following topics not frequently asked, but takes barely 2 hours to master.
because You just have to mugup 3-5 formulas and variety of questions is very
less. Therefore cost: benefit good, You should make room in your schedule to

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prepare them.

9. Arithmetic Progression => only have to do one chapter in NCERT.


10. Coordinate Geometry => only have to do one chapter in NCERT.
11. Polynomials factorization => only have to do two chapters in NCERT.

Low Priority

Low priority doesn’t mean UPSC will *NOT* ask them. Low priority means,
within your study time table, do them at last depending on how much free time
left after allotting time for other high priority topics such as history, polity,
science, economy, environment (for Paper I) and those reasoning-
comprehension & other high priority topics under Maths (for Paper II).

Reason: following topics not frequently asked. They’re not difficult but have
many variety of questions and formulas=> each of them take more than 4
hours to master. Therefore, put under low priority in terms of study time
allotment.

12. Geometry theory: Triangles, Quadrilaterals, Circles (TQC)


13. Trigonometry: only height n distance
14. Permutation Combination Probability
15. Statistics

Anyways, let’s begin preparation:

CSAT Ma th doesn’t not fa ll from sky but NCE RT s


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Some questions directly came from NCERT, just numbers changed. Observe

CSAT paper II question similar question in NCERT

2011: contractor penalty Class 10, Ch 5, page 113, Q.15

2011: students who play neither cricket nor


Class11, ch1, page 23, example 26
football.

2013: food in garrison, how many days will it Class8, Ch13, page 212 example 7, 8
last? and 9.

Even the remaining questions, most of them are just slightly difficult than the
concepts taught at NCERT level. Meaning, you don’t have to be an IIT/CAT
ranker……If you can understand even upto NCERT level mathematics, you can
tick good number of MCQs.

Ga ther the wea pons

1. One book on quantitative aptitude (hence forth referred as “Quant


Book”)
2. (For those really poor in maths)- NCERT Mathematics. Topicwise zip
file given at bottom.
3. one separate notebook / file, to maintain “diary of mistakes”-
ESSENTIAL
whenever you find any new formula, shortcut, weird MCQ or make
mistake, note it down in this diary. Night before the exam, just read

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this diary. No need to “revise” aptitude books or practice sums on


that night. I did the same for CAT, got 96%ile.

1. A folder and loose A4 sized papers-To maintain a diary of mistakes


and shortcuts. This is better than a notebook because you can add
new pages anywhere as per your requirement.
2. A black slate, like those poor kids use in government primary

OPTIONAL schools-It saves lot of paper wasted in practicing math & reasoning
sums.
3. CSAT Topicwise solve papers (1995-2013) by Disha
Publication. Contains all papers of GS and aptitude- topicwise
separated for both pre-CSAT and CSAT era.

W hich Qua nt book?

As such, CSAT maths is just slightly more difficult than NCERT exercises. BUT,
since NCERTs alone don’t give all variety of questions and street-smart
techniques to save time during exam. Therefore, you need a quant book. For
example, consider this

(2007) A person has to fill three liquids – 403 lit. Petrol, 465 lt. diesel
and 496 lt. motor oil in bottles of equal size without mixing any of
above liquids. What is the least possible number of bottles required?

While NCERT teaches HCF in class10, but doesn’t dwell into this concept.
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Concept is: you’ve to find HCF (31), then divide each number with HCF, then
you’ll get total number of bottles required = 44.

To learn all such variety of questions and concepts, you need a book on
quantitative aptitude. NCERT are good to learn basic concepts, but NCERT
alone are insufficient for CSAT.

Choice of Quantitative Aptitude book, depends on your career backup apart


from Civil Service Exam.

IBPS, Bank, Staff Selection


Fast-track to Objective Arithmetic by Rajesh
(SSC), AFCAT, LIC, NICL-AAO,
Verma
ACIO, FCI & other PSU jobs.

CSAT Aptitude Manual by Tata Macgraw Hill


going back to private sector /
(TMH), Arihant or Pearson or xyz publication-
business
whichever you can find cheapest or second hand :-)

CDS, SCRA, CAT, XAT & other


Quantum CAT Sarvesh Kumar (OR Arun Sharma)
higher level exams.

A v oid f ollowing books

RS Aggarwal’s book on Quantitative Aptitude, M.Tyra’s book on quicker Maths,


and any other 90s era book that bookstorewalla recommends you, because:

1. They’re Useless for SSC, CDS and SCRA because they don’t give detailed
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coverage of Trigonometry, geometry theory (parallelograms, circle-tangent


etc.) OR quadratic equations.
2. They’re Useless for CSAT and higher level exams. Because they don’t cover
all variety of tricky MCQs asked in such exams.
3. Even banking & insurance exams – Rajesh Verma’s techniques are faster &
easy to understand.

Don’t wa ste time lea rning Speed ma ths / Vedic ma ths

For CSAT-Just memorize multiplication tables from 2 to 9. At max, mugup


squares upto 19. It is sufficient.
unlike Bank and CAT exam, the UPSC data interpretation questions don’t
test your speed mathematics or long division skill,
unlike CDS and SSC, UPSC questions on divisibility, number theory or HCF-
LCM, don’t test your skill over prime number tables (13, 17, 19, 23, 29).

Therefore, don’t waste time in Vedic maths tricks for speed maths, addition,
multiplication, subtraction, division, cube roots, square roots etc.

If you already know such tricks then good, but now is not the right time to learn
them fresh.

High priority topics

High priority topics doesn’t mean UPSC will definitely ask majority of the
questions from here. It only means while you plan your study schedule, you

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should finish them first:

H 1 : Line ar Equations

Sample questions from previous prelims

(1998) in a family, age of father is three times that of his daughter, and age
of son is half of his mother. If wife is nine years younger than husband, and
brother is 7 years older than sister, what is the age of mother? (Ans.60)
(2009) A gave half of his coins to B and 4 more besides. B gave half of his
coins to C and 4 more besides. C gave half of his coins to D and 4 more
besides. Both B and D end up with same number of coins. How many coins
did A have originally? (Ans.72 coins)
(2011) a person has only Rs. 1 and Rs. 2 coins with her. If the total number
of coins that she has is 50 and the amount of money with her is Rs. 75, then
find the number of Rs. 1 and Rs. 2 coins with him? (Ans. 25 and 25)

What is Linear Equation?

Linear equation means unknown variable (x or y) doesn’t have anything above


their ‘head’.

This is not linear equation because x has “2” above its head. Infact this is a
x2+2x+1 quadratic equation. It is also part of “upto classs10” syllabus. But comes
under “low priority” for CSAT.

This is linear equation because x doesn’t have anything above its head.
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2x+1 (Actually its x1 but for our understanding purpose, take it as just “x”). This is
high priority topic for CSAT.

Linear equations are very important for aptitude exams, from two angles

1. direct MCQs about age, coins, salary, expenditure related problems


2. Indirect applications in time-speed-distance-work; profit-loss-SI-CI;
Geometry problems etc.

L1 : A ge proble ms: silly mistake s

Q. 20 years ago, Bhootnath was 12 times the age of Abdul. At present,


Bhootnath is twice as old as Abdul …blah blah blah

we’re presented with two conditions

Condition Wrong Right

B-20=12A or
B=12(A-20) B-
1. 20 years ago, Bhootnath was 12 times the
age of Abdul 20=12(A-
(this is the most common
20)
mistake)

2. Bhootnath is twice as old as Abdul 2B=A B=2A

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Many candidates make wrong equations as shown above, then get wrong
answer. Examiner would have even listed wrong answer in option. So junta
happily ticks such option, “my paper went so good”, then they fail & blame
nepotism, corruption and DP Agrawal for everything.

How to avoid silly mistake?

In age problems, always prepare a table beginning with present age. Observe

At present, Bhootnath is twice as old as Abdul

present age

A and B

Eq1. B=2A

20 years ago, so make a column on left side:

Age 20 years ago: present age

A-20
B-20 A and B

Eq1. B=2A

Then make second equation: 20 years ago, Bhootnath was 12 times the age of
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Abdul

age 20 years ago (-20) present age

A-20
B-20 A and B

Eq2. B-20=12(A-20) Eq1. B=2A

Now plug the value of B from Eq1. into Eq2 and you’ll solve this effortlessly.

L2 : ke e p minimum v ariable s

Suppose the question is like this “The sum of present ages of Abdul and
Bhootnath is 56. 5 years ago Abdul’s age was……….blah blah blah….find the
present age of Bhootnath. ”

avoid this approach use this approach

assume Bhootnath’s present Age


assume Abdul present age “A” “B”
Bhootnath present age “B” assume Abdul’s present age
=(56-B)

Here you assumed two variables “A” and Here you’ve to worry about only

“B”= lengthier calculations and increased one variable “B”. The moment you

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chances of silly mistakes. solve B, you get answer.

L3 : C annot be de te rmine d

Suppose you end up with two equations like this:

1. x+y=5
2. y+z=6

Here you’ve two equations but three variables (x, y and z). You can never find
out the unique value of x, y, z in such situation. Hence answer = “Cannot be
determined”. But sometimes, even two variable-two equation set can be
impossible to solve. For example

No solution infinite solution

1. x+ 2y=4
2. 2x+ 4y= 12 2x+ 3y=94x+ 6y=18

To learn more about ^this, refer to NCERT Maths Class 10, Chapter3, table
given on the page #9.
Examiner will test this by offering you both choice “Cannot be determined”;
sometimes even data sufficiency (DS) question. Make sure you pick the
right answer in right situation.

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Anyways, let’s proceed with preparations:

@Those weak in maths @Those good at maths

NCERT Class10. (Because it has some good

Following NCERT 7, 8 and 10, then CSAT level sums)

refer your Quant book. Then refer your Quant book: Rajesh Verma
or Sarvesh Kumar (not both).

NC ER T: Line ar Equations

Class Ch. What to focus for CSAT?

How to convert statements into simple equation.

7 4 example 10 age problem on page 90


Exercise 4.4 question no. 2 and 3

12.5 Monomials, Binomials, Trinomials & Polynomials (page 233)


12.6 adding-subtracting simple equations. Solve the four questions
given immediately. (page 235)
7 12 12.8 formula and rules. page 243
Formula for no. of diagonals in a figure. Page 246
Page 247 summary.

Point 2.3 the example given in it page 24


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Page 25 Example 7 age problem


page 26 Example 8 coin problem
Page 26-27 examples 9 to 11
Exercise 2.2 do all the sums
8 2 Page 30: Example 14 digit reversal
Page 31: Example 15 about age problem
Exercise 2.4 do all sums
Page 35: example 19 age problem
Page 35: Exercise 2.6 only do Problem 6 and 7.

Everyone should do this, irrespective of how strong / weak in maths.

Page 46: In what situation, infinite solution / no solutions? Table


3.4 most important for MCQs.
Algebraic method to solve equations
Page 50 understand the substitution method given in point 3.4.1
Page 52 Example 9: understand why the answer is “cannot be
determined”.
Page 53 Exercise 3.3 only solve Question No.3
Page 54 understand elimination method from example 11

10 3 Page 56 example 13: digit reversal problem


Page 57 Do all the sums under Q.2 of exercise 3.4
Page 57: solve the apple sum under topic 3.4.5 but avoid the
headache of that cross multiplication method. Stick to substitution

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& elimination methods.


Page 60 ticket problem example 14
Page 63: do Q.(i) to (v) most important for CSAT.
Page 65: example 19 avoid that stupid algebra method. Learn Boats
and streams topic from my [Aptitude] article click me.
Page 67

Quant book: Line ar Equations

Rajesh Verma Sarvesh Kumar

First solve chapter


27 then chapter
7.Chapter 27
linear equation

Understand the
consistency
system given on
first page of this
chapter. Ch13. Elements of Algebra
then solve all
in the initial part of this chapter he talks about polynomials,
the questions in
ignore it for the moment and directly move to page 525,
illustration and
“Linear Equation”
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exercises He has explained all four methods to solve Linear equations.


you may avoid But stick to substitution and elimination method. Combined
following type these two, you can handle pretty much every question.
of questions Ex.13: Do Question 10 to 18
because no Level 1: Do Question 23 to 31.
asked in UPSC Important: in Level1 exercises question No. 23 to 31:
Q.14 in observe his explanations- how he solved them without
Exercise1 assuming X or Y, or even framing equations. IF you master
Q1 on this technique, it’ll save a lot of precious minutes in the
Exercise2 exam.

Chapter 7: Word
problems based
on numbers

Focus on digit
reversal
problems and
age related
problems.

H2: Number sy stem

Sample Questions from previous prelims

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1. (2007) A person has to fill three liquids – 403 lit. Petrol, 465 lt. diesel and
496 lt. motor oil in bottles of equal size without mixing any of above liquids.
What is the least possible number of bottles required? Ans. HCF will be 31.
Then divide it with each number, you’ll get total number of bottles: 44.
2. (2009) while adding the first few continuous natural numbers, a candidate
missed one of the number and wrote a wrong answer 177. Which number
did he miss? Ans. Sum of the first “n” natural numbers is n(n+1)/2, but he
missed “x”, so [n(n+1)/2] minus x = 177. Once you plug in the options, only
x=13 will satisfy this equation.
3. (2011) three persons start walking together and their steps measure 40 cm,
42 cm and 45 cm respectively. What is the minimum distance each should
walk so that each can cover the same distance in complete steps? Ans.
whether its bells ringing together or bulbs lighting together or people
walking together-you’ve Find LCM of those numbers. 25 m 20 cm
4. (2013) A gardener has 1000 plants. He wants to plant them in such a way
that the number of rows and the number of columns remains the same.
What is the minimum number of plants that he needs more for this
purpose? Ans. Whenever you have to arrange soldiers or flowers or trees in
Equal Row n equal column, then you have to make it square. Add 24 more
trees so it becomes 1024=32×32.

These are not really difficult questions, most of them can be solved without
mugging up any formulas. You just need a good grip over basic concepts.

POOR IN MATHS GOOD IN MATHS


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begin with NCERT


No need for NCERT.
(chapter wise list
Directly use your Quant book. Refer to appendix of this
given below)
article, for what to prepare and what to skip in the
Then use Quant
quant books.
books.

NC ER T: Numbe r sy ste m

NCERT Chapter Topic to focus for CSAT

1. proper, improper, mixed fraction


2.Fractions 2. Ex.2.1’s example 6
and 3. Example 5 on page35
Decimals 4. Example 6 on page39
7

1. topic 9.7 comparison of numbers- page 179


9. rational 2. example 6: direction sense test page 186
numbers 3. summary from page 191-92

1.Rational Table 1.2 the properties of rational numbers.Topic 1.4 how to


numbers find rational number between two rational numbers.

8 16. Playing
with Divisibility rules for 2,3,5,9

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numbers.

1.Number basic concept of recurring decimals: example 8topic 1.6 laws of


9
system exponents for real numbers page 241.7 summary page 27

HCF, LCM how to find


Page 10 Example 6, 8 and the remark given at bottom of it.

1.Real Page 11: Question 7 important concept for circular race


10 tracks.
numbers
Page 19 note to reader.
Ignore Euler and irrational numbers.

NC ER T Powe rs & Expone nts

NCERT Chapter Topic to focus for CSAT

comparing numbers with powers

13.Exponents & how even-odd powers change the sign of


7 negative numbers
powers
13.6 expressing large numbers in std.form

table in 6.2
Numbers between square numbers- the lines

6. squares and given in italics.

square roots 6.4.2 Pythagorean triplets

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6.7 estimating square root.

8
7. Cube and Cube geometry angle- example 7.2.2
roots

12.3 Laws of exponents,

12.Powers 12.4.1 Comparing very large and very small


numbers.

Related articles under my [Aptitude] series:

1. LCM-HCF Simplified
2. Remainders: one number and two divisors

After this is done, you have to solve all questions from your quant book. Even
solve the already solved sums given in the “illustrations”. Refer to bottom of
this article “Appendix A3″, for what to prepare what to skip from Rajesh /
Sarvesh.

H3: Percenta ges, Profit Loss, SI- CI

Sample Qs. from previous prelims

1. (1998) A man bought two clocks A and B for total Rs.650. He sold A at 20%
profit and B at 25% loss. If he had kept selling price of both clocks the
same, then what were the cost prices of each clock? Ans. It requires your
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understanding of linear equation, percentages and profit loss. A’s cost price
250, and B’s 400.
2. (2002) Trader fixed the price of an article in such way that by giving a rebate
of 10%, he made profit of 15%. If the cost of the article is Rs.72, what is the
selling price? Ans. 92 rupees.
3. (2005) Left pan of a faulty weigh weighs 100 gms more than the right pan.
Shopkeeper keeps the weight measure in left pan while buying goods but
keeps it in the right pan while selling goods. He only uses 1 kg weight. If he
sells goods at the listed cost price, what is his profit? Ans. gist of the
question is: he frauds 10% in buying and 10% in selling. So, on each trading
sequence.

Hint: Assume 1 gm costs 1 rupee. Find per unit price while buying and selling.

selling fraud 100 gm per 1000gm =


buying fraud of 100 gm per 1000 gm = 1100 gm
900 gm

Unit cost price per gram= Rs.1000 paid/ per 1100 unit SP =Rs. 1000 got/ per 900 gm
gm bought sold

Effective cost price = 10/11 Effective selling price = 10/9

Profit % = (SP-CP/CP) x 100= 200/9%

This is one of those weird/unique question, so note it in your “diary of mistake”,

4. (2010) two numbers X and Y are respectively 20% and 28% less than third
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number Z. By what % is the number Y less than number X. Ans 10%


5. (2010) Difference between simple interest from two banks on Rs.500 for
two years is Rs.2.5, what is the difference between their rates? Ans. 0.25%

Pe rce ntage s-NC ER T

As such UPSC’s percentage related questions are complicated than the


exercises given in NCERT, but still solve NCERT as warm-up exercise for
multiplication and division.

Class 7 Ch8
Class 8 Ch8

To learn how to solve such MCQs, without mugging up formulas, refer to


following articles:

1. Concepts of Marked Price and Successive Discounts (Profit-Loss)


without (stupid) formulas
2. Compound Interest Rate, Population Growth without Formulas
3. Alligation: Advanced applications in Interest rates, Profit-loss,
Average Wages (Wine-Water Concept)
4. Product Consistency: If Sugar price increases then consumption
should be Decreased by What %, Time-Speed-Distance problems,

After this is done, you have to solve all questions from your quant book. Even
solve the already solved sums given in the “illustrations”. Refer to bottom of
this article, for what to prepare what to skip from Rajesh / Sarvesh.
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H4: Ra tio Proportion Va ria tion Pa rtnership (RPVP)

Sample Qs. from previous prelims

1. (1998) If 15 pumps of equal capacity can fill a tank in 7 days, then how many
extra pumps will be required to fill the tank in 5 days? Ans.6 (you can solve
this as “pipes n cisterns / speed-time-distance problem also. ultimately it’s
a problem of inverse relation between speed vs time)
2. (2002) Amit Shah started a business with investment of Rs.30,000. Rahul
Gandhi joined after some time and invested Rs.20,000. At the end of year,
profit was divided in the ratio of 2:1. After how many months did Rahul join
the business? Ans. 3 months
3. (2013) in a rare coin collection, there is one gold coin for every three non-
gold coins. 10 more gold coins are added to the collection and the ratio of
gold coins to non-gold coins would be 1: 2. Based on the information; the
total number of corns in the collection now becomes what? Ans. 90
4. (2013) Out of 120 applications for a post, 70 are male and 80 have a driver’s
license. What is the ratio between the minimum to maximum number of
males having driver’s license? Ans. 3:7
5. (2013) the tank-full petrol in Arun’s motor-cycle lasts for 10 days. If he
starts using 25% more every day, how many days will the tank-full petrol
last? Ans. 8 days.
6. (2013) In a garrison, there was food for 1000 soldiers for one month. After
10 days, 1000 more soldiers joined the garrison. How long would the
soldiers be able to carry on with the remaining food? Ans. Inverse variation
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topic. Ans. 10 days.


7. (NCERT Class8) There are 100 students in a hostel. Food provision for
them is for 20 days. How long will these provisions last, if 25 more students
join the group? Ans. 16 days.
8. (NCERT Class8) The scale of a map is given as 1:30000000. Two cities are 4
cm apart on the map. Find the actual distance between them. Ans.1200

Understand the partnership concept from this article: (Aptitude) Partnership


and profit-sharing made Easy.

PS: Even those good at Maths MUST do the sums from Class8 Chapter 13.

Class Ch. What To Focus

Basics of Ratios. Although most of the chapter is focused on


7 8 percentages. too rudimentary stuff, use it just for warm up exercise for
multiplication and division.

Basics of variation.
page 207 example5 interesting
Page 208 exercise 13.1 Question 5 to 10
Page 212 example 7, 8 and 9. Question 8. MOST IMPORTANT- how
8 13 long the food will last. This type of questions asked in CSAT.
Understand the concept well.
Exercise 13.2 Q4 to 11. Notice Q5, its identical to the ‘food lasting’
problem.

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Then solve your Quant book. Refer appendix for what to prepare, what to skip.

H5: Speed T ime Dista nce W ork (ST DW )

This is fourth block, because these sums also test your understanding of Linear
Equation (H1), LCM (H2), Percentages (H3) and ratios (H4). But Juntaa directly
starts preparing STDW without learning first four blocks because last time
UPSC asked many MCQs from STDW. Such quickfix-shortcut-moodswing based
preparation usually lead to #EPICFAIL. You need good command over all those
basic concepts from H1 to H4. Proceed in a systematic manner.

Sample questions from previous prelims

1. (2001) A worker reaches his factory 3 minutes late if his speed from his
house to the factory is 5 km/hr. If he walks at a speed of 6km/hr, then he
reaches the factory 7 minutes early. The distance of the factory from his
house is ___? Ans 5 km
2. (2004) Two cars X and Y starts from two places A and B respectively which
are 700km apart at 9 a.m. Both the cars run at an average speed of 60
km/hr. Car X stops at 10 a.m. and again starts at 11 a.m., while the other car
Y continues to run without stopping. When do the cars cross each other?
Ans 3:20PM
3. (2005) Aryan runs at a speed of 40meters/minute. Rahul follows him after
an interval of 5 minutes and runs at a speed of 50 meters/minute. Rahul’s

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dog runs at a speed of 60 meters/minute and starts along with Rahul. The
dog reaches Aryan and then comes back to Rahul, and continues to do so
till Rahul reaches Aryan. What is the total distance covered by the dog? Ans
1200m
4. (2007) A and B can complete work together in 5 days. If A works at twice his
speed and B at half of his speed, this work can be finished in 4 days. How
many days would it take for A alone to complete his job? Ans 10 days
5. (2010) Three men start together to travel the same way around a circular
track of 11km. Their speeds are 4, 5.5 and 8 kmph respectively. When will
they meet at the starting point for the first time? Ans 22 hours
6. (2012) Mr. Kumar drives to work at an average speed of 48km/hr. The time
taken to cover the first 60% of the distance is 10 minutes more than the
time taken to cover the remaining distance. How far is his office? Ans. 40
km
7. (2013) A person can walk a certain distance and drive back in six hours. He
can also walk both ways in 10 hours. How much time will he take to drive
both ways? Ans. 2 hrs
8. (2013) A thief running at 8 km/hr is chased by a policeman whose speed is
10 km/hr. If the thief is 100 m ahead of the policeman, then the time
required for the policeman to catch the thief will be what? Ans. 3 min
9. (2013) A train travels at a certain average speed for a distance of 63 km and
then travels a distance of 72 km at an average speed of 6 km/hr more than
its original speed. If it takes 3 hours to complete the total journey, what is
the original speed of the train in km/hr? Ans.42 kmph

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NCERT not much useful here, because it runs on the LCM method and doesn’t
dwell on all varieties of questions.

STDW is made up of two topics

1. Speed time distance cars, trains, platforms, boats etc.

2. Speed time work “A can complete a work in….”, “pipe A can fill the tank in …”
etc.

All of these can be solved through just one formula: STD (speed x time
=distance). Go through following articles:

Time-speed-Distance Time-speed-work

1. Trains, Platforms TSD


(Time, Speed, Distance)
made easy
2. Boats and Streams made-
easy using our STD-Table 1. [Speed Time Work] Two Men can finish a
Method work, A is 3x more efficient than B, B
3. Average Speed made easy leaves before completion & variety of
without Formulas cases
4. STD table : Application in 2. [Speed Time Work] Three men can finish a
train man bridge, time work in x days, A & B start work, C joins
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and work problems after x day, share in wages & other


5. Time n Distance: Early and special cases
late to office (shortcut 3. Time n Work: 4 men and 6 women can
using product consistency complete a work in 8 Days then
method)
6. Product Consistency:
Time-Speed-Distance
problems

Once you’ve understood this STD table concept, then apply it while solving the
illustrations and exercises given in your quant book.

H6: Av era ges, Allega tions

1. (1996) If the average of A, B and C is 14. Twice the sum of B and C is 30.
What is the value of A? Ans. 27
2. (1997) the average monthly income of a person in a certain family of 5 is
Rs.1000. What will be monthly average income of person in the same family
if the income of one person increased by Rs. 12,000 per year? Ans. 1200
3. (2011) A student on her first 3 tests received an average score of N points.
If she exceeds her previous average score by 20 points on her fourth test,
then what is the average score for the first 4 tests? (Ans. N+5)

NCERTs don’t provide the street-smart techniques OR the requisite variety of

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questions asked in aptitude exams. They mainly deal from “Statistics” angle.
(Statistics is asked but low-priority for CSAT).

So, instead of NCERTS, first go through following articles:

[Aptitude] Averages: Entry / Removal of 1 element => Increase /


Decrease in Average Shortcut method explained
[Aptitude] Averages: More than two elements added / removed :
shortcut technique explained
[Aptitude] Alligations,Mixtures,Alloys: Water,Milk,Wine mixing:
Weighted Average Made Easy for CSAT,CAT,CMAT,IBPS Aptitude
[Aptitude Q] Mixture and Alligiation: Change Alcohol concentration from
15% to 32%
[Aptitude] Alligation: Advanced applications in Interest rates, Profit-
loss, Average Wages (Wine-Water Concept)

Then solve all the illustrations and examples from your Quant book.

if you really want to learn the basics, consult following NCERT chapter
(although quite unnecessary because everyone knows this much basic.)

class ch

7 3

8 5, 15 (These are useful for data interpretation though)

9 14
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10 14

H7: Da ta Interpreta tion (DI)

GRAPHICAL TEXTUAL

1. “Odd” speed graphs, bacterial growth graphs etc. 1. Venn diagrams


2. bar graphs, pie charts, line graphs 2. Tabulation

DI-1: odd- gra phs

[Prelim 1995] The variations in temperatures form 0 degree C to 100


degree C with respect to time of two liquids P,Q are shown in the
graph given below:

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Which one of the following statements is correct?

1. During heating, liquid P remained hotter than liquid Q throughout


2. At no point of time during heating did the two liquids have the same
temperature
3. P attained the temperature of 100 degree C faster than Q
4. Q attained the temperature of 100 degree C faster than P

ANSWER. (d)

[Prelim 1996] Following graph represents a race among four persons.

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Consider following statements

1. A stood first in the race


2. C led all the way
3. D ran faster than others in the later part of the race.

Answer choices

1. 1 and 3 false, while 2 correct


2. 1 and 2 false, while 3 correct
3. 1 and 3 correct while 2 false
4. 1 is correct; 2 and 3 false.

Correct answer: (B)

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hint: you should add numbers on both axis, then find what time each took to
finish the race. you’ll see “D” won the race.

[Prelim 1999]The yield versus fertilizer input is shown in the graph.

Consider the following statements based on this graph:

1.Yield rate is zero at B and C

2.There is no yield with no fertilizer input

3.The yield is minimum at D

4.The yield is neither minimum nor maximum at C

Which of the above statements are correct?

1. 1,2 and 4
2. 3 and 4
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3. 2 and 3
4. 1,3 and 4

ANSWER.(b)

[Prelim 2000]The following figure represents time vs learning curves of


two students,Q and R for learning a Mathematics lesson:

Which one of the following can be drawn from the graph?

1. R started slowly in the beginning but got ahead of Q to complete learning


the lesson
2. Q started slowly and finished learning the lesson earlier than R
3. R was always faster than Q in learning Mathematics
4. Q was always faster than R in learning Mathematics
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ANSWER.(a)

Hint: add numbers on both axis, then you’ll see who is learning to what pace.
You’ll also find odd graphs in last three CSAT papers (attached at bottom of this
article). I’m not copying them here because more images=slower loading
webpage.

I call them odd graphs because usually unseen in other aptitude exams, even
CAT. But these graphs are not falling from sky, topic is given in NCERT. First
understand following concepts from NCERT Class8, Chapter 15 “Graphs”

Page 234-35: Example1 two cricketers performance graph


Page 235-36: Example2 car average speed graph
Exercise 15.1: Q1 Patient’s temperature
Page 237-38 Q3. growth of two plants A and B
Page 238: Weather forecast vs actual temperature graph
Page 239: understand the concept in Q7

In the real CSAT, usually they don’t give numbers on the axis. But if you want to
solve them with NCERT technique, then you’ve to write numbers on your own
understanding. Observe following image

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Once you add numbers like this, it becomes very easy to compare P vs Q and
eliminate options accordingly.

Where to get additional practice?

You’re unlikely to find such ‘odd graphs’ practice questions easily. They’re
usually not asked in Bank and CAT. Although they’re sporadically asked in CDS,
CAPF and SCRA exams (For all four major exams of UPSC, the Examiner seems
to be utilizing the same DI Question bank from the secret server in the
basement of UPSC Headquarter). But again cost:benefit not that great IF you
start digging through all previous papers of CDS, CAPF and SCRA = too time
consuming exercise. Anyways, you will find a few such question under
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1. aptitude manuals
2. CST magazine’s mock tests.

You don’t have to specifically buy them only for the “ODD graphs”. Borrow
whatever you can from library / friend circle.

DI -2 : bar graphs, pie charts

I’m not adding their samples questions here, because dozens of images
=slow loading webpage, especially on mobile browser.
But you’ll find the samples in the last 3 CSAT papers attached below the
article.
Difficulty wise- above SSC and little below BankPO

Data Interpretation in BankPO/ CAT UPSC CSAT

Usually calculations are easy –


Often require lengthy calculation and long divisions, you’ve to do 10%, 20%, 25% of
even prime numbers (17,19, 23,37 etc.). something and you’ll get the
answer.

Usually give you 3-4 text


statements and ask which
one of them are correct as
requires you to find exact mathematical answer. per the given chart.
often the four options are very close Meaning they don’t usually

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(16.5,16.7,16.55,16.67) so you can’t eliminate require you to find exact


wrong choices by logic or guestimation, you’ve to mathematical answer.
do exact calculation without any mistakes. Although you’ve to do
maths /apply logic to
eliminate the wrong
statements.

To make difficult questions from pie chart, they


usually make a combo of
two pie charts OR Same
1 pie chart + 1 bar graph or
1 pie chart + 1 table.

To get a basic overview of Pie charts, bar graphs etc you can consult NCERT
class8 chapter 5. But as such it doesn’t contain any street smart tricks OR sums
relevant to CSAT. Therefore, to gain command you’ve to get practice. Where to
get practice DI sets?

1. SSC sets far easier than CSAT. so avoid


2. CAT sets will be an overkill. so avoid
3. Hence your best bet is bank PO exam papers. But even in them, avoid sets
that require lengthy calculations and long divisions. Yes but where to get
BankPO papers? Ans. hit the library and
go through monthly issues of Pratiyogita Darpan or banking service

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chronicle
CST (Civil service times) magazine gives demo CSAT papers with DI
Arihant/Kiran publication books papersets

Quant books usually don’t give many DI sets –whether it’s Rajesh, Sarvesh or
Arun Sharma. It’s a clever marketing trick to sell another separate book for DI.
But for CSAT DI, you don’t need any separate book. Also don’t waste time on
internet gathering bank papers – they’re usually too scattered and bad PDF
quality. Just hit the library and go through those magazines.

DI -3 : Ve nn Diagrams

Sample questions from previous prelims:

1. [1998] There are 50 students admitted to a nursery class. Some students


can speak only English and some can speak only Hindi. 10 students can
speak both English and Hindi. If the number of students who can speak
English is 21, then how many can speak Hindi, how many can speak only
Hindi and how many can speak only English ? Ans. 39,29 and 11
respectively
2. [2000] In an examination, every candidate took Physics or Mathematics or
both. 65.8% took Physics and 59.2% took Mathematics. The total number of
candidates was 2000.How many candidates took both Physics and
Mathematics? Ans. 500
3. [2001] In a survey,it was found that 80% of those surveyed owned a car
while 60% of those surveyed owned a mobile phone. If 55% owned both a
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car and a mobile phone, what percent of those surveyed owned a car and a
mobile phone or both? Ans. 85%
4. [2011-II] There are 100 students in a particular class. 60% students play
cricket, 30% student play football and 10% students play both the games.
What is the number of students who play neither cricket nor football?
Ans.20

There are two sub types:

1. logical Venn diagrams (we saw in previous article)


2. mathematical Venn diagrams (that we’ll see here)

D o n ’ t as s u m e A+B=t o t al

Q. In a society 10 people drink tea, 4 people drink both coffee and


tea…..blah blah blah..find total people in the society.

Wrong Approach Right Approach

Total people in society =+ only tea


drinkers+ Only coffee drinkers+ (Those
Total people in society =+ only tea
who drink both tea & coffee)
drinkers+ only coffee drinkers+ (those
who drink both tea & coffee) + Those who drink neither tea nor
coffee (n)

This is juntaa’s most common mistake in Read the question description carefully. If
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Venn diagram. they forget about “n” and when required take n=0.

As such Venn diagram is class11 topic but UPSC has repeatedly asked it both in
pre-CSAT and CSAT era. Perhaps, examiner considers it “Reasoning” and not
“maths”. Nonetheless, Venn diagram is a very easy “NO EXCUSE” topic. At max it
should take ~3 hours to finish this topic at home.

Start preparation with Class11 NCERT Mathematics chapter1.

page What to focus for CSAT?

Properties of intersections. you don’t have to mugup formulas, but understand


16
the concept from those colored regions in those five image boxes.

17 Example 18. this is the “basic” of all 2 circle Venn diagrams.

Formula of n(AUBUC). As such you can solve 3 circle Venn diagrams with just
21 logic of “this portion minus that portion”. but sometimes problems are trickier
and you need this formula.

22-26 All the illustrations and all the exercises.

27 Q.13 to 16

After this, solve all the sums in your Quant book (+ whatever sums you get in
Pratiyogita, CST etc.)

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DI -4 Tabulation que stions

Sample questions from previous prelims

[1996] The following table shows the percentage distribution of revenue


expenditure of Government of India in 1989-90 and 1994-95 : Expenditure Head
(percent to total)

Years Defence Interest payments Subsidies Grants to State/UT other

1989-90 15.1 27.7 16.3 13.6 27.4

1994-95 13.6 38.7 8.0 16.7 23

Based on this table, it can be said that the Indian economy is in poor shape
because the Central government continues to be under pressure to :

1. Reduce expenditure on defence


2. Spend more and more on interest payments
3. Reduce expenditure on subsidies
4. Spend more and more as grants-in-aid to State government/Union
Territories

ANSWER.(b)

3. (2000) A club has 108 members. Two-thirds of them are men and the rest
are women. All members are married except for 9 women members. How

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many married women are there in there in the club? Ans.27


4. (2001) A city has a population of 3,00,000 out of which 1,80,000 are males.
50% of the population is literate. If 70% of the males are literate, the
number of literate females is __.? Ans 24,000

You can solve Q3 and Q4 by directly framing linear equations. but table = less
changes of error.

Sometimes, question descriptions of tabular vs Venn diagram sound very


similar, but the main difference: the players in a tabular questions will not have
“overlapping”. Observe

Tabular question Venn diagram question

1. In a company ** male, out of them ** union 1. In a society 10 people drink tea, 4


members. Total female are **, blah blah people drink both coffee and
blah…..then find __. tea…..blah blah blah..find total
2. in a company ** people work in HR, ** people in the society.
people work in R&D, ** people work in 2. in a society ** people own car,
marketing blah blah blah….then find ___. ** own bike….blah blah blah

Overlapping not possible. Man is man,


woman is woman. You can make two
columns: union vs non-union and further Overlapping circles are possible,
two sub columns man vs woman. people who like tea, may also like
same way, Person who works in HR cannot coffee. Those who own car, may

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work in R&D at the same time. These are all also own bike.
separate columns. no overlapping circles.

This is not difficult, but juntaa doesn’t practice at home so in the exam they
cannot decide which way to proceed- Should I make table OR Venn
diagram? So, they simply start scribbling data either in table or in Venn
diagram, until they get nowhere after 10-15 minutes of calculation.
Then they try second approach, but make silly mistakes in addition /
multiplication so finally after wasting 20 minutes they leave the sum.
This is one of the main reasons why people cannot finish paper on time
and fail in the CSAT.
DONOT start scribbling numbers, UNLESS you know exactly how you’re
going to reach the answer.
Keep an eye on the wrist watch. DONOT spend so much time on a single
question, even if it’s “Data interpretation”.

Anyways where to get practice?

NCERTs not much useful here. You’ll find some questions within Venn diagram
chapter of your quant book. Beyond that

1. Previous papers of General Studies (Mains) paper II upto 2012. Because in


those years, UPSC had statistics and DI section under Mains syllabus and
they used to ask such tabulation questions.
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2. Bank papers given in competitive magazines Pratiyogita, Banking chronicle


etc. but keep in mind, UPSC’s tabulation MCQs don’t involve that lengthy
calculations unlike IBPS/SBI.

H8: Geometry : Area v olume perimeter (AVP)

Sample questions from previous prelims

1. [2005]A big rectangular plot of area 4320 meter square is divided into 3
square shaped smaller plots by fencing parallel to the smaller side of the
plot. However some area of land was still left as a square could not be
formed. So, 3 more square shaped plots were formed by fencing parallel to
the longer side of the original plot such that no area of the plot was left
surplus. What are the dimensions of the original plot? Ans. 120m x 36m
2. [2010]The diameters of two circular coins are in the ratio of 1:3. The smaller
coin is, made to roll around the bigger coin till it returns to the position
from where the, process of rolling started. How many times the smaller
coin rolled around the bigger coin? Ans.3 times
3. [1998]A square pond has 2m sides and is 1m deep. If it is to be enlarged,
the depth remaining the same, into a circular pond with the diagonal of the
square as diameter as shown in the figure, then what would be the volume
of the earth to be removed? Ans. (2pi-4)m3

How to proceed?

if you don’t have if you’ve Sarvesh Kumar


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Sarvesh Kumar

First NCERTs then No need to consult NCERT. Because he has neatly summarized
your quant book. all theorms, formula and special questions given in NCERTs.

NCERT Class7 Chapter 11

206-208 all examples for area-perimeter related questions

220 example 15

221 example 16

223 do all exercises in 11.3

225-26 Example 20, 21, 22. Similar park-road question asked in 1997

226-28 all the sums and summary

Class9 Chapter 12: Areas related to triangles: HERON’s formula

199 Heron’s formula

201 example 2

202 all questions

203 Q.3 to 6; Example 4

205 ex.6

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207 all questions and summary

Class9 Chapter 13: surface area volume. Proceed in following


sequence:

237 first mug up all the formulas given in this summary

211-
Cuboids area related sums
213

Cuboid volume related sums. 1995: UPSC asked question similar to example
227-28
11.

216-17 Cylinder area related sums

229-
Cylinder volume related sums
231

220-21 Cone area related sums

232-33 Cone volume related sums

224-25 Sphere area related sums

235-37 Sphere volume related sums

Class10 Chapter 12

225 example cost of ploughing the field


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226 entire exercise 12.1

227 formula for area of a sector

230 Q3, 8, 9

231 Q10 to 14

231- all illustration and sums important for CSAT. They keep asking such combo
238 images and shaded areas.

Class10 Chapter 13

This chapter deals with volume of ‘combo’ figures. Semi-sphere above a cube &
so on. Solve all the illustration and exercises given here.

– next article, we see how to approach the medium and low priority topics
under mathematics for CSAT.

Appendix: Downloa d links

A 1 : Last thre e y e ars of f icial C SA T pape rs

https://files.secureserver.net/0s4I32bAjTl3bm

except CSAT-2013, all contain official answerkey from UPSC

A 2 : NC ER T Mathe matics Topicwise Sorte d f re e download

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https://files.secureserver.net/0fmaNqqBDslHlc

A 3 : Quant books: W hat to pre pare , what to skip?

Beyond NCERT, you’ll need to practice maximum sums from your quantitative
aptitude book. However, not all chapters / topics given in such books, are
important for CSAT. So, consult following PDF files on what topics to focus and
which topics to ignore:

1. Fast track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma What to prepare what to skip


for CSAT
2. Quantam CAT Sarvesh Kumar What to prepare what to skip for CSAT

Visit Mrunal.org/aptitude for more articles on aptitude, maths, reasoning.

MR UNA L’S R EC OMMENDED BOOKLI ST P r evio u s ly in t h is c at eg o r y

 U P S C C i v i l S e rv i c e [Studyplan] CSAT
Aptitude Paper 2:
 S S C C G L : S ta f f s e l e c ti o n
Decision Making +
 IB P S B a nk E xa ms Maths Medium & Low
priority topics, Sample
 C D S : D e f e ns e S e rv i c e s
Questions, free
 C A T /IIM M B A E ntra nc e studymaterial (part 3
of 3)

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[Studyplan] CSAT Aptitude Paper 2: Comprehension &


Reasoning, analysis, previous papers, free studymaterial,
cutoffs (part 1 of 3)

[Reasoning] Calendar Questions: Finding day or date, concepts,


shortcuts explained

[Trigonometry] Finding Minimum Maximum Values for SSC CGL


Made Easy without differentiation

[Reasoning] Logical Connectives (if, unless, either or) for CSAT,


CAT shortcuts formulas approach explained

Subscribe by Email ||  /  Print || PDF This Post (Need Chrome Browser)

अब तक 74 कम स लखी गयी

vivek  16/06/2014 at 09:32


Mrunal sir, can you please upload your ‘diary of mistakes’ for last minute revision here,
or that of anyone? Since we have very small time to make our own.. It will be very helpful
Reply

ishi  24/06/2014 at 12:47


I was petrified when i saw the math in last year’s paper > Good that i stumbled across
this blog which has brought a lot of relief to me. I can now kick start my CSAT-2. Thank
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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

you so much. Warm Regards. God Bless!


Reply

B.i.D  30/06/2014 at 16:00


Murnal Bhai….Can We Prepare for CSAT from Banking Related Books….Or We Need to
buy new books….plz advice
Reply

Suresh  04/07/2014 at 14:00


Hi Mrunal
Ur pdf file “Fast track to Arithmetic Rajesh Verma What to prepare what to skip for CSAT”
description not matching with new revised 3rd Edition.
In pdf only mentioned Chapter numbers without title of the chapter. So cant understand
which chapter is imp and which to ignore.
For ex Linear system u mentioned ch27 but in this new ed ch 27 is Boat n stream. New ed
book not mentioned which ch newly introduced, I cant get old ed ch details from net
also. Pls kindly add ch titles or revise it for new ed.
Thanks
Reply

nishant natu  04/07/2014 at 20:24


sir the plan u gave for rajeah kumar is not matching to the new edition…..for some
chapters it is very hard to guess coz u hav given page no only n the new book is revised
so chapters shuffeled….pls give chapter names rather than chap number….
thank you..
Reply

MIKU  05/07/2014 at 18:29


H6 averages and allegations , q3 from csat 2011.. the ans should be N+20.
Reply

Abhishek Kumar  06/07/2014 at 15:28


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7/13/2014 CSAT Maths & DI: Studyplan without Coaching, High priority topics

Hi Mrunal,
I cannot open the link of pdf file ” what to prepare and what to skip ” in the books of
Quantum cat(Sarvesh) and Fast track (Rajesh Verma). Kindly help
Thanks
Reply

miku  07/07/2014 at 17:28


no it okay ,N+5 ,my mistake..
Reply

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