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Strengthening Our

Understanding of
Rhetoric
FINISHING OUR “OUTLINE”
TASKS FOR TODAY:
TASK 1: Review Ethos, Logos, Pathos

TASK 2: Looking at Some Strong Outline Examples

TASK 3: Connecting CDs

HOMEWORK: Resources & Completed Outline

Due Friday on turnitin.com


TASKS FOR TODAY:
1) Brainstorming
2) Choosing an issue.
3) Researching
4) Gathering evidence.
5) Outlining.
6) Writing using that evidence.
7) PRESENTING YOUR DATA
ON MONDAY (with a substitute) you started your research
that proves your education issue is prevalent, which should
have looked like this:

● Name of resource and author name if you can find it.

● Hyperlink so you can reference the resource later.

● Concrete details from those sources.

● Do some free-writing/brainstorming about those CDs.


ON THE BLOCK you started your OUTLINING to prove your
education issue is prevalent:
What is your "Issue" (broad topic):

What is your "Claim" (your stance on that broad topic):

Sub Claim #1 (specific reasoning):

Sub Claim #2 (specific reasoning):

Sub Claim #3 (specific reasoning):

Pathos (appeal to emotions): brainstorm how you will use it

Ethos (appeal to authority): brainstorm how you will use it

Logos (appeal to logic): brainstorm how you will use it


WHAT IS RHETORIC?
RHETORIC is…

● intentional manipulation of language to persuade someone (or many)


● subtle choice made in and with language that is meant to coerce a
listener/reader, sometimes without their knowledge
● rhetoric has been traditionally used in debate and often to control society to a
certain extent, propaganda, for example, propaganda is full of persuasive,
manipulative extremes in rhetoric
● helps the speaker/writer convey a main idea
Writers (most often in nonfiction writing, debate, and speeches) will use the following
rhetorical devices to convince readers that their main idea is important:

Ethos : appeal to ethics, used as a means of convincing an audience via the authority
or credibility of the persuader, be it a notable or experienced figure in the field or even a
popular celebrity.

Pathos : appeal to emotion, is a way of convincing an audience of an argument by


creating an emotional response to an impassioned plea or a convincing story.

Logos : appeal to logic, is a way of persuading an audience with reason, using facts
and figures.
Let’s watch Prince Ea’s other video “I JUST SCHOOLED THE SCHOOL SYSTEM”

Video

I Just Sued the School System

Is he effectively persuasive?

Why or why not?

What kind of persuasive techniques does he think of?


CLAIM / SUB-CLAIMS/EVIDENCE (CD)
EDUCATION ISSUE The problem you want to fix.

“The time that students have to be at school.”

CLAIM Your stance on the education issue that you chose.

“The early start time of high schools is negatively affecting the learning of adolescents.”

SUB-CLAIMS The reasons you think your claim about the issue is true (founded
upon and later proven by your concrete details.

1- negative effects on brain development

2-too much time spent during the day trying to wake up/loss of academic strength

3- unfair for extracurriculars who must wake up too early


EDUCATION ISSUE The problem you want to fix.

“The time that students have to be at school.”

CLAIM Your stance on the education issue that you chose.

“The early start time of high schools is negatively affecting the learning of adolescents.”

SUB-CLAIMS The reasons you think your claim about the issue is true (founded upon and later
proven by your concrete details.

1- negative effects on brain development


2-too much time spent during the day trying to wake up/loss of academic strength
3- unfair for extracurriculars who must wake up too early
EVIDENCE The concrete details you use to prove your sub-claims are a real problem.

1- “neurologically, your brain receptors can not fire accurately if they are not given 9-10 hours of sleep as an adolescent” (Torres, 2018).
2- “students who don’t sleep enough can only use 30% of their normal brain capacity when trying to retain new information” (Traynor, 2012).
3- “as a result of the new 0-period trend, students who engage in extracurricular activities are spending less time sleeping and thus suffering
rather than benefiting from their non-academic but supposedly beneficial hobby” (McCormick, 2014).
CLAIM
SUB
CLAIM #1

SUB
CLAIM
#2
MAIN
CLAIM

SUB
SUB CLAIM 2
CLAIM 1

EVIDENCE EVIDENCE
FOR SUB FOR SUB
CLAIM #1 CLAIM #2
MAIN
CLAIM

SUB SUB
CLAIM 1 CLAIM 2

EVIDENCE
FOR SUB EVIDENCE
CLAIM #1 FOR SUB
CLAIM #2
Quote (CD) Quote (CD) Quote (CD) Quote (CD)
Let’s look at an example of a well-organized EDU
issues/outline . . .

Student Example:

Let’s look at the student example to see how an outline can function.

STUDENT EXAMPLE
FOR YOUR EDU ISSUES LOG
Look at traynorla.weebly.com

12/13: Connecting Research

— Find the CDs that support your sub- claims (one for each
sub-claim)

— Identify what kind of rhetoric is used in the CD you chose.

— Use this source for a new resource entry (add to Monday)


https://nces.ed.gov/
FOR YOUR EDU ISSUES LOG
You are also reviewing this source today:

https://nces.ed.gov/

Go over the resource and choose one statistic that pertains to your
subject. Add it to your resources.

This would be beneficial as a strong LOGOS argument using a


credible ETHOS source.
STARTING DRAFT (IF you finish the sub-claim CDs
and look at NCES).

Create a new document > Title it “EDU Letter”

Start with “Dear Snoqualmie Valley School District.”

Start with your CLAIM

Start with PATHOS (a hook).

OR start writing some commentary about the CDs underneath the


sub-claims.