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Relationship between society and

Sociology is the study of social behavior
or society, including its origins,
development, organization, networks, and

Educational sociology is a branch of

sociology, which is confronted with the
problems of relationship between society
and education.
Relationship between society and
Curriculum discussion consider the social
setting especially the relationship between the
schools and society and its influence on
curriculum decisions.

Social astuteness is essential for curriculum

planners and developers today. Curriculum
decision takes place in a complex social setting
through demands that are imposed by society
that filter down to schools.
Socio-Cultural Changes that affect
Cultural and social changes and expectations
can affect the implementation of the
curriculum. However, this includes major
changes to society such as unemployment
patterns, social values, economic growth and
family relationships, parental, employer and
community expectations of schools. This is also
affected by the educational system
requirements and challenges.
The Sociological Aspects of
Curriculum Development
• Issues from society including
groups and institutions in the
culture and their contribution to
• Refers to issues from society that
have an influence on curriculum.
The Sociological Aspects of
Curriculum Development
There are many aspects of the society that need
consideration in curriculum making. These include:
• Social change • Technology
• Transmission of culture • Diversity
• Social problems as • Environment
issues for curriculum • Political factors
• Economic issues • Church/ Mosque
• Technology
• Home/family
Influence of Society and Culture
a. Inhibit change through traditions
b. Rate and direction of change
c. Correspond to societal changes
d. Apply pressure through societal demands
Societal Changes
a. Science and f. Value Crisis
technology g. Subject matter
b. Improved related to events
communication h. Facilities/materials
c. Change family roles product of technology
d. Population i. Active participation of
explosions stakeholders
e. Social mobility j. Accountability
Societal problems
• War and greed
• Prejudices
• Threat
• Dissolution of family
• Regionalism
• Ecological imbalance
• Population
• Issues of particular groups in society
 Education takes place in the society.
 Education is essentially a social process. Social
environment educates the child. Education has a
social role play.
 Education is a lifelong process.
 Education is not only in schooling.
 Education is formal, non- formal and informal.
 Education must be social in nature and develop
democratic skills and values in structure.
• https://socioed.wordpress.com/2016/10/16/101-sociological-aspects-of-
• https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Social_and_Cultural_Foundations_of_Amer
• https://www.slideshare.net/ser_junrie/sociological-foundations-of-
• https://sites.google.com/site/firedollheads/curriculum-development
• https://www.pearson.com/us/higher-education/product/Ornstein-