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Examination Report & Suggested answers – E. Hung @2010 Nov

Part A : Twenty four Multiple Choice Questions @ 1½ marks – Total = 36% marks

1. Which of the following statements does not represent ohm's law? (potential difference = voltage)

A. current / potential difference = constant

B. potential difference / current = constant

C. potential difference = current x resistance

D. current = resistance x potential difference (Only V=IR is the Ohm’s Law)

(This seems to be a difficult questions to many students)

A. ampere (current)

B. watt (power)

C. volt (voltage)

D. coulomb

3. The potential difference (=voltage) required to pass a current 0.2 A in a wire of resistance 20 is ____.

A. 100 V

B. 4V V=IR = 0.2x20 = 4V

C. .01 V

D. 40 V

A. 0 .5

B. 5 R=V/I = 6/1.2 = 5

C. 0.2

D. 2

5. Three resistances of 100 , 35 and 30 ohm are connected in series. The overall resistance will be

A. 55

B. 135

C. 160

D. 165 Being in series, just adding all resistance = 100+35+30 = 165

6. Two resistors 20 , 20 are connected in parallel, what is the overall equivalent resistance?

A. 10

B. 15

C. 20

D. 40

description of the circuit?

B. 9 and 6 are in parallel and the combination is in series with 3

C. 3 , 6 and 9 are in parallel

D. 3 , 6 are in parallel and 9 is in series

( A series circuit with a parallel part)

12

Year 10 Advanced Science – Electricity – Page 1

8. When a fuse is rated 8 A, it means _____________.

A. it will not work if current is less than 8 A.

B. it will work only if current is 8 A

C. it will melt if current exceeds 8 A (A fuse is used to protect the circuit from an overloading of current; the circuit has

a current over 8A, it is be broken and prevent overheating of the circuit and possibly having a fire)

D. it has a resistance of 8

A. 4

B. 2

C. 1

D. 0.5

(This is a rather difficult question to many students. This is

actually a series circuit with 2 parallel parts. You need to find the

equivalent resistance of each parallel part first)

the Total Equivalent resistance = ½ + ½ =1 }

A. conductors

B. insulators

C. electrolytes

D. semiconductors

A. potential difference

B. electric power

C. electrical energy (Unit of Household Electricity)

D. charge

12. The free electrons of a metal _____________, this allows metal to conduct electricity.

A. do not collide with each other

B. are free to escape through the surface

C. are free to fall into the nuclei

D. are free to move anywhere in the metal (related to Q10, making it easy to conduct electricity)

13. Heat produced in a current carrying wire in 5s is 60 J. The same current is passed through another wire of half the resistance.

The heat produced in 5 s will be _____________.

A. 15 J

B. 30 J (Less resistance in the heating coil, less heat is transformed from the same amount of current. This is a difficult

question – can use an advanced formula: P=VI P=(IR)(I) P=I2R)

C. 60 J

D. 120 J

14. Three equal resistances when combined in series are equivalent to 90 . Their equivalent resistance when

combined in parallel will be __________.

A. 270

B. 30

C. 810

D. 10 (This may help students if they can draw diagrams)

(3 equal resistance in series give 90, therefore, each resistor must have 90/3=30)

A. length (the longer, the higher the resistance)

B. material Some materials have high resistance, eg. Tungsten, nichrome; others like silver and

copper have very little resistance)

C. area of cross- section (the thinner, the higher the resistance)

D. all of the above

16. A charge of 30 coulomb passes through a wire in 3 sec. The current flow in the wire, in ampere, is:

A. 3.3

B. 10 Q=IT I = Q/T = 30/3 = 10A

C. 90

D. 30

A. mercury

B. copper

C. tungsten (High resistance, good to transform electricity to heat, then light)

D. argon

A. decreases (that is why light bulbs in parallel have more current and become brighter)

B. increases

C. may decrease or increase according to situation

D. no particular observation

19. A dynamo develops 0.5 ampere at 6 volt. The power produced is:

A. 15 W

B. 17 W

C. 3 W P=VI = 6 x 0.5 = 3 Watts

D. 2 W

20. How much electrical energy in kilowatt hours is consumed in operating ten 50 watt bulbs for 10 hours

per day in a month (30 days) ?

A. 1500

B. 15000

C. 15

D. 150 E=Power (in KW) x Time (in hours) Total kilowatts = 10 x50 1000 = 0.5 kW

Total time = 10 x 30 = 300 hours Therefore E = 0.5x300 = 150 kWH

While multiple-choice exams may seem challenging, you can prepare yourself by understanding the structure

of a multiple-choice test and how to approach these types of exams. Remember, the correct answer is right

there in front of you! By carefully analyzing each question and choices offered, you can increase your

chances of performing well on each multiple-choice test you take.

Each question consists of just three parts:

1. The first part a multiple-choice problem is the basic section that asks a question, gives and

incomplete sentence, or poses a problem that you are expected to solve.

2. The next part of the question is a number of distracting alternatives. These are the incorrect

answers that are designed to test your true knowledge of the subject. Some of these

alternatives may seem correct, so it is important to know the topic well to avoid selecting an

incorrect answer.

3. The final part of a multiple-choice problem is the correct answer to the question or problem

that is posed.

In addition to following good study habits, there are steps you can take during an exam to ensure you choose the correct answer.

Part B: Fill in the Blanks [ 15 marks ]

Use these words to complete the following sentences:

(not all words need to be used, some may be used more than once)

electric circuit every second. Electric current can be measured with an ammeter .

2. Voltage is a measure of the amount of electrical push in a circuit. The voltage can be

carry.

energy.

9. A fuse is an electrical device that can interrupt the flow of electrical current when it is

overloaded.

10. An electrical resistor, with two terminals, whose resistance is continuously variable by

calculations must show formulas, steps and units clearly.

1. Draw circuit diagrams for the following electrical circuits. You need to include the

direction of current in each circuit. [ 3+3 ]

negative to positive; the current is from

positive to negative.

2 bulbs in series

2. Use circuit diagrams to show 4 different ways of connecting 3 light bulbs in a circuit. [4]

All in series

Parallel and series

All in parallel

the same circuit !

Series and parallel

3. . a) Find VT of the circuit. [2]

VT of the circuit means the total voltage

supplies to all loads, ie. R1, R2 and R3 in

series.

VT = V1 + V2 + V3 = 10 + 24 + 36 = 70V

(Straight forward question)

b) Find the value of R1, R2 and R3 if the

current is 2A [6]

If the ? A is given to be 2A, you can

find the individual Resistance using

R=V/I

R1 = 10/2 = 5

R2 = 24/2 = 12

R3 = 36/2 = 18

R1 = 10 , R2 = 20 and R3 = 40

b) If the battery is 12V, find the maximum current given by

the battery. [3]

Since all resistors are in parallel, the voltage supplying each of them is the same as the

original Vo= 12V, using I = V/R

I1 = 12/10 = 1.20A

I2 = 12/40 = 0.30A

I3 = 12/20 = 0.60A

Adding all current in parallel branches = 1.2 + 0.3 + 0.6 = 2.1A, same as Io

Therefore Io = I1 + I2 + I3

(You need to prove that the above equation is correct!)

5. The diagram shows a circuit diagram with 3 resistors - 15, 25 and an unknown resistor C.

Year 10 Advanced Science – Electricity – Page 6

a) What is the current in A and B? [2]

Most students found this question difficult. It is atypical of

the set up. Given two known resistance with an unknown

resistance C in series.

The traditional way of drawing this circuit may be:

clearer. The current at Resistor

C is 2A, so did all the other

resistors as this is a series

circuit.

2A No calculation is needed. Many

students did calculations for

individual resistor – WRONG!

B C A The Answers are:

25 Unknown 15 A = 2A, B = 2A and C = 2A

b) Find the value of the Resistor C.

[4]

There are 2 methods:

Method (1) Let C be the unknown resistance, the total equivalent resistance = 25+15+C = 40+C

ohms

Given the voltage =100V and the Current = 2A, applying V=IR R = V/I

40 + C = 100/2 40 + C = 50 C = 50 – 40 = 10

Method (2) Find the Total equivalent resistance of the circuit: R = V/I = 100/2 = 50

Take away B and A: C = 50 – 25 – 15 = 10

This is an excellent question to test student’s thinking and mathematical skills.

Congratulation to those who got full marks.

Give the formula(s), show calculations and give the

answer with the correct unit.

through R2 and connect a voltmeter that

measures the potential difference across R1.

(Draw them on the diagram) [2]

Draw the Voltmeter in parallel and the

Ammeter in series in front of R2.

b) Find the combined resistance (Total Equivalent Resistance) of R1, R2 and R3. [4]

In order to find the Total Equivalent Resistance, you need to analyse the arrangement of

1 1 1 1

the resistors. Many students simply used the formula: = + +

R R R R

T 1 2 3

However, R2 and R3 are not parallel to each other.

You need to find the Equivalent of R2 and R3 in series first. RE = R2 + R3 = 240 + 60 = 300

Year 10 Advanced Science – Electricity – Page 7

Now, R1 and RE are parallel to each other, you can use

c) Find the current from the battery (labelled A) in two decimal places. [3]

That is the Ammeter next to the battery. If you have trouble finding the correcting answer in Part

b), you will have the wrong answer in this part. However, marks will be given to correct steps.

V=IR I=V/R (R is the Total Equivalent Resistance)

I = 10/75 = 0.13A

d) Find the current through R3 in two decimal places. [3]

The current in the parallel branch with R1 is different from the current in parallel branch with R2

and R3. Since the current in R2 and R3 is affected by both resistors added together. In order to find

the current, you need to use the RE of R2 and R3.

e) Find the voltage over R2. [3] 100

I1

I2 = V/RE = 10/300 = 0.03A R1

NB: The current passing through R2 and R3 must be the same

Since we have found the current in the R2 and R3 branch, we can find the 300

individual voltage across each resistor. In this question, you need to find I2 RE

Voltage across R2 (240).

Don’t use the answer of I2 as 0.03A (not accurate), use the fraction answer.

10V

V2 = I2R2 = 1/30 x 240 = 8V (if you’ve used 0.03A, then V

I 2= 1/3 A

=0.03x240 = 7.2V inaccurate!)

240

10V

f) Show how you calculate another data (not mentioned before) from this circuit setup. [3]

V3 = I3R3 = 1/30 x 60 = 2V

NB: V2 + V3 = V0 = 8+2 = 10V

or

I1 = V1/R1 = 10/100 = 0.10 A

Overall, students found this question very difficult as they ddin’t know how to simply combined

circuit. Once they knew, they should find this type of questions (VCE) easy!

7. a) An hair drier is attached to 240V electric plug. If the heater draws 15 A,

calculate the Power of this heater. [2]

P = VI = 240 x 15 = 3600 Watts

b) What does the value of Power mean? [2]

Power is the amount of energy in Joules used in 1 second.

This hair drier actually used 3600 Joules in 1 second.

8. What current is drawn from two 150 Watt – halogen light tubes in series at 240V? [3]

Most students did this question carelessly as they forgot to multiple the 150 Watt by 2 as

there were 2 light tubes.

Total Power = 150 x 2 = 300 Watts

P = VI I = P/V = 300/240 = 1.25 A

9. An electric hotplate draws 5 amps of current at 240 V when it is heating up at maximum power.

a) a) Find the Power of this hotplate. [2]

P = VI = 240 x 5 = 1200 Watts (very straight forward question)

b) If the hotplate is used at full power for 30 minutes, find the amount of energy used in

Kilowatt-hour. [3]

Electricity Energy can be in Joules or KWh.

E (Joules) = Power (Watts) x Time (seconds) or

E (KWh) = Power (KW) x Time (hours) – this one is used in this question!

Power = 1200 W = 1.2 KW Time = 30 min = 0.5 hour

E = 1.2 x 0.5 = 0.6 KWh

c) if an electricity authority charges 25.5c per KWh, how much will it cost for the use of the

same hotplate for 45 minutes. [3]

The time is 45 mins = 0.75 hour

Cost = E x Rate = 1.2 x 0.75 x 25.5cents = 22.95 cents

9. The symbol for electric charge is written as Q and its unit is coulomb “C”. The charge of

one electron is equal to the charge of one proton, which is 1.6 x 10 - 19 C .

a) Find the number of electrons in one coulomb of charge. [2]

x 1 C

Cross multiplication: 1.6x10-19 (x) = 1

1 1´10 10 ´10 19 18

x= = = = 6.25 ´10 18

1.6

b) Using the formula: Charge = Current x Time Q = IT [2]

Find out the current of the circuit if 4 Coulomb of charges (electrons) are passing through

in 3.5 sec.

One ampere means one Coulomb of charge or 6.25 x 1018 electrons are passing

through a point in a second.

Q=IT I = Q/T = 4/3.5= 1.14A

19

Year 10 Advanced Science – Electricity – Page 9

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