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‘Hazop Analysis’

Item Study Process Deviatio Possible Possible Action


s Node Paramete n (Guide Causes Consequence Required
rs Words) s
1A Transferri Flow No No No chemical Level
ng of chemical in to storage indicator
chemical storage tank installed in the
to the tank. storage Tank.
storage
Tank. Pump Arrow
tripped. indicators to
be provided in
Pump valve pipelines.
closed.

Less Valves are Time to fill


partially the storage
opened. tank will
increase.
Leakage in
pipeline.

In storage
tanks
chemical
are less.

More Fully Filling of the


opening of storage Tank
the will be earlier.
discharge
valve.
Item Study Process Deviatio Possible Possible Action
s Node Paramete n (Guide Causes Consequence Required
rs Words) s
2A Chemical Pressure More More Breakage of Installation of
Storage temperature the Tank. Foam type
Tank in storage monitor.
tank. Safety valve
might blow Regular
off. calibration for
the
Explosion instruments
hazards. should be
done.
Air pollution.

Less Leakage of
chemicals
through
from flange
joints.

Pump
discharge
less.
2B Temperatu More Ambient Development Regular check
re Temperatur of pressure of flange
e high. inside the tank joints.

Poor Safety valve


insulation might blow
(water off.
entering
insulation)

Stored Metallic
chemical impurities.
not used for
some days

Less Cold Decrease in


weathers of pressure,
winters. insider the
tank.
2C Chemical Flow More Covered Installation of
Storage under Foam type
Tank. Pressure. monitor.

Less Covered Spillage Regular


under hazards. calibration for
Pressure. the
instruments
Reverse Not No safety should be
possible. hazards. done.

Any
malfunctionin
g of the valve
chemical in
the storage
must be
diluted with
water.

Item Study Process Deviatio Possible Possible Action


s Node Paramete n (Guide Causes Consequence Required
rs Words) s
3A Dumping Temperatu More Poor Maximum SOP to be
Vessel re. cooling of ambient prepared.
the vessel. temperature.

Less Cooling of No safety and


the vessel. health
hazards.

3B Pressure More Increase in


temperature

Less

3C Flow More Not No Physical


applicable. measurement inspection.
for flow of
chemicals
Less