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DIVESH GOYAL GOYAL DIVESH & ASSOCIATES

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CONVERSION OF Series
PUBLIC LIMITED CO. INTO 404
PRIVATE LIMITED CO.

Article updated as on 20th December, 2018

As per Section 14(1)- for conversion of Public Company into Private Limited Company
approval of Tribunal is required.

1By ordinance, 2018: Power of Tribunal has been transferred to Central Government.
Therefore, after notification of ordinance Public Company can be converting into Private
Company with approval of Central Government.

MCA on 18th December, 2018 has published Companies (Incorporation) Fourth


Amendment Rules, 2018. They shall come into effect from 18th December, 2018.

By these rules MCA amended Rule 41 “applicability under section 14 for conversion of
Public Company into Private Company”

Power of Central Government assigned to Regional Director for approval of conversion of


public limited company into private limited company.

In this editorial the author shall discuss the process of Conversion of Public Company in
Private Limited Company6 along with comparison with earlier provisions.

1
All the matters filed with NCLT before date of commencement of the Ordinance, 2018 shall be disposed off by the
Tribunal in according with earlier provisions.
DIVESH GOYAL GOYAL DIVESH & ASSOCIATES
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This is article no. 404 of the series of editorials written by the author on corporate laws
{Including Companies Act, 2013, SEBI, RBI Regulations, IBC, LLP Act, 2008 etc.}.

Short Summary:

Keeping in view the relaxations provided to a Private Company (Exemption given by 2


circulars vide notification dated 05th June, 2015 and 2 13th June, 2017), many public

companies have converted into Private Companies or in the process of such conversion.

Through this brief write up an attempt has been made to unlock the technicalities related to
Conversion of Public Company into Private Company prescribed under Companies Act, 2013.

We believe that the procedure for Conversion of Public Company into Private Company along
with sample resolutions discussed through this article would be of some help for everyone.

Conversion of status of company from public to private would become effective form the date of
receipt of the approval of the Registrar through the change of name would become effective on
the issue of fresh Certificate of Incorporation.

The Companies Act, 2013 was expected to simplify the provisions but on the contrary it brought
lot of restrictions on doing business. Therefore the public companies are converting themselves
into private limited company.

REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS:

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http://www.csdiveshgoyal.info/2017/06/exemption-to-private-companies.html
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The procedure for conversion from one company to the other is expounded within the Act with
certain statutory requirements such as alteration of the Memorandum of Association (MOA) and
Articles of Association (AOA) of the company.

Legal Provisions related to Conversion of Public Company into Private Company are given
in Section 18 and 14 of the Companies Act, 2013 read with Rule 41 of Companies
(Incorporation) 3Rules, 2014.

As per Section 13 and Section 14 of the Companies Act 2013 read with Rule 41 of
Companies (Incorporation) Rules, 2014. A public company can be converted into the
private company only after obtaining its shareholders approval by way of passing of special
resolution in general meeting.

Relevant Sections & Rules of the Act:

1. Section 13: It provides for alteration of memorandum.


2. Section 14: It provides for alteration of articles.
3. Section 18: It allows an existing Company to convert itself as a company of other class
under this Act by alteration of memorandum and articles of the company in accordance with
the provision of chapter II of the Act.
4. Rule 40 of Companies (Incorporation) Fourth Amendment Rules, 2018: Application under
Section 14 for conversion of public company into private company.

3
Companies (Incorporation) Fourth Amendment Rules, 2018
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DETAILED PROCEDURE FOR CONVERSION OF PUBLIC


COMPANY INTO PRIVATE COMPANY:
COMPANY:

FIRST STEP:
STEP – I: Convey Board Meeting of Directors: (As per section 173 and SS-1)

To Pass a board resolution to get in principal approval of Directors for conversion of a


public company into a private company by altering the AOA subject to the approval of
Central Government (Power of Central Government assigned to RD).

STEP –II: Held Board Meeting: (As per section 173 and SS-1)

 To consider In-principal approval for conversion of Public Company into Private


Company by altering Articles.

 Get Approval to Alteration in Article of Association and recommending the proposal


for members' consideration by way of special resolution.

 Fixing the date, time, and venue of the general meeting and authorizing a director or
any other person to send the notice for the same to the members.

 To approve Notice of EGM along with explanatory statement to be annexed with the
notice as per Section 102(1) of the Act.

STEP- III: Issue Notice of General Meeting: (Section 101)

Notice of EGM shall be given at least 21 days before the actual date of EGM. EGM can
be called on Shorter Notice with the consent of at least majority in number and ninety
five percent of such part of the paid up share capital of the company giving a right to vote
at such a meeting:
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 All the Directors.
 Members
 Auditors of Company

The notice shall specify the place, date, day and time of the meeting and contain a
statement on the business to be transacted at the EGM

SECOND STEP:
STEP- IV: Hold General Meeting: (Section 101)

 Check the Quorum.


 Check whether auditor is present, if not. Then Leave of absence is Granted or Not.
(As per Section- 146).
 Pass Special Resolution.[Section-114(2)]
 Approval of Alteration in AOA for conversion of Public Company into Private Limited
Company
 Approval of alteration in Memorandum of Association.

STEP- V: Filing of form with ROC: (Section 117)

File Form MGT-14 (Filing of Resolutions and agreements to the Registrar under section117)
with the Registrar along with the requisite filing within 30 days of passing the special
resolution, along with given documents:-

 Certified True Copies of the Special Resolutions along with explanatory statement;
 Copy of the Notice of meeting send to members along with all the annexure;
 A printed copy of the Altered Article of Associations and Memorandum of
Association.

Note: It is relevant to note that First you have to file form MGT.14
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THIRD STEP:
STEP- VI: Drafting an Filing of Application with Regional Director (in Form RD-1)-
Application in Regional Director shall be file at within 60 days from passing of Special
Resolution in e-form RD-1.

Application shall be accompanied by following Documents:

Following documents are required to be attached with petition for conversion of Public
Company into a Private Company under Section 14(1) of the Act:

 Copy of the memorandum and articles of association with proposed alterations


 Copy of Minutes of General Meeting (mentioning details of votes cast in favour or
against)
 Copy of Attendance Sheet of General Meeting
 Board Resolution for authorizing to file application for conversion (dated not earlier
than 30 days)

Other Documents to be attached:

DECLARATION IN FORM OF AFFIDAVIT:


Declaration by Key Managerial Personal (If company not having KMP then by any
Director) i.e.:

I. The Company limits the number of its members to 200, and that no deposit has
been accepted by the Company in violation of the
Act and rules.
II. There is no non-compliance of Section 73 to 76A, 177, 178, 185,186 and 188 of
Act an rules made thereunder
III. That, No resolution is pending to be filed in terms of Section 179(3) and
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IV. that the company never listed on stock exchange and if listed complied with the
relevant provisions.

DETAILS OF CREDITORS:
There shall be attached to the application, a List of Creditors and Debenture Holders,
drawn up to the latest practicable date preceding the date of filing of petition by not
more than 30 days, setting forth the following details, namely:-

 the names and address of every creditor and debenture holder of the company;
 the nature and respective amounts due to them in respect of debts, claims or
liabilities;
 in respect of any contingent or unascertained debt or any such claim admissible to
proof in winding up of the company, the value, so far as can be justly estimated of
such debt or claim:

Affidavit Verifying List of Creditors:

The applicant company shall file an affidavit, signed by the company secretary of the
company, if any, and not less than two directors of the company, one of whom shall be
a managing director, where there is one, to the effect that they have made a full enquiry
into the affairs of the company and, having done so, have formed an opinion that the
list of creditors is correct, and that the estimated value as given in the list of the debts or
claims payable on a contingency or not ascertained are proper estimates of the values of
such debts and claims and that there are no other debts of , or claims against, the
company to their knowledge.

PUBLICATION OF NEWS PAPER ADVERTISEMENT:


The company shall at least Twenty One days before the date of filing of application:
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 News Paper Advertisement: Advertise the petition in Form No. INC 25A, at
least once in a vernacular newspaper in the principal vernacular language of the
district in which the registered office of the company is situate, and at least once in
English language in an English newspaper circulating in that district. (Widely
Circulated in the State in which the registered office of company is situated)

 Speed Post to Creditors: serve, by registered post with acknowledgement


due, individual notice to each debenture-holder and creditor of the company; and

 Service of Petition to ROC/RD: serve, by registered post with


acknowledgement due, a notice together with the copy of the applicaiton to the
Central Government (Regional Director), Registrar of Companies and to the
Securities and Exchange Board of India, in the case of listed companies and to the
regulatory body, if the company is regulated under any other Act.

FOURTH STEP:
File Form RD-1 with the Regional Director within 60 days of passing of Special Resolution
with all the above mentioned annexures Like:

 MOA & AOA


 General Meeting Minutes and Attendance Sheet
 Board Resolution authorizing application
 Declarations
 List of Creditors
 Affidavit verifying the list of creditors
 Copy of News Paper Advertisement

Other Provisions:
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A. Power to Inspect: A duly authenticated copy of the list of the creditors shall be kept at
the registered office of the company and any person desirous of inspecting the same
may at any time during the ordinary hours of business, inspect and take extracts of the
same on the payment of a sum not exceeding ten rupees per page to the company.

B. Objection if Any Received:


Where any objection of any person whose interest is likely to be affected by the
proposed application has been received by the applicant, it shall serve a copy thereof to
the Central Government on or before the date of hearing.

C. Where No Objection Is Received:

Where no objection received from any person in response to the advertisement or notice
under sub-rule (5) or otherwise, the application may be put up for orders without
hearing and the order either approving or rejecting the application shall be passed within
30 days of receipt of the application.

D. Where Objection Is Received:

After checking of application with Annexures the hearing will take place at the Regional
Director office and it should be represented by the company or practicing professional or
advocate.

E. The Regional Director will make an order confirming the alteration on such terms and
conditions, if any, as it thinks fit, and may make such order as to costs as it thinks proper:

F. Obtain certified copies of the order confirming the shifting of registered office from one
state to another, passed by the Central Government,

18) File e-form INC-28 with ROC within 30 days of confirmation of shifting by Regional
Director along with copy of order.

STEPS AFTER OBTAINING NEW CERTIFICATE FROM ROC:

 Make alteration in the MOA with respect to the state in every copy of Memorandum.
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 Each stationery, banner, signboard, bills, invoice etc. should show the new address and
necessary advice should be sent to shareholders, debenture holders, and other
concerned parties.
 Necessary changes are required to be made in the letter heads, books, records etc. of the
company. The necessary changes are required to be made in PAN. TAN and ST2 etc and
inform to all the Government departments, banks, customers and others wherever
required.

Tail Piece: Provided that the shifting of registered office shall not be allowed if any inquiry,
inspection or investigation has been initiated against the company or any prosecution is
pending against the company under the Act.

POST CONVERSION REQUIREMETNS


A. Arrange new PAN No. of the company
B. Arrange new stationary with new name of the Company
C. Update company bank account details
D. Intimate all the concerned authorities like Excise and sales tax etc about the
status change
E. Printed copy of new MOA & AOA.

(Author – CS Divesh Goyal, GOYAL DIVESH & ASSOCIATES Company Secretary in Practice
from Delhi and can be contacted at csdiveshgoyal@gmail.com)
Disclaimer: The entire contents of this document have been prepared on the basis of relevant provisions and as per the
information existing at the time of the preparation. Although care has been taken to ensure the accuracy, completeness and
reliability of the information provided, I assume no responsibility therefore. Users of this information are expected to refer to the
relevant existing provisions of applicable Laws. The user of the information agrees that the information is not a professional advice
and is subject to change without notice. I assume no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information. IN NO EVENT
SHALL I SHALL BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGE RESULTING FROM, ARISING
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OF THE INFORMATION.
This is only a knowledge sharing initiative and author does not intend to
solicit any business or profession.