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A "Green" Company Since 1990

• Home
• About
◦ Why Choose Hydro-Flo Technologies
◦ Partial Customer List
• Products
◦ Chemical Reaction Systems
◦ Inclined Plate Clarifiers
◾ ClariMax™ Series Inclined Plate Clarifier
◾ LS Series (Stinger™) Inclined Plate Clarifier
◦ Control Panels
◦ DAF (dissolved air flotation) Flotation Systems
◾ HydroFloat™ Series Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) System
◾ FloatPac™ Series Inclined Plate Style (DAF) System
◦ Media Filters
◾ HydroCell™ High Rate Sand Filter
◾ HydroCell™ Deep Bed Sand Filter
◾ HydroCell™ Multi-Media Filter
◦ Media Packs
◾ DynaPac™ Cross Corrugated Coalescing Media
◾ LamPac™ Parallel Plate Separation Media
◦ Oil/Water Separators
◾ API type Oil/Water Separators
◾ EconoSep™ Oil/Water Separator
◾ MaxiSep™ Oil/Water Separator
◾ TotlSep™ Oil/Water Separator
◾ Pressure Rated 2, 3 & 4 Phase Separators
◾ Replacement Media Packs
◦ Packaged Systems
◦ Pump Packages
◾ Electric Pump Packages
◾ Pneumatic Pump Packages
◾ Chemical Injection Pump Packages
• Industrial
◦ Biological Pretreatment
◦ Dairy Processing
◦ Groundwater Remediation
◦ Industrial Laundry
◦ Metal Finishing
◾ Copper Bearing
◾ Chrome Bearing
◾ Electroplating
◾ Phosphatizing
◾ Nickel Bearing
◾ Zinc Bearing
◦ Oil & Gas
◾ Oil Recycling
◦ Truck (Tanker) Washout
• Employment Opportunities
• Contact Us

Inclined Plate Clarifier Basic Theory of Operation

The Inclined Plate Clarifier, or Lamella, was first described and quantified by Hazen in 1904. The Lamella consists of a series of closely spaced flat plates inclined at an
angle of from 45 to 60 degrees from horizontal. Preconditioned water with entrained solids enters the plate pack and flows between the plates. The path length, plate
spacing, and angle of the plate are the usual engineering variables. As the water flows between pairs of plates, the heavy solids with a specific gravity higher than the
surrounding water will settle onto the top surface of the lower plate, and slide down the inclined surface to be collected in the sludge hopper. Clear, near solids-free water
then exits the top of the plate area and flows over an adjustable weir.

The settling pattern of a discrete particle in a rectangular basin is that, as the particle settles, it is carried forward by the velocity of the liquid flow through the basin. Thus,
if Vf is the velocity of fluid, Vs the settling velocity of the particle, L the length of the basin, and d its depth, then a particle at the influent will settle to the bottom of the
basin only if:

Vf max = Vs L/d

Therefore, the flow velocity at which a basin can operate successfully is directly proportional to the length of the basin, and inversely proportional to the depth.
This scenario applies to horizontal plates as well as rectangular basins. In horizontal plates, a particle must fall a few inches. In a rectangular basin, a particle must fall 10 to
20 feet. The more even the flow the more efficient the settling process.

Horizontal plate settlers are spaced 1 - 2 inches apart; therefore, the particle only needs to travel vertically 1 - 2 inches. The settled solids must be removed mechanically
from the horizontal plates.

Inclined plate settlers are positioned on a 55-60 degree angle to allow the settled solids to slide down the plate and to the bottom of the basin. In this case the distance the
particle must travel vertically is:

D= distance the particle travels vertically

d= plate spacing

Cos µ = Cosine of plate angle (550)

D=d,D=2
Cosµ .574

D = 3.48"

Since the particle sees the horizontal area, horizontal plates are calculated as the actual settling area. Inclined plate settlers use the
horizontally projected area and, therefore, the total plate area may be calculated by:

At = HP
Cosµ

HP = Horizontally projected area

Cos µ = Cosine of plate angle (550)

At = Total ft2 of plate surface required

Because each plate settler provides an effective settling area equal to that of its horizontal projection, MRI Plate Settlers will
increase a basin's effective settling area by up to ten times.

Helpful Links

• Typical Applications
• Application Questionnaire
• Clarifier Sizing Information
• DAF Design & Sizing information
• Oil Water Separator Design & Sizing information
• EPA Non-Polar Oil Test Methods
• Fluid Mechanics
• Water Hammer Calculations
• Reynolds Number Calculations
• HFT Quality Assurance Plan
• Steel Fabrications
• Leak Test Certification
• Interior Coatings
• Exterior Coating
• Control Panels
• Chemical Pump Dosing Rates
• Chemical Compatibility Chart
• Properties of Plastic
• Surface Prep Definitions
• Standard Internal Coating
• Standard External Base Coating
• Standard External Top Coating
• FPR Resin Cut Sheets
• Gel Coat Cut Sheet
Main Menu

• Home
• About
◦ Why Choose Hydro-
Flo Technologies
◦ Partial Customer List
• Products
◦ Chemical Reaction
Systems
◦ Inclined Plate
Clarifiers
◾ ClariMax™
Series Inclined
Plate Clarifier
◾ LS Series
(Stinger™)
Inclined Plate
Clarifier
◦ Control Panels
◦ DAF (dissolved air
flotation) Flotation
Systems
◾ HydroFloat™
Series
Dissolved Air
Flotation
(DAF) System
◾ FloatPac™
Series Inclined
Plate Style
(DAF) System
◦ Media Filters
◾ HydroCell™
High Rate
Sand Filter
◾ HydroCell™
Deep Bed Sand
Filter
◾ HydroCell™
Multi-Media
Filter
◦ Media Packs
◾ DynaPac™
Cross
Corrugated
Coalescing
Media
◾ LamPac™
Parallel Plate
Separation
Media
◦ Oil/Water Separators
◾ API type
Oil/Water
Separators
◾ EconoSep™
Oil/Water
Separator
◾ MaxiSep™
Oil/Water
Separator
◾ TotlSep™
Oil/Water
Separator
◾ Pressure Rated
2, 3 & 4 Phase
Separators
◾ Replacement
Media Packs
◦ Packaged Systems
◦ Pump Packages
◾ Electric Pump
Packages
◾ Pneumatic
Pump
Packages
◾ Chemical
Injection Pump
Packages
• Industrial
◦ Biological
Pretreatment
◦ Dairy Processing
◦ Groundwater
Remediation
◦ Industrial Laundry
◦ Metal Finishing
◾ Copper
Bearing
◾ Chrome
Bearing
◾ Electroplating
◾ Phosphatizing
◾ Nickel Bearing
◾ Zinc Bearing
◦ Oil & Gas
◾ Oil Recycling
◦ Truck (Tanker)
Washout
• Employment Opportunities
• Contact Us

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HydroFloTech, | 2560 Foxfield Road | St Charles, IL 60174 | Phone 630-762-0380 | Fax 630-762-0390
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