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ARC LENGTHS

In the figure below, the arc XY subtends an angle of 90◦ at O, the centre of the circle. Since the
90 1
whole circumference subtends 360◦ at O. Therefore, the length of arc XY is or of the
360 4
circumference of the circle. In figure below , arc AB subtends an angle of θ◦ at O. The
circumference of a circle is given as 2πr. Therefore, the length, l of the arc AB is given as

l x 2 r
360

X A

90◦
θ◦
O Y O

Figure 2
Figure 1

EXAMPLE 1
An arc subtends an angle of 115◦ at the centre of a circle of radius 12 cm. Find the length of the
arc.
126
Length of arc  x 2 x 12
360
126 22
= x2x x 12 = 26.4 cm
360 7

EXAMPLE 2
What angle does an arc of 14 cm in length subtend at the centre of a circle of radius 21 cm.
 22
19.8  x2x x7
360 7
19.8 x 360 x 7
=  162
2 x 22 x 7

EXAMPLE 3
Calculate the perimeter of a sector of a circle of radius 21 m, the angle of the sector being 200 ◦.

200 22
Length of arc = x2x x 21 = 73.3 cm
360 7
200◦ Perimeter of sector = 21 + 21 + 73.3 = 115.3 cm

21 cm
21 cm

22
EXERCISE 1 ( let π = unless stated otherwise)
7

(1) An arc subtends an angle of 72◦ at the centre of a circle of radius 35m. Find the length of
the arc.

(2) What is the length of an arc which subtends an angle of 60◦ at the centre of circle with
1
2

(3) What angle does an arc 10.1 mm in length subtend at the centre of a circle with diameter
14 mm? ( give answer to 1 d.p.)

(4) Calculate the perimeter of a sector of a circle of radius 28 cm, the angle of the sector
being 120◦ . ( give answer to 1 d.p.)

(5) The minute hand of a clock is 6.3 cm long. Find the distance moved by the tip of the hand
in 30 minutes.
AREA OF SECTORS

In the figure 1 below, the arc XY subtends an angle of 90◦ at O, the centre of the circle. Since
90 1
the whole circumference subtends 360◦ at O. Therefore, the area of the sector XOY is or
360 4
of the area of the circle. In figure 2 below , arc AB subtends an angle of θ◦ at O. The area of a
circle is given as πr2. Therefore, the area, A of the minor sector AOB is given as

A x  r2
360

X
A

90◦
θ◦
O Y O

Figure 2
Figure 2

EXAMPLE 1
The diagram shows a circle centre O and radius 4.5
T
cm. The major sector angle ROS = 290 ◦ .
(a) Calculate the area of the major sector ROST.
290◦

O Area of sector =
S
 290
 x  r2  x 3.14 x 4.52 = 51.2 cm 2
360 360
R
22
EXERCISE 2 ( let π = unless stated otherwise)
7

(1) Calculate the area of a sector of a circle which subtends an angle of 45◦ at the centre of the

(2) Find the area of each of the sectors below

(a) (b)

185◦

60

21 cm

(3) For some sports events, a sports ground has a sector of a circle of radius 63 m with an
angle of 72◦ at the centre of the circle. Find the area of this sector.

(4) A sector of angle 30◦ is cut out of a circular disc of radius 28 cm. Find the area of the
remaining part of the circle. ( give answer to 1 d.p.)

(5) The blade of a car windscreen wiper sweeps

out an area shown by the shading in the figure.
is 56 cm. The angle is 120◦. Calculate the area

EXERCISE 1

(1) 44 cm

(2) 0.52 m.

(3) 82.6◦

(4) 112.7 cm

(5) 19.8 cm

EXERCISE 2

(1) 77 cm2
(2) (a) 231 cm2 (b) 316.6 m2