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Design of Bearings (POT/PTFE) :- RCC Girder POT/PTFE Details

Salient Features of the Bridge


C/C length of the bridge = 20.8 m Total length of the Span = 22 m
Projection beyond cL of bearing = 0.60 m
Loads from the Superstructure
Dead Load Reaction = 2572.5 kN SIDL reaction = 421.6 kN
FPLL Reaction (One side footpath) = 0.00 kN C/c distance of bearing = 2.70 m
Max. Depth of the superstructure = 2.166 m Height of Bearing + Pedestal = 0.5 m
Thickness of wearing coat = 0.065 m Coffficient of friction = 0.050
Number of bearings at fixed end = 3 Impact Factor= 1.168

CWLL Reaction (Without impact) :-

Fixed end Free End


Max. Reaction (at fixed end) Min. Reaction
Due to (first 2 Lane) 70 R Wheeled = 782.5 kN Due to (first 2 Lane) 70 R Wheeled = 217.49 kN
With impact = 913.90 kN With impact = 254.01 kN

Due to (third Lane) class A= 440.8 kN Due to (third Lane) class A= 59.23 kN
With impact = 514.78 kN With impact = 69.18 kN

CWLL ecc. in transverse direction :

Due to 70 R Wheeled (First 2 Lane) = 1.155 m SIDL ecc. = 0.00 m


Due to class A(Addt. 1 lane) = 2.45 m

Net vertical reactions & horizontal forces over bearings :-

NORMAL case with 100% CWLL

Maximum and Minimum loads over bearings :

Apportionment of CWLL :
Class 70 R
Max Load case = 913.901 + 913.9 x 1.155 x 1.35
3 14.6

= 304.6 + 97.7 = 402.4 KN

= 304.6 - 97.7 = 207 KN

Min load case = 254.009 + 254.0 x 1.155 x 1.35


3 14.6

= 84.7 + 27.2 = 111.8 KN

= 84.7 - 27.2 = 57.5 KN


Class A
Max Load case = 514.779 + 913.9 x 2.450 x 1.35
3 14.6

= 171.6 + 207.3 = 378.9 KN

= 171.6 - 207.3 = -36 KN

Min load case = 69.176 + 69.2 x 2.450 x 1.35


3 14.6

= 23.1 + 15.7 = 38.8 KN

= 23.1 - 15.7 = 7.4 KN

Maximum load = 402.4 kN


Minimum load = -35.7 kN

Apportionment of SIDL : = 421.610 + 421.61 x 0.00 x 1.35


3 14.6

405610740.xls
= 140.5 KN

405610740.xls
DL SIDL CWLL
Maximum 858 + 141 + 402 = 1400 kN
Minimum 858 + 141 + -36 = 962 kN
No LL 858 + 141 + = 998 kN

Longitudnal Horizontal Force (HL) : For Max horizontal force at one end

Braking force is considered 20 % of live load coming on the span for two lane
Braking force is considered 5 % of live load coming on the span for third lane
Fh due to 70 R Wheeled = 0.2 x ( 1000 ) = 200.0 kN
Fh due to class A = 0.05 x ( 500 ) = 25.0 kN
For Max LL at one end :
Fixed end DL SIDL CWLL
Fh - (mg + mq) = 225 - 0.05 x ( 2573 + 422 + 277 )= 61.5 kN

h/2 + (mg+mq) = 113 + 0.05 x ( 2573 + 422 + 277 ) 276.0 kN


Free end
(mg + mq) = 0.05 x ( 2573 + 422 + 1223 )= 210.9 kN

Governing Horizontal force at fixed end for max load = 276 kN


For Max horizontal force at one bearing = 92 kN
For Min LL at one end :
Fixed end DL SIDL CWLL
Fh - (mg + mq) = 225 - 0.05 x ( 2573 + 422 + 1223 )= 14.1 kN

h/2 + (mg+mq) = 113 + 0.05 x ( 2573 + 422 + 1223 ) 323.4 kN


Free end
(mg + mq) = 0.05 x ( 2573 + 422 + 277 )= 163.5 kN

Governing Horizontal force at fixed end for min load = 323 kN


For Max horizontal force at one bearing = 108 kN

SEISMIC case with 20% CWLL (Long.direction)


Zone III
Fh due to seismic = 0.240 x ( 5145 + 843.22 ) = 1437.17 kN

Maximum and Minimum loads over bearings :

Apportionment of CWLL :

Maximum load = 80.5 kN


Minimum load = -7.1 kN

Apportionment of SIDL : = 421.610 + 421.61 x 0.00 x 1.35


3 14.6
= 140.5 KN

DL SIDL CWLL
Maximum 858 + 141 + 80 = 1079 kN
Minimum 858 + 141 + -7 = 991 kN
No LL 858 + 141 = 998 kN

Longitudnal Horizontal Force (HL) : For Max horizontal force at one end

Braking force is considered 20 % of live load coming on the span for two lane
Braking force is considered 5 % of live load coming on the span for third lane
Fh due to 70 R Wheeled = 0.2 x ( 200 ) = 40.0 kN
Fh due to class A = 0.05 x ( 100 ) = 5.0 kN
For Max LL at one end :
Fixed end
Fh = 1482 )= 1482.2 kN

Governing Horizontal force at fixed end for max load = 1482 = 1482 kN
For Max horizontal force at one bearing = 494 kN

405610740.xls
For Min LL at one end :
Fixed end
Fh = 1482 )= 1482.2 kN

Governing Horizontal force at fixed end for min load = 1482 = 1482 kN
For Max horizontal force at one bearing = 494 kN
Calculation of Rotation (ad) With live load

For simply supported span rotation may be computed by the following relationship.

ad = 400 x Mmax x L x 10 ^ -3 /E I

Ec = 5000 x 30 = 27386 MPa = 3E+10 Pa

For permanent Load = Ec / 2 = 1.4E+10 Pa

S No. Load Case M max E I L a bd


(Nm) (Pa) (m^4) (m) (rad.)

1 DL + SIDL 1E+06 1.369E+10 0.2330 20.8 0.0032

2 CWLL 2E+06 2.739E+10 0.2330 20.8 0.00197

3 FPLL 0 2.739E+10 0.2330 20.8 0.0000

4 Prestress 0 1.369E+10 0.2330 20.8 0.0000


Total 0.0052

Design ROTATION with live load = 0.005194 Hence 0.01

Design ROTATION without Live load = 0.003200 Hence 0.01

Movement of Superstructure due to Temp.,Shrinkage and Creep

Due to Temp. = 1E-05 x 32.5 x 20800 = 7.91 mm


Taking variation for 0 TO 45 Degree centigrade
Shrinkage
strain

Due to Shrinkage = 0.0002 x 20800 = 4.16 mm

Creep coeff. Av. stress at cg of cable


Due to Creep = 0 x 8.300 + 20800 = 0.0 mm
10
Total Movement in elongation = 7.909 + -4.16 + 0.00 = ### mm

Total Movement in contraction = -7.91 + -4.16 + 0.00 = -12.07 mm

Total movement after including 12mm deflection at scour level

Total movement = 3.75 + 12 = 15.75 mm say 17.00 mm


Total movement = -12.07 + -12 = -24.07 mm say -26.0 mm

405610740.xls
Seismic coefficient analysis
Horizontal Seismic Force Zone-III

Feq = Seismic forces to be resisted


Feq = Ah x (Dead load + Appropriate Live load)
Ah = horizontal seismic coefficient

= Z Sa
2 g
R
I

Zone No. Zone factor


Z = Zone factor V 0.36
IV 0.24
I = Importance factor III 0.16
II 0.1
Important bridges= 1.2
Other bridges = 1.0

T = Fundamental period of the bridge member (in sec.)


or horizontal vibrations.

= 2.0 D 1/2

1000F

D = appropriate dead load of the superstructure , and live load in KN

F = Horizontal force in KN required to be applied at the center of


mass of the superstructure for one mm horizontal deflection at
the top of the pier/abutment along the considered direction of
horizontal force.
R = Response reduction factor = 1

Sa = 2.5
g

Ah = 0.16 x 2.500
2
1
1.2
Ah = 0.240

5 405610740.xls
Transverse Force in seismic case Zone-III

DL Superstructure = 2572.5 x 2 = 5145.0 KN


SIDL = 421.61 x 2 = 843.2 KN
CWLL on one span = 1500.0 KN

Seismic force on DL + SIDL = 0.24 x ( 5145 + 843 )


= 1437.17 KN

To be shared by one support @ 1437.2 = 718.6 KN


2

Seismic force on LL = 0.24 x 300 = 72 KN

Moment at bearing lvl = 72 x ( 2.166 + 1.2 )

+ 1437 x 1.083

= 1798.81 KN m

Reaction on Bearing = 1 x 1798.8 = 101.6 kN


2 8.85

Max. Design vertical Load per bearing = 1078.51 + 102 = 1180.1 kN

Min. Design vertical Load per bearing = 990.89 - 102 = 889.3 kN

Design vertical Load with no live load per bearing


= 998.0 - 87.9399 = 910.1 kN

Seismic force on LL assuming in ratio of LL reaction

Max = 1223.3 x 0.24 = 58.72 KN


5

Max. HF due to seismic on POT bearing = 719 + 58.72 = 388.65 KN


2 2

Min. HF due to seismic on POT bearing = 719 + 33.2065 = 375.90 KN


2 2

With no live load HF due to seismic on pot 719 + 0 = 359.29 KN


2 2

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70 R wheeled

Max CWLL Reaction at fixed end

170 170 170 170 120 120 80

1.37 3.05 1.37 2.13 1.52 3.96

RA 20.8 m RB

From First train

RA + RB = 1000 kN

20.8 RB = 170 x 0.77 + 170 x 3.82 + 170 x 5.19

+ 120 x 7.32 + 120 x 8.84 + 80 x 12.8

-170 x 0.6

= 130.9 + 649.4 + 882.3 + 878.4 + 1060.8 + 1024 -102

RB = 217.49 kN

RA = 782.51 kN

From Second train

RA + RB = 0 kN

20.8 RB = 0 x 12.8 + 0 x 12.8 + 0 x 12.8

+ 0 x 12.8 + 0 x 12.8 + 0 x 12.8

7 405610740.xls
0 x 287.5

= 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 0

RB = 0.000 kN

RA = 0.000 kN

Without impact

Max. reaction (70 R wheeled, 2 Lane) = 1565.019 + 0.000 = 1565.019 kN


Min. reaction (70 R wheeled, 2 Lane) = 434.981 + 0.000 = 434.981 kN

Max. reaction (70 R Wheeled + class A 2 Lane = 782.510 = 782.510 kN


Min. reaction (70 R Wheeled + class A 2 Lane) = 217.490 = 217.490 kN

8 405610740.xls
Max Reaction at fixed end
CLASS A
114 114 68 68 68 68 0 0

1.2 4.3 3 3 3 3.2 1.1

RA 20.8 m RB
0.6 0.6

RA + RB = 500 kN

20.800 RA = 2.6 + 3.7 ) x 0

+ ( 6.9 + 9.9 ) x 68

+ ( 12.9 + 15.9 20.2 + 21.4 ) x 114

= 0 + 1142.4 + 8025.6

20.8 RA = 9168

RA = 440.7692 kN

RB = 59.23077 kN

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405610740.xls

TABLE SHOWING DATA FOR DESIGN OF BEARINGS


LOADS, MOVEMENTS AND ROTATION DATA
QTY
BEARING LOAD HORIZONTAL FORCE (kN) (NOS)
SL.No. SYMBOL LONGITUDINA
TYPE CONDITION VERTICAL per
ROTATION L MOVEMENT
CASE LOAD (kN) (Radians) span
LONGITUDINAL TRANSVERSE (mm)

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (6) (7) (8) (9)

Maximum (With Live Load) 1400 140 -


NORMAL Minimum( With Live Load) 962 108 -
Minimum (Without Live Load) 998 100 -
Maximum (With Live Load) 1976 494 -
FIXED SEISMIC
1
POT (Longitudinal)
Minimum( With Live Load) 991 494 - - 2
Minimum (Without Live Load) 998 479 -
Maximum (With Live Load) 1598 92 389
SEISMIC
(Transverse)
Minimum( With Live Load) 889 108 376
Minimum (Without Live Load) 910 50 359
Maximum (With Live Load) 1400 - -
NORMAL Minimum( With Live Load) 962 - -
Minimum (Without Live Load) 998 - -
GUIDED Maximum(With Live Load) 1976 - -
SLIDING SEISMIC
2
POT CUM (Longitudinal)
Minimum(With Live Load) 991 - - 2
PTFE Minimum(Without Live Load) 998 - -
Maximum(With Live Load) 1598 - 389
SEISMIC
Minimum(With Live Load) 889 - 376
(Transverse)
Minimum(Without Live Load) 910 - 359
0.01
Maximum (With Live Load) 1400 - -
NORMAL Minimum( With Live Load) 962 - -
Minimum (Without Live Load) 998 - -
FREE Maximum(With Live Load) 1976 - -
SLIDING SEISMIC +17 /
3
POT CUM (Longitudinal)
Minimum(With Live Load) 991 - - 2
PTFE Minimum(Without Live Load) 998 - - -26
Maximum(With Live Load) 1180 - -
SEISMIC
(Transverse)
Minimum(With Live Load) 889 - -
Minimum(Without Live Load) 910 - -
Maximum (With Live Load) 1400 140 -
NORMAL Minimum( With Live Load) 962 108 -
Minimum (Without Live Load) 998 100 -
GUIDED Maximum(With Live Load) 1976 494 -
SLIDING SEISMIC
4
POT CUM (Longitudinal)
Minimum(With Live Load) 991 494 - 2
PTFE Minimum(Without Live Load) 998 479 -
Maximum(With Live Load) 1180 118 -
SEISMIC
(Transverse)
Minimum(With Live Load) 889 108 -
Minimum(Without Live Load) 910 91 -
CL OF BRG.
23.0m

Fixed end free end

KEY PLAN SHOWING ARRANGEMENT OF BEARINGS

10 405610740.xls