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The Company for

Surveying Technology
Welcome to the Tunnel
Guidance Systems
Presented by
Rita Lindemann
System Engineer VMT
Tunnel Guidance Systems
TBM launch at the Adlertunnel, Switzerland
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Breakthrough
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Typical Segmentally Lined Tunnel
Tunnel Guidance Systems
EPB Shield

1. Cutting wheel 6. Erector


2. Drive Unit 7. Screw conveyor gate
3. Push cylinder 8. Segment handler
4. Air lock 9. Segment crane
5. Screw conveyor 10. Conveyor
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Mixshield

1. Cutting wheel 9. Erector


2. Air bubble 10. Segment conveyor
3. Bentonite suspension 11. Slurry pump
4. Drive unit 12. Segment crane
5.Stone crusher 13. Main Electrical panel
6 Push cylinder 14. Cable reeling drum
7. Air lock 15. Discharge line
8. Steer cylinder / 16. Feed line
tail shield
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Hard Rock TBM

1. Rock cutter head 5. Conveyor I


2. Drive Unit 6. Segment handler
3. Push cylinder 7. Electrical switch gear
4. Erector 8. Conveyor II
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Laser Window Through TBM Backup

LASER

ALTU TARGET LASER WINDOW


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Laser Beam
Tunnel Guidance Systems
SLS-T Hardware Components-Overview
Laser Station ALTU Laser Target Yellow Box

Cable Drum Industrial PC


Central Box
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Laser Theodolite

Servo Motor controlled


Leica TCA 1203 with ATR

Built in GUS74 Laser

Angle and Distance measurement to Active


Target and Backsight prisms
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Fully Motorized Laser Theodolite
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Yellow Box

Microprocessor controlled interface box for


data conversion to RS232- Format

Power supply and electrical isolation for the


Laser Theodolite
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Active Laser Target ALTU

Measurement of precise centre of the laser spot position in X and Y and the horizontal angle of
incidence of the laser beam at the target screen

Pitch and Roll measured by dual axis inclinometer


Tunnel Guidance Systems
ELS Target in large TBM

ALTU Target Position


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Shuttered prism
Tunnel Guidance Systems
SLS-T APD Machine Schematic

Laser Beam
L eica

M eda S
in w
izet dnrla

T
SRAT
E
SL TFS
ET

2 4 VC D
IN U
PT
E
SNO
SR

2
1 VDC
U
OT U
PT

U
BS
2
1V DC
U
OT U
PT

PLC

Reserve Reserve ELS Theo

extern Modem

zuPC zuPC

Connector Block
Telephone Line
Visulization

Telephone Line
Support

Segment
TBM

Project: T123 / S255 Gijon

Information

Content : Hardwareconfiguration SLS-T

Draw By: Alexander Knorr

Date : 04.09.2003

Data file : T123/dokument/hardwareschema.vsd

VMTGmbH
Gesellschaf t f ür Vermessungst echnik
St egwiesenst raße24
76646 Bruchsal

Tel : +49 72519699-0


Fax: +49 7251 9699-22
E-Mail: inf o@vmt -gmbh.de
Int ernet: www.vmt -gmbh.de
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Functions of SLS-T:

Real time numerical and graphical presentation


of the machine position

Control and correction of the deviations of


the TBM relative to the DTA

Automatic Laser moving


Automatic Direction check

Saving of all drive related values in system


database
Tunnel Guidance Systems
System Software

User Friendly

Password protected

Speedy worldwide service by integrated modem and remote control

Operating System:
Windows 98, Windows 2000, Windows XP

Remote display in site office


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Machine Position Displayrelated to the DTA

Tendency DTA /CC

ELS Values

TBM-Position, Tunnelcircles
numerical

TBM-Position
graphical
Date & Time
Project Tunnel Axis

Dialog Box

Function Keys
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Machine Position Display related to the Correction Curve

Tendency CC

TBM-Position,
numerical

TBM-Position
graphical

Correction Curve
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Machine History Display
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Machine Diagram Display
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ring Position Display

Advance Number

Key Segment
Ring Type

Ring Number

Minimum Taper

Decrease Advance Number Increase Advance Number


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Full Advance Report Record or Printout
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Software Module Structure

Laser Change
DTA editor Bearing Control

TBM-Position

Ring Sequence
SLS-T core
TBM Tendencies

Ring-Position
Documentation

TBM-History Ring-History
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ring Erection
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Tapered Ring Options
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ring Build Machine Parameters

K1
STR K2 S3
S1
AR

Main Jacks RR
TG
ELS Target Steering Jacks Laser Beam 101 100 99 98

T3
T2 T4
T1 3 S2 2
1
4 Segment Axis

Erector

RL
Main Shield
STL AL Tail Shield
K2
Cutter Head K1
β
K3
T1 = Azimuth of Cutter Head τ
T2 = Azimuth of Articulation Jacks
T3 = Azimuth of Tail Shield
T4 = Azimuth of Lining Segment in the direction of the Cutter Head T = Angle resulting from gap between steering jacks and constants K3
STR = Steering Jack Reading - Right K1 = Steering Jack constant in the Cutter Head
STL = Steering Jack Reading - Left K2 = Steering Jack constant in the Tail Shield (Constant steering jack = K1 + K2) - in Zero Position
STT = Steering Jack Reading - Top K3 = Constant Heading Jack - in Zero Position
STB = Steering Jack Reading - Bottom S1 = Cutter Head Length (front edge of cutter to steering jack stroke)
V1 = Vertical Angle of Cutter Head in Heading Direction S2 = Distance between the Steering Jack Articulations in shield centre
V2 = Vertical Angle of Articulation in Heading Direction S3 = Length of Tail Shield between Steering Jack stroke and tail seal
V3 = Vertical Angle of Tail Shield in Heading Direction S4 = Length between articulation jacks Left and Right
V4 = Vertical Angle of Last Installed Ring in Heading Direction RR = Ring Clearance Right
AR = Front Measure Right RL = Ring Clearance Left
AL = Front Measure Left RT = Ring Clearance Top
AT = Front Measure Top RB = Ring Clearance Bottom
AB = Front Measure Bottom TG = Target Distance from Steering Jack in the direction of the cutter head
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Laser Projected Through Congested Work Area

Laser Beam
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Correction Curve
Ring Build Sequence
for Correction Curve
Azimuth of TBM

Tunnelling Machine

DTA
Correction Curve

Finished Tunnel
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Correction Curve
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Overall Ring Design
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Location of Ring Centreline

E D D C C B B A A H H G G F F E E
KEY

F E E D D CC B B A A H H G G F F
KEY

F E E D D C C BB A A H H GG F
KEY

H G G F F E E D D CC BB A A H H HORIZONTAL OFFSET
KEY
VERTICAL OFFSET
H G G F F E E DD C C B B A A H
KEY

A H H G G F F E E D D C C BB A
KEY

A H H GG F F EE D D C C BB A
KEY

B A A H H GG F F E E D D C C B
KEY

B A A H H GG F F E E D D C C B
KEY

C BB A A H H GG F F E E D D C
KEY

C BB A A H H G G F F E E D D C
KEY

D C C B B A A H H G G FF E E D
KEY

D C C B B A A H H G G F F E E D
KEY

E DD C C BB A A H H G G F F E
KEY
LEFT HAND AXIS

INVERT
CROWN

RIGHT HAND AXIS


INVERT

-500 -400 -300 -200 -100 0 +100 +200 +300 +400 +500

(RIGHT HAND SIDE HORIZONTALLY) (LEFT HAND SIDE HORIZONTALLY)

DIRECTION OF DRIVE LOCATION OF RING CENTRE FOR RING


SEQUENCE INDICATED ON LEFT

DEVELOPED VIEW ON INTRADOS OF LINING INDICATING


THE 14 KEY POSITIONS
SCALE 1:100
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Segment Positioning in Relation to Main Ram Pads
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Joint Alignment
Tunnel Guidance Systems
All Permitted Ring Rotation Options

L7 R21
L5 R23

L3 R25

L1 R27

L27 R1

L25 R3
L23 R5
L21 R7
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Initial Values 1 – Data Entry Page
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ram Extension Measurements

Automatic transfer from the PLC to the VMT PC

Adjustment relaited to nominal Position 3, 6, 9, and 12 o‘clock


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Trailing shield parameter

Segment
25mm

40mm

Sealing Protection Machine Body


25mm Tailskin

Measured Tailskin Clearance = 50mm


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Main Ring Sequencing Display Next ring

Off set of the ring


Related to DTA

Result for the


Next five
advance

Calculation
button Dierection of
ring

Theoretical gap
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Pull down menue to select other rings

Select next rings


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Initial Values 2 – Data Entry Page

Values from SLS-T

Fixed
values
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ring Sequencing Calculation Results
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Statistic

Direction of ring
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ring Centre Offset Diagram
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Feasible radius
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Candidates
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Segments touching the trailing shield

Segment
8mm

40mm

Sealing Protection Machine Body


25mm Tailskin

Measured Tailskin Clearance = 33mm


Tunnel Guidance Systems
Negativ tailskin clearance

Expected negativ
gap
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Result for negativ tailskin clearance

Theoretical
values
Negativ gap
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ring Types - Parameters
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Next Rings Sequence Options
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Next Rings Sequence Options
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Exceptional Next Rings Sequence Options
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Ring Succession Diagram
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Fixed Rings for Cross Passages
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Administrate Fixed Rings
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Common Ring Build Problems
BIRDS MOUTHING

STEPPING

LIPPING
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Damaged Segments

Damage to tunnel lining


to be avoided
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Segmental Dimensional Tolerance

Angle of Joint Plane from perpendicular,


measured at Face of Joint ±0.03°

Width – Inside Diagonal Chords


Circumferential Face on a given segment
to Circumferential Face ±0.06” (1.5 mm) Angle of Joint Plane from
± 0.04” (± 1.0 mm) Perpendicular, measured
Max each face ± 0.02” at Face of Joint ±0.03°
(± 0.5 mm)
Variations of Joint surface
from plane ± 0.03” (± 0.75mm)

Thickness -0.0” (-0.0 mm)


+0.118” (3.0 mm)
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Segment Tolerance

Internal Radius of Ring


± 0.06” (1.5mm)

Circumferential Length
Radial face to Radial face
± 0.06” (1.5mm)
Max each face
± 0.03” (0.75mm)

Theoretical Centre of
Circular Tunnel Lining
Tunnel Guidance Systems
Benefits Of Correct Ring Placement

Ring sequencing ensures correct ring type supplied to the face

Order of segments is correct for build


Ring Build is better
Ring Build is quicker
Machine steering off the ring is easier
Installation of temporary tracks on ring is better
Muck and Material trains travel faster on better aligned tracks
Project advances quicker
Thank you for your attention !