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Section 21 | 3



The groundwater levels were monitored over the duration of the ground investigation. The static
groundwater levels at the time of drilling ranged from depth of 6.2m to 12.2m below existing
ground level (-6.7m DMD to -9.0m DMD).

The groundwater levels are likely to be influenced by tidal and seasonal variations. It was also
noted that dewatering operations were ongoing at an adjacent site.

Given the various influences on the groundwater levels, particularly with ongoing dewatering
activities on adjacent sites, a design long term groundwater level in the range of +1.0mDMD to
+2.0mDMD should be considered for temporary and permanent works based on historical
groundwater data within the Dubai Downtown Area. Dewatering will be required to allow the
basement excavation and substructure construction.



The following sections outline the design philosophy that has been followed with respect to
foundation and shoring elements. Throughout the schematic design stage, WSP I PB provided
advice on the most suitable foundation types based on the evolving structural design and the
incoming site investigation data.
Figure 21-5 Young's Modulus (MPa) vs Elevation
The ultimate limit state (ULS – bearing capacity failure) and serviceability limit state (SLS -
21.4 GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN PARAMETERS settlement) were assessed to ensure that each are satisfied.

Recommended geotechnical design parameters are shown below in Table 21-3 and are taken 21.5.2 DESIGN OF DEEP FOUNDATIONS
from the Final Geotechnical Interpretative Report issued by Matrix on 6th April 2016, Ref.
XSD/15-0238 Rev.1, and subsequent addendum issued on 13th June 2016, Ref. XSD/15-0238-1. Given the proposed scheme and expected structural loads, bored cast-in-place concrete piles
The design parameters are representative values established based on the laboratory and field were considered to represent the preferred foundation solution for compression, tension and
test results. lateral loading. The proposed foundation layout plan is shown in Figure 21-6.
Table 21-3 Geotechnical Design Parameters The piles are designed primarily as friction piles to take into account the weak nature of the
Top Elevation UCS  Φ c’ Emod bearing strata and to ensure that pile settlements under specified working loads are kept within
Stratum SPT N-value the permissible values.
(mDMD) (MPa) (kN/m3) (o) (kPa) (MPa)
Overburden soils +3.18/+0.5 20 - 18.5 33 - 20
The following geotechnical design criteria as been specified for the project:
Rock Strata
-5.4 N.A. 1.45 18.5 41 50 550
Layer 1 1. The Geotechnical design shall incorporate a minimum factor of safety of 2.5 on ultimate
Rock Strata skin resistance and 3.0 on ultimate base capacity.
-31.0 N.A. 2.00 18.5 41 50 400
Layer 2 2. The piles shall be designed to support the loads mainly in shaft friction;
Rock Strata
-45.0 N.A. 1.60 18.5 41 50 1000 3. Given that substantial movements at the base of the pile would be required to mobilise
Layer 3
the pile ultimate base capacity (in the order of 10% of the pile diameter) assuming a clean
Rock Strata pile base, base resistance should be ignored in pile design calculations;
-57.0 N.A. 0.75 18.5 41 50 700
Layer 4
4. Pile settlement to be limited to 1% of pile diameter under specified working load.
UCS = Unconfined compressive strength of rock core samples; = Bulk unit weight; Φ = Friction
angle; c’ = Effective cohesion; E = Young’s modulus.