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V. Uday Bhasker

B.Tech 2/4 2ND SEM.


Regd. NO : 03-00-858

Deccan College of Engineering and Technology


G. Kiran

B.Tech 2/4 2ND SEM.


P.R.R.M Engineering College


Bluetooth™ wireless technology is set to revolutionize the way we and our digital

devices communicate and interconnect – in the office, in the home and while on the

move. Its application potential is virtually unlimited.

The Bluetooth wireless technology was developed by the Bluetooth Special Interest

Group, which was founded in 1998 to define an industry-wide specification for

connecting personal and business mobile devices. More than 1,4000 companies are now

members of the Special Interest Group, signifying the industry’s unprecedented

acceptance of the Bluetooth wireless technology.

Bluetooth history as it is made up of the two runic characters "H" and "B" - short for

"Harald Bluetooth". Harald Bluetooth was the Danish king who unified Denmark and

Norway in the 10th century.

The BluetoothTM wireless technology is set to revolutionize the personal connectivity

market by providing freedom from wired connections. It is a specification for a small-

form factor, low-cost radio solution providing links between mobile computers, mobile

phones and other portable handheld devices, and connectivity to the internet. The

Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG), comprised of leaders in the telecommunications,

computing, and network industries, is driving development of the technology and

bringing it to market. The Bluetooth SIG includes promoter companies 3Com, Ericsson,

IBM, Intel, Lucent, Microsoft, Motorola, Nokia and Toshiba, and more than 2000

Adopter/Associate member companies.

What is bluetooth?

It is a computing, networking and telecommunications industry specification that

describes how mobile phones, computers, and other electronic devices can communicate

with each other using a short-range, small form-factor, low-cost radio connection. The

technology aims at making the world cable-free within the blue tooth range.

The Bluetooth wireless technology is an open specification for a small-form-factor, low-

cost, personal area network connection among mobile computers, mobile phones and

other devices. The Bluetooth wireless technology specification provides secure, radio-

based transmission of data and voice. It delivers opportunities for rapid, ad hoc,

automatic, wireless connections, even when devices are not within the line of sight. The

Bluetooth wireless technology uses a globally available frequency range to ensure

interoperability no matter where you travel.

The Bluetooth wireless technology was developed by the Bluetooth Special Interest

Group, which was founded in 1998 to define an industry-wide specification for

connecting personal and business mobile devices. More than 1,4000 companies are now

members of the Special Interest Group, signifying the industry’s unprecedented

acceptance of the Bluetooth wireless technology.

Bluetooth™ wireless technology is an open technology specification that enables

short-range wireless voice and data communications between devices without the

need for a spectrum license, anywhere in the world. Bluetooth wireless technology was

originally envisioned as a cable replacement technology linking multiple devices

wirelessly for synchronization, data transmission and file transfer. However, Bluetooth

wireless technology now has a much broader vision encompassing the creation of

spontaneous local networking, wireless Internet gateways and enterprise class

applications in verticals like automotive, healthcare, utility, manufacturing, industrial

control, distribution logistics, retail, education, hospitality, real estate, home networks

and others. Just as the Internet unlocked the potential of networked PCs, so too is

Bluetooth wireless technology expected to unlock the potential of millions of wirelessly

networked devices. Telecommunications and computing

industry leaders including Ericsson, Nokia, Motorola, Intel, Lucent, IBM, Microsoft,

3Com and Toshiba are the founding members and driving force behind Bluetooth

wireless technology.

Frost & Sullivan forecasts that the anticipated ubiquity of wireless LANs and Bluetooth

wireless technology embedded systems will stimulate a giant leap in overall revenues

from $92.3 million in 1999 to $53.12 billion in 2006.

The BluetoothTM wireless technology is set to revolutionize the personal connectivity

market by providing freedom from wired connections

The Bluetooth SIG includes promoter companies 3Com, Ericsson, IBM, Intel, Lucent,

Microsoft, Motorola, Nokia and Toshiba, and more than 2000 Adopter/Associate member

Bluetooth in action: practical applications.

You arrive at the office While in a meeting, you You are the factory

and put down your access your PDA to send supervisor for Widgets,

briefcase. While in your your presentation to the Inc. As you walk

office, your Personal electronic whiteboard. through the factory, you

Digital Assistant (PDA) You record meeting are able to check the

automatically minutes on your PDA status of every piece of

synchronizes with your and wirelessly transfer test equipment you

desktop PC and transfers these to the attendees encounter because you

files, e-mails and before they leave the can instantly download a

schedule information. meeting. user interface for every

machine. You request

product defect rates and

piece part failures at

selected workstations.
Upon arriving at your An alarm notifies you Your PDA morphs from

home, the door that your toddler has just business to personal as

automatically unlocks left the house. you enter your home.

for you, the entryway An electronic bulletin

lights come on, and the board in the home

heat is adjusted to your automatically adds your

pre-set preferences. scheduled activities to

the family calendar, and

alerts you of any

You have a home You arrive at the airport. You enter the airport-

security system A long line is formed for waiting lounge,

composed of Bluetooth ticketing and seat equipped with Bluetooth

technology devices. You assignment. You avoid technology Internet

have just upgraded the the line, using your PDA ports. Via the ports, you

system and added to present an electronic and other guests use

devices. Because they ticket and automatically Bluetooth technology

are use Bluetooth select your seat. The laptops, PDAs, and

technology, they airline's on-line system other devices to access

automatically checks identification via your office or home-

reconfigure and the "ID-tag" feature based servers via the

recognize each other. built into your PDA and airline server. Using

confirms your reserved voice-over IP, you also

seat. make "free" Internet

voice calls courtesy of

your airline.
You get on the Rent-A- You arrive at the hotel.

Car bus. Your As you enter, you are As you enter a national

reservation is automatically checked in park, a map of the park

automatically and your room number appears on your display.

transferred to the Rent- and electronic key are You can view the

A-Car database, and you transferred to your PDA. schedule of activities for

are dropped off at your As you approach the the park and your own

car. You get in the room, the door personal electronic tour

Bluetooth technology automatically opens. guide is downloaded to

rental car. Your hotel your vehicle.

reservations are

automatically queried

from your PDA and the

GPS system offers you

directions to your hotel.

As you approach your As you enter your You receive a new

vehicle, the door vehicle, you are message en route, which

unlocks automatically, reminded of the items on is verbally transmitted to

the radio tunes in your your daily calendar and you via the vehicle's

favorite station, and the the results of a recent speakerphone.

seat adjusts to your diagnostic test of your

preferred settings. vehicle.

Anxious to see the first

run movie, you arrive at At the racetrack, your

the theater to find a long PDA is used to
line at the ticket counter. download information As you enter an up-scale
Using your Bluetooth on selected horses and bar, you are handed a
technology PDA to jockies, to perform Bluetooth technology
wirelessly confirm and statistical analysis using device. This device
pay for your tickets, you historical information, to allows you to send
avoid the long line, enter place bets, to request messages and
the theater, and take slow-motion replays, to communicate with
your preferred seat. order food and beverage. others in the bar, to

order and pay for food

and beverages.

What is Bluetooth SIG?

Bluetooth Special Interest Group (SIG) is a group striving for the development of the

technology to bring it to the market. The Bluetooth SIG includes promoter companies

such as Nokia, Ericsson, IBM, Intel, 3Com, Lucent, Microsoft, Motorola, Toshiba, and

many more…

What are the benefits of Bluetooth?

The benefits can be to:

-Enable users connect devices easily and simply without the need to buy, carry, or

connect cables.

-Eliminate the need to purchase proprietary cables to connect individual devices because

this technology connects via a single radio link.

-Mobility of data in different ways for different applications within the bluetooth range.

Who can benefit from Bluetooth?

-Software Developers, Network vendors

-Mobile PC manufacturers, Mobile device manufacturers

-Consumer electronics manufacturers, Car manufacturers

-Test and measurement equipment manufacturers

-And the list goes on…

What about security issues?

Bluetooth wireless technology has built-in sufficient encryption and authentication and is

thus very secure in any environment.

What will Bluetooth wireless technology deliver to end-users?

Bluetooth wireless technology will enable users to connect a wide range of computing

and telecommunications devices easily and quickly, without the need for cables. It will

expand communications capabilities for computers, mobile phones and other mobile

devices, both in and out of the office.

Bluetooth wireless technology will deliver opportunities for rapid ad-hoc connections and

the opportunity for automatic, ubiquitous connections between devices.

Bluetooth wireless technology will virtually eliminate the need for business travelers to

purchase or carry numerous proprietary cables by enabling one-to-one and one-to-many

connections among PCs, mobile phones and other devices, such as printers and display


What is the bandwidth of Bluetooth wireless technology?

Bluetooth wireless technology is designed to support a data rate that provides more than

enough bandwidth for the designated usage models.

Bluetooth wireless technology has raw data rate of up to 1Mbps.

What is the typical range of a Bluetooth technology device?

A device with Bluetooth wireless technology will have the capability of exchanging

information within a 10-meter (~30 feet) radius, though different devices will support

variant ranges based on intended usage requirements.

Will consumers have to pay a higher price for Bluetooth wireless technology


When the adoption of the technology is widespread and manufacturing economies are

attained, the cost of enabling devices with the Bluetooth wireless technology should not

Has there been much interest in companies wanting to join the Bluetooth SIG?

Yes. To date, nearly 2000 telecommunications, computing and consumer products

companies have joined as members of the Bluetooth SIG since its public announcement

in May 1998.

Are Bluetooth wireless technology transmissions secure in both business and home

Bluetooth wireless technology was designed to be secure under most normal conditions.

Specifically, the specification is designed with the following features:

Data encryption

Low layer support for user authentication

Fast frequency-hopping (1600 hops/sec)

Output Power control which automatically limits power to optimally fit the distance

between connected devices

These features provide both low layer physical radio security that is unlikely to be

eavesdropped on as well as mechanisms to support higher layers of security such as

passwords and PIN's. Like all communication technologies there is always some level of

risk of exposure to unintended parties, but Bluetooth wireless technology was designed to

make that very unlikely and difficult to do.

Will products with Bluetooth wireless technology work anywhere in the world?

The goal of the Bluetooth SIG is to ensure that devices with Bluetooth wireless

technology can be used worldwide. The Bluetooth SIG is currently working with

worldwide regulatory bodies to secure approval for the use of Bluetooth wireless

technology radio devices throughout the world. When devices equipped with Bluetooth

wireless technology are broadly available in the year 2000, they expect to have achieved

worldwide compliance.


Future of bluetooth: what analysts say?

Meeting the needs of the mobile worker forms much of the vision behind Bluetooth.

Imagine returning from the airport with your laptop in the boot of the car -- ordinarily it

would be impossible to interrogate the computer, but using Bluetooth your mobile phone

could update your e-mail without leaving the driving seat.

Setting up a presentation would no longer require a spaghetti junction of cables -- the

printer could automatically deliver print-outs and the audience could simultaneously

watch the presentation on their own Bluetooth-enabled laptops.

This scenario provides a small glimpse at the practical applications Bluetooth will enable,

but networking the home is perhaps its most exciting potential.

Much talked about but never realized, the vision of a truly networked house full of

gadgets talking to one another is touted as a technological dream. But will the consumer

see it that way, or will such a vision remain the subject of futuristic speculation?

Inteco analyst Mark Riseley accepts Bluetooth could provide an easy solution for

networking homes, but is not convinced it is something consumers necessarily want or

need. "People are not crying out for Bluetooth devices," says Riseley. "They will

inevitably be asking, 'do I want to switch on the lights using my mobile phone?' It seems

a bit like taking a hammer to crack a nut and may not be considered worth the money."
Even if consumers are willing to pay money for devices that control security or lighting it

will be a long time before Bluetooth-enabled TVs, microwaves and videos become the

norm, according to Riseley. Taking a somewhat pessimistic view, Riseley reckons the

truly networked home is about fifty years away.

The vision of the unwired world, he argues, carries with it the assumption that consumers

are comfortable with gadgets and electronic devices, but can your mother program the

video yet? If Bluetooth goods are cheap, user-friendly and widely available, people will

start buying them but Riseley thinks it will be up to the manufacturers to convince us we

need it.

According to TDK's technical manager Nick Hunn -- a Bluetooth developer -- Bluetooth

will come cheaply to the consumer. "In theory there could be a premium of up to $100

(£60) but I suspect it wont be loaded as highly as that," he says. A few years after it is

launched consumers can expect to pay less than £10 on top of the RRP of a product for

Bluetooth capability and with phone manufacturers predicting that 80 percent of handsets

will be Bluetooth-enabled by the end of 2001, the technology already has a guaranteed


As for networking our homes there are two main arguments: The first predicts a master

device controlling everything from the video recorder to the microwave that will replace

the PC as the technological hub of the home. The other suggests the PC will remain at the

centre of a networked home. According to Jupiter analyst Noah Yasskin, the latter is
more likely: "I don't see a TV-hybrid device replacing the PC," he says. Instead Yasskin

anticipates a home with several devices, all with limited jobs, with the PC as the central

control centre. Bluetooth, he says, will sit happily with a PC-centric networked home,

although he concedes this prediction remains some way off.

Hunn disagrees and suggests a more rapid acceptance of Bluetooth products. More

significantly, he argues, the sheer power of Bluetooth will change the assumptions we

have about electronic devices. With cables gone, Hunn imagines a future where the idea

of having a particular gadget for a specific job will no longer have any meaning. Mobile

phones will double up as TV remote control units and your Walkman could end up as the

CD-ROM drive for your laptop.

In the schizophrenic future of electronics, choices about what we want from technology

may become as obsolete as the cable Bluetooth replaces.

Latest reports:


Nokia has announced a new member of its family of classic phones, which includes
Bluetooth support.
"The Nokia 6310 is a powerful package of technology, providing fast and easy
access to mobile services with WAP (Wireless Application Protocol) over GPRS
(General Packet Radio Service), as well as enhanced connectivity with integrated
Bluetooth technology. The Nokia 6310 is primarily targeted for mobile
professionals who need a reliable tool and innovative, easy-to-use solutions to
manage their business and leisure lives. The phone will be available during the
fourth quarter, 2001."


Philips Semiconductors and Stonestreet One have announced an alliance offering
comprehensive Bluetooth(TM) products and development services.
"The alliance joins two leading companies in Bluetooth wireless technology.
Philips Semiconductors is the world's third largest producer of communication
integrated circuits (ICs) and the first company to begin manufacturing Bluetooth
products in high volume. Stonestreet One is a pioneer in designing embedded
Bluetooth product prototypes.
The agreement provides that Philips Semiconductors will supply customers with
Bluetooth radio, baseband controller and supporting software elements, while
Stonestreet One provides software tools, system design, integration, application
development and product testing. As a direct result of the alliance, Stonestreet
One will release later this month a Bluetooth Developer's Kit featuring Philips
Semiconductors' Blueberry PCF87750 second generation Bluetooth baseband