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Fences —
BRITISH STANDARD

finish to components and mesh


Part 16: Specification for organic
powder coatings to be used as a plastics
1992
BS 1722-16:
BS 1722-16:1992
Licensed Copy: Mr. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia User, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 02/01/2013 03:14, Uncontrolled Copy, (c) The British Standards Institution 2012

Committees responsible for this


British Standard

The preparation of this British Standard was entrusted by Technical


Committee B/201, Fences, to Subcommittee B/201/3, Farm and General
Purpose Fences and Gates, upon which the following bodies were represented:

British Gas plc


British Precast Concrete Federation Ltd.
British Steel Industry
British Timber Merchants’ Association
British Wire Netting Association
Cold Rolled Sections Association
Consumer Policy Committee of BSI
County Surveyors’ Society
Department of the Environment (Property Holdings)
Department of Transport
Fencing Contractors’ Association
Fencing Industry Association
Forestry Commission
Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food
National Council of Building Materials Producers
National Farmers’ Union
Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors
Scottish Office (Agriculture and Fisheries Department)
Society of Chain Link Fencing Manufacturers
Timber Trade Federation
Wire Products Association

This British Standard, having


been prepared under the
direction of Technical Committee
B/201, was published under
the authority of the Standards
Board and comes
into effect on Amendments issued since publication
15 June 1992
Amd. No. Date Comments
© BSI 02-1999

The following BSI references


relate to the work on this
standard:
Committee reference B/201/3
Draft for comment 90/11084 DC

ISBN 0 580 20609 2


BS 1722-16:1992
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Contents

Page
Committees responsible Inside front cover
Foreword ii
Section 1. General
1.1 Scope 1
1.2 Definitions 1
Section 2. Organic coating powder
2.1 Identification 2
2.2 Storage 2
2.3 Properties 2
2.4 Powder manufacturer’s certificate 2
Section 3. Organic powder coatings
3.1 Materials 4
3.2 Identification 4
3.3 Preparation 4
3.4 Pretreatment 4
3.5 Significant surfaces 4
3.6 Making good 4
3.7 Properties 4
3.8 Applicator’s certificate 4
Appendix A Methods of test for powders 5
Appendix B Methods of test for coatings 6
Appendix C Guidance on the care and protection of plastics
finishes 7
Publication(s) referred to Inside back cover

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Foreword

This Part of BS 1722 has been prepared under the direction of Technical
Committee B/201 “Fences”. It is a new standard that takes into account growing
current practice that requires a plastics finish to fencing components.
BS 1722 is published in separate Parts as follows:
— Part 1: Specification for chain link fences;
— Part 2: Specification for rectangular wire mesh and hexagonal wire netting
fences;
— Part 3: Specification for strained wire fences;
— Part 4: Specification for cleft chestnut pale fences;
— Part 5: Specification for close boarded fences;
— Part 6: Specification for wooden palisade fences;
— Part 7: Specification for wooden post and rail fences;
— Part 8: Specification for mild steel (low carbon steel) continuous bar fences;
— Part 9: Specification for mild steel (low carbon steel) fences with round or
square verticals and flat posts and horizontals;
— Part 10: Specification for anti-intruder fences in chain link and welded mesh;
— Part 11: Specification for woven wood and lap boarded panel fences;
— Part 12: Specification for steel palisade fences;
— Part 13: Specification for chain link fences for tennis court surrounds;
— Part 14: Specification for open mesh steel panel fences.
Parts 1 to 14 specify requirements for the types of fence that are considered
suitable for standardization.
The purpose of this Part of BS 1722 is to establish performance requirements for
plastics finishes. It deals with organic powder coatings but other types of coatings
which meet these requirements are likely to be satisfactory.
This standard has been divided into sections to enable claims for compliance to be
made by both the manufacturer and the applicator. Section 2 gives requirements
for performance under tests carried out for or on behalf of the (powder)
manufacturer and the term “powder” is used consistently. Section 3 gives
requirements for performance under tests carried out for or on behalf of the
(coating) applicator and the term “coating” is used consistently. The frequency of
sampling by the applicator is not specified but a certificate that the coating meets
the specified requirements is called for. Appendix A and Appendix B give the test
methods relative to sections 2 and 3 and Appendix C gives guidance on the care
and protection of plastics finishes.
Fencing components may be made of low carbon steel, hot dip galvanized low
carbon steel, metal sprayed low carbon steel, pregalvanized low carbon steel and
meshes formed by welding wires or bright or galvanized expanding sheet. All
tests are intended to be carried out on material representative of that used in the
finished fence.
Experience has shown that preparation and pretreatment of the metal surface
are vital to the production of satisfactory finishes. It is therefore necessary to
ensure the following.
a) The component is designed and produced to be compatible with the coating
process, especially where the component is to be hot dip galvanized after
manufacture, as any dressing after the galvanizing process can reduce the
effective corrosion resistance.
b) The applicator rigidly adheres to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
c) The coating process selected is compatible with the substrate.

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It has been assumed in the drafting of this British Standard that the test methods
will be applied by those who are appropriately qualified and experienced.
A British Standard does not purport to include all the necessary provisions of a
contract. Users of British Standards are responsible for their correct application.
Compliance with a British Standard does not of itself confer immunity
from legal obligations.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, pages i to iv,
pages 1 to 8, an inside back cover and a back cover.
This standard has been updated (see copyright date) and may have had
amendments incorporated. This will be indicated in the amendment table on
the inside front cover.

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Section 1. General

1.1 Scope 1.2.5


significant surface
This Part of BS 1722 specifies performance
requirements and describes test methods for organic that part of the total surface on which a particular
coating powder and organic powder coatings for use requirement for the specified coating is to be
as a finish to fence components and mesh. Other assessed
organic coatings meeting the test requirements of 1.2.6
this specification are likely to provide an acceptable test sample
finish. Appendix C gives some guidance on the care
group of test pieces
and protection of plastics finishes.
NOTE The titles of the publications referred to in this standard 1.2.7
are listed on the inside back cover. specifier
person responsible for specifying particular
1.2 Definitions properties required of an organic powder coating
For the purposes of this Part of BS 1722, the before or after its application to a substrate
definitions given in BS 2015 apply together with the 1.2.8
following. powder manufacturer
1.2.1 supplier of the organic coating powder or their
finish representative
final or only coat in a finishing process 1.2.9
1.2.2 coating applicator
organic powder coating operative responsible for fusing the powder onto a
product containing pigments, resins and other substrate to provide a finish
additives which is applied onto a metallic substrate 1.2.10
and fused to form a coherent continuous finish pretreatment
1.2.3 processes, including physical processes, chemical
organic coating powder conversion and priming, carried out after
powder containing pigments, resins and other preparation of the test piece or component and prior
additives, hereafter referred to as “powder” to applying the coating to produce a finish
1.2.4
test piece
single item which is representative of the work
being processed

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Section 2. Organic coating powder

2.1 Identification 2.3.6 Scratch resistance


Each container of powder shall be labelled with the When tested in accordance with A.4.6, there shall
following: be no penetration through the coating to the
substrate.
a) powder manufacturer’s name;
b) trade name of the product; 2.3.7 Resistance to deformation (cylindrical
mandrel)
c) specified thickness range of coating;
When tested in accordance with A.4.7, there shall
NOTE It is permissible for this information to be included in
a product data sheet supplied with the product. be no cracking or delamination of the coating from
d) colour; the substrate when examined using normal or
corrected vision.
e) batch no.;
2.3.8 Resistance to mortar
f) date of manufacture;
When tested in accordance with A.4.8, the mortar
g) storage conditions (if different to 2.2).
shall be readily dislodged without the use of an
implement and there shall be no detachment of the
2.2 Storage
coating and no significant change in its appearance.
Prior to application and after storage between 4 °C NOTE A change in the appearance of the gloss is not considered
and 25 °C in unopened containers for 12 months significant.
from date of despatch by the powder manufacturer, 2.3.9 Resistance to salt spray
the powder shall still comply with 2.3.
When tested in accordance with A.4.9, there shall
NOTE If storage conditions are abnormal, i.e. there are
extremes of damp or heat, the powder manufacturer should be be no underfilm corrosion or loss of adhesion in
informed so that any special recommendations can be made. If excess of 0.5 cm from the scribed line and there
powders require storage at a different temperature range this shall be no signs of blistering, cracking or crazing on
should be made clear at the time of supply. any other part of the specimen.
2.3 Properties 2.3.10 Weathering
NOTE Test methods are given in Appendix A. When tested in accordance with A.4.10, there shall
be no signs of cracking or blistering and no
2.3.1 Surface and thickness
significant colour change.
When tested in accordance with A.4.1, no scratches NOTE A change in the appearance of the gloss is not considered
shall show through to the substrate and no blisters, significant.
craters, pinholes or scratches shall be visible from a 2.3.11 Resistance to humidity
distance of about 0.5 m. When tested in accordance
with A.3.5, the thickness of coating shall be that When tested in accordance with A.4.11, there shall
specified. be no signs of corrosion of the test panel and no
blistering, softening or detachment of the coating
2.3.2 Colour and the coating shall not be capable of being lifted
When tested in accordance with A.4.2, the colour of by more than 0.5 cm.
the coating shall match (see BS 2015) the reference 2.3.12 Resistance to sulphur dioxide
colour previously nominated by the specifier.
NOTE Colours should be chosen from BS 4800 or equivalent
When tested in accordance with A.4.12, there shall
but when this is not possible the colour of a reference sample be no change in colour in comparison with an
should be agreed. unexposed test panel, no blistering of the coating
2.3.3 Adhesion and no signs of corrosion of the substrate.
When tested in accordance with A.4.3, the coating 2.4 Powder manufacturer’s certificate
shall not be capable of being lifted by more
than 0.5 cm. The powder manufacturer shall, on request, issue a
certificate stating:
2.3.4 Retention of adhesion
a) that the powder complies with 2.3;
When tested in accordance with A.4.4, the coating
shall not be capable of being lifted by more b) the method of pretreatment;
than 0.5 cm. c) the interval between pretreatment and coating
2.3.5 Impact resistance used on test panels and to be used on the final
product.
When tested in accordance with A.4.5, there shall
be no sign of cracking or penetration to the metal.

2 © BSI 02-1999
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This certificate shall relate to specific powder


formulation and a new certificate is not required for
each batch of powder manufactured to this
formulation. If changes in the formulation are
introduced, the manufacturer shall issue a
certificate covering the new formulation.
Tests in support of this certificate shall be carried
out no more than 12 months prior to the date of the
certificate.

© BSI 02-1999 3
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Section 3. Organic powder coatings

3.1 Materials 3.7 Properties


The materials used to form a coating on components NOTE Test methods are given in Appendix B.
shall comply with section 2. 3.7.1 Surface appearance
When tested in accordance with B.2.1, the coating
3.2 Identification on significant surfaces shall show no scratches
Each package or bundle supplied by the coating through to the substrate and no blisters, craters or
applicator containing finished components or mesh scratches shall be visible from a distance of
shall be clearly and indelibly identified and the about 0.5 m.
following information shall also be supplied: NOTE 1 There can be some unevenness of hot dip galvanized
a) coating applicator’s name; mild steel and this should be allowed for when assessing the
surface appearance.
b) trade name and specified thickness range of NOTE 2 The electrostatic deposition of a powder can cause
the product; thicker coatings near edges and thinner coatings in recesses.
NOTE 3 A slight degree of “orange peel” may sometimes occur.
c) colour; The maximum extent of “orange peel” allowable should be
d) identification number; indicated by the specifier, using suitable reference samples.

e) date of despatch. 3.7.2 Colour


NOTE Recommendations for the care and handling of the When tested in accordance with B.2.2, the coating
finished components are given in Appendix C . on significant surfaces shall match (see BS 2015)
the reference colour previously nominated by the
3.3 Preparation specifier (see A.4.2).
Fence posts, gates infill and ancillary components NOTE If the significant surface cannot be placed in the
shall be inspected to ensure that they are designed, colour-matching booth described in BS 3900-D1, the colour
should be compared under north facing daylight.
constructed and, if necessary, dressed to provide the
following: 3.7.3 Thickness
a) absence of all weld splatter, burrs, rough When tested in accordance with B.2.3, the thickness
edges, etc.; of the coating on each significant surface shall be
b) welds ground smooth and edges radiused within the range specified by the powder
sufficiently to ensure total coverage by the finish. manufacturer and the substrate shall not be visible
at any edge.
NOTE 1 Where components or mesh are not radiused the
coating should be selected to be capable of providing full cover to 3.7.4 Adhesion
the edges.
NOTE 2 The coating process temperature should be selected so 3.7.4.1 Components
that the metal surface is unaffected, e.g. gassing of galvanized When tested in accordance with B.2.4.1, the coating
surfaces does not occur.
shall not be capable of being lifted by more
3.4 Pretreatment than 0.5 cm.

Components shall be pretreated in accordance with 3.7.4.2 Mesh


the powder manufacturer’s requirements and shall When tested in accordance with B.2.4.2, the coating
be coated within the time-scale specified (see 2.4). shall not be capable of being lifted by more
than 20 % of the perimeter.
3.5 Significant surfaces NOTE The perimeter is either the circumference of the wire or
the sum of the four sides in expanded metal.
The test panels shall be inspected to ensure that
significant surfaces have been indicated. 3.8 Applicator’s certificate
NOTE This should be done by the specifier providing suitable
marked components or technical drawings. The coating applicator shall, on request, issue a
certificate stating that the finish complies with 3.1
3.6 Making good to 3.7.
When the coating process produces rough edges, jig
marks, etc. the necessary repairs shall be carried
out with materials recommended by the powder
manufacturer which comply with section 2.

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Appendix A Methods of test for A.3.6 Conditioning


powders Condition the panels at 23 ± 2 °C and 60 % r.h. for
at least 1 h, before carrying out the specified tests.
A.1 General
Carry out the tests in duplicate. A.4 Test procedures on coated test panels
A.2 Sampling A.4.1 Surface
Illuminate in accordance with BS 3900-D1 and
Take a representative sample of the organic powder
examine at an oblique angle with normal or
coating using the method described in BS 3900-J1.
corrected vision.
A.3 Coated test panels
A.4.2 Colour
A.3.1 General
Test in accordance with BS 3900-D1 and check
The test panels shall be colour match.
rectangular, 150 mm × 100 mm in area and
A.4.3 Adhesion
nominally 2.5 mm in thickness, unless otherwise
stated, and shall be prepared, unless otherwise Using a sharp pointed knife make two cuts,
indicated by the specifier, from mild steel. The test penetrating through to the metal, which intersect at
panels shall be prepared with the same substrate as an angle of 30°. Lift a 30° peak with the point of the
the final product. The test panels or test sections knife.
shall be coated with the organic powder coating by A.4.4 Retention of adhesion
the method specified and to the thickness specified Immerse in distilled or demineralized water
by the powder manufacturer. at 50 °C for 7 days. After this period, condition as
A.3.2 Pretreatment in A.3.6 and test adhesion in accordance with A.4.3.
The pretreatment of the test panels shall be as A.4.5 Impact resistance
specified in 3.4. Test in accordance with BS 3900-E3 for indirect
A.3.3 Determination of thickness impact at 23 °C and direct impact at – 5 °C using in
The thickness of the coating over hot dip galvanized each case an impact of at least 12 kg/cm.
or pregalvanized surfaces shall be obtained by A.4.6 Scratch resistance
difference. Location of position on the test panel or Test in accordance with BS 3900-E2 using a load
test piece shall be achieved by the use of a suitable of 4 000 g on a tungsten carbide ball of 1 mm
template. diameter and check for penetration.
NOTE In order to facilitate the accurate measurement of the
thickness of the coating on either test panels or sections, it is A.4.7 Resistance to deformation (cylindrical
necessary to predetermine the zinc thickness if the test panels or mandrel)
sections have been hot dip galvanized, or pregalvanized. As a
result of the nature of the hot dip galvanizing process, the hot dip
Test in accordance with BS 3900-E1 using a 13 mm
galvanizing thickness can vary significantly over relatively small mandrel and a test panel prepared as in A.3.1 but
areas, and it is therefore necessary to determine both the hot dip not more than 1.0 mm thick.
galvanizing thickness and the thickness of the total coating in
exactly the same location. A.4.8 Resistance to mortar
A.3.4 Determination of zinc thickness A.4.8.1 Principle
(if applicable) A pat of wet lime mortar is applied to the dry coating
Identify, without damaging the galvanizing, two and after allowing the mortar to set and dry the
positions on the uncoated test panel or uncoated test effect of the mortar on the surface of the coating is
section. The positions shall be assessed.
approximately 50 mm and 100 mm from one end A.4.8.2 Materials
and shall lie approximately on the centre line of the A.4.8.2.1 Sand, dry, complying with BS 1200.
panel or the widest face of the test section.
Determine the thickness of the galvanizing using A.4.8.2.2 Hydrated lime, complying with clause 2 of
the eddy current principle described in 7.2.1.2 of BS 890:1972.
BS 3900-C5:1975 and record the readings together A.4.8.2.3 Portland cement, complying with BS 12.
with the locations. A.4.8.3 Procedure
A.3.5 Thickness of the organic powder coating Prepare a mortar by mixing 15 g of lime, 41 g of
Determine the thickness using the eddy current cement and 244 g of sand with sufficient tap water
principle described in 7.2.1.2 of BS 3900-C5:1975. to make a soft paste. Apply four portions of the
Determine the thickness of the total coating using mortar, about 15 mm diameter and about 6 mm
the same instrument and at the same locations thick, to a test panel which has been prepared and
identified in A.3.4. conditioned as described in A.3.

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Allow the panel to stand for 24 h at 38 ± 3 °C Appendix B Methods of test for


and 95 ± 5 % r.h. coatings
At the end of this period, dislodge the mortar by
B.1 General
hand from the surface of the coating and remove any
residue with a damp cloth. Allow to dry and examine Carry out the tests in duplicate.
the coating using normal or corrected vision, for NOTE Some of these tests are destructive; planning can restrict
test damage. Damage should be made good, see 3.6.
detachment of the coating and for change in
appearance due to the effect and removal of mortar. B.2 Test procedures on components
A.4.9 Resistance to salt spray B.2.1 Surface appearance
In the middle of the test panel scribe a cross using a Illuminate the significant surfaces in accordance
sharp knife to expose bare metal. The cross shall be with BS 3900-D1 and examine at an oblique angle
a rectangular diagonal cross in which each of the with normal or corrected vision.
diagonals has a length of 5 cm. Place the coated test B.2.2 Colour
piece in a spray cabinet conforming to BS 3900-F12. Test in accordance with BS 3900-D1 and examine
Maintain the cabinet at a temperature of 35 ± 2 °C. significant surfaces for colour match.
The salt solution shall consist of a 5 % solution of
NOTE If the significant surface cannot be placed in the
sodium chloride dissolved in water. After 500 h colour-matching booth the colour should be compared under
continuous salt spray, remove the sample carefully north facing daylight.
from the test cabinet, wash in clean water at a B.2.3 Thickness
temperature not in excess of 35 °C, and immediately
Determine the thickness of the coating on each
dry. Attempt to lift the coating from the scribed line
significant surface by one of the following.
with a sharp tool. Examine the area around the
scribed cross. a) The eddy current principle described in 7.2.1.2
of BS 3900-C5:1975 with a minimum of three
A.4.10 Weathering
determinations. Inspect the edges for visibility of
Place in a QUV accelerated weathering tester substrate.
complying with D.2.2 of NOTE 1 Where determination by difference is required,
BS 2782:Method 540B:1982, using type B lamp and see A.3.3, A.3.4 and A.3.5.
subject to accelerated weathering such that there b) With a micrometer, measure the wire diameter
are 8 h of ultraviolet light at a constant black panel before coating M1, and after coating M2, in two
temperature of 60 °C, followed by 4 h of darkness at directions at right angles at each of three
a black panel temperature of 45 °C when locations. Determine the coating thickness by the
condensation will form on the samples. Then difference between M1 and M2. Establish the
after 1 000 h of light, examine the coating for signs exact position of each test location by the use of a
of cracking or blistering and significant colour template.
change. NOTE 2 This test can be carried out during manufacture or
A.4.11 Resistance to humidity when coating is complete.
Test in accordance with BS 3900-F2 for 1 000 h and B.2.4 Adhesion
check for blistering, softening or detachment of the B.2.4.1 Components
coating or signs of corrosion of the test panel, leave On a significant surface using a sharp pointed knife
to normalize for 24 h at 23 ± 2 °C and then carry out make two cuts, penetrating through to the metal,
the procedure described in clause A.4.1. which intersect at an angle of 30°. Lift a 30° peak
A.4.12 Resistance to sulphur dioxide with the point of the knife.
Test in accordance with BS 3900-F8 (with a smaller B.2.4.2 Mesh
cabinet as necessary) for 240 h. With a sharp pointed knife cut away a 20 mm sliver
of finish to expose the substrate. Lift the coating
from the sliver edge with the point of the knife.

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Appendix C Guidance on the care and C.3 It is recommended that neither protective tapes,
protection of plastics finishes unless of the “low tack” variety, nor clear lacquers
should be used directly to minimize damage, as
C.1 Organic powder coatings on mild steel, hot dip some of these materials can adversely affect the
galvanized mild steel and fencing systems may be properties of the finish. However, if the use of such
damaged in transit (see C.2), or on site (see C.3) if tape for protection on site is required, the tapes
carelessly packed or handled. It is recommended should be specifically designed for the protection of
that an appropriate note to this effect is affixed to the finish. Also if they are to be used, these
each package/bundle of a consignment. This note materials should be approved by the specifier with
should state that care is to be taken when handling the agreement of the applicator.
and particularly when unloading. Wherever
possible, coatings should be individually packed, C.4 Any drilling or cutting of the finished
components after coating should be avoided
e.g. in polythene sleeving, and additional protection
wherever possible. Any repairs of minor damage to
given to corners. Additional care should be taken
the finish should be effected by using only the
when materials are handled at low temperatures.
materials recommended by the manufacturer of the
C.2 Building materials containing alkali coating. These materials should, however, be
(e.g. cement and mortar) should not adhere firmly to confined to the repair of minor scuff marks or small
finishes. These finishes are generally resistant to scratches and their general use over large areas is
other chemical attack. Although the finishes not recommended, principally because the majority
complying with this standard have good resistance of such materials will have different weathering
to impact damage, sharp instruments may cut properties from the original coating.
them. Damage is also likely to be caused if building
components are dragged over them. The only
effective method of stopping these forms of damage
is by exercising reasonable care on site and
imposing strict site discipline.

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Publication(s) referred to

BS 12, Specification for Portland cements.


BS 890, Specification for building limes.
BS 1199 and BS 1200, Specifications for building sands from natural sources.
BS 2015, Glossary of paint and related terms.
BS 2782, Methods of testing plastics.
BS 2782-5:Method 540 B, Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources, (xenon arc lamp, enclosed carbon
arc lamp, open-flame carbon arc lamp, fluorescent tube lamps).
BS 3900, Methods of test for paints.
BS 3900-C5, Determination of film thickness.
BS 3900-D1, Visual comparison of the colour of paints.
BS 3900-E1, Bend test (cylindrical mandrel).
BS 3900-E2, Scratch test.
BS 3900-E3, Impact (falling weight) resistance.
BS 3900-F8, Determination of resistance to humid atmospheres containing sulphur dioxide.
BS 3900-F12, Determination of resistance to neutral salt spray.
BS 3900-J1, Sampling of coating powders.
BS 4800, Schedule of paint colours for building purposes.

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